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NEW YORK IIERALD
tlHOAim /lY AM> A % NT STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, J K O P 111 ? T o a. Letters aud packages feiioiihi be properly t>< aled. ' ' LONDON OFFICE Oi THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. hubflcriptiouH t-nd Advertisements will be feccrvcd niid forwarded un tht same tiruis us in New York. Volume XXXIX W *1 W C S E T1 C 1i T ? TO-JIOHOW. aca.> \iv <>F music, Pnuriec-nth -tre.t atiJ li vuu' place.? Italian Ojiera l. > ho *>aMUtla, k dl*. i; close# it 111'. M llmt Ui Murska. '???' ' ; BROOKLYN I'AltK THEATRE, opp.iiif City Hall, HixoWt) u ?A WOMAN'S WRONGS, ;?i s P. W , di-esat, 11 M Mrs. K. S. Cliaulrau. BOW UY THEATRE. Hu?nry.?nCFF?ul> BILL, in.I VARIETY R>TET. 1 ilNMLNT. Hi (jiiit. at a I*. M. . close.- at 11 M. METROPOLITAN THE A'' HK, No. S8ft Urosiiwav.?VaKII. i V i.Ni'LRTAJXMENT, at ; *. 4b ?*. M., tilimesat IdiiM P. M NIBLO'S (1 tRPEN. Broadway, between l'riu<e ami Uniw un streetf.? DAvY 4'BOt tit 11. at a P. M.; .!?..?? it WMIf. M. Mr. Krau* mUuyo. LVi.'EI .M rilElTRE, fourteenth street, mar Mxth avenue.? Grand Parisian J olly, at tt P. il.; cloaca at II P. M. WOODS Ml'SKCM, Broadway, corner Thirtieth atreeL ?IDLEWILD at 2 P. M ; clo-ea at 1: P M. h.-< Al'fcU KuDM MNt, MJiU, ? IS P. M.; Closes at ID t! P. M. DALY'S KIPTI1 AVKNUE THEATRE. Twenti eighth >trect an J iir>. i .tray.? <;i| iRl TY. at S P. M : ( o.e, at l():jn I*. M. M:-- Ada Dya.*, Mian ^'anuy i>?>> nport, Mr. Eisher. Mr. 1 .?? w is. THEATRE COMIQUE, l*>o. 514 Rroa Iwa.v. ?V AltlblA E N x'KK TAIN M1-.NT at 8 I' M.; ctose.- at lu Jl P. M. (I K KM AM A THEATRE. fourteenth street, near Irving place.i-LOitENOKLB. at b P M.; dosea at 11 1'. M BOOTH'S Tlli ATRE. i-ixtli avenue and Tweutj tUlril^treet.? ZIP. at 7 :46 P. M.; ?loses at In :43 1*. M. Lotta. WALLACE'S THEATRE, j Broadwnv anil'thirteenth -treet.? THE VETERA*. at S y v., clo-< ~ at 11 p. M Mr. Letter Wattack, Mis. Jetlreys Lewis. NltS. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THBATRK Washington -treet, mar luluui street, Brooklyn.? i J" u ' ' ? 1,1 8 P. M.; cloaca at 11 1. M. Mr. ami Mr-. Harney Williams. OLYMPIC THEATRE. . .i.lv/.iv ! etween Houston anil Bleeeker street* ? ? AAi DKVlLLe. ana NOVELIY ENThlUAiNMKMT, at . t?I, M.; clnscaat 10:15 P. M. ORAND OPERA HOUSE, kightti .ivenue ;:nil 1 xvf-uty-third street.?EILEEN OGM *t. S P. N.; olose-i at 11 P. M. Mr. and Jirs. t lore nee. BROADWAY T1IEATKE Rr-sdv.iiv. opi i.."l e New Yorl Hotel.?TTf'MPTY (Lfoi 4c., at 8 P. M.; closes a 11 P. M . . ? TOMT PASTOR'S OPERA HOlfSE, ^";ctt:vt.Tp-MARIKfY hN1fcKTAIXM^T' ?8?* BRYANT'S OPERA HOt'SE "tr,el"o"w"r s,ixlh avenue.?NEORO MIX. M KKLHi, Ac., iltr. It; closer at 1(1 P. M. TWENTY SECOND REGIMENT ARMORY roorteenth street, near Sixth avenue.-Concert 'or (ill. iiiore's Buiul, at 8 P. M.; do es at 10 M. , COLOSSEUM, .wfiaa ,v QUINTUPLE SHEET. New York, Sunday, April 3, 1*474. brorn our rejKnrts this morning the probabilities ! nrc thai the vceaiker to-day iciU bt c-old and cloudy. The Easteh Music is the Churches. as nuy be seen in another part of the paper, will . be unusually brilliant to-day. Everything i that the divine art is capable of, in doing jhonor to the gTand mystery of the Resurrec tion, will be brought into requisition on ttiig occasion. The various altars in the Catholic churches will be decorated in the most sump tuous manner, and chorus and orchestra will be added to the ordinary choir attractions. On Going Wrosg.?And now comes Mr. John A. Bingham, American Minister to Japan, to illustrate the evil consequences of Ihn first wrong step. A year ago he was ac cused of taking stock in the Credit Mobilier, sand he answered that he got tho stock, but he ?wiis "not guilty." Now he is castigated for writing a letter he Kays he never wrote. When a good doqj gets a bad name it is a terrible in centive to kirk the animal, whether he deserves it or not. Atistria and the Papacy?The Latest ?Encyclical.?Some two weeks ago we an nounced that the Holy Father had issued another encyclical, in which he commented upon the condition of the Catholic Church throughout the world, but particularly on the condition of that Church, at the present .moment, in the* German and Austrian em pires, aud gave to the different bishops, in th- ir various ppheres, sound and sober advice. We print this morning the full text of the encyclical. It will be eagerly read hy many ; and some, 110 doubt, will derive from it profit i mid instruction. SfNO 8n?o?'The Leas Not Yet Ex >1,aimed.?We print this morning further de- ' tails regarding the escape of prisoners from hmg 8ing TLe mystery, it will be seen, is | not yet explained. Tho buried tools have not ' 'been found. It will be strange if it turns out i to be true that the prison harbors skilful | me chanics, who are able, in spite of the authorities, to manufacture implements capa ble of wrenching out bars of iron and Imrst (ing open doors. Our fear is that the right -mm are not in charge, and that there is too much sympathy l?etween the keepers and the .prisoners. It might be better if politics had Jess to do with our prisons and their manage- I pent Our Easter Herald.?The spring has a practical welcome in the rush of business which compels us to print this morning u twenty-page sheet of the Ukrai.o. The world finds a voice in these seventy odd columns of advertisements, and if old Herr Teufelsdroch had lived in our city and in 11.is generation, instead of climbing to his tower to study the great town beneath, he would have taken the advertising j-ages nf the* Herald. What woe, rapture, hope, expectancy, ambition, effort, pride, Morrow, success, failure?what dreams and achievements here find a voice! It is the metropolis peeking speech?the man speak ing to his lellow men, and asking the world to his council As an evidence of the busi ness prospects of spring, these seventy odd columns will be as welcome to the merchant as the blossoms to the husbandman, and we therefore note them as among the gratifying tokens of what we trust will be to all of our ryaUefs a Imyw JStwWr Ume, BatUr. The spring oomes with an Easter welooiiie. We hare had a tedious winter, ami wo rejoice in the anniversary which may bo culled the new year's day of growth and s insbinf. The se sun, with its privations and minimal business cares, has been exuding. The panic came on the threshold of the winter and il .rkoued with its gloom wiuU might Lave been a cheerful time. I'he panic was not without its blessing* in many ways. It was like an awakening from a feverish dream. We had been dazzled by visions of lalse pros perity. We had been living beyond our means. We bad conquered the South, and in the impulse arising trom victory we felt that we could do in a lew years what calmer na tions would be content to achieve in a cen tury. We began to build railways, to open canals, to civilize the dosert long before we could inhabit it; to make, by the ap plication of capital or some sort oi ma chinery, Colorado and Nevada as prosperous aiuH>oj>ulous its Pennsylvania. W.e borrowed mom y lu do all this, and, under the delusion that debt is a blessing, fancied that the more we borrowed the richer we became.' The panio was the awakening from this delusion, from other de lusions, perhaps; but it fell with especial severity upon the poor. So, while we could be easily reconciled to any circumstances that dispelled tLe illusions under which we had been resting since the war, the sudden with drawal of capital from business, and the con sequent paralysis ot industry, brought disasters upon many worthy and deserving classes. The winter which has now left us came with a double duty. We had to "recover from the panic" and put our business affairs in order, on a sounder basis. We had also to aid our unlormnate fellow citizens. As to our business success we cannot say. We have re formed in many respects. The spirit of specu lation seems to have been timed. The news papers are no longer filled with columns of eloquent appeals to invest in the Wildcat Kail way bonds and Cagliostro Silver Mining shares. Foreign financial capitals are no longer overrun with glib and shifty Ameri cans trying to borrow money to build railways from Alaska to Behring Straits, to domesti cate the buffalo and run canals over the Bocky Mountains. We are no longer beg ging in every pawnbroker's shop of the Old World for capital to "develop our country." As all such money was generally obtained at usurious rates of interest and had to be paid we have ceased to repudiate and run in debt. This is a great deal, and if we keep on in the path thus laid down we may be able to thoroughly redeem pnd re-create our credit. At all events, if business does not apparently prosper as before the war. onr successes will be less noisy and more substantial, and we shall have a surer prosperity, less fever and uncertainty, fewer Bkck Fridays and "cor ners," and our money kiugs will become real monarch* and not gaudy phantoms, like many late lamented shadows of Eric and Tamrnany Hall. The indignant protest now arising from ail parts of the country against the spirit of inflation in Washington; the resolution to oppose these various plans for relieving the country at the expense of its honor; the anger inspired by sectional legislation ; the rigid criticism visited upon our public ser vants and all who are in authority, show an awakening and a quickening of the public conscience that is v>ne of the most gratifying phenomena of the time. We welcome it as an Easter blessing in its way, charged, we trust, with many blessings in the future. While we have partly set our business iu order ' and lifted ourselves into a clearer financial I and commercial atmosphere, we have also I nobly responded to the sudden demand made upon us by the poor. In our Easter medita tions let us not forget this as one among many good works. New York has shown, and ! never with more promptitude, and humanity, the magnificence of her charity. But while we dwell upon this let us also not forget the lesson which it brings. We are in the posi tion of Lord Salisbury on the Indian famine question, as he explained it the other day in ] the House of Lords. The immediate duty is to raise money, buy food and feed the starv ! ing Hindoo. That will be performed with S oui limit or stint, taking no "fine chances" in j the way of economy. But the ultimate duty, the way to make future famines impossible i is to build railways and open works of irriga tion. This is what the English Minister pro | postis. We should imitate him. Our im mediate duty has been performed. We have averted any want or privation. In our various capacities, as mere private citi zens, as churches and societies and "guilds" and "homes," we have worked with a steady and beautiful zeal?all classes in unison, poor and rich, and none more than our players, whose hands are ever open with melting and fruitful charity. Letns, however, learn and apply the lesson of the winter. We must reorganize our whole system of charities, or, in other words, we mast have a real system. It is not wise or moral, or calculated to afford real relief to have a haphazard distribu tion of charities. The thoughtless bestowal of money, or even of food, is generally an in centive to idleness, and can only be justified by an unexpected calamity springing Irani unavoidable and unforeseen causes, like the famine in India or the threatened privation in New York. What we want is a careful and jierfect organization of the whole charity sys tem, avoiding, on the one hand, the indis criminate gifts whic h come from promiscuous efforts in behalf of the poor, and, on the other hand, the selfish and avaricious schemes of men like Brace and Barnard, who live on the subscriptions of the humane, as the most | expensive paupers of the age. Our charities I should be so scrutinized that none should be ! aided except those who could not aid them selves. Some honest and necessary industry should accompany all almsgiving, and. if pos sible, we should have a central House of In ' dustry on a large scale, so that honest men in poor circumstances requiring aid should at once obtain the relief wbi*h comes from com pensated labor. We know of nothing more important thar. a careful study of our chari ties, and the maturing of a plan which will enable u- in the lnture to do our duty without incurring the risks now attending any hu mane effort. Let US dothi*, and we shall have made a ben< fieent Easter work, indeed. Extending tbe field of <b?cr>:?tion and looking over the world we have muny reasons ; for congratulation upon tbe harmonious vxospcct tlwl evine> with Kastcr. The I world iii at peace. Bismarck is divided be ! tweon hi* physicians and (be Pope, and wo ! have no doubt the venerable Pontiff, in this season of ; enerul rejoicing, will find it in his heart to pray for peace to the suffV ring and i mighty heretic of Varain. Ah for the Pontiff, I the festival of bo much rejoicing in the Chris ! tian world finds him a prisoner in his "one, lone, only, ever-living ltomc." But in all re spects he is a cheerful and emphatic prisoner, prompt with au admonition as with a blessiiig, strengthening the hands of persecuted saints like Louis Veuillot, following the eacen ! trio arms oi Don Carlos with his prayers, and endeavoring to ootx Austria not to join heretic Prussia in abandoning the Papacy. ' The Father of the Faith Jul must have strange , thoughts to- lay as he slowly ascends the flower-burdened idtar to celebrate in joyful I strains the Resurrection, thinking of the many events of his venerable and extraordinary ! career, and of the perils that now surround ' the Pontificate. But mny it not be seen before another Easter comes thai those griefs are but ' asaj^Id mtui's fancies ; that he dreads simply imaginary perils ; that the Roman Church will be strong' r when blie is really a Church and freed lruin the oppre&dve fardel of an unnatural and incongruous sovereignty? Even as priest or bishop the head of tho Soman Catholic communion is one of tho most powerlul men on tho earth, and this power will not be weakened by the departure of the embloms of a teasing und inefficient temporal dominion. England begins her Easter with a new Min ister in power, and everybody Beerns flushed with those happy anticipations that always attend the advent of a new party. Whether Mr. Disraeli will make the pint pot contain a quart, or see that every peasant has cakes and ale, and mike England once more the merry England of rhymds and comedies, remains to be seen. Certainly no Minister ever had a happier Easter than this extraordinary man, who, through the patient years of a long life, has surmounted every invidious circumstance and become the ruler of an empire. Let us not believe that the spirit of democracy and equality is altogether dead or even dormant in a country which permits Benjamin Disraeli to preside over a Cabinet of Derby and Salisbury and give orders to the proudest peers of Eng land. Let us trust that all hi3 Easters will be as happj'! France will honor this day with French fervor, for it has not escaped notice that for two or three years the proud, glori ous nation has been in a religious frame of mind, with a tendency to sack cloth and ashes, and preferring, we should say, the solemn feasts to thepo days of rejoicing. But even France mny rejoice, for the violets and the lilies begin to bloom again, and promise restorations of the ancicnt monarchical splendor. We do not know, in the trembliug condition of French politic.", that there is much to pray for; but on festival days we must needs pray for something, and what more innocent subjects of devotion than the lilies and the violets? Francis Joseph has domestic vexations that arc not quite clear to us; but we hope he will have a ministry to suit him as he walks up the gray and vener able aisles oi St. Stepnen's. There are troubles in Turkey; but we, as Christians, on this most Christian day, cannpt be expected to concern ourselves with the Turk and the infldcL What we es pecially note is that peace reigns, and that the nations of the world are coining nearer and nearer; that science and commerce and human achievement are eradicating those vague legends and geographical differences which engendered so much bitterness and strife. May we not feel, in this happy Easter mood, that we in America have done some thing in the way of moral culture and self improvement; that, after all, we are not as bad as we seem : that we are bound together by those tender and invisible chords of love and humanity whose divine expression we Bee in Him whose highest praise will be sung in the anthem which proclaims this morning to mill ions of hearts tliat Christ has risen from the grave to bless and save the world? Affairs in Japan. The news received by the steamship Alaska from Japan is interesting. The Mikado con tinues his liberal policy, for on the 1st of March the palace belonging to him and where he formerly resided was opened for the first time to the public, The third annual exhibi tion at Kioto was held within its walls. This exhibition or fair show-> the progress Japan is making under his rule, and the opening of the imperial palace, which used to be consid ered too sacred for vulgar eyes, is evidence of his enlightened views and the great strides he has made in approximating our Western civ ilization. There was an eruption of the vol cano Fooeiyama, about twenty miles from the new capital, on the 5th of February. This was about the time when the earthqnake shocks were first notified in North Carolina. Whether there was any connection or not between these disturbances at such a great distance from each other may be doubted, but the coincidence is carious, to eay the 1 list, and affords a subject for tlio speculation of natural philosophers. The discontent > xhibiti d lately among the old military classes seems to have been caused chi? tly by the action of the gov ernment regarding pensions, a definite sum having been substituted in place of annual pensions. There had been no fresh trouble, however, about this matter. Thb Tiiai>e Htbjkts. A few days ugo we called the attention of our readers to the threatening attitude of the trade ni uons. In spite of the tightness of thu morn y market strikes were general awl the prospect was not chcering. Already our worst fears begin to be runlized. At ihe Antral Oil Works, Brooklyn, where the men are out., the non-society men have but narrowly escaped; ami but for the activity of the police it mi^ht^ have been our duty this morning to record bloodshed and mard?t The eif^ht-hour system seems to be somiwlutt in danger. A prominent bnilder, who has contracts for ne v* buildings in vari ous parts of the c ity contract* amounting in valne to one hundfed and fifty thousand dol lars?threatens to break hi- contracts unless the men consent to return to the ten-hour system. The Empin Lodge ot Am< riran Car penters has decided to hold a mitss meeting, at Masonic Hall, on Monday, to consider the proposed change from eight to ten hours. The contagion is spreading, and New England ojm ratives seem as determined as New York tradesmen. TUfefUujKtJc UiK^tena to be kq. vcro and Litter ns wo'l as general. It is to be hoped tii.it pruco.ul oounieis will prevail and tL.it the situation, already alarming, will not be aggravated by tho dissensions of masters and workmen. A Picture of the World of Letters. We surrender a large pari, of our space this 1 morning to what in, in tact, a ritumi of tho ! literary history of the month. Nothing could ; be more interesting than thiB stereoscopic I glunce at the world of letters. Starting with | Viator Hugo's litest novel we view in tmcces 1 sion Simpson's and Hchw 'infurth's books on j Asia and Africa, oonsider the alleged blas ]ih?my of Dr. Paul Lindan, the German dramatist and editor; spend a pleasant half ' hour w.th Baron Tauchnitz in Leipsic, and ; Like a look at the political pamphlets and I now publications which have just appeared in Paris. The gr-at novelist's "Ninety-three," it is hiuted, is the first of an idyllic series of prose rom ince? on tho French Revolution. ' Remembering tho wonderful chaptcr on the | battle of Waterloo in "Les Miserables," we : cannot but look forward to such a scries with great anticipations, uud consequently the new | novel is doubly welcomed. If this hiut of our J correspondent should bo roalized it woidd | make a striking coincidence with the oomple j tion ol'Tennyson's "Idylls of the King." The j battle of Waterloo, like the "Morte d'Arthur," which should have been last, came first, and in each case may have suggested the grand works which followed. In Mr. Simpson's book on China we have some of the ripe work which is about to be evoked by tho progres sive journalism of tho day, and it is owing to i the interest tho nmvs^iapers have inspired in Africa that the work of tfio Gorman traveller will receive the attention its merits demand. Schweinlurth's book is a scarcely less valua I ble contribution to our knowledge of that Ifrrti incognita than the great results of Dr. Livingstone's researches in the regions about the sources of the Nile. Our Berlin letter is exceedingly interesting because it raisaa the point whether heathenism is a defence against blasphemy if the blasphemy is merely intended lis satire. Lindau, who was not the author of the article printed in his paper, was punished for its publication partly because the author ! was not at hand, but mora especially becauso the frequent punishment of Catholics lor blas phemy in Germany required soma show of even-handed justice when a Protestant victim so convenient^ offered himself. The gossip about Baron Tauchnitz?whose English edi tions of favorite authors, so convenient for the pocket or the lounging attitude of Sunday after noon raaling, have become legion since he first issued "Pelhain" in the now familiar shup-\ in 1842?i? quite as interesting as a book with the Tanchnitz imprint. The chapter on the i French pamphleteers; tho youth of the holy ! brigade, relieved from guard duty at the Vati can, turned into the political writers of the | hoped lor Henri Cinq restoration; Trochu's pamphlet in answer to th9 charges preferred j against him in its report of the com ] mittee to investigate the acts of the Govern ment of the National Defence; M. Grc-vy, the republican, discussing "Monarchy or Repub ; lie," and M. Cassagnac, the imperialist, on "Republic or Empire;" Inst of all, an anony mous author, inspired by the Orleans princes, gives us a curious insight into the condition of French polities. It is the literary history of England in the time of Charles II. and James IL all over again in France, but the brochures come just two centuries too late. All this makes a singular showing of the con dition of the world of letters, the quaint being curiously intermingled with the earnest and the stupid with the highest rosults of intellectual endeavor. It is a literary panorama such as j is seldom presented, and as the reader skips 1 from scene to scene he cannot fail to be ! pleased with the changing picture. Observation* of Accident* on Differ ent PsTementt. From observations made at certain points in London, the results of which are given else where, it will be seen that a horse travels on asphalt pavement 191 miles before be lalls; on granite pavement, 132 miles, and on wood, 330 miles. From these experiments, there fore, granite appears the worst and wood the best in the single element of a pavement?tLat is, its fitness to afford a sure foothold. These results were obtained from a total of 2,327 falls which occurred within fifty days at given points of observation, and which aro classified as complete falls, falls on the haunches and falls on the knees, Rather more than half are falls on the knees, 13 in 100 falls on the haunches and 31 in 100 complete falls. Wood pavement had the greatest number of falls on the knees and asphalt the greatest number on the haunches. Granite had the greatest and wood the smallest number of complete fulls. Falls on wood pavements obstructed the traffic less than the others; the horses recov ered their feet more readily and the falls were less hurtful to them. In a second point, there fore?that of doing less injury to the horses than other pavements?th(j advantage as be tween these three was in favor of wood in this series of experiments. But the conditions of the respective pavements would tend to greatly vary the results. In this case the wood and asphalt pavements were in good condition, the granite was not, and it is acknowledged by the observer that holes in the pavement tended to aggravate every bad feature. Ah the wood pavement is far moro perishable than the granite, certainly the mere fact of bad condi tion mightrfjuite reverse the results found if the experimental observations were made through a more extended period. Although ! those observations do not go far in elucidating 1 the relative points of pavement, they arc in structive and useful so far as they go. Thk Indians.?Mr. (Seville, the Indian agent, writes from Red Cloud Agency, Da | bota, under date March 24, giving encouraging 1 news as to the progress of enrolment. He has already enrolled over four thousand Sioux. [ Since the arrival of the soldiers the Indians have been quiet and obedient, and lied Cloud | seems penitent and anxious to atone for his ! late offences. A belter spirit seems to be 1 growing among the hostile tribes. Firmness I and good faith on the part of the government i agents seem alone to be r. quisite to the preser | vation of peace with the red men. C ah Monopoly. Mr. Justice Donohue : hc ins to have given a just and equitable, de cision in the suit of Mr. Zollicoffer, of the Metropolitan Gas Company, undertaken to prevent the citt government from ovmJrino ? contract with ttn Mutual Gaslight Company for lighting street limps. It is a good thing to And th:vt the Uw acsjr.ls with pablio inter est. The public intoredt dsmmds competi tion in the ga light business, for there is no other possible restraint on our oM gas monop olies. It: gulnlion by law, which is the only I reliance in the absence of competition, is, of course, not available in a State whoso Legis lature is so ridiculously cheap as ours ; and so, in the name of the people, give us compe tition. The Religions Pr?? on the Council. The Congregational Council, whose adjourn ment last Sunday morning came too _late for the religious press last week, receives its due share ol attention from them in their latest issue. It divides the honors with Easter, but takes to itself the largest half of the editors' pens. The Christum Union, whose editor w is or ought to have been more interested in the deliberations and results of the Council than anybody else, writes that after wrestling two days with the question of its own status, the Council settled practically upon the ground that it was advisory. But it neveriheless played back and forth between advisory and ex parte, and was from the beginning adverse to Plymouth church by a large working ma jority, which, however, weakened in the inten sity ol' their demands during the sessions of the body. "The net result is," says the Union, "that, by a vote of 87 yeas, 8 nays and 23 abstaining, the Council indorsed the stringent view of the covenant, but accepted as Congregational the state ments of Plymouth church as to A>oth disci pline and fellowship. On the whole, the his tory and result of the Council constitute a practical vindication of Plymouth church as a Congregational church. The declared pur pose was to excommunicate that church. The lact of failure is more significant than all the explanations of it that can be offered." The Union is quite safe in asserting that the expe rience of tbeso broth ren in Brooklyn was such as to discourage all further attempts like that in which they were entangled. The indcpeiulent looks at the Council and its results differently. It thinks the Council was about evenly balanced between both par ties to the controversy; that its impartial selection was quite apparent, and that its spirit was simply grand. It is sure that throughout the country Congregationalism will be more honored for the wisdom of its representatives. The Independent applauds Dr. Storri' address for its tender references to his intimacy with Mr. Beeeher, so free from personal feeling that no man could doubt his sincerity. The secular press failed lo dis cover any such tender references, but, on the contrary, a shaving so close to the old slander agaiust Mr. Beecher as to give pretty clear indication that that was the thing sought after rather than advice on matters of discipline. "There is no doubt," the Independent thinks, "that the churches inviting (he Council will accept its results. Their principles are adopted by it as correct." The Methodist sums up the results of the Council in this way:?"The decision is mixed in its character. On the principle it sustains the churches which called the Council, and it justifies them in seeking advice. On the par ticular ease it impliedly admits that there may have been circumstances to excuse the irreg ular proceedings of Plymouth church." The Christian Intelligencer was certain, in ad vance, that no other decision could have been reached by so competent and candid a Coun cil than that rendered, which reflects so se verely, it thinks, on Plymouth church and its pastor, and leaves an impression behind that that church would not have arrested the inves tigation of its own member at the cost of 6uch au infringement of Congregational law had the case been less difficult and the adventure less rugged. The Examiner and Chronicle feels sure that to the great body of Congregationalists the results of the Council will appear wise and satisfactory. To the editor it appears emi nently Scriptural and in accordance with that sanctified common sense which Congregation alists have claimed to be characteristic of their system. The Evangelist gives a very complete and fair editorial summitry of the whole case from its first beginnings to the conclusion of the Council's finding, and adds that "on every question of discipline the two churches are fully sustained. Theirs is held to be the true doctrine of Congregationalism, and the con trary to be disorganizing and destructive to anything like Church authority or order. Tug only point on which the decision is made more easy and indulgent to Plymouth church is that the other churches are not rec ommended to withdraw their fellowship from it. It is a victory for conservative Congrega tionalism as distinguished from independency, and from all those forms of radicalism and come-onterism which both in Church and State tend to disintegration." Thus far the opinions of the leading denomi national organs in this city?Congregational, Presbyterian, Methodist and Baptist?on the great ecclesiastical event, probably, of this year 1874. Others of our religious exchanges, as, for instance, the Christian at Work and the Chr'iH tinii Lauier, have commendable articles on Easter. The Catholic journals deal with mat ters that relate purely to their own Church. The Boston I'dot, one of the newsiest and best nrrangt d religious papers that come to us, has a thoroughly readable article insisting on the right and duty of tbe State to give religious education to its childreu. Such an education, it says, is absolutely necessary to make good citizens. The Prtemaiia Journal recommends the pilgrims to take a money offering to the Pope and a banner to the chapel at Lourdes. The Tabid is only half in favor of the Pilgrim age. The enterprise does not come at all up to its ideal of a pilgrimage representative of the United States. The TaUel has a depreca tory article concerning th<? seizure and secu larization of the Colosseum at Come. The Catholic Jlevirw takes Dr. Newman (late Chap lain to Congress) to account for ccrtain state ments of his communicated to tb<* (Mini Advocate of this city concerning the state of religion (Catholic) in China. Bottom Against iNrr^TTOi*.?The Hubbites assembled lust night in Faneuil Hall to give i expression to their condemnation of the un | wise course which Congress has pursued in tampering with the currency. These l expressions of opinion ffrom tho chief com I marci*! centres ov* ,vfc to convince General Grant of the wisdom of placing his Tsto against a measure that will inflict great hard, ship on the vast majority of the citizens of these United Stutoe. The Pail Season of Opera. Mr. Strakosch cloned yesterday a very re markable season of Itulian opera at the Acad emy of Music. The penitential season of Lent seem* to have had no depressing effect on the acknowledged tiist) of the New York publie for everything Unit is excellent in masia Formerly the term of sackcloth and ashes was regarded with a dccidedly doubtful eye by the musical manager, and opera and t mcert during that terrible time were entertainment* to be stealthily patronized, and Mrs. Grundy would frown at any of her subjects daring enough to visit tho Academy or Hteinway's between Mardi Gros and Easter. Mais, nous avons churujC tout cela. Never in the history of the metropolitan musical stage has such a brilliant season boea known as tho one which closed yesterday. Six weeks of Italian opera, with tho best company which has ever ap peared in this country, culminating in a mag nidcent representation of the opera of th? future, par excellence, "Lohengrin," in which Nilsson and Campanini have reached the highest pinnacle of lyrio art; a brilliant sea son of opera bovffe, during which Mile. Aim6e was the bright, particular star ; a Teutonio furor over Mine. Lucca in the Bowery, a vyy clever piroJy on Wagner's opera at the, Gerxnania, an exceptional attraotion in the concerts of Mr. Theodore Thomas, tho six "Stabat Maters" at St. Ann's ehuroh by Mr. Dachauer, and myriad small aflain, testify to the intense love of the New York public for tho divine art of music. AnA Easter brings new attractions, especially Di M urska, who will appear to-morrow evening. No other city in the world can exhibit suoh a iecundity of musical attractions. The production of Wagner's opera, "Lo* hengrin," which may be regarded as the chief representative of tho new school, generally known as the school "of the future," has excited considerable discussion among tEe musician* of this city. All agree upon the wonderful genius shown by the composer in the instro* mentation of this work. The opera of "Lohea. grin" is a magnificent symphony, and, as far a* the instrumentation is concerned, it deserves the title sublime. But it is entirely faulty in o vocal point of view, and is founded on a per* nicious principle. It tends toward the utter annihilation of the individuality of the vocal artist, although Nilsson and Campanini hava successfully asserted theirs in the teeth of Wagner's theory, and it makes the orchestra a despot, which is contrary to the first prin ciples of opera. Wagner is egotistic to such a degree that he ignores all who achieved success before he was known. For singing Wagner substitutes declama tion; for melody, chaos. The fierce on slaught which tho admirers of this modern Messiah make on all who do not agree with them cannot help his cause here. Elaborate theories, with impracticable results, will never make a school of opera. There is mora real music in the quartet of "Itigoletto," the qnintet of "Ernani," the sextet of "Lucia" and the many magnificent ensembles of Meyor* beer than in anything Eichard Wagner has ever written. We are willing to grant all that is in justice due to Wagner for his wonderful instrumentation, but we d^ cidedly object to his making an abattoir of voices in his operas. Individuality in vocal as well as instrumental art is necessary for ? complete opera. Pulpit Topics for With most of onr city pastors the urecw. shadowing topic for meditation and thought to-day will be that which is moat prominent in the minds of Christians throughout the world?namely, the resurrection of Christ. This theme and its accompaniments are joy ous in the extreme. The choicest music and the choicest flower3 stimulate the preachers to put forth their choicest rhetoric or logic in illustration of this groat event ' 'The Fact and Symbol of the Resurrection" will be the sub ject of Mr. Pullman's contemplation this morn ing in the Church of Our Saviour. A topic akin to it, and depending upon this event for its fulfilment, will be treated by Rev. Mr. Sweetser in the Bleecker street Universalis! church this morning. "Heavenly Mansions'* itre promised to the faithful because Christ Jesus rose from the dead and ascended into Heaven, and Mr. Sweetaer will tell us some thing about those mansions and how to secure them. / There are other topics to be treated by onr city pastors also. For instanco, Dr. Ludlow will tell the Collegiate Relormcd church thie evening what the Prophet Daniel has said about "The Persians" in his remarkable and mysterious prophecies. The Doctor has given some study to tliis book, and will bring ripe scholarship us well as close thinking to beer in the elucidation of his subject. The recent decease of Elder Jacob Kuapp, the great Baptist evangelist and revivalist, ha* marked an em in the Baptist denomination. When evangelists were scarce in any denomi nation and were unknown among the Baptist*. Elder Knapp struck out on this line for him self, and created a sensation such as tow men have created in his denomination or in enj other for half a century. The Tabernacle Bap tist church of this city, when it was located in Mulberry street, became his earliest "stamping ground." It is, therefore, eminently proper that thi3 church should honor the memory ef a man to whom it owes so much, and that Dr. Fulton, who was intimately acquainted with, the deceased evangelist in his work in Boston for many years, should pronounce his me morial oration. This, therefore, will be Dr. Fulton's pleasing tank to-night in this church, t Who Is to Blame??In our news column* this morning will be found a report of a curious case, which seeing to cast a strange light on the doings of our police courts. A poor man, by the name of Docherty, was, on the 30th of March last, brought before Judge Ottorbourg, on a charge of drunkenness. The old man was discharged. Yesterday a friend came to the Court begging that the old man, ( who, according to nil accounts, is quiet end' inoffensive out of his cups, and who has be hnved wall in prison, be released. It was the first intimation that the Court had of the foot of the man's imprisonment. Had this men been rich or had he many friends this could not have happened. Bad management some* where, gentlemen t Who is to blamo?