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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, October 29, 1875, Image 3

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TIIE DEMOCRACY.
Has3 Meetings in New York
and Brooklyn.
UNITED ON TIIE STATE TICKET.
Strong Speeches and Sten
torian Shouting.
Brooklyn's "Unterrified" Full of
Enthusiasm*
NEW YORK'S NOT SO FULL.
The Greatest Exponents of Democratic
Polity Absent from Tammany Hall.
THE CUT DIRECT TO KELLY.
Horatio Seymour's Great Speech
in Brooklyn.
Unjust National Taxation
the Great Evil.
HARD CASH AND HONESTY.
Private Life Must Be Reformed Before Public
Morality Is Improved.
The grand ratification meeting of the democracy of
Rings county held at the Academy of Music last even
ing was a Buccess In point of numbers and enthusiasm.
The most extensive preparations wore made by tho
leaders of that party for days in advance to make tho
demonstration one of magnitude. The most eminent
statesmen, such men as Senator Reman, ex-Governor
Beymour, Lieutenant Governor Dorghoimcr and others,
were placarded throughout the city to address the
mass meeting. Democratic ward clubs recruited their
ranks and kept their enthuslam up to the highest
pitch, bent upon presenting a bold front at tho ratifica
tion of their regular ticket. Hence it was that about
half-post seven o'clock last evening "the boys" and
solid citizens assembled at their respoctivo club rooms,
and forming into processions, several of which wore
accompanied by bands of music and carried trans
parencies and torches, marched to the Academy of
Music, on Montague street. In front of the build
ing a stand was erected, which was handsomely
decorated and lightod up. Calcium lights shed their
dazzling glow upon tho crowds, while pyrotechnics
elicited tho cheers of tho rising generation of voters.
Tho Academy was rapidly filled, literally from "pit to
tlpme." Tho stage was crowded by eight o'clock.
SPEECH OF THOMAS H. RODMAN.
The meeting was called to order by ex-District Attor
ney Thomas H. Rodman, who said they had met to
ratify tho nominations for Stutc, county and city
officers. They mot under very gratifying and,
ho thought, favorable circumstances. In the
executive chair of this State was tho Governor of
their choieo. They had had tho honor to elect him,
and oh Tuesday they would have the honor to sustain
him. It never could be said that tho democrats of the
county of Rings would fail to sustain Governor Tllden.
Not only with reference to the man, to his position
as a democrat, but as the representative of the hard
money policy wo must sustain Governor Til.
den in that policy handed down from our fathers.
As a citizen of Brooklyn, as a democrat, he desired to
say a few words about their nomination for tho office
of Mayor. He repudiated the charges that bad been
made against Mr. Rowc, that ho is a subservient man
and that If he is e lected he will bo somebody's tooL
M uch has been said abou t reform, and the speaker was
in favor of reform, but it was the reform of a govern
ment of ibe people and not of the Albany Legislature.
Mr. S. M. Osiroader then read a long list of vice
Presidents and Secretaries of the meeting, which were
adopted. Tho following declaration of principles was
next read and adopted by the meeting:?
RESOLUTIONS.
Mr. President?On behalf of the Committeo I offer
for the adoption of this meeting the following
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES.
The democracy of Rings refer with especial pride to
these facts:?Their representatives initiated and to a
man supported the nomination of Samuel J. Tllden.
The people of this county gave him a majority not be
fore equalled, and tho vote, at every stage of his great
measures against swindlers, of every conservative
member from Rings county in the last Legislature.
For the grand results which have crowned tho work of
last year, we call upon all upright citizens to give on next
Tuesday a still more imposing indorsement to the plat
form of .Syracuse, vital with all reforms, and to the
dcmocratr; State ticket of peerlessly honest and cap
able men.
We present, as the aids to the Governor In tho future,
those who have been true to him in the past, and in
John C. Jacobs and John R. Kennaday for Senators,
and in the democrats nominated for the Assembly wn
recognize those who wtll help on the (executive in bis
continuing the work of making this vast Common
wealth too hot and too small to hold a single plunderer
of the people. .
For tlie.se nominees we pledge, and of them we de
mand, adherence to these principles in thotr votes and
Bi*eoches and influence.
AIiMlNlHTRATIVR REFORM.
The canals and other public works, recently rescued
from plunderers, must i*e kept In the control of honost
men, and we insist on the vigorous prosecution of the
fraudulent contractors and the expulsion from public
life of their political allies and apologists in both
parties.
OFFICIAL ACCOUNTABILITY.
We farther instruct all our candidates to bo elected
that It is our conviction and purpose that the laws
framed for tho punishment of taxpayers who defraud
the government shall be mode to embrace tho officers
of the government who defraud the people In the ex
penditure of public money.
Wo present with confidence to voters the city ticket
Leaded by Edward Rowo and completed with men well
lilted for the duties of tho offices for which they are
proposed.
We claim for tho nominee far Mayor the vigor of
will, the clearness of understanding, the Independence
of Judgment, alto familiarity with our American lire and
Institutions and tho purity of character which an hon
ored residence of forty years among us attests, and
which his diachargo of large public and vast private
trusts confirms.
We further claim for Thomas F. Nevlns, the nominee
for Sheriff, that ho has been signally faithful and
efficient aud chivalrously brave In his present position
ns the guardian of our homes from destruction, and
that he lias well earned the larger honor the peoplo
mean to confer upon him.
Wo IndorBO Mr. James Howell for Supcrvlsor-at
I.argo as a man experienced in our atlairs, a manufac
turer of deserved success and reputation, and a demo
crat in whom thero Is neither variableness nor shadow
of turning, and wo commend the other names upon the
county and local tickets as those of men fairly repre
sentative ol the democracy, and to them, as to all
their fellow candidates, we pledge hearty labor and a
full vote on Tuesday next.
Kx-Governor Seymour was then Introduced, and on
coming to the front was received with loud and con
tinued applause. Wbeu the enthusiasm which his ap
pearance awakened bad aubsided be spoke as follows,
being frequently applauded during tbo delivery of bis
remarks:?
MR. SEYMOUR'S SPEECH.
The condition of our counlrv excites tho deepest
Interest in the mtnds of every thoughtful citizen. The
depression of business, which many thought wen
caused by a temporary panic, does not pas* away,
fol "
We have felt financial distress at different times In the
History of our country, growing out of speculative ex
citement, but nover before with tho character of tho
burdens which now oppress us. Heretofore tboso en
gaged in wild schemes to gain wealth have been our
own citizens, and when bankruptcy put an end to
their projects at the same time it brought about ad
justmnnia In some form, and in a little time
regular industry was relieved from the unhealthy
influences upon financial atlairs. But now we can
get no relief from the load of debt, even through tho
mortifications and losses of bankruptcy. Our debts
are In the shape of national. Stale or local obligations.
They aro mortgages upon all forms of property ; nay.
more, they are Ileus upon svery man. hit industry and
earnings. They enforce their demands in the ve ry food
aud clothing ol himself and family, aud through all the
transactions of life. They are collected cither in the
cost of the necessaries of luo or by the despotism of
the tax gatherer. Heretofore we have been the Bust
lightly, but now we are the most heavily,* taxed among
civilized nations. This state of eiluir- has changed tbo
character of our government and its dealings with our
people. We caunot shut our eves do the truth that our
country !? divided Into debtor and creditor States; that
the burdens of taxation flail unequally, and that they
are moro hurtful in some sections than In
others. This Is engendering a spirit of hostility on the
part of the great and growing West which threatens to
destroy the calmness and Impartiality ol national
legislation. I intend to speak to you with regard to
the causes of business troubles; the unsound schemes
for the debasement of our currency, which have been
put forth as remedies, and the perils which threaten us
in the form of sectional passions.
ntJTT or saw tors.
There Is no place so lit for the discussion of these
great questions as the commercial metropolis of our
country. At this point business distress is moat keenly
felt. Its commerce, reaching Into all parts of our
Union, is harmed by every local calamity or injustioe.
There is no .Stale upon which the duty of resisting
every wrong in legislation so clearly de volves as upon
the most commercial, populous and powerful member
of our national confederacy. An enlightened re
gard for tbc great Interests and wolfaro of New York,
and a patriotic love of our wholo country alike, Impel
us to see 11 wrong is dono by the policy or action of our
government to any section of the Union. Are our laws
unequal In their operations f Does our vast debt press
untairly upon tho ditTorent States ? Is lahor oppressed
bjr a vamptre system of taxation r Do unwise schemes
for relict have their origin in Just causes of complaint ?
Such questions should bo discussed In a spirit of fair
ness and with a patriotic purpose to promote tho pros
perity of our country. Yet we have been unjustly as
sailed as those who take our ground now with reference
to our political interests, and that our records In tho
past arc condemned by our positions now. We are com
pelled, then, in order to vindicate our motives, to
speak of the events of the past, and if the recital is
hurtful to our political oppononts they must charge tho
Injury to the indiscretion of their advocates. -Their as
saults upon the motives and conduct of those who are
trying to reform evils are more constant and bitter than
upon those who are guilty ol wrong doing. They are
teaching our citizens that it is safer to he guilty of
oftlctal misconduct than It Is to try to reform abuses.
Every fair-minded man knows that these attacks give
aid and comfort to those who are charged with crimes
against the public.
If they wish for reforms, why spend their time and
efforts to binder those who are working them out ? If
they can do better, why not tako the field and win a
fair triumph f They havo an exalted theatre upon
whi'h they can act. They control the general govern
ment. They eun lift off many millions of taxation
which now weigh down American industry, If they will
Bean as closely and criticise as sharply their own
ollletals, for whom they are responsible, as they do the
actions of those who are trying to correct abuses in
tho smaller sphere of our State government
Tho groat discussion of tho day has been
with regard to our currency. The desire for in
flation is engendered by debt and taxation. So
far as our debt was created fbr the purposj of sav
ing our Union, it will ever bo looked upon as sacred,
whether it was, in all cases, wisely managed or not
So far as the dobt of the general government has been
continued by a diversion of the taxes levied upon our
people for its payment it has been an act of hail faith
to the public and a violation of honor with tho public
creditor.
OT'R OK TIT Dm TO tTISMANAOEMEST.
It Is generally supposed that the heavy taxation of
the general government is dun to the war debt. This
is uot true, although that debt Is a heavier charge thun
it would have been if tho taxes paid by the people had
been used for its payment. Tho government paid out
in the fiscal year ending March, 1874, moro than
$?.'85,000,000.
Of tliis sum there was paid for tnterest on
war debt and pensions $136,000,000
For other expenses more than 149,000,000
It should have been reduced at least $600,000,000; or,
wo should liavo paid off about one-quarter ol our
national debt. This would have cut down tho Interest
against us about $30,000,000 annually, a sum equal to
tho wholo cost of the government before 184a But
this by no means shows the full gain we should havo
made. This reduction of debt would have given us
such credit In tho markets of tho world that wo could
have reduced the interest upon tho balance of our in
debtedness.
Now, I ask yon to seo how liborally I have dealt with
the administration in saying that this sum should be
paid, and tho interest account thus diminished. The
average receipts ofthe government for six years end
ing June 30. 1874, were $295,000,000
Deduct interest on war debt and pensions.. 155,000,000
$140,000,000
Deduct what should have been paid on debt. 65,000,000
Leaving for support of goYernnwnt ^ooo
If05*.000,00O had been applied on the
II ftw tYu* ntk&i ten rears, it would have paid off
#"oo 00 0 000 and iho interest beanies, which is more
th^'w.8 spent by any a-iminiatration before the lalo
war or moro than tho cost of government during the
Mexican war when wo conquered that country.
Las*ycar our navy coat $80 000 000, a t!hough^o?
carrying trade is deairoyed. It coat but J1-,000,000
wlien at pence and our shipping on every Mean
If this policy of oconotnv and payment of debts had
been pursued, if the example of the general government
to the States iiad been on the side of retrenchment and
reform docs any one think our country would have
been In its present condition? Would there now be a
contest about our currency ? The democratic party at
all times during tho past ten years have earnestly and
persistently urged a return to ?^.c^ny^"ubJedL
our political opponents wore silent upon theisubjc t.
As the enemies to centralization of power at M ashing
ton we have resisted to the utru fct ] P
^THK OF.NERAL OOVERMlOEinr A FnfAIcriAL DESPOT!?*,
r ss,-?s
a
ITu-Unot^whXheTople would have to pay and
which would be wWJLupo^on gPTe * s"?dde5i
and''worst Influences of this theory of relieving
the distress of the country by paper money is that
it lias turned away tho public mind from the causes
If ?,r Srtunes and their rightful remedies. It
has ten,W to teach our people that tho consequences
of Congressional waste and extravagance can bo
?verted or cured by a paper panacea, and to that ex
tent to shield unfaithful oilicials from publIc coudetm
nation. As both political parties in this State arc' in
a, cord upon the currency nucstion, ' "houM? ?
tho subiect If an attempt had not been inane vo
weaken the moral power of the democratic party o
w York wtTh regaVd to It, apd to represent its mctn
EE as mere time-senrera Riding to the pressuW
public opinion in this section of tho UnlomIreaa
with regret tho following passages In tho speecn or
To'S representative of this SUM, and one
eminent and powerfulin the council*i of hi. p. ?
rnvret iliat heshould have done himself a great wrong
bv assaili r.g unjus11 y one-balf of the citizens of his
LTu shes If he hud read the records of tho
own su i m hnvr, anon there was no
democratic party,' he would ^vc eecn thcre was no
foundation for his charges. He says.? I know that
lMt^vear'and'hlsye^ the democracy In this State has
never fought under me ??,?? ernfM)dcd , r?.
have n'o i^weT to P^ any law sanctuining in any man
forMd^'^'ul^'a^cpre^a^^cu^ouc^^a^n fl?at^!t
contract he was promised coin. He also says ui?>
the National Democratic Convention, held In 1868 t
"declared plainly ror 'nnatton ait.J repu, nation, ttaM
declared that the national bond*which I
{-tl VhTch were passed by that body, so that
lutlons wnlcn fairness of these assertions:?
"Third?^avmcnt or the public debt ol tho United States
" prs z
^,fert\hn nhl,LSof government do not expressly
when the obligations oi g Uw undrJ. which thry were
state upon their face b paid In coin,
Issued cloesnotprovide Arttteji.na^ P of th
X""i?? S. .JS* >*'<' ?tv"SSr Mr'
the lender of the republican member^ ??to npm
the bill for the issue <>fJ***"'that
which there was a contr y,opinion
they were payable in paper f jliK party
was held by many prominent memi?rs or his pnrtv.^
A republican Congress lelt tho uncerta j j
pat,on and passed a declaratory act which stUlek Wo
question. The bonds in question wcr" JI jhc
money. The bonds of New York. repudiated by the
republicans of New York, were sold lor go d. As to lia
flatlon, there is no word nor inference * ..
tion looking In that direction. On the 7v....
Convention approved that policy on the part f
green which is called for' to day by every ?^ocatoof
?|iecie payments. In Its resolutions the U"?* ,
echoed the sentiments of Its candidate for the 1_ro ?
deticy, uttered a few days before tta meeting in t
city tti which it wag held, in a speech that was in ine
hands of ail its membera "Kvcry paper dollar now put
out ta
A GOV*RK**!fT rALSsnoon,
for It claimed to tie worth more than Its real vnine,
and It goes about the country defrauding the laborer,
the petitioner, the mechanic end the farmer." Again,
"There is another way of lifting our greenbacks to par
which will not harm any, hut will help all, which will
bring back confidence, revive business, will lighten
taxation, will give labor h-mst money and will do
justice to the public creditor." Again he said:?"Tho
whole question is brought down to this clear point:?
Khali we use our money to pay our debts, relieve tho
taxpayer, make our money good tn tho hands of the
laborer or pensioner, and help the bondholder?" If
the policy marked out by the Democratic Convention tn
1*68 had been sustained, to day we should have specie
tiavmetits and our country would have been spared
from the afflictions of wild speculations and disastrous
bankruptcies. With a good currency, redeemable In
<mid we should have been saved from the 111 reeling
?naendered In the minds of Individuals and communi
ties bv ofleustve distinctions in moons ol navuiwtk At
all tiroes since the close of the war we have demanded
return to speole payment*, either in the discussions
oy our ?]
of our convention* or by our speaker* on the platform.
At every election the duty and wisdom of tht* policy baa
been urged with all the force of argument and i>er
?uasiou by Governor Tilden and others, who have been
Called upon to state the position of those with whom
they acted. On the other hand, then, In no instance
has Inflation been suggested or approved.
In 1*<W, at the Stale Convention which met to send
delegate* to the National Convention, this was tho lan
guage used and received with applause:?"11 we come
into power there will be no discredit on our ourrency;
no 6|K>culatiou in paying our bonds In paper. I thank
God that the lultli we all liuld as one man .seek* to level
up, not to level down. It mean* that sterling coin shall
ring again on the counter ofthe tradesman and glitter
in the palm of labor and gladden the heart of tho
wounded soldier." I could fo?jw down the course of
years to this* data with proof to show tho
injustice of the charge that we have fought under
the banner of inflation. I have disproved unproved
census-*, not for partisan reasons, but because such
charges, coming from one holding high position, injure
the cause of public faith ami virtue; for the demo
cratic party of this Stale stand* in the front rank of
those battling for a sound currency. I wish I could
show as clear a record on this subject of the actions
and language ol the republican leaders. I would gludly
set it forth for the benellt ol' the cause'of good currency,
to which all parties in New York are pledged. I will
do no injustice to tt}o party which now governs tho
country. I admit that
TUB iU.MK SPIRIT OP KXTRAVAflANCK
which marks Its expenditures has been shown by every
State and municipal government, without regard to the
party which Controlled them. *Slnce the close of the
war the American people have lost much of their for
mer huhils of Industry, economy and public virtue.
Our troubles spring in a great degree from public rather
than from political demoralization. It is a sad truth
thai we must confess that all branches of government
represent the spirit of speculation and the efforts to
gaiu wealth by other means than by Industry and
economy. Wo cannot correct these evils, wo can
not get back our people upon a higher pluno
01" roo/Hlg an(l habits by partisan abuse. lie
form must begin with each man In his habits
and those or his family. Political parties must show
their merits by forming out wrongs in their own
ranks, and thoy must prove th<3r claims to public
support, not by concealing, but by exposing the guilt
of their partisans. It will be asked, If the causes
of bad government pervade all parties alike, what is to
be gained by changes? No one denies that tho theories
of the republicans make tho cost of government greater
than It would be under democratic principles, il both
parlies were alike honest, prudent and economical.
Every exercise of power, every project or undertaking
beyond what wo admit it has a right to engage in,
Involves expenditure and taxation. They cannot bo
carried out without a host. I'pon these points we fhut
tho doors of the Treasury against ourselves. Ceutndi
zation means taxation. Every extension of jurisdiction
draws upon tho pockets of tho taxpayers Great as aro
the evils of State and municipal taxation, that by tho
g-naral government is much more hurtful In its liaturo
and In its operations. I beg your attention while I
make this point clear. The evils of taxation are not
measured by Its amount alone, but also by the direction
In which it falls and the industries upon which it
presses. The sum ol three hundred millions taxed upon
the people by the general government each year is a
great burden, but this does not express Its mischlelik
The debt and taxation fall unequally upon different sec
tions of our country. 1 charge that it is unequal and
unjust, because tho people of the West are compelled to
pay more than their share of taxes. Against them they
are cumulative. Tho grain or farm products of tho
West pay more taxes than a like amount raised at tho
East. Th
East. The cost of transportation to the markets of tho
world, knd tho cost of bringing back what is wanted for
consumption are
xv?h?T|Hf? u,RA*!urK9 *?st*r.v pRosi'KRirr.
What makes these costs of carrying? The railroads
must hare a return for the expenses of their structure
and lor their operations. When you look into the ex.
peases you hud not only the sums paid for tho actual
cost of materials and labor, but the sums paid to gov
ernment for taxes. These, 'direct and ind.roci, mKt
leust one-quarter of the cost of the highways of com
k!ftsCm.on *'ho live d *reat distance from mar
r? ^ unavoidable charges of transpor
m 11 ? fact' lol,ay taxation bv the mile-the
more they pay lor carrying the more they have to'nav
lor taxes. If the duties charged upon iron rails and
other materials and the Increased cost of labor
will h- laxa*1<>n nre tak?n into account it
wl I be seen that X have understated the effects
T?n.KUpo" tho cost of lhcse tracks of com
merce. If these were called tolls they would more
uav' 7 !Xr,r, e8 th0 tnuh- 1118 8ai" there 7,no oZr
true thSf' 8 rovunuo- Tbat may bo true, but if it is
slho'tienn "f"-government should keep within its con
nk.Ts ! U s,houW not- by eentralizaUon.
make debts and unequal taxation. Government debts
Statc1Ii^atVlal0Ur Wn'?n !0t? d<i)l0r ttnd creditor
states. This is a dangerous relationship. Already the
passions which it engenders are appealed to t>y those
hirThT'G10./!*''"? ?oct'onal passions. It has given
birth to tho theory of iullatiou. Denunclatious of the
c!n?r C" ?f the K!Uit una n des're to Injure their
citizens wcro quite as strong in the late
election in Ohio as the wish to help the
f>i?S^ns ,e. sccltona] prejudices have been
felt and seen in the- halls of Congress. Tliev have
new'whuS^Mid tbey dl8t"rb the calmness and falr
offJf?.. - houldaiways characterize the legislation
of a great country, lliese results have riot been acoi
denta ; they will always follow in the footsteps of ex
ment Th , taxation by tho general govern
^ Th'y *crp foretold long since as ciearlv as they
d0^ribed n"w. More than ten yoaraW ma
message to tho Legislature, in speaking of sectional
Jealousies, I called Its attention to this threatened
cloud, in those words:?"The danger of controversy
would be increased by our vast national debt. This
mainly held by a few Atlantic States, divides our coun
try into the perilous sectional relations of debtor and
creditor regions. The ownership of this debt cannot
bo diffused over our country, so that the same com
munities which pay taxes will receive inconius The
Individual advantages of protective lariffte growing out
of tins debt would bo largely gained by the creditor
pcdlLcal power. UUj?yU proportional share of
THIS MOST BALKVCL KFPPCT OP TTTTS TAXATION
is shown in its destruction of commerce and bus.ness.
It is tho real source ol the distress fell in our work
shops and in all tho fields of industry. A tux upon tho
exportation of our products would bo so hurtful that
our constitution lorbids its imposition by Congross.
let we find that the taxation made by our debt and
expenditures is of the same nature and works the same
evils. As I have shown, It falls heavily upon tho
transportation of tbe produco of the West In a groat
degree statesmanship In this country must coucern
Itself mainly about this movement of property
Tins quality, called value, means simpfv a
thing in its right place?in the place avhere it
a Deeded. If this could bo brought about
ln?ur country *!tb0<?? y?8t. al1 our burdens
and troubles would disappear. AS fcc cannot do this,
ns nPar,? Ha* wo can. All taxation is
nostiic to this purpose, and particularly that kind of
cumulative taxation which now hurts tho West and
then reacts upon us by depriving us of
our customers. The produce men of the
ty know how disastrous this obstruction
to commerce has been in numerous instances In tbo
past. They have struggled for cheap transportation by
all tho methods known to commerce, mechanics and
science. They have appealed to tho Legislature for ro
ller, and it has been given as far as that body could give
relief. But all those efforts to restore activity to com
merce, vigor to Industry, hope and comfort to labor
have been foiled by that policy at Wasluugton that in
creases the cost or government, prevents the due pay
ment of our debts and misapplies tho proceeds of taxa
tion. Look into all the channels of commerce all
worsbops and fields of industry, and you will find '
TUK 1IKAVY IIA.TD OP UOVKRXMK.NT
crushing out their life aud vigor. It ts clear to every
mind that thinks, that go long as taxes entail out tbo
lire or labor aud commerce we shall have to bear tbe
load of personal and public debts. While this Is tbo
state of affairs wild theories will be hatched about our
currency. Debt has always been prolific of schemes to
make wealth without labor. In one of Hogarth's
admirable caricatures he gives a sceno in a debtor's
prison where ono man, who could not face bis credl
IP?' droP" 'rem his pocket a scheme lor paying tho
British national debt, while another unfortunate is ab
sorbed In his efforts to turn lead Into gold. And so it
has been In tbe history of all nations, under all forms ol
government: that debt engendera all devices from the
old plan or clipping com down to the fictions of printed
W": 8VP 0,T dlsguloet, niake plain all tricks of
speeches, turn a deal car to all protestations of honor
look into tho facts of public uffklrs, and you will fiud
that every man who has, without a necessity, added ono
dollar to the national debt is an author of the theories
or repudiation and of base money. Just so far as the
administration has failed to pay off the deht of the
country by using the tuxes Imposed for that purpose
lor unwise or unconstitutional schemes, born or the
theory of centralization, just so lar arc they responsi
ble Tor all schemes which violate tho public faith and
Cheat labor with a depreciated currency. The distin
guished leader who speaks in behalf of his party
turns away from these topics to talk about
, . . oi'R Pt'nuc SCHOOLS,
and finds fault with us for not doing the same thing.
If be is asked if there Is anything wrong about them
P? 8ay,I 'oh- u"; Vcyarc al1 rt*ht!'- Then let us look
Into our finances, which are all wrong. This desire to
talk about everything but the condition of the country
o?i .i.1- ?J. lt9,a"'treM ,ias bppn stlu*n through,
out the canvass by the republican orators. A sectarian
excitement is wanted. Every man can see timt tho
orders have gone forth from headquarters to make this
???i ."m1?af'becanva?a- The word, of tho President
!,n. . . . nant' pul ,mo Plaln' like terms,
ring out to their men in the ranks and say. "Oar party
is weak on matters of economy, morality and wis
frae / ""J. \.P?int on religion !;* History repeats
.? La ** exposed this mockery more than a
hundred years ago when be delineated the absurd fears
arirt m.V.Yi0M ?r.En*'an(1 br French fleets a?d armies,
! h"u ^. *,,Vnkcl1 sailor exclaim with a round
oath, What will become of our blessed religion?" If
P,oua *eal means repentance in official circles it
f'V8 U8'vtrT re'"")n for hope. If it's a cloak lor con
ttnued nongovernment we have everything to fear It
is then trilling with religion and miking the d?.iro?
of labor. When they hold their State Convention, the
temporary President, in his speech, told his hearers
that all pious, temperate a rid virtuous men belonged to
their party, and that all the wicked and the dnwlard.
the keepors of beer and othor saloons, were democrats'
and when be took his chair he folded his hands
and dropped his eyes, and wore a look of
religious sorrow, In view or our sinfulness, which was
most touchipg In a Custom House officer. Ho was men
tally praying that Chandler might go into tbe Cabinet
Men buttoned up their pockets when they road that
speech, and wondered II wo were to be afflicted v .
another brood of that style of Christian stalest- Vh
had lately disgraced religion and dlRhonore'1 .C* , who
lation of our country. The public was *nrnri. i
a scholarly man, ono who had spoken plainly o, w
?vii?n' a ' ,n tb# main, fairly of abuses
this Mate, was made President of that b- reform in
Wily managers knew of a peculiarity l- .?lv- But the
wniHilMrtMlinrtatn. Inalltti ., his make whtcb
snokea wuelv and wsll alwo' j while, alter he hi*
. reform, which was re
eelved with ??cent cheers, there *u vociferous ap
plause when
tab fofb's mad wu MnorciiT ocr.
There was freer breathing when Konie, not Washing
ton, when Pope, aot President, was the theme. He
liad (lone the work of martin# a topic which ?hut off all
oa/f thoughts about reform, economy an<! retrench
ment. The same purpose w * shown in (?hio by the
republican leader, Senator Morton, when he unfurled
the bloody flag of sectional hate and urged discord as a
vigorous remedy for financial ills. Even President
Giant has broken through his usual reserve, and In a
st theWest suggests topics which are
calculated to turn attention from the state of the coun
try and the necessity for retrenchment and reform.
,i''"P ?e?m to have borrowed the plan of warfare from
It!!. 0** gtritteRy which consists in distracting
?l'Ponents and turning them away from the true
points of attack by a display of painted dragons, by
noisy tom-toms, hideous cries and horrible odors.
rcat reliance is also placed upon the warriors who
can turn somersaults upon the field of battle. Heuco
Senator ten ton Is brought to the front,
I shall not follow the example of personal denuncia
i'0"8- * wl'J n,01 si'Y of them what they would suy of
fefuL * , ' ^ *ere l)rr,,?(?l't together to state their
\iews of pub 1 to aliens. One would demand a Maine
law another would denounce It; one would pray and
another swear; some wouid call for specie payment,
others want paper money, some desire the punishment
or frauds, others would remind them of the sources of
thoir strength and supplies
scroti *,
lu 'his city the republicans wore
? J" t0 ?5Tn lhat 'hey had been roforinors for
many years. Their reforms were of so mild a tvpu
,.Lr'F! * i,rf? ttrr?y of figures, a skilful'ad
ju .tiuent oi lacts and a great deal of rhetoric to provo
their existence. Tlioy wero so gentle in their opera
kV. wror|Kdoer had found them out-no
,a<l keen !'ut upon his guard. Hiev wero
so harmless that no one had been hurt, and they had
never disturbed any of the pleasant relationships be
tween republican Governors and those who aro now
convicted wrongdoers. We will not underrate what
the republicans have done, hut wo men know that it
was not until the present Executive took the chair
that earnest, active steps wero taken to vindicate (ho
laws and to punish ollcnders. If wo aro to fall back
Into that gentle kind of reform whose vory existence
can only be proved by a brief and an eloquent speech,
then wo havo but Utile to hope for in the future
('?4W:uioks,
It Is fortunate for our <k>hutry at this time, when so
many conflicting theories are put forth and there is so
much contusion In pollticul action, that there are some
truths which stand out clear and unshaken. If wo will
bo governed by these we shail pass safely through all
our difllculticH and dangers. Wo do not need any tricks
ol statesmanship uor financial strategy. The truths
which all men can see and understand are sulTlciunt for
our purposuH, If we will be guided by them. Experience
has proved tlicm and our reason is satisfied with their
justice. We know that taxation eats up tho fruits of in
dustry; that it adds to the hours of toil ot our work
men, and that It obstructs tho business machinery of
society. Mo know that expenditures by government
make debt and taxation, and involve the country in em
barrassment, which, In too many cases, leads to frauds
and gives birth to jgild and demoralizing theories
with regard to currency and finance. We know that
the political principles which call for centralization can
only be carried out by increasing the cost of govern
ment, by widening the field ol its expenditures; and wo
know by sad experience, as these expenditures aro
made by agents in many cases at points too remoto to
admit of scrutiny, that they engender frauds and cor
ruption. We must retrace our steps. Wo must hare
reform. We must be governed by the loftiest, the
purest, tho safest statesmanship. It Is within the
reach of all. In clear terms it is sot forth in these sim
ple words ? honesty, industry and economy.
SI'KKCU or HON. WILLIAM OORSIIS'IMER
The Lloutenniit Governor, Mr. Dorshelmcr. was tho
next speaker. He said the republican papers liftd ft
great deal to say aimut dissatisfied democrats, but he
saw none of that class In this great audience. Ho ?avv
the promise of a groat victory on Tuesday next. Surely
no more momentous question than the one before them
to-day had ever been submitted to the people. It
is whether tho patriotic eirorts of a good Gov
crnor should bo sustained. The republicans tell ns
to elect republicans and they will sustain the
Governor bolter than democrats. Perhaps in the his
tory of this country no Buch compliment as this has
ever boen paid a Governor than this claim of his politi
cal opponents for support. Aro wo responsible for the
salary grab, tho Crddtt Monilior, or for Jayne, the in
ibrtner, or for the failure of 'Clews &
Co. In Lonionf Are we to trust tho
party which tuts nevor exposed one defraudcr,
never punished one offender If Tho worst thing
they can say about tho Governor is that ho exposes
democrats and evildoers in his own party, whoever
they nuiy bo. All honor to such aGovernorl (Ap
pluusc.) But, perhaps, all theso delinquents are not
democrats. Hut, inasmuch as Senator Coukling has
SAid that all these delinquents are democrats, he might
bo excused from calling attention to the fact that her*
and there there is a republican delinquent, too. In
1871, when ho tilled the Slate with explanations lu rela
tion to the evtldolngs of the democrats, ho voted for
Alexander llarkley, of canal lame, who is now
under indictment in Erto county. But this fact may
possibly have oscaped tho recollection of the Senator.
If he had doubted whether there are delinquents in the
republican party he might. In the city of Syracuse, look
at the stately mansion of Jamos J. Beldonj or lie might
recollect such mon as Thad. Duyis.iar.d Stroud and
Hopkins, the State Comptroller. On the very night he
spoke in New >>rk the aiu-ny jyunuil pub
lished too eighth rr.ori of what is known as the
Governor's investigating Committee. In that report
three prominent republicans appear as actors, and two
others as witnesses, and the whole is interesting read
ing. There was the Canada and New York Railroad
Company, which was granted a subsidy by tho Legisla
ture. The officers of the company wore entitled to re
ceive their pay. Tho agent for the company wrote to
the Comptroller and asked for his money. The Comp
troller said he would not let him have the money until
he had an opinion on the subject from the Attorney
General of tho State. The agoul asked how he was to
obtain such an opinion, when ho was told that
TIIKKK WAS A MR. DAVIS
who could procure tho requisite opinion. Tho Comp
troller said:?"If you desire it I will telegraph to him."
And he did so. In September the agent was .summoned
to appear at the Comptroller's olllce. Here the speaker
read from the report in which Mr. Barker tells ol meet
lug Mr. Davis, who handed him an opinion favorable to
his claim. Ho then gave Davis -his check
for $1,000 for his services, and obtaining
tho money which was lawfully due him he iclt.
The speaker asked his hoarers whether
they had over heard so shameful a record read apply
ing to great officers of the State. An honest citizen, en
titled to his money, Is told on applying for It there is
but one person in the State who can get it for him, and ;
is compelled to pay $1,000 before ho can receive what I
Is Ju.stfy hi A
Mr. liorsholmer then referred to tho Baxter stoam |
canal boat company affairs. Ho thought It Senator
Conkllng remembered tho history of the Stato
as well as ho remembered his speeches,
he thought ho might have found a
republicau concerned In the transaction. When Gov
? ? ????- ? k- -?? oiu.nt fitinilincr hii
crnor liiucu ictwucu
promises. The result has been that although the Leg
islature was divided against him, reiorms had been in
stituted which made a saving in taxes of over
$2,740,000, and a very large saving In ex
penditure. No one had been more instrumental In
supporting Governor Tildeu than tho energetic
and eloquent Senator from their own city, Hon. John
C.Jacobs. {Applause.) Tho speaker urged upon all
present the Importance of supporting Governor Ttlden
in his reform measures. If the citizens of Kings and
New York would do their duty thoy would be well
answered by the other counties, who would come down
with a maiority and whatever majority was given in
the cities would bo added to. Mr. Dorsheimor then
eulogized tho candidates ou the State tickot, paying a
brilliant tributo to John Blgelow. Mr. Dorsheimor
closod with a brilliant peroration. Ho was loudly ap
plauded.
The Chairman tbon Introduced
now. JOHW BlUKLOW,
who was the recipient of loud cheers.
Mr. Blgelow did not conclude his speech until after
eleven o'clock. The meeting closed with chcors for tho
whole ticket.
TIIE TAMMANY HALL MEETING.
SPEECHES BY SENATOR KERN AN, CONGRESSMAN
COX, FERNANDO WOOD, "BOSS" KELLY AND
OTHER STARS OF THE LESSER MAGNITUDES.
Tammany's great rally to ratify In mass meeting tho
Stato and city nominations took place in and about
the Wigwam last evening. The crowd that gathered
was a largo one within and without, but not equal to
the gatherings of tho past. At the commencement of I
the meeting the hall was densoly packed, but it was 1
very evident that more carao to hear
the distinguished^ speakers who would re
view political concerns In the State than to hoar city
aflhlra and candidates discussed. On tho speakers' '
platforms without were hard-money mottoes and othor
legends giving point to well known democratic princi- i
pies, while tho Inevitable banu rendered with good ef- j
feet some sprightly opH-a txmffe airs, as a sort of pre- j
lude to a portion of tho approaching entertainment. The
largo hall within was decked profasely with the Stars !
and Stripes and trl-colored streamers. About eight '
o'clock the assembled loaders and guests poured on tho '
platform of the large ball. Among the number were '
some of the candidates. Tho appearance of lie'
Francis Kernan, Hon. 8. & Cox, lion. Fernando '
and a few other favorites called forth some a* ,'<0?
The mooting was callod to order by Mr. V i'Plaug?
Fine, who, alter briefly explaining that uristophcr
sembled to ratify the nominations e' lh<,y werfi M"
party, proposed for Chairman Mr 1 democratic
Mr. Clinton proceeded to reply ? Henry k Clinton.
Senator Conkilng, stopping 10 re?ont ,Pooctl 01
city nominations. The w 011 lho way to r?Ti0W th?
dates' names called tr ?r tho different candl
of approval or dtsftr rth 00 "otable expression either
^n treating of *' ?,?r'
ton, apparent" ??? pcoplo'a ticket generally, Mr. Clin
Tammany ' F forgotllng that he was ever outside of
? uiniRelf, said that any democrat thrown out
",lv .many was good enough for the republicans to
i np. During Mr. Clinton's snsecn tha Im
Ta' lenco of the mass continually expressed
it self In calls for Remans andk Seymour.
* While reviewing the causes lot wtlh'B, as ha claimed,
John K. Hackett was not nominaicd by Tammany
I Hall, and defining the position of John Keky, he was
j obltged to give ws^nnd let Mr. Kelly, who was fre
I quuuily called coma forward John Kellv ft' speech
?ti brief and partook somewhat or the Datura of a
personal explanation.
JOH5 KttLLT'g srFKCn.
Fellow CmzFNs?I thank you Tor this demonstration
of your respect to rnym.df. ("It la only what you de
aarye." Great cheering) I can suy to you und tho
people of Una city that, eo far us I am myself con
cerned and those that wero associated with me in
making this selection of Judicial odlccrs, that
wo wore governed by the best of motives and tho
best in teres (a to servo tho people of this
great city. (Applause.) When the press of New York
will have considered tho abuse they have heaped upon
rue, aud when the groat democratic party of New York
will have elected these gentlemen to fulfil the duties
to which they will be chosen, their abuse will be turned
into praise. (Cheers.) You ull know?you that are
conversant with the affairs of this city?that the
criminal courts of the city aud county of
New York are a disgrace to any free people.
(Cries, "That is so.") They have endeavored to make tho
people of this city believe that 1 was governed by mat 1
ice?that 1 bad some personal motives in offering my
opposition to Recorder Hackett?(groans and hisses)?
1 say to you that I have no motive actualing me
against that gentleman, i have never done to him,
and he never, as far as I know, has done me an injury;
nor do I know now that no feels malice toward
me. Hut I have this in view, that Recorder Hackett
has a record before the people of the city which
Hhould condemn him in their estimation: Look at the
papers of the city; they would not publish that record.
There was but one paper in the city and county of New
York that did publish it: but the Tammany organization
has taken it upon Itself to issue that record, and ft Is
now before the people.
When John Kelly had finished Mr. Clinton again took
up the thread of his dull discourse, and finding him
soil .-1.! 1 unable to soolbohU restive hearers he abruptly
Ck>.-.': i.
Mr. William A. Boyd, when Mr. Clinton had finished,
read the list or rice presidents and secretaries.
VICE I'RKSIIZKNTS.
The names of 304 rice presidents read Included
imong others the following;?Augustus Schell, John
Kelly, William H. Wick ham, Edward Cooper, James
W. Gerard, Charles P. Daly, Josiah Sutherland, Everett
I' Wheeler, Koyal Phelps, Eugeue Kelly, Jordan L.
Molt, Henry P. De Graff, Arthur Leury, Wilson G.
Hunt, Isaac Odell, William E. Curtis, John K. Brady,
Henry Eisner, Bernard Kelly, John T. Aguew, Punlel
F. Tioniann, Isaac Hell, Joseph J. O'Douohue and
Abraham It. Lawrence.
When Mayor Wickham's name was reached It was re
ceived with a storm of hisses. Tnis called forth a de
termined effort to drown the hisses with applause, but
they continued to predominate.
The lirst regular speech of the evening was at last
commenced I?y lion. Francis Kernan, who was very
cordially received, llis allusions to the school question
were received with hearty applause as was alsa hU
treatment of the canal question.
HPKKCll 0? SENATOR KERNAN.
Sonator Kernan was then introduced and was greeted
with prolonged applause. Ho said:?Citizens ot New
York, from the bottom of my heart I thank you for
your kind reception. I am gratified at being able to
bo horo among you this evculng to say a lew words
to you in reference to nu election which involves a
question of very great Importance to the welfare of tlio
people ot t he State of New York. Tiiat question is,
"Shall we have thorough reform in the administration
ol all the public affairs of this great Slate of Now York,
ftoin the capital down to the lowest villages; shall the
reforms that have boon inaugurated be carried out till
wo shall have economy in the place of extravagance;
till we shall b?vo purity in place of selQsbness and cor
rtintinn in lhi>' urlminiiit rntiGti r\ t the nuhlln .? Cfn i
rupiion In iheTadministration of tho public aflairs of
I dee:
tlie great Stata That is the question which I deem of
paramount importance in this olcction. It is a question
that touches the welfare of the people of the State und
city; a question that touches tho purity of your State
government; that will, If rightly decided, purge from
Hi administration all corruption and all fraud.
(Cheers.] You all knoyr that it is too
- To. '
true that in your federal affairs, In city
and county Affairs than has been extravagance and
corruption, and you all know and feel tbnt this must
be slopped, and will bo stopped now if the voters of
this State are true to themselves and to their duties to
the State. One year ago the democrats and liberals of
this State by a majority of 50,000 votos elected a Gov
ernor and a Lieutenant Governor of this State. It wus
felt thon that we required a patriot lirm and fearless,
and above ail a thoroughly honest man to look after
the affairs of the State, u man that meant reform ; aud
the question I now intend to discuss with you is whether
tlie laith you put in tlioso oHlcers and their associates
has been disappointed, or whethor they huve acted
up to the full measure of the efforts for reform which
wo hud a right to expect from the election of Samuel J.
Tilden apd William Dorsheimer. (Cheers and apidause).
1 shall ask you to Judge of these men and their asso
ciates of the party, aud of their record for tlie ten
months they have been in office. When you judge men
by the rocts you arc rarely disappointed, but when we
judgo thorn by ioud mouthed professions, we are too
Irequeutiy disappointed in tlie result. When they
came into power ten months ago, what was
tho condition of tho affairs ot Jhe State
and of your city government? Governor Tilden,
when elected to tho Executive, did not
fold his arms in silence and make bis place easy by
meetiug only those questions that might be pressed
upon lilm. No; ho at onco looked at tlio condition of
your State with reference to taxation?taxation which,
when it beoomes hoavy, blights prosperity and cripples
tho industry of a people. He found your direct taxa
tion lor tho year 1874 over $16,000,000, gathered from
tlie pockets of the rich and poor alike, according to
llieir menus, ?? the expenses of the State gov
ernment. That did not include wnai you pay directly
and indirectly to le.leral taxation; it did not
include tlie millions you pay to tlio city taxation and
county taxation. That $15,000,000 was only the amount
gathered by the tax collector in 1874 and paid Into the
Treasury of your Staio. The Inderal debt which rests
upon the people of the entire Union is somewhat over
$'J0O,000,n00. Tho Erio Canal and the Lake Cham
plain Canal, as originally constructed, only cost
$7,000,000?a groat work, as our fathers thought, in
regard to the prosperity of our Stole. This sum, In tboso
days deemed very large, was laid out in construct
ing these canals?a sum not half as largo us
that taken froin yon in 1874 and put into the Treasury
in Albany to be expended by your State government.
Your Executive that you elected, looking woll to your
affairs, and seeing tins enormous taxation on tho people
of the State, examined to see where the money went
and how It wus expended. He was determined to see if
there was any adc>quate return made to the people for
tins enormous sum, and in the course of that examina
tion he found there was a system of extravagance?that
there existed what was worse than extravagance, a
system of robbery of your' treasury, system
atized and organized by a ring pertaiuiug to and
belonging to each of tbo political parties in tbe State.
He found that these men were robbing tho Treasury of
millions in paying (or what was called extra repairs for
your canals?repairs which were of a very extra char
acter Indeed. By this system of peculation inure than
lour times tho contract price was paid to these con
tractors, and the work was not done. If you had not
an honest, bold man in tho Executive to expose and
stop the frighliu! robbery, it never would have
been stopped, and these dishonest contractors
would continue to draw vast sums of money
from the pockets of tbo taxpayers of the
State. Your Governor did not, on discovering
these frauds, told ins arms and say, "I am not entering
Into a war with a body of nun strong in political influ
ence, intrenched within botlv poll Heal parties?men
who had grown wealthy along the canal from Albany to
Buffalo?men who foil they hud tbo power to crush
politically any man who dared to Interfere with their
system of getting money for such extra ropatrs from
your pocket* "Governor Tilden and those acting with
him, tlie men ho had gathered around him, his political
friends and your own representatives, at onco sent
a special message to tho Legislature, showing what was
going on and asking tor power to corroct It. The
power was given htm, and be appointed a commission
to examine thoroughly the system of expenditure for
tlie purpose or discovering the fraud, and that your
representatives might apply the remedy and put a
stop lo the plundering and peculutivo system that had
been going on lor years. With Blgolow and Orr and
Van Buren the work of reform has progressed, fraud
and peculation have been stop|>ed and from hencelorth
there will bo no more plundering under
protonce ot carrying out contracta One
repentant sinner of a contractor, by this
work of publication has made restitution of $14,000 to
the State, he had received withoutjnst or adequate ser
vices having been rendered thereior. Through those
eiTorts of Governor Ttldcn and the men associated with
him In this great work of retorm taxes have been re
duced in the very lirst year of his administration. The
tax lov'y tlifs ycir, large enough, to bo sure, has been
reduced by nearly $3,000,000. More than all this, If
you by your votes carry out tbis work, sustain
these who arc thus beucilting you, you will
lUcn
have under the same administration much
larger reductions In your tax levy next
year than $3,000,000. This has been the work of
Uowmor Tilden during the leu months he has been in
office. This is the work of a mail wlio has been abused
so much Tho question I would now put to you, men
of New York, Is, whether by your votes on next Tues
day you will uphold, approve and sustain your Execu
tive, or whether you will desert bim nu>1 the cause of
reform, and by your balloli apfffiiVb tW conduct of
thieves and plunderers? Will yon strengthen the hands
ol tho Executive and his colleagues in the administra
tion of affairs, so that he may carry on the work of
purification till we have once more tho old fashioned
economy and hotiwty in the administration
?f affaire which ? eur predecessors in the
govonmutti taught ua to adhere to? Will
you w-ite to sustain this reform movement
J^isot* and cries ot "Wo will"), and strengthen the
r ,ands of the men, who will bo faithful to It ? (Cheers.)
But there Is anothor vital question brought Into this can
vass which, to my mind, has by right no connoction
with it, I refer to the school question. The question
Is brought In in an attempt to divert the attention of
: the people from this question of reform, or it Is sn
i snort to stir up sectarian hate Among our people. Now
? there is no such question involved In this election;
there cannot be any touching the common schools.
The constitution of 184fl provides that the
common school fund shall be preserved in
violate and the Income therefrom shall be applied
to the support of the common schools. Our Supreme
Court, our Court of Appeals, more than fifteen years
ago decided the term common school, as used In that
provision, meant Uie ordinary public schools estab
lished by the State, and Its expenses for the education
of the children of the State. And the provision la the
constitution adopted last year goes farther, and pro
?Ides that neither the money sor the propsrty of the
State, or of any city or county, town or village shall
be given to any private Institution; thus catting
off all private schools, whether sectarinn or
non sectarian from the fbuds or money that can bo
rained by taxation. Therefore, my friends there ? no
sort of danger to your common schools. Tbo common
ectmols of this State are Imbedded In yoar constitu
tion, and there Is no power In any Legislature to Inter
fere with or change them. (Applause.) They must he
maintained as common schools in which ail the chU
dr *n of the State may obtain a good secular education
common schools in which the religious prejudices or
| fceiinqa of no one child or ;>areui shall be wounded
| lapplausc)?supported by tho lunds ol lh? State.
and contributed by Pf??1# 0'
and to b? devoted for in* purposes
^school education alone. fr?) And
ogntze tbe duty and importance of '?/c^'ent
guardian giving religious teaching Ui h i child, yet I
caunot have that rel.g.ous teaching Inculcated at he
ei|H'Dse of Hie Stale. U must be done In the fltmlVT,
In the church, In the Sunday achool in the pnvaw
school, because there is the proper place where we can
conform to views peculiar to ourselves, andI in which
we can have our children taught. ?h?*r*) thS
the contrary, they have attempted te aring *??
common schools Into the canvass solely for tne
purpose of atirring up sectarian discord *?OD^
people, an attempt which every patriotic man, eve y
real Christian uian, should oondemn. (Cries ol rnal ?
so!" and cheers.) Sectarian dissensionsand re iglous
projudices, these have been the curfi?.? *'t'T
among whom they have been allowed to take r
(Applause.) They an, at war, my trieuds, with the
glorious constitution of our own State. Any attempt
to iiersccute a man on account of his creed or his re
ligion or belief is a violation and at war with the letter
and spirit ol the constitution or this glorious free
State of ours. (Great cheering.) I desire to
read you the languaue of our own constitution
exactly as itjs written down for our government end
guidance"The free exercise and enjoyment or re
ligious profession to worship without discrimination
shall forever be allowed in this State to all mankind.
(Groatcheering.) And yet these gentlemen on the otner
side fear, or pretend to fear, which I do not believe to
do, that there is dauper to your common schools.
There la no danger under the constitution, and they
know it; but they are striving to stir up hatred of iBa?
against man?religious hatred, religious prejudice and
bitterness toward a neighbor on account or
his creed, on account ot his doing what he
should do In following <mt bis own convictions is at
war with the great principles of the American constitu
tional liberty. (Great cheering.) At war with the doc
trine of christian charity, the very foundation of reli
gion as taught by every denominatlon-by all those
who believe in Christ. It is the right and It is the duty
of every man In every laud where there Is real liberty
to worship his Creator according to the dictates of
his own conscience, aud not according to
what mav be tho views of some other man.
Mark my words, aud look to history for
verification, llie man who lalls to act
according to his conscience, openly and In a public
spirit, in his worship, according to his honest holier
and tho dictates of his conscience, will never be faithful
to his vows toman. Let us always remember that no
man is accountable to any other man for tho creed he
believes and professes. 1 am accountable to no man ror
niv belief, and no man to mo. Each is only accounta
ble to his Maker, to be Judged not tor an error of Judg
ment, but to lie judged uccording to whether we have in
sincerity and humility and purity of heart tried to wor
ship that Maker according to the dictates of our
own conscience. (Applause.) I rejoice that there
i* this unanimity of feeling in favor ol the great princi
nlo among mankind, aud one which is embedded in our
SonK?o??thank God. I have lived for more than
llftv vears going up and down in my daily waiks among
men of all crouds, and 1 am proud to say there never
was so liberal a Christian people in spirit aud in char
itythan this American people of ours, (( rcat cdiecr
ing.) 1 bavo not spoken this with any feeling
up bitterness or sectarian hate. And now once more to
the quosUonJbefore us Send men to Alh.ny-the men
on your State ticket-that will stand by Samuel J. Til
dem The cause is in ymtr own hands. lt is your
cjiusc?the cause of reform. It is your cause?
tlio oflbrt to restore purity to the administration.
It can onlv bo done by the peoplo standing
firm and fearless in support of the men ^eyXi
in the great work of re.orm?men who, when they uis
covered abuses went to work to correct them?sothat
your burdens might be lightened and your(Pr???.e^
Increased. Do this, and every man of you wili feel
tliov have done their whole duty, that they_ nave
achieved a victory?a victory not over mere party, not
of a mere clique, but a great victory
istraliou of the government and economy in all public
ifffafrs? And having done that, it will bo long before
the peculators and thieves will again break intoithe
Treasury or corrupt your .State government by mal
"?Treatcle^.SC out' when Senator Kernpn
retired fr "the platform. He was Tollowed by Uoh
James S. Thayer, who confined himself to a sketch of
the Tammany soctotv and the county ticket,
KKHAltkS OK JA.MKS 8. TtlAYKIl. .
He claimed that Tammany has always been
the friend of the people, that it* members have
not been all partisans, and that for many yearsIt
hud no activo share in party politics. Tbis w? tot
lowed by a review of tho internal organization of tho
society dashed with personal reminiscences of the
sneaker. Tho names applied to Tammany,
the rule of Tweed and Kelly, were tb?
summarized and discussed. Mr. John Kcljy
was defended against the attacks made upon him in
very vigorous language. A review of the
an dll i c i r jau locedcu t s was then given, Mr. Hack ell com
ing in for a very large share ot vindictive oratory. ?
Kellv was stated to bo tho best abused man in the city
^f New York, and also to have placed the city under
larger obligations to him than any other eitizcn X
dCursive essay upon good government and those
tilings which It required ended the speech.
b I'KTKK B. Ol.NKY
at this point was loudly called for, and ?n response he
tlXS JffiSW3,?S"' if- SS1K1 Ef
cnMtc party are uuterrifled," and in spite of the op.
p?7tmn of tho press and the disaffection ot some m
our rants, I, for one, am notalN4 of the
w, .y.u this ?lectu>n Tl*** reform party
? Vcw York today Ik tho democratic party.
of my humble efforis in behalf of honen govonirnont
have been chosen as candidate lor the oltico of District
AUorncy If in tho past that office has been used to
SrSfesEr SS
JRSITfSiXu"'wiouloi"" ">?
old fashioned reception was tendered him. In
would not,f?he K'make'a ^oeclThe ^uUUucrcly
assj^sar ass?
elected nc wouiu e Mr Wood ti,en resumed
wiwta. the attention ol the audience to the close.
One ofthelrvehlwt speakers of the whole evening
u n ^ Pox was crowded so close to the finish th?it
ho did not ? told, as the others were, to cut
it shorL On coming forward
now s. s. cox
tlons'l?f0monoy^n^'embez7lemcnr of public' Vundj"
? Unnrihnate salaries" and all kinds of grabs, spoils, do
the Bronl?ioymof,rcneg?dos and adventurers, desirous
wwnere/moreneUed than now. By roc,nt elections
in (.hlotheradlralpanyhave taken how ^
for anothor hold on the purse an irrariv thev are
tho holiest emotions of the human s on
mode to avoid tho issue wWch wo mak?? |( tho
the toad-spotted trailers w their^ trusts ciU.
mode of avoiding meeting lh*lr._r0^c.au(;<,rln in army,
rens born here and impressed n f )nt0|,.rance,
Tills is the sharp trick and wmisejrjn and mal
made out of nothing, to b|de lhoir mer IJul [%
Ignant public conduct toward South ^ NeW yor|T
Is too late and too transparent. i,-Movement of
I band together for a renewal of the * lUer, 1.
1 last falL That victory bslinAnVcnntal year ftom
i nothing can prevent th^o ? #( f)rom lhc worst
I being a year of Jubilee?an e[a Und in that cn
administration rJor.?l!?.d soutb all alike will partake.
I frnnchlsemcnt, North at. d up 1W hands and voice
I Tho regenerated South will im ^ NorUlfrn sUr
unto God in thankful p:rat <yt. heaven with the
' will shine more brightly In tt> ^ paT(, uteadfasi
ff,n? dimmed Southern ere^ss^, ^ ^ of SUile m it*
and true, the stellar b. othcr M k radian!
perilous Bdysnturet _ jUld forgiven love, without
symbol of trial f?rg content, prosperity and
which there is no lrateru. ,,
union. tt..c the last speaker, and by tho tim?
h,Uid finished but few were left in the hall.
HACKETT EULOGIZED.
A very large republican mass meeting woe hold last
evening at l'aropa Hall, corner of Eighty-gtxth etreot
and Third avenue. Mr. Henry C. Robinson presided^
Mr. Horatio P. Alien, the fleet speaker Introduced,
after 'Indorsing the nominees of the republican ticket
and eloquently advocating their claims to election,
turned his attention to the Judiciary. As he mentioned
the names of Hackett and Phelps In terms of eulogy
the audience uttered loud and long continued applause.
Recorder Hackett, the speaker said, could not be spared
from the Bench. The city had In It a large element of
lawless men, and Hackett was ths man to deal with
them. He was a terror to all burglars, mnrderers and
criminals generally. Mr. Pbolpe would be his able
coadjutor in the prosecution of crime. General Dents
V. Burke spoke In the same strain. Mr. Ruftia B.
Cowan and others spoke, and the meeting broke up
amid a daaaling display of fireworks outside the ball.
THE PURITY OF THE IULLOT.
Agreeable to s circular sent to the young men ot
Brooklyn, a large meeting was held last evening at tbi
Polytechnic Institute in the Interests of the republics!
candidates. Addresses were made by General Stewart
L. Woodford and General H W. Siocuin. Committee!
were appointed 10 watch the 1?4 [Killing places of tat
city, with a view ol preventing fraudulent voting.

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