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LAKE HAH OP AO.
One of the Most Prosperous of the Season's Resorts. TBSC&IPTI09 OF A POND PARLOB. Why Should Not Pond Parlors Become Generally Fashionable? TKa P^afiihla Fffpct I Innn thft Feminine Toilet. Petr*ie, Fairy and Blackberry Islands. Yachting, Especially the Pretty little Yaoht Trifler. Bow the Mabopaeani Boat and Bowl and llave Their Being. Lake Mauopac, July 28, 187a. So not tell me that all watering places are the nme. I tell yon they are not. Here la Lake M&hopao, stretching ltselt serenely and cheerfully wltbln sight of two or three excellent hotels, and foat as-different from other watering places In Its aaiToundlng attractions and In Its whole temper ad spirit aa can well be Imagined. Lake Mauopac la not loud, not boisterous, not demonstrative and if-iuuinrttva like Lonor Branch: not exclusive like Newport; not prosy and monotonous like the Water Gap; not pretentions and hot like West Point. You might almost call it a fairy spot, were such an epithet not too gushing for a correspondent's cool and practical pen. Within fifty miles or Now York city and 1,000 feet above Its level, it unites as many of the charms of watering place life as can readily be conceived. 1 confess 'to being nnder the fascination of the pretty place. Imagine a broad, deep, sloping lawn, shadowed with silver maples and graded to the of^aspring-fecj sheet of water^ uJjjq mil^ajg "etrcumferetico And gemmed with three orfour Islands. Imagine groups of children ol all ages playing on the sward, adolescence deep in the intricacies of croquet, and tiny lemale children, masses of frills, ribbons and embroidered skirts, exhausting the varieties of gambol, imagine ashore fringed with rowboats, one of which every now and then is called into use, and, propelled away from Its lellows, makes the cfrcult of this small freshAPinn imncrlnA nn occasional vacht career log Id and oat among the islands like a horse that tuts never known the bridle, quickened by the spur of his own Impulses. Add to these a piazza pude picturesque with varied groups; old ladies knitting and gossiping, young ones reading Klddiemaroh" and "Kenelm chillinglyinvalids Dot too sick to be graceful, reclining with not unhappy patience In easy chairs, and gentlemen with the irrepressible cigar seeking in tobacco that enjoyment which destiny denies them elsewhere. Mingle with these the clink of the billiard balls and bowling Hey, the mild splash of fancy drinks In process of mixing, the soltencd clatter of the adjacent dining room, the whirl of the frequent carriage and less (reqaent stage, the happy sigh of the wind (as though Nature's heart were too lull for utterance) M It shakes the silver of the maple leaves, and the tall light, mellowed by the shadows and finding unchecked expression on the expanse o! the lake. To be poetical no longer, Lake Mahopac is the nly place which I have jet visited that deserves to be called a success in all the best senses of that term. The hotels are roll; but not too crowded for comlort. The amusements are various, tint the rush to enioy them does not defeat Its own purpose. The bop Is of frequent occurrence, but Uie participants are Icbs miscellaneous than you will find at most entertainments of the kind. The tappy medium appears to be struck between dull xcluslveness and loud heterogeneity. Most of the visitors are resident for the Summer, and the number of transient guests 1b small. The principal ' hotels are the Gregory House, of which Mr. Ramnjr still remains proprietor; the Lake House and Thompson's. Of these the Gregory Is, perhaps, the Moot pleasantly situated. Its smooth-shaven lawn slopes gently down tt> the very edge 01 the lake, and is abundantly shaded. A pleasure house iirectly overlooks the water, and numerous boats embroider the edge of the banks, like bugles to a sleeve. Some picnic groonds are within nay distance, and have been much visited during the season. All the hotels are, however, comfortably rail and all have had a suOlcieut number of transient visitors to prove that Lake Mabopac Is gaining in popu] larity. All that the place seems to need Is one or two more hotels ana a score or so 01 collages, una necessity will, probably, be supplied within the oonrae of a tew seasons. Since the completion of the railroad from Croton Falls Increased energy has been seen In this respect. TUB COTTAGES AND Till PIOPLB. The place was formerly reached In part by stage, Mkd, therefore, offered less inducements than it bow does for those who desired to bo withiu rapid reach of the oity. The route now is entirely by lallroad. Several trains start dally from the depot It Forty-second street and Fourth avenue, and convey tbe traveller to Golden'a Bridge, where a change of cars la made. The whole trip lasts aboat two hours, and though the country through which one passes is not peculiarly attractive, the reward at the end ot tbe route Is worth having. Tne cottage element, though not as large as It should be, and as it will be at uo very distant date, Is still on the increase. Here it is that Mr. Peter B. Sweeny bnllt for himseli a little villa in one of the choicest nooks of the lake s environments. Mr. Singer, who has tbe proud satisfaction or having given tasiuonable Interment to a large number of his fellow beings, has an extremely spadons and handsome residence on the brow f ono of the hlgneBt of the lake hills. It was to this neighborhood that poor, extravu. gant Bellini, the singer used to repair alter tbe Spring season was over, and his organ and his pocket needed repose. His organ aot repose, his pocket never did. for Bellini, unJort>nately, was never happy as long as he had a penny about him. He was one of those reck loss creature* who never learn anythlug In guttering which they can teach in song, ami who. with tue income of a prosperous opera singer, squander money with tne generosity and ludiscretion o( a prince?nay, with much more generosity, for I do not know that your princes are particularly addicted to that virtue. But ot ull the cottages in the place perhaps Mr. Ballard's Is the most curious and unique. Seen from the lake it precisely resembles one of those toy Swiss cottages that you can pick up and put In yonr pocket. In reality it la commodious and elegaut. But its peculiar feature la its pond-parlor, asort of uquatic voluptuousness which many of the readers oi the Hkraui will not fail to admire. A pond-parlor I What Is that Co will say? 1 will explain. Looking at Mr. Bale's cottage from the lake yon perceive mat that portion of the building usually devoted in New York residences to the basement is occupied by water. The parlor or drawing room is immediately above, and the' curiosity is that a large, railed circular apace In the middle or this room enables one to descend by a pair of stairs to the water below. A voluptuous ami original Idea, 18 It not? Without leaving the bouse you can bathe, swim, fish and step into the boat. I don't know whether Mr. Ballard Is In the habit or mingling the two things, but one can fancy a reception and a fishing party going on at the same time. 1 should hardly be surprised to learn that some of his lair Sestn have invented a toilet for the occasion, and it some One morning more than one of them may be seen, drussed with faultless laste, occupytng a JtuitmM in the snug little parlor, rod in hand and eve intent, and giving the lie to Dr. Johnson's declaration that a fishing-rod had a worm at one end and a fool at the other. I ratlicr like the Idea myself?not Dr. Johnson's, out Mr. Ballard's. It Is something to have discovered between Ash and fashion a closer propinquity than that of alliteration; and where a womau sets her wits to work to invent a new mode she is pretty certain to evolve something stunning, provided he is glTen with a new idea to work upon. Very llkoly pond-parlors will become the rago in time. There is nothing difficult in the practice it invites. I see no reason why it shnnld not become a popular as?as parricide, and as easy as an escape from Sing Sing. PMC AIM KB AT LAKK MAQOPAO. Children at watering places are not usually counted one or the elements of pleasure, but they seem to be tolerated here. They tumble out upon you at all times 3nd places?in the corridors, on the shore, In th" boats, on the grass-jtfots. Among the Indian' touts dor a number of ' NEW 1 rnomin aw, m tatftn, mating their Summer encampment here), from early morninsr until . nine o'olock at night. 1 am glad to t?ay that the bowling alley baa not lost cane here. The one overlooking the lake and attached to the Gregory House la In constant requisition, and Is in connection with a billiard room, feminine bowlers and lair billiardists are occasionally seen, but not , often. Is It not true that there is little that is graceful In the spectacle of a woman, however' young and beautlral, trundling down a lot of ninepins f There Is too strong a smack of masculinity in It. Billiards are much more feminine, but even the poetry of a pretty female arm cannot quite kill the associations of the game. Who can think of billiards without also thinking of brandy and cigars? an association which not all the lemlnine beauty and sweetness in the world Is able to dissipate? You snow there are islands In the lake, and very nrAttv liilnnria thHr art* tnn Petri* knlrv and > Blackberry. Petrle 14 the one moat visited?in fact, the otherB are scarcely vluited at all All three islands are wild and tangled in their beanty, and you might, while threading them, tmaglno jouraelf in the mazes of a Brazilian jangle. Such a clatter of birds as there Is, too I You would not expect to hear such quaint music within the bounds or civilization. Here the solitary eagle makes his home, here the lonely parroquet screams shrilly. There is a dally morning concert of prayer among these oirds, and il yon want to hear it you are obliged to get op before breakfast. Comparatively little batbing goes on, yet there Is a solitary and retired part of the shore, with shlngiy and sloping beach, where the boys occasionally disport. ftQWlpg je the fcnlel amusement, and evening at sunset lees the little lake alive with . boats, some of them propelled by yonng ladies. A yacht swoops in ana out at intervals filled with a pleasure party singing songs and having a carelessly gay lime generally. The neatest and BWiftest yacht uere is the Trlfler, owned by lir. U. IL Crosby, who Is stopping here lor the season. Mr. Crosby has Ills liandB tall, as every one must have who is thoughtful enough to proffer the hospitalities of his yacht to the company among which he finds himself thrown. He is a skilful yachtsman, thoroughly conversant with the requirements and necessities of the occasion, and bringing to bear upon tnem a skill which is professional in its nicety. The boulevard that surrounds the lake Is fortylive feet wide and offers a most lovely drive. Drives here are not so much In order as boating and yachting. A ball is given at some one of the hotels every Saturday evening. This lathe gala night. During the middle or the week the greater proportion of the gentlemen are in the city, leaving Lake Mahopao on Monday morning and returning on Saturday afternoon. Then the band piayB its liveliest and the hour of brilliancy commences. Most of the residents are composed of wealthy New York merchants and their lamilles. Very little shoddy, little or nothing of the demi-monde, are to be seen. The lair adventuress, who is us beautiiul as a butterfly and at} dangerous as a balloon ascension, as plausible as an epitaph and as rull or disaster as an American railroad, tluds her Held somewhere else. Among tho Gregorian guests are H. A. Bostwick and lamily, F. A. Hrown and wife, K. Ellsworth and ramily, Richard Butler and lamily, E. w. Lackemeyer, W. H. Crosby, 0. D, Pitzlpio and wire, Charles Kerner and family, A. Harris and family, L. B. Root and lamily, J. M. Davlea and family, U. Parqt and family, U. M. Stevens ana family, J. E. Simmons, J. J. Latting and family, Q. U. Yvelln and family, E. B. Dart and family, w. J. Ward and lamily, Christopher Mollcr and lamily, M. T. Brcnnan and family, James Smith and wlie, W. Carhart and lamily, E. A. Smith and family, J. w. Uoddard and family, E. J. Sears, LL. D.; s. Henry Howes and ramily, Dr, McMillan, James Lunch and lamilfT find T, B. Kerr, PANAMA HATS. Are yoivaware that very lew men know what kind or hats to wear? They show just as little judgment and male on the sublect as ladles do with respect to their bonnets. Uonnets, dia I say! I defy you to show me a bonnet uowa days. I once enUevored to understand thd destinctlon between a female bonnet "Mid a lemale liat, and the only conclusion I arrive! at was ttiat one covered the head a little more than the otner. The lemale mlud la dlalrauutit on" the subject. Useless are all attempti tff'fieT it right. But I do not" despair or convincing my male readers. This gentle Mahopac air has cooled my spirits and chastened my judgment and given me plenty of time to tfcuik tUe matter over. I have travelled hither and thither sufficiently to see a good many njale tourists in a short space of time, and 1 regmt to say that the Panama hat is on the decline* You almost never see one. And why notf itlTfo respectable, so quietly elegant, so unobruaive and unpretentious, so lasting, so serviceable, that you might reasonably exnect to see a little more of It. But no; you see these cneap straw hats with turned up brims Instead?tbese vulgar chapeaux, with grand blue 'ribbons and dome-like crowns. Everybody wears them,* from the statesman down to the gambler, and the gentlemanly and self-possessed Panama Is knocked completely out of sight. What caii compare with the chastity of Its color and the neatness of Us braid? It is as clean as a Quaker and as graceiul as a willow, as soothing as a nocturne by CQopin and as compact as an essay by Emerson. Its strength Is too great lor the present age. It is in opposition to the nineteenth century. It looms among us occasionally like the despised voice oi an old institution. Once In a while some gentleman puts one on, and it seems to invest him with au almost clerical air. There is an aroma of the pulpit abont him from that moment, unless he haptiena to hnvn a fierce mustache and dangerous footing eyeju Kven at Lake Manopac, where there seeins to me more genuine, genial and cordial enjoyment and comfort than at moat of the other watering places, there is a sad lack of common sense so lar as the Panama hat is concerned. Or is it myself in whom the common sense is lacking? Is the Manama hat a deservedly effete institution, deserving to rank with the stagecoach and the bugle horn and the watchman with the lanternr I don't know, I'm sure, and in this ignorance call on the acute reader to decide. RED BANK, N. J. A Few Words About the Pretty Shrewsbury Inlet Village of Red Barak as a Bummer Retort. Rep Bank, July 26, 1873. The red-hot skies or Midsummer! and we reel their lervid glare even down here in Jersey by the sea. Here, at Red Bank, at the head of this Shrewsbury River, or inlet, we are some six miles from Old Ocean, though in a stormy night we can hear him roar. We are about the same distance from Long Branch on the one hand and rrem the hotels or the Naveslnk Highlands on the other. We have direct communications with New York by the river ateamboata, the Sea Bird and Helen, and by a branch line or the Southern New Jersey Railway to that line and its steamboats from Pandy Hook. We have one ot tne prettiest and healthiest villages in Jersey, and nice accommodations for travellers. We are convenient to all the attractions of the Branch, and are not disturbed by its fuss and flummery, fashion and folly and noise and confusion. We have our own grounds for oysters, crabbing ?- i flahinif anil wa arA onnv*Blpnt. tn flump ers of tbe sea" among the bluefish at Scaorlgbt and to tbe picnic parties at Pleasure Bay. Yea. more, we nave our own picnic excursions to tbe Hook or the Highlands or tbe Branch, and we have an occasional call from General Grant behind bis cigar and bis favorite ponies. It is almost a continuous settlement between here and the Branch, and the road Is one of the finest drives In the country. But the most beautliul Summer drive within fllty miles of New Tor*, or a hundred lor that matter, Is tbe drive over the wooded Naveslnk Highlands; for on the crcst of those lookout mountains you can see on the one side Red Bank and all tbe villages to tbe Branch, and on the other side tbe kook, the ocean, the bay and all the ships bound in and coming out ol tbe Narrows anu up through the Narrows to Gotham. And around these Highlands there are numbers of the cosiest bummer nooks and corners anywhere ta be found, and chief among them Is tue retreat of the Neptune Club. From Thompson's or Jenklnson's Hotel you cau get conveyances for the excursion over these hills, or irom Ked Bank, or cruising among them on loot, you may, with a time table In your hand, strike the steamboat at any of the landings on the river. The (Sunday excursion of the sea Bird down to "the Bunk," with even five or six hundred passengers, has always been considered tho choicest Sunday trip lor the day out of New York. Taking the hint. Jay Gould has introduced a Sunday excursion by the Plymouth Rock to the Hook and t Uelice by rail to "the Branch," which Ih also a great hit. and there la room enough lor more. Among all our Summer resorts Keel Bank, with Its surroundings and Its convenient means of access to the city, nas advantages to the seeker for health, variety and pleasure which very many more pretentions places do not begin to possess. Let the unbeliever come and see. THE BROOKLYN YACHT PLEET. A Day for the Yachtsmen at New port?The Programme for Monday. Newport, R. L, July 26, 1873. The Brooklyn Yacht Club fleet lay at anchor In this harbor to-day. meeting was held laBt evening on board the flagship Madeleine, and it wat then decided that the fleet snould make a trip tc Rocky Point to-day and on Monday sail a racc tc Martha's Vineyard. Newport is rather dull at present and bote keepers are rather anxious about the Augnst rush. It is certainly rather early for the Newport season but Tor many years there have not been such u number of cottaftes to let. This morning it blew fresh from the southward and at half-past ten the flagship Madeleiue slg nailed all captains to come on board. A mectmc was held, and as the anchorage olf Rocky Point with a southerly breeze was said to be bad tlic Commodore decided not to leave the harbor. Th< sloops Addle and Commodore, however, made f trip on their own account and returned lute In th< evening. The fleet will sail a race to Martha'i Vineyard on Monday. Yachting RoUi. The following paseil Whltcatooe yotrterrtay Yacht Magic, V.Y.T.C., Mr. Flatch, from Nen York. crmatng eaatwarda. Yacht Fanstine N.Y,Y.C., Mr. U. Peabody Rnasell, Oram .(he east ward for Naw York. Stoam yacht Amertcna, Mx. Smith, from New York, craping east. TURK. HERALD. SUNDAY ' i TRIP TO NOVA SCOTIA. A Rural Retreat for the Seekers of Fleasare and Peaee of Mind. I I I?4 <^nester ana xts ourroxmdings. A PANACEA FOB D7SPEFSIA. The Story of Captain Kidd and His Buried Treasures. THE MACKEREL AND LOBSTER FISHERIES. Cubstkr, Nova Scotia, July 10, 1879. Sixty degrees la the shade?sunstrokes unknown; blankets-a pair or them at that?and 1 these surmounted by a tolerably heavy quilt, an absolute necessity at night. Such, in brief. Is a record of the Summer temperature in this pleasant, picturesque little seaport. Bilious complaints and disorders 9/ the liver generally And no abiding place here, and the visitor rrom other climcB accompanied by snch disagreeable companions Is fvAA/1 Hnrafr/\m afr<tp a fnur <lnvu' root. VVUl|/!OtCIJ Itwvu mioiouuua mwi w ?V? ?? uwj u avo* dence In this part of Nova Hcotia. Although at times the heat of the Bun may be somewhat too fervid, yet his rays are never so fierce as to endanger life or put a stop to outdoor work, while In the shade the air Is almost always cool, bracing and Invigorating I have been told of people who came here from the West Indies In the last stages of malarious fever, contracted there, and In a few weeks after their arrival they have been almost completely restored to * health. This, in fact, Is one of the marked features of this delightful Summer climate and has been specially noted In nearly every work on Nova Scotia. But. while It Is deserving of special praise In this respect, it Is the very last place 1 would recommend as a Summer resort to patients affected with any kind of pulmonary complaints. It. Is almost invariably fatal to consumptives. Tne strong, healthy air of the sea and or the mountains makejj^ wild work with the lungs, while lts efTecVon dyspeptfcs Is" To set tTi? ulood lri quicker motion and arouse the digestive organs from tlielr torpor Into an active energy that tells materially on the hotel larders. My advice to all who would liberate themselves irom the hands of the apothecary, from pills, potions and the Interminable liHigf nauseating remedies is to ^ErUKIlK WTHE" QUICK EOT ROUTE, and If their disease is curable a few days will restore them to their former health and strength. But Chester is not only a most desirable resort lor blllouB patients; it is a place at which any tourist might spend a few weeks with pleasure and advantage. It is one of the oldest towns of British settlement In this province, the next, I believe, In point of longevity to Halifax, and has many features of historical as well as of purely local Interest to recommend It to visitors in pursuit of health and recreation. It was settled in 1769 by emigrants from New England, and its inhabitants are a com pound of Germans, French, Irish and English, as appears from the directory of the province. The process o( amalgamation, however, has not eflUccd the national characteristics of the original emigrants, which are still retained to some extent by their descendants. In some instances the accent Is still preserved, and the tierman, Irish and French featares are unmistakably visible alter the lapse of several generations. About nine miles Irom Chester Is Oak Island, notorious as the supposed burial place of the treasures of the renowned Captain Kidd. t)uring the last seventy or eighty years interested speculators and gnlllble dupes have, at intervals of ten or twelve years, renewed the old story of the buried wealth, estimated at millions of dollars in solid bars of gold, and aroused the over-credulous to a lever heat of excitement. Upon the flimsieat thread of circumstantial evidence?an old rope, a ship's block, a few old, decayed plunks?stocK jobbing operations that would throw Borne of those in Wall street far In the shade, have been too successfully carried on, to the heavy loss, In many Instances, of confiding fortune-hunters and a corresponding gain of the knowing ones of the Oak Island King. On the Invitation of a friend I visited THE SITE OP THE BUKIED THEAT RE, burled so deep that the unlucky investors in the silly speculation will never reach their portion of ' it?and bad ample opportunity of inspecting the 1 wore. The island itself Is worth a visit, and is one 1 of the most attractive and beautiful of the 365 1 Islands with which Malone Bay Is gemmed. A row 1 of a mile and a half from the mainland brings you 1 to Its low. sandy and grass bordered beach. After ' ten minutes' easy walk, partly through line meadow land, beyond which is a splendid grove of ' tall oak, beach and birch trees, you arrive at the far-famed Oak Island Folly, where, it Is estimated, over one hundred thousand dollars have been ex, pended in sinking four huge snalts to the depth of at least a hundred feet each. During the progress of this work thousands of people were attracted to the p!ace by Interest or curiosity, some to have their exnectations worked up to lever heat and others to wonder at the credulity or tbe Kidd treasure stockholders. As the excavation proceeded various reports were put in circulation; unmistakable evidence had been discovered of TITK FRKSKNCE OF THE PIRATE CHIIF and bis bold buccaneers. There were the cocoanut shells which they had brought irom the West Indies or South America; there was the Identical ship's block and shred 01 a rope In the notch of a tree which overlooked the deep pit in which the untold treasure lay concealed; there, too, as if to confirm beyond all possibility of doubt the wondrous tale, was a circlet of grass of a wholly different character Irorn the common herbage by which it was surrounded. There could be no question that this was the precise place to dig, and dig they did till an amount of monev that would have added, if properly expended, largely to the agricultural wealth of the county 'ot Chester, as well as to the development of Its mineral resources, was sunk beyond recovery in those four unsightly black holes, in which the tide now rises and talis. Of course the speculation was Anally played out; the story or tbe discovery or foreign coin, and strange inscriptions on stone was 'old too often; material aid ceased to come, tbe great steam pump became silent, the operatives took their departure and the i Oak Island Folly took its juace with the South Sea Bubble and kindred delusions. Now all that remains are a lew grass covered mounds, a number of old decayed beams and planks and the rtuns or an Inn that once did a thriving business. It is seven or eight years since the work was abandoned, but there are some who still hold on to their shares. In the hope that something may yet turn un that mav enable them to cover un at least a portion ot their louses. Two or three miles from Oak Island Is GOI.D RIVXR, once celebrated for It* salmon and sea trout, but now In a fair way to be ruined by the shameless Indifference ol the officials appointed lor its care and protection. Net ting and dipping and spearing by Indian John and not a lew white violators ot the law mnst eventually destroy the fishing In > this really beautitul river, leu or flfieeu years ago It was noted lor the number and size of Its huh, but to-day they arc few and far between. The "jumpers," as the i grilse or young salmon after returning from their llrst visit to sea arc called by the natives 01 the place, afford line .sport; bat, as I have said, they i are too scarce to repay the trouble and time necesi sary for their capture. Still 1 am lniormed there in ( tolerably good fishing early in the year, say In April and May. East River, which is six mlies, or I about the same distance In another direction from Chester, is much better watched, the warden, Mr. Frail, keeping a sharp lookout for torches, nets and i spears. Although ratner late In the season some fine grilse have been taken with a fly in fbe of its magnificent salmon pools, nearly a dozen of which are to be fonnd at a dlstauce of Prom half a mile to r three miles from Its mouth. Middle River has also t enjoyed the reputation of having been a great re> sort for salmon grilse and sea ti out; but 1 fear its > glory has departed, owing to the depredations of i young outlaws and the Indifference of i the proper authorities. The Commissioner of i Fisheries would do well to look Into this matter and ascertain by personal Investigation the cause of the decline of salmon fishing In these really noble streams. I have travelled several miles along their banks and bear cheerlnl testimony to the r beauty of uie scenery and the preat attractions , which they present aa breeding places for that proudest and gamest ot all game fish?the mumo mlar. It may be remarked here that the decay of r salmon and sea trout fisliinir In t'lese rivers In I jurlouHly affccu tbe\coaat llibcrle&.M experience A ? , , ' JULY ZT, 1873.?TKEPLE S dm proved,fand In time It 18 expected that there will be a marked diminution in the annual supply ol mackerel and other hah In theae water* aa a consequence. The tact that the rivers alluded to are Iree to all fly Habere during the season, and that they are not leased, like the Canadian and New Brunswick rivers, should afford the strongest ' Inducement lor tbeir complete protection. In a very few days THE SEASON FOK MACKEREL will have commenced, when everything in the shape of a boat will be fitted up and mustered into the service. Coopers will do a thriving business; the cry will be "Hoop I Hoop) Hurra I" salt will be in great demand and the whole town of Westchester will be in a rerment and a pickle. Mackeral No. 1 and mackeral No. 2 and mackeral No. 8 will swarm toward the coast by the million, and the effective jigger will do Its deadly and effective work among toe scaly visitors. The jigger is an ordinary nunmg hook, tne sqhdk or which is weighted with lead, ana as this Is agitated iu the water it is seized by the mackerel, which is at once shaken off into the boat, to be iollowed by hundreds, until the fisherman Is utterly exhausted or the supply falls for the time being. A failure in the season is most sensibly lelt by tUe people here. 1 speak pow of the Immediate coast fishery; but there are vessels?stanch, seaworthy* craft, capable of Btuuding many a rough gale?litted out lor the Uulf and Labrador fisheries, which come homo heavily laden with their finny cargoes. Among these is the Uella Barry, which has brought home many a valuable freight for her euterprisiiig owner, one of tlio most successful of those Chester.ans who go down to the great deep in ships. In addition to the mackerel and herring flatteries, which are pursued with varying profit and success from year to year, there Is THE LOBSTER BUSINESS, which is steadily growing in importance, and which has aided largely in promoting the material interests of Chester. It is now about twelve years since the Portland Packing Company commenced operations here and gave an Impulse to the work of catching, or rather trapping, ;this delicious crustacea. It lias now several factories located at various polntB, within a coast range of 300 milei, some ot which are also employed In the packing of makerel. it is astonishing the extent to which this business has attained. The United States, Canada una r.urope oner reaay markets tor wo saio of lobsters preserved to this form, and aa a result thousands of people are employed all along this coast In the capture and curing of the flsh. They are, as has been stated, trapped, the contrivance devised lor this purpose being a semi cylindrical structure made of rough laths nailed together, having a network covering at each end. Iu the centre of this network are two holes, suillciently largo to admit the lobster, aud onco caged it is impossible for him to escape, as the net Is bent inward. In the centre of the trap is an upright stake on which the bait Is Imputed, the whole couccrn being, as may be supposed, a ?ortor "walk into iny parlor" arrangement. The bait consists mostly of a sea pcrch und sculpln, the latter being better known perhaps as i TUB SBA TOAD, a most unprepossessing customer, with head nearly as large as the whole body and a mouth big enough lor a llsh fifty times its size. He is, in fact, a monster on u small Hcale, and in lus color as well as in the peculiar shape ol his head, as likewise In his mottled skin, bears a pretty close resemblance to a toad. He and the flanlBg frog must be near relations, for they are "?s like m (wo peas," with the exception that the latlef has one or two tentacles, or feelers, growing out of hfs head, annostllMnetflately over the mouth, and on the end of these is a small, soit. flesh-like appendage, with which, as witn a bait, ho lureB, while be lies concealed beneath pieces or tnlts of fteawead, his unsuspecting prey iuto his capacious maw. This sculpln or seatoad, if he does not llsh lor himself, is used to llsh for others, and this he does with great success. If the old adage, "Handsome is us handsome does," has any lorce In it, he is a beauty. The lobster traps thus baited are sunk to the bottom, by means of stones, und tuken up between tides, wlien their unwilling inmates are transferred to the rowboats, preparatory to being placed iu the lyjh cars, where they are kept alive till pent to the factory iu the larger salljpg cyan? vosaeTs'or irom ten to twelve tons, in fnosG" tncy are piled up, styneiiuies In huge heaps that would draw torrents 01 tearsTrdm THE EYKH OF TBK TEN 1JER-HEARTED BEROH, and when the vessels arrive at the lactory they are mercilessly pitched upon the pier In another indiscriminate heap. Here they twist and wriggle and flap their propellers und interlock with their bugo nippers, ttio whole heap presenting a most animated and lively muss or crustacea. From the pier they are at ouce taken to the huge kettles, whore, haviug been sutllcieutly boiled, they are packed in hermetically seated cans, and, after still further boiling in these, the cans are labelled, boxed aud sent oil to their several destinations. The season begins about the loth of May and closes about tho middle ol October, during which the Portland Packing Company, in one factory alone, boll and can nearly ?eyen hundred thousand lobsters. In the capture of this number a fleet of 160 boats, each munued by two hands, is required, and these runge along a shore of thirty or tbtrty-flvc miles. In pursuit or the llsh these men sometimes frequent the most rugged and wildest part or the coast, where -lie restless waves, even In the calmest days, surge ana dou among mo nnge i-ochs, uawuiug the loam to the height of fliuseu or twenty ieet. woe to the hjlple&j vessel that misses Its trackless way across the ocean and lu treacherous log or the darknesB of the night ruus upon this Iron-bound coast. The fate of the Atlantic and of many a noble ship has told tales of disaster that have sent a thrill of horror through the civilized world. The crash and roar of theoe breakers can be heard at a distance ol'two or three mites, giving, one would think, sufficient warnlug 01 the danger Here, amid these rocks, are the favorite haunts of the seal and the sea gull, the former alfording Une sport for the skiliul marksman. On this lovely bummer evening, the whole sea and sky suffused with tbe golden and purple glories of the declining sun and tiie bleak rocks riBing grim and black above the guttering loam of the broken waves, we have a scene of grandeur and beauty rarely surpassed. Here we have a splendid view of the coast for a distance of twenty mHes, with its beautiful little bays aud coves, the shores of which are In many places thickly wooded down to tbe water's edge. From this we can see not a few of tbe islands of Mahone Hay, and which arc so numerous as to furnish one lor every day in tbe year. Where did they find names for them all? And why did they not, to save trouble, begin In tbe work of designation with January i and end with December 31 ? liow economical! But It U not too late, and the people or Chester are hereby given full right and title to the hint, to be by them used, employed, Ac., for the benefit of themselves and their descendants for evermore. WATERING PLACE NOTES. The guests hopped at the Colnmbia Hotel, Saratoga, Friday night. Those at the Grand Union ditto. Ex-Oovernor Aiken and wife, of South Carolina, art at Saratoga. General Rufus H. King, of Albany, Is at Congress Hall. Great improvement! are being made at Mon* mouth Beach. A lack of mail facilities ia complained of at Long Branch. Males are numerous, however. Sherman in to sop with Tom Murphy at the Branch. General John I. Barlow, or Kentucky, is at the Ocean Hotel, Long Branch. In a cistern on the Highlands of Naveslnk, it Is said, William F. Howe recently canght a seventeen pound sheepshead. Howe's that T Last Saturday week the arrival were:?Saratoga, 442, Long Branch, 426; Atlantic City, 432 and Cape Mar, 616. Cape May roosters crow in consequence. A soit-headed fellow wrote his name with a diamond on a Saratoga window. A miss wrote under When I nee a looney'i name Written upon a kIim, I know he own* diamond And hit father own* an aas. The Fifth Maryland regiment are quartered at Cape May. 1 he Saratoga Sentinel says that the Sunday Liquor law is rigidly obeyed. General Sheridan, of Louisiana, is sampling Saratoga water. A Louisiana colored delegation are coming North with the proceeds of Kellogg's state warrants to becloud the seaside resorts. The mosquitoes must look to their laurels. redestrianlsm is popular with Lake Mahopac ladies. A proposition has been made to form a company | to stock Lake Mahopac witn fish. Delmonico talks of building a hotel at Lake Mahopac. General Le Fever, of Michigan, now at Saratoga, Is reported betrothed to a Miss Snow. It Is the first Instance noted whero sdow is recommended for the fever. Morion McMlchael, of the Philadelphia North American, is comfortably domiciliated in a neat cottage at Cape Island. Secretary Robeson will leave Washington this week for Kye Beach, N. H., to spend a few weeks with his family there. During his abscnce Commodore Reynolds, Chief of the bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, will act as Secretary or the Navy. CENTRAL PARK METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT. Abstract of Report for the Week Ending at On* P. M., July W, 1873. Barometer Mean, 20.913 Inches; maximum at nine A. M., July 22, 30.240 Inches; minimum at six P. M., July 20, 29.878 inches; range, 0.308 Inch. Thermometer.?Mean, 78.3 degrees; maximum o M into os fti o /lanraaa* minimum at Iflve A. M., JdIt so, oa degrees; range. 32.2 degrrea. Remark*.?No rain thin wee*. DUtance travelled by the wind dnrla^Uto we* *. 1.006 mitea. > HEET. A CHAPTER OF FIRE. The Losses by the Baltimore Conflagration on Friday. $800,000 TO $1,000,000. Dreadful Alarm and Subsequent Illness of a Clergyman. Portland, Me., Visited by the Fire Fiend. INCENDIARISM AT NORFOLK, VA. Property Burned in Kew York, Illinois and Mattachiuetts. baltimore, Md., July 26, 18t3. Mr. Weber, President of the German Fire Insurance Company, of this city, reports the following risks and losses of bis company Estate of Henry Better, on two dwellings on Saratoga street, two on Clay street and two small buildings; Insured for $9,700; estimated iobs, $30,000. St. Anthony's Orphan Asylum, in chargo of the Sisters of Notre Dame, Nos. 100 and 10i Saratoga street; insured for $8,000. Henry I.itz, on Sararoga street, $7,500. A. Ostendorf, Saratoga street, $3,700. Thomas Lautner, Saratoga street, $3,300. John Weiss, Saratoga street, $3,000. Ferdinand Landwehr, 43 Clay street, $1,350. Henry Borgman, Clay street, $1,300. Patrick Rodgers, $l.aoo. Kdward uraefe, No. u Clay street, $1,200. Also a number of small insurances, ranging from t'200 lo $1,000, making the total loss to the compauy a little less than $50,(i00. the hai.timorr company reports risks of $16,000 and losses between $10,000 and $12,000. The Firemen's, of Baiiimore, reports risks or $30,000, Including $13,sou on Thomas' planing mill, $r>,ooo on Stewart's stables and $2,500 on Hogg's carpenter snop. 'Ihe Enuttaole, of Baltimore, reports their risks about thirty thousand dollars. Tho Howard, their Iohsps between $10,000 and $12,000. (,>f the foreign companies the agents report as fOllOwfil?* Royal, one risk. $3,000. London and Liverpool and Globe, the Queen's and Lancashire, no risks In the burned district. The imperial had several policies on tho north side ol Saratoga street, but report no loss. < The Home Insurance Company, of Baltimore, report risks of $7,000, including $3,000 on Thomas A Sons' mill, and $2,000 on T. C. Burton's buildings, Six jjiousand dollars will cover the company'aloSses. Among the risks in the Equitable Company are $10,000 on the Central Presbyterian church, $6,000 ofi the St. Alphonsus school. $;i.uoo on the dwelling 106 Saratoga street, unoccupied; $7,000 on three houses on tho northwest comer of Park and Clay streets, $4,000 on 47 Mulberry street and $3,000 on the dwelling on the north side of clay street, owned by Joseph (iaran and by Lizzie Miller. There was also an insurance of $3,000 on the fnrniture in this establishment (n Uie American Fire insurance Company, of Baltimore. The Maryland Fire Insurance Company report their only risk $1,000 on Stewart's stables. The Associated' Firemen's, of Baltimore, state their losses will not exceed $5,000. The Hanover, of Ifcw York, report their risks at $1,600 on Lexington street and $aco on 41 Mulberry street. Its entire loss cannot exceed $2,000. Tim FIRST LUTHERAN CHURCH. The insurance on the First English Lutheran church, on Lexington street, formerly known as UI". niUV/IVn n iyiiuivu, n ua n uwnj IU namiuuic olllces, an lollowa:?In the Howard, |4,oooonthe church building, $000 on the organ, fir>o on turnlture and (2.&00 on the parsonage; In the Baltimore Fire InHur&uce Company, $4,000 on the clmroh, $i:.o on the church furnttare, $600 on the organ anu $1,000 on the lecture room; In the Firemen's, or Haltlmore, $800 on the study attached to the parsonage. The total Insurance whh f 13,koo. The estimated loss of the congregation, Including church, parsonage, lurnlture, Ac., la $20,000. A i valuable library attached to the parsonage was saved. tub pastor of the lutheran cihtrch overcome. Itev. Dr. Barkley, present pastor of the church, was In Philadelphia when the lire occurred, having an engagement to preach at Easton to-morrow. Learning of the Ore he took the evening train for Haltlmore, arriving in the city at ten o'clock P. M. At Wilmington, Delaware, and at other points on the road he heard most exaggerated accounts of the Are and that it wa9 attended by a great loss ol life. As soon as he reached t he city he made his way to the church and parsonage, where his family resided. On reaching his home he found the church In ruins and the parsonagt burned. The street was blocked with excited people, and he could gain no information whether bis lamliy had been loat or, if saved, whither they had gone. Overcome by excitement and apprehension with regard to their loss the reyltwuu ycuncumu itn iuo?umuiv vu iuo otivci and was borne thence to an adjacent drug store. Shortly afterwards nome of his friends, learning his condition, went to his assistance and took hlni to Mr. Miller's, where bis lamtly had been carried in safety. Dr. Barkley remained insensible during the night, bat this morning, though completely prostrated, is much better. THE FOLICB DEPARTMENT, nnder Marshal Grey and Deputy Marshal Prey, with 300 men, rendered most effective service * during the Are in removing furniture and maintaining order. The coolness of Marshal Grey, harra?sed on all sides by the volunteer advisers, was extraordinary. During the height or the excitement he was urged to blow up buildings in various localities to stop the progress or the flames, but the Marshal, satisfied that such extreme measures were unnecessary, confined hla Ubors to stopping the farther progress or the Are. Aid was tendered from Philadelphia and Harrisburg. Pa., and Alexandria, Va., and other poiuta, which was promptly acknowledged by the authorities here, with the request that It be held in readiness In case It should be needed. AN AID TRAIN PROM WASHINGTON, with thr?A flat cars, havlnir on board two steamers and two hose reels, and one passenger car with firemen, lett the Washington depot of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and arrived at Camden depot, in this city, shortly after one o'clock, making the ran in forty minutes, averaging a mile a minute. These two companies from Washington, with ten Arc and three hook and ladder companies of this city, were all that were engaged, and did their work nobly in staying the conflagration. The Insurance in the burned district is estimated at ('ioo.ooo, and the entire Ions is not estimated to exceed $1,000,000 by any one, and some insurance j men still say the loss will not exceed (400,000. A committee appointed by the City Council Is In session relieving all cases of distress, and affording means to carry them over to Monday. JOURNALISTIC ESTIMATES OP TUB LOSS. The Sun thin morning estimates the loss by the Are yesterday at (500,000, and states that good judges estimate the damage as low as between $300,000 and $400,000. The (lazetle estimates the loss at from $500,000 to $800,000, and the American says the loss will closely approximate $1,000,000. Louei of New York Ininranct Companies. The New York Fire Insurance companies suffer iiAiu #-?. ?ka UihimAPa #1 to Thfl rmrt nf thA vcrj IHUO iruui wamiuuiv -?V. t - - city that was burned wan coutrolled almost entirely by Baltimore companies. Prom conversation* belt] yesterday with some of the principal Insurance men In thU city it would appear that the Sew York companies do not loie In the aggregate more than about $26,000 or $30,000. The losing companies, however, are reticent in regard to their losses, small as they are; bat in Insurance circles no serious attention Is paid to the losses from the Are, It being generally conceded that they aro too trifling to cause any alarm. Destructive Fir* la Portland, Me. Portland, Me., July 2#, 1873. At a little after two o'clock tills morning a fire broke oat in the paint shop of the Portland Company's works, which destroyed the paint shop, 200 feet long, the car Bbop and several smaller attached bandings. The main buildings were in imminent danger, lint were saved. Tnerc Is an Insurance on the whole works of $137,000, of Which bnt little over one percent applies to the property burned. The insurance ou bandings, machinery, Ac., is as follows:? Hanover, or New York $?,O0C Commercial I'nlon, of Loudon 5 ox Phwuix. of New York 2^ American, of Philadelphia 5 .?> Nnrinif fluid 7 jft I-oiulun 2;60C Munhnttar, of New York ? 6,1)0 Insurance Company of NorthAmerfca,Philadelphia 6,tHK Pnitnlx.ol Hartford MM National, Hartlord i,?i Imperial. London MIX Kaiitern, Bangor 2,Oft North BrttUb, l.ondon 10,001 Fireman'* Kund. California 5,IJ0C First National, Worcester &,(*> Koyal, I.Ivor pool 2U.H0I Union, Bangor... J.S* Eichange, New York A.OUt WentclH-nK r, Now York S.Ot* Penn?ylvanla I1',#* Franklin, Philadelphia 10.0W Trader*', Chicago 6,001 Brewer*', Milwaukee 'ASt* | Amazon, Cincinnati I Nearly nlne-temlu la on the main building*, 5 , ... ^7 r www were aavea. mere was a con?Mfranw mount of partly finished work in the buildings, ol which there is now no account. The freight trains standing on the Grand Tronic traofcs, la the vicinity, were endangered, but wen removed and saved. The beat wuh very intense from the lire, which at first looked very threat* eolof. The directors of the Portland Company atat, that their loss on stock Is about forty tbouaair dollars. nmkiuff a total of 180.000. A larae amount or hard pixie lumber in tbe yard was homed. A new locomotive wu damaged to the extent of 600. Two other engines belonging to the Intercolonial Railroad were burned; also a lot ot dump carta. Fire No. 91 at Portland. Portland, Me., July 28, 1873. At ono o'clock there was a slight fire In the chambers of Sylvan. Shurtleff A Co.. shoe raanulactnrers, in the Thompson block. Middle street, wbich was extinguished with trilling damage. Alleged Incendlorlam In Norfolk, Vs. Norfolk, July 20, 1878. About one o'clock this morning an incendiary Are broke out from a building on the west side of Marxet square, occupied by Uofhelmer A Co., boot and shoe dealers. Owing to the bursting of water main tbe (lay before and tbe limited re* sources of the Fire Department, the Are gradually gained headway and finally extended on tho northern side as Tar as Archer A Oo.'s drug store, on Main street, destroying and damaging six or eight building*. The total loss is estimated at $150,000, which is partly covered by Insurance. The principal losers are Holheimer A do. and J. T. liriitin. tionta nnd shoes; W. R. Hutchlns and Taylor, Martin ft Co., hardware; Epes & Co., crockery, and Archer ft Co., druggists. Tbe latter damaged by water. Plre roccet signals which were Rent up brought over three engines from Portsmouth and one lrom the Navy Yard, which rendered great assistance to preventing the further spread or the tire. Fire in Hyde Park, Man. Boston, July 26, 1873. A Ore in Hyde Park last night burned tho dwell* , lng and store for. the sale of sewing machines of J. W. Dowes. The loss is $2,000; Insured. Forty Thousand Dollars' Worth of Prop" erty Burned at Clyde, IV. V. Rochester, July 26, 1873. The Clyde Glass Works were partially destroyed by Are on Thursday night last, involving a loss ol over forty thousand dollars. Only a small portion of the loss is covered by Insurance. A lire engine and considerable hose were abandoned to tho dames and lost. A Wankegnn Pump Factory Burned. Waukroan, in., July 26, 1878. J. P. Powell's pump factory in this city wa* burned at ten o'olock last night. Tbe loss la $20,000. There was no insurance on the property. A HYBRID SMIMMING MATCH. Naiads Sporting In the Eait River for Gold Braccletb?A Masculine Match to Blaekwell'a Island. The most interesting swimming matches of the season came oifat half-past lour o'clock last even ing ai mc 1001 01 niiy-iouriu Hireei and uast tuver. Thousands or spectators thronged tbc rocks, the natatoriuro, the capacious balcony aud tile cages of the water at both sides of tho river. At halfpast four o'clock seven stalwart and much reputed swimmers were stripped and urrayed la tights ready to baffle waves and currents. The following are the names of the contesting parties:?Mr. William F. Wolff, of the firm No. 50 Broadway; Mr. David Bahn, Mr. Charles H. Keller, who won the last $40 medal on the 4th of July; George Oppenhelmer, J. F. Dunn, Edward J. Gubelman, one of the best of last year's swimmers, and Thomas L'Estrange, a remarkable diver of the Seventh ward, Mr. Daniel Hurley acted as umpire. The distance was about one mile and a quarter across. The waves wero higher than usual and made exceedingly rough by the passing of the evening lerrycoats to Llarlem and elsewhere. Mr. Wolff TURNED T1IE STAKE BOAT FIRST, leaving his companions a long distance behind. Keller came up strong, and turned the stake boat about two minutes alter Wolff. Distance, 2yi miles. Time, 22 minutes. After the conclusion of the men's race THE BOYS' MATCH was Inaugurated. The following young men engaged in the adventure. Otto Wolff, Philip (Janes, (ieorge Win ters and Maurtoe Alien. Young Allen turned the staKeboat at Blackwell's Island flist. George Wintern closed in aft?r hi in and swum Hide by side back again to the winning point. The other two were taken up on the accompanying boat, in which the umpire presided. Winter came in only about twenty feet ahead, and young Manrlce Allen, who la not apparently more man thirteen years old, came in alter him. The two young fellowa were cUccrcd. Distance, miles. Time, 19 mutes. The last match was between FIVE YOUNG I/ADIEfl, for a pair of gold bracelets and a pair of coral gold earrings for the second heat. Tlicy were all neatly attired in bathing suns. They gave their names at* Miss Mary Jane Walters, Miss Ratio Allen, Miss Ellen Allen. Miss M. Cunningham anil Miss Frederica Sands. At the start the waves were rough and tossed by passing ferryboats. The stakeboat was in the centre of the river, which was tirst turned by Misa Katie Allen, who has never been beaten In a swimming match yet. She was followed by Miss Ellen Allen, Miss Hands and Miss Walters, and the three young ladies came iu In that order after each other, lollowod by the other two. Miss Katie Allen declined to accept the bracelets and presented tlieni to Miss Ellen Allen. Miss Sands was presented with the pair of coral earrings, which were valued at $10. Distance, half a mile. Time, is minutes. NAVAL tSTSLLlQEKOE. As the time of the officers and men on the Tlconderoga, South Atlantic station, will soon expire, the vessel is ordered to return home in December next. The osslpee, now at New York, will be ordered to be prepared for sea, and will Join the fleet at Brazil to supply the place of the Ticonderoga. Pay Director Bradford of the Navy will be absent on leave for some weeks, and the Secretary this morning appointed Pay Director J. H. Watmongh, Chief or Bureau ol Provisions and Clothing* during the absence of Mr. Bradford. Naval Orders. Commander R. L. Phythian has been detacher from the Nlpsic and placed on waiting orders. Lieutenant Commander A. 0. Caldwell, Lieutenant Charles H. Jadd, Masters M. Thackaray, A. P. Osborne, Assistant Surgeon James M. Scott, First Assistant Engineer A. G. Greene and Second. Assistant Engineer N. tl. Lamdln have been de--^ tached from the Nlpsic and placed on walt*r Ing orders. Lieutenant Samuel Belden has* been detached from the Nlpsic and ordered to the Powhatan. Lieutenant Asa Walker has been detached from the Powhatan ?nd ordered to the Naval Academr. Passed As slstant 1'avrnanter J. y. Barton dan been detached from the Nlpslc and ordered to settle his accounts.. , Assistant Surgeou D. P. Hlelby has been detached from special duty at Washington and placed on waiting orders. First Lieutenant Thomas Mason, or the Revenue Marine Service, now on leave at his home In New Jersey, teas been ordered to the cutter John A. ULx, at New Orleans. ATTEKPT8 TO CREATE AHOTHER STATE. Mbmfhih, July 38, 1873. The movement to create a new state out of West Tennessee, North Mlsslsssppl and Moutnern Kentucky meets with but little favor here. small meeting was held here last evening, and delegates were appointed to a convention to De held at Jackson, but the people generally regard it as the work of politicians and otflce-seekers. DECAPITATED BY A LOCOMOTIVE. St. Lodis, Mo., July 20, 1873. A man, name unknown, was run over by a rail* road train on the levee, between one and two o'clock Hi ft* morning, and Instantly killed The head was severed iroin the body. OALIFORM1A POLITICS Antl-Snbsldjr sad AntI-CI?lne??, but "Mam" on the Senatorial Matter. San Francisco, July 26,18T3. The Republican County Convention to-day adopted an anti-subsidy, snfl-Chinese platform. Resolutions wsre passed In favor of a general system of water front and extension facilities for brlngimr ships ami cars together; requiring all legislative candidates to pledge themselves in writing to sustain the platform, and to remain unpledged on the Senatorial question. FIFTH KABTLAHD REQEHEBT AT CAPE MAT. Caf? Mat, N. j., July ?, 1873. Governor Bartranft, of Pennsylvania, arrived h#r? to-<lav in the noon train, and will review tha i Kifth Maryland rc^tmcut this eveniDK. durim j (Ueir di?M "trade. t I