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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 29, 1874, Image 13

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GERMAN LITERATURE.
the Victor's Story of the Late
Franco-PruMslan War.
Dr. Dollinger on a King
in Letters.
AUER8ACH - SCHMIDT? HOLTZENDORF.
Fhankkort, April 7, 1374.
The first volume o t the Prussian scene rftl staff's
work on the German-French war Is now completed.
In the llftn last Instalment thereof just issued tao
events of the war <rom the morning of the isth of
August to the eve of the battle of Gravelotte
aro treated, most 01 the s^ace being given to
the battle of Mars-le-Tour. The result arrived at
(a that In this battle, whtcti the French claim a? a
victory, the Germans latled to open the way closed
to them by tne French; that at night each party
held its battle field, but tnat on the following
mornlag, the French having retired, the victory
was essentially German. A chart or the battlo
grounds accompanies the firth Issue. A few
days ago I came across an exceedingly interest
ing description of the labors which are carried on
by the Berlin War Mlnisterium la connection with
this great historical work, which Is being published
under the eye of Count Moltke. Eleven rooms of
the Mlnlsterlum are devoted to the war library
and the writers of the work. The library Is the
largest of Its kind in Germany. The war archives
preserved in one of the vaults are exceedingly rich,
and contain material relating to all tue cam
paigns as far back as tho time of Electa Slgls
mund. The archives contain 25,ooo folio volumes
ot documents, arranged in epochs of rrussian mili
tary history, and these again according to armies,
corps and regiments. The great divisions relnto
to the Seven Years'* War, the War of Liberation,
-the Danish, tlte Austrian and the Franco-German
wars.
The 1970-71 campaign is represented by 4, goo
volumes of official documents, besides other
volumes relating to strategical and tactical
points, which are preserved In the various general
?otrvn\nv(loa of the nrnvv. The gTeat general' staff
work l? compiled from these 4,eoo folio volumes of
documents preset vid In the War Mfeitsterom.
Each folio volume contains 350, 400 or 460 separato
documents, and It Is assumed that more than
$000,030 documents have to be reviewed before the
great work can be completed, besides more lh^n
too volumes from tho pen3 of French, English, J
ltusslan and German writers, and, Inrthcr, 'semi
official reports and mnss?s of charts and plans. !
The proofs Bnzalno resulted In a protocol of j
/our lar^e printed volumes for the rrussian 1
military archives. From twelve to four
teen officers are continually employed
in the arrangement of material, and
Count Moltke himself guides and overlooks every
chapter. The work Is distributed according to the
great events of tho war. Aletz, the campaigns in
the north and west of France, Sedan, Paris, Wer- i
der's and Manteufiel's campaigns, ihe battles of
the fortresses are worked up In distinct rooms, each
officer having his assistants. The rooms aro nota
ble for their lack or luxurious adornments. They
are literary works! ops, and tho labor proceeds in
the deepest silence. Mowly, thoroughly, silently,
instalment after instalment is prepared by the
busy men of tho sword. Two years has elapsed j
since the issue of the first part of the work, and i
we are only reading about the eve of Cravc'otte. j
It will take further years to bring us to the con
flicts around Paris, and the close Of this decade ;
may, perhaps, bring us to tho Treaty of Frankfort
?ud the return of the victors to the Fatherland.
DOELLINOEB ON KINO JOHN OP SAXOXY.
Dr. Duilinger is sti:i alive, and apparently his
mind Is as strong os ever. On the 9th of March
be delivered a beautiful memorial address on King '
John of saxony, before the Bavarian Academy of
Sciences, of which he is President. He speaks in
terms or the highest eulogy of King John's liter
ary labors, to whose personal influence he believes
Is due the fact of Lelpslc naving grown to be tho
first of Gcrmon universities in standlug and m
the number of its students. Most interesting is
Dr. Dflllinpser's survey of tho crowned authors of
the raft ami the comparison of them with the
Saxon monarch. ' Prluccly authors, and still
more princely savnuts, aro a raro phenomenon.
Surveying all civilized peoples of ail centuries, we
find very few who have thought it worth the
trouble to add to the princely rank of
the royal crown the laurel wreath of au
thorship.'! Few have combined Intellectual ruier
ahip with tho temporal. "Frederic the Great of
Prussia possessed them in an eminent decree; nor
were tlicy foreign to King Ludwlg I. or Bavaria
and t Ue Third Napoleon. But King John oi saxony
Is % pre-eminent example of a happy combination
of both qnalltics." Dr. DPlllnger does not over
look the fact that Kirg John, like other rulers who
weie famous as authors, lmd In youth no prospects :
of succeeding to Ihe throne, and therefore re
ceive! a training for other callings? like Marcus |
.Aureliu?, King Alfred, lfcnry VIII., the Greek Em- I
peror Kantakuzenos, the Polish King Stanislaus
Lecstnskl. Some of these were drawn into I
literature by tho force of clrcnmstanrcs, as It j
were. Henry VIII. and James T. placed the In- i
fluenoo of their works in the sc.de or tho Befor- j
matlon. Tho latter monarch, says Dfllllnger, was '
the only ono, perhaps, lu which his pride as a
scnolar was stronger and moro touchy tl-an his !
royal consciousness.
FUGDEKJC T1TE GHEAT, ETC.
Dr. Dfllllnger la not surprised to flnd many of ihe '
r< ya! authors simply apologotlcal. King Lnrtwig I
I. ofuavaria wrote ills "Walli.dla Guests'" bocau?o
he wished to justify belorc llio nation his selection ?
of bu.ns for hla "Waihalia" structure. The
"Memoirs" of the Empress Catharine and some his- i
torlcal writings of Frederlo II. bear the same j
stamp. Napoleon lIJ.'s "Life of Caesar-' is palpably |
? historical apology for the coup d'etat of the |
2d of December and Cr.sarlsm. Wli.it a con- j
trast are these to the writings of tr-o Emperor i
Marcus Aurellus, w!io lived 1,700 years J
before 1 Of royal authors who-o works proceed
from tno consciousness that the monarch's
duty is also to elevate the peoplo in intellectual
life. Dr. DOlllnger adduces two stars of mediaeval
history? King Alfred of Kn^iand and Alfonso X,
of Castile. Alfred endeavored uy his trans
latious of Latin works to rouse the Anglo- j
Saxons to study after they had retrograded and i
wtliiened through the long wara. But Alfonso, who !
as a rnler was weak and unfortunate, may be
called an unexampled phenomenon in the depart
ment of Intellectual life, for he was poet, bistoiian, y
maUiemutlclan, astronomer, lawgiver, a master oy
style and the iortoator of Castillan prose; his j
astronomical tables and his law books assert their j
nip ortunee and value to this day. Ills reign an k j
persou mark the commencement of Costilla 1 j
literature. The most Irnltful of the royal authoi s |
was Fr.-doric the Great of Prussia, whoso worKs :
are published in some thirty volumos. D<!l!lng< r i
compares him with Alfonso thus:? "But in his a ? j
touudlug productivity, and in Btartllnf oontrast lt> i
the (.'axtilian, Frederlo scarcely mentions < r j
thinks 01 ma own people in his writings; lo j
did not even write In his own language. He writ ? ;
oe< ausc he cannot remain Idle and to bury his j
household discomforts, aud 'pour t? corrlw Jm- !
us he once sum niaisolf." Abovo a'l tied
royal authors In schoinry acquirements, in wel\j
chosen knowledge, Kin* Jol-n or Saxony stands. *
Dr. Dihlnger then reviews the literary labors
of King John, especially his translation of
Dante's "Divine Comedy," ?a work of lovo and
art." King John, so conclucies DOliinger, will
live In the memory of the German nation as one I
of tno beat of its princes; he win live on in the !
world of knowlodge aud of literature; he will live j
on in the popular heart because of the good which I
has resulted front his person and his works." New ?
to us is DOlllngcr's assertion that the King
t nought very seriously of going to Home during
the Vatican Council in order lo use his influence
?gaf"4t the passing or the dotrma of infallibility.
Sickness and the apathy or hia Court pr?Tented
Urn from doing ao.
Da. BASTIAN'g Knr WORC 0M AmiOA.
An Important work on Africa la published by I
Costonobie. or Jen;t. We refer to the President or
the Berlin Geographlc.il Society, Dr. Adoir Baa
tlan'a work on "The German Expedition on the
Loaogo Coast of Africa; Together with a Resume
or Older Information Respecting tne Landa to be
Explored by the Gorman Expedition. Treated
I after Personal Experience." The work la in two
volumes, and is embellished will, iiluatrationa and
a map. Germany ta following with considerable
Interests the German expedition to tho west coast
of Africa, to which the Empcvor donated a sum of
2.',oco tbaiers iroia bis private purse, and tne geo
graphical Bocioties or Germauy are uniting in lis
support. The portion or the African coast de
scribed by Dr. Bastian (which has been selected as
the srnrtlng point or the expedition) is a terra in
cognita, and, excepting the old boohs or Degrand
j pre (180.1) and Prey art (no-), we have no
j literature relating to it. Tnckey'a expo<ll
tion (isifl) went along tho southern borders
only. Du Chaiilu'K routes were in a moro northern
region, and the Loaugo coast was nevor visited by
a scientific traveller. But lunch Information
dating from the sixteenth and aeventeentu centu
ries exists In works difficult to get at, and these
are me sources which Dr. Bastian has used In
reS<5nt W0^1f? Dr* BB0t,lia 8PfBK3 "
length on the present stata of tho Ger
rfh ,expfe?"t,on'- *<"* a monograoh
Snr it ! Wb,Ch the expcd,tlon n to explore
Sg, f DeXt r?W - oars- T"? wor* deserves the
careful attention of all geographers In the States,
ur. Bastian la a geographical authority and de
serves listening to whenever he speaks. In a
lengthy biography of Livingstone, published in a
recent number of the Dahertn, Dr. Richard Audree
a es up ihe Heralds tauley con trove is/, and tells
his readers bow "Mr. Stanley, the bold American,
wftoae story has been so unjustly doubted In Ger
many," found the missionary explorer.
I.AND AND FOBK8T CULTURE.
An Important book on the results 01 one depart
ment of the Vienna Exposition comes to us from
he Anstilan capital, and is deserving of atten
tion. ?rhe Culture of tno Poll at the Vienna Ex
position, 187?, "especially "prepared for Austrian
land and forest cultnrists," at tho instance or the
Austrian Ministry of Agricultnro. Tho work is in
three volumes, and is enriched with wood cuts and
lithographic tables. Tho first volume is devoted
1 C^.lt.,r^?r'C?itUre'" th? 'Sconrt t0 "^rest j
i omr" *1*. h0 tnlrd ,u "National Ecou- |
oray. The first volume la especially
1 with' aDr! tr,?t3 01 nearIy CVery flubJect connected !
i with agriculture and It* related branches. Tho
I ,CrrUm?' tr0atlpK ot lhe ,oreet3- <"8cusscs
all the Important ques:loiis connectod with this \
I ZT1 TTVconomy' ? wl" be
mn?f i , Porest Con"!rosfl was one of the
| most toportant of the Vienna International meet. '
uZ thlra TO!mno 13 into !
; Han,, sectl0QS-1' "Natural Economy and
, ^tatlstics; 2, The Promotion or Land Culture by
Governmenta and Societies; 3, Bibliography of trie
Menna Exposition with refcrcnce to Land and 1
Forest Culture." The work su.rcrs greatl/, how
wrttcra?m tU? nft''r?W 6UndpoiDt taken by the ;
Perthes, of Goiha, issues a work, ?'Pic- '
tnres from the Rural Population in Thnrln<* a
Eisaas, Uestphalla and East Friesland," by August j
ttmu? WhlCh 18 * vaM,able contribution to >
the literature of rural populations m Germany.
"WALDFRIED."
Auerbnch'rt new threo volume romance,
bint.? f ' 8farC8nt "5 ,D 1,9 ?g,y Cormun
lnding from every bookstore window. I have
not yet invested in It, for the reason that 1 think
l?rtH ? , ftttC'raptlng t0 ?et f^Hsh prices for '
wmks printed and got up jn tho German st vie. The ;
who e romance woiud make a good *o:idly printed !
single volume novel; but here author and publish- j
ers have managed to Issue threo 6m?ii, m^n. I
look ng books, for which tiiey ask 03 ,crv nearly
a guinea, for which price tho London three vol
umes are gene, ally sold. Bnt then It must be !
remembered that the London publishers print m i
good type and on good paper and bind their books 1
well so as to make up, in many cafes, lor the '
trashy contents. In the case of "Waltlfried "
Pl0t'" or delt*,,trDl reading,
for the Titfiierlandera at Jea3t, done up In bad imi
tation or the London style, and at a price which
tho Germans are certainly not accn.*tomcd
to giro. Paul Linnnu and other critics i
n SL romuaco a symbolical con- :
nection between Waldrtied-s family and i
the German imperial family. But the work is 1
hardly fairly under the critic's microscope, as I
Jr-hanncs Poherr (for whose sins Paul Llndnu was
recently sentenced lo prison) has this week an ar- '
ticle n the Gecenwart entitled "Vivo Napoleon i
I\.! Ilesays:? "peoplo laugh about it? now. Later '
many who now laugh may have good cause to !
"weep. Did not people laugh when the son of tho
much beloved Ilorfcnse brought his ideas of Impe- 1
ria dotnonihe^/.,, Later tbey kneeled thero. I
BCn.-UDT? pOtKEXDOBP? OHBMATXOV.
Tlio Bavarian novelist, Hermann Schmidt's
latest historical romance, "Concordia, a German
Imperial Story from Bavaria," is receiving a nearly
welcome In fouth Germany. Ttua author His
nearly ready a lengthy narrative poem entitled
"Wluland; or, the i'eurch for Fortune," which he
lias received permission to dedicate to Ills Majesty
King Ludwlg or Bavaria. Schmidt is filty-ninc
years of a^e and still an untiling stc ry teller. His
subjects arc chosen mostly from tho Bavarian
highlands, irom the peasants and hunters, the
wood burners nnd the lake dwellers,
over whom he throws the charm of po
etry ana interest. Professor von Holt/.endorf is j
writing for the Berlin Oegemwrt n series or inter- |
esting e^iys on "The Conflict or the German Em
pire Against tho Cholera." Holtzondorf consolers
the cholera to bo for Oormany a part of tho j
Oriental question. Tho cholera, by the way, still
prevail* at Munich, nnd from two to three per- 1
sons dlo of the mysterious malady daily, From
Zurich comes a noteworthy pamphlet on "Crema
tion." by Wegmann Ecolain, m which the author J
attempts to show that this is the only rational
mode of disposing or our dead. The new (or rather j
old) system of burning tho dead will
sor?n ?>o Introduced into Germany, Tho i
first "bafce-oven" for this purpose will be j
opened in n few weeks In Dresden. Pro essor j
Siemens is building it. The communes of Leipsio j
and Dresden have declared their readiness to !
adopt the system us soon as the results nre known ;
to l?o favorable. Siemens believes that with his |
gas oven, with an enormous temperature, the pro- !
cesd of cremation Will not last over an hour. The
Viennese Cremation Society "Uru" is about to j
buJAl a "burning oveu" on the plan advocated by j
pfottssor Rcclam, of Lolpslc. The Zurich clergy j
'seem to favor the movement startod in :
that city. Thero la uj doubt that the }
cu.ioui of cremation will soon gain ground (
here. souio of the German clergy ob
Jcct to it, however, ou the ground t!ut the pro- .
cess may Interfere with their resurrection theo- '
rles; but since people have generally come to tho
conclusion that tho resurrection will bo In the
form of Scholtlng's 'soul-body" they will be indlf- |
lerent whether their bodlej dissolve to dust by tho ,
slow process of decomposition or be burnt into ;
ashes In the short space of an hour. So many !
thousands ot raariys and heretics have been ere
mated in former times nnd are saiely landed in |
the heavenly regions that the religious conscious- \
nefs can have llttlo to say against tho process. :
The burial fields will be Kioailer and poor people '
will rejoice. Tho last caso oi burning the dead In
Kurojte was in 1822, when Lord Bjron laid tho
body or ilia mend Shelley oa the pyre.
\T A DIVISION EflOAMPMEflT,
Ni;w Yom, April -J7, 1874.
To tub Fditoh of Tnit Herald:?
A division encampment Is Jnst what wo want.
It would bo very bcneOclal in a military point or
view, and wo'ild be a pleasant and economical
manner for the young men of the Gnaid to spend
their summer vacation; and those thinking spec
tators essential would, doubtless, he lully satisfied,
as a division encampment ivoold be quite a rarity
and a spoctacle woll worth seeing.
If a vote be taken by the different organisations
? <*? n cm* <"??%??? maim
SPANISH AFFAIRS.
The Squabble* of the Royalists and Divi
sions of the Radicals.
WHAT WILTLi RESULT P
Matirto, April fl, 1871
There is a strong Impression Serrano will make
a bargain with Don Carlos, and that tho Bounon
Prince may proclaim Himself Klnst of Navarre if lie
pleases to 60 so. Farther be cannot no. He has
not the smallest chance of becoming King oi Spain.
But there Is nevertheless some doubt whether lie
J will accept the prize now within his grasp. Ho
I Is the candidate of the Church party,
| who supply him liberally with money
and give him an Importance which he would not
otherwise possess. It is, therefore, quite possible
that snccess may have turned n head which is said
by his enemleB to be at once weak and 'obstinate.
Besides, kings are verv much what their surround
ings make them, aud Don Carlos is hemmed in by
priests and flat fetors.
He might, however, do a worse thing than make
up his mind to bo conteut with the Kingdom of
Navarre. He would have obedlcut, prosperous sub- ,
jects, numbering about 2,000,000, and, therefore, ?
would bo twice as biga king as tlie ex-King of Han- j
over. He might make Bilbao a very pleasant place j
and get a crcdltablc civil list out of his dominions.
George or Hanover got $500,000 a year from a
poorer people.
The rest of Spain wilt probably bo orlven over nt
no distant period to Don Alfonso, the ex-Queen's ;
1 son ; but neither Don Carlos nor Don Alphouxo will j
keep their crowns. The ultlmato dcstluy or Spain
is to spilt up into a confederation of about a dozen
Statos, under republican government, and when
Carlos and Alfonso have bad their innings this
will bo the outcome of it. Royalty has had &~>0
years, more or loss, of misrule in Spain, and as
soon as the people have learned the first principle
ol political economy they will upset it altogether.
At present the republican party are ail at log
gerneads. Castelar seems the pleasantest of them ;
but then he does nothing but promise whatever is
asked. Ho is merely an amiable, amnstng crca
turo, without strength of purpose or clear ideas;
nevertheless there are ono or two rising meu who
may yet make their mark In Spanish history at no
very distant period, though they have not yet
come to tho front; and the Spaniards aro excellent
material for a statesman, whenever a ruler worthy
of the name arises to lead them.
The ex-king and Queen have been squabbling, as
usual, for these last few days about money. Her
Majesty accuses His Majesty of spending means j
upon courtezans ; though really this 1s too bad
aitev all that has been satd before, certain it Is
that tho ex-Klug has no property of his own, irho
ever had any. and he Is entirely dependent on tho
ex-Queon, who is in turn dependent on her
mother, a monstrous shrewd old lady In money
matterB. I asked some Spaniards, who were likely
to know, how it happened that the rich royalist
nobility of Spain guvo no jupplles lor the
roller of the sovereigns to whom tuey
continue to vow allegiance. The answer 1 received
was that the fortunes of the royalist nobility were j
much exaggerated and that few of them had much ;
ready monoy. Tho uoke of Medina Cell is a boy, ]
tho Duko of Opuna is living on an allowanco, aud j
so on. In short, there is nothing tangible to be |
got ont of them. j
So It happens at this present writing that Span- '
Js>li royalty Is In a nlteous case. Tl:ero are quite a j
rabble rout or prlnceB and prineosscs, dukos ar.d
grandees living from hand to mouth. The ,
oilier day an acqnalntanco of mine visited
a Bourbon princess, and having been admit
ted by accident to her apartment saw
that It was a sort of enpboard, rather tnan a room.
Ac Princess, whoso appoarance revealed tlie fact
that she was shortly about to become a mother,
whs seated on a box, turned upside down, bocaupe
there weie no chairs. Peslde her sat her husband,
and between them a young child. They were
going to have an early dinner? and such a dinner 1
A dinner which a housemaid would reject wi?h
scorn. Her Royal Highness, thus surprised,
showed ft high bred tact and grace
worlhy of botter fortune. Sho laughed
gayly at her cupboard and Ita belongings,
said that she had incautiously given up her apart
ment and had been unable to find another, in con
sequence of which absurd series of events she had
tatcen re:ugo hero with a couple of boxes and a
garlic sausago. This was not so very far from the
truth. Her Ilo.ral Illgness In fact had received
peremptory notice to tiult her late lodgings be
cause sho could not pay any rent, and had been ]
unable to And Rnother apartment for the same j
rc'iison. !
"it U all very queer and very sad," observed my !
informant; 'but the r.ineepa id a relative of the
King. and, therefore, the cjiioen will not support
her, and as she holds the pur=e strings Her lloyal
Highness is in a bad way." In a bad way surely !
File and her husband will die of starvation unless
tho King and Queen niaxe up their quarrel.
It secerns tliut Isabella had a goo>j deal 01 money ?
i>iac ei\ In foreign securities when Ebo left Madrid, I
but she has spent or wasted it all. ?he i
Wfi8 alwavs an extravagant, cftfrlcioiis, I
.kind hearted person, and mls:ortnno has
mado her ntnthor le?s wayward nor moro prudent. I
j The .Spaniard* endured her government as lonu:
a? it was humanly possible to do so, and only got :
rid of fcer when her administration was absolutely i
Insupportable. She 1m done and Is ilolng nothing j
to regain their coutidencc, and whether her bey i
will turn out any better is a serrct yet ki:own 10 '
none. Mitch has been sairl against the ex-Kin^, but, |
In tact, bo Is, perhaps, the nest of tho family, lie
is a icastinanfe, well bred man iu conversation, i
atd would nave done mueii better than he did if j
hl-i wile had not made him ridiculous.
Tho next phase in Spanish a flair* will prob bly
boa cool transaction between Serrano mid tho
royalists. He will certainly try to make tho best
terms lie can for hiinseli; then Don Carlos and
Alfonso will probably divide ths government of I
Spam, lor a tune, between them. Serrano is l uc ;
a drawing rvom soldier, and Is already lioai tliy i
sick ol fighting. fie is also extremely needy, and i
IDs wife spends money l?v the handful, if Don j
Cavios will tie satisfied with what he can get there !
will soon be peace in Spain, and thai Is a consuin- I
mat. on dovoiilly lo bo desired; but m any caso
the outcome or tho struggle will be the same? 1
lirst, two Kings, and then a federal ropubUe, when- I
ever a capable Spaniard can be louna to orgauizo I
it upon a rational principle.
JAPAN.
The P?iiulfti' Movement la ConstUutlouwl '
Bcfoim in Active Progress? Curlou*
K-icajte of a Citizen Democratic Lo?d?r.
Yokohama, March Sid, 18T4.
The Southern insurrection has been wholly sup.
pressed, antl quiet i* again restored in the Empire.
Two of the leaders have been capttu ed and brought j
to jeddo, but the chief leader, Yeto Shtmpel, has
not yet been caught. It appears that ho endeav.
ored to mako his escape to China. Some of his
followers seized a vessel and started oar with her,
but subsequently the ship put Into a Japanese '
port, evidently at the instigation of a portion or !
the crew who had refused to go lurthcr ; but Yeto
and his Immediate followers were not ou board. |
So iar this who'.c transaction is wrapped i
la impenetrable mystery. Whether Yeto es
caped with the connivance of officials who !
stood high in the confidence of the government or
not ts a question that will probablv be solved in I
tho course of the next tew day.-*. In tho meantime '
tho tact of the insurrectionist rlr-lng has given food j
lor reflection to the officers ot tno government. |
One of thu locul papers us.'crfs positively ihat a
parliament? a deliberative, eicctivo cssembly? is |
to be torniod. How it Is to be formed, upon what
basis, who are to be ellgibio as representative* i
and who are to bo tno electors, have not yet been I
fold. Kor can I say when it is to assemble. Hut
tint tlio edict han gone lortli that such an assem
bly will be convened Is beyond a doubt and will
soon prove to be a lact, in spite ot the protesta
tion*) o( some loreigu officials who luvo tried to
pre, out It. |
Executive visitation.
Sehmndza Sat'oro, who was sen', down south to
endeavor to quiet tin Insurgents, returned to
leddo on the lith lust. Ho was received by the
Mikado and three days afterward lei t Jeddo again,
it is presumed, with power to finish the paclfica
tiou of the southern provinces.
LOUPES BY 1'IKR.
An oxtcnslvo Are occurred in tho foiolgn settle
mi Mt on the nlgin or the 12th lust, lho loss
amoHDted to nearly Moo, 030. Insurance com
panies arc tho heaviest losers.
RAILWAY OrBWINO.
Tho railroad between Kobe and osaea, distance
nineteen miles, Is now completed. Although
trains have parsed over the wlt?U UQQ It Is not
let oueu m name.
REFORMED CRIMINALS.
t ??
How Repentant Convicts Are Reclaimed
and Become Useful Citizens.
MERCY VS. VENGEANCE.
The American System of Treating
Discharged Prisoners.
In many respects the administration of Justice
in Europe, and especially in Enslandl, is superior
tn Its practical workings to the administration
therool in tills country, lint in the eqnaDy Im
portant item of mercy, especially of mercy to the
erring, who are likewise repenting and reforming,
tho institutions or the United Stated are iar in ad
vance of tho older countries.
The ticket- l-leave system pervades the whole
"penal civilization" of Great Britain and lta
colonies, and has become famous In story and in
drama. Yet this system Is a curse instead
of a Messing, or at leuat it is a very dis
agreeable aua demoralizing result of the ad
ministration of Justice, works badly at the !
best, and is liable to a hundred abuse*.
But in the United States or America, especially
In the great State of New York, a system prevails
which Is precisely tho opposite of the ticket-of
leave system, and which works well and la one of
tho most creditable Institutions yet devised bj tho
intelligence of generous humanity for the benefit
of the race. This system is directly the reverse of
that which prevails abroad. In EnKlaml the
morto seems to bo "Ouco a criminal, always a
criminal;'' and the fact that any persons have
once been lu prison, as communicated by law to a
large number of people, is made a pretext for sur
rounding them with evil influences, encompassing
their fUtnre Hve3 with shame and rendering their
ultimate reformation improbable, If not impossible.
But under the American svsrfim tho fact that a man
has been once punished by society for an offence,
is made the very reason for every poaslblo effort
to reform htm. Tho Tact of his disgrace is kept a
?ccret as for as possible. There is an "association"
ready to take him by the hand when lie emerges
from prison, to support him till he cun support
himself, and to obtain work for him under the best
possible auspices. Certainly tho theory upon
which the American systom is foundod is by far the
most creditable to human nature? the moro mer
ciful, the more Christian? and, what is a more im
portant point, it is practically tho more profitable,
alike to the individual and to the State, to human
ity and to morality. It works better. It has been
so and will so continue for some time, and has been
found to "pay" in every senso of tho term.
Tho English ticket-of-leave system is practically
imnosstble In this country. In England the police
of the land, lrom one end to the other, is under
one central head and moves as ono body; wlierens
In this country each rotate has its own indepen
dent regulations and each city its own independent
police establishment. Consequently, tho English
system of communicating tho tact of a man havlug
been a prisoner lrom one part of the land to an
other, and or keeping a watch upon his move- j
meuts in all citios, would be a practical Impossibil
ity. But, outsldo of all this, the very Idea of a
constant 6pying surveillance kept up year attar
year upon auy individual is hostilo to tho spirit of
out' republican lustitutious. This being the
caso, the iorinauou of aa associa
tion designed lor the care of those
who have latlen uuder the Just displeasure oi the
law, but who are not yet utterly hardened; an
association designed to see exact Justice done to
those who have not the means or opportunity to
deieml themselves; to tako care of prisoners,
while serving out their sentences, that they are ;
cot cruelly treated or abused; an association !
which likewise takes care of discharged prisoners, |
and, above all, which open* for them avenues of I
resectable employment? such an association as '
tUs comrtremU- Itself to the American public.
Such an association has been tn existence and la
active operation among us for several years, under
the official title of "The Prison Association or New
York." It has done and is doing, very quietly lrom
the very nature of the caee, a great amount or
good? more good than Is known to auy bat the
initiated lew. i
"KKFORMCO CRIMINALS" IN OCR MIDST.
| It would surprlso tlie general public in New
| York, if It knew wiiat? or course, it never will
! know? tho lsruo number of reformed convicts '
i una discharged prisoners who are living ami doing
i business unsuspected la Its midst. In Knplund j
I sucii a state of uiTiurs woald be utterly Impossible. !
A tluer or a swindler or a bruwlor, oncc detected i
| and punished, would forever be cut oil irom all I
hope*! of w6rldly protection or success. But In l
America, and us metropolis, New York, thanks to
onr American system and the Prison Association,
there are some men who occupy responsible po i
tlon:s oven positions ol trust, and many men who j
are workiug industriously and honestly in humidor
oallings, woo have V>eeu in ihelr day "convlcls," [
"felons," who have "served their tune," and who !
In any other couutry but this would b:\ to all In- j
tents and purposes lu this world, "lost" and civilly [
"dead."
There are In tiio city of New York at t'.ie present
time several bookkeepers and clcrk3 In mturuueo I
companies, soveral clerks In dr.v goods stores, sev?
eral salesmen lu other lines 01 business, ono nrac- :
ttainj? physician, two druggists and several mc-r- 1
chants, in lair standing among tiieir fellow ruotf,
who liave in times past been inmates of ?tat<i !
prisons. There arc liitcon men enjoying over j
#?? 000 per annum salaries, twenty six having sal
arie? over $2,000 p. year, a lar.tc number ol person* 1
In smaller positions, and several "specinators"' 1
who arc at the nresentxime engaged in extensive 1
"financial operations" wlio have been "convict?," I
"felons'' aud social outcasts, who, In Kugland, |
would he tiekct-of-leavo men and pariahs of so- |
clofy, but who, in this country, and In thi:< city? ,
thauks to the more uiercllul gonitis of Amorienn
institutions? are tree men, men not "marked" in ;
any unpleasant sense, and who are at present as t
respected and as respectabio asanyotaer mem- 1
bers 04 the cotnmunlty.
AS?l JCRO NAME'.
It is tho policy and tlie principle of the New !
York l'llson Association, to wbien the existence of 1
such a state of things is due, to help liiscliarpod
prisoners au'l convicts w:o have served ttteiv j
term to obliterate all traces ol their dl?gr(iccti:l I
past. For this pnrposo it often transfers dip- j
charged convicts at Its own expense to new sceii' s
and associations in otner parts ot the count rv, i
and o tea winks ut their assuming now names lu- !
stead or tho oid titles, which they havo rendered -j
infamous. Acon. ldorablonuiuboi of men lu New
York city and tftalo, vvio are now creditably 1
known among their lellow men by oue name, weru
formerly known discreditably by other names, and i
no one is cognizant 01 tho oii&nge of appellation
but the Prison Association. In these case*, as tho 1
convict was by his sentouco in the e>e ot the law 1
"civilly dead," and as tho ci.angc or name signifies
a change or lno lor tlie better, there is do valid I
objection to the otiierivise objectionable change of !
name. |
nEsriTPTR raisoNRH?.
But tho good work of the Prison Association
d es noi conlino itsolf even to the twovo beneficial
limits. It supports indigent prisoners uotti t:?cy 1
arc able 10 support themselves, mid tuns saves |
hundreds annually iroin cnme who would other- I
wise imj iorceil Into it by despair and w?ut. List
year tliirty-twomon were at one time clothed, led I
und kopt alivj by the Prison Association nnttl tho
poor unfortunates wero enabled to find something '
to do. In England tiie mere fact that these men 1
had been criminals wonld have been a '
mast powerlul aiguincnt that every door 1
s:iou;d havo been closed against tliem; ;
but here, in America, the mere fact !
that they wero repenting criminals was acknowl
edged as a claim tlioy had upon humanity? a con
trast truly most creditable to onr American Chris
tianity and civilization. Otir American svstcn
also provides through the Prison Association for
the taking care of and helping the more foi innate
convicts to take care of and rightly invest what
ever moneys they may be entitled to Irom mliengo,
overwork, Ac., when tlioy leave tire prison. Tills
monsy otten amounts to several hundreds of dot- |
lars, and its proper etinrge and direction 01 expen- f
diture form an important Item of the b?&i-llclal ,
duties 01 tho Prison As:-ociailou.
HOW CRIMIKALS ARK MAt?K B030RABI.Y VSr.PCL.
Tto American sj stem also provides? and per- !
hips this is tho most important work of the Prison
Association? for the procuring of work and situa
tions for the discharged and repentant convict. 1
For his purpose a list of all prisoners about to be
(tKcharaed irom the various pusous Is handed, a 1
mtntti in advance of their discharge, to tho Prison j
Association agent. The latter has personal inter
views wtththc prisoners designated, consults thcra
as to tbolr capabilities, previous pursuits and his
tories and their desires lor tho future; and then,
011 this basis, tho Pilson Association procures tor j
thoso who seem sincerely repentant und desirous
to reform situations suitable. An honest and hon
orable course Is pursued la this peculiarly dinicult 1
and delicate qwdertahi'is to all parties
concerned. Those irom whom work U uoUcucd .
arc iranklv told the shameinl secret lu the life of
the wouid-be employ*?; but tho Prison Associ
ation gives a leasonabie guarantee for his future |
frood T?eliavior, ami the secret Is ker? buried .
n the breasts of these three only? the employer,
tne employe- and tho Prison Association it, out.
i oitou l Do uv# employ* ? flame is cliaagcd? at
leaat an prevtooa traces or Ma earlier err an are
destroyed, m far as possible - hi* former prison
associate* lose an trace ol Mm: hla former jailers
forget him; ibe low looses ail hold upon him. save
wuat It has upon every citizen, sod. thus the
tickot-of-iea ve system befog reversed, the ex-con
vlct is olteu saved. Of course, many persons ut
terly refuse to employ men who nave been
criminals, and a great deal of diffi
culty is thus experienced: bat on the
other tund not a few employers, being human and
sensible, alter all really have a certain pity for
tho->e who offer tnelr services to them under these
circtim. tances, and while they keep a watch upon
them, yet give them a chance to be useful. And
in the greet majority of cases it lias been found
that the confidence of employers has not been dis
placed.
crnrotrs casks or RJtroiur.
A Jeweller's elerit is now in the employ of the very
I Arm from whom he stole $76 and lor which tlioft
he was imprisoned lor five years. He gives per- I
I lect sat'siaction since his return from prlsou.
A man who has served t wo terms in State Prison
' for burglary, a moulder by trade, applied after the !
i expiration of his second term to the Fri?ou amo
I elation and said that If ho could get a
living to earn he would reform. Tlio Asso
ciation procured clothing for him and gave
htm tools, Ac. It also procured a situation
for blui with a hou-o in this city,
with whom he lias been lor several years, and who
are thoroughly satisfied with him and his wort.
A young in. in, well educHted, commuted forgery
and served a Ave years' term in state prison, lie
had be?n, previous to his criu.e, the confidential
cleric of a. Broadway Arm, but Tor some mouths
aller serving out hid senteuce was uttsrly unablo
to procurce employment. He would undoubtedly
have drlited back into crime again had It not been
for Tho Prison Association. He la now the atrip
ping cleric or a large tlrin, wno are highly pleased
with him. A man who lias served In State Prison
for six and one-hall years (or buiglaiy, auti who
worked at the foundry while in prison, has since
his discharge served very acceptably in an iron
foundry, and is considered a capital workman.
A young man was sentenced to the Penitentiary
lor six montns for petty larceny. After his din
charge he (ell into had company and being driven
desperate by lack of lunds and want of work was
on the eve of committing a burglary, when he ob
tained work, on promises of reform, through the
agency 01 tho Prison Association. He is now earn
ing good waves and Is trusted by nis employers.
A youth, sixteen years ot age, served one year tor ;
petty larceny "ou the Island." Ue is now a thriv
ing saddler in a suburban town. A man, fifty years
old, who served two and a half years lor grand
larceny, is now, though an old man, in a respect
able and thriviug position, being saved iroia shamo
and suicide by the Prison Association. A sailor,
who served two years In prison (or assault and
battery, aiterwards obtained a position as secoud I
mate on t? trading vessel, and is now on the high
road to promotion. A burglar, who served two
and n hall years in tho State Prison, and who
worked in the shoeshop while there, is now the
respected foreman 01 one of our largest shoeshop*,
and similar instances could be multiplied? each
and all of 1 hem creditable alike to human nature
ami llifi American system.
Not only do the majority of the discharged con
victs, who are thud benevolently and wisely
treated, make good employes, but one man, a
farmer in New Jersey, who has taken several of
these discharged convicts off the hands of the
Prison Association, prefers them to any others,
having written to the Prison Association agent:?
"11 you nave any more men like those yon sent me
send them along.*' Even hardened convicts have
been "reformed" under the gentle Influences ot
the American system. One man, wuo served lour- i
teen years and ten months for highway robbery, 19 i
now in an houorable position, works hard unci is j
well paid; while another criminal, who lias been 1
three times in prison, has yielded at last to the
Prison Association, has obtained work through Its
agency, and gives satisfaction to Ills employer.
In several Instances employers who nave made
use ol these discharged and repentant convicts
have not hesitated, from their experience of them,
to recommend them to other people, ami these
letters of recommendation have been couched in
the strongest terms.
Ol course tae majority of those convicts who
come under tho influence of the Prison Association
are thoso without friends, money or social posi
tion; but even iu souio cases of convicts of a
higher class the Prison Assocation has proved oc
ca-rionnlly of great use.
A voung convict, who had been disowned bv his ,
wealthy parents (or his crimes, was taken by tnc i
Prison Association, and through its agency oh- !
tamed a confidential position, whose duties ho ,
honorably discharged for some years, alter wnlcti,
evidences of hts reform, bis (amity consented to
receive him again.
"DETAIN lib" AND I'KNAI.F, PRISONERS.
But the kindly Influences of the Prison Associa
tion are not limited to tue care of convicts alter
punishmont; they also embrace the care of prison
ers previous to trl .1 and sentence? "detained pris
oners." Where it Is a "first offence" every eiloit
is used to obtain "suspension oi sentence," or
"mltiiratloo ol punishment;" and where there ib
any reasonable donbt of Riillt and the prisoner is
unrtbte to pay tor counsel, counsel is furnished by
the Prison Association. Hundreds of instances
could be cited of the great good oouo lu this de
partment i>t us working.
There ts also a Women's Prison Association, a ,
branch of tho male. This Women's Association has !
a "home" at ais Tenth avenue, known as "Tho I
i Isaac T. Hopper Home," whore discharged female
1 convicts are clothed, led and furnished with tem*
: porary work until supplied with more permanour
| situations.
SffJOflSTlYK FI0UBE9.
SQCft is tho (rood work of the Prison A??ociafton
ol New York, which is the first and tno lcadlnur or
ganization of Hie Kind in the world awl the model ,
u;.on which nil other similar State associations -
have boon founded. It M supported chiefly by voian- !
tary conti ibutionp, aided by an occasional, though j
small. contribution Irotu the Staie government. i
It has only one salaried otBcor, hs soiarv being
less than f3,ooo poi- annum, and Ims two very j.
modest offices, In the Bible House and in Ceutre !
street, near tne Ciiy Hall. Its members visit i
yearly every prison in the Stntp, >>ixty county
jails, six petierutarlca aad thrci Hctue prisons, ;
and have an official rank as "Inspectors or county
Prisons." Thev have rl:e chargo of sometimes r>i>0
prisoners a month, anil extend aid to sometimes
'2.000 prisoners a year. During twenty-five years
they nave aided I8.ac7 discharged prisoners with
board, clothing, t.oo:s, railroad tickets or money ; ;
have obtained lor l,isi> prisoners worn -ml situa
tions? making a total or i'J,44? prisoners mate
rially. notl therefore morally, benefited by these
truly Christian and clvillzinc ngeneis?. During
an average year the expenses of this Pi Iron A sao
csauoD do not exceed i;;,ooa. whllo tho amount of ?
money ov monoy's worth disbursed to convicts or
ex-convicts ranges lioiu twice to many times that
snm.
Whether considered from the points of tneo.'y j
or practice, whether regarded from a mora! or civil
point o; view, the Prison Association ol Nc v
York, therefore, as an Illustration ol tho American
sv.Vem of dealing with discharged convlctn. is one
or those very dtsttnettva American institutions 01 '
which an American can feel Justly prond.
LITE&AJRY CHIT-CHAT.
T'lR Loxnox Figaro sajs that as editor ot Pih.-l'i i
Mr. Tom Taylor receives ?1,300 a year.
Fiftmk BusnnKD new journals have been regl3- i
tered in France dm-lng the last three years.
?fHii number of periodicals printed In London, in
February, 1874, was 762, being a decrease since tho
same period ins: year of ten periodicals.
The celebrated Talmndlst, La r. urns, father of
Fro!e?sor Lazarus, of Berlin, diod n few d&j-i a-jo,
at Fliohne, r.t the aire of eighty. four,
J. it. osoooo A Co. will soon Issue "Oootl Luck" j
("tlltlck Aul"), translated from the German ol
Ernest Werner, by Francis A. Shaw.
A Si m of ?60 has been given irom the Royal
Literary Fund to Mr. Micliaci Iiauin, one ol the
authors of "Tales of the O'flara Family."
Mu. Wilkik Collins will, it is said, come back
to America as soon as lie can arrange /or doing so.
"Iiik Wbalth of tbr Pacific" is the title of a
forthcoming hook by Mr. H. Martin, of Saii Fran- '
clsco, whtcn will treat or the geneology, tutor?
and occupation of the ptominont men of the Pa- !
clflc coast.
"The Mopkrs Antiwrs; or, The Descent of
England," is llio harrowing tlllo of a book by
Junius Junior, which has lately been let loose upon
London. According to tno author It ts Humanism
that is slowly bat snrely destroying ail that is
valuable in England. Thorn who believe In the i
Jeanliisttt of Mr. Gladstone and tho decadence of
England should study tills volume, aad insist upon
Parliament Immediately undoing all tnat ;
It has done . for the Roman Catholics .
since tho days of O't'onneii. As an illus- ?
tratloa of tue power of red tape in Eng
land It may be mentioned that the scholars I
of thai country are now, lor the first ilrno, on trie !
alert to discover the inventory of Hhufcespeare's j
property among the inventories ut the Probate
Office in London. The officials tu aliarge at l)oc- j
tor's Commons, however, havo found ao inatty ob
stacles in the way of overhauling the collection of
inventories that t'w March lus been practically >
abandoned.
lnif Critics are quaneiUug with Victor lingo for !
inaccuracy In 1bo reference to l'ttt's forged iisslg- j
na's mlns late novel, '?Klaety-Turoo;" but Mr. 1
G. A, Lebotir, of tho Geological Savvey, writes to .
the Athenamii that tha novelist Is better iu- j
formed than his censor?. He says:? i
Way I reassert in your pages that the !
plate rrom which tho sham assignat* wero
printed ts still in existence, and that
tho paner mill in winch the paper was j
made and the subsequent processes ot manufac- '
tlllO CAl liu>l btit to si-iii nnimiux, nimwiKii uvt
working. The spot on which it stands, on the
bancs of one ot tbe most beantiiul and least
fraudulent looking ol English rivers, and the lact
ibftt the as.'igoata wero lorged thoro, wero speci
ally mentioned by me tn a paper printed in lsw
'? iua eatt'wa "vieoiogbniiig to
Kortli TfUvUale," ? ?
OUR PARKS,
A BfTiew of the Condition of tb? TttlMM
Bqoarss and Park*? Fropoied la*
provementt and Their Cost
The following review of our parks win aho*
what works are most needed, luey uavc ail been
contemplated by the department, and win be car
I ried oat tills jeer if the necessary appropriation is
I obtained.
THK BATTERY.
The Battery seems to be in a tolerable coodW
tlon, but in the rear of the sea wall the ground h&?
caved in. The pavement ought to bo taken up?
the ground refilled and the pavement reset. Tha
sea wall was a bungling piece of work. which wa?
done under the Ring administration, and sadly
neods repaint. At tbe general landing place ror
rowboats it is proposed to bnild a shelter or
"shade," in close proximity to the steps, for tho
convenience of the hundrods of people who there
take boat for the ships. These improvement*
would cost about $10,000, as estimated by the de
partment.
CITY HAIX PA BIT.
A pretty fountain has Just been finished in tbe
City Hall square. Tlie pavement of the northern
portion is in a very bad condition. It is qult9
worn out, and fu.ly deserves the name of "poultice
pavement, " by which it has been designated. (It
will be remembered that tills kind of pavement
was laid down a few years ago on Fifth avenue,
and tbe general disgust caused by it first gave rise
to this novel appellation.) Tne work would cost
from fso.ooo to $40,000.
FIVE POINTS PARC.
There Is probably in the entire city of New York
not a spot where a plot 01 grass and a few trees
and shrubs arc so imperatively needed as at tho
Five Points, this centre of lesterlnfr and squalor
and unspeakable misery. The present condition
of the place is disgraceful and aangeroos to the
health of thoso living near by. The proposed
improvement would be an inestimabio boon
to the denizens of Baxter street and tbe entire
locality. How far they are removed from Central
Park ! There is no iinven noar whither they can
escape from the stifling, tainted air, whicn saps
the very life's blood. In this foul, filthy neighbor
hood a little park would in reality be the very
greatest blesslug, and its benefits would really be
incalculable. For humanity's sake tbe Depart*
ment or Parks ought to carry out the plans wlilcli
have been adopted, be tlio appropriation ever so
small. The proposed park will be a triangle
bounded by Worth, Little Water and Park streets,1
whos? longest side will be 175 leot and tiieehortest1
126, with ornamental paveiueuc of different colors,
a pretty fountain, trees, shrubs, flowers, seat!
round the trees, a little drinking fountain
and a granite horse trough. Some graiing nas
already been done, and some of tho cnrbstonea
have been set. Tbe first; foundation of the tonntain
has been laid. H10 trees will be placea as closely
as will be deemed compatible with their fine de
velopment aud bo as to art'ord pleasant news un
der the brandies. Tho pmcc is so small that but
little can be done in t ne way of grass, and it
probably wdl return the character or an open
Bpaoo, dotied with prettv patches or lawn. The
work will cost $13,000. Tho Hkkai.d is the first to
announce the croa tlon of this park. What joyful
news to the noor and their children t
JACKSON PARK.
Jackson r,ir.c, at. the junction of Eighth avenue
ami West Tenth street, is a small grassploi of
trlaogalar lorm. It has been greatly improved or
late. and only requires more trees and plants. It
Is but little lrequcnted, but It whs desirable to im
prove it because in Its lornaer condition it was an
eyesore. Tho work will cost but $600.
WASHlNdTON SQt'AKK.
Tills sqnare, although rather barren In foliage, It
in a lair condition. Tho fountain, however, Is in
complete, and "certain connections of waits are
not yot paved. Thin wort will come to $?,000.
UNION SQCAKK
The new fountain In Union square is nearly com
gleted, with the exception of the centre plcco witti
ronie flnlal. The interior will be ornamentea
with aquatic plants, which wilt enhance the nov
elty of the design. The llagstaft and gas fixtures
at the northern end arc completed, so that the
plaza at the north end, lor reviews of troops and
public uiaotiuus, can bo conveniently used. The
new indies' cottaccis also finished. Thfe pavement
ts ot tho imported Neucli&tel hrtuninoas rocK,
similar to the pavement or the boulevards of Paris
aud in the Strand, in London. The enclosure of
the Lincoln Monument is finished, with the exesp
tion of a plain bronze railing. a portion ot tua
pavement will have to be reiald. Cost, $0,000,
MAJJI50N eqCAKB.
The new fonntain in thin square ought to be flu*
ished at once, as Ira present appearance is per
icctiy ludicrous. Tiio stone copiug and granite
centre piece ass sadly needed to produce, at least,
it tolerable effect. There is no provision in thia
Bquave tor tho convenience of the weary people
who pas* through it and tor the children whoso
daily resort it is. Cost, $i3,ow>.
TOMPKINS SQl'ACR.
This equsro, as the readers of the Hr.KAC.nwiH
remember, was a lew years n>;o set apart as a
parado ground by the Legislature. The entire
ground was levelled and tho intenor paved with
concrete pavement aud stripped of all its trees
and shrubbery. The pavement in the interior was
another 01 the "poultice" sort and has pretty
much disappeared, leaving on orld waste 01 sand.
Lust year tuo department planted some shrubs in
the outer cigo, a* they cou.'d not iHwniily trench
11 iiou the central portion. If some other parade
ground could bo selected ttoi3 square conld bo
trunsionnod Into a pleasant pane. It in certain
that some breathing place for this ovei crowded
notgiibornood is impCMtively needed, for none of
our parks has always been so jammed with people
in the hot summer evenings as Tompkins square.
Ail the department can do tor the present is to
plant a narrow strip roand tiic sides with *hrniis
in order to relievo its much as possible tiio barren
nspoctof the square. Tlus win coat $ 10,000, aud
tin transformation into n park would coma to
>40,000. The latter, however, could not bo done
uu an appropriation oi only *.1)0,000,
SlYVTOSAST SQVTAUK.
The walks lu the central portion of tue square
have never been paved and they certuinu oiijflic
to be. 1 wo drinking ioun tains, one iu each park,
ati'Mild bo provided for the children who dsily
tr-opihe^a tu large numbers. The pavement of
t!'.:: exteiloi' walks is lu a bad condition and ou^lit
to 1)5 rolaid. Cost, $:t0,?00.
MOKNT UOKRIS 8QVAM.
This favorite r?:*ort of the inhabitants or Harlem
has been cultivated with some care. There is a
hiacli eminence ironi which beautiful views are
commanded. The improvements which have
Been bcijtin should bo completed. Some portions
o: the walks are paved aud others are not. Somo
oi the exterior walks are not properly graded. A
structure crownlnar the hill should be creeled lor
tho use oi ttko children wno daily asceud it. Tiiia
ccttogo is designed lu tiio modern Moorish stvlp,
ami wdi oe a great ornament to the square. Cost
ol completing ail Improvements, il(l,0M>.
tl/.ASli SntSET PAKK.
The OraiM Street Park, near the East lllvor. Is of
triangular shape, very small and very dilapidated.
The improvements wiiica were bngun a few yean
r?o should be finished; lor, in lis present condi
tion, the p aoo is a great dlsdgnrenieut to the
neighborhood, cost, i-i.too. We no.y pass bv the
smaller Mtiuves, or rather plots, such aH Abingdon
square an i tiiocg in Baacn street, Dunn* street.
Canal street, i'urk avenus, which are in a ialr con
dition: tiio Cluistopbor street square, Wjilch (a
very dilapldhtcd and ought to be thoroughly re
modelled, in the opinion oi thu engineer of the de
partment; Howling Oroon, wliloh, by reason of Its
smallne,?s, seems to be capable ot further Improve
moot, ami couio to
central tabk.
Tii.' most pressing work hero ta tho reconstruc
tion oi tu.? puri-euolosiug wall and of i he slopes
adjacent to it, made nocessury by the radical
changos in the grades oi ino avenues. The wsll
on Eighth avenue ts uuder contract aud will be
fiiiis ie.i this year i on i'ilth avcau:; it 13 completed
to Ninetieth street, and on 110th street it is also
tn proooss oi reconstruction. Work lias been
begun on 13,000 lineal leet of wall construction.
In thu interior a system ol walks, affording access
to cort iln portions or tt.e southeast quarter, is la
progress. It will inciudo two avchways, protoct
iu? pedestrians from the necessity oi crossing this
main drive au, I ride ou tneir grades, and also a
small wooden bridge over an arm of the lower
lake. Plans have boon adopted for enlarging the
accommodations at tue promenade concert's on tha
Mall. Apretly woodon boathoaso, with waiting
rooms lor passongers and Tor the storage of boats
below, with it covered shelter, giving ttua views of
tho lake above, will be built. Tho Itelvldere, the
large stone structure at tne southern cud or the
Croton reservoir, tbe terminal pmutofthe vista of
the Mall, is about two-thirds complete, and the
stone work for Its completion is In progress,
Lowoat estimate oi co?t , % i'jj.ooo.
MO&NIMUSIDK PAIIK. .
The work on tins new park, wnioii extends from
Hot u to laV.h stieo:, near Nmtii avenue, has beo?
lu activo pi ogress, bat was suspcndorl last Satur
day, when the laborers hod to oe discliarged, be
cause tho appropriation was romiio? oat. Pro
visions for the geueiHi draiuuije of the park n?*?
been completed, the ivalks have b.?en only partlallf
graded, tho work of excavating a lako has bee II
began aud foondstlons laid lor a portion of the en?
closing wall, if the work m not b rough tnewer
to oorop'.otlon n will ail have to be done ore*
again. Hulf a mlloof trench for dniinage, for In
stance, has been opened, and unless thcTdia n* art
laid soon the sides ol il-e trench will surely cavf
in. Amonu' ff,r this jear, f?a,ooo.
H1VKRSIPS PAHk.
The "retaining wall," wliich has been lu pro*
ross. should bo competed to prereut its tumbflM
down. This "park"' is at present a steep, rock#
wild. Cost, ? tio.ooo.
These arc tho improvements which are do?
manned and wnbh will be carried out ny ttit d>
partueat u tho itporopriauoa is sgr??a to?

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