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Ministerial and Ctiurch. Movements. Tlio Methodist Miracle? Correspondence. PROGRAMME OF SERVICES TO-DAY. The Rev. Cyrus Pickett will preach In tho Second Congregational church, Jersey City Heights, this morn cg and evening. The Rev. Dr. Foss, President of YVesloyan Univer lity, will preach in St. James' Methodist Episcopal church, Harlem, this morning and evening. Tho Rev. Alfred Tuylor will toll "What It Is to Follow Christ" this morning and will speak about "Tho Luna tic Turned Missionary" this evening in the Jersey City Tabernacle. ' . Tho Rev. R. S. Cameron, formerly of Grace Baptist church, will preach in Association Hall this evening. Mrs. II. M. Slocum will speak for the Spiritualists in Harvard Rooms this evening. All Saints' Protestant Episcopal church will be min istered to to-day by Rev. W. N. Bunnell. At tho Free Tabernacle Methodist Episcopal church the Rev. John Johns will preach this morning and evening. "The Mystery of Provldonco" and "Indecision" will occupy the attention of Rev. W. H. Loavell in Stanton street Baptist church to-day. "Tho Coming Great Revival" will ho tho subject of a discourse in tho University chapel this afternoon. "The Sound in tho Mulberry Trees" and "Echoes from Calvary" will bo considered to-day in Washington square Methodist Episcopal church by Rav. William Lloj-J. In the Clvurch of Our Saviour the Rev. J. M. Pulltnan will preach to-day, as usual. In the Central Methodist Episcopal church tlio Rov. C. S. narrower will preach morning and 'vening. Tlie Rov. Br. Thompson will preach at botli sorvices to day in Christ church. The Rev. Dr. H. B. Chapin will preach In Canal street Presbyterian church this moruing and afternoon. In iho Church of the Disciples of Christ the Rev. D. R. Van hluskirk will minister at the usual hours to-day. The Rev. S. S. Uobhs, ol Scotlund, will proach in tho Fourth Presbyterian church this morning and after noon. Rev. W. T. Sabine will preacL' in ,fle First Reformed Episcopal church this morning ana evening. Utsnvp Cummins will givo Bibio expositions Ave evenings dur ing the week. Dr. Armitugo will preach In tlio Fifth avenue Baptist church this morning and evening. In Calvary Baptist church the Rev. U. S. MacArthur will preach at the usual hours to-day. "Revivals of Religion" will bo considered by Rev. R. Holier Newton this morning in the Authou Memorial church. Divino servico will ho conductod In tho Church of the Resurrection to-day by Rov. Dr. Flagg. In St. Ignatius' Protestant Episcopal church the Rev. Dr. Ewer will ofllciate at the usual hours to-day. In the Baptist .Mariners' Temple tho Rev. A. F. Perry will preach as usual to-day. English servico will bo conducted by Rev. Father Bjerring in tho Greek chapel this moruing. Tlie'ltev. A. P. Graves, evangelist, will preach and Mr. Georgo S. Weeks will sing the Gospel to-day in the Fifty-third street Baptist church. In Lexington avenue Methodist Episcopal church tho. Rev. J. W. Bollock will preach this morning and even ing. "Paul and Apollos" will bo considered by Rov. II. D. Ganso this morning in tho Madison avenue Reformed church. Rev. S. M. Hamilton will proach in the Scotch Pros byteriau church at the usual hours to-day. Rev. Charles E. Harris will preach In Allen street Methodist Episcopal church this morning und evening. "Tlio Timo aud Coming of Christ and the End of the World" will bo considered by Rev. J. H. Lightbourn In Seventeenth street Methodist Episcopal church this evening. Tho ltov. W. P. Abbott will preach in St. Luke's Methodist Episcopal church to day. Rev. J. M. King will minister to St. John's Methodist Episcopal church this morning and evening. Rev. C. P. McCarthy, of Albany, will preach this morning on "The Guest Chamber," aud in the evening on "Hell, Where is Thy Victory," iu Bloucicor street Uutvcr.-aiist church. Rev. H. W. Kuapp will preach in Laight streot Bap tist church this morning and evening. Rev. L. D. Fulton will preach in the Central Baptist church this morning and oveniug. Tlio Rev. Mr. Davenport will preach In St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal church at the usual hours to-day. Iu St. Thomas' Protestant Episcopal church, tho ?usual services will be held to-day. "Spirit Power" will bo Illustrated at a shine In Tam many Hall, this evening. "Tho Lord our Banner," aud "The Lord, our Helper," will be Dr. J. B. Hawthorne's subjocta to day, in the Tabernaclo Baptist church. Mr. Lyman C. Howe will lecture for tlio Progressive Spiritualists at No. 05 Wost Thirty-third street, this morning and evening. CHAT BY THE WAY. Rov. Dr. Crosby, referring to mcdiyal fees, says that if same doctors ever bccouio knights, they will he knights of the Golden Fleece. ltov. Dr. Fulton, if wo may judgo by his church troubles, baptizes all converts in hot water. it is pretty mauifust that tho Now York clergy do not propose to give Moody and Sunkey carte blanche. If tho ovangehsts will use tho tiro alroudy kindled and watched by the pastors, well and good; but If they pro pose to get up a blaze of their own, the pastors Intend to throw cold water on tho whole movemout. Wo have always regarded death ns a perfect spirit level; but in Philadelphia this statement Is denied, lleury Jones, who was born a little oir color, bought a lot in the Mount Moriah Cemetery. His money was as good as a white man's, and he was assured by tho Superintendent that- when the timo caino ho would bo welcomed to a hospitablo grave. The idea of resting at last among white folks seems not to liavo been distaste ful to Mr. Jones, and ho ahuffled ofT this mortal coll in the full expectation of having a headstono in Mount Moriah Cemetery, on which should ho carved tho avorage number of falsehoods* which adorn tlio inouumouts of the dour departed of good society. But, alas I for human Hopes. Tlio funornl cortege was stopped at the gate and tho mourners iuformcd that it was not at all tno proper thing for wliito nnd black to mingle In a common dust; that tlio I'hiladclphians are as particular after death as before and quite as exclu" sive; that it would never do In this world, whatever may happen In tho next, for a colored sinner to lie down by tho sido of a wliito saint. Well, when the resurrection trump is sounded, Henry Jones, colored, tnay bo all right, and It Is barely possiblo that ho may flap his wings for a loftier flight than that of some wliito folks; hut for tlio prosent ho must bo content with a grave iu the cypress swamp, while tho Superintendent uses the money lie paid for his lot to decorate tho lnound3 of those who aro Indisputably white. Truly the City of Brulhcrly Love Is a delightful place to live in, hut a dangerous placo to die In. There is a class of prnplo iu Russia who dollght in tho significant title of Nihilists. They are supposed to he a religious as well as a socialistic sect, but their religion is no serious impediment to ungodly lives. YVo some times think there aro Nihilists 111 tlio political circlos of New York whose motto is, nothing for you uud every thing for me. It is suggested In religious eireles that Rov. Dr. Ful ton, who Is tho closest of close cominuulou Baptists, Is suffering from "water en the brain." The ministers of Harlem aro looking toward New Year's Day with a critical eye. They hope to abolish the canonical tipple which has rendered that day so attractive. They Insist upon It that tho man who makes 200 calls has no right to tako 200 drinks. Their theory Is that tho ordinary North American caller Is not Iron clad on tho insido. This Is a fact which has been hitherto contested, and which will oven now bo disputed. They propose to organizo fur the purpose of fraying a better state of tbimrs to the front. Tho beat people In that distant section of the city will co-operate, and we may consider the wine cup as already broken. Cardinal McCloslcey took possession of his title in the Church ol Sancta Maria Supra Mlnsrram Septem ber 30. He is now a Princo of the Church. Mr. Beocher has been starring It among the White Mountains all suihiuer, and TheodoreTilton has just entered on an autumnal engagement of the sanio character. Rev. Mr. Murray has unfurled to the religious breeze of bostou the banner of bis new enterprise?no creeds, no formulas, and only the four gospels. It strikes us that if his people believe anything they must have a creed, whether it is printed or not; as to the four gospels, tf he sticks closely enough to them, and pro poses to make the Boston people do the same, ho will probably kavo his bauds full, without touching the epistles. The picket guard of tho coining rovival has arrived. Mr. Woess, who rivals Saukoy in his effective render ing of hymns, Is flooded with Invitations, and holds meetings three times a day. Messrs. Wothorloy and Holroyde, who were engagod in evangelistic work in Eng land during the Moody dynasty, began their lubors in Association Hall on Thursday evening. Biglon k Main will Issue next week a compilation of the religious songs which kavo lately stirred the people across tho water. Tho groat rovival is likely to bo, to a large extent, a musical revival. Proacbing nud sing ing, when properly minglod, seem to be effectual in opening the road to glory. And why not ? Tho Unitarian clergyman of Nortbflcld who preached against Moody and his wofk-says that while orthodoxy is immoral tn its tendency it does not follow that all orthodox people are had. How fortunate! A Baptist church in Cayuga county, New York, is in want of a minister. First, he must bo talented; sec ond, he must be satisfied with $500 or $000 a year. A good bricklayer or carpenter can earn from $1,000 to $1,200 a year, but a talented minister must be satisfled with half that sum. Bruins are not worth much in Cayuga county. The law of supply and demand will settfe the matter, however, in tho long run. Poor pay poor preach, is as sure us tho law of gravitation. Noarly $15,000 were expended tn printing the baud hills and slips used in tho revival meetings of Loudon, It costs .something to ex-press tho whole truth. RELIGION AND FATALISM, ANSWER TO THE LETTER OF" LIBERALITIS." To tiik Editor or the Herald:? I propose to reply, through the Sunday IlEitAtD, to an article published, about two weeks since, by "Liber alitis," on "Fatalism" It is there asserted that fatalistic doctrine is tho direct rosult of religious teach- ' iugs, which facts demonstrate not to be tho case, but is the direct result of reasoning?a power which religion ists do not recognize in connection with Christianity, as faith alone is tho foundation of their Christian hope. From my standpoint of reasoning it will be readily seon that tho doctrine of fatalism is fhr superior to what "Liberalitis" ungenerously calls the erroneous imagina tion of man. As reasoning faculty exists through the sumo author by which man exists, and for tjic solo purposo of guiding him to correct conclusions, I foel that I am bound to apply this mighty agent in such an important conclusion as that of tho destiny of man, though tho bigot may reject my conclusions. I believe tlmt It is generally admitted by wnat is termed Christian ohurches and their adherents that the crea tion of all things, from beginning to everlasting, includ ing conditions for all actions, not only spiritual, bul doubtless meaning physical and intellectual, was and ever will bo according to the foreknowledge of God, In which they necessarily admit the foreordtnation of all things, und thus tho preurrangemcut for perfecting what was foreknown, as God could only foreknow what would como to pass, and nothing could come to pass ex cept through tho Almighty prearranged plans, thereby substantiating forcordlnatioa or "fatalism;" conse quently all-acts, though they may be apparently wrong, aro in accordance with the all wise design. Thus, as all acts must produce more or less good, either directly or indirectly, they aro not absolute wrongs, but variablo degrees o'l goodness. Though it is oxtrcmely absurd to suppose that an all-wise power could create man with a design of making him eter nally happy, with conditions compelling everlasting misery; it is this absurdity of position that assumed Christianity attempts to force upon what they term an all-wise merciful Being, though there is no name so odious its to iully express the inferuality of such an act, but happily for human ity there is no such existing conditions, but as antipodal as eternal happiness uml misery. In reply to the subject of free moral agency, I will admit that as far as mundane life und tho happiness ot man is concerned ho is virtually tree to ull intents und pur pose of humanity, but comparatively, liko common business agents, lie is limited to certain rules in compliance with the unknown plans of the great overliving Designer, tho propelling power of all animate and inanimate things. While 'Liberalitis" states that emergence makes the man he attempts to detract trom its power by claiming that all tho attributes and characteristics o( man's being are brought into play, whereby he lias power to reject or accept tho opportunity according to his own inclina tion: seeming not to realize that all the attributes and characteristics of man aro necessarily such us to incline him to act m compliance with the prearranged plans of God. Willi the same kind of perception he assert* that should man rest secure in t he belief of destiny, making no effort, tho greatest tninds would slumber in obscurity; Just as though destiny could allow ol inac tivity when the all wise plan compels action. As all his remaining anti-fatalistic positions require the same re ply, 1 will, ill conclusion, state that, could lie but realize the fact tbat in all t lie acts and omissions ol acts of man that God created all the conditions thai influence such acts and omissions tn direct compliance with tho plan of foreordtn.itloii, he possibly would abandon his inde pendent man power position. D. L. D. THE METHODIST MIRACLE?WHAT OF IT? To the Editor op tub Hbrald:? A great hullabaloo has bocu raised about the euro of Rev. 3. A. Piatt, of Brooklyn, of a lameness of long standing in one or both knees. The great questions are, Is ho cured, or is he not? Is it a miracle, or is it not ? Some say it is and others say it is not; so that the ?ontroversy after all resolves itself into one of veracity between tho interested parties. Mr. l'latt, in a pam phlet published by him says, he was lame iu one kueo for twenty live years and in both for throe years ?pre ceding a certain Sabbath in July, 1874, when a certain lady at Ikeun Orovo laid her hands on his feeble knees and prayed lor healing power, and he felt a toning up and condensation of strength about tho weuk members, and ho has been able ever since to get along without canes or crutches. This Is his version of the "mira cle," and vvho should know rnoro about tho relation of cause and effect in this caso than ho ? It may seem ab surd to say so, but there are a few ministerial brethren of his who do know more about the case than he. Rev. Mr. Buckley spent over two and a half hours, a couple of weeks ago, to prove, flrst of all, that tho days of mir acles hud passed, and, therefore, that this cure could not have been in any sense a miracle; socondly, that Mr. Piatt was never lamo, and, therefore, never ncoded cure aud never was in fact cured; that oil three several occasions, he (Piatt) preached or addressed conference gatherings and each time ho walked up ami down the pulpit or platform, from twenty-five to fifty minutes, aud hence, in tho next place, if he was lame at ail he was not as had as he professed to lie, and his cure, if it ho a cure, is simply the result of imagination, natural faith, superstition, latent strength, the concentration of the mind on the circulation, ke., ko.; and last of all. It is such a cure as he (Buckley) has effected over and over agnin and can easily match at any time. This sort or reasoning was and Is, of course, very logical, and, according to the newspaper reports and comments it was endorsed by ninety live per ceut of those who heard tho argument. If It bo not a miracle, what is it? If it lie not an answer to prayer, what is tt an answer to? Perhaps Messrs. Buckley, Kotloll k Co. w ill tell us. But as a matter of consciousness and a question of veracity I lor one am willing to believe in the testimony of Mr. Piatt oil this point rattler than that of a score of men, min isters or laymen, who liavo nothing but reason to put against fact, and speculation against consciousness. Who ean know more about the worth or wortblessness of his legs ib >n the owner thereof? And who knows inoro about the particular legs in question than tho Rev. 3. II. Plait? Ho declared before his congregation last Sun day that many a time ho has had to creep upstairs to his bedroom, like a child, on hands and feet, so that the weight of his body should not come on his feeble knees; that he has had to slide down the banister many a time tor thu same reason, and hud slept with a feather pillow between his knees, lest they shuuld strike one another, so sensitive wero they. Now I ask, Who ever heard of tho owner of a sound pair of legs "playing 'possum" with them after tbat fashion? The thing is too preposterous, except on tho grounds and for tho reasons suggested by Mr. Buckley? namely, that Mr. Plait Is in an abnormal condition of mind; that he is unreliable, uml is in n lair way to bring up at Flathush or Biiiimilngdale or some oilier place whore dementia is treated. If these charges be true 1 am very much inclined to agree with Mr. Buck ley that no iamciiosM existed and no euro was over cflbctod, and that, of course, there is no miracle iu tho ease, and tor tbe reasons that neither God nor devil would gain much honor or glory -liy a cure effected under such conditions, cdrtainly not enough to reward the agent for his trouble. Last Monday another reverend preacher took up tho defence of Mr. Piatt boforo his hreltireu and maintained tho normative of tho question In controversy?Is he cured or is he not? Is tt a inlraolo or is It not? Facts are facts, l'latt is cored, and It is for his critics to show how the thing was done, If they don't accept his version of It. He may rest satis fied, while his brethren iu tho pulpit and through tho press, in private and in public, utter their anath emas aud sicuillcant cautious agaiust the acccDUuo* of Its miraculous production. He has a sound pair of legs now that are able to carry him up stairs and down, and on his pastoral rounds wherever duty calls hint. This was not always the case, as he and many others, as reliable witnesses us his detractors, can testify. When the lame man, who sat at the gate of Iho Temple in Jerusalem, was cured by the apostles, wo are told that he entered into the temple walking and leaping and praising God. This is what Mr. l'latt has done. Had this Jerusalem citizen and the Brooklyn minister liko him gono to their homes and enjoyed their re stored litubs and said nothing about it there would lmve been no trouble. It is the publication of the fact in the Tcmplo or In the pamphlet and press that lias aroused the Ire of the sceptics of to day and of past ages. The great seerot of opposition to this ease as the result of divine interposition is the likeness that It is supposed to bear to Romish miracles. And for a good Methodist to admit that the latter aio true is rank heresy. Hence ''the Methodist miracle" is ignored or despised slid its subject maligned and ridiculed. Why should it be doomed a tiling incredible that the prayer forco?concerning which Mr. Piatt discoursed last Sunday, and which ho showed is within humun con trol?wiiy should not this force be able to produco re sults as tangible as any other force iu the universe ? It is very manifest from tho discussion of this theme by the Methodist clergy and by some of tlio religious press, in tho spirit iu which it has bceu rocoived, that tliu sceptical and materialistic spirit of the age is all per vasive and that the religious thought of tho day is vitiated by it. ? PRAYER TESTER. THE IRON-CLAD OATH?INFORMA TION WANTED. Hero is a chnnoo lor some of our old Now Yorkers or tho members or tho Historical Society to lot light In upon a subject that is dark to 0110 nnud at least and doubtless to many more, hooking at tho complexion of Now York politics and municipal rulers to day very few would suppose or perhaps believe that such an oath was administered, as our correspondent states was, to city olllcers more than 160 years ago:? To Tim Editor or tiik Hit bald:? In the year of 1714 or thereabouts an oath was issued and signed by all the Assistant Aldermen of tho city ol New York, also high constables, Recorder, Treasurer, Attorney at Law and many prominent citizens, it was called ilia "Iron-clad tiatli" and tho substance of which was '-that in the sacrament of the l.ord's Sup per there was no transubstantlation of the elements of bread and wino Into the body and blood of Christ, at or after the consecration thereof," Ac., also denouncing tho invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary au^l any other saint, uud the sacrlilcu of the mass as used in the Roman Church as superstitious. First, liy whom was said oath issued; second, for what purpose, and, third, for how long was it binding. LEO UEO. MINISTERIAL MOVEMENTS. PRISBYTKRIAX. Tho North Presbyterian church of this citv is a PlOcici church in that it does not owe one dollar to any one and lias just added fl,00j to Us pastor's salary. Rev. S. II. Rossitor is tho lucky man. Tho Central Presbyterian church of this city has been so badly damaged by blasting In its neighborhood that the main walls will have to bo rebuilt, and the so ciety are now worshipping in their loeture room. Howard street Prosbyterian church, ^an Francisco, is at loggerheads with its pastor, Dr. S. Woodbridgo, and tho Presbytery is trying to wuko peace between tho contestants. The Tier. L\ 0. Niyon, of West Town, Orange county, N. Y., will assume a new pastorate lit Marlboro, N. Y., to-day. Kev. Dr. Dickey, of St. Louis, has been called to the pastorato of Calvary church, Philadelphia. Mr. Arnoy S. Riddle, licentiate, has accepted tho call to tho Cabin Hill United Presbyterian church, Delaware county, New York, and will bo ordained and Installed early this month. Rev. S. S. White, pastor of the Tenth United Presby terian church, Philadelphia, has been called to take the pastoral cliurgo of the Seventh avenue United Presliy. terian church, this city. The Rev. T. Dwight Hunt, of Nunda, has accepted a call to tho Presbyterian church ut Sodus, and will as sume his pastorate there at ouco. Tho Rev. P. B. Bouncy has resigned his charge at Ramapo, N Y. Tho Rev. J. C Forsyth, of Geneva, N. Y., has ac cepted tho call of the Presbyterian church at Mont gomery. N. Y., and will be Installed there October 14. Rev. John Chambers, D. D., a prominent Presbyterian pastor of Philadelphia, died on tho 22d ult., aged sev enty-eight years. Ho had been pastor of his church continuously for fifty years. Rev. F. A. Noble, D. D., late of Piltsourg, lias re moved to New Haven, Conn. Tho Foreign Mission treasury of the Presbyterian Church is ut present $38,000, and by next April will bo $08,000 short, utiles! help comes largely and prnmptlv. Tho receipts have (alien ofT grcully, so that tho Mission Hoard has hardly been able to supply the losses by death or removal in the mission Held. The receipts for 1875 will reach only $7S,UUO, against $108,001) in 1873. The Presbyterian Synod ol New York will begin its annual session In Poughkeepgie October 19. Dr. Booth, of this city, Is tho Moderator and will preacli the synod icai sermon. The Synod of New Jersey will ulso meet October 10, in Orange, N. J. This is one of tho two largest Synods In tho United States. All the thirty-four Synods in tho United States arc to hold llicir annual meetings before the middle ol Novem ber?almost all In October. Tho largest number of com municants in any one Synod is 40,093; the smallest (in litis country), 1,3611. The Synod of India lias 534 com municants; tho Synod of China, 1,137. Tho largest number ol ministers in one Synod is 359; the smallest number, 35. The K?v. Francis Marling, of Toronto, his been called to the pastorate of the Presbyterian church in Second avenue and Fourteenth street, New York. BAPTIST. The Seventh Day Baptists of the United States have opened a mission in England. Dong Gong, a Chinaman, was lately ordained in Oregon its a Baptist minister, alter duo examination by a council of ministers. Several of his countrymen were present. He is to ougago In missionary work. Tlie JiaytUt IVetklg docs not think Dr. Fulton pos sesses the qualities oi a lendor of Israel, uud the Baptist denomination, large and strong as it is, cannot afford to make itsell responsible for his sayings and doings. It thinks lie lias done tho denomination incalculable harm by bis rash uud uncharitable speeches, and asserts that his tailing is the fruitful cause of nil his troubios, and not, as his (rieuds would have us beliuve, his outspoken deicnse of close communion. Tho New York Slate Baptist Convention will meet in Saratoga on the 26th irist. Tlio North New Jersey Baptist Sunday School Con vention will bo held in Hamburg, N. J., "next Wednes day, ami the anniversary of the Central Now Jersey Baptist Association, at Hopewell, on Tuesday next. A council of Baptist ministers at Stnrucea. Pa, on the 13tli of .September, examined charges ol immorality against tho Rev. G. IV. Howe, past or of the church in that place, and, finding them true, deposed hint from the Christian ministry. The Rev. Henry B. Warring, of tho Herkimer street church, Brooklyn, lias notified that church of his resignation. His labdrs will closo there about Decem ber 1. The Ccutral Baptist church, of this city, In Forty-sec ond street, have unanimously called Rev. J. D. Herr, oi Pittsburg, l'a., to bo their pnsior. The New Jersey Baptist Mate Convention will hold its forty-suveuth aunivorsary, October 25, at Pisuala way. Tho New York Southern Baptist Association will hold their fifth anniversary meeting in Trinity Baptist church, in this city, on Tuesday next, wlu-n Sunday school Interests will bo considered. The Missiotiaiy Union will hold Its anuivcrsary in tho same place ou Wednesday evening. Mr. W. K. McKibbln, of Rochester Seminary, was or dained at Newark. Ohio, on tho 14lh of September, uud is now under appointment as u missionary to China. Tho Rev. A. J. -Wilcox, lute pastor iu Stepney, Conn., has accepted a unanimous call to tlio puntorate ol lbs j Baptist church In Ticonderoga, N. Y. 'l ite Third Baptist < liurcli of Providence, R. I., are building n new house of worship, of brick, with brown stone trimmings, 80 by 100 foot, with a tower on one corner. It m to surpass any church edilieo in Provi dence. and is to lie dedicated Iree of debt. The Rev. S. .Siegfried, iuto of Newton, N. J., has bo cotuu pastor of the Baptist church ut Norrielown, l'a. ?eiscorAUAX. Bishop Otleuhelmer ha< resumed his labors. Tho time assigned by bis physicians for complete repose having ended he tinus himself quite recovered from tlio illness which had awakened serious apprehensions a year ago. Tho Kev. Thomas R. List will enter upon the rector ship of the Church of tho Redemption, Philadelphia, to-day. The Rev. Joseph N. Blanchard, of Greenwich, N. Y., has been elected rector ol St. Jauies' parish, Fordbam. N. Y. The Reformed Episcopalians have drawn so heavily upon St. John's Protestant Episcopal t hurch, Olin ago, tiiat its rector, Rev. Dr. H. N. Powers, lias resigned. The church building is to bo sold lor debt and the soci ety disbanded. The Journal of tho proceedings of tho General Con vention of 1874 reports 41 dioceses, 8 missionary juris dictions, 8,080 bishops and clergy, 598 lay readers, 333 candidates for orders, 70.089 families, 2,741 parishes, 282,309 communicants, 32,920 Sunday school teachers, 301,587 Sunday school scholars and $17,904,024 55 total religious contribution*. 'Iho report covers three yesrs, 1871-74. The bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church will convene here on the 28th insL to elect missionary bishops for Africa and China und to receive Ihe report ol their Commissioners to Mexico. The standing Committee of the diocese of New York have given consent to (he consecration ol the llov. Dr. Ecclcston as Bishop of Iowa. The Kev. I. McKlroy, late assistant at St. Mary's, Brooklyn, has taken charge of St. John's, (slip. The Kev. Clarence Buel, chaplain of St. John's church, Dresden, arrived in New Yyrk la?t week, nnd will re main through tho month of October. Tho Rev. O. Ifenry Smith hits resigned St. Paul's, 1'leas.int Valh-y, on account of his health. Bishop Wilkinson, the missionary bishop ofZuliiland, has applied to the provincial synod ofCa|a%twn lor per mission to resign iiis mission to the Zulus and to curry on evangelistic work on tlio Zambesi. Services of the Reformed Episcopal Church arc now conducted in Williamsburg, over the Kings County Bank, by tho Rev. W. II. lie id. rector of tho Church of the Incarnation, Brooklyn. We e.au judge by the num bers in nltondanrc, and thu heartiness with which thoy entered into the service", a deep and pervasive interest la the mi>vcoa.<?t nrnvaila In tho rommiinltv. Man" have been looking with longing heart* for the Inaugu ration of these services, us the few nominally Low churches are gradually becoming assimilated to the High churches and the High churches have become ritualistic,.steps will soon bo taken to effect a perma nent organization. KOMAX CATHOLICS. Tbe Revs. P. J. Hcnuessy, of Irun Mountain, and P. P. Ilrady, of St. Loots, have returned from their sum mer trip tp Kurope in improved health. Tbe Rev. J. A Waller, of St. Patrick's church, Haiti more, is spending u lew weeks in Northern cities be tween New York and Montreal for his health's sake. The mission for colored people, recently held at Upper Marlboro, near liAltlmore, hat proved u great success in the numbers that attended and the interest man i tested. Father Shuttclhoffer, of St. James' church, Newark, haa been appointed assistant pa-tor of St. Pius' church, Fast Newark, of which Father Hogan is pastor. Father Funke, of St. Plus' church, Fast Newark, has been transferred to St. Henry's church, Elizabeth, as assistant to the venerable Father Letuke, O. S. 11. '1'ho corner stone of the new Roman Catholic church,' at Rosendalu, Ulster county, N. Y., was laid last Sab bath. Father O'Flaherty, formerly of Mauhuttauville, is the pastor of this new parish. Tho difficulties between Hishop McCloskey, of Louis ville, ivy., and Father llox have been transferred to Rome for adjustment, and a clerical correspondent of the New York Tablet think the priest and not the Bishop will ho sustained. I: v. William Callun has returned from Europe to Solon Hall College after an absence of more than a year. His health Is much improved. Two churches wore dedicated In Chicago on Sunday, September 111, and the event Is noticed as showing tho wonderful progress of Catholicism in that region. The corner stone of the new St. Patrick's church at Hartford, Conn., was laid on Sunday, September ID, by ftio Vicar General of the diocese. Rev. Stephen Byrne, assisted by Rev. Fathers Hoban, of Newark, arid Power, of Washington, have just con cluded a very successful mission at the Church of tit. Peter and St. Paul, Towanda, Pa. l ather Dumen is uoxv giving a mission In tho f'atho dral, Philadelphia. Ho is as-istod by Fathers Nterter corn, Coughlln, Masse lie, Zealand, Condon, Putten and Sweer, all of the Society of Jesus. Tho Duuiinicau Fathers from this city, Now Jersey and tho West are also giving a mission in tit. Michael's Roman Catholic church, Philadelphia. Rev. Father Surlorts, recently nsslstant pastor of St. Peter's church, Wosternport, has been appointed pastor of Hie Catholic church in Lonaconiug, to tuko the placo of Rev. Father O'Brien, who has been placed in charge of tlio church in Barton. Owing to tho religious Interest evoked by tho mission and Jubilee now in progress In tho Cathedral and tho churches of Philadelphia, tho ecclesiastical conlereuco ot the diocese has beou postponed until October 19. Tho ltev. James T. Currau. 1). I)., a young priest lately ordained at Rome, has boon appointed assistant pastor of St. Stephen's. Or. Curriui is a native of tireonpolnt, L. I., and a jra'i'i.'MO of St. Franc'* XaVler'd College in ?i?s city, and ol tho CT/doge of the Propa ganda t ide, in Uoiuu. w hither lie was sent by Cardinal (then Archbishop) McCloskoy, whoro ho won the highest honors and graduated a I>. 1). Or. Cumin will proaeh his first sermon to-day, in tho Church of St. Andrew. MKTHODMT. Rov. I"?r. Alex. Martin has beou elected President of Asbury University, QrocncasUe, lud. I?r. Martin has been President ol the Virginia College tor eight years! He has accepted the new position. Tho Southwest German Conference reports 10,443 members, an Increase ol 487; 14S local preachers, an Increase of 2; ltll churches and 74 parsonages. Dr. Haywood has resigned lus position of Sunday school secretary or iuv Episcopal Church, South, ltev, it'. Q. e. CunnSTggiiri, I' D., of the Hot stun Conference, has boon elected to till tho vacancy. Rov. John Blackstock, of Northwestern Indiana Con ference, and Rev. Miller H. Nichols have been ap pointed to the Methodist Episcopal mission work, Rom bay, Bengal and Madras, by Disbop Harris. A new Asbury Methodist Episcopal church at Dos Moines, Iowa, was dedicated last Sunday. The first Meth odist church at Bloomington, III., will he dedicated next Sunday by Bishop Ames. At Oak Harbor, Kan., and North Toledo, Ohio, churches wero dedicated Septem ber 12. Wesley chapel, Pittsburg, wits dedicated on Sunday last, Dr. F. S. lie Hass officiating. Si. Paul's Methodist Episcopal church in this city, which has been undergoing extensive repairs and im provements for some weeks past, will be reopened to day. A social reunion of all former pastors anal mem bers of the old and present organization will be held there to-morrow evening. Kov. F. G. Rrtlney, ol troy Conference, has been ap pointed to the charge ol the Methodist- Episcopal church, at Rotterdam. N. Y., made vacant by tho fail ure of the health of Rev. 1'. F. Yuulor. tho lute pastor. There arc 229 churches lu the Central New York Con ference?estimated vuliio, $i.Soo.ihiij; 178 parsonages worth $3115,00(1, and a church membership ol 28.745. The Sunday school statistics show 379 shoOOls, 4,532 olllcers and teachers, with 28,287 scholars. Mrs. Van Colt Is engaged to hold meetings every evening for lour weeks, beginning on the first Sunday in October, in the First church, Youkcrs, F. Hamlin, pastor. MT8CK I.L AN KOtTS. In Philadelphia tliere are lllty churches in which re ligious services are held exclusively 111 the German lan guage, the most id' w hich are Protestant. Rev. Newman UaU'sliealth has broken down, and by physician's order he is now living In Switzerland. The Rev. .Mr. Hoyt, a Uongregutiouallgt minister, re cently joined the Universallsts at Hloomfield, Iowa. Rev. Dr. Faiding, Principal of tho Congregational Theological College at Rotherham, England, is now in this country en mute around the world. Tho religious interest in Boston and vicinity seems to justily a public series of religious meetings. A daily noonday sermon is to bo preached for one week in tho Music Hall, and a series of sermons on weekday even ings are to bo given at the Meonlan. The preaching will be by eminent preachers of different denomina tions. Rev. Thomas Williams, now passing his ninety sev enth year in Providouco with his sou Rev. N. w". Wil liams, is the oldest living graduate of Yale Cullego. lie belonged to the class of 1800. The first union love least of the Jersey City Method ists will be held October 4, iu St. Paul's church. These services aru participated in by about seventeen churches. The Massachusetts Sunday School Convention will be held at Springfield October 20 and 21. Rev. P. E. Kipp, the recent pastor of the Reformed church, of Fislikil), has steadily recovered trom the se rious illness of tho last winter, until he Is now able to enter the pulpit and discharge its duties again. It Is stated that six priests have lately joined Slgnor Grass)'s Keforiuod congregation in Rome, Italy, and that one is the brother in-law of the Popo's Private Sec retary, Outdoor services are held at Hackottstown Sunday evenings, trom tho steps of the American House (hotel). THE FROG- TRADE. (Correspondence of the Troy Press.] 1 was out driving on Saturday and a few miles from here found two men in a swamp by thc-side of the road, who seemed to bo crazy, to judgo flroo. their movements. I watched them from tho currlag* one time, and. finally, made up my mind they were Crdtuf; hut how they could find water enough to fish in I ?'i~4 not Imagine. Finally 1 called out to them, "Whs* are you doing thereV" "Come and see," one of them shouted l ack. I hitched my horse and picked my way over tho hogs to them. They wore catching frogs They would strike them w ith clubs where they could rcaCli them, hut the most oi them they caught with a wire 'suure." They had a large basketful, more than a hundred pounds, they said, nnd I guess they toid tho truth. One of them said he made a good deal of money catching frogs lor the New York market, lie said that in olio mouth last season he caught 1,800 pounds of dressed frogs, for which ho got thirty cents a pound, making (4St< tor his mouth's work. Part ot the time he had two boys to help him. Last week, near Hudson, he said ho caught upward of 5oo pounds ami sold them for $180, or at an average of thirty-two cents a pound. These stories seemed to me Incredible, and yet lie assured mo it was truth. Ho can clear twenty eight cents n pound, ho says, easily. He seemed to bo an honest mail and, from tho ease with which they caught the frogs, I was led to believe that ho had uot Stretched the truth much, if at all. A FLORIDA VOLCANO. [Front the Semi-Tropical Monthly.] For many years past thorn has been noticed a column of smoke or steam rising front au impenetrable swamp a short distanco front tho gulf coast, In VVaukulla county. Many nttompts have been made to discover the cause, but thu-i fur no party bus been successful in penetrating lo the location in consequonoe of tbo character of the surroundings. A short timo since Judge White and a party of gen tlemen lit I.eou and Gadsden countie termed an ex pedition to roach i( possible the undiscovered wonder. They started from St. Murks in u snilhc ai, and made their way eastward to the mouth of Pmhook Creek. One of lite parly in writing to the .Sentinel says:? ''The coast here Is very singular, and suggests the preseuco of volcanic action at eonio time in I he remote past. We looked upon it ns a favorable indication of tlio volcano we were in search of. The whole coast Is a mass ol rocks. One called tho 'Gray Mare,' forms a natural bath house, walled In ou all sides. * * * Tbe bod ol the river is a mass of rock, and, two miles from Its mouth, its whole volume is vomited up with immense force from tho yawning Jaws of a rifled rock. Here the rlvor proper terminates and theirconuncnces a Series ol sinks, which extend lor twenty miles back. MB. ROSS IN VERMONT. Tlio Burlington (Vt.) Free. Frets says tbat on Monday evening last Mr. Christian K. Ross, of l'hihtdclpbia, father of tho long lost Charley Ross, was summoned to Burlington to Identify a child supposed to lie his hoy. The child proved not to be his. however, and Mr. Ross went homo on tho nine o'clock train, again disap pointed. Tho (acts in the case appear to Im as fol lows;?Two persons, not claiming to bo detectives, ouo making an absurd masquerade in female dress. en mo to Burliugtuu last week and placed under espionage tlio houso of a Mr. Boyle, on North Bend street. Mr. Boylo removed them some mini lbs ago, bringing with him his seven year old son, William Boyle, who is represented as hearing a marked resemblance to tho photographs of CharleyItuss. After shadowing tho faintly lor a few days the astuto detective sent lor Mr. Ross, with the result above staled. Tho Boyle boy Is possessed of un common musical abilities, and was to give a concert at City Hull, on Monday evening, but this was postponed on account of the alhtir. Mr, Ross went upon the stage, apologized to the lew present lor the irouhlo he had occasioned, nnd gave Master lloylo a photograph of llkurlair am! a till hit" OUR NATIONAL CURRENCY. Nbw Yobjc, Sopt. 30, 1875. To nil Editor or this Hxuald:? . The coune of your Independent Journal on the vital question* of the national currency, its expanstou and the resumption of specie payments, is entitled to the approval of all who desire a return to a sound Anauclal condition and a revival of tho commercial, industrial uud material Interests of the country. ? In tho present state of the nation it is in tho highest dogree osseutial that correct views should bo presented to the people iu order to contribute to sound opinion, dispel tho sophistries of tboso who would mislead them in regard to paper money and to the dangerous illusion that a "nutioual debt is a national blessing." The dlssominution of truth will do much In the com ing Congress to uid In the enactment of such Just laws as will afford the best and most permanent relief to our country. I have no higher ambition than to unite in such lauduble efforts. We have passed through a great revolution, and tho result of that revolution Is still iu progress. Tho changes demanding public attontlon are integrity In political positions?on this point all are agreed except those who are held together by tbo "cohesive power of public plunder"?and also economy In the administra tion of public all'airs. As tho pcoplo are learning tho hard lessons of retrenchment and self-denial so must they oxact from those holding olQcial places tho samo rigid economy. But, above all oXlsting issues, the present embarrassment of our llnnucial and commercial Interests demands se rious and profound attention. Capitul lies Idle in the vaults of tho banks and is offered at lower rates of in terest than at any other period in tho history of this continent, while multitudes of men and women, to an extent also hitherto unparalleled, are presenting that 1 ?saddest sight on earth," of being able and anxious to work, but unable to llnd work to do. Tho people are vitally lntorestcd In a return to a specie basis. The paper they now receive for services, dally toil and gegmral business purposes is worth only Pigl'.'.y Uve cents on tho dollar through Its depreciation to that oxtcnt below gold valuo, which they pay for nearly all tho articles required for daily use, nnd by an expansion of tho currency will he further lessened in value. No sophistry can long dcludo them, while a vigilant press penetrates tho romotost part of tho coun try, into a belief that depreciated and inconvertible inouoy Is thu best curroucy. Tho rebellion was precipitated on the country unex pectedly to the party iu power, who were slow and unwilling to comprehend its magnitude. Whilo tho North believed that the crisis would rapidly pass over tho South mistakenly supposed tho North would yield to its demands. Tho battle of Bull Bun, when tho capital Itself was endangered, in part dissolved the illu sion on both sides; hut the financial errors whirh had taken root were destined to ho worked out to their logical results. To understand th- riUluro of the di,e?e nmv prey)ttg upon the vitals of the country wo must refer to its origin nnd traco its progress In the light thrown upon it by the decisivo lessons of the past. At the extra session of Congress in July, 1801, it was j simply indicated that, in view of tho expocted brief duration of tho war, the government would make a loan of $ 150,000,000 in gold from the banks of Now York, Boston and Philadelphia. Before the 17th of November, in tho samo year, tlioy had actually ad vanced $140,0'JO, 000 in this form, and their system was so strong that after tho last part of the loan had been nearly or quito paid tho gold nnd silver in the banks, which had at tho beginning been loss thnu $50,000,000, was $42,003,000. Thespecio for a long timo returned to tho banks In the ordinary courso of business. Even in tho beginning of January, 1802, specie nnd paper money yet remained of equal value. At that dato due sagacity and prudence would have prompted the instant adoption of a system of adequate taxation and other well considered and suitable measures of pro viding for tho expenditures of tho war. Tho govern ment having by its own action rORCEO THE HANKS INTO SfSPKNSION, authorized, on the 25th of February, 18ti2, a large issue of "legal tender," receivable "lor all debts except du ties on imports and interest on tho publlo debt." Iu those notes tho distinction was, for tho first timo In history, made by a government between specie and its own paper, iu discrediting its own currency by recog nizing its inferiority to the precious metals. The gov ernment, having fanned tho fire of speculation by tho terms <>r the original uotos, which wore exchangeable for United States six per cent bonds, withdrew oven this right of redemption after July 1, 1803, and, more auxious to produco a seemingly low Interest than to protect tho people against an actual depreciation of the national securities, which rcachod tho low rato of 35 cents on the dollar, mado un Inglorious and sui cidul effort to raise loans at Ave per cent. The cur rency continued to bo further Inflated without any pro vision for converting it into interest hearing bonds, until by the 30th of Juno, 1804, tho natural fruits of tho mistaken policy became palpablo to Its advocates. Tlfo currency and other temporary loans amounted to ever $1,125,877,034, and at this crisis Mr. Chase, in despair, resigned tho Secretaryship of the Treasury. Ttie administration having created a market for gold, with a constant supply and demand, through paying in terest on bonds in gold and refusing to receive Its own notes in payment for duties on imports, tho Congres sional majority, by joint resolution, increased the pre viously extravagant duties to thoamount of fifty percent on all articles, indiscriminately, for sixty-three days, ending with the 30th of June, 1804. Gold rose rapidly and enormously; or, rather, too Currency correspond ingly depreciated. Congress, alarmed, passed a "Gold NIV approved Juno 17, 1864, with the vain hope of prohibiting tunc contracts for tho sale of gold. Tho ill-advised step only added furl to the tlamo. Its result was a temporary closing of the Gold Boom, leaving pur chasers at the mercy of individual dealers; and next, a uiania of speculation, during which gold reached its maximum of 285, tin- actual premium having more than doubled within about two months. The pernicious ellects of these glaring violations of commiili sense and political economy wore so imme- - diatcly obvious that both acts were short-lived, the Gold bill being repealed fifteen days after Its passage. Instead of wantonly diluting tho currency nnd wil fully diminishing Its value so as to tempt purchasers ol bonds, "flouting the debt" nominally at par, hut really fur liolow it, a strong specie reserve slmuM have been molntalned and tho paper dollar kept us nearly as possible at its par value. France is an example worthy of studying In this con nection. Throughout her recent great war her currency was never permitted to rcacli a discount of over two mid a half per cent, whilo our "legal tender" la yet ut a discount ranging from twelve to fifteen per cent. Our government borrowed and dissiputcd the speclo held by tho hanks, nnd paid away its own instead of keeping a reserve, which would have kept up the value ol our note circulation. The Secretary of the Treasury, with tho hope of reducing interest, caused an immense depreciation ol the currency and brought u|>on us a long train of disasters. His was the policy of selling bonds at one-half or one third of "ilioir luce," for thu sake of saving one per cent Interest. Comparo this action with that of France, who, on tho con trary, arrested speculation by advancing tho rato of interest through her banks, nnd kept down prices, thus encouraging exports and enabling her pcoplo to buy at fair prices. Hit fluanciul policy was the reverse of ours and the result was more propitious, The practical example she now gives Is that, by means or un enlightened and moderately liberal commercial policy, and by maintaining a large reserve of specie In her banks, she circulates, free of discount, a nominally inconvertible paper currency U) the amount of over $500,OUO,000. Although, owing to the unparalloieil natural wealth of our country, tho results or defying the positive laws of political economy were long de layed, the time necessarily camo when the speculation^ thus set afloat were subjected to tho inovitahlo test of realizing money from them. The administration had transferred its financial agencies to men who had been foremost in advocating Its sophistries. The lead ing and most trusted advisers and co-operators of the government in Ita fltiancial affairs became the most conspicuous speculators. The system signiilcuntly cul minated in the failure of the houses which had been most highlv favored and trusted by the administration. A run for deposits almost immediately followed. The sixty banks of Now York were liable for $200,000,000 to their depositors. The hank loans throughout tho United States far exceeded those of auy other date, mid the ratio of cash to deposits and circulation waa then, as it had been for (lis two previous years, less than at uny other time during the last forty years. In New York, within a little more than three weeks, tho "legal tender" reserve was reduced from $34, JOO,000 to less than $fl,Uoo.(M)o. The securities on which the "call loans" had been made became un salable, except at ruinous prices. The read ion was so disastrous to the railroad Interests Hint boud? lo tho amount ol $567,028,639 were in deflnrit and considera bly loss than half or I lie railroad stocks in the whole country paid dividends, emailing losses and ruin on multitudes of innocent sufferers. The number ol bank ruptcies iu 1x73, as also in 1^74, exceeded that over before known, except in 1861, the year when tho memorable destruction of trade ami capital wua caused by the war. Some are under tho Impression that tbo currency has already been very largely contracted. In support of this theory reforence Is mado to the temporary loans, certificates of Indebtedness, Ac., existing in 1865, and afterward funded. These were in no proper sense tho currency of the country. If they were they would simply prove that contraction on a vast scale cau bo rapidly made without injury to tho people, the panic not having taken place until eight years afterward In 1860 the paper currency was $207,100,000, but in lt?6 the outstanding circulation had Increased to $648,806,000. and on July L, 1875. to $727 lUt) Mil ex elusive of over $41,000,000 of fraction* currency, showing an increase of $"*,000 000 since 1*40. Thu currency is so redundant that during the post year, notwithstanding thu power to expand under existing laws, there has been a voluntary withdrawal of the circulation to the extent of about $10,000,000, In 1707 the itonlc of England bogan, under authority of Parliament, to issue excessive amounts of notes, which the Loudon merchants agreed to receive at par. ICveu this could not prevent their depreciation. In 1*14 a liritisli ''gold bill" was passed, enacting that "the taking of gold coin at more titan its value or bauk notes at less shall be deoiiiud a misdemeanor." It was as ineffectual as our own. The iiotes remained below par for nineteen years. At last the celebrated "Bullion Committee" was appointed by Parliament to investigate the calami* tous condition or British financial atTairs. Its main conclusion was that "tho country ought to bo brought Itack with as much speed as is compatible with a wise caution to the nrig.ii.il principle of cash payments at the option of the holders of hunk notes. " The follow ing axioms were regarded us incuntrovertibiy estab lished :? "If gold is at a premium in paper the paper is redun dant and depreciated. The premium measures the de preciation. "If the inferior currency bo removed the exchanges will be turned, the overflow will stop, and ii any vacuum is created gold will flow in to supply it. "A better and a worse currency cannot circulate together. Tho worse will drive out the bettor." In eight years afterward the public hud boon in structed by tho logic of events, and, with few excep tions, tho truth ol ilie doctrines held by ihe committee was univvr-ally admitted. Robert Peel himself?al though ho hud held tho opinions of tho previous Par liamentary majority and voted with it?became one of tbe most distinguished advocates of the committee. France, Austria, the l ulled States and othor coun tries have had kindred bitter oxperiouco l'rom the de preciation of their currency. Thoro is a great shriukago in business, and no Impor tant revival can ho oxpccted until a new lluuncial sys tem which will deserve and receivo public ooufldonco is fairly begun. In proportion as there is u cry for intla tion, capital, proverbially timid, seeks for safety, with draws Irom enterprise, and ret uses to employ la>bor. Until the future lliianclal policy of tho government is permanently settled there will he no real revival of tho commercial and general prosperity of tho country. Tho present tune is the most opportune we have had since inflation began for making vigorous preparation for specie payments. The premium on gold lias born redyced by commercial causes, upart iroin legislation, troin 1*5to twelve or seventeen per cent, thus indicating thai the remaining stops to gold at a pur rate with notes can gradually l>e salcly retraced, by no extraordinary amount ol statesmanship, provided it is sincero and persevering. .Since the war began tho circulating medium has increased three times us fast as the population. in New York the accumulation of money and thu low rale at which it may be bad are un precedented. Largo exportation of gr;p,n lo Europe from this side of the Atlantic cxfk't'iod. Our im bSYO shrunk. Tho peoplo them selves are more than usually free from debt; aud lust, but uot loast, is tho oncouragiug fact that their minds have been long und carefully prepared by an increasingly intelligent press, never be fore so sound and well inloriued on liuaiicial topics, to take more than superllcml views of tho situation. If the government should authorize the purchase and can ct Hat ion of some uiuderato amount, say $1,000,000 per month ol the legal tender notes, and authorizetne Secre tary ol the Treasury to sell live per cent bonds of the United f-tates to provide funds for that object, the tlrst great steji would be taken toward resumption without injury to the financial aud business interests of iho country. 1 propose that the ,at0 udj'iy.11! Of conlffif/ii'.'S 5-2li or SO gradual that Congress can ?? excuse lor again intervening. Rigid adherence to such a course wouiu termination to return to a sound ba.-is. Tho absence of tho inferior currency would be gradually supplied by tho superior, the problem as to ilio method of resump tion would i?o solved, aud thu system work itself out bv u natural process, while individuals* and tho banks would have ample lime to prepare for a new condition of affairs. Business being thus adjusted upon the new basis, confidence would return, and with it prosperity would soon prevail Tho act of January 14, 1*75, should ho modified lu.conforunty with this view. Very respectfully, ELIJAH WARD. AMERICAN NEGROES IN ENGLAND. HOW A JUBILEE SINGER FOUND THAT HE WAS A FREEMAN FOB THREE MONTHS?SOCIAL DISTINCTION. T. J. London, one of the American Jubilee Singers now in England, writes to the Pittsburg Qauettc as fol lows :? I have never known practically tho meaning of tho word freedom in its highest senso but three months iu my life, and though it is with shame for my own boosted land of Iroedom I say it, yet it is true that those three months have been spent in Great Britain. And 1 now utllrm lluit no black man, born and raised ip the United Stales ol America, can realize what it is lo bo absolutely lree. And 1 further assert that no black roau in America can realize what ho suiters, and what a depressing and humiliating influence his manhood and higher nature is under until lie is able to rlso above and breathe an atmosplicro un tainted by ttie deadly und polluting poison of American prejudice. Think what it would no to bo able to go to any hotel, restaurant or confectionery, or any place ot amusement, and not simply to be able to make your way in at the point of some law. but to be abso lutely welcomed?no better, but just tho samo as any other man who pays his money?and then not tii be stuck away in some bole or corner, lest some of tho other customers will see you ami become indignant be cause a "nigger's" tnouoy pays lor just the sauie as hia does, and i? just us gladly received! II it is possible, just imagine what it is to be from home at meal time, und without the slightest hesitation, walk into any res taurant or eating house, and get what you want, with out any uuo to make you iei 1 uncomiovuble, and not t> > compelled to walk by hall a dozen or more places in order to tlud some man who dares defy public opinion at tho risk ol tiis busintss by letting you have, in soma secluded nook, wnat you want, and taking your money for it. It you go into a store for goods liic clerks da not all suddenly get too busy to wait upon you, and cost a significant siuiic at the one, who after all, is compelled to wait on you, or who happens to bo just as willing to wait on you as any one elao, as If to say:?"Ah! you have to wait on a nigger," as Is very often the case in America. If you enter a "bus" and there is no American (I meau whitej thore is no one lo draw up her dress least you black it, or turn up his nose or look scorn fill at you. It for any reason you walk the stroels with a white per son of either sex, no one says, "Look at tho nigger with u white person," or looks upon tho one with you as if hencoiorth they aro to be regarded us lepers. Perhaps somo will i-ay thut this is because wo aro "Jubilee Singers." II so, to such 1 would reply, I will it Jubilee Singer in America before I was iu England. How different was their treatment here, for tbroo weeks they sang in one of Mr. Moody's meetings. A hall hud been built for him in the east of London, with Beatings for about 1J.0UO. The choir consisted of about 100 persons. Souls were assigned to us in front and next lo the stand. Every member of thu choir re ceived us with ilio utmost kindness, and instead of try ing to insult us, they tried in every concoivable way to make us feel welcome, and near ihe close of the series of meetings a tea was given for the stewards, officers and choir, about 175 in uil; wu were invited. Wo spent uu hour or more socially w itli them before tea, then promiscuously ilio ladies aud gentlemen coupled them selves off, and arm in arm went into the tent to par take of tlio sumptuous repast provided lor tiiem. No two or tho Jubilees sat together, aud no one was there to insult or in any othor way make us led unwelcome. We were simply trcatod as any while people would have beeu under tho same circumstances. Wo stopped one day in Loudon, sl a fine private boarding house in Queen's square. While we wero there, or rather the day wu gut there (for wo were out at the time ol which 1 now speak), a man from In dians camo there nnd engaged board for himself and family. Ho sent his luggage and was lo come himself tho next day. But when they came the next morning we were just through with our morning devotions, and, of course, ait in the house. They walked in and saw us and walked out und lell us; went-two doors below and sent for their traps. The landlady did not know what on earth to tinuk of such conduct. Wo know; but, for our country's sake, we wero ashamed to toll her. But had tnoy known it thev need not have goue, lor we left in a couple of hours ourselves. On reaching the station (or depot, as you call it) we saw a tall man aud woman, whom we suspected ol bmug Americans. Soon our suspicions wero continued when we saw him looking alior some ponderous trunks marked "Kv." We resolved to have some fun at our friend, brother and fellow-citizen's expense. So, as there sre eleven of us, we could pretty well liavo one in each of the flrst class compartments of tho train, and tho last I saw ot our good Ken tucky brother ho was hurriedly passing from ouo comparimont to another, evidently look ing for a Hrst class compartment with out an "Infernal nigger." Whether ho suc ceeded or not I um unable to say, hut 1 know we got to Edinburgh "Just the same, "and we stopped at Dai ling's Regent Hotel. ? first class temperance hotel, where may bo seen floating from the flagstaff the Stars and Stripes in honor ol oar presence, gorao ol us have been looltali enough to think that svine of our fellow countrymen, of whom there aro many in the city, feel like tearing it down when they come to learn lor whom it is hoisted, and And that it is lo do honor to negroes. A GOOD JOKE ON HAMILTON WARD. "Ex Congressman Ward, of 'Grand Old Alleghany,"' says the Elmira GaxetU, "happened In the city yester day, and remaining over duriBg tho aveniug, in com pany with a republican friend strolled up to the City Hall to see how things were at tho democratic caucus. The crowd was thick about the doors, and iu iho Jam Mr. Ward became separated front his friend. Strug gling alone in tho crown that surged and pressed about him, lie neared the foot of Ihe stairs leading to Ihe hall, where he was grabbed by three or four excited ticket pedlors, who shouted in his ears, 'Got yer ticket all right?' Tho honorable gentleman from Alleghany was not a little takou back at a salutation so warui and familiar, hut managed to reply, '1 am not a voter, gcnile inen.' Instantly canio the response. 'That don't uiakn any difference. Hur's yor ticket, put 'or right in!' 'But,' protested tne ox-Congressmau, 'I'm a stranger in the city.' 'Oh, yes,'was the respouse, as lio was shoved vigorously ahead. 'We know you?you belong to that Hiimply Durapty troupe. It's all right, old fol low ; shove'or right in.' Under these circumstances It it Just to infer that the houorablo gentleman must have gone right up and voted, and as the republican party is opposed to 'reform' on principlo, it s n it a hard matter to guess what kind of a ballot the i Jt-Uon gressinan cask At least, with the keen sense ol humor possessed by tho ex Congressman, It is sate to say ht fully appreciated what may be considered as good ? iokeas anv Um uroot Fox ever tiuroosslv nnroetrsUMl "