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NEW YORK ITER ALP
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, I'BOPRIETOR, NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and after January 1. 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New York Herald will bo cent free of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage, to subscribers. All business or news letters and telegrnphic lespatches must be addressed New Yoke iT?iT.n Letters and packages should be properly tealed. Rejected communications will not bo re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD- NO. 4G FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will bo received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. rOLUME XL NO. 893 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. TTVOLI THEATRE, iighth street, near Third avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. PTFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twenty-eighth street, near Broadway.?OUR BOY3, at 8 O. M.; clonus at lu M P M. BOWERY THEATRE, i Jowery ?ZYKES THE SHOWMAN, at 8 P. M. John Thompson. HOWE A CUSHINO'S CIRCUS, Conrteenth street, opposite the Academy of Music.?Per Irmoncus day and evening. WOOD S MUSEUM, Iroadway, comer of Thirtieth street.?FRENCH SPY, at 8 f M. ; closes at 10 A5 P. M. Miss Kate Fisher. Matinee at I P. M. TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE, ?o?. 585 and o07 Broadway ?VARIETY, at a P. M. LYCEUM THEATRE. Fourteenth street and Eighth avenue.?French Opera Souffe?LE CANARD A TKOIS BECS, at 81'. M. THIRD AVENUE THEATRE, rhlrd avenue, between Thirtieth and Thirty-flrst streets VARIETY, at 8 P. M. GERMAXIA THEATRE. Fourteenth street, near Irving place.?EHRLICHE AR BEIT, at 8 P. M. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteenth street.?THE OVERLAND ROUTE, at 8 P. M.; closes at 10:45 P. M. Mr. John Gilbert, Miss Ada Dyas. PARISIAN VARIETIES, Sixteenth street and Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. DARLING'S OPERA HOUSE, Twenty-third street and Sixth avenue.?COTTON A REED'S <CEW YORK MINSTRELS, at S P. M., closes at 10 P. M. THEATRE COMIQCE, No^l4 Broadway ?VARIETY, at B P. M.; closes at 10:45 AMERICAN INSTITUTE, Third avenue and Sixty-third street.?Day and evening. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, New Opera House, Broadway, corner of Twenty-ninth street, US P.M. BOOTH S THEATRE, Twenty-third street and Sixth avenue.?English Opera? MARTHA, at8 P. M. Miss Van Zandt OLYMPIC THEATRE, No. 624 Broadway.?VARIETY, at S P. M.; closes at 1045 P. M. PARK THEATRE, Broadway and Twenty-second street.?TIIE MIGHTY DOL LAR, at 8 P. M. Mr. and Mrs. Florence. OTLMORE'S SUMMER GARDEN, late Barnnm's Hippodrome?GRAND POPULAR CON CERT, at 8 P. M.; closes at 11 P. M. EAGLE THEATRE, Broadway and Thirty-third street.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OP ART, No. 128 West Fourteenth street.?Open from 10 A. M. to 5 V. M. STF.INWAY HALL, fourteenth street?THE MESSIAH, at 8 P. M. Mile. Theresa Titiens. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, fonrteenth street ?German Opera? POSTILION DE LON 3LMEAU, at 8P. M. Wachtol. TRIPLE SHEET. SEW YORK, WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 20. 1875. The Herald bt Fast Mail Trains.?News dealers and 1he public throughout the States of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, as well as in the West, the Pacific Coast, the North and Southwest, also along the lines of the Hud son River, New York Central and Pennsylvania Central liailnmls and their connections, will be supplied with The Herald, free of postage. Extraordinary inducements offered to newsdealers by sending their orders direct to this office. Prom our reports this morning the prcjjabilities are that the wwither to-day will be clear or partly cloudy. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were firm. Pacific Mail and Lake Shore leading. Bag money was worth 8&75. Gold closed at 116 1-2. Money on call was easy at 2 and 3 per cent. Tramps.?The Board of Charities of Utica, N. Y., have found a practical solution of the tramp question in setting all the able-bodied stragglers applying for relief to breaking stones upon the public streets. This is the only proper method of treating what threat ens ere long to become an intolerable nuisance. The Canal Board investigated yesterday the alleged delinquencies of Deputy Engi neers Yates and Babcock. Deputy Attorney General Fairchild admitted that there was no proof of fraud on the part of the engineers. He claimed, however, that he had established that the work on the contracts was badly done. The Board adjourned to make an in spection of the work to-day. The War in Turkey.?Tbe insurgents are continuing offensive operations with apparent activity, the latest information being that they are about attacking Zubci, where the Turkish troops are concentrating and where a decisive battle is thought to Vie impending. Last week wo were informed the trouble was practically at an end. To-day we may re ceive details of a battle, to be denied the day following. So the seesaw continues. New Jersey's Veterans.?There is a legend that New Jersey, for a long time just outside of the United States, was, owing to the gal lantry of her sons during the war, thought worthy of admission to the Union. In cele bration of this fact, may be, and in memory of their achievements during the war. the Veterans of Elizabeth united in a grand jol lification yesterday at Waverley, additional interest being lent to the occasion by the presence of several ex-Confedarate officers. The Real Iaanea of the Local Con teat?Personal Abuse la the Cam paign. We regret to see a deposition on the part of two of our contemporaries?the leading republican and democratic organs of the city?to use the weapon of personal abuse in fighting the local battle of the campaign. Such a mode of warfare is always objection able. It thrusts aside issues in which the public interests are involved, and which ought to be calmly considered and intelli gently decided. It has been resorted to in certain quarters in reference to Governor Tilden and Mr. Bigelow, and has not helped the cause of their opponents in the State. In our local contest personalities are the more objectionable since the candidates to be elected are mainly judicial officers and Bhould not be dragged through the mire of partisan quarrels. The people are concerned in the election of upright judges and inde pendent, faithful prosecuting officers, who will not be swayed in the discharge of their important public duties by personal feelings or political considerations. They look to the press and to their political instructors to enlighten them as to the issues involved in a campaign, so that they may by their votes secure the result at which they aim. Personal assaults on Recorder Hackett on one side and personal abuse of John Kelly on the other side will not afford them the information they seek, and which they have a right to expect from jour nals of the character and ability of our two contemporaries. This sort of warfare was initiated by Mr. Kelly, it is true ; but his judgment as a political leader is not re garded as of the highest order, and cer tainly should not be accepted as an example to be followed by an intelligent press. We are certain that our political contemporaries will appreciate the justice of our criticism, especially as they both enjoy established reputations as able party journals and close and effective disputants from their respective points of view. The tickets presented on both sides em brace some candidates against whose fitness for the positions for which they are selected nothing can be justly urged. The people are too intelligent to be made to believe that the union nominees are all political traders or that the Tammany nominees are all tainted with the corruptions so unfortunately asso ciated with that party name. From the review of the nominations and of the manner in which they are received, published else where in to-day's Hebxld, it will be seen that popular sentiment indorses some of the candidates on both sides. It is possible that in casting their ballots a very large number of intelligent citizens will select such nominees as they deem the most desirable without regard to he strict party lists. In a dissertation on the morality of politics, published in a city morning paper last Monday, Mr. John Kelly declares that the democratic party in this city, as an organization gaining victory only by harmonious, combined action, is compelled to accept and support some bad candidates for the sake of securing some good ones. Wo will give his own language justifying this policy:?"Suppose a man of our party," says Mr. Kelly, "who has done something wrong, bat is strong enough still in his own district to be elected in spite of us, is put up for election. If we name another man we should be certain to lose. For the sake of maintaining our party organization we should have to let such a man in, try him once and make a bet ter man of him if we could." The election of William M. Tweed to the Senate, after the exposure of his rascalities, was a case in point Here was a bad man, so powerful in his district as to secure the party nomina tion. If Mr. Kelly had then been the leader of Tammany he would not have dared to object to Tweed's candidacy for fear of dis organizing the party. There is a looseness about this political morality which is scarcely consistent with earnest reform. It might be supposed that sincere reform leaders would resolutely resist any bad nomination, trusting to the honest con victions of the people rather than to mere party machinery for justification and sup port. Mr. Kelly's picture of tho Tammany democracy is not a very flattering one. He admits that, in some districts, at least, bad men control the party, and thus partially, if not wholly, justifies the hard things that are sometimes said of it by its political oppo nents. But the people are not un der tho restraint imposed, according to Mr. Kelly, on the organization of which he is the dictator. They are not necessitated to accept even two bad can didates for the sake of securing ten good ones. Indeed, Mr. Kelly's na'lve admissions prove the necessity of a careful scrutiny of tho candidates of his party and justify the mutilation of its ticket. Because Mr. Kelly, as a loader, dare not venture to resist bad nominations hero and there, the people are surely not to be called upon to accept and j elect such men. The personal character of the nominees is, however, only a side issue in the present local contest. Disraeli in his admir able work of "Lothair" points out, in a striking manner, the dangerous ten dencies of secret societies and the encroachments they make on public liberty. Tammany, as at present controlled, is in fact a secret society, which seeks to make the will of an individual or of a cabal the ruling power over the minds and action of the masses. The real issues to be decided in this election are, first, whether judges and others who have proved their fidelity and capacity through long years of senice should be re-elocted or driven from office ; and next, whether it is to the public in terest that a political organization like Tam many Hall should be allowed to seize upon and control the criminal and civil courts, the office of the public prosecutor and all the machinery of the criminal law. As to the first of these issues, the popular move ment in favor of the re-election of Recorder Hackett leaves little doubt how it will be decided. As to the last, Mr. Kelly's own picture of the Tammany organization seems conclusive. It cannot certainly be de sirable that at the will of a singlo individual our courts should be placed in the hands of a party which is in some districts under the con trol and at the inercv of' 'Lad" men. The same influences which can force upon the party leaders two objectionable and improper nom inations out of ten can be dangerously ex erted to sway the administration of justice. There are, it is true, good men on both party tickets. Mr. Charles F. Sanford, on the opposition side, studied law with Mr. William M. Evarts, who by professional standing and judicial temperament is fitted to adorn the bench. On the Tammany side, Judges Loew and Spencer have already done honor to the ju diciary and proved their capacity and fidelity, while Mr. Peter B. Olney, who enjoys the friendship and confidence of Charles O'Conor, possesses every qualification necessary for an efficient and useful District Attorney. But Tammany is admittedly a powerful and growing monopoly over whom it will soon be difficult for the people to hold a check. The recklessness of the old leaders alone caused their overthrow. llad they been more shrewd and cautious they would have escaped detection and ruled the city with an iron hand to-day. The mistakes of the present ruler of the organization may cause his downfall and that of his sub ordinate chiefs. His self-will and obstinacy have damaged Mayor Wickham's administra tion, when it might have been a success if left wholly under the Mayor's control. The same qualities which prompted the attempt to drive Recorder Hackett from the Bench have rendered highly prob able the defeat of the Tammany judicial ticket. But when John Kelly falls, which we suppose will bo in about three years, another and it may be a more dangerous leader will rise up in his place. Under a cautious, cun ning and unscrupulous Tammany ruler the New York city government may becomo in the future as much an imperial despotism as was the Paris government under Napoleon and nuussmann. Our public works are at present stagnant. The new Court House is built, although without a dome. No great undertakings at present yield a large profit and can be used as a mighty political power by a bold ieader. But in a few years we shall have our boule vards to extend, our old streets to widen, our new public buildings to erect, our new parks to lay out, our new bridges to build, and then we shall again bo under the heels of more prudent and calculating Tammany Tweeds. It may be just as well to give this overshadowing political organization a check at this time, and this is the sentiment by which a large majority of the citizens appear now to be mofred. The German Opera in New York. Italian opera has existed in New York for twenty-five years, and yet we are told it has never been supported by our public. The expenses have been paid by the managers, and they have been reimbursed only by the peace of mind that always follows a self-sac rificing act of benevolence. The wonder is that Italian opera, surrounded with so many difficulties, managed to survive at all. It was an exotic ; it was sung in a language almost unknown to the community; it was a fashionable amusement more than a popular one; worst of all, it did not pay. Sixty thousand English whist players, it is said, are wandering over the Continent because they were afraid to lead trumps, and a proportionate number of operatic mana gers, according to Mr. Strnkosch, have been compelled to return to Europe because they would lease our Academy of Music. Extraordinary as was the vitality of Italian opera it is dead now, we are informed on good authority, and it is unnecessary to dis cuss whether it is really dead or sleeping. But it has a successor. "Ze roi est mort, vive le r(A .r' German opera offers to compensate us for its loss. Wo do not speak of the English opera, which has its own independent orbit of usefulness. Mr. Neuendorff has undertaken an enterprise which ought to bo of great ser vice to our musical interests. The question now arises. Will Mr. Neuendorff, having taken the Academy of Music, be obliged to fly to Europe at or before the end of the season, to join the involuntary exile of Maurice Strakosch and recover in Hamburg or Vienna the fortunes he lost in America? We hope not. The natural advantages of German opera in New York ought to insure its success, providing that the company de serves the support of tho public. There is no doubt but that Mr. Neuendorff has engaged a fine company. He has a great tenor, whoso fault is one from which most tenors are exempt?viz., he has too much voice rather than too no doubt but that Mr. Neuendorf! has en gaged a good company. lie has a very good tenor, whose fault is a peculiar one. He has too much voice rather than too little, and too little voice rather than too much. In gymnastic singing, if we may use the word, he excels. He can do things more wonderfully than any singer ever did be fore, yet the uncomfortable feeling that will perforce prevail when a gymnast ex hibits his perilous feats is not unfelt by his au dience. The prima donna, Miss Pappenheim, will no doubt give him effective support in operas less exacting than "The Huguenots.'' New York has over three hundred thousand German citizens, and in its German popula tion is said to be the third city in the world. Everything, therefore, ought to make Ger man opera successful this year, and it will j be strange indeed if it fails. Murder in Canada. Canada seems likely to set at Toronto an example that the world will be more likely to praise with imitation than the one that has made so much noise at Montreal. In the former city there recently occurred ono of those cases of murder that are called | "malpractice"?apparently because they arc supposed to have some relation with sur | gery?and the authorities there actually pro pose to hang tho man and woman to whom the offence has been brought home. It is to be hoped that the authorities will not chango their nrfhds, and that none of the myriad quibbles of the law will come between them and their purpose; for even two executions in cases of this sort will be salutary. It is safe to predict that if these Toronto criminals are actually executed there will not be many more cases of this sort of malpractice in that city; and this is, of course, tho result aimed at. This is a result that the authorities of many other cities might well desiro to tr> > cure. In this neighborhood the criminal i authorities have often W deal with this subject; but justice here never calls the offence by any stronger name than man slaughter, and holds the victims with Buch loose fingers that they commonly slip through, and thus their industry has secured a practical impunity. Is there not room to hope that this Toronto example may have some effect on justice nearer home ? England and the BrltUta Merchant. The British government has in hand a pretty piece of investigation, and ono which the neighbors and foreign cousins of the British people will watch with peculiar in terest. It is said that sixty tons of am munition for small arms have been shipped from England to the Chinese "as merchan dise" and actually landed at Shanghai, lhe phrase, "as merchandise," in this connec tion may be noted as a fine instance of the sublime in this kind of writing. It seems to be assumed that there are some reasons why cartridges are just now not merchan dise, though they are made on an enormous scale in several countries, and made for sale to those who need them, and are shipped in the sume way, in the absence of procla mations to the contrary, as cotton or corn. Just now there aro no proclama tions to the contrary and no reasons of which any soulless corporation engaged in the manufacture ancl sale of cartridges is bound to take notice. But there are some other reasons. There has been for some timo a very lively possibility that England might shortly bo at war with China. In that case every hundred cartridges in Chinese hands might possibly represent the life of a British sol dier, and sixty tons taken in that proportion might do for about twenty thousand men, which is quite as many as England will ever send there. This would be a calamity; but England does not greatly care for a calamity. The worst feature of the case is that it would be a scandal if these cartridges should be supplied to the Chinese enemy by Eng land herself; and a scandal is worse than a calamity any day. If the thrifty British merchant should send out the product of British workshops to kill the British soldier it would bo shocking, and the proposition to investigate facts merely because they havo this possibility behind them implies a notion on the part of the English government that the traders of that country ought not to shock the sense of humanity that is abroad in the world. There is involvod in this the somewhat violent as sumption that trade has a conscience; but several other Powers as well as England will have to acknowledge that they also have acted on that assumption. At one time we ourselves thought that our efforts to put down the rebellion ought not to be thwarted by the power of England, wiolded by the British merchant ; and the Southern people equally felt outraged that our efforts to put them down wore assisted by the same thrifty person. Germany remon strated with England because the Brit ish merchant supplied Franco with the means to destroy German soldiers ; and Spain lias remonstrated because this irre pressible power was a comfort to the Carlists; for the British merchant has no prejudices, and is on any sido or all sides. lie will sell a man-of-war to ono government, and to another government a torpedo, deftly filled to blow her to the moon ; and when she has gone toward the moon he will rub his hands with commercial glee, for ho knows that the one Power will want another ship and the other another torpedo. All tho governments of tho world have remonstrated with Eng land on his account ; but England has always excused herself from interference, has patted her lively merchant on the back and regarded him as ono of her glories. Now she is likely to "know how it is her self ;" and other nations will watch with in terest her dealings with that commercial power with which, while nominally at peace with all, sho has covertly made war on bo many nations. Thfl New Secretary of the Interior. The satisfaction expressed by the country when Secretary Delano was at last got rid of seems to have been premature. Nobody imagined the possibility of such a successor as ex-Senator Chandler, of Michigan, com monly called "Old Zach Chandler." Until this strange selection President Grant's later Cabinet appointments have been respectable, the officers selected being a great improve ment on their predecessors. Mr. Bristow in the place of Secretary'Richardson, Mr. Jew ell in place of Postmaster General Creswell and Mr. Pierrepont to succeed Attor ney General Williams were appointments of such conceded fitness that the country felt warranted in expecting a very different suc cessor to Mr. Delano from the old political hack, discarded by the republican party of his own State, who was sworn in yesterday. Candor requires it to be said that this ex tremely unfit selection was not President Grant's first choice. He made successive offers of the position to other gentlemen, who declined it, and feeling that it did not com port with tho dignity of the government to let so important an office go begging any longer, he has given it to a man who is only not worso than Mr. Delano himself. Mr. Chandler is re puted to be rich, and may charitably be pre sumed to be above pecuniary temptation, but we can think of no other point in his favor. He is an unscrupulous partisan, whose offi cial conscience will easily reconcile itself to frauds if the profits go into the pockets of republicans. The fact that President Grant has been unable to prevail oa a better man to accept this important place is a striking proof that the administration has sunk so low that it is no longer thought to be an honor to participate in its councils. There may have been a special repugnance to act as Mr. Delano's successor after tho whitewashing Tetter tho President wrote him in accepting his resignation. In such circumstances the new Secretary would not feel freo to disap prove of any act of his predecessor. An acceptance of the offlco would imply an ac ceptance of tho President's public indorse ment of the courso of Mr. Delano, and no man of honor would wish to bind himself to take that view of the case. It is Presi dent Grant himself who has rendered it impossible for any fit man to tako tho place, because acceptance is Burdened with the condition that tho new incumbent shall take the same view of Sec retary Delano's conduct that is expressed in the President's letter of reply to his resigna tion. It is no wonder, therefore, that after a long search and repeated offers no man of a higher moral status than Mr. Chandler ' could be induced to accept a Cabinet appoint ment encumbered with the degrading condi tion that the new officer must either indorse Ir. Delano or differ with the President re specting the affairs of his own department. Actors Are Born, Not Made. a,imirers of Macready used to say a ough he was a homely and a physi cally insignificant man he seemed, while on the stage, to grow and to become something different from himself. But the great actor explained this phenomenon by saying that he did not merely simulate his part, he felt it, lost himself in it and really lived it. When ho was personating Macbeth he was a possible Macbeth; he was simply himself. Ibis idea is true of every successful actor; and the moral applies to the work of play writers. They must, in order to be success ful, not simply create an ideal, impossible character, but, in tho namo of Hamlet or Rip V an Y\ inkle or Richelieu, reveal some living man as a bowitched scholar, a jolly idler or a cunning statesman. Aftor all Nicholas Nickloby's master had a humor ously correct idea of the drama when he wanted a play written so as to bring in the pump. He was only at tho bottom of the ladder of which Shakespeare was nt the top. Tho latter was so shrewd and practical a man that, needing money, he would not have created Hamlet unless he had con sidered it probablo, if not actually truo, that thcro existed in London some living man who could successfully assume tho role, Those persons who are so fortunate as to be acquainted with tho private Hfe of Mr. Jefferson know that ho possesses and daily exercises the qualities of mingled humor, pathos, gentlenoss and simplo .refinement which have made him famous as Asa Trench ard, Bob Acres and Rip Van Winkle. Mr. Boucicault's success as an actor de pends very greatly upon tho fact that in creating a character like tho Shaughraun ho does nothing more nor less than to give tho comico-heroic side of his own nature. Tho Shaughraun is Boucicault and Boucicault is tho Shaughraun. The same truth may bo said of tho success of Mr. Florence in "Tho Mighty Dollar." At first sight it might bo said that it is an impossible play, because whoever should attempt the leading charac ter would make it ridiculous. But it fortu nately happened that when Mr. Florence saw the character he saw a possibility of himself, as if in a mirror. So that he and the Hon.' Bardwell Slote may be said to have embraced each other, after the most natural fashion, on tho public stage. It might be invidious to say that he who perfectly enacts Iago is a jealous villain or that Miss Cushman would urge her possiblo husband to murder a king. But wo must remember that in the days of Macbeth the shrewdest intelligence of woman might be used for chicanery and ambitious plotting with as urgent a motive as it is now used in the paths of art So it seems that every really natural dra matic character may find its living prototype, just as Poe's William Wilson found himself constantly coming in contact with his second self, or as the Rev. E. E. Halo, wishing to be represented at tea parties and town meet ings, employed his "double." It has been said, with considerable truth, that every man has within his lifo tho elements of a good, readable novel. With still greater truth wo may say that most men have within them selves tho capabilities of an actor. "Men and women," says Shakespeare, "are only play ers." If men would not abandon nature when they essayed histrionics material could bo found every day in our public streets for the equipment of any play that the best dramatist could write. How often, in do mestic life, do wo see a placid Iago worming his way into tho confidence of a gulliblo Othello. Thero aro scores of Colonel Sellerses, every whit as good as Raymond, talking every night to tho haymow voters in this State. Mr. Conkling himself might make a brilliant Marc Anton/ if his great master would consent to play tho role and wear tho rent mantle of Julius Cicsar. One can find any day in tho streets, or in Congress, a better Polonins than usually bewilders Hamlet on tho stage; and many a damsel sits in an orcliostra chair and knows full well whether Booth or Kignold plays ltomco as well as the young gentleman to whom she is a silly Juliet. Shylock is in Wall street; Hamlet walks Broadway, vacantly and with downcast eyes, puzzled whether to be mad or not Tho dramatist who would succeed may always find his actor. The best characters have men and women ready to assumo them, just as in fiction thero are real men and women whom we know. It is as true tha^Falstaff has ogled the girls from the floor of the Senate as that Victor Hugo found his Jean Valjean a living man. Governor TUden's Letter. We do not qnite understand tho necessity of the letter which Govornor Tildcn has just addressed to all tho district attorneys of the State, threatening them with removal if they fail to prosecnte persons who may make an illegal nse of money in the coming election. There is no law clothing the district attor neys with preventive powers. They cannot prosecute nntil after offences have been com mitted. The constitution, as amended List year, subjects district attorneys to removal if they fail to prosecuto any case of bribery which may come to their knowledge; but that article relates only to bribery of offi cers, not to the nse of money in elections. Tho amended constitution has indeed somo excellent provisions on tho subjoct of giv ing and hiking money in elections, but tho application of remedies does not require any action of tho district attorneys previous to tho election. A person who has either offered or received money is subject to challenge at tho polls, and when challenged ho is required to swear to his innocenco before his voto can bo received. If ho swears falsely ho is liablo to indictment for perjury, but tho District Attorney has nothing to do with tho offence until it has been committed. Another still better provision is that which requires officers to swear, before entering on their duties, that they have neither directly nor indirectly paid or promised money to influ ence voters. A lalso oath by officers is also perjury, but dihtrict attorneys can take no action previous to the false oaths. We, therefore, fail to see the pertinence of Gov ernor Tilden's circular to the district attor neys, except as advertising his reform senti ments for electioneering effect. The Herald and Telegraph Stanley Expedition. We have received a communication from tho proprietor of the London Telegraph ex plaining the circumstances under which a premature publication of the substance of Mr. Stanley's African letters was made in an editorial in that paper in violation of its agreement with the Hebald. The editorial in question, we are informed, was written and published in the absence of tho proprietor and through a misunderstand ing on the part of tho writer. In a matter of so much importance as the African expe dition, involving joint interests and from which intelligence might be received at any moment, we had a right to expect that the possibility of such an occur rence would have been carefully and eflfect ually guarded against. We are not sur prised, therefore, that the propri etor of the Telegraph, while expressing his regret at the unfortunate over sight, should fully justify the comments made by the Herald on the appearance of the objectionable editorial. We accept his explanation as satisfactory and acquit him of any intentional bad faith in the matter. The Eveb Faithful Isle.?That history repeats itself is at present being demon strated in Cuba, whero Spain is again send ing reinforcements to become the prey of the vomito, a bad commissary department and the bullets of tho insurgents. The Tbaoio Events recorded in the Hehald to-day make up a fearful record of crime and misery. Fortunately we are not often called upon to publish so many sad and revolting stories in one paper, and it is to be hoped that to-day's experience will not soon bo repeated. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Pullman palace cars run to Rome. Ernest Kenan is travelling in Italy. Governor-elect Hayes, or Ohio, will speak In Penn sylvania. Quinino is roconimcndod as a tonio for topers who bare sworn off. Russia is to bo represented at tho Centennial if the candles hold out Mr. Anthony Trollopo will sail for England to-day in tho steamship Bothnia. Senator Roscoo Conkling arrived from Albany yester day at tho Fifth Avonue Hotel. Mr. U. Bakhraetcff, of the Russian Legation at Wash ington, is at tho Albemarle Hotel. Joe Jefferson once thought of settling in his businoss at Macon, Ga., in tho flush old times. A St. Louis negro minstrel committed suicide tho other day, and now his bones arc ut rest. Senator Keruan will address tho democracy of Buffalo on Saturday oveniug of this week. The Vassar girls make up fine Othellos and Hamlets, but they can't get along with a pistol pocket. Hoar Admiral C. R. P. Rodgers, United Statos Navy, has taken up his residence at tho Glonhnm Hotel. There aro no old maids in Greono county, Iowa. A girl got married there tho othorday at the ago of eighty live. Secretary Zachariah Chandler, of tho Interior De partment, will now aid to keep General Grant in good spirits. Hyde, of the St. Louis Republican, calls tho Mullett columns of the St. Louis Post Offlco ''strangulated sausages." Miss C. E. Angoli has taken charge of a Universal is t cougrogatlon at Kittery, Me. Now, if you want to hear an Angell, go to Maine. Tho Quoen of Holland is able to converse in every langungo of Europe, yet Milton said that one tongue is enougli for any woman. , A Milwaukee paper says that good whiskey, espe cially if made in Wisconsin, has no water; yet wo aro told that still waters run deep. Gail Dodge walks tho Hamilton woods bareheaded and with a healthy stride. Perhaps that is tho reason why the boys sing, "Gaily tho troubadour." Mrs. Eostor, of Muscatine, Iowa, has a beard thrco inches long and a heavy, glossy black muslacho. If sho could only bo induced to teach affection at Vassar what a "smash" sho woulu mak<\ The Augusta ComtUutionaliit snys:?"The moro wo calmly review the recont Ohio election tho moro wo aro persuaded that, oven on a test of the currency per if, a majority of the pooplo of that Commonwealth favor the Allen democracy." Tho Utica Ileraltl says:?"If New York follows Ohio, thou inflation and repudiation have been wiped out of tho issues which perplex our poiitlca If New York neutralizes Ohio, thon wo may be sure that tho country has seen only tho beginning of a movement which in vites financial chaos." "A man In Dubuquo, upon oponlng a packago of ?moking tobacco, found therein, snugly nested, six young mice."?That is nothing. A man in tho Sovcnth ward wont homo from a Tammany primary tho other night, and his wifo found In his clothes nineteen hrrtlrnn ritrars find oicht crills of clovnft. THE FOUR-IN-HAND CLUB. A FINE DISPLAY YE8TEHDAY?FIVE TUBNOUTS IN LINE ON THE AVENUE. [From tho Now York Timos, October 19.] Thoro was a bottor ropscsentation or the line turnouts of tho famous Four in-Hand Club yoster day at the place of rendezvous, on Twenty-sixth street (Madison square), than has been witnessed on any previous occasion during the season. The oay was in all respects ontlrely favorahlo, and although there was somo little dolay on tho part of some who woro to join the display, yet all were there ultimately, and all got away up tho avenue In One style. Tho gentlemen composing this club are all members of tho American Jockey Club, and oom prlso Its Governing Committee. One of the rules of tho Four-ln Hand Club makes It imperative that each member shall drivo his own team, and, although thcro was not quite so much skill displayed in the manage ment of the leaders as may have been scon with the four-tn-hnnds of ante-railroad days, the fault may have been as much in the leaders as the drivers. Five drags put in an appearance yestcrdav. Colonel Jay drove the old Dorking coach, which Is the heaviest drag belonging to the club. It was built by 8. Uowan, of Stratford, ls>ndon, and has a black body with ytdlow panels and whoels painted red. The team consisted of one brown and 0110 chestnut horse at the pole and a pair of bay loaders. Mr. Ncwbola drove a team composed of two bay and two brown horses, cross matched, and the old Knickerbocker Club drag. This Is also an English coach, and wus built by May H Jacolm, oi Guilford, Surrey. It is not quite so heavy as the Dorking, and has a body painted black, and red wheels strlpoii with black. Mr. Jerome's tram consisted of four well matched dark bay horses, uniform in size and color. The drag was one owned by Mr. Hnvemeyer, Mr, Jerome's own being out of repair. It wms built by Wood, of tills city. Tho one ho used yes terday was built by Peters & Son, of London. It has a black body, with red panols In the doors, and rod wheels. As stated, It was late before tho start was effected, and when they did movo off Mr. Jerome had not made his appearance. The other tour were ranged along the upper end of Madison square, Mr. Jay second, Mr. Nowbold third, and Mr. Bronson fourth. Tho coaches woro all heavily laden with passengers, many of thorn ladies. At 12:20 tho signal was given to start, and one after the other tbey turned Into Fifth avonuo, up which they proceeded at a brisk trot. Six minute* later Mr. Jerome, who had boen after hfs passengers, came briskly ud Madison avenue, drove out of Twenty, sixth stroct, turned up Fifth avenuo and followed on toward Jerome Park. A peculiar feature In connection with these fonr. In-hand drags Is the fact that ordinarily the pas sengers ride on ton while the coachmen, footmen, Ac occupy tho Insltlo. Thoy nro lilted up with all the conveniences necessary for the comfort of a pleasure party. TU.ro are ainplo bottle rocks, champagne ooolers and Ice boxes under the elevated seal at the rear, while in front are arranged shelves lor the accommodation of extra wraps, and outside Is sus pended a long wicker basket as a receptacle for canes, tic., and beneath tho seats Inside there Is room to stow away baskets of salad, boned Chlokou and other uocca ?itio* of a picnic.