Newspaper Page Text
All Night Debate on the Civil Rights Bill A REMORSELESS MAJORITY. Speeches to a Sleepy Senate in the Wee Sma' Hours. THE BODY STILL IN SESSION. Jwpteti for a Financial Compromise and Tariff Revision. Washington, May 22, 1874. Vh? Mew Tariff Bill?Proposed ChangM. The Amendatory Tariff bill, now before the Committee of Ways and Means, will probaoly be completed to-morrow. It relates to about twenty articles. Some amendment has been made to the ?ilk section of the present law. All goods of which silk 1s the component material of chief value, irre spective of classification under previous laws, or ?f tnelr commercial designation, have been classed by the committee as silk. The committee change the duty on all still wine In cases from $2 to $1 60, and fix the duty on unmanufactured steel at two centa a ponnd, without regard to classification, which to a slight redaction. Tannin and sugar beet seeds to be free of duty. Hops to pay ten In stead or five centa. It is thought that the changes proposed will not make any appreciable difference In the preseht receipts, and some of the proposed changes are to simplify parts of the present law. Tike Refusal of Sanborn's Lawyer to Tell All He Knew. The snb-oommlttee. Messrs. Nlbiack, Kasson and Dawes, to whom was referred the subject of the relusal of Prescott, Sanborn's lawyer, to tell what he did with large sums of money entrusted to him by Sanborn, to-day reported to the Ways and Means Committee that they deem It unneces sary to pursue the Investigation further, especially alnce Prescott testifies that he gave no portion of the money referred to to any officer of the gov ernment The lull committee informally agreed to this report Prescott was, therefore, dis charged this afternoon, with permission to reply in writing to the testimony of Dickinson affect ing his personal character, which reply will be Incorporated with the official evidence In the San born case. The Lute Brigadier General Dyer?War Department Circular?Honors to His Memory. The War Department has Issned a general order announcing; the death of General Dyer, In which, after alluding to the various promotions in the coarse of his army career, the Secretary says The important scientific branch of the military service over which ho presided bears the impress of his genius and unflagging energy. Not even physical suffering, which was prolonged by a won derful vitality through an unusually long period, could weaken his lively interest In the profession to which he devoted so many years of marked ability and of untiring labor. In harmony with these strong traits his many warm personal friends will reuiember lus generous and genial temper, his unaffected simplicity and candor, coupled with manly dlguity, and, above ail, his uncompromising Integrity. The luneral ceremonies will rake place in this city, In the Church of the Epiphany, at two o'clock P. M. on the 23d Inst. As appropriate honors to the memory of the deceased minute guns will be fired at Springfield Armory and at each arsenal, beginning at twelve M., and the national flag will be displayed at half ataff from the same hour till sundown on the next day. After the receipt of this order at those posts the naual badge of mourning will be worn lor thirty Uuya by the otficera or the Ordnance Depart nient. Cable Communication with Foreign Countries. The House Committee on Foreign Affairs to-day agreed to report a bill relating to telegraphic communication between the United States and foreign.countries. It is general in its character and authorizes the Secretary of State to grant per mission to lay cables to any citizen or association on the conditions stated in the bill. Sad Condition of Representative Melllsh. Representative Phelps, or New Jersey, accom panied by Speaker Blaine, went over to the Gov ernment Insane Asylum this morning to visit Rep resentative Melllsh. They lound him in bed under charge of a kee. er. He was unable to recognize them and was in so low a condition as to be liable to die at almost any hour. The Signal Office Report on the Great Rivers. The Signal Office reports that during the past twenty-four bonrs the Mississippi has remained stationary at St. Paul and fallen from La Crosse to Hew Orleans, the greatest changes being at Mem phis, twenty-seven inches, and Helena, twenty three inches. The fall at New Orleans has been seven inches, and the river Is now below danger level at all stations. The Missouri has fallen five inches at \ an k ton, risen twenty-seven ?t Omaha and eleven at Plattsmouth; fallen slightly at St. Joseph and risen at Kansas City and fallen thence to Its mouth. The Ohio has risen one Inch at Pittsburg, remained stationary at Marietta and fallen irom Cincinnati to Cairo. The Red River has remained sta tionary at Sbreveport 'and the Cumber land fallen at Nashville. The Allegheny has risen slightly and the Monongabela fallen at all stations except Brownsville, where a rise or three inches Is reported. The rainfall in the water shed of the Mississippi has been 13-I00ths of an Inch at St. Paul and 80-l00ths at Memphis, In the Ohio 5-iooths at Plttsbnrg; none in the other rivers named. Tbe Board of Visitors to the Naval Academy. Chief Engineer William H. Shock has been ap pointed a member of the Board of ViBltors to the Naval Academy. PROCEEDINGS OP CONGRESS. BERATE. The Civil Rights Bill Tediously Dis cussed In the Senate?Favorable South era Sentiment?Gloomy Prognostics of Roman Centralisation. Washington, May 22, 1874. Mr. Bo re man, (rep.) of W. Vs., moved that the Senate proceed to tbe consideration of the bill to establish the Territory of Pembina and provide a temporary government tbcrelor, but objection was made by several Senators. Mr. Morrill, (rep.) of VL, presented a memorial or the National Agricultural Congress, recently In ?eesion In Georgia, asking that one-half or the pro ceeds of the sale of public lands be used towards the support of agricultural colleges, education and labor. Mr. Oglesbt, (rep.) of in., (Tom the Committee ?n Public Lands, reported favorably on the bill to settle certain accounts between the United States end the StateB of Ohio, Indiana and Dilnois. Placed on the calendar. Mr. Boctwell, (rep.) of Mass., from the Com mittee on Commerce, reported lavorably on the 'bill appropriating $02,008 for the reliel of William B. Thomas, late Collector of Customs for the port of Philadelphia, being the amount embezzled by subordinates in his office. Passed. Mr. Logan, (rep.) of in., irom the Committee on Military Affairs, reported lavorably on the House bill, authorizing tlio President to issue army ra tions and clothing to destitute people on the l om bigbee. Warrior and Alabama rivers. Passed. Mr. WRtour, (rep.) of lowa, cahed up the report Dade by the Comerence Committee on Wodues day, npon the bill to facilitate the exportation of distilled spirits and amendatory ol the acts in rela tion tliereio, and it was agreed to. Mr. Sargent, (rep.) of cal., presented a memo rial of the citizens ot Oakland, Cal.. asking an ap propriation lor the Improvement 01 ihe water front of that city. He.erred to the Committee on Oommerce. ^ ? Mr. Logan, from tho Committee on Military Affairs, reported lavorably on the House bill to ex Ittd Uo tune lor AMUC OUtUB* m additional bounty trader tne act of July 28, isoe. fi&ced on the calendar. lie also reported favorably on the bill authoriz ing the Secretary or War to sell unserviceable ord nance stores and lor other purposes. Placed on the calendar. Tits PROPOSED NEW TERRITOBT. On motion or Mr. Boreman. the bill to establish the Territory of Pembina and to provide a tempo rary government therefor was taten up and read through, together with the report or the commit tee on the subject. Pending the discussion the morning hoar ex pired. and the bill went over. Mr. Hamlin, (rep.) 01 Me., called np the bill to amend tne act ol May 10, 1872, to promote the de velopment or the mining resources ot the United States. Passed. THE CIVIL RIGHTS BII.L. The Chair announced that the Civil Rights bill was the uulluished business, upon which the sena tor from New Jersey (Mr. Stockton! waa entitled to : he door. Mr. Sargent asked that the Civil Rights bill be laid aside that the Deficiency Appropriation bill might he taken up. Mr. Frklinghuysbn, (rep.) or N. J., objected. Mr. Sargent then gave notice that be would M call up the Deficiency bill at the earliest oppor tunity. RUIN FOREBODED TO THE COMMON SCHOOLS. The consideration or the Civil Rights bill way resumed, and Mr. Stockton, (dem.) or N. J., con cluded Ills argument begun yesterday. He said one of the saddest things about the bill was that gentlemen who advocated It did not see the elfecrs or it. lie had as much desire to see the condition or the colored man improved as anv one else; but denied tn&t it could be done under this bill, and would break up the whole system or com mon schools. The passage or this bill would be an act oi tyrauny similar to that which lias caused revolution alter revolution In Ireland. It would be taxing the white people ror the education or the colored race, Just as England taxed tor the sup port or an established church those or anotner talth. He had no hope of changing any man's vote by what he said, as the republican caucus had determined tins, as they do many other matters, In secret. He had heard his colleague (Mr. Fre ltnghuysen) say that the passage ol this bill was a duty, but he (Mr. Stockton) knew It was not a duty imposed upou him by the Legislature or New Jersey. Mr. Frelinohuysbn said he knew ot no party or caucus obligations to compel republican Sena ors to vote ror the bill. The whole matter was left to their individual opinions. The duty which he re. rerred to in former remarks was the duty Im posed upon him by the Judiciary Committee to re port the bill. When he entered the Senate he swore to support the constitution of the United States, which declared equality ror all, and in ad vocating this bill he was only discharging his sworn duty to sccnre equal rights to every citizen ol the United States. Mr. Howe, (rep.) of Wis., argued that the bill was constitutional. A SOUTHERN APPEAL FOR EQUALITY. Mr. Alcorn, (rep.) said so rar as his State of Mississippi was concerned It asked no legislation of CoDgress. They had a civil rights bill there and the people were able to take care of themselves. But the colored people or his State did ask that their race throughout the conntry should have equal rights with themselves. He argued that the constitution ot the United States was a ne w instrument now, the new amendment having ex alted It. He had been identified with slavery all bis lite, and was on the side ot the rebellion dar ing the war; bur. he stood here to-day to advocate the passage or this bill. The colored man. us a citizen, was liable to be called upon to protect the theatre should it be attacked by a mob, and cer tainly he should have the privilege or enjoying the entertainments there. He denied that the South ern people were prejudiced against the colored man. and said the intriguing white men were re sponsible for much or the wrong. They took the colored man, hugged him by tne neck with one hand while they felt in his pockets with the other to get what he had. it was these Intriguing white men who were robbing the South. He asked the passage of the bill, because it would give peace and quiet. He would be glad to see the word "lierealter" In the amendment of the Senator from Massachusetts (Mr. Boutwelt) stricken out, so that the bill would apply to every common school and public Institution of learning and benevolence endowed by the United States now as well as hereatter. Mr. Boutwell said he would be glad to have the bill pass as suggested by the senator, but he doubted the legality of the bill if amended as sug gested. He gave notice that be wonid modify bis amendment when In order, so as to make It' acceptable to those desiring to open to all the Institutions of learning. Mr. alcorn said he wanted the law parsed bo that tne colored man could enter Dartmouth Col lege as well as the humble schoolhouse at the loot oi the hill. Mr. Sargent, from the Conference Committee on tne Naval Appropriation bill, made a report, which was ordered to be printed and He cn the table. He gave notice that he wonid call It np to-morrow morning. He also introduced a bill tor the relief of the survivors of the Polaris. Referred to the Committee on Naval Atfairs. FINES AND PENALTIES. Mr. Frelinghuysen moved to Btrike out, in the second section of the bill, the words "less than five hundred, nor," and "less than thirty days, nor"?so it would read, "for every such offence be deemed gntltv ot a misdemeanor, and upon con viction tliereol shall be fined not more than $1,000, or shall be imprisoned not A<*e than one year." Agreed to. THE DANGERS OF CENTRALIZATION. Mr. Bogy, (dem.) ol Mo., said lie desired to discuss this subject without prejudice. He oenled the power of Congress to pass the Dili, and ?aid it would be the Inauguration or a system of legislation which would be ruinous to our republican Institutions. There was no feeling ol hatred existing between the white men of tue South and the negro, but the Southern people opposed the Idea of investing the negroes with all rights, because they were not competent to discharge all the duties of citizens. 11' In lime they should prove themselves equal to the task all rights, civil- and political, would be extended to them. They were willing that the negro should have all facilities lor education, but were not willing to have him educated In the same school with their own children. The Northern people did not want mixed schools, and the negro was not admitted to any of the great colleges of that section. There were many bills on the calendar which the statesmen of fifteen or twenty years ago would not have dared to Intro duce. He would not sneak of the motives ol the Senators Introducing them, but he thought many of them Ru Illustration of the rapid tendency to wards centralization exhibited in this body and in the uatlou. Such legislation would finally destroy the existence of the states, and soon the Ameri can .senate would be, like the Roman Senate, om nipotent in power. Mr. Pease, (rep.) or Miss., advocated the pas sage of the bill, and said he did not believe a single Southern State would abolish its school system should the bin become a law, LET THE BLACKS WIN RESPECT. Mr. Cooper, (dcm.) of Tenn., said no benefit would be coulerred upon any man by passing this bill. The black man now was entitled to all the rights ol citizenship enjoyed by the white man. Then why the necessity for this bill? He asked whence came the right to attend a theatre or to be accommodated at an inn i and argued that they were not rights or citizenship, as an alien could enjoy all these privileges tne same as a citizen. The black man should not forever be kept in ward ship this way. Let there be an mcentlve for him to achieve a position which would command the respect of every man lor htm. He would leave theoi an open way to success, and bid them GoJ speed to reach the topmost round and command respect. The whole purpose of this bill was to elevate a race by law. He tnought It unwise In the black race to put their rights in the hands or a few men. The time was when slave holding was popular, and in the change of affairs that time might come again. Then those who were once slaveholders might deprive the black race of the privileges It now enjoys. He wouid much rather trust his rights to local sell govern ment than to the Congress of the United states. The States are the pillars of the general government, the dome which covers all. Let htm beware who would strike down any of the pillars and thus destroy the whole structare I The black man ought to see that it would be better lor him to depend upon local self government than to place all In the hands of a lew men. THE DAY OF POLITICAL JrDOMENT. Mr. Saulsbcry, (dem.) of Del., said the Senate bad already been In session nine hours and the Senators were exhausted. He saw but three Sen ators on that side of the Chamber occupied by the dominant party. They were ia tne cloak room laughing, talking or perhaps taking their repose, bo far as he was concernetrne would say to them, "Sleep onl A day of Judgment was . coining when the American people would arise rrom the ajJathy now existing." It was embarrassing ror nlm to dis cuss the question at this late hour, but as a Sena tor he had-a right to be heard, and would Insist that those In the cloak room should not an noy him by their laughing. What right had Congress to enforce sociability and companionship among the races in the theatres and in tue schools t W hy was it that no provision was made lor sepa rate schools 1 It was because Congress desired to euforce that companionship, and the senator lrom Massachusetts (Mr. Boutweli) was the only consistent Senator upon that side of the Chamber, althongh, in hts (Mr. Saulbury's) opinion, the doc trines uttered by him did him no credit. The Senator from Massachusetts knew, as well as every benator upon this floor, that the bill would only affect the poorer classes of the country. Not one of those Senators would send their children to mixed schools. This bill would not only destroy the common schools of the people, but would also Injure the schools for colored people throughout the land. It did not stop with schools, but extended to the hospital and common almshouse everywhere, the great object being to eniorce companionship and asso ciation. He was sorry to say that be believed this measure originated from hostility and animosity towards tnose people with whom tbo people ol the North were lately at war, and irom a desire to conciliate the colored voters. It was a measure to bind those voters by irreversi ble norids to the repuollcan party. What would be the result of this bill? To depreciate the property of tne innkeeper and theatre proprietor. He hoped tue agitation against It would spread throughout the laud, thongh he hoped It would not reach to that, extent which could not be controlled and which would make the condition ol the col ored man worse than ever. Kather tnau see mixed schools in the btate of Delaware he would have the Legislature of, the State destroy the school system, because such schools would be to the Injury or the poor. He feared the bill would engender feelings 0/ unklndnesa toward* the colored people, and he deprecated any such result. Tills legislation would worn no Injury to the party to which he belonged; but he was gov erned by no party leeling. Ii such reeling did actuate him he would say the sooner the bill be enacted the belter, ir the party to which he t e longed should become the dominant party agalo, and he should he In the hulls ol Congress, one of the proudest acts of his llie would be to move tne repeal of this measure. A HEARTFELT APPEAL FOR ADJOURNMENT. Mr. Mkkkimon said the decree of the majority, that the senate should sit this bill out, was mon strous and insulting to the Senate. That bod* had already been In session ten and a hair hours, aud many senators were engaged an hour on commit tees this raorn'ng, yet this despotic majority, by virtue of a decree oi a caucus, uecided that it must be sat out. Such action was a virtual suppression oi iree speech. That majority said to nim, it he wanted to speak he must do It now, when be was already exhausted. lie appealed to the senate to get into a better humor, to become more Senatorial. ' and therefore, at half-past nine P. M., he moved i that the Senate adjourn. Lost?yeas 18, nays 31. A strict party vote. | Mr. Kelly, (dern.) ol Oregon, said it was no use fighting the bill. It had oeen decreed by a caucus , that It should become the law or tne land. The main point 11 this measure was the cenii allying I tendency of the general government to usurp uiid ' to take away the rights of the states, lie argued 1 at some length against ihe power of con ?rcss under the constitution to pass the HI. There was no such thing as con current Jurisdiction in criminal matters. That Jurisdiction either belonged to the State or the ; federal government. If the tederal government had a right to pass such a law as proposed In tms bill, theu all State laws as to criminal ofiences , amount to nothing. I SITTING THE BILL OCT. Mr. Frelinohuysbn said while he was out a few minutes ago tne senator from North Carolina (Mr. Mernmon) criticised with some severity tne | action of the majority in deciding to sit the bill out ' to-day. He (Mr. FreUnghuyseo) thought the Sena ! tor hardly Justidcd in so doing in view of the fact that It was at Ills own suggestion that to-day should be given to those opposed to the bill and a vote be taken at five O'clock, which agreement ban not been adhered to. Mr. Mkkkimon said he had violated no rule. What passed between himself and the senator from New Jersey (Mr. Frednghuysen) yesterday privately could not bind any Senator, as the majority here had forced htm to speak to night, although he was exhausted. He intended to proceed quietly to submit his remarks, and would take his time. He would give his iriends on the other side notice now, that alter concluding his speech the minority would see wno could sit the longest, and the majority could take the re sponsibility. (Laughter.) He then spoke of the constitutional powers of the government, but be; ore he had proceeded lar, notic ing that there were out three senators on the republican side of the Chamber, said, as the majority had compelled him to proceed with his argument to-night, he thought it as little as they could do to keep their seats ana hear what he had to say, as he had a great deal of truth wnlch he desired to pour into their minds. He saw there was no quorum present and would be glad to yield the floor to a motion to adjourn. Mr. Hansom, (deni.) of N. C., moved to adjourn, and tho Chair (Mr. Stewart) decided the motion lost. Several voices on the democratic side?"The yeas have it." Mr. Merrimon having taken his seat, Mr. Conk ling called lor the question ou the bill. Mr. Merrimon?Mr. President, I think I have the floor; but, as 1 said beiure, I very much desire the Senators to hear me. Mr. Hamlin?Well, Mr. President, when a Sena tor gets through he sits down. Mr. Merrimon?Well, 1 don't want to speak to empty seats. Mr. Hamlin?I am airaid yon will not find mnch else to speak to to-night. Mr. merrimon?l want to speak to the Senator flrom Maine (Mr. Hamlin). Mr. Conkling (who occupied a seat at tne Clerk's desk)?1 suggest to the Senator that ii he wants to speak to the Senator trorn Maine that he retire to tae Cloak Kooin, as that senator has oeen spend ing the evening there. (Laughter.) Mr. Merrimon?I equally desire to speak to the n k, Mr ~ Senator from New York, Mr. Conkling, and have no right to speak in the CI ak Room. Mr. Conkling?1 have been here all the evening. A SLEEPY SENATE. Mr. Merrimon resumed bis argument. Alter speaking fltteen minutes in regard to the lorma tlon of the constitution, and noticing but lew Senators present, he said he believed the Senate bad gono to sleep agaiD. Mr. Kelly moved that the Senate proceed to the consideration of executive business. Lost. (Criesof "Question 1" "Question!") from the re publican side.) The Chair (Mr. Carpenter) announced that the question was upon the motion of Mr. Thurman, (dem.) of Ohio, to strike out the second section of the bill. Mr. Mbrrimon said he would only yield the floor for a motion tor executive session. Mr. Kdmunds, (rep.) oi Vt., demanded the read ing of the lourtu rule, which foroids any Senator speaking twice on the same subject. It having been read, the Chair decided that Mr. Merrimon conld not proceed. Mr. Mkkkimon inquired U that was the practice or ine :-enate. The chair?The practice or the Senate tn the daytime, when senators are In good humor, Is to let thlogs run looso; but after ten o'clock it is to enforce the rules more ncrldly. Mr. Merrimon then moved a verbal amendment and was about to proceed with his speech, out the Chair ruled that it was all the same debate, and said that the senator bad already spoken twice. i>,r. Edmunds moved that the Senator irom North Carolina (Mr. Merrlmon) have ieave to continue his remarks. Agreed to. Mr. merrimon then resumed his argument at twenty minutes beiore twelve o'clock, mere being about twelve Senators present. Mr. Hamilton, (dem.) or Md? arose to a question of order, stating that there was not a quorum present. The Chair (Mr. Boreman) overruled the point or order, upon tne grounu that it could not be made while a Senator was speaking. SOLEMN JUDGMENT OP THE QUESTION. Mr. Merrimon resumed, and said he was not speaking lor buncombe, but to aid la the solemn judgment or this question. If becuuld not be heard here he could be heard by the Amer.cau people, and he would appeal to that high tribunal. [At this moment, while Mr. Merrlmon Is speak ing, there is still no immediate prospect of adjournment and the devoted twelve Sena tors, with doleful and sleepy looks, but with a marked expression of fortitude which might la time or more tragic trial be almost termed heroic. Bit firmly In their senatorial seats. The majority shrink lrom the shame of not fulfilling their boasted purpose of "sitting the bill out." and the minority, with still greater devotion, sluce they are without hope ol success in supporting a principle?will be lnliy heard before the question comes to a vote. Morning may*arrive ere the debute is over.] , HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Washington, May 22, 1874. Mr. Conger, (rep.) of Mich, from the Committee on Patents, reporied a bill allowing application for a patent to be made by Thomas and William 8. Winans for certain improvements in the con struction or steam vessels. Mr. Saylkr, (rep.) of ind., a member ol the com mittee, addressed the House in advocacy of the bill. The bill was then passed. Mr. sluss, (dem.) of Ala., from the same com mittee, reported a bill authorizing the Commis sioner of Patents to receive and determine the application of Rollln White for the renewal of nls patents lor Improvement in firearms. The morning hoar having expired the bill went over until next Friday. APPROPRIATION FOR WAR CLAIM8. Mr. Lawrence, (rep.) of Ohio, irom the Com mittee on War Claims, reported a bill making ap propriations lor the payment of Claims reported "allowed" by the Commissioners of claims under the act or Marcii 3. 1871. He stated that the bill allowed over l,ooo different claims, aggregating $076,274. lie moved to strike out of tne bill the item ol $45,101 to William Bailey, or Rapides parish, Louisiana, for cotton taken and destroyed. He argued that the prools were against Bailey's loyalty, he having sold cotton to tUe confederates in the early part ol the war. Mr. Hazelton, (rep.) of Wis., another member of the committee, opposed the motion and claimed that the evidence was in lavor 0. the geuuine loyalty or Mr. Bailey. . Tne motion was also opposed by two other mem bers of the committee (Mr. Kellogg, (rep.) of Conn., aud Mr. Harris, (dem.) ot Ya.), and was advocated by Mr. Lawreuce. Finally the vote was taken and tbe House re fused to strike out the item. On motion of Mr. Sixer, (icp.) or Va., an Item or $4;>o was inserted lor the trustees or the Manatsas public school. Trie bill was then passed and the House went Into Committee on the Private Calendar, Mr. Uos kins, (rep.) of New York, in the chair. The total number 01 bills passed, exclusive of the bill to pav Southern claims, was iorty-seven. The Honse then, at five o'clock, adjourned. WASHINGTON WHITTLINGS. Chips of Political Wisdom?The Currency (Question and the Day of Adjournment? The Floods In $ the Southwest-New Mexico?The Coming Elections. Washington, May 21, 1874. The great event at the ft bite Oonse having passed off under the most favorable auspices, and the "happy pair," favored by bright skies and a cool and pleasant nor'wester and by the blessings of toe "Great Republic" and tbe "Three Kingdoms," hav ing left us via Newport lor "the fast-anchored island," affairi In Washington have settled down 1 to tbe dull routine of evexyda? affairs and to the 1 cloning up, as lar as possible, or the unfinished business of the session. . TUB CURRENCY QUK8TIO.V. The two houses, by decisive majorities, having agreed upon the 22d of June as the day of the Dual adjournment of the session, a large amount ol un. finished business. Including some measures ol the first Importance, will necessarily go over to the next session, which meets on the first Monday in December. Hopes are still entertained of a com promise bill on tne currency question; but the chances are heavily in favor of the opinion that at the end of the session the laws In relation to the currency, the national banks, greenbacks, bonds, Ac., will be exactly as they were on the first Monday in December last. The same opinion will hold good in relation to Oil TARIFF AND INTERNAL RETINUE TAXES. On these questions, as on the cnrreucy, between the East and the West and south, and between protectionists and tree traders, tne differences In tbe conflicting Interests, sections and parties are so wide as to admit apparently of no half-way ground of compromise. Having been re trenching In every way and In everything, having cut down the army and the navy to starvation rations, having carried their "cheese paring and candle end" policy of economy to a reduction of tbe poor salaries ol the hair tarnished clerks ol tbe executive departments who are retained, and to the dismissal of a large number, and all to av< iJ Increased taxation, the two houses are not in toe mood for an increase of tne taxes. Internal or ex ternal, in any shape, unless as au equivalent for a little more currency, as a last resort. THE FLOODS OF THE SOUTHWEST, cniefly from the overflows of the Mississippi at various poiDts, nave resulted iu sucn widespread desolation among the suffering people that 90,000 rations lor 90,000 people, and lor ninety days, It is estimated will be required to save a consider able number 01 those suffering people troin death Dy exposure and starvation, in addition, there : fore, to tbe appropriations made for their imme diate relief, an appropriation of $250,000 will be asked lor in their behali; and, under every con 1 stdcr&tion of humanity and sound public policy, the appropriation should be made. NEW MEXICO AS THE THIRTY-EIGHTH STATE. Tbe bill for the admission of New Mexico as a State into the sisterhood or the United states was under consideration in the House yesterday. New Mexico, of all our present Territories, can show tne required population lor a state, and she has given the government less trouble than almost any other Territory. By the treaty with Mexico of Qnadalupe Hidalgo we are under the most solemu obligations-to advance this Territory to i the dignities of a State at the earliest practicable opportunity; but, best of all, as a loyal, indus trious, law-abiding people, these people of New Mexico irom the war of 184&-7, when they were sworu in as citizens of tbe United States by Gen i eral Kearney, a townrul at a time, down to this | dav. have proved themselves fully qualified lor the ' duties aud responsibilities ol sell government. COMINO ELECTIONS FOR CONOBKSS. The administration has been flattered with the Idea that the elections of tne coming summer and autumn for the next congress will show that the administration, as the embodiment of the republi ! can party, holds Its ground with the people of all sections. -There are men, however, among the prophets here who predict an opposition majority in the next House 01 Representatives, and calefly irom the South and West. Ana these prophets say that you will see the turning 01 the tide in North Carolina in August. the District investigation. Money Paid to a Member of the Board oS Public Works to Vote for a Con tract-Document. Signed Unexamined? Complicated Bookkeeping. ' Washington, May 22, 1874. The District Investigating Committee examined several witnesses to-day. Treasurer Magruder was first called with refer ence to his system of keeping accounts. His ex planatlons were not satisfactory, and he was given ! further time to consult vouchers In his office with reference to payments made by nim by checks. R. H. Rmebart, a former chief clerk of the lower house of the District Legislature, testified that ,?.rD wue Interested with him in a contract, paid 8. p. Brown, who was at the time a. member of the Board of Public Works monr.f winch was understood to have been iriven n^r thP,Rnop^''Uience 40 Putting the contract through the Board; also that the contract provided tnat market at & rate 111 advance of the Artnur Shepherd testified that he never re ceived any money on account or contracts. In the afternoon Adolf Cluss. the enirlneer by MrerMattebkvarrfeWw 8h^rply cross-examined .W' He was 'creed to admit Ids ?lunature to many documents whlcn lu his pre 7'?Uo9'?e""m0ny be had denied signing. He said toe Board would murder the reputation of aide 88 much as Blue Beard had bis wives ? he signed many oi the tables in the report of the' Board for 1873 more irom official courtesy than mDv?n hLel!e; wlien t0e Governor's answer was inr ^ the 8ame being prepared for be Investigating Committee, lie rei used to sign it, aud it was sent to the committee without his signature; he said many papers wero brought to him lu an offhand way, an^e signed them as brought to him as "a mere officer's routine; he knew that the main sewerage system did not cost as much altogether as the amount? asked to be paid on this account by the United Mates; all that he testified to in his direct exam ination be meant in the spirit if not in the word?" the gist of what ne said was true; he thought the system of the Board with reference to keepinir accounts was so complicated tnat no direct re ?ponslblllty could be put on anyone; he signed vouchers also as a mere clerical routing* ho be lieved the blanks used by the Board were im ported irom New Vork. He was asked the direct question If he knew nt or fraud on the part of the Board or Public works, to whlcn he replied that he know neglect* bUt be Uld know ????"?? ??o? Mr. Class will be recalled to-morrow. FOREIGN TRADE. Diminished Export, from Great Britain to the United State*. Washington, May 22, 1874. The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics furnishes the following statement :-Exports of the follow ing articles for the lour months ended April 30 1874, compared with the corresponding period of l*rlnctpal Articles. I873. 1R,. Beer and ale, value ?87,683 ?78 hit Copper ingots, cwt 42,305 Cotton, piece goods, yaids..67,440,i39 64 993 ?6o Earthen aud china ware, value ?258,083 ?192 838 Iron, pig, tons 41 oa4 Haberdashery and mini- 19.605 nery, value ?764,334 ?849791 Hardware aud cutlery, *049,791 value..... ?307,441 411 Iron, bar, tons 16 601 1 523 Iron, railroad, tons 81.595 iron hoops, sheets, Ac.. 42'348 tODS O AD] 1 I Old, for remanuiacture, ' ' Steel, tin wrought) tons.'!!!.' i'4u Lead, pig, rolled aud sheet. tons 1.647 a An Linen, piece goods, yards. .47,319,127 44 663 400 issr&ar-o vn.t. ?"'?? i Saltfrock and whVte,''tons' Silk ribbons, value ! u\m7 ?1m??2 Silk, articles of. with other ?18,518 materials, value ?44 Ma Spirits. Britisn and Irish, ?27,228 ??? Woollen cloths, yaros .' 3,0.^0.(2 2 4.U740 ! XZZW T*rus 3?K carpets, yards 2.472,667 1,926,040 I TRAGIC 8UIQIDB IN HOBQIEH. About five o'clock yesterday afternoon much ex- I cltement was created In Hobokon by the report i tnat a well knowu young German named Her- ? mann Oudevilie had shot hlmseir in the Elyslan Fields. The rumor proved true. Qudevtlie usually of a pleasant disposition, repaired to the fields shortly alter four o'clock, wrote on a slip f 01 paper "Take me to No. 140 Hudson street," and I then, within sight of several pers.ns, shot him- 1 sell with a revolver. The bullet entored above I the ht'irt, and he Jell, shrieking, "I'm dying l I'm dying!" some of the h?ii players rushed oyer to Ins aid; physic ais* were summoned, and he was carried t>v nm in'whiehhe luC at,ove mentioned house, .7 . J boarded. He sunk gradually towardi midnight, and it was thought Improbable that he ! would recover. He came Horn Bremen a year ago where his pother, a wealthy lady, still lives, hi. uncle procured him a position iu a New Vork bank ing house, and there he is said to have given full satisfaction, lhe cause of his rash act is not 1 *nJ?.7n' .bnt J8 supposed to be either love or ne- I n 1 f>U mirr?,"nil6S' Aru>r the shootlI>& be wished to 1 ? subsequently Implored the doctors to ' io.ee his mother.6 "* '? 8aTe Ula lllc-140(1 a8keJ J STATE CONSTABULARY ABOLISHED. j Boston, May 22. 1874. The bill abolishing the State Constabulary finally passed the House to-day, to take effect imme diately upon Its passage. It will probably go to th. Governor ou Monday, THE OEEAT DISASTER. Til* Bitlmfttad Number of Vict I in ???Con tribution! fbr the Relief of Sufferer*? Remotil of the Debris. Sprinukibld, Mass., May 22,1874. Careful Investigations by reporters of the Spring* field Repub'iean make the total number of victims by the Mill River disaster of last Saturday 138, of whom 57 lived In Williamsburg, 4 In bkinnersvllle, 28 in Haydensville and 51 In Leeds. Or these the bodies or ah but 14 have been recovered and i Identified, and the work or searching lor the dead has been practically given up, as It Is believed that most ol the remaining bodies were swept out into the Connecticut, where one has already been seen, ! though not recovered. TnK HELIBF FUND. To-day's reported contributions to the relief fund swell the total to about $85,000, of which $18,413 has actually been receive! by the central commKtee at Northampton. The relief commit tee report about 160 families, composed of about 700 people, utterly destitute, and think that the exigencies of the case demand $100,ooo. PREPARATIONS PUR REBUILDING. The work of clearing up the ddbrls and prepar ing for rebuilding la being actively prosecuted and tbe restoration of the desolated villages Is already assured. AN IMTSSTIOATtON OP THE DISASTER. The AepuMfcan of to-morrow announces that tbe American Society or Civil Engineers of New York has appolnte! a committee, consisting of J. B. Francis, of Lowell; General Theodore (1. Ellis, of Hartford; William E. Northern of Pittsburg, and E. C. Davis, or Northampton, to Investigate the disaster and report to tbe society. Report of a Relief Committee. Boston, May 22, 1874. The Mill River Committee appointed by the I Mayor returned rrom the scene of the disaster to day, ana state that the needs of the devastated 1 district have not been magulfied by general re port. The Connecticut Legislature at the Scene of Disaster. Nbw Havsn, conn., May 22, 1874. In response to an Invitation given by the oillcers I of the New Haven and Northampton Railroad the i members of the Connectlcnt Legislature visited by 1 special train to-day the Mill River valley and in J spected cue ruins there. Cheney and Graves, of Mill River. [From the Boston Globe.] Northampton, Mass, May 20,1874. I am abont to dethrone a hero, or a pair of heroes. People In this vicinity are beginning to be very much amused and a little disgusted with the way in which two heroes have been created for them?namely, Cheney, the gatekeetier at the reservoir, and the milkman, Collin Graves, and somebody mast speak for them. The newspaper reading public In general believes at this moment that in comparison with these two men Kevere and Sheridan sink into Insignificance; but the people of this valley, who know the true state of the case, regard the two "heroes" in a lar difler ent way. In chanting their praises and telling their deeds or valor, correspondents here have racked their brains In the endeavor to place words in such positions that they may constitute | fine writing, and at home, In the editorial oifices, | gentlemen of the quill have "dropped luto poetry." I In the course 01 bis Journeyiutrs up ana down stream since Saturday, your correspondent has seen and conversed with many persous, irom some : 01 whom he has received iniormatiou which could j not be doubted. These statements coutained ; certain (acts which go to show that the two meu 1 In question were far from being heroes, me | poetry winch celebrated their deeds was lire- 1 proachable, but surely poetic license will not justify or make true that which is not true. It is 1 an ugly task to prick this bright bubolc at which ; tue public has been gazing with admiring eyes, but ! It must be done for the blessed sake ol truth I I Now, here is the true story of "The Ride":? On the morning of the awful.break George Cheney, the gatekeeper, saw little streams of water spurting irom ' the down side of the dain. At this he became irtghteucd, ! and, alter a little hesitation, he saddled his horse and rode as hard as he could down to Williamsburg. Instead ot warning the people immediately, and so giving them a 1 chance for their lives, he went, with a sort of auimal in suuet, to seek his employer, Mr. u. G. Spellman, at his residence. Many persons say that Cneney was closeted j with Mr. Spellman tor lully tirtcen minutes, but to this 1 assertion the latter returns a distinct dental. He says : that as soon as Cheney told him what was going on at the reservoir he bade nim go on dowu to the oilier vil lages anj give the alarm; that Cheney replied.that hj^ horse could not carry him another step; that then Spellman ordered him to go and ring the factory bell, and that, before they could get to the fac.ory door, i they beard the water coming down with a rush, aud knew that it was too late. Hut there is auother story I going the rounds here, for which he came near being I mobbed Monday night, as stated in these de spatches yesterday, aud that is, that he de ; tamed Cheney for a quarter of an hour. This I story goes that Cheney told Mr. Spellinau that thefe . was something the matter with the dam, but that Mr. j Spellman, disbelieving what he said, was unwilling to 1 excite the apprehension of the people and thus bring the dam Into bad repute, detained the man until the roar of the water was beard, and, though convinced then that the danger was imminent, it was too late to do auy j thing because the wave was upon the village. 1 Now, when vour correspondent was In Williamsburg ! yesterday, he conversed with a man who keeps a shop ; near Mr. Spellman's house. This man?a right honor 1 able one?said that he did not see Cheney ride up to Mr. I Spellman's house, so that he was unable to say how long . he remained , but, happening to look out. he saw the horse standing at Mr. spellman's doors, aud recognized it as ( henev's. His curiosity was aroused. In a short 1 time Cheney cauie out of the house and rushed to a ! livery stable across the street He begun to hammer at 1 ! the door, but no otic came, as the keeper of-thc stable had not arrived Cheney then ran to the keeper's house, which was next door, and stated what had happened. 1 The stable man Immediately gave him the key of the 1 stable and told him to take any horse he could lay his hands on. Chcner went to tne stable: but. mean ; while, your correspondent's Informant had found out what tne trouble was. and had run otf in the direction of haydonsville. After going a snort distance he met a milk wagon and a joo wagon coming towards Williams burg. The former was driven by Collin Graves and the latter by a young fellow by the name of Hay. He told them hurriedly what had happened, and urged them to turn around and go down the valley to warn the people of their danger, both nesitated somewhat, seemingly not (relieving that tnerc was anything the matter, and ap parently unwilling, whetner there was or njt, to incom mode themselves. In a minute or two, however, the noise ot the approaching water was heard, and then both turned arouud their teams aud started, in sheer triuht. on the run towards Haydensviile. Vour corre spondent's informant stated that he returned towards his snop then, and when he reached the stable- he saw Cheney leading out a horse, but, helore he could mount. It became evident that any attempt to reach the vil lages below would be useless. I'oor Cheney is noi over bright One of the most prominent men of Williamsburg told your correspondent that he regarded Cheney as tin extremely weak minded man. and lurtber stated that he ottered hlmnelt to Mr. bpeilman lor anv money that the corporation mlglu sec fit to give him, and as that was the kind of man wanted, h's offer w as accepted. .00. the gatekeeper and milkman are not such heroes alter all, as they have been repre sented to be. and what is to be done after t^is with the cords of unfinished poetry ubout "the ride" Is oue of the puzzles 01 the hour. AID FOR THE MILL RTVEE SUFFEREB8< New York, May 22, 1874. To the Editor of the Herald :? We have received to-day, In aid of the Mas* sachusetts sufferers, $847, all of whicn was sent in to us without solicitation. Details below:? Reported In this morning's papers $10,083 18 H. Clark 25 00 Jonathan dturges * Km uo A. K. vvniting A Brother 100 0) Theodore Martine 00 00 Huinuel Hutchinson Ad 00 H. J. Llbbv A Co 50 10 E.Morrison 25 00. Cash *00 Charles H. Russell 11KJ 00 'Helnemai. Payson A Morgan 100 00 Clerks and others In Continental Life Insurance Company, by A. Child s 80 00 Bergen *> 00 Anonymous 10 ,0 M. K. Church, Newtown, L. I 10 00 John C.'tlreen ltX> 00 Botd, Vincent A Co *3 01 Total ?lO.Md 18 Very truly yours, C. h. A F. D. BLARE. Nos. 79 ana 81 Worth street. Help from the Silk Trade. New York, May 22, 1874. To the Editor of the Herald:? The following contributions have been received by me, In addition to those heretofore Reported in the Herald,' for the relief or the silk operatives rendered destitute by the recent disaster at Mill River, Mass.:? ? A. L. Mowry $f0 " I, Confti * * * ~ Arnolds Oonltable k Oo ftO Altkou, son A Co 23 Louis Franks 23 John Dunlop IB 1'rstt Brothers 23 Thomas N. bale 10 Cash 23 M. W? w" Previously acknowledged Grand total $2,427 FRANKLIN ALLEX, Secretary. SUE Association of America, No. 93 Duane street. A VERDICT SET ABIDE. Portland, Me., May 22, 1874. The verdict of guilty of manslaughter in the caae ol Thomas A. Pike, who was charged with killing his wile by throwing her on a sola while she waa drunk, is to be set aside owing to irregularity in the manner of obtaining the verdict. Judge Sy monds ordered the verdict.set aside and a new trial will begin at once. THE VIUTE HOUSE 1PTIJLS The Bridal Party at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The Arrival of President and Mrs. Grant. The Departure in the Baltic To-Day. The short sojourn of Mr. and Mr*. Sartorls In the metropolis ha* been marked by few incident*. The same dignified seclusion which characterized the ceremony in the White House was maintained by the newly wedded pair yesterday. They re ceived but few visitors, and those late In ttM afternoon. The advent of the President and Mrs. Grant, with a party of personal friends of the bride, was the important incident of the day. They arrived about five o'clock. The entire party, consisting ol the President and Mrs. Grant, Mr. and Mrs. Sartoris and heir friends lrom Washing ton, took dinner at the residence or Alexander T. Stewart, alter which ail returned to their hoteL The assertion may be safely ventured that, of all the vast throng ol humanity which from morning till midnight or yesterday travelled to and fro on the great thoroughfares which intersect at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, there was not one who did not mentally recall the fact that this handsome building was the temporary abode of the young persona who played the important rOlea in the White House wedding. There were none who did not teel kindly disposed toward Mr. Sartorls and his bride, and very few who wonld not have hastened to congratulate him, had occasion and propriety permitted. Inside the hotel the presence of the bridal party conld not have been guessed. The corridors were even less thronged than usual during the early part of the day. The hotel register bore the simple record? Mr. and Mrs. Sartoris, F. 1). Grant. The guesta of the house lingered over their coflee, discussing the future of the young lady who to-day leaves her home in America to become the mistress of a great landed estate in Old England. The young ladies at the hotel kept watch and guara in the parlor la the forlorn hope that they might mere catch a glimpse of the bride. Like the school girls la the opening scene in Kobertson's charming conmdy, "School," each was, doubtless, thinking how "nice" it must be to be married in the Presidential man sion and have so many "sweet" dresses. The hopes of each and all were alike unfruitful, for neither bride nor groom were visible during the forenoon. Breakfast was served In the private parlor of Mr. and Mrs. Sartorls, at which the brother of the bilde, Mr. F. D. Grant, was the only guest. Colonel Grant appeared In the lobby of the hotel about eleven o'clock. The clerk at the desk was early authorized to say to all visitors that Mr. anti Mrs. Sartoris were "not at home." All cards were received, however, and sent np stairs. It was rumored in the corridor about noon that the bridal party had gone out riding, bnt this was promptly denied by the gentlemanly clerk. Several personal friends were received early in the afternoon. Mr. Sartorls came down stalls about two o'clock, in company with his brother-in-law, and received the congratulations of several gentlemen who had known him in Washington. He is of medium height, rather heavy set, and looks the very pic ture of a "jolly good fellow." Every bystander who had previously been thinking what a lucky tellow Mr. Sartoris was to marry a President's daughter, now added a mental congratulation to the bride for securing such a good looking hus i band. THE ARRIVAL OP THE PRESIDENT. The coming of the President and family had be* come known, and long before five o'clock the grand entrance was crowded with people, and every window in the parlors had its oconpant, all watting to witness the arrival. At a few min ntes past that hoar several carriages drove np to the ladles' entrance on Broadway, and. the follow ing guests were received by Mr. S$rtoris and Colonel Grant:?The President, Mrs. Grant, Mrs. Cresswell, Miss Barnes, Miss Dent, Mr. and Mrs. Reiss, Mrs. Allen, Miss Drexel, U. S. Grant, Jr., Jesse R. Grant, General C. W. Larned, 0. E. Bab cock and Mr. Elliott. The members of the party were conducted directly to the suits of apart ments awaiting them. The elegant suit occupied by the bridal party was shortly after the scene ol a very happy reception. Among those who called to see the President and his friends were Thomas Murphy. Esq., Gen eral Horace Porter, General Sharpe, Cmted States Marshal; John I. Davenport, United States Com missioner; General Chester A. Arthur, Collector of the Port, and A. T. Stewart, Esq. TUB FARBWELL SCENE TO-DAT. It was not definitely known at the Custom Bouse yesterday evening, in the Collector's office, If Pres ident Grant will go down the Bay this morning to accompany the newly married pair on board the Baltic as far as Sandy Hook, but It la believed that tbe revenue cutter Grant will be placed at his dis posal and that a few relatives and friends wtl' avail themselves of this opportunity to take tbe last view of the happy couple. It was renorted that the arrangements for this matter were in the hands of General Sbarpe, and that the President's decision will not be made known until this morning. ARKANSAS. Resolution of Thanks to President Grant?A Murderer Respited?'Destruc tive Fire. Little Rock, May 22,1874. The House to-day, by a vote or 47 to 7, passed s resolution or thanks to President Grant for his action In the Arkansas trouble. The Governor has respited Caas Mattock, who was sentenced to be hanged on Thursday next. A Are at Forrest City to-day destroyed abont one-fourth of the place. The loss is estimated at $40,000. ? 30PTH CAROLINA. Sale of Property for Ifon-Payment of Taxes?County . Commissioners Im prisoned. Charleston, May 22,1874. The sale of the property of delinquent tax payers of Charleston county was concluded to-day. Twenty-nine hundred pieces of real estate In the county have been forieited to tbe State for want of bidders. The County Commissioners of Barnwell connty were arrested and lodged In Jail yesterday upon an Indictment for malfeasance in office. FELONIOUS ASSAULT. At a late hour last night James Slawla, % laborer, residing at No. 346 Second street, Will iamsburg, returned home under the influence of liquor and commenced to quarrel with his wife. Becoming enraged at tbe interference of his son James, a 'young man of eighteen, who took the part of bis mother, Slavtn picked up a heavy atone pitcher and struck him a murderous blow on tna bead, cutting a inghitul gash. Officer Kennedy, | of the Filth precinct tpolice, was caned in and < arrested Mavtn anu lofcaed mm up in the Fourth i atreet station house. The wounded bov was at* 1 tended try a physician, who says his injuries art 1 not of a serious nature. FIRE IN CANAL STREET. A Are occurred last evening on the Arfct floor of he lour atory brick building No- 488 Canal street, coupled by Predorlck Oroot ss s hotel, that aused a damage of 14,000; to the furniture $8,000 ind to the building abont the same amount. The louse is the property of Henry Bartley and was nsured in the Pacific Insurance Company for 13.000. The Are extended to No. 471 Greenwich [tree t a three story frame, occupied oy James iewall as a dwelling. Damage to mrniture, $200; nsured lor |3,ooo in the Pacific. Tbe dre la rap* v.sed to nave been caused by a waiter dropping a natch near a barrel of kerosene. Fire Marsha; Ueidon has ordered an investigation.