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NEW YORK HEEAL.D
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New Yore Herald will be lent tree of postage. THE PATTY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cenie per copy. An nual subscription price $12. All btiainess or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yorr Herald. Rejected communications will not be re turned. Letters and packages slonld be properly jealed. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?RUE SCRIBE. Eulscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms is in New York. FOLCMF. XL NO. 135 AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. FIFTH AVKXCK THPATRE. ??r*nty-?t(rhth street and Ji roan way.?1 HE BIO BO. IaNZa, at sr. M.i closes at 10: 0l\ M. Mauaee at 1:30 f. 1L BROOKLYN PARK THEATRE. PuJton avenue.? VaIUETY, at 8 P. M.. closet at 13s45 KM Matinee at 3 P. M. METROPOLITAN TltKATRE, l*o. 580 Broadway?FEMALE UaTUE&H, at 8 r. M. Matlneo at 2 P. M. HOBI.\SON n ALL, West Sixteenth street.?VauIETY, at 8F. H Matinee at 2 KM BOOTH'S THEATRE. rirner of Twenty.third s;r?et ana Sixth a*entie.? VaDNE. at 8 P. M. ; closes ?: ll P. M. Mi?s Clara orris. Maaoee at 1 :"H) P. M. LYCEt'M THEATRE. Frurteectli sTeet. near sixth OTROFLK OmofLA. At sr. M. Mile. Geoflroy. SAN FRANi ISC" MIVPTRfXS, Broiwlwa*, earner of Twenty.ntntn street?XEQRO rlNsTHEisr; at 8 P. M.; closes at 10 P. M. Matinee at P. M. BROOKLYN THEATER. LKE TWO orphans. Ut 8 P. M Ml?es Minnie and Ulian Conway. Matinee at: P. M. WALLAt/'K'rt THKATRK. Broad war.?TUt IllIsH tlfclUfcSS. nt 8 P. M.: c'owi at lo Hi P. it. Mim Ada Dvas. Mr. Montaeue. Matinee at 1.50 P. M.-^A UAPPY 1'AlK uui nit iUVALS. BOWERY OPERA HOrSE, go.^aR Bowery.-VAUIETY, at 8 r. X.; closes at 10:45 WOOD'S Ml'SECM, ?roadway, eorner of Thirtieth street?MAZEPPA. at 8 1*. M.; closes at 10:45 P. M. Mi.?s Kate Fisher. Mut'nee at 2 P. M. OERMANIA THEATKK. Fourteenth street?M iUBRKTTi.>hTHKICHE, atSP. M Benefit of Claud: us Merten THEATRE rOMIQCE. Jo. 514 Broadway ?VAKIt-.IY, at 8 P. M ; closes at 10:45 F M. Matinee at 2 P M. METROPOLITAN MCSEr* OF ART, West Fourteenth Street.?Open Irom Id A. M. to 5 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Ko 834 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M.; closes at 10.45 F M. Matinee at 2 P. M. GRAND OPERA HOUSE. Elsrhth nrenn? and Twmtv third ?tre*t.?TWELVE TEMPTATIONS, at SP. M.. clr,?e> at 11 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. NEW YORK. SATURDAY. MAY 15. isrs. From our reporti thit morning the probabilities are that the teeather to-day trUl be warmer and partly cloudy or clear. Waia Street Yesterdat.?The stock mar ket ?u irregular and prices were a cram lower. Money on call, '2\ and 3 p<r cent Gold advanced to 116J, and large shipments are engaged for to-day's steamers. Foreign ex change was a trifle lower. The Congress or Bankers which is to meet at Saratoga during the summer is a vrry im portant project, especially as nothing is to be d^ne in regard either to business cr politics. Pleasure is to be the great object of the meet ing. What Pt*eports To Be a candid statement of the condition of the Erie Railway is printed in another column, and as it is tin fir?>t report of President Jewett it will attract general attention, partially from this fact alone and partly on accotfnt of the boldness with which he treats th 1 subject Thi American Tea* are getting everything in readiness for their armed invasion of Ire land, and have already accepted at least one invitation to exhibit their appetites and diges tion in the Green I*le. General McMahon is to be the referee on the part of the Ameri cans and General Shaler has been agreed upon by both team* as umpire. Professor G?ss*rn writes an interesting 'etter to the Herald on the sulphur b^ds of the island of Saba, in the West Indies. It nay seem almost diabolical to rejoice over fresh discoveries of brimstone, but for a long iiine the supply has been somewhat limited in comparison with the demand, and, besides, the m ire abtin iant :t becomes the less use there may be for it. Aldsrmax Bezllv's resolution, adopted by the Board, calling for sn examination and report by the Commissioners of Accounts of all moneys drawn as salaries or compensation fcy Commissioner* of the Park Department, or >f the Central Park, np to January 1, 1875, is iMiul at this particular time. We are likely o hare commissions for rapid transit and Hher purposes, and it will be well to show tow una ifish and patriotic the Central Park CommiaHionen hare been. The * ram pie will be a salutary on", so let us have the report as speedily as possible. There Is a Morai, in the execution of the legro Frazcr, at Caraden, H. C., yesterday, ! vhtch ought not to be passed over without a word of comment. The murder cf which this poor wretch wa* guilty incident to his im c tb n and the people to wht.m 1.9 belonged, and the scenes of religious fr?:azy which attended his execution could cot have been enacU-d anywhere eicept acuong the semi-barbnrous negroes of tUe South. Under such nircuin itanc s and among such a people public exe cution* can only lead to revolting scencs like that which is reported in our columns this morning, and we are aura that religious ex citement inder the scaffold can result only is snL Peae* tr War 01 the Continent. It iMmi that the visit of the Czar to Berlin has been that of the peacemaker. It U diffi cult to understand the real meaning of these mysterious imperial errands. Too often the despatches that are vouchsafed to ua by the cable are intended to cloud rather than make clear the truth. For a long time, at least sinca the withdrawal ol tbe ? Ger man troops from the French soil, there has been an apprehension that there would be a renewal of the war. The reasons for this fear were inspired by the course of the Germans. They found that instead of crushing France by imposing a treaty of mdemuity and annexa tion unheard of in its severity they bad really given the people new life by teaching them discipline, patience, thritt and courage. The Emperor ot Germany, himself one of the proudest monuments of the royal system, and opposed to every movement that looked toward a diminution ol' royal splendor, found that in deploying an empire he had created a republic, and that no amount of internal commotion or outside menace could destroy this Republic. In every point, except in tbo evanescent glory which comes iroin successful campaigns, the Germans have really lost in their war with France. They had. won five milliards of money, but it had fallen upon tliem like rain upon the sand, leaving on . bamnnws. A. .ho end of th. p.yme?t f?r ... .. poo' ? ?"? ' ?.?d benefit of the indemnity inured to England and France. They had won Alsace and a part ol Lorraine; but of what use were these two French provinces, whose uneasy, restless condition made them a source of constant an Dovance to the Cabinet at home and a living protest against German influence m all the nations of the world? Not onlv had the policy of Germany created this Republic, but it had, by introducing re ligious questions into its own internal affaire, divided its people upon the one point which men never discuss without passion. We do not pretend to read the mind of Fnnce Bismarck or to know what he meant to gain by a war with the Roman Church. It certainly seems to us to have been a wanton and foolish undertaking. It has resulted in dividing Germany as irrevocably as the .North &nd South were divided upon the question ol slaverv before the war. We can understand how Prince Bismarck might have aimed to emu'ate the exempt of Frederick and placc himself at the head ol the evangelical reli-ion in Europe and in alliance with the Protestant Powers, and in that way appeal to tbo sym pathy of England and America and other Protestant countrios. Naturally he would seek to repeat the triumphs of his. predecessors in dealing with tbe C.tholic nations of Europe. The controversy between Bismarck and the Catholic Church always seemed to us to be a paraphrase of the conflict between Luther and Leo X. Luther represented Ger man nationality in antagonism to Italian nationality- This reformation, considered from the bmadest point of view, was more ot a political than a religious success. The mis fake which Prince Bismarck has male in forc ing this war upon the Roman Catholic C hurch ; is that he deals with the nineteenth and not tbe fifteenth cent-cy. The spirit of enlighten ment and progress ot thought, while it has diminished the power of all religious systems bv limiting the influence of "ie8ts, has at the same time brought vnth it a larger toleration. It was easv enough to generato religious war in a countrv governed by soldiers and ?onks on tbe one hand and inhabited by ignorant peasants on the other. It was easy enough to | lead vast armies of uneducated fanatics into Svria and 1'al^tine to die in defence of the Holy Sepulchre. But what was tbs purpose of those times is a sentiment now. Prince Bismarck erred in this, that instead ol uniting G rmany against the Pope ?nd the Catholic Church he has divided it by jarring that sense of fair play which was wounded by the persecution of the priests and the bishops. Consequently there seemed.no possible way to release Germany from her seli-imposHl fm nrrsssment but a war. We cannot but look with alarm upon the danger the peace of the world has eAc-iped. It seems that the military party in Germany bad resolved upon demanding from Franee certain guarantees in refer- nee to the purpose of her armaments. In the event of that d. laaud being refused they counselled the instan. invasion of Franco and the occupation of Paris. This accora pluthed. it was then proposed that there should be an indemnity so large that it would lake twenty years ot the trench resource! to pay it In a-ldition to this th> re would be a prolonged occupation of the countries bordering on Belgium and Alsace, u reduction nt (he army in France and a guarantee signed by the gr< it Powers that they would compel France to respect the banis of pear". Such a proceeding would be, of course, in the ey s of tbe world. a wanton violation of justicc and right The Germans had a plain answer tor this. It is an answer th.a it would be difficult to deny. Tbey reasoned clearly enough that all that France wanted with soldiers was to fight, and tha: the only Power they cared about fighting waa Germany. Therefor* th^y argued that if war were to come better now, wh<n they are ready, fban five years later, when France is ready. "If," said the Germans, "wo La*eto renew this curj'cst, let us do it when wc have the assurance of victory, and let us not make peace until we have put France und' r b nds so strong thai hi cannot break them nor rise a'wv* then." I'pon this theory we nnderstand" ?he nature oi the fk mand upon !'<? igmm to amend her laws. Wc can perfectly well comprehend ?he story Uiat the Prussian < hanctllor h d resolved to ad dress a not'; to France asking for a disarma mfiit or for a n?<w treaty giving Germany gu runtee that there could possibly be no war. If France did not gna this guarantee thon liismarck would be perfectly willing'to have lu- ouier *r. , Powers Kuf da, It.dy, England and Ausir.a mite in a n aty of alliance with Germany, guaranteeing to li-r ull that she gained by the war with France, and acquiring tlir- latter, upon the f>enaltj of fighting tne combined nations of Europe, to dis ,olvo her armies and accept the conditions of tno treaty at Frankfort. Naturally enough, a policy of this natnre would end in war. Tne Czar, upon whom Prussia haa to largely depended, declines to be bound by it From tba London Timet we WMum that the Caar has told Germany that whoever disturbs the peace of Europe will be the enemy of Russia. In other word?, 'hat if Germany wantonly inTaded France for the purpose of reconstructing a treaty of peace upon the basis of dishonoring and destroy ing one nation he would regard the act as a war against Russia. The military party ol Germany might consider a war with France as an undertaking quite within their reach ; but a war with France, Russia and Austria, and the public opinion of the world arrayed against them, is a task far beyond even the reach of Prince Bismarck or Count \ on Moltke. This action of the Czar seems, from what the Times says, to have been sustained by England, and, therefore, we 6ee Germany put under the strongest possible pressure to prevent hor breaking the peaco. This is an agreeable solution of a very serious problem. The truth is tbat the only Power in Europe whose interest is to make w ar is Germany. It is the development of that policy of "blood and iron" which Bismarck bluntly avowed ten years ago and which policy"has co*t his country thrte wars. We can well understand how tho great Powers of Europe would not tamely consent to be moved hither and thither by the will of aiij statesman, no matter how gifted or re nowned. The Czar, in the attitude of peace maker, has won for himself the respect of the world, and, if he maintains his present posi tion, will give Europe the assurance of peaco for many years to come. The New Rapid Transit Bill. The bill introduced yesterday by Mr. , Busted is likely to attract unusual attention ! from the fact that Governor Tilden is under- | stood to have been consulted in its prepara tion and to desire its passage. The wishes of our people have been so long baffled that they , are in a mood to accept almost any law on this subject which is not likely to prove a dead letter. All their solicitude centres in one point?to have a rapid transit road built with out further delay. For our part, we think the Common Council bill, in the shape in which it went to Albany, altogether better than the one introduced by Mr. Husted. But the Com mon Council bill has been loaded with amend- ! incuts that render it practically worthless, and j between it in its amended form and the new bill people who wish to see the work done should prefer the latter if it is offered in good faith and can be passed at this session. But can it pass ? It is not to be considered in the Assembly until Monday evening, and I Legislature is nearly ready to adjourn. Unless the Governor and Mr. Husted have satisfied themselves that it can be put through in short metre they are inexcusable for broaching it at this late day, when, if it does not pass, it will only serve as an impediment to the success of any other bilL Mr. Husted's bill has some resemblance to that of the Common Council, and, so far as it differs, it differs for the worse. Both contem plate the appointment of commissioners to survey and select routes and determine the mode of construction, which is a very proper method of proceeding. But by the Husted bill the power ol appointing the commission ers is vested in the Governor instead of the Mayor, which is an undesirable change. This community would have as much confidence in the Mayor's appointees as in the Governor's. It is a plain violation of the principle of homo rule to make the Governor the directing and supervising authority in a local public work. II Governor Tilden's preference of this bill to that of the Common Council rests upon Its concentration of power in his hands his approval is more intelligible than creditable. Why should any Governor *ho has not an inordinate thirst for power desire to control local improvements in all the cities of the State? Bat if we can get rapid transit by this means and not by other means our citizens will be willing that even this bill should pass. They hope it is not offered as a trick and a measure of obstruction. It is an i attempt which nothing can justify but suc cess, and we repeat that Mr. Husted is inex- | cusable for offering and Oovernor Tilden lor favoring it unless they are Mire it will become a law at this session. It is a more practicable measure, as presented, than the originally excellent Common Council bill as disfigured and deformed by the nullifying amendments. As the present Governor happens to be a resi dent of the city he would probably select capable commissioners, and it would be a bright feather in his political cap if he could claim the credit of supplying so urgent a public want as rapid transit. Our citizens will care little whether the laurels deck the brow of Governor Tilden or Mayor Wickhain if they ready get rapid transit, although they cannot give their moral appro bation to the Governor's political jealousy and his infidelity to the principle of home ruie. By all means let us have rapid transit by some method, and if we can secure this great result we will not be very fastidious as to the distribution of political honors and the pro motion ot individual prospects. If Governor Tilden has influence enough to get this new bill i<asse<l, and moans business when it has passed, we will forgive his exorbitant ambi tion and his trampling upon home rule ; but if the bill he favors shall turn out by its de feat to be a mere measur# of obstruction his incensed fellow citizens of this metropolis will be apt to denounce him as false and treacher ous to iheir interests. UlMitrn at Mrs. In addition to the wr> < k of the steamship Schiller, with th^ terrible If ?s of life which w.ih iu eon?cqa) nee, w? hear erery day or two of other disaster* at *> * ari-nng fr?>ia ?irmmr can**-. The steamer City of Brussels, ; of tii<- In man Line, ground d yesterday in a off the count of Ireland, but f< rtnnately ?h?i floated at high Water, and being nninjurtid proceeded on htr voyage. From Australia we have reports of the loss of an American hark with all on hoard. At the same tini" wo h tr from hyd? ncy that tli first of the direct line of steamers between that port and London wan to *;?il April 10, and that every effort wonld h<- nn<l< to be it i he lin.e of the mails carried by the ( 'jdir n< s by wcv of San 1'ran ckcow It is 1o n desire like this that many of onr oc? in dinast rs are trace able, and the Biaragers of steamship compa nies oii'riit to know that with the travelling public safety is preferable to speed. Naviga tion has not made the progress in the direc tion of security wa have had a right to eipect from tha advance in other re- , spacta, but at least w? can demand that there .hall not be any unneces sary risk of human life at sea. The effort of rival lines to beat each other's time in one of these unnecessary risks, and perhaps it will go far also to explain the loss of the Schiller and the grounding of the City of Brussels when we hare all the facts of those accidents. The Approaching Celebration at Char lotte. The interesting letters which we publish this morning from our own correspondent at Charlotte will convey an adequate idea of the extensive scale of the preparations for the patriotic commemoration of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence on 1'hnrsday next There will be a gathering of distin guished men from all parts of the country. All the State Governors have been invited, and quite a number of them have accepted tho invitation. Those who decline do so in courteous, appreciative letters, recognizing the interost of the occasion. Among the emi nent men not holding official positions to whom invitations have been sent arc Charles Francis Adams and Robert C. Winthrop. Io repeat the language of our correspondent, "not only will Charlotte be dignified and illumined on the 20th by the gathering within her limits of eminent statesmen, scholars, jurists, divines and other personages of note, but there will be a grand outpouring of the people." There will be an immense proces sion, great civic and military display, two set orations, and, of course, a superb dinner, with the usual accompaniment of patriotio speeches. It is apparent that the controversy relating to the rival dates will have no effect on the celebration, which will not take place on May 31, but on May 20. 8o far as an enthusi astic popular demonstration can authenti cate a historical fact the reality of the meet ing on May 20, 1775, will be amply attested. If the celebration proves nothing else it will, at least, prove the unshaken belief of tho peo ple that May 20 is the true date. There can be no reasonable doubt that that date has come down by tradition, and the people of North Carolina have undoubting faith in the tradition. We have a suggestion to offer as to this dis crepancy of dates which we submit to the judgment of critics. We should have some confidence in it as a clow to the solution ot the problem if it had not so entirely escaped tho acute and ingenious scholars who are enlisted in this controversy. If it can stand the ordeal of discussion it will clear up the whole diffi culty, and it is so eimplo that it seems almost to establish its truth ; by a mere statement. But as it has occurred to nobody before we suggest it with diffidonce, in the hope that some of our abis correspond- j ents will discuss it. The difference in the rival dates is just eleven days, or thedifference j between what was called a hundred years ago ??old stylo" and "new style." For the British dominions the stylo was changed by an act of Parliament in 1752, which enacted that the 3d of September of that year should be called the 14th. Although legal documents at once c onformed to the change the popular practice (so powerful is custom) continued long after ward to recognize the "old style." Dates were thrown into such confusion and rendered so doubtful that, for a generation or two after the change of style, the dates of letters almost uniformly had "O. S." or "N. S.' in serted immediately after them, to free the date from ambiguity. To illustrate, by one example selected out of many, all birthday s were confused. George Washington was born February 11, 1732, and, until he was twenty years of age, he never supposed he had a different birthday. If his nurse had been called to testify to the date of his birth in her old age she wonld have given that date, and she would have been supported by the record in the family Bible. But, in consequence of the change of style, we cele brate February 22 instead of February 11, as the birthday of Washington. The conflicting dates given for the Mecklenburg meeting may be perfectly reconciled by supposing that ihe old men who testified to the 20th reckoned by the old style, which bad not gone out in popu lar practice at the beginning of the American Revolution. The two conflicting dates are in fact the same date, if we regard one as "old style" and the other as "new style." as everybody will admit as soon as it is slated. "May 20, 1775 (O. S.)," and "May 31, 1775 (X. 8.)," are precisely the same date. What ever may be thought of this solution, the coincidence is at least curious. As an illustra tion of the strong popular repugnance to the change of style we will remind the reader of one of Hogarth's satirical pictures, in which that inimitable humorous artist represents an ex- j cited political mob as representing their griev ance by the cry of "Give us back our eleven days." A Pletar* of Aacrieaa Lilt. The letter we print this morning from the home of Phil Sheridan wilt be read with deep interest. It is a picture of a lowly, hamble life, which lias gained its lnstre from the celebrated General whose fame will always irradiate the little town of Somerset In a country like ours, where we are democratic to the last degree ; whore we have neither titlea nor entailed (states nor hereditary advan ; wh'Te any carer r is open to tho talents and the will requisite to achieve it, the early lit- of a man like G> neral Sheridan is fnll of instruction. We see what is possible to the poorest citisen. Here we have a plain, simple laborer, a peasant from tar-distant Ireland, , who comes lo America, with his young wife and child, to try bis fortunes in thr* New \V,,rl I. H represents the clam which hare for centum ? suffered tinder the harsh rule of England. He com*s a refugee from a stern, cold and cruel destiny. He becomes a laborer, carrying stone* for the builders. Hut he is honored and remembered by his neighbors and friends for his integrity and purity ol life. Opportunity enable.* one of bis children fo obtain an education and eutcr the service of h> country ami to find a career which makes him, even in bis youth, on-; of the mo t celll*rated men of his time. Then isnotaa I milium, like John Sheridan, of ihc thou sandth who came lik?? him to <-??k a livelihood in America Who will n<>t rejoice in tl.e fact that our institutions enabled the child of his loins to briog honor to bis nauie and hts house. There in not the son ot an Irishman who will not read with eager eye and glowing cheek how this young man broke away from those "twin jailer* of the daring heart, low birth and iron fortune^ and gained an im perishable name. As an illustration of the true nobility pos sible unde#a democracy this sketch ot the father of Philip H. Sheridan, and ot the Gen eral's own earlier life, will have more than the interest of a romance. For, alter all, what romances compare with those that are em bodied in the lives of some of our greatest men? Our institutions are fall of comfort to thelowlj'. Lincoln springing from his back woods log house, Grunt attaining renown never dreamed of in his tannery, Sherman leaving his real estate desk and his horee car railway presidency to become the commander of our armies, and Sheridan ascending from even an humbler station to hold the rank once hold by Washington; these aro ex amples full of encouragement to the ambitious and the brave-hearted. The life of John Sheridan was spent in effort and ob scurity. While his brilliant son went ou from victory to victory until the world was ringing with his deeds this plain, humble farmer kept on in the even tenor of his way, watch ing bis crops and possessions, scarcely hearing the uproar that surrounded his son and hoping only that the cruel fortune of war would spare him to comfort his old days. So he lived and so he died. The respect of a people will follow him to bis quiet repose in the little village churchj ard where he sleeps by the side of hiB children; for they will see in his life what is possible in America to the humblest station, and they will honor his memory and his name because of the illus trious captain who has given that name an immortal renown. Baranra'i Lnteit nnil Greatest Acht?re ment. Our well informed London correspondent telegraphs us a peculiar and interesting story in reference to the movement in London ot Moody and Sankey, the great American revivalists. The career of these gentlemen has certainly been a marveL Mr. Moody is a New Englander about lorty years ot age, who was at one time in business in Chicago and so remained until he was burned out by the fire. While in his mission work he was at tracted by the beautiful voice of one of his congregation, Mr. Sankey, a Pennsylvanian. Mr. Sankey has rare musical gifts, and a partnership was formed between the two, Moody taking care ot tho oratory and his colleague of the singing. They visited Eng land in the summer of 1873 and began their labors. Whether Mr. Barnum's interest in this work was aroused before they went to Europe does not appear. But that indefatiga ble showman is always on the lookout lor fresh novelties, from Joyce Heth to tho woolly horse. He would not be long in availing him self of the advantages such a combination would afford. Our correspondent informs us that one of tho motives that led Mr. Barnum to take an interest in Moody and Sankey was tho too powerful religions attraction of the Pope's recently appointed cardinals. The presence of a cardinal in London and America consti tutes a novelty the effect of which cannot be overestimated. No religious event has pro duced so widespread an impression, for in stance, as the conferring the berrttta upon Cardinal McCloskey. All New York has been running wild after a real prince, with a real red cap, from Rome. Religious imagination hns been largely influenced by the novelty and attractiveness of the ceremony and the un usual splendor of the embassy which came from the Pope. Count Marefoschi's advent in New York society will long be remembered. He is a real count and represents the splendor ot the oldest court in Europe. We can under stand the importance of such an influence coming suddenly upon a society like ours. The nomination of Cardiml Manning has had a similar effect upon the older society of Lon don. C^holic noblemen, beaded by the Duke of Norfolk, have vied with each other in contributing to the pageantry of tho new dignity. The cry of "Vaticanism,'' so adroitly raised by a statesman as eminent as Mr. Glad stone, has had tho eff.;ct ot intensifying the zeal of the Duke of Norfolk and his follow ers, and there Is no knowing whew the move ment would have ended but for the timely in terference of the two Americans who are now in England under the sagacious and discreet patronage of Mr. Barnum. The result of Mr. Barnum's adventnro has bf-en successful in every way. Tho pecuniary results of tho work have been very great, and we learn from our correspondent that Barnum has excited a degree of enthusiasm in Eng land that must be gratifying to all Americans who re?ard with pride the success of any of their fellow conutrymen. The result of this movement will be watched with deep interest and attention. It would not be surprising to nee the most extraordinary results accrue from the last and greatest achievement of the most remarkable showman ot modern times. Great religions movement* have frequently been moved by lesser causes than the specula tion of Mr. Barnum, and the question now arises whether the influence ot Moody and Sankey will bo more effectivo than that of the nominations of the new cardinals. The Exmmm o? CmLSranci Refobx ) is the subject of a paper just read before the American 8oci \ Science Association at De troit by Mr. D. B. Eaton, ono of the most pronounced advocates of the system rcccntly t abandoned by the administration of President Grant Mr. Eaton has no hesitation in assert ing thr.t the defeat and abandonment of the civil service rules were without justifiable excuse, involved the breach of ? public pledge and are a national disgrace. White ! we regret tho tacts we can hardly agree with Mr. Katou in these sweeping conclusions. , From the beginning the American people manifested no real sympathy with the move- j luent of .Mr. Jenckcs and of those who followed after him in promot ing the competitive system in the public servicc. Had iho people been in earnest in promoting Hie new sy*Um Congress would not ha\e dared refuse all the aid neoetsary to makt it kuic.-ns'ul. The difficulty in the w.iy was the :act that in a government like ours the people are jealous of an official clam and do not care to 1 nrest (he civil service with a lite tenure. We are afraid that the mo-t earnest advociiU'S) of the new^ystein do not bring to the practical operation of the civd service rnles that comprehensive statesman ship without which they cannot hope for the success of their theories, and until their sys I tem harmonizes fully and complete!/ with the i getjln? of our institutions they may call tholi failure by whatever hard names they may choose, but will not be able to enlist the sya. pathies of the people with their cause. JcffcriOB Davis at Last. We congratulate Jefferson Davis upon his speech at Houston, Texas, in which he called upon the old Confederate soldiers to Rive the same devotion to the Stars and Stripes that they bad shown to the flag of the lost cause. 'Ihe influence ot a man like Jefferson Davis upon the people who once followed him, if properly exercised, will be of unspeakable benefit in the pacification of the country. We have always felt that it will be?remem bered to the discredit of General Lee that at the close'of the war he sank into a policy of apathy and silence, and did nothing to reconcile the people he bad commanded to the new order of things. Mr. Davis could scarcely hare done this, considering his treatment by the federal government for a loug time after the war. This made it impossible for him to do anything but con tent himself in prison. We can well pap don the feeling of resentment in the heart of the proud and disappointed man which has led him into many indiscretions since the war, but Jefferson Davis has won too great a place in history for him to throw it away by any foolish encouragement of the old spirit of rebellion. He lives in the past He has written his name with the fow who will be remembered for all time. The history of the Confederacy, forlorn as it Is, will always be a romantic episode in the history of America. Its do feat will attract the sympathy ot millions who respect valor and who mourn over misfoiv tune. There is nothing left to Jefferson Davis and his fame but to give the remainder of his years to pacifying the peoplo, to extinguish ing the embers of war, to the encouragement of patriotio affection, and bringing the old rem nants of the Union together in a more solid and lasting embrace. We accept bis speeoh at Houston as an earnest of this spirit and congratulate him as well as the country upon this evidence of timely, if late and reluctant patriotism. The CnonNQHAM Mubdeb Tbial in Newark receives a painful interest from some testi mony which indicates that the police of that city when apprised of the intended crimc counselled the confederate of the criminal to lead him on and see how far he would go. This is a trifling with the administration of justice that can only lead to the most baleful results, and no good intentions on the part of the police can excuse or palliate it It is the first business of the police to prevent crime, not to tempt men into committing it, and tha Newark officers have been guilty of an offenoa scarcely less grave than murder itself. The Dabino Convicts who seized a loco motive at Sing Sing yesterday almost mads good their escape, but are unlikely to evadt capture. We have a full description elso< where of this remarkablo exploit. Apt in England and Franco forms the sub. ject of two interesting letters which find theix way into the columns of the Hebald this morning. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Secretary Robeson left Washington last night foi New York. Luxmebayee Is the name of tbe farorite wlfc ol the Gulcowar or HaroJa. Commissioner Pratt will take charge of the I? ternal Kevenuo Bureau to-day. Governor Henry Howard, of Rhode Island, li residing at the St. Nicholas Hotel. General Francis Fessenden, United States Armr* 1? registered at the Windsor Hotel. Assemblyman James c. Brown arrived from Aloany last evening at tbe Metropolitan HoteL Mo-srs. George W. Cbllds and An bony J. DrexeL of Philadelphia, lire at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Congressman George M. Landers, or Connecti cut, has taken up his resilience at the Windsor Hotel. Judge Advocate General Charles Huvhes, of Governor Tliden's staff, has arrived at toe Siurte vant House. M Mr. Clement Hnrh Hill, late United States Assist, ant Attorney General, U sojourning at the Bre Toort Hojsc. Troliadynjaw. In Iceland, "erupted" terribly la Dceemoer, and there were a lew earthquakes or the latest styie*. Kx-commisaioner Douglas has decided to open a law offlce in Washington and practice before tae bupreme court and the departments. Twenty-one letters Uf Robespierre, said to be of a startl ng nature, havo been lound among the manuscripts in tnn French nation j1 library. More tyranny ! Knglisnmea want to stop tbe ?ale of whisary in Ireland. What was tne little dimcuity ai>oni the " Wearing ol th? Green" to tbia? General O'Grady Haity arrived at Ottawa, Ont, yesterday and will be sworn in as Administrator of tlie Government m the senate Chamber to morrow. Susan B. Anthony passed throogh St. Louts last evening on her way irom New York to Leaven worth to see her dvlng brother, Colonel O. R. Anthony. A cable telegram from Paris nnder date of yes* terday, Utu Inst., announces that M. John Lo> molnnc has been elected a member or tbe French Academy. Prince Amadeo of Italy Is engaged in writing a history of bis reign in sp^ln, and is assisted by his wife, the Princess Marie. The work will be en title.! '-souvenirs 01 a King.*' AtMieflleld, England, they have found a new objection to pigeon matches "in the interest of morality." They at trouble theft. Two thousaol ? pigeons were stolen there In one year. As*the Chief Justice ol Kngland now makes speeches at public dinners which are called "hn dcience," the Kenealy agitation has at least had the success of putting him on trial before public opinion. Count de Paris has declined propositions mads in Kngland for the publication there of his history of ihe war in tho United States, because be "wooM rather his history should be translated and pub lished by Americans.'' . The French Ministry has had a conference with leading journalists, with a view to revision of tit laws regarding the press. All i he journalists urj? the repeal of special laws, and the punishment a press oflences like others by the common law ? the country. An Kngii*li lady, writing from India, says:?"W? dined tbe otner evening at Mr. W.'a with Mr. <*. ton, a brother of the claimant. IIcIsno line ;m that if than lie ifved in Mm until inen l shoigd have done so no longer. They aro almost exactly alike, bu' this one Is not so stout. colonel Frederick I). Grant left, Washington last night to join the Yellowstone expedition, whuli leaves Bismarck on the 30th inst. ills visit to 11? capital was lor tbe purpose ol arianging his busi ness affair* preparatory to resigning ins coinnas siuii in the army an<l cutenng the banking hoi*# ol Sherman A Grant. The "in.inly art" -eems likely to rocover sont hold on public opinion in Knzland. It was in Ui< prize ring that tbe lower classes were taught sons notion of fair play and generosity, and it is thought that the suppression 01 that source of tw atructlon has some relation to tne indulgence of i brutal ferocity against woman.