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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AM) A WW STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. ? aM Voinmr *aji ? ^ amusements this afternoon and evening. GRAN'P OPERA HOtSK, Kluhth av. and Twenty-third gL?MIIMCUBKB >IOUT'? PRtAM. BOOTH'S THKATRI5, SUtU av. and Twenty-third it? 8ir Va* Wivkul METROPOLITAN THEATRE. Mi Broadway.?Vauiiti ZimmTAiMtKNT. Mallnce at 2^, BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.? Buffalo Bill?Objkci IlfTKKBST. WOOD'S MCSEX'M, Br<>adwav, corner Thirtieth ?t.Dick, tuk Chkvaukk. AlU'rnoon and evening. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteentl struct- I'ski> Uf? Kkkht. BROAPWAY THEATRE, 728 ami 730 Broad way?Oris. JSourric? La Kill* dl Madamk A.ncot. OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broadwav, between Iloustoi And Bleeukcr street*.?Mkfui.sto. Matinee at 2. THEATRE COMIQUE, No. 514 Broad wav.-ViBirn Entkbtainhknt. Matinee at UNION SQUARE THEATRK. Union gquare, neai Broadway .?fun in a Foo?Milkt wnitb. HIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway, between Prince and BouatonitH.?Thb Black Ckook. Matiuee at 1%. BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE. Twenty-third gt., cornei 4th ay.?Nbgko Miksibbuy. Ac. HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, Court street, Brooklyn.Rah PK-ANC'ISCO mlw3trki.f. . AC4DEMY OP MUSIC, 14th street and Irring plac?.colob olmud. CENTRAL PARK GARDEN.?Somber Nicnm' CowBbbts. i TERRACE OARDEN THEATRE, .Wlh ?t.. between Lextagton and 3d a vs.? Alkssanmio Strudklla. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, No. 818 Broadway.? Scibkcb akv Art. DB. KAHN'S MUSEUM, No. C88 Broadway.? Sciknce amd abt. TRIPLE SHEET. Mew York, Wednesday, Sept* 3, 1873. THE NEWS OF YESTERDAY. To-D&y's Contents of tlie Herald. THE EDUCATIONAL NEW YEAR AND ITS LTV ING ISSUES"?EDITORIAL LEADING ARTI CLE?Sixth Page. SURRENDER OF TTIE SPANISH IRON-CLADS ALMANZA AND VITTORIA TO THE BRITISH VICE ADMIRAL! NO BLOODSHED! AGRARIAN OUTRAGES IN ANDALUSIA! FORTY FARM HOUSES BURNED! CUBANSPANISH AID TO CARLISM?seventh page. *HE CUBAN POLICE AND THE REPUBLICANS I FORTY OF THE LATTER ARRESTED FOR HOLDING A CLUB MEETING?seventh Page. ENGLAND PARTICIPATING IN THE FRENCH C1LGRIMAGE FBI IVOR! COO PILGRIMS, AFTER LISTENING TO A SOLEMN ADDRESS BY ARCHHISHOP MANNING, DEPART FOR PARAY-LE-MON1AL?Seventh Page. fHE CHOLERA IN FRANCE! THE TROOPS STATIONED AT HAVRE SUFFERING FROM THE EPIDEMIC! HONORS TO THIERS? Seventh Page. FATAL ACCIDENT ON THE LUXEMBURG RAIL WAY! EIGHT PERSONS RILLED AND FIF TEEN HURT?Seventh Page. (SERLIN COMMEMORATES SEDAN?VICTOR EN MANUEL'S TOUR?Seventh Page. ffHIRD TERM PERILS AND POSSIBILITIES DIS CUSSED AT WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS W. VA.! GOVERNOR WALKER AND MR C. M. CONRAD ON GENERAL GRANT, THI ANGLO-SAXON AND JEFF DAVIS?FODKTt Page. "VTvnivinu i r-' ion uuwi 3 DUl>il0 t AMV! WHO WERE THE OPERATORS? A PRISONER MYSTERY AT POLICE HEADQUARTERS! THE $500 COUNTERFEITS?setentii Paoe. THE TAR-AND-FEATnER MYSTERY AT HUNTINGTON, L. I.I ROYAL SAMMIS TELLS HIS OWN STORY! MISS SMITH'S LETTERS FROM KELSEY?TninD Paoe. BCRANTON'S SCHOOL STRUGGLES! FISTICUFFS INDULGED IN BY A PROFESSOR AND A COMMISSIONER! A DISGRACEFUL EXHI BITION?Tnini) Pare. DESTRUCTION BY FIRES IN NEW YORK, PF.NN SYLVANIA AND KANSAS? IMPORTANT . GENERAL NEWS?Ttwto Page. THE TROTTING AT GOSHEN YESTERDAY! POL LOCK AND TOM KEELER THE VICTORS I! TWO SUPERB STRUGGLES?TntRD Paoe. MONETARY ACTIVITY IS WALL STREET ! WEST ERN BOND PUBOHA8BS! GOLD MANIPl LATIONS I A COFFEE "CORNER !" TH] GENEVA AWARD READY?Fifth paoe. COMPTROLLER GREEN AGAIN MANDAMPSED THE SUPERVISORS AFTER THEIR RACI PAY! MURDER ARRAIGNMENTS? FoURTl Paoe. SADLY BUILT! THE CORONER'S INQUIRY INT< ROTTEN TENEMENT WALLS?SANITAR1 DANGERS FROM TnE FILTHY STREETS TUB 1JLACKS AND THE BROOKLYN PUBL1I bCHOOLP?Eighth Pa(;e. MONTHLY REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF STA TISTICS?REAL ESTATE?fifth Page. TnE Dkmociuts ?v Massachusetts meet ii Btate Convention at Worcester to-day to nomi nate their State ticket and to proclaim th< princi|?les and measures upon which the] enter the field for their coming Novembei election. We presume that, as usual, theii candidate for Governor will be the patient an<: good-natured John Quincy Adams, and that, &f they have no member ot Congress of their own church to call to account on that "back-pay grab," they will, without reserve, open fire or the republican delegation of Massachusetts, not forgetting General Butler for working through the bill, and that they will likewisf rap the President over thu knuckles foi signing it We think it likely, too, that th( Massachusetts democracy, following the examples of their brethren in Ohio and Penn dylvaniu, will whistle the liberal republican) down the wind on "the time-honored princi pies of Jefferson and Jackson," and will sue ceed according to the old maxim of Mr Greene, that the true policy of the leadinj. democrats in Massachusetts is to keep thei party conveniently small. The Ehoubh Roman Catholic Pilobimao to the shrine of the beatified nun, Maria Ala coque, at Paray-le-Monial, France, was com menoed yesterday. Six hundred pilgrims, th band embracing representatives of the mm distinguished families in Britain, took thei departure from London. Most Be v. Arch bishop Manning of Westminster exhorted an< blessed tho devotees, the modern crusaders His Grace repeated the words of his episcopa prophecy, delivered a short time since, thus:? "The present state of Europe cannot last long ?ind men will find that they will have to paj <lear lor the dishonor they have heaped on tiu &ead of the vicar 91 Christ" NEW TORI ' The EdiMtlaasl Inr Twr Mfl IU LWIng Ihuci. We alluded briefly yesterday to the reopen( ing of our city public schools, but as the general educational new year is near' at hand the subject is deserving of more extended and earnest reference, and more particularly on soma vital points which appear to have been systematically ignored. The school und col lege systems of tbo present day demand at the bands of thair managers many reforms which the public press may indicate and urge, while leaving to the more practical teachers the details of their execution. Dospite the strong hold education has obtained upon the American mind, so that the schooling of his children r is enforced upon an American citizen by a . moral compulsion more effective than that of logal enactment, little concern is manifested 1 as to the modes of education and the ends it t should keep ever in view. The university curriculum of the present i day is a kind of anachronism, which has been moulded in (he English system of the last r century, when the student was domiciled in the university for a period, varying with his means, of from four to ten years, and had 1 abundant leisure to assimilate and digOBt tfie large mass of learning spread before him. The modern university aims to cram its students, in half the time, with double the amount of mental pabulum; and the inevitable result is an annual discharge of graduates whose mentul powers, instead of boing developed, are strained beyond recuperation. What we want in our colleges and publio schools is not the mass of knowledge imparted, but the intellectual gymnastics which draw out the thinking powers and whet them for life-work. Our teachers and scientists have always with characteristic esprit de corps resisted and resented this idea, and call it utilitarian, and shudder when fitting the scholar for life duty is discussed as the end of their vocation. There are certain tools and instruments of all intellectual labor which every boy or girl must , possess and know how to use before independent exertion and progress are possible, and our free schools are ordained and supported to furnish this elomentary outfit of the young citizen. The cause of true education is not a whit concerned in the discussion which has so long raged in collegiate circles whether science or classic and other literature is to be the staplo of lecture room and school room 1 study; for the intellectual development which would be furnished from either or any other ! study is so infinitely more important than any intellectual acquisition of knowledge that the mere quality of the latter may be regarded as a secondary matter. Once train a boy to be a mental athlete, capable of original research into the phenomena of nature, and you have made him the possessor 01 a power wiin wnicn ne can mine the richest and most varied strata of human lore and thread his way, Faraday-like, amid the most intricate and pathless fields of the sensible and 6ub-sensible world. It is true, as Milton tells us, 1 Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raise, To scorn delights and Uve laborlpusdays; but the spur to scholastic diligence is not to be the mere parchment trophies of university halls, the poor and empty "commencement" honor set before the modern collegian; but those real and enduring prizes which are won on the actual battle field of life. The grand work which commands the meed ' of fame and the rewards of the present and j future ages is not in copying the past or imii tating its greatest masters and pioneers; but in (what Professor Tyndall has so I eloquently pleaded for in his American lectures) original investigation and improvement in all the departments of human activity, whether of science, art, literature, manufoc tures, Ac. Now the very faculties of the mind , which are demanded for all original and independent labor are, under the present system of technical education, left dormant, and often 1 oppressed or prostrated, by the processes of the lccturc room, in which the student is trained in memorizing what his professor propounds. While a student he is ever in the attitude of p receptivity on the ipse dixit of the master or the text book, whose opinion is not to be gain said or tested in the crucible of his indepen* dent experimental inquiry, and gradually, after two or three years of college life, he'is * graduated, not a hardy and well trained cx2 plorer of nature's secrets, but the mere echo of what has so long been ringing in his ear from . the professional chair. t It is this which undoubtedly explains why ? the greatest of our great and original investigators are not college bred men, but men ^ whose intellectual powers have been exquik sitely trained in the hard life of poverty and , amid the intensely educating influences of the early struggle for intellectual and social eleva. tion. Faraday, the "Blacksmith Philosopher of England," to whom we have already referred, had no scholastic advantages till he was 1 over twenty years of age, and, though dying without auy mathematical knowledge, he out3 shone all modern investigators, in a field, too, r where mathematics was declared the most inr dispensable. r We have only had space to offer these few 1 suggestions, which, in a very high degree, i will apply to our elementary school sysi terns as well as to colleges and universities. r We should be the List to contend that the i course of study should be confined to those branches which will come into practical, every! day use in the trado or profession which the ; scholar expects individually to pursue in ma r tared years. It in impossible to divine what 5 any boy'B future line of labor will probably be, for There's a divinity that shapes our ends, Hough-hew them how we will. The very mental furniture aud attainments which will give commanding advantages to their possessor in any arena of professional pursuit he may clcct are not thoae which lie in r the beaten track of that particular pursuit, but those things which his rivals do not possess, and which, therefore, place him above e them. And the mere handful of knowledge t- (bearing on his future calling) he may aci quire will go for little or nothing as compared e with the intellectual muscle, energy and courit ago which are won by cultivating a natural t and independent habit of self-dependence and i- self-culture, such us but few schools or colleses I now encourage, bot which the genius of American institutions and American life, nay, the 1 very spirit of the age, deninutls as the condition . of all scientific, literary or business success. , The masses of the people who commit their jr children to the intellectual training of the 9 public schools and colleges cannot oversee those institutions, and have no voice in their : HERALD, WEDNESDAY, management. But Che result* of the year's labor would show how far the true ends of _ Ai 1 1 1 A. S? .? eaucauon nave own Kept in view, II me examinations are conducted in a proper manner. And these testa of progress and proficiency, if they would be anything more than mere tricks and blinds to deceive the people, will not be confined to the mere issue of how mnch of the text-book course can be correctly recited in tho final trial, bnt will rather be put in a way to bring out the amounts of mental muscle, endurance and ingenuity that have been developed in the mental gymnasium. Let the scholars in the public schools, at least, be mAde to understand that their progress will be measured not so much by the accuracy with which they memorize their tasks as by their ability to solve, in each branch, original questions propounded by chosen examiners, selected from the best practical as well as speculative minds in the community. Adopting this and kindred expedients for keeping the prime end of their work?education in its etymological sense?over before both teacher and taught, our school boards will find that they are doing a work which will not end with the mere fireworks display of the examination room, but will redound to the permanent nr\r\A rvf flioir nanaa o-nrl vuvtft VWIWV MUU VI IIUVOO VUJilUtldVVU to their kindly and far-sighted care. Such a reform (and who will say it is not needed?) would do more than all the ar- . gum en to in favor of a generonB and well supported free school system, in making the latter the most dearly cherished of all oar national institutions, so that in coming ages we might point to our educational system as a more enduring monument of renown than the colossal aqueducts and noble bridges and still solid roadways which hare rendered Augustan Rome imperishably great. The Pftrmcr*' Granges The Main Question Discovered. We have been somewhat surprised at the apparent ignorance or short-sightedness of the farmers' granges in reference to the ways and means for scouring the great object tor whioh they are so earnestly laboring?cheap transportation of their products to market Their little plans of oo-operation for mutual protection against the railway monopolies may all be well enough as far as they go, but they do not go far enough to reach the main question. At a recent meeting, however, of the "Boston Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry," Mr. Aumsa Walker, of Massachusetts, with a practical banker's perception of the necessities of the case, very clearly showed that the farmers, in looking for relief against railway monopolies and extortions, must look to Congress, and that in looking to Congress the first thing to be done "is to elect men to Congress whom yon con trust," and next you must have specified measures upon which to hold them to a strict accountability. Mr. Walker next suggests that there are three ways whereby the great object of cheap transportation may be secured: first, by general laws fixing the rates of freight and passenger fares on all the railroads in the country; secondly, by building new and comI potent lines, at the expense of the national Kuvurziiuuiib, uctwecu tuu cuioi nmru*, n chv and East, as between Chicago, New "Xork, Boston, &o.; thirdly, by the purchase of all the roads by the government, and leasing them ont to parties, under such restrictions as would seem best for the public interests. Mr. Walker thinks this third plan would be best for the general interests of the country; but we think that his first-named plan of Congressional action is the easiest, simplest and readiest way to cheap transportation, notwithstanding the difficulties ho suggests of the varying costs of the construction and running of different railroads. The main question, how can we secure cheap transportation throughout the country? has been brought forward for the consideration of the farmers, and foT doing them the great service of answering it for their information they ought to be very thankful. ; It is folly to beat about the bush and a waste of time to seek relief in half-way expedients. If we are to have this desirable thing of cheap transportation it must come from Congress; for with us Congress only has "tho power to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several States." If the granges, then, really mean business in their organization against railway monopolies, extortions and frauds, they will hesitate no longer in bringing their batteries to bear upon Congress. It is absurd for these farmers to wik 01 Keeping out 01 politics, it tnoy aesire to remove any great public wrong, or to secure any important public right denied them, they must take it into the political forum and demand a hearing and action upon it They are strong enough upon this transportation question to command a hearing from Congress, and they should do it with the meeting of the two houses in December next. The War Spain.?The English Vice Admiral, Yelvcrton. has forwarded the captured Spanish iron-cladfl to Gibraltar. The Cartagenist insurgents opposed the project of British action firmly during some lew days ; but it appears as if the Admiralty orders from Downing street proved more potent in the end than their patriotism. The exact point of arrangement or of Spanish abatement of dignity is not yet kuown. The socialists in Andalusia have assumed au active part for a settlement of the national troubles, according to the rule of their school of political economy. The farm laborers have organized for the purpose of demanding and enforcing a division of property. They have already burned forty farmhouses inhabited by dissentients from thoir platform. Don Carlos claims to be in receipt of large sums of money from Cuba. Heavy detachments of the royalist army keep moving in the field, so that His Highness the Bourbon appears to be well satisfied with his position, both in Spain and the Antilles. The Apfroachino State Campaign hi New York.?Tho Albany Journal, in behalf of the republican party, speaks quite hopefully of the prospects for our next November Htate election. We arc thus told that the republicans have a straight course before them, that they are united and aggressive, and have the j prestige of last year's splendid victory, with i its State majority of fifty thousand, to encour! age them, while the democrats are still adrift, hesitating and nndecidcd what to do, and are still discussing whether they shall continue their ill-starred coalition of last year or repudiate the liberals aud go it alone; and that, of SEFrEMBER 3, 1873.-TKI coarse, with all these evidences of weakness and irresolution against them, they cannot be expected to do anything in New York this fall towards the recovery of tbe State. But we can assure our enthusiastic Albany republican contemporary that the democrats do not despair of recovering New York in November, city and State, and that they are preparing for a vigorous contest for tbe Legiklature. It is certainly too soon yet to take it for granted that New York ia going to be carried by the republicans this year by spontaneous combustion; for, from year to year, especially in our purely local elections, the popular vote of the State is very uncortain. The Kelsojr Tragedy* The inquest at Huntington yosterday developed some important evidence touching the identity of the remains which the Oyster Buy fishermen brought to the shore last week. The chain found has been positively identified by the jeweller who affixed the bar and hook thereto for Charles G. Kelsey, the victim of the brutality of Huntington. To the life-long resident of a city like New York the bitter feeling about the tarring outrage whioh has divided the little village into hostile political camps can scarcely be comprehensible. That it has in some measure invaded the precincts of religion in the place will be a greater mystery stilL But such is the tact, and the "tar" party and "no tar" party have each their church and their caucus, as well as their opinion about what was at least a disgraceful outrage and almost certainly a brutal murder. There is a certain confusion about the statements on both sides which makes tho truth very uifhcult to get at. The "tar" party affirm that Kelsey is alive. Their statement is founded on that of a relative of one of the parties indicted that she saw Kelsey since his disappearance from Huntington on a train in New York. Thoy are also anxious to have it disbelieved that the remains found are those of Kelsey. Their instincts of self-preservation are so much on the side of this theory that beyond ingenuity it counts for very little. Some of tho interested parties have started tho likewise ingonious theory that the legs could not float. Whether, according to science and "tar" or "no tar" philosophy,-they should or should not float, is not half so much to the point as a direct answer to the question, Did they float ? The theory that the Kelsey family laid a plot so deep as to cover all the details necessary to placing a portion of a corpse with some of Kelsey's effects on it where it would bo fished out is another piece of ingenuity which credits the family with a perfectly diabolic power for secret conspiracy. Tho "no tar" people have their ingenious theories also, with deep hintings and finger pointings. Indeed, the village gosBip and hearsay, if taken for any more than it is worth?namely, very little? would constitute all the inhabitants a race of MiuvhinvAlR. Onr hnwinftSK is tn Innk nt t.h? 1 evidence. The murder of Kelsey?if murder was done?was probably the work of two men. When we view the hesitancy and dodging which have characterized those who could throw light on the mystery we must heartily condemn. There were, doubtless, many connected with the first outrage who would have been unwilling to see murder done. It is the duty of all such to aid the law in discovering all the facts. They could tell who the two men were that Kelsey unmasked. That might be some clow, as those latter would probably have most reason for closing Kelsey's mouth forever. It would be a higher duty for a minister to urge such a course upon those whom he must teach "Thou shalt not kill" than to urgo one man to withdraw charges against another whose defence must be made in a court of justice, and not in a conventicle. Another and Most Dangerous Counter felt. The discovery of a counterfeit five hundred dollar legal tender note, and so ably executed as to dccoive almost any one except Treasury officials and other experts, is calculated to awaken serious apprehensions and to put the government to considerable expense and trouble. Treasurer Spinner and others in his department say they have never seen a better executed counterfeit. The principal defect appears to be in the printing, the impression not being as good as in the genuine notes ; but people may be thrown off their guard by the counterfeits having been manipulated so as to give them tho appearance of being worn by use. No doubt there are other counterfeits afloat, lor the counterfeiters would hardly go to the expense and trouble of making only one. How many there are remains to be seen. Every person, of course, will be careful now to examine the notes ol this denomination. Fortunately they are of such a value as not to enter into ordinary circulation, and will pass generally into the hands of those? of bunkers and others?who are best qualified to detect their spurious character. The government will be compelled, wo suppose, to call in all the five hundred dollar legal tenders in consequence of this counterfeit, which will be an expense and trouble. There will be, too, no doubt, a thorough examination of notes of other denominations. Counterfeiting and lorgery have become so common, and are done in such a "professional" manner that the public cannot be too watchiul. Where are the detectives? The criminals must be hunted up and pnnished. This counterfeiting of government money, in whose manufacture bo much care is observed, is a serious matter, and should be prevented by nil means. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. E. 0. Sqnler Is to marry a lady Saratoga correspondent. Ho gossip says. Mr. Dent, tne father of Mr*. Grant, is still In a very feeble condition, though not confined to hl9 bed. Matunn M. Ballon, late of the Roston Glnbe, Is going to Europe, lie will be accompanied by his wife. Captain C. Grant has been appointed First Assist an: to the lirituh Political Resident in the Persian Gnlf. John B. omnhnndro ("Texas Jack"), of scout, notorloty, was married on Hunday last, in Bonhester, to Mlie. Morla -chl, the well known dansense. Tho lloaton Tramcript says General Urant took with Mm a pair of bays?perfect beauties. Ilia other "bays," his friends think, are quite as enduring. An old lady out West, having read the current paragraph aho?t "Mr. Jenkins, the author of Ulnffc baby,'' Kays "(Jinx owes it to amoral public to explain things." Hit* Excellency the Viceroy of India has expressed his approval of the measures taken to protect "improvident Oarnatlc stipendiaries" from the Madras money lenders. Mr. James tt. Savuio. Chief Cleik 0/ tbe Treasury r ^ v: *. 2* ' Jif 1 " .-'T v ' . ""j * PLB SHEET. Deportment, who has been tvr several week* In San Francisco and other points on the Paclflo coaat on offlclal business, has returned to Washington. scene la a Western Court:?Judge?"Have you unvthinir tn nffkr i? tk. aa..> uDnionoa u passed on you?" Prisoner?"No, Judge; I had $10, but my lawyers took that." "Three-flugered Jack" la a well known character among yellow covered literature, but that a "sixtoed Genius of America," is to be seen on ttie gennine $000 greenback Is rather a novolty. The following delegate* to the a^roachlng Conference of Christians In New York have arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel:?The Rev. William Harris, England; the Rev. Archibald Macmillan, London; the Rev. J. T. Stevenson, England; the Rev. Professor Smyth, D. D., Ireland, and the Rev. David Mullan, Ireland. K. H. Hruns, Grand Master of Masons in the State of South Carolina, has addressed a very cordial letter of thanks to Deputy Grand Master Ell wood K. Thorne, requesting him to express to the fraternity of New Vork and adjacent cities the warmest feelings of gratitude for the courtesies and honor tendered to the memory and remains oi the late James L, Orr. Past Grand Master of South Carolina, and late Minister of the United States to the Court of St. Petersburg. The great social event of the season occurred at Newport yesterday afternoon, it belnir the marriage of Charles K. Gregory, the miliionnaire of Jersey City, to Miss Fannie, daughter of Dr. J. Marion Sims, of this city. The ceremony was perlormed at All Saints' chunel (which was packed with the aristocracy of the summer population) by Lev. Dr. Potter, or Grace church. New Yorlc. H was the most brilliant affair of the kiud that has ever occurred In Newport, and had been the prominent theme of conversation the entire morning. The ceremony was foUowed by a grand reception at the residence of Dr. Sims, on Key street, and the bridal party took their departure for New York last evening, and from there will proceed to Europe. WASHINGTON. Wasiiinoton, Sept. 2, 1873. The President anil His Cabinet. The President will not vmit Washington this week, no business of importance demanding his attention. lie has been visited at Long Branch the last few days by Secretary Belknap and Assistant Secretary Cowan. Secretary Richardson la there now, and matters relating to their respective departments are disposed or as promptly as If the President were In Washington. The Geneva Award. A report prevails that the Geneva award of $15,500,1)00 has already been paid into the Treasury; but on inquiry It has been ascertained that preliminary arrangements on'.y have been made to this end. It will be remembered that on the 6th of June the Secretary of the Treasury issued a call for the redemption of a certain scries of five-twenty bonds, more than covering the amount of the award, In anticipation of Its payment, and that the British government arranged with the Syndicate to discharge the treaty obligation, in pursuance of the plan adopted a large amount of these bonds has already been surrendered to tho Treasury, and gold certificates Issued therefor, to be made available on aud alter September 0, at the time or the formal redemption of the bonds. These gold certificates, It Is under stood, are in the hands or the British Consul at New York, to be delivered with other like representatives of specie (their value covering the entire award) by the British Minister to the Secretary of State, and by him transferred to the Treasury as so much cash. The Postal Card Difficulty. Nothing has bceu received at. the Tost Office Department from the postal card manufacturers at Springfield, Mass., in answer to the letter of Third Assistant Postmaster General Barber notifying them that the cards are not equal to the requirements, and unless the quality of the paper and the printing be Improved the contract will be annulled and proceedings instituted against them to recover the penalty named in the bond?$100,000. The sample of those printed yesterday, received at the Department tills morning, shows improvement in the printing, but is not yet up to the standard, and the contractors must furnish better paper, as they agreed to do. Mr. George II. Tyner, postal card agent at Springfield, writes to Third Assistant Postmaster General Barber that on the 27th ultimo ho rejected 903 sheets (about 32,000 postal cards) on account of the miserable printing and poor quality of the paper. Upon Mr. Morgan, one ot the firm having tho contract, examining them, he said he would like to save as many good ones from the lot as nosaihla nrhor?nnnn Mia mfront. ronnoKtofl liim tn alinnr any cards In the whole lot that were equal to the contract requirement. The contractor cut from one sheet two cards, which, he said, were good enough to issue. The cards were enclosed in the letter to General Barber, and are very poor specimens of typography. Mr. Tyner ordered that the whole 3'2,ooo cards be destroyed, and the department has approved of his action. About two million more postal cards will be required to complete orders from all the post ofllces. It is expected that this number will be shipped within the next week, and the whole country will then be supplied. Treasurer Spinner on the Back Pay Grab. The following Is a letter ot Treasurer Spinner, written to a member of Congress, on the back pay question:? TKEASrnr OF THE UNITED STATES, ) Washington, Sept. 2, 1873. ) My Dear Sir?Your letter of the 2tfth ult., with an enclosure, as therein stated, has been received. I don't know that I can answer your luquiry better than by an extract from a private letter that I wrote to another member of Congress this morning, who made like inquiry. Anions other things 1 said to him:? "The First Comptroller of tho Treasurer has decided that the money heretotore appropriated and that suali remain unexpended at the clos<> of vhe present fiscal year, ending with June 30, 1874, tor the pay of the salaries of members of Conpress, cannot then be covered into the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury has gone a step further than this; he holds that the appropriation is an independent one, and, liko that lor the payment oi the interest on the public debt, alwavs remains for the purpose for which it was appropriated, and that therefore there is no authority for covering it into the Treasury. "lion. John Sherman, who drew the bill that was enacted into a law, bv virtue of which unexpended balances of certain kinds of appropriations are directed to be covered into the Treasury at the end of the fiscal year, and who ought to know what was intended by the law, took the view of the case that juu nave, nuncTDi, uuivTiiii??a?uuiiJK uts uimiiuu that unpaid salaries should be so covered in ne did conclude, in consequence of the rulings of the Treasury Department, to direct the secretary of the Senate to draw his extra pay and to h;tnd it over to BM, in my official capacity, to be covered in. This has Ix en done in his case as it lias been done In many other cases. "1 am not a lawyer, but if I should volunteer an opinion as a layman I should go further than cither the Comptroller or the Secretary. I donbt whether even the covering tn of this money without a consideration and without legal authority or warrant of law will place it beyond the reach of the parties to whom it legally belongs. I thing it conld be reclaimed at any time hereafter In several ways, and even on the mere statement or an account by the depositor or hy his heirs-at-law against the United States for monevs had and received. It is possible you might divest yourself by a last will and testament, stating as a consideration the love and affection you bore votir native land." Hoping thia will be satisfactory to yon, 1 am very truly yours, F. F. SPINNER, Treasurer United states. Isaac ?f Sew National Bank Notes. SuDerintendent Maearwe, of the Bureau of En graving and Printing, left here to-night for New York, to personally superintend arrangements for the earlr issue of new 99ft, $10 and $s otreniattng national bank notes, It being the Intention of the Department to prepare these notes as soon as possible. Hta business in New Tor* will be with the bank note printing oompanics having contracts for portions of the work. At the Treasury everything Is In readiness to flatoh the notes ae soon as the contracting companies do their part ot the business. Important for Flax, Grain and Flour Dealers. A telegram from the Legation of the mited States at Paris, of the soth ult., announces that tho mrtaxa on flax has been abolished, and ihe entrepot has been indefinitely suspended tor all vessels briuffinv grain or don* r? ERIE MATTERS: The Semi-Annual Reckoning D?y?Tk? President's Report?A Dividend of Three and a Half Per Cent on Preferred Stock and One Per Cent on Common tttoek Announced. The Board of Directors of the Erie Railway held their semi-annual meeting yesterday, which waa m very long oue. President Wil-on presented tila semi-annunl report. It was simply a continuation of the Impcrfect report handed In by him some time since. The report Is up to June SO, and givea a statement of the earnings of the road for th* preceding nine months, saM statement showing an Increase fer the same time the previous fiscal year of $1,085,578 51. The percentage 1h reckoned as follows:?On genoral 11 fl.lAA nap nonf nn naaaAnffBrt. 8 83-100 per cent; on mails ami express, 14 47-100 percent; miscellaneous earnings, 27 87-100 per cent. There lias been a decrease on coal earnings of 3 89-100 per cent. No account has been made of the transportation of men and materials for the company In arriving at the gross earnings, bat items of service have been charged at direct cost to the expense account. raying iniight increased la tonnage 250,419 tons, and a large saving, though the amount i3 not exactly known, has been made la changing the distribution of freight at Jersey Oity, Including the breaking up of the Archer contract, the dates being kept for but two months. For the above period ihe working expenses have Increased $271,uo'.< ttti, while the earnings nave increased $1,086,673 51, making the net increase of $814,563 84. The working expense is 67 7-100 per cent oX the income. LIAB1I.ITIKS ron THK NIWR MONTHS KHD1KG Jl'NK SO, 1S7S, Common stock $78,000,001 I*relerr?'.l stock B,U6,910 Kir?t morljrajjc bunds 2,436,000 Second mortgage bonds ' 2,17*.000 Third murt'.K'jii bonds 4,8'AOOO Kourth mortgage bonds 2,937,800 Filth mortgage bonds 709,500 Consolidated niortKaso bonds 12,076,000 Sterling 4,M7,?70 Convertible bonds 8,000,000 11-. .. 1. 1., uVlM nuiimu nr:iuiu Ren I estate bonds 63,671 Loans 15S.3U Hill* audited 2,476,164 Bills payable 1,024,029 Profit and loss 2,906,511 Total 5S.01M8I isskts mil tilk kink months kmding junk 30, 1S73. Cost ol road and construction #109,856,83# Jefferson Railroad construction 924,4U Newbury unit New Vork Railroad construction 259.663 Paterson and Newark Railroad construction. 568,881 Susquehanna Bridge and Erie Junction comstructlon 155,981 Fort Leo Railroad construction 189,987 Newark and hudsou Railroad construction... 127,534 Barclay liallroud construction 6,238 Builalo, Bradtoril unci Pitta. Railroad construction 83,354 Hawle.v Railroad, costructlon 2HC.94J Puvonia LloriU Kailroad. construction 86,906 Avon, Uoneseo and Mount Uorris Railroad, cou-/ struction 1,941 Grand Opera House property, construction 29,097 Lake hit? propellers, construction 573,317 Twenty-third street property, construction.... 129,849 Werhawkeu property, construction 408,459 Pen horn property 126,733 Brooklyn rennery 75,008 Buffalo elevator. 9,506 Preferred stock certificates 45,424 Bonds ol other companies 3,941,781 Stocks of other companies. 5,396,410 Materials on hand and in shops 2,077,764 Real estate in Now Vork, Ac 3,000,000 Balance of outstanding accounts 1,559,510 Bills receivable 127,129 Cash on liand 1,083,069^ Total 7. $131,014,801 The cost of all repairs has been charged to the expense account, and the road and equipment* have been kept in good order. on account ol suits and other matters there have been obtained iroin different parties money and property duriug the year worth more at present than the estimates, no part of which has beeu placed to profit and loss. Further Buma will be received from suits now pending. Mr. L. Robinson, ex-Comptroller of the State ot New York, was elected First Vice President On motion of Mr. Barlow. For the benefit of his health, and also to transact business for the company, Mr. Watson stated that be was going to Europe. While there he will negotiate lor new loans to carry out intended Improvements. Three and a half per cent on the preferred stock, and one per cent on the common stock was the dividend declared, payable on the 1st ol ootober. The books from the 13th of the present month to 2d of Ootober will be closed. WEATHEB REPORT. War Department, ) Office of the Chief signal Officer, > Washington, D. C., Sept. 8?1 A. M. ) Synopsis for the l*ast Twentv-Jtrur Hours. The storm which on Monday night prevailed ' over northern New England and the St. Lawrence Valley lias passed to the northeastward. Partly I cloudy weather, with rain areas, has been reported from the Quir and South Carolina coasts and Tennessee. The barometer has fallen quite rapidly from Kansas to Dakota, Minnesota and Lake Superior, with Increasing cloudiness, fresh to brisk southerly and easterly winds and rising temperature. The temperature has fallen over the Middle and New England States. The pressure W highest over the Oulf coast; lowest over northern Dakota. Probabilities. For New England and the Middle States light ta fresh westerly and southerly winds and generally clear weather will prevail; for the South! era and Oulf States east of the Mississippi light to fresh westerly and southerly winds and partly cloudy weather, with aln areas on the coast; from Tennessee north* eastward over the lower lake region, winas shifting to southwesterly and south* easterly, falling barometer and increasing cloudiness; from Missouri to lowbr Michigan, and northward over Lake Superior and Minnesota, falling barometer, fresh to brisk winds, gradually veering to southerly and southwesterly; Increasing cloudiness and rain. An area of quite low barometer is now apparently advancing eastward over Dakota tow* ard Minnesota, which will probably produce very brisk winds from the soutneast and the southwest over Lakes Michigan and Superior. The Weather in This City Yesterday. The following record will show the changes In the temperature for the past twenty-four honrs la comparison wltu the corresponding day of last year, as indicated by the thermometer at Hudnot'n Pharmacy, Herald Building:? 1872. 1873. 1873. 1813. 3 A. M 67 68 3:30 P. M 81 80 6 A. M M 67 6 P. M 70 7# 9 A. M 74 71 BP. M 69 71 12 M SO 76 12 P. M 66 61 Average temperatnre yesterday . 72 Avemge lempuiaiuic iui tunt^ummn ???v last year TIJt THE NEW $600 OOPNTEBFEIT BILL. Titcsville, Pa., Sept. 2, 1573. A stranger, sixty years of age, giving the name of Henry Sweet, was arrested here to-day for passIn? one of a new counterfeit $500 greenback Issue. He was released on f3,oo*? ball, which amount ho deposited as security lor his bondman. MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNORSHIP. Ben Butler StUl Ahead la the Raee?lBS to i??. Sprinoftri.d, Sept. 3, 1873. The Springfield republican ' caucuses to-night were tall and lively. Two of them nsed the check Mat In voting, and those elected Washburn delegate*. In two others there was m split on the refusal to use the check lists, and two sets of delegates were chosen from those wards. The result in tne city Is? Washburn, 4; Butler. 11; contested, 5. (Kir footings for the State so far are? Washburn, IX!; Butler, 152, and doubeful, 9. MUNICIPAL ELECTION IN ~DELAWAiB. The Republicans in Wilmington Successful by Increased Majorities. WtLMIKGTOX, Sept. 2, 1873. The municipal elections here took plaov I r to-day. The republicans were successful by Increased majorities. Por President of the Council Joshua Morrla has 8B0 majority, and Tor . City Treasurer FraucU Vincent has 832 majority. of the eleven members of th? I City Council nine are republicans, three being chosen lu wards which went democratic last year. MEXICAN DEPREDATION! Cattle Thieves Doing a Brisk Business on the Rio Urmnae. Brownstillb, Texas, Sept. 2, mm Cattle thieving on ttie Texas border bas been r?? sumed with unusual vl>ror. About 200 fine beeves were driven across into Mexico, near Onerre ro, four days ago, snd were boldly driven t on the highway to Monterey by the thieves, without the slightest interference on tbe part of the Mexican officials. These depredations are of dally occurrence, and this section of Texas is robbed o! cattle at the rate ot thousand* of aalmais eaoM I month.