OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 09, 1874, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1874-06-09/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 4

SARATOGA REGATTA.
Tn'noGton Collage Earnestly at Work for
the Great Event
The University and Fresh
man Crews.
princbtok, Jane 7. line.
Whether e men ceres for rowing or not the
spectacle of six well made fellows stepping
forward from the boat boose bearing in
their arms a long narrow shell, polished to
the smoothness of glass, and, as the word la
Clven, dashing off on a practice poll of five or alx
is eoongn to amply repay him for a trip from
yew York to this deughtrnl village. Merely aa a
spectacle It Is pleasant, bat when yoa add the
Knowledge that these six fresh, blooming yoang
men are the chosen ones of tbetr Alma Mater,
from out of 417 students, to represent ner
lor the first tune In tbe great tnter-collegl
ste struggle, and lrom whom she ex
pects good tidings in the battle of skill
and endurance with tbe finest oarsmen of oar
Amertoaa universities tbe sight beoomes
peculiar, and Is likely to make a deep Im
pression and frequently come uppermost in
the memory. Yesterday I tons saw the Prince
ton crew who will be on Lake Saratoga to
repreaent the institution in the University race
soon to take place. Taking the men all together
they are, collectively or individually, a good lot as
far as physiqne and education go, and will no
doabt one day, when they have gone from tbe
portals of old Princeton, and when boat races and
regatta victories and college scrapes have no ex
istenoe excepting as misty remembrances, mace
llieir mark in wnatever pursuit they embark in the
busy life of the great world; but the all-engroastng
theme of details I leave for the present to wnte a
word of the history of
ROWING XT PBINCirON.
Kighteen years alter the first boat race took
place between the representatives of Ya e and
Harvard?that is, in 1?70, and perhaps without
much laith in the success of the effort?boating was
first discussed in the classio halls of this college.
At that time a company of eight of her most ath
letic students met in vVest College In response to an
invitation, and considered the leasibility of organ
izing a navy among th?m, despite the apparent
disadvantages which existed. A general laogh
went around the gathering, and three of those
"physical flowers" of the university immediately
withdrew. The five others remained, and to this
Utile coterie Princeton owes her present position
in tbe pastime of boating and the dignity of aspir
ing to become tbe champion university In due
time. As evidence that these young men had stout
hearts and unwavering nerve, they put their
hands deep into their pockets and at once pur
chased what was then called two "slx-oared gigsj
but the name was a misnomer, as the boats were
respectable imitations of josh's ark, and about as
appropriate; in which they could learn nothing
but a vitiated style, that would require thorough
change beiore the beginners could be formed in
the right mould. The history of one of these
boats is a short one. It was launched on the
canal and manned by six enthusiastic oarsmen, 1
who, after loo yards of the most ridiculous exuibl- i
tlon of rowing, were compelled to swim ashore, j
the leaky old craft having filled and gone to the
bottom. "Toe result of this first attempt
to establish rowing as a general recreation among
the students," wrote a graduate of class '72, "was
tor the next few days the pet subject of ridicule,
and formed the theme of gossip among the prin
cipal societies and clubs." But tbe five students
were not cast down by this failure, and not for
an Instant did they abandon the undertaking or
lalterlu the prosecution oi the good work. On
the contrary, they persevered all the more, and
tbe second boat proving to be a little better than
tile out coffin that went under, the crew tn a short
time learned to reather an oar quite well,
sit in tne boat fairly and judiciously expend their
strength on the stroke. All this time, be It re
mem be red, the students of Princeton, like the
young Greeks of old at the college or which Plato
was **prex," and some hard-headed and hard
fisted old Greek was proctor, they had their games,
and, in order to make any kind or a creditable
exhibition when they took place, were obliged to
do considerable training in their gymnasium, and
the good time the gay young men had in running
and leaping gave them a muscular development
which well fitted them to become tolerably pro
ficient tn me uae 01 the oar.
Two years tbey continued to improve their
physical standard and advance In the art oi row
ing, when, tn 187*4 the leaders of the pastime lelt
thai, in their practice, they were sufficiently de
veloped to row in public, and, obtaining the co
operation of their leilow-students, pnrcnased a
lour-oared shell, selected their crew and went into
training after entering lor toe Schuylkill Navy Re
gatta, then open to all amateura faithfully the
crew took their practice polls, and so quietly did
uey arrive in Philadelphia, so young were the
men and so slight seemed their chances of success,
the speculative gentlemen, who are always on
hand and will venture a lew crisp green
back on the issue of any aquatic struggle,
entirely lorgot their existence and left them
out of their wagers. The Princeton ooyssurprised
them. The crew did so well and snowed so
much pluck throughout the contest that Josh.
Ward gave them unstinted praise lor the lorm in
which the; presented themselves and toe manner
in which tney pulled to the flulsii. Though beateu, 1
toe de eat proved the stepping stone to lutnre snc
cess. The Association steadily increased in num
bers, new boais w.re purchased, until rowing |
was firmly established as oue oi the sports oi
Princeton, and roan; or the older games were j
thrown aside as quite humbugs in comparison.
THE BOAT HOL'SXS.
The first boat honse of the young oarsmen was :
an old wagon stied roil; hail a mile iroro the barn, I
and though the journey to and iru from tne canal >
was up and down a precipitous bill, tue |
awkward and clumsy old crait they then
owned was duly carried on tbelr backs to
the coarse, and when desired placed at the service I
of their fellow studeuts. At last the strength ol 1
the organization and the ronds tarnished by the
members enabled tnem to build a house of their I
own in winch to store their property, and ttfls
done the; had reached a result infinitely greater
than the most sanguine of the original founders
had hoped to secure without years of weary labor.
The success of the rowing association was now a
foregone conclusion, and tne more expert oarsmen
ventured to Hit their aquatic heads still higher and
carefully scrutinize the amateur world. The nar
row confines oi this curious old village might i
have been large enough iu the earlier days of row
ing among them to exhibit what skill tbey pos
seased, bat now, precisely as It and their pnysical
strength were developed, they must compare
toem with tne oars of those colleges who for
twenti^ears or more have aunuailv struggled for 1
aquatic prowess. And so tbey determined that I
PRINCETON -UCH'I.P NO LONUER
be without representative crews in the annual '
Intercollegiate regatta. To euable them to suc
cessfully carry out this wise resolve, and have
accommodations sufficiently roomy for the better
preservation oi their boats and for training pur
poses, the association began instituting inquiries
as ro the probable cost of more extended quarters,
and seriously considered the project of beginning
a new structure upon tbelr own responsibility;
and then if no aid could be procured iroin the
athletic-loving alumni, to pay for It themselves,
burn gnt always demands a favorable response.
But a iriend in an unexpected quarter arose, and
one evening tne young men were delighted to oe
oome the recipients of h check for $4000
Irom Mr. Robert Bonner, who for h long
time bad been looked upon as their athletic
Mtroh saint, inasmuch as he, in conjunction
with Mr. Marquund bad erected the gymnasium
attnchad to the college, and which, by the way, is
one of the finest in all its appointments In the
country. Tt.e happiness of the boating men was
now oomplete. Their good luck almost turned
their heads and lor a time learned dissertations
and disquisitions were forgotten; but to their in
tellootoal pursuits the; soon returned, when irom
morning nntil night most of their time wss taken
up between the college and the new boat house
project. In good season ground was broken, the
strnctare commenced snd finisued, so to-day rhere
Is not a more eommodious, better finished or more
appropriate ooathouse ownen by any 01 the college
crows Man Is this 01 tne Princetons. It is delight
fully sitnsted on the banks ot the Delaware and
Karttaa canal, abont one mile from the coi
lego, and to approached from the village
by a road shaded perpetually at tills season with
noarlly lotlsged trees on either side, toe nouse anu
the course are just the right distance from the coi
legs grounds; and wnatever the neat of the day the
road to the canal is dellciousiy cool. The struc
ture It TO reel uy 38 teet, with adjustable racks in
the centre and along both sides, afTbrding storage
accommodation .or twelve or lourteen boats if
necessary. At one end ol the budding Is a very
nets dressing room, nicely fitted with lockers,
and, adjoining, a washroom, with handsome marble
atands and ail other required fittings, making a
structure second to none in tne country, so tar
as completeness and conveniences are concerned.
Alt this done by tue determination of live youug
?dsd who, b; breaking away trout old College cu
f juii, nave won lor themselves a grateml and an
ktnflribli NBtBMutM Inn Princeton now and
for ail ume to come. And tron this nandfiiiof
lads the roving association now l"?iu2SiL^he?r
undergraduates. and worn nto**J?J2- l^wr VtteU
uroDertr baa increased to one six-oared paper sneii
40 loot oy 10 inchea; one "
SlSi'. iS55?SrS"> -m? ???a ?
^Tne^fflcem or the Prlnooton Roving Association
are aa follows :-?resldeat, Alton Marquaud. 74,
of Hew York; Vice President, Wrn. L. Kiddle, 74.
of PhUadelphlA; Secretary, Fred. A. Miuquand,
'76, of New York; Treasurer, Wo. A. Butler, Jr.,
of Yonkera, H. Y.
riUNOBTON*S morioi OOUR81
is upon tne Delaware and Ban can Canal, one
mltofroDO the college buddings, and 1 do not
Know of manr more desirable courses tor tbe pur
pose required, To the occasional visitor It eeem*
narrow and poorly adapted to training, but a
slight knowledge of the water vory ?aaAeriaU.
changes this opinion. It runs as a thin ribbon of
brown, reaching through beautiful and picturesque
hills, and down to the water's edge on ??b?' j"*?;
luxurious woods spread their bright and brown
green foliage oyer the canal, ao that they
Interlock, Cp and down lor miles the "dirty
canal" is hid away in tha charming land
scape, like the heart in a woman's breast.
With the exception of the tow P?"?!??
canal boats or steam propellers, the still
ness of God la upon water and land, and
tuere Is nothing to disturb the solitude. Along
this shady course the crews can spin as far as
Kingston, three or four mllea one way. or Trenton,
nine or ten miles down the stream. Oanal boats
and propellers they may frequently meet, but they
i are not on surmount able obstacle* and offer bat
little obetruction. while the several bridges are as
readily turned for the six-oared shell as for a
steam propeller. In trutu, the residents along the
canal are enthusiastic on the subject of Prince
ton's first attempt In tne College Regatta, and
want "them boys to have a fair shake up there in
Saratogy." 8o the course, when one becomes
familiar with it. assumes high rank lor the pur
i nose or practising and training crews, and does
' notlicem the'*biotcb on the landscape" that un
reflecting visitors have frequently termed it,
PBiPAHIHU FOR &ABATO0A.
Last autumn Princeton began her
tlous for this year's aqnatic struggle. Twenty
I men were selected and commenced tojne?l
work in the gymnasium?with the oars, pulleys,
clubs and dumb bells?that they mlght be fonudin
fair physical condition wnen the flual selection
was made. During the autumn, winter and spring
they stuck like Trojans to this labor a csriAin inum
ber of hours dally not devoted to
stemiousiy the while. All were enthuslast tc Jb'b?
matter, and those set aside from time to time as
not being thought worthy candidates '?r admis
sion to the boat telt greatly mortified, but were
i _ ? <ba? ?a ha r t aw mufl. AC IBS L
, sion 10 iuo uu?v '<=?? s
I willing to give way to better men. At last
eighteen men were placed in the practice
?< itiirarnnt times, taught the stroke
eiuuiocu uacu r??*
barge at different times, taught the
and severely tested in the matter of en
durance. Tney were required to row five or
six mties twice a day, and develop In every powl' ,
ble respect their qualifications lor tne positions to i
which they aspired. Then came the selection, and
eight meu were picked from the n?mber. to whom
will be intrusted the aqnatic reputation of the col
lege. Again, Irom the eight the six required oars
were chosen about two weeks since, and the men
then went diligently to work, ttougti they had be
fore rowed together.
These are the six oars which I saw stepping I
fToin the boathouse yesterday, and as they stood
in the bright June sunshine, with tuelr fid;1?'
shirts, the arms cut off to allow full play for the
muscles, I thought thein a very good lot. As tne
men sat In the boat I append them, as 'Oltows:?
Bow and captain?William M. Smith,'74. of Pat
terson. N. J.; age, 20; height, 6 feet 8J4 lncnes;
* port1"Boto-^fralg B. Cross, *75, of Baltimore, Md.,
age, 2U; height 5 feet 0)4 Inches; weight,16U,108.
starboard Waist? Richard J. Hail, '76, of New
York; age, 18; height, 6 icet 11X inches; weight,
1#fwt wofst?John M. Taylor, '78, of
age, 18; height, 6 leet 10X inches; weight, 180 ins.
Starboard StroK&?Vf. H. Addlcks, 74, of ,
age, 20; height, 5 feet 0)4 inches; weight. 158 lbs.
%-Ftei. M. Marquaud '78, ? New York;
age, 18; height, 6 feet U>4 inches; weight* MS H*
substitute#??rank Blddto, '76. o
age, 18; height. 6 leet 11* inches; we;gbt, 168 lbs.
Francis H. Markel, '78, ?* New Yofk. age, 18,
height. 5 feet 8* inches; weight 155 lbs.
HOW TH* CMW LOOK.
Of this body of men I beUeve all but Mr. Hall bad
seen service with the car before becoming u em
bers oi the crew. As I saw them in their shell,
moving away irom the boathouse am stealing up
tee surface of the canal like a dim shadow, and
again later under the snide trees woich so beautl
luliy embellish the campus of Pnnoeton, convers
ing earnestly upon tne all engrossing theme?the
coming University race?1 was oi the opinion that
a more gallant and determined body wul not be on
L^n?TpulUng together In the shell they have Im
proved wonder Sly. and now every evening
paddle as far aa Kingston up the canal to the tune
oi about 30 a minute, and return home lu good
spirits. Of course toere to much lor them yet to
do Dut their torm to right to improve upon, and
thev put toelr oars in the water quite effec
tively. In good Ume I imagine they will smooth >
down all the rugged points. keep excellent time, ,
and si d toelr tiny crait along as upon oil
THS VB13HHAN CBS*.
When the Freshman olaes were certain that a
University crew would be aent to Saratoga they :
determined aot te be outdone and, calling a meet
lng. at onoe subscribed sufficient funds to train
and equip a regular class crew. This done, a large
number went into the gymnasium, pursued the
same course of exercise as the ' universlUes,
went into their practice barge about the same
time and are now quite proficient in nee of the
oar. These gentlemen and the positions they will
occupy lu the racing shell on tne day of tne race
*rU?Oelvln G. Greene, of Oedar Rapids. Iowa; j
age, 18; height. 5 feet 7 inches; we-gnt, 142 lbs. ]
Tort Bow?Char es Haisted, oi Newark. N. J.,
age, 20; height, 6 feet 0* inches; Wight, !
Starboard Wa(si?John A. Campbell, of Washing
ton, D. C.; ago. 10; height, 5 leet 0)4 inches;
WIportwafst?John F. Wllllainnon, of Oshorn, Ohio;
8. U,.MOM? B?IM.
Iowa; age, 20; height, 6 feet lo>4 inches, weight, ^
ljstrobe and captain Benjamin Nlcol. of New 1
York; age, 18; keigbt, 6 feet 10)4 inches; weight,
^Mdltsii?James D. CNeiL of Elisabeth,^ f*i
age 20* height, 5 leet 10)4 Inches; weight, 148 lbs.
The Princeton dietary to of ;
an^^i^'hoiSh^ie^rew'do not use 2e?"^
0ttotXema^TM?'*n4 .frwhman ore^ will I
hi^ new rsciug shells, built ny Thomas Fear m.
Sf YonkeraS. Y. They will be of the same di
mensions. Length, 40 leet; width, 20 inches;
depth amidships, 8 Inches; a' bow, 'ncnes.
stern, 4)4 Inches; weight, 13? lbs., matciiai,
SPTiie"crew6 will reach Saratoga on
and be quartered at John Riley's on the wentern
shore, at tne upper end of tne lake.
THE SCHUYLKILL REGATTA.
Great Preparations In the Quaker City
for the Races of the 16th and 18th Inst.
Phii.adki.phia, July 8, 1874.
Tbe National Rowing Course, which embraces
the gracelul stretch of water on the .Schuylkill
between the falls at the Old stone Bridge and tbe
Rockland landing, will, on the l?:h and 18th or the
present month, become the held or many contest
ants tor aquatic laurels, in anticipation of which
its quiet waters have been for tbe past few weeks
daily and almost hourly disturbed.
The coarse is believed to be one of the best In
tbe country. It Is wide, smooth and straight,
never broken by rough or lumpy water ana per
fectly free from all angular and abrupt curvea.
Bounded upon one side by tbe somewhat rugged
but picturesque scenery of Patrmount, and par
tial!y upon tbe otber by a commodious country
road, a magnificent outlook la furnished lor spec
tators, and good facilities ior carriages and pedes
trians. A lew hundred yards irotu the starttug
point commands an admirable view ol tbe whole
course beyond, while toe landing mentioned above
supplies accommodation to almost an unlimited
Dumoer, who are always carious to witness tbe
"finish."
Toe different clobs whoso nest and substantial
boat nouses, with their peculiar (Jothio architec
ture, Htaud along the river, have extended invita
tions to the rowing aasociaUuns of other cities,
aod hence the contest is likely to be as much na
tional as local. Up to dare the loiiowing clubs
nave announced their intention of contending
with tbe Philadelphia oarsmen tor the laurels:?
Ata.ants, of New York; Harlem Rowing Club, of
New tors; Argonaut*, of Bergen Poiut; Nassau,
of New York. Tbe prises are exceedingly beauil
Ml, and a isir Idea oi tneir worth and finish may
be derived trom the iollowlug:?
Tne first prize is for superior excellence in a
contest or four-oared shells, and consists of a solid
silver punch bowl, thirteen inches in height and
fliteen inches in diameter. Two oxidised silver
dolphins surmount iu Its surface in front is ap
propriately wrought np in a racing scene, wnile
tbe whole is ot satin finish.
The second prise is for the winner In contests
between double shells, and consis s or a highly
ornamented and richly carved pitcher, upon whicn
Is worked in rebel a shield, irom which fail the
signal flags of the Bchnylkill navy. The upper rim
is crowned with a wreath or laurel, while its aides
are worked np in colis oi rope.
The third prize is ior single shells, and is s pair
of vases of solid silver, with appropriate aquatic
inscriptions and designs.
Trie duierent crews can be seen dally at practice
uuon the river, and the participants in the races
from otner cities are expected to arrive next
week.
8HEBMAI.
[From tbo Vlcksburg Clarion.]
The opinion seems to be gaining ground that
General bherman win i?? proposed ior tne Presi
dency as an antidote for urant's threatened
CUMbriNk
YACHTIHG H0TI8.
The annual regatta of the New York Yacht Club
will be sailed on Thursday, June it The Regatta
Committee, Messrs. Kreba, Chaae and Bend, hare
received the following no trie*Idler, Phantom,
Tidal Ware, Bra, Peerless, Made, Cornelia, Vision.
Wayward, Breese and Qui Vive. The yaobta Ibis,
Alarm, Rambler, Vlndex, Oracle, Clio, Comet and
Alert will probably be entered berore Wednesday
morning. With the above named the regatta will
be remarkably Interesting, as there will be four or
five contestants In each olaas.
Captain Niels otaen has published a very osethl
little annual, entitled "The American Yacht List,
18TA" This work contains a list of boo yaobta,
with their dimensions, the yaont clubs and their
oncers, the yacht club dags, tbe winning yachts
or 1878, moon's phases for 1874, tide table and
other interesting lnlormattoa. Copies can be had
at the rooms or tbe New York Yacht Club, on
Twenty-seventh street and Madison aveuue.
Tbe annual regatta of the Atlantic Yaobi Club
will be sailed on Wednesday, June 10, over the
regular club course. Tbe schooners Tidal Wave,
Peerless, Comet and Triton will participate in the
regatta.
Tbe schooner yacht Viking, Mr. Mahlon Sands,
N.Y.Y.C., left last week tor European waters,
where she will remain during tbe summer.
The schooner yacht Enchantress. Mr. Loubat,
N.Y.Y.C., will compete on Thursday next in
the schooner regatta of the New Thames
Yacht Club, If her alterations are completed In
time.
Mr. Lester Waliack, or the schooner yacht Co
lumbia, N.Y.Y.O., will probably vlalt Halliax
during the summer on s visit to the officers or the
Sixtieth Rides. Canadian yachtsmen will now
have an opportunity ot examining the handsomest
centreboard yacht afloat.
Tbe most interesting event of tbe New York
regatta wtil be the race between tbe second class
schooners and tne flrst class sloops. Tbe prospect
of a meeting between the stoops Vision ana Oracle
has given rise to considerable betting, both yachts
having plenty or backers at even money.
The ueawanhaka Yacht Club, of Oyster Bay, have
made arrangements for two regattas to be held on
July 3 and July A
THE BOND FORGERIES.
Continuation of the Trial of Andrew 1*.
Roberts?'Testimony of Airs. Pettus?A
Wife Who Objects to bo Used as a
Tool by Her Hnsband.
The trial of Andrew L. Roberts for forcing bonds
or several railway companies, more especially of
the Central Railway, was resumed yesterday
morning, beiore Judge Brady. The court room was
crowded. District Attorney Phelps appeared lor
the prosecution and ex-Recorder Hmtth, ex-Mayor
Hall and ex-Uulted States Assistant District At
torney Purdy lor the defence.
Henry Miller, Jr., an oyster dealer in Perry street,
corroborated the testimony of the engraver 01m
stead lor the prosecution, who bad sworn that be
saw the latter la company with Roberts In a
saloon la Fulton street.
Mrs. Jane Pettus, wife of "Spence" Pettus, said
she became acquainted with the prisoner shortly
alter her marriage, which occurred in 1870; Rob
erts, some time in 1872, ashed her to hand John A.
Ulmstead a certain amount of money, and iu
return she received Irom Olmstead a $500 bond
and
"A PIECE OP 8TEEL,"
something like a half pound in weight, wrapped
np in brown paper, which she did not look at; the
bond was a Western Union Telegraph bond; she
delivered the bond and "steel" to Oleeson In his
house in Forty-eighth street; all this time her
husband was in Boston; she subsequently saw
Roberts, and he asked her whether Oimstead
objected "to giving her the work;" a few days
afterwards O.mstead's boy gave her a "seal" and
asked her to tell the man who was to receive It
that it would have to be used a dozen times oe
lore it wouid make a good Impression; she
delivered it to Oleeson at his house; alter her hus
band had been arrested and taken to Boston the
prisoner and Muun called on tier irequeutly to In
quire about him; In almost every letter irom her
husband there was an instruction to carry some
message to Roberts; previous to her marriage ner
husbaud led her to believe that he was in tne em
ploy ol Colonel Wood, oitbe Detective Service; sue
tmeatened to sue Roberts and bring mm to justice
lor $1,800 whlcu ne owed iter; sbe put up $1,800
lor boll and lor no other purpose; she denied hav
ing threatened Roberts with going to Pinkerton's
unless
BE WOULD RETURN THE MONET;
she had beard that he pa id $600 to counsel; she
never asked "General" Sierns tor any particular
sum oi money, except what he owed for work done
by ner nusband.
Here the witness refused to identify a letter
as hers in which she asks colonel Wood whether
"General" sterns was going to pay her tbe$i,ooo
which she bad given mat "Yankee Jew" to liber
ate her hnsband; she said thia letter was writ
ten by a lady iriend or hers; sbe thought the
"Yankee Jew" must be Roberts, as she heard
Colonel Wood apeak ot him as the "American
Jew;" she never spoke ol Roberta in proiane or I
blasphemous terms.
In ner cross-examination she said that she wgs
deceived in her marriage to Pettus; it was true
that he had many redeeming qualities despite his
weakness, but she discovered that he used her as
a tool to carry counterfeit stamps, and resolved
to oreak up this baud of robbers; she had
always been able to rake care of herself, and
could do so still; alter his conviction ber husband
told ber the agreement with Roberts was that
ir be (Pettus) would only keep his month shut,
Roberts
WOULD RAT ALL TBE EXPENSES
of the trial in Boston (for perjury.) Roberts ob
tained from her $1,600, ber and her husband's
savings, to make np the $6,000 required for ball.
Roberts had promised her to return the money,
and ner husDand was very angry wnen he heard
that this promise oad not been inifllied.
Mrs. Catherine OimBteau. wl.e oi the witness
who swore that be made the seals lor Roberts and
Oleeson, related the circumstances ol a visit of
Roberts to her house in Htateu island. He left a
card inscribed "Andy Roberts" and a message
that be would Uke to see Mr. Olmstead. She had
made a statement to Colonel Pinkerton after her
husband's arrest.
Osborn N. Rochester, Treasurer of the Western
Union Telegraph comnanv, was called, but ex
eluded on tue ground of a technical objection, in
answer to ex-Mayor Hall, he said there was a |5uo
denomination
OP WESTERN UNION BONDS.
Th?odore Olmstead. a boy, testified that he had
accompanied Mrs. Pettus irom Ms father's house
on ntaten Island to this city; he subsequently was
sent by his father (John A. Ulmstead) to the house
oi Mrs. Pettus, in PL Mark's place, with a bundle.
Louts Olmstead, a relation oi the engraver,
swore. In corroboration of previous testimony,
that he saw two strangers call at the engraver's
house on Btaten Island.
Other witnesses were called, bnt as none were
forthcoming, tne Court adjourned until this
morning.
THE WAITS OF OEHTRAL PAM.
To tbb Editor or ni Hsrald:?
Ton have well Mid respecting (be "Needs of
Central Park.*' Perhaps, ss I am not a ottlzen. It
may lily become me to make mention or a few
other needs. Ton people cannot always tell how
these things strike strangers, and are not at
wars ready to correct matters which are tending
In the wrong way because you are not liable to
see them.
Tou bare alluded to the need of a grand central
point of gathering, Uks Rotten Row in Hyde Park;
then, on the top of that, do yon not need a grand
central entrance Tor strangers, where there shall
be ready proper eoureyances lor the circuit of the
Park r True we And ail taose conveniences after a
good long walk, wntle inarm an i tired travellers
are subjected to the eziortion of the hackmen who
are usually too ready and willing to Impose upon
strangers. Rotten Row, or Hyde Park, has no
hired conveyances, and this U where Americana
ouulo their regal cousins.
Nex\ at the restaurant there is need of a Httle
bit 01 improvement. Tucre were three In my
party, who sat at a table on Ratnrday, had three
tongh sandwlcnes, three ices and three coffees,
anu lor all this 1 paid the modest bill of gl Sfi. If
any one 01 the articles had been reasonably palata
ble there could not be much cutupialnt; but?
there should not be any exceptional articles sold
on the ground.
Your Park is, in a measure, a national matter,
even if no one else contributes to its purchase and
maintenance. Wblle in the ttois Ue fiologne I can
tell the Parisians that they need to see our central
Park even li 1 live in Ohio- Paris belongs to every
8art of France, and New York beiongs to every
tate in the Union.
Hy the way, let me tell you what la apparent on
Its iace?Central Park ha? just put on its loveliest
garb, and merits the admiration of every American
as sell as the world on side. 0. F. M.
N'gw Yore, June 8, 1S7*.
COLLEGE OF THE CITY OF HEW TORI
The examination Of the classes or the College of
the City of New York, which began on Friday last,
was resumed yesterday, (he seniors were
examined in astronomy, that portion oi the junior
class pursuing the modern course or trying for tno
degree of B. R. in .Spanish and German, the re
maining part of the junior class? the
? ancients"?being examined In l.attn and French,
the r-opnomore* In English literature, the Ireeh
men In mediaeval hlatory, and the introductory or
preparatory class, according as they desire to pur
sue tne ancient or modern course, in Latin or
French or German.
MASKED ROBBERS.
Career of tks notorious Criminal, Hiki Uv
Ims?Murder, Anon and Outrage?Strong#
Laxity on the Port of the Authari
tioo?A Community Overawed.
Kingston, N. T., Jane 7,1874.
Mike Lawless, confined in Jail In this place
awaiting trial on several charges, It la now known
was one of tbe gang of masked robbeta enraged In
the robbery and outrage of tke Post famllv, near
CatektlL His criminal career has been extraor
dinary and bold. The Lawless rstpily live in San
gerties. The name became obnoxious in this vi
cinity ibont the time the war broke oat, Christy
Lawless, Mike's brother, then committed a most
cowardly and oold-bloodea murder. Be took of
fence at something a quarryman named Dennis
Plynn bad said, and one morning he loaded a
doable-barrelled sbotgnn and walked deliberately*
to tbe qnarry wbere Plynn was working, almost
In slgbt of Saugertles. Doing up to Flynn, Christy
told bun to take
TWO HIM0TB8 TO PRBriKB FOR DBATH,
as be was going to kill him. Plynn fell on his
knees and begged to be spared. Tne two minutes
passing Lawless raised his gun and fired the con
tents of botb barrels into Plynn's head, killing htm
instantly. The bloody deed waa witnessed by a
lellow quarryman, who was afraid to Interfere.
Christy fled tbe place, and although tbe authorities
offered a large reward for htm he waa nerer
captured.
Soon afterward Mike Lawless commenced his
career. He was a boatman on tbe Hudson, run
ning between Albany and New York. He became
notorious In tbe iormer place by several bold rob
beries, and finally he shot a stranger dead In a
Baioon there and fled the city. He went borne to
H.ingertiea and was bid away by bts mother for
some months. Alter tbe Albany affair bad quieted
down he again made bis appearance. With
a "pal" named Wes Shears be became the
terror of Saugertles and the surrounding country.
By a series 01 robberies, of which there was no
douot he and Shears were the perpetrators, he ac
cumulated enough to open a saloon in Saugertles.
Having acquired a lutred against his motner be
cause she was partial to bis brother Tom, he gave
her a feanul boann^ one day, wnich nearly proved
lataL He was arrested aud balled by his brother
in-law, a man named Taylor. Things were begin
ning to get warm lor bun In Saugertles, and ue
tried to sell bis place, but iound no purcuaser. He
then took ont an Insurance or $l.0uo on it, and a
tew nlguts after it burnea down. The circum
stances attending the hie seemed to point directly
to Mike Lawless as its cause, but the insurance
was paid and no investigation made. He opened
auotber place, and. soon alter, midnight
KIRKS BKQAN TO RAOK
in Saugertles. luey were all believed to be the
work of Mike Lawless. Lurenz Losrzel, the j
brewer, refused to give Lawless the credit for ale,
and the latter swore he would fix him. He often ,
threatened to make his mother's bouse "crack
around her head." Her shanty adjoined the tine '
residence or tbe brewer, one coid night in Ue- i
(?ember the latter was found to be In fiaiues. The
brewer's tamily had barely time to escape with
their lives. The house was burned to the ground, i
ana tbe brewer lost gao.ooo. This fire also de
stroyed Mrs. Lawless' house. While the Are waa !
progressing Mike Lawless stood In bis rumhole
and laughed at the ruin that was going on. It soon ;
became well kuown that he
HAD Sir TUB BUILDINGS ON FIBS. !
but no one dared to move against him, so com- :
pietely did the place stand in terror of him. boon !
alter wards Lawless committed two high war rob- I
beries. He assaulted a Jeweller named Holsche |
and a lawyer hum New Y >rk and robbed them !
both of large sums of money. Por this he was ar
rested and held to bail, but the compi&iuante were !
a!raid to appear against him and qe waa dis
charged. About a year ago, without any provoca
tion, Lawless shot a man named Preieigh In
baugertiea. Tne ballet outered Prolelgh's side.
He ran, and Lawless followed him, firing again,
bat Preleign reached a place 01 saiety. It was not
tnougnt be could recover, but alter being laid up
some mom Us ne got about again. Mike was ar
rested lor this outrage. His brother-in-law went
bis nail
HK JUMPED THE BAIL,
and it waa lorieited. Lawless returned to !
saucer ties alter ward. but nothing lurther waa
doue tn tue matter. Last tail Tom Lawless bought j
01 a poor German widow, named Doty, $60 worth
or bay. bhe lived alone, below Haugernes. Mike
found out that the monev had been paid, and one
nlgut tie and Wes buc.irs went to the widow's
and broke into her house. They dragged her
irom beu and demanded the $50. &he reiused to
give it to tnem, wnen they smashed all of her tur
niture. cnt ber oe-tciotnes in strips and violated
iter person, being unable to And the money they
beat toe old woman until she was senseless and
leu uer lor dead. It was a long time beiore she
recovered, bite recognised Mike Lawless as one
or her assailants, and ne was arrested and in
dicted lor tho crime, which Indictment is still to
be acted upon.
ben Brady, one of the CatsklU masked robbers,
sent to State Prison lor twenty years for partici
pation in the Post robbery, lormeriy lived in bau
gerties, and he and Lawless were intimate iriends.
when he went to Ne* York to live be Introduced
Mike to the gaog oi masked roobers, aud lie beoame
one of them, aud neiped to plan the numerous bur
glaries that followed. Mine and one or the gang
robbed the boose oi an old man named Legg, near
bangerties, oi $600. There Is abundant evidence
oi tuis. The Post family now recognise and iden
tify Mike Lawless as one oi the gang that robbed
tnem. "bhang" Campbell, one ot the masked rob
bers, reoently sent to prison rron White PI. ins,
says Lawless was one oi the Post robbers. Camp
bell says Mute took nearly all the bonds stolen at |
that time, sold tnem and relnsed to divide with i
the rest oi the gang. Alter the Post robbery and
beiore tne d.scovery ot the perpetrators Mike and ,
his con ederates planned
TO BOS BOTH OP TUB 8AU0BRTIBS BANKS.
All the airangements were made for one night I
last Feb uary. Tue gang got as far as Tivoli, and
tue ice prevented them crossing toe river, and
tber robbed Williams' store at Tlvoll instead.
About tnis time circumstances placed the bank
officers on their guard. Mite got wind that he
was suspected and lett Haugertles. oeiectives
were placed on bis track, but he eluded pursuit
until last March. One day in the latter part of
that mouth he was arrested in New York by De- .
tective Lyons, ot that city, and officer Crowley, or I
bangerties. Wes Shears was with him. but es
caped. Lawless tried to shoot detective Lyons
alter his arrest, lie was Drought to tuu place" and
lodged in Jail, all offets oi bail being rciused by
Judges Westbrook and Lawton. A lew nights
since
AN ATT KM IT TO RX8CUB LAWLESS
was baffied. Wes shears was In town that day
with Tom Lawless and a horae and carriage. They '
tu some war smuggled two fine burglar's saws to
Mike's cell, tie was discovered about midnight by
one oi tue keepers sawing the oars In nls window.
One waa oir aud the other nearly o(f. The saws
were taken troiu him, and he was removed to dlf- i
lerent quarters. Beiore bis flight Lawless mar
ried a young girl living in bangerties. He abased I
her so she left hun. A few days sinoe she visited
bun in his cell. He at once commenced to beat !
her and but for the interierence oi keepers wouid, ,
no donbt, have killed uer. It is the hope of the
people living In anj around bangerties that Law- I
less may have an end put to his career by a lite I
Imprisonment. His trial comes ofl at the neat
term of Oyer and Terminer.
YELLOW FEVER.
Appearance of tho Dreadful Disease la
the Harbor of Pensacola?Praiseworthy
Action of tlae City Authorities.
To THi Eorroa or tub Herald:?
? Dr. Blount, the Quarantine Physician of tbta
dry, has reported officially to the Mayor of Pensa
oola, as President oi the Board of Health, that the
bpanisa bark Doce de Junto arrived at Quarantine
at two P. M. on the 29tn lnst., from Havana,
having lost on her passage one man by yellow
fever and with auother on board til irom the same
disease, rue Board of Aldermen met last night to
taae action in regard to one oi its memoers having
violated the quarantine regulations and gone
within the quarantine limits. This member was
expelled the Board, lined $&o and on the non-pay
ment oi the fine confined in Jail. A resolution
was then passed requiring all vessels from Infected
porta to remain at quarantine till frost or leave
port.
It is believed that this intelligent action of tne
Board, so far in advance of the quarantine regula
tions or otner ports, will prevent the disease reach
ing the city, aa it did last year, irom tile oreaking
of the cargo oi a vessel that had been quarantined
in the usual manner. The nature of the disease Is
now much better understood tbsn is tne ineffi
ciency of the quarantine regulations hitherto in
praottce. And In this view of the matter the
course adopted by the Board In dejonce oi a com
munity that has sintered so much irom this Justly
dreaded disease cannot be too warmly praised nor
too extensively Imitated. TRAVELLER.
PRMHACOLA. PIS., May 31, 1R74.
OVERDONE RECONSTRUCTION.
[From the Indianapolis journal?Senator Morton's
organ.)
In view of this slow progress It Is worth whU#
for congress to consider whether U has not made
the mistake of Interfering too much in the affairs
of the .Southern States and of overdoing the work
of reconstruction. The best thing Gongress can do
with Arkansas, and with every other .state, unless
elearty called upon by tne requirements oi the con
stitution to uiteriere, Is to severely let them alone.
What the people oi the bouth want is rest and
local self-government, instead ol congressional in
terference. The cundittou oi affairs in some of
ttinse mutes is certainly very had, out the inter
ierence policy dons not seem to help them much,
j and we should like to see the let-alone policy tried
I tor a white.
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
Special Meeting to Oonalder the Moiety
Bill?Mtrai ?t Jackioa 8. Sehalte?
Resolutions?.A Strong Committee to Cto
to Washington.
? special meeting of the Chamber of Commerce
was held yesterday afternoon to consider the
Moiety bill whloh Is now before the United States
Senate, it baring passed the Bouse. A. A. Low
presided and Mr. Wilson, the Secretary to the
Chamber of Commerce, was appointed secretary of
the meeting.
On the Inrlration of Mr. Jackson 8. Schnlti Mr.
Sherborne B. Baton, the lawyer wno had charge of
the bill at Washington, addcessed the Chamber,
explaining the position in whion the Mil now
stood, it was necessary, he said, that the mer
chants should uss every exertion at tbe present
time If they wanted to posh the bill through.
Congress would adjourn In two weeks and
until the close 01 the session the Senate
would nave its hands ftiii or work. The
old bill introduced by Senator Fenton, and which
had been crushed out for two years, was appended
to the merchants' bill, and this was wade a pre
text for deley by the enemies of reform. It was
necessary, in consequence of Senator Kenton's Dill
being appended, to take into consideration the
question of the salaries ol the Custom Bouse men,
and this needed correspondence between Senators
and Custom Bouse people. Beuce the delay. The
probability was that except the merchants took
some very decided oouroe Immediately the Mil
would not reach the Senate this session.
Mr. JaokBon S. bebuita next addressed the
meeting, urging prompt action. Me gave
a brlet history of the oourse the committee
having tbe bill in charge had taken, and
tbe reception tbe committee had met with
at Washington. Be said that the Congressional
committees bad even gone farther in furtherance
of the wishes of the merchants than tbe latter bad
assed lor. Everywhere in Washington the oom
mittee had been kindly received, and there was no
doubt about the passage or tbe bill by the Senate,
It It could only get beiore that body, the present
Secretary or tbe Treasury lavored It, as did tbe
former Secretary. It was o 1 vast importance to
the merchants that the bill should not be deieated.
Defeat would be disastrous. Be knew that. If tbe
bill were not passed, books and papers of mer
chants would be seized m tbia city as soon as Con
gress would adjourn. Bnt they were now resolved
that the cause of one merchant would be
made the cause of all, and that no one
merchant would be allowed to rail. An
attack upon one would be resented by ail.
The bill was announced to come beiore the Senate
that day, bat it was probable it would not, and the
merchants of Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore
were at that hour holding meetings for a purpose
similar to tneirs. It was necessary that prompt
action suouid he taken, and the best war to work
now was for all of them who could 10 proceed at
once to Washington and urge upon their friends,
and aid Dy their presence the passage of the bill
by tbe Senate.
On motion or Mr. 8. D. Babcock the following
preamble and resolution were unanimously
adopted:?
Whereas soles, Informers, farmers of the revenue on
shares and corrupt Treasury agent* have, by means of
terror, black mail an J bad laws, plundered the mer
chants ol the country until tbelr wrongs have become
intolerable; and whereas a bill, known as tbe .Moiety
bill, giving substantial rebel to the merchant*. Is now
tdmg In
pending In Congress, having passed the Mouse without a
dissenting voice and being now before the Senate, where
the bill ha* been so amended as to give fixed salaries to
customs officials a* well a* to raise tbe salaries of those
whose perquisites will be reduced by the aboliliou of
moieties, measures which In themselves meet with the
most cordial approval of the merchants ol Now York,
that exb "
wbo believe that existing salaries are inadequate to
secure character, skill and ability in official places: and
whereas the importers of this city are convinced that
the necessities of commerce imperatively requiro that
the pending Moiety bill shall pas? Congress and become
law. to the end that the revenue service shall be re
formed. that bribes shall not be offered to the
employed to set moiety traps lor the em
ployer, nor treaoueiy among clerks be exalted
into an occasion for the bestowal of fortune
and office at the hands of the government) that the
voice of the detective shall be hushed and personal pop
ularity of merohant* at the Custom Bouse shall not be
the best safeguard against unjust seizures; that innocent
mistakes and wlltul trsmls shall not be punished alike:
nor technical errors arising under obscure laws subject
entire invoices and whole cargoes to confiscation; that
the sacrednees ot private correspondence shall again be
come inviolable, and alleged offenders shall not perforce
conviettbemselvea out ot their own months, nor out of
their own books and papers: that juries shall regain
their lost right ef rendering verdicts according to their I
... _. flnak|7T> r
own convictions and finally, that the existing system of
moieties, revenue farmers and spies shall be swept from
the sight of an indignant pu bUc, as-belonging to an epoch ;
oi wrong and violence, and not in harmony with the In
stincts of a tree people; It is. therefore,
Resolved, That the Special Committee on Revenue Re
form ot the Mew York Chamber ot Commerce be and
hereby is requested to most earnestly urge upon the !
Senate the Imperative necessity tor immediate relief to
our merchants, and to pray that honorable body to pass
Molet]
tbe bill known a* tbe Moiety bill, now before it, and that
the Chairman of the Committee on Revenue Re lor in be
and hereby Is instructed to forward a copy of theae
resolutions to every member of Congress.
At tbe close or the meeting tbe following named
gentlemen signified their lu ten lion to toim a com
mittee to proceed to iVashmgtou immediately la
case the bill bad not yesterday received the atten
tion ol tbe senate:?Jackson h. 8c hulls, A, A
? A. Low,
8. D. Babcock, 8. B. Ohittendeu, W. N. Fogg, John
D. Jones. Ueorge W. Lane, Charles H. Marshall,
William orton, Daniel 0. Bobbins, Gustav Schvrao,
Joseph Sellgman, Elliott P. Shephard, Paul N.
Spoiford, William M. Vermtlje, Jonathan Bturgis,
James 8. T. Stranahan, Cnanes Watroos, Theodore
Roosevelt, David Dows, James M. consume,
Thomas Barbour.
BOARD OF AS8HTAST ALDERDEIT.
The Board of Assistant Aldermen mat at two
o'clook yesterday. Presdent Strack in the chair.
Mr. Thorneil presented a communication from
2,60o merchants, asking for tbe abolition of tee
Permit Bureau attached to the Major's Oillce. The
petition was rererred to the Committee on Law.
The latter committee, to whom was previously
referred the subject or tbe Permit Bureau, reported
an ordlnanoe providing that the fee for permits of
all kinds shall be only $1 each.
Mr. Thorneil spoke In lavor of abolishing the
Permit Bureau altogether. He then offered an
amendment to the ordinance reported by trie Law
Committee, that all violations of the ordinance bo
prosecuted In tne district court for t?o district in
which tne violation occurs. Loot.
An amend men t by Mr. Simouson, providing that
wholesale dealers be required to pay $6 for a per
mit, was also lost.
The ordinance as reported was then adopted.
On motion of Alderman Clancy the following
preamble and resolution were adopted by 13 to 3:?
Whereas charges of a very serious character have been
made in one ot the leading journal* of this city affecting
the integrity of the Hoard of Commissioners of Char.ties
and Correction as regards the disposition of moneys ap
propriated by tbe Board of Apportionment tor the trans
action ot such business aa necessarily belongs to the de
partment. and
Whereas a searching and thorough investigation is
peremptorily demanded by the people ol this city
through its only legal trustees?,o wit, the Common
Council?therefore be it
Kesolved. That the joint committee ot the Common
Council appointed lor the purpose of investigating the
wordings ol the various depurtmeuts of the city govern
ment be requested to proceed as soon as practicable to
the Investigation of the department mentioned In the
Orst preamble ol this resolution.
Assistant Alderman Blmonson asked of whom
the committee consisted. Tne answer was. of As
sistant Aldermen Healey, Clancy and Kehoe. Mr.
B.monsou repaed that this committee nau been ap
po.nted for the purpose ot examining into the af
fairs ol the Department of Docks, but he bad not
heard ol their making any report.
Mr. TUoroeil wanted to know the nature of the
charges against tbe Charity commission.
Mr. Clancy replied, "They are now being investi
gated by the Grand Jury."
Mr. Thorneil?If this is the ease tbe Grand Jury
will thoroughly ascertain any and all misdoings,
and no fear need be apprehended of a while sash
lug report. Tnis body ts the proper party to make
such an investigation, and he hoped the resolution
would not prevail.
Assistant Alderman Olanoy objected to the de
partments using the heading to tnetr contracts,
Ac., of "Mayor, Alderuieu and Commonalty," wttu
out the sanction of the Hoard ;.aud, by resolution,
wanted the "lorm" utscontlnueu. Tins, he said,
was because the departments did not recognise
his Board. He wanted his resolution on that head
to pass, so that the departments would be com
| pelled to recognize the Assistant Aldermen.
The democratic majority adopted the resolution,
i The routine bustness being Qntshed. gcueral
orders were taken up. Assistant Aldei man Henley
took exceptions to tne report of tne proceedings
of the Hoard as reported on the 2d inst. in tna
Hkrald. He did not like to see idle workmen
around, but he would not vote lor uriy general
orders until the Commissioner of Public Works
recognized the Hoard of Assistant Aldermen.
A large batch oi general orders ior city improve
ments were called, but the combination was too
strong to pass any ol them.
Beveral motions for adjournment were made bnt
lost. Pinaily alter futile attempts to provide labor
for the unemployed by the democratic Assistant
Aldermen an adjournment was at last effected.
Commissioner Van Nort. who was interviewed
by a reporter of the Hkrald, seems very little
troubled concerning the inertness oi this Hoard.
He says that be has work enough on hand to last
for more than a year; consequently he cares
nothing ior tbe action of tne cap4otu Assistant
Aldermen.
OITI THBA3P&Y,
Comptroller Green reports the following dis
bursements and receipts of the Treasury yester
day:?
?isaussamum.
No. of Warranto. Amount
Claims paid * $6t9.i7i
Payrolls paid 133 tii.026
Totals AJ7 S9S1?1
KKCSirT*.
From arrears of taxes and interest 3SU*>
f rom collection ol a**e.sainan s and interest S.W.H
From msrkat rem* !,?*?
Prom water rents MIS
From licences, Mayor's little# 2SH
Prom sale* City Kecurd (one week) 21
Prom iee? and fines, District Court. 41
t Total * 374.331
CIVIL RIGHTS.
Senator Brownlow on the Civil
Rights Bill.
The Opposition to.Mixed Schools in
? East Tennesson
Knoztilui, June S, lift
The following ts the aabatanee of a letter a*
dressed by Senator Brownlow to Hev. Dr. Bartleto,
President of Maryvllle College, in reference to the
passage or the Civil Rights bill In the United state*
senate, in consequence of a statement made bp
the latter favoring Mr. Sumner's views. In the
first portion of the letter Mr. Brownlow states that
this measnre Is not necessory to complete tna
policy of reconstruction upon which the repubU
can party entered at the close of the rebellion;
that that polioy contemplated nothing more (baa
the political enfranchisement of the blacks, jrhiofc
was secured by the constitutional amendments,
and that It wae no part of the repnblican purpose
to loroe mixed schools upon the people or to con
fer upon any class tho privileges specially accorded
to the negroes by this bill. The letter concludes:
On the genecal subject of the so-called Civil
Rights bill, ana what its advocates call ? Pro*S??
lag the negro," I have a few words to say. The
neirro now has tue equal protection of lbs
laws. In other words, he has equal political
rights with the whites. Besides this, in all
the Southern States he has e1aa,tk^h h?
for education at publio expense, though he
does not pay one-tenth of one per cent on the dow
lar ol the taxes which are collected to support the
schools. No invidious disttuctiofta are made
against him. Education In these States is out of
the sphere of politics. The negro is amply
tected, and the National Legislature should oease
legislating on the educational question aud creat
ing -urmoil and bad blood where piogresa and
good feeling is being secured. For several years
the greater portion of the time 01 our legislators
has been occupied in legislating lor the negro rape.
Amendment alter amendment to the constitution
has been adopted, aud law after taw 'or the
further protection of tUe negro has been adopted,
until he Is now the political equal ot the wnite
man. Now that this has been aouieved theaegr?
buainese ought to stop. The country at lapge Is be
coming disgusted with the efforts now being made
to oppress the whites in the passage or a bill
whioa is not essential to the protection of the
blacks. What the people and States or the South
need is to he let alone by Congress and given n
little opportunity lor recovering from the desola
tion and waste ol war. The Southern people hava
been whipped in the battle between the sections,
and, except a smalt class 01 inssilized politicians
and a lot of weak-minded young men who part their
hair in the middle, they acknowledge and feel it. In
no State Is tne negro deprived 01 lull and equal
protection before tue law. But In sevoral Boath
eru Slates, like Soutn Carolina, the white man ha*
no rUbta which the negro is hound to respect.
The Southern people have beeu sufficiently pun
lsned lor participation in the rebellion, and in
stead ol harassing and lurthar humiliating tnein
Congress ought to extend 10 them a nelptug hand.
In saying this I do not detract one iota 01 my pre
viously expressed opinions of the lolly
Sou neru people and the crime of their rebellious
leaders. I never supposed that, in being loyal to
tne government, I ceased to be a Tennesscan and
a southern man aud to have a right to regard the
luterests of my people as a New
or Western man regards tne interests
of' his. No member of either house of
Congress has suffered more In person at the hands
ol the rebels tuan m/Beii, and u 1 can afford todo
slmuie lustlce to those who have oeeu m error, I
do not see why others should not do so woo have
less Sause tnan I for revengeiul feelings, instead
o/ oppressing, the nation should lilt them bp urom
the "slough of despond" aud entourage them. It
is alike Itf doty and policy to do ?oTheluiqultons
bill under consideration does not
Toomos and the leaders of the ?ooth. H m, m
reality, a war upon tne hundreds ol thousands of
destitute widows and orpnaus ol the south. Witb
the termination 01 the war the Southern people,
ii a class, were poor, bin little property ol
any description being leit them, ^mce the
war ended, In several ot the southern States tne
Ignorant colored officials aud wnite adventurer*
particularly tne latter, have stolen everything tus^
was portable, every tning that could be carried oft
The public buildings ol Cnarity, the Orphan,
and insane Asylums are lelt, but tne means for
their support are warning. The buildings would
have been stolen, but the thieves could not put
tbetu in a bank vault or carry tnem in 'hew
Dockets. The laud could not be earrled away, but
has been rendered worthless oy taxation, which to
?u hiirti as to amount to confiscation. Itiswlta
tue neatest difficjlty that large ciassea of
people, once In affluent circumstances, are
enabled to provide the neces aries ol liie
In the southern states. Nearly all the nope of ***
rising generation lain their common school sys
tem. um er this colored peop.e have equal educa
tional laciltties with the whites, though ihey won't
pay one mill on the dollar or the taxes which are
colieoted for the support of the schools. The
thousands of women in every southern State, wne,
though the widows ol reoels, are in nowise re
sponsible ior the war, are told, "lour children
shaii not go to school unless you are subjected ts
the humiliation ol seeing them educated with the
children ol your lormer slaves." The manhood erf
the country ought to rise up against 1 he petty
persecution. And the undoubted coar.ge and
generosity oi President Chant leads me W
believe lie will veto the vtllanous mean
ure If it to passed. The result of Us
passage will he that the school system will be de
stroyed, the war and race prejudices which ware
being rapidly ooliterated will be revived with iff*
wonted mry, and tne preBeut generation w.U ino*
live to see so tavorab.e a conditt >n ol affairs m
exists at this time. A leeiing oi returning loyalty
winch was growing in tne Bon .n will die out and
one of hostility to rhe government will take Its
place. The mixed scnooi bill uug.it appropriately
be termed. "A bill lor the encouragement ol no*
and chaos In the Southern States, aud ior the
humiliation of the widows and the oppression Of
the orphans of the booth." With my view of this
Question I am glad to see that the Super
intendent of Puolic Instruction for Tennessee
das taken the initiatory step ior the abou
tion of the whole common school or the
State, so that If the bill stiouid pa<s the system
mat be abolished without delay, in the indent
and moat emphatic manner possible 1 wisn to see
Tenne-see express tno lodlgnat.on and disgust of
her people at t.ito palpable uivaa.on of their rights
in their purely domestic relatlous. II this ahuml
natton Is submitted to b> the people it will only
invite the adoptiou ot a sixteenth amendment to
tue constitution, depriving them o other right*
and alter that some narrow-minded partisan and
second class lawyer, wno imagines lumselt a
statesman, will propo -e a seventeenth amendment
to the constitution, provided the> Pe"P<e ***" i?'aa
have auj to usurp W. O. BHOWNLOW.
K.NOXVILLR, June Is 1*74.
8WIHT0N AND ROOH-FORT.
To m Editor or thr 11hrai.d:?
Your editorial articles upon that great dema
gogue, Henri Rociiefort, must meet with tne ap
proval ot every tboughtml and philosophical per
son who desire tbe extension and prolongation of
"Liberty, rlgbt and justice/' It Is not my Inten
tion or desire to expatiate upon tbia roan or hla
associates, muen less bis or tbelr ideas, believing;
as I do, "All are condemned out or Uteir own
mouths." 1 simply desire to protest againat the
wild, passionate and thoughtless, let us uope.
language of Mr. swinion. In introducing nie idol
to tne public Mr. bwinton tnougiit it necessary to re
view ine lue of Rocheiort, bis so-called success, bin
so-called triumphs, bis so-called popularity: bat
not his delects, bis vde, indecent slanders and bin
acknowledged cowardice. Affixed to this review,
he asked some questions wlilcb be donbiieaa
thought unanswerable, but which history win an
swer with a terribly convincing lorce. He won his
power, such as ever existed, by reckless lubrica
tions, by pandering to the iow, morbid dispositions
or the communists, and by his pretended oravery.
His glittering lams never existed. His popularity
was a hollow delusion, all champagne iroth, as tha
records or the (Commune will exemplify. 1 would
advise Mr. Hwtntoti to read tbe article in the
Hkbald oi la?t Saturday headed "Advice to Presi
dent Scott." It is very wholesome, and may bo
read with benefit, particularly if he intends to
extol tne count Henri Hocheiort de Luc ay here
aiter. Rocbeiort is now gone irmn oar land lorever,
let us hope and pray. History will remember
bun as a aeoonu Miraheau, without the courage,
sagacity or magnetism ol trio first, but with that
uuioriunate man's regret in his old age for the
wad. delusive theories of his youth and prime.
Mr. Swiuton still resides within our midst with hut
peculiar (I say peculiar, because I am disposed to
be charitable) ideas ol lloerty. fraternity and jus
tice, and, if ne will persist In heralding those
ideas to the public, others must show and ex
emplify the HI logic, the danger and the conse
quences of such ideas.
I nave not the time or disposition at present to
argue or discuss at length upon "Communism,'*
but can only Invoke a prayer to Heavenuood
Lord, curse my country, if necessary, with recon
struction, Twoedisin, Cocsarlsm, Itutlerism, Rteh
ardsoniHin and all rhe isms and eviis attached
thereto; but never, never with "Communism," as
evil that courage, perseverance or time cannot
destroy, (iood Lord, remember afflicted, tbrico
afflicted Prance and protect this, the grand Ro
publtc." u 0. u. L
UHOOkLYN. Jane 8, 1874.
THIRD TERM AOAIjf.
[Prom the Mobile Register.)
The St. Louis Post does not altogether dtshelievn
the rumors about the third term conspiracy, ano
says it is very evident that President threat is hard
at work to kill off Morton, the moet prominent
candidate oi the republican party, and to pnt per
sonal irlends In ever? odliye at bis disposal, tn
gardtejw oi their standing in Ute #tl?<

xml | txt