Newspaper Page Text
NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AM) A WW STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
Voinmr *aji ?
^ amusements this afternoon and evening.
GRAN'P OPERA HOtSK, Kluhth av. and Twenty-third
gL?MIIMCUBKB >IOUT'? PRtAM.
BOOTH'S THKATRI5, SUtU av. and Twenty-third it?
8ir Va* Wivkul
METROPOLITAN THEATRE. Mi Broadway.?Vauiiti
ZimmTAiMtKNT. Mallnce at 2^,
BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.? Buffalo Bill?Objkci
WOOD'S MCSEX'M, Br<>adwav, corner Thirtieth ?t.Dick,
tuk Chkvaukk. AlU'rnoon and evening.
WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteentl
struct- I'ski> Uf? Kkkht.
BROAPWAY THEATRE, 728 ami 730 Broad way?Oris.
JSourric? La Kill* dl Madamk A.ncot.
OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broadwav, between Iloustoi
And Bleeukcr street*.?Mkfui.sto. Matinee at 2.
THEATRE COMIQUE, No. 514 Broad wav.-ViBirn
Entkbtainhknt. Matinee at
UNION SQUARE THEATRK. Union gquare, neai
Broadway .?fun in a Foo?Milkt wnitb.
HIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway, between Prince and
BouatonitH.?Thb Black Ckook. Matiuee at 1%.
BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE. Twenty-third gt., cornei
4th ay.?Nbgko Miksibbuy. Ac.
HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, Court street, Brooklyn.Rah
. AC4DEMY OP MUSIC, 14th street and Irring plac?.colob
CENTRAL PARK GARDEN.?Somber Nicnm' CowBbbts.
i TERRACE OARDEN THEATRE, .Wlh ?t.. between Lextagton
and 3d a vs.? Alkssanmio Strudklla.
NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, No. 818 Broadway.?
Scibkcb akv Art.
DB. KAHN'S MUSEUM, No. C88 Broadway.? Sciknce
Mew York, Wednesday, Sept* 3, 1873.
THE NEWS OF YESTERDAY.
To-D&y's Contents of tlie
THE EDUCATIONAL NEW YEAR AND ITS LTV
ING ISSUES"?EDITORIAL LEADING ARTI
SURRENDER OF TTIE SPANISH IRON-CLADS
ALMANZA AND VITTORIA TO THE BRITISH
VICE ADMIRAL! NO BLOODSHED!
AGRARIAN OUTRAGES IN ANDALUSIA!
FORTY FARM HOUSES BURNED! CUBANSPANISH
AID TO CARLISM?seventh page.
*HE CUBAN POLICE AND THE REPUBLICANS I
FORTY OF THE LATTER ARRESTED FOR
HOLDING A CLUB MEETING?seventh
ENGLAND PARTICIPATING IN THE FRENCH
C1LGRIMAGE FBI IVOR! COO PILGRIMS, AFTER
LISTENING TO A SOLEMN ADDRESS
BY ARCHHISHOP MANNING, DEPART FOR
fHE CHOLERA IN FRANCE! THE TROOPS STATIONED
AT HAVRE SUFFERING FROM
THE EPIDEMIC! HONORS TO THIERS?
FATAL ACCIDENT ON THE LUXEMBURG RAIL
WAY! EIGHT PERSONS RILLED AND FIF
TEEN HURT?Seventh Page.
(SERLIN COMMEMORATES SEDAN?VICTOR EN
MANUEL'S TOUR?Seventh Page.
ffHIRD TERM PERILS AND POSSIBILITIES DIS
CUSSED AT WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS
W. VA.! GOVERNOR WALKER AND MR
C. M. CONRAD ON GENERAL GRANT, THI
ANGLO-SAXON AND JEFF DAVIS?FODKTt
"VTvnivinu i r-' ion uuwi 3 DUl>il0 t AMV!
WHO WERE THE OPERATORS? A PRISONER
MYSTERY AT POLICE HEADQUARTERS!
THE $500 COUNTERFEITS?setentii
THE TAR-AND-FEATnER MYSTERY AT HUNTINGTON,
L. I.I ROYAL SAMMIS TELLS
HIS OWN STORY! MISS SMITH'S LETTERS
FROM KELSEY?TninD Paoe.
BCRANTON'S SCHOOL STRUGGLES! FISTICUFFS
INDULGED IN BY A PROFESSOR AND A
COMMISSIONER! A DISGRACEFUL EXHI
DESTRUCTION BY FIRES IN NEW YORK, PF.NN
SYLVANIA AND KANSAS? IMPORTANT
. GENERAL NEWS?Ttwto Page.
THE TROTTING AT GOSHEN YESTERDAY! POL
LOCK AND TOM KEELER THE VICTORS I!
TWO SUPERB STRUGGLES?TntRD Paoe.
MONETARY ACTIVITY IS WALL STREET ! WEST
ERN BOND PUBOHA8BS! GOLD MANIPl
LATIONS I A COFFEE "CORNER !" TH]
GENEVA AWARD READY?Fifth paoe.
COMPTROLLER GREEN AGAIN MANDAMPSED
THE SUPERVISORS AFTER THEIR RACI
PAY! MURDER ARRAIGNMENTS? FoURTl
SADLY BUILT! THE CORONER'S INQUIRY INT<
ROTTEN TENEMENT WALLS?SANITAR1
DANGERS FROM TnE FILTHY STREETS
TUB 1JLACKS AND THE BROOKLYN PUBL1I
MONTHLY REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF STA
TISTICS?REAL ESTATE?fifth Page.
TnE Dkmociuts ?v Massachusetts meet ii
Btate Convention at Worcester to-day to nomi
nate their State ticket and to proclaim th<
princi|?les and measures upon which the]
enter the field for their coming Novembei
election. We presume that, as usual, theii
candidate for Governor will be the patient an<:
good-natured John Quincy Adams, and that, &f
they have no member ot Congress of their own
church to call to account on that "back-pay
grab," they will, without reserve, open fire or
the republican delegation of Massachusetts,
not forgetting General Butler for working
through the bill, and that they will likewisf
rap the President over thu knuckles foi
signing it We think it likely, too, that th(
Massachusetts democracy, following the examples
of their brethren in Ohio and Penn
dylvaniu, will whistle the liberal republican)
down the wind on "the time-honored princi
pies of Jefferson and Jackson," and will sue
ceed according to the old maxim of Mr
Greene, that the true policy of the leadinj.
democrats in Massachusetts is to keep thei
party conveniently small.
The Ehoubh Roman Catholic Pilobimao
to the shrine of the beatified nun, Maria Ala
coque, at Paray-le-Monial, France, was com
menoed yesterday. Six hundred pilgrims, th
band embracing representatives of the mm
distinguished families in Britain, took thei
departure from London. Most Be v. Arch
bishop Manning of Westminster exhorted an<
blessed tho devotees, the modern crusaders
His Grace repeated the words of his episcopa
prophecy, delivered a short time since, thus:?
"The present state of Europe cannot last long
?ind men will find that they will have to paj
<lear lor the dishonor they have heaped on tiu
&ead of the vicar 91 Christ"
' The EdiMtlaasl Inr Twr Mfl IU
We alluded briefly yesterday to the reopen(
ing of our city public schools, but as the general
educational new year is near' at hand the
subject is deserving of more extended and
earnest reference, and more particularly on
soma vital points which appear to have been
systematically ignored. The school und col
lege systems of tbo present day demand at the
bands of thair managers many reforms which
the public press may indicate and urge, while
leaving to the more practical teachers the details
of their execution. Dospite the strong
hold education has obtained upon the American
mind, so that the schooling of his children
r is enforced upon an American citizen by a
. moral compulsion more effective than that of
logal enactment, little concern is manifested
1 as to the modes of education and the ends it
t should keep ever in view.
The university curriculum of the present
i day is a kind of anachronism, which has been
moulded in (he English system of the last
r century, when the student was domiciled in the
university for a period, varying with his
means, of from four to ten years, and had
1 abundant leisure to assimilate and digOBt tfie
large mass of learning spread before him. The
modern university aims to cram its students,
in half the time, with double the amount of
mental pabulum; and the inevitable result is
an annual discharge of graduates whose mentul
powers, instead of boing developed, are
strained beyond recuperation. What we want
in our colleges and publio schools is not the
mass of knowledge imparted, but the intellectual
gymnastics which draw out the thinking
powers and whet them for life-work. Our
teachers and scientists have always with characteristic
esprit de corps resisted and resented
this idea, and call it utilitarian, and shudder
when fitting the scholar for life duty is discussed
as the end of their vocation. There
are certain tools and instruments of all intellectual
labor which every boy or girl must
, possess and know how to use before independent
exertion and progress are possible,
and our free schools are ordained and supported
to furnish this elomentary outfit of the
young citizen. The cause of true education is
not a whit concerned in the discussion which
has so long raged in collegiate circles whether
science or classic and other literature is to be
the staplo of lecture room and school room
1 study; for the intellectual development which
would be furnished from either or any other
! study is so infinitely more important than any
intellectual acquisition of knowledge that the
mere quality of the latter may be regarded as
a secondary matter. Once train a boy to be a
mental athlete, capable of original research into
the phenomena of nature, and you have made
him the possessor 01 a power wiin wnicn ne
can mine the richest and most varied strata of
human lore and thread his way, Faraday-like,
amid the most intricate and pathless fields of
the sensible and 6ub-sensible world. It is
true, as Milton tells us,
1 Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raise,
To scorn delights and Uve laborlpusdays;
but the spur to scholastic diligence is not to
be the mere parchment trophies of university
halls, the poor and empty "commencement"
honor set before the modern collegian; but
those real and enduring prizes which are won
on the actual battle field of life.
The grand work which commands the meed
' of fame and the rewards of the present and
j future ages is not in copying the past or imii
tating its greatest masters and pioneers;
but in (what Professor Tyndall has so
I eloquently pleaded for in his American lectures)
original investigation and improvement
in all the departments of human activity,
whether of science, art, literature, manufoc
tures, Ac. Now the very faculties of the mind
, which are demanded for all original and independent
labor are, under the present system of
technical education, left dormant, and often
1 oppressed or prostrated, by the processes of the
lccturc room, in which the student is trained
in memorizing what his professor propounds.
While a student he is ever in the attitude of
p receptivity on the ipse dixit of the master or
the text book, whose opinion is not to be gain
said or tested in the crucible of his indepen*
dent experimental inquiry, and gradually,
after two or three years of college life, he'is
* graduated, not a hardy and well trained cx2
plorer of nature's secrets, but the mere echo of
what has so long been ringing in his ear from
. the professional chair.
t It is this which undoubtedly explains why
? the greatest of our great and original investigators
are not college bred men, but men
^ whose intellectual powers have been exquik
sitely trained in the hard life of poverty and
, amid the intensely educating influences of the
early struggle for intellectual and social eleva.
tion. Faraday, the "Blacksmith Philosopher
of England," to whom we have already referred,
had no scholastic advantages till he was
1 over twenty years of age, and, though dying
without auy mathematical knowledge, he out3
shone all modern investigators, in a field, too,
r where mathematics was declared the most inr
r We have only had space to offer these few
1 suggestions, which, in a very high degree,
i will apply to our elementary school sysi
terns as well as to colleges and universities.
r We should be the List to contend that the
i course of study should be confined to those
branches which will come into practical, every!
day use in the trado or profession which the
; scholar expects individually to pursue in ma
r tared years. It in impossible to divine what
5 any boy'B future line of labor will probably
There's a divinity that shapes our ends,
Hough-hew them how we will.
The very mental furniture aud attainments
which will give commanding advantages to
their possessor in any arena of professional pursuit
he may clcct are not thoae which lie in
r the beaten track of that particular pursuit,
but those things which his rivals do not possess,
and which, therefore, place him above
e them. And the mere handful of knowledge
t- (bearing on his future calling) he may aci
quire will go for little or nothing as compared
e with the intellectual muscle, energy and courit
ago which are won by cultivating a natural
t and independent habit of self-dependence and
i- self-culture, such us but few schools or colleses
I now encourage, bot which the genius of American
institutions and American life, nay, the
1 very spirit of the age, deninutls as the condition
. of all scientific, literary or business success.
, The masses of the people who commit their
jr children to the intellectual training of the
9 public schools and colleges cannot oversee
those institutions, and have no voice in their
: HERALD, WEDNESDAY,
management. But Che result* of the year's
labor would show how far the true ends of
_ Ai 1 1 1 A. S? .?
eaucauon nave own Kept in view, II me examinations
are conducted in a proper manner.
And these testa of progress and proficiency, if
they would be anything more than mere tricks
and blinds to deceive the people, will not be
confined to the mere issue of how mnch
of the text-book course can be correctly
recited in tho final trial, bnt will rather
be put in a way to bring out the amounts of
mental muscle, endurance and ingenuity that
have been developed in the mental gymnasium.
Let the scholars in the public
schools, at least, be mAde to understand that
their progress will be measured not so much
by the accuracy with which they memorize
their tasks as by their ability to solve,
in each branch, original questions propounded
by chosen examiners, selected
from the best practical as well as speculative
minds in the community. Adopting
this and kindred expedients for keeping
the prime end of their work?education in its
etymological sense?over before both teacher
and taught, our school boards will find that
they are doing a work which will not end with
the mere fireworks display of the examination
room, but will redound to the permanent
nr\r\A rvf flioir nanaa o-nrl
vuvtft VWIWV MUU VI IIUVOO VUJilUtldVVU
to their kindly and far-sighted care.
Such a reform (and who will say it is
not needed?) would do more than all the ar- .
gum en to in favor of a generonB and well supported
free school system, in making the latter
the most dearly cherished of all oar national
institutions, so that in coming ages we
might point to our educational system as a
more enduring monument of renown than the
colossal aqueducts and noble bridges and still
solid roadways which hare rendered Augustan
Rome imperishably great.
The Pftrmcr*' Granges The Main
We have been somewhat surprised at the
apparent ignorance or short-sightedness of
the farmers' granges in reference to the ways
and means for scouring the great object tor
whioh they are so earnestly laboring?cheap
transportation of their products to market
Their little plans of oo-operation for mutual
protection against the railway monopolies
may all be well enough as far as they go,
but they do not go far enough to reach the
main question. At a recent meeting, however,
of the "Boston Grange of the Patrons
of Husbandry," Mr. Aumsa Walker, of Massachusetts,
with a practical banker's perception
of the necessities of the case, very clearly
showed that the farmers, in looking for relief
against railway monopolies and extortions,
must look to Congress, and that in looking to
Congress the first thing to be done "is to elect
men to Congress whom yon con trust," and
next you must have specified measures upon
which to hold them to a strict accountability.
Mr. Walker next suggests that there
are three ways whereby the great object
of cheap transportation may be secured: first,
by general laws fixing the rates of freight and
passenger fares on all the railroads in the
country; secondly, by building new and comI
potent lines, at the expense of the national
Kuvurziiuuiib, uctwecu tuu cuioi nmru*, n chv
and East, as between Chicago, New "Xork,
Boston, &o.; thirdly, by the purchase of all
the roads by the government, and leasing
them ont to parties, under such restrictions as
would seem best for the public interests. Mr.
Walker thinks this third plan would be best
for the general interests of the country; but
we think that his first-named plan of Congressional
action is the easiest, simplest and
readiest way to cheap transportation, notwithstanding
the difficulties ho suggests of the
varying costs of the construction and running
of different railroads. The main question,
how can we secure cheap transportation
throughout the country? has been brought
forward for the consideration of the farmers,
and foT doing them the great service of
answering it for their information they ought
to be very thankful.
; It is folly to beat about the bush and a
waste of time to seek relief in half-way expedients.
If we are to have this desirable thing
of cheap transportation it must come from
Congress; for with us Congress only has "tho
power to regulate commerce with foreign
nations and among the several States." If
the granges, then, really mean business in
their organization against railway monopolies,
extortions and frauds, they will hesitate
no longer in bringing their batteries to bear
upon Congress. It is absurd for these farmers
to wik 01 Keeping out 01 politics, it tnoy aesire
to remove any great public wrong, or to
secure any important public right denied
them, they must take it into the political
forum and demand a hearing and action upon
it They are strong enough upon this transportation
question to command a hearing from
Congress, and they should do it with the
meeting of the two houses in December next.
The War Spain.?The English Vice Admiral,
Yelvcrton. has forwarded the captured
Spanish iron-cladfl to Gibraltar. The Cartagenist
insurgents opposed the project of
British action firmly during some lew days ;
but it appears as if the Admiralty orders from
Downing street proved more potent in the end
than their patriotism. The exact point of
arrangement or of Spanish abatement of
dignity is not yet kuown. The socialists
in Andalusia have assumed au active part
for a settlement of the national troubles,
according to the rule of their school
of political economy. The farm laborers have
organized for the purpose of demanding and
enforcing a division of property. They have
already burned forty farmhouses inhabited
by dissentients from thoir platform. Don
Carlos claims to be in receipt of large sums of
money from Cuba. Heavy detachments of the
royalist army keep moving in the field, so that
His Highness the Bourbon appears to be well
satisfied with his position, both in Spain and
The Apfroachino State Campaign hi New
York.?Tho Albany Journal, in behalf of the
republican party, speaks quite hopefully of
the prospects for our next November Htate
election. We arc thus told that the republicans
have a straight course before them, that
they are united and aggressive, and have the
j prestige of last year's splendid victory, with
i its State majority of fifty thousand, to encour!
age them, while the democrats are still adrift,
hesitating and nndecidcd what to do, and are
still discussing whether they shall continue
their ill-starred coalition of last year or repudiate
the liberals aud go it alone; and that, of
SEFrEMBER 3, 1873.-TKI
coarse, with all these evidences of weakness
and irresolution against them, they cannot be
expected to do anything in New York this fall
towards the recovery of tbe State. But we
can assure our enthusiastic Albany republican
contemporary that the democrats do not despair
of recovering New York in November,
city and State, and that they are preparing for
a vigorous contest for tbe Legiklature. It is
certainly too soon yet to take it for granted
that New York ia going to be carried by the
republicans this year by spontaneous combustion;
for, from year to year, especially in our
purely local elections, the popular vote of
the State is very uncortain.
The Kelsojr Tragedy*
The inquest at Huntington yosterday
developed some important evidence touching
the identity of the remains which the Oyster
Buy fishermen brought to the shore last week.
The chain found has been positively identified
by the jeweller who affixed the bar and hook
thereto for Charles G. Kelsey, the victim of
the brutality of Huntington. To the life-long
resident of a city like New York the bitter
feeling about the tarring outrage whioh
has divided the little village into hostile
political camps can scarcely be comprehensible.
That it has in some measure invaded
the precincts of religion in the place will be a
greater mystery stilL But such is the tact,
and the "tar" party and "no tar" party have
each their church and their caucus, as well as
their opinion about what was at least a
disgraceful outrage and almost certainly
a brutal murder. There is a certain confusion
about the statements on both sides
which makes tho truth very uifhcult to
get at. The "tar" party affirm that
Kelsey is alive. Their statement is founded
on that of a relative of one of the parties indicted
that she saw Kelsey since his disappearance
from Huntington on a train in New York.
Thoy are also anxious to have it disbelieved
that the remains found are those of Kelsey.
Their instincts of self-preservation are so much
on the side of this theory that beyond ingenuity
it counts for very little. Some of tho
interested parties have started tho likewise
ingonious theory that the legs could not float.
Whether, according to science and "tar" or "no
tar" philosophy,-they should or should not float,
is not half so much to the point as a direct
answer to the question, Did they float ? The
theory that the Kelsey family laid a plot so
deep as to cover all the details necessary to
placing a portion of a corpse with some of Kelsey's
effects on it where it would bo fished out
is another piece of ingenuity which credits
the family with a perfectly diabolic power for
secret conspiracy. Tho "no tar" people have
their ingenious theories also, with deep
hintings and finger pointings. Indeed,
the village gosBip and hearsay, if taken for any
more than it is worth?namely, very little?
would constitute all the inhabitants a race of
MiuvhinvAlR. Onr hnwinftSK is tn Innk nt t.h? 1
evidence. The murder of Kelsey?if murder
was done?was probably the work of two men.
When we view the hesitancy and dodging
which have characterized those who could
throw light on the mystery we must
heartily condemn. There were, doubtless,
many connected with the first outrage who
would have been unwilling to see murder done.
It is the duty of all such to aid the law in discovering
all the facts. They could tell who the
two men were that Kelsey unmasked. That
might be some clow, as those latter would
probably have most reason for closing Kelsey's
mouth forever. It would be a higher duty
for a minister to urge such a course upon those
whom he must teach "Thou shalt not kill"
than to urgo one man to withdraw charges
against another whose defence must be made
in a court of justice, and not in a conventicle.
Another and Most Dangerous Counter
The discovery of a counterfeit five hundred
dollar legal tender note, and so ably executed
as to dccoive almost any one except Treasury
officials and other experts, is calculated to
awaken serious apprehensions and to put the
government to considerable expense and
trouble. Treasurer Spinner and others in his
department say they have never seen a better
executed counterfeit. The principal defect
appears to be in the printing, the impression
not being as good as in the genuine notes ; but
people may be thrown off their guard by the
counterfeits having been manipulated so as to
give them tho appearance of being worn by
use. No doubt there are other counterfeits
afloat, lor the counterfeiters would hardly go
to the expense and trouble of making
only one. How many there are remains to
be seen. Every person, of course, will be
careful now to examine the notes ol this denomination.
Fortunately they are of such a value
as not to enter into ordinary circulation, and
will pass generally into the hands of those?
of bunkers and others?who are best qualified
to detect their spurious character. The government
will be compelled, wo suppose, to
call in all the five hundred dollar legal tenders
in consequence of this counterfeit, which will
be an expense and trouble. There will be,
too, no doubt, a thorough examination of
notes of other denominations. Counterfeiting
and lorgery have become so common, and are
done in such a "professional" manner that
the public cannot be too watchiul. Where
are the detectives? The criminals must be
hunted up and pnnished. This counterfeiting
of government money, in whose manufacture
bo much care is observed, is a serious matter,
and should be prevented by nil means.
E. 0. Sqnler Is to marry a lady Saratoga correspondent.
Ho gossip says.
Mr. Dent, tne father of Mr*. Grant, is still In a
very feeble condition, though not confined to hl9
Matunn M. Ballon, late of the Roston Glnbe, Is
going to Europe, lie will be accompanied by his
Captain C. Grant has been appointed First
Assist an: to the lirituh Political Resident in the
John B. omnhnndro ("Texas Jack"), of scout, notorloty,
was married on Hunday last, in Bonhester,
to Mlie. Morla -chl, the well known dansense.
Tho lloaton Tramcript says General Urant took
with Mm a pair of bays?perfect beauties. Ilia
other "bays," his friends think, are quite as enduring.
An old lady out West, having read the current
paragraph aho?t "Mr. Jenkins, the author of
Ulnffc baby,'' Kays "(Jinx owes it to amoral public
to explain things."
Hit* Excellency the Viceroy of India has expressed
his approval of the measures taken to protect
"improvident Oarnatlc stipendiaries" from the
Madras money lenders.
Mr. James tt. Savuio. Chief Cleik 0/ tbe Treasury
r ^ v:
*. 2* ' Jif 1 " .-'T v ' . ""j *
Deportment, who has been tvr several week* In
San Francisco and other points on the Paclflo
coaat on offlclal business, has returned to Washington.
scene la a Western Court:?Judge?"Have you
unvthinir tn nffkr i? tk. aa..> uDnionoa u
passed on you?" Prisoner?"No, Judge; I had $10,
but my lawyers took that."
"Three-flugered Jack" la a well known character
among yellow covered literature, but that a "sixtoed
Genius of America," is to be seen on ttie gennine
$000 greenback Is rather a novolty.
The following delegate* to the a^roachlng Conference
of Christians In New York have arrived at
the Fifth Avenue Hotel:?The Rev. William Harris,
England; the Rev. Archibald Macmillan, London;
the Rev. J. T. Stevenson, England; the Rev. Professor
Smyth, D. D., Ireland, and the Rev. David
K. H. Hruns, Grand Master of Masons in the State
of South Carolina, has addressed a very cordial
letter of thanks to Deputy Grand Master Ell wood K.
Thorne, requesting him to express to the fraternity
of New Vork and adjacent cities the warmest
feelings of gratitude for the courtesies and honor
tendered to the memory and remains oi the late
James L, Orr. Past Grand Master of South Carolina,
and late Minister of the United States to the
Court of St. Petersburg.
The great social event of the season occurred at
Newport yesterday afternoon, it belnir the marriage
of Charles K. Gregory, the miliionnaire of Jersey
City, to Miss Fannie, daughter of Dr. J. Marion
Sims, of this city. The ceremony was perlormed
at All Saints' chunel (which was packed with the
aristocracy of the summer population) by Lev. Dr.
Potter, or Grace church. New Yorlc. H was the
most brilliant affair of the kiud that has ever occurred
In Newport, and had been the prominent
theme of conversation the entire morning. The
ceremony was foUowed by a grand reception at
the residence of Dr. Sims, on Key street, and the
bridal party took their departure for New York
last evening, and from there will proceed to
Wasiiinoton, Sept. 2, 1873.
The President anil His Cabinet.
The President will not vmit Washington this
week, no business of importance demanding his
attention. lie has been visited at Long Branch
the last few days by Secretary Belknap and Assistant
Secretary Cowan. Secretary Richardson la
there now, and matters relating to their respective
departments are disposed or as promptly as If the
President were In Washington.
The Geneva Award.
A report prevails that the Geneva award of
$15,500,1)00 has already been paid into the Treasury;
but on inquiry It has been ascertained that preliminary
arrangements on'.y have been made to
this end. It will be remembered that on the 6th of
June the Secretary of the Treasury issued a call for
the redemption of a certain scries of five-twenty
bonds, more than covering the amount of
the award, In anticipation of Its payment,
and that the British government
arranged with the Syndicate to discharge the
treaty obligation, in pursuance of the plan adopted
a large amount of these bonds has already been
surrendered to tho Treasury, and gold certificates
Issued therefor, to be made available on aud alter
September 0, at the time or the formal redemption
of the bonds. These gold certificates, It Is under
stood, are in the hands or the British Consul at
New York, to be delivered with other like representatives
of specie (their value covering the entire
award) by the British Minister to the Secretary
of State, and by him transferred to the Treasury as
so much cash.
The Postal Card Difficulty.
Nothing has bceu received at. the Tost Office Department
from the postal card manufacturers at
Springfield, Mass., in answer to the letter of Third
Assistant Postmaster General Barber notifying
them that the cards are not equal to the requirements,
and unless the quality of the paper and the
printing be Improved the contract will be annulled
and proceedings instituted against them to recover
the penalty named in the bond?$100,000. The
sample of those printed yesterday, received at the
Department tills morning, shows improvement in
the printing, but is not yet up to the
standard, and the contractors must furnish
better paper, as they agreed to do. Mr. George
II. Tyner, postal card agent at Springfield,
writes to Third Assistant Postmaster General
Barber that on the 27th ultimo ho rejected 903
sheets (about 32,000 postal cards) on account of
the miserable printing and poor quality of the
paper. Upon Mr. Morgan, one ot the firm having
tho contract, examining them, he said he would
like to save as many good ones from the lot as nosaihla
nrhor?nnnn Mia mfront. ronnoKtofl liim tn alinnr
any cards In the whole lot that were equal to the
contract requirement. The contractor cut from
one sheet two cards, which, he said, were good
enough to issue. The cards were enclosed in the
letter to General Barber, and are very poor specimens
of typography. Mr. Tyner ordered that the
whole 3'2,ooo cards be destroyed, and the department
has approved of his action. About two million
more postal cards will be required to complete
orders from all the post ofllces. It is expected
that this number will be shipped within the
next week, and the whole country will then be
Treasurer Spinner on the Back Pay
The following Is a letter ot Treasurer Spinner,
written to a member of Congress, on the back pay
TKEASrnr OF THE UNITED STATES, )
Washington, Sept. 2, 1873. )
My Dear Sir?Your letter of the 2tfth ult.,
with an enclosure, as therein stated, has been received.
I don't know that I can answer your luquiry
better than by an extract from a private
letter that I wrote to another member of Congress
this morning, who made like inquiry. Anions
other things 1 said to him:?
"The First Comptroller of tho Treasurer has
decided that the money heretotore appropriated
and that suali remain unexpended at the clos<> of
vhe present fiscal year, ending with June 30, 1874,
tor the pay of the salaries of members of Conpress,
cannot then be covered into the Treasury.
The Secretary of the Treasury has gone a step
further than this; he holds that the appropriation
is an independent one, and, liko that lor the payment
oi the interest on the public debt, alwavs remains
for the purpose for which it was appropriated,
and that therefore there is no authority for
covering it into the Treasury.
"lion. John Sherman, who drew the bill that was
enacted into a law, bv virtue of which unexpended
balances of certain kinds of appropriations are directed
to be covered into the Treasury at the end
of the fiscal year, and who ought to know what was
intended by the law, took the view of the case that
juu nave, nuncTDi, uuivTiiii??a?uuiiJK uts uimiiuu
that unpaid salaries should be so covered in ne did
conclude, in consequence of the rulings of the
Treasury Department, to direct the secretary of
the Senate to draw his extra pay and to h;tnd it
over to BM, in my official capacity, to be covered in.
This has Ix en done in his case as it lias been done
In many other cases.
"1 am not a lawyer, but if I should volunteer an
opinion as a layman I should go further than cither
the Comptroller or the Secretary. I donbt whether
even the covering tn of this money without a consideration
and without legal authority or warrant
of law will place it beyond the reach of the parties
to whom it legally belongs. I thing it conld be reclaimed
at any time hereafter In several ways, and
even on the mere statement or an account by the
depositor or hy his heirs-at-law against the United
States for monevs had and received. It is possible
you might divest yourself by a last will and testament,
stating as a consideration the love and affection
you bore votir native land."
Hoping thia will be satisfactory to yon, 1 am very
truly yours, F. F. SPINNER,
Treasurer United states.
Isaac ?f Sew National Bank Notes.
SuDerintendent Maearwe, of the Bureau of En
graving and Printing, left here to-night for New
York, to personally superintend arrangements for
the earlr issue of new 99ft, $10 and $s otreniattng
national bank notes, It being the Intention of the
Department to prepare these notes as soon as possible.
Hta business in New Tor* will be with the
bank note printing oompanics having contracts
for portions of the work. At the Treasury everything
Is In readiness to flatoh the notes ae soon as
the contracting companies do their part ot the
Important for Flax, Grain and Flour
A telegram from the Legation of the mited
States at Paris, of the soth ult., announces that tho
mrtaxa on flax has been abolished, and ihe entrepot
has been indefinitely suspended tor all vessels
briuffinv grain or don*
The Semi-Annual Reckoning D?y?Tk?
President's Report?A Dividend of Three
and a Half Per Cent on Preferred
Stock and One Per Cent on Common
The Board of Directors of the Erie Railway held
their semi-annual meeting yesterday, which waa m
very long oue. President Wil-on presented tila
semi-annunl report. It was simply a continuation
of the Impcrfect report handed In by him some
time since. The report Is up to June SO, and givea
a statement of the earnings of the road for th*
preceding nine months, saM statement showing
an Increase fer the same time the previous fiscal
year of $1,085,578 51.
The percentage 1h reckoned as follows:?On genoral
11 fl.lAA nap nonf nn naaaAnffBrt.
8 83-100 per cent; on mails ami express, 14 47-100
percent; miscellaneous earnings, 27 87-100 per
cent. There lias been a decrease on coal earnings
of 3 89-100 per cent. No account has been made of
the transportation of men and materials for the
company In arriving at the gross earnings, bat
items of service have been charged at direct cost to
the expense account. raying iniight increased la
tonnage 250,419 tons, and a large saving, though the
amount i3 not exactly known, has been made la
changing the distribution of freight at Jersey Oity,
Including the breaking up of the Archer contract,
the dates being kept for but two months. For the
above period ihe working expenses have Increased
$271,uo'.< ttti, while the earnings nave increased
$1,086,673 51, making the net increase of $814,563 84.
The working expense is 67 7-100 per cent oX the
LIAB1I.ITIKS ron THK NIWR MONTHS KHD1KG Jl'NK SO, 1S7S,
Common stock $78,000,001
I*relerr?'.l stock B,U6,910
Kir?t morljrajjc bunds 2,436,000
Second mortgage bonds ' 2,17*.000
Third murt'.K'jii bonds 4,8'AOOO
Kourth mortgage bonds 2,937,800
Filth mortgage bonds 709,500
Consolidated niortKaso bonds 12,076,000
Convertible bonds 8,000,000
11-. .. 1. 1., uVlM
Ren I estate bonds 63,671
Hill* audited 2,476,164
Bills payable 1,024,029
Profit and loss 2,906,511
isskts mil tilk kink months kmding junk 30, 1S73.
Cost ol road and construction #109,856,83#
Jefferson Railroad construction 924,4U
Newbury unit New Vork Railroad construction
Paterson and Newark Railroad construction. 568,881
Susquehanna Bridge and Erie Junction comstructlon
Fort Leo Railroad construction 189,987
Newark and hudsou Railroad construction... 127,534
Barclay liallroud construction 6,238
Builalo, Bradtoril unci Pitta. Railroad construction
Hawle.v Railroad, costructlon 2HC.94J
Puvonia LloriU Kailroad. construction 86,906
Avon, Uoneseo and Mount Uorris Railroad, cou-/
Grand Opera House property, construction 29,097
Lake hit? propellers, construction 573,317
Twenty-third street property, construction.... 129,849
Werhawkeu property, construction 408,459
Pen horn property 126,733
Brooklyn rennery 75,008
Buffalo elevator. 9,506
Preferred stock certificates 45,424
Bonds ol other companies 3,941,781
Stocks of other companies. 5,396,410
Materials on hand and in shops 2,077,764
Real estate in Now Vork, Ac 3,000,000
Balance of outstanding accounts 1,559,510
Bills receivable 127,129
Cash on liand 1,083,069^
Total 7. $131,014,801
The cost of all repairs has been charged to the
expense account, and the road and equipment*
have been kept in good order.
on account ol suits and other matters there have
been obtained iroin different parties money and
property duriug the year worth more at present
than the estimates, no part of which has beeu
placed to profit and loss. Further Buma will be received
from suits now pending.
Mr. L. Robinson, ex-Comptroller of the State ot
New York, was elected First Vice President On
motion of Mr. Barlow.
For the benefit of his health, and also to transact
business for the company, Mr. Watson stated that
be was going to Europe. While there he will negotiate
lor new loans to carry out intended Improvements.
Three and a half per cent on the preferred stock,
and one per cent on the common stock was the
dividend declared, payable on the 1st ol ootober.
The books from the 13th of the present month to
2d of Ootober will be closed.
War Department, )
Office of the Chief signal Officer, >
Washington, D. C., Sept. 8?1 A. M. )
Synopsis for the l*ast Twentv-Jtrur Hours.
The storm which on Monday night prevailed '
over northern New England and the St. Lawrence
Valley lias passed to the northeastward. Partly I
cloudy weather, with rain areas, has been reported
from the Quir and South Carolina coasts and Tennessee.
The barometer has fallen quite rapidly
from Kansas to Dakota, Minnesota and Lake
Superior, with Increasing cloudiness, fresh to
brisk southerly and easterly winds and rising
temperature. The temperature has fallen over the
Middle and New England States. The pressure W
highest over the Oulf coast; lowest over northern
For New England and the Middle States light ta
fresh westerly and southerly winds and generally
clear weather will prevail; for the South!
era and Oulf States east of the Mississippi
light to fresh westerly and
southerly winds and partly cloudy weather, with
aln areas on the coast; from Tennessee north*
eastward over the lower lake region,
winas shifting to southwesterly and south*
easterly, falling barometer and increasing
cloudiness; from Missouri to lowbr Michigan,
and northward over Lake Superior and Minnesota,
falling barometer, fresh to brisk winds,
gradually veering to southerly and southwesterly;
Increasing cloudiness and rain.
An area of quite low barometer is now
apparently advancing eastward over Dakota tow*
ard Minnesota, which will probably produce very
brisk winds from the soutneast and the southwest
over Lakes Michigan and Superior.
The Weather in This City Yesterday.
The following record will show the changes In
the temperature for the past twenty-four honrs la
comparison wltu the corresponding day of last
year, as indicated by the thermometer at Hudnot'n
Pharmacy, Herald Building:?
1872. 1873. 1873. 1813.
3 A. M 67 68 3:30 P. M 81 80
6 A. M M 67 6 P. M 70 7#
9 A. M 74 71 BP. M 69 71
12 M SO 76 12 P. M 66 61
Average temperatnre yesterday . 72
Avemge lempuiaiuic iui tunt^ummn ???v
last year TIJt
THE NEW $600 OOPNTEBFEIT BILL.
Titcsville, Pa., Sept. 2, 1573.
A stranger, sixty years of age, giving the name
of Henry Sweet, was arrested here to-day for passIn?
one of a new counterfeit $500 greenback Issue.
He was released on f3,oo*? ball, which amount ho
deposited as security lor his bondman.
Ben Butler StUl Ahead la the Raee?lBS
Sprinoftri.d, Sept. 3, 1873.
The Springfield republican ' caucuses to-night
were tall and lively. Two of them nsed the check
Mat In voting, and those elected Washburn
delegate*. In two others there was m
split on the refusal to use the check lists, and two
sets of delegates were chosen from those wards.
The result in tne city Is? Washburn, 4; Butler. 11;
contested, 5. (Kir footings for the State so far are?
Washburn, IX!; Butler, 152, and doubeful, 9.
MUNICIPAL ELECTION IN ~DELAWAiB.
The Republicans in Wilmington Successful
by Increased Majorities.
WtLMIKGTOX, Sept. 2, 1873.
The municipal elections here took plaov I
r to-day. The republicans were successful by
Increased majorities. Por President of the
Council Joshua Morrla has 8B0 majority, and
Tor . City Treasurer FraucU Vincent has
832 majority. of the eleven members of th? I
City Council nine are republicans, three being chosen
lu wards which went democratic last year.
Cattle Thieves Doing a Brisk Business
on the Rio Urmnae.
Brownstillb, Texas, Sept. 2, mm
Cattle thieving on ttie Texas border bas been r??
sumed with unusual vl>ror. About 200 fine beeves
were driven across into Mexico, near Onerre
ro, four days ago, snd were boldly driven t
on the highway to Monterey by the thieves, without
the slightest interference on tbe part of the
Mexican officials. These depredations are of dally
occurrence, and this section of Texas is robbed o!
cattle at the rate ot thousand* of aalmais eaoM