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NEW YORK IIEKALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. f JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PKOPRIITO*. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New Yomt Hebald will be tent free of postage. TEE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage, to subscribers. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yoke Hsbald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. ? LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD??0. 46 FLEET STREET. TARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLUME XL NO. 303 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGIIT. ? . WALLACK'8 THEATRE, . J"id . Thirteenth Mreet -Til K OVERLAND Ml Ail "l P ; clo!'e,, 10 45 K M Mr- Gilbert, , PARISIAN VARIETIES, Sixteenth street and Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. ' DARLING S OPERA HOUSE, ?SKtt?W?r**? end Sixth avenue.?COTTON A REED'S NEW YORK MINSTRELS, at HP. M.; close* at 10 P. M. ? , THEATRE COM I OPE, P?M Broadway.?VARIETY, m 8 P. M; chases at 10:45 AMERICAN INSTITUTE, Third avenue and Sixty-third street.?Day and evening. ? RAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, at JpM** **?13ruuJw"}'. coruer of Twenty-ninth itrcet, BOOTH S THEATRE, Twenty third street and Sixth avenue ?PANTOMIME at 8 P. M. U. L. Fox. Benefit at 1:30 P. M. ? _ ? OLYMPIC THEATRE. No^624 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 I". M.; donee at 10:45 _ PARK THEATRE, Hrnadway and Twenty ne>-oud street.?THE MIGHTY DOL LAR, at S P. M. Mr. and Mm. Florence. _ EAGLE THEATRE, Broadway and Thirty third street.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. v ,?n.MElROPOlITAX MUSEUM OF ART. P?M rourtecnth etreet.?Ojien from 10 A. M. to 5 r , . tFirrn avenue theatre. rwenty-eighth street, near Broadway.?HAMLET at 8 P. M.; clones atUO Jl> P. M. Mr. Edwin Booth. BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?JACK SUEPPAUD. at 8 P. M. Mrs. W C. Jonea GRAND OPERA HOUSE, SuVI'dr? ~*entJ third street ami Eighth avenue.?OLD UL ARD, at S p. M.; doses at 10:40 P. M Matineo at J P. M. - _ _ HOWE A CPSHING'S CIRCUS, svening street, East River ?Performance* day and ? _ GLOBE THEATRE. Jv* 730 Broadway.?MINSTRELSY and VARIETY, WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner oT Thirtieth afreet ?ST BLOCCM at 8 P. M., doses at 10:45 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. JL BROOKLYN ATIIEN.EUM, Brooklyn.-EHRUCHE ARBEIT, at 8 P. M. a- ... TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE hot. 585 and 587Broadway -VARIETY, at 8 P. M. . THIRD AVENUE THEATRE ?TV?7^b-t7r?J!S5Jf?h ??"'??y-?r?t streets? MINoTRELSV and VARIETY, at 8 P. M. ? TIYOLI THEATRE, eighth street, near Tliird avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. TEIPLES HE E T. NEW YORK, FIJDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1875. From our reports Otis morning the probabilities are dint the wither to-day iciS be icarm and oartly cloudy. The Herald bt Fast Mail Trains.?News dealers and the pvJAic throughout the States of Few York, Few Jersey and Pennsylvania, as tcell as in die West, the Pacific Coast, the North and Southwest, also along dee lines of die Hud son River, Few lork Central and I'ennsylvania Central Railroads and their connections, will be supplietl with The Herald, free of postage. Extraordinary inducements offered to newsdealers by sending dierr orders direct to this office. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were lower and irregular in price. Gold ad vanced to 116 5-8 and closed at 116 1-4. Rag money worth about 86.02. Investment securities were generally firm. ; GAimetta Iflsuss a manifesto in which he pifcdicts a great republican majority as the result of the approaching elections. He lays down as the future programme departmental Toting, the restoration of State education and amnesty to the Communists. Yesterday Was the Ninety-ninth Anni versary of the battle of White Plains. The Westchester County Historical Society cele brated the day, the feature of the procedings being an address by ex-Minister John Jay. 4 sketch of the address will be found in the Herald to-day. Tm Ravages of the cattle disease in England is shown in the quarterly report, which shows that throughout England and Wales for the quarter ending October 16 there were over five hundred thousand cases of disease, and that the money damage is estimated at a million dollars. There Was Some Good Racing and a large attendance at the Washington Driving Park yesterday. A railroad accident, fortunately unattended by injnry to the passengers, de layed tho Raltitnoro delegation until the first race had been decided. The winners were General Harney, Madge, Skirmisher and Diavolo. The latter carried off the purse for the hurdle race, beating Busy Roe. It Is Encoctuoi.no to find that two more murderers wero yesterday sentenced to death. The day of their execution is fixed for the 17th of December. The condemned men are negroes, and their crimo was tho murder of the pedler, Abraham Weisberg, near West Farms, last month. The evidence of their guilt was conclusive. When wo hoar of three murderers being sentenced in two days we begin to believe that wo are living in the old days when the laws were enforced, and not under our present generous police force, whose tenderness toward criini gato j* w vtil Juujvu* Ki-Govrrnor 8r>ai?ur'i Spmh. It will gratify all true democrats to learn that Governor Seymour, who was industri ously advertised and paraded as the leading speaker at Tammany Ilall last evening, scorned to appear there at all and to give even a seeming countenance to Mr. John Kelly's mischievous autocracy. We wonder how Mr. Kelly leels after being snubbed by the most respected democrat in the State! Gov ernor Seymour refuses to give even the countenance of his presence to the un damocratic Tammany cabal. He has no faith in that kind of organization. He has washed his hands of all complicity with it by going to Brooklyn to deliver his speech, j and putting himself in an atti- i tude of entire separation from an odious autocracy which is the scorn and opprobrium of the democratic party of the State and the country. Throngs of people went to Tammany Hull in the expectation of hearing him ; but he put a slur and a stigma on the one man power and its doings, and delivered his speech in a place where ho could appear without cdm promising his self-respect or his democratic principles. This significant slight put on | Tammany by the most eminent democrat in the State is the most valuable assistance j that could be given to the anti-Tummany movement, whose supporters will take new I courage and need not doubt of a triumphant success. Governor Seymour devoted his address in ! Brooklyn mainly to great national topics and j to State issues only so far as they bear on i national questions. In this wise selection of subjocts Mr. Seymour has acted in accord ance with his habitual elevation of sentiment and scorn of vulgar politics. Keeping as clear of Tammany as a lady in clean attire would of dirty puddles in crossing a street, Mr. Seymour explains his views on the great questions which concern the na tional welfare. There is no other man in the democratic party so gifted for such a task. Mr. Seymour is the most statesman like member of the democratic party. He has more sagacity, greater breadth of view and a more persuasive eloquence than any other democrat in the United States. By elo quence we do not mean the tawdry figures of speech and swelling bombast so often mis taken for it, but such a clear and earnest presentation of the speaker's arguments as is calculated to secure respect and produce conviction. In this great faculty of enlisting the judgment of his auditors on his side we doubt if Mr. Seymour has a superior or an equal in this country. His speech will have the additional weight which belongs to a dis tinguished adviser. Mr. Seymour has outlived personal ambition. Advancing years, grow ing infirmities and an unaffected taste for quiet rural pursuits have cured him of 1'the last infirmity of noble minds." The faintest intimation of consent would have been fol " lowed last winter by his-enthusiastic election to the federal Senate, where he would have been more than the peer of any member of that body. 'With a disinterestedness as rare as it was respectable he declined that honor in favor of his friend and neighbor, Mr. Kernan. Having outlived and re nounced personal aspirations he has a solid title to be recognized as the most unselfish counsellor of the democratic party, and he is not unconscious of the responsibility which attends such a position. Knowing that his speech would command the respectful atten tion of his party in every State of the Union he has risen above the murky atmosphere of local partisan contests to set forth his views of the general situation. It is the evident purpose of Mr. Seymour to sound the keynote of the approaching Presidential contest from his point of view. He has a clear perception of the issues on which the Presidential election ought to turn, and he states them with great fairness. He thinks that the business situation, the pecuniary distress which weighs upon all classes, is the central point of view, and it is the main object of his policy to alleviate the public burdens. He realizes the difficulty of uniting the dem ocratic party on the fundamental questions of the period, and has bent all his skill to this most difficult part of the problem. To soothe and satisfy tho West without the slightest surrender of sound financial prin ciples is a task which might bring a less sagacious mind to despairs but Mr. Seymour has made the attempt, and if the Western democrats will listen to anybody with respect they will listen to him. He is too wise to denounce and berate them ; he makes con siderate apologies for their errors ; he ac knowledges their grievances ; but he is im movably firm in opposing their financial heresies. He admits and maintains that the people of the West are the greatest sufferers from our false financial system. He states their grievances with more skill than they have ever been stated by themselves. He contends that the distinction between debtor States and creditor States, which makes the West tributary to the East, has a foundation in fact, and that it is a necessary oonsequence of our heavy public debt He maintains that the enormous burden of federal taxes falls with crushing weight on the West, whose products must find their way to dis tant markets. The tariff adds immensely to the expense of constructing railroads, and the West, besides paying the enhanced cost of articles of consumption, is burdened with increased expenses in the transportation of its products to markets, a burden from which the Eastern States are exempt by their nearness to the places where their products are oonsumed. Mr. Seymour's recognition of the unequal burdens which fall on the West by our system of finance and taxation will conciliate that section to his views on the currency. He attempts to convince the West that a return to specie payments would promote its prosperity as well as that of every other part of the country. He concedes the justice of their complaints against one kind of money for the bondholders and an inferior kind of money for the com munity, but maintains that all such invidious comparisons would be abolished by making the paper curr< n< y equal to gold. Ho deprecates a sectional issue on the currency question, and thinks it would be forestalled by appreciating the paper circulation to a gold value. This line of remark is as sound and sagacious from a financial point of view as it is wise and conciliatory for tho purpose of harmonious the discordant democracy of the East ami the West. A sound currency would no doubt benofit all sections of the country alike, nnd it would abolish the invidious dis tinction between creditors who are paid in gold and creditors whose claims are dis charged in depreciated paper. But Mr. Seymour's idea that the national debt ought to be paid off and extinguished as speedily as possible in order to remove Western discontent and jealousy, will hardly stand the test of fair inquiry. We concede that if the publio debt did not exist the West could not complain of being taxed for the benefit of the Eastern bondholders. But the debt can not be speedily paid off without heavy taxa tion, which would fall with the same dispro portionate weight on the West as the present taxes. We regret to see Mr. Seymour in dorse the favorite fallacy of Secretary Bout well, which is the worst blunder that has been perpetrated in our financial admin istration. Under Mr. Boutwell's ad ministration of the Treasury Depart ment the national debt was paid off at the rate of about one hundred millions a year, and this was the chief boast of the republican party in the last Presidential election. It was a prodigious mistake to burden industry with crushing taxes for this purpose, when there were financial objects of infinitely more importance to bo accom plished. The first thing the government should have aimed at, after the close of the war, was to restore the currency to sound ness and to take off all but the most nec essary taxes in order to put our productive industries in efficient operation. Wo could easily and rapidly reduce the debt out of the profits of a universally revived industry ; but the first thing in point of importance was to restore Rpecie payments and re establish the machinery for earning wealth. The reduction of the debt might then have followed without any strain on our resources. Mr. Boutwell pur sued the opposite policy of reducing the debt first, which was as absurd as to put sick horses to the plough, instead of nursing their strength for efficient service afterward. We are sincerely sorry to see so enlightened a-statesman as Mr. Seymour committing him self to Secretary Boutwell's worst blunder. There should be no haste to pay or reduce the national debt. Every resource of the government should be devoted to restoring the currency, reviving industry and setting all the wheels of industry in motion, which would enablo the country to reduce tho public debt afterward out of the rich resources of re-established prosperity. The blundering Boutwell policy began at the wrong end by attempting to reduce tho debt before reviving the prosperity, which would have made the debt a comparatively light burden. High Winds During Great Conflagra tions. It is always noticeable that during the progress of a great lire, such as that which almost demolished Chicago, a violent wind accompanies the conflagration and mainly assists in spreading it over a large area. In reality the lire creates the wind, and the lat ter increases in force with the area and in tensity of its exciting cause. Another feature of these fire winds, as we may call them, is that they blow from all directions toward the heated centre, and are influenced in their direction by lines of houses and narrow streets, which divert them or concentrate their power as if through a blowpipe. The generation of these winds in otherwise calm weather is due to the immense expansion and up-draught of the air over the burning area. This motion induces an in-draught from all the surrounding atmospheric volume to sup ply the place of the inflated and con sequently rarefied air over the fire. All such in-draughts are necessarily surface currents, affecting and being affected by objects and conditions on the surface. During the fires at Chicago and Boston the indraught wind along the surface, striking through tho aper tures of the burning buildings, fed the flames by renewing the supplies of oxygen, and lifted them up so as to actually bridge the streets with fire and extend the area of the conflagration. The general direction of the smoke from great fires marks that of the pre vailing upper currents of air and is fre quently opposite to that of some of the fire winds on the surface. When a strong wind, prevailing at the time of tho outbreak of tho fire, acts on a burning area, its own velocity is largely increased, and it thus becomes a fire wind in its own direc tion. Telegrams describing the Virginia City disaster also mention the prevalence of a heavy galo during the fire, but do not state whether it prevailed before or was created by the fire. In all probability its force dur ing the conflagration was due to both causes. Tiie Great Fire and the Mines.?The latest intelligence by way of San Francisco gives hope that the mines are not damaged by the Virginia City conflagration to any thing like the extent that was feared. The Herald's special despatch states that tho miners have been through all the mines in the range and find them all safe except the Opliir, which is damaged to the extent of thirty feet oply. The shaft of the Consoli dated Virginia mine has not been injured, and the great hoisting works are to lie re stored as speedily as possible. The leading citizens have been active in raising imme diate relief funds, and it is said that tho gloom occasioned by the calamity and tho fear of its consequences is passing away. Vigorous efforts are mado to forward suffi cient provisions to Virginia City to supply the destitute people. There is great need of money, however, and the charitable citizens of New York will no doubt contribute their share toward the relief of the snfferers. Tho loss is now set down at $7,500,000. Governor Tilden Gave Evidence of hia good sense in refusing to prosido at 01 attend tho Tammany ratification meeting last night. For three days every influence ! was brought to bear upon tho Governor tc induce him to givo the meeting the ad< , vantage of his presence, but ho steadfiiHtlj refused. He will not permit himself to b< mixed up with the local qnarTel of tho demoo racy, and he is said to look with much di* favor and regret on John Kelly's arbitrarj i conduct and uoiitical mistakes. Servia and Turkey. The report that the Servian Representa tive Assembly had voted a "motion for war with Turkey" is contradicted, but such an act has been for some time imminent, and it is only in virtue of strong foreign support that the sovereign has been able so far to prevent this violent course. Should this extreme line of action eventually be taken, as seems not improbable, the Her zegovinian insurrection will evidently not be altogether without results on the political condition of Eastern Europe. Servia pos sesses an independent existence in virtue of the guarantee of the great Powers. She does not stand by her own might and cannot so stand. She does not stand in virtue of any good will toward her at Constantinople. She has been a makeweight in certain political complications and has retained her political autonomy in virtue of those complications, and that autonomy is, therefore, not a fact of unqualified stability. In 1856 the Treaty of Paris placed the immunities that Servia then held from the Porte, "its inde pendent and national administration, "under the guarantee of the signatory Towers *, de clared for the maintenance of the Turkish "right of garrison," and said, "No armed in tervention can take place in Servia without previous agreement between the high con tracting Powers." In regard to the right of garrison, in virtue of which Turkey kept a body of troops at Belgrade, it has, perhaps, practically lapsed, for the troops, whose pres ence led to frequent disturbances, were withdrawn in 1867, but otherwise the stipu lations of the treaty are the public law upon which Servian independence stands. Servia cannot be too careful how she trifles with that law in the aspiration for better conditions. Do her people hope to whip Turkey single-handed ? That is scarcely possible. Do they anticipate inter vention in their favor under the guarantee ? Certain of the Powers will not touch the case now on any terms, and those that might interfere would only do so if they approved the quarrel on which the conflict should arise. It is clear that the "war party" is not one with whose purposes they can have any sympathy. It is a party generally of agita tion, and neither Austria, Prussia nor Russia will raise a finger to strengthen by support a party of this nature. Russia, indeed, has already hinted informally to the Servian Trince that he must keep the peace or take the oonsequences in the abrogation of the guarantee. It would be a sad result of the insurrection if it should close, not in the further extension of freedom to Christians in Turkey, but in tho aggrandizement of Mos lem power at the expense of S ervian inde pendence. Financial Reports. Out of the measure of repudiation decreed by the^ Turkish government in the early part of the present month there is likely to arise in Paris a lawsuit of peculiar interest to corporations that sell news and to the public that is guided in its financial opera tions by",the intelligence thus furnished. Ru mor had been busy with the subject for some time, and the apprehension that the Porte was about to tamper with its interest pay ments naturally sent Turkish securities to a low point. Many wise men got out of dan ger under the inspiration of that apprehen sion; and our cautious friend, John Bull, made so good a use of his opportunity that London seems to feel comparatively little interest in what eventually occurred. But with securities thus depressed there was naturally a fine opportunity for investment or speculation in case it should turn out that the bad news from Constantino ple was false; and there seemed to some persons reason to believe that it was false. Just as this notion suggested itself to the financial mind the Havas Tele gram Agency published in Paris a positive statement that all those reports derogatory to Turkish credit were without foundation. It further stated that it made this declaration on the authority of the Grand Vizier. Six teen persons operating on the Paris Bourse bought heavily on the strength of this re port, and a few days later the document was put forth by which the government sup pressed half its interest payments for five years. All these losers thereupon demanded their differences from the Havas Agency, which they held had misinformed them in a way that made it responsible before the law. But the agency wishes to refer these gentle men to the Grand Vizier, who, it seems, ac tually "inspired" the despatch, and who, there is some ground to believe, was actually ignorant of the measure contemplated by the Ottoman Treasury. Naturally the Vizier has no responsibility in the case; and if the Paris courts sustain the view taken on the Bourse, the Havas Agency will find that speculative news is a dangerous article to deal in. "The Committee of Public Safety." During the French Itovolution, when ter ror was triumphant, there was a tribunal called the "Committee of Public Safety." This organization was a small irresponsible body, whoso chief officer was Fouquier Tin villc, a name infamous to all timo. His busi ness was to arrest suspected Frenchmen and send them to the guillotine. Every morning there was a batch of citizens driven in the tumbrils to the scaffoltL The story of that committee's career is one of the most painful in modern history. Men, women and chil dren were seized and behoaded. Of Fou quier Tinville it is said :?"He had no soul, not even that of a tiger, which, at least, pre tends to bo pleased with what it devours. Incnpablo of friendship or of anything even remotely nllied to generosity he systemati cally abandoned his successive coagitators in their hour of noed and sent to tho scaffold, without tho slightest compunction, Bailly and Vcrgniaud, Danton and Hobcrt, Robes pierre and St. Just." The Committee on Discipline of Tammany Hall, in session now from day to day, re minds us very much of tho Committee of Public Safety. W. A. Boyd is the Fouquier Tinville who executes tho orders of Robes pierre Kelly. Every morning we hear of a new batch of democrats decapitated because they will not acquiesce in tho wish of this absolute ruler. Every morning thoro is a now story of punishment and "discipline." Tho democracy, which last year rallied so enttiuuidgticaUy about Wickluun, ia tv-duy disheartened, in tenor, and iis leaders are ?ainly endeavoring to achieve by feir what they failed to win by harmony and kindness. What Shall We Do With Tammany 1 In the event of the defeat of John Kelly and hist braves on Tuesday next, an event which seems more and more imminent, a question arises which might well be referred to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. As our readers know, the controlling spirits in Tammany Hall are members of an Indian tribe. They have a life of their own to which we are not admitted. We are told it is a beautiful pastoral life, rich with old In dian traditions,and that John Kelly and Doug las Taylor and Augustus Scholl, Andrew J. Garvey, James H. Ingersoll and Mayor Wick ham and other well known citizens call themselves sachems and wiskinskies and chiefs, smoke j)ipes of peace and danoe around burning fires and talk about moons and seasons for hunting and planting. After next Tuesday there will be no temptation to continue these traditions. The question, What shall be dono with the Tammany braves ? is one that cannot be postponed by a humane and intelligent administration. Our first thought is that they should be sent to a reservation. We are far from deny ing to the Tammany braves the right to follow the traditions of their tribe, but evi dently they are no longer of any use in New York. Our political civilization has grown boyond them. The Tammany braves aro moving toward "the setting" sun as inevita bly as the Cheyenne or the Apache. Many of these tribes have been decimated by whiskey and evil practices and contact with civilization, and we aro afraid tho same must be said of the Tammany tribe in New York The government, which has spent so much money upon the Senecas and tho Sioux, can well afford to do something for the Tammany braves. Why, then, should not a reservation be laid out?say in the country of the Black Hills, a fine, healthy region?under command of an officer like General Custer, to which they could be transported ? Here they could hunt and fish and spend their time in danc ing around their camp fires and smoking the pipes of peace. Here Chief Wickham, whose eloquence is tho wonder of the time, might have an opportunity to rival the speeches of Ited Jacket and of Logan.' Chief Kelly could organize his rings and indulge in bosom friendships without hin drance or fear. The Committee on Disci pline could sit all night and all day, with none to molest or make them afraid. Chief Tom Dunlap will scarcely want to go, as his sensitive constitution needs metropolitan comforts. Chief Croker could scalp his foes without bothering over bail. Chief Denis Quinn could howl about tho "German influ ence" to the moaning winds. They could have blankets and rations and arms, and after a year or two of good behavior their squaws might be sent out to keep them com pany. The Tammany reservation in tho Indian country will be an interesting phase of the paternal influence of our govern ment. After the next eleotion the matter will take so serious a shape that we com mend this humane idea of a Tammany res ervation to the attention of our government. "Abandoned at Sou." How frequently this expression appears in connection with a description of the fate of ships that leave port with all the prospects of a very prosperous voyage and are overtaken by some casualty of tlio ocean which reduces them to a state of helpless wreck ! We are, however, as frequently surprised to learn that abandoned vessels keep afloat for weeks and months after their crews have left them and are met far at sea, drifting about, ap parently not much injured, and certainly affording a safer refuge from death than tho frail boats that bore away their crews. A philosophical survey of the situation is almost impossible when immediate destruc tion stares men in tho faco. Panic?or let us say an uncontrollable desire to leave?seizes on every ono when death steps into our com pany, whether it be on the field or flood or in the infected city. Unless in the caso of fire at sea, and when the destruction of the ship is inevitable, it seems almost absurd to abandon her and trust to small boats for escape. We believe that much of the philosophy expected from all truly brave and intelligent men should be exercised by such as follow tho sea before they leave port, and by a foreknowlodge of the floating capacity of their ship, which can bo easily and accurately determined with relation to that of every description of freight known to commerce. Many vessels which aro now abandoned through fear of their immediate sinking would be saved for their owners, and the lives of the crew who intrust their fate to the frail shells of their small boats would be spared. We will simply refer to a recent notice in the Herald's "Maritime Miscel lany" to illustrate our views:?"Brig Julia Esson, of and from Halifax for Porto Rico, was fallen in with September 7, in latitude 30 north, longitude 37. The wreck was dangerous to navigation, and was supposed to be in that state for at least two months. This was nearly six months after tho Julia Esson left Halifax, It is remarkable that she should have kept afloat so long without being reported earlier." Here we find tho abandoned ship, but where aro her crew ? Did they reach land in safety, or is their ship yet floating long after tho sharks have digested their remains ? Tub Special Correspondent of tho Herald from Ragusa, Austria, gives a graphic and interesting account of the prog ress of tho Ilerzegovinian insurrection. The Turks do not seem to be doing effective work toward the suppression of the insurrec tion, and it is thought that tho struggle will be a protracted one. Tho insurgents fight with persistency and ferocity, and have the sympathy of the Russians and Austrian* to encourage them. Tho most painful part of the story is to bo found in tho evidences of barbarity and suffering common to such a struggle with which it abounds. Tub CnANCES or tub Several candidates for tho Senate and Assembly in Oneida, Otsego and Herkimer counties aro told in the Herald's correspondence from Utica to day. In Oneida it is assorted that the local conventions were carried against Senator Conkling's favorite candidates, but this ia denied by tho Senator's friends. The cen erai impression seems to tend toward a probable democratic victory in the State, but with a considerably reduced majority. A. serious defection from the State ticket in this city might turn the scales against the democracy. A Tale of a Ilaahaw, The people of the United States will bo startled this morning to learn that we have been on the brink of a foreign war without knowing anything of our danger. Tangiers,. in Morocco, is blessed with a Bashaw who glories in the name of Raid Jiloly ben Homoo. This worthy but unpronounceable dignitary, being desirous of sending a quan tity of goods to the Sultan at Fez, seized all the camels at Tangiers, including those of for eign Christian nations. The Bashaw was freo to do as he might please with the property of his own subjocts, but the foreigners protested against the confiscation of their property. An application for restitution led to a singu lar remark by the Bashaw. Not content with refusing to surrender the camels of English men and Americans at the demand ot their consuls ho ventured to liken oonsuls in gen eral to monkeys. "Why, you consuls are like so many monkeys f exclaimed Kuid Jilaly ben Hamoo; "whatever one does all the rest must do." Without criticising tho singular opinion expressed by tho Bashaw, we may say that it was extremely undiplomatic. Tho American Consul, Colonel Mathews, so rogarded it,, although the British Consul was not disposed to object to the Darwinian remark. The gallant Colonel, wrapping himself in tha American flag, demanded an apology from tha Bashaw, to be delivered in .person at tha United States Consulate by twelve o'clock at' noon of the following day. A refusal was to bo the signal of the cutting down of tha American flagstaff and the departure of tho Consul for Gibraltar. Fortunately no such extreme measure became necessary. Tho Bashaw, after church, called at the consulato to apologize. His apology was recoived by the Consul sitting, but after it had been; made the gallant Colonel rose and shook hands with Raid Jilaly ben Hamoo, tha camels were released and war was averted. Tho Bashaw will probably never liken a con sul to a monkey -again. Mb. Nobdhoff's Letteb from Cincinnati is full of interesting statements respecting; public opinion in Ohio since the eloction.. Inflation is like the cow struck by a locomo tive?"not dead, but a good deal discour aged." Mr. Nordhoff thinks the people ara impatient of the business stagnation and ready to accept any change rather than re main as they are. The hard money demo crats are expecting Governor Tilden's ticket to bo elected in New York, but their hope? are not very high, as they will be satisfied with ten thousand majority. A larger ma jority would take out of inflation-what littla life remains in it; but that or some other financial folly is likely to revive unless some thing is done by Congress. Would that Con gress had the wisdom and courage to meet the demand for change by decisive steps in the right direction! Westcitesteb County has done well in re nominating Mr. Charles M. Schieffelin for the Assembly. Such nominations are needed to raise the character and improve the work of the State Legislature. Mr. Schieffelin was tho representative of his district last year, and his course in the Assembly will in sure his re-election. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Senator Morton had a long interview with President Grant yesterday. Now that Virginia City has burned down Nevada* Senators have no pluce to come from. Vice President Henry Wilson leit this city yosterday for his home in Massachusetts. Congressmen's wivos affect furnituro in browns thiv year, because of the dust in Washington. Gall Hamilton is not in favor of corporal punishment since tbo pin-back dress has come into fashion. A modern essayist defines gossip to be the "putting of two and two together and making five of them." Alexandre Dumas, having finishod his play of "The Strangor," has returned to Paris from his country resi dence. The Austrian army will have the new bronze-steer cannon, which is noteworthy for tbo accuracy of Its shots. Secretary Chandler is exoected to Introduco a novci Civil survico in the Interior Department. This must be pure fiction. Kx-Govornor Seymour mado a brief visit to the new Post Office yesterday. Postmastor James escorted him through the building. It is now reported that Guibord will decline 'any longer to participate in religious disturbances, on ac count of bis health. French and Italian papers say that the Interview be tween Kings William and Emmanuel was divested of political significance by the absonce of Bismarck. Senator Sargent, of California, has completed the purchase of a handsome new residence on Connecticut avenue, Washington, and will soon take possession. The Belle Boyd whom many parsons havo said Is not' Bolle Boyd continues to lecture in the South. A South. Carolina paper says her manner is -'defiant and at tractive." General Newton, of the United States Engineering corps, and Bruce Bell, of Scotland, members of the Montreal Harbor Improvement Commission, are at Ottawa, Ont Civilization follows the path of the white man. A. number of lamp posts have been put up at Chcyonnej and the Indians stand round them seeing which can. spit the highest. It is announced that General B. 7. Butler has pur chased s gold mine In the vicinity of Fredericksburg. Rocent developments hsve attracted considerable atten tion to the mining resources of that section oi Virginia. The Boston ISiot thinks that if men and newspapers did not let girls know what bad is they would not d? bod. Yes; one morning Adam brought In the Chicago Times with ita story of the boy who stole apploa, and Eve immediately went out and est the pippin. Tho debt of Alabama Is equal to one filth of Its tax ablo property, and there la an effort toward repudia tion. Tbo difference bulweon Alabama and Ohio demo crats is that tho former would repudiate a State debt, while the Utter would repudiate a national debt. Indian corn in North Germany often assumes a piano among the houeebold plants. It Is regarded thero at tropical, in our country It becomes tropical only un der the name of Bourbon, and thon It warms a man up so that ne feels as tr ho were under the tropic of Capri corn. Most of the sporting men are contributing $50 toward a monument for American Girl, and most of the great statesmen are, Id a spirit of rivalry, going to con tribute toward a monument for Washington. So far, Ameri can Girl's chances are $00 feot higher than Wash ington's. , The airy philosophers may have a new Idea of coinci dences. The girl who was murderod and chopped up In London the other day was Harriet Lane, and tho man who murdered and chopped her was named Wain wrlght. It will be remembered that in tho battle of Galveston Harbor, during tho late war, the cutter Har riet Lane was In charge of Commodore Wninwrlght, who was wounded and afterward ruthlessly murdered ou her deck.