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THE LOST EXPLORERS.
Excitement Over the Fate of the Polaris and Her Crew* How the News of the Death of Captain Hall Was Received. Government Officials Chagrined About the Herald Specials. Dr. Hayes on the Death of His Gallant Successor at the North Pole. WAS CAPTAIN HALL MURDERED OR NOT ? Something Mysterious About the Cause of the Disaster. The Highest Latitude Yet At tained by a Vessel. Sketches of the Crew of the Missing Steamer. Glimpses of the Character of the Dead Explorer. Instructions from the Secretary of the Navy. A Smithsonian Professor on the Sutyect. Washington, May 10, 1873. A brief paragraph in a morning paper gave the Washington pnblic to-day the first intima tion it had of a disaster to the Polaris Arctic Expedition, and as the departments were Closed under the President's order of last night and the department officials generally invis ible, there wore but scanty opportunities of intelligence afforded to the multitude that, through interest or curiosity, sought' for au thentic and for fuller information. The after noon papers fortunately contained copious ab stracts of the Herald's special despatches from Bay Roberts, telegraphed here after the ap pearance of the full telegrams in the Herald fllfll morning, and a despatch of to-day from Consul MalLoy to the State Department, though it gave no additional facts, fully con firmed the Herald's account, which had al ready reached the State and the Navy Departments, and been made the of anxious discussion. Some chagrin was expressed, and more probably felt, at the necessity of leaning on the journal istic enterprise of the Herald for the earliest as well as the fullest information of a matter in which the government and this community have the greatest concern. The Polaris was a familiar vessel here long before the explora tion took form, and the process of her CONVERSION INTO AN ARCTIC CRUISER wad followed from day to day with eager interest by all classes of the people. "Captain Hn.11 and his companions grew to be well known characters before the start was made for the North Pole, and the voyage of the Congress with supplies, under oommand of the late Captain Davenport, then a resident Of Washington, and with Chaplain Newman on board, to give a benediction to the little vessel of Hall and his brave company, kept alive the public interest in the undertaking. At the Navy Department the Polar expedition took rank in importance with the surveying ol j fhteroceanic ship canals; and as almost the full scientific strength of the government had been put forth in equipping the little party of ?dentists, sent out through the efforts of the National Academy of Scienccs, and as every one connected with the Smithsonian Institu tion, the Coast Survey, the Naval Observatory and the Engineer Bureau wanted to know what had been lost and what gained to all these, as well as to a smaller number con cerned in the fate of the adventurers, the Hebaxd's full and CONCISE STORY OT THE AX) VENTURE ' was valued news to-night. General Myer, of the Signal Office, was eaily in quest of information, one of his pVillAd weather observers being on board as meteorologist, and the Bureau hoping from his labors to add something to its measure of use fulness and reputation. *The news that Ser geant Myer, the meteorologist in question, was among the rescued party was welcome; but anxiety still remains as to the results achieved by him. On all hands this PARTICULAR TRIUMPH OF THE HERALD is commended as being in the highest in terests of humanity and science. A Smithsonian Opinion. Washington, May 11, 1873. Professor Spencer F. Baird, of the Smith aonian Institution, in a note to your correspond ent rt"" evening, regarding the news from the Polaris, says:? "I have nothing special to say about the Polaris disaster beyond suggesting that, with the exception of Captain Hall's loss, the expedition is far from being a fail on. The vessel seems to have been left in rea wnably good condition, the new commander, Buddington, and most of the scientists oa board, ana there Is every reasonable hope of seeing them back. They have, no doubt, RV.AT.T7Fn MANY OF THE OBJECTS IN VIEW in sending out the expedition in the way of observation on the physical and natural his tory of the far North. "Few persons expected, however much they may have hoped, that Captain Hall would make any much higher latitude than that he really attained; and, if wo get at the record of what was actually accomplished, I have no doubt that all Americans will have reason to be proud of the expedition, however much they may regret the loss of the originator.'' DR. L L BATES ON CAPTAIN HALL An Interview with the Arctic Explorer In Regard to the Failure of the Hall Expedition?lie Thlnlt? There la Some thing Very Mysterious In Captain Hall's Death and That He Was Proba bly Murdered?HI* Descriptions of the Surrounding Country?The Polaris and Her Crew Probably Safe?They Will Return by September* A Hbuai.d reporter called on Dr. I. I. Hayes, the well known Arctic explorer, yesterday, to ob tain his views in regard to the failure of the Hall expedition. Mr. Hayes was In tils study in 61 West Tenth street. He said lie would be very happy to give the reporter all the Information he had. Reporter?What are the principal causes of the failure of the Hall expedition? Dr. Haybs?I thluk the ship was not fit (or the service. I said so In public and in private at the time they started. 1 said at that time that Captain Hall had no business to go in that ship. This ves sel waa built for speed, with a flat bottom and square sides, for the navigation of such waters as those of Albemarle Sound during the war; aud it was built with a SHARP BOW AND SQUARE CUTWATER. Vessels built expressly for ice navigation, such as those of the Newfoundland seal fisheries, are always constructed with a cutwater having a rake of about forty-live degrees, which enables tliem to rise when they strike the ice, and a rounded bot tom, when enables the ice, when oloslng against their sides, to elevate them out of the water without serious damage to their timbers. These conditions were not fulfilled in the rolarls, and in the absence of more posttlve Information It may be fair to sup. pose that the injury to the vessel which caused the disaster was owing to these defocts. Reporter-Was the PolarlB in the North water of the whalers f Dr. Hayes?Yes, sir, and from Whale Sound, on the Greenland sido, and Jones' Hound, opposite, there are vast discharges of fields of Ice during the Bummer, which form the "North water pack," and amoiigThes* ft Jhe Polaris seeuia to ha v. become entangled, and perhaps almost wrecked. Reporter?Do you think that Captain Hall was to blame for going out in such a ship ? Dr. Haybs?I don't think he alone was to blame, ALSO TIIB NAVY DEPAHT*?NT, . which allowed him to go ont In such a ship. I dou't waut to say anything unkind of Capialn Hall, bat I think there was no discipline on board, owing to his lack of experience. Bepobtbb?Could you describe the surrounding C?i)r.tHATBg?Tho country Is very barren. Smith's Hound, through which he passed, is very mountain ous on botn sides; It is entirely barren, and with out any vegetation. It Is covered with glaciers, and the sea round the land is tilled with Icebergs. rbpobtbb?What do yon think of the rescue of the nineteen survivors ? _ Dr Hayes?I think It is the most miraculous thing In the history of personal adventure. It is wonderful that they were able to endure so much. The sea through which they drifted abounds In seals and ice fields with bears, and there is no way of accounting for the saving of their lives except bv the supposition that they must have been re markably fortunate in capturing these animals. This argues that they must have had an ABUNDANT SUPPLY OP AMMUNITION ^KEPn^TKK?They must have suffered Intensely "*l)r IJaybs It must have been sometimes forty or fifty degrees below zero. In a parallel very lit tle north I counted sixty-nine degreesboiow zero. Their sufferings mast have been terrible, because thev had no opportunity lor exercise, could do nothing and probably had to live In snow houses. You know these snow huts are built in Esquimaux lashlon by piling up blocks of snow on a circular foundation, one layer above tie other. The structure has the shape of an old-fashioned bee-hive, ir you have seen one, and Is generally eight feet In diameter anil six ?eet high. OT course, "tliey could have no Are in their snow huts or the snow would melt, and they must nave lived all the terrible period without Are. with the exception of the lamps wnich they must have had for the purposes of cooking, -sing canvas or ropeyarn for wick and ttie lat 01 the seal for f"el* rkpoutbb?How large could have been the floe ?nDr hHAYW^-Tiie8e? fields of Ice are sometimes twenty feet thick, and a<i large?well, AS LiBtiB AH MADISON SQUARE. The hears live on seals, and the seals have to come uu to tho ice to get the air; and while the seals come up to the edge of the ice and the bears are pursuing them the hungry waif has an opportunity of shooting both?If he is armed. The flesh or theBe animals is very good. It is very dark In color, but very rich, very nutritious and very fat, which Is essential in these climates. They must have had lamps for boiling or stewing the flesh. rkpoktbb?How could they have slept T Dr Hivis?1They must have obtained plenty of blankets and lurs Irom the ship and then they Drobably had the skins of the bears that they cap turedon the ice-flelds. The objoct of the sledge ex pedition to which Captain Hall went a short time before his death must have been to go further north and to carry a boat with him with which to navi gate the Polar Sea. Of course, he would have fuown when he had reached the North I'ole by the fact of thl sun shining through the twenty-lour hours and being at the same aUitude above the horizon. Captain Hall was 464 miles from the North pole. Captain Hall has proven, what I have pre dicted long ago, that Smith's sound was navigable and was the true PASSAGE INTO THE OPEN POLABSEA, which he seems to have reached. Why he was driven back I cannot tell; probably by drifting t^e fields or gales of wind; but i have no douot that he had reached the Polar Sea. There is one remarka ble fact about his explorations; he had constant sunshine all the time, and the survivors who were drlltlng down the south waters were all the time without a ray of sunshine. What a horrible situa tion-added to all their sufferings-was constant darkness I They had only the light of the stars and of the moon?light enough to move about in pur wnit of inline, but that was all. Kepobteb?The survivors must have been well sunDlied with provisions, blankets, Ac.? r?r havkh?They must have been sufficiently supplied (torn the ship. But here's something 1 cah't understand-why the snip, when it was so nn?r Northumberland island, would draw up be fore tie tee Md discharge Its cargo on It I think ?harp wan dissension on board, aod it looks to me ?a thnMh this party had been determined to leave the ship* There is a mystery about this part of the report that^ I ^^E^uldyou describe Northumberland ,8lnrn H Northumberland Island, where they were separated, is in thc tnouth of | Sound, near tho Greenland coast. It is a very lotty. nistired and reeky island, covered with gla ciers. It ?s about fifteen miles ^ "n j}"11*", broad, devoid of vegetation, wlth the except lo n of occasional patches of stunted grass on the sou h ern slopes of the hills. _ . ? Kbportkiw?Do you consider the expedition a complete failure? , _ ? . ? ? Dr. Haybs?No; I thin* Captain nail has done* I glorious thing. He has gone lurther north with nls ship than any human being ever did before I him?although otliera have gone as far In sledges. Dr. Kane entered Smith's Sound and was driven by the Ice down on the Grecnlaud coast and forced Into Winter Harbor In latitude 78 37. Ills explora tions to the northward were made the following i Spring with sledges over the Ice. The mosl ."suc cessful party reaching the open Polar sea was the one in charge of William Morton, wno reached lati tude 80 5fl. Tills party followed the line of the Greenland coast. 1 was alio l DBIVKN POWN ON TUB OBBBNLANP COAST ! and compelled to Winter In latitude 78 17; but I captain Hall seems to have broken the Icebergs of smith's .sound which baffled both previous expcdl I tlons and succeeded In reaching the point where I both Kane and I claimed to nave seen the open Polar sea, In latitude lfl, the most northerly lati tude ever reached by anj ship. His ship was 31? miles lurther north than Kane's ship. ItBPOBrBB?L>o you think tho expedition was well managed* _i tn ht tWg eXpC,utlon was badly managed. I can't understand why the survivors left to the mercies of the floe, unless Th/il was difficulty on board. Why did the ship not make for Northumberland island? Why ?hnt.id ther not stay together and make for the fanrt Whv sh ulcl they stop by the Ice? At the very outset a? Drlsco there was some difficulty be tween*Hal I and Buddlugton. This was settled by tne Captain ef the Congress. tiikkk W AM SOMETHING VIBT KThTrRIOUb tn Captain lUli'i I wouMa't Uke to sty that he was ktlled by one of his men in a mutiny, but It would alin?st look so. I have never known of any one dying In that region or apoplexy, and Captain Hall certainly did not look like an apoplec tic man. And, then, you must not forget the point about the utter unlltuess of the ship, which wan no more (It fur that service than a man-of-war la fit to navigate the Erie Canal. Reporter?Do you f lunk the people on board the Solaris have all perished? Dr. Hayes?1 think there ls'a strong probability of their heiug alive yet, and I think the Polaris will come back, and you will probably see her here by September. If the ship became a wreck their snly chance would be in constructing; boats from the fragments of the wreck and working their way south, as Dr. Kane did In 1S55. to Upernavlk. Tins is tli' most northern of all the Danish colonies on the Greenland coast, and, although scarcely proba ble, it is uot at all Impossible that they MIlillT HAVE EFFECTED THKIll ESCAPE In this manner. I think the men who deserted the ship did so because of Hall's death. lie was a brave and resolute man, and set out with the determina tion to reach the North Hole If it would take him live years to do It. He was one of the pluckiest men I ever saw, and would certainly have staved two years more to accomplish his purpose if death had spared lilm?death or murder, I don't know which. This concluded the intervlow, and the reporter, after tiiauklng tlie explorer for his kindness, took his leave. THE PERSONNEL OF THE POLABIS. The Original Shipping Articles?List of the Crew Kngaged In New York?Pall Account of the Survivors on Board the Ill-fated Craft?Interview with Cap tain Hall's Agent* Yesterday afternoon a Herald reporter was sent to the ofllce of Captain Morison, at lou South street, who acted as special agent ror the late Ill-fated Captain nail In this city, and who engaged the ofTlcers and crew for the Polaris by order of the celebrated Arctic discoverer. Entering the offlce the reporter elbowed his way through a crowd of whaling sailors, who make this place their head quarters while in the city, and stated to Captain Morieon that he was sent to see if he could give htm any further Information with reference to the Polaris than that already pubhsned in yesterday's Herald, and the following statement was there upon made by the old whaling Captain:? CAPTAIN MOBISON'8 STATEMENT. Well, the Hbkald has almost exhausted the sub ject, but I am able, I think, to give yon a few facts which will be of Interest to your readers, and when I have given you the correot data as to ofTl cers, crew, Ac., I will show yon my private corre spondence with my noble friend, Captain Hall, whom I oonslder a Christian gentleman and an hon orable man In the fullest sense of the expression. To commence with the commencement, here are the shipping articles which I drew up on behalf of the government, by Instructions of Captain Halls? New York, May 1,1871. tt is agreed between the master and seamen of the steamer Polaris, whereof Captain C. F. Hall is at present master, or whoever shall go for master, now bound from the port of Washington, D. U., upon an Arctic expedition, that, In consideration or the monthly or othftr wages against each re spective oftlcer's, seaman's or mariner's name hereunto set, they severally, in pursuance of any orders of said master, shall and will perform any duty, with exception, on board said vessel or on shore, for which thejr may be set. Name, and Hrjridtnre. WoQenptr month. Emll Schuman, Chlet Engineer, Sixth avenue #70 John Wilson, Second Engineer, Oliver street 40 Charles Brandt, cook. No. 1 Carlisle street :I5 Walter K. Campbell, fireman, Glasgow 30 Herman Simmons, seaman. New York 28 Honry Hobby, "teaman, No. 1 Carlisle street. 25 W. Jea.iup, seaman, No. I Carlls.e street 25 Jpsenli Maneh, seaman, Now York 28 0. W, Llnileguist seaman, No. 1 Carlisle street 23 J. W. ertiuer. seaman, Staten Island 25 H. Benrren, fireman, New York 50 John Porter, steward, 65 Market street 41) Frederick Anting, seaman. No. 1 Carlisle street 25 Peter Johnson, seaman, ti5 Market street 23 F. Jenka, seaman, No. 1 Carlisle street 25 W. Nindemann,seaman, No. 1 Carlisle street 23 W. Jackson, colored, co??k, New London 40 John lleron, steward. Hamilton street 40 fpnwBr manRTsna All these men went down from New Tort and Joined the Polaris at Washington, but three of tliem deserted upon the return of the vessel to this city, being afraid of the length and severity of the undertaking. The following are their names:? John Wilson, second engineer, and the Polaris left here without replacing him; Charles Brandt, cook, also deserted, but his place was filled by W. Jack son, a colored man of New London, who had been employed in that capacity on board whaleships for many long years; W. Jessup, seaman, also dnserted, but his place was easily ailed. I will now give you a list of those remaining on board the Polaris, to the best of my knowledge, and what I know of them. STILL ON BOARn THK POLARIS. 8. 0. Buddington, sailing master, forty-six years old, a native of Oroton, near N ew London; has been five times round Cape Horn and three times round the Ca pe or Good Hope; has been on thir teen whaling voyages to Bailing Bay, Is a magni ficent ritlc s ot, hoe two very bcautiiul daughters and Is a magnificent fellow in every respect. Salary $150 per month. ilubbard C. Chester, chief mate, of Noank, Conn., a tall and handsome fellow, married, with two chil dren ; plays several musical Instruments; a most humorous and entertaining fellow, and a splendid navigator. Salary $125 per month. lias only been home three times to see his family in eleven years. W. Morton, second mate, aged fifty-two, married, and residing when at home in Jersey City; has sev eral children; Is a native of Ireland; has passed up wards of tweuty-tlve years In the United States navy, and was with Farragut. While with Kane's expedition he had the honor of discovering tha open Polar sea, and helped to complete valuable survevs of the North Pole. Dr. Kane, speaking of him, said: "Heis as trustworthy and gallant a man as ever shared the fortunes or claimed i the grati tude of a commander." Salary fifty dollars a month. Or. Bessel, of Heidelberg, Germany, a. very tal ented man, in charge of the Scientific Department; wan formerly out in the German (Gotha) exploring expedition Albert, which left from Bremon about lour years ago. He came out here through the medium or the celebrated Professor Petermann. Is not married. Salary $225 a month. Captain Hall's salary was merely $150 a month. A. A. Odell, assistant engineer, according to Herald report. Emil Schuman, aged thirty-eight, chief engineer, of Dresden, Germany. His wile lives on Sixth av enue. No children. Was formerly employed on the Hamburg and Bremen steamers plying to this port ami was a long time stationed on the steamer Saxonla. Salary $70. Walter P. Campbell, twenty-two years old, fire man, a native of Glasgow, in Scotland. Was em ployed for some time on tugboats in New York Tiur'bor. Is a nephew of the Scotchman John Wil son, who deserted. Campbell attempted to do the same thing, for the purpose of getting married. Hermann Simmens, seaman, a native of Prussia, an excellent sailor and very religious man. having assigned half his wages to a Presbyterian church in New York during his absence. Not married. Henry Hobby, ot Prussia, seaman, a big six foot sailor. Excellent navigator and capablc oi taking charge of a vessel. Not married. Joseph Mauch, seaman, a young fellow of twenty, of high education, having made chemistry an es pecial study: is a brother of the celebrated African traveller. Although small In stature Is strongly built and Imbued, like his brother, with a passion ate desire for travel atid exploration. He at first wanted to join the expedition In a scientific capa city, through the intervention of Mr. Frohwein, President of the Amsterdam Savings Bank; hut seeing that it was impossible, Joined as seaman, and when the Polaris left tins port acted as assist ant to the steward. S. Bergren, fireman, of Hamburg, or Swedish de scent, six feet two In height, and rejoicing in the possession or a loot fllteen Inches long I He Is an excellent workman and was greatly liked by Cap tain Hail. John Porter, steward, a native of Scotland; had lately arrived In this country, when he shipped on the Polaris. A very intelligent man, and under stood his work. R. W. D. Bryan, astronomer and chaplain; John W. Booth, fireman; Nathan J. C'oflln, carpenter; Noah Hayes, seaman, per Hkrald account. ANALYSIS. Prom the above tio following account is com plied:?One chaplain, one sailing master, two mates, one scientific man (Dr. Bessel), two engi neers, three firemen, four sailors, one steward, one carpenter. Tota', 16. CAPTAIN HALL'S CORRESPONDENCE, Interesting Glimpses of His Character, as Shown In HI* Communications to His Agent In New York?Praise ot Second Nate Morton. The following correspondence between Captain ITall and his agent, Captain Morlson, or South street, In this city, will be read with interest at the present moment:? Washington, D. c., Feb. 8,1871. To J. M0RI80N, Shipping Agent, South street, New York:? Your letter or the Tth received to-day. You offer your services to ship some or the men for me, in case 1 want for the North Polar expedition, and yo? give me good references. In reply, I will state that it Is possible I may call upon you soon, liefore the departare or the expedition, for a lew first rate seamen, nut can tell better about this matter here after. Yours, C. F. HALL, Box 57* Washington, D. O. March 16,187L To J. Mortson:? Dear Sir?Your letter of the 14th Inst, received to-day in reference to mm cotton, and enclosing the card of tbe Scovill Manufacturing Company, No. 4 Beekman street, with statement as follows:? "The smallest lot of gun cotton they sell Is Ave pounds, at |4 a pound." Your letter or the lltn states:?"Captain Hall, if I can do anything tor you here (in New York) In regard to finding out anything which you wish to kuow I will do it ior you with much pleasure and faithfully." 1 thank you, indeed, for the deep interest you take in lor wardlng the North Polar expedition, which 1 have the honor to command. 1 will here ask you about that German or Dane we took up to Mr. Brevoort's to be examined. What position does be propose to go Inv You know I d<> not want him tar engineer. I took a fancy, and so did Buddlngton, In tbe man, though he could not Bpeak a word of Kngilsti. Was it lor a flreman mat he proposed to ship, and lor what price T Please answer. Your letter of 14th tells me about a Dane that was on a Danish expe dition of 1849-1853 up Davis StraitH for discovering metals, aud that be would make a capital first mate. Really It is hard to re sist taking all such men, as you describe hitn; but under present arrangements I cannot think it advis able to give him any encouragement at present. I as hoping to hear thai the party you have written me about is a capital chief engineer and will bo just the man wanted, and that he will go for $75 a month. Unless lie should prove a No. 1 practical engineer, and could completely take charge of first class propeller at sea, then we mast look for another. That second mate, Jacobsen, that yon refer to and whom 1 saw will not be wanted. William Mor ton, tbe i&itbful man of Dr. Kane's expedition, stands by bis agreement to go with me. One of the positions that ho will serve in Is that of steward. Yours, C. K. HALL. Washington, D. 0., March 10, 1871. To J. Moihson Dsar Sir?1 have proposed to "write to yon be fore now In acknowledgment of your several let ters or late, to wit:?Of letter No. 4, dated Now York, March 0, received 7th; No. 6, dated Now York, March 7, received 9th; No. 6, dated New York, Maroh 10, received llth; No. 7, dated New York, March 10, received llth. My wish Is that you would obtalu fer the North l'oiar Expedition six seamen, $26 a month; one chief engineer, $50 to $75; one second engineer, $40; two firemen, $30; one cook, $30. Wo not. know but what I may require two or throe men more and a steward. Your terms I agree to as per letter No. t>, providing that it be a fact that they are the same, and in accordancc to what the houses of Williams & Havens, U. 11. Chapell and others have paid you. With reference to the engineers, when they get into thfe Polar regions they must be willing to do all they can in assisting me lu making siedge jour neys from where 1 make harbor with the ship?say, perhaps, In latitude 80 north to the North Pole. If the eugineer be as good as you think, It would be better to give him $75 a month than to give an In different one $50. I am satisfied, Mr. Morlson, that you are taking a deep Interest In this North Polar Expedition, aud that you are determined to get the best of men. .1 hope to send you this week tjiol shipping paper (articles ?)? Perhaps you may think it best for mo to make It out aud send it you at once, leaving the articles, about what Is wanted, and then hereafter have a more careful paper made out and re-signed, to take the place oi the original. 1 hope to bo more prompt In answering your letters time henceforth. If convenient let mo hoar from you about the gun c6H6ti. i doslred Buddlngton to Investigate. Am bopefnl that V6U have made a good selection for second engineer. The recommend ol Mr. Drevoort of this man relating to the interview he had with him gives us reason to be satisfied with him. Yours, mest respuctlully, O. P. HALL. The following is the letter referred to from the eminent engineer, Mr. Henry L. Brcvoort, who furnished Captain Hall, In company with Mr. Henry Grlnnell, lor his previous three expeditions:? 128 Buoadwat. To J. Mobiso*, Ew|. * ? ? Dkau 8ib?1 huvo had a long conversation with the man that you iieut to dny. and think that lie will ijivu a good account of blmsilt a" an engineer. He touuh in telligent and to have had experience in engineering mat tern; also ho looks to me like a steady man, much more so than that Johnson l)o not think that it givos mo the slightest trouble to examine the men you *end up. I am very glad to he able to make myselt uselul to Cap tain Hall, even in such a small matter. Hoping that the mau I examined may prove ai satislactory to you as he did to me, I am, yours truly, HENRY L. BREVOORT. Washington, April 16, 1873, To J. Mokison :? Dear Sir- I was sorry, very sorry, to see the premature notice in thu paper you sent me (the Telegram) of the North Pole Expedition, but It cannot be helped now. I Intend to prepare a proper notice at the proper time. Do not allow anything more to get Into the newspapers till lam read With reference to the engagement of the crew. Morton, the noble, faithful soul of Dr. Kane's expe dition, I had engaged long before you wrote me. I need not tell you that we must exercise the greatest possible precaution about the mau for the most important position of chief engineer. The German machinist (Berggreu, fireman) to whom I took such a fancy must be satisfied with $.30 per month, and should I succeed In my purposes lie will receive a rich reward on our return to the States. Take time and great care, as 1 kuow you will, in f ettlng acook that is not only an expert, but one hat will make everything tell without waste. 1 am satisfied, Indeed deeply grateful, with the way you have proceeded In filling my orders. I may, Indeed will (God willing), seud the shipping agree ment bacK to you by to-morrow's mail, but do not close it till I soe you. i am sure you will gratify me this much, and much more if 1 should ask it. Yours, C. F. HALL. TELEGRAPHIC despatch. Washington, June 2, 1871?4:30 P. M. To C.J. Morison, loo South street:? Bring men Monday. Their wages began June 1. Bring no mattresses nor pillows, for government has supplied them. Captain C. F. HALL, ' 903 East street, Northwest. CAPTAIN HALL'S INSTRUCTIONS, Secretary Robeson's Letter of Instrnc tiona to the header of the Polarla Ex pedition In 1871. Navy Department, June 9,1871. Sra?Having been appointed by the President of the Cnlted states commander of the expedition toward ttie North Pole, and the steamer Polarla having been fitted, equipped, provisioned and as signed for the purpose, you are placed In command of the said vessel, her officers and crew, for the purposes of the said expedition. Having taken command, you will proceed In the vessel at the earliest possible date from tho Navy Yard In this city to New York. Prom New York you will pro ceed to the first favorable port you are able to make on the west coast of Greenland, stopping, If you deem It desirable, at St. John, Newfoundland. Prom the first port made by you on the west coast of Greenland, if further south than Holstelnborg, yon will proceeed to that port and thence to Oodhavn (or Lively). in the island of Disco. At some one of the ports above referred to you will probably meet a transport, sent by the department, with additional coal and stores, irom which you will supply yourself to the fullest carry ing caoacity of the Polaris. Should you fall in with the transport before making cither of the ports aforesaid, or should you obtain information of her being at, or havlug landed her stores at, any port south or the island of Disco, you will at once proceed to put yourself in communication with the commander ol the transport and supply yourself with the additional stores and coal, taxing such iiieiysurea as may be most expedient and con venient for that purpose. Should von not hear of the transport before reaching Holstelnborg yon will remain at that port, waiting for her and your supplies, as long as the object of your expedition will permit you to delay for that purpose. Alter waiting as long as is sale, under all the circum stances as they may present themselves, you will, if you do not hear of the transport, PHOURKD TO DISCO, as above provided. At Disco, if you hear nothing of the transport, you will, after waiting a* ion# as you rieein it safe, supply yourself, a* far as you may be able, with such supplies and articles as you may need, and proceed on your expedition without fur ther delay. From Disco you will proceed to Uper navik. At these two last-named places you will procure dogs and other Arctic outfits, if you think It of advantage for the purpose of obtaining dogs, Ac., to stop at TossaJc, you will do so. From Uper navik or Tosiak, as the case may be, you will pro ceed across Melville Bay to Cape Dudley Digges, and tnetice yon will make all possible progress, with vessels, boats and Bledges, towards the North Pole, using your own Judgment as to the route or routes to be pursued and the locality for each Winter's quarters. Having been provisioned and equipped for two ami a hall years, you will pursue your explorations for that period; but, should the object of the ex pedition require It, you will continue your explora tions to such a further length of time as your sup plies may be safely extended. Should, However, the main object of the expedition, viz.?iittalninx the position of the North Pole?ne accomplished at an earlier period, you will return to the United States with all convenient despatch. THE SCIK.VTlFIO DEPARTMENT. There being attached to the expedition a scien tific department, i's operations are prescribed in accordance with the advice of the National Acad emy of Sciences, as required by the law. Agreeably to this advice the charge and direction of ttie scien tific operations will be entrusted, under your com mand, to Dr. fcmll Bessel; and you will render Dr. Bessel and his assistants all such facilities and aids as may be In your power to carry into effect the said further advice, as given in the Instructions herewith Furnished in a communica tion irom the President oi the National Academy of sciences, it is, however, Important that objects of natural history, ethnology, Ac., Ac., which may be collected by any person attached to the expedi tion, shall be delivered to the chief of the scientific department, to be cared for by hlin, under your direction, and considered ttie property of the gov ernment, and every person be strlatly prohibited from keeping any such object. You will direct every qualified person in the expedition to keep a private Journal of the progrca* of the expedltlou, and outer on It events, observations and remark* of any nature whatsoever. These journals shall be co aside red confidential, au<l read by no per son other than the writer. Of these journals no copy btiall be made. Upon the return of the expedition you will demand of each of the writers tils jeurual, which it 1s hereby ordered he shall deliver to yon. | Each writer is to be assured that when toe j records ot tlio expedition are published he snail i receive a oopy; the private journals to be returned to the writer or uot, at the option of the govern- i ment; but each writor In the published records shall receive credit for such part or parts or his journal as may be used in salu records. You will use every opportunity to determine the position of ail capes, headlands, Inlands, Ac., the lines of coasts, take sounding, observe tides aud currents and make all such surveys as may advance our knowledge of the geography of the Arctio regions. Veu will Hive special written directions to tiik hailino ani? iok mastbr of the expedition, Mr. S. O. Huddtngton, aud to the cnief of the scientific department, l)r. E. Ilessel, that In case of your death or disability?a contin gency we sincerely trust may uot arise?they shall consult as to the propriety and manner of carry ing luto further effect the iorepolug Instruc tions, which I here urge must, u passible, be done. The results of their consultations aud the reasons therelor must be put 111 wrltiuir, and kept as part of the records or the expedition. In any event, however, Mr. Ituddlngion shall, la case of your death or disability, coutiuue as the sailing and ice master, and control and direct the movements of the vessel; and Dr. Ilessel shall, in such case, continue as chief or the Scientific De partment, directing all sledge-journeys and scien tific operations. In the possible contingency of their non-agreement as to the course to be pur sued, then Mr. Buddington shall assume sole charge and command, aud return with the expedition to the Uuited States with all possible despatch. You will transmit to this Department, as often as opportunity offers, reports of your progress aud results of your search, detailing the route of your proposed advance. At the most prominent points of your progress you will erect conspicuous skeleton-stone monu ments, depositing near each, in accordance with the confidential markB agreed upon, a condensed record of your progress, with a description of the route upon which you propose to advance, making cactw-a of provisions, Ac., it you deem fit. in the event or the necessity ror finally abandon lng your vessel, you will at once endeavor to reach | localities iroquemed by whaling or other ships, making every exertion to send to the United States information ol your position and sltuatlou, and, as soon as possible, to return with your party, pre serving, as rar as may be, tho records ot and all possible objects and SFKC1MENH COLLECTED IN TUB EXPEDITION. All persons attached to the expedition are under your command, aud shall, under every circum stance aud condition, be subject to tne rules, regu lations aud taws governing the discipline of the navy, to be modified, but not increased, by you as the circumstances may lu your judgment require. T? kCVy (be governmeut as well Informed as pos sible or your progress you will, artor passing Cape Dudley Dlgges, throw overboard dally, as open water or drlitlng Ice may permit, a bottle or small copper cylinder, closely sealed, containing a puiwi stating date, position and such other facta as you may deem Interesting. For this purpose you will have prepared papers containing a request, printed Ui several languages, that tho finder transmit It by the most direct route u> the secretary of the NftYJ( Washington, United States 6f America. Upon the returrt fti the expe dition to the United States you will tr&pswit j our own and all other records to the Department. :YOl/'WILL DIRECT DR. BKSSRl. to transmit all the scientific records and collec tions to the Smithsonian Institution, Washington. The history of the expedition will be prepared by yourself from all the journals and records of tho J expedition, under the supervision ol the Depart-n meat. All the rccords of the scientific results or ' the SXJftdilUm will be prepared, supervised and euited l>y Dr. Bes:jel under the direction and au thority ot the 1'resldeut of the National Academy of Sciences. Wishing ror yon and your brave comrades health, happiness aud success In your daring enterprise, aud eommetiding you uml them to the protecting care or the Cod who rules the universe, J "am. very respectfully, yours, GEO. M. ROBESON, Secretary qf the Navy. Cha9. F. Hall, commanding Expedition to the North Pole. . COLOMBIA. Political Party Contention on tlie Panama Isthmus. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD. Havana, May 10, 1873. Intelligence from Panama to the 6th Inst, states that the political factions contending for au thority are still In opposition, and that there lias been some fighting between them. WEST INDIES. British Naval Movement!?Serious Fire at Port an Prince?Blanco President of Venezuela. TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERAUL Havana, May 10, 1373. Advices from Sf. Thomas to the oth inst. ore that the British detached squadron sailed on the 5th. The brothers of President Baez have gone to Europe. ICxtenslvc Conflagration at Port au Prince?Heavy Louci of Property and Life. Port au Prince, May 4,1 Via Havana, May in, 1873. j An extensive conflagration has occurred, which destroyed 150 houses. Six persons were killed. The Presidential Election a%d Inaugu ration In Venezuela. Caracas, April 20, 1 Via Havana, May 10, 1873. j Guzman Blanco wan unanimously re-elected President of the Republic. Ills inauguration will take placc on the 27th Inst. LOUISIANA'S GUERILLAS. Strong Forces on Hand to Fight De Blanc?Th# Latter Withdraw* Into the Country?Kel logg Not in Want of Additional As sistance, from the Government. New Iberia, May to, 1873. Fifty Metropolitan cavalry, under Cooney, arrived here last night and left at about eight o'clock this morning for St. Martinsville. They report having had no difficulty on their way, and that the man who reported a skirmish sixteen miles above Broshear was a deserter. Two hundred United States troops also arrived here at twelve o'clock to-day and proceeded to St. Martinsville by the steamer Iberia. General Badger has scouts through the country trying to ascertain the whereabouts of Colonel De Blanc, whose movements so far are unknown. It Is reported here this morning that reinforcements wore coming to Colonel De Blanc frem St. Landry, Colonel De Blanc has evidently intended from the first to maintain a resistance to the Kellogg government, and did not desire the shedding of blood. The wUolo affair Is virtually over, with the ex ception of what action may be taken by the United States troops and marshals. Kellogg Doe* Not Require Further Troops at Present. Washington, May 10, 1973. The President, In conversation this afternoon, on being asked whether Governor Kellogg had not made a formal application to him to Interpose, in accordance with the provision In the constitution, to protect the State of Louisiana from domestic violence, remarked that the Governor had not done so and that, m a despatch received from htm last night, he Intimated that the prospect was that the present, troubles would pass away. The following despatch was sent hence to-ctay War Department, l WAsniNcrroN, May 10. 1873. | To Colonel William H. Emorv, Commanding the Department of the Gulf, Louisiana:? If the United States Marshal finds it necessary in the execution of his process to take possession or boats or other means of transportation and asks assistance from you, or directs the troops which are Already ordered as part of his posse to assist him in sncn seizure for ttiat purpose, all necessary assistance will bo given him In taking and main taining possession of and using the same. GEO. M. ROBESON, Actiug Secretary ol War. SENATOR SUMNER DIVORCED FROM HIS WIFE. Boston, May 10, 1873. By arrangement the libol for divorce aied by the Hon. Charles Sumner against his wife on the ground of desertion came up for bearing In tho Supreme Court to-day. F. P. Balch appeared as counsel for Mr. Sumner, and Sidney Barttett and J. K. Lathrop for Mrs. Sumner. Neither the tlbellee nor ilbeUaut wore present, and, after hearing or,? witness, Judge Colt decreed a dlvorcc to Mr. s<;ni oor on tho ground Above stated. Die*. Stock.?Sarah, beloved wife of Meyer stock in ?the 77th year of her aire. J m0CK? ? Relatives and friends, Also the ftlend* of her sons, Morns and Leopold, are respeetfnliy invited to attend the funeral, on Monday, May la at ten o'clock A. M.. irom 372 West, P11 ty-fifth Htreet. [For Other Deaths s-e Rmrntn Page.] The Weekly Herald Contain! all the news. Only %'i per year. \ The only Weekly Newspaper in America. Published every Thursday mornlnir. Contains the moat reliable reports of AGRICULTURE. 8PORTINQ, ARtS. tiossrp^ ""Fashions, MARKETH, Tattle, horse, FINANCIAL, DRY OOOD% ttBLUHOOH kc-. *a Also THE BEST STORY PAPER. Liberal arrangements to clubs of tun or tvrcnty or uiore subscribed. Add row NEW YORK HERALD, _New York City. A,?For a First Class Orraa or Rmhuil HAT no direct to the manufacturer, ESPENSCHKID, 118 Nassau street. A<?HerrlnR'M Patent CHAMPION SAFES, 251 and 2.k! llroad way, corner of Murray stM?t A.?Herald Branch Office, Brooklyn, corner of Fulton avenue and Boerum street Open from S A. M. to 'J P. M. On Sunday from 3 to 'J P. M All About Flanking Park. This property I animated near four railroad depots. In the centre of the thriving village of Flushing, six miles from New York city, and la within the mean* and fiine> of merchant*!, clerks and mechanics. It forms, with ita surroundings ot beautiful villus and nurseries, one or the lluoat landscape pictures in the vicinity of New York. Flushing Park lias been laid out and I* being improved with especial reference to (lie immediate wants of ^en ol moderate means, who desire to secure all thecomtorta and conveniences to be enjoyed in, a cUi home, at the price of unimproved lots, while a So affording a fine opportunity for those seeking safe and desirable invest ment The streets are being graded and splendid sidewalk* laid; 1,2)111 trees have been set out, so that the improve ments embrace the whole park, without reference to in dividual co-operation. Thus Is presented a perfected system of pnbllo im provements lor the enjoyment of every lot owner with out Silt Co?t with up Utility tor assessments, often increased to double the value of tne improvements, through political iobbery, always indetlnite in amount and uncertain ui time. An additional advantago arises from the fact that th? Improvement* are uuitonn in character and made at one time, thai notonlv increasing the general utility but also greatly enhancing the beauty ot such as are In tended for ornament. For instance, a variety in width and style of walk and a difference In time of planting trees must leave a ranged and irregular appearuuee, which in the Park la wholly avoided. It will lie recollected that the price ot $800 per lot at $19 per month covers all cost to the purchaser and grvos him or her five years time without interest aud without auy further expense. We are making this a model enterprise, and believe that the confidence Inspired by our post labors, joined with our present efforts, will secure pleasant, healthy, cheap, convenient and independent homes for hundreds now paying extortionate rents and d welling In the poison ous atmosphere of crowded tenements. Free excursions daily from store 43S Third avenuo, leaving at hall-past one o'clock. Miy?sftee. Call on ot address BENT. W. HITCHCOCK, store, 439 Third avenue, New York. A,?Smoke Murbrug's Golden SeeptN, ? pure and delicious Tobacco. At all cigar stores. A.?Old Sellable Hall's Safes, 346 anil 347 Broadway. Best in the world. A^-Pallak'i Uptown Meerschaum Store, at 1,109 Broadway, near the Hoffman House. Repairing; done. A.?Gravely Pan Cake at No. 1 Barclay street A? A?Pollak Downtown Meerschaum Store, 27 John street, four doors west of Nassau. Repair ing neatly done; boiling. $1. A Pleasant, Safe and Effectual Remedy for Bright's Disease, Diabetes, Gravel and all Diseases ol the Bladder and Kidneys, KEARNEY'S EXTRACT BUCHU. There U none to eiftial it. Take no other. Depot 104 Duane street. Sold by druggists everywhere. Birch Dale Spring Waters Cure Pul monary. Kidney, ana other Blood Diseases. Books and samples free. 30 Broadway. Cancer, Cough, Hemerrhoids, Epilepsy, Ac., cured by Dr. ELMORE, (O Warren street, Jersey City. No charge until cured. Coras, Bunions, Enlarged Joints, all Diseases of the Feet Cured by Dr. Z.VCHARIE, 27 Union square. Corns, Bunions, Nails, Joints, Tumors. Wens, Warts, Ac., cured without pain. Corn and Bunloa Cure, 60c. Dr. RICE, 20* Broadway, corner Fulton street Crlstadoro's Excelsior Hair Dye Trans forms hoary heads into youthful onus instantaneously, hold everywhere. Dyspepsia, Liver Complaints, Bilious ness, Jaundice cured bv Dr. SHARP'S SPECIFIC. IIAKTVF.TT'S Pharmacy, Bible House, Fourth svaniM and Agtor place. Every Prudent )Un, Careful ot the health and csmfort of hi* family, should we to It that his drinking water is conveyed through TIN-LINED LEAD PIPE, which Ma periect sab-guard against lead poison,the too often unsuspected cause ordisease ami death. Tin-lined Lvail Pipe in strong, durable, flexible aud easily soldered. It Is a great benelltto tho community and eanances the real valuo ot every house in which It Is introduced. By its use lead and zinc poison and iron rust are all avoided and general health promoted. It is cheaper than 1ea<f pipe when strength and durability are considered. 8nlil liv the COLWELLS, SHAW, WILLABD M'P'Q. CO., 213 (Centre st.. New York. Circular sent by mail free. Also, manufacturers of Lead Pipe, Shret Lead. Block Tin l'ipe. Bar Tin, Solder, Ac. Orders tilled at sight. Gentlemen'* Hats?Latest Htyles, at lowest nricer. P. ERN'EN'WEIN, 118 Nassau street, be tween Bcekmsn and Spruce. Graefonberg "Marshall*" tathollrea. The entire absence of all mineral and deleterious ele ments in the composition of this wonderttll sanative a^i'iit has caused physicians of the highest professional standing lo resommend It to their patients. The d licate and sensitive organisation of woman ren der* her liable to many and complicated diseases, tor the annihilation of whlih the tiRAEPENBKRiJ ' MAR SMALL'S'' OATHOLIOOlt Is a positive remedy and tlie only om- now before the community. Unerring In its mission. It cures maiden, mother and matron. aud from it* splendid tonic und curative proper ties inav he safely taken at any time ot under any coil dltiun of the system. (1RAKKENBERO COMPANY, 5? Re ado street Campo's Infallible Specific, Soverefga remedy for Rhenmatlsm, Neuralgia. Oont ALEX. Ill'ONCT A CO., Herald Building. Havana Lottery Drawing" on File.? Circulars tree. Order* promptly filled. JOSEPH BATES, Ajjeut, 19# Broadway, room I, Chatham Bank BuilUinx. It li with pleasure that I add my testimony to the excollence of Dr. JAYN'E'8 EXPEC TORANT. 1 have used It In my family for several year* and can trnly say that I know of no medicine equal to it lor checking and curing the frequent coughs and colds to which children are subject at all Mason* of the year. I have also realised great benefit from it myself, and havs recommended it toe>ther?. who almost invariably bava learned to value it I alwavs prescribe It to the student* under onr care when necessary, and the teachers willingly add their testimony to mine In praise of this medicine. ''* fcun AlUH, Principal of Providence Coat t??m., East Greenwood, R. L In Forty-Eight Honrs a t'ongh May bee ,me dangerous, hot within that time any congh caa be cared by tile use of HALE'S HONEY OP HOREHOUND ANl) TAB. Hold hy all druggists. PIKE'S TOOTS AC HE drops euro in one minute. Indian Vegetable Institute, Wow Open No. 172 West Thirty-second street. Consultation free. We furnish our own medicines. Mleslsquol.?'The Waters ot Thla Spring have cured thousands aflllcted with Cancer, Scrotal*and Brik'Ht's Disease. A fresh supply Just received. JOHN P. HENRY, No. 8 College plac#. Royal Havana Lottery.?Prices Ke dureil circulars sent and information given. We sold the gMKIOUO prize In the drawing of April -'i 3. It MARTINEZ A CO .Bankers. U) WaU street. Post office box 4,(W3, New York. Royal Havana Lottery.?Prisee ('?<h<st, orders filled. Information furnished. Highestrstsa P*Mr Spanish B ulk bills, governments, Ac., Ac. TAYLOR A Co", Bankers, II Wall strew, late ot 1&, Shirt*, Collars, Cuffs and. Urswcrs made to order and warranted. Kuclusestamp for circular UNION ADAMS A CO., ?T Bnailm^ Window Shades of Bvery Der?rCptLon, including French embroidered. <1. L. KBLTY A CO.. 71k.8Voa?Iwaj. 1941k?Established 184U.?<Uv^Ranrhfhse, Wig Maker and Importer of HuiAari n*ir, M East Tweltth street, near Broadway, New *of|t. SEW PCRLI^vnoss. /1AS>tKLL'8 "WOULD Wt AMD lfTTHOIl" U makes ChrHtlans Ian/*, and dawrs cry for >oy ; the i?.ek tvmake OMMy W^.' Ag#nti