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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY iNQ ANN STREET. JAMES GC DON BENNETT, rtifRlITOt NOTICE TO BSCBIBERS.?On and after January 1, .5, the daily and weekly editions of the ?? w Yore Herald will be pent free of post, THE DAILY iUALD, published every day in the ?/'??: Fonr eenta per copy. Twelve dollars ] r year, or one dollar per month, free of p ? age, to subscribers. All business or i w s letters and telegraphic despatches must e addressed New York Herald. Letters and pa. ayes should be properly sealed. Rejected comn uications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFI( i OF THE NEW YORK HERALD Nl) 16 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE VVENUE DE L OPERA. Subscriptions a. advertisements will be received and forv rded on the same terms as in New Y'ork. VOLUME XI SO. 2S? AMUSDIt.XTS TO-NIGHT. OLYMPIC THEATRE. No. (124 Broadway ?VAi. t-TY, U6 P. M ; clone* at 10:43 EARS THEATRE, Broadway and Twenty-sind street.?THE MIGHTY DOL LAR, at 8 P. M. Mr. ..ml Mrs. Florence. GILMORE'S SI MMER GARDEN, late Barnnm's Hlpp-drome.?GRAND POPULAR CON CERT, at 8 P. M , cio.es at 11 P. M. METROPOLIT AN MUSEUM OP ART, go 128 Weal Fourteenth street?Open Irom 10 A. M. to 5 TIVOLI THEATRE Bighth street, near Third avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. FIFTH A\ EM'K THEATRE. Twenty-elchth str- et, near Broadway.?OCR BOYS, at 8 P. M. . cluecs at 10 :Su P. M. COLONEL SINN'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn.?VARIETY, at S P 3d., ulo.es at lo .45 P. M. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?ON HAND, at sf M. John Thompson. nOWE A CUSHINQ'8 CIRCUS, Eighth avenue and Forty-ninth street.?Performances day tad evening. WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadwav. comer of Thirtieth street.?MAZEPPA, at 8 ' M.; closes at 10:45 P M. Kate Fisher. Matinee at 2 V. M. TONY PAST. R'S, Jos. 585 and 587 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. 31. LY'CECM THEATRE, fourteenth street and Eighth avenue.?French Opera uouSe?GIROFLE-GIRO FLA, at 8 P. M. THIRD AVENUE THEATRE. PArd avenne, between Thirtieth and Thirty-fimt streets. ARIETY, at 8 P. M. GERMANIA THEATRE. Fourteenth street, near Irving place.?EHRLICHE AR BEIT. at 8 P M WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteenth street.?THE OVERLAND JOUTE, at 8 r. M.; closes at 10:45 P. M. Mr. John Gilbert, diss Ada Dyas. PARISIAN VARIETIES, sixteenth street and Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. DARLING'S OPERA HOUSE, fwentv third street and r-lxth avenue.?COTTON A REED'S JEW YORK MINSTREL.--, at 8 p. M.; closes at 10 P. 31. THEATRE COMIQl'E, Jo. 514 Broadway ?VARIETY, at 8 P. M.; cloaea at 10:45 V. M. ? ______ SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, Jew Opera House, Broadway, comer of Twenty ninth street, U 8 P. M. AMERICAN INSTITUTE, third avenue and Sixty-third street.?Day and evening. BOOTH S THEATRE. Twenty third street and Sixth avenue?English Opera? BOHEMIAN GIRL, at 8 P. M. Miss Clara Louise Kellogg. QUADRUPLE SHEET. (JEW TORI, WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 13. 1875. From our reports this morning the prtfxibUUies ire thai the weather to-day vciU be clear or tartly cloudy, xcith frost The Herald by Fast Mail Trains. ?News lealers and the public throughout the States of New York, Netc Jersey and Pennsylvania, as ceU as in the West, the Pacific Coast, the North md South'rest, also along the lines of the Hud son River, New York Central and Pennsylvania Central Railroads and their connections, trill be pipplicd vHh The Herald, free of postage. Extraordinary in&scernrrts offend to newsdealers Vy sending their orders direct to this office. Wall Street Yesterday.?Rag money was worth Ho. 84. Gold closed at 116, after early tales at 116 1-2. Stocks were weak and lower. Continued decline in Missouri Pa cific was the feature. Money on call was easy at 2 1-2 and 3 per cent The Straits of Magellan, it is fearod, will cause a war between Chili and the Argentine Republic. The conquest of Patagonia ought to be next in order. The Races at Jerome Park yesterday were well contested, and though the attendance was not so great as usual it was excellent when the disagreeable weather is considered. Thf. Tammany Candidate for District At torney is practically a republican. He is the partner of Francis C. Barlow, and was for merly in the office of another prominent re oublican lawyer and politician. Judge Lawrence, of the Supreme Court, In a decision rt ported in another column holds that the voluntary enlistment of an in the militia of this State is as binding ?a the act of a citizen. This is right The obligation is <>ne which no foreigner need MNTOme, but, one* assumed, it should be en forced. The Graphic, an illustrated daily evening aewspapor, which has successfully founded i new school of journalism in New York, and the Arcadian, whose editor informs us that "high-echoed thoughts" may always be found "seated in the heart of court* sy," have boon sent to our Paris office, anil will be found on file. Poo* Kelly in His Tammany Convention eras like a bull in a china shop. Wherever he pat down his clumsy foot there was a breakage of china. When he arraigned Recorder Haekett for voting in favor of pay ing tie "fraudulent account" of Tracy, the Tammany keeper of the Ludlow Street Jail, Tracy himself sat under his eyes a member of the Convention that rejected Recorder Haekett, and, by the grace and favor of poor Kelly, a shining light of the Tammany Gen eral Committee. in# Ultlo Election?l>?*fVat of the In flutlonUta. The most important and exciting State election siice the close i t the civil war has resulted in the deb at ot Governor Allen and his associates ? n the inflation ticket, and the election of Mr. Hayes by a majority of not less than fifteen thousand. This is a blow from which the inflationists will never recover. It may be looked upon as a fortunate deliverance from a great political dung. r. "All the tears lie in an onion' vvti.oil the dem ocrats ot New York will shod over the defeat of their party in Ohio; for although the progress of democratic victories is ar rested, and a further humiliation awaits the party in Pennsylvania, the d< moeraoy are not so hopelessly damaged as they would have been by the re-election of < >vernor Allen. But although his del at i ? a sser evil to the democratic party than his election would have been on on inflation platform the rejoicing over this canvass will all be on the side ot the republicans. 'J hey have recon quered a great State, which they lost two years ago, and, what is mon mportant, they stand before the public as the successful champions of a sound en :ency, gaining a great moral as well as a gro. ' political ad vantage. They are fairly entitled to the ei?dit of having rescued the country from a great danger, and th. ir sn ? ess will have a decided influence on the sr. i .sequent elec tions of the present yi .r. For the sake of the country everybody should rejoice that inflation has nothing to show out its dead on the battle field. ? It is not difficult to trace the causes of this satisfactory result. The most important is the stupendous miscalculation of the Ohio democrats in presenting the inflation issue, al though in the eyes of demagogues this seemed at the outset a dexterous manieuvre. The basis of this calculation was the well known fact that a portion of the Ohio republicans favored inflation, and a large accession to the democratic strength w as expected from this source. That this estimate seemed plausible to the republicans as well as the democrats was proved, first, by the feeble and halting declaration on the currency in the republican platform, and, secondly anil more forcibly, by the re publican alarm in the early weeks of the can vass. So great was the alarm that the repub lican party tried to shift the issue to the school question; but. having no success in this attempted change of base, they returned with vigor to the proper battle ground of the campaign and thenceforward weakened the democrats every day the con test continued. As soon as they boldly grap pled with inflation their prospects began to improve, and during the last ten days the enemy staggered and reeled under their well dealt blows. iho first effect of the bolder tactics was to consolidate the republican party on anti inflation ground. This effect was as much due to party spirit as to sound reasoning, the party pride of the inflation republicans dis posing them to listen with favoring at tention to arguments whose "force could not be resisted when not obstructed by prejudice. Previously infla tion had not been a question between the two political parties, but a non-partisan question dividing both organizations and a sectional question between the West and the East. But when the Ohio canvass began to j grow warm, and the attempt to "make it turn on the school question failed, there was nothing left for the re publicans but to come to close quarters with the inflationists and to be bolder in the fight than they had been in their platform. They had no difficulty in turning the whole cur rent of party feeling on their side against rag money, and as soon as they were sure of their own voters the only thing necessary to success was to bring them all to the polls. According to the accounts there was a larger vote in Ohio yesterday than was ever before polled in the State; and a full vote was all the republicans needed when they w ere once past the danger of desertion on the currency question. They are indebted to the democrats for the extraordinary fulness of the vote. The issue presented by that party was exciting enough to overcome public apathy, even if there had been but little speaking, and the extraordinary activity of the democratic canvass operated as a chal lenge, which was taken up by the repub licans in every part of the State. No canvass was ever more energetic and thorough, and the interest which was aroused aided the republicans from the day that they felt assured that they would not be weakened by inflationist desertions. In the last days ot the canvass the democrats were as much alarmed as the republicans had been at the beginning. They made a futile change of front in the face of the enemy in the final stages of the battle by declaring that they did not advocate inflation but only resisted contraction and a forced resumption of specie payments. If they had not quick ened the emulation of their opponents by so bold and active a canvass they might have carried the State by republican apathy. The practical effect of this ostenta tious activity has been to stir party feeling to its profoundest depths and bring the whole republican strength to the polls. Hiis unprincipled and mischievous can vass has inflicted prodigious damage on the democratic party. It has stripped it of the wonderful prestige it gained by its brill i iant series of victories lust year, and its gains this year in Maine and California, and has arrested the inward flow of its tidal wave. It has divided, disorganized and demoralized the party, bringing its leaders into open conflict, creat ing a state of war between the democracy of the East and the West, arousing jealousies and recriminations which it will be difficult to allay, and which will destroy the party if they continue. It has practically united the republicans on the currency question, whereas they were beforo as badly divided as the democrats. It has identified a large section of the democ racy, including the party in the great States of Ohio and Pennsylvania, with a policy as odious and dishonorable ah the re pudiation of a gambling debt by an indi vidnal. This comparison concedes in behalf of the inflationist* that their estimate of public obligation* it* correct (a concession matte only for the sake of argument), and even from that point of view it exhibits their policy as detestable, for even gambling debts are paid by men of honor, and they would be ostracised from the Kociety of gentlemen if they repudiated them. At the very worst the inflationists can not consider the promises of the government as more destitute of obligation than gambling debts, and it is infamous to repudiate even these. .But outside of in flation circles the public engagements are not put on any such level. In the estima tion of the sound part of the community they are pledges of the public faith which most be' sacredly kept. The Ohio inflationists have brought odium on their party by mak ing it chargeable with a willingness to dis honor the government. This disreputable canvass and disastrous election have blighted the fairest hopes of the democratic party. With its worst elements led by a demagogue like Governor Allen, with Governor Tilden running the party in this State to promote his ambitious personal aspirations, and the prospect of a bitter quarrel and bandying of recriminations be tween their followers, the immediate pros pects ot the party are not brilliant. The democratic defeat in Ohio carries, as its in evitable consequence, a democratic defeat in Pennsylvania, and a diminution of the dem ocratic majority in Now York by the new hope and courage that will bo infused into the republicans. There is but one way to re trieve these misfortunes. There is no Balva tion for the democratic party but by making administrative reform the paramount issue, and reuniting the party in a stren uous opposition to the abuses which have prevailed in President Grant's admin istration. It was absurd to raise any other banner than one inscribed with reform ; but we trust it is not too Into for the democracy to be consolidated on that basis. The inflation issue has united the republicans on the currency question and widened the breach between the democrats. The only hope of the party lies in the action of the House of liepresentatives when Con gress assembles. If the House devotes itself to investigations and exposures, if it succeeds in dragging a great mass of hidden corrup tion to light and covering the administration with disgrace, the democrats may yet fight their way to power as the champions of reform. There is no hope for the party on any other issue. The Gambling Spirit. A study of some of the money columns of the New York papers is an unwholesome occupation. IVe cannot better understand the condition into which our business has fallen than by a glance down the long list of "stock sales" which are published every day. Here are thousands of "shares" sold from month to month, representing interests which have no sound \ lue. We glance through these columns and are surprised to find how few of the shares sold are of true value or in any way represent the business interest of the community. On the contrary we have large sales at "seller 3" and "buyer 60" and "on call;" in the main not busi ness transactions, but gambling speculation. Heading the accounts we find that "a few of the large buyers are closing up their interests." We are told that the reason one stock has fallen is "that there is an unsettled feeling in financial circles." Again, there is "a most plausible rumor" that a road has not earned its dividends. We are told that a "noted bear is credited with buying." Another writer informs us "that the absence of many of the operators at the races favored the sueces8of the bears." We notice still fur ther that eminent bankers "whose names were maliciously used by the rumor com mittee of Wall street, despairing of redress through the tardy action of the Stock Exchange, have employed private de tectives," and that the "matter is to be submitted to the Grand Jury." It is difficult to exaggerate the condition into which our Wall street affairs have fallen. Wall street is no longer governed by honest business men, but by gamblers. Good, true values are no longer bought and sold. On the contrary, we have "puts" and "calls." The literature of Wall street is the literature of gamblers. A "put" is as much a gam bling experiment as a game of faro or rou lette. Until there is a burning out of these interests, and a thorough cleaning of Wall street; until men like Jay Gould, who have neither conscience nor humanity, and who are vampires upon the business in terests of New York?until men of this kind, with their pretensions, their frauds, their schemes, their infamous trilling with the public credit, are driven out of trade, we shall have no honest, healthy business pros perity. Recorder Hackett knew poor Kelly's malignity when, ul'ter administering to him a scathing rebuke for his insolent demand to be allowed to fill the Criminal Court with his political tools, he added, "Possibly I may hereafter invite political animosity by this determination, yet while privately my sympathies are most ardent in their demo cratic tendencies, I should be recreant to my judicial independence and sense of dntv if I answered otherwise than I have now done." Hut the people of New York will tike care that poor Kelly's 'political animosity" docs not succeed in driving an upright and fearless Judge from the Iknch. The Complaint Aoainst District Attor ney Phelps of failure to indict an alleged defaulter which Mr. George Wilkes lias made to the Governor is assuming unexpected pro portions. If the facts are as alleged we can not see how Governor Tilden can escape the duty of removing thfe District Attorney from his office. A refusal to indict an offender is n very great offence in a prosecuting officer, and if Mr. Phelps lias failed in his duty in even a single case he ought not to escape the penalty of such unwarrantable conduct Jacobus Vandebbilt and John Kelly are both of a stripe. They want to have their own way. Ilut the people sometimes step in to prevent them. The New York and Ktaten Island ferry line will continue to run its boats despite tho Jacobus Vanderbilt monopoly, and Recorder Hackett will con tinue on the bench he adorns in spite of tho Jnhn Kvllv diotutorshiD? Poop Kelly and HU Hpenh. The address delivered by poor Kelly in the Convention at Tammany Hall preceding the nomination for judicial offices is a re markable illustration of the condition into which our New York politics have fallen. Here is a politician every dollar of wtyose money was obtained out of the public treas ury, who has given his whole life to politics, who has been constantly seeking or holding office, who presumes to dictate to the people of New York not only the names of their candidates for the offices, but to throw from the Bench and from high station officers who have served the people with honor, courage and fidelity. Wo do not re member to have heard a more ar rogant speech. We marvel that even tho delegates to this Convention, at least those who are not lost to all sense of self respect, did not rise and leave the hall in which they were treated more like slaves than like the representatives of a proud political party. But poor Kelly had his power and was resolved to wield it; so he not only imposed upon these docile, acqui escent, subservient "delegates," the men whom he had resolved to nominate to office, but made a virulent personal uttagk upon an officer who for a long time has held the chief position in the administration of criminal justice in New York. If our people are unanimous on any one point it is that John K. Haekett is an honor to the Bench. As ltecorder his administra tion has been a terror to evil doers. He has held his high place without yielding to blandishments or threats. As one of our contemporaries well remarks, ho will be elected by a large majority, although every thief, robber and cutthroat will vote against him. The general opinion in favor of Mr. Hackett's renomination was overwhelming. This was shown in public expressions, in all circles of society, in the newspapers without distinction of party, and more especially among those members of the demo cratic party who believed that tho suc cess of tho Presidential ticket would depend largely upon tho victory in New York. If poor Kelly was a patriotic demo crat, if he had seen in this canvass some thing higher than tho mere dispensation of a few local places, if he had believed in the triumph of tho democratic party in the next Presidential election, he would have risen superior to all personal considerations and given us candidates that would have assured an overwhelming snccess to the democratic party and to New York her proud posi tion as the Empire State of the democ racy. As it is, if the leaders of the anti-Tammany organizations, and espe cially the republican party, could have dictated the course of their opponents, they would have directed poor Kelly to do precisely as he has done. His whole nomination canvass might have been the work of General Arthur or District Attor ney Bliss directing the movements of their enemies in ordor to make their own victory secure. The administration party, which otherwise would havo been a mere fragment of New York politics, is now strong enough to command its own nominations and to make such an alliance with outside demo cratic fragments as to defeat the democratic organization in New York. The country will see not alone that Tammany has been beaten, b cause in the mysteries of New York poli iics the country is not deeply interested, but that tho democratic party has received a shock which will paralyze its influence in the ?oming campaign for the Presidency. Mr. Pcrkham'ii Letter. Mr. Wheeler II. Peekhr.m, who is a chronic candidate for office, whose name comes bob ling up at every convention in some shape ?r other, and who is either seeking office k-om Tammany Hall or seeking fees from Comptroller Green, has been induced to vrite a letter arraigning Itecorder Ilackett. This letter is a painful production. It shows that Mr. Peckham is endeavoring to ride two lorses. lie does not want to offend poor telly, because poor Kelly has references to five, controls the courts and dispenses pat t>nage ; ho does not wish to accuse Itecorder lackett, because in his soul he knows that the lecorder is free from any taint of corruption misdemeanor in office. Evidently Peck ljiin has been put under a severe pressure. 'Jho letter looks as if it had been written <vcr and over again, scratched and re Sratched, tho adjectives carefully weighed, t^e nouns pruned down, and all so changed ttat it could only bo the work of an anxious linn who had poor Kelly driving him on tte one side and was controlled by his >fnse of right on the other. We have pity tr Peckham or for any man in this position, it this is tho fault of becoming a vassal. If jeckham wero an independent lawyer he jould have said about Recorder Ilackett that is now said by every other member of he liar?ho would have paid a tribute to he courage, the honesty and the fair dealing jf the Recorder's official life in a direct, (old, manly way. Ho would have said that judge Ilackett has been tho safeguard of Very honest citizen, tho terror of every iief He would huvo told the Convention iat no act would create more, rejoicing in ing Sing than tho defeat of Judge Hackett y tho Tammany Convention. Ho would xvo reminded his hearers that Tammany as beaten in the height of its power by avemeyer and Gunther and nalpino and kncH, when its leaders, with much more ex jrience but not as arrogant as poor Kelly, jntured to trillo with the will of the people, it Peckham was unequal to any such occa >n, and his letter is a foolish attempt of a litician to keep on both sides of the quea n?to serve two masters, the domineering d of Tammany Hall on the one side and conscience on the other. 'hk P bo vision Market.?Elsewhere we lint some account of the provision market ijtliis city, collected by Herald reporters. 1 ces of meats fresh, salted and smoked? citinue high; tho tables given show that t y are considerably higher than last year, lero does not appear to bo an imrnc d to prospect of lower prices. It may bo a led, however, that, with the exception omeats, tho price of food is now" generally den or nearly down to the rates that ruled b jre tho war. We except, of course, fancy bnds and extra qualities, and speak of the I moral consumption. Th? Age of Mystery. We have been interested during the last few weeks in observing the sense of deep mystery and secrecy which has fallen upon our generation. Americans in times past were always a frank, open, conversational people, willing to talk about their affairs, discussing public men and ovonts with can dor and without reserve. We have never been disturbed by a police system like what we see in France hovering over every man's life and taking diligent note of the minutest events in his conduct. Nor have we been oppressed by any sense of caste or distinction between social classes like what we see in England. This recent spirit of secrecy and mystery and reserve is envelop ing the country to such a degree that we really seem to be little more than a con federation of Masonic associations. Nothing interested the people for some time more thoroughly than the probable action of the Tammany Convention. The people were anxious to know who were to be their judgos and rulers for the next term. Our reporters went to John Kelly and other leaders?nothing but a shake of the head, silence and mystery ! Politicians were naturally very anxious to know what the re publicans and democrats meant to do in the canvass, whom they would nominate and what steps they would take for victory. Our reporters visited Collector Arthur and Mr. Shafer?nothing but a shake of tho head, silence and mystery ! A day or two since it was reported that the Mayor had askod the Board of Police Commissioners to resign. The fact that wo were no longer to be hon ored with a Matsell and Disbeckcr in these high stations naturally enough alarmed the people, and as public servants we sent our reporters to the members of the Board to ask them how truo it was that they had been asked to resign?nothing but a shako of the head, silence and mystery ! Disbecker knew nothing, Voorhees would say nothing, and our reporter sought the august presence of the Mayor?all was silence and mystery! For two or three weeks we have been with out a Secretary of the Interior. All we know is that the Assistant Secretary is, according to tha newspaper despatches, "reforming everything." Naturally enough the country is anxious to know who is to preside over one of the most important departments of the government The President is off study ing the geology of the ltocky Mountains. Correspondents seek for information as to the name of the new Secretary?only silence anil mystery ! Jewell doii t know, iish won't speak, anil Grant, as is i.is habit, says nothing, ltuinor flies from name to nanio like a bird upon the wing, and our last au thentic intelligence is that the mysterious person who is named for this office will be in Washington and take his oath this week. If this were an Oriental country, if our gov erning powers were sultans, we could under stand the reserve which is shown by the men who have influence and authority. Hut is it not, after all, an insult to the people, this affectation of secrecy, this declining to talk, this silently, sullenly agreeing upon names for public -places and tossing them to the people at the last moment as though a bone wore tossed to a beggar ? Have we not the same rights in the government of the nation ? Has not the humblest .citizen in the country the same concern as the President in the name of the new Secretary of the Interior ? And has not the modest taxpayer in New York as much right to know who is to be the next Recorder as John Kelly or John Mor rissey ? Is not this feeling of reserve, this affectation of secrecy and silence, an evidence of the growth of that spirit of Ca sarism or of the few ruling the many irresponsible and for their own gain, which we have observed with pain in our country for the last few years ? _ Who Are These Men T We look down the list of candidates pre sented to us by poor Kelly for the most im portant positions in the gift of the people and naturally ask who are these gentlemen who claim the suffrago of the people? Judge Treedmnn is a well known magistrate, whoso record justifies the wisdom of the people. Judge Loew, whatever his merits, was never celebrated for his judicial qualities. His reputation depends more upon the success of his brother Charles as a politician than upon his administration of justice. As for the rest nobody ever has heard of them. Judgo Spencer returns to tho Bench with a fair reputation; but there are probably two thousand other lawyers in New York who have as much claim to this position and who would administer its duties as ac ceptably as Judge Spencer. If we go to the other parts of- tho ticket we see no name that at all represents the political or social influ ence or the greatness of New York. In other words, poor Kelly has nominated a ticket of pigmies. Beginning his political career in New York as leader of Tammany on the principle of bosom friendship he has forced his creatures into places and means to have no one in office who would not willingly, as a part of his official duties, take care of his boots and his linen and his clothing. Consequently the ticket falls dead npon the people. The Germans do not care anything at all about it, because they really have no representation among the candidates, savo a professional German or two whose nationality is only used for political advancement. The Irish ciuinot welcome it, because no leading mem ber of that race has any .recognition what ever. It is simply the expression of poor Kelly's porsonal will, and tho people of New York, who, however indifferent they may bo to politics, are not cowards or slaves, will strike it when they come to tho polls in November. Hospitai. Brutality is ono of tlin forms of abuse to which wo have frequently called attention, and the testimony of Mrs. Ilavi land before the Sonutc committee was only cumulative evidence of the truth of past charges. It is inexplicable that tho Board of Health should bo unable to obtain humane and efficient servants. Recoiwkb IIackjstt, in resisting poor Kelly's attempt to control the patronoge of tho Court of General Session*, speaks to the blundering "Boss" in this pluin language:? "I have been Recorder nearly eight years, and havo never before received any such inti mation even by implication. Whatover may have been the oolitical sins of former leaders In Tammany Hall, theynevor increased tlicm by evon suggestively interfering with the in dependence of the court in which 1 have tlia honor to bo a judge." Tile People'* Cundldates. The Republican County Convention has deserved well of the people of New York by its independent and patriotio action yester day. Meeting the popular sentiment in an earnest and sincere manner it lias pledged the party it represents to a disregard of all political prefer ences and considerations in a purely judicial election, and to the support of can didates who can command the confidence and respect of the citizens without regard to party divisions. It thus stands in direct opposition to the Tammany Convention, which, controlled by ono man, avowed its determination to place active parti sans in nomination for the judicial offices and throw overboard judges who had proved thoir fidelity and Rapacity through long years of service. As a fitting initiation of the movement thus happily in augurated the Convention nominated by ac clamation Benjamin K. Phelps, the prosent District Attorney, and John K. Ilackett, the present Recorder, for re-election. A resolution had previously been adopted declaring the desire of the Convention and of the party to unite all good citizens in the support of a pure, independent and able judiciury, and the nomination of Recorder Hackott by so unblemished and honorable a public officer as Collector Arthur was a graceful compli ment to the services and character of that upright and fearless Judge. The ticket hoaded by these nominees will be assuredly elected by the people. The evident desire of Mr. Kelly has been to place warm political adherents of Tammany Hall, and especially of his own r?ijime, in all the courts and in the office of the District Attor ney. Tho best word that could be said by the democratic organ in favor of the Tammany candidate for Recorder this morning was that he was a lifelong democrat and tho chairman of the Tammany General Committee of his district. This attempt to embrace all the civil and criminal courts and the criminal prosecuting offices within the influence of a political organization having within it all the vicious elements of the city is calculated to excite suspicion and alarm. It is full of evil portents, even though the motives that prompt it may not be intentionally bad. In endeavoring tc drive Recorder Hackett from the Bench, and in naming a confessedly weak man, easily controlled by his party friends, for District Attorney, Mr. Kcdly has invited a criticism of his woi;!f which may be even more severe than ho deserves. The result of the election ol his ticket would be to deprive the city of the services of tried, fearless and capable officers, and to place the two most important positions in the criminal juris prudence of the city in the hands 01 inexperienced men but warm partisans. It is the interest of every good citizen to oppose and defeat such a result, and the action of yesterday's Convention renders it almost certain that the people's candidate# will be triumphantly elected. An Excise Commissioneb makes a very funny witness. Commissioner Marshall tes tified yesterday before the Assembly Com mittee on Crime in favor of Bourbon and rye whiskey as the best liquor ever drank, and upon this liberal basis he attempted to ox plain the system of the Board in receiving money from applicants to sell liquor to allow them to sell for a time without license. Commissioner Stiner followed with the decla ration of his conviction that everybody who wanted a license ought to have it. When it js romembered that the Board of Excise is very proud of its investigations into the character of the liquor dealers the humor ol this testimony becomes all the more ap parent Poob Kelly Is Shocked at the idea .of sd pure an organization as Tammany Hall nom inating as one of its candidates a member ol the old Board of Supervisors. Yet ho made Jemmy Hayes a candidate last year and in sists on making John Fox a candidate this year. Both these old Supervisors were the activ$ supporters of Tweed and Hank Smith; but then both of them voted for poor Kelly's hanging and shaving bills and for all his extra fees. The Couuts are again invoked to delay the Tweed case, and tho lawyers are to earn more fees before the issue is tried upon its merits. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Secretary Belknap has returned to Washington. Senator Conkling will speak at Albany next Monday. JBrot Harte will reside in New York during tho winter. Wendell Phillips is evllentlythe right man In the money place. John Davis, son of J. C. Bancroft Davis, will be married to Senator Ercliugbuy sen'sdaughter in Newark next Thursday. Out West they are now praying, "Give ns this day our dally quiniue." Swinburne is writing a Greek tragedy. It begins? "Och I Molly McGlone." Lady Bugg is dead. She was a promising Kentucky filly, and "Ilcw away homo." J. Sterling Morton will be editor of the Chicago Timet while Mr. Storey Is In Europa Tho dairymen of Now York will have a building at tho Contonnial, and?cheese ill Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, whose death was feared, has been relieved, and Is considered out ol danger. John MeCullagb says that the story of Ralston's dissi pation was uutrue, and that tho great banker never had a wagon thai cost $600. This time Mr. Phillips Is called "the Lucifer of American politico." lie has boon considered a match fur m my people beforo to day. Professor Ttce, the weather prophet, is fanning up another little zopbyr. This timo It Is to blow great guns on tho 26th of December?Christmas! Detroit Free The French landlords fear Colonol Forney, believing from his talk that he own* ei, Linen iron dads and controls Congress, Tho Boston Traveler says:?"It 1* now positively as sorted that General Bartlett has divined the demo cratic nomination for Lieutenant Oovernor." The Shenandoah Herald says that "collin notices are not so plentiful as they were." The fact is that in these hard times fewer poople can aiTord to die. President (irant and party arrived in Chicago yester day afternoon and were driven to tho Palmer House, where the President held an Informal reception. Old Matthew Vassar built bis college without closet*. He said every girl could have two nails In her room one for her school dross and the other (or nor best dress. Ex Sonator Lyman Trumbull writes:?"I consider administrative reform and the limiting of the federal government to Its constitutional powers as the para mount txaoi'S of th* dav."