Newspaper Page Text
NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and alter January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New Yoas Herald will be fcent tree of postage. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yobx Hr.BAT.T). Rejected communications will not be re turned. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 4G FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?NO. 3 RUE SCRIBE. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. TOLUME XL NO. 122 AMUSEMENTS TO-MORROW. _ FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twentr-eighth street ami Broadwav?the BIO BO. fA>a. at? f. m. ; com- .u lu ?-?) 1'. >1. Mr. Fisher, Mr. Lewis, Miss Davenport. Mrs liiibcri. BOWKKV THKATRK, Bowery ?TRUE AS bTKfciL. at S I'. M. BOOTH'S THKATRK. corner of Twentr-third street and Mxth arena#.?KBSf. llworih, ai8 I'. M. ; c.uaes at It I* M. Misa Neilsoo. LYCEUM THEATRE, Fourteenth street, no i Sixth avenue.?RENATA Dl FKANCIA, at 8 K M. Vine. Itistori. PAN FRANl ISCO MINSTRELS, Broadway, corner <ji Iwvutv.ninth street-? N'EGRO MINSTRELSY, at$ P. .V.; tlo?s ut 10 1*. M. TIVOLI THEATRE, Fifhth ?treet between .-rcor.it and Third avenues.? -VARItl-y, at 8 I'. M., cl. .-??? it IJ 1*. M. W.VLLACK'S THEATRE. Broadway.?ROAD T<? ta t ?. at s r. M.; closes at 10:40 P-M. Mr. Xoutacus, Ml>? Jelfit-js-Lewu. BOWERY OPERA HOUSE, lja^2ttl Bowery.?VARIETY, at a P.M.; closes at 1#:45 r wood'S MUSEUM. ! Mdwav. corner ot Thirtieth -treet. ?ON HAND. at 2 M. THOROUGHBRED, at - i*. M.; close*at 10 AS P. M. ; 1 1HEATRK OOMIOUE. Ho. 514 Broadway.?vaRIBIY. *t 8 1*. M.: closes at 10 i5 ' _ GERMAN1A THEATRF, Foorteenta ?treet-FALoCHii BliiDERMANNER, at 8 1 _ metropolitan MUSEUM OK art. ! , Fourteenth street.?Open :rom 10 a. M. to 5 P. M. _ . BROOKLYN PARK THEATRE, FaDoa avenue.?VARIETY at 8 P. M.j closes at 10:45 i 1 *? * i ? . OLYMPIC THFATRE. Broadway.?\ ARIETY. at -s 1*. M.; closes at 10:43 QU A D R V P L E S H E E T. KEW Y0KK. SUS1UY. MAY 2, 1871. 4 j From our reporii tiiLi mornino the probnhiliti^ V* fhni Ihf rrrathtr to-day iriU be colder and cl*arini up ln>-r w\ll Street yesterday,?Stocks were dull, and prices barely steady. Gold declined from 115J to 11. Money on call 2? and 3 per cent. Governor Tildes hap not had time to de cide whether DeJafteld Smith Khoul i or should not be Corporation Counsel. The Governor must be a very busy nitm. A*d Now William M. Tweed, in irritation of Beecber, wants a "bill of particulars." The Attorney Generu^ should send him the minutes of the Board of Snpervisors. The Authorities seem to have discovered a new batch of counterfeiters. We presume there will be no end of this nefarious trade until we have j?old as;ain as a currency. The Fourth avenue Improvement states men view with alarm the increasing tendency ot our Mayor to appoint men to office who do not know whether Mutliogar is in "he north or the south of Irelan !. Not So Baj> ah BwW-hented.?The acci dent on the Atlantic and Great Western Hail road on Thursday last was not .so serious an reported. The telegraphic account v?greatly azagverab 1. Tbe ladies' < ir only was thrown over into the diH h and but thr<e ladies wi re injured. fortunately none ot them seriously. The train resumed its journey aft-r three hoar*' delay. Thx Frev h am) English FtsHcsrar are ?aid to be quarrel! n-_- up in thf Nt wfbundlaad region*. and tbe i rench and English govern ments propose to wend war vessels to ke?p tbe peace. It would ne? m that tlier* are fish enough in the tor Ir<nch ami English Alike and that there ih no reason for bloodshed in the matter. We Hate a rim- r from the coal regions in Pennsylvania that the quarrels b twe< n the eoal dealers and nun r ar about to b* com promised. There was never nny reason for these dispute*. They aft" -f tr.ide. hurt the 1 best interests of the worktn- n, injure society and generate feeling* nf ha'reil that will ?ome again to distress and wound us. It would be a blessing if ' o could have these difficulties compromised forever. They are unworthy of our institntiona. Tbe Bill making the brooklyn Bridges public work of the twn cities has been passed to a third rending. We do not k now much about this particular act, but any measure that tends to e. mpl> f< the bridge will l>e an advantage to the city. Give us the tunnel to Jersey, the bridge and a steam railway from the Battery to II irlem. These ere the three point? in the chart of our metropolitan great ness. Bt tot? Tr.t v. pt the bill puis* fl by the fk r mnn farliamt nt in r- !< r nee to the <-equcs?ra tion of the ecclesiastical properties in Prusdia all Church ja-operty is tsk? n by th< HtaU. All monastic orders and societies are dissolved, with the . xception ot thoee who have rhsrge Of invalid*. Th ? 1 ust l>c cloti 1 within four year.*, the I'm sinn raiiwl evidently fecl lBd that in thai time tl.. inmates should nil die or rccov* r. Tho?e inmates of the mcMlar taries who ore too old to v.ork will have pen sions. In other word?. wr presume U flfcarck will giv? theui a place in some almshouse. This Is the policy of "thoroujih" w.th a ven geance. But bow long will it continue? Thi Kwl??l Th? announcement that Henry Varley, the revivalist, has preached bi? farewell sermon and sailed for England will be read with in terest, especially by those who have followe his movements in New York and elsewhere. This gentleman came to America to do a wor like that performed by our fellow citizens, Moody and Sankev, in Eusfland. I* rom hi* sue cess in New York, the multitudes who waited upon hia ministry and the interest ta en in . religion by those who came under his in u ence, we presumed that he would continue is work. It is therefore a surprise that he shonid have so suddenly abandoned a vineyard that promised so rich and ripe a harvest >Ve confess that the spectacle of ? two Ameri can divines driving to convert Englanc, while an English divine was aiming at the same result in America, was novel and suggestive, and showed a drawing together of the bonds that unite the two na tions. In no respect hav^ America and the mother nation so many ties of harmony as in religion. Ninety-nine per cent ol our people profess some faith that has its root* in the older lands. Our theology is in nearly all of its aspects a tradition *that runs back to Rome and Geneva and Worms. With the exception of the monstrous dogmas of the Mormons there is no creed professed by any number of Americans that is not based upon the decrees of some council of foreign priests or the teaching of some foreign divine. 1 e impressions which move the souls of men and women abroad are sure to make an impres. sion upon our Christian people at home. There have been several artificial and ab normal influences at work upon the minds of our religious people for the past few months. Th* elevation of an American citizen to the rank of a Cardinal in the Roman Church is an unusual event. Whether as a paeeant, rich with the pomp and splendor and cere mony of Rome, or as an ecclesiastical act bringing the Catholic Church in America more directly under the Holy See, or as a political measure, showing the regard entertained lor America by the Pope, the event has a special significance. We see in the United States the growth of a new and sincere spirit in the Catholic Church?a resolution to sustain the Pope as the head of the Church and the creed he teaches in spite of all the efforts on the part of the Germans to destroy them. Our esteemed correspond ent, "Prudentius," calls attention to the spirit of liberty animating the Catholic prelates from the time ol Carroll to that of Hushes, and he emphasizes the absenc? of out Presi dent by reflecting on the pride which Lincoln and Seward would have taken in being "cen tral figures" in the ccremony of "imposing the berretia." The services of the late Arch bishop Hughes in behalf of the Union were entitled to the gratitude of the government which he served. We have no doubt Cardi nal McCloskey would do as much for his country, which he loves with no less a patri otic fervor because he is a Prince of the Holy See. But we are glad to think that the President and no one representing him took any part in the ceremony. We do not believe that the representatives of our Church and State can keep too far apart However Gratifying it might have been to < atnolics to j have seen the President first in the congrega tion which witnessed the conferring of the brrrttta, the precedent would have been barren and unfortunate. Neither the Catboljc Church nor anv other denomination has ever in the < long run gained by an alliance with the State. I Religion in England suffers because of the Established Church. The prominent thought in this revival movement is that the < hurch has become enervated and dormant; tLat the priests care more for the honors of the episco pate than lor the good cf the people ; that churches are under the control very fre quently of ambitious and careless peers, who nominate curates upon the same principle wh.cb leads General Grant to name post masters?that it is all under the control of a corrupt patronage. The people see an Established Church floating above them, with which they have no friendship, no com munication and no sympathy. It is a dark, depressing cloud between them and the blessed light of true religion. They see a Cnuit h which, so far from bringing Christ to their homes ana hearts, baries Him in the cold vaults of a damp cathedral or under the bishoi >' benches of the Hou*e of Lords. Therefore the revival movement in England is as much as anything else a crying out of the jwopla for bread, for manna, for any thing that will give them life. It was thia <-ame crying out for the substance of true re ligion that gave Luther the opportunity of the Information. His revival was a protest against the Papacy of a dizzling age, whe n the Church was ailied to the Htate. when the honors of the Holy See were dispensed even aa the English livings are distributed now, and ?hen the religion of the Catholic faith was forgotten in the splendid temptations of the Established syatem. The spirit of revival in America, which now attracts so much attention, Ins not de veloped it el! so fully as to enable us to com pletely understand it The influence of the Beec her case upon religion < annot but be marked, and in the Hebald of yesterday we gave a few impressions on that snhj- ct as communicated to our reporters by some of our clergymen. One minister fancied that he Kdscen a tailing off in the attendance at the church * beomuse of the development* of thia extraordin try case ; that Christiana lost heart when they saw a muu of venerable year*, rare genius and unusual eloquence dragged into a criminal - urt as a p< rmrer and au adulterer. We < in well understand how the lamb* of the flock would go astray nr faint and fall in the pa<-tr.n * beforetheae sad sight*. B-.t, as Mr. Fr< thingham aptly ?.nd, even if Mr. Beecher were convicted, the effect would he to csubliah a higher and severer standard of moral*. Tbeenrdinal error in th^ theology which Mr. Here her represent* is that bin people have been apt to forget their adoration of the Crucified in their adoration of Mr. Be -her. Wli never a church bases irself upon anything ?lse but hi# rehgiaaa principles upon the Gospel aid the creeds whenever the personal atttibutes or acquirement! or personal graces of a mere n.an ?r? allowed to supplant ("nri*t, we invi*. a fall, and w>- must not be surprised at auy revelation or any catastrophe. We can well imagine how there woull be a revival among our people, a protest against the religion aa taught by Mr. Betcber, a yearning ' for Christ, for something more nourishing 1 than rhapsodies about gardens and horticul tural rhetoric; for, however much Christian souls may delight in the graces and gifts of oratory, eloquenoe and rhetoric do not con- , stituto religion. Iu the fall of Mr. Beecher? and we do not speak of him as one who, what- i ever the result ot this trial, has survived his reputation, and never again can preach a sweet and pure gospel, but one tainted with acrid memories of the scandal trial?iu the fall of Mr. Beecher we have an incentive to the revival which we see around us and which gave Mr. Varley so much encouragement and success. There is a crying out in the hearts of the people for the bread of life. We can not agree with Mr. Frothingham, for instance, that this revival is only a series of waves, and that when they recede they leave darker deposits of mud. No harm ever came from these movements any more than harm would come from the turbulence and agitation of the sea. Some weak bark will go down in the waves, some poor soul will be swept ashore among the breakers, we shall see wrecks and inundations, but in the end the result will be a blessing. There will be a purer atmos phere, brighter skies and a general freshening and awakening of nature. In the same way we see in this revival a freshening and awakening of soul Is it not time? Atter so much lethargy can we not have life ? After so much sorrow is there no peace? After so much shame is there no purer, higher, nobler duty? After all those miasmatic vapors that have polluted the atmosphere may not the Christian soul cry out for the air and sunshine of Gospel truth ? It is a good thing to find our people coming back to the Ten Commandments, and what ever odd customs the revivalists preach, what ever their exaggerations and homeliness of thought, they are generally true to the solemn laws which the Israelites read on the tablets of stone. A religion of geometry and the classics, tempered by backwoods dramas and the negro minstrels, such as Mr. Froth ingham would preach, will not in the long run be of much more benefit than the floriculture and osculation of Brook lyn Heights. There is something, after all, in these old commandments, and so far as the revival feeling brings them to the hearts of the people so far it is a blessing to our civil ization. We are not afraid of the "mud de posits" which annoy Mr. Frothingham, nor of the cases of dementia which have attended the labors of Moody and Sankey in England. For one poor, rapt, uncertain soul which finds its way into an iusane asylum to fret and gibber over effectual calling and eternal pun ishment there are thousands who fall into the prisons and workhouses and pauper asylums because of their gin and shame. There are mora hearts tainted this morning be cause of what we have heard and read of Brooklyn theology; more fresb, virgin minds polluted because of the revelations of this pernicious trial ; more real, irreparable injury to society and good morals than would result from a thousand years of the revival efforts of Moody and Sankey and Varley. Lot our clergymen, therefore, who mock at the work of plain, humble men, rise up and preach Christ crucified. Religion does not want an opera or a hymn, but the ringing of tocsin, the alarm bell in the night, the summoning of every agency of truth to couibat vice and to revive a disheartened and dying faith. May Day. Mao; years bare pas-ed since we have had so bleak a May Day. We have been hoping against hope all this time for spring, and now, when all nature shonld be awake and radiant, and showering the earth with beanty and life?when there should be sunshine and greenness and the opening of the year's glories, we have only the gray skies and cold, forbidding rains. We have never had a drearier winter nor a more disheartening spring. The trees are afraid to bud and?the birds refuse to sing, ur.d is it any wonder that devout people should accept it all as a chastenraent and pray for their sins? It may l)c ISi'inarck or the Beceher trial or Cmsarism, or the corruptions of She administration or the ('anal Ring?certainly it comes from some extraordinary cause. But let us not repine nor look at our damp, misty skies, as those who hare no hope. The Beocher trial will come to an en 1, and Bismarck cannot rule lorcver, and Grant has yet to bo elected to a third term, and the administration has the disinfecting influence of Pierrepont in the Cabinet, aud Tildenwill finish the Canal Ring before he is through with it. So that, after all, May will not go without its blessing, and spring will leave us with waving fielda and ripening grain. Sharkey In Apaln. We l?>om from Havana that the question of returning Sharkey, the murderer, to the cus tody of tho American authorities has been referred to the Captain Gmeral of Cuba and the Cabinet of Madrid. This will be a disap pointment to our District Attorney and to the detectives: but we do not sra how it could well be otherwfce. We havo no extradition treaty with Spain and no claim upon Cuba for the return of Sharkey or any other criminal who peeks rt fuge from our lawn. Although Eng land made a request for the return of the forger dwell?a request which was granted?it must be remembered th.it we have not made any request for the stirrer)der of Sharkey. Mr. Fish has steadily declined to ask this from the Spanish government, n;-on the ground that it would only give the Madrid Cabim ? a preteit for de manding the return of the many Cuban refu gee, now in this conntn and under sentence of death in Cuba. It may be that Mr. Fish i, right in his learn, and he >* certainly in spired by the best motives. We shonld glad to have Sharkey returned to New York and suffer th" punishment to which he haa been s< ntcneed, but it is far b< tter that even a murder r should escape the gallows Mian that we should ui k Spain to violato her own inde pendence by granting to Ami rica what we heve SO right to expect under the law. The best thing for our Ministef in Spain to do will be to induce her to enter into a sensible treaty of extradition. Now Comes the note of sorrow from Mont p firr, Vt., telling hoiv twenty stores aud dwelling* have been burned down. We pre sume * e shall have this dreary story until our people East and West learn that the way to avoid fires is to bnild houses that will stand. The Law of Hationa. There will be held at Tho Hague in the month ot September next a conference of the "Association for the Reform and Codification of the Law of Nations." We are glad to know that a movement is on foot to enable America to have representation in the de liberations of this body. The United States have probably less interest in international law than any other country in the world, ex cept, perhap3, China. We are removed so far from the intricacies and resentments of the European Powers, both by our geographical position and by the traditions of our government, that we have only a limited interest in international law. At the same time any movement that tends to bring the nations together in com merce, social intercourse, the unification of weights and measures, the cheapening of post age and the harmonizing of law, is a stop in the progress of civilization. While, therefore, the United States may have less materially to gain by such action, in the interest of human ity they have as much at stake as any other Christian people. A meeting was held on Thursday evening for the purpose of arranging a programme for the representation of America at the Hague Conference. This meeting was attended by some of our most distinguished and gifted citizens, and Mr. David Dudley Field presented a series of proposi tions for discussion which will be read with deep interest. The first branch of these questions is in reference to the propor tionate reduction of the armed armaments of European nations. The second embraces the formalities and delays that should be re quired of nations before engaging in offensive war. The third is about arbitrations for in ternational disputes. The lourth discusses the progress made during the last year to ward the reform and codification of the law of nations, while the fifth refers to collisions at sea. Any conference that will exhaust these branches of thought, particularly if it is attended by men of the eminence and character of those who assembled at the Gramorcy Park Hotel on Thurs day evening, must have a beneficent result upon civilization. It would be difficult, wo think, in the present temper of such countries as Germany and France and Austria, to effect any reduction in armaments or to impose any delay before engaging in offensive war. The elements of success in modern campaigns are:?First, the possession of preponderating force; and, second, swiftness in using it. We have little to hope in any conference inducing France and Germany to reduce their armies, or in imposing upon the generals of tbeir armies and movements delay alter the time has come to march. Generally speaking we welcome these conferences as indications of , healthy progress, and we trust that much I good will result from the deliberations at The Hague. Pulptt Topics To-Day. The revival interest seems not to flag, though moving time is here and the anniver saries and camp meetings and other religious excitements, together with the "dog days," will be here by and by. So great, indeed, is the desire to hear about it that Dr. Macloskie, of Prnceton College, will tell what he knows from personal obser vation in Great Britain and Ireland under Messrs. Moody and Sankey's preaching. The Rev. Mr. Bonliam, who belongs to a new order of preachers very little known in the church until lately?Evangelists?will im part his knowledge of it from personal ob servation in the Church of England. It will be understood revivals in the sense in which these gentlemen will speak of them refer al most, if not altogether, to diiferent phases and workings of religious life. Mr. Hepworth, who, with the junior Dr. Tyng, has been for some weeks working in and for a revival will to-day offer some suggestions about the Atonement and remove doubts from the minds of some who would believe but cannot. Mr. Hawthorne will show his people how they may and should forsake all for Christ, and will present some features ot ritu alism for their consideration; and Dr. Thomp son will make prominent the political features of the English Reformation, while Mr. New ton will diseun the conflict that appears to exist between religion and science, with special reference to the bearings of the latter upon the Bible. Dr. Osgood will show the relation of music to Christianity, and Dr. Ewer will analyze the worship of the Episco pal Church, exhibiting internal structure and external phase*. The harried life of which every one of as knows something by experi ence will employ Mr. Thomas' thought and tongue this evening ; and the prccious blood of Christ will divide with Naaraan, the leper, the attention of Mr. Lightboura. The work and greatness of man ere the night of life closes on bim will be considered by tbe Rev. Mr. Alger, and the advent at Peniel will receive tho attention of the Rev. Mr. McCaffrey. The gain of loss?referring to spiritual gain by temporal losses?will be illustrated by the Rev. Mr. Lloyd, who will also analyze and review Balaam's prayer. The Rev. Oaatr Hugo, the Hungarian exile, will blaze away at tbe Roman Catholic attitude toward our public schools. He is willing, according to his announcement, to give millions of dollars for public schools, but not one cent .for priestly ones. Dr. Fulton, of Brooklyn, has laid out for himself a threefold task this morn ing?to describe the Pope's Church, iU Source and tbe certainty of its doom, winding up with general remarks on the peril of evil doing this evening. And to this he might add a few words on the danger of evil speak ing. This is the programme of the pnlpit ot New York and Brooklyn to-day. Raitd Transit his beta airain postponed in the Legislature. The railroad ring are doing their work well, and it now looks as if the combined power of Tttlen, Wiekhara and Keby would not be able to give us a measure o( rapid transit that would Ihj a blessing to the city. Nothing ran postpone rapid transit this session but corruption or imbecility. It the measure should be lost it vail lie an irre vocable blow to the prestige of the demoerm v. The country will say, and with truth, of what use is a paity which, with all of it.s power in c ty and State, cannot give the metropolis of New York the one thing ncccssary to put an end to the present paralysis ot growth and enterprise? We want a party that can a*-', and not simply talk. We have bad too much talk and too little action in Albany this ??ssioa. Echo., of the Religions fWtt. . The religious press this week divides its in terest between the Cardinal and the Centen nial. The Freeman's 'Journal, in its wild joy, thinks the investiture has set the new Cardinal '-as a hinge of the door that opens heaven to the faithlul and shuts it against prevaricators and the profane. I he Tablet, more rational in its expressions, hopes "that tne ceremonies of last Tuesday will in augurate au era of good feeling among all classes, and that the sectarian bitterness and animosity which have, at some epochs in our history, disgraced our country have he on laid at rest forever." The Tabid utterly dis cards the idea that this elevation of Cardinal McCloskey is a blow aimed at republican institutions, and Bays it has been amused at the efforts of some of its Protestant contemporaries to make out such a case. The Jewish Times eloquently traces the spirit of the settlers of this Continent back through the ages and shows that it defied the Roman power through Martin Luther, and that to day it defies that power through Bismarck. A soil like this, therefore, the Times con cludes, is not congenial to a Church which has elaimcd superiority over all other creeds, and wherever it could made its claim good by whatever means the object could be gained. The Times has no fear of this new move in creating an American cardinal. It has faith in the spirit of progress, but it admonishes its readers that they should be watchful and con stantly on guard. Church ami State likens tho. ceremony of last week to a big show, and says the Patriarch of the Greek Church in Russia can beat the new Cardinal altogether in the style of his dress, which is pure gold and no tinselry whatever. And it asks the question, "Why should simple-minded repub licans jump at a big show just as mackerel do at a red rag?" and says that it does not know any reason why, as citi zens or Christians, we should be caught with a spectacle, especially when we are supposed to have left all such things to kings and courtiers. Tho Philadelphia Catholic Standard treats the ceremony as a great honor not only to Catholics but to all classes of people on this Continent, and says that intel ligent non-Catholics admit this proposition. The Golden Age recognizes the goodness and piety of Cardinal McCloskey, and looks upon bis elevation to the red-hat dignity as an act of Papal naturalization of America, which has been up to this time a foreign country to the Roman See. If the present Catholic leaders could havo their way here the Age thinks they would revolutionize our education, our re ligion and our government; and so too, it adds, would the Presbyterians. The real strength of the Catholic Church is yet to be tested, and it is a question how she will stand the steady disintegrations of modern thought for the next fiity years. The Observer pokes a little fun at the Tablet for its splurge about the arrival of the Cardinal's robes. The other religious papers have either given their voice on this subject in advance or are reserving . their fire for a future occasion. They are silent this week. The Centennial celebration has a greater charm for the Christian Union than the Car dinal' s berretta. But it is the change in the style of oratory usual on such occasions that receives its hearty approval. The oratorv of Lexington and Concord was simply a state ments of facts, and yet it evoked tho deepest patriotism. The Union tbeiefore hopes that this fashion of centennial oratory will never lade or fail. The Jewish Messenger is afraid that by July 4, 1876, our patriotic enthusiasm will so boil over and we shall have so much to say about our great country and our great selves that we shall convey a false impression to our European cousins. It therefore advises that we keep sober and not go into the spread en gle business too much on that occasion. The Evangelist questions the taste that invited Mr. Gladstone to Lexington and Concord, but heartily approves of his courteous and gentlenmnlv reply. The Indepvulmt rejoices in the signs of reviving patriotism when South Carolina unites with Massachusetts in celebrating the Centennial. It urges the States, North and South, to turn back to the record* in which we have a common prule and join hands there rather than over the bloody chasm of rebellion and revolt Hhtll IVe Harr a Street Cleaning Reform I Hie street cleaning question in the Legisla i ture is contused by the introduction of a num ber of independent nropcwitions affecting to i be reforms. They aro mainly designed to de 1 stroy each other and to prevent the passage of any bill that will disturb the present abom inable system. This is an old trick of the lobby. It is the plan resorted to year aft?r I year to defeat all propositions for rapid transit, and is an easy method of proceeding. The sneaks of legislation, who fear to pnt 1 themselves on record as against a desirable ! law, plansibly support some counter propom- , ' tion of a similar character in order to defeat , the original I), il and earn their pay without j damaging their characters. The passage "Of j the Street Cleaning bill in the Assembly was followed by the introduction of a numl>er of these decoy ducks of legislation in the Senate. The objtet is to kill the Assembly bill without compelling the killers to record themselves as the upholders of a notorious abuse. Probably these tactics, learned in the lobby, may prevail. But we should like to see some | activc Senator or Asfcrnblyiuan make an tru est effort befi>r< the adjournment takes pise > to s curs tbe passage of a law striking at the root of the str< nl cleaning evil by a complete change in the system of street cleaning hereto fore in force in the city. Hitherte the city has been at a heavy expense for this work, and licit her contractors, superit, teftricnU nor commissioner* have succeeded 1 in giving us clem streets. We are now in a worse condition than ever before, with the summer approacWtag and the danger of disease from the reeking filth of t!> ? streets staring us in tbe face. Why not now take a now de parture and try the experiment of a law com pelling the property own<rs and householders to do tuo work of keeping t heir own share of the streets clean, at their own rxpenee, nnd< r heavy pcna!t cs for neglect ? Even in tho matte r of snow, each housf holder no * is com pelled to cle.ir his sidewalk, and it would b.! no great hardship, at least in ordinary tails, to require him to dear the small piece of road opposite his residence as well. . Such a sys tem would necossarily require railroads to i bear their full share of the burden. It is . questionable whether this plan of coapellioi the people to be their own street cleaneri would not be less expensive to each property owner than the tax they are now called upon to pay for the support of an anny of political bummers. It would certainly insure cleaner street"?, for the money expended on the work would all be used for the purpose of cleaning and not to support the adherents of ward politicians and country legiflatore. At all events the plan is worth trying. Should i< fail we should be no worse off than we no? are as to the condition of the streets, and w< should save the million dollars a year squa? dered by the Street Cleaning Bureau. Justice in Tennessee.?A Nashville negrt shot a policeman dead. The negro was ar rested and imprisoned. The people assem bled and in their anger broke open the jail and took the negro to the bridge to hflng him. A rope was put around his neck and the pool wretch suspended from the bridge. But th? rope broke, the negro fell over ninety feel upon the rocks beneath and rolled into th? waters. Two shots were fired at him, and hi? body sank. We do not remember to have rend for a long time of an act more cowardly and brutal than this killing. The negro was in custody. There was no chance, no pre text that he would escape. The laws of Ten nessee are clear and supreme, and in a city like Nashville?a Southern city controlled by the whites?thero was no fear that an indul gent public opinion would arrest the opera tion of the law. But the man was a negro, and the old brutal feeling of the whites to ward the negro was allowed to bring dis honor upon justice in Tennessee and upon the American name. We are all taking to the water like descend ants of the Pilgrim Fathers, who would never have reached here if they had been afraid of water. We have an interesting report else where of what our boating clubs arc doing? the houses they are building and the feats they propose to achieve on the smooth waters ol our lakes and streams. We are told of great contests that arc to be decided, and our truat is that the young men who are preparing fo* the strife will remember the acerbity of many regattas last season, and keep their tempers even as they stiffen their sinews and develop their muscles. He that ruleth his temper is better than even he who can pull first around the stakeboat on Saratoga Like. Governor Ket.looo, op Louisiana, in the interests of peace, it is reported, has removed eome illogally elected republican office-holders in that State and appoiuted democrats. This, the despatch says, he does in the intereat of peace. Rather, let us say, in the interest of justice, and pray that hence, forward in Louisiana peace and justice may go hand and hand. The Centennial*?Governor Bigler reporti that the Centennial work goes on with ala<v rity and wisdom. There is to be an interest ing display from Tunis and an observa* tory in the fair grounds, which will be a marvel of taste and ingenuity. This Centen* nial Exhibition is rapidly becoming a national event and something in which every Americas feels the highest pride. We Have tho pleasant news that during April the government debt was reduced more than two millions of dollars. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Tba Duke of Argyie has a new book on "Law and Theology1' to pre?s. General Dncrot has vial ted the American frlgato franklin in the narbor or Nice. mnce Leopold, of England, has shown hts zeal for Freemasonry by Joining a London ;o ize. Cardinal Manning i- receiving as many con* gratuiatory addresses as C rdlnal UcCloskey. They are ao carelul oi tnelr op$ra house* in Lon. don Mat they will not allow Moody and sank*? to pray in them. The Boston Pott calls Senator Boutwell "Booty," and, speaking or bia successor, say* "Bouty is shelved." The English Court of Arches bas granted a letter of request requiring an organist to desWt playing when asked by trie vicar. Kenealey, of Tichbome fame, calls the English Premier "that attorney's clerk, Duraell," and himsclt the "Beroic Doctor." Concord colds and Lexington aore throats are very prevalent tn Boston, and the only remedy ta said to be a Bnnker Qlil sweat. "Baldy" Smith tuld General Lee he "never sur rendered." Bnt then HaUly and Lee were a Ions distance apart when he sod it. In Liverpool, tb? other day, au old fellow of seventy accused a young clri of seventeen of theft because she refused to marry him. Hood, Longstrcet, and other ret?el leaders are farming, while the "I nion general/' have adopted office-holding in New York is a proiession. A music teacher up town apologized tor her bad spelling by adding a posi <cript to her letter as fol lows:?"You must exkeira this letter, as I ola M noat butt spei oy ear." Mbjamin J. Losing is writing ".The American centenary: A History or the Progress of the rnited States During one Hundred Years," which Porter A Coatee, or PMkdelpbla, win publish. And n>?w they sav it was Drayton and not Shake speare whom Spenser meant vhen he sung:? Atid there, thonga last n<>t least, la .Etion; A g'-uilersnepbcrd may nowhere be lound. At an amateur per;ormauce of a piece called "jn e ihand Hn Brethren" in London recently. Po:lpUar wore a black Irock coat, white vea*, l.lacK trousers and liat, carried a walking cane and siuoked cigar*. The extreme shabtilness of uerman home life li ascribed in Fran* /?'.? Mtvnin* to ilie fact that the literary, professional and offl lal < :a<s In Germany is very much larser aod very much p?or?r than those holding similar positions iu England or America. i* H. Willis Baxley. nn American physician in -earch of heal' :, Bas written the litest b okjon Spain, whkti Longman A Co., of London, nave pubHstic!. The .1 ratrmy says that wnile trie IkioH l< an admirable guide to Spanish art *nd sr.m tectnre, It *bc nnds too mam tn religious dw rn~sii>n. w alt Whitman's letters are as peculiar as hti poeirv. He iccentlv *!it to a friend In Lonjoi tn ? lollowim scrap:?"???till unwell an i paralyzed, bnt mi and aronmi. Post omce add t ess at < am* urn, N. J., I". A.; shall probably remain there. Desigi to bring out a volume, nK'hi.nge or prose r.ud verae, partly iresh mat er, tllis summer.'* By tne caidf telegram, dated in Con tantinopu yesterday, wo nre itiforme.! mat on trie Mlnsr.the saltan ga\e al ri'iveii audience toccorge II.Moker, who ras recently *?-en transferred iroru 'he office ni i nitcd Stales Minister in Turkey to the same oflic* at tne court < ;*t. Petersburg. Mr. BokiM will leave the Tursnh capital for Kusslft during the course of the ensuing wee*. The Itoilandiuf. of Dru-?el.?. ate n llterarv cor* porstion, Instituted in ttie seventeenth centnry, lor the ptn po-e of collecting and publishing the I ves ot ail tne samts of the catiiulic cburch. ?Sixty lodo vontnii < have in en pr.nteii of this Bol? la&Clst Church niftory, which \v.<i iiuorrupted by the French Involution, but me work lias oeen re sumed, and the niontii of October is nsarir com pleted, though the 11 vos of */)70 saints y#t remain lunwrttten.