Obsequies of the Illustrious Statesman a
%t. George's Church Yesterday.
LYING IN STATE
The Final Ceremony and Fare
A DISTINGUISHED ASSEMBLAGE.
'The White Flower of a Blame
Scenes Within and Without
Soldiers and Statesmen, Bench and Bar,
Uie Church, Literature) Poetrj,
Munic, Oratory and Flowers
THE FUNERAL ADDRESS.
Appearance of the Distinguished Dead
The Services and Surroundings of the
Scene?Departure of the Re
mains for Washington.
He wore the white flower of a blaraelew life,
In that fierce light which beats upon a throne,
And blackens every blot
The last tributes of respect and esteem to one of
the nation's honored dead were paid yesterday at
St. George's Protestant Episcopal charch, on Stuy
vesant square, over the mortal remains of Chief
Justice Chase. It was truly a nation's lament for the
loss ol one of her most favored children, to whose
memory the lines of Tennyson are singularly ap
plicable. The blameless life, which no storm or
contention of warring political elements could
?werve from ita path of duty; the high prin
ciple that carried him, like a noble ship, safely
through the angry sea of violent and unscrupulous
partisans of slavery, the commanding mind that
raised to life the public credit as did the Prophet
Elijah the wldow'B son at Nain, and the keen, dis
cerning intellect that placed him at the very head
of his noble profession oannot be blotted out from
the nation's memory by the unsparing hand of
death, and the obsequies or the departed states
man were distinguished by the presence of some
of the most eminent representatives of a great
country. There was a characteristic plainness
about the obsequies according well with the repub
lican simplicity and disdain of outward pomp that
surrounded the mental greatness of the late Chief
Justice, and those accustomed to the splen
dor and display of the lunerals of mili
tary and civil celebrities in monarchical
countries must have been disappointed
yesterday. It was more like the fnneral of a Cin
cinnati or a Washington than that of a Richelieu
or a Palmerston. The modest and unassuming
character of the deceased would but ill accord with
a sumptuous catafalque, waving censers, rich
harmonies from choired voices or the gleaming of
tinselled uniforms, In the lights ol the church,
Which formed a circle of fire around the handsome
nave, there was naught to meet the eye but the
dignitaries of the nation in sombre attire, over a
thousand representatives af the public in the gal
lerles, the three clergymen In lawn sleeves in the
chancel, the coffin with Its wreath of norai tributes
In the middle aisle and the organist at his post,
making the air reverberate with the sad tones of
the lunerai march.
REMOVAL OF THE REMAINS TO 1TIB CHURCH.
At six o'clock in the morning the undertaker and
bis assistants removed the body of the Chief Jus
tice from.the residence of Mr. William S. Hoyt, No.
4 East Thirty-second street, to St. George's church.
As the hearse, containing the remains of the de
. parted statesman, drove up to the door of
the church, only a few faithful friends were
present. The park lay silent and deserted, and
the leaden sky above appeared gloomier than ever.
Midway up the central aisle of the church, on a
raised dais heavily draped and festooned with
black cloth, were the honored remains reverently
placed. Around it were tastefully disposed the
choicest gifts of the realms of Flora. Crowns,
anchors, crosses, wreaths, chapiets and columns
of Sowers surrounded the coffin. The lily of the
?alley drooped her graceful head as if sorrowing
over the nation's loss; the camella betokened "tlie
white flower of a blameless lifethe vlolot and tea
rose shed their fragrance over the lifeless clay, and
the Japonica, the tuberose and pink united their
charms to grace the memory of the dead. At
seven o'clock a large body of police, under the
command of Captain Tyson, arrived and took their
stations both in and around the church.
LYING IN STATE.
The excellent arrangements of the police pre
vented any undue crowding or disturbance among
those who came to take a lust look at the face of
the dead statesman. The people passed into the
rhurch by the side doors, down the side aisles,
around by the chancal ana through the central
aisle in ^double flie by the dais on which the re
mains were deposited. All classes were repre- I
sented in this stream of humanity. The broker or
merchant, on his way down town to his place of '
business, paused a moment to jraze on him who '
saved the financial life of the nation wiren it was '
ip its direst need; the lawyer stopped a moment
Irom the forensic arena to which he was hastening
to gather new inspiration Irom the Titan of his
profession; the sewing girl and hard-worked
clerk stole a minute to look on him who
struggled so bravely from the lowest rung
of the ladder of poverty to the pinnacle
of fame, and the dusky face of the negro bent over
the casket with glistenlug eyes, not unailndful of
the departed mind which gave its noblest energies
for the disenthralment of his race. Among the last
mentioned class there were many remarkable
Instances of the deep veneration in which the Chief
Justice was held by the colored people. The tears
that rolled down the cheeks of an aged negro as he
passed by the casket spoke volumes for the appre
ciation of the Chief Justice's sigantic contest
against the "relic of barbarism," at a time when
no ordinary courage or firmness was required to
maintain s^ch a position. As the day advanced the
number of visitors increase 1, and the ladles were
In the majority.
OUTSIDE THE CHURCH.
A drearier, more cheerless aspect coald scarcely
be assumed by the weather. The gloom of a color
less skyf from which occasionally dropped, as tt
were, tears, seemed to be contagious, and the
wonted brightness of the beautiful Park was
quenched lor the day. Even the fountains, which
never relaxed their plash and play for a moment,
looked dull and cheerless through the iron railings
snrrounding the square, and the policemen that
guarded the approaches to the church succumbed
to the general depression and assumed an expres
sion as serious as that of the Quakers' home near
which they were placed. Thus for Ave hours the
remains lay lu state, and all classes nocked to tne
chnrcb to pay their respects to the memory of a
AT ONE O'CLOCK
precisely the police notified ail pereons then with
in the church to leave, and the doors were closed
and not reopened until half-past two. Meantime
people kept coming up to the church, anxious ror
? laat look at the remaias of the illustrious dead
and were extremely disappointed to Snd them'
aeives behind ume. a portion of the police re
gained oBlati outwde, and the wblQb ^
sf no time been a large one, seemed to gather re
call* about in the same ratto as It was diminished
I* the departure of straggling individuals.
Within the church the sexton, undertaker Mid
assistants were busy In the removal of tnecasket
from the aisle to a small room to the left ol the
chancel and preparing the church details for
THE APPROACHING SERVICE.
At a quarter past two o'clock a crowd of per
haps a theusana persons had assembled about the
church gates, and a space ef flfty feet from the
church doors was kept cleared by the police. First
among the prominent gentlemen to arrive were
Charles O'Conor, Vice President Henry Wilson, ex
Congressman 8. a Cox and Mr. Algernon 8. Sulli
van. The gates were opened by the sexton, and
these gentlemen, with a few Iriends, were admit
ted, and five minutes later tne doors were opened
to the public. Then a severe rush for place en
sued, and it was particularly noticeable thai among
the first to pass the vestibule of the sacred edifice
In that Indecorous confusion wfcre several elderly
women, who decidedly forgot that they ought to be
TUB GALLERIES WERE OPEN
to general public admission, and the ground floor
of the chorch had been reserved for the distin
guished visitors and mourners, and ladles and lor
members of the press, so fierce was the rush for
seats In the gallery that the Herald reporter
was carried upstairs before the pressure of the
throng, and it was some minutes before an oppor
tunity presented Itself for his return to the floor of
Although the streets were by no means crowded
outside the churcn, people began to arrive rapidly
when they did come, and in twenty minutes
THE EDIFICE WA8 FILLED,
every availably seat being occupied, and large
numbers of persons, Including ladles, being obliged
to content themselves by standing.
The front seats, to the right and left of the middle
aisle, had been reserved for the use ol the pall
bearers, relatives of the dead Chief Justice and dis
tinguished persons. Vice President Wilson, David
Dudley Field, Governor Jewell, of Connecticut, and
many other prominent citizens were early In at
tendance and took position in that portion of the
The same floral emblems that had graced the
chancel steps, the pulpit and reading desk during
the morning remained; but the meurnlng-draped
bier had been removed from the centre of the aisle
and placed in position immediately In front of'the
pylplt. The gas had been lighted also and two
great chains of jets, with apparently
MYRIADS OP FLAMES,
almost encircled the Interior of the building. As
the solemn swell of the organ rolled up to the
heavy oak-groined root the scene became Im
pressive, and a siarln almost of aiplety was
visible among the audience. At this time there
was indeed _
A DISTINGUISHED ARRJT
present, noticeable in which were Justices Hunt
and Field, of the Supreme Court or the United
States; Congressmen John A. Garfield, Nathaniel
P. Banks, ex-Governor C. C. Cox, of Ohio; Gover
nor Jewell, oi Connecticut; Governor Straw, of
New Hampshire; Edwin M. Stoughton, United
States Attorney General Williams, Postmaster
General CreBwel, Solicitor General Banfleld, of the
Treasury Department; George F. Richardson, of
Boston; George H. Stuart, of Philadelphia; General
Joe Hooker, ex-Judge Edwaras Pierrepont, Justices
Daniel P. Ingraham, Noah Davis and John R. Brady,
of the New York Supreme Court; Judge Charles
A. Rapallo, of the Court of Appeals; Judge Cur
tis, of the Superior Court; Judge Larretnore,
of the Court of Common Pleas; Judges Woodruff,
Benedict, Smollet and Chipman. of the United
States Circuit Court; State Senators Tiemann and
Benedict, and Assemblymen Vedder and Van Cott,
John M. Wallace, reporter of the United States Su
preme Court; Hon. R. C. Parsons,or Ohio, formerly
Clerk United States Supreme Court; Maunse'U B.
Field, Assistant Secretary or the Treasury
under the administration of that Depart
ment by the distinguished dead; Demar
est Lloyd, private secretary to the late
Chief Justice; General John Cochrane. District At
torney Benfamln K. Phelps, ex-Judge Peabodv. Dr.
S. J. Clarke, William F. Tracy, Chief Clerk Middle
ton, of the Untied States Supreme Court; John F.
Nlcolay, formerly privatcf secretary to President
Lincoln, Chief Marshal of the United States Su
preme court, and hundreds of other notable men,
whose lives and reputations go to make up the
hlBtory of States ana the Union. President Grant
was not present.
In the rear room of the church, off the chancel,
General William T. Sherman and Major General
Irwin McDowell, of the number, being In the mili
tary uniform or their respective ranks. At three
o'clock the casket was lifted from Its resting place ;
and was borne by attendants from the rear door or (
the church, followed by the pallbearers, who wore
rosettes and broad sashes or white linen and
crape. The cortege passed around to the front
gates or the church, the police keeping a clear way
through the throng outside, which by this time had |
become quite dense. The casket was followed by
the pallbearers in the following order:?
General W. T. Sherman, Hamilton Fish,
Gerrltt Smith. John J. Cisco,
Wm. Cullen Bryant, Wm. F. Havemeyer,
Gideon Welles, Maj. Oen. I. McDowell,
Hiram Barney, William M. Evarts,
Charles O'Conor, Whltelaw Reid.
They were followed by the immediate relatives
or the deceased. As the body was borne around
to the iront or the church. Rev. Dr. Tyng. Rev. Dr.
Hall and K6V. Mr. Peet, in their ecclesiastical
vestments, emerged from the vestry, passed across
the chancel anil down the main aisle toward the
doors. Here they met the funeral cortege at
the church gates, anil, turning, preceded It
Into the sacred precinct. As thev returned
up the aisle with solemn tread, the measured ,ac.
cents or the priestly voices repeating the ritual of
the burial as prescribed by the Protestant Episco
pal Church sounded throughout the church with
deep effect, and the vast congregation arose to Its
WITH REVERENT MIKN,
remained standing until the coffin had been placed
on the bier. The pall-bearers filed to the right and
left Into the two front, pews, ex-Governor Sprague,
of Rhode Island, and wire, and Mr. and Mrs. W. S.
Hoyt, or New York, with several nieces and
nephewft or the deceased Chler Justice, as chier
raonraers, occupying seats in rear or the pall
bearers. The floral emblems were replaced on the
lid of the casket, and the services were continued.
As the solemn words,
"I AM THE RESURRECTION AND TIIE LIFE,"
which commence the impressive burial service of
the Episcopal Church, wereuttereu by the Rev. Dr.
Tyng, with whom were Rev. Mr. Peet, his assistant
In the church, and Rev. Dr. John Hall, to whom the
honor ar pronouncing the funeral oration was com
mitted, a hush fell over the large assemblage. Be
fore the commencement or the service the magnifi
cent organ spoke a requiem, under the skiirul
fingers or Mr. Williams, who selected for the occa
sion ^ "marche fun&bre,"' b^ the composer of
"lone,'' and" ahot^effrom '*Don Sebastian," by
Donizetti. The well known march in "Saul" and
"I know that my Redeemer liveth" were also
added as musical tributes to the memory of the
THE FUNERAL ORATION.
Dr. John Hall ascended the pulpit, and in his
address to the crowded congregation said :?
Brethren?In this sentiment all classes will
agree, that the glory of man is as the flower of grass.
The grass wlthereth, and the flower thereor radeth
away; but the Word of the Lord endureth forever.
So it was said by the Illustrious poet In the Old
Testament, and so was It also said as the comfort
ing aasurauce to the Prophet Isaiah in his tribula
tions. So, 'oo years later, the millennial
strain was rendered bv the Apostle Peter,
and It continued with its one Joyous
and triumphant cadence at the close; the
Word or the Lord endureth for ever. That strain
has been sounded over the world ever since.
Brethren, It falls apon o?r ears this afternoon.
??The flower fadeth, but the Word of the Lord en
dureth for ever." Make this Word of the Lord
serve among the symbols of universal decay to fix
men's attention upon that which is good and
solid. While we are liable, under a brief sense of
man's uncertainty, to divide the current of grief,
whether for personal loan or for public calamity,
Into the channels of faith, this seems to me
tne main purpose or these runeral solemnities.
There was a time when there waa a propriety
in reciting over tha mighty dead the great
deeds that had been done In their time and the.
virtues that had secured for them human admira
tion. There were tuqa law facilities fyr erecting
memorials to human virtues and tor glv- I
?ng appropriate expression of regret on the
one band and of admiration on the other.
. Jl' u w.,B DOt 90 now- The feeling In
the pnblic mind that is manifested by the
providence that brings as together is expressed
more folly, more concisely anu to far wider audi
ences through the means of the press than can
possibly be by the pulpit. Brethren, it is not un
fitting that on sacb an occasion as this religion
should show a kindly union with tnat public virtue
that aireauy beats reaponsively to
EVERY PATRIOTIC MAN.
Christian men In all times, both in the present and
iu the past, seek the prosperity or the city and
country in which they dwell. Well, It ought to be
eminently reassuring to all honest public ser
vants aud to all men seeking integrity in the ad
ministration of civil affairs when they see the ap
preciation that has been brought to the light by
the removal of Chief Justice Chase. The appreci
ation is universal. The highest and purest, civiliza
tion has largely represented the principle that
Christ was embodied In His kingdom?namely, that
he Is tne greatest who can so lead himself as to be
the servant of all. He has acknowledged claims to
our kindness. He did render such distinction
to manhood and to the public service, that no one
could charge him as lieing moved thereto by public
gain. The highest place in a proiession to which
he bad dedicated his life was his when it pleased
God to call him. He discharged mativ and inost
momentous duties in war. Was there any failure?
In some departments there was conspicuous and
unprecedented success; unprecedented in a most
literal way, for was there ever a man who called
and reduced the resources of a great nation into
money lor exigencies so sudden and so tremend
ous, aud which were secured and executed with so
much power? How well
TUB WORK WAS DONE.
How soon doubt and depression were triumphed
over by courage and confidence history has told
already. History will continue to tell, and. proba
bly, will more and more appreciate that colossal
result when years have passed away, and we are
enabled to see its magnitude and are free from the
dust of feeling with which we are now surrounded.
For great men, as you know, brethren, carry with
them a greatness that enables the course of our
view of them to be increased as they
rest from their labors In the progress of
time. Lincoln, Stanton, Seward and Chase?
what a constellation of great soldn rs in the cause
of human liberty I What a work they did In the
warm our own native time I?a war second in Im
portance culy to oue a hundred years ago, when
the peapie plunged themselves into a striie and
into an organized mass of injured aud iudignant
colonists, aud, by God's help, they caine out of the
struggle a recognized nation. He who recounts to
the ruture tne progress and the eaurse of our
liberty, and that war, the greatest in many re
spects, ihe greatest warfare ef civilization, shall
not be able to omit the name that I have just now
pronounced in your hearing. It was not assured
to him to exhibit boldness, courage and indomi
table will upon
TIIK TKNTED FIELD.
He was there the arbitrator when calmness fled
lrom the face 01 misrepresentation to deleat tlio
intrigue and the clamor that was always conspiring
anew. He ?was ever ready to guide the liall
biind knowledge ol the Commonwealth until that
Commonwealth came out not only free, secure
and triumphant, but free, let us hone, torever. Hut
why should 1 remind you or that which you were
witnesses and of that which I only witnessed irom
arar? Rather let me speak, my beloved brethren,
of that which is common to us all
ot the vital and the transcendent moment.
When I sat last Tuesday night by the bed of Chief
Justice Chase: when 1 looked at that broad brow
and great brain, I thought of the mighty interests
over which he had ruled; aud when I looked at
that great heavy bosom and thought how it had
been weighed down by many cares, by domestic
loss and by the burden of political anxieties, I
could not help thinking that, as the ship of life
made its unconscious passage to death, how much
alone he is now. How inaccessible to any man is
that voice I How Inaccessible to any power but
the pawer of Him who made him and to whom all
hearts are known! It is not possible lor anv one
to muke an inquiry of Uim. The one thing upon
which to thluk, aud the one thing upon which ne
trusted, wus that he had believed in
TiiK lorp jesi's cukikt;
that he bad rested upon the promises of the God
of mercy. He had cast away all self-strength, all
his personal gooduess and all his public services;
he had cast them away to accept that which the
strougest must accept, which you and I must ac
cept, as the lowliest must accept?the rorgiveness
of our sins through the blood ot that life everlast
ing that is given to all by God our Father, through
Jesus Christ our Lord. There are some reflections,
beloved brethren, that seem to me to be sugges
tive to you, under the circumstances In which
we staud here to-day,In thus paying our respects to
tke memory of a great man?of one who has
fallen among us. When thev do tall away we are
delighted with all the good that is in them, and we
allow the view of it to obscure the evil, for evil
there was. That la good so far as It goes. Might |
we not anticipate this before they die ? Might we
not fully represent their life here, and give to them
some of that generous appreciation aud cordial ap
proval which we are willing to dispense to them I
when they can hear it no more? Let us be kind,
generous and just to those who serve us s? ably in
difficult and trying crises. Do it not grudgingly,
but heartily. It is easy for us in *
Tin QUIET VALI
to look up and censure the movements of those
who climb the rugged and Alpine our eyts
are hidden irom the crevices which they see, and
which they have to cross. ? In oar Improvident
leisure we see the heights they are climbing to,
and which they attain with difficulty. Let us oe
just, kind and generous to them. Ho not let us
trouble them by Imputing bad motives. Ho not
too soon ascribe want or honor, aud suggest an i
unworthv ambition with regard to the rewards
rendered to our great public servants, as if am- j
liitlon in Itself were absolutely wrong and wicked.
1 tell yau it is not so. It is sametlmcs an inevita
ble consciousness of strength,
A GOD-fllVEN INSTINCT,
by which men arc stimulated to seek that which can
be done by none so ably as by themselves. Let us
be just to the genius of these men, whose nobleness
makes theui fit for high places that the nation
requires them to nil, and to this only. It is
with men and nations as with mountains?the
more frequent the storms beat around their heads,
the more are those heads made visible, and the
nations look around In the sunset of their de
parted and weep for their honored dead. I do not
shrink from saying a word or more to the younger
men here, who, m a different position in life, have
their way to make in lite, sometimes full or hope
and at other times cast down and disappointed.
He whom we bury to-day in honor, with so much
feeling and so muniflcentiy, had man*
great advantages with which to begin his
career. Among these 1 place a vigorous physical
nature, great and decisive courage aud a mind i
singularly well poised; having a family histary
to maintain with proper self-respect; a boyhood
and a yonth saved from enervation by the neces
sity of toll?toll from which strife was gone?and
there was lelt a healthy and proper consciousness
ef that strength. Hut you see while these are
God's gilts, and we should be thankful for them,
they aie not extraordinary in aay way. How
many men there are who have such gifts ! Then,
my brethren, make the best use of them. If you
have the power do not wait lor
AN KX1ECTED OPPORTUNITY.
See if you possess moral qualities fitted for the
work aud God will soon put in your way great op
portunities, if you do not waste your powers.
Kxerclse your talents and emplo/ your gifts. Men
will think of yon as young men or capacity and will
come to regard you as having honest brains and
honest consciences?consciences, too, that will
no more flatter and will be no more
guilty of abominable detraction than the
sun light of the photographer's plate- can
be mane to flatter. See that you have tills con
sciousness and this sense oi power within you, aud
God will teach you to make it subservient to His
wlli, In so lar as He is pleased to make It known
to you. My brethren, one week ago to-dav Chlei
Justice Chase occupied his place on the bench and
pcrlormed his duties. To-day lie is to be carried
hence in this coffin. But the death blow came to
him suddenly, as it may come, my brethren, to you.
Are you ready ror its approach? Are you living
nnder the power of the world to come? I)o you
seek to maintain an habitual appreciation for
TllE INEVITABLE CIIANUB ?
"As a matter of evidence," it was inqnlred of a
lawyer who attained to a well deserved eminence,
"as a matter of evidence, can the Bible be sus
tained ?" "As a matter of pure evidence," was the
calm reply, "I do not see how any jnst and candid
man can doubt the authority of tne Bible." My
brethren, have yon weighed the evidence ?
My brethren, have you accepted its con
clusions ? Have you received tlio light it
affords to you r Have you trusted the
Saviour it presents to you? Have you takeu
hold of the promises it proclaims? Have you
rested upon the Son of God as your Saviour? If you
have done this <;od will give you work to do and
give you strength to do ft. This should be the ef
feet of yotlt generous sympathies and your noblest
aspirations. If we believe these truths ourselves
sits wriswi b&k
which was won by ciilel Justice Chase, when in
the clear light or true love he saw liberty
and was willing to sacrifice anything to
the cry of the oppressed that entered
. into his ear. Meu said ?i him, "There goes a fine
young man who has rained himself." To-day what
do we see? We see the fruits and the effect of the
choice he then made, and whose heart burned to ?
deliver the oppressed, and who would rather hav* !
this than the brilliant successes and distinguished'
career of a great field marshal; lor to believe in
Christ is light; it is the beginning of light, ami it
Is a light that we shall theu never want, whether
we live or whether we die. for whether we live or
die we are the Lord's.
The address was concluded by a few words of
comfort to the mourning lamily.
AT THE CLOSE OF THE SERVICE,
and while the deep dirge of the "Head March"
rolled through the building, the vast audience
moved slowly up the aisles so as to pass the
casket, and thus took a farewell look at the
features of the dead Chief Justice. Exit for a
very large proportion of the assemblage was
found through the postern doors of the church.
When all had retired the lid of the burial ease
waa replaced and fastened down and
the body was piaocd In charge of the undertaker,
and remained In the church until about seven
o clock, when the coffin with the revered relics
waa privately removed In a hearse to the Jersey
C1U depot. At nine o'clock ati that ia mortal ni
Chief Justice Chase left In a special car of the Penn
sylvania Railroad lor Washington, escorted by
Messrs. Maunsell B. Field, u. C. Parsons and John
M. Wallace and the members of the lamily.
Preparation! to Receive the Remains of
the Chief Justice at the Capital?To
Lie In State In the Supreme Court
Room?Full Arrangements for the
Wabhinuton, May 10, 1873.
The body or Chief Justice Chase, alter arriving
here to-morrow morning In charge of the friends
and the Immediate relatives of the deceased and
the pallbearers, will be conveyed to the United
States Supreme Court room by the following ser
vants of the Court, who, in accordance with time
honored custom on similar occasions, will consti*
tute the corpse bearers
A. Lewis, J.Craig,
J. Welsh, W, Bruce,
A. Herbert, J. Malvin.
Arrangements befitting the occasion were made
to-day at the Capitol. The bronze doors leading
to the Senate Chamber from the east and north
sides were heavily draped in mourning, as were
also the doors leading to the corridor ol the Senate,
the arcuway over them in the hall leading to the
Supreme Court room and the main entrance
to the building bv iiie way oi the cast
and west doors. The main entrance to the
Supreme Court room is draped in black, as is that
of the oiUce of the Court, immediately opposite. In
thee onrt room itself the funeral drapery extends
entirely around the room, and in heavy folds. The
judicial bench is covered with black, while the
chair of the Chier Justice, the gilt eagle overhead
and the semicircle in the rear, are draped in crape.
on which the remains will repose is the same an
that upou which the body of President Lincoln
reposed in state in the Rotunda in April, ihca.
Since that memorable event it has been in what is
commonly kuuwn as "Washington's Tomb," under
the Crypt, it is two feet and six inches high and
nine leet in length, and will be covered lor this
occasion with black broadcloth. A heavy floral
wreath from the Uovernment Hardens will sur
round the casket, which will bo otherwise deco
rated with beautiTuI flowers.
TIIE REMAINS TO UK IN T1IK SUPREME COURTROOM.
in a letter to the Clerk of the Court, dated yester
day, lion. Hamilton Pish, Secretary of State,
writes from New York to say that Governor
Sprague and the daughters ol the Chief
Justice think it proper that the remains
should repose In the Supreme Court room until
they are taken to the cemetery. He remarks in
his letter, "There Is an eminent propriety in the
placing or the remains of the Chlel Justice there,
111 the Supreme Court room, and in their proceed
ing to their final restlmr place from the room In
whlcn but ten days since he sat at the head or the
Judiciary or the United States."
WHEN TIIK REMAINS CAN BE VIEWED.
The Supreme Court room will be open to visitors
to-morrow rrom ten o'clock In ?he morning to five
o'clock lu the atternoon, and rrom nine to twelve
o'clock od Monday additional opportunity will be
given the public to view the remains.
TUE CEREMONIES IN WASHINGTON.
At twelve o'clock M. the Kev. 0. H. Tiffany,
pastor of the Metropolitan Methodist Kpiscopal
church, will preach a sermon appropriate to the
occasion in the court room. At the conclusion of
the services the remains will be taken to Oak Hill
lor Interment. At oak Hill the regular burial ser
vice of the Methodist Church will be read.
Ciller Justice Chase attended the Metropolitan
church and was one or the trustees.
The different departments or the government
were closed to-day, in accordance with the Execu
tive order issued by the President relative to the
death or the Chief Justice, and tke flags through
out the city were at halMKatr in respect to the
memory or the deceased. Governor Cooke has Is
sued an order closing all the District government
otllces on the day or the funeral.
REASONS FOR NOT APPOINTING HI3 SUCCESSOR.
The reasons privately assigned by tht President
ror not appointing a successor to Chief, Justice
Chase until the meeting of Congress are substan
tially as rollowdThe subject is so important that
it requires much consideration, and it is his inten
tion to deliberately select a gentleman who will be
generally acceptable to the entire country. Be
sides there is no Immediate necessity tor acting,
there being no judicial business which now re
quires the attention or a Chief Justice; the de
ceased himself was not lutendlng to go ujiou his
circuit during the recess or the Court. It is the
President's wlsti that the nominee shall be con
firmed by the Senate before entering upon the
duties or the office.
New Jersey and Chief Justice Cliaie.
Much surprise is felt among laymen throughout
the State of New Jersey that not one or the Courts
Federal, State or county?nor a single gathering or
the lawyers, have taken the Initiative in ex
pressing the deep sorrow or the people gen
erally over the unlooked for and much to
t regretted death or Chler Justice Chase,
was thought that the Lawyers' Conven
tion to suggest amendments to the constitution
woo' it least go through the formality ol a set ol
vesication* similar to those adopted by other legal
and Judicial bodies throughout the country, hut it ap
pears they were too busy electing a chairman, two
secretaries, appointing committees and adjourning
ror two months to wuste time over even sscli an
Illustrious dead as Salmon P. Chase. If the courts
and the lawyers have forgotten his great services to
the country, It Is, however, certain that the people
have not, but everywhere express sincere sorrow
that so great and so good a man should be taken
away suddenly, and at a time, too. when the race
of public ni?U or which he was a grand type Is well
Appropriate Action of the Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pa., May 10, 1873.
The Philadelphia Uar held a meeting in the Su
preme Court room to-day, and took appropriate
action regarding the death or Chief Justice Chase.
Judge Cadwallader presided.
Action of the Bar of Ohio.
Columbus, May 10, 1873.
At a meeting of the Bar of Ohio, in the Supreme
Court room, Judge J. R. Swan, of Columbus, was
chosen Chairman,, and William Deunlsoii. George
Boadly, A. (J. Thurmiin, C. N. Olds, Thomas kwlug,
and others, were appointed a committee on reso
lutions to express the sense of the Ohio liar on the
death of Chier Justice Chase, and to report on the
The ClnclnnattBar Pay the Great Jurist
a II i ^ It Tribute.
Cincinnati, Ohio, May 10. 1873.'
The meeting of the Uar at the United States
Court room to-day, in respect to the memory of
Chief Justice Chase, was largely attended. The
court room was draped In mourning. Judge Ewing.
of the United States District Court, was appointed
chairman., and the Judges of the Common Pleas
and Superior Courts were appointed Vice Presi
dents. A committee on resolutions was appointed,
among whose members were:?Hon. W. S. Grocs
beck, ex-Secretary Cox, Stanley Matthews, Kufus
King and Judge Tart. Addresses were made by
Judge Mutthews, Hon. Henry Stanbery, Mr. Flam
men Ball, Judges Hundley and Wliitmau, Mr.
George E. Pugh and others. A memorial ol respect
to his memory was adopted, together with a
I resolution to send a copy ol this tribute to the
\ lamily or the deceased.
The following was also adopted:?
I Resolved, That we respectfully ask that his
j remains may be laid in the beautiful cemetery he
did so much to establish near the city of his home,
which recognizes the lull measure oi his worth as
l its most eminent citizen.
Hon. IIenry Stanbery said he had been Judge
Chase's personal friend since both were young,
I He said, although for many years estranged in po
< Utical opinions, yet never for a moment did thai
difference disturb our social relations. There is,
1 he said, one monument or his Industry and ability
which, as it was the first achievement that brought
hlui into general notice, deserves mention. I reier
to his compilation or the body ol the Ohio statute
laws, extending over a period or forty-six years?
' rrom 1787 to 1833. In the foderal Senate, in the
Executive chair of our State, In the Cabinet, on the
Supreme bench, he was always equal to the place:
and ir he had reached that other place, the goal or
hi* ambition, lie would have been louud equal also
THE LITE OiKES AIRES.
Expression^ or Sympathy from Hard
?i'W \v&re Merchants.
At a meeting or the hardware trade and hard
ware manufacturers, held yesterday (Saturday)
afternoon at 45 Chambers street, to take such
action in rcierence to the death or the Hon. oakes
Ames as might be deemed advisable, Mr. Hull Clark
was apnoluted Chairman and Mr. Richard P. Bruff
A commlttec appointed by the Chair, consisting
of Messrs. Mulford, King and Bruff. reported the
following resolutions, which wore unanimously
Wherein the hardware Interest* of the United Stales
have sustained a great Ions In the death of the Hon.
Oaken Ames, who lor nearly half a century ha* been
looked up to ax their prominent representative, anil who
ha* done more than any other man to advance the pros
Krlty of tht* great branch of oar national lndaatry;
Resolved. That In thadeath of Mr. Ante* the hardware
trade, lose* one of its most active and efficient member*,
the uianutaeturlng Interest iu mint able champion and
advocate, and the colintry one of those great minds whose
grasp was not trammelled by the cares ot trade, hut
labored zealously and efficiently for the promotion of all
great commercial interests.
Resolved, That, as a manufacturer and as a merchant,
Mr. Ames has endeared himself to all with whom he ha*
been associated bv his integrity ; his genial, sympathetic
nattlre , his Intelligence, and his admitted eminent basi
Resolved, That, as fellow mourners, w? sympathize
si ace relv with the family ofottr lamented trleiid in their
Resolved, Thai an authenticated copy ?I the proceed
ing* of this ?*>???<??? forwarded to the f?r?"y of Mr.
A DEADLY DUEL.
Virginia " Bloods" Fighting
Over a Slighted Lady.
Mordecai and McCarty in Mor
Money and Wit Standing Out In
Fisticuffs Unsuccessfully Resorted to
for a Se'tlement.
BLOOD MUST SJETTLE IT.
The Duellists Vis-a-Vis?The Signal and
First Shots-McCarty Still Calls for
Blood and Gets It?Both Badly
Wounded and Carried
Off the Field.
Richmond, Va., May 10, 1873.
The community here has been more Intensely ex
cited to-day than at any other period since that
memorable April day, three years ago, when the
"Capitol disaster" resulted in the sudden hurrying
Into eternity of some hundred victims. A sangui
nary and bloody duel, with the almost assured death
of one and the possible permanent Injury of the
other participant, occurred alirost In the city
limits, between two prominent young gentlemen,
and was alone known to the parties concerned till
after Its culmination, and then to the Chief of
Police too late to prevent the meeting, and to the
public not at all till the appearance of th^ mere
mention of the morning tallies. The duel tffid Its
attendant circumstances have lormcd the main
staple oi conversation in every circle to-day.
A LADY THE "UNCONSCIOUB" CAUSE.
As nsnal in a majority of the disagreements be
tween men, a woman, one of the reigning and
most beautiful bellcB, was, unconsciously doubt
less to herself, the corner stone on which is
erected this superstructure of blood. Among her
agencies for social enjoyment Richmond possesses
a club of some aristocratic pretensions, consti
tuted mostly of yaung men who consider them
selves, or are considered by others, young bloods.
The members of the club meet at a stately man
sion on the corner of Third and Franklin streets,
and while away their surplus time by billiards,
whist, the latest scan. moo. and an occasional in
dulgence in the Qerman dance.
PAGE M'CAKTV THE AGGRESSOR.
Among the members of the Richmond Clnb is a
young gentleman of elegant leisure, named Page
McCarty. He is of good Virginia lineage; a nephew
of the Virginia Congressman McCarty, who, some ,
time In the year 1824, fought a duel with muskets
at Blndcnsburg, with John Tnompson Mason, his
brother-in-law, a United States Senator from this
State, which resulted in the immediate death of
Mason and the loss of one of Mccarty's arms. This
ancient duel at the time of its occurrence was re
marked as a bloody one. The first proposition to
tie their hands together and jump oir the Capitol
at Washington was rejected, and the scarcely less
humane one accepted to light, at one pace dis
tance with muskets loaded with an ounce ball and
three buckshot. As might be expected, Colonel
McCarty was never a happy man after that. His
hair turned gray in a single night, and he Bought
to drown remorse in the (lowing bowl.
THE HISTORY OF THE TROUBLE.
Romo time during the latter part of March the
Club arranged for a German (waltz) at Virginia
Hall, in this city, and anion? the social notabilities
who attended was the reigning belle heretofore
ajluded to. She and Page McCarty "had been
Irleuds in youth." but a difllculty had arisen, and
at the time the German came oir they did not speak
to or recognize each other. At the social festivities
I which duly came oir one of the masters of certmo
I nles, either by accident or deslirn. placed the ea
j trauged parties vl*-t~i-vis, and the lady had either to
I produce a scene by the cut direct or quietly ac
I qulesce in the arrangement and dance with her
former JlaitcH. She chose to dance, and former
kind relations were, to all appearances, once more
re-established. While the Club members were
revelling In the glorious memories of the German j
the friendly master of ceremonies was doubtless '
fellcltlng himself on reuniting two estranged
friends. The following ambiguous and unpreten
tlous poetry appeared lu the Enquirer on the
6th of February
"TDK FIRST riCI'ltK 15 TIIF GKR*A*"?AS KPKJRAM
We have received for publication the following poem
A lovinir swain who, iloubUens, had been kicked by his
wirn Mary's queenly form I press,
In nfrauM' Ifttcst WaluC -? ~
I woulil as well her lips care*?.
Although those lips be lalsc.
For mill with fire love tips bin ilart.
And kindles ui> anew
The tlamc which onrc consumed my heart
Whon those dear lips were true.
Of form so fair, of faith so faint.
If truth were only In her.
Though she'd he then the .- weetest saint
I'd still feel like a sinner.
MORDECAt TIIE DEFENDER,
Among the members of the club was John B
Mordecal, an estimable young lawyer of this city
When the lines appeared they were discussed In
the clut>, and the suggestion made ttiat they had
an individual application. Mordecaf, who was
present, said with generous impulsiveness that ho
did not know the autiior, but if the intent was to
ridicule the young lady whom some deemed to be
alluded to the writer was a scoundrel, poltroon
and coward. McCarty, who was present, then
avowed himself the author, and an' impending cri
sis was then and there only prevented between
the two men by a suggestion or the d.iwllo as the
more satisfactory way oi settling the little dnll
culty which had so unexpectedly arisen. While
the arrangeineuts were being carried out for a
meeting the police got wind bl the affair and ar
rested the parties, who were, however discharged
the proof of hostile intent on the part of either
being prudently kept In the background.
0FP081NG MAGAZINES OF HATE.
Since then the parties have been In a sfate of
armed neutrality?opposing powder magazines?
ready to explode on the application ol the proper 1
! "re, but both retaining their membership in the !
A week since, when the lordly tenement corner
ol Franklin and Third streets was filled with the
gay and festive youths who give fclat to the pro- 1
ceedlngs of the club and illustrate the German 1
McCarty, with a friend, occupied one of the billiard
taluks. The game seemed suddenly to lose its in
terest to McCarty, and his conversation turned on
personal dlfllcuitles and their proper mode of ad
justment. He alluded to the exploits of his rela
tives in the duelling line, his own lost opportunity
of the same sort, and declared a similar state of
affairs with him would be followed by a different
resalt. At this juncture, unfortunately, Mr Mor
decal entered the room, and took a seat near the
table on which the science of billiards was not Inst
then being illustrated In a verv brilliant manner
MORDECAI TAKES TO THE "MANLY."
On seeing Mordecal seat himself McCarty In
stead of confining his remarks to his compauion If
he did not mean to Initiate a difficulty, raised /its -
I voice, and, looking directly at Mordecal, added to
, the personality of his previous remarks to such a i
i degree that the gentleman whs obliged to tako
, notice of them. He seemed Anally to comprehend
I thai atl insult w&fl Intended him, and, rising he
approached McCarty and said, "Are those re
marks Intended for me, sir ?" 1
"t tn(iT'"1 ^ected contempt,
McCarty drawled out?"And who are you, sir f"
Mordecal replied?"I am a gentleman, sir."
McCarty directly rejoined (long drawn)?"Ah I"
HMe had intended he did not nave the chance to
further Intensify any feeling he may have enter
tained towards Mordecal, for that Individual
STRUCK OUT VIGOROUSLY FROM TIIK SHOULDER
and McCarty "went to grass" with the celerity of a
cannon ball on Its descending grade. Mr. McCarty
thcrealter resisted to the extent of his capacity, |
but the result was that Mordecal Inflicted on him
quite a heavy chastisement. They were parted by
friends and Mr. McCarty conveyed to his lodgings, .
where he was compelled from his injuries to remain '
In bed lor several days.
M'CARTY thirsts for blood.
Meanwhile an emergent note from him sum- j
moned to this city Colonel William B. Tabt>, for
merly of Amelia, but now of Charleston, W. Va.
To the Colonel, who is au fcitt in such matters, j
McCarty Imparted nls sorrows and desire tor re- i
venge. His accommodating iriend supplied the j
necessary cartel Inviting Mordecal to tue field of 1
honor, which duly received Mccarty's signature i
and was despatceed In' accordance with the code.
MORDECAI WILL FfOIIT.
Mordecal, on Its /?eceptlon, took the affair verv
cooly, announced his willingness to respond in any
way, and suggested the name of ? friend, through
I u.oul'l the.reafter receive missives on the
subject. His friend and Colonel Tabb seemed to
have meant business from the start, for the seo
.8UJ"K?on". weapons, time, place, Ac., were
named with commendable celerity and with a
quietness and seer *,j truly admirable.
TUB OMR AT ARRANGED.
Tbe combat, as arranged, was to take place at
v .i? evening, near the line of the
York River Railroad, and not far from Itlakey**
millpond, in the neighborhood of Oakwood
Cemetery; weapons, navy revolver#; distance ten
paces. Two of tne leading: surgeous of tbe city were
engaged to do any carving, consequent on tke
affair, or extract any vlllanous lea<! that might
effect a lodgment In the bodies of the belligerents.
These were Professor Hunter McOuire, late stone
wall Jackson's medical director, and Professor J.
9. D. Cullenv late medical director of Lougstreet'a
army corps. Not to Implicate these gentlemen un
necessarily in the result oi the pending battle, it
wan arranged that they should be posted some
distance Irom the field of battle and advance only
on a given signal.
combatants AND NON-COMBATANTS ON TUB (iROUND.
The friends who went forth with McCarty to seek
the bubble reputation, even at the cannon's month,
were Calvin B. Tabb and John s. Meredith. Those
who performed similar service for Mr. Mordecal
were Messrs. William L. Kojall and W. Ketnlgg.
The pending affair had been kept so entirely imb
row that the parties had no dilllcultv in keeping
the scene of action nmnolested. ir they were seen
It only seemed that they were taking an evening
airing. The men were promptly on the ground at
a few minotes belore six o'clock, and directly tbe
carriages sropped all who had official connection
with the ceremonies Incident to the occasion pro
ceeded to perform their allotted share of the even
MEASURING THE GROUND.
The traditional ten paces were duly measured
on and the principals placed In position. It may
seem singular, but these two gentlemen, who were
about to attempt to take each other's life, bowed to
each other with stately grace. The weapons hav
ing been examined and loaded were handed to the
parties. The clear voice of one 01 the seconds was
next heard, saying:?
"Gentlemen, are j ou ready V*
The hrlelest pause; then "One, two, three" were
TIIK FIRST SHOTS.
Just before the last word was uttered an almost
simultaneous report wax heard. As the smoke
cleared away both parties were seen standing un
hurt, and immediately the voice of McCarty was
heard demanding a second lire. This demand pre
cluded any interference looking to a settlement on
the part or tho Irieuds, and preparations were a?
once made for
TUK SECOND FlitE.
When the pistols exploded this time both parties
were seen to lurcli lorward and rati heavily on
their faces. The signal was given and the sur
geons approached as fast as tliey could. An ex
amination disclosed the fact that both parties
were seriously?Mordecal, perhaps, fatally
wounded. A conical ball had entered Mccarty's
hip, a round ball had pouetrated the abdominal
cavity of Mordecal. %
JUSTICE TOO SLOW.
While the seconds and friends were devising
ways to convey the parties Irom the field of honor
a different sceno might have been witnessed a half
mile away?viz.: the Chief of Police, John
1'oe, urging a foaming steed m quest ol
the duellists over fences and dltcheB
at rox-chase speed. He came up just as the sur
geons had placed their patients in comfortable
positions, lie ordered the teconds to consider
themselves under arrest, and report and give ball
lor their appearance before the Police Justice, after
perioruiing the necessary office* tor tbe wounded
This they did. McCarty was convoyed to his
mother's house in this city. Mardccal was taken
to the resideuce of his cousin, Colonel E. T. D.
BLOOD TO THE I .AST.
A person present relates that while both men
were lyiug on the ground Mordecal was heard to
say:?"He can have another Ore If he wants It."
Of course, In their situation, another fire or any
thing else but stimulants was out of the question.
Mordecal Is a rising young lawyer here, nephew
of Colonel John IS. Young, a prominent lawyer, aiul
personally very popular with all.
McCarty is not so well known, but Is alse es
teemed by those who enjoy Ills acquaintance.
THE YOUNtJ LADY
who was the primary but Innocent cause of this
useless effusion ol blood is, of course, in the
deepest distress, and has the sympathy of thou
sands of friends. Khc is a blonde, and has been
for several years past the the leading belle at the
Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs?no less lovely
iu mind than person, and the queen of many
The Herald correspondent, in endeavoring to
obtain the above information, was beset with in
numerable difficulties. Nobody knew anything
about the bloody duel but the participants,
and they of course were unwilling to tell what
they knew. Kesldes tills, yoar correspondent was
called upon by a number of gentlemen who re
quested him to suppress In part the causes whicb
led to the meeting; but duty was paramount to
every other consideration, and I telegraph the
fullest details, which are correct and exact in
every particular. The object of the Hkrai.d being
to tell the truth without tear or favor I have, in
accordance with my instructions, done so in the
present instance with impartiality.
OBSEQUIES OF GENERAL PAEZ.
Plain Fuucral of the l&x-Preoident Ot
Vcnriucln-The Pali Bearers?The
Touching Service and tbe Last Look at
the Illustrious Dead?His Final Rest
The funeral yesterday of General Paez, ex-Presi
dent of Venezuela, was not characterized by tbe
sombre pageautry and those extraordinary marka
or honor which are generally associated with the
obsequies or the distinguished dead. It was a very
simple and unostentatious affair throughout,
though attended by numerous persons or high dis
tinction. Hie runeral gave food for peculiarly
sad reflections. It was difficult to realise
that the man who was the central figure in a war
forever memorable in history, who led armies and
won battles in a desperate struggle with a great
power, who formed and ruled a nation, and
through all the temptations of hi* eventful career
came out with unsullied honor?should have
"shrunk to tills little measure," and have passr^f
ont o( existence without more runeral honors ^md
to him than to the ordinary mortal who dro^ oat
of the busy
At ten o'clock yesterday morning the personal
friends or the deceased, Including tne pall-bearers,
assembled at his late residence, 42 Kast Twentieth
street, to take a last look I''8 remains. There
were present the following
The venerable Peter Cooper, ciiler Justice Dalv,
Sefior Y. Marlscal, Minister of Mlxlco; sefior Car
los Martini, Minister ol Colombia; I?r. J. C. Bcales,
Sefior Navarro, Cousul Owieral ol Mexico; Beflor
S. Mlchelena and the Minlstef of Kwiauor, ?Senor
Antonio Flores, whose Illustrious lather, a 'orffler
President or Ecuador, rought in the South Amei"J*
can war or independence and took part with Gen
eral Paez In the battles or Juntn, A.vacucho and
Minarlca. There were also in attendance
A COMMITTEE OK CUBAN PATRIOTS.
consisting or Colonel Juau M. Maclas, Dr. Fred
crlco Galvez, who embalmed the deceased, and
Sefior Helarlo Clsnero; also Dr. A. K. Gardner,
who attended tho departed patriot before his
death; Dr. Freeman, Sefior De laCova, Venezuelan
Cousul at Philadelphia; Major A. 1>. Green and
General J. B. Baptlsta, who commanded the vessel
which, under the administration or General Paez,
brought back the remains or the lllnstrlons Bol
ivar irom New Grana la to Ids native Venezuela.
At a quarter past ten the coffin was borne out,
anud the tears or th?? lady mourners, and placed In
u plain hear?e, drawn by two horses. Upon the
coffin were placed
TWO AMERICAN PL ACS,
one or which, mnde or s.itin and velvet and beintl*
ruliy embroidered In Hllver und gold, had been pre
sented years ago by General Paez liltuseir to Major
A. P. Green, who In 1K58 (then a captain) commanded
a troop or city horse giards, which, on the occasion
of General Paez's first departure from this city, es
corted him to the vessel which bore him to Venez
uela. The General having, In consequence of an
accident, dislocated his foot, the horse guards on
that occasion dlsmouuted, carried him In a hospital
bier down to the North lUver and placed him on
The hearse and the cortdgo, consisting or a
dozen carriages, the first of wnlch contained Don
Ramon Paez, son of the deceased, arrived
AT ST. STEPHEN'S ROMAN CATHOLIC ClU'RCO
at half-past ten. By that time the beautiful
church was comfortably filled in all Its parts. The
coffin waa carried up to the loot of the chancel and
placed upon a bier, on two sides ol which stood six
candlesticks with burning wax candles. Upon the
coffin were rour floral wreaths, while at the head
and foot were placed In an upright position two
large crosses made ol immortelles.
commenced by tho chanting of the office for the
dead. This Us ted about Hi teen minutes, aftet
which the solemn requiem mass began. Father
Lynch was the celebrant, assisted by Fathers Flynn
iiid Mcyulrk. The music throughout was grandly
Impressive. There was a sadness and quiet
jolemnlty In It that struck the listeners with awe.
rhcre was no address delivered. Alter the re
julem the top part of the lid of the coffin waa
opened, and through a glass plate waa visible the
ace of the Illustrious patriot, calm and
peaceful in the eternal sleep of death,
lliose who desired were now given a chance to
ook for the last time at the features or the dead.
A great many availed themselves of the opportu
nity, passing in a line arouud the coffin. The lid
was then rastened down again and the remains
were conveyed in mournful procession through the'
church while tbe choir chanted a seiemn dirge.
The coffin bore a small steel plate, with the follow
$ Murlo en Nueva York, el 6 de Mayo de
? A los H4 anos de edad.
followed by the pali-l>earers, were then taken to
the cemetery in second street, near Second ave
nue, and there temporarily placed in a vault. They
will, however, And a final resting place in his na
tive land, ror It Is expected that tbe government
and people ol Venezuela will claim back the re
mains of the great patriot, and bury him wltb mill'
tary honors. General Paez received, only a weel
before his death, a letter from Guzman Blanco, tM
present President of Venezuela, invitin* &l,n "
return to bis native country.
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