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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. ?On and after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly ?ditiona of the New Yoiuc Herald will be sent free of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage, to subscribers. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yobk Hraii.n. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?RUE SCRIBE. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in Now York, VOLUME XI SO. 170 j UtSHBiTS THIS APTERNOOS AM EVEiHG. WALL ICR'S TUEATHB, Broadway ?TIIK Lio.NOVANS.al8i'. M.: elosei at 10:U V. M. Mcur?. harrtyau and Hart. Ma line* at J P. M. BROOKLYN PAHK THEATRE. aROCND THr. WultI.I) IN K'UHTY L'AYi, at S P. M. j CloaC? ai 10 :ti P. il. il.iUnee ut 2 P. M. ROBINSON IIALL, W("?t sixteenth street.?EnfUsh Opera?GIR07LE lilKOKLA. at & r. it. Matinee at 2 I*. M. WOOD'S MLSECM. Broadwar, comer ot thirtieth itreet.? LITTLE SCN. *HINfc, at e J*. M , clute* at 10:13 P. SI. Matinee at! P. M. GILMORE'S SUMMER OABDEN, lata Barnnm's Hippodrome.? liB.tND POPULAR COM. CERT, at 8 P. M closet at 11 P. M. Ladles' and clill ortn a matinee at 2 f. M. METROPOLITAN XffSSCX OP AST, Weit Fourteenth street?Op?n from 10 A. M. to S P. M. PARK THEATRE. Broadway.-EMER.SO.VS CALIFORNIA. JIINSTBELB, at a P. * Vatinea at 2 p. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Xo. 04 Broadway ?VaRIKTY, at 8 P. M. ; closes at 10.-? ; P M. Matinee at 2 P. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATBE, Twentrelfhth street and Broad way.?T (IE BIO BO NANZA. at S P. M.; closes at 10:10 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. CENTRAL PARK ?AKDHr. THEODORE TUOMA.V CONCERT, at 8 P.tfA METROPOLITAN THEATRE, Bob MS Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee at I P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. SEW YORK, SATU1DAI. JUNE 10. 1875. from our report* thit morning the probabilities ere that the weather to-day tcifl be cooler and dear. Persons govng out <4 town for the summer can lave the daily and Sunday Hkbatj) mailed to them, fret qf postage, for $1 per month. Wall Street Teste be at.?Prices were un settled end lower. Gold was strong at 117}. The shipments of the week are large. For eign exchange was firm. Thz Psekdett yesterday visited the Cen tennial Exhibition buildings at Philadelphia. A New ErvoLrnos in Mexico, which our despatches report, is like a shower of rain in summer?about what we should expect. Mil Beach has eloquently denounced Judge Porter for his epithets. But those who believe in epithets as an efficient quality in oratory need not complain of Mr. Beach. Osz Beasok why Green is so unpopular as the watchdog of the Tre^ury is that no watchdog, no matter how valuable, is of any use after he has the hydrophobia. Tweed is not at liberty. He complains that he cannot make restitution because he has been compelled to pay out his money to blackmailing lawyers. Would this not be worthy of the attention of the Bar Associa aon? A Decision of much interest has been made in the courts relative to the ownership of cot ton seized or destroyed during the civil war. The dec ision will be found at length in an other column. The Pope thinks there are Cardinals enough to minister :o the wants of his flock upon earth, and has reconsidered his resolution to declare the five others who have been ap pointed in petto. Fbom the Views of men prominent in the financial world, published in another column, we may judge that the financial crisis in Eng land is not likely to exercise any bad effort in this country. The extent of the English fail ures is scarcely sufficient seriously to affect the local market, as money is plenty and the firms that have gone to the wall were known \o have been unbound. Cornell has gone ptuckily to work to re trieve the nnlooked for defeat her oarsmen suffered last year ot Saratoga. Our interest ing letter from Ithaca details the radical change.?that have been effected in the com position of this year's crew. Mere bulk has been thrown aside, and men combining ac tivity with thews and sinews have been selected, in the hope ot regaining the lost prestige of the Cornell. A PmECBDEsrr.? In the diary of John Quincy Adams, under the date of November 28, 1823, there is a conversation between the ei-Presi dent, as Secretary of State, and a New York ]>olitician, in which it was said that "after eight years of service it was common law that the Vice Presidency as well as the Chief Magis tracy should change hamls." The opinion of Mr. Adams that this had become common law will be interesting in debating the ques tion of the third term. Sitfposf Goant should be renominated for fco Presidency, is there any point in his let to that would compel him as a man of b?a?r tn ?1#cliw this nomination! ?>Tkt Etk tf Good ye*!!?#* The extended review of the sixth volume of tbe diary of John Quincy Adams which we print this morning lorms an interesting chap ter in the history of American politico. Mr. Adams had the habit, which in some pnblic men ia an advantage", in others a misfortune, of keeping an elaborate diary of the events ot his life, with his comments upon his time anil the mtn who surrounded him. There \w\s nothing in the drift of Mr. Adams mind to give his notations the value we attribute to Pepys or Evelyn or Greville or Walpole. He was not a scandal monger. He was not a man of absolute prejudices. His intellect was cold, unsympathetic, and, except when under the influence of apparent injustice or am bition, of a judicial quality. He was a sincerely honest and extremely able man, and perhaps, taking him all in all, the most accomplished of our Presidents. His life was rich in opportunity and service. He entered upon diplomatic functions when scarcely through his teens. He died in extreme old ape on the floor of the House of Representatives, in the active fulfilment of his duties as a representative of the people. Fifty years have pa3sed since this diary was written. Scarcely one of the figure* who move through its pages are now alive. We have a glimpse of John A. Dix as a bustling young politician, serving the interest of DeWitt Clinton and John C. Calhoun, and of Rbverdy Johnson as a man too young to be appointed District Attorney in Baltimore. John A. Dix and Reverdy John son still live, illustrious and venerated, long past the period assigned by the Psalmist as the limit of human life. But with these two exceptions there is scarcely one of a long array of distinguished and gifted men who form a part of Mr. Adams' diary who have not passed to their final rest Therefore Mr. Adams' diary has all the merit of history. Its publication can do no harm to the feelings of any one now living. Its value to us is in the lessons it teaches us. Wo have an inside glimpse ot that sunny, golden period of American history which we call ' 'the era of good feeling,'' and which tinges with romance the earlier years of our Repub lic. The "era of good feeling," as we under stand it, is that all men were just; that all politicians were pure ; that public life had no rancor ; that ambition was dormant in the presence of the country's need, and that the great men of those dajs?the Jeffersons and Madisons and Monroes, the Adamse?, the Rufus Kings, the Calhouns, the Jacksons and Clays and Websters and Bentons?all stood hand in hand around the altar of their country, animated by but one hope and one feeling?that of patriotic sacrifice and devotion to the interests of the Republic. In "the era of good feeling," as we understand it, thero was no corruption in public life, there was no straiuing for office, the simplicity of tbe republican institutions had not yet been deadened by luxury and tbe influence of European habits. Wo were within the influence of the Revolution, under the spell of Washington, with Carroll and Adams and Jefferson still living, the monu ments of a monumental past to warn and admonish and instruct us. And thero is scarcely an orator of our time who. when he reviews the political situation, does not go back to this enviable time and pray for a return of that spirit to our people and our leaders which made the administration of Monroe the golden age of the Republic, and which now seem to have been the end of that simple, pastoral ingenuous era which marked our earlier days. And yet when we lift the curtain and see behind the scenes we find it is the old story after all; that "the era of good feeling" is as much a romance as the enchanted tales of tbe Arabian Nights or the romantic valley of the Rasselas. We see that tbe great men of those days were very much like the men of our own day; that there was the same plague ot defa mation in the atmosphere, the same averment oi corruption in public life, the same restless, unholy, sordid ambition; the same license of the press, the same absence of high control ling character in public life. There is scarcely a public man of the time of whom Mr. Adams speaks without some criticism that would, if uttered now of our living state?men, be re garded as a censure. Rufus King was the ??wisest and the best" of men, according to hie estimate; yet Ruiu* King was not above a morbid hunger for the Presidency. John C. Calhoun, who was at one time Mr. Adams' ideal statesman, tho ono man of the Repub lic to whom he looked forward with more pride and hope than all others, rapidly be came a scheming politician, controlling the War Department for its patronage and en deavoring to force his friends into office to make himself President. Henry Clay falls from the ideality which surrounded him into about the same measure of a man as aa irritable, shallow, desperate adventurer. Daniel Webster is not above intriguing with one party and with another, looking only to his own advantage, while the imperious spirit of Jackson i* sbowu as covering a subtle, restless f.nd not always scrupulous political character. Even Mr. Adams himself, who ha* gradually become one of the gods in our po litical temple, is shown to have been a peevish man and to havelieen as much under the con trol of ambition as any of his rivals, and, while endeavoring in his efforts to serve ttie country in whichever position it placed him, as keen in the race ot political distinction, as willing to enter into an alliance and combina tion as any of his rivals. All of this may seem like a disenchant ment, the overturning of onr gods. It is hard to deal with these venerated leaders of an earlier and what seems to he a nobler period of our Republic as though they were mon like oursolvet, like the leaders of onr own partiea, whom we are accustomed to criticise lrom day to dny as adventurers and achcming politi cians, who care nothing for the public welfare except so far as it contributes to their own advancement. The truth is thnt we aro neither lair to the men of the past nor to tho men of the present. A generation will pass away, and mat;y of the men who aro the leaders of onr politics now will be remembered with the romantic affection which is ' bestowed upon Clay and Jackson. All their weakness, their narrowness, their petty, selfish strifes, will be forgotten. All the scandals which cloudcd their names will waft away. Oar children will think no more ot the nepotism of Grant and the eccentric Audacity of Sherman th?n w? ao now ot the duels of Jackson or the in trigues of Clay. The truth, we presume, i? this?and no book teaches it to us so em phatically as the '?Diary" of Adams-that the statesmen of "the era of good leeling wore in no 6ense heroes of romance, just as t it statesmen of our own time are not mere ad venturer* who Beek politics, just as Clause Duval and Jack Sheppard sought careers on the highway. Above all is the higher trut 1 that the nation is much beyond the men who rule it; that our destiny does not rest with the leaders of our politics, but with our selves. America will never owe her greatness to her Websters or her Calhouns, to he r Johnsons and Grunts. These men, even the best of them, whose brows are laurel laden and whose genius is "necessary to the salva tion of our country," are men nftor all. They seek to do their duty with all of its cir cumscribing influences. Their direct effee upon the national welfaro is fimited. Com pared with the people, with the mighty spirit of nationality and patriotism which animated us yesterday in onr war, which was so beautifully expressed at Bunker Hill, when North and South vied with cach other in fraternal emulation, tho mere men are nothing. The greatest of a generation are those only who represent tho spirit of the time. The noblest lesson we can learn from the pages of Adams, from the en thusiasm of Bunker Hill and the hourly mu tations of politics, is that no man, however gitted or renowned, is greater than the 1 e public, and that when we speak with raptures of "the era of good feeling" it is nothing moife than the tribute which the candid gener osity of one generation always pays to the real merit of the generations w hich preceded it Mr. Green's kittle Acrounti ?? ? Park Commissioner. The popular belief in Comptroller Green's vigilance and disinterestedness as a guardian of the city treasury will be rudely shaken by the report of the Commissioners of Accounts on tbe resolution of tho Common Couucil ordering an inquiry into the amount of money received by auy Commissioner of the Central Park or of the Park Department up to Janu arv last The fact is now officially disclosed for tho first lime that Mr. Green while acting as Park Commissioner drew for salary and expenses in eleven years nearly one thousand dollars out of the Park funds. The management of tho Central Park for many ; years was conducted after a Star Chamber ( fashion, none of the financial proceedings of ! the department having been given in detail to the public. Behind this cloak of secrecy many questionable acts appear to have been ; indulged in. The office of Park Commissioner has always been an unsalaried one, but by acts amendatory of the original law the Board has been authorized from time to time to pny such a compensation to such Commissioner as might act as President or Treasurer as tho extra services performed might warrant. As the total amount allowed to any Commissioner for bis personal expenses in "visiting and superintending" the Park was three hundred , dollars a compensation ot one thousand dol- I lars to the President or Treasurer would have seemed ample to compensate for their extra , duties. Yet Mr. Green has drawn in those capacities, for many years, nearly ten thou sand dollars a year, a gTeat portion of tho amouot having been paid him on resolutions introduced by Thomas C. Fields, of "King notoriety, as "back salary" lor services already performed and once pud for in full. In a'l these transactions Mr. Green dis played very little regard for the strict prin ciples he now professes. While absent from the city, in Europe or in Albany, he not only | drew his salary but received his expenses out of the city treasury. While pocketing an enormous salary he drew tbe lull amount of three hundred dollars a year for every year of his service on constructive "expenses" in curred by him in "visiting and superintend ing" the Park. At the same time he made the park funds ray tho cost and expenses of a horse and carriage, used wholly by him, and the wages of his coachman were a public charge 1 Such a record as this is certainly open to grave criticism, especially when at tached to a public officer who deducts half a dav's wages from scrub women who happen tn be detained from their duties by sickness, and who is constantly keeping city laborers out of their pay through some affected "strict j construction" of the law. The Loxpox Spectator affirms the view of the President's letter on the third term taken by the Hebald. The Potatoes and the Beetle. Several days since we printed a descriptive article on the Colorado beetle, in -which was given an account of his origin and his habits, and also indicated the only tffective remedy against his ravngis. There nro farmers, we believe, who hare treated the subject with in difference, and who have even looked upon the beetle, because he appeared in print before he did in the fields, as a branch of fancy farm ing?one of those things contrived to fill up agricultural and other papers?and that a practical farmer need know nothing about. But they have changed this opinion upen dis covering that the only reason the beetle did not appear to them in their fields was that they did not givo the fields the necessary scrutiny. As our reports el?ewhero from virions States show ho is there now, and no spectacles are needed to note his presence; for here and there thetoj* are gone irom a hill of potatoes in the handsomest fields, and in several other hills the leaves look like species of work in filagree, and in some points the enemy has made such progress that the prompt fanners have ploughed in the crop and planted grain, although in many parts of the State of New Jersey tho fields were gone over to pick out the beetles, which appearecj about two weeks ago. The eggs were extensively deposited, and now tho newly hatched grub, at present senrcelv larger than a flaxseed, appears in such numberi that from thref to six may be found on every leaf. By the time these fel lows havo attained their natural growth, therefore, green potato plants an; likely to be a rarity in many of the neighboring districts. Jr Beecheb should be acquitted what will Tdton do? If he should be convicted?what then? Ir Grant is not tho republican candidate for the ne*t nomination to the Prr^idency will some one tell us who is? The Political Condition of the South ern State*. Wfi print to-day the first of three letters from our special correspondent in the South, Mr. Nordhoff, in which he sums up tho result of hia observations in the lour StateB?Arkan sas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama whose political and industrial condition ho lias been for several months examining for the Hbhit.iv We commend tbeso letters in an especial manner to tho attention ot tho thoughtlul readers of tho Hebald, because they announce the couelusions, upon an evidently impartial and conscientious investi gation, of an inquiry into one of the most important public questions with which Ameri can statesmanship has to deal. In his previous lattera Mr. Nordhoff has shown that the States he has visited have been subjected lor a number of years to an extraordinary but varying amount of mis government, which assuredly would not have been countenanced by tho Northern peoplo had they understood the facta. In this sum mary he asserts that, contrary to his belief in past yearn, such federal interference as was provided for in the Enforcement acts was, for somo years . after 1865, ab solutely neccssary to protect the freed men; but ' he declares with equal posi tivom-ss that this necessity no longer exists, and that federal interference in tho local con cerns of the Statos in question is now and has been for at least two years pastr an unmixed evil; that it has prevented a final and har monious settlement of political questions in those States; and that the federal power has been, of late, used almost entirely by and in tho interest of self-Beeking and unscrupulous demagogues. Ho declares his belief that it was both wise and necessary to give to the freodmen abso lute political equality, poor, ignorant and helpless as they were at the close of the war, because in no other way could their rights be made secure and themsolves propared for citi zenship and turned from frcadmou into free men. But he considers tho color line, tho massing of the races against each other on tho political field, as the gravest evil which now afflicts those States; and while ho lays the blame of its origin mainly upon the folly of the whites, who atter the war refused to sanction the political rights of the blacks and attacked their personal rights, he declares that at this time the federal interference alone prevents a recon struction of parties, which he evidently be- j lieves to be the first necessary step to a per manent and peaceful settlement of political questions in the South. We commend what he has to say on this subject to all who desire ; to know the real condition of Southern poli tics and the remedies for grievances and troubles there, the existence of which no one j denies. It cannot be doubted that a division of political parties which throws the mass of ignorant and lawless voters on one side, and under tho absolute control of a handful of white leaders, is a serious danger to a civilized community, and has an inevitable and irresistible tendency to corrupt those who lead such a vote, where that is large enough to control the elections. But Mr. Nordhoff has Bhown that in Mississippi the negroes have a numerical majority of at least fifteen thousand, while in many counties in other States they aro as four, six and even ten to every white voter. He says that there are scores of such counties so completely under the control of those who lead the negro vote as to place the entire property owning class at the mercy of design ing leaders and ignorant masses. There are scores of Southern countics, he remarks, j "where the voice of the people is not the j voice of God, but the voice of the worst thief 1 in the community." His explanation of the 1 working of the Enforcement acts and of the effect of federal interference iu maintaining in power over the Southern communities a class of bad men, white and black, native and Northern, and in keeping the negro in a state ! of alarm and distrust, is instructive, and we think deserves consideration. It is certainly i of the first importance tbat the two races ! who live there face to lace should bj in har monious and friendly relations. To keep the negro arrayed against the white, tho laborer against the land owner, is to prepare the way for constant misgovernment, and, what is ( quite as serious, for continual irritation, lead- j ing directly to violence and wrong. This seems to us as the most important 1 demonstration in Mr. Nordhoff s in vestigations. His conclusions will atriko many of our readers as new; 1 but wo fear it must be acknowledged that the North has known almost nothing of the j actual condition of the South since the war. Nor i* this strange. The Southern States geem to have passed with surprising rapidity through a transition stage in their affairs, and what was truo of Southern society and senti ment in 1865 or 1868 was not necessarily true in 1872 or 1875. But if any one wished to misrepresent a Southern community he had only to tell in tho North in 1871 what was true four or six years ago and omit to add that since then the spirit and acts of the peo ple had materially changed. Moreover, there is a certain vehcmence in many of tho South ern stot-ments of the eoursj of affairs down there which inclines Northern readers to in credulity. If Southern writers and speakers would Btudy moderation in discussion they wouid secure a better hearing in the North. The bitterness of denunciat.on in which some Southern newspapers indulge themselves is itself commonly eitcd in the North as an evi dence of a bad ami intolerant spirit, and such I assa^es as the extracts from a Vicksbnr^ i journal which Mr. Nordhoff gave in one of his Mississippi letters, hinting at assassina tion, do mora to injure the cause of tho good people in the South ihan many sensible and sober men can remedy. In iipeaking of tho white population of tho States he has seen Mr. Nordhoff remarks that the distinction between tho poor and tho wealthy is more marked than with us, and ho ascribes the disorders of past years not to tho illiterate poor whitee. but mainly to a elass of lawl ss young men, who are, he remarks, mostly descendants of the old overseers and negro traders. These are evidently ih; persons whom General Sheridan stigmatized as ??bun ditti;" and. in Mr. Nordtioft's opinion, the gravest crime with which the republican inlera in the S mthern States can bo charged is not their pecuniary dishonesty, but tho fact that they utterly failed to repress and punish thia predatoCy class, which, of cours*. crew more lawless wherever it discovered that the governing powers were too careless to hold it to account for its misdeed*, and which, he affirms, has mainly been held in check in Louisiuna by the good spirit and conservative energy of the mass of the white population. 01 the negro he tells us that he is prosper ous and comfortable; that in the cotton re gion ho customarily cultivates the land on shares, whereby, at any rate, he is stimulated to regular industry; that ho is a satisfactory worker?"the best laboring force in tho world," many planters say; that ho likes to semi his children to school; that he has not yet learned to save his earnings, and seldom owns the land lie tills; that he Las, on the whole, admirably withstood the temptations to idleness which the political turmoil of the last ten years offered; and, finally, that ho has been so wretchedly trained in political in dependent that, according to tho general testimony of republican politicians, he will not voto without tho assistance of "white or ganizers." This looks a little as though ihe politicians down there had for their own pur poses kept him vigilantly in leading strings. But ho must learn to go alone. That is one of tho inconveniences of citizenship and man hood. Kiting In London. It seems to be thought in London that up to the present time the trouble has not reached any house known and believed to bo thoroughly sound, but has operated entirely within an infected circle; tbat, iniact, all theso houses were quarantined some timo ago, and that their present "failure" is only a public declaration of a condition that, in the financial world, was known to exist at least long enough since for the knowledga to operate as a protection to houses whose fall would be a public calamity. Consequently there is at present just a probability that no such house may go down, but this fortunate event is not certain. In the India trade, as well as in the iron trade, there are sufficient reasons for embarrassment?roasons with which tho com- i mercial world of England is familiar?and consequently houses in those trades sought discounts in disadvantageous circumstances. Many, therefore, were driven to a class of bankers which exists in every great financial centre?financiers who keep on their feet less j through their resemblanoe to the Farnesian j Hercules than through a feline capacity to re cover their equilibrium in the most difficult circumstances. These gentlemen discount the bills of houses whose condition they do not scrutinize, for reasons at least as good as those which prevent civil people from examin ing the teeth of homes that are given them; but they discount them with paper which requires at least as much discounting in turn as the bills did; and then again they endeavor | to fortify themselves by putting the bills spme where else, and getting on them so-so credit with which to discount other bills of Bhaky ! houses iu the course of the day. All that the facts, therofore, have yet shown is that if this is a full explanation of the trouble there was an enormous quantity of very poor paper afloat in the great capital. Either this is the real explanation of the crisis or it is not; and it is bad both ways, for if it is not it is put forth to cover conditions that it is desired to conceal from the public; and if it is it indicates London was doing a great de*l of bad busi ness, the limits ot which the wisest may not be able to define. How many other lines of ; trade are there that were in the same condi tion, and who are the real victims of the embarrassment that has been covered up by : all this kite-flying? Our American Team. The first contest oo Irish ground of oar Amcrioan riflemen with their opponents, though it left the palm of victory with the Irishmen, has vindicated the high opinion entertained of the skill and reliability of the men who went across the ocean to represent Amcrica. Only the trained rifleman can thoroughly understand the disadvantage at which our men were placed by tbe changed conditions under which they found them selves. Tb ? climate and the position of the North Bnll range, exposed as it is to the action of the nea breeze, told heavily against the American*, and no higher tribute could be paid to their skill as marksmen than the readiness with which evi dently they accustomed themselves to the changed conditions under which they were called upon to shoot. Only two of the Irish riflemen mado higher scores than Messrs. Fulton, Bodine and Da kin; while Mr. Cole man, one ot tho new C re d moor men, who was lowest among tho Americans, fell only two points behind Mr. Mdner, one of tho most brilliant shots in Ireland. With such results at their first appearance before the targets at Dollymount it is not to bo wondered nt that the reputation of the Americans haa not suffered by their failure to securo tho prizo in their first contest. It by no* means follows that their chances of victory in the coming inter national match are at an end. Two weeks must elapse from th? da'e of their first shooting before the international match can c<une < ff, aud in that interval our mon will have ample tiino to becomo familiar with tho atmospheric conditions of the Dollymount r^n^e. Ami from the result of their first trial of skill we augur the best results. If the Irish riflemen cannot bring six stronger men into tho field than thoso who havo already met tho American team th y cannot count on victory as a foregone conclusion. JcnoME I\\mt Rvcis. ?The spring meeting of tbe American Jockey Club closes to-day with five r.ires which promise to bo of tho most interesting character. Th" first event will bo for tbm*yoar-oMa which have not won a rae this year, the distance being oue mile. Milner, M tttie A, Caioline and Bay minster will probably bo tho starters in this race. The second event will be tbe feature of the day, a dash of three miles* Springbok, Wildidle and Bigfallow bein.? set down as contestants. In the three-quarters of a mil# ri-.ca WiTlio Burke, Fadladeen, < unless, Dublin, Bob Woolley, Bisk, Vinaigrette, Inspiration and Fres Lanco are announced, and in the one inilo and an et ;h?h handicap sweepstakes B. F. Carver, Kadi, D lblin, Maco, Iti.sk, Mollio Darling, MutLe A. and Mutio W. will likely coma to the post. There will bj a grand nteepleohaso as a fitting conclusion to tho meting, in which Trouble. Bullet. Diavolo. Deadhead. DavligLt, Coronet and Stamford will take pirt. A groat deal of interest is taken in th< events of to-day in sporting circles, and ii the Jockey Club moot with good fortune ol fine weather to-day, which has been their lot this meeting so tar, a very brilliant attend ance, iiao sport aud ample enjoyment may b? expected. The Practical Utility o t UoytonM Experiment*. Captain Boyton's successful passage acrosi the English Channel in his life-saving suit hai naturally create! much sensation on th? other side of the Atlantic. It was certainly a great feat and was accomplished in the most unfavorable weather, thauks to the couragi and resolution of the adventurous voyager. At the same time some persons remembei that Johnson, the English swimmer, nearly succeeded in crossing the same waterway with nothing but his stout limbs to aid him, and many are disposed to question the practical utility of Captain Boyton's experiment It is no doubt questionable whether any life-saving apparatus will ever be invented that will bo available under all circumstances. Disasters occasionally happon at sea against which no precaution can guard and the fatal results ol which no human power could avert. If a vessel should bo burned or should founder in mi i-ocean a life-saving suit would offer but ? poor chance of preserving life. At the same time, in a great majority of such disasters, such a means of escape would be of pricelesi value. In those terrible calamities, th? wrecks of the Atlantic and Schiller, had all on board been supplied with an apparatus on the Boyton plan, there would no doubt hav< been comparatively a small lo.ss of life. In accidents near tho shore, in collisioni where one boat remains afloat to rescue thoM in the water, and in similar cases where aid is near at hand or a place of safety can ba reached, a dress that can be relied upon to keep its wearer afloat would be invaluable. In ventions like those of Captain Boyton are, therefore, of great value and should be liber ally encouraged. The experiments in tha English Channel will be of practical value by drawing public attention to such means of preserving life. Two European steamers have already left this port supplied with that or a similar apparatus. If a thoroughly reliable dress con be found, easily put on and simple in its construction, its adoption on all passen ger boats, coast as well as foreign bound steamers, should be universal. General Porter's Duty. The action of the Board of Aldermen in r? questing the Commissioner of Public Works to fill in the salt marshes, known as the Har lem flats, with a thick layer of pure and wholesomo earth is receiving the indorse* ment and approbation of all right thinking men. This should have been done weeks ago instead of weeks hence, as must almost neces sarily be th? case now. There must, however, be no further delay in beginning a work which alone can avert a pestilence when th? hot days of summer make themselves felt General Porter has been officially called upon to do a work which the Board of Health should have completed before now, and no excuse will enable him to escape the respon> sibility if an epidemic should result from un necessary delay or tho neglect or refusal to comply with the wishes of the Board ol Aldermen. It is an extraordinary emergency and is not to be neglectcd on any account whatever. Before another week the whole infected district should be buried under four or five feet of pure and wholesome earth, and tho public now look to the Commissioner of Public Works for its speedy accomplishment. Should an epidemic break out now the Board of Health would be to blame, but a week honce the responsibility will rest on General Porter's shoulders. It is his duty to avert a possible calamity, and wo arc persuaded ha will perform this duty under a lull sense of his responsibility in the matter. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Ex-Governor E. M. McCook, of Colorado, li ad journing at tba Stortevant House. State Senator Oanlel P. Wood, or Syracuse, Is residing at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Colonel Edward K. i'latt, United States Army, la registered at the Clarendon Hotel. Secretary Robeson returned to Waabtngton Thursday evening from Bye Beach, N. II. Her. J. T. .Smith and E. W. Walt/, of Uamiltoa. Canada, are staying at the st. Nicholas Hotel. General Joseph R. An<lcr?on, of Virginia, ha* taken op hi* rcsldcnce at the New York Hotel. Colonel Nathaniel U Macrae, United stattt Army, la quartered at the Filth Avenne Hotel. Colonel William !U Price, United state* Army, 19 anion;; the late arrival-! at the Sturtevant House. Congressman Georgo M. Beebe, ol Monilcelio, If. Y., arrived last eveninir at the Filth Avenne Hotel. Secretary Belknap arrived in ttils city yesterday morning from West Point, and left lor Washington last evening. Adjutant General Franklin Townsend, of Gov ernor Tilden'a <tarT, naa taken np bU quarters at the St. James Hotel. General Henrr W. Iienham, of the Englneei corps. United states Army, la stopping at th? Grand Central Hotel. Hon. Timothy O. Thelps, republican candidal for Governor of California, went thitner iron these parts "at an early age." "And so," said the Judire, "It appear! yon Mrs entirely by swindling?" "fly, Your Honor, on? mnst live In the spirit of the age." Mr. Andrew Jackson Houston, son ol Genera) Sam Houston, left Austin a lew days since tot Tyler, where he goes to take charge ol the United States Marshal's office at that point. Postmaster General Jewell wa? given an in formal b.inquet last night at Cuicago by a largt nuinner of Postmasters of the Xorthrest who happened 10 t>e in ihe city and government officials and prominent citizens there. He left for St. Loo!* last nignt. General Smrth will shortly leave Ottawa for Manitoba, from thence tie will iro across the Plains to Fort MrLcod and then down to Fort Benton to visit tne American officer in command tliere. The omrers will, aitor consultation, suggest soma plan to their rcsp ctlve governmenia for the bet ter suppression of the liquor traffic and crime on the Plains. Because the headquarters of the grangers ara to be removed to Louisville, instead of to Chicago, a correspondent ol the Chicago Tlmm says tha| Louisville Is "quiet" and "bucolic." Therefore Louisville observes:?"There la one thlntr about the pastures of tnis city that should be considered by iieut-rldden and swindling Chicago. a man can rest himself almost anvwiiere in one of ttiera witiioiit sitting down on a mortgage " At tlie linnker Hill monument celebration tha crowd preaae l npon the piatrorm for tne speaker ; and 41st 1 nca I shed guests and weie in danger of breating it down. The chairman's entreaties to I the crowd to (all back being unheeded, he ap pealed to Mr. Webster, who arose and said, ?-Wen tie men, yon must fall back." "We cannot,* was the reply, "it is Impossible; the crowd be hind are pushing us forward." Webster said, "Gentlemen, nothing Is Impossible on Bunkaf Hill: you must fall back.'? Iho crowd felt back.