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EASTER AND PASSOVER SERVICES. The Public Voice Through the Herald's Correspondence. Programme of Services for Easter Sunday, April 5. Rev.J)avld Mitchell will conduct services In Caual street Presbyterian church to-day at the usual hour. Rev. 8. M. Hamilton wlil preach In the Scotch Presbyterian church morning and evening. Dr. A. C. Osborne will preach, morning and even ing, in the South Baptist church. Baptism alter evening service. Preaching morning and evening In the Berean Baptist church by Rov. P. L. Davles, pastor. Bap tism in the eyenlng. Baptism will be administered by Dr. Armltage In the Filth avenue Baptist church alter both services to-day. The Rev. J. V. osterhout will preach in the Har lem Baptist church to-day at the usual hours. Dr. Armltage will dedicate the new temple for this so ciety next Thursday aiternoon. Revival meetings continue to be held in the Flfty-th.rd street Baptist church every evening during the week. Mr. Pendleton will preach at both services to-day and will baptize in the even ing. Rev. D. H. Miller will deliver an Easter sermon in Plymouth Baptist church this morning and will receive new memoers In the evening. Rev. E. L>. Simons, of Troy, will occupy the pul pit or the Tabernacle Baptist church this morning, and in the evening Dr. Fulton, 01 Brooklyn, will preach a memorial sermon on the late Elder Jacob Knapp. Services will bo hel d morning and evening in the Baptist church In Fiftieth street. Dr. Morgan will preach in St. Thomas' Protestant Ep.scopal church this morning, and will direct a children's lestival this afternoon. Dr. Rylance will preach In St. Mark'B Protestant Episcopal church this moruing. and in the alter uoou a children's lestival will t>e held. The new Reformed Episcopal church will meet In Lyric Hull this evening. Rev. J. ti. Bradford will preach. "Evangelistic preac'Ung" la the Catholic Apos> tollc church this evening. The Seventeenth street Baptist Society will unite with the Church of the Disciples of Christ in a communion service this afternoon In the uouso of the latter. Revs. J. Hyatt Smith, R. E. Jeffrey, W. H. Pendleton, YV. c. Dawson and Robert Cameron win assist in this service. Rev. P. A. Chadbourne, LL.D., President of Wil liams College, will occupy the pulpit of the Re lormcd church on Filth avenue and Tweuty-ninth street to-day at both services. Bishop Littlejohn Is to preach in Christ church (Protestant Episcopal), Brooklyn, to-day. Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage will occupy the pulpit of St. John's Methodist Episcopal churcn, Brooklyn, this afternoon. Rev. J. B. Faulks, of Newark Conference, will preach in St. Luke's Methodist Episcopal church tills morning. The sacrament of the Loid's Sup per will ue administered there in the evening. Rev. John E. Cookmau will preach in the Free Tabernacle Methodist Episcopal church this morn ing. The Sunday School Missionary Anniversary will be held in the evening. lev. O. N. Pratt will preach for the new Metho d Episcopal Society, in North Tarrytown, to da This society is building a beautliul church ed.flce In a commanding position In that town. rite free churcn services in Harvard Rooms this morning will be conducted by Dr. Phelps, Presi dent of Hope College, Michigan. Preaching also in the same place on Thurso, y evemug. Rev. J. M. ? ui.inau will preach a resurrection sermon this morning belore the Universalis! Church of Our Saviour In the standard Club llall. Itev. E. I. Swcotser will talk about Heavenly Mansions this morning to the Uleecker street I'nl versallst church. Dr. Ludlow will give the result of some studios in the Book of Dauiel to his Reiormed Church peo ple this evening. The Progressive Spiritualists will be addressed this moruing and evening in Roblnsou Hall by L. C. Howe. A couierence oi progressive and stand still Spiritualists will be held in tlio afternoon at Cieruiauia Hall. Twenty persons are to be baptized to-day in tho Sixteenth Baptist church by Rev. David B. Jutten. Climax Criticised. To tue Editor of tue Herald:? The great distress prevailing throughout the couutry at itio present time Has attracted the berioua attention of tUe people and tbe comments ol the press. Numerous theories .or ullordlng relief liuve been broacned, but, as a rule, they contain but utile sense and much nonsense. Among thoso deserving node, for Its leu^tli if for nothing else, Is the communication in a late Sunday's Issue, signed "Climax." It was entitled "The Problem oi Poverty from a Practical and Theoretical Stand point," though there was but little theory and no practice in it. The following Is the substance of the article:?"Christianity is tbe only remedy, and the best thing to do is to create a Christian publio opinion." Christlani/.e the community and you wui cause poverty to disappear. "Climax" fails to give us an insight into his understanding of "a Christian puolic opinion." The wondrous pow ers lie ascribee to it betoken tbe novel conception he must have lormed 01 the meaning ot this phrase. "Climax" may be conscientious, but he is certainly ignorant of history and exceedingly illiberal and Utopian la his views. 10 begin with that, venerable history, the Bible. The Israelites closely loliowed us admirable pre cepts, and as a consequence poverty was raie among them. Philologists tell us that there 1s in Hebrew no equivalent lor the word "beggar," and the leaaon the.v assign is that beggars were almost unknown to the ancient Israelites. We thus see that Christianity is not the only remedy, if it oe a reniedi at all, lor poverty. And now to use a train or reasoning similar to tiiat employed by "Ciimnx," tne best remedy would be toJudaize the community. mere is tins decided superiority in tins theory over that advocated by "Climax," tiiat the io;iner has been tried with success, whereas the latter, lor l,suo years, has not etlocied the desired result. This is but one phase of the ab surdity of "Climax's" tneorv. It matters little to which Church "Climax" be longs. It tie be Catholic or Protestant ho must know that Catholic and Protestant countries are alike burdened with a host ot paupers. We that Hi e that Christianity and poverty are by no means lncoinpatlii.e. full many a one lias realtzen with bitterness of spirit and tne anguish of despair tlio Bad lines of the poet:? Altio! for the rarity Of christian chanty Under tliu ?unl "C'luiax" tells us that alter the people become Christianized, the pleiiiorlc purses of the rich will be opened to alleviate tli; suirerings of the poor. Hut what are the poor to do in the meantime f Tliov wib ussuredly starve il they wait for the real ization or "Climax's" scheme or dieam. Kiguteen ?:untnrti'S have elapsed and yet It appears accord ing to "Climax" thai the people have not become < inisiinni/.ed. Muot wo wait, then, till anotner eighteen centuries shall have passed before the people will become converted to Cnristioulty 1 We see the absolute necessity of seeking another rem edy, one which wid not take ages neiore it pro duces ac'lve, benellcial results. ANTICLIMAX. Was Charles Sumner a Christian I To TlIE editor ok tuk IlEHALb:? Why ask this question? Heeause the tone of cer tain leadinii religious journals creates doubts in regard to that matter, The christian intelligencer, or example, "regrets that Sumner left no testi mony behind htra ot the power and tbe grace of tied or ot the christian religion in his heart." Is this so? Let facts testiiy. Twenty years ago, when Charles Sumner was in the prime aud vigor of nls manhood, ho wrote as follows:?"Tho classics want the highest charm oi purity, of righteousness, of elevated sentiment, of love to God and man. It Is not in the frigid philosophy of tho Porch and Acad emy that we are to seek for those. In none of these nre we to seek the way of lire. Bot In the .sermon on the Mount, and In those t wo coiumandmeuts on which hang all the law ami id., p, we ,j0 And this heaven desocuded truln?'.he brothor hooa or mas." Toe Bwngtttsi says:?"We bad been lilad if Sumner bad leit behind luui a record #u?li as Daniel Webster leit." Did Webster ever leave a better record than tbe above? Did be leave as 8oody on btsdeatb bed Webster said. "The Bible i tbe best o( books, and young men cannot do better tban be guided by its precepts." Sum ner says the same thing, and, what Webster does not do, gives us the bust reasons lor believing htm. But did Charles Sumner live out nis idea of a Christian lite, which was love to God aud love to man t All tbe world knows that he loved bts fellow man; that bis heart and soul ami mind aud strength were devoted to the interests of human ity, uud the more downtroddeu and oppressed a<iy portion of humanity was the more bis whole nature went out for tbelr deliverance. Now, the test of our love to Qud Is our love to man. is i tiaries Sumner's Hie, then, "no testimony of the power and grace ol God in his heart?" Hut Sumner, like Washington, (ltd not talk re ligion on his deathoed. There, in his dying hours, "sumner leit no testimony, no record of tbe power ot Cod in his heart." What were his dying words? "Take care ot my Civil Rights bill," Is this no record, no testimony ol tbe grace of Qod in tbe heart ? To plead lor the oppressed, to entreat that the wrongou may be righted, to sue tor tbe fallen to be lilted up, is not tnts from the power 01 Cod in tne heart ? "Without works faith Is dead,"nays the Apostle Junes, and Chartes Sumner showed, by his works, that he had a living faith. K. D. 8. Catholicism and the Divine Right ot Kings. To tbi Editor or thi Hkkald:? It has been otten atked of laXe of your corre spondent to reply In yoar columns to several most important questions, which are still before the American mind, waiting for a satisfactory answer. He will attempt the answer, without promising that it shall prove satisfactory. First?What is the divine claimed by the Bourbons to reign In France ia? i elsewhere ? And to what extent is the catholic Church pledged to the support of such claim ? Americans, generally, labor under the mistake of supposing that the Church has formally sanc tioned tbe pretensions of lleuri Cinq in Prance and Don Carlos in Spain to reign over those countries by a right directly given by God, and in itself in alienable, indefeasible and Immortal. Nothing can be further from the truth. The Onurch declares that where a form of government has been estab. llshed by a people conformably to the natural law, that ts, to the eternal fitness of thlugs, that gov ernment IB a legitimate ono, having the sanc tion of the Divine Author of nature and Boclety. Those who administer such govern ment, so long as they rule in conformity with justice, having for their aim the good of the governed afid the fulfilment of tbe Divine Will in securing to society all that Is necessary for Its wel fare, are then said to govern lawfully, rightfully, and the right by which their acts claim tho obedience of every member of tho community Is, ultimately, the Divine Will. For, in the natural or supernatural order, wherever MAN COWS TO A JCST LAW, or to the voice of tho lawful magistrate enjoining nghtiul acts, It la to God's owq majesty that lie bows. The President of the United States, governing la accordance with the constitution, is not merely, in so lur, an officer fulfilling the JuBt will of the American people, but, he Is, moreover, tho repre sentative of Clod, wuo is tho author of my being, and who, as my Creatov and Master, has the original, plenary and lndeieasible right ol com manding the submission of my win. in everything in which tho first magistrate lawfully challenges my obedience I look up to Qod as to iiim la whom resides the primary right or binding the acquies cence 01 my judguieutaad the submission of my will. Thus, in Church and State, In domestic and public society, whoever is?as parent, magistrate or supe rior?the person lawfully appointed to govern me, Is, by divine right, my ruler. A nation may com mit to a family the hereditary right to govern, and the priuces of such a line may even receive, beside the popular sanction, tho Church's consecration; but in neither case is there conferreJ any divine light essentially distinct iroui the aoove. TIIK KIliUT OF I UK BOURBONS to govern France did not diiler from the right of the Hue 01 Valois which preceded tnclrs. Nor did the Vaiois possess any diviue right especially different iroin thai of the Capetians and oi Charlemagne or Clovis. The election of Clovis by his warrior chiefs and his ele vation on a bucKier aoove the heads 01 the armed crowd conierreU no right beyoud that ol mere here ditary right which is not bestowed on our own Presidents, ana cue consecration at Home of Charle magne as Emperor ol tuo West did not make a*iy essential change iu the relations 01 the new mon arch to his people. It did not make tiicm ins prop erty or his chattels, uor mm the master 01 his Franks or Germans, endowed with u new ri^ht to own tue nations and rule tuem at Ills pleasure and transmit his ownership like an lieu-loom 10 ills sons aud their successors. The naturul law was not changed when Charlemagne was crowned at Homo; it still remained, wnat it ever uiu.st be, God's own reason and will regulating tue moral relations o; human beluga In society, founded on tuelr veiy natures. To bo sure, there was a com pact with the Churcn that he s.iouid protect her iu the exercise ol her lunctions and the enjoyment of her liberty. His fulfilment of it was to guarantee him certain privileges; out his right to govern re mained substantially the same, anu the rights and duties ol las subjects couliuuo essentially unaltered. Emperors, again aud again, were subjected to iorielturc; their peoples con tinued to possess aud io use, on occasion, the right ana duty 01 shaking otr their allegiance, nor dUi the declarations ot the ecclesinstical authoil tles con er in either case any power not inherent In the nature aud exigencies of political ciri u u stances. In one word, there Is no such thing acknowledged by the Christian church as this monstrous pretention attributed to lleuri or Don Carlos to rule Fiance and bpalu respectively In virtue 01 a rignt directly conierred ov Gott and subsisting through tho changes of time, and in de I liance of the new order ol things glowing out of revolutions, conquests and the will 01 the people. In the political order God confers directly on every human society the right to organize itself anu lrame in government so as to secure its own well being. The lawiuily appointed rulers only hold ; till? right indirectlv lrom God?that is, through the people. The circuinstauces of l T11E HEUllKW l'KOl'LK WERE EXCEPTIONAL, i on the showing or their own historians. They acknowledged a theocracy. When they asked lor > kkigs it is said nowhere that their monarcny was I constituted on a basis essentially differing from i that of other nations, on the contrary, it nr plainly hinted that their Kings would use and mis I use their power Just as did their cla-s elsewhere. | Tne Church undouotediy has a respect lor vesied 1 rights; so has God lltmsclf, tn whom is the source | ol all right, liut, as a body, neither through her ' councils uor through her pontwfs, nas sue identt | lied herseli with the pretenders to the Spanish or ! the French turone. | Tue old revolutionary party in France was as fiercely hostile to religion as to the monarchy; I hence in the eyes of the multitude the cause ol tue Bourbon kiugs was eonioumied with tnai of the Church, The clergy and the nobility sutiered i ex lie, imprisonment and death sido side, aud their successors to this day, in a great measure, have a common sympathy for the old royai line, aiul a common hatred lorthe Itepuolio or its rep resentative, tho commune, but. the majority of the clergy m Frauce do not belong to tne legiti mist part;, and even those who do do not acknowledge such a divine right as our American prejudices or ignorance attribute to iliem. In Spain, in like manner, tint party of Queen l?abeiia and her moittor, tho Queen urgent, are ldentiiled with spoliation oi enureses and monas teries, the luunsacro oi priests aud monks, and other measures which went lar towards imperil ling the very exl.-deuce of Catholicism in tne Pen insula. The ltc >unlie, which now drags on Its precarious existeuce, has manifested a still more hostile disposition. No wonder, then, that all wio remain attached to the old raith should manifest a preieruuce tor the old dynasty aud the legitimate heirs to the Spanish throne, set aside by tue arbi trary acts ot Ferdluand. l?abujla's father. This preierence, It is said, has been avowed lu Home, and It has been expressed tn many quarters 'among ourselves, liut no official declarat.ou ot the Church limits or restrains the liberty ci Catholics In this respect on either side of the Atlantic. THK OHli'KCll NOT l'LKU(iEI) TO LEGITIMISTS. Thus, it is not true to sta that the Church Is pledged to the legitimists, either to the nortn or to the south of the Tyienoes. Beyond the tra ditional reverenco for vested rights and prescrip tive order and tne strong sympathies here stated, theie exists no pledge, no declaration, uu obliga tion compelling adherence to oue party or preten der more than to anotner. .second?.n Franco toward what political party do life majority or Catholics lean? Certainly, so lar as the knowledge of the writer goes, not to any one party In particular. In Alsace and Lor raine, which were, perhaps, the most truly Catho lic portion of Frauce, the predominant foellug be fore the lato war was itonupurtist. In Main, roitois and Anion, which waged such a tierce re ligious wur with the old Republic, tne sentiment or atlectiou to the old royal line, and even to tho Church, underwent a great change since tho res toration of the Kourbons in 1815. Wo know how radical Lyons proved during the siege oi Paris and the reign of the Commune, and yet Lyons was tho great Catuoltc city ot France. THK KRION OP LOUIS PHILIPPE effected a total revolution among the peasnntry of LaVendt O. With the opening ol the net work or I uoho rotds and railways constructed during his administration a flood ol new ideas poured into tins aud tlic surrounuiug regions. Cathoiio la.tu and piety, and devotion to tho legitimate kings, gave w?y before Voltairianism, radicalism and libertinism oi the worst kinds, pronag?ied indus triously down 'o this day, by tho swarms ol straugo laborers and the sworn apostieJ ol tho Marianne. Were the ren republic to oe proclaimed to-morrow you would see tue guillotine e>\ ptrnuinenoe in lai Vendee. In Aujou and Alain, and you can sa.eiy tui tho same ot most parts oi France, the couu try people had only one feeling and one prayer, during Clio late KmplreLaUMei-tvous tranhUUes I Let u* be 1 Let us have peace, to raise our cropa and aell them I If ao before the late war, How much more so now. .Security lu what the mass of the French country veopie crave. In the very hotbeds of royallMm and legltimatlsm they voted for the Empire 01 Napoleou IK. lor the aole reasou that they believed ho would secure them against tbo lnataoility of the Republic?that la. of revoiutiou. For tnia very reason to morrow they would vote for the reBtoration of another Napo leou, If they lelt sure of hla giving them twenty years of peace and order. It is the writer'* tlrm conviction that the French masses are, drat, lor stability auu order, and next, lor tue govemmeut beat fitted to aeenre them. Other considerations of lorm or government, dvuaaty, religion, Ac., are to them of leaa than secondary Importance. DKUK.NEKACY OK KAITII AND POPULATION UOtNO TOUKTUKK. Faith has but little hold on the French masse*. Since 179!> Indifference te religious forms, scepti cism about all religious belief, distrust in political institutions, coutetnpt or hatred of all authority, humau and divine, have been leavening the bulk of the nation, penetrating more deeply and widely every year. Their re ligious belle: is dropping mat irom them, never to be remaced by auy other or to be renewed in its owu pristine vigor. With this waiting or reltgioa proceeds, pari passu, a decrease in tiio popula tion, Religious senttment cannot, then, be relied on as a very general or very etQcient means ol rallying the Freuoh population beneath this or that political flag; and besides, among tne leading c.asses, the educated bourgeoisie and their edu cators, the army ol saiuriod professors and govern ment ofllctais, sceuticiHtn, a violent hatred of the Church and a contempt for the clergy are tho characteristic teelings. leacnera of what ever class, omcials lu every branch ol tho adminis tration, officers ot the army aud navy are either disbelievers or opponents of religion. The ma jority or Frenchmen hate or despise Chris tianity; the majority ol French women still cling to the old laith. If tlie one child in most families la a daughter she is brought up in tlie mother's religion; if a son. It is teu >o one but lie will oe a Voltairian, like his father. Therefore, if you would know who is to rule the France ol the lutnre?do not begin by taking tho religon ol Frenchmen luto your calculation. Ask lor whom is the majority ol the leading classes. It cau be sa ely said that one-third at least of them, as above described, are oneanlsts, less than one. third Uouapartists, the remainder, with another third, divided between llenri Cinq and the Repub lic. The Communists are only loimiduble as being the forlorn hope 01 tho republicans, who will gladiy see every man of them perish m storming tho enemy's position. TUB CHTTBCn PAKTT will gladly give lu its adhesion to Louis Philippe IL. remembering the many solid liberties they enjoyed uuder his grandfather, aud lorgivmg old griev ances oi winch, they have learued to acquit his memory. At any rate, ir MacMahou be only al lowed to govern in peace, there yet may be hope of a permanent republic in France. II a choice is forced on the French people, and they aro left iree, you may declare lor an Orleaniit king. Rut ir, as was lntiinatod in your columns, (ieruiauy should leud her weight to Napoleon IV., there is good rea son to believe all the agricultural aud commercial interests 01 the country would be cast on his side. In no eventuality is there auy hope for the Comte de Chambord, or the revival, with or without him, ol a Catholic ascendency. PRUDENTICS. Did the Wine of Scripture Contain Alco hol, and Wa? Xt Intoxicating ) TO tub Editor of the Herald:? There is a largo party of proiesslng Christians who coincide with the opinion 01 the leaders of the "Women's C usadora," some of them 01 the mcdl caf and others of the clerical profession, who main tain, probably to substantiate their own theories, that the trine of Scripture was not stimulating and contained no alcohol; and their belief in such a theory cauaed t hem to write to Dr. Hall and others to discontinue toe use of modern wine at the sac ! ramental feast. Such a course or procedure is vain, impertinent and blasphemous?Is open disregard for the teachings of the Word 01 God. And I sin cerely hope thut Dr. Hall and others will not even reply to such communication. On Uie face of the fact that the Bible says as much against drunken ness as In praise of wiue, we are led to believe that it was stimulating and intoxicating m the highest degree; had it been non-intoxicating the proba bility is ti.at the condemnations poured forth against the drunkard so repeatedly and severely wouid not have t>een so strongly eutorced by the Word of (iod. 1 wi!l now examine three Hebrew words, because, under these, in the vust majority of Instances, our Knjrilsb word "wine'' occurs; therefore they ciuim principal consideration. yirat?Take the word "Tlrosh." The wine desig nated by this term is generally spoken of oh a bless ing to be enjoyed by the people, with gratitude to (Jod?-'plenty 01 corn and wiuo." The root of this He brew word means "to possess"?the laud 01 H.s pos session. To dispossess, as Provems xxx., 28;?"An handmaid that is heir to her mistress." To niuke one poor. (Ueuesis, xlv,, 11.) "l.eat thou and thy household come to poverty." Also First Samuel, U., 7, "l he Lord inaketh p ior." The connection ol "ttrosii" with its root Indicated that It was an lntoxicaut set/an^ the head. That a liquid was meant, take lsaiau, lxii.??? 1'lie sons of a stranger shall not drluk thy wine." Another thing to be noticed is, that in the ninth verse it is expressly stated?"They that have brought it together shall drink it in the house of the Lord." t-o that it seems it was to bo drunk and drunk as a religions observance. Take another passage, Joel, il? xxiv.?"Aud the tats shall overUow with wiue and wiili oil." Is it not a liilr luierence, aud the most natural one. that the words "overflow with wiue" prove that "tirosh" here ineaiis liquors? 1 know tuut the term "overflow.nj?" is sometimes applied to things that are not liquid, but it there fore does not lotlow ttiat liquid is not meant here any more than bccause the word ''bread" is ap plied to otner things than bread itself, bread can not in any particular case be meaut. One other passage may be cited in proot that "tirosh" does not always denote wine frnlt, Hosea, lv., li., "Wino (vain), and new wine, ?tirosh,' take away the heart." And is this not prectsely whut wine does w hen used in an immoderate degree? Drunkenness besot? and infatuates men and leads to uncleanness. Thus, it is seen mut "tirosh" Is spoken ol as a blessing to be enjoyed by tne people with grate:ul heart; that though sometimes It denotes wino fruit it occasionally denotes liquid; that as a liquid it is an intoxicant; and, dually, that it was used in religious observ ances. TULODOllli JUNIUS, M. D. Sunday Amusements?An Encrgetlc Pro test Against the Snndajr Law*. To tub Editor op tub Herald:? The Philistines are upon ns in the disguise of bands of masked robbers?the Commune, the metropolitan police and tho Sabbatarians. The police are supposed to protect us from the robbers aud Communis is, but who Is to protect us from the police and Sabbatarians ? The former are scarcely able to tell friend from loe, and the sur lerers, from their excess of dnty, can get no redress, as the Police court, like the court below, takes care of its owu. Their zeal Is spusmodlc, however, aud we are spared some clubbing and many such scenes as occui red at the raid mado upen the Assembly Rooms a few weeks ago, when loo youug girls wero dragged through the streets as an exhibition or the moral rectitude and watch ful care these guardians of tho peace have over the city's welfare. They have not yet awakened to the knowledge that there Is last driving and billiard playing going on, aud that the babbath day is desecrated as much by bucIi amusements as by dancing. is there no way or reforming tho loree, or ate they out-ulo oi tue pale of all taw and order ? l should like to know who these Sabbatarians are and bv what authority they lake upon them selves the right to get an act through tue Legisla ture lor the purpose of closing up all places of amusement on Sunday, unless oi a sacred charac ter. Sunday should be a day of recreation lor tue working class. Who does not know that "all work and no -play makes Jack a dull boyr" And what tune through the week have these weary people lor piay? Where Is the Justice in a lew controlling the pleasures and happiness oi the many?ladling It out to them in a dipper with a lalse bottom? Ir "music has charms to soothe tue savage breast," then, instead of closing, there should be opened a concert hall of tho largest dmuflisions m every district of the city, lor there is certainly a large number ol savage breasts w.thin Us limits that need soothing, music is diviue, whether played in slow or quleK time, and no one can posBlbiy oe any the worse worn hearing a lively air irom Opera bonjf'e. Who are to be Judges of tuo sacredue-s of uiei jdy? Instead of spending time to get acts pnssod to close up so-called proiaue concert halls and place* oi amusement ou the babbath uay euorts should bo made to have one passed whereby departments should ?>e organized in every towu arul city lor tho advancement oi the woikiug people, having under its control picture galleries, public nbrams and museums to be thrown open on Sundays. Instead ol narrowing down and coniluing their privileges let it be a day oi true recreation and improvement, and there will be no necessity tor police rams. (,'ivaize and educate the masses and there will be fewer crimes and criminals. I was at the Licderkraof Clubhouse a short time ago to witnoss an entertainment gi/uu to tue chil dren of its members. It was on .Sunday, too, and certainly none but the most rlirid orthodox, with a soul itost bitten and core-hardened to the music or a child's laugh, could have tailed to have bten benefited by it, aud those children were much happier and Just as liaole to go to heaven when they die as though they had stayed at home, irettiug tne woary atternooiis away, wishing Sun day was past. The vice and depravity oi one gene ration is handed down io another, all from tho lac* ol knowledge. Wh it oan be expected from a man. or a woman cither, born or ignoiant and <ie piavcd parents, who takes in vico with hl? mother's milk, wnose childhood is spent on the street, with associates bom of like parents. What can be the result out crime? Who is to be blamed ! lor this, tho criminal or society that made the cir cumstances surrounding ins birth? I repeat again [ that a department should be established, con trolled by the city authorities, for the purpose of I elevation the masses iroiu their degraded eondi tton, and to allow the working elSM every means of cultivation ami orderly recreation on the only day they have lor enjoying it. AT.I.A. Am Important Jewish Movement. The influence of Christian society Is malting Its impression In many ways upon the Jewish mtnd and heart, and this impression is manifested In outward forms. The latest 01 tills is the teutatlvo organization of an association corresponding to and in a measure copied after the Young Men's Christian Association of this city. This new mov*. ment among the young men of Israel is intended to answer a want lung lelt among them. And since "the better the day the better the deed," tbe preliminary organization was effected last .Sunday at the residence of Dr, 8. N. Leo. committees were appointed looking to a permanent organization, and a basis of union was adopted by which tue common desire was ex pressed to promote harmony and good rellowBhlp among llebrow young men and to unite them In a liberal organization which shall tend to tneir moral, mental and social improvement. With this busts they gave -themselves tue title of "The Young Men's Hebrew Association." The specific objects of the association are The establishment 01 a reading room and library, with, if possible, the rental or purchase of a build ing to contain also parlors, gymnasium, lecture room and iree studio*. Lectures on Historical, scientific and literary topics by members 01 the society and others. Occasional entertainments of a musical and social nature, free from extravagance and intem perance. Formation of debating societies and of free classes lor general instruction. Establishment ot a bureau for securing employ* ment lor deserving young men. Membership will be open to all classes and the association will be entirely tree Horn auy sectarian bias. Dr. Leo is the temporary President and Mr. J. J. Frank the temporary Secretary. A constitu tion and bylaws Is to oe adopted at the next meet ing and a permanent organization effected. The JtioWi Messenger gives the enterprise us heartiest approval, and, using a Christian phrase, it says this organization Is designed to prevent the young men ot Israel being "lost to the Church," of which there is great danger, lor the existing means of preserving an interest in J udulsm are not adequate to this end; they are not Inspiring; they are more fitted tor the past i han tho luture, and Israelites cannot afford that their most promising youug men shall lone their Identity with the rate ana creed in winch tliey were boru. Thev must pro vide themselves with the means of their rescue from materialism. They will enjoy all the help they need when they have proved that they know how to help tuemselves. We bid them Uod speed. Religions Squab b lea In tbe City of Churches. Just at this time tbe religions communities here and elsewhere manliest a wonderful facility for quarrelling among themselves. Whether the Con< grcgatioual Council has given an Impetus to this business or not can hardly be determined, but the proposition appears to be well founded. Dr. Ful ton, ot Brooklyn, who seems to have a natural propinquity to this kind, has started a $600 quar rel between himself and Mr. Edward Kalbflelsch. I The latter had been for twelve or more years a member of Hansom place Baptist church and was one of the comml too appointed to go to Boston and tender the call ol the church to Dr. Fulton. The call was, of course, accepted, but tbe Doctor stipulated that the churoii shoull be enlarged lor him. This was done, but his eloqaence has failed to fill the extra seats, and the church is in conse quence obliged to carry a heavier financial burden tnan It formerly bore. Now the point oi the pretty little quarrel is this-.?Mr. Kalbfleisch, as the Doc tor and his irleuds intimate or assert, subscribed $500 unconditionally toward the oxpeuses of en largement. Mr. Kaibdelson himself deuies thmaud says the pledge was glveuby amend, who thought he would honor It, at a meeting, at which he replied that it all tue members ol tho church would par ticipate he would do his part. The other members failed, and h? did not consider Ills promise in any sense uinding. Meantime, several members ol tue Hanson place church asked for letters oi dismission to otner churches, Mr. Kalbtloisch among tho number. Dr. Fulton thereupon accuses him and them of being open couim unionists, oi repudiating their pecuniary promises because or whims aud running alter the preachers to*eep them busy. A church meeting was held in lianson place tho otner night to uccklc what action should be taken In the matter. The Metboalst Protestants (as they are pleased to distinguish themselves from the Epis copal Methodists) of Williamsburg, have been busy also uurtng the past week investigating cer tain charges of immorality prcrerred against the llev. T. T. Kenitrick, pastor oi the Methouist Prot est. iut churcu In Grand street. The origin of the charges appears to have sprung trom the jealousy ol a neigiiooring minister and a small clique of muleconient members who are anxious to get rid ol Mr. KendriCk, while the majority ol his con gregation appear decidedly to demand Ins stay among them. The weight of testimony given has been in his favor rfud his acquittal on the testi mony was u loregone conclusion almost irom the first. Women's Sew Sphere In the Church. To tub Editor of the Herald:? I should like to see m your columns a broad and thorough discussion of the topic or which I have only time and space to hint. It la a matter of great moment to the Church whether the seal re moved lrom woman's lips by the hand of God lu this great temperance revival is to be replaced by priests and prelates, aud women be again re mauded to their ancient and accustomed nonen tity to the Church. The power of women's prayer has at last been tested, ana has proved a mighty weapon against the armies of immorality. Her pravers are heard upoti our streets, in all our churches aud puoiic halls the country over. It is a new thing under the sun. The sturdy studeuts of theology And themselves outprayed by modest little women who never read any other book, per haps. than tne Word 01 Ood. lu answer to these prayers the priest and scribe see saloons closing and urauisellers weeping, aud feel the very enrlh trembling with emotion. The women have accom plished what priests, scribes and pimrlsees never could and never aid accomplish. They have been led into their new sphere by 110 human hand. Who snail have the audacity aud irreverence to expel them ? DALZliLL. The Voice of Protestantism on Catholic Doctrines* To thb Editor op tbe Herald:? For the Information of tbe Protestant contributors to tbe religious correspondence of the Hekalp, I append a few extracts irom the writings of eminent Protestant divines. The astounding ignorance of the doctrinal literature of their own church which the communications ol all your "Protestant" cor respondents betray warrants me In believing that these cuppings will Interest them:? "1 confess that under the Papacy are many good Christian things?nav, all that is good in Christian ity. i acknowledge that In the 1'apucy is the true Scripture, true baptism, the true sacrament 01 the aliar, true neys for tbe reiniSHion oi siu, true oillce oi preaching, true catechism, the ten command* menis and even the very kernel oi Christianity."? Luther's Book ayauuti the Anabaptists. "Papists aro to bo accounted the House of Ood."?Dr. Morton on t/u; Kmjdun Of Itrael. "The Church of Rome is a true church as well since as heiore the council oi Trent."?Bishop Mon ta ws Appeal. "The most learned Protestant writers have owned the church ot Uoiue to be the true Church oi God."?ur. Barfs sermons. "There is no difference between Home and Eng land la fundamentals at all, the former being a true Church."?Ifeylin's Anstoer to Barton. "Our Church makes no article oi laith but *nc!i as have tne testimony anu approbation of Rome itself."?Stitlingflee.vs Dejtenoe of Land. "Our Protestant religion is not contrary to the Christian reirgion, or even to tho Roman Cath olic."? coiyt-toion & AUQHbury. "The reformers did not question the power or th<! Pope to decree rites and ceremonies, nor Its authority in m ittersof mith."?Bishop i an Mildert. "seeing that it has been graiued by the Church of Kngiaud that there was salvation in the Chinch of Rome as a true one, 1 am very confident that no church can separate from Rome but must make themselves sclusmatloa before Ood."? Dr. Tliuni djke on tx>rb< arance. "As the Church oi Christ Is but ono thero cannot be two separate communion* in it without schism, and me schism lies ou tne side of that party which separates."?Aivluleacon Danbcrry's Guide to t/ie Church. ??We have been forced to renonnce the commu nion of the whole world.*1?Calvin's Kpistle, xiv. '?Nay, Ood lorbid that we should deny that the flesh and blood of Christ are truly present aud truly received by the faithlui at the Lord's table. It is the doctrine wo teach and coiulort ourselves with."?Doctor Biison's TrueSuttfect. "The bony anu blood of Christ are venly and in deed received by the faltinul in tho Lord's supper."?Book of Common Prayer. "The name oi the mass may still be kept; It Is an Indifferent thing w ether it be said in Latin or tho vulgar tongue."?Luther against cartoMadtus, rfc. "1 do firmiy believe?nay, 1 am bold to say?ihat I know there is a pnraatory, <?nd i am easily per suaded that mention is made thereof lu scripture; at the same time 1 know uo more oi it than that the i-ouis that suffer therein are to be assisted by our prayers and good works. It being sufficient for w? to know tnat thoy do suffer nnd that their suffer ings ought to be alievluted, leave tho rest to Go?J."?Luther's at Leipsta. "Let not the aucleut practice ot praytng Tor tho dead be any moro rejected b* Protestant* us un lawiul. It is a practice received through the uni versal Church ot Christ, which did ever lielteve it both pious aud charitable. The iaihers were of opinion that some 'light "ins, not remitted in this lite, were loraiven atter death by the intercession of ihe Church in her public prayers, and e?peeiaiiy those offered ub in the celebration of the trentcu dona mysteries; and it la no ahsnrdity to believe ao."?Button Forbes on Purgatory. "Tbe pictures of Christ, the blessed Virgin and of the saints may bo bad in bouses, wt up in cbnrotiea; respect and honor be given them."? Bxstvp Montagu*. "Private confession Is a very ancient practice of the Churcb. Priests luvo not only power to pro nounce, bat to give remission or sins. It is tbe doctrine of the Prayer book?Justifiable, there tore, beintr the practice of tbe Church of Eng land."? hishop Montagu*. "All our sins must be confessed. He who would be sure or pardon let him find a priest to make bis liumbie coiiicssion to biui. heaven waits and ex pects the priest's sentence here, and what he blnda or looses the Lord confirms m heaven."?Bishop Sparrow on confession. "The saints are mediators of prayer and Inter cession. * * ? J own that canst U not wronged in his mediation. It is no impiety to say, as Pa pists do, 'Holy Mary pray tor me,' 'Holy Peter pray for mo.'"?Bishop Montague on Intercession of Saints. "Nay, at your last hour cease not to call on oar Blessed Lady, tbe holy angels and tbe apostle whose name you bear, and every other saint to whom you have beeu devout durlnir your life, that they may intercede for you."?Lutheran the Mag nljicat. "The Blessed Virgin is to be prayed to that God may, through her Intercession, graut our re quests."?iota. w. C. Ministerial and Church Movements. BAPTIST. Plymouth church. In this city, has received thirty* eight persons by baptism during the last month and others are awaiting tne administration of tbe ordmaucc. Seventy-one have been received into the Baptist church at Hlghtstown, N. J., by the same ordinance, during the winter. Fifty-nine have professed a hope in Christ in tbe Baptist church lu Recklesstosa, N. J., since February t. Tbe Baptist church In Harlem, of which tho ltev. Mr. Osterhout Is pastor, has leased tne first floor of the Harlem Court House. Tho room will be ready ror occupancy beiore tbe middle of April, and when the alterations proposed are completed will be capable or holding over 3 000 persons. Rev. S. llsley, of Hover Plains, N. Y., Balls on Saturday or this week for Florence, Italy, accompanied by his wife. The Rev. Hugh O. Pentecost, pastor of the Church of the People, baptized seven converts last Sabbath, using the baptistry of the Plerrepont street Baptist church (Rev. Dr. Thomas pastor), which was kindly offered them. The Church of the People was organized about three months since, with thirty members; tbey now number about seventy. The Rev. A. S. Walsh, of Brooklyn, owing to im paired health, is about to take a trip to California. Rev. J. D. Beugless, chaplain In the navy, lelt on Saturday lor Key West to report for duty, having beeu assigned to the European squadron. At the calvary church, on Sunday evening last, the pas tor, Rev. R. S. MacArthur, baptized ten candidates in the presence of a very large congregation. At Paterson Dr. Banvard has baptized twenty-five; while Willis street, tbe Rev. S. J. Knapp pastor, has seemed to have a hi?u tide of prosperity all winter; overiso have been baptized, ami inquirers are counted by hundreds. At Passaic tne Rev. 11 II. Keisey has, in two months, bai.tized thirty two. The Rev. W. W. Hammond ol tho Bergen Baptist church, baptized nine candidates on Sunday even I lug last. This makes thirty-two uurlug the last three months. It is expected that thirty will re I ceive the haud of leilowship next Sunday morning. ! There are still many who are seeking the saviour. The church at Rod Uauk, N. J., llcv. E. J. Footo ! pastor, ban received about sixty converts. The First church, Ureenpoiut, L. 1., have called the Rev. J. B. Hutchinson, oi Philadelphia, to be their pastor. The new church at Port Washington, L. I., is advauciu:* under the lead of the Rev. N. Palmer. Twelve were baptized ou Sunday. About thirty conversions are already reported. At tho Pilgrim church last Sunday, at the close ol the evening sermon, the pastor administered the ordinance of baptism to twelve candidates. Rev. Dr. Ives, of Mieflleld. Conn., closes his labors with the Baptist church, ol which ho has been pastor lor thirty-four years. He will spend the summer with ins sons m Chicago, aud then will probably reside in Conway, Mass., whore he owns a placo. KOilAV CATHOLIC. The groat army oi lalthiul Catholics who cannot 20 on the pilgrimage are requested to send dona tions 01 1'cte. 'a i'euce to the Popo by the hands of those wlio do go. The Freeman's Journal ac knowledges the rccalDt so far lor this object of $i8;i ?9. A banner made of the llnest sibc and In scribed to our Lady Immaculate oi Lourdcs is also to be prepared to be presented by tho pilgrims to the churea erected at the grotto on behalf oi those who have received bonellt* by tlie use oi the waters oi Lourcies. By a pious custom, almost universally prevalent in the dioceses of America, tho collec tions oi Easter ; nd Christinas arc set aside for the orpiiana oi tue Catholic Church. To-day, there fore, tho faitmul will oe asked to contribute liber ally. The venerable bishop ol Fiesole, whose se ious niiiess was mentioned latelv, is now pro nounced out of danger. Cardinal Barnabo was the one hundred and second cardinal who has died since Plus IX. began to reign. Tnc Congregation oi Kites have reported favorably on canon izing Elizabeth Canoii, who uied In Koine February 6, 1H25. it is proposed by tlie students of Mount St. Vincent's Academy, witli others, to erect in Central i'ark a statue to the late Arcubisiiop Hughes. A mission wi.l be opened by the I'auiist Fatuers, under the direction of Father lies.,on, at the Church of the Nativity, Sec ond avenue, Father Everett pastor, next Sunday. Another mission, under the charge of Kutlier Ulackmeyer, s. J., will be opened on the same day in the Church ol St. Agues, Father McDowell pas tor. The Hedemptoriot Fathers wilt open a mis sion at St. .Steven's cnurgn, Boston, next Sunday. The lliglit Hev. Louis Ue Coesbriand, L?. !>., Bishop oi Burlington, Vt., arrived aomo last week Iroiu ins native France. Rev. Heniy Green, C. S8. K., tue celebrated Redemptorlst mlssiouary, has Just comiileted a most successful mission in Victoria, Texas, over 500 i.eopie received holy communion, and several converts were made, among them the senior warden or the Episcopal church. The Bisuop oi cioniert, Dr. Dttgg.in, accompanied by the Kev. .John Deely as private secretary, lias recently taken Ins departure lor Kome. The great missiou winch >or nearly three weeks lias been going on iu the Church of the iloly innocents, m this city, wns brought to a close ou Wednesday evening, the 1st inst., alter accomplishing aii amount ol spiritual good that can hardly be real ized eveu bv those who lo lowed its progress Iroiu beginning to end. It was given by tlie Jesuit Fathers Damen, (Jareschfi, Van Goch, Koopmans, Masselia, Nlederkoru and Van dor Futten. METHODIST. Rev. William P. Abbott and Dr. O. D. Ko?s will deliver addresses at the anniversary of the New York. Conference temperance society, lo bo held In St, John's church, itev. W. s. studley will preach the conference sermon at the next session ol tne New York East t'ouiercnce, and Dr. J. B, llcach will preach tne missiouary sermon. Tue Ilackettstown seminary oi the Newark Conference approaches completion, ino tiustees liavo de emed to furnish it at ouce and to open its classes ou September 1, 1"<74. Simpson Methodist Episco pal church, Kev. W. K. Davis pastor, is enjoyiu ? a gracious levival work, linrty souls have pro fessed conversion, and the work is progressing. Missionary collection, taken a few Sabbaths since, readied the hauds.iue sum oi $1,700. The luver elde Methodist Episcopal church, Buffalo, will l>e dedicated on Suuday, April 12, at hail-pust ten A. M. Bishop It. s. Foster, ol Ciucinuati, will prcach tlie dedicatory sermon. Dr. H. C. west woi'd, receutiv trauderrod froui the West Virginia to the Baltimore Conference, has withdrawn Irom tho Methodist Einscopal Church, lie leit atUicted at the appoliitment assigned him. The annual meeting ol the New York Church Ex tension and Missionary Soclcty was held March 30, at the Free Tabernacle In fh.rty-iourtli street, The report showed the receipts had been lbs,251 77; investments and expenditures, $8A,090 au. There were t stablished 16 stations. '24 pastors and as sistant* appointed, 23 Sunday schools, with an at tendance oi 4.081; members In churches, 1.900, and 700 conversions had taken place during the year. The Southern Methodist l&persgive the statistics ol the Church south as tney will appear In the lortnooniing voluino of tho general minutes. Tile number of members U?white, U&M77; colored, 3,4*#; Indian, 4,77?; total, 670,600, or 22,441 more than last year. The nnmbor ol white members has increased 22,151 and thai ol Indian members 6?, while the number of colored members Ims fallen off l-2s. The number ol travelling pregeuers is 3.137, an increase ol 121: tin I of ;ooai preachers, 5,344, an increase oi 210. There are 7.019 Sunday schools, with 48..WO teachers and 3*1,HI* scholars, showing increase in all these items. Tlie collections lor couicrenee claimants were $?4,o;n 70; and for missions, |9fi,M4 31; showing an increase ol #'2,504 36 in the collections mr mi.i slons, ami a decrease of $1,248 74 in those tor con ference Claimants, one year ago i.ev. George Pratt was spot to North Tarry town, without a church, without a member. During the year a society has bccu organized, now numbering thirty, and an elegant church, which will cost $.10,000, is going up. Most oi the money i? provided lor. St. James' Methodist Kpiscoj ai cuureu. Harlem, gave $l,iioo last Sunday to tue Missionary .society. Bisuop Simpson reached homo irom Mexico last week. Kev. Dr. llatue.d, of Cineln natl, has been transferred to Philadelphia stid appointed to Arcu stroct Methodist Episcopal cnitrcn. rne uev. John sautcr, of the hast German Conierence, died suddenly at Poaghkeei sic last week, where ne me with an ac? dident while ou his way to Couioreuce. Pblla delphia Conierence lias raised $.">o,wk) lor the Mis sionary society, $4,000 more than was apportioned to it by tne committ c. During tnc present con lerenco ye:ir quite a nunibor have professed relig ion in Cutchogue, L. 1., and vicinity. Hie church has oeeu well tided and the congregation* atten tive. Kev. William Taylor writes coucernlng his evangelistic work in Madras, India, that a great awakening is manifest among the people, and that over twenty were saved duting tue first week of his mluisuatioiis. Kev. Mr. Fox, ouo ol his as sistants. has organized a Methodist Episcopal ennrch In Kurrnobee ol (t:ty converted soldiers of the Fnty sixth legimeuu The statistics ol the East Herman Coniereuce, which rccentlj sat In Williamsburg, show thirty-eight churches and twenty parsonages, valued at |fio?,ouo; fltty oue Sunday sellouts, with 6,219 sclioutrs and tea< li tis. lhe ouiuuursalB u 3.AXL The missionary 0011601,0118 amounted daring tue >o.u tut rKKXIYTIIIIUH been added to the church. This makes the total ineinbersnlp of the cuuroh 1,??. Drf^Vfe^ reached Mie close of the fourteenth year of hid ministry there, and during that ttme iMo been added to Ita JnemEr.?.8 ^^v. o! 11. Gulicic, of Japan, has recently b??r! spending a few weeks at the Sandm'2 Islands, the laud of his birth, his siJciai errand being to take back with him nls father an^ mother, who have been forty-six years residents ol the Islands, and a younger sinter to share hlJ home in Japan. A new Presbyterian mmi?? church, to be known as Emanuel Chapel, was deou cated last Sunday on the east side. The mission la under the auspices of the University pliHyy Presbyterian church. It baa worshipped for? twenty-two yearn in a ball in ave-< nue D. Its new bouse and quarters eo?* $83,000. Rev, J. Allen Maxwell has removed ta Bridge ton, N. J., from Hazleton, Pa. The Presby* tery of Nassau will meet in the Presbyterian! church at Oyster Bay, L. L, on Monday. April 13. The General Assembly of tbe Presbyterian Church (South) in the United States will meet in tha Presbyterian church at Columbus, Miss., on tha third Thursday (21st day) of May, 1874. at eleven o'clock A. M. The opening sermon will ba preached by the lie v. n. M. Smith. D. v., Mode rator of the last Assembly. Kev. Alexander Mc Lean, who has been for some years paator of tha Calvary Presbyterian church, Buffalo, N. Y., baa been elected oue o( the secretaries of the Ameri can Bible society. EPISCOPALIAN. Rev. Or. Snivel* entered last Sunday upon hta duties aa rector ot Grace church, Brooklyn, a posi tion made vacant bv the eiectiou of Bishop Pad dock to the diocese of Massachusetts. Bishop Cummins' new church society, worshipping every Sabbath in stein way and Lyric halls, have railed to their pastorate Rov. Mr. Bears, ol the Iteioruied Dutch Cuuroh, tue Bishop having resigned nia rectorship. The two balls are to be giveu up and the society, it Is said, intend to secure the cuuroh on Madison avenue and Porty-seventh street, now occupied by Dr. Tyng, Jr.'s, cuuroh, when the latter re-outer their own new bouse of worship. Tha Relormed Episcopal Society In Brooklyn, minis tered to br Kev. Mr. Reid, it Is said, also has mec with very feeble encouragement. The Church ot the Holy rrinity will dedicate their new bouse ot worship to-day. It is a very commanding edi fice, costing $350,000. The land was owued by the society. A hundred and tlity thousand dollars were In the bank when the corner stone was laid. By indefatigable exertion and toil?by fairs, con certs and lectures?a large sum has beeu raised, and it ib understood that the house will be Area from debt on the day ot its consecration. Tha bouse externally is of variegated brick, it is to be surmounted y the tallest spire in New York, in ternally it Is us gaudy as gold i?nd crimson can make it. The ladles connected with several of tha Episcopal churches in Brooklyn have lormed a society, entitled "The Brooklyn Ladies' Episcopal Auxiliary Committee or the Church of Jesus in Mexico," their object being to assist Rev. Dr. KUejr in tepairlng San Francisco church In the city of Mexico- and to publish Spanish Christian literatnia lor distribution throughout the country. MISCELLANEOUS Rev. Oliver Crane, D. D., of Morrlstown, N. J., is to sail this week lor the mission Held of central Turkey, under the ausplees oi the Americau Board. He was lormerly connected with this mission, but was compelled to returu some ten years ago on ao count or the health of his family. Jn the German Empire there are about 25.000,two Protestants and 15,000,000 of Roman Catholics. This lurge number or Roman Catnoiica makes the religious question one of great Interest and delicacy at the present time. In Prussia t?s per cent of the population ar* Protestant, and 33 per cent Catholic; while in Ba vana 71 per cent are Catholic and 27>* per cent Protestant. The south Clussts of Now York will meet in the Union Relormed church, sixth avenue, on Tuesday, April 21. The classical sermon will ba' preached by the President, Kev. Dr. llutton, at the opening of classls. The Classls of New York will meet at the same time in the Relormed church, on Fifth avenue and Twenty-ninth street. The Classls of Newark will hold in spring session In the North Relormed chuich of Newark, ou Tues day, April 14. The Nor;h Clussl.-i of Long Island will meet in t ie Relormed church or Astoria, L. L, on Tuesday, the 2lst inst. TDe South Classls tit Long island will meet in the Middle Reformed clinrch of Brooklyn (Kev. E. P. lngersoll's) on Tuesday, April 11. The Classls of Bergen will meet on Tuesday, April 21, In the Third church ol Jersey City, I he Kev. G. Taimage, paJtor at Parainus, N. J., cautions all churches ol this city aud vicinity against subscribing or paying money to any per sons soliciting the same in behuir of the lIollan4 Rciorined church of Hohokus. Such solicitors are impostors. In declaring the Couuoil advisory on Plymouth church matters, Dr. (juliil, wuo is au thority, said there was no precedent lor such a Council during the last 125 years. The receipts or the celebrated Hermansburg Mission in 1873 wera were 52,2>i4 thalers; of the Moravians in Europe, 120.117 inalers. rtie National Temperance Conven tion calls lor an exhaustive essay ou the sclontilio aspects ol the temperance principle, offering, as inducement to competition, a prize or (500 lor tho Ik*st essay, and of $:;oo lor the uext In merit, the accepted papers to become the property ol tho National Temperance Society. Time extended to July 1, 1875. LEXINGTON AVENUE SYNAGOGUE.. TI?e PftMOver Memorial?liberty tOf the Oppressed?Sermon by Key, Dr. Hnebscli. The beauilAil synagogue in Lexington avenue and Filty-liith street wad filled with worshippers yesterday, to whom Dr. Jluebsch preached an elo quent sermon on the Passover memorial. His text was Exodus, xii., 20, '27?"And it shall come to pass when your clilldrcn shall say unto you In time to come, What mean ye by this service? Then ye shall Hay, It la the Lord's Passover 1" This one question, "What mean ye by this service)"' like a red thread, runs through all or Israel's history, ic was put to the nation in various idioms aud modu lations, now in a grudging and hateful tone, and again in a blandishing aud enticing tone. The wars and the promises or the Chaldeans, Greeks and Romans, the horrors In the torture chamber* and on the smoking pyres or the Inquisition, were so many versions and illustrations oi that oue un. changeable question. The ancestors or those that celebrate now their pesach in undisturbed peace bore herlocally the enmity and persecution or a world that was against tluuu. They willingly gave up wealth and home and everything to which the human heart cllugs m affection, even their lives, to maintain their creed In F??.ty as an Inheritance lor posterity. Did they suffer taeir martyrdom for a chimera i Did they die lor au iliusiou ? THhi PAtSOYBK, TUB URKAT R.TI'OUNOIR of our religion, sutd tuc Doctor, show* us how great a spiritual treasure our forefathers were made the stewards or, and how judicious their noble resolution was to endure the most extreme suit e rings rutuor thau betray the trust commuted to theui by Uod. Passover lucimles the suolimesc Ideas and proclaims the most important truths. .Standing on the uoundary between Hie two halves of the Jewisu year, it is the mouthpiece and the true expounder of nature. Israel was not tho only nation that celebrated the great festivals in the spring. Hmce men have lived on the esrth ihev have had an open eye and au impressive heart for the changes going on in uatui c. The history or the aacieut heatneu religions reflects, cleariy this fact. Whea they saw the ilowers fadiuu away, the trees casting off their leaves and vegetation sinking to tiio ground aa ir stricken down uy a mighty enemy, then they celebrated their festival of sorrow. The Uod oi Death had conquered the God of Life. Tney buried the dying summer under weeping and waling aud bent their heads under the tcj sceptre which lor the ensuing months was to sway the earth. Dal win n the balmy breath of spring dissolved the letters of lee and snow, wiien the lite in the veins oi the earth began mightily to throb aud co burnt to tho surface in hosts oi gems and blossom*, then they shouted m jubilee. The Hod of life had conquered the Uod ol death. Sum mer was resurrected as A LOVELY KHDKBMINU YOl'TlI, to spread his blissful dominion over the terrestrial globe. This worship ol nature ua- something lovc?y aud heart-winning about it, but it has a pernicious iniiueiiee on the development o( the human tnlud. Thus two contrasting powers ruled the uni verse, and the hummi mind wns divided in Useli. it served half the principle of light, hall the princi ple or darkness; partly ilie God of death, hatred ami enmity ; partly tho God ol luo, love and be nvvolenee. In winter mnn':isoul froze to the cold ness ol the winter god, lar below tho zero of moral temperature; tlieu again it thaweii up to a snort blossom ol earthly beauty, the imago oi spring In ail its frailty. How ulflereot. the Doctor re marked, does our spring festival teach usl With one hand it points to heaven, with the other n> earth. It Bays:?AU changes hero bolow havo their one and unalterable reason iu a Most High Power. <>no Creator, one Kuier, one tannine Love in the most vehement winter storm as In the most lovely smile of lejiiveuatiug spring: unity iu the creative power, harmony in nature and in tlio human soul. Ihls is the teaching ol tho Ptssover to us. The Doctor then showed the significance oi this festival as the true herald aud sweet mes senger of political freedom. THK TYRANT NKVKR H.KASRS OOP, and even ir his throne Is Qrouy established and .as policy apparently succeeding lor a tune. *e must not suppose Diviue Justice to no tns aocempiwe? Providence is alwsjs ou the side of tnose that are oppressed. Ihe Lord knows t?est when the umo Is at han<1 to crush the oppressor and to rescue las victim. Isr iel took with then out oi the house ol bondtvge this consciousness of a supreme pro tection, and this was lor them suppoi t. and comfort in nsny a critical and desperate hour, I he oi l i+*arh storr contains the hlghe t oonies4lon. rue l,ord Is a GOd oi mercy; lie has made mankind lor freedom; wuerever God roigoa supreme In tUe spirit of man there brotherly k>V* must Oil the soul towards a lellow brotaer. An in jury oomuiitted on one who bears God's imago is * wiong in the eyes ol the f.ord. Ti.e Doctor concluded by showing what Influence the i ei br.itiou of such a great and sigu'deaUS festival ought to Have upon the religious, civil au l domcaLt, ibe oi the true cvnieasur.