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IBOADWiT AMD Alt STAB IT. " JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. TBI DAILY HKRALD. jwWiM mery day in the year- Fourceats par cop/. *nnn?i subscription j.rlce |U. Letter* and packages should be prop erly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFPICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD? NO. 46 FLEET STREET. Subscriptions and Advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. Volmm* XXXIX .If*. 198 fruuMElTH TUB ITTIIIMI AH? ETEIira BOOTH'S THEATRE, Sixth avenue, corner oS? ?wentv-thir<l street? 9PAR T ACUrt, at 8 P. St., closes a; 10:45 P. M. Mr. Jolm iMcCOllOUgh. METROPOLITAN theatre. No. 886 Broadway. -VaRIKTV ENTERTAINMENT, at 7.-4SP. M. , duaita at 10 JO P. M. LYCEUM THEATRE. Fourteenth street, near sixth avenue.? THE SCHOOL 'FOR SCANDAL, at UP. M.; cIoms at 11 P. M. Miss Jane Coomba. WOOD'S MUSEUM, (Broadway, corner ol Thirtieth street? AURORA FLOTD, at S P. M ; r.ume* at 4 Jo P. M. JAKTINK. at 8 P. M. ; j doses at 10 JO P. M. Sophie MiUa, Marie tu RaveL CKRMANIA THEATRE, (Foartecntli street, near Irving place. ? PAR1SEE LEBER, 8 P. M. ; clueea at 11 P.M. f NEW PARK THEATRE. BROOKLYN. DECEIT, at 8 P. M. Mian Ada Gray. 1 DALY'S FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, ?Twenty-eighth afreet and Broadway.? MONSIEUR ULPHONrik, at 8 P. M. ; close* at 10 JO P. M. MIm Ada D>ya?. Mia Fanny Davenport, Bijou He ran, Mr. Piaher. air. Clark. THEATRE COMIOUE, ttfo. 514 Broadway ? VARIETY ENTERTAINMENT, at 8 IP. M. ; closes at 10 JO P. M. ? WALLACE'S THEATRE, 'Broadway and Thirteenth street? SCHOOL, at 8 P. M. ; ?close* at 11 P. M. Mr. theater Wall act Mlaa Jeffreys Lewis. MRS. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE .Washington street, near Fulton street, Brooklyn.? 33KN M'CULLOOH, at 8 P. M. Mr. Oliver Loud Byron. OLYMPIC THEATRE. "Broadway, between Houston and Bleecker streets.? "VAUDBVILLE and NOVELTY ENTERTAINMENT, at 7 ii P. M ; closes at 10:?P. M. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway, opposite Washington place.? HUMPTY DUMPTY AT HOME. *e., at 8 P. M. ; closes at U P. M. Q. L Fox. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, No. 201 Bowery.? VARIETY ENTERTAINMENT, at I JO J\ M. ; closes at 6 JO P.M.; also at 8 P. M ; closes at 11 BRYANT'S OPERA HOtTP*. Twenty-thtrd street, near .sixth avenue.? NEGRO MIN STRELSY, Ac., at 8 P. M. ; closes at 10 P. M. COLOSSEUM. Broadway, corner of Thlrty-fttth street? LONDON IN a at 1 P. M. ; closes at 3 P. M. Same at 7 F. M. ; closes P.M. ROMAN HIPPODROME, Madison avenue and Twenty-sixth street. ? GRAND PAGEANT? CONGRESS OP NATIONS, at 1 40 P. M. and TRIPLE SHEET. Blew York, Friday, Hay 8, 1874. From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the weather to-day will be generaUy dear. Mr. John H. Btrahan has been appointed counsel to the Senatorial committee charged with the investigation of the Polioe Depart ment Mr. Strahan is the Mayor's legal ad viser. The Acquittal of Cortland A. Sprague. ? At last the famous Brooklyn trial is ended, a trial which has revived the memories con nected with the great Tammany Ring. This trial has proved that Brooklyn, City of Churches as she is, is not free from the vile influences of corrupt and corrupting poli ticians. The Fifteenth Amendment Anniversary is not to be celebrated, as was intended, at Oberlin, but at Cleveland. The reason as signed for the change is that the citizens of Oberlin have neither shown regard for the efforts of the committee nor treated the mem bers with due respect. Whether is Oberlin or Cleveland the more to be pitied ? Tee Canadian Parliament and Rapid Transit. ? A most important bill has just been read a third time in the Parliament of the New Dominion. The bill provides for the in corporation of the International Transporta tion Company, with a capital of five million dollars, and the avowed object of the company is to utilize the St Lawrence and its inland seas, so as to make transportation swiiter and cheaper than by the Erie Canal, Albany and New York. We had better look after our own interests. We cannot too soon apply steam to our boats on the Erie CanaL The Missing Steamship Ethiopia. ? Up to the hour of our going to press the Ethiopia has not arrived. She is now twenty days at sea, and, all things considered, it is not at all to be wondered at that her non-arrival creates much anxiety. The anxiety, as is natural, is con siderably increased by the fact that she has a large excursion party on board. We are loath to believe that any mishap has befallen the Ethiopia, the pride of the Anchor line and one of the finest ships that ever floated on the waters of the Atlantic. Commanded by Cap tain Craig, the Commodore of the line, we are satisfied that the noble vessel with her precious living freight should safely reach our harbor. Some serious accident has no doubt happened, but it is too soon to give up hope. The Flood a Arkansas.? It will be seen from oar news this morning that the State of Louisiana is not the only sufferer from the high water which has prevailed over the South It appears that in some parts of Ar kansas the suffering has been quite as severe as it has been in any portion of Louisiana. In Chi oat county the floods have brought dread ful trouble. Large numbers of families have been so seduced in circumstances through the inundations that they have been compelled to subsist On the carcasses of cattle which have died of starvation or been drowned in the overflow. The Relief Committee is blamed for not sending supplies outside the State of Louisiana. It may to, kpgfei ana has overtaxed the resources of the Belief Committee, and that lbs destitution in the neighborhood of New Orleans makes it impos sible for the Belief Committee to attend to Ar kansas. If the Belief Committee is short of funds in this nsw emergency the truth should to made known, and the funds should to forthcoming at ones. min ta Arfca? i Wtot Oru( UgM Arkansas hu uiwic?d another step ^ lta progress toward, chaoa. The "Supreme Court" has had a session and rendered a de cision in favor of Brooks u a contestant If (his Supreme Court had any authority and respect, if it had any jurisdiction over the subject, we might consider the deoision as having an influence <m the discussion. But as it ia, the opinion of these four judges is bo more and no less than the opinion of any four citizens of Arkansas. The deplorable turbu lence and ohaoa into which society has fallen have gone too far to yield to any remedies short of federal interference, backed if neces sary by military force. It ia too late for "Supreme Court" opinion*. But this great subversion of social order might havo been averted by wise foresight and timely action on the part of Presi Grant His mistaken views of the situation and excessive solicitude lest he should overstep the limits of his authority have left the State to be tossed by a tempest which has wrecked its most important inter ests. Could this have been prevented? Could it have been prevented by the President without passing the limits imposed upon him by the constitution and laws? As no attempt was made it is impossible to answer with oer tainty ; but there ia a reasonable probability that if time bad been taken by the forelock a few ounoes of prevention would have saved the necessity of a troublesome cure. President Grant has taken too narrow a view both of his duty and his powers. He has seemed blind to the possibility of any middle course between absolute inertness and military vigor, as if the moment he ceased to be King Log he must forthwith become King Stork. "The beginning of strife," wrote the wise old Hebrew, "is as when one letteth out waters" ? that is, the best time for repairing the embankment is at the earliest moment when the water begins to find ita way through. If the laws made it the duty of the President to protect the dwellers on the Mississippi against desolating Inundations it would be good management for him to strengthen the yielding levee at the first symptoms of a crevasse, thus preventing a destructive en largement of the breach. A few well driven piles or a few cartloads of stones or earth may avert a catastrophe which would overwhelm and submerge whole counties. Timely pre cautions may be equally efficient against let ting out the waters of civil strife. If it be asked what the President oould have done in an early stage of the Arkansas trouble, the answer is not difficult with the great number of precedents which exist for his guidance. Our earlier Presidents set a proper value on the moral authority of the federal govern ment as well as on its physical force during the first half of the present oentury. It was their practioe to so employ the former as to forestall any necessity of a recourse to the latter. We will cite a few instructive exam ples. In the period immediately preceding the negotiation of the Ashburton Treaty, by which the northeastern boundary was settled, a threatening difficulty arose between the gov ernments of our State of Maine and of the British Province of New Brunswick, in which both parties took up arms in defence of their right to cut timber in the disputed territory. The federal government did not stand idle, but intervened in such a manner as to allay the exasperation and bad feeling and prevent any bloodshed. There was a similar instance not long previous, in connection with the so called "patriot war" in Canada. Our whole northern border was in a flame. Thousands of citizens in our frontier towns were arming, eager to rush across the Niagara and the St Lawrence to aid the rebels. It was the clear duty of our government to lay a restraining hand upon this threatened and formidable violation of our neutral obligations. It did restrain and quell it effectually, but without employing a soldier or shedding a drop of blood. The removal of the Cherokee Indians across the Mississippi, which seemed likely at one time to be attended with wild slaughter, was accomplished in an orderly and peaceful by substituting moral authority for physical force. The Dorr rebellion in Rhode Tftianfl was suppressed by the same salutary without employing a federal soldier. Even the South Carolina nullification was put down without bloodshed and with a much larger employment of moral agencies than the general public at that time were aware. We will not extend this long list ; but it is an incon testable fact that, although there were many j lawless uprisings during the first half of the I present oentury ? uprisings which would have justified military suppression by the federal authority? they were in every instance quelled by mere pacific measures and a dexterous use of moral influence and authority. Pot the nature of the means employed in several of the most noted of these cases we refer to the interesting autobiography of the late General Scott, who gives their secret history with full details. He was sent South by President Jackson to watch the nulliflers and prevent an outbreak ; he was sent to exert a healing moral influence in the re moval of the Cherokees ; he was sent to the border by President Van Buren on a similar errand at the time of the Canadian rebellion, and also to the State of Maine when it was on the point of war with New Brunswick. In every .cai 4 he "conquered a peaoe" by moral authority and wise, skilful management, doing honor to his own character as a patriot and philanthropist and to the sagacity of the administrations which sent him on those mis sions In relation to his riait to the Canada frontier we read in the autobiography: -"All this was a new scene for Scott In 1812-13-14 he had appeared on the same theatre as the leader of battalions and participator in victories. Now rhetoric and diplomacy were to be his weapons, his oountrymen and friends the objects of conquest, and a little corre spondence with the British authorities beyond the line as an episode to the whole." He gives a most amusing account of the diplo macy he practised with the warlike members of the Maine Legislature assembled at Au gusta during his successful mission to that St|te. At the time of the Doit rebellion in Rhode Inland the Prestdent sent the Secretary of War, John C. Spenoer, to watch the progress | of events. Mr. Spenoer had in his pocket a proclamation dulv signed by the President and Secretary of State, with nothing to fill in but the date, and authority to call forth the militia of Connecticut and Massaohnsetts, or I to employ the regular soldier* is Fort Adams ' in the 1m* emergency, bat with instructions not to precipitate military measures unless pacific efforts should prow abortive. But pacific influence triumphed, as it generally does whan it is dearly understood that ne gotiation and persuasion are backed by forth coming battalions. If General Grant had followed the long line of precedents to which we bare alluded ha would not have waited till the floods were out before attempting to mend the opening cre ?asse. He would have promptly sent General Sherman to Arkansas to watch the disturb ances, acquaint himself with the situation, put himself in communication with political leaders and influential citizens, ascertain from lawyers of high standing in their profession the legal merits of the controversy according to State laws, and exert the whole weight of his character and all the moral authority of his high position in bringing about a peace ful adjustment There can be little doubt that he would have succeeded. The social attentions ? dinners and other civilities and hospitalities ? which would have been given to a person of his eminent character by the first citizens would have made it easy for him to array the best moral influence of the State against any resort to violence. His profes sion, his military fame, his position as the head of the army, would have surrounded him with such an atmosphere of authority as to dispense with any intimations that force would be used if necessary. That inference would have been silently drawn from the fact of his presenoe on such a mission and have powerfully reinforoed his friendly coun sels and advice. Had President Grant pur sued this course there would be no place for the hesitation and scruples that have so long held him in passive imbecility while a State of the Union is torn to pieoes by lawless violence. There was no possible legal' objection to his sending the head of the army to any point he pleased. There is no conoeivable objection to a high officer of the army giving friendly ad vice to citizens. No politioal motive could have been suspected, because General Sherman is quite independent of parties and politicians. It is altogether unlikely that thinga would have drifted into their present condition if General Grant had acted early, following the wise prec edents set by those who have gone before him. The moral authority of the government is as ; important, and on many oooasions as efficient, as its physical energy, and it is always deplo rable to be driven by events to exert the latter when a wise and timely use of the former might have precluded such an overmastering neoessity. The Manhattan Club Reception. Oar report of hist night's event at tile head quarters in this city of the gentlemen who are supposed to carry about with them the brains of the democratic party will exhibit not so much the aspect of a particular occur rence as the fact of a peculiar fermentation in political thought. To the superficial ob servers the gathering in Fifth avenue was to prepare cups for galvanizing a club; but this would be an unimportant and inconsiderable purpose for a political rally such as this proved to be, and would "resemble ocean to a tempest wrought to waft a feather or to drown a fly." It was in the general percep tion of the company assembled that there was a deeper significance in the event, and a consciousness that the time at last seems near when a long pull, a strong pull and a pull altogether may get out of power the tenacious parly now in. Indeed, it is the opening of a recruiting station for forces to cany on the political conflict that is imme diately before us, and in the speeoh of Senator Bayard will be found two very practical points for the plan of campaign. Oqe of these, and the great one, is to adopt as a policy the no tion of putting honest men in offioe; and the other, a convention of all the States to see where we stand with regard to the constitu tion. Both exoellent ideas and cogently urged. The City Estimates. The Board of Apportionment have notified the departments to submit new estimates for the eight unexpired months of the present year, in order that the expenses of the city government may be reduced wherever prac ticable and the rate of taxation decreased. There would seem to be room for saving in some of the departments. The care and maintenance of the parks in 1871, under Tam many rule, was $525,000. This year, under a reform administration, the amount required is $650,000, or $125,000 more than in 1871. At the same time a far greater amount of work was being done on the parks in 1871 than is contemplated this year. The salaries in the Finance Department are largely in excess of those under Tammany rule in 1871. Nearly $110,000 more is required to ran that depart ment this year than was expended under Con nolly. The "contingency" leakages are all to be stopped, as that prolific source of favoritism and corruption is done away with by the law. The other departments should be cut down as closely as possible, for the people have been promised a great reduction in the rate of taxa tion, and it should come in the way of actual saving and not by merely "bridging over" until next year. SzBBANO AND THE CABLISTS. ? Maralml Serrano has had an opportunity of expressing his opinion of the strength of the Car lists in the North. Congratulations are pouring in upon him from all parts of the kingdom, and from men who represent very different shades of political sentiment. Among the men who have sent in congratulations to the President must be mentioned Sefior Castelar. Ser rano, with a modesty, which becomes true greatness, says that "the Carlist movement is only shaken, not vanquished entirely." Don Carlos has not yet, as will be seen from our news despatches, givan up all hope. In his new proclamation to his followers he expresses his belief that his cause will eventually triumph. It is evident from all this that the fighting is not yet ended. The final result, however, is not doubtful After the relief of Bilbao Ser rano oan afford to be modest Don Carlos but does his duty when he cheers on his de agwing fn9B.ds and followers. TBS MaKAOMOMT Of THE DiCPASTMKKT of Charities and Correction is pronounced by the Grand Jury to be disgraceful to the Commissioners and to the city, and fruitful of corruption. It will not do for the Commis sioners to afleot ignorance of these grave charges, or for Mr. Havemeyer to suffer the presentment of the Grand Jury to pass on noticed. The Mayor Is the man bound to 4*11 the Commissioner* to aooouttt for their purchase* and contracts since members of his own family an said to be among the contrac tors. We learn that the Commissioners of Ac oonnts have commenced an investigation of the boohs and acoounfts of the Department of Charities and Correction; bat this is not enough. The presentment of the Grand Jury most be an outrage and a falsehood or the Oommiedcoere ate unworthy to hold their positions and should bs rasaoved. The Arbttrettos. The motion of Lord Russell in reference to the Genera arbitration does not seem to have made much impression upon the House of Lords. If thin were simply the opinion of Lord Bnssell we should pass it by as the whim cf an old man, his m'n^ weighted and darkened by the burden of years. But we note that tha London Standard which is the organ of the Disraeli government, commends Lord Russell for defending the honor of England, and behind the London Standard there is an active publio opinion taking the same view. There was hardly a tory speech made during the last election canvass in Bngland that did not ring the changes upon the dishonor of England at Geneva. These election legends were to the effect that Mr. Gladstone, in a moment of weakness, had consented to the arbitration of all questions arising out of the Alabama clftiyft ; that he had gone to Geneva in a spirit of the utmost conciliation ; that he was there encountered by a furious American representative in the person of Bancroft Davis, assisted by three unscrupulous Yankee lawyers ? Cashing, Waite and Ev&rts ? who hesitated at no trick to carry their point and hoodwink the English representatives. Furthermore, the Court of Arbitration was unfortunate in its construc tion. The only judge who knew anything was Sir Alexander Cookburn, the Lord Chief Justice of England. The other judges were little more than figureheads or tools in the hands of Mr. Davis and his sharp oolleagues. Instead, therefore, of having a fair trial, the whole matter was prejudged. England, which never did any harm to the United States, was compelled to pay a large sum of money as a penalty for simply doing her duty in the pre servation of an armed neutrality. This, we say, is the legend whioh was elab orated to the English publio during the last canvass, and Lord Russell, supported by the organ of the Disraeli government, comes for ward to champion it. Well, as a nation, we nan stand our share of detraction and misrep resentation; but this Geneva business is be coming monotonous, and we do not choose to be constantly summoned before an English Parliament as having in some way taken an advantage of England. The truth is that the arbitration at Geneva was not sought by the United States. Sir Edward Thornton gave the intimation that an effort to arbitrate would be welcome to the British government before Mr. Fish the offer. A distinguished ~p.T<giinVim?n of high social rank and influence in America as well as England came to this country to encourage the negotiation, and was created a baronet for his trouble. The treaty was made to satisfy the English government. The one point about which England was anxious was this;? In the event of a war be tween Great Britain and another maritime Power would the United States have the same right to an indirect war upon the com merce of England that England practically waged upon Amerloan commerce during the rebellion? In other words, England, having thoroughly destroyed American oommeroe, was only too anxious to prevent America from retaliating at a future time. Mr. Gladstone saw plainly that unless a treaty was secured mak ing every nation responsible for the acts of privateers that escaped from its ports a hun dred would issue from American ports to sssail the British flag as soon as the first gun was fired in a maritime war against that flag. So the treaty was made, in that spirit of peace which always animates the United States in ailing with foreign Powers. Once the rules were adopted which made it impossi ble for us to allow an Alannma to leave our ports, England had gained her point. All through the negotiations she craved the treaty. But the moment the arbitration was opened her opposition began. The English journals here, who represent British interests with af fectionate and patriotio fidelity, began an at tack upon the American esse. This attack was continued in England. The press of the Continent and the publio opinion of neutral nations united in saying that our case was a just one, in no way exaggerated, and that we had a right to stand up before the Geneva Court ftt/i ask judgment upon it. But the case was maligned, misrepresented, assailed and finally destroyed, rather than break the treaty. America, for reasons appealing to her self respect, would have been justified in walking out of Court, but the spirit of peace prevailed. Having won this advantage, the English fought every new point in the course of the arbitration. Lord Cockburn, who went to Geneva, as was supposed a judge, avowed himself a partisan. jTim throughout the deliberations was angry, severe and unjust He discussed every question with a passionate vehemenoe. Tbw Wda Mj. Staempfli, the Swum arbitrator, hd behaved with singular brutality. When the verdict was rendered he left behind him a volume of "reasons" for dissenting, marked with a bitter feeling towards the United Stafetf and illustrated with eulogies on Lord Bussell and Stonewall Jackson. The whole manner of the negotiation? the trial, the payment, the debates in Parliament, the tone of the press, and especially the addresses during the can vass ? shows that England feels that America, with traditional and conspicuous dexterity, took a dishonorable advantage of a friendly nation. The truth is that in the whole Geneva busi ness England won important concessions. If there is any doubt about it let the treaty be broken. If Mr. Fish desires to know what WngUwfl really feels lei him send a message to Lord Derby saying that America does not want the indemnity money, has no use for it, wotkld rather pay the losses of her people out of her own treasury, and at the same time withdraw her approval from the rules em bodied in the Washington Treaty. If we are to be held up on every oooasion as having an unjust advantage of England let uS put an end to it and make the only restitution in oar power. Give England her money and give as oar treaty, and in the event of a war I between Great Britain and another maritime PowW let us see how long her flag would float orer every sea. We do not crave a dissolu tion of the treaty. We do not care anything about ii We desire peace, and do not wish to embark in adventures against the English or any other flag. But now that thetj*ty, | which gave as nothing, which England everything, for which we not care, to gain which England CXoaUsted the resources of diplomacy and statesmanship, ia made the subject of oontumely and reproach and a con stant memory of oar ohioanery and bad faith, let us end it Tine ??rvooMM of Germany. Something should be done to soothe Ger many. The other day Lord Russell was anxious to know what the relations of England with the Continental Powers actually were. The venerable Earl was oonoerned about Ger many and the peaoe of Europe. Recently an order waa issued to the French news papers forbidding them to discuss German affelrs. Prussia, it seems, is ??susceptible" and tremble* orer the opinions of flery French editors. A well informed correspondent tells us that the relations between Prussia and France are again "unoertain." The French seem to be quiet enough. Marshal MacMahon keeps order, the Assembly votes new taxes and the Bepublio appears to be one of the most peaceful of nations. But Germany is "irritated." We do not seethe cause for irrita tion. William is Emperor, Germany is united, Bismarck is a prince, the Parliament has voted a seven years' army, and this army, Moltke says, is a "guarantee for the peaoe" of Europe. But, with all of these oomforts and honors and a degree of fame that has not been gained by any ruler since the Great Napoleon, the Em? peror is in a nervous state. We saw this somewhat fretful anxiety during the debates on the Army bill. France was the apparition that rested upon the triumphant, dauntless German soul. One Minister showed that France was paying as muoh for the army now as she paid in time of war. Germany was required to maintain a powerful force to carry on a vigorous policy, ' 'a force that was feared in order to maintain peace." The Fi nance Minister took the peculiar ground that a large army was a benefit to the Empire in a flnftnrfnl point of view. No matter how much it costs, peace could only be secured when the army was in a condition to command it Count Yon Moltke brought his vast repu tation to the discussion. As the Count's trade is that of warrior and field maTwhal we can understand his fondness for a large army. "So long as Franoe shouted for revenge Germany," said the Count, "should keep her hand on the sword." Disarmament of the Ger man army would mean war. He was sure that "French wisdom" would avert war. He gave j the Parliament some views on the last cam paign. The general impression is that Ger many showed a degree of severity in dealing with Franoe that has no parallel in modern warfare; that her terms of peaoe were exacting to the last degree? so exacting as to call forth a protest from England. But Moltke now assures us that Germany did not abuse her power. While she could have forced France to yield to all of her demands she merely "exacted back the land whioh a restless coun try had torn from a weak neighbor." What she wanted was peaoe. But for a peaceful natio" the imperial hysteria is alarming. So far as the French are concerned this is one way of putting the case; but there seems to be another. Germany pressed Franoe to the very last point which M. Thiers would admit. If it had gone further Thiers would have thrown up his hands in despair, the Bordeaux government would have dis solved and the German army would have been compelled to occupy and pacify a country in insurrection. We do not think that Moltke would have looked upon such a duty with cheerfulness, in a country like Fiance, which has a Revolution, a Vendue insurrection and the wars of the Fronde among her historical memories. If Alsace and Lorraine were "torn from a weak neighbor" we must re member that it was two oenturies since; that two centuries are a long time in politics, and jf France or any other nation were to "exact back" from Prussia all the land she has torn from Austria and Denmark and Sweden and Franoe, not to speak of the Ger man States, during the last two centuries, Prussia would not be much more of a king dom than Belgium. If Moltke's law holds good, then England would have a right to "exact back" from America the thirteen origi nal States who signed the Declaration of In dependence. It is our interest to have some kind of "a statute of limitations" between States. Finally, the Emperor has hi) army, and this should quiet him; but he will pewist in being agitated. And we note that the Germans headed the list of emigrants to the United States last year. The tendency of the German n?ind seems to be to find a father land as far as possible from Alsace and Lorraine. Perhaps the speotacle of hundreds of thousands of manly German men who love their wives and children and do not care to be dragged over the Rhine to fatte" the fields of Champagne with their bones, at the whim of a nervous Emperor, distresses tbs imperial mind, It is yertainly not pleas ant to a German Kaiser to idfl subjects flying for life and liberty to another la2^ tt*1} the Fatherland. But men of peaoe do not always want to live in a country which has had three wars in ten years and whose rulers are I so hysterically anxious about "the peaoe of I Europe" that they may stumble into another I war at any moment Thjj American Cabdihal ? The Roman Catholic Convention has adjourned in Cin cinnati. Most of the prelates have gone to their homes. The nature of their work, we are informed, will not be known until after its approval in Rome. We hope the reverend fathers have not forgotten to remind the Holy Father of the claim the Catholic Church in America has upon the Pontificate. The Catholics in America have been among the most faithful children of Rome. They have contributed largely to the revenues of the Holy See; they have had among their clergy men prelates of grtat learning and virtues, but His Holiness has never seen proper to give them a cardinal His Holiness found no difflcnlty in appointing a young cousin of the Emperor Napoleon to be Cardinal, to please the Emperor. This oousin, Prince Luoien Bonaparte, was named Cardinal whan he was only forty years of age. Etm now he is on y forty-six. Why not appoint one of our revered and venerable prelates, to please the American Catholics ? We hope the Convention of areh hiahopt has submitted this point to His Holi ncas, for it is a point worthy of attention in Borne. ,ia? s IstabUih r* Oar advocacy of the establishment ot "steam lanes" haaessited so much interest in the maritime world that the discussion is now narrowing down to the ptaotieal aspects of the subject Can "steam lanes" be laid down on the charts? That question has been answered affirmatively. Can they be followed by the steamships sailing to and from this port? Yes, has been the response. Has there been any opposition to the project we have urged with so much earnestness, knowing thut the readers of the Hxmi.n are largely inter* ested in transatlantic travel ? None. On the oontrary, "steam lanes" are favored by sea men and navigators. They have been urged by the Chamber of Commerce in a memorial to Congress, signed by some of the most dis tinguished merchants and shippers of the city. Senator Cankling, in the Senate, and Mr. Cox, in the House, have taken charge of the bill, whioh, although too narrow in scope and too indefinite in terms, will, with amend ments which may even suggest themselves to these gentlemen, bring the matter into shape for international action. The provisions of this bill, as reported, are these:? That the President shall appoint a commissioner on the part of the United States, with a fixed compensation, to meet other commissioners pf other maritime nations, who assemble and lay down "steam lanes;" to declare in favor of the use of electrio lights and raft accom modations in oases of accidents at sea, and that the President shall notify the other Powers in terested of the legislation of Congress. The mistake of the bill lies in the fact that no one man is competent, from the important nature of the innovations proposed, to speak at onoe with intelligence and impartiality in the name of the maritime interests of the United States. Perhaps Senator Conkling is not aware that the establishment of "steam lanes," whioh really comprehend all the other changes proposed, involves a complete revolution in ocean travel, which must be followed with changes likewise in the navigation of sailing ships. It is hardly to be presumed that, when the maritime nations shall behold in these trackways a suc cessful regulation between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, the reform will be oonfined to the AUantio Ocean. We look to the day, which can hardly be far distant, when a general system of maritime regulations and jurisprudence will compel "steam lanes" over the busy highways of the Mediterranean, from the shores of Asia to our own Paoifia coast; indeed, over every sea now ploughed by the leviathan agents of commerce. "Lanes" for sailing craft may become a fact of the future also. Now a ship without steam power, sailing from this port for Liverpool, with adverse winds, must utilize every local advantage, "tacking" according to her ability, sometimes finding herself far to the northward of the routes of ooean steamers and often far to southward If a belt for sailing ships, laid down after an exhaustive digest of the log books, by whioh Maury was able to organize his geography of the sea, oould be plaoed upon the charts fur nished for the merohant marine, there would be no difficulty in compelling sailing ships to oonfine themselves to opacified zones. It would thus ultimately result that we would have a perfect knowledge of the navigable ocean, and that a vessel would seldom be out of sight of some immediate and protecting power. How, in view of the great change necessary to security of life and property, can Messrs. Conkling and Cox hope to aooomplish a creditable success by the appointment of one man to elucidate all these question^ before an international commission? We re peat, then, what we have heretofore urged, that five commissioners should be appointed, representing the steamship interest, the Hydro graphic Office, the Chamber of Commerce, the public and the captains themselves. No move ment can sucoeed whioh bears even the sus picion of partiality. The Chahbkb or Commxbcb met last even ing and feasted and "indulged its soul." Several good speeches were made ? one by Mr. Evarts, one by Judge Noah Davis. Mr. Dodge was re-elected President and Mr. Have meyer made his one hundred and eighth annual response to the toast of New York city. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Mr. Alfred Sanation, second dragoman of tha British Embassy In Constantinople, bas been pro moted to tbe rank of second Oriental Secretary. Tbe Archduchess Maria Immaculata, wife of the Archduke Cnarles Salvator, of Tuscany, has given birth to a daughter. The child was born In Vienna. The Very Rer. Dr. Peel, a brother at the late Sir Bobert Peel, has resigned the deanery of Worces ter, England, which he has held for twenty-nine years. Coont <1'Eu, eldest son of the Duke de Nemours. Generalissimo of the Brazilian army, has visited the great blast turaacee, iron foundries and steel mills at Le Creuzot, France. Mr. Lionel Levy, proprietor of the Globe Theatre. In London, has presented the Duke of Edinburgh, as a wedding gift, a dessert service of solid gold. Its value Is between 3,000 and 4,000 guineas. Major Owen Tudor Burns, 0. 8. L private secre tary to the late Lord Mayo, has been appointed bv tbe Marquis of Salisbury Assistant Secretary in Pineal and Secret Departments of the India ? The Irish Home ?H*U?W Parliament, have been blackballed it ? M members ol the Reform Club, .London. One received fifty-one, and the other was frvored with fortf^F? o* tbe polite bints. ' The late Mr. Bobert Freeiand, of Gryffe Castle, Bridge of Weir, Scotland, cotton spinner, bas be queathed legacies to religious and charitable in stitutions and to bis servants amounting to up wards Of 440,000. Tbe Blsbop or Mabchester, England, has written a letter, in *hlch he desires to impress upon Mr. Joseph Arch tbe extreme responsibility of hti position, and counsels reason and moderation both la his language and bis demands. At the Edinburgh University graduation cere monial honorary degrees were conferred On sev eral distinguished residents in toe West ot Scot land, the Rev. A. Bonar, Wasgov, and Rev. & BL Story, Roseneath, receiving the degree of D> Dn ana Sheriff Dickson that of LL. D. Right Rev. Bishop Wordsworth, in Intimating tits intention of resigning the bishopric or St, Andrew's, Scotland, says that during bis twenty seven years' service he has endeavored to pro mote the welfare of the Bcotoh Episcopal Ohurel to the best or his judgment and ability. Be thlnki ??the time has come when he may tairly etalm to b? allowed to return and devote the remainder of hb Hie and strength to the service of the Ohurdb or hb native land."