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NEW YORK HERALD
IIBOiOWiV AID ABK STUB IDT. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. THB DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Poor c?nt? per copy. Annual subscription price HA. All bumnetss or news letters and telegraphic rinepetohiin most be eddreeeed New Yobs Letters end packages should be prop erly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THB NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. Subscriptions and Advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as ib New York. Volume Xim No. ISO IHUSEHEBTI THB AFTERJIOOI ID ETE3UC NIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway, between Prince and Houston streets.?THB LADY OP THE LAKE, at A P. M.; close* at 104* P. If. Hr. Joseph Wheelock and Miss lone Berk*. MEW PARK THEATRE. BROOKLYN Yntton_ street, opposite the Cltjy ?LB PAVILLON ROUGE, at 3 P. a. ; closes at 10 JO P. M. Mine Minnie Vauaer THEATRE COMIQUft. Ka.su Broad way.-TDK BOY DKiKCTIVR, at S P. M. closes at 1U -,M 1*. 3L Mia* Alice Harrison. WaLLACK'8 THEATRE, Broad wav and Thirteenth Hre?t ?KATR, at 8 P. M.; close* at U V. M. MTa* Carlotta Le Clercq. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway, between Houston and Bleecter streets.? \ AKIRlk ENTKK'i AI.vMKNT, at 7:A? P. M.; cloeea at 10 it P. M. BOOTH'S THEATRE, Twenty third street and sixth avenue.?THB ROMA SCR O r A POOR YOUNG Man, at 8 P M. Sal villi. LYCEUM THEATRE, Tonrteenth street, near Sixth avenue.?LA PRINCESS GEORGE -, at S P. M.; cloaca at 10 JU P. M. Mile. Eva Beauregard. WOOD'S MUSEUM. Broadway, corner o! Thirtieth street.?WRESTLING J'lB. OR," LIVE AT THE MINKS, at 2 P. M.; close* at 4 :.I0 P. M. Same at 8 P. M. ; closes at 10 Ju P. M. J. Huntley. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, Bowery.?VARIETY ENTERTAIN MEET, at 8 P. M. ; closes at 10 JO P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE. Twenty-third street, t ear-Sixth avenue ?NEGRO MIN STRELSY. Ac., at 6P. M.; close* at 10 P. M. CENTRAL PARK GARDEN, Mftv-ninth street and sixth avenue.?THOMAS' CON CeRT, at 8 P. M.; closes at 10: 0 P. M. ROBINSON HALL, Sixteenth street, near Broadway.?Bullock'* Royal Ma rionettes, at 8 P. M. Maunee at 2 P. M. COLOSSEUM, Broadway, comer ol Tbirty ttith street?LONDON BT NIGH r. at 1 P. 11.; closes at 5 P. M. Same at 7 P M.; eloaea at 10 P. M. ROMAN HIPPODROME, Madison avenue anl I wenty-sixth street?GRAND PAGEANT?CONGRESS OF NATIONS, at 1 *J P. M. and 7 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. K*w York, Tuesday, Jan* 9, 1874. From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the weather to-day will be dear and very warm. W*XiL Street Yesterday.?Gold opened at 110?, advanced to 110} and closed at 110}. Stocks were firmer. The Good News from India continues, for tbe heavy rains mean au end ot the famine. The Sanitary Congress which proposes to meet in Vienna on the 15th of Jane, to dis cuss measures for preventing the spread of the cholera, bids fair to be a most important meeting. Vienna was sorely troubled with the disease lost year when the Universal Ex position was in progress. No cause con tributed in a greater degree to the failure of the Exposition than the presence of the epi demic and the panic which came after. We are naturally much interested in the proceed ings of this Congress, for no country seems to be free from the path of this destroyer. The Board or Assistant Aldermen on mo tion of Mr. Clancy have adopted a resolution directing the joint committee of the Alder roanic Boards already in existence to investi gate the Department of Charities and Correc tion. This is a proper resolution, as it enables the committee to administer an oath to wit nesses and to send for persons and papers. The Commissioners of Accounts now engaged in an examination of the department do not possess that power, and enough has been shown to prove that a searching investigation is needed. The joint committee should call the Commissioners of Accounts to their aid. The Palestine Exploration Expedition. ? It has been known for some time that a society bearing this name existed in tbi? country, and that, acting in conjunction with a sister society in England, it has for its ob ject the preparation of an accurate map of the Holy Land. The English society, which has taken the west side of the Jordan, has sur veyed seven thousand miles of the country. It is proposed by the American society to survey at least eight thousand miles on the east side of the Jordan. Such a joint survey would give us a map of the Holy Land such as has never yet existed. An accurate map of the Holy Land is much needed. Thirty thousand dollars a year for three years are needed by the American society to give effect to their plans. This money should be forth coming at once. It will be a discredit to the churches in the United States if the expedition fails for the want of money. Abkrkations of a Great Intellect.?Mr. Swinton, upon whoee antics as a Communist we commented lightly, was actually hurled by our touch clear away into the cloud region, at which remote and difficult height we arc invited to contemplate him anew. Here it his latest question:?"May I ask yon to tell me how you know what I am, and when and why I became wnat you say I am ? and ho* I can get proof that I am what I am said t( be? and which of the several things yot think me to be I reelly am ? and what eithe of the things you think I am is ? and how I cai procure such evidence as would be satisfac tory to Aristotle or Kant that the thing ya think I am is actually the thing you think i to be?" Goodness gracious! Is this wht Qommmiism brings a man to? Is this tl fault of petroleum and equal rights on th brain? If, after this inquiry, the author of "1 the Bed Slayer Thinks He SLys," supposes h lias written the least comprehensible thing i the English language, how dreadfully sballo' jf, pyol he swims in J Tb? CatonUU ftwrt'o* **d tk# 8UI* Right* The decisive vote on the Colortdo question in the House yesterday shows that the friends ot the rotten borough States have more strength than has been generally supposed. This whole movement sheds a singular side light upon the inconsistency of our political parties. It proves how little thought they bestow upon the wider bearings and remote oonaequenoes of the measures they advocate or oppose, and, what is more curious, how little real impor tance they attach to their own professed prin ciples. We quite agree with those who resist the premature admission of Territories into the Union as States. Such early applications fog State privileges are against the interest of the small communities immediately concerned and grossiy unfair to the populous States, whose influenoe in the Senate is cancelled by the equal representation of small States in that branch of Congress. Our New York county of Westchester has a much larger population than either New Mexico or Colo rado, and yet two other counties are joined with it to make the one Congressional district represented by Mr. Potter. What would be thought of a proposition to give the county of Westchester two United States Senators ? It is not for the interest of these Territories to be erected into States, because it would heavily increase their local taxes, without any corresponding benefit So long as they remain in the Territorial oondition the salaries of their executive and judicial officers and the pay and contingent expenses of their I legislatures are defrayed out of the National | Treasury. Nobody can expect any real advan- j tage from their admission as States, save the aspiring looal demagogues who covet election to the federal Senate. On the usual narrow party grounds tho btake is too insignificant to be worth playing for. The new Senators would, no doubt, be republican; but the republican party has already such a heavy preponderance in the Senate that an addition of two or lour to tho number could be of no practical consequence. Yet, if the applying Territories are admitted it will be merely tor the sake of this neeiless addition to the republican majority, and the admission is strenuously opposed by the democratic members of Congress because it would bring a alight increase of strength to their opponents. Neither party seems to have the dimmest perception that it is abandoning its cherished fundamental principles in the ground it is taking on this subject The democratic party, as the strenuous champion of State sovereignty and State rights, and the republican party, as the impugner of State sovereignty and the advocate of central author ity, are standing respectively on the ground of their opponents in this controversy?a re markable exhibition of political inconsistency and a striking proof of the skin-deep shallow ness of theoretical convictions on both sides. II the fervid deolamation of democratic ora tors and journalists respecting the supreme importance of State rights, local independence and exemption from federal control is any thing but an empty party cry the democrats ought to greet with warm and welcoming con gratulations every rescue by a Territorial com munity from its subjection to the oentral au thority. If State rights and exemption from national dependence and interference are the incalculable blessings which the democratic orators and writers assert them to be they are bound to rejoice in every new exemption of a local community from odious federal control. What would they say if one af the smallest States, Nevada, for example, whioh has about the same population as Colorado, or Oregon, which has a smaller population than New Mexico, were to have its Governor and judges appointed by the President, its legislative acts subject to repeal by Congress and its right of representation in the Senate annulled ? How they would make the welkin ring with ones of federal oppression and violated local rights 1 Bat Nevada or Oregon would be no worm off in the cam supposed than Colorado and New Mexico are at present. They can not, indeed, be remanded to the Territorial condition ; but the obstacle is a mere techni cal one, founded on the provisions of a writ ten instrument, and not on broad principles of natural right and justice. Considered meroly as men, the citizens of Nevada are no better than an equal number of citizens of Colorado, and there is no good reason why one of these communities might not be as happy and prosperous without State rights as the other. If local self-government be the invaluable and indefeasible right which the democratic party maintains that it is, how can the democratic Congressmen reconcile it to their principles and their consciences to withhold this indispensable right from the people of New Mexico and Colorado, who groan under the intolerable oppression of absolute federal authority and enjoy no political privilege of which Congress may not deprive them at its pleasure ? The small population of these Territories? a sound argument intrinsically?is an argu ment which does not very well become demo cratic mouths. It is of the essence of the democratic theory that the smallness of a State cannot impair its federal equality as a mem ber of the Union. The theory is, and has been Irom the beginning, that the Senate is a counterpoise to the preponderance of mere numbers in the House; that inasmuch as a minority of the States have a majority of the population the only effectual protection for the small States lies in their control of one branch of Congress, whioh enables them to prevent the passage of any law infringing State rights. According to the theory, the control of the Senate by the small States is the only secure barrier against centralisation; lor if the large States, which elect a majority of the House of Representatives, had a similar advantage in the Senate, a mere majority of the population would control the government, and little commnnities, like Delaware and Florida, would hold their looal rights at the mercy of the central power. Every addition to the number of the very small States? the States which arc so weak in population that their only protection lies in their ability to combine and defeat hostile legislation in the Senate?strengthens the security of those State rights and that local independence which the democratic party inscribes on all its banners as the cardi nal doctrine of sound American politics. That : party virtually abjures its fundamental tenet i when it objects to the multiplication of small ? States, since the small States have a peculiar 1 interest in resisting federal ftugrossio'is, JLlus evident Inconsistency t??t its parallel in the seal of those unthinking republicans who, for the paltry advantage of a few additional Hens tors they do not need, virtually mnounoe their own theory that State eoveseignty and State rights are the bane of the Republic. Hound political judges, who have reflected maturely on the nature of our institution*, will attach little importance to either of these con flicting theories, whioh are so evidently held without sny depth of well grounded convic tion, The idea of an opposition between the large and the small States of the Union is one of those respeotable bat hollow traditions which have descended to us from an early period. It is well known to all who have studied the history of the constitution that the chief con test in the Convention whioh framed it was between the large and the small States. After a long and obstinate struggle the dispute wss compromised by giving to the large States the advantage they would derive from a repre sentation, in proportion to population, in the House, and to the small States the advantage of equal representation in the Senate. Madi son, as the debates show, was clear-sighted enough to perceive that no opposition of in terest would actually arise between the large and small States as such, and that our great and convulsing controversies were more likely to be sectional, in the sense of arraying large areas of country against each other. His sagacity has been fully vindicated by our po litical history. There has never been a con troversy in whioh the large States were ar rayed on one side and the small 8tates on the other. Rhode Island has aoted with the large New England States; Delaware and Florida with the large Southern States. If in the recent currency dispute some of the small Western States have not gone with their section, it is because they were mining States and had a different set of interests from the strictly agricul tural States. Neither in this controversy nor in any other have the small States been found fighting together on one side against the large States on the other, which is a pretty conclusive proof that State rights have never been felt by the smaller States to be in any great danger. In good truth, we have abundant examples in the positions of the smullness of the peril whioh besets the people from the exercise of federal authority. No democratic politician ever maintained that any of our Territories was oppressed, al though the central authority has always done with them whatever it pleased. Congress, for its own convenience, has always prefeired to give theoi local Legislatures, and we can recollect no instance in which it has ever interfered to annul local legislation in the Territories, although its power to do so is unquestioned. So long as the great body of the American people are sinoerely attached to republican institutions the people of the Territories and the States will alike be per mitted to manage tbair local affairs, and the only sure protection of both lies in the perpetuity of free sentiments in the minds of the majority of the people. Is the Third Empire Imminent! | The cable informs us that the situation in j Versailles is gloomy. The movement for a dissolution* of the Assembly continues, based upon the resolution of the extreme republicans to iorce that measure, a resolution they have never abandoned since Victor Hugo, Rochefort, Clemenceau and Deleecluze resigned rather than serve in an Assembly that to their minds did not represent France. The fact that this movement for dissolution is sustained by M. Thiers and a large number of the Left Centre shows its importance. Nothing to the French or English mind would seem more natural than that the Assembly should dissolve, and, appealing to France, take the true sense of the country as to the form of government de sirable. But what is natural to our eyes is full of danger to the Frenchman. Dissolution means a leap in the dark, and no one can tell where it will lead. In the meantime, as a striking comment upon this news, we print a singularly sugges tive letter addressed to us by a "French Re publican" dismissing the question, "Is a Third Empire Imminent?" The arguments which our correspondent presents lead to the con clusion already expressed in our columns that the real contest in France is between the re publicans and the Bonapartiets, with all the advantages in favor of the latter party. Mac M&hon can save the Republic by imitating the example of Washington and proclaiming a Conservative Republic. But such a step on his part seems to be improbable. In the meantime France drifts towards an empire. Wisdom might even yet save the Republic, but we have seen no evidence of it as yet. Yachtoio.?June yachting promises com paratively little in the way of thorough sport, though perhaps to the world of lovers of the water and of holiday-making generally it is scarcely less agreeable on that aocount Indeed, it may almost be regarded as the characteristic of the marine turnout for June that it has more pleasure than purpose in it; it is a dress parade rather than any part of an active campaign. With us this is so, and it is the same with the yachting world in England. Cowes blooms, as our yachting capitals also do, with the less practical admirers of pretty ships?ladies and gentlemen who turn out in nautical array to indulge their enthusiasm over the beauty and spirit of the show of fine craft on the still blue water or moving placidly in the lazy breeze of leafy June. But the later summer cornea on, important with the great events, and some of these we shall con sider presently. The Labob Tboodi.es in Enolaito. ?Our oor 1 respondence from Newmarket, England, the centre of the present agricultural troubles, ' narrates an interesting circumstance con ' nected with an exposure of the placard printed throughout the troubled counties announcing that there were many thousands of American laborers anxious to return to England and work for about three dollars a week. The scene when our correspondent arrived and read the report in the Hbbai.d exposing the falsehood of the publication reminds us of some of the stirring scenes in the novels of George Eliot There was a person named Woods, "from Ohio," about whom our readers have heard, boasting that he couid bring twenty thousand ' laborers from Amer.ca. Mr. Woods seems to have been overwhelmed by the Hkbaj.d ex posure, and his usefulness as an agitator came , suddenly to an and How tk* City Government Hoy Bo Bdomod. The necessity of * re torm in oar city gov ernment is jast m argent now as it was three years ago. Then, bold and reckless robbers were plundering the City Treasury and striving to direct attention from their crimes by a vig orous prosecution of works of public improve ment Now, incapable, selfish and intriguing men are in charge of our municipal affitirs, all progress is checked, debt and taxation are in creasing, and several of the "reform" depart ments are under suspicion of corruptions as flagrant, if not quite so wholesale, as those which made the old Tammany r&jima so no torious. The evil of the present moment can be traced to the excitement attendant upon the first popular outory for reform. People were resolved to have a change?to banish the last remnant of an unfaithftil administration from power, without regard to the innocenoe or criminality of individuals. In this temper they were not prepared to inquire too curi ously into the character of the "reform" of fered to them, and they chose Mr. Havemeyer Mayor of the city beoause he was supported by those who had been the recognized op ponente of the former administration. The first year's experience of the present govern ment has oonvinoed the people that in chang ing rulers they simply ohanged " rings.'' The "reform" they secured was simply a corrupt bargain between political leaders and cunning office-seekers. The republicans were power less in the city alone, and so they gave lucra tive positions to democrats and the Com mittee of Seventy on the consideration that after election the patronage of the oity should be turned over to the republican party. Laws were passed without any regard to the pnblio interests, for the purpose of aiding the con summation of the bargain; but Mr. Have meyer cheated in the game, and the result is the present incongruous, incompetent, dis honest and scandalous city government The safety of the people now is in the eleotion of a reputable and competent Mayor next November, the nominee of an established party. Trades and bargains be tween minority organizations and greedy office-seekers are never made in the publio interests. Popular sentiment seems to de mand the election of William Butler Duncan I or John K. Hackett, either of whom would make an admirable executive, and both of whom are gentlemen of high standing in sooiety, of established capacity and integrity and of untiring energy. They are in the prime of life, and their presence in the City Hall would reinvigorate the whole govern ment The demooraoy would give to either of these candidates their united support, and the influence Of snob names and the credit of such nominations would restore all its lost prestige to the Tammany organization. With one of these two names at the head of the democratic ticket next fall the result would be assured and the people would be certain to secure a genuiue reform in their city govern ment at last. Prussia's Control or thx Catholic Church.?The operation of the new German law for the expulsion of recusant ecclesiastics from the country will- have the effect of ren dering most of the Roman Catholic sees in the Empire vacant The diocesan chapters refuse to elect new bishops during the life time of the exiled prelates. The government of the State has been consequently compelled to take measures for fi.ling the vacant sees. This has been done by the promulgation of the law, which we publish in the Hkbald to day, under which the paroohial populations are empowered to meet and elect their own pastors without reference to the approval or veto of the Vatican. Bismarck and Emperor William have made a bold effort to return to the congregational simplicity of the apostolic times; but it is quite evident, although their intentions may be most excellent, that a good deal remains to be accomplished. Prussia has, however, delivered her final blow against the power of the Papacy. Dominion Distrust. ?It the Toronto Mail can be relied upon the Mackenzie government does not sleep upon a bed of roses. "Radioed fear, deceit, incapacity and maladministration have come down with a heavy foot upon publio en terprise and progress. British Columbia is dissatisfied, Manitoba is uneasy, while in the maritime Provinces there is the feeling that Mr. Brown is ready to sacrifice their dearest interests at Washington to make some reputa tion for practical statesmanship for himself! It is the law of nature, however. Ex nihilo nihil fit From such a colloction of nobodies as constitute the Dominion Cabinet nothing need be expected except what is petty, sup pressive of national energy and damaging to trade. The country has, un ortunately, drifted into an unhappy era." There was a time when Canada cast longing eyes toward admis sion to the American Union, but the confed eration of the colonies north and east of us temporarily delayed that event. Perhaps the present generation may. yet live to hear the young Dominion knocking at the door of the United States. ThR C HA MB KB or CoHMBBCB AND THX Monrrr Bill.?At a special meeting of the Chamber of Commerce yesterday, with the object of taking steps to urge the passage of the Moisty bill, a number of our prominent merchants were present and passed resolutions to be submitted to Congress. The gentlemen assembled also conoluded that, in view of the short time Congress will be in session and the danger of the Moiety bill being passed over, a delegation should prooeed at once to Washing ton. A number immediately volunteered to go and use their influence in order to induce the Senate to pass the House bilL The danger of the bill being defeated or passed over lies, it seems, in an amondment appended for regulating the salaries of Custom House officials, which might lead to a good deal of discussion as well as preliminary investiga tion. It would be best, probably, to pass the Moiety bill without any such amendment, and leave the Balary question till the next session of Congress. This would satisfy the merchants, relievo them of an intolerable evil and consume little time of the Senate. Prison Rerobm. ?The want of accommoda tion in the prison i of this State has induced the passing of a law which will set at liberty, long before the term of their sentence has expired, hundreds of prisoners. Motives of policy and humanity have led to this result, tor so crowded aro the prisoners that two and even thM* oriannA?? are sometimes confined in the Mine oelL Under these con ditions it is next to iropoesible to maintain that utriot and severe discipline on which the corrective value of houses of detention so mnch depends. If crime is so rampant in the Empire State that criminals are actually crowding each other ont it might be advimble to erect other prisons or turn some of oar useless forts into penitentiaries. The best way to check crime is not to admit that the machinery of the law is unequal to its proper punishment The more numerous the criminal class grows the more severely should it be dealt with. A Mew Master la riaeaee. Now that we are in an earnest discus sion of the finances, not without hopes, also, that out of the chaos and mismanagement which of late have marked our financial administration we may have a definite, intel ligent policy, any new opinions on the subject will be weloome. Our aim should be not to discuss this question with partisanship, but to strive to attain a policy that will bring the oountry to solvenoy and give the United States her true finanoial position. Any con tribution to the debate, therefore, possesses unusual value. Mr. Wendell Phillips is a man apt to have his own mind on all subjects. Beoently he wrote a letter about the finances, the substance of which is printed in a Western journal. His plan is to abolish the National Bank circulation and issue greenbacks. These greenbacks he would make receivable lor customs. He would have the gen eral government lend greenbacks at 3.65 per cent per anuum to any citizen who would pledge national bonds or improved land. For bonds thus pledged the govern ment would lend the owner four-fifths of their value in greenbacks, for the land one-half its value, such value to be the average or what said land had been appraised at for taxation daring the last ten years. These greenbacks should also be legal tender for all debts due the government as well as for all duo private parties. He would provide that any such borrower who found that he did not have fur ther use for the greenbacks could restore them and have his bonds and lands released. Any one desiring to surrender greenbacks could do so, receiving in their stead a national bond bearing 3.65 per cent interest, payable in greenbacks, the principal payable in gold twenty or thirty years later. In advocacy of this proposition Mr. Phillips thinks that one billion two hundred million dol lars would not be more than the country requires as the volume of circulation. He cites France as an example of what a finished country needs in the way of money, and reasons from this that America should have twice as much, be cause we are in "a process of development" and require money. He "looks forward to a currency double our present," and "scorns the delusion of ever returning to a specie basis." , "I repudiate," he udds, "all resemblances to | 'assignata' and Law's schemes in this, that the | government shall aot as bankers, and, taking | first ample individual security in land, bonds ^ or gold, loan its credit 1 consider those who j insist on banking on gold alone as twins to those who should propose laws to forbid any locomotion except by ox carts. Enlarged , population and quadrupled business demand increased banking facilities based upon broader foundations than gold. New times demand new measures." _ Any proposition from Mr. Phillips is certain to be honest and very apt to be original. Our objection to this plan is a radical one. It is impossible to build a house on air, and just as impossible to build oredit or a currency nn promises to pay. A promise to pay has a two told value?the value attributed to it by the person who makes the promise and the value entertained by the person who reoeives it If Spanish bonds, for instance, oould be pur chased at a Spanish estimate of their value they would be the highest on the stock list. They oertainly represent Castilian promises to pay-made in good faith, and which would be redeemed if any one would find the money. Custom and law and necessity have made gold the basis of currency, and we cannot change it without making war upon civilization. We may rank the faith ot the government aa good as gold, and issue currency representing it; but what will be the result ? Foreign money markets will have their own views, and we shall find ourselves in London and Frankfort ranking with Turkey and Brazil We issue bonds that represent promises to pay, and then issue cur rency representing the bonds, and ask the world to take the currency at par. This is like building nothing on nothing and calling the foundation granite. We enter into a na tional pawnbroking business, lending money on land at the tax collector's appraised value. There would be one advantage in this, that owners of real estate, who return its value at a low figure to avoid taxation, would in crease the appraisement to borrow money, and we Bhould have a large revenue from taxation on property. But we see no other advantage. The plan would be cumbersome and impracti cable, and would open the road to a system of corruption and favoritism unlike an/thing we have ever known. Mr. Phillips makes the surprising mistake that two and two, make more than four. The many financial plans that have been sub mitted to Congress have been based upon the j theory that the constitution somehow gives Congress the right to enact that it should be five or seven or eleven. Unfortunately it is one of those laws which are* above Congress or the Supreme Court. We can only have a cur rency as valuable as gold when gold underlies it, and when the world knows that it can be changed at once into gold. Onoe establish that fact, and we can have as muoh currency as France, or ten times as muoh if needed. The way to establish it is to practise economy in administration, to contract our currency, to fund our loans at lower interest, and to pro tect the national credit by more stringent laws in reference to the repudiation of sacred debts by States and municipalities and large corpo rations. It Wmi. Be Seen from our letters published this morning from Princeton and Philadel phia that the college and other men are busily preparing for the summer regatta. We wel como these signs of enterprise and emulation as among' the best evidences of manly scholar ship. It will not impair the true knowledge of Horaoe to know how to pull the stroke oar, and a fine hour of morning praotioe will ena ble the dullest student to comprehend his problems In geometry. The soundest educa tion is based on health, and let as encourage oar young men in all exercises that promote it Vrathw Problems. Yesterday was sweltering enough to satisfy the most insatiate eremationist The average City father was in a white heat, and muni cipal burdens never before appeared so heavy to him. Fans and open windows were eagerly sought after around the City Wall and the Conscript Fathers of goodly Gotham apostro phised the glaring sun and molten ekytas unmeasured terms; hut they were heedless of the wrathful looks of the wire-muxzled ntnlmw that passed them or the groans of the griet stricken Bergh, in whose eyes each mussles must be an abomination and a shame. Oh casionally an unmuzzled dog sneaked across the busy Broadway, apparently dreading the swoop of an aldermanio myrmidon, and again a woful howl came from a wire-muzzled boll dog, the property of some Manhattan Bikes, ready under any other oiro^mstanoes to form an intimate acquaintance with the leg of a passer-by. Yesterday was the opening of the muzzling season?a blaok day in the canine calendar. Sinoe the edict went forth that metropolitan dogs were to be muzzled there have been many theories advanced on the subjeot of hydrophobia. Doctors say that the canine spirit is most disturbed when the ground is covered with Bnow, and that the faithful Tray becomes dangerous in proportion as the thermometer goes down. Tradition tells us to beware of the dog when the mercury is in the nineties. Now, what are we to - do? Shall we give the dog 05 the Alderman the benefit of the doubt? Mr. Bergh pronounoes in fiavor of the dog. bat we think that the City Father should have the first ohoioe. Arguments in favor of and against the pres once of rabies among the dogs in summer are as plentiful as those advanced on the tire some subjeot of Alabama claims and conse quential damages, and in view of such pon derous testimony on both sides is it not as well that poor humanity should get ths field in preference to the dogs ? At the same time a moral muzzle on the average Alderman would be of service occasionally, and perhaps the same preventive against harm might do good in higher quarters. Civil Rights.?The significant vote on tha motion of Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, in the House of Representatives yester day, to take up the Civil Rights bill, passed by the Senate, indicates the defeat of that measure this session of Congress. The motioB was to suspend the rules, Is take np the bill and to refer it to the Judiciary Committee. The yeas were 138 and nays 86. Two-thirds were necessary for n. suspension of the rules, and twelve .votes were lacking of that. There was not a fall House, it is true, bat it seems evident that the Honso is not disposed to pass this sweeping radical and disturbing measure. The Senate is wall pleased, probably, that its bill has met with obstacles in the House, for we have littlo doubt that some of the Senators who voted for it for the sake of party consistency would rather not have it become a law. The bill is fall of misohief, and would tend to create social and political trouble and disorganisa tion in the South, where harmony, peace and restoration an so much needed now. Five republican members from Tennessee, five from North Carolina and three from Ohio voted against Mr. Butler's motion. Let us hope this will be the end of the mischievous bill, not only for the present session, bat for ever. Tn Honors to Charles Sumner continue. George William Curtis will deliver an address in Boston to-day commemorating the life and character of the illustrious and lamented statesman. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. General S. K. Marvin, of Albany, is at the filth Avenue Hotel. Benson J. bossing Is among the recent arrivals at the Coleman House. Colonel W. U. Jenifer, of the Egyptian Army, Is residing at the New York Hotel. General John L. swift, of Massachusetts, is registered at the Windsor Hotel. Commander Henry Wilson, United States Navy, is staying at the Westminster Hotel. Atlanta received its classical dilettante nam* from the practical J. Edgar Thompson. Mr. E. Jacoos, United states Consul at Monte video, has apartments at ttie Ast.or House. Chiof Eugiucer Charles H. Coring, United Statss Navy, is stopping at the Union Square Hotel. Mr. 0. M. Allen, United States Consul at Ber muda, has arrived at the Grand Central Hotel. Commanders J. N. Miller and L, A. Kiinberley, United States Navy, are at the Metropolitan Hotel. Captain B. P. Rlttenbonse ana Surgeon A. B. Hasson, United States Army, are quartered at tha Everett House. Cap'ain O. W. Hill and lieutenants Cock nam | and vvmte, of the British Army, yesterday arrived I at the filth Avenue Hotel. I "Hall, Horrox, hall I" is to be written in West minster Abbey In remembrance of the man wan | first caught Venus at her transit. "i'lll rollers" they call their doctors at Detroit. ' No one can aflord to pay dootors to roil pflis here. : Perhaps the Detroit doctora are cheaper or the people richer. Mr. Coilax will smile at Elizabeth this month. Baker, of Pennsylvania, did not leave his a? counts in a nice State. Newe from California re* i resents him In good health. | One hundred and ten years was the age of the oldest aunty they have lately had In South Car* Una. They used to have one further South win cooked for the haade that dug the Chatiattoociie : River. I There is a mare fifty gears old la Arkansas, aai i they call her the oldest la the country except oat New York mayor, who wit "imported by Hendrtel Hudson in his Duteh cruiser, and who atlll leeda at tne public crib." Seven princes of the blood royal of England have been created peers of Ireland. Inoludlng thee* seven twelve have been created peers with Irish titles. The new creation of the Dukedom of Con naught is the only Instance in whtcn the chief title of an English prince has been an Irish one. We take pleasure in republishing the empnatie con radiction of tne Km>res* to the romor which we'found current and kept moving, that Mr. Nor. val, recently oi the notes, had bought the Express. Doubtless, it was all an unconscious trtoute of th? rumor makers to the iErpress, which is such a good paper tnat they thought any journalist out of occu pation would Inevitably bay It If It was for sale. I The Oravhlo prints a portrait of Henry Wikoff, I Esq., who has evidently taken several draughts, ! aud perhaps even a bath tn the loanuin of youth, i The oldest inhabitant remembers him as-a mania the prime of llio at least, and now that oldest tn hubitaut grows decrepit and totters Into the vale ' ol tears, and np comes this elastic chevalier, ! younger and iresher than ever. At this rate wa fully believe he will survive to conttnne and oon clude tne "History of Ills Elie and Times," and oveiybodr else's times, in fortv volumes.