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JSTEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. ?On and after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New York Herald will be Bent free of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in tin yea& Four cents per copy. Twelvs dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage, to subsctibers. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York Herald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. ? Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. FARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OFERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLUME XL NO. 2^7 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. PARK THEATRE, Broadway ar,<l Twenty-second street.?THE MIGHTY DOL LAR, at 8 P. M. Mr. ami Mrs. Florence. GILMORE'S HOMER GARDEN, late Barnuni - Hippodrome.?GUARD l'l/l'ULAR CON CERT, at 8 P. M.; closes at 11 P. M. METROPOLITAN Ml'SEcm of ART, Mo. 128 West Fourteenth street.?1Open tr. iu l(iA. M. to 5 K M. TIVOLI THEATRE, Eighth street, near Third avenue.?'VARIETY, at 8 P. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twenty-eighth street, near Broadway.?OUR BOYS, at 8 P. M. ; closes at 10:3u P. M. . COLONEL SINN'S PARK THEATRE. Brooklyn.?VARIETY, at e P. M., closet at 10:46 P. M. BOWRRY THEATRE, ?owery.?ON HANI), at 8 P. M. John Thompson. IIOWK ,t CUSHINO'S CIRCUS, Eighth avenue and Furty-uinth street.?Periormances day ana evening. WOOD'S Ml FSBCM, Broadway, comer of Thirtieth street.?MAZEPPA, at 8 P. M.; closet at 10:46 P. M. Ktttu Fisher. Matinee at i ?? SI TONY PASTOR'S, Not. 086 and 587 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. LYCEUM THEATRE, Fourteenth street and Eighth avenue.?French Opera lloufie?GIRoFLE-GIKUFLA, at 8 P. M. THIRD AVENUE THEATRE, Third avenue, between Thirtieth and Thirty-first streets.? .variety, at8 p. m. GERMAN1A THEATRE, Fnnrteenth street, near Irving place ? EIIRLICHE AR JUSIT, at 8 P. M. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteenth itreet.?THE OVERLAND ROUTE, at ? P. M , closes at 10 -15 P. M. Mr. John Gilbert, Mist Ada Dyaa. PARISIAN VARIETIES. ."Sixteenth street and Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. DARLING'S OPERA HOUSE, rwentv-third street and Si cth avenne?COTTON A REF.B sew 'York Minstrels, at * p. m. ; closes at 10 p. m. THEATRE COMIQVE, No. 514 Broadway ?VAP.IETY, at 8 P. M.; closes at 10:45 V. M. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, N*w Oper* House, Bro?<lwuy, comer of Twenty ninth street, u e P. M. AMERICAN INSTITUTE, third avenue and Sixty third street.?Day and evening. BOOTH'S THEATRE. Twenty third street and Sixth avenue ?English Opera? (f AC'ST, at 8 P. M. Misa Clara Louise Kellogg. OLYMPIC THEATRE, ^o^634 Broadway.?VARIETY, at S F. 41.; closes at 10:43 STEIN WAY HALL, Tcnrteenth street.?"BLUNDERS.'' John B. Oougli. ASSOCIATION HALL, Twenty third street ami Fourth avenue.?READINGS, at 8 f. M. <iforge Vandenhoff. TRIPLE SHEET. KEW YORK, THURSDAY. OTOBER 11. 1875. From our reports this morning the jirotxihilities ire that the weather to-day will be warmer arul dear or partly cloudy. The Herald by Fast Mail Trains.?News leaiers and the public throughout the states of New York, Nerc Jersey and Pennsylvania, as cell as in the West, the Pacific (hast, the North ind Southwest, also along the lines of the Ihul *on River, New York Central and Pennsylvania Central Railrrsids and their connections, will be rupplied with The Herald, free of postage. Extraordinary inducements offered to newsdealers hj sending their orders direct to this office. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks declined iharply, lint near the close partially recov ?red. Rag currency was worth at the close >5.84. Gold advanced from 115 3-4 to 116 3-8. Money was easy at 2 1-2 and 3 per lent. Poor John Kelly makes a iuistake in en leavoring to get the Police Commissioners removed before election. Let them remain ahere they are, John, and then tloie will be ill the more thieves and ruffi, Ais at large to rote against Recorder HarketC Mm Gladstone, toe Carle Informs Us, lias assured his family that he will never re sume the leadership of the libeyil party. Ho may not formally do so, but it is hard to lee how he can be replaced while he remains in Parliament He is so far above his col leagues in ability that any of .them who as sume the leadership must be overffhudowod by bis commanding influence and talents. The greatest mind in the party is naturally its leader. The Tammany County Convention yester day met and announced John Kelly's slate for Coroner and Aldermen at Large. For the former office George W. Morton was named, and for Aldermen at Large Magnus Gross, John Reilly, William L. Cole and Samuel A. Lewis. The London Papers seem to lie unanimous in condemning the action of the Admiralty in exonerating Admiral Torleton and the Cap tain of the Iron Duke from all blame in con nection with the sinking of the Vanguard. The finding of the Court Martial in the case of Captain Daw kins seemed to call for an in vestigation into the whole case, but the Ad miralty shirks the responsibility of court martialing on admiral, and to make -up for its want of courage or partiality makes a scapegoat of the Navigating Lieutenant of the Iron Dnka Political and Pemonal Consequence* of the Ohio IClcctton. The Ohio inflationists and their sympa thizers in other States will not abjure their heresy at once, partly because it is not in human pride to make such a prompt acknowledgment of a blunder! but chiefly because the democrats who voted the in ?ation ticket were quite sincere, acting on convictions originally strong and fortified by the delusive arguments to which they listened in the canvass. But their final atti tude must not be predicted from what they may say whiliMsmorting under defeat and in dignant at what they regard as the treachery of their democratic brethren in New York. Although they may vapor for a while and "breathe out threatenings and slaughter ' they *will at last submit. It is* not probable that their hostility to Governor Tilden and his supporters will ever be over come ; but, although th< v are pretty certain to harbor their grudge until they get an op portunity to pay it off, they will not renew the inflation battle. ? As soon as their heads become cool after this exciting campaign they will see that the inflation issue could not again serve any other purpose than re venge and that they can wreak their revenge without reviving it When they have taken time to swallow their chagrin they will recognize the fact that Ohio is to be the pivot of the Presidential cumpaign next year, and that their only hope of recovering the State is by concert with the democratic party at large. Since Pennyslvania has shifted her election to November Ohio will take her place as the theatre of a preliminary test of the strength of parties. The party which carries Ohio next October will l?e likely to elect the President. The State election in Ohio will precede the Presidential election by about three weeks, and its result will foreshadow the coming event. Even this year it will have an im portant influence on the November elections, although there is little resemblance between this year and next, since, at present, the d> mocratic party stands on different plat forms in different States. Next year it will stand on the same platform in all the States, and a defeat in Ohio will be a defeat of the same principles which are supported by the party throughout the Union. Even this year the Ohio election determines the result in every State where the same issue has been raised. The Pennsylvania election was de cided on Tuesday in Ohio, as the New York election would also have been if New York stood on the Ohio platform. It would be as great a mistake to suppose all State elections of equal importance as it would be for a military commander to regard every square mile of ground as of equal value in conducting a campaign. By gain ing Vicksburg we gained possession of the whole line of the Mississippi; but there was no other point whose capture would have given us that commanding advantage. The Ohio State election next year will be to the Presidential campaign as Vicksburg was to all the points on the Lower Mississippi. When Ohio is carried a great deal else goes with it or soon follows. The republicans, having now regained this important State, have a chance of retaining it a year hence, and with it a mighty in fluence on the Presidential contest. It is all important for the democratic party to carry Ohio next year in October, of which there can be no hope on any such issue as has now been voted down. The democratic politicians of Ohio will perceive this as soon as the agitation of the late campaign has subsided, and they will not throw away all the chances of the party by persistence in this inflation folly. Their recent defeat is chiefly due to Mr. Schurz, who influenced Germans and liberal republicans enough to turn the scale. But Be did not appear in the canvass as a republican. He took pains to declare, in the introduction to his first speech, that he reserved his freedom to act with either party in the Presidential elec tion according to his sense of the public in terests. If the democratic* party should take ground on which he can stand Mr. Schurz is as free to win the German vote to the other side by his reasoning and eloquence as he will be to support the republican candidate if he should give* him the prefer ence. Both parties will court Mr. Schurz, but neither can gain his support against his convictions. He is therefore in a position to render a great public service by the influence he can exert on both parties. It will be in his power to give Ohio to either according as he approves its policy, and Ohio will next year be the key of the political situation. It is an easy inforence that the republican party cannot renominate President Grant. Mr. Schurz would not take part in a canvass for General Grant under any circumstances, and inasmuch as the republicans can retain Ohio only by keeping the German vote they cannot afford to drive Mr. Schurz to the other side. The result of the Ohio election renders General Grnnt's nomination impos sible on broader considerations. His only chance depended on such a widespread pre dominance of the inflation sentiment as would fill the business classes with alarm and make them prefer a third term to finan cial ruin. That dang* r is removed. In con scquence of the defeat in Ohio in flation will not be an issue in the Presidential ( lection, much less the leading issue. It is now certain that the contest of 1&76 will turn on other questions, and with the collapse of inflation perishes every chance of President Grant's renomination. Since that issue is dead there can be no set off to the enormous loss of votes which would follow an attempt to elect the same President a third time. We congratulate the country on this as well as the other conse quences of the Ohio election. Other Presidential hopes may, perhaps, bo extinguished, though not quite so speedily. The Western democrats are more likely to give up inflation than to forgive Governor Tilden. They will attempt to appease their resentment by defeating hiip- They have already published the threat, and will spare no exertion to make it good. Aided by their sympathizers in other States they can control at least one third of the delegates to the National Con vention, and under the two-thirds rule thnt is all they need to defeat Governor Tildon. They will reinforce their personal opposition with other reasons. They will say that New York has bad the last two candidates, ! and the last throe if General McClellan is in cluded, who resided in New York, though ; his summer house was in New Jersey. They : will claim that the West is at last entitled to that honor, especially since the party has had such mortifying luck with its long series of Now York candidates. This argument will have weight with many delegates who have j no personal objection to Governor Tilden. They will adopt his reform policy because it ! is strong in itself and the party cannot be united on any other; but he may not be | made the standard bearer. That can i only be decided hereafter. We are sure that the blighting of his personal hopes, if the blight comes, will make no dif ference in Governor Tilden's reforming zeal, for that would be a confession that he wooed reform for her dowry. If he loses the Presi dential nomination ho will "not bate a jot" of his reforming zeal "but keep right on," proving that he is not a mere politician but a true patriot. He cannot ignore the fact that, by a rule of more than thirty years' standing, it would require two-thirds of the Convention to nominate him, nor that his Western enemies are likely to be rein forced by many delegates who think New York has had the candidate so many times that the rights of locality require it to be given to some other State. He must .be san guine indeed if he thinks he can carry two thirds of the Convention against all the op posing influences. It has heretofore been thought a mistake for a Presidential candi date to come into the field too early, since it enables his rivals to combine against him. The jealousy of rivals, each of whom will have some support, is another obstacle to Mr. Tilden's getting two-thirds of the dele gates, and unless he secures two-thirds he might as well have none. His success, as a fourth candidate from New York, depended on his coming late into the contest and mak ing no enemies. His good fortune will be extraordinary if he wins the prize in viola tion of these conditions. Tin- District Attorneyship. Our city political circles were excited yesterday over a rumor to the effect that Governor Tilden had removed District Attorney Phelps on charges preferred against him by one of our citizens, and because of a certain "investigation" that has been going on under the supervision of a local political office seeking lawyer, a follower of poor Kelly and Tammany HalL This rumor was to the effect that the Governor had given the charge of the office to Francis C. Barlow, the former Attorney General. Of course the story was untrue. The Governor is not the man to trifle with an office so important as this, which comes from the people, and the in tegrity of which is essential to the adminis tration of criminal law. The Governor, as 'a political leader, knows that such an act would be to secure the re-election of the removed official by an overwhelming majc^ity. Even poor Kelly, who is about the greatest fool wo have had in city politics since the Dutch were driven from the island, would not do so absurd a thing, let alone a states man as discreet and as far-seeing and as con siderate of the people's will as Governor Tilden. Since this rumor has drawn public atten tion to District Attorney Phelps, and espe cially since his nomination to\he same office, we are glad to say that he has borne himself in his delicate and important office with dig nity, courtesy and firmness. He has been the sure dependence of the people. He has not draggled the office in the mire of poli tics. His record of convictions shows a de gree of industry worthy of all honor. Sur rounded by a thousand temptations daily, the most diligent scrutiny fails to show that he has ever swerved a hair's breadth from justice and duty. This "investigation" about which so much is written is only one of poor Kelly's exceedingly stupid perform ances. It is only a bit of political blackmail. It has not brought out a single fact deroga tory to the fame and worth of Mr. Phelps. Ilis election is as necessary to the security of the public peace and the vindication of an honest and able officer as that of Recorder Hacfeett. Every good citizen will vote for Hackett and Phelps. We Print Elsewhere an interesting letter from Hon. John Jay, formerly American Minister to the Aust*an Court. Mr. Jay complains that the American government has not invested the Centennial Exhibition with the dignity that should belong to it as a na tional event. He gives his reasons for this, .| and, in doing so, criticises the administra tion. The prestige of the Republic, ho thinks, is at stake, and as the Exhibition is "a matter of historic interest, where all nations are concerned and where all are at tentive watchers," the views of a statesman so distinguished as Mr. Jay are worthy of the most careful attention, especially by those in authority. We have no higher desire than to see the Centennial a success that will redound to the interests of com merce, the arts and civilization and the glory of the country, and there is no citizen whoso counsel and experience would contribute more largely to such a result than Mr. Jay. Tiif. Ktaten Island ferry war remains ii abeyance until the decision of the Court ii the matter shall have been reached. Mean while the Jacobus Vandcrbilt monopol; loses money. The ten cent boat make thoir trips with a short allow ance of passengers, while the popula five cent boats of Commodore Garner1 line are well filled. Thus far, therefore, th snporsorvicoablc Blunt has been an injur instead of a benefit to his friends of th Jacubus Vanderbilt line. The outrage com mitted unJer his authority has done mnc to set the people of Htaten IsJund firml against tho Jjreobus Vanderbilt party. 1 would benefit tho monopoly as much as i would gratify tho people if the Chamber c Commerce would secure Pilot Commit sioner Blunt's resignation. The Illinois Kd Kurx Assassins, John Rnlliner and Allen Baker, w ho have been on ;rial at Murphysboro, have been sentenced ;o twenty years' imprisonment. It is said ,hat others of tho gang, who are charged vith murder, will probably expiate their iffences on the callows. Poor Kelly a. a. Loader. If Poor John Kelly were an intrepid man, who occasionally did wild, blind things, we might excuse his speech at the Tammany Convention* as an act of temper ; but, on tho contrary, he proclaims the fact that this demonstration was his matured and wisest judgment. He tells us that he pre pared himself to attack Recorder Hacbett, and that his arraignment of that gentleman was not a spontaneous, passionate outburst, but the cold, deliberate, well-planned pro nunciamento of a political leader who is re sponsible 'for the success and discipline of ^ his organization. As a consequence the op- i position enter the canvass compact, ani mated by every assurance of victory. At the head of the ticket they will have John K. Hackett, the people's candidate. Poor Kelly is a stupid, silly leader, after all. His speech abounds in extravaganza, in a rhoda montade of follies. It is the speech of a ward convention ; of a man who has arisen in politics by managing wards and who for gets that he is now in command of a city. The great man of a downtown ward is a very small man in Tammany Hall, and poor Kelly's mistake is that of all men of his class, cul ture and capacity, who never get beyond tho old barroom caucus. He cannot become ac customed to power. He struts among the dele gates in Tammany Hall like a master among slaves. His speeches soumf like the crack of the whip. Around him are the servants of Tweed and Sweeny, who would shout as loud ly over the downfall of Kelly to-morrow as they do over the downfall of their old mas ters. We have never had a leader in Tam many politics who was so much a sham as this poor Kelly. He is not only a sham reformer but a sham politican. Ho lacks the first essentials of a leader?namely, a due respect for the feelings of those who follow him and a recognition of the pub lic opinion around him. He has succeeded in offending the interests upon which Tam many Hall rests for its success. He has given us a ticket without a single man upon it who carries any local weight, unless we may except Judge Freedman, of the Superior Court. The other men are simjdy names; they might have been picked at random out of the Directory. They have no following. They do not represent any integral parts of the democratic party. They are club men and favorites of this man and the other; pots of poor Kelly and Governor Tilden and vas sals of their power. It is the old business of bosom friendship over again which has al ready saddled the party and tho city with a number of imbeciles, and the people of New York, who at best have not tho highest re spect for the way in which our local politics are managed, will spurn poor Kelly and his organization by a decisive majority. The Aeiuigned Police Commissionebs, Disbecker and Matsell, appeared at the Mayor's office yesterday by counsel, and solicited a postponement of their hearing until Friday next The Mayor required the applications to be made in writing, and on granting them signified to the counsel that the trial must proceed at that time without further postponement. Additional charges have been made against the Commissioners since the transmission of the Mayor's letter. It is to be hoped that this farce will be con cluded on Friday and that the result will then be reached which should have been reached nine months ago. The Prehistoric Civilization of America. The mysterious solitudes of the great West, those trackless wastes of desert and moun tain, of deep woodod valley and rolling prairie which are embraced within the Terri tories bordering on the Mexican frontier, are slowly yielding up their secrets to the scien tific explorer. Strange as it may seem, there are many hundreds of thousands of square miles of oftr national domain which are as yet a terra incognita, so fur as our knowledge ?of their physical geography is concerned, and it is to special explorations, such as those of the Hayden Survey, that we are indebted for any information we possess of the topograph ical details, geological structures, flora and fauna and ethnology of these wild regions. Regarding their early occupation by man we are compelled to base our speculations on such positive evidences as are furnished by the works of human hands. Time and the operation of natural causes efface all traces of human existence except those which can re sist decay or withstand the action of the elements. Even such indestructible ob jects may be buried beneath the shifting desert. sands, as in Egyffc and Syria, or overwhelmed by volcanic eruptions, as at Fompcii and Herculaneum, or lost in the depths of dense forests which have grown from the seedlings scattered by the winds among the ruins of prehistoric cities, as in New Mexico and Brazil. The evidences being present that a civilization once existed in the midst of this continent, the skill of the archaeologist can alone determine its untiqnity by comparison and inference. A condition of civilization may be reasonably inferred when we find order, symmetry and ornament combined in the structure and arrangement of ancient remains. The first two characteristics indicate design and intel ligence governed by customs which have grown into laws for general guidance, while ornamentation indicates taste, a certain dc% gree of luxury and popular education, which created general appreciation of the beautiful in form and color. To these may be added the significance traceable in all works that have emanated from peoples who lived in communities and adopted material forms in the expression of their religious sentiments. All these condi tions of evidence are found in the remains on which we base our theory of the existence of a prehistoric civilization in America. In older to form an estimate of the antiquity of this civilization wo are again, in the absence of historical record, forced to speculate on its source, duration and relative progress with re gard to that of known peoples. The degree of civilization attained by the early inhabitants of Egypt and India can be readily under stood as shared by peoples maintaining an intimate intercourse with them, and as likely to differ, or rather to follow another course, when the means of intercommunication ceased. If architectural remains furnish any clow to this period we may call attention to a similarity between the earliest works of Egypt and those of the prehistoric peoples of America. The same crude massiveness of construction is oommon to both, evidencing the dawning knowledge of the principles oi the mechanical sciences among peoples pos sessed of extraordinary powers of perception. If wo succeed in establishing the early con nection between the inhabitants of Europe and America and trace their origin to a com mon source, the task of tracing the progress of the prehistoric civilization of the latter race loses much of its difficulty. We can compare its fate with that of one of a higher order of development in Europe anil at tribute its ultimate destruction to similar PooafJoHN Kelly got a hard hit from the Evening Post on his allegation that in eight years twenty of the cases trifed by Recorder Hackett had gone up to Albany, and his de cisions had been reversed by the Court of Appeals. We know nothing and care noth ing about that, said the Post, in substance, but we do know that a large majority of the Recorder's cases have gone up the river and stopped short at Sing Sing, and this satisfies the people. The People's C'andldnt? for Recorder. Some of our contemporaries have well said that the voice of the press faithfully repre sents public opinion, and the almost unani mous indorsement of Recorder Hackett by the New York daily journals must be ac cepted as a fair indication of the estimation in which that officer is hold by our citizens. The Times, which speaks for the great body of the republicans, embracing much of the wealth and respectability of the metropolis, says:?"The Republican County Convention has renominated District Attorney Phelps, and has selected John K. Hackett as its can didate for Recorder. No wiser choice could have been made than tRit of two candi dates who can point to a record of honor able and effective service on which to base their claims for a renewal of public confi dence. So far as the public are concerned the trnmpery charges against the Recorder have fallen dead. Their origin stamps them with discredit" The Sun says:?"It will do John Kelly good to find that ho does not altogether lord it over New York. Hackett is as good a democrat as he. He has made himself the terror of evil doers and the safeguard of social order, and the protector of life and prop erty against criminals. He is just the sort of Judge the people wish to administer justice to their enemies. John K. Hackett must be kept in the seat of the Recorder." The Star, in its blunt way, tells us that "All laboring men will vote for their friend, Recorder Hackett All thieves and felons will obey John Kelly and vote against Recorder Hackett." The Witness, which has no inter est in political parties, says:?"Last evening the republicans held their county convention. With a masterly zeal for the public weal and with a praise worthy disregard of party affiliations they nominated unanimously and with acclama tion Mr. John K. Hackett for Recorder." The Evening Post suggests that "while re electing Recorder Hackett the citizens may as well vote down the whole Tammany ticket; and to that desirable end we hope that a union of all honest and independent voters may be effected. Let the issue, which has been joined between one man and the people, be fairly and finally tried at the polls." The Evening Mail, which is entirely independent, says of the nomination of Recorder Hackett and District Attorney Phelps:?" These two nominations, in fact, made themselves. The best public opinion of the city has been for months settled on these two important officials a3 being their own best successors and the natural and inevitable candidates of all who care moro for the ends ? of public justice than they do for partisan objects." The Commercial Advertiser well says;?"It is needless to refer to the great services ren dered by Messrs. Phelps and Hackett in jneting out justico to the criminal classes, and their eminent fitness for the places for which they are nominated. The city never had two better officers. They are not the creatures of the leaders of a party who rely upon the most dangerous elements to good government for support and success." The Evening Telegram declares that "the people have more than once taught Tammany that it is weak when it arrogantly ig nores their wishes, as notably in the cases of Patrick II. Jones and Miles O'Reilly, and they will now proceed to teach that lesson over again." The fitaals Zeilung, the organ of the Germans of the city, says:? "Criminal law in our city exists for the pro tection of the life and property of our citi zens, %nd is of too much moment, and the endeavor of Mr. Kelly to fill our courts with his blind, submissive tools is too universally acknowledged, to allow our citizens to permit a tried and stern criminal judge to be sacri ficed to the whim and obstinacy of Mr. Kelly." With such a unanimous outcry from the press the election of the people's candidates for judicial offices is assured. Let the oppo sition to John Kelly's dictatorship take care that the rest of tlje ticket is well selected, and its triumph at the polls will not be a ques tion of doubt Recorder IlACKETr'sstinging rebuke of poor Kelly for his impudent demand to be allowed to fill the Court of General Sessions with ward politicians selected by Tammany com mittees and thus to secure control of the records and procoss of the courts as well as of the custody of prisoners, has in it the ring of the true metal. Here it is "If there ex ists an office which, more than any other one, should be utterly divorced from political con siderations, it is that of a clerk or deputy clerk of a criminal court. Even if disposed to throw open its books and records to a poli tician I could not do it, because the deputy clerk is not appointed by the judges of the Court of Gi nenil Sessions. The officers who escort and guard prisoners to and from the City Prison, and who guard them in court, and who to some extent control process, ought not to bo mere politicians, but such relialce men as the judges select." There Was a Breeze in the Canal Board at Albany yesterday. Treasurer Raines raised the question whether the Board had the right to try or suspend the engineers on the Eastern Division in the absence of formal charges by the State Engineer and the Canal Commi* sioner in oliarge. After a heated debate over an opinion of the Attorney General that the Board had jurisdiction it waH agreed that an examination should take place before any suspension is ordered. The Trae Ponltlon of the People. Our contemporary, the World, seems to us, in its zeal for the democratic cause, to make a mistuke calculated to weaken its efforts. It very forcibly exposes" the corruption and wastefulness which have, doubtless, charac terized some parts of the republican admin istration, but in doing so avoids mention ol the important fact that the democrats, where they had unrestrained power, were also cor rupt and wasteful. No amount of exposure of republican corruption, for instance, will make people forget the Tammany corruptions in this city. The fact is that both parties have, since 1800, become corrupt, and the people are tired of the old political leaders on both sides. They have just sent Governor Allen, Mr. Pendleton and Mr. Washington McLean to the rear in Ohio, as they sent a number of wornout and inefficient republican poli ticians to the rear last year in New York and Massachusetts. They are likely to go on in this way in other States; not out of hostility to the republican party or the democratic party, but out of a determination to iiing aside the unfaithful servants in both parties and put in power honest and efficient men. To voters who are of this mind, as we believe the mass of the people are at this moment, one-sided or partisan state ments are ineffective and suspicious. What they want is a complete statement of the facts, and on this an appeal can bo founded for a genuine reform, with a certainty that it will have their sympathy. It is a fact that the democrats where they have had great majorities in the last ten years have been corrupt, and in cities like our own shame lessly and desperately so. It is also a fact that the republicans, where they have had great majorities, have been corrupt, and in mafly cases shamelessly so. The vital fact in the discussion, however, is that while the re publicans have shown in their course in the South and in the fodoral administration ol late no capacity or desire for a sound reform the present democratic leaders in New York have shown great energy in this direction, have carried some important reforms, and have had the sagacity and courage to give the people, in the Syracuse platform, a dis tinct and admirable pledge of still.further reforms, all of which are needed. This entitles them to public support and confi dence in tho present campaign, regardless ol the fact, which it is in vain to avoid, that tho democratic party here was, until Gov ernor Tilden and his allies began to control it, corrupt and inefficient to the last degree. The Admiralty Instructions to command ers of British ships-of-war in relation to the surrender of fugitive slaves are given in another column, together with the cor respondence between the Admiralty and the Anti-Slavery Society. The storm of indigna tion which tho publication of these in structions aroused in England was so threat ening that tho Admiralty, as a cable despatch has informed us, hastily withdrew them. This is another of the many striking in stsinces lately furnished of the irresistible force of public opinion in England. The Interminable Pboceedings in the Tweed suits took another variation yester day through a motion for a stay of proceed ings until the appeal token by the defendant against the last two decisions of the Supremo Court shall have been decided by the Court of Appeals. The one decision re versed the order of Judge Donohue grant ing a bill of particulars in the six million suit, find the other affirmed the order of Judge Barrett refusing to reduce tho bail. How much shorter would be the defendant's way out of all this trouble if he would stop paying lawyers' fees and make restitution to the plundered city ! In the Sweeny suit Judge Lawrence yesterday rendered a deci sion refusing to order a bill of particulars. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Bromide of potassium cures hydrophobia in Franca Vegotarianism cures a desire for drinking intoxi eating liquors. Kx-Sonator Cole, of California, denies having com mended Pinncy. ? Admiral Semmos is raising honey. That Is not what he used to ra so. General Benjamin F. Butler, of Massachusetts, ar. rived in this city yesterday and Is at the Fifth Avenue Hotel The report is current In Cincinnati that Judge Tail has been olTlred the Secretaryship of the Interior, and that ex-Governor Denison is the President's noxt choice. A certain New York dry goods merchant, in want of ahoy, lately displayed tho following suggestive notice: "Boy wanted, that has fully rested himself and is not too intellectual." Baron Kdouard de Rothschild and Count Louis do Turoune, of Franco, arrived from Liverpool yesterday in the steamship Bothnia, and look up their residence at the Brcvoort House. The Alleghany Mail says?"Tho man who has a mort gage on hi i house or barn, and who votos for contrac tion, votes to pay that mortgage In specie, thus nearly doubling his indebtedness." Professor Richard A. P/octor, the eminent English astronomer, was among tho pussongers by the Tloam ship Bothnia, which arrived at this port yesterday. Ho Is staying at the Westminster Hotel. The Augusta (Go.) ConititHtionahit editorially replied to a reverend dress reformer thai the old gentleman had been striving all his life to go whero "tho beautcoud forms pin-back angels flit along tho street." A pious *Kock Island (111) girl swears In hor sleep. Tills is In illustration of that strange phenomenon that people sometimes dream and say In their sleep what tbey would not think or say when they awake. Ben Wade never swears In his sleep. At an auction sale of Chinese women it San Fran cisco, only Chinamen being allowed to purchase, tho most desirable damsol brought but $8, and one beauty, whose nose was a little out of plumb, fetched only tho ridiculous sum of sixty-five cents. Two thousand and fifty-seven persons live nt llam mcrfest, Norway, In latitude 70 deg. 2 rain. 3 see. Thin town is the most northern In the world. The peoplo have to get up at three o'clock to sco tho milkman slap his arms to koep his fingers warm. When the tomb of King John, of England, was opened tho regal robes and the features wcro In a re markable state of preservation. Someone placed hid hand upon the dress, when king and clothing crumblod into dnst That Is what Woodford did to Tom Ewlng. Boston Owrier?flaid a wife to hor husb&id"How Is It that you can't come homo nights in some sort of season 7" The gentle retort was:?"Yom got mo In the way of It. Before we wore married yon used to throw your arms about my nock at throe t>'c!ock, and day, 'Don't go, darling; It Is early yet,- bat now if I happen to stay out till two It Is a ton iblo aflalr."