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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 18, 1875, Image 6

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NEW YORK HERALD
aWMSWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
PROPRIETOR.
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.-On and
after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly
editious of the New Yoke Hehald will be
sunt free of postage.
TIIE DAILY HERALD, published every
day in the year. Four cento pet1 copy.
Twelve dollum per year, or one dollar per
month, free of postaye, to subscribers.
All business or news letters and telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New York
Hj;iuld.
Letters and packages should be properly
?ealed.
Rejected communications will net be re
turned.
LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK
HERALD-NO. 46 FLEET STREET.
PARIS OFFICE?RUE SCRIBE.
Subscriptions and advertisements will be
received and forwarded on the same terms
ts in New York.
VOLUME XL SO. 169
t- :
AMl'SKMB'TS TO-XIGHT.
XKTUOPOI ITaN 1HICATHE,
*'?. Kfl Broadway.?V'aBIKT V, at a P. M.
WALI.ACK' ? T.: > ATHE,
Broadwav.?Tllh DONOVAN-. at & P. M.; close I at 10 :i0
P. U. Mea?n. liar rig a ii ami Hurt.
BROOKl.YN PARK MIKATRE.
A BO U N J) INK Wu.tLD I.N KHJliTlf DAYS at 8 P. M.;
closes at 10 :tt> 1*. M.
5 ROBINHO* MALL, I
Wast Sixteenth vtreal?English Opera?GIROFLE
GIUOFLA, at 61'. M.
WOOL'S MUSEUM,
Broactwar. corner ot thirtieth street.? LITTLE SEN- .
8Hl.Ni;, at S P. M,; closes at 10:44 P. M. Matinee at
2 P. M.
GILHORE' ? SUMM I'. R GARDEN,
late Harnum'n Hippodrome.?UHA .N D POPULAR CON
CERT, ai 8 P. M. , i uim'h at U P. M. Laill'-a' anil chil
dreu's matinee at 2 P. M.
4?
MKTROP' iLIT V.N' MC-M'M OF ART,
IFeat Fourteenth *trei-i.?optm lrom 10 A. M. to 5 P. M.
PARK thkatrb.
Broadway.?EM EfcSu.V.S CALIFORNIA MINSTRELS,
It 8 P. M.
OLYMPIC THKATRB,
No. Broadirav.?VARlfcTY, at * P. M.: closes at 10:?
P. M.
FIFTH AVKSl'E THEATBK.
Twenty-eightu street anil Hrnail way.?TH F. BIO BO. '
Na.nza, at 8 P. M.; doses at 10:3 < P. M. Mr. Harklna'
be oe lit.
CRNTKAI. PARK GAB DSN.
THEODORE llluMA.V QONCfcBf, at 8 P. M.
TRIPLE SHEET.
SEW YORK, FfillUY. J IKE 18. 1875.
from o?r rtforU Hi* morning th' probabilities
art that Ut utatker k-day Kill be partly cloudy
or rainy, clean nj up later.
Persons going out of toicn for the summer can
have tii4 daily and .Sunday Ueealo mailed to
them, free of postage, for $1 per month.
Wall Street YiisTxanAT.?Tbe feeling
was not unlike that reported in London, one
of disquiet. Prices were irregular, and, in
man)- instances, lower. Gold was strong at
117} a 117}, and money on call firmer at 3
per cent.
The Mcrdee or Maboaret IIammill, one of
those Brooklyn tragedies tiiat excius the pub
lic mind in the most intense manner, is now
under investigation at the Court of Oyer and
Terminer across the riv- r.
_
The Feesen X*nit7.rsities. ?The French
Assembly baa made some radical changes in
the management of affairs 111 the higher edu
cational establishments in France in provid
ing that degrees be awarded by aboard of
examiner* wh.ch shall consist half of S'.ate
and half of clerical professors.
The Harlem Flats.?The committee of the
Board of Aldermen to whom were intrusted
tho investigation ot tbe imperfect Ailing in of !
the Harlem fiats have made a very strong and
d cided report on tho subj> ct. Their sugges
tions nri MDStble aud practical, and, if
followed "nt, will soon remove one of the
foulest nuisances to whkh a city was ever
subjected.
Jkbomk Fare Races.?Ajthough the sixth
day of the n mi spring meeting ct tho Amer
ican Jockcy Cluo did not attract as large an
attendant > as might lie desired, yet the racing j
jresterliy wis unusually interesting. Th-re
were five events, in which Survivor, Madg**,
Aaron Ftaningtc n. Scratch and Galway proved
lo be the most successful. The favorites were
beaten in every instance, except iu the <'ase of
Madge, and tbe knowing ones lost heavily.
The Beecueb Trial.?.Mr. ii',i >h continued
bis scathing denunciation of the defendant in
this cause rf^frre yesterday, subjecting the
famous letter of contrition to a keen legal
analysis that sosmed to place it in a new hgM?
Ti e trial has been adjourned until Monday,
so that the d-sired end, tor which the public
so anxiously look, is farther off than ever.
Th? distinguished advocate has not yet an
nounced h<r a certainty the 1 ?te of the ending
o: his elal. >rats argument t< r the plaintiff.
__ _ _
The Kansas Lottst* have J^ft for pirts
nrknown, to t; e ittenss d- Ir^ht of the lirm
er . They seem to have :uk a along with
them a s* *rm ot parasites that persecute and
r rej upon t[.?-m, according to the general
habits ol that species of animal. I o little is
ktuwn about the characteristics of the locust
in this Oouutry, aUl the government should,
?n accordance with the request of the Western
farmers, appoint a commission to iuv situate
the oauaes uf the annual devastation caused
by those destructive insects.
Toe Disokacj n t Cocsss which has so long
eharactsriZ'd the Board ot Freeholders of
Hudson county. New Jersey, and which*, ems
hi have gi*sn an official ind<>rs< meut to fraud
and swin ding of ill i grossest kind, was shown
?p in a strong lk;h: at the meeting of that
body yesterday, two ot the members de: oum -
ing in the most emphatic mann- r the scandal
ous conduct if th' lr brethren. It, is the in
auguration ol a fleree w>tr against corruption,
and Jersey jti ?tice may bo depended upon iu
punishing those shameless violator* ot the
law who think fi? to appropriate the money ol
the taxpf jci?
Tlie OUto D?mocr?? y
Tho Democratic State Convoutiou at Colum
bus, yesterday, daserves more attention than
would liav?? belonged to it if the ne%\ con
stitution of Pennsylvania bad not post
poned its annual election to November.
The only really great S'ato which con
tinues to hoid elections in October
is Ohio, and the well known effect
of a preliminary party victory on the en8UJn?
general contest will make the political battle
in Ohio this vear the most important that Has
fcver occurred in that most popute us,
wealthy and influential State of the West
Pennsylvania having relinquished her old
position as the "keystone" of our politics
und taken her place with tho great mats
of States which hold tueir elections on the
same day, Ohio comes to tho front rank
of influence as marking the set of the
political tide and controlling the public
judgment ot political probabilities. The effect
of the Ohio election on the November contests
will be tremendous, because this ono
State is now invested with the im
portance which formerly belonged to it
and Pennsylvania. The division of political
forces between these two States is no longer
nece-siry, and both tho administration and
the opposition will concentrate thoir efforts
this year upon tho campaign in Ohio.
The hopes of parties in the great Presiden
tial struggle of next year will sink or rise in
proportion to their success in Ohio
next October. If the republicans
should carry the State tney will
have arrested the great "tidal wave
which proved so disastrous last year, and
they will have a reasonable prospect
of recovering lost ground in other
States in the immediately following November
contests and of remvigorating their party lor
the Presidential campaign. But if, on tae
other hand, the democrats should keep all
they gained in Ohio last year, and
increase their strength, the country will re
gard such a result as the knell of republican
asc ndancy. A crushing defeat in Ohio would
ao discourage and demoralize tho republi
cans that the November elections would
go by default, and the party would be as eood
as beaten before it enters the Presiden
tial contest. With so much at stake
on both sides the Ohio camptfgn
bids fair to be ono of tho liveliest
and most energetic that has ever taken
place in our pontics. All the strength of
the administration and all the strength
of the opposition will be strenuously
exerted to secure a victory on which so much
depends. Ohio is the key of the Presidential
campaign, and the battle will be fought on
both sidesi with a strenuous desperation pro
portioned to the value of the result.
The two parties in Ohio are pretty equally
matchel, and neither hns any reason
to ba discourag.'d nside from tba
blunders ot their leaders. Two years
ago Governor Allen was elected by
a plurality of less than a thousand, and
there was a temperance vote of more than
ten thousand, consisting, of coarse, of repub
licans; for the democratic party has never
favored prohibition. If the temperance re
publicans had -voted with their party
Governor Allen would have been de
feated by a large majority. Last year ,
the democratic majority in Ohio was seven
teen thousand, but the total vote ot
the State was eighty-seven thousand
less than in 1872, showing that the demo
cratic majority resulted from tho failure
of a large body of republicans to participate
in ih" election. It these voters can be called
out this year, and shonld act with their old
associates, a republican victory would be easy
in spite of last year's "tidal wave.
The position of the Ohio democrats is em
barrat-sing in consequence ot their views on
the great question of the currency. A ma
jority of them are arraut inflationists.
The financial heresies of his own State ar- a
source of great embarrassment to Senator
Tburman, who needs the support of the Ohio
,1, rnocrUs in the Presidential Convention, but
knows that he lias no chance of an election to
the Presidency on an inflation platlorm.
The inflation tendency of the Ohio democrats
is their weak point. Sunset Cox has been
called to Ohio as a missionary in this emer
gency, ami bo made one of his
moit witty and captivating speeches
at Columbus on Wednesday evening,
lie is popular with the Ohio democrats and it
was a good stroke of policy to bring him
back to his o'.d State to smooth the
wfiv for Thurmon by acting as a
missionary among the financial hea
then. It was foreseen that it would
be fatal to the democratic party at large for
the Ohio Convention to adopt an inflation
platform, and Thurman's friends plajed a
eood card in brioging Cox back among his
old admirers to smooth down the difficulties
of the situation.
Unfortunately, Mr. Cox has bad no succesa
as a missionary. The phtform adopted yes
terday is about a* square-looted a piece
rf inflation absurdity us could have beeu
expressed. This platform is at least honest. |
It expresses, without subterfuge or trim
ming. the real views, ? not only of the
democracy of Ohio, but of most of the West
ern States. It i? qu.te possible tint the dem
ocrat* ?*y carry the Ohio election on this | rt
p .st. mus platform, for the republicans of the
W( t ar? also infected with the inflation
L< rtsy ; and, as the republican platlorm in
Ohio is substantially a hard money platform,
the democracy of that State exp*ct to entice the
republican inflationists into th?:r ranks. But
Buccess on such a platlorm will ruin the demo
cratic party as a national organization. The
unequivocal hard money declarations of the
E istern di n>'crat*, of which the New York
platform of last year is a specimen, prove
that the democracy of tLo East
ami of the West cannot bo brought
to harmonize, and that the party will iie
fatally weakened by intern d dissension* - n
the mo-,t important questions of th< time.
It the d mocrats loss Ohio on itnh
a j>latf' rm the republicans will have
stayed tho "tidal ware." Ion the other
band, the demo< rnts should eariy tha Stat.'
tbe.r national contention nest y> ;ir will
be a scene of conflict whi( b will
d moralize the party. Tildt n enn nrv-r be
n .. ina',<1 on in inflation platform like tl.it
adopted in Ohio yester?lay. On *tir-ii a
pitiform P ndh-son would be tho appro; ria e
candidate of the democracy, and it needs
, no prophet to loi jted tho re<>aU oi a cou
(est in which 1> udleton or any mnn hold
ing his views is ut the head of tho demo
cratic ticket. If Tburman should consent to
rim ou Hvich a platform he would fare
no better. The democratic party
is split in twain on the currency ques
tion, tho most important question of
our national politics. There can be no doubt
that the Ohio platiorin embodies tho views
of a majority ot the Western democrats, and
whether they carry Ohio on such a
platform or lose it tho prospect# ot the party
will bo discouraging. If they lose the State
tho republican* will be elatd wilh .hope ;
if thoy carry it the Western demo
crats will control the National Couventiou,
dictate its p'atform and sink the party with
tho inflation millstone which thoy will tio to
its neck.
As things now look President Grant saved
tho republicau party by his veto ol
the Inflation bill last year. By that
veto he placed his party on siund
an I teuablo ground in relation to the
most important question of our politic!*, and
the attempt of the Eistern democrats to cut
tho ground from under him is a lamentable
failure. The Western democrats repudiate i
the hard money policy of their Eastern
brethren, and a party which is divided against
itself on so important a question has no
chance of success. Governor Tilden, on a
memorable occasiou, said that a
strong political parly must be com
posed of citizens who "think the snrne
things concerning tho public welfare." j
But the hard money democracy of the East j
nnd the inflation democracy of tho West do
not "think the same things," and a house
divided agaiust^itselt cannot stand.
The Commercial Failures in England.
Commercial and financial London will be
vory fortunate if tbo feeling ot "disquietude''
said to exist in the city does not give way to
a state of mind that can only be described by
a far sponger term. In the first week of the
month there wera heavy failures, and there
was evidently for a te v days great apprehen
sion of a fiunncial storm; but the financial
world accepted iu explanation a theory which
presented the trouble as a strictly local dis
turbance, and reassured by this comfortable
view tho city recovcr.d its equanimity. It
was comprehensible enough that the bad
state of tbo iron trade should cud in calamity j
to iron honsea. Between strikes that made i
coal high and strikes that made labor dear it j
was long since evident that this great English j
industry was in an ill state to bear up against j
tho competition from this country, and a |
crisis that would carry down the groat houses
of the trade was already discounted; and it
was an obvious corolHrv that a houso deeply
and exclusively interested in discounting
paper for iron houses should go tho samo
way. 'Now, howi ver, come exceadingly heavy
laflures that this solution does not account for,
which seem to indicate a more general causc
of disturbance than was imagined to exist.
Although tho c'ty recovered itaelf lrom tho
verge of panic when the Abordare Iron Com
pany went down, and though the "dis
quietude" consequent upon the latest calamity
may pus* away, the high probability is that
events of the samo nature are to come some
what closer together in a few days, and thou
it is not apparent what can prevent a |>anic.
It is the definite indication of those enormous
failures that a great part of the financial
edifice of onr rich cousin is held up by very
rotten timbers, and it will not curprise us to
see that all the severe moral lessons ho has
read ua on the error of our ways in money
will come homo to him with bitter severity.
Nowhere in the world is honesty more praised
than in England; but not iu Wail street, nor
in other places, if any there are, more
flagrantly noted for dishonest practices, am
tho trickeries of tho financier be more ar
dently cultivated or so profitably or success
fully employed as in London. They are in a
fair way over tberj to find out how many of
their great houses are mero "confidence"
is ablishmente, and if they can get acknowl
edge without a general panic they will bo tho
bett? r for it; but such an Usuej^uot likely.
Axubxw II. Gi.ken.- The proceedings of
the Board of Aldermen yesterday will attract
attention as embodying an official statement |
by the Commissioners of Acconnts convicting
Mr. Green of tho grave offence ot receiving
Urge sums of money illegally while he was
connected with the Central Park. Besides a
great amount of "bark pay" be had tho houso
on tho Great Hill in the Central Park fitted up
for his use at an expense of n< arly fourteen
thousand dollars, received his expenses in a
trip to Kuropo while his salary went on ns
Treasurer, together with a groat amount of
perquisites. This is ati unlortunato exhibit
tor an oflker of Mr. Green's pretensions to j
nublic virtue.
CoMmtOtXER GrtEKN A N'I< HIE IJOABD OF
Ebuoatiox.?Th>; Board of E lucation has re
uolvol to institute legal prooeedmgs against
Comptroller Green to compel him to hand
over to tins Dour 1 th; money appropriated lor
it.i use. TL.j Commissioners hold that the
law gives them the right to control and d?,
bumo tho school funds, and that Mr. Green's
intermeddling with the payments is uuau
th' r.z d, unnecessary and injurious. It was
agreed, however, (hat an effort hliould ho
maila to settle the nio't-r amicably with tho
Comptroller before lrgal pre ondings an
commenced, although two or tlirej of the
Commissioner* expressed the opinion that
Mr. Greon's stubbornness and obstrnctive
n sk rendered any attempt to bring him to
r won by lair m :ans a f ireiral waste of time.
Th>' sentiment in iavor ol t< sting Mr. Green's
r.^Lt t<> m> d' 11 j with the funds by an appoal
to tho courts was unanimous. Not a single
department of the' ity government that does
not place itself abjectly nnds r the Comptrol
ler's beel can escape a conflict with that per
verse and grasping official.
Thk I'iremkn's .Saeakii h.?Now that Presi
dent L wis is Acting M iyor he may get over
t bo difficulty rated by Mr. Or n respecting
the flicrm n's warrant and enable tho men to
obtain their pay. Lot him sign the separate
warrants and notify Mr. Gteen that if next
month he p rusts in ins refusal to pay the
men by ? mpauies in accord nre. with tho
pr risions ot the law and the practice since
January last, he Will nlone r uponsibls lor
the delay. It is? tndalons that a p ity
^pialtble between th? Comptroller and the
Mayor should have b ?? a ku? r. d to ao s< ri?
oithly iti'Muv< nienee n large body of the city's
, my;'. Thliu, A J C J j w4#
m
lianlter Hill Ycm*idax<
Tho fountain of tears lits very near to that
ot joy, and tho successful, jubilant celebra
tion of the hundredth anniversary of Bunker
Hill, now that it is over, gives place to senti
ments that have a tin.;o of sedate melancholy.
The pleasure of meeting ia followed by the
pain of parting, and, on occasions which can
recur only onoo in a century, both the meet
iug ?ud the parting exert a strange sorcery
over huniau feelings. When this great ceu
tennial is again celebrated, at the clone of
another century, where shall we all bo who
have taken so lively an interest in this oc
casion of patriotic festivity ? Tho very tomb
stones on which our names will have been
inscribed will bo crumbling with age, and it
will be difficult to decipher tho epitaphs
which attest tho filial pioty of our
children, who wiil themselves have
been laid by our sides, and even
most of their children will bo sleeping with
us awaiting that linal resurroction wbich wo
ar?3 taught to expect by tho Christian Scrip
tures. The young men, full of life and vigor
and hopo and abounding in generous im
pulses, who wore bright uniiorms in the great
proccssion yesterday, and whoso elastic step
and military precision attracted admiration
to their beautiful regiments, wiil have trans
mitted their tine physical qualities and alert
military bearing to tho generation which suc
ceeds their great-grandsons before this cen
tennial again recurs. Let us hope that the
ideas an I sentiments of our glorious Revolu
tion will be as reverently cherisUed then as
they are now, and that the participants in the
next centennial may find reason to do honor
to this generation, which has maintained the
Union by its valor and effaced the dark blot
of slavery from our national in titutions by
its humanity. We may cry out to them in the
language of our greatest orator, "Advance,
then, ye futuro generations ! "SVo would hail
you as you rise in your long succession to fill
the plasos which we now fill, to taste tho
blessiugs of existence where wo are passing,
and toon shall have passed, our own human
duration. Wo bid you welcome to the pleas
ant land of the fathers. We greet your acces
sion to tho groat inheritance which we bavo
enjoyed. We welcome you to tho blessings
of good government and religious liberty.
We welcome you to the treasures of science
and the delights of learning. We welcome
you to tho transcendent sweets of domestic
lile, to the happiness of kiudred nnd parents
and children. We welcome you to the im
measurable blessings of rational existence,
tho immortal hope of Christianity and tho
light of everlasting truth !"
The great celebration yesterday met and
satisfied every expectation. The weather was
delightful, the procession immense and
magnificent, the display of flags, dec
orations and inscriptions marvellous in
appropriate beauty, and if the tall
and massive monument which looked
down upon tho exhilarating scene could have
felt its stone transmuted inlo flesh, like
Pygmalion's statue, and havo been animated
by the heroic spirits who bled in that field, it
would havo lifted its head mora proudly to
the skies. In Campbell's sublime ode to tho
naval glories of England, he says: ?
TUo BDlrUa or jour lathers shall start from
every wave.
It would require less poetic animation to
fancy tho spirits of our fathers starting from
every turl of the grcon slopes of Bunker Hill
yesterday at the tread of tho vast multitudes
who assembled there to commemorate their
sturdy patriotism and immortal valor.
Collrge Commencements.
Yesterday was the Annual Commencement
of the University of the City of New York
and of some other institutions, of which we
print reports this morning. Id themselves
the exercises were not unlike thosa which wo
have been recounting from year to year ever
Bince the IIekaxd was founded, only ih're has
been an increase in the number of the "com
mencements" occasioned by the growth of bo
many new "universities." Their significance
it an entirely different matt* r, nnd if ycung
men are graduated to-lay hotter fitted to
battle with the world than was the case a few
years ngo it is becnuse of what they took into
their colleges and not on account of what
they bring out. We be lievo there never was
a time when American scholarship, so far as
the colleges are concerned, was lower than it
is now. A "classical education" is no longer
rigidly insisted on, as it was within even
a comparatively recent period, and the
result is that rigid mental training is
fast disappearing altogether. We are not dis
posed to bewail tho disrepute into which the
"classic*" have fallon, but at the same time
we canuot fail to see that superficial study
and disjointed thiuking are usurping tho
place? which were once given to patient in
vestigation and logical deduction Tho con
sequence is tbat young men come from col
lege nowadays wiser thin their teachers and
fully confident that they aro strong enough to
carry the wlioh world on their shoulders.
They instruct us in the philosophy ot iifo
bctore tbey have begun to live and nre able to
toss off ai) oration on tho moral progress of
thi; century with as much ease as they will
feel in dealing with a ^lass of chtunpague
before tbe next alumni dinner. All this may
bo well enough, but we shall look forward
with much interest to the time wticu we shall
have real universities and when a college
diploma shall be a certificate ol genuine
mental training.
Courtesy to Ulitlimolilied Oa?ita.
Our Long Branch correspondent informed
ns recently that the President hid resolved
not to attend the celebration at Hunker Hill,
and that the Cabinet had arrived at the same
conclusion. This information is confirmed
by the fact that neither iho President nor
any ot his Cabinet were in attendance at the
celebration. The reason for this action on the
(mrt of the President is that he resents tho dis
cussion which has taken jdacajas to the bills
incurred by himself and his party when they
visited tho celehraiion of the battle of Lx
in ton. Tin President felt that this discus
sion on tho part of tho local authorities in
New England was an offence ol the gravest
charact* r, the instill of ? host to a guest. The
President visited New England at the invila*
tiou ol the authorities. His presence was a
gr.ieious and kindly ant, add ng larg< ly to the
success of iho celebration. Ho w,.s not al
lowed to inuur any expense or to hear any
portion of bi.'-t entertainment. Y t as soon as
i h'j returned ha found tuut. tho bills for bis
entertainment had been made matters of dis
mission, and that questions had been asked as
?to whether tho Presidential party should or
should not drink wine, or should or should
not smoke cigars; that tho amount of wine
oliurged in th? bill had been a mattor of
ainasement and reproach, and that one of tho
committee wont so far as to publicly ex
press his alarm lest the habits of President
Grant should lead him iuto au unusual and
paiuiul condition of life.
We do not see really bow the President
could arrive at any other conclusion. It is
the gravest offence that can be qominitted in
modern society for u host to put an insult
upou his guest. Wo cannot imagine auything
more offensive thau for a host to invito a gen
tleman to his houio and after he has departed
either to comment upon his habits or man
ners or to diBcuss tho wino he drank or tho
cigars he smoked or to in'any way make pub
lio declarations affecting his behavior or his
character. When this offence is committed
by a public body and when the subject of it is
no loss a personage thau tho President of tho
United States there cau be but ono answer.
This the President has properly made. It
may be rather an extreme act for him to re
solve that he would not visit Bunker Hill or
any of the other ceutonnial celebrations that
take place in New England. Tho authorities
who had charge of this celebration in Bos
ton can scarcely l/e held responsible for
the boorisliness or indecency of those who
had charge of the celebrations elsewhere.
At the same timo it is hard to draw tho line.
A gentleman who has beau treated like tho
President may wtll bo pardoned for hesitating
to put himself in a position to incur a repeti
tion of the affront.
Are the Police Blackmailer! T
The testimony of the detcctive, Martinot,
before the legislative committee on Wednes
day, though it contained nothing that was not
well known before, was so direct and positive
iu some particulars as to amount almost to a
revolation. The charges against Captain Bur
den are of the most serious character, and if
such charges can be sustained against an
officer as reputable as he wo are forced to the
conclusion that our police administration is,
and for many yoars has been, honeycombed
with corruption. No condition of society
more daugerous to the 'community can be
imagined than a police force which is organ
ized lor tho protection of tho criminal classes,
instead of tho honest and industrious part of |
the population. It we are to believe Marti
not's testimony, which merely relates in de
tail aud with a precision that cannot bo
evaded by a simple denial what everybody had
been led to regard as true, the police captainp,
and, possibly, officers even higher in authority,
have been systematically blackmailing the
keepors of panel houses and other dis
reputable placorf. Neither the efforts of in
dividuals nor the exposures of the press
could induco the police to close even the most
infumous of theso places, and when it hap
pened that u house of ill fame was interfered
with by the police it always seemed that tho
action of tho officers was only the prelude to
a fresh tax upon crime. Now, worse charges
than the pi ess has ever made are preferred
against the police ou the sworn testimony of
an officer familiar with all the workings of
tbo department, and to the police captains of
tho metropolis are imputed offences worse
than those committed by the burglars tind
thieves, against whom tha police should be a
certain protection. No offence can bo more
degrading than levying blackmail upon vice
and crime, and this, it seems, is the constant
practice of the metropolitan police. In view
of theso things the legislative committee
cannot stop its inquiries until tho whole truth
is known in regard to police administration in
New York. Specific proof can be obtained in
regard to this system of police blackmail,
nnd the committoe will fail iu its duty unless
it completely exposes the corrupt officials
who have so dishonored tho metropolis.
the Tammany Tangle.
The affairs of Tammany are getting into a
terribly tang I J condition. There uro several
causes tending to make tho present confusion
in the Wigwam. First in order comos theold
difficult) betweeu Waterbury and Green on
one side and -J<?lni Kelly on the other, grow
ing out of the charges of official dishonesty
1 made ngainat the ex-Sheriff by Waterbury,
backed by Green. Then there is the open
revolt of John Motrissey, directly against
Mayor Wickliam and indirectly against John
I Kelly, induced first by the conspiracy to
defeat Hayes for K< lister, to which both
I Wickbain and K' lly are alleged to have been
parties, and strengthened subsequently by the
I rclusal of those leaders to recognize Hayes'
j claim to a commissioner-ship in one of the de
partments. Tito Morrisi y defection naturally
] combines HW.lt' with the elements heretofore
| opposed to Kelly's autocratic rule, and repre
j tented by such leaders as ex-Sheriff Brcnnan,
i ex-County Clerk Loew and others of less
| note. It takes in Hi nator Ledwifh and his
friends and County Clerk Walsh?the lornier
positively and tho latter wsg itively, Ledwith
being the candidate of Morrissey, Hayes,
Walsh, llrenuan and Loew for next Sheriff,
and Walsh being willing to go with tho dis
affected party whenever they can show a fair
prospect ot sacc ;ss. With all theso elements
at work, and with Waterbury and Green ac
tively engaged in tho attempt to make a
combination with District Attorney Phelps
for an anti-Tammany judicial aud legislative
ticket next tall, it has becomo a matter of
necessity for John K> by and his friends to
take some determined steps to put down a
reb< llion which is at present scattered and
disjointed, but which, if suffered to consoli
date an l harmonize, may prove powerful
enough to overthrow the present rule in
Tammany.
! The first positive step taken by Kelly against
! the conspirators has been tho arraignment of
Waterbury lor the offence of betraying tho
secrets of the organization. This movement
he% however, been checkmated by an order
ot tho "Supreme < nirt, issued by Judge Davis,
requiring tho production of tho constitution
and bylaws under which the adverse proceed
ing is taken, and protecting Waterbury until
tho order has been complied with and his
ri ;hta ascertained by tho C iurt. A yet bolder
sti |> hiy* be 11 the institution of an investiga
tion by Ui Comm.tt o on Discipline into the
co" 1 net of the l .'itrict commltto s, with tho
avow* d purpose of ridding the society ot
"ii.ui r*." This movement is known to Iw di
, recto.i avainst Morrissey. Jimmy Hayes. Led
with and others, who*\re said to bavt keen it
secret alliai ce with C >mptrollor Green dur^
ing the past two or three inonthB, and aftei
the examination of th?j committees and tbi
secret inquiry among d? moerats of the several
districts may end in tal dog the districts out
of the hands of the s aspeoted parties. II
will reailily bo seen that the troubles of Tam
mauy are many and serious and that "Boss"
Kelly has a hard fight on his hands. It will
require all his exertions to carry him safelj
through, and as Governor Tilden is supposed
to be in harmony with the Green and. Morris
Bey rebellion, and is expected to withhold
his signature from all bills increasing th?
power and patronage of Tammany Hall, as
well as to persist in bis retoi al to approve the
Mayor's removals of heads of departments,
the odds seem to bo against tl le present rulera.
Reconstruction at W cit Folut.
The meeting of the Union and Confederate
boldiers at West Point this yuaris a most grati
fying event. It shows that th e efforts of un
wise men to prolong the em- of bad feeling
botween the South and the 2? orth have sig
nally failed. The soldiers on boih sides
would long ago have buried the hatchet
had not intriguing politicians, for
their own selfish ends, constantly fanned
the expiring antagonisms of tin s war. The
clasping of hands at West Point .is significant
as representing the thought of tha most com
manding figure* of the defunot Confederacy.
In reappearing among their West Point com
rades such men as Langstrect and Smith vir
tually confessed that the separatist idea was
dead, and that nothing remained for good citi
zens, whether belonging to tho North or South,
but to heal the wounds inflicted on the common
country in our fratricidal civil struggle. Tho
war is at?n end, and that reconstruction of
spirit ou whisli tho success of mere political
reconstruction must depend has bogun in
earnest. The Soutli not alono submits to the
law of the conqueror, but accepts the result of
the war aa final. And it is as an assurance of
this desirable state of the Southern mind that
this meetiug of the men who left West
Point as comrades to meet on the"
battle field as foes is so significant.
It is desirable that our centenuial year should
find os truly reunited. This can only be ac
complished by making the men who lost in
tho struggle understand that we of tho North
harbor no resentment and that wo look upon
them as brothers. It is only by convincing
the South of ttio reality of this sentiment that
wo can hopo to have all Americans pray that
wo may bo vouchsafed in tho future one coun?
try and one flag.
Abe the Contractors who planted the pest
beds in the Harlem flats to be indicted? Th?
people of Now York expect that men who so
far torget their duty as citizens as to seek to
make money by sowing a pestilence in the
very heart of the city shall not escape with
impunity. McQu ide and the others ought to
be indicted without further delay, and Cor
poration Counsel Smith should at once bsgin
suits for tho recovery of the money wrongfully
paid to them.
Macomb's Dam Bridge is a standing ditu ,
grace to tho city of New York. Such a
rickety, miserable structure should long ago
have been replaced by a substantial one.
One of these days, when some frightful acci
dent occurs during the return from the Jerome
Park races, the indignant public will compol
our cai eless authorities to pay a little attontion
to their duties and bestow some consideration
on the lives of taxpayer".
The Ex-Boss still lingers on Blackwell'a
Island, and the welcome steamboat, with it*
band of music, flying colors, enthusiastic
crew and sumptuous table has not yet put in
an appearance to relievo him from durance
vile. He still sigbs for freedom?even a
change from tho Inland to Ludlow Street
Jail?and the tardy rtlief does not reach him.
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
Mr. Tennyson's charge for "a little poem for a
magazine" i* i-?> JO.
TUi; secretary or War will return to Washington
from Went Point on hut unlay.
judge .Stanley Matthews, of Cincinnati, la stay
lng at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
liaran Koseu, or Mr. Petersburg, has taken ap
his residence at tbe Kiftn Avenue Hotel.
Ex-henator v. i iiatu 1). Washburn, 01 Massachu
setts l* registered at the Windsor llotel.
Senator Aaron II. Cragln, of New Hampshire, la
residing temporarily at die Westmoreland Hotel.
Jud^e Thomaa L. Jewett, o( Philadelphia, la
among the late arrival* at the St. Nicholas Hotel.
Very llev. P. F. Lynd>n, Vicar General oi thi
diocese of Boston, la sojourning at the Everett
House.
Major Pet"r C. llama, of tbe Engineer corpa,
Untied States Army, li quartered at tbe Brevoori
House.
Professor Spencer F. Baird, of tbe United Statea
Fisheries Commission, bas arrive 1 at the Filth
Avenue llotel.
Assembly man F. W. Voseurgh, of Albany, and
Mr. A. D. Barber, of I'tlca, arrived last evening at
tna Matropo.ltaa Hotel.
Uenerai A/lam Itadeao, United States ConstA
Ocneral at Eonuon, bas returned to his old quar
ter* at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
A letter was received at the Treasury yesterday
from Treasurer New, announcing that he will Da
to Washington about tno 25ih inst.
So mil Krigiismueii recently tried to pnrchaaa
Aran..ii uor-es in J.'onstanilnople, bnt wore not
withiu a quarter oi ton l urk prices.
Rosea are s'> plentiful in France that the rail
way companies decorate the walls of the atatioaa
wltn thrm arranged on trellis framea.
Emperor Willlaia has had printed la folio for
hlmseir an edition of the works of Frederick the
urcat, and has give* a copy to M. Tbiera.
Inspector (irnerai Edmund schrtvar, who haa
beeu visiting the military pots in the Southwest,
arrived in this city yesterday and lsattneUre
?oort aouse.
President Grant and Mr. G. W. Chilis will leava
Long Branch ror Philadelphia at seven o'clock
this morning in a palace car placed at their dis
posal by colonel Scott. .
llev. l)r. l.ove, editor of the Northern christian
Advocate, Syracuse, was attacked by apoplexy
yesterday, at bis country residenco In Owaaeo,
about one mile from Auuurn.
The precise point at wolch Captain Boytoi
touched the English shore at tne conclusion ol
bis lste Channel voyage has been named Boyton
liock. He was rocked in the cradle of tbe deep ta
some purpose.
Miss t arke, an American artist, has for many
years past been engaged on a series of sketches oi
all tite places visited by Dante, i he series is now,
we learn, nearly nmqpcu. Miss Clarke baa trav
elled about for several years even in the loasl
froqoented parts or I uly, and ii< r sketches are ih?
result ol mu"h re-ran n.
Tno Earl oi ai lemarlo nas in preparation ?
vomiue to bf entitled "Kilty Years of My Ufe.*
whtcn.lt n siii, will contain many new iaat%
sociai an.i political, <<bout tne chief persons aaa
events ol the cany psrt oi the present century,
including an account, fouaded on his owa ex
i ue. le uuc.-. ol the bat ta vl WaMrloo,

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