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HUSSON AND SALVINI.H
The Swede and the Italian Pre- 1 paring for the Season. Mme. Nilsson Is Almost Torn; tot Pieces by the Russian Students and Shoots a Bear Near the Gulf of Finland. Face to Face with Dea2k?She "Wonders What ttee Americans Will Say." tlGNOR SAIVINI ATTOK IN THE ACADEMY. Prepared to Ffrid America* Audiences Cold, but De'cermined to Warm Them. Why TPe Cannot Act Othello Two Nights in Succession. fartous Particulars About the Great Prima Donna and the Great Tragedian. The typical prima donna is assumed to be a miraculous onion of strange antitheses. She passes her Infancy in poverty anil her maturity in splendor, warbles in the streets at thirteen and has trie horses taken from her carriage by enthusiastic youths at thirty. In childhood she twirls the tambourine lor the pleasure of the public; in womanhood she twists that pnblic round her little finger with equal facility. Of all people she ought to understand human nature, since she is brought face Co (ace with it in its extremes. She shakes hands With the peasant at the beginning of her career and with a world lul of princes at the end, eats barley bannock and milk among the humble homesteads of her youth, and later on in life, like Solomon's spider, "takes hold with her hands and is in kings' pal cea1." This U tbe popular idea or the typical successful prima donna, and perhaps It Is not yery far at of the way. At any rate there are a sufficient amber or Instances correspodlng to this picture to Jnstity the extent to which it finds lavor. Hence tbe interest with which the world regards all the environments of a (treat songstress Once in a While you may successfully flash in the eyes of tbe public a great tenor or a great barytone, or even a great basso, who has risen from obscn-.iy t. eminence; but the public always comes back to its hankering after a prima donna, and thinks all the more of ber if she has been born to a crust and a cottage. At least American sympathies ran strongly fn this direction, possibly because In America fame and lortune are oftener won by the Inheritors of poverty than in ny other nation under heaven. In these reasons re to be beheld a portion of the cause of that affectionate interest with which United States audiences have for the last three years attended the fortunes of Mme. Nllsson. They sympathized with a childhood of poverty because so many of them had once been poor. They sympathized with ber long struggle and the brilliant triumph it secured because that struggle was tbe perrect reflection of what is every day seen In this ^ooentry. They sympathized with her cnaste temperament and idealizations, with her genius an ck capacity for labor, because these were the expressions of an American standard of art and womanhood united. A writer upon the staff of tbe HBiuld called yesterday upon Mme. Nllsson, at tbe hotel (tbe Clarendon,) where she Is Blaylng. He found tbe rtist in perfect health and spirits, and looking the prototype of tbe Mile. Nllsson whom the American public lost eighteen months ago. Those months bave left no outward record of their flight. What Inward record they have1 left will be seeii when tbe curtain goes up and Vloletta and Lucia and Miguon nd all the rest come trooping on. 1^ the course of conversation Mme. Nllsson made many allusions to ber recent career in Russia. She likes the Bussian people and appreciates the- exceeding enthusiasm with which they received her. Both In Moscow and St Petersburg ber success was em yuftbiu lu bus mvbci vi?j uci ucucut ui^uv nug something to be borne in sensitive remembrance by her (she says) to the latest day of ber lite. The poor students came poaring oat in scores; they surrounded the doors of her hotel, and when she ?u about to enter her carriage several of thorn seized her, and, Inspired by an enthusiasm which, in spite or its violence, never even lost a respect that seemed to border on reverence, took her in their arms and bore her In triumph to the theatre, the others, each witu a lighted flambeau In his hand, forming a procession. Tbe whole city was alive with these frantic worshippers, and Anally the police turned ont in full force, holding themselves in readiness in tbe event of ' Are. Daring tbe performance at this theatre she was recalled forty-five times, and tbe stage was absolutely Imbedded with flowers upon which it was necessary for her to walk several yards before reaching the footlights. Finally, in answer to the general acclamations, the artist was compelled to seat herself at a piano, which was conveniently near, and sing one or two of tne Russian national Jongs, the audience meanwhile standing and the royal family uniting, up to the last moment, in tue popular enthusiasm. As the opeta had t>een "Mlgnon,"and as the heroine had her lialr streaming over her shoulders, the effect was extremely unique and picturesque. But tbe honors which lime. Kllsson reaped in St Petersburg assumed sometimes a grotesque and eccentric shape. It was all very well to receive especial glits of value from various members of the royal family and to be Invited to Cenrt concerts, but the tokens ol regard presented by the students must have some times sorely tried the equability of the artist's nerves. On more than one occasion. Incredible as it may seem to colder bloodeu Americans, some * of the students, in company with not a few officers of dignified rank, prostrated themselves on the ground and welded themselves Into a floor upon which Mine. Kilsson was obliged to walk in order to reach her carnage. "Tolq was too much," said tbe speaker, her eyes glistening at the remembrance. "It was really too trying to an artist's reelings to expect her to accept it. But there they were, and what was 1 to do f At my concerts the people betiaved so sometimes that I was frightened." Being requested to mention the particulars, Mine, kllsson said that the people rushed- to the edr;e of .the stage, snatched at tbe hem of her drees ami fiere it Into fragments, caught her and beM her, so that she could not move, and left her in a condition that must have resembled that of the "priest all tattered and torn." They stole her gloves, her fan Imp ha n.lLa.nKU/ I.... took the sippers irora her feet, ihe prima donaa who would go unmoved through such scenes must needs have steady nerves and a strong constitution. Ho rar as enthusiasm goes, a St Petersburg audience is the beau ideal. Nothing to compare wit* It la seen elseahero. English audiences are terltog and stolid; tout, once having secured their goodwill, you may oaunt on retaining it even after }ou have lost vouj voice and yonr artistic ower. Not so with the Russians, and (Mme. Nllsaon added) the Ruuttaus were Ip the rljrht. They cease to shower these demonstrations of approval upon an artist the moaeat she comes back to them wltH a broken voice or powers otherwise impaired. Kmc. NJIsaon acquiesced In this treatment. She thought that no artist ought to expect to remain the Idol of a public when she had once begun to lalL TII? EFFECT or APPLAreit ON TDK NERVES. American audiences (Mme. Nlisson thought) ?ave all the sotHlty 01 the BnglhUi and all the enthuMtaatlc leellng oi the Russians wltoqut the outward wxpresstou of it. Tney kept their feelings more to Ibemselves but those feelings were all there. When ^qaeetloned with respect to the fatigue of respondAjig fortv-Ove times la the bourse of a stogie evenjofc to the calls of the audience, Mme. Nllsson Smvslyreptiod, "Oh yes I It is very fatiguing?but I , jlkelt'T" Who ever heard of a prima donna getting tii'ed of genuine applause? The effect, howjater, npo'Q ber nervous organization she declared -to be often' painful. It shattered her lor the time * t>< Ing. til tea A*r with wild feelings, which presented her .Ving ful.'y conscious of what she fU about, i.'ut these nnthtuunsmn over, abe gE^TOftg H m toon *? **tr. the control or neneir, I tod in the face or re^ ^>^no?r she vu generally 0 calm. Aa an injita'jca ol this she mentioned the . itorm on tbe La<of Geneva while she and some 1 Irtenda were v*ang, a abort time previous to ber departure toy ttda oountry. Tbe atorin suddenly came an lrA ten minutes, and they lonnd themselves rao4 to ffcoe with deatb. "But 1 was not Qlgtite^wA," said Mnie. NiUson; -1 held myself cloae fug*ther in the bottom or the boat, expecting every instant to go down, and I thought If 1 din so wbat would mv trlends in America say." ad she laughed merrily in tbe very pardonable consciousness that many hearts In America would Have sorrowed deeply over tbe loss. One or tbe Boost unique recollections wblcb Mono. NUaaon brought forward was ber bear shooting near the Gulf or Finland, while on ber visit to Rusaia. Bear shooting ia not a general pastime with the Russian ladies, but M. Uousaud. ber husband, was going and Mine. Nil*son oame to tbe determination that atie would like to try her ;hand. Iler courage kept up until she saw tbe bear, and then it kept up a great deal more. The readers of the Ukrald will scarcely credit what I 'am next troing to say, but since the assurance came from the aituu's own lips there la no question about it. 'tbe bear approached. He was one of those old white Russian bears that we read about, very handy to have In a novel, but not so haudy to have within sight. But tbe heart of the Swedish singer did not raltor, neither did her hand. She knelt, alio took aim. she fired. In another instant the bear lay rolling in deatb, and when his silver-throated alayer returned to the RiiMntiin p.anital DerhuDfl this little incident did more than anything else to lend a fresh Impulse to thatceieortty which had ilrst been won by her voice. FUTUKK CARKKH. Besides the rOlea In winch we are already fkmlllar with her, Mine. Nllaaon will thia season interpret Cherublno in "Le Nozze dl Fliraro," and Alda In Verdi's opera oi that name. The only absolutely new rtile Is the Alda, In which Mm*. Nllason has appeared In neither London nor Parts. The other principal parts In this opera will probably Inclnde Campanini us KademGs, Captain or the Guards; Nlnettt as the King, and Maurel as Amonasro, King of Ethiopia, and Afda's father. The opera Is in four acts, the action takea place at Memphis and Thebea during the period when the Pharaohs were In power, and the Interest Is tragic. Mme. Nilsson has built, the part up alone, and it will probably take rank with her Mlgnop and and her Ophelia. With regard to the question or her final retirement from the stage it is not dullcult to conjecture that Mme. Nllason'a mind Is in that state or uncertainty which is sure to give rlBc to contradictory rumors. Retiring from America is one thing: retiring from the operatic stage is quite another. But retirement ror a while irom both (she says) is pretty certain, aH ahe needs rest. She declares that she can never bring bcrsell to formally say "goodby" to America. That would be too gainful: It would be unstringing her too much. lie feels the immediate and warm endorsement this country gave to Her, and declares that she woulu have returned hltner had all the managers in the world tried to hold her back. Tne question or Otesariam or no Csesarlsm was one which never occurred to her in thinking of this generous country; she remembered it only as the lund that had been good to tier and to art through her, and that wuu milta Annmrh tn make monmrv iiflfectinnntA and tenacious. She confessed that tbo attentions bestowed on her by titled and wealthy people were particularly grateful when she contrasted the dark and painful past through which she has struggled with the position she enjoys at present. ' Mine. Nilsson's manners are quiet, unaffected, simple. Her conversation is vivacious and easy and now add then characterized by a nalveM th.U is more piquant than piquancy itself. Iler affirmations are straightforward and candid and she makes no attempt to disguise the fact tnat she takes pleasure In ner career aud is enamored of its superb successes. Her rentrie will probably be mfcUe in Violetta. She expressed a preference for Lucia over Margherita ana lor Violetta over both. What she is as a singer, as a lyric artist, all the world knows. But all the world does not know that she Is a born diplomate, her own best agent, with as great a gift for business as for the operatio stage; cool in the transaction of routine work, not wittwur enjo. ment of the fascinations she wields, but i oapabie of exercising genuine gratitude as of awakening genuine affection, and industrious In deserving the praises of the praiseworthy. Signor Salvinl, the Tragedian. Our duty next took us Into the preseuce of Signor Salvmi, who was found at the Academy of Music superintending the setting of some of the scenes that are to be used in "Othello." It may be premised that the original date, September 10, will be adhered to as the openiug night, and that the public will therefore have the pleasure of seeing this great actor for the first time next Tuesday evening. Sitinor Salvini's personal appearance and manners have already been described in these columns. In addition to what was said a day or two ago, It may be remarked that he has vast depth and breadth of chest, and that he impresses one with the idea of great strength and great repose. In conversation his feature! become animated, bis eye kindles, and he employs gestures in moderation, always to the polut and always serving to assist the sense of what he says. The writer of this article had the privilege or a long conversation with Signor Salvinl yesterday afternoon. The tra<va/iln n if a enmr. tnairrht (ntn h la in t Amroto Inn (JOUIUU V PVIUV iuu.hi.? tuvv u.? tU.v*|r.v.wv.vu of Othello, which he declared to be his favorite character; but, to Inform the public what the peculiarities or Signor Salvlnt's Interpretation are, would be almost as inapropot, as to state the conclusion of a novel which has been onlj naif read through. It Is preferable that the public should be left to discover lor itself, with the hint only that the conception Is original and Is not in accordance with several of the printed descriptions. Signor baivlnl, lor Instance. ' does nor make Othello a negro, as Mrs. iiuilaru amrms that nc aoes. tie makes nun a moor, ana ne ; has couceived all his speech and action in cori respondence to that nationality. He believes that Shakspeart; exhausted human nature, and that other attempts at character creating are either imitations or modifications of Shakspeare's men and women. SALV1N!'8 ASSISTANTS. The principal assistants of Blgnor Salvinl are Stgnora lsolina Piamonti ana signor Alessundro fcalvini, his brother. Plamontt Is a name not known here as yet, but the actress who bears it holds a high rank in Italy, where she is he'd only second to Ristori ami Pezzana. Slgnor Alessandro .Salvinl is described as being a very excellent actor, whose onlv misfortune It is not to be as large a man as bis more celebrated brother. He has made a specialty of character parts, and will plav lago on Tuesday evening. He also acts the part of tne father in the original Italian play whence "David Oarnck" was adapted. All the members of the present company, with one exception only, have acred with Signor Salvinl for many years, so that the forthcoming entertainments are expected to progress with absolute smoothness. "Othello" will begin a lew minutes alter eight o'clock and terminate at half-past eleven. PKCULIAKITIE8 OP SALVINI. Like almost every other great artist, Slgnor Salvinl experiences a certain nervousness with respect to his first appearance at every fresh place, but has seldom or never .elt quite so nervous as in view of his a?but in the United States on Tuesday night. Tnis feeling he shares in company with Racnel. Ristori and countless other stars. He is prepared to find our audience* colder than many others; but, as he very sensibly expressed himself, every audlencc has its own way of enjoying and ol demonstrating Its enjoyment, and it Is with these peculiarities that the actor must bring himself en rapport. He is prepared to Una the first Vwo acts 01 his Othello taken very eoollj, because no opportunity occurs throufhout them of stirring an audience to the heart's core; but with the third act arises a great occasion, and from that moment till the end ol the filth the Interest culminates in one unbroken series of points, and, it by the time the final curtain falls, tne audience is not worked into a frenzy, Signor salviut's achievement here will fall short ot what It has been at every other theatre In wldch he has played. But he Is animated with the confidence which is seldom felt br those who are not used to universal and deserved adulation. He has no anticipation that the coldness of our audiences will react upon him and freeze hiai. On the contrary, he is certain ol reiHovinir that coldness. That will be bin task to perlorui. and Ills eye tires when he contemplates tbe triumph which his experience the world over warrant* him in anticipating. The reports In regard u? the effect .01 the rfile of Othello upon HaJvlni have not been overrated. It exhansts him so, so wears upon his magnetism, that tie cannot perlorm it two nights successively. The dresses he uses are invariably soaked with perspiration by tbe tine tbe plM comes to an end, and have to be stretched to dry beiore they can be nsed agaiu. Sigaor .Halvlnl believes that if he canaot draw our peeple to blot, in spite of Ms speaking a foreign language, he coald not draw them to nlui, tn<Migh they understood every word he said. The personal address of the artist is extremely courtly aid urbane, possessing that simple and graceful charm, that gracious and unaffected unconsciousness of tbe gare of the curious which is only gained by long discipline on man? a foreign stage and l>y moving on a familiar footing in tbe most cultivated circles. Ills smile Is sweet and kindly, his manaer princely In its suavity and ease, his air serious and grave, but often relieve* by a brier vivacity or expression. Unless report has belted him he Is certain to create among tke lovers or the legitimate drama a sensation not second to that evoked bj Rlatori and Rachel. An Artistic Trlomvlrat?-S?lvlnlf Roast, Hlstor I?America, la Judgment on Art?Italian Assimilation mf the Ikakspearlan Philosophy ? Tho Clatalc School of Acting?How lalvlnl la Regarded In Italy?His Capabilities, Personal Appearance, At. Nbw York. Sept. 18, 1873. To mi Editor of thi Hirald:? Rlatori la famous In onr midst. Salvini deserves to become even more so. His talent la of a higher order than hers. Such Is tbe decree of Italy, where'be is accepted as the greatest living actor. His tori, <Wompanlefl by the trumpetlngs or renown, gave here* Jhe first aoecimen of Italian acting. MAt3)v SUNDAY,' SEPTE ler talent being undeniable, lhe reaped an Amerlmi barvwt of honors and dollars, upon which me i now IMng in retirement at Rome. Bnt Italy tan yet J nitty expect a greater dramatic tnumDh >11 the American stage than any she has tad. Bignor Tommaso salvlnl has just started *om Europe for this country. In order to Becure ihe American verdict upon his enactment of Shakspeare's greatest tragedies. His "Otello" ind "Amleto" wlU offer an attraction Dy the side it which recollections or "Maria Btnarda" and 'Medea" must pale, for the latter rOlea are confessedly Insignificant when confronted with thoso >f the two masterpieces. Rlstort ahd her lmperwmations remained an enigma to rnanjr; Halvlnl must perforce be understood through tthaicipeare's words, which are household words from Itaine to Texas. The greatest plays that were ever written for the stage will thuB be made to assume new life and interest in American eyea. No imall theatrical event indeed. studying fbom tub stage. In the meantime it will not bo amis* to lay something in regard to the coming tragedian belore the readers of the Hkbald, according to lto Invariable practice of being the llrst to enlighten the public as to tUe merits or demerits of those who may be classed unc'er too bead of pnbllo personages. Before Riatori became celebrated the present writer van living In Tnrin, and there assisted at tbe performances of the future queen of tragedy during an entire winter at the Curlguano Theatre, wbere he may say tbat he first studied the "beautiful Tuscan tongue" lrom her diction. Subsequently, in tbe same, city, at the old Oerblno Theatre, he enjoyed the acting of Ernesto uossi; and last., though not least, he has had the opportunity of appreciating Halvini during the last lew years at Florence and Rome?in the latter city uuirng he recent season at the Valie Theatre, in February. FKKNC11 CRITICS AS CLAIMANTS. The fame of all three of these artists has been secured by general Europeau success. But none 01 them woukl ever have been heard of beyond the Alps bad they not in the first instance been stamped with the seal of approbation in Italy. When the tragedians visited and performed in Paris?Uob-66?most of the amiable and pleasant critics in the Parisian journals iniormed them that, as they had been so iortunute as to secure "the consecration of a baptism in Paris,'* they had ijtuojtwto their passports to roam the world and gather new laurels, and other nations were at Uberiy to pay unto them tue tribute ol wreaths and dollars, (iVitus venoim do priaer, le morute peut (iterutter.) Verily, In those days Paris was in vogue, and gave the run of fashion in theatricals as in bonnetB; but Paris could neither adequately appreciate tho three Italians nor consecrate their lame. This was reserved to Italy and America. The United States did more for Kiston's reputation and pocket than Italy herseli; and now calviui in turn will doubtless receive here a greater triumph than ho has ever received elsewuero. Iu 1871 be visited South America una there wet with an enthusiastic ovation: uiid yet Montevuleana were not ad capable as New Yorkers are of Uoiug him tbat quota 01 Justice whlcb bis splendid talent, as displayed in his interpretation of Buakspeare's masterpieces, entitles bim to receive. AMERICA THE FINAL JUDUS AND RKWARDER. in no country are merit and taleut, in whatever line, so sure to meet reward as in tills land oi ours. The foreigner, whether engaged in opera, drama or anything else, 11 only deserving, will certainly, when appearing in our cities, be accorded a hospitable welcome and a profitable endorsement. In this way we claim that the metropolis of America Is more competent in consecrating art itself than any ot"?r country, excepting Italy aloue, which is an artistic jud^e oi the tlrst water, n not a dispenst ?r gold. The claim ol the JituiUetoiilstea of Varis w -<s judgment on all that is artistic iu tne world an inadmissible pretension. A people natural iri>i sensible in tbeir ways of life may justly lay cl. n <o a better appreciation of the true and the be. <itnul than tbo e who are critics in mere artilicial jargon aud who are adepts iu sacrificing' substance to the narrowest ol lorms. THK INTERPRETATION OK "SWEET WILL." By the uuinitiated out of Italy no little surprise bas been expressed tnat two Italians, Tcmiuaso balvlul and hrnesto iiossi, should have achieved such lame in representing the master characters oi bbakspeare. both have obtained a success In Othe>lo and Hamlet uuequalled in the present age, aud, perhaps, even surpassing that historically allowed the greatest tragedians of England. Tne surprise so expressed has been based upon the very laise notion that Shakspeare's philosophy was oi a different school from that ol Italy; that it reflected tbe cold, nebulous North ratner than the genial, bright r-outu. There are, aoubtless, readers ot Sliakapeare's plays who accredit bim with nebulosity because they are themselves iu a fog in the matter ol comprehending plain ideas in plain language, whether of "oweet Will" or any other writer. Now, in both Hamlet aud Othello there is spread out the immediate play or human passions, and these do not vary irom hugland to Italy aud vice verm; in botb pieces the cauna rerum, the great typical craving of man to "know tbe reason why," is visibly sought alter. HO FOR TUB UNKNOWN! The sympathy lor the unknown, wiiich the great author possessed and which be leit to be read between bis Unea,lias been seized hold of and natur ally assimilated by tuc two great ltiUlau tragedians. He in writing, they lu acting, but Hold the mirror up to nature, buakspeare is so well understood in Italy, because, as with tue English ho with the Italian race, there has been u marked and persistent striving to lerret out the unknown. The Italians have had?not to mention a host of others?three great seekers, and who found something, too, although not enough to satisfy them. Dante, Galileo, Columbus discovered unknown worlds in heaven, fcarth and hell, and nevertheless these discoveries never queucaed their thirst tor knowledge, their craving. In the England of to-day Livingstone and Baker are modern searchers alter the secret of things. nature as a model. As Shakspeare's ideas are incomparably trae, natural aud ocuutnui, so have they been iu a natural and beautnul manner perceived, assimilated and rendered by the greatest ol living actors, Salviul. All art iu Italy that may be styled 01 the higher kind has been imaiemorially moulded and directed according to the laws of nature, and hence it is that Italian style h;is always been so renowned lor its truth, simplicity and beauty, halvinl in his cultivation 01 the dramatic art simply follows the method ol his country in not overstepping or falling short of the laws of nature. The art ol Shakspeare and of Raphael, although lar above "realism," was not supernatural. ttucn men could not be silly. salvini's great powers. Thia much would serve to explain how an Italian may be lound moving on the same truck with tue great Anglo-Saxon dramatist?apart the cant on race, language, climate, But iu order that one particular actor, come lrom where be may, be as true to the dramatist as the latier Is true to all tilnvprii iA.ui 1 nil Miiipu it la of r.niirtu* imliun*?nuuhln turn this actor should be endowed with uuoouimon natural powers, such are the powers of Salvia!, and to appreciate them he must needs be seeu at his worn. Acuteness and strength ol perception, joined to uuoaralleled flexibility in reception and rendition, are the mainsprings of his actlug. In thet j qualities, which m ike the great actor, he Is quite without a rival. He possessed also all the minor qualities or accessories so important. Let It not be interred for an Instant that Sal vim's play la, so to say, mere skilful mechanism. Into his simulation or Imitation Is breathed the vivifying spirit of the highest order of art, and it is only thus rhat it leaves an indelible impression on the beholder. IU9 APPEARANCE AND ACTING. As an artist he has eminently the charm of origtnality. In personal appearance ho is strikingly handsome and He pleases at first sight, and the more his audience see or him tue more he lascinates them. He is youthful looking, being in the prime ol manhood (forty). His regular features, his high forehead, bis eyes piercing, black and remarkable in variety ol expression; ins figure well developed and above the uverage height, at once give him a decided air of intelligence and strength. His gestures on the stage are entirely natural, never of the affected, pose order; his attitudes graceful, his whole play is sober, concentrated and powerful. Ho la not a mere flitting body beiore the-eye of the spectator, but a man who throws hui whole soul in every utterance and movement, us one earnest and intent? ay, absorbed?in what he does. His natural advantages stand him Ln good stead always, but It has only been through tne closest and hardest study tuat he has reached his present perfection as an artist; that he is enablea to exhibit before his audience such towering outbursts.of energy, combined with such delicate renderings of all the shades In human passions. Most admirable is his faculty of transformation. From the tenderness ul loffl ht* r\A.n Ntirinir tn ihA flurfu^at nni/??r or tJii? dissimulation 01 assumed idiocy. To cite only one well known instance, in the lore scene or bis faunous "Deh.l nwou, o Dwleiruma, vieni," Ac., tlie vibration from his lips of .those few words produces the most stnuige, powerlul and pleaalog effects on the hearer, it has been said that no woman can he*r the sweetness oi toniug that he gives to this passage without being charmed by it tub <4i;k*tiox or lanmcauk. It Kiay be a drawback to aoan that the tragedian will use a foreign language, ai iiough many among the cultivated aiufeences who will listen to Dim will not pefJhaps be eaiirely unacquainted with the Italian. But, on the other hand, the beauties of that langnagq will also be an immense gain; and although the point and pith or me original text may be lacking, the translation is a splendid setoff in the way of polished lorm, enclosing the rogrd strength and substantiality of ideas. Italian ladixpntabljr more musical than English, and, eveu if not understood, will not rail in many years to be an agreeable and novel substitute tor the haraner idiom so lamillar to tnem. Salving has a noble voice. HJs diction is exquisitely pure and distlnet He Is a master of intonation. valub or rnc classic school. In the grand rOles of dhakspeare Halvlnl Is truly superb, and in this country they will of necessity please, in other pieces that are merely good?in those of Allleri. and In "La Morte Civile," or Uiaconwttl?be shows himself still superior, ir bis tyie of acting be described as that springing from the "classicdrama," then one can take no objection to that rather cut and dried copnomen. A* long there Are tragedians lUtc MBER 14, 1873.?QTTADKtTF him tragedy cannot be raid to bave outlived Its day; on the contrary, oat of all theatrical entertainments those oi the "classic" pieces that are based on the principles of human nature, always and universally immutable, will ever most aptly rouse the heart and mind of the theatregoer In anv country and ace. There are not always at hand great tragedians to give us a taste of tragedy, even If we could bear being so often stirred up. Surpassing as the "classic" masterpieces are In effect When powerfnlly acted, still the sweet warbling of prima donnas and tenors, the trivialities of couieuy and the hash of shows will continue to be served ap on the boards in swift succession. When we are not hearing Nilsson oar ears win be open to Pattl; when Cox Is absent Box will be present; and when one Black Crook Is taken away another shall be given In its place. life is mixed. On the whole, however, provided there exist actors like Salvlnl capable of Interpreting the most dlfflcult of "clusslo" pieces, then the classic repertory may advantageously be removed from the centre-table to the stage of a theatre?not without. Ariosto Bays. Tatar creace una Delta, un bei mania. (A pretty dress at tlmea Increases beuuty itself.) ITALIAN AFPBICMTION. Salvlnl has been playing In Italy for the last twenry years, and yet he haa never failed of success In any city whither he and his company have migrated. Italv, supreme In taste, believes as firmly in tragedy aH In opera, and tne tragedian Salvlnl is as much enjoyed by her children as the sweetest songstress. His ooipatnots have never got tired of him or high drama. Over and over again they greet him with enthusiastic applause. In their eyes be is a species of Idol, and In talking to foreigners they proudly apeak of him as "our Salvlnl," as though they would put him up against all comers; and well thoy might, lor tie Is without an equal. Marquis D*Arcals. the art crltio. whoso authority fa recognized throughout the peninsula, constantly eulogizes salvint for his steadfast adherence to and proficiency In the schools of Hhakspeare and Alfierl, while unable sufficiently to anathematize the trash current from Paris. I). Slgnor Enrico Tmmberltk. The first appearance tn this city or a tenor who has charmed %I1 the rest of the World, Is Important enough to Justify a very general curiosity In regard to his antecedents. This curiosity has been amply gratified with respect to Ulgnor Campanlnl, who will be heard here In a very few weeks, and we propose to do the same service with respect to Slgnor Tamberllk, against whom all that can be urged Is that he Is Just two years younger than the tenor whom nine New York hearers out of ten' declared, a couple of seasons ago, to be the finest tenor who had evor visited America. If Wachtel charmed us at fifty-five, perhaps Tamberllk may bo conceded the same opportunity at fiftythree. He was born In Rome In 1820, and has "wandered singing through the listening world" for about thirty years. That is to say, his first successes were won In 1843, while he was singing at the Grand Opera at Lisbon. Previous to this time he bad taken singing lessons from Gugllelmo and Borna, and had studied theology. Whether his theological studies were or any use to him in providing him with sympathies for Poiiuto, in which bo was subsequently so successful, we will not now stop to inquire. Ills d?but took place at the Theatre del Fonde, in Naples, in 1841, In the tfepulettl e Montecchl." Then came the Lisbon engagement, when he first began to give an earnest of what he would I become. A sudden change in his voice transformed him to a tenor tfOyato, and visiting Harcelona, Madrid and London, It was hinted that the mantle or Rublnl had fallen upon him. At Covent Garden bts interpretation in "Quglielmo Tell" produced a very proiound Impression. The London endorsement was ratified by that of St. Petersburg where, for nearly twenty consecutive seasons, be pleased one 01 the most exacting audiences in the world. It was here that tie produced for ttio first time "Lc' Prophfete" and "I^e Pardon do Ploermel," and at the conclusion of one of hlB most prosperous engagements the Emperor Nicholas accorded him two decorations and appointed him "Chief Singer of the Chamber Court." Meanwhile Slgnor Tamocrllk kept shy of Paris. Ho d^cilnod the invitations of even Me.verbeer and did not make his di^but there till 1858. It was during that very year trrit M. Maretzek anuounced bim us having been engaged for this city. Hut M. Maretzek was tirteen years too early. The engagement was postponed; Paris proved too attractive; the seauon at the itallens was renewed, and the Impressible, yet lastldlous French vowed that they had found' their ideal sluger. A triple strand of admiration was woven for nim b.v Paris, London and Madrid. His Othello struck the Frenchmen to the heart, and the succcss was renewed aB lately as 18fM at the Itallens. These achievements have been repeated in Klo Janeiro, Buenos Ay res, Montevideo, Mexico and Havana. During Ills recent season in Havana Tamberlik sang in public twentysix times in tour weeks, which Is a pretty severe test as to the present Integrity of his voice. For the rest we preier to wait for his appearance at the Grand Opera House otribe eth of October. Mmical and Dramatic Not a. The dramatic season has begun, bnt we are without tbe promise of any exceptional success, and no new piece has yet been announced as in preparation, for wnlch a long run is expected, starring engagements and rapid changes seem to be the order of the day. Already Mr. Jefferson's engagement at Booth's Is nearly half finished, and Maggie Mitchell Is announced to follow "Kip Van Winkle." In another fortnight the Alrnfie conj pany, at the Broadway, and the Lydla Thompson troupe, at the Olympic, will yield to others. The Grand Opera House has already produced two show pieces, and on Mouday or next week "The Wandering Jew" will be succeeded by a spectacle called "Hannted Houses." Mr. Charles Uayler's local drama, "Dost and Diamonds." is in preparation, to follow "The Colleen Bawn." The Vokes, at the Union Square, seem a fixture till the beginning of the regular season on the 1st of October. There Is in all this very little real encouragement for art, but we need not despair of much excellent acting belore the winter is over. The company at the Boston Mnseum has been playtng the comedy of "Divorce." The company includes Miss Mary Cary, Mr. W. J. Lemovne and Mr. W. II. Crisp, well known to the theatre goers of this city, who, as a matter of course, are able to play modern comedy; but with these exceptions, and excepting Mr. Charles Barron as Alfred Adrians, it is played as gravely and stiffly as the "The School lor Scandal." And it requires, on the Boston boards, nearly an hour longer than la necessary for its interpretation. The fact that Mr. Joseph Jefferson Is playing at Booth's at the same time that Mr. G. L. Fox Is acting comedy at the Qrand Opera House reminds us bow successfully each has lollowed his own line since tliey appeared together at the Olympic und^r Laura Koene's management. Almost equally great, they are equilly the representatives of different methods. With Mr. Jefferson, especially In his great part of Kip Van Winkle, every detail down to the minutest gesture Is carefully studied and settled as firmly as the laws or the Medes and Persians. Mr. Pox, on the other hand, depends to a great extent upon the Inspiration of the moment, as is well illustrated In the death of Pyramns, where he always dies according to the temper of the house. During the three weeks Fox played Bottom this season the death scene was never twice alike. Hip Van Winkle has gone to sleep for years with the same motion of the hand and arms. But both artists are worthy of careful and repeated study as among the greatest representatives of American art, either past or present. It is not judgment in advance to protest against such "star" actors as Miss Maggie Mitchell and Mr. J. KL. Emmett In advance of their appearance. Neither of them can bring ns anything In the way of dramatic art worthy of serious consideration, and both do great Injury to a profession where they hold places far above their merits. Mr. Emmett's "specialties" are even more reprehensible than Miss Mitchell's maudlin juvenility, but we suppose tbey must be endared till our people learn that a good stock company In oar theatres is worth a thousand snch feebly flickering stars. The new drama with which the Union Square Theatre begins the regular season Is by Mr. George Fawcctt Kowe. We presume Ml*s Hose Eytlnge will make her first appearance in this place. That "eminent young American actor," Oliver Dead Byron, is to play "Ben McCullough" at Wood's this week. Ben McCullough waa not a great man, but there ia no telling what an "eminent young American actor" may do with him. The building of the new Firth Avenue Theatro, at Twenty-eightii atrect and Broadway, la progressing rapidly, bnt it ia not likely the house will be ready for occupancy be tore the beginning of November. Mile. Aimee goea to Havana at the close of her preaent engagement at the Broadway Theatre, only two weeka remain or her New York aeason. During the remaining fortnight three operaa are to be given, "La Grande Duchesse" and "La Pdrichole" this week, and next week, "Orpb6e Auz Enrers," which naa not been sung here in four yean. A number of yonng ladies, mostly graduates of tho Normal College, wishing to follow op their previous musical instruction, have iu> formed a -LI! SHEET. vocal society, which they call the Wtnterbnra Chorus, after the director, Mrs. Charlotte V. Winterburn. The society la to be composed exclusively of women. The flrst rehearsal will take place at Dr. Crosby's church, Fourth avenue and Twenty-seoond street, on Wednesday afternoon. Tnls society is excellent In design, for nothing can be more Important to young ladies than ^n opportunity to pursue ttelr musical training after leaving school. A peat conservatoire may grow out of like enterprises. "Haunted Houses," which Is to follow the "Wandering Jew" at the Grand Opera House, Is a "thrilling sensation" by Mr. il. J. Hyron, the English dramatist. It la now running successfully in London. Yesterday Mr. Max Strakosch received ftom his brother, Mr. Maarlce Strakosch, the pleasing Intellicence. per Atiantlo cable, that the directorship of the Italian opera la Parla bad passed Into their bands. Mr. Shlel Barry will appear every evening thi* week, excepting Saturday, both a? Danny Mann and Myles na Copaleen In "Tbe Colleen Bawn," at Wallaces. This will be a novelty worth seeing, Mr. Barry's excellence as Miles enhancing the curiosity to see him as Danny. The same programme will be repeated on Saturday afternoon. On Saturday evening Mr. Gayler's play, "Dast and Diamonds," will be produced. Barney Williams, who has been Buffering for some time from paralysis of the left eye, is much Improved. But his physicians having advised him to give up his professional pursuits for the present, he has cancelled all engagements until next spring. Mme. Nilsson visited tbe Lyceum Theatre last evening, and was the recipient ol an almost perfect ovation, being called to the front of the proscenium box which she occupied and presented with many beautiful floral offerings. Mousieur Hnlvtni wan also iiri>m>nt. ami nri<nnii>i1 ttin hnx directly opposite Mine. Nilsson, and was enthusiastically applauded as soou as discovered by the audience, which was one of the most fashionable which has assembled this season, CHEAP TRANSPORTATION, Third Session of the United Slates Senate Committee on Transportation. D Statements by the Delegation from the New York Cheap Tranait Association?Interesting Statistic* from the Statistician of the Prodnce Exchange?What Railroads and Canals Can Accomplish?Explanation of the Belgian System of Towage?The Continental Air Bailway. The Senatorial Committee on Transportation resumed their session yesterday, Senator Wludom in the chair. The testimony given was of considerable interest and included the views of the merchants and producers as well as pp^ate citizens who had given the question of transportation great consideration. The representatives of the Continental air line had also an opportunity of explaining the work they had undertaken. The investigation was closed, as far as New York was concerned, about five o'clock. Just previous to the committeo rising, the Burlington delegation, introduced by Mayor Dodge, of that city, were presented, and the Senators were invited to stay at Burlington, on their way to Mon- | treat, in order that an opportunity might be afforded of explaining the water route proposed to be made in connection with the St. Lawrence lUver. Mr. Windom informed the delegation that until the committee arilved at Albany tliey could not positively say whether they could stay at Burlington, though it would give them very great pleasure to do so. THE BLUE LINE. Mr. Hayes general manager of the Blue Line, appeared and made a supplementary statement. 11c said that the local traffic In short hauls costs more In proportion than the traffic In long hauls. For example, the rariroad receiving property would be obliged to handle, weigh and load it at a cost, if handled In large quantities, equal to twenty cents per ton. The tfme or an entire train is occupied while the engine is putting cars in and taking them out; a local train occupies three times as much time collecting a full train as a througTi train would in passing over the Bame dlstauce. Therefore, If the cars are compelled to discharge the load at the end of fllty miles, there will be a corresponding expense and delay of tratnB amounting to (4 at the two termini for a car of ten tons. At the same rate per ton per mile travelled the amount netted Iroin the fllty miles would be only $1, while the through car for tbe Bame distance and the same rate would net $5. The through lines, In order to cheapen transportation to the producer and consumer, wero compelled to Inaugurate a system of through freightage. The reason for painting the cars of one color and calling them "line" cars, was to distinguish them irom curs known us local cars; and by agreement between the companies they are placed under one manager to run lor the bcnetlt of all lines, an<l to prevent an v road irom using a "line" car for Its own local business, to the detriment ol the Western shipper. In renly to questions with regard to receipts given without guaranteeing the amount contained in the car, Mr. ilayes said tnat there are many points ut which the railroad companies are too poor to bnild warehouses. Private persons own these warebouses and sometimes the land around them, and for the purpose of developing the country ure purchasers of the produce. They hahdle and load their own property. When it arrives or it ii ri??atiniitinn it nnanefl from the harnlH of the railroad companies Into the hands of persons not counected with the roada; therefore the companies neither weigh In nor out. It la therefore unreasonable to expect the roads to guarantee the weighing at either end. From an elevator owned by the railroad company loading a given quantity, sending it to lioston or auy other point where the company owned an elevator, it is weighed out by the company; they have guaranteed weights, deducting one per coot for shrinkage. It was Mr. Hayes1 opinion that li'the company could receive and discharge they should assume the shrinkage 01 one percent, so as to deliver the quantity loaded or its value. The system of inspection at New York, where each receiver claims the Identical grain, instead ot receiving an equal quantity of the same gram, requires more storage capacity than has yet been afforded. In answer to the question of Benat'T Sherman as to why the capitalists or New York baiM elevators at the West and not here, Mr. Hayes said that the reason ror not building hero was because where.there is Inspection and a large quantity of grain is delivered in one bulk the business is profitable: a small quantity occupies the same space, except with regard to the depth or bins, and brings no proflt. In answer to Senator Conkling, who asked why tho?system could not be changed, Mr. Hayes answered that the system was adopted to ineec receipts by cunal, when large quantities could go Into one bin. That custom had been continued. Large warehouses, owned and controlled by leading men oi the Corn Kxciiange, would have to be changed at a loss to their owners; but the necessity or the* business requiring the removal or the property by rail Is rapidly changing that course ot business. The corresponding change must be made to meet the competition of other seaport towns, otherwise New York must lose its business. Many or the railroads centring In New York end In Jersey City, while the New York Central ends In New York. There In, 'consequently, a difference of opinion as to what poiut can be called New York. The railway oompanles claim that New York is where the road ends. From there they discharge Into barges In live car-load lots, and deliver to any ship, warehouse or Inspection yard, whether tn New York, Krooklyn or Jersey City. These barges are controlled entirely by persons outside the rairoad companies. The expense or this ranges iron sixty cents to $1 per ton, Tor which neither the producer nor the conaamer pars anyiUing. This Is one or the Credit Mobtiier arrangements by which the companies pay but get nothing In retnrn?not even the thanks of the merchants, for the interests or the railroad companies and those oi the merchants are identical; and the railroad companies are compelled to compete with other Unes centring in other towns. Mr. Haves then read a brief paper showing the prosperity of the town of Peoria, III., Illustrating the condition of the towns of the West, and allowing that no scotlon o the conntry la more prosperous than the Western country, notwithstanding the cries of oppression on the part ol railway monopolies. Mr. Hayes also read selections from the Board of Trade returns lor 1879 corroborating hia statements. TUB CHEAP TRANSPORTATION ASSOCIATION. A delegation from the Cheap Transportation Association, consisting of Messrs. Baser, Thurber and Jonea_. made statements with regard to railroad monopolies, their control of water irontaand \ their legislative joobery. STATEMENT OP MB. SUfORE H. WALEER. i Nr. Kiaore H. Walker. Btatintioian ol tne New % s Tort ProdoM Exchange, said that there were two prominent competing routes ta the luture?one through the city of New York by the Erie Canal anil the other by the St. Lawrence Canal?and the city of New Yor* must be prepared to meet the competition of the St. Lawrence route. The rate of freight now by that route is ten cents a bushel from Chicago to Montreal, and when they nave 1,200 ton ships Instead of the present class they will reduce the rate below that, and the advantages of that ronte are as good as the other, Including insurance. Hy the Improvement of the Welland and the St. Lawrence Canals. It will be carried below ten cent**. We are moving by all rontes north of the Ohio of through freights about 33,000,000 tons per year, of whloh about 13,000,000 tons Is properly through business. The rail route from Chicago on fourth class freight and terminal points of the We9t of like distance from New York, about $9 per ton; that Is at the rate of nine mills and a fraction per ton per mile; the water rate for the last six years irom Chicago to New Yorlc has been $7 and some cents for corn per ton and a fraction over $8 for wheat, and that 1b owing to the difference in the rate of toll. The rate per rail caunot be furnished cheaper than |9 per ton. If all tho freight of the railway Is carried at that rate?rif the Central road should carry all its freight at three.quarters 01 a cent per ton per mile of ub mileage or 1872, it could noither pay interest nor dividends. If it should carry all Its freight at tho rate Of tWP.IVA conta a luiuhAl far wheat, which is Dine mills and a traction of a ton per mile, it could pay its interest and would nave about $200,000 to pay $8,000,000 of dividend with. 80 that, practically, unless there caa be some means devised 'by which railroads can carry it cheaper the people cinuot get the relief they seek in the Far West by railroad routes. The lake route, with largo class vessels or say 2,000 tons capacity, can bo reduced to $1 60 from thlcago to Buffalo, and, take the entire route through by water, it can, by proper appliances, be reduced to $3. But, in any event, the rail will divide the business with the water lines. One ninth of the tonnage of the railways is live stock and Its products, and this is nearly one sixth of tho eastern movements: and there are a largo class of other commodities that will come by rail in any event. Mr. Walker then went into elaborate calculations as to what would be required ot railroads before the end of the century. The remedy will be in a chcaper water route and In tho extension of the railroad system that will meet the element of cost, but we shall need more tnau six double lines to meet the business of the country. In the far West it needs the produce of three acres to transport one to market, and that is very oppressive tor the producer. We are bringing into this State 46,000,000 of bushels of grain more than we grow, and New England takes a larger amount. The canals since 1837 have transported over $7,000,000,000 worth of property, and have produced a revenue suillclent to pay for themselves. The tonnage of the canals for tw?nty-three years has been more than double the tonnage ol ail tho vessels entering tho port of Now York. The greatest capaolty of the canals to move property Eastward Is 4,000,000 tons. The capacity or a canal Is limited to lockages. A lock should be able to accommodate a boat of 2,boo tons. The price now on the canal is about two mills and a fraction per bushel per mile from Chicago to New York, and It can be reduced by the enlargement to a little over one mill. statement of mr. oeobgb o. jones. Mr. Jones said that he would put before the com* mlttee what ho regarded as vital to the considerations of the question, and which might be described as general principles. For example, he believed that railroads are for public use, anu cannot, constitutionally, be made objects of private speculation. Alt the legislation in reference to railroads In this country during ttie last quarter century lias been wrong w principle. Highways are for the public good, and up to the last fifty i yearn all legislation tn that direction was lor the publle good. Alter a lew observations on this general principle Mr. Jones said that the. right of eminent domain had been only exercised for the general welfare, wlien everything done under It was In the Hue orstrlct Justice and welfaro to alt Competition in railroads had been found by an investigating committee in Kngland to always end a combination. There could bo no competition In railroads except by a line of cars down parallel with the line. Property taken ana used for public use could never be Increased in value, lie believed that the wisdom of limiting the passenger rate to two cents per mile on the Hudson River aud Central Kail road, in the legislative acts of 1862, had been shown in the growth or large cities along tho route. The question in relation to canals, and which some people expect to get so much relief Irom In New York citv, was, he thought, somewhat over-estluiated. He believed that in ten years heuce there would be uo animal power used for the transportation ol freight. * Unless there could be some other meaus of locomotive power than that there would not be a canalboat runnlug. "Examine the burdeu Imposed ou commerce over tho canals," said Mr. Jones, "and contrast it with that Imposed by railroad companies doing business in this State, and see whloh is of most importance to the people. During the year 1871 this State collected lor tolls over Its cauals $2,813,686, and the sums paid to boatmen lor moving the property about equalled that paid the State (or toils. Six million ($ti,ouo.ooo) dollars is a liberal estimate to put on the burden Imposed on commerce moved over the canaisof this State during the lust year. My reference to reports ma'le to the Stat? Engineer and Surveyor by railroad companies doing business in this State, it will be found that these companies received during the year 1871 /or transporting trolglit, $53,?w5,58o; for passenger lares, $-'3,094,876, and from other sources, $4,431,786, making a total of $vi, 162,242. From this amount deduct $iu,ooo,ooo ou freight and $5,000,000 ou passengers' fare*, over the Koston and Aloany, aud Lake Shore aud Michigan Southern roads, on business done outside of tills State, and it will be found that the enormous sum of $43,500,000 was taken rrom the people of this state lor having their property, and $18,000,000 jor having their persons transported over Its railroads during the past year. Yet no political party has raised Its voice against thla vust burdeu; and none has been found potent enough to compel an Investigation Into these charges to sec whether they are Just or unjust. TIIK NEW YORK STEAM CAULK TOWING COMPANY. Colonel H. D. Falconer appeared ou behalf or the canals and in reference to the Uelglan system of towage. The principle involved in tills system Is the same that is in use between Paris aud the river Seine, it is the principle of the drum, with the addition of a wire cable. The outer edge of the drum is set with steel clasps. It accomplishes the same purpose as the cogs do on the river Seine, Every attempt on the Krie Canal to introduce any other motive power than that of animal power has tailed because It has been louud to be more expensive than animal power. What was now bein/ done by tlie promoter* of this plan wan to put It ou the Erie Canal and on the Rhine. Tho Austrian government hart put It on the Uannbe, and the Russian goveruuicut has put It on the Vultfa. ?Ve now have In operation tiilrty-one miles on the Western system of tho Erie Canal. Wo hope by next winter to dismiss horses entirely from the Etle Canal. Wo can take boats through from Buffalo to Albany in lour or five uavs? tho average now is ten or eleven days. The great trouble in enlarging the Erie Canal Is the supply 01 water. It In found here that the supplies are inadequate, aud to make it a ship canal would only Intensify lae ditllculty. We can take up from eight to ten boat-t, loaded up to their lullest capacity, either going west or going cast. Now only oue hundred ton* can be taken by Doats going west. The plan will lie to lar down two cables, one going east and the other going we?t. The cable lies right at the bottom or the canal. The average speed is three miles an hour, llio average speeunow of the horse power is about one or oue and a hair miles an hour. If we had double locks all the way througn we could send 18,ooo,ooo of tons. We could cheapen the ireignt rates about one-half. The chances or a monopoly could, be controlled by the Legislature. Our system does not interfere with any other boats running on the canal, in reierence to tho Belgian system of railroads, one-half belongs to the stockholders aud tho other half to the government. The result is that the roada are built well at a low cost, and they pay four and a half per cent and leave a surplus to the government. In England there wan a limited liability law, and all corporations arc established under It, and 1 throw it out for your consideration, because I think If we had a almllar general incorporation law, subject to a bureau of corporations, tup same as they have ID England, whose duty tt Is to report respecting these, It would be greatly to the advantage ol the country. THE ERIK RAILROAD. Mr. Doonan, or the Erie road, said tnat there were four last freight lines on the Erie road. He presented the contractu under which those four lines ran. Those lines were the Great Western despatch, the Erie and l'acttlc, the North Hhore and the South 8hore. Mr. Doonan then answered questions put by the committee as to the capital stock of the company, and closed by putting in a printed report. THE CONTINENTAL AIR RAILROAD. Mr. W. C. Klppy, who appeared for the Continental Air italiway, said that about three years ago a few capitalists and engineers, observing the Increase of commerce to the Wost and regarding the fact that the present railroad system would soon be inadequate fcr the through traffic, entered upon the duty of a reconnolssance of the Continent, and this resulted in showing to them tnat a line saving a great distance and also a savng in grades could be ouilt. They obtained a charter throughout tho different States. This line would save from fourteen to twenty per cent In geographical distance and also in grades. The contractu for building a double track have been completed, and the capacity of the road will be very great. About one hundred miles of this road had been laid In Ohio and Indiana, and was doing a largo business. The entire cost of tue line would be about $170,000,000. At the ooncinsion of the testimony or J. B. Abbott. the engineer of the continental Air Line. Ihe committee aujourned, to meet In Albany on Monday. A DEADLY EIPLOaiOH. . Om Man Killed aad Another Badly Wownded. Baltimore, Sept. 13,187*. While John Hamilton and William Monk, emI ployed at John 0. 8ch wind's stone quarry, on Franklin street, were drilling preparatory to blasting this morning, a fearful explosion to?k place. Hamilton was horribly cnt and mangled about the back and legs, and died In two noura. The deceased was tweiriy-six years old. and a native of Manchester, Kngland. Mnnk wan badly cut about the face, but will probably recover.