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The Meeting Between the Mother and
Son at the Tombs Yesterday. What the Prisoner's Defence Will Be. " Interviews with Ex-Aflustant District Attorney Garvin and Mr. Charles 0'Conor. AJf UNFORTUNATE MARRIAGE. Further Particulars of the Unhappy Wedded Life of Mrs. Walworth. HOW THE EOY BEARS ' HIMSELF. The Result of the Post-Mortem Examination. Coroner Young to Hold the Inquest on Fri day Horning. Tlie lamentable tragedy which occurred In this eity on Tuesday morning continues to be the ab sorbing topic of conversation among all classes of people. The melancholy chain of circumstances which led to the perpetration of the crime, and the high standing of the actors in tlie dread drama, the youth of the assassin and the double trial of his poor mother, all combine to make the murder the most talked-of tragedy since James Flak fell by the bullet. In the first excitement caused by the news of the crime public opinion set in strongly against young Walworth, but since the character of the father hM become known and the unfortunate histery of Ida married life revealed the current of public opinion has chunged, and the sympathy which ?t the first was felt for the victim is now almost MDiversally extended to the son, although no one Is bold enough to Bay that a child is justified in im bruing his hands in the blood of his parent, no natter what the provocation may be. The tacts of the life of the late Mr. Walworth, as stated by reliable authorities, are humiliating and painful. He was, however, in some measure the victim of early training, and his dissolnte life warns parents against the oaneful habit of restraining all the feelings and affections of children, with the Mistaken Idea that by doing so they are implanting in their minds the seeds of morality. Chancellor Walworth, the father of Mansfield Walworth, was A MAN OF HIGH HONOR AND INTEGRITY la public life, but he is said to have ruled his house hold with a rod of iron. He was a strict Presbyte rian, and in the old gloomy family home the Pu ritanical ide s which found favor in the days of our grandfathers were strictly enforced. The two sons of the Chansellor. tue deceased and an elder brother who U now a Catholic priest in Albany, ?pent their childhood in this gloomy old house and under this Puritanical rule. Boys who are brought np in this fashion generally become one of two things. Thtfy develop into sneaks and hypocrites, or rush Into the opposite extreme, and by a life of reckless depravity and unbridled enjoyment vainly imagine that they are averting their manhood. When young Mansfield was sent to college the evil effects of the training which he had received through mistaken zeal began to show themselves. The boy, who when at home was afraid to call his soul his own, became the fastest young man !n ?allege, developing qualities which eventually came to be the bane of his Ule. While at college his father married again, his wife being the widow of Colonel Hardin, of Ken tucky, a gallant officer, who met his death at the battle of Buena Vista, in Mexico. The daughter, the widow of the murdered man, was an extremely beautiful girl, so beautllul that she was toasted as the belle of her native State. After the death sf Colonel Hardin, his widow having some legal bnameati in connection with her estate to tr&DB&ct, by the advice 01 friends, had recourse to the advice or Chancellor Walworth, whose legal ability at the time was well known. The Chancellor solved the difficulty by marrying the widow and making the ease his own, and In an evil hour Miss Nelly Hardin became an inmate of the same home with Mans field Walworth. Tlie events that subsequently transpired are narrated by AN INTIMATE FRIEND OF THE FAMILY, who for obvious reasons, does not wish his name to be published. Colonel .Hardin, when he died, could not have been called wealthy, but he left his widow and daughter a handsome competency, the lanrer portion of which was settled on the latter. After the marriage oi his father Mansfield returned from college and took up his residence with his father. He was young and handsome. Miss Hardin was surpassingly beautiful, and the Chancellor thoturht that it would be a happy Idea to arrange a mBtcli and Becure the entire Hardin property to , the Walworth family. It does not appear that there was any strong love between the young seenle. but they were married and continued to re adde in Saratoga. Mutual friends who knew the character of the brldenreom shook their heads when the marriage was consummated, and al thouffh they hoped for the best, thev feared the worst. Their fears were unhappily too well founded. In less than a year after the marriage all the evil qualities of Walworth's character Manifested themselves. As narrated in the Herald of yesterday, he ill-treated his unhappy wife in * every way. He was Idle and dissolute, and while intoxicated would act In such a manner that his conduct beeame a byword in Saratoga. While nursulng this course, he, with hie wife, joined the Catholic Church, and this made, lor a short time, a narke* change in his manner. Ho yielded to the wish of bis father atd commenced to study law, and the noble wile, who had borne up with heroic fertituue under her manifold trials, fondly hoped that happiness was about to dawn upon her at last Her hope was short lived. The old leaven t was too strong to be so easily overcome, and Wal worth speedily fell Into his old courses. Abeut three years after the marriage an outrage committed by htm had the effect of driving blm irom the neighborhood of Saratoga. In the dead of niirht, while in a half drunken condition, be scaled the wail of a garden leading to a voting ladies' boarding school, and with a fiendish design ta hl? heart endeavored to gain entrance through a window Into the sleeping apartment of one or the ?iris. He was discovered and had to flee, and the Scandal was so notorious that he was compelled to leave his home. Tlie facts or bis after lire have been already narrated. His poor wife bore up axalnst his excesses until patience had almost be * come a crime, and at the death or his rather the Ml? remaining tie t>etween them was snapped, and ?he availed berseir of the only form of divorce WhlCh THE CATHOLIC CHURCH PBRMtTS and became nominally free. One would suppose ?hat with the separation Walworth would have unintd the persecution of his wile, but this was Sot the case. Mrs. Walworth went South to her Mtive State, and remained there some time, amid the scenes where her happy childhood and girlhood bad Men passed. She proceeded lrom Kentucky ? to Washington, and, through the influence of friers*procured a position as clerk in the ITea aury Department. While she was there her hus band was attaining considerable fame as a novel ty an" theattention he gave to his literary work ft? a timekept him lrom annoying his wife, she re mained,is Washington for two years and then came to this city, and fur a time struggled against ad versity by keeping a boarding nouse on Twenty Mitrd street. The attempt proved a lailure. and ?hs finally removed from the city to assume the position she now occupies? hoad or a ladies semi Saivat the old Walworth homestead. Since she went u> Saratoga the old persecution was revived by Walworth, .and he commenced to address letters to tbs oeor woman containing, Insinuations of the vast faK* character. The boy Frank, who seems te have had a noble heart, wns aware of the snhappy fateof his mother: but the letters were kept concealed from him. Ilie young lire had been e'onded tar the dissensions which had prevailed between Ms parents. He had never ?own a father's adteetlon; ho owert hUn 1,18 and no jnore. All his love was centred in his mother. The rather, uot content with inauttins HO. Walworth, threatened to kill her, and these threats reached the cars oMier son. ?v some unfortunate clrcnmstance the letters ?Wh Impugned his mother's virtue and the uiaitimacy or his own birth fell into the bauds or Vrank He wes a youth of high spirit. The aiood' of one of the ?>ost southern families Znwpd In his vetns, and he was determined to Hiaiid by and tamely submit to the defamation It tho mother whom he so dearly loved and his own Slirice Me met his father 'in the streets of M?aUHra. and, at the request of the boy, the father to abstain from HIb threats and his In 2S u wmM W" been well for him had 5%w?d t! M vtown but be did not. ?at la a abort time fee became worse than ever, an< sent tbe unhappy womta of a tun mora outrageous character. Theae again feU mt? (be bttida or Fraak, and wben h?a jjaibcr loft borne onmauday evening he followed him. the laat meeting between them took Place. ??? *"? fearftai parricide waa perpetrated which baa brought nwo aid lanulj nameu into disgrace, cntotfa strong man ln tbe prime of lila life, JbMcrhted the future of a bright and Pronj1"'?* boy and added the bitterest pang to the enp of a noble womaa'a lifelong sorrow.. The Frlaoner in the Tombs. Not Blnee tbe me ratable day succeeding the shooting of Colonel PlBk haa there been so much excitement around and aDout the Tombs aa there waa yestertav. The cause ol the unusual rush of viaitora was, of conrse, to see young Walworth; but in this desire of couisc all, with the exception of a few intimate mends, were disappointed. The unlartunate boy sat in his lonely ccll in the Tombs, but whatever his thoughts were he bore bravely up and snowed no signs of a drooping spirit. He occupies cell 44, w^lcb is a plainly lurnished one, no steps having been yet taken to make it more comfortable than the pnaon rules prescribe. The prisoner eats his meals with regularity, and con verses rationally enough with tite keepers of the prison whenever their duties call them into bis coU. About half-past ten o'clock a close carriage drove up <o the entrance ol tne Tombs, and Judge Har bour, accompanied bv a lady wearing a heavy veil, allguted from it and passed in. The lady was Mrs. Walworth. She appears to be about thirty-eight yeara of age, and much of the beauty which in her youth made her so much admired still remains. ller eyea are of deepest Dlue, and her brown hair whs gracefully worn in waves across her classic forehead. Mark Flnlay was present at the meet ing between the mother and son, and he says it waa *ost affecting. There were no tears shed. Theirs moot the grief that flndBvent in weeping. The mother embraced the boy who has dared so much in vindication of her honor, the embrace was returued, and for nearly a moment not a word was spoken on either side. There w*s no extraordinary emotion, each probably felt that grief must for the present be laid aside and the stern reality looked in the face. The conversation which took place between them was, of course, private; but voung Walworth could bo seen ges ticulating and" talking in a very animated manner. Mrs. Waiworth eagerly watched him, and occa I sionally at some remark ofliis would sadly smile; but she was frequently overcome by some reference of his, aud dropped her head upon his hands. Judge Barbour remained in the prison for about half an hour and then drove away, leaving Mrs. Walworth with her son. She remained with him In the prison for nearly two iiouis, and then, bidding the boy a loving farewell, she leit. Mr. Charles O'Conor alao called during the day, as did Judge Garvin, and both of them had interviews with tne prisoner. Mr. Beach visited trie prison, and bad a conversation with the boy In i he morn ing. The prison officials say that the bearing of young Walworth is brave and undaunted, and they stiongly sympathise with him. There wore several young men admitted during the day, friends of the prisoner, one or them from Saratoga. They were admitted and remained for some time. By the ad vice of counsel, Walworth refuses to converse about the murder or to see any strangers or reporters. Ex-Judge Garvin and the Defence of the Murderer. Ex-Judge Garvin has been retained for the de fence of Frank Walworth by Judge Barbour, on be half of the family. Yesterday a reporter of the Herai.d called upon Mr. Garvin, at his office in Chambers street, and had a short general conver sation with him as to the murder. He said that he had just been looking over the story as given In the morning papers, and was sorry to see that some or the papers had greatly exaggerated the circumstances surrounding the tragedy. He thought the deed was awful enough in ltseir with out being intensified by the morbid imagina tion or scribblers who had evidently no regard for facta He did no* think such narratives would \ hurt his client in any way. because they carried upon their fboes a self-contradiction; It was mainly with regard to public morals that he made the re mark. Mr. Garvin sal<l that he had seen liia client at the Tombs that morning, and had counselled him to be very Tetlcent of speech; to refuse steadily to be Interviewed, and to keep himself quiet. "In reference to interviewing, as it is called," said Mr. Oarvln, "several newspaper men have sought to obtain permission from me to see the prisoner, tor the purpose of 'interviewing' him. I have uniformly refused It. What can a man In hia circumstances say that is ol any value to anybody? He is in a state of mind that makes his statements utterly irresponsible." As to the tragedy itself, the cause of It, the relations of the deceased to his wife and children, Judge Garvin dceltned to say any thing. In the course of conversation the name of a confidential friend of the family was mentioned, and the reporter seeking out that friend, obtained, in substance, the following statement:? "Mrs. Walworth has borne more irom her late husband than will ever be brought to light In this world. It is, to my knowledge, quite true that he cruellv ill-treated her, and the newspaper reports have not, as far as 1 have reaa them, exaggerated the story of that cruelty in the slightest degree. The married life or Mr. and Mrs. w alworth was never very happv, but lor several years before her divorce slie endured silently and with little outward complaining the cruelties or her husband. These crueitiea are not confined to the utterance or in sulting and unkind words. I have known him during her pregaanry to knock her down, and then shamerully and grossly ill-treat her. He has treated her in a manner so disgraceful and so unmanly that I could not repeat it to you. Then, alter the di vorce in defiance or the order or the Court and the urgent entreaties or his children, he still continued to grossly insult his wife, while endeavoring to ob tain an income by her profession as teacher to sup port heraeir and family. I know that Frank inter cepted manv or the letters addressed to hia mother by bis rather, so that she might be spared the pain or reading them. Mansfield Wal worth waa a bod man by nature; hia own rather, when alive, was made the victim, again and agaln.of his infernal cruelty. I have known Mansfield to tell the Chancellor that unless he compiled with his unreasonable desires as to money and other matters, he would publish some thing In the newspapers that he had connection with about the Chancellor that the Chancellor would not like. In this manner he frightened hia rather, au old gentleman over seventy years of age into compliance with his wishes. 1 cannot tell you tho thousand cruelties that I know this man to have been guilty of in connection with bis family. I do not say that they justified his mur der by any means, but they may be fairly urged aa extenuating clrcumstancea. Mr. Charloa O'Conor and Hia Vialt to Frank H. Walworth Yesterday. It was rumored In the city yesterday that Mr. Charles O'Conor bad been retained for the defence or Frank Walworth. A HeiUld reporter called upon Mr. O'Conor yesterday arternoon, at his office, in Wall street, to make Inquiry aa to whether this rumor had any foundation In ract. Arter a few minutes' waiting in the anteroom the reporter was uahered Into the presence or the groat lawyer. "Mr. O'Conor, there la a rumor in the ctty that yon have been retained tor the defence or Frank Walworth; may I ask you whether tbat rumor ia true?" "I think it la very likely that you have heard that I visited the Tombs this morning." "Yes, air, I did hear that; but I alao heard that you were retained. Probably your visit suggested the retainer to my intormant." "Probably ao. I am not retained In the usual aenae or retainer, that ia, by receiving any fee. I should not accept that. I called at the Tombs tbia morning. I knew the Walworth family well. The Chancellor was a grand old man, and I have a great respect for his memory. I don't know that I shall go Into court In thla ease. If It is needful and Ufa thought that 1 ?an be of service to this un happy young man by doing so I shall not healtate to go. I will do all I can by way of advice to help him In hia dreadfti! condition." "You had an interview with him this morning at the Tomba, I presume, Mr. O'Conor. How does he seem to bear it?" "Bravely and quietly, with a calmneas that Is certainly remarkable. There is not the slightest Indication or fear and scarcely or Borrow." "Is not that a strange condition for a young man placed in the clrcumatances in which he is?" ?'Not so strange as it might seem at first sight. It is the soldier spirit ana blood that are In him. General Hardin was a fine soldier, as brave as Juliux Ciesar; he was killed in the Mexican war. This boy haa much of hia grandhither's spirit in blm, and shows tbat he baa In hia preaent very serious position." "Did yon know anything of the family affairs of the Walworths, Mr. O'Conor ?" "Yea, I had occasion to know very mnch or their ramlly affairs. I am not aware that I ever aaw Mrs. Walworth, tbe widow of the murdered man. I knew Walworth well." "What la your opinion of him, Mr. O'Conor f" "It was scarcely possible to conceive or a worse man - he waa bad m grain, and his badness was the more' contemptible treatise It waa united to a char acter that waa very Mvolous and Inane. He was a man with some ability tor writing. I think m the course or the trial, probably before, facta will some out that will abow how aatonishingly bad tbla man W"Or eoarse, I need not aay to you, Mr. O'Conor, that that la not a inatlllcatlon of the mnrder." "no it la not a justification. No aenslble person : Uiuflei murder, but tlw*e circumstances *rc e* UO?"** *IWr?yMMla U?t oonnec The reporter then Mi Mr. 0*Con or "food day." Tho FoitiHtrtm Wlw mlaoHon the Body-JTho OflcUl I>TMtl|*tloB To B? Held ToJHorrow. At eleven o'clock yesterday morning Coroner Young and his Deputy, Dr. E. T. T. Marsh, proceed ed to the undertaker's offlce of Messrs. Senior A Benedict, 80 Carmine street, for the purpose of em pannelling ajnry and making a post-mortem ex amination in tbe case of Mr. Maualleid Tracy Wal worth. Coroner Yonng empannelled and swore in the fol lowing uamea gentlemen to act as jurors at the in quest:?John V. Reynolds, foreman, attorney; Thomas C. Knox, physician; John B. Oilman, agent; F. C. Selnor, undertaker; Jotham Clark, retired; Ferdinand A. Klbell, livery. Deputy Coroner Marsh made a post-mortem ex amination on the body, assisted by Doctors Flnneli, O'Hanlon, Knox, a J. Clark and others, which lasted nearly two hours. The following is u report or the autopsy made by Dr. Marsh and those associated with him :? A pistol-shot wonpd of outside of the lert arm, one-qaarter of an inch in diameter, was iouud four inches berow the acromion process; another of right side of face, one-quarter of an inch in diam eter, close to and on a line with the lower border of the ear. the skin around tbe wound, for a dis tance of two inches, being blackened and filled with powder; a similar wound of the left side of the chest, three and a half inches to the left of the median line of the body and six inches above the nipple, on a direct line, the edges of the wonnd being ragged and eccliymotic; also a pistol-shot wonnd of the right side of the chest, half an inch in diameter, situated one and a half inches to the right of the median line and two inches below the I nipple. Tbe direction of the latter wonnd was downwards, backwards and to the right; mat of ( the face was on a straight line toward the left a distance of four Inches. On opening the body the left side of the chest&as found to bo filled with tluid and clotted blood. The bail on this side of the chest entered between the second and third ribs, passed through the upper lobe of the left lung, and was found imbedded in the body of the second dorsal vertebra. The bail which entered the right side of the chest struck and frac tured the sixth rib, and then, glancing, it passed to a point four and three-darters Inches from point of entrance, where it was found imbedded in the muscles of the chest. The ball which entered the right side of the face in its course fractured the lower jaw at its an;rle, and also the upper jaw bone, and lodged in the left fide. The ball which entered the arm shattered the upper portion of the humerus and lodged in the biceps mnsele. All of the Internal organs were examined and found to be healthy. Death was due to shock and internal hemorrhage from pistol shot wounds re ceived?the internal hemorrhage resulting from the wonnd of lclt side of chest. All the Dullets found In tbe body were round ones. Had deceased lived it would have been absolutely necessary to amputate the left arm at the shoulder joint. The wound necessarily fatal was that in the left breast. Deceased possibly might have recovered from the wound of the face, au the brain was.uninjured by the ball; the bulletin the face was not removed, as it would have necessitated great disfigurement. There was great trouble experienced by the physl ciaus In tracing the fatal pallet on the lelt side of the chest. The inquest will be commenced before Coroner Young, at the Twenty-ninth precinct station house, Thirtieth street, near seventh avenne, at half-past ten o'clock to-morrow morning. Alter the inquest the body was removed, and it will be delivered to the relatives, who will proba bly take it to Saratoga the ?ame day, but nothing definite la yet known abont the funeral. MB. WALWOHTH NOT A MASON. The Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of this State sends the fol lowing:? Under ? resolution of the Grand Lodge now In Reunion, I am requested to contradict the report that the lute M. T. Walwerth, killed by bin son, was a Past Grand Master of Masons ot this State. He never was even a member of this Grand Body. The mistake originated Brobably from the fact that the father of the deceased. i? late Chancellor Walworth, at ouc ttme presided over the deliberations of the Grand Lodge as its respccted and honored bead. CONFLAGRATIONS. A Philadelphia Woollen Mill Destroyed? Loss 9130,000. Philadelphia, Pa., June 4, 1878. The woollen mill or John Brown A sons, on Eighth, below Tasker street, was totally destroyed by fire, about one o'clock this morning. The build ing had a front or 300 feet. The mill ran 172 looms, giving employment to 300 hands. The new machinery which had recently been put up m the mill was destroyed. The total loss is about $130,000. The insur ance, $146,000, or which $82,000 la in New York companies is as rollows:?Ilome, 97,500; Niagara, German American and Manhattan, $5,uoo each; Hanover, Republic, Lorlllard, Arc tic, Firemen's Fund and Merchants, $3,000 each; Etna and l'henix, $3,600 each; West chester, Commerce. Hoil'man, Farrsgut, New York, Yonkers and Lamar, $j,600 each. Foreign I companies?Royal, $10,000; North British, $7,fi00; Liverpool and London, $6,000; Imperial and Com mercial Union, $10,000 each. A Shoe Manufactory Destroyed In Rochester. Kochestkb, N. Y., June 4, 1873. The boot and shoe manufactory or J. T. Stewart A Son, on the corner or Water and Andrews streets, was entirely destroyed by fire this morn ing. The loss is estimated at $00,000, on which there is an insurance of $30,000. One of the side walls fell, demolishing the east section or the bridge over the Genesee River. A fireman was carried down with the bridge, but he was not much injured. Extensive Conflagration In Newbury port, Man. Nkwblrti'Ort, June 4," 1873. A Are broke out this morning in Knight's grist mill on Water street, which, with its contents, was entirely destroyed. The loss on the building, machinery and grain Is ten thousand to twelve thousand dollars; uain surcd. , The fames extended to the store or George W. Blake, whose stock was partly saved, though the building was burned out. The block adjoining was on fire in the roorand considerably damaged by water; insured in Bos ton. The occupants or this block?N. D. Dodge A Brothers; Holker, stlies A Donaiioe; A. W. Meoney and A, F. Ross A Co.?suffered by damage to their steck, but are fully insured. J. B. and Edward Knight had in store over 10,000 bushels of corn, and their entire loss will exceed $26,ooo; uninsured. George W. Blake, flour business, in the same block, loses $600. Ames Coffin, who had an offlce in the block, loses $1,600. The fire communicated to tbe adjoining block owned by A. W. Mooney. N. D. Dodge A Brothers, who occupied the upper story as a shoe factory, lege $2,000. A. W. Mooney, commission merchant, loses $500. ? stiles A Donahoe, harness makers and furnishers, lose $600. A. F. Ross A Co., or the Hope Spice Mills, lose $S00. William Holker A Co., stoves and hollow ware, lose $600. The loss by this fire is the largest that has been experienced here ror a quarter of a century. A Fire at Birch Hill, R. I. Providence, June 4, 1870. An extensive fire occurred at Birch Hill, River Point, this merning, which at one time threatened to destroy the entire place, engines being tele graphed for to this city. The fire destroyed Pike's planing mills, Brayton's furnace and Cassidy's dwelling, and partially destroyed another small dwelling. The loss is $66,000; insarance $20,000, in the HutTer Matual, City of Providence, North Mis souri, Queens, of Liverpool; Alliance, of Cleve land; Fame, or Philadelphia; Meriden, of Merlden, Conn.; Phoenix, of Hartford, and the Insurance Company of North America. Fires In Illlnola. St. Louis, Mo., June 4, 1878. A fire in El Paso, III., yesterday, destroyed property valued at $20,000. A Are in Princevllle, Peoria coanty, III., destroyed a block of buildings. The loss is not reported. Two men were arrested charged with starting the 1'he Propeller City of Chatham Burned. Hamilton, Ontario, Jane 4, 1873. The propeller City of Chatham took fire at her dockJat this place last nighr. and burned to the waters edge. Seven hundred barrels of flour were on tbe propeller, aad are a total loss. The vessei Boston Fire Items. Boston, June 4,1873. Mayor Pierce, tn a message to the city Council, recommends reform in the Boston Fire Depart ment by the Increase of the force, and providing additional sareguards against fires. Some rorty representatives or leading insurance companies, at a meeting last night, voted that the policies be cancelled oi parties who make exorbi tant claims, or damage ror the removal or goods, or any claim If the removal was not actually neces sary by the presence of fire In the building from which the gaods were removed, or in the building adjacent to it. A. 0. Baldwin, owner of the Globe Theatre site, who is now abroad, telegraphs that the rebuilding go on at once- , CONFEDERATION. How Prince Edward Island Joined the New Dominion. SUCCESS Of THE CAIiDUH CHEFS. Stubborn Resistance Cf the Islanders? The Overtures for Confederation and What Came of Them. THE IRON CIVIL.IZER. Prejudice of the Natives Against Railroads. FATE OF hH ENTERPRISING PREMIER. The Trips lo Ottawa and the Final "Best Terms." THE ISLAND AS IT IS. Odarlottbtown, Prince Edward Island.) May 30, 1873. J After years of ministerial coaxing on the one hand and no small amount of stubbornness on the other the islanders have at length joined the for tunes of the New Dominion. Signed, sealed and delivered, the document of annexation only awaits the approval of the Qneen of England to render this charming little country part and parcel of the great confederation. Although temporarily left oat in the cold, where it remains for a considerable portion of the year, Newfoundland will lollow suit, thus making the union of the British provinces complete, without a flaw. The successful carrying out of the scheme will be the crowning effort of the Canadian government, and, whether annexation to the United States or entire Independence be the final result, England will doubtless be soon re lieved of all responsibility. Ihls may perhaps be considered a bold assertion in view or toe seeming reluctance of some of the provinces to join the confederation and the well known loyalty of the colonists to the British government. It is plain, however, that the people are beginning to appreciate their position, and, awakening to the fact that they are far benind the age in enterprise, must, ere long, shake off a patronizing and callous friend that has so heedlessly marred their progress. The confederation of ail the British provinces is now a foregone conclusion, and what will follow requires no extraordinary foresight to predict. THE CONKBPRKATION SCHEME. Since the Conference ol delegates from the sev eral British provinces, held nearly ten years ago, when Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island re fused to accept the terms offered, the Dominion authorities have kept a watchrul eye on these fertile plains. Tempting inducements were constantly thrown in the way, Ministers exhausted all their ingenuity and splendid promises were made to bring about a union, but with out effect. Confederation was dreaded by nearly the entire population of the island, for many re garded the act as equivalent to a surrender of their rights. No confederate candidate ?If such existed?would present hlmseir for election to the Parliament here, and it may l?e said without ex aggeration that the feeling agalnHt annexation to the Dominion was very strong and decided. Among the agricultural classes, who, by the way, held their land for a song, no idea of anv change could not be entertained. Increased taxation and the inva sion of railroads, which, some years ago, many had never seen or heard of, loomed up an the destroy ing angels of their household goods. Despite, how ever, these discouraging symptoms, the wily Cana dian Ministers never abandoned hope or relaxed their efforts. In 1889 overtures were again made by the government at Ottawa. Better terms than before were offered with winning grace. No spider ever coquetted with timid fly with more bewitching fondness or sung his wnole-snuled Invitation in more welcoming and melodious strains. But the Con ference failed, and Prince Edward Island, proud of Its British flag, and flapping Its little wings with dignity, shrunk back from the proposition into the red mud of the native soil. Blissful in their igno rance, yet grasping in their desires, the sturdy Islanders declined the terms and bade adieu to Ottawa. THE IRON C1TILI7.BR. Still undismayed by so many disheartening is sues, the Dominion chiefs, fully aware of the im portance of the Union, were not to be baulked by a people who scarcely realised the peculiar benefits ! to be reaped by confederation. Twice had they failed in bringing their neighbors to any sort of terms, though lavish inducements had been held out to them. And It may be here noted that even at this time the out-oi-the-way farmers were Just as resolute as ever in their opposition to the linking of any chain of progresa that might connect tnem with the Domiuion government. But the time had arrived when the more intelligent portion of the community were beginning to wake up from its lethargy, and as locomotion from one part ?f the Island to the other was as difficult as it Is In a newly ploughed Held, the Idea of a railroad flashed like a phantom before the vision of some mora civilized than their fellows. Doubtless the terrible invader was at first only talked about in trembling whispers, for the fiUthful iron horse was generally regarded as the common enemy, only fit for breakneck countries and demoralized com munities. Evil rumors, however, spread quickly, and, sure enough, the affair became noised abroad. Thero was no immediate revolution, but the fate of the projector was some thing to contemplate with aurprlse and fear. In the Spring of 1871 Premier Pope, with a heroism to be recalled with pride and gratitude by his coun trymen, introduced a bill into the Legislature to build a grand trunk railway from Charlottetown to Albertown, the Immeasurable distance of thirty miles. The storm that ensued is Indescribable. After the tempest same the calm, and, amid a deathly stillness, wherein the fate of the country was suspended from a single flsh hook, the bill passed. The Premier's doom was sealed. THE HUB AND CRT. I cannot call to mind just now any startling epi sode for which the present startling century is remarkable that at all approaches in extent the shock which this anticipated advent oi the iron horse created. The news spread like wlldllre, and the excitement that (succeeded nark8 an event unparalleled In the previous history of this fertile spot. Countrymen were fcroused and citizens brooded In silence. And here was developed a grand opportun.ty for what was known as the opposition part? to make political capital and step into the progressive shoes of those who had dared to Inflict upon the country the whistling grlevanse of a locomotive. Charges of corruption were Ireely made against the party In power; little "jobs" were hinteo at by tl.elr enemies In such a strain as to Indace the opln.on that the promoters of the scheme were iufli.eneed by mercenary motives: tbiit a yoatinul "Ci edit Mobiller" was born on the Island: that them were too many curves on the road; that the Dominion government had suggested and fostered the enterprise with a view to con federation; that the prominent officials of the Island were In a "ring" to enrich themselves at all hazards, nad used bad material in the constriction of the road in order that their country constituents, when coming to town to look for favors, might meet with a sudden death; that taxes would be Increased a hundred per cent, with gaunt starvation In the background grinning, with a pltchlork In his bony fist; and, In fine, that the once nappy and prosperous island named after Prince fcdward, Duke of Kent, the father of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, for kindness extended was going to ruin faster than anj express train ever went over a precipice. TUB PRBMIBR'8 FATE. It will be seen that even in this com?aratlveiv high latitude politicians freeze to offlce. The Gov ernment party was denounced in unmeasured terms, and in looking over the flies of an old news paper wherein reference was made to Ao question at issue I was amazed to And how such warm and pungent epithets, n#.t to be foutd in any dictionary, could have made their way to this quiet and secluded place. As al ready intimated, the opposition party, or. In other wo ran, the politicians id the minority, spared do efforts to inform the people of their rapidly ap proaching bankroptcy an<f mm. Tfce rwwwas sur dCMAU, XJ)? UeWBtJ WM (?, fUld fl|jUlj Parliament was dissolved. la the Interim before the neweleotloa streaooosexertions were made to keep alive the flame that bad been ao ingeniously kindled, and tfee valient electors showed their con tempt for railroads and confederation by returning tie leaden of the party who avowedly entertained no friendly leeiings toward the new Dominion. The tanners went back to their work in peace, nappy in the thought of little taxation and no shriek ing train. Hot the road bed been partly built, and competent engineers having pronounoed the work faultless, the anti-railroad legislators began to change their minds in the natural coarse of events, toitf handsome thing by adding fifty miles .. ___ ANornaa tbif to Ottawa. ?h..?nUI!22andtlenly to the factious legislators ^.1^! ?na confederation were two things " A ebt h*d been contracted which 10 B,eet- T?*eB must be 1 agricultural classes would re **thouKh 'hey were still anti t^hin. mni h i backbone, so to speak, some thing must be done to relieve the country from its very embarrassing condition, in this plight Measre. Hay thorn e and Laird, leaders of the gov ?Mna^^,Vn^?fhtqalet trlp },? ottaw?. where, from ?? accounts,they were well received, and solicited new terms of confederation. They obtained them and very good terms they were; but, as the country had not been apprised of the proceeding before hand, some dissatisfaction was expressed on their order that the matter might be fully tested Parliament was again dissolved and the voico of the people asked upon the subject. The result placed the Haythorne and Laird in a minority, they were ?n party confederates now, and Pope having once again obtained the leadership uggested that much better terms could bo obtained from the Dominion Xovernment than had already been conceded, mica with a resolution from the House of Com mons here Messrs. Pope, Haviland and llowlan pro ceeded to Ottawa as delegates and claimed that tho former delegates had not obtained sufficient terms to carry on the local government, owing to the in crease in the expenditures for oducatlonal pur poses and public works, without reoourse to direct taxation. The other provinces, he contended, had various sources of revenue, including gold mines, eoal mines and crown lands, which Prince Edward Island did not possess. The shrewd Privy Council of Canada did not let the opportunity slip, and after a little parley the delegation came back on their way rejoicing. _ . . "IK TERMS OF CONFBDBRATION. . ?^n Canada becomes responsible for the debts and liabilities of the Island at the time of the uuion, which formally takes place on the 1st of July next. i.!1? ??n"'deratlon of the large expenditure author ised by the l arliuinent of Canada for the conHtruc an(l canals, aud in view of the possibility of a readjustment of the financial ar rangements between Canada and the several provinces now embraced in the Dominion, as well Prin/n J.BP a,^(l exceptional condition of Princc Edward Island, that colony, on entering the Union, shall be entitled to incur a debt equal to ? dollars pgr head of its population, as shown by the census returns of 1871?say $4,701,060. Prince Edward Island not havtug Incurred debts equal to the sum authorized in the preceding Dai a graph, shall be entitled to recoivc nail-yearly pay ments in advance from the general government interest at the rate of five Der cent per annum on the difference, from time to time, between the actual amount of its indebtedness and the Indebt edness so authorized?viz., $4,701,060. Prince Edward Island shall be bable to Canada for, ^he^.?"?ount 0r ?"y) by which its public debt and liabilities at the date of the uuion may exceed $4,70i,0ft0, and shall be charged with interest at the rate of Ave per cent per annum thereon. The Island government holding no lands from the Crown, and consequently enjoying no revenue from that source for the construction and mainten ance of local works, It is agreed that the Dominion government pay in half-yearly Instalments and in advance to the government of Prince Edward's island $46,000 per annum, less five per cent npon any sum not exceeding $?oo,ooo that, tho Dominion government may advance to the Island govern ment for the purchase of lands now held ov lame proprietors. J * In consideration of the transfer to the general Parliament of the powers of taxation, the follow ing sums shall be paid yearly by Canada to l'rlnce Edward Island for the support ol its government and legislation?to wit, $30,000 and an annual grant equal to eighty cents per head of the popu lation, as shown by the census returns of 1861, viz.$?2,C2i, both half yearly In advance, such grant of eighty cents per head to be augmented in proportion to the Increase of population, as may be shewn by each consequent decennial census, until the population amounts to $400,000, at which rates such grants shall thereafter remain, it being understood that the next census be taken in the year 1881. The Dominion government will assume and de fray all the charges for the following services, viz:?The salary or the Lieutenant Governor: the salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court and District or County Courts, when established; the charges in respect to the Department of Customs; the Postal Department: the protection of the fisheries; the provision for the Militia; the light honseH, shipwrecked crews, Quarantine and Marine Hospitals; the Geological survey; the Peni tentiary; efficient steam service for the conveyance of mails and passengers to be pstablished and maintained between the island and the Dominion, Winter and Summer, thus plac ing the island in continuous communication with the Intercolonial Kailway and the railway system of the Dominion. The maintenance of telegraphic communication between the island and the main land. And such other charges as may be incident to and connected with tue services which, tiy the "British North American act, 1867," appertain to the genera! government, and as ure, or may be. allowed to the other provinces. The population of Prince Edward Island having been increased by lA.ooo or upwards since 1861, it Is agreed that the island shall be represented in the Dominion House of Commons by six members. The representation to be readjusted from time to time under the provisions of the "British North American act, 1867." The constitution of the Execute authority and of the Legislature of Prince Edward Island shall, subject to the provisions of the said act, continue as they exist at the Union until altered under the authority thereof; and the House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island existing at the date of the Union, shall, unless sooner dissolved, continue for the period tor which It was elected. The provision of the aforesaid "British North American act, 1687," shall, except those parts thereof which are in terms made, or by reas onable intendment may be held to be specially ap plicable to and only effect one and not the whole of the provinces now composing the Dominion, and except so far as the same may be varied bv these resolutions, be applicable to Prince Edward Island In the same way and to the same extent as they apply to the other provinces of the Domin ion. and as if the colony of Prince Edward Island had been one of the provinces originally united bv tue said act. The railways under contract and In course of construction for the island (government, shall be the property of Canada. The new bniidlng in which are held the law courts, registry office, Ac., shall be transferred to Canada on the payment ol $69,000, the purchase to Include the land on which the building stands, and a suitaoie apace of grouud In addition for vard room, Ac., Ac. The steam dredge boat, m coarse of construction, to tie Ukm by the Dominion at a cost not exceed fhe steam ferry boat owned by the government of Prince Edward Island, and used as such, to re main the property of the island. The Union shall take effect on such dav as Her Majesty, by order in council, on an address to that effect, In terms of the I46tn section of the "British North American act, 1867," may direct; and Prince Edward Island may in such address specify the electoral districts for which, and the time within which the first election for members to serve in the House of Commons In Canada shall take eflect. There was not much difference between tho fore going terms and those obtained by the previous delegation. Although It ts claimed bv the Pope delegation that the Island will be benefited to the extent of $33,000 more, annually, bv the terms set forth as above. There was some difference, how ever, in the reception of the delegates, ror the former on their return were compelled to test the matter before the people, wnile the latter were welcomed with enthusiasm. In other words, the islanders were prepared for confederation, and they saw their time had come. As there were no anti-confederates in the Legislative body the latest "best terms" were adopted by a unanimous voto of the House. An address to the Oneen subsequently passed both Houses, praying Her Malesty's sanction to the terms and conditions upon which the island forms part of the Union which will, of course, be ioyially accorded, as few doubt that the confederation was the work of the home government. And so ends the struirarle Newtonndland comes next, and then the confeder ation will l?e complete. HOW CONFIDKRATION WILL WORK. A short time will prove the wisdom of the islanders in entering the confederation, and the folly and stupidity of holding out so subbornl.v, even although the terms long since offered were not so remunerative aa those which have Just been accepted. Beyond question the Introduction , *ne railroad proved the great means . *he nu'on was brought about, and the islanders will bless the day the first spike was driven In the ground. That the farmers could never have paid the taxes incident to tne under taking is generally admitted, and had the Canadian overnment not come to the rescue, much as she erself will benefit by the operation, Prince Ed ward Island would iforever have been plnnged in flnanolal embarrassment. It is really only within the last few months that the people would listen to any suggestions of union with Canada, and it cannot be denied that had the islanders not been drives by sneer pincl and necessity, the Dominion government might have coaxed them in vain for years to come. The island now enters the Union with a debt equal to $A0 a head of its popu lation, as shown by tbft census of 1871, mnklng the island debt in the confederation about $4,230,946. The railways, government offices, pub lic offices, public works and telegraphic communi cation will be maintained by the Dominion, while sufficient money wilt be advanced to the island government for the purchase of lands now held bv large proprietors, a matter looked forward to with anxiety^ly the hard working agricultural classes The island will be amply reimbursed for any tern" Por?rylon?cn It may sustain by the withdrawal of its tariff, and, in a word, bright days are in store for this most healthy and fertile place. ROM. Rum had something to do with It, and there Is at present in Chariottetown a stock V tba? fluid whjvb would float a man or-war. u happened ia thl* *iy:?Id Mi? Island the duty on rum Is forty cent* a gallon. In the Dominion or Canada thti duty la juat doable tbat amount Anticipating tke completion of the arrangement for the admlssloa of the island into the Dominion, shiploads of rum were started from the west Indiea and imported here at a low duty, In the hope that It could be subsequently sent to the tree ports of the Dominion at a profit of forty cents per gallon above the ordi nary margin. But the speculators have been badly sold, sine* orders have Issued from Ottawa pro Tiding that all rum imported into the lslund under the mm tariff shall be subject to duty If it la shipped fo any of the ether l'rovlnees. This *iaa spoiled the game of many an enterprising shlaper. PHINCK KDWARD ISLAND. Since the treaty of Fontalnebleau in 1763, when the island waa ceded to Great ltriuin by the French, the immigration has progressed by no means so rapidly as might be supposed. The popu lation is now about one hundred th< msaud. The length of the island Is 130 miles and the breadth about thirty-four miles. The staudlng grievance for the last ninety years has been the laud ques tion. owing to the pluu then adopted for its distri bution. The great object of the majority ol the pro prietors was now to make the greatest gain with the least trouble and expenses. Much has since been done to purchase tne estates ef large non resident proprietors, who did little or nothing to ward fulfilling the conditions upon which it waa granted to them. Several fertile tracts have been sold in retail to the tenant, and the result has had a very beneficial effect on the prosperity of the island. Many of the farmers In the agricul tural districts are tne descendants of Highlanders settled by the Karl of Selkirk on his lands here in 1803; but In.subsequent years emigrants contiuaed to arrive from Ireland and England, and the prog ress since then, though slow, h:is been steady. The union of the Island will now revolutionize matters, and five years hence a vast change will be every where noticeable. So far as climate is concerned; the centenarians throughout the country speak of It In the highest terms, aud, If 1 mistake not, Sum merslde and other kindred localities will make famous watering places for overheated Canadians. It 1b a charming spot, and is surrounded by all the natural elements that could render a Summer residence delightful. Hut It is in the fertility of the soli tbat Prince Edward Islifud excels. It Is strong and rich to a unllormly un common degree. There is no portion of the lower provinces where agriculture can be prosecuted with better prospects of a good return than in this island. Such, indeed, is the excellence of the soil that good crops arc produced Immediately on its being redeemed from the forest. It is especially well adapted to Wie growth of wheat, onts and potatoes, of whicn large quantities are annually exported. All sorts of Iruit grow in abundance, while the specimens of live stock that I have seen at different points would carry prizes at a well contested agricultural exhibition, some of the hardiest and swiftest horses in the lower provinces are raised in Prince Kdward Island. THE PI8IIKKIKS. Any bov five years old here who fails to pin his lobster oil the first dab is supposed to be a dis grace to his family. To see the quantities of flsli captured In these quarters and tho coot indifference with winch the atuatenr hooks his two and three hundred sea trout a day, to behold with strained Impartiality tho thousands of mackerel dancing fan dangos in well protected nets, the majestic salmon looking like so many heroic but crestfallen officers, taking a last glimpse at the fast flickering floun ders; the regiments of ill-fated halibut, loads of cod and unfortunate herring, all lying near the wharves ready to be disposed or by a relentless enemy, Is enough to suggest a feeling, not exactly ol commiseration, bnt of conifc? deuce in the fisherman's art, while the spectacle afiords proof of the abundance aud excellence ol the fish. 1 am told that the walrus was wont to frequent the shores In large numbers, and was a source of considerable profit, but of late years that specimen has not been seen here. Despite all these promising leatures, however, there is deci dedly more room for the Halting industry of the island, and there is no doubt that the new condi tion of affairs will stimulate the bardy heroes to more exertion. CHARLOTTITOWN, the capital of the islaud, Is prolific in stores, and has a population of 10,000 souls. Ilere the civil government has administered the laws. Tho Legislature consists of a Oovernor, who Is ap pointed by the Queen; a Legislative Council and a House of Kepresentatives. The ofllce or Governor will be abolished under the new regimt, aud legis lation In the two houses will hencelorth be chiefly confined to local affairs. The public buildings in Charlottetown have some claims to architectural beauty, aud there is an evident desire on Uie part or the people to promote Its prosperity, If out siders will onlr step in aud show them how to do It. Not speaking disparagingly 01 the lodging shanties with lilgh-sounding names. It is somewhat strange to find that there Is not a hotel In the place. At Sommerside, however, aflno edifice is In course of construction, and as it Is the first or its kind on the islaud no doubt other rival establishments wtll be commenced. THR PHOSPSl'TS OK TIIK ISI.AXT) are very encouraging. Relieved rrom a debt that would surely have involved the agricultural classes In an inextricable diniculty, and perhaps have compelled the representatives of the people tosoe for terms, there is every nope that now, tho bar rier to progress having been removed, they will step into the van of the Dominion and proceed at the lively and interesting pace that ltus hitherto marked that broad domain. NEW TORE SDfDtf SCHOOL COWLIllOIf. liiMsiiamton, N. Y., June 4, 1873. The State Sunday School convention met in this place yesterday afternoon, at four o'clock, with about four hundred members In attendance. Judge Harmon was chosen temporary chairman. The session was occupied In hearing reports from Bchool organizations in the different counties, most of which are represented. At the evening session a permanent organiza tion was effected. The following are the ofllcers chosen President?A. A. Smith, or Brooklyn. Vice President*? Key. W. A. Nlles, of Hornells ville; Rev. Dwlght Williams, of Cazcnovla; Rev. William A. Hitchcock, of Blnghamton; J. C. Mix, of Syracuse; Rev. William H. Waldron, of Norwich. Secretaries?H. J. Reynolds, of Syracuse; F. EL Wlscwell, of New York city, and E. Burilngame, of Troy. Addresses were made by Messrs. A. A. Smith,, Dr. Taylor, F. J. Hartley and M. Gill, of New Jersey., Tbe Convention reassembled this morning. There were al>out fifteen hundred delegates in attend ance. The proceedings throughout the day were very earnest, practical anil Instructive. The following subjects were discussed The relative necessity of Intellectual and heart culture in the teacher. The subject was opened by the Rev. C. 8. Duriee, of Troy. The Church and the Sunday school, opened by Rev. Dr. W. A. Nlles, of HornellsvlUe. The value of statistics in our work, opened by Major E. E. Sill, of Genesee. The teacher's work, by the Rev. Edward Kggles ton, D. D., of New York. In the afternoon. In sections A, R and C, the re spective subjects of the work ol Stave and county ofllcers, of pastors and superintendents, and of primary and senior teachers were discussed. In the sub-section lor primary teachers tbe line of discussion was principally the true order of develop ment in instruction, viz.?through the thought or understanding, then the speech, and thirdly, tbe actlen or tbe pupil. Judge Harmon, Professor Farnham (Superin tendent of Public Schools in this city), Miss Sarah J. Temanns, New York, und Misses Hicks, of Os wego, and Williams, of Blnghampton, with otners, aided In the exercises. Hon. Kdward Danrorth, the State Secretary, presided over section A; K. P. siafter, of Cortland, over section B, and Judge Harmon ever section C. The weather is fine and the hospitalities of the citv are profuse and generous. Hon. John Hill, M. c., of New Jersey; Rey. W. F. Craft, of Massachusetts; Fontaln J. Hartley, Secre tary of the London (Kngland) Sunday School Union, and ether distinguished gentlemen are in attendance. MURDEROUS ASSAULT III ST. LOUIS. St. Lotrn, Mo., June 4, 1873. Joseph H. Fore, who shet and killed Munsoa Beaeh, his brother-in-law, In 1871, and was tried and acquitted on the ground of emotional Insanity, returned here Irom Natchez on Monday last and tbls afternoon made a murderous assault on his* wife. He accosted her on tbe street, urging her to live with him again, which she refused to to until he would stop drinking. After following her Borne dlstanoe be again approached her and asked her to shake hands wltb him as a final farewell, she extended her band, when he seized it, drew her towards him, pulled a hatchet from undernoath his clothing and dealt her three heavy blows on the head. She fell sense less on the pavement. The mnrderer ran, bnt waa captured after a sharp chase. A surgical examina tion revealed three severe gashes on Mrs. Fore's head, one of which woald, doubtless, have proved fatal but for the thick mass,of hair which she wore. Sbe lies in a critical condition, but may recover. THE BKLWER8' CONGRESS IN OHIO. Clkvklanv, June 4, 1879. About two hundred and fifty representatives and guests of the National Brewers' Association are la this city to attend the thirteenth United States Brewers' Congress. The business meetings of the Congress commenced in tbe West Side Rink this morning ana will continue throughout the week. The ofllcers of the Congress areHenry Claussen, of New York, President; A. Katzenmeyer, of New York, Secretary, and Fred, schaeiler, of New York, Treasurer. TEXAN DE8PEBADcfj8 LIBERATING CRIM NAL3 BY FORCE, sr. Lotnrs, June 4. 1873. A special from Houston, Texas, says a band of armed desperadoes surrounded the Jell at Waco Texas, last nlgbt, and after securing the keeper* of tbe prison and locking them up. tbey liberated all the prisoners?twelve la ntUBbsr?several ol then notorious characters.