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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 15, 1875, Image 4

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MECKLENBURG.
The Centenn:al Association Making
Elaborate Preparations.
Invitations Sent to the'Gov
ernors of States.
CHARACTERISTIC REPLIES.
Tales from the Tombstones in |
Sugar Creek Churchyard.
Chaklotte, X. C., May 12. 18TS.
1 he Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence,
as embodied in itic resolves 01 Mar 2o. 1775, will
be read at the Centennial by Hon. Seaton
Galea, of Raleigh, one of uie editors of ti:e old
Rational Intell gtncer. He is ttiorouirbiy con
viuced o! tneir authcnti chiructor. Hon. Joasa
J. Yeates, inemucr oi Congress iroui ttie extumo
eastern district of the State, will attend, together
with the baiance of the delegation. The General
Executive Commute# have Invited the (lovem 'rs
>i all (he states o( the I nlon, man; or whom have
slgnitl d their intenti on to t>e present. Governor
iiendrtcks, of Indiana, will be here. The
lamous "meeilii; of tne Governors" at
Aitooua. in tne beginning of Lincoln's ad
ni.uiKtration, it supposed to hive had an Influence
in Inflaming a warlike spirit between the sec
tions. wi.ich it la now belleveu will t>e equally
em-ct.ve la the Interests oi fraternity and | eace.
Distinguished geuMemeu from all qutrters or
tne country wul aid in giving t'dat to the occa
?ion.
Not only wmcti ri .tiebj digaifleJ and 1 lumlned
ou tot :oth bv the gathering witoia her limits of
eminent ?t?tes i.en, scholars, jurists, divines and
other personages of n >tc, but there will be a grand
outp uritig of the people. Cabarrus county, winch,
as a part of Mock.eu'iurg in 'he Knvointiouary
eoocb, c.?n sai wrh truth " nw//ia pan /u<,"
wirt couie hither almost hi i oody. lne"bone
and sme s" o X ir:h taro ma wul thus supplement
her brains. As Agamemnon, kin.*? or men
and turn -r of hor-?s. was n ?tiiing witnout bis
host*. so is tnere need to-dar t <*t our heroes of
theforum, u ttv - wno woa ttieir lauret-. on the
Held, shall h .vc t ie bmmi at their Hack, in tills
eiwe a const itnncy will nit be lacking, and the
"representative men''of tan giortous old C<>m
moawraKQ will be -u ported by taat mlirhty
m raliorcewm h cones tram an approving mul
titude. Tnua wiii Sort j Carolina "waue tier law."
ltobbed ol her titlu de is to tnat immortal .otti oi
Ma* wnicii Is one uf her tieat poa-e*alons; uoable,
through a loes ol ths reco. d, to estaniish at t'lia
late day her prescript ve r;gat to a franchise long
eujoyoa wi'&out inurru tiun or d.stur uuet, she
will uow "t at herself upon fie country" and pray
ludgment in tne court oi history upon tne verdict
or her owo citu*na.
TUB INVITED OCKatS.
invitations have tweu issued right and left.
Norta anl South alike, without dlscrimina
tloo or t'uriUtity. ihe records of the as o
clatien show this. I note in the records, as
? thing of some subiflcai.ce. tfte loltowing reso
lution, adopted at toe mas meeting held Here in
tne court Uou.e on 1'eoruart 4, ia7>. tuitiatory to
the approacnlng ooser vauce .-?"lU-solTed, That we
cordially invite all irien<is ..f < oostuutlooal liberty
In America to participate with us io said ceie ora
tion." By the "friends of con.t touonaJ libertj"
I am given distinctly to understand that repuo 1
cans are not excluded, but that the expression
baa a broad anl uu partisan cons true'ion.
N t only wa-> President Grant officially luvlted,
bat many prominent administration ineu br?Hea.
General Grunt's decimation. througa Uis private
secretary, naa not been corractiy published. It is
?nureiy polite and courteous am is so regarded
by tae officers of toe associates.
Tne Governor ot ?aa?aa, laomas a. Osborne,
writes-.?'The momeutou* e\eut which yon pro
pose to commemorate deserves to ><e cherished
as a significant epoch in oar history lursii time to
come, and as it foreshadowed tne eatab.lsnment
of our national independence so may its annual
recurence witness the peaceful and prosperous
perpetuation of our national unity."
ffte Governor of West Virginia, Join J. Jacobs,
pays a giowina trtbr.e to "toe memory of those
sterling patrl ts of yore whose (am* belongs to
the waole country."
OoveraorJobn P. Cochrane, ? f Delaware, while
regretting that fee cannot at una, says, ??Every
?ympathy or my nature will be with you."
Governor P. II. Lea ie, of Kentucky. aa?a in his
letter to the committee:?"Yon have done well to
eei-brate an event which while it rpose the com
mon sentiments woich actaated the patriou ?i
tnat day, waa yet the first definite utterance of
t national purpoae which afterwards embodied
tes.r in the Declaration of lode; enuence in 177*."
Governor J. F. Hartrantt, of Penusy.raola. po>
Btely declines.
Governor Groome. of Maryland, aaya ha will at
tend if poftib.e.
Governor samael J. TUden.of New Tor*. regret*
bn inability vo attend owing to a preton or an
gagamenta.
Governor >< , urn Allea, of (Jblo, expraaaaa feta
ragrat tiiat offi :iai daty vlll prevent nhn from vi*
ttu g hi* nattra 8tata and participating with lta
dozen* in taair celebration or an event in wblcn
Uay nave mcii joai pride.
lUnaaa aione wi.i prevent the attend tnca of
governor Howard, or Rhode Island.
Qoveruor Julia L. Bevtrioge, of iiimou, aaya:?"I
ihaald lika to be preaent nn tbai oc aaion to re
?aw my devotion to my country and gainer tba
taipirailon of our father*.''
Ooveruor Jamea D. Porter, of Tanaaaaea, ac
Mptt in a neat latter.
Governor Jamea L. Kempar. of Virginia,
wrle*:? "It is nt that the people or all the state*
ihoaid mna Honor tiie or. a*,on wbicu reca. a tba
berate cbarac-er oi tbe revolutionary father* of
Nona Carolina. aa wen an one or tiie prondeat
areola la tae annals 01 tae waoie country."
G iv ru<>r D. II. Caamberialn, of South < ar iiloa,
fivea eloquent axpreaaion to aunury patriotic aea
Umeatii. and daciarea m* pnrpo?a to attend.
Governor turn* U. Broird*n, 01 N'orta Carolina,
write* a lengthy and florid letter of acceptance.
A GRAND INDOIW K1V I.
Bat tba letter <>' Governor C. C. Carpantar, or
lava, la m finely juat id tne v ew* expre**ed that
I trauaai: t a moat of it. It ;a oated April ??
?peaking *f tiie proposed celebration aa uttera
me :.ot e ? ta.u it* influence may do rait through
oot the Union m re-enaindiing tna patriotic apnlt
or the men who, Being aaaetnb.e I lo Charlotte on
tne 19'n and 20th o< May, 1774, and receiving by
eonrter lute, tgence oi the blow which had been
atrncg oue moatb before a'. Lexington and Con
cord. then and t era ra?oivea tbat '?e, tt,a ci'l
aeaa of Mecklenburg county, <io hereby diaaoive
tae political banda wtitck tiave connected n* o
the mother country, an1 hereby aba iva
auraaivea fr m all allegiance to the Britiab
crown, and abjnra all political connection,
eoataei or aaaoftatlMl Htl trj? natl .h who nava
wantonly trammed on our rurnia and llberuea
and inhumanly -tied the blood oi American
patriot* at Lexington.' " ric proceeda toaay:?
" lo-day, aa yon join m the faativmea provided
form your programme, tbe coincidence of one nun
lr?d ?ear< *ao will be rep**' >d. Than, when John
M<*kalti Alexander nno inomaa f' >1 k and Jo**pa
leoB'uy. and John I'flfer and Epb-aim Buvaid
aud Jam** jac? and tueir aaaociate* la tbe c n- i
vantioa wera mat .or tbe pnrpo?a oi davlolng >
war* aod meana to aid and aaaiat tneir anderng
bfatnrea la Moaton. and aiao generally to adopt
R.eea aa to azrr . ate taanaelvea from the;
pending ? orm.' tne newg lr n Lexiagion cl
aaaxed tr.au proceeoma*. And a*you. on tan day,
wipe ta* tiefeaua ana tna moa* from tba giave
itoue* of taa father* o tke 'Old North Mate,' to
piaca apoa tneir uaba a gar an a of tmnaorteiie*,
ta? eeii'.a* 0 a aaieoi at< ju comuiamorative of tna '
bnnaradib aani*ar?arf of tba oatba aX Usingtoa.
.UU lingering tnd reverberating in the mountains
of n,w Kngisnd, wul wen eurs uf ' v
descendants of the Mecklenburg of M <y
20 1775- 1 do not forget t&lt 111 >e;"
Kiine by there Ua- been some
a* to the aumentlclty of the M<ekleuouru' Dew >
anon; but when 1 find that o . we i.-tor May
1775. a meet a- ?u held by ttie eUlxena of tl.o
count' to ad-.pt rules aud regulation* lor the au
ministration of civil government, in wn.ch
it l* declared that 'whatete P
Hall hereaiter receive a common from
tne crown, or attempt to exercise ay
hucti commission heretofore received. *lia"
be deemed an enemy to his country, I am 60
ready to believe that these men were rlp?. for a
Ana declaration of independence e,even J"" * '
tore tnat 1 would not stop to question the gen ,
uloetiess of a docum ot whlca alone conia reu'ler
necessary or consistent their sub^quenr proceed
tngs* winch ate unquestioned and unquestionable.
"'.ill.....-.'" ou, wM.nl
events embalmed in tne history of the past (WBtoh
these local Centennials and the greater Cen'en
mal 01 which they are the forerunner wUi tend
to recalll snail help to re-es'abllsh tne chords o
empathy and to renew the bellei In a commo.
" tmj which t?e events themselves iuau*u
rated and kept alive among the lathers of
til" R?puoltc." In closing tnti vigorous letter
UoVi rnor Carpenter expresses iho hop# tn'lt
the departed spirits of tho dead ai 1 " ' "
to revisit the scenes with which they were famll
Ur wX on earta, the signers of the
Declaration of independence and their com -
patriots may And cause for joy. iu 1 ie r'1' '
and urospects of those who to-day renew their
pledges of patriotic devotion to liberty In the
town and county to which their acts, ?ne hunarcd
years ago, gave an Immortal name. May the in
fluence of this celebration be felt tnrouiihout he
country, bringing the people of all tne statesju^o
closer bonds of ulendsliip, inspntuir ns to now re
ZZ, that for the future we will labor with more
earnest endeavors to obliterate every prejudice
wnictt may nave retarded the growth and happi
ness of our country, and uniting us In the purpose
of luting all men, ol whatev r cried or condition
to thai moral and mental position which is the
only recnrity for free institutions."
Rev. Charles P. Djetns, pasrar of the Church of
the Strangers. New York city, writes:-'-All that
concerns the clear old State is of profound interest
to me," and concludes with wlslicj for "a good
nm? in your laudable etlorts to honor the men
who struct the first note of American independ- j
Ur!v. J aeph EL Martin, pastor ot the First Pres
b. terian church in Atlanta, Ga., wn-es a cordial
letter aud contributes a poem for the Centennu .
Dr. J. G. to. Ramsey, tho historian of Tennessee,
sends the following sentiment to be read at the
Centennl tl banquet:-?Tne principles oi the I res
b> terlan Sc .ten-Irish in Carolina aui elSewherc
RUtht, conscience. Liberty and independence,
Uiey must never be surrendered."
The i'enusyivauia branch, or home siock of the
Alexander family, who came thence ani< six of
whom signed the Mecklenburg resolves, wlll be
represented on tne occasion, as appears by a let tr
from James Alexander, oi Mifflin county, Pennsy.
vanta who is seventy-four years old.
Tr.e Philadelphia Centennial commission has
promised to i e represented. The hoard o' Direc
tors oi the Pennsylvania Railroad Co . pany lor
mslu accept their invitation to be preseifc
Mr 11 R. Littderman, Director of the Philadel
phia M.nt, a so signifies uls intention to attend
Among the eminent Massachusetts men la
ritea .are Mr. cnarles Francis Auatns and Mr.
Robert C. Wmthrop.
m following gentlemen nave written letters pi
acceptance :-Hon. William A. Graham Hon W ill
lam M. Robbins, Hon. A. to. Watde.l, Ju.ge
Tn mas Little. Judge D. Sc enck, Hon. Thomas s.
Asce aud Rev. T. H. Prltchwd; Oover or C. H.
liardin, of Missouri; Commissioner Colonel A. W.
S ayback (Who, it is noped, will not stay back) to
represent that State.
Inited Sti es senator Merrlmon, of North
Caro.ina. writes an enthusiastic letter. He -ays
of tie celebration :-"lt cannot fall to Increase
oar iove oi country and enkindle anew onr zeal to
maKe North Carolina in ail things what she ought
and deserves to t>e."
flon A. M. scales depracates the .alse and par
tisan Imputation that North Carolina has -no love
for tie oid flag, the old constitution and the old
land." Edward Conlgiand, of Ilailiax, tnlnks
that hlscountr will send too aeieaa es.
Coionei John H. Wheeler, of Washington. writes
a letter stoutly reiterating hts belief in the genu
la oess of tne resolves of Kay JO, 1773.
Colons J hn B. Palmer, or South Carolina.
Having .hared the hardships and sufler
ing mat followed North Carolina's second declar
ation ot independence, on the 20th of May, 1$G1?
with the s<>ldi?rs of tne Old North state who ac
compa led me to the Held, I eann-t but fesl pride
in tae rsco.lecuon of the patriotic deeds joo pro
pose to commemorate."
An advaoce copy of a memorial volume, of 107
pages c .ntainla* Hon. WUllaiB A. Graham's ad
dress of Febrnary 4. 1874. nas o^en placed in my
bands It contains all the Important documents
reutivs to the Me:klenbu;?Declaration. including
t'.ose publisaed by orasr of tne Le-'lMature of
yortu laroiina in 1831. It 1? pnWlshed by order
of the Central Executive Committee of the
centenoial and Monumental Association In Sew
Tor* atid is besutifuliy printed on tinted paper.
Tne cover la .rabeiitsn.d with the *y mfo.ic hornet's
Best, which is suspended irotn the u; per limb of a
tret, on whom top a to uppenri the provincial Gag.
I ti* i * . ini' rvie* ,a?i n. * h t with Tuuioan I*
Cnn.mia, l?rm#r United state* Senator iron
X rta unolina: a -o to-day *nti Moo. Kuius Har
rln.er. B h oI ti?M ?entleu<-n Mrennoully
mainula the Mtbeatic.ty of the re. >ivee of M.iy
*). 177J.
on to* floor, oa enaira, ou tab ea and all around,
under and above me. ire .? cr?wd of volume* fr in
the Varlou* pr rite It rarl -a of IH? city, ail bearing
tea- liO .i on the aaniuom M-cnennuri enigma,
wn ae -phyat *e?tn* to have tai.ed to lino an
(Kdipoa. It la a m >b oi txx>xa.
a REAiu n axoxo tu ANTiQrrrun or <-iun
LOTT1?WHAT TBI USATXa cr TBI: DEAD
iAT -mrOkTAJTT COXTJUBtlloNB TO HIS
TORY ? AX IJtT*Bn*W WITS KX-OOTttyaB
TAXCS.
C> a ai.om. Hecxienourtr county. X. C.. t
mi?? u, uta. )
I bar* ]?at re-arned fn m a drive tu t e igar
Creek Creakytanan c urc>, Hire# miirt eaaiward
of charlotte. It ta a fat an) moetan lal bnek
atruc ure, and i* tti? \ r?-ent bou*e o. woraiup of
the f leet Pienoytenaa conirregan<n ta ;hi* coun
ty, a* ni*at>er?ni > of which l* at tbia time au?ut
60. It ttanda near me at'e of the oi mer edifice,
which *m turoed to !**?. Whether the'* ?i< or
wa* not a atiU pi ore ancient i -ede ?*?cr ta wr.tch
tbla nana aoclatr worabip;-*! a ??ri of a c n
turr ago la another o: taa many doubUal
qne?tlon* which environ and comt Ucate the
gr at Mecki tbarc conmdraa. Her Mr. Mc
Auen. a Preebyteriao alaa unary, who layered
?it tbrooffe thia a* tloa in .: , aaving a ?i ia cir
cuit or appointment*, extending lo.o ,-outb( aro*
Una, waa accnatomed to ;re?cn at >-u.ar free*,
bia flrat minlatrauoa being ir> the home o; Adar.
Alexander. II la contended by * me 'hat a burn
ing waa erected than for rellaieua purpo<ea not
no trace* or it can now b? found. lb*ie I* a ^ or.ai
ground, nowever, very near tae utd Alexander
place; another in immediate proxlaity to taa ?lta
of the meeting bouae above referred t. aa Domed
three yeara ago, and atlll a Ifeird graveyard hard
by tbia new church building. ihe two mom ua
ctant or t&eae eemeteriea I nave jnat tboroug...y
explore l, with in* aid or captain Jame* f. J ,3a
?ton, a xealona but conacp ntlona anti
quarian. In thorn I find avlddbce that
ta* Alexander* were a vey numer aa
famly. It wia r,e remembered that fix or
tua t*ant>-aix author* or the Me-k.eot?urg re
aoh'.i of May 30,1774, oore tb.a heroic patroa>mio.
I u -t vlaltad the origit.a tnriai groa?d, every
foot of Wboao Suriac* covet* aome laat r*<t.r,g
place ol the early ae tier* of (hi* p rt of Xortn
Caroitna or of their immediate dea endiata. Many
oi tneae grave* are now indicate i only by #epre?
?tona or the uround. all saeaaatoee, if arty, wmcft
mar o*ve naraed t&ea ba .uj d>anopeur*d. Tie
headstou"* wbicn remain r.re mostly of ihe bluish
H" intone ol tuc county, which 11 abundant in tins
vicinity. 1 seruttBtze i < ach one cioseiy. S no
bears a data .uterior to 1109. Thef iadly n ? thu
aervicea of ?om Old Mortality to remove the moss
a l deaden the lines, which the beating of r.tlu is
siowly out surely obuteraLug. 1 copy souae of the
Inscriptions:
} Here 1 \s the Bodv o Robert! McKee, wh>}
}Deceae'd oc ober ye 19th, 1775. Ag d 73 year*. }
<i-////#. rtf* <* hun *?n>^yffyww rvp> 'r w<*P++*rf <*~ '?
; It. Orr, Died An^ iat 15, 1775. ui? d 25 years. 5
5 Here Lya the Body of John Smrr, wl?f? de-fc
jpiuied mis life September >e 8, 1776, aged 4b?
? *eara. }
} Albeit .Alexander, sou or Isaac and Catharln* 4
}Ale iiuuer. uied Sunday, October (ate) 1785,5
5 aged 8 years. 5
? At the top of this atone is a device, rndely exe
cuted, of a dove, taking ;n his bill a bad from ti>c
parent stem.
1
} In memory oi Ezra Alexander, who died}
5 Jannarv, 12th, a. J>. I7tu, aged 19 years. }
. ?? ^;
5 Here: lies: rue: body: of: .Margaret: Carr:}
ilate: wli": to: Robert: Carr: Who: deceased:}
J June ye o: itou: Aged: oi years. }
5 I!<? ro lies tan bodv oi Cnarity Barnet, who}
}l)> ceased i eceuj ier the 14th, 1775. }
.
The grave oi Rev. Samuel 0. Craighead, a native
of Pennsylvania, wno fl jurimed In colonial days,
saut by tr (anion to have been an active propa
gandist of the democratic principles which are
claimed to inhere in Presbyterianism, is marked
by a sasaairas tree of twenty-two lncne3 diameter.
He indoctrinated the eutli e people witn ills theo
logical and political ideas, an : the great mans of
them cherish his tenets to this da,'. Two-thirds
oi the population, if nor more, are Presbyterians.
Visiting tn > cemetery next in order of antiquity
I foun i, umid tho graves of nearly seventy Alex
anders, the memorial stones which d signaie
when t vo of the six of that lamlly name wtu ap
pear as signers or the resolves of Muv 20, 1775,
were burled. I copy tlie Inscriptions:?
\ Abraham Alexunier died April 2:td, 17Mi,}
}ageu os rears. Let mo die the death of the}
}rignieous, and let my last end be like his. }
The he id stone has at the top a rude figure of a
?essel, said to be t.vpicai of ihat which brought
him rom :-c itland. his native country. At the
left Is the grave of hi' wife, Dorcas, who died May
us, 1800, Igtd sixty-six years. This is the
Ab jtiam Alexander who presided over the
lam ris Charlotte Convention or May 19 and
20,177.5. Nearby Is t ie grave of one of his brave
compeer-, l li ? inscription reads thus:?
.i ///////////////////////A " ->
5 In in mory of liezekian Alexaud r, who}
} departei tnisiue Juiv lt.ru. isji, aged 78 year .}
'j *M+*r-r*+e+r *+****'*+****+*+*++'*+*+*+*t+?*+***+**++ ?>
Each i f these <Id graveyards are surrounded
with a ditch or mow. The excavated earth was
thrown Imv rd, and is surmounted with a rougn
atone wall. In going and returning I traversed
the very road winch General Joseph Graham
made n storlc by attacking Tarleton's cav
ali.v wru a handful of men?one ac
count sa|s with only twelve?and persistently
harassing them tor many miles during Lord
Cornwall!*' victorious march from Charlotte to
ward ,-alisbury in September, 17S0, arter nis
cru nmu de c a of cue American lorcea at C'amdeu.
In tr.e i itr Cemetery a: t hariotte Colonel Thomas
Polk, auo her of the originators of the MecKlen
burg ceclarntioo, reste in the same grave witti
niswlfe. Colonel i'olk was a man of great influ
ence, a natural leader of men and the possessor of
sptenuid courage. Llfs grave la oovered with a
large nuirole slab, ; laced horizontally, and in
scribed a< follows:?
} me earthly remains oi (jeneral Tnomas*
J Pom an I i.is wile su^anna I'olk, wno lived}
}ma' i vara together, lustiy beloved and re-}
}.tpected or !h-ir many virtues, and died uoi-}
}\ersali* regretted by ail who oad the pleaaure }
}uf their acquaintance. Their son, Wlhum}
} I'olk, s a to Ken of h> fllla. i eg rd hath cauaea }
} tm- -ton to be e.ecred to ttieir memorr. {
Tnrnlug now from the dead to the living, I
cal e ' ou that exceeaingy live man, ex-Governor
Z. U. Vance, ai bis law offlc! close to tbe Custom
House. He was very cordial, and expressed his
news on current topics witn great ireedorai, as is
bis w nt. He bad Just returned from oae of the
cour;aofhis circuit at wmch he spent tbe week,
and be will bo absent until Sa urday of next week
in attendance at another. He regretted tbat the
pres?u eo( bis business, and a most continual ab
sence from home for several weeks, nad prevented
blm from making his contribution to tao pending
discussion up u tne Mecklcnburg'Tnuma now go
ing on In the Mew York Herald, lie believes lull?
In the authenticity of tae resolves of both tbe 2oth
end 31st of May, 1775. He considers it unfortunate
that I'nlted States Minuter stevenson in 1367
snouid have removed irom its envelope in the State
Paper Office at London tbe printed copy or tbe
resolutions of the ao h. If George Uancre:t, who
had promised at King's Mountain, several jears
belore 1857. to write up that portion of bis history
relative to North Carolina, had only done so
promptly the muter would have been definitively
settled. Governor Vance think* Minister Steven
son lost this important document, and that it
cann it be round among his papers. lie showed
tne a warrant of arrest issued a few jears alter
the Kevolutlou by tlezekian and John McK. Alex
ander as justices of the peace. There are many
similar official arittngs in the custody of different
persons in this county, to whici the names of
thftn snd others of the iramers or the Mec?
lenburg Declaration are appended. The A ex.ai
de s were not o.ny numerous bat very reputable
and prominent citizens. The only North Carolina
Governor irom Mecklenburg county ever chosen
was i>r. Nathaniel Alexander. Governor Vanco
does not regret o-nera, Grant's refusal to
at end the Centennial. Ho was Invited to
come pnreir out of deference to hi* position
as President or tbe United States. A gentle
nan ircs< nt thereupon suggested tbat an
empty carriage In that part of tb* procession
assigned to Gran wonld answer as well as tae
actual attendance of tbe "snent so.oier," and that
It would be typical of his vacnlty.
I !e.irn that the programme will be carried out
aa originally arranged. There Will be two set
orati ns; one by Mr. John Ke r, as heretofore
ann ounced in the correspondence, ana the otuer
by Hon. JohnM. Bright, of leunes?ee. Tennessee,
by tbe way, Is looked upon here as a d ugbtor of
S >rth (.aroiina; hence the delcilou of an orator
from that State. She was rather an unruly child
once, wneu. in 17M, under the lead of Joan Sevier,
she attempted to set ut> f r herself as iho State of
Frankland. bat tbat nutter is all rignt now. On
the ^6tn of September. 1700, the two North Caro
lina United S'atee Senators executed a deed con
veying the western portion of the State to tbe
IniteI States, ani leuneasee became a separate
t lamonweaith. It is lor tbls reason also?tne
fact that Tennessee was, during tbe Revolu
tion. a:i integral part oi North Carolina?that
the t entenmai order of exercises a-tsurn* to tbe
Goverfior of Tenn>tsee preee :e;.ce in the proces
si n of tne mib inst. over the Governors of otner
mates. There will be Qu poa n in tne ortlo rerutn.
In aaditlon to the big barbecue, which will be free
to all comers, a banquet or collation is to be given
to tbe Invited guests especially, at which it is ex
pected there will be any number of impromptu
speeches.
I visi ed to-day tbe two-story wooden house on
Trjon street, which wss Cornwailta* neaoquarters
during hi? occupancy of Cuariotte in 1780. It has
been moved, however, from its original site.
There is not a vestige left of the old Court
House from which tbe resolves of May,
a nun'.re l ye n ago, were promoigtted,
and, strange to say, nobody seems to know what
beca ne of it or at exactly waat time it dlssp
pea ed. I? stool at tne intersection of the two
principal streets of tae city?Wade ana Tryon. It
was in the ox act centre of the town, according to
the p.an of ciiar.otts, wtiich 1 examined in tbe
City Marshal's bill ess bu\ by tbe changes of traf
fic. tne ou.k oj business, and, consequently, of
buildings, a getting on cbe side, The proposed
iao uiaeut will m erected on this spot of sacred,
in.in <rial memory. An association lor this pur
pose was laeorporated by the <aat General Ass em
ii'y, which win. doubtless, at Its uext session,
make an appropriation 10 supply u postioie uefl
cioucy In the occessary funds.
the discussion now in progress tn tbe Hkrai.d
has inarveilousl. stirred up the people of this city
and cuuuty and set tuein to studying up tue old
annals. Every man 1 meet is at least an amateur
historian, and soue seeui to have the wnole of
"Wheeler's HistoryofNorthCarolina" anil "Joues'
De erice" at their tongues' end. Nothing else ap
pears to oe talked of ur tiiouir.it shout. Tills is
well. The only pity is that the good citizens did
not take an active interest in the ruarter a num
ber of years sooner. The Mecklenburg Historical
Society is a result of the debate alluded to. At
an adjourned meeting last night Mai<>r C. Dowd
was elected President, ex-Govcruor Z. B. Vance aud
General D. H. Hill, Vice Presidents, aud Dr. Thomas
J. Moore, Secretary. Immediate measures will be
taken to collect, examine and preserve all tho old
papers in the county whlcu are contemporaneous
with the Revolutionary War or that have any re
lation to Its events. It is believed that historic
materials of value, now lying neglected In ob
scure places, may in this way be Drought to light.
BRIMSTONE.
FltOKESSOB OESSNEB'S VISIT TO THE SULPHUR
BEDS Of THE ISLAND OF SABA?A BIVAL
OF SICILY IN THE WEST INDIES.
St. Thomas, March 20, 1875.
To thk Editob of tue Hekai-d:?
My visit to me lsiand oi Saba, about loo miles
from here and one of ihe Windward Group, has
been very interesting, and I hope that some account
oi It may prove so to your readers, l'he island is
a volcanic cone, about two miles in diameter and
som? 3,ooo leet in neiirnt at the ppak. The princl.
pal to*n aui seat of government Is Levorock, sit
uated 1.000 fjet ab ve the sea, in the nowl-shaped
valley of the old crater. In this town 1 had my
quarters lor two weeks, making excursions from
it to all paiti of the island. There are a lew
cocoanut. banana and tamarind trees scat
tered about the town, winch oontains some 800
people, composed of u population of hair whites
and half blacks. The population of the whole
island U about 2,000. Mr objec m visiting this
strange Island was tho examination oi the much
talked-of sulphur deposits. 1 lost no time
alter arrival in org mixing a party to act as guides
and assistants. My landlord, a very intelligent
man and a watur carrier, an i some flue looking
negroes, with picks ami snovels, formed tue party.
My march began at six in the morniug The
scene irom my door la Levetock was novel and
grand. Justin iront of me two lava peak*, part
oi the rim oi the old crater, rose some saveu
hundred feet, like gianrs o: antiquity. To the right
and leit the sea appeared through the wide
Assures made by former erupt.ons. At the back
the 1'eitk of Saba, with the clouds whirling around
It continually, lose 2.U00 feet. Now and tlien these
clouds would fall In rain ovjr tho little valley, ihe
sun shining brightly all tho time. There are no
carriage roads in Saba, all the transportation
being none by tue negroes, who c&rry enormous
loads up n their heaos with great apparent ens".
Tue paths are In somo plaors very stony, and tho
climbing Is sometimes very hazardous. Though 1
made many excursions in Saba, ai.d s iw evidences
of ihe existence oi brimstone during the most of
them. I wul describe one only, wtilcn may seem to
give .in idea of all.
Tue little yellow boy who acts as water carrier
Is at the door, his eyes dancing at the prospect of
a day's plcknicing and a sliver half dollar; ana
when he Is duly loaded with bread and butter,
colu meats, a bottle of rum and one of water, all
ot wh ch ne carries In a basket neatly balanced
upon his uead, we depart. My landlord leads the
way, 1 lollow with the lightest of clothing and a
suu umbrella, the miners come next and the yo^
low boy brines up the rear. Oar way lies over St.
John's Uul, wiled 1#.1,500 leet above the sea, with
h sm .11 cluster of houses upon tts top. From this
point toe view is grand?wonder nl. Back oi us,
the peak with Us cioud cap rises into the sky; In
iront t e sea. wide and endless, is only shut out
by volcanic rocks, which rise in the shape or very |
short headlauas, 1,600 and l,700 feet. St Kusta
tlus, St. Kitts and Nevis seem close at band over
the deep blue water, and Montserrat may be seen
< n the horizon. Onr path winds in and out among
the rocks as we skirt the p *ak. Below us the surf
on shore Is a white line, to wr.lch tbe stony ridges
descend. Just above is a village called Montlcello,
1.S00 feet above tbe sea. It Is situated upon Booby
Hill, under whico Is a small cave caned tbe Web
ner Hole. Here tne volcanic rock snows in grand
cliils, which stand out almost perpendicular to
tne shore.
a.h we panned through tt e Windward side Corn
well lien word, a*1 l.uv.isn mining engineer. Joined
our party, ami in lua company 1 went a ong very
pi<usautiv, an lie lud n-en over tne ground oeiure
and knew its character thoroughly. Oar uestina
nou was Spring Hay, where the bed* of suiphur
tear us: t'yp-uin snow their nreai>t?i oat-rop. ana
Great Ho e, wmeh adjoins it. Nut far irotn the
Windward S.ae we turned into a deeD vailer,
wnicu neans at the peak tud aesceii u to the sea
at Spiltig Ua>, where it widens into a plateau half
a r,no in #10111. It is called Men's Gute (probably
because oi tile br:m*toue theie). and the view or
it as we turned the ild^e waa verjr striking. Lp
to 'DM time we nad seen nothing but
guava, sour sap and other sciub bunties
along the path, but now had a ghini>se
of more luxuriant vegetation. Creeping
plants oi large trailed over the rocks, and
uh the eye travelle i tiu tne gorge ma?se- or green
were unserved, whi '0 conutm d Util the* joined
the glriie or inoantaia ferns around the peak. It
very pleasant to enter the shade or ttil-a pic
turesque valley. We rented a little at ita deepest
part and ? ner it wa? aimoat perpendicular, then
climbed to U"h'a (I ite Hidge, a very wiiu and reeky
place, aud then de cended Into Great Hole, near
AU-tooiar Hidgr reacinug a plateau aiiout 3J0 lee:
above iii? sea. wi n a cap o; volcanic ruck 151 feet
tugn r-sting upo.i li lu me background. Just here,
at a abort ais.ance from tne suore, it a smalt
Island ? ai.e-l Gi-en Ker, winca looka as li it nad
b>-eu thrown u >wn ri uni tns peak in timet > ut.
we went over the edge of tne plateau, or seemed
to do so, but r ally uid no more tnau enter the
various o enifigs made in Hi - suipliar bed, wmcn
extends along its race for nail a tulie. ine men
were el?*g*d in removing tne overburden, tome
? igtu le-t oi aand and gravel, when we arrived,
and in breaking >.own the etude brimstone from
the rare oi the lied, watch Is forty lei', in thickness
a< tins point and extends into the
hlli under tne volcanic cap for an In
definite distance, Going toward Plat Point,
whli h lies between Great Hoi! and
bpring Bay, and descending i he cliff a little, one
can obtain a view or the luce oi tne vast bed of
brimstone, which snows tne vellow features in all
the places when the overburden lias t>een re
ni"V. a. ami lu weatherworn places stands out
aistiuctly. W# Oil our pocaets with ClllUli of
sui?>imr, wnicn line the crcvices in tne tied. At
one niace a Assure nearly two leet in widtn, lined
with >eliow crystal so far as we could see. was
sounded With a uue tor forty leet. Hie mass oi
tne tied Is g.ip?ui:i, bearing sulphur to agresier
or lcsi degree sixty per cent b ing tne average of
sulphur, lu many p.aces inaaaea oi su.phur, quite
pure and resembling meit-d brimstone poured
into irregular moulds, could be had, hundred* oi
pounds in wei^m. Tne fires died out in saDa so
longatro tt>at the sulphur oeds arc periectiy cold,
ano uo ease* arise to tuteirupt tne working oi the
suipuur quarr , the workmen carrying on their
operations as easily as It in a bank oi stiff clay.
We tiace the lied to Flat Point and agree as to
wnat spring Har will show when Its outcrops
have been explored with pick snd snovei. We
dl-cuss the snipping facilities and itgree that a
wire tr.imway from tne edge or the quarry to
Green Ker mil be the way to do to* transporta
tion to tne Hunters.
it is a hard climb to Hell's Gate Ridge again; bat
we manage it, and after a resting spell at one oi
tne hnu-i-s by tiit way. and with a vie w seaward
tliatwiiulo stir tne ne?rt of a giaven image, we
tru ige siowiy home again inrough tne Windward
Hid ; aud iround the p?a?, tne shadow of the hilts
westward oi our nome in the crater 'own reach
ing across it as we dsscend bt. Joan's H,u for rest
and dinner, sitting out on the edgeoi the cistern
lu the evening, smoking and uiiuking it all over, I
leel well repaid lor tne tramp and for the voyage
from home, for 1 have seen What 1 believe to tie
one of tae iarge?t ami certainly tna richest and
m?st accessible deposits or brimstone in tne
wor<d, and, my proiession neing of a dlanollcai
nature, i atn pleased accordingly.
G. W. QEbSNEH.
THE BURNING OF THE PLANET
MILLS.
The Brooklyn Fire Marshal yesterday continued
hie investigation into tne cau-e of the Are wblck
destroyed the Planet Mills, on President street.
Mr. Kutherr >rd, Hue ianan & Lyall'e bookkeeper,
swears positively that he rang the second Harm
from tli? mill i m e. wniie the watchman is equally
cerain that be hlmsplf sounded the first two
alarms, 1'wo witnesses w?re examined, one of
wiioin swears to seeing O'Learr in Bond street just
I revious io 'he fire, and trie otner that there was
n? watcaiuan m tne building wnen neignoors,
seeing the II tines, pounded the office door to at
tract nls ittentiou, receiving no response. Tb?
Investigation nas not yet been concluded.
ART IN ENGLAND.
London, Hay 1. 1875
tennyson's INFLUENCE in AItl VV11AI
LADIES ARK PAINTING?AM*BICAN ABT1BTB IN
THE EXHIBITION.
1 am not quite -atlafloi with toe recent^per
formances of .Mr. E. M. Ward. His '
Vere de Vere" (?5) is not what it ilwu ?
There is nothing here to tell us of
beauty whom Tennyson haa describe.
u woman fair of face. I grant, but wlth no'
or aristocratic haughtiness. wapse fe? a
ta'.nly have uot that repose which suits ,
of Vere do Vere. and whose general
appearance li that rather o
dowdlness than resplendent hJ"teu
Again, to take -Lady Teazle as sPln*?r ?/thJ
her Father to Sleep" (283); while the flg ief
slumbrous gentleman in the chaii, mid8 s0
thrown over his head, and his ent re Ijitt nd??o
well done that one may faucv one ^ almost hearing
his tuneful snore, there is singularly lg
expression of her luture laaysiiilp ' ooltUy
premonitory of the destiny, or 1 . ,
I,*, ^
craticallv termagant heroine. M .
three other paintings are not ^
more ambitious or eflectv. ' Bl*yl'e
gives us two Spanish sketches in i ?
% and 600). On Mr. Elmore*
scots, and Christopher Norton at liol!0 . .
there is bestowed much of evident though and
finish; buttno general impression u>
tory and I believe tne cause is that too many
figures are crowed into too narrow a compass
Mr P Leigbtou is represented by live paintuits.
?.yea? ho has oieflv derived his aspiration
from the East, and he revels in the tfppoitunlties
which nis subjects allow of gorseous eflects o
color. The only work of any size-a small study of
a Venetian girl-ls, in its way, lncomoarabty ex
(juisltd. What ho gives us is an '-Eastern ?UnK?*
Scar;.^ Birds In the Harvest Time:" a bold
experiment and one the first impress!? of
winca Is not altogether pleasing. Hie pie vailing
tinge IS copper-a tall, Swarthy figure on a plat
foim of stoiies, high above the wheat now ilpe or
harvest, ana in the act or discharging the missile
at the feathered thieves, it is unnecessary
to sav that the drawing is periect and tne
anatomv of the lorm everything that ar
ana study combined Insure. Hut 1 question
whether a figure seen under such circumstances
would not wear a Jark.r hue-indeed, b^ almost
black. His portrait ol Mrs. H. E. Gordon (307) is a
supero specimen or sumptuously rich color. Of
Mr. J. 0. Hook's lour paintings the palm tnust bc
uiven to his "Hearts ol oak" (47) and in
Sarapnlre Gatherer" (436)-sue former depleting
an old weather-beaten sal: by the seashore, shap
ing a miniature craft lor his ch id out ol an oaken
EL while the wife and mother plies her
medic close by. The life of the.
Is sufficiently indicated py Vtain
Mr ArmiUge, K. A , 1 am not quite certain
whether his single contribution. "Julian the Apos
tate presiding at a Con:ereuco of Sectarians, U
not on the whole the second finest picture in th
Acadetnv. -Julian," writes G.bbon, "who under
Btood and derided their theological disputes, ln
vued to the palace the leaders of the hostile sects,
that he might enjoy the ugretable spectacle <>f
tteir turlous encounters." The Emperor la sea'ed
In Mr. Artaltafe's picture at the hea l ol a table,
round which aro gathered the wrathful controver
sialist!.
Of all the pictures which the Exhibition con
tains there li n?.no more genuinely English, both
in its subject and composition, thau Mr. H. l.
Wells' "November Morning at Blrdsall House,
Yorkshire." The scei.e s the iront door of a
manorial home and a party of half a dozeu horse
men, surrounded by hound?, it is a ^nt'ng
morning and Lady Mlddleton and the
Hon Mrs. Wllloughby have come out
to see sieed and rider and dog depart.
Mrs. Wlllougbby's face and figure are pe feet, and
,f It Is thought at first that her right arm Is ant
ficlally rigid the objection probably disappears
when it is remembered that the arm is encased In
velvet. Nothing can be more natural tnan the
carets which the lady bestows upon the dog by
Uer side; nothing more thoroughly English
,'L ii. .???."? ?' "
interest whl?h she feels m the lor
tunes of the dav; everything in her lace and figure
Bee.ns o hint regret that she is not herself about
to accompany trie riders. Mr. D. Murray's "Va e
" Cormsk, ls.e o Skye" (114), is effectively
pa nted and is not exaggerated as most repre
sentations of that spot, immortalized ^T^oUta
the "l-ord of toe isles," arc. "?aln ct sauf. by
Marcus Stoue (130), Is probaDly an eplsoda of thj
franco-Prussian war-the safe return of a
Piench soldier, who, It may be. has taken part In
one of the desperate s .rites from I?arls, to Mawile
and tamtly. The woman is especialli wfell done,
but on the whole, the worn will uot add to Mr.
Stone's reputation. 1 was
with Mr. E. GUI's "Storm subsiding on a Uocay
Coast" (288). Tne tempest has passed, but that the
atmosphere is still disturbed and tne sea iiidan^
gerous is th"! impression which trie artist has
four works, and there is not one of them which
is not a muiet of quaint antiquarian humor and
nenect finish id rich detail. Their names are
"Hie Jolly Boat Boys," "A Merrie Jest'| and two
designs for decorations of "the Canterbury
"a "m. a. ..???, I." ??????
a pleasing 10 trait of Mrs. George A?
tutus s>?.a. wife of the well-known UU6
rateur, and I must draw attention to
wrat I c nsider an extremely clever piece of
H. Kdheitson ,444,. "W.nter"-an
aped womaa sawing a piece of wood In ir.ot.of
!er cottage door. The skid with which the
monotony ol wintry hues-shown alike iu t
lean en dead.e.s o. th, heavens "d tne ble^
aspect of the flelds-:s depicted Is remarka. y
striwing.
WOMAN IN ART.
You will doubtless be Interested to know bow
Miss Elizabeth Thompson, of whom so much was
expected from her "K >11 Call," contributed in the
Academy last year, lias done to reaeen the
promise of tne picture watch first gave her dis
tinction. "The Twenty-eUhth Regiment at
yuatre Bias,'' wl l probably be ai popular as the
"Hoil Call." Wttn some undoubcea defeots U uuites
striking merits. lis delects lie tn the conven
tional modernisms Into which Miss Tnompson has
fallen; us excellence in the fidelity with whlcnstie
reproduces the incidents of a stirring scene and
the hap, y enthusiasm with which she has caught
the more characteristic features of an his
torical event. From Stborne's "Waterloo Cam
paign" Miss Thompson has gained her ideas. She
there reads that "in the oattle of Quatrc Bras,
June 16, 1815. tbeTwenty-elgnm r glment, formed
together with the Royals Into a square In a field
oi particularly tali rye, were repeatedly assaulted
by the enemy's cavalry, cuirassiers and
Polish lancers, who cluod a long series
| of unsuccessiul attacks by a farious charge
simultaneously delivered again?t three laces
< f the square." Tula picture represents
the last effort of the enemy at about Ave o'clock
P. M. "The failure," adds Miss Tnompson, "of
these attempts to break tt>e formation of the
squares Was productive or much levity on the part
ot some of tne youngor soldiers, instances of
which are traditional in tne regiment." Accord
ingly Miss Tnompson has lntetspersed the ran.s
of her warriors, whose features speak of grim de
termination and silent resolve, wltn here and
| there a younger soldier, whose musc<es have
relaxed themselves to a broad grin, and
who is evidently hurling fori h a laugh of duflanc*
! at the loeman who im^etuiasly bears down, but
j can produce no effect on tne nrmly planted
phalanx. The whole ploture is instinct with It *
and movement. Nothing can be better than the
manner in which the clouds of smoke arise from
tne p ain: nothing more poweriai tnau the ex
cessive tension of whion the laces of the officers,
Frenon and fcngusn, tell. But there is less of
dramatic contrast, and therefore less of sugges.
tlvenesa, in t e picture than in that sent by Miss
l Thompson last year.
AMBH10AK9 IN THI ACADEMY. ?
i Mr. 0. II. Houghton, you will be interested in
I hearing, commutes taroe pictures, aaoii of wmcU
is of a verv high order of excellenc?, and received
b in at tlic press view on W'etln -tulay at# at tli<
private view yesterday, general ana sincere aj>
proval. I may nay, without exaggeration, that la
bis "Bearers of the Burden" he has met Mr. P.
Walker on nU own ground and beaten him clean
out of tne Held. Mr. Bouglron's figures are twe
miserable women, who h tve Just relieved auothei
woman more miserable still or the load
she was carrying, a rew yards lu ironi
of this last there statics a powerful, brutal
looking navvy, pipe in mouth and Dulldog a' tieel.
Tne incident la suggestive, lu a melancholy de
gree, of one of tne least lovely features of ou
civilization, and the gloon of the landscape, t
weary road over a level moor, is singularly con
slstent with the moral aspect of tlte scene. Tin
low clouds tell of Impending rain, ana the cowec
look of the sorrow-stricken wife tells not lest
surely of the fierce treatment which she dreads
irom her rudlanly lord and maBter. Mr. Bough
ton's two other pictures are of a different charac
ter, bat they are remarkable for the sunn
harmony of Idea noticeable in eaou
detail. In a path of roses we have a younz ladj
robed In white sitting In a garden, a kitten nost
ling by her side, under a bright sunshine and i
blue skv. All is eloquent of peaoe and home.
"Gray Da^s" represents a young woman prema
turely widowed roi liulug solitary under a sky
that is prematurely shadowed. Nigut has not yet
fallen, but there is the dimness of night in the at
mosphere, as there is the settled gloom of un
naturally early twilight upon Mr. Bouirh ton's
heroine, tor artistic unity and patlios the
Academy contains nothing better than these three
exquisite pictures, lor the llrst of which, 1 beliere,
Mr. Boughton has received ?8uo.
THK YOU.NU ARTISTS.
Of junior artists r.ipldly rising to distinction
perhaps Mr. Luke Tildes distinguishes himself
most by '-Betty" (l,221i, a picture of a buxom
milking girl oi a very striking; quality. I beilcro
It was done In less than three months, but there
are no signs of haste about the folds
of the drapery and the nnish of the
features. Of portraits the most noticeable
are Mr F. Grant's?the President of the
Academy sends Ave In all?"J. Whvte Melville,
Esq.," painted for the Royal and Ancient Golt Club
01 St. Androw's, Mr. F. Sandy's likeness of Mrs.
Brand, who hoiOs in her hand a Ian which is a
miracle of exquisite workmanship?the whits
muslin clearly visible through its black,
gauzy transparence?and Mr. D.cklnson's
Protessor Cayley. I except, of course, the
contribution of Mr. Onless, on which I
'have already dwelt. But I have said enough
to enable you to form ageueral Impresslm. 1
cannot sav that the Royal Academy of 1*75 is a
superb exhibition of artistic genius; but If It can
boast ot few paintings of tne niftiest order it n
free from anv which are open to the charge oi
unqualified vulgarity, and 11 at least contains one
of commanding power, M. Alma Tadeina's
?Sculptuie Gallery." Finally it is distinct ground
of satisfaction that there should be this year
a smaller percentage than usual of likenesses of
provincial beauties in the Academy, and that ai
regards botn the hanging an i the selection there
should be no complaluts oi partiality or Injustice.
ART IN FEANCE.
VARNI8HINO DAY AX THE PARIS SALON'?PREPA
RATIONS FOB THE OPENING?GENERAL AS
PECT OF THE EXHIBITION?SALE OF THK
FOI1TUNT COLLECTION?PEOPLE CRAZY OVXB
PICTURES, JtC.
Paris, April 30, 1875.
Yesterday being what the artists call "varnish
ingday," 1 availed uiyseir of the opportunity af
lorded me by tne courtesy of one of the exhibitors
to obtain a preliminary view of the salon previoua
to its formal opening to the public to-morrow
(Saturday). Altnou^h I liau previously seen ana
critic sea the principal pictures, I was curious to
Juuge of the geueral effect of the collection and to
compare it with that ot last year. Tnere U no bat
ter time for a task of th s k nd than the day al
lowed the artists for varnishing their pictures, for,
as only a limited number of persons are aamnted,
the visitor can move about with Ireedom ana ex
amine the works exhibited eltner close or at a
distance, Just as the lancy seizes mm
THK FIRST COCP D'OEIL
?truck me as favorable. The pictures are well
distributed, and there seems to be loss partiality
in the arrangement than nsual. As one proof of
the fairness which has been displayed by those
intrusted with the duty of hanging them, 1 may
mention that neatly all the pictures of tne Ameri
can artists who exhibit are on the line and in the
most favorab e it#lit. Thus, the first pictures
almost that catch the eye on entering are tnbse o)
Hridginan and Henry Bacon, and worthily do the)
mi the advantageous places allottei to them. Is
my notice, published on the 4th of April, I iravi
you full details regarding these pictures. Seen li
the fine llgnt oi the saloon they confirm all that i
said of them; and one of them. Bridgman's Nth
picture, nas gained so much In brilliancy by ttu
transposition that it is attracting general atten
tlon D. R. Knight's beautliul l. n Jsc <p ?, wnlcQ 1
described In my former letter, is notequallr for
tunate. Piacsd in Juxtaposition with pictures
slowing with color, its delicate tones pre weakened
ami a great portion of their effect lost. Happily
this cannot oe said of the pictures of our two lady
artists?Miss Uarduer and Miss Tompkins. They
are both vigorous colonsts, and they lose nothing
la that respect oy contrast with tn?lr neighbors.
Although 1 noticed in my former article most oi
the important works prepared for the exhioltioa
there are several to whlca I did not have accesi
when it was written, from the unwillingness of ths
artists to show them before they were finished.
Among tnese is the nr.'at picture, great both in
biz ? and ouallty, by Becker, an artiat ot noble
aims and of gr?at power* ol expression. The sub
jects "Rizpah. tne wiie of Saul, protectingagtinst
tit- birda of prey the bodies of her two children
and tnose of Ave sons of Michal, tne daughter of
saul, cruclheu oy tne Ulbeonitea." This, next to
Gustuvu Mori's "inlemo," is the most ainorlous
pt tUit a* regards subject in the fslon uud is, in
my opinion, much more forcibly treated. Not'iing
cau be grander tnan tbe conception of the princi
pal figure or bolder in tieattneut than the details
or tbe picture generally. But I am wandering
Into criticism liittieaU 01 confining myself io the
impressions made upon in* by tue collection hi a
wnoie. la some respects It la infinitely supe
rior to tbat of laat year The new works
are tnore ambitious In ttielr alms. una ex
hibit leas straining alter tne vice or elabora
uoii Which haa beeu generated by the passion lor
genre pictures than tnoae ol the last exiubiiion.
In Tac, there are out tew works ol tne latter kind
in the collection, toe tendency beinif in favor ol
subjects vigorously and broadly treated, Perhaps
the happiest combination of tne too styles?and
wneu lound united they generally offer ex. ellent
results?is that exhibited in Jucqust's plctuie, No.
1,101. Here are broad artiatic effects and ueilcate
manipulation. The picture consists of a single
Ugure, a young and b autifui woman, clothed in a
long and loose velvet costume, without ornaments
or acces orles of any kind, and every detail id It,
to the slightest lulu oi the dress, is a study la
itself. Bonnat's remarkaoie portrait of Mme.
I'asca, 01 wnicn I gave you a descrlptiou in a for
rtker letter, is not to be compared In wonderial
realism and at the same time picturesque treat
ment witn thu extraordinary worn.
PORTRAITS.
The portraits with two or three exceptions, ara
very poor this year, uubuie la indiflerentiy repre
sented. Cabanei lias but one picture ol trie kind?
not a very attractive one?aud Mite. Nellie Jacq
mart d <es not anpear to as mucn advantage ai
usual. A'm revanche, there are two oeautiful por
traits, by Flrmin Qlrard auu Jnles .vormand, boil
pleasing In subject and exquisitely handled.
Knotun of the Salon for to-day. To-morrow tin
public will be admitted to pass I s flat upon the
pictures and the work of the Paris critics will be
gin. What an expenditure ol hlgbfaiutln' lan
guage ami Imagery we snail have for the next
fortnight. Every French writer thinks that he
can ireely give tne rein to his Pegastu when he
starts off on pictures.
TUB FORTCNT COM.BCTIoy.
In the account wmcn I recenilr gave yon of tne
collection belonging to the tamiif of the late
.Spanish painter Kortuny, now being disposed oi
at tne (tail* Uruuot, 1 stated thai tbe amount real
ized would not fall tar snort or Bjo.ooor. ine ra
! suits of me four days' sales wbicn have inset
piace, and wbicb, It snouid be observed, do u?i
include the One collection or ancient arms and
! tapestry, already amount to 704,0001. fl, the time
the cstalouue is gone through tbe tot a* win t.e
I llitle ssort or ft million. Hut tnis sale is thrown
j in'o the shade by the one wmcn took p.aoe at thu
Messrs. Cnrisile's, in London, on Saturday last,
i wnen ninety-six pictures oi the modern English
i school brought close uyon *9\000. Aud yet peufti*
| have the lace to talk oi h iid times. I'.w hardness
consists in tbe accumulation of mousy In tut
| hands ol people who nave the heart to spend such
enormous sums in tbe gratification of i heir whims,
while huudreus of taousaous of tusir feliow ere*
I to.es are starving.

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