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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and ifter January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New York HiTur.n will be cent free of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in (he year. Four cents per copy. An imal subscription price $12< All business or news letters snd telegraphic despatches must be addressed Nrw Yo&x PVnATTV Rejected communications will not be re turned Letters and packages should be properly tealed. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received und forwarded on the same terms as in New York. fOLUME XL so. 101 UUSEIEMS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. BOWfcRY OPERA HOCSE. So.^:01 Bowery ?VAitlfcTY, at 8 F. M.; Clows at 10:43 park -rnuATBE, S^f1,wf7-;PAVT UKOCKKf f, it ! P. *; eloaes at IOsJuP. M. Mr. Mayo. _ HOWE BY TIUATRE, ?owwg?ABOCND TUB WORLD XX E1GHTT DATS, GRAND OPERA HOTSE. Eighth arenne and Twenty-taua street ?AHMED, at 3 F. M.. cloaca at 10:13 P. M. nOOTH'S THEATRE. eornfr of Twenty-thtrn street and Six-h s venae.? htKBY V., at 8 P. M. closes at 11 F. M. Mr. Blgno:d. LYCECM THEATRE, Foartcenth street, near Sixth nveane?MARIF an. I'.'L*ft' 1:30 ' ? M- ,|ine. Kistort. LA JOLJt FABr UMEl eE. at 8 P. M. Mile. Aiinee. FAX FRANCISCO MiNSTRELS, 2.T?.,..<,*',''_<orn*r iwpb'v.ninth ?trcat?NEGRO MlNSfsihLY, at 8 P. M.; cl'jbcat :0 F. M. 1IYOLI THEATRE. gtf D?n street t-enreeu Second and Third aranae*.? "TAhlllT. at 8 P. M.; closes at 12 P. M. ?. ^?S ?Cfi.JiWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE. fHE Iffu ORPHANS, at 8 P. M ; closes at 10:45 P. M. WALLACE'S THEATRE, ?roadway.-BAFAfcL, at 8 P. M.. closes at 10:40 P. M. COLOSSisL'M Broadway and Thlrtv-fourth street'.?PARIa BJT NIGHT two exhibltloos daily, at 3 and 8 P. M. _ . WOOD'S MCSECM. Broadway, comer of Thirtieth street?3FV MeCCI^ F?i.Uh' *' S r" *' clo'e? *l 10:14 r" M- JIatU?ee at 2 .. _ THEATRE COMIQCE. >o^514Broaaway.-VamETY, at 8 P. M.; cloass at 1U:4A METROPOLITAN MCSErM OF ART. wast Fourteenth street?Open from 10 a. M. to 5 P. M. BROOJXVN PARK THEATRE. Folton avaoue. ?VaBUvTY. at 8 P. M.; closes atlo u ACADE*T OF MCSIC. roofte-nth street and Iruas place.? L'OMBBE, at 8 F. M. Mile. Emma ^urel. BOB IN SON HALL. By. Broad waj .?HIBERNICON, at 8 F. M. Matinee at 3 P. M. _ GERMA.MA THFATBE. Foorteenth street.-I.NDl.jO, at 8 F. M.; closes at 10:46 r. M. M:m Lma Marr. ' OLYMPIC THEATRE. PFSSS2Z&Tf:tf.l6,TY*al SP *? c,??10 , FIFTH AVEWIE THEATRE, Tweajy-olsMa sraet and Broad?av._THE BIO PO WANZa at 8 F. M.: cloaca at lo 3J F. M. Mr. Fisher Mr. I?ewu. Miaa uarenjxrt. Mr*. Gilbert. Matinee at 1 F M TRIPLE SHEET. inn- voas. wei>sesi>av. apkil u. isrt. from ovr report* ihit morning the probabilities ?re that to-day ther* rciU be light snotcs followed by ^/taring and cool veather. Wall Street Yesterdat.?Stock* were ir regular, government bonds steady, foreign exchange firm and money abundant on call. Gold closed at 115$. The Emigration Commission yesterday held ? meeting and di?cu?sed the financial embar rassments which prerent it from fulfilling its objects. It was fiually determined to tike iteps toward obtaining from the Bute the necessary assistance. The Pofe did not appeal to the Emperor of Austria for the protection of the Church, m the cable asserted. These reports are sin gularly contradictory, ani it would be well to examine them more carefully before circulat ing them orer the world. Some of the London Editors are to be ?unmoned before the bar of the House of Commons to answer for breach of pr.v.lege in publishing news. They are not likely to get the wor3t of the dispute, as the news ap pear* to have been furnished by a Parliament ary committee. If England should recede trom her agree ment with the other Powers as made in tha Declaration of Paris in 1856 it would hare an important influence upon the stability of Eu ropean treaties. A motion to this effect was rejected in the House of Commons yesterday by a majority which shows that Parliament ?sdlrstnnds the danger of such a step. Cheap Tbansfoetation is equally important to the interests of the West and the East, and the proceedings of the association whose ob ject is to bring about that result are of interest to a larg3 class of business men. The excessive charges on the carrying of grain are espenally onerous upon our merchants, and the public ultimately is required to assume the burden. The Western producers ?honld see that it is to their interest to emu late the enterprise shown in New York in combating the monopolies of the railroad Companies. The Bot-th has naturally no ordinary in terest in the (entannial celebration, for it offers an occasion not only lor the display of the resources of that portion of the country, but for the eridencr of its palriotiam. Our correspondence from Mississippi nnd Georgia indicates the interest which the Houthern people Like in our national anniversary. It is unfortunate that the Houthern States are too poor to give much pecuniary help to the enterprise, but we trust that by next year they will make important contributions of tbeir productions. We cannot leave the South out of the Centennial without som? discredit to the policy the North has pursued since th? Tkt Wk?l Crop ml lSTS-0??*r?l Bailneii ProipMli. The Chicago Times, following ths recent ex ample of the Heeald, has performed a useful service in collecting from a wide area infor mation relating to a subject of deep interest to the business community. Our Chicago contemporary has indeed pursued its inquiries in a different Held from ours, and directed them to a different object We sent reporters and correspondents to all the chief centres of commerce in the United States, instructing them to interview leading bankers, merchants and manufacturers, and to report the interviews verbatim, when of sufficient value, accompanying them with a gen eral summary of results. The informa tion thus furnished attracted wide notice in the press of the country. The Cnicago Timet ha* directod its inquiries, not to the great cities,, but to the rural districts, aiming to give an authentic statement of tho present pros pects ot the wheat crop in the principal wheat growing States of the Northwest It has a great array of telegraph reports from numerous points in Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Michigan and Minnesota? in short, all the wheat-growing States any considerable portion of whose products seek a market through Chicago, the great grain mart of the Continent The accounts relate chiefly to the breadth of ground sown with wheat as compared with the area last year, and to the condition and appearance ot the winter wheat since the close of winter. On both these heads ibe reports are satisfactory and encouraging. The breadth of wheat sown is represented to be even greater than it was last year, and the appear ance of the winter wheat fields is generally very fine and thrifty. It was apprehended that gTeat injury would be done by the un wonted severity of the winter; but, fortu nately, these forebodings have not besn real ized, owing, it is supposed, to the depth of snow which lay on the ground during the period when the cold was most intense. Whether the protecting enow was an unmixed blessing may per haps be doubted. Had the ground lain bare, and the frost done its perfect work, a great part of the winter wheat might have been killed, but with it the life would hare been frozen out of the egg3 of grasshoppers and chinch bugs, and agriculture have been exempted from these scourges for many years to come. The ground might have been re ploughed for spring wheat and other cops, and the severe winter have proved a blessing in diegui-e. We do not know whether winter wheat can stand a greater degree of cold than the eggs of insects ; but let us hope that it can, and that the seeds of these pests have been destroyed Be this as it may, the pros pects for a good wheat crop are excellent, bating accidents of weather later in the sea son and the possible ravages of insects. These promising reports frcm the great and fertile Northwest are of universal interest Agriculture is altogether the most important of our industries, and the one which gives life to all the others. It is the main pillar of tha public prosperity. A healthy revival of business in the later summer and early autumn months depends on a propitious and fruitful season. The ma jority of our people derive their subsistence from the cultivation of the soil, and their ability to purchase goods depends on the abundance of their crops. It is the grain crop more than any other which sets the wheels of trade in motion, not only by the large market for manufactured articles created by the wants of its producers and their ability to pay, but also by the effect of cheap food in increasing the consumption of other things by the inhabitants of cities. When food is dear and it takes a great part of people's earnings to supply their tables there is little left for the supply of less indispensable wants. Moreover, a stagnant demand for manufactured goods throws artisans und la borers out of employment or diminishes their wages, so that in proportion as food is dear they have less money to expend in its pur chase. Agriculture is thus the main axie on which the business of this country turns. It also furnishes the chief employ ment for our great lines of transportation, the clamor for cheaper lreights within the last few years having arisen in the great grain- , growing regions of the country. It is the [ grain trade which cover? the great lakes with vessels, which gives employment to our canals, which creates the chief competition , between rival Atlantic cities, which encourages , the hopes of Canada to rise in the scale of I eommercial importance by diverting Western products down the St. Lawrence. The grain prodncts of the West are the chief source lrora which the stream of our foreign commerce is fed. The single article of cotton makes, to be sure, a larger figure in our ex port statistics than the article ot wheat ; but if we join with wheat Indian corn and the products cf Indian corn, like bacon, pork and lard, the total considerably exceeds the export of cotton. We insert the following statement of the value of such articles exported in 1874: ? wieatnud flour tU0,7M,A'3 Imnan corn and men *i,2?.<,360 Bkvd .id'i nan.* .. 86.340.794 l^ni 19, SON,01# Torn M0S,713 Tot Sl |2W,546,41" The value of the cotton exported from the Unite 1 States in 1874 wan $211,22:1,580? or $7,321,836 1dm than the value of grain products exported, if we reckon pork, lard ! uni bacon as it condensed form of Indian corn. Whiskey is >ko a condensed form of various grnins, and a considerable por tion of the cotton crop ought to l>e classed u?der the name he id, since a great deal of the food consumed on the cotton plnnta* i tions is produced in the grain regions of the Northwest and is transmuted into cotton through the musclcs of the negroes. It is strictly correct, therefore, to say that the production of grain is the main pivot of our foreign and dom "tie trade and of all our other industries. The prospects of the grain crop tt thus a subject of more uni versal interqpt than any other in the whole circle of our in it-?rial prosperity, if interest be measured by md importance. It may not be quite true that "winter ling?rs m the Up of May," but the great snow Btorm ye?terd%y stretches winter so far into the spring months that the business season | will be short before the midsummer heatn | come on, and we cannot expect a very vigor i ous revival until after the grain crop is ! harvested Jn July and August. But if the harvest should be as abundant as there is rea son to hope the dawn which now begins to appear will brighten into clear dny in the autumn months. It is in anticipation of this that the New England mills are coming again into full activity, the fabrics they turn out | during the next ? throe months being, of course, intended to supply the fall trade. I The Panama Canal. The sea which divides also unites. In ancient times the command of the ocean gave power to nations, for then commerce was almost entirely a question of transporta tion by water. In war time victory was decided by the strength of navies. Thus England was for centuries the ruler of the world because of the superiority and the en terprise of her sailor*. But a change has come over the world. The invention of steam makes railroads more useful than canals, and the ship is superseded by the locomotive engine. The Union Pacific Railroad controls the trade of a continent, and the passage around Cape Horn has become almost as ob solete as the voyages of Captain Cook or the discoveries of Magellan. Still, in spite of this enormous value of the railroad to civilization and commerce, the ocean still plays its part in the woil l's nffair-i. The wisdom of the great engineering feat of cutting a canal through the Isthmus of Suez has been fully vindicated by its results. Eng land has profited more than Franco by the speedy communication it affords Europe with India. The commerce of tho world has been benefited by the new means of transit It is ; not strange that the United States govern- > ment, in view of this success, should be de- j sirous to emulate it by cutting a canal through the Isthmus of Darien. But it should not be forgotten that the configurations of the conti nents make a vast difference in the situation. The Suez Canal is more valuable to Europe than the Darien Canal can be to America. We have?what Europe has not?direct railroad communication over the Continent from ocean to ocean above the fortieth degree of latitude, and through a ter ritory subject to but one government, Because of her rival and jealous nationalities the railroad system of Europe does not pos sess the same security nor offer equal advan tages to the commerce of the world. There fore, we must not imagine that the Nicaras^uan Canal is as important to America as the Suez Canal is to Europe. The conditions are al together different. But there is no doubt that the Paciflo and Atlantic oceans will be ultimately joined by a canal upon one ol the lines through the Isthmus of Darien which have been surveyed under the authority of the government. The railroad cannot stop the canal. The thorough report we present to-day of tho results of the United States surveying expedition, which arrived at this city yesterday, will, therefore, be re ceived with deep intcresr. It explains the ad vantages of the different plans proposed, especially of the Nicaragua and Panama routes, and, though there is little probability that the work will be begun soon, it is well to have the lacts lully presented for the consid eration of the public. The Beautiful Know. Come, geaUe Spring! ethereal Mildness, oomel Spring has come, with its buds and flowers, and snow and hail, and umbrellas and pneu monia, and many other things, some of which the poets have mentioned, and others which they have been careful to omit. Thifi charm ing season of the year, with its crocuses and violet beds, does more to encourage the sale of ied flannel than all of its sisters put together. Anybody can go out and buy a beautiful bouquet in rpring, price ten cents? a rose impaled on a wire, with a geranium leaf to pympathize with its misfortunes?but what is the use of a rose if you cannot smell it? Flowers are wasted upon a pretty girl who happens to have a cold in the nose. Why should we go look for daffodils in fields of snow, or wander by thr> silvery stream with an umbrella? There is homethlnjr apparently incongruous in reclining upon beds of violet blue, or half blown roses washed with dew, in an Ulster overcoat. The poet who abandons himself to the pleasures of spring must put his feet in a hot water%nth at night and put on a mustard plaster in the morning. When we sing of Spritg?beautilnl Hp ring I?it is well to clear the thr:>at with Brown's bronchial troches. The dandelion is delight ful as a flower, but it i3 more valuable as a gargle. Spring reminds us of a politician. It has every quality that is reqnired for success in politics. It is rich in promise and poor in performance. Trusting to its pmiling face we lay a?ide the garments of winter and appear in what the ironical tailors call spring suits. The skies are blue, tho sea is calm, warm breezes blow from the South and the sunlight is bright and warm. Tho butterfly makes its appcaranco and tho wasp crawls out of its nest under the window-sill. Where is the butterfly the next day? The unfortunate insect has perished in the effort to extract honey from an icicle, while the wasp, like Death, has lost ita sting. The flower girls get up a corner in bouquets, and the doctors consult privately with the druggists. The voice of the hilarious undertaker is heard in the land, and he snorteth like the steed who bears the sound of the trumpet afar. The disgusted fly returns to his cave and the snowbirds turn back from their useless jonrney to the North. Nature, about this time, discovers that she is a fraud. She is conscious that while she is succcssi'ul in getting up a winter she disgraces herself in attempting to produce a decent spring, and suffers the mortification of know ing that everybody agrees with tho opinion. These are conclusions which were forced upon 11s by the experience of yesterday. We have lost all confidence in spring, and intend here after to repo se our faith in nothing but gum shoes and umbrellas. The M in eta?Tho necessity of sending tho troops to tho region of the disturbances in Pennsylvania is justified by the events of yes terday. Disorderly pirtics of miners came into collision with the troops, and havo been re pulsed in their attempts to break through the picket lines. Tho militory did not provoke this outbreak, but their presence has probably , prevented more aerious disorders. A Dying City. Senator Morton is reported as saying to the reporter ol a Western newspaper that New Orleans is a dead city ; that it bas lost its opportuuity ; that St. Louis, Galveston and even Chicago have reached out and robbed it of it* former trade privileges, and that no amount of good government can restore it We have bad many Btories of this kind from the Crescent City, and we confess that noth ing since the war has distressed ns more than the blight that seems to have fallen upon New Orleans. It is one of the most interesting of our cities. It has a continental quality that none of the others possess. Its roots extend into other soils than the Cavalier or the Puri tan. New Orleans, French in its origin, and at one time under the control of the Spaniard, has always shown the influence of France and of Spain. There is something of Paris in the sprightliness and taste of the people ; in the chivalry, which does not even now disdain the duello ; in the merriment, which makes Sunday a feast day and not a day of fasting; in the Carnival and Mardi Gras. Every street in the old city recalls the glory of the Bourbon or the ambition of the Bonaparte. Belore the war it was a prodigal, luxurious metropolis. The planters looked upon a winter visit to New Orleans as a re compense tor a bard season's work in the cotton field and sugar house. The Missis Bippi poured its treasures into its lap. It was the entrepot of Mexico and Cuba and Texas. There was no city to challenge its dominion but Mobile, lor Gal veston was a little seacoast town that was scarcely known in the family of cities. Alone, therefore, far distant from the other ruling cities, mistress of the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi, New Orleans rapidly strode along, and belore the war nad perhaps as much wealth for her population as any city in the Republic. Even now New Orleans is ninth in the list of cities, if we may tako the figures of the census of 1870. It then reported 191,000 population and 33,656 dwellings?something more than San Francisco and less than Cin cinnati. The latest authority as to its com merce, Edward King, in his valuable and in teresting work on "The Great South," shows still many signs of prosperity. The last re ported cotton crop, 1872-73, was a hundred thousand bales larger than the year before the war. The total value of the imports in New Orleans lor the same year was more than one hundred millions and the exports over 6ix hundred millions. More than one-third of the cotton passed through New Orleans. This is a source of enormous wealth alone. It is hard to think that a city should be dead, or in any apprehensions of death, that sends out lrom its ports more than six hundred millions of dollars a year. There are, of course, many reasons that affect the growth of a seaboard town. The railroads have diverted much of the Missis sippi trade. Tnc sugar crop in Louisiana has fallen away. The Western produce, that in past times was floated down to New Orleans in rude flatboats, now seeks New York and Baltimore Texas has been growing since the war into imperial prominence, and naturally 6ecks a port at Galveston. The railroad has shown its supremacy over the river. In the olden times the river was the line of military defence, the channel of trade. But now the railroad has usurped that function. Wo de fend our railroads in war and depend upon them as the arteries of commercial lile in peace. Therefore the growth ol the great railway systems of toe West and partly ot the Sonth have injured New OrWns. The fed eral government, by the subsidies it granted to the Pacific railways and other lines in the Northwest, has thrown its influence against the South and largely against New Orleans. So far as the account of the general govern ment with the South is concerned, it has not only taken millions from the Southern States in the process of war, but given millions to the Western States in the way of railway en dowments. Is it any wonder, then, that with all these causes in operation, an indulgent gov ernment strengthening the West and neglect ing, nay, trampling the South, ther? should be signs of paralysis in the great metropolis of the Southwest? K nator Morton is an eminent statesman of the republican party. He bas been the apostle of tepression and revenge. He has championed every infamy or usurpation in ihe South that called itself a government. Therefore, when he pronounces New Orleans a dead city he speaks his own condemnation and that of his party. Dying New Orleans represents the ignorance, the cujidity, the folly and the crimes of Mr. Morton's party. But we are confident that he has passed too harsh a judgment. Naw Orleans may suffer a temporary depression, a syncope from war and "reconstruction," but there are ele ments of strength and glory about the old town which even the war and republicanism can not destroy. Dead at l<ast. The election in Connecticut has determined one fact?that the third terra agitation is at an end. Those who believed in this as a ?'sensation,'' or a phantom, or a jest, or a ? inning contrivance of the New York Herald to control the republican party, may J now breathe freely. Alter tho vote in Con necticut thf> question is not whethor General Grant shall have a third term but whether anybody the republicans nominate shall have a first term. For ourselves we congratulate the country that it has passed out of American politics. Those of our public men who be lieved it bad no life did not raad clearly the signs of tho times. If any one thing was more certain than another in the drift nf political events it was that Fresident Grant, through those who surrounded liira, controlled I his judgment and moulded his actions, inored : steadily on to a crisis in politicr.l affairs that could m'an nothing but a third terra. As it is now we question whether the administra tion has power enough oven to control the ! conventions and name tho successor to Presi dent Grant Certain republicans who train | behind JMaine and Hoar and Foster will : gather new strength from protesting. Grant bns shown hims :lf uuablo to carry the repub | lican p irty. Tho quostion now is whether the republican party will insist npon carrying Grant, and in doing so go with him into utter and irretrievable ruin. The Govebnob has had an interesting con Tersation upon tbe canal reforms with a mem ber of th? Produce Exchange, and haa attain ' asserted his determination to enforce honest and intelligent management. The latest do velopments of the matter will be found fully stated in our Albany letter. Defeat ot the "Green Charter." The generalissimo of the Black Horse cav alry and his second in command, the West chester general of the republican contingent, i havo met with an ignominious overthrow. Generalissimo Green does not seem over well acquainted with cavalry tactics. There was, indeed, something of the dash and sudden ness of a cavalry charge in the first onset, but Green cannot have studied with much profit the feats of such daring riders as Mosby, For rest and the rest, who, even in their least suc cessful raids, contrived to retreat without military dishonor. It is impossible to play the part of a Jlosby and a Moltke at the same ! time. A successful commander of cavalry rides at the head of his men and puts spirit into them by his daring example and prompt fertility in resources; but the redoubtable generalissimo of the Black Horse cavalry planned his Albany campaign in the ! closet, as if he aspired to the fame ot a Von Moltke, and his success has borne a very distant resemblance indeed to that of his great model. Perbapi he thought his "bald eagle" was an omen of victory; but the tame eagle of Louis Napoleon I in that first ridiculous attempt which made him the jest of Europe was not a more ill boding bird than "the bald eagle of West chester." In the desertion of Green's adher : ents even Husted spread his wings and flew | away, declaring at the last moment that ho had never regarded the movement as any j thing better than a trick, which he was ready to abandon when it had served bis purpose. Green Beems to have been the only man who had any serious expectation of success, and he must be tilled with mortification to find how he has been coquetted with and flnng aside. He has earned the distrust of the democrats and the contempt of the repub licans, and no party will hereafter be willing to own him. Nobody has profited by his scheme but his paid lobbyists, and nobody will grudge them their l fees if they are supplied from Green's own pocket and not out of the city treasury like thosa of Hawkins a year cr two ago. The money Green paid for the power he expccted would have been a cheap purchase, but to pay roundly for being made ridiculous is not : so pretty a bargain. Now that Green's preposterous ambition has "overleaped itself and fallen on the other side," it is to be regretted that the Legislature will not make a wise revision of the city charter and take the municipal government out of the slough in which it has so long been floundering. This was attempted by the Cos tignn bill, which was very well so far as it went, but proved distasteful alike to the democratic Governor and the republican Senate. The fact that the Senate is republi can is no reason why a good bill should not bo passed. We doubt whether a really sound and wise charter will ever be obtained ' except from a Legislature in which each party has a majority in one of the two houses. If the whole Legislature should be democratic next winter it will make a partisan charter, which the first re j publican Legislature will be sure to subvert. This has been the history of all recent charter legislation. The charter of 1871 was in the in terest of the Tweed lting, which controlled that Legislature. The cfcartor of 1873 (the present charter) was passed bv a republican Legisla ture to keep ns many republicans as possible in city olfiees. If, in 1876, the democrats should have both branches of the Legislature, they would pans a charter to promote party interests rather than the wellarc of the city. The republicans of the present Senate have a grjat and deserved rcspsct for Governor Til den, and it he would recommend the ontlines of a wise, nou-parlifan charter both branches ot the Legislature would probably pass it on its merits, and we should have a better ( chance of stability and good govert nient than we can ever expect from a succcssion of such Bchcmes as are built up and pulled down by p.irtmn legislatures. Cheap Ilamr* and Rapid Transit. There are some interesting facts to be learned from the census returns, so far as onr civics are concerned. New York, in 1870, was first in the list of cities, returning a popula tion of 94*2,202. This population was divided into 185,789 families. These families were lodged in 04,044 dwellings. Brooklyn had 80,06fi families, multiplied into a population of n?arly 400,000, and housed in 45,834 dwell ings. Philadelphia was conceded 647,000 in habitants, representing 127,746 families, living in 112,366 houses. Now, although Philadel phia returns nearly sixty thousand lea* fami lies than New York she has nearly fifty thou sand mor - houses. In other words, New York has nearly fifteen inhabitants for every house, while Philadelphia has only six inhabitants to each house. Tht re is none of our large cities which shows this proportion but Philadelphia. ; New Orleans and San Francisco are a little better off, and so is Washington. But the one fact stands out emphatic and suggestive, that Philadelphia is the City of Poor Men's Homes. So New York might bo if we had rapid 1 transit. In Brooklyn and Jersey City thero are between eight and nine persons to a house. In Newark the number is smaller even. New '< York is almost entirely surroncded by water. : , The channels of growth are narrowed by rivers?not easily crossed at any time, and in winter apt to suddenly choke with ice. I Consequently New York cannot become tho I city of homes. We are compelled to pack our people closely. We ara trying to make a shift after the French fashion with apartment housrs, but the American somehow likes to be master of his own doorstep. Our laboring , people arc driven into forbidding and un- I wholesome quarters, where the sun rarely j i comes?where dirt nnd typhus have sway. As a consequence Philadelphia invites the 1 very class which New York repels?the very cla.?s upon which the truo greatness of all cities rests. Capitalists who have large manu facturing interests prefer to conduct them in Philadelphia. They say that labor is cheaper and of a surer and hiphcr quality. In Phila delphi i ihe blacksmith or the weav?r at once anchors himself into a home. It is smalt ! enough, to be sure, but he has all the modern comfoi -light, air, water nnd sunshine. He has tree schools around the corner for his children. All this comes within his earnings. The money be would pay for a grimy apartment in a New York tenement hou^e, in some Fire Point* or Seventh avenue section, will give him his own home in Philadelphia. One of the glories oi Philadelphia?which makes it truly the Hom< City?is the almost endless line of small houses which one sees in the outlying sub urbs. There is no reason why we should not have the same in New York. There is no part of Philadelphia or in the country around it to compare in beauty with "Westchester, Staten Island or the region beyond Brooklyn. Then are no such views of sea and mountain, rock and forest and stream. Long Island Sound, the Bay, the Hudson, the Kill Von Kull, the Palisades, the Harlem?what are they but so many panoramas of beauty, which are neittiet possessed by Philadelphia nor by any city in the Union ! Here there should be homes for a million of workingmen, and within easy and constant access to the Battery. If our contriv. ing statesmen in Albany would only "cease theil damnable faces and begin" the real work ol statesmanship all this country could be thrown open to the workingmeu. This would result from a broad and generous system of rapid transit. Let us have a steam railway from the Battery to the Harlem, the oompletion of the Brooklyn Bridge and the opening of the tun nel under the Hudson. Let us have rapid steam transit into Westchester, Long Island and New Jersey. This would solve the prob lem?the sorest problem now connected with the prosperity of New York. Then would New York become what Philadelphia and other cities are to-day?the ciiy of the Poor Man's Home. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Captain B. F. Ward is quarterod at the Brevoorl For'a tippler to dream tbat he ha. been baa relied up is a good .Un. . Sir Alexander T. cult, ot Montreal. ha. apart meats at the Gllsey House. Senator William Windom, of Minnesota, is resia. lng at the Flitti Avenue Hotel. Ex-Governor English, of Connecticut, U at M ?? phis. en route home from Louisiana. Senator Theodore F. Randolph, of Sew Jersey, is sojourning at the New Yori Uotol. Governor Dlngley, oi Maine, has written a letter declining to be a candidate lor re-election. General Joseph R. Anderson, of \ irglnla. ll among the late arrivals at the St. James Hotel. judge Solomon L. Hoge, Comptroller General oi South Carolina, is staying at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. ~ w Mr J H. de Hegermann Llndencrone. Danish Charge d'Affaires at Washington, has arrived at the Hoffman House. Mr. Tnomas H. Nelson, formerly United Stateii Minister to Mex co, has taken up his residence a* the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Mr John fl. SUresi was yesterday elected Ass#. elate Justice or the Supreme Court by the General Assembly of Rhode Island. Mr. Isaac Hlncicley. President of the Phlladel phia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railway Com pany, is at the St. Nlcaolas Hotel. It has been decided in a Frencn court that the landlord whb lails 10 have his guest, daiy awal eued to catch the trains the? wish to taise is llatle in damages. Mr. Joseph Hickson, general manager of tne Grand Truuk Railway of Canada, and Mr. R. B. Angus, manager of the Bant of Montreal, are ai ttie Brevoort House. Vice President Wilson left Washington for Phila delphia yesterday to preside over tne Onten. nlal meeting ot the Pennsylvania Abolition bo cietv, which meets to-day. Captain Thornton, the famous executive officer of the Kearsarge, ana lately of tne Monongahela, left his snip at cape Town. February 1^ t? retur? home on account of lil health. He sailed Iron Cape Town by the mail steamer Roman. Here is something else they mtuaae better m France:-A man and a woman who Had enticed a %oune cirl trout Her home to lead a Uto of de bauchery, have been sentenced m Pans to lax pnsonment for live and seven years respectively. His Excellency, the President, wul leave Wash ington lo mo.row morning for tnu city, where ha will remain until Friday. He will be Joined here bv all his Cabinet except Attorney General Will lams and the party will proceed hence to Boston. Virom-e de Chabot, aged mnetr.four, and atUI living in Ireland, is the father of Count de Jarnac, Who recently die I In London while residing there a< French Ambassador; but they do not tell thi old lather of the death of his son for fear of klllini ^ Watson Wilkes, It seems, insist, on styling Ma ?Pit ??George" Wilkes, much to the annojanceof the editor of the spirit of the limes. Wnatever the motive of Wat.on ne can scarcely expect to ne uwn for tne gentleman whose name he appropri ate* lor court purposes. Mr lloraci: Mayuard, Cutted States Minister to Turkey, was at tee Windsor Hotel yesterday on hi. ,0 bos on. He will return to this city oa Tuesday next, aud on Wednesday will sail in the steamship Russia tor Liverpool, proceeding thenc to u s cost at Constantinople. Mine tuc B<rotie?. de Macedo. widow or a Por. tuiueso admiral and domiciled in Pans lor thirty Tears, has Just committed suicide. She had been , n rated upon lor cincer. Dut a sec?nd operatiot was necesiary and .he preferred immediate ueatl To the repetition oi palnlul postponement. , you write down the fl.ureiacd twenty-on? cvDher. and ca I the unit tons, that la. they say. tne weight ol itus world of ours. For In-lance ton*coo.ooo.ooo.ooo.ooo.ooa If there were >oW '' ii'of weight that represented a milliard ol ton there would be nve thousand milliards of tha ^w'aald that the precedency question betwee. ? he pnucess Louise and the imcne.sof Edinnurgl s very troublesome at Court. Tne Princess Lou.* is understood vaguely to rank as her Husband does, yet she has precedence over the DacbeM, who l. an emperor's danger, married to a qUrh"e*s?a womanln Paris who goes about tn? -treets wa'chlng for a man to tumble down wltl apoplexy. Then .he rushes forward in great die tress and goes with him and the police to th? rtation. takes care of him, Ac., and step, onto ?itrht before he recovers his senses, wnen it I generally found that his watch and portemonnaw naMr Squibb^'the manufacturing chemist, doei ??t believe that Mr. Walker was killed by conlum hut that he died from syncope, though he bel.evw that tne syncope was caused ny conium, wnich u llKe argnlng that a man did not die irom having a bullet put, in his ortiin. but died from having a 10 e made m hLs head, whlcn nol. you admit wa. made k'v'eauidTertlslng. There have been often fonnd treasures of coin, deposited tnere by the K igl , ? ?h, when the, le.t the country, sora, centuries nee: and no. it. is said that a n,an? srriDt has been lonnd indicating all the poin* where treasure was buried, and this .. to bo pub llslied in the Cat hoi# BevieiB. PoM-rd Mrs. Mane ^".netjn^ N ..nalle Vo^ U? fore whom si;e was lecturing, that, son was not tne porson connected with some uapieaawt footing ' a, sinii'iis in Maryland and Virginia. *ne la simply the wwlow or E. A. Pollard, the historian. Some one has blundered sad.y In ??.^t,ng to her th. history of nno.her Indy of the same name. Mter the IVanco German war the Grand I)nXe o, Oobnrg-Uotha aald to llismarck that the decora ?on of the iron cross had Men distributed 10c j freely. -Well," sMd the Prince, "it hp been Jiven on one hand to brave fellows who ftrn.d.t 1 ? battle, and. of course, justly given: on tne other hand it has been given out of pure courtesy M to Yonr Highness and to mc, and we oad better not .ay too much about it."