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Mr. Gladstone on Italy and Her Church. Relation of the States of Europe to Italy and the Vatican. CHURCH AND STATE. The Latin Communion and Italian Citizenship. Roxnox, Oct. 1* 1S75. A remarkably artlclo on "Italy nod llor Church" ap pears in the Initial number of tho "Church Quarterly Review." This latest addition to the Knirltsli quarterin g Is intended to udvocato llio opinions of what is known j Mprogressive English High Churchisnt, or of that party In the Church of which Dr. I'usey in days gone by was the leading spirit T!)o Review contains nine articles, ?II anonymous with the one exception of "Tito Present Position of tho Irish Church," which a note declares is the chargo delivered to the clergy of the diocese of Jierry a few weeks ago in St Colomb's cathedral by tho Bishop ol Derry and Raphoe. The Interest winch has been shown in Knglund in the first issue of this period ical arises front the fact that it has been known for some lime that Mr. Hludstonc would contribute an article to its pages, und although with tho one exception we have named tho anonymity ol the writers has been carefully preserved, "Italy and Her Church" bears the evident Imprint of tho master thought of the ex Preutler of Knglund. Tho lollowing are the Intro ductory pages:? Rot no susceptibilities, l'uritan, Protestant, Anglican or other, bo startled il we observe that Rome is and may long be, lu some Important respects, tho centre of tho Christian world. It is, indeed, j a centro which repels as well as attracts; which probably repels even more than it attracts; lint which, w hether repelling or attracting, Influences. li need not be leared;but it ought not to lie overlooked: as tho navigator fears not the titles, but yet must take account 01 them. It Inllucnces that wide Christendom in which Kngiand, with its Church, is but an insulated though oil un Inconsiderable spot. Tho political power of Kngiand is great; but Its religious influence is small. Tho sympathies even ot non conforming Kngiand w.th continental Protestantism are und urns', be partial; the duntuaul tone and direction of the two are fur from identical. Tho Church, ihougli in rather more frro contact than our non conforming bodios with tho learn ing of Protestant (iermany, is ol course more remote from Its religious tendencies. Tho Rutin communion forces the Church of Knglund more and morn Into sharp antagonism, and wc are only beginning to sound tho possibilities of nn honorable but independent relation of Iriemtship w ith the Kast. lu mutter of roligion, poetry might Still with seine truth Slug ol the yrnitut loin di vi*oi orb? llrilanniH. We have ol all nations the great- ! est amount perhaps of religious individuality, cer- I tatnly of religious self-sulllciency. A moral ns , well as a natural sea surrounds us, and j ut onco protects and isolates us from the world. | But this is of course In a sense which is comparative, ] not absolute. The electric lorees which pervade the Christian atmosphere touch us largely, outer bur burians though wo lie; und I hey touch us Increasingly. And a multitude of circumstances make us aware that, il we are at least us open to criticism as our neighbors, yet wo have, like lliciu, a part lo play in Christendom, and a broad held to occupy with our sympathies, tinder the guidance of such intelligence us we may possess. In the endeavor to discuss tho scope und limns of this Held we should above all things beware ol tho temptation to exact from others either the adoption, or even tho exact appreciation, of our Insular mid national peculiarities. Community of first principles is that lor which wo needs must look, not identity in the loriu of development. Now, in the religion ol tho Reformed Kngltsh Church, the conservation of authority is a first principle, aud the restoration of lrecdotu and of the respect duo to the individual conscience is another; aud If there be anything claiming the nnuio and dignity of a lirst principle which it lias been spocitlcally and more than others given to tho Church ol Kngiand to uphold. It has been the inalntenuiice in their Just com bination ol these two great vital lorees. aud the en deavor to draw trim their contact a harmonious result. ITALY A N't) IIF.lt OMUKCII. Ret us now, turning our eyes toward Italy, Inquire whether we have anything, or anything special, to do with it in reference to tho religious question which lies so perilously near its seat of national tile. And llrst, It aly is the country, in the very heart of which has been planted that ominous phenomenon, unparalleled in history, the Temporal Power of the Popedom. lu the claim of tho Ralin Church to territorial sovereignty, the nailons of Kurope generally may he thought not to have any other than a secondary concern. Hut for Italy it is |>alpal)ly mailer ol lite und death. Wc do not enter Into the question whether any of tho possi bilities ol the |iast years would have permitted the co existence of a .-oh11 Italian nationality together with a Popedom oxcrcising temporal dominion. It doomed her to tho weakness aud dishonor of existing only in tractions. If the head was to be tnde|>ciident of the body, the members of the body loved also lo be Inde pendent one of another. Tho subtle observant intelli gence of Macchiuvelll, und more than two centuries belorc him, the vast, nil embracing genius of Dante, saw in tho Triregno the liano ut their coun try. It seems ns though their prophetic insight bad been Hilly vindicated by the pic ture wo now behold, where the Pope King and tho na tional King, conlronttng one another un ilic same spot of ground, represent an Incompatibility that cannot bo ovcteome or solicited. Italy must cease to tie a nation or the Papacy must couscnt lo the mutilation of the triple crown. So far as this problem Is one of material forces it ecetus to Ucpcud primarily on llaly herself. And in this view it lias been settled?settled, with a settlement laken to he Dual. Rut It does not dc|>eiid wholly or ulti mately ou Italy. There Is a doctrine which had at one time the countenance even of Montalombert, and which we do not know that he ever retracted. Accord ing to this doctrine nil members of TIIK LA Tlx COMNt'.VlOX dispersed throughout the world are invested with aright of proper citizenship in Italy, which deprives the peoplo ol that peninsula of the right to dts|>ose of their own soil, and which authorises this llctmous entity, this noli resident majority, to claim thut in -the very heart of the peninsula a territory shall bo set upurt from their lurisdinion for tho purpose of subserving the spiritual inicresls ol Roman Catholics and of their Church. The votaries of this doctrine hold with jierloct consistency that such a right, being one of proper citizenship, may bo eulortfod by the sword. Neither is this a mere opinion of the schools. Neither is it a tradition which, having once lived, is now dead. In IMS the people of the Papal State overthrew the sacerdotal government, consti tuted themselves Into a republic, and evinced every disposition lo keep the peace, and to raepeel tho rights ot neighbors. But the swords of four Slates were at once drawn upon them. France, Austria, Spain and the Kingdom ot Naples, upon the preposterous plea of >eing invested, as Catholic nations, with a title to dis pose of the civil Interest of several millions of men, put down the free State in 184'J. The operations or s'aples and of Spain were fceblo and Insignilicaut. Trie aiterrenuons of Austria, due in a great part to her lalse position as the inisircss of l<ombardy' and Vme tis, reached their final term many years ago, and noih ng can be more unlikely than their renewal. But France, which had no territorial Interest to defend, ?ltd which is supposed to be railicr more exempt than ?ny country in Kurope from the w eaknesses not only of enthuslam, but ol belief, mainrnlricd by sheer force the Papal throne until ihe exigencies ui the Herman crisis compelled her In 1S7U to evacuate Clvita Vecchia. May she not, or can site not, ever do tlite again? A question of vast and profound interest to Kurope, and one of those questions to the cry ol which Kngiand cannot altogether shut her en;-s. Certain It is that Franco can never perform the same operation with the same es;o as In IMP. At that timo Italy hail no I'rioud among the nations except Kngiand. Kven in Kngiand sentiment was lar' Ironi being milled. The conservative party, even as it was represented in Us most liberal members, such as Kurd A Ik-id ecu, was opposed lo ihe popular sentiment of Italy; and to this divisiou It may have been owing that laird Palmer-ton, who sympathized warmly with that sentiment and re fused to admit tho doctrine that Kngiand bad, as a Protestant Power, no title to net in the mailer, never theless confined himself lo contending that Ihe Papal government should, upon Its restoration, bo reformed, and the spiritual authority severed from tho powers aud institutions ol Ihu Stale. Russia It id the spectre ol Poland in her eye, and was a.-sociaien in Mi Kuropean questions w ltli tiie anil |s>pular andantl national cause, j Prussia, at that time, considered herself so bound by Herman sympathies as 10 hold that the por-ccoon of the Quadrilateral bv the Kmperor or Austria was n Herman interest.' Il was therefore easy lor | France to zubjngnio by sheer lorcc ilio Roman people; am!, at tin) price ol Ibis unwarrantable act, ihu government of bonis Napoleon, then President, purchased the ultranioutane support, which upheld : him on his way lo the gd of December, and so turned a w avering scale In his favor as lo give him iho imperial . throne. TIIK ClIAXflK TV KrltOPK. The fnen of Europe has now, in this ns In other respects, undergone a i,reHt change. Italy Is endowed with Ihe sense, the responsibility and Ihe power of na tional existence; and, Ihougli still lie-el by the gravest tinaucliil dillli ultics, cannot w ithout a struggle submit to disintegration. Ncith -r Austria nor Russia are any longer her enemies, (iermany, vI inrious over Franco In a single handed fight, has In-en and Is ln-r iriend, and Is bound by the strongest considerations ol sell-inter ?t i to assist her against any attempt it? tcsior?- ih<- PiUatl throne by muiins of lori-lgu lone. Tin- audacious e..urn Is, indeed, not only the claim of Vaticanism, which menaces the civil rights and order el t hrlsicn *.'>m, hut It is I lo- only one wliiuh directly and imme diately betrays its purpo c, mid Ihe restoration by a Fr> nrh army of the temporal power would nnques- j tlonahly compromise the very existence ol the tierman < Umpire, Add lo this that Franca has no Just or real Interest i In the noompllshtnent ol this fiagtltoin design; nor , Is it sanctioned by ihe general sense ol her people. There la no rcasuu to doubt that tho great majority of j tt?*m view It on its merits withgen IIut then there is no reason to | l to ,h(1 acl ?f crri sense of rJ!?Ji *84# The ultramontane sect vloeace coramiUM in t? t r .|iat B??ct was evidently directed It tUa neieesary to give ? ms.t r > . arned ibereluctunt government, once ,nH'J 0u the later unit country with It into the war Into the greater occasion ot WO ?ho wua pre P mostly destructive strife withi t^rmsny irom ? rrB w(th ldcnile.nl on >he psrt ?' 1 JJ ? respects unrivalled all her tvonder id snd m iuany^ r u|'>prt.n,,cet<Uip t0 P fts, has yet, alter * n > alphabet ot politlcnl free ltP*mi.ndhleV relation to the candidates lor her gov dom, sod her rein ou Mnntslemhert its that of crninent was eelMllustrateiM - #llthinKs ready. w ailing only lor The driver of the engine, when ho who can first step up becomes, mid for the time remains, absolute master of the situation. KRASCK AMU OKHJUNT. That powerful netting of tba current o human motive and ineiinatlon, which we 'll term Fate, seems to determine Iranca tow"'4 another deadly contest with Germany for the hegemony ol the Coutinent. No doubt her words, and, whut Is more, her thoughts to day arc those of peace; but her under-thought, so to speak, the ombryo of ncr mind in the luture, which waits for its development,^ and for an atmosphere to live in, is war: war lor r - ery, perhaps more than lor supremacy, time ol that terrible war shall arrive, the very 'nsU'u* of nature will .each her to strengthen herself by "^1 atlon with all Hie elements congenial to her purp.se. Now, such an association can hardly arise In 'lie norn shape of alliance between Slate and State Fnder this head she may possibly reckon, according to general np jlearauccs, upon the i, apathy of Spain. trv which alter having risen so high Iana Wink so low. and which resembles France at present only in ts in. n nacitv of self-government, . an oonnt lor little, lbo true allv ol France will be an ally without a name. It will he the ultramoniaiio minority which pervadesthe world- which triumphs in ltelgium; which brags . i ' ., winch partly governs and partly plots m6'France! tvhKh disquiets though without strength 10 alarm, Germany and Auslria: which is weaker perhaps in Italy than in any ol those countries I,ut which is everywhere coherent, everywhoroterm clous of its purpose, everywhere knows its mind, lot lows Its leaders and hides its time. This m norlty, winch hates Germany ana i-ersecutes Italy, wtl 1 by a fatal and inevitable attraction be tho one fast,ulj or France, if ever Franco be again so Inr overmastered by her own internal Iocs as to launch again ? ? career ol political ambition wearing the dishonorable and fictitious garb ot religious fanaticism. Thus, then, I there are two great forces which, when the occasion comes, will menace peace?the politual rese and self-recovering energy of I-ranee, wfa. ch haajhtr many for the object of Its hostility, an. I ho m no>?? ambition ol Curialism. determined to try another it before it finally renounces its dream ot wmd*' fn b.'a^oVtWed whclck.riwWhating one another Ml he lim? band themselves together, in pursu.t of their entirely distinct objects, by a common and Identi cal line of action. 1TA1.T AND TIIK FLTCHK. Kvor since Italv, not wholly by her own might, achieved her J?n ??ETtRm'Z evVl'dre tins all these .lark speculations on the future. In this course ol proceeding they have probably ropre Inuted and relleeted, with general accuracy, the senti nierU if not ol the nation, yet of the governing classes of lbo nation. That su.-li a sentiment shoulu liato had currency in Italy Is among tho most singular phenomena o^ tho day Germany and Auslrin, which are not , menaced by the claims of Vaticanism, cxccptlncom mon with all Civilized nations, have deemed it needful I H defend themselves, by regulative or repressive laws a-n n?t the encrcnchments ot ecclesiastical power. Hut Italv has pursued tbo negative or neutral course Mio Lands bv and folds her arms. And vet she is lbo : country whose vorv heart It is tho fixed desire and dc sign ot the Homan Curia, imd of its abettors through- j out Christendom, to tear out or Its bleeding h0(1jr. for the nurpose ol erecting anew the fabric of tho Temporal 1'ower now crumbled in the dust. This in-more,, o toward the Church, in the sphere of religion, has been ncconiDiiuiod to some extent with severity, aud even wiib hnrsbucHs, at Its point of contact with property which could be made available for tho needs ol the Slate Hut let us for tho present contemplato it by itself and give It the examination which, in the view of history and philosophy. It so well deserves. ITALIAN INIIIKFKRKXCK TO TIIK PAPACY* The inililforenco of Italy, then, to Papal claims is In our view duo to her proximity to tho local s.mrco frum whence they proceed, and springs partly from tho knowledge partly from the Illusions which belong to that i ro\iniilv- The master spirit of Dante, near ?*> years ago knew liow to disiinguish between the Curia or Popedom, with its surrounding organization, and the Christian religion as professed in the western Church. Hut this privilege nhd power ot diwrlrnlnatlon were committed only to the highest minds. k\en for liante it would probably have been far more difficult now to make ibis great distinction, to denounce his Vnticlirisi without losing hold ol Ins Heutrice, his em bodied Christianity, than It was ni the period when lie i . | I, anv rate as matter of luet it is undeniable that among the governing classes ol Itulinns this dls tinctlon has not? from 1800 onward, been cfloctually drawn Prolligacy, corruption and ambition have, urdtedlv and severally, done their destructive work t hrough the Curia and tho Papal chair, aud in doing it tllev of course have heavily tainted the (Attn of wdnch that eliair was the guardian. lor a long time the prin ciple ol belief remained so vigorous in Christendom tlml It was able to bear mf against llo-so terrible dead weigh, a and vet to retalf. Its buoyancy. Hut as lUin ward energies dectned it gradually h.-camo unoq'inl o sustaining the nnnaturnl burden; its power to use a nautical term, became less ami less. I he lll-Rtar red alliance between Curialism anil the dogma could not be dissolved. Curialism long lived upon tbe credit of tbo dogma; from the educated mind ol Italy tlm dogma lias now been largely effaced in the discredit and repu d'There IbrcTl'ls^tllat the peculiar Indifference ofllaly m due partly to Us sfieeial knowledge, partly to its b" sotUng illusions. She has lived with Dagon at her centre- she has been able daily to see. hear, touch and handle'lilin; she lias taken the measure of hm pr'?en sums- ih>- knows tho materials he Is made of. Of in terdicts and excommunications she liasi had the ln,"P0^ ; experience; and. though feared elsi-whore tbey baye lost their terrors lor her and lor her children. Fverj , tlnin.l.-rlHilt of the Vatican, as it was launched to what evi'r poiiit of the compass, bos passed before bar eye; | and familiarity has bred contempt. Hie knows that t in Keumenical (iouncil of Trent has oxoommnntcnUd all 1 who lay hands ou tho temporal power: amlsheleeUi , herself no worse, hut rather the better, for the < x (?ommunication. Strong In ber sense of national right and Indepcndeiiee, In the high endowments of | her people, and, to a tar greater extent than jscom- , monly known, in the enduring vitality of her local In- j stltuti'oiis, she has no fears ot aught that mny , her While walking along the road of national dignity I and duty and asserting her indefensible title to an . eoiml sbaro of tho common rights ol men. , All this is well, and, as 10 the substance of the Issue j raised, she is wholly right; the Roman Ch'irrdi ls grossly wrong. We cannot deny that here and thero the Italian State mav have used Its undoubted right w ith nccWental harshness. The aeculariza.lon of tho property of 1 TtlK RKUOIOI-S ORPSRS | has been of necessity a more or less rude, though highly j needful, operation. It would require a very nimnte , knowledge to pronounce In detail upon tbo cump a nis raised In their behalf. Hut there is one caso ol Italian legislation which hardly udnilts of doubt. Wo learn wfth some surprise Hint the Dalian clergy, even whon , b.ivlng cure of souls, ore not excepted Iron, the obllga- ! Hons of tho military inscription. This Is deplorable. ( The exemption is allowed in Germany. It la; rP,lu,'f11 not bv nollev so much as hy dc-eney. We trust, and we fo'. I . ..nv'incod, that no long time will bo suflercdI to elai)?e withoui an alteration ol th(*law in this resp. t. Hut if we turn our eyes nway from this ugly spot wo find much to praise in tho admirable toleration an.l pa ""See of thoPltal,?n State. Tho license which has been allowed to vitui>erntion and to soditlous lnn dilute when used by me ministers of r< bgl u ami thcTr organs, might by some he asenbod to chivalry run mad. Hut It Is rea ly foundcd n wisdom In the Indisposition to multtpl} issit's of <h - tail when a great principle is at stake, and in the lu 1 knowledge of the traditional capacity of the Italian people to estimate Curlal menace and abuso at its true and very moderate value. "M AliA I 11 Utr ? III lit II .*.111 I1T.1TB. The great principle which Italy lakes for the shop; anchor of lier Church policy is the sepuiution of llio Church from the State. It was Cnvour who first gave authoriiatlvo utterance to the doctrine in the shape of u formula, now most famous, Libra Chit.-a in liln-ro Stnto. In considering the adoption and the application of this formula, let us before all things put undo the disposition to test it by the ideas and i ireiinistnhecs of Ilnclnnd, or own by those of other Rvopemt States. Let nia evau.lorg't Hint Kngli'.ml exists. It was for favour, in his business of nation Making, an absolute BMotility, ft was open to other OOlintrif ti to enter If tltey pleased upon the policy, although It baa slippery policy, of concordats, and to al.n at adjusting by soma written compact the relations of Church and State, or It was open to them to proceed as tirrmnny ami Austria have reeently proceeded, anil In the troth of the Pope to cnlbfeo by the law ol the Stale what It deemed essential lor lull civil rights and duties. Kill Cooiir, unlike them, iuid to liegin \\itli a proclamation of war against the Pupal Chair and the fori?lor the liberation of the Human people hy llM extinction ol lit' tempoinl do. minion. They had got the r eapitals; he Minted his. Ami ho knew it could only l?e Iuid hy tone, Itiigic and policy alike required that lie i honhl condemn llie leni poml power by recognising the tTiiireh as a religious society, and .'diotlld hy the acknowledgment ?! lis lib erty ill lis own spilei e give i nipha-is lo Ills title to pro vent it iroin enslaving men In a spin re not its ovt n. Not ,i v.ord 01 Cgeeplioli, then, i ill he lastly lakell against the principle announced hy favour. I'-ut on the headlong applienu that print Iple a different verdiet May have to he projHotm-???!. It i- not necessary l"r our purpose |o impure whether lite great Minister is responsible not only tor the formula, hut lor the inter pretation. Ii ihe States of theCliurrh hail been encloseil within the territories ol the great American Ib puhlle. it might have been as easy |o apply, us It was to proclaim, tlio Ilia xi ill Of a fit; r. ( iiriu u in a Prkk static, even while putting down the Pupal government and absorb ng the i. rritorv. For in Anient a the .State lias never h.at in its hands any pirt ol what pi imuniy he longs to the ( httreh. In that eoiintry, beloro its great nint necdliil einaie i pat ion, the rights ol control over religious bodies, in cmiing to the ronsttlntioii ol thu llrittsh empire, had netoi been made over to llio > oloiilal government, and -nil la lotigtd to Hie Imperi d I.egisluluiv. Thu tin- hithers ,,j (i;..,,?i,i|, louud themselves (roe Iroiu the emliarr. -iiieiit ol liih?riliiig, along with their pollilcat independence, ant powers and prerogative* properly c<ric?iusin nl. Hut III Hie coo in r rs ol Kurope n is not so. In one shape or atiother i lo'Itegale pervades them all. And It is a power which i ulimit tie regarded as simply ex ternal lo the ftiureh. Whatever Its S|ieeitlc varieties, III main outlines have be?* everywhere the sumo it uniformly embraced, among other mutters, the most important rights either of patronage, or of a veto upon patronage, find thus poasrsi-ad universally a command over ep acopal appointments to such an extent as ?ecured a very large Intluenro In determining the char acters of the persona chosen. In tlio States of Italy, now making tip the united kingdom, tlie civil power en joyed everywhere, as wo believe, either the right to nomluate the bishops for the Pope's approval, or the right to refuse and exrludo them by withholding the exequatur, it mut also the patron of a large number of ecclesiastical benefices. Tints the State had its stand ing ground actually established within the ecclesiastical precinct, and it discharged functions which essentially appertained to the equilibrium of powers w ithin the Church and as among her inherent orders. The mere withdrawal of the State 1 rum Us legal and constitutional action could, therefore, supply no solution to the prob lem of a Iree Church In a tree State, unless It Included | not morely the abandonment, but the proper disposal of the powers which were actually In Its hands. TI1K ANCIKKT SYSTSM OS Clll'Bf II OOVKRNSIRNT. The undent system of tno government of tho Church was a constitutional system of balanced powers. The bishop ordained, uud in tho West ern Church instituted the clergy, but the pcoplo choso them. Later on, the patron, ecclesiastical or lay, in virtue of tho endowment, came into the pcoplo a place or privilege. Tho bishop himself was elected by Ibo clergy, with tho concurrence of the people, or their assent, jly degrees a state of things came about, in which, as lar as Italy was concerned, the pooplc had generally disappeared. Its powers and functions in appointing pastors and governers of tho Church, to gether with those (lor the most part) of the priesthood, had either been Inherited by tho .State or absorfied by tho Pope. In England lay influence is very largely maintained, among other modes by lay patronage; but 111 Italy lay patronugols comparatively rare. Virtually those great powers wore held principally by the Pope in the nuino of tlie Church, partly by the State on behalf of the people, and, to some extent, of the clergy. -As tho Pope's best titlo was that he acted for the preven tion ol secularism, so the State was undoubtedly 11 trus tee for liberty; and the balance of powers, which was a fundamental'law of government in the ancient Church, was, though in a strangely altered form, yet afler a manner, and to a substantia! extent, maintaitiod. Tho question then arose, to whom was the .Stale, in retiring Irom the spliero of ecclesiastical action, to tuako over these most important powersV Surely, on every ground of principle the State, as a trustee, could not obtain a legitimate release, until it should have deposited elsewhere the powers it was j nbout to surrender, in a monitor agreeable to the spirit of its trust. If they were to remain simply derelict, they would be the object of a general scramble, result ! ing in chaos, or else, it there wero one of the parties to the strife which was possessed of an effective organisa tion, while the others were without it, they would I assuredly become the prey ol that party. tiik diskstauusiikD Irish nirnrn. We are not without some means of illustrating, from the history of our own country, the very important isstto thus raised. We, too, within tho last lew years, have witnessed the establishment, by regular legislative action, oi a "free Church 111 a free State." The allusion, ol course, is to the case of the Church formerly estab lished by law in Ireland, in that country tho civil power, besides being patron of rortain dignities and benefices, lind the power of appointing bishops. It did not. as in England, nominate to the chapter, who are legally punishable if they do not elect, hut whoso choice is, notwithstanding, a moral choice, laden with I ho responsibilities of free and dellbcrato action. I11 Ireland royal nomination at. oiiro placed the porson dosiguated in the position which, on this side of tho Channel of St. George, he holds only when bishop elect, lie was 111 a condition to 1k> confirmed and consecrated. Had the Crown, by tho Irish Church act of lbtJB, simply extinguished its own action iu tins matter, it would probably or pos sibly have been open to the archbishops of Ireland, at any rate to lliem with the aid of thoir suffragans, to appoint the successors to vacaut sees, and thus to found something dangerously near to at least a theo retical absolutism. But the view taken by tho British Legislature was thnt disestablishment did not extin guish right in the Church, and that the prerogative "f appointing or nominating could not thus be lot 1 to take Its chance. In the course of the measure through 1 he House of Lords, that most acute legi.it, Lord Westbury, contended that Parliament was making u present ol the governlug power over tlio Church to a mob. lint in truth It was given by tho express words ol the act, not toainob, but to a community already constituted in three orders, to the bishops, clergy and laity; aud those were put in a condition by their joint action, M three orders jointly constituting an organized body, to make provision for themselves by voluntary contract. Thus tho State, having been trustee for the people, and hav ing thoretolore given its authority to laws for tho Church, both left her in a condition to pass such law a for herself and took caro that tho pcoplo should bo parties to those laws. In Italy a dillerent course has been pursued. Tlio constitution ol the Church rests, so lar us tlio State )S concernod, upon THK 8TATCTK OV OUARAXTKKS. By this law provision was made for tho frco action, security and independence of the Supreme 1'onilir, and made in u spirit not ol Justtoo only, but of lavish gene rosity, probably with the hope, to which, at least, it was honorable to cling, that by this liberal spirit. con Joined with tlio force of circumstances, the hard and obstinate spirit of the Curia would at length bo brought to some kind of contormity. But another division of the law deals with appointments in the Church. Tho material portion of it runs as follows 'XV. '1 he government renounces the right of apos tolic legazia in Hlcily, ami the right of nomination or "" "~iB" - "*?" presentation 111 the grain of tho major appointments throng limit the kingdom. "The bishops shall not bo required to swear fealty to the king. "XVI. Tho exequatur and royal placet arc abolished, with every other form of governmental assent to the publication and execution of the acts of ecclesiastical uutliority.-' Then follows a reservation, which wo believo was not comprised in the original design, and which pro vides that, until u further legislative arrangement shall be made concerning Church property, the exequatur and the royal plucct shall lie kept alive, hut so Inr only as regards the enjoyment of tho temporalities whether of major or minor appointments. The parochial patronage of tho Crown is kept alive, but tins seems to be of comparatively limited range. Speaking generally, it appears tlvnt the civil power lias kept Its bold upon 1 tho beneQcium, but has surrendered the oiticiura, und the whole of the deep Interest which tho Christian people of Italy have in its right disposal Is handed over lo the tender mercies of tlie ecclesiastical authority. Now this, as we should contend, was a breach of trust. Tlie share iu ? CHURCH AITOINTMS.NTS, which tho State heretofore had held, should have been given back to the lower order of tlie clergy and to tho people In whose behalf it held tliut share. Hut no such broach of trust was intended. When tho subject of a trust has become absolutely worthless tliu trustee Is absolved from further duty in respect of it. When he supposes it thus to liavo lost all value, ho will, of course, estimate his own duty as if tlie value was really#xlinti*icd. There is no denying the awk ward fact that the policy of Italian governments with regard to Church power, perhaps with regard to re ligion in general, has been founded upon an illusion nliko palpable und mischievous. They cannot bo ac quitted of tie Charge of having betrayed tlio interests ol the people in Church appointments by leaving those appointments lo the Pope and bis agents; unless upon the ground?which seems to bo the true ground?thai they thought these olltces bad lost their importance and the religion that Ihev were to teach Its power.. X'o rational mau will qunrrei or lake putns except about ; things which live. In Italy the crust of Curinilsm has 1 so enveloped tho divine treasure of tho Gospel as to I hide it from her most mod< rn parliaments ami states men. Against Curiallsm they know themselves to lio well delendcd by the good sense of the country; of tho kernel that is within Cnrialtsm, so long had it been kept from their view, they have seemed to think thej\ need take no account, iteiiclon, they might liavo thought?if their thoughts nrf to lie gathered from their actions?has played a great part in the post, hut has no share in the luiure ol mankind. Itewpowers and principles have come Into action; science, experience, art, culture, civil organization have reached 11 bulk and maturity which displaces it irum the rational and manly inind, and which will prevent any lark ol It from lieing lelt. Like an individual man, great wiicn in his Mower, hut now decrepit, lot religion, loo, retiro i becomingly Irom the stage, and no longer offend us with what has been a subjective, it not an objective, reality, but what would now bo only an imposture. UKLir.iox axd rPUPATION. Such, If we set aAiiln tho tlM'ory of ultrnmoiitanism, which has certainly not been a direct agent in promot ing tins co?s?. Is tho only theory which can justify the surrender ot the entire government of the Church and of ilu> power to till lis ofhees without chc< k to tho Pope and his agents. Unhappily, there is oilier evi dence that tins theory lias been powerfully Operative in Italiun policy, it is one thing to separate tho 0hureli from the Stale, it 11 another to separate re ligion Irom education and Irorn Ille. There has been a tendency to litis latter separation, too. The faculty of theology has Itecn extinguished in the Italian univcr sities. We do not doubt i lint thero may have been a multitude of diillctiliics connected with its mainten ance. Hut, surely, It was worth whilo to encounter them rather than to adopt a meiisurn which denies to tlie lay student the means Of obtaining scientific. in Simmon respecting Ins religion; and which, as regards the clerical .-indent, practically excludes hiin irom ilm possibility ot lay ootitaM,sand ot knowledge of tho social body on ami in which lie is to act us we I as from the femur Ills of the higher education. This unhappy j measure wes not require,i by the religious divisions "f 1 the coiiiniuini\. wHich hove required and justified flic 1 erection ol ilie ( tinersii\ of London In our own iiriiii | and country without a faculty of theology, lor thero an no such divisions. Hotting aside u lew purely spo ratlic I'dorts, all the religion that Italy |x>*scs*e* is re ligioii according to the or 1 and within Ih?? pale ol tho lioit-nn Church. Dy destroying these (amities in the universities, tho shallow speculation* and moat Irru tlcctive desires i I a lorlmii school ol radicalism long av.0 we trn-t repented o'. were encouraged; but the most effective aid was given to the dee|M r designs of the Human Court, which alms at nothing so simIu i lotisly. prizes Hilling to highly, as the total removal . oi '.lo' clergy man tho general, open atmosphere of human life und thought. It was in the theological 1 fatuities ol tile German universities that tlmt iove of , Irecdom was effectually ontered. whtcn Is oneoiiraged by, il not inseparable irotn, ilevoleii and seietitil'.c study. Not in ttiein only bad tho llction of in la.lib.lily been detected and denounced; but 111 t|i< in otiiy was tin: denunciiiiioti a living reality; In II,, tit nlonc wn ? planted that centre ol siout iitul en during resistance which lots nuule litem a signal of rallytiig to tl.c combatant, ol slieitcr to the tugitive, of coti'solation Mtite lallen. llelcle as a hisliop lias given way; bill Dfdluiger Heinkens, and their Irlends, liavn rtoi'd their ground; and history may yet have to re ; cognize in these prolessors a now and true Itand ol the | liiiltiorlals. | li should never be forgotten that this strange dualism i iu religion, tlie contrast between a central nody given I over to t lie Inst ol power, and a system ol doctrine, still Irtilllttl (with nil Its drawbacks) ol iii-triieln>n, eonsola Hon and Inward renewal lor mankind, is ennlined to the I,aim rhnreh li does not exist among Protestant ei mmunloua generally, In most of which the ministry boa nothing whatever except moral strength to depend upon; while In the Wesleyan body, whew tho pastoral clu.-s is fortified with high couslllutlosial powers, dua to tlio spirit of Wf-ley, they have not sufficed to raise either their practical influence or their eecle sinrtiml Standing t<> a higher level. It is not fell in the Anglican Church, where the disposition to nny gro.ia exaggeration of clerical power lies never been Of iva tlve beyond a narrow nrclo. It Is nowhere discernible In Um Oriental com man Ions, where the clergyman is essentially u citizen, and of which tlic doctrinal aspect presents a closer approximation to Rome, though very tar from an Idcntny with it. It is, then, with regret and sympathy, lmt in no spirit of airected superiority, thnt we notice the misdirection in some inspects, ;,s we deem it, of Italian |K>llcy. In cnroftil observation of tho world and Its life we shall not rarely And that some of tho errors which turn materially In? gravest are morally tho least; or, in other and plainer words, that some of the greatest errors wo commit are also tho most excusable. Moreover, In the case before us, grave as would bo the consequences of a blind tenacity, we nro under the comforting persuasion thnt Italy her self has within herself tho means of such recovery as will effectually retrieve the ground that has boon lost. SCHUYLER COLFAX. visit op the ex-vice president to the NOR MAL AND AO ltlCU LTU BAL INSTITUTE AND MILITARY ACADEMY AT FORTUK88 MONBOE? MB. COLFAX DELIVERS TWO 8PEECIIE8. Fortress Monroe, Va., Oct. 27, 1875. flon. Schuyler Colfax and wife, with a party of friends, arrived hero yesterday morning. This morn ing Captain Woodfin, Governor of tho National Mili tary Asylum near Hampton, sent his team for tho party and conveyed tliem to tho Normal and Agricul tural Institute for tho Education of Colored Youth. General J. T. B. Marshall, business manager, con ducted the party through the different recitation rooms, where they had an opportunity of witnessing Its prac tical workings and examining the course of studies pursued by the studems. At half-past eleven o'clock they nil repaired to the Assembly Kootn, where tho students lavorod them with a number of plantation melodies, which were rendered In a pleasing manner. Mr. Colfax, in some remarks, stated that ho had been very much impressed in the few moments ho bad spent In the institution, not only in listening to tho melody of their voices, but also in the thorough and pains taking manner in which thoy were instructed. Tho reputation of tho school has gone ull over the land. Wc all understand tho aims and object of this school. Now you are hero being instructed in what is called a normal school, so thai you yourselves may bo teachers, so that its influence will be lelt in ten thousand fami lies. And I will say that tho foundation of all teach ing is by example. You must not only show them the way, but walk in it yourself, or they will not heed you. No in regard to all things, you must bo cxarn ples to those w ho are committed to your charge. There are many classes of teachers. 'Ihoro is tho pom pous, overhearing teacher, to whom tho lufaul is almost afraid to speak, whilo others bring sunshine and tho children clap their hands for joy ut their approach. You should try to bring ajoylul atmosphere into the schoolroom There are many valuable professions in tho world. The lawyer is very valuable Indeed. The surgeon is equally valua ble in his sphere, but of all earthly professions there aro nono superior In its scope to the teacher, and if you appreciate the trust and perform your duties fnith tully you will have praises which will he inscribed on hearts long after the funeral (lowers will be upon your graves. Whatever ft scholar learns be should learn it thoroughly. It may nqt bo of use to you now, or in five, ten, or fifteen years, but there will a timoconio when it will be nil important that you should know it. It is not the amount of reading that you do which is beneficial, but it Is what you remember. Nor Is it tho amount of money a man makes that makes him wealthy, but the amount he saves. Ho then reverted to tho opinion frequently expressed as to whether tho act of emancipation was wise; whether tho slavos would not have been more happy and contented uiidor the old order of things. He was liappy to say that the colored race had more than realized tho expectation of their friends. If for two hundred and Ulty years tho white race hud been kept in a state of ignorance, degradation and servitude, they would not have made a better showing. He then closed with u warm eulogy on tho late President Lincoln, which was received with hearty applause. THE MILITARY ASYLUM. Tho party then proceeded to the National Military Asylum, where thoy were met by Captain Woodtln, and conducted to the hall, where some four hundred veteran soldiers had assembled. Mr. Collax Bpoke to the veterans fur about twenty minutes upon the late war, Its fruits, Ac., closing by congratulating them upon having such a comfortable homo provided for them, and wishing them a cordial liirewcll. Ho was warmly applauded by the veterans, who were delighted with his remarks, many of them coming forward and sbaklug hands with him as ho left the liali. The party leave this evening for Richmond, where thoy will spend a few days going over tuo old buttlo fields. RAPID TRANSIT. THE CAPITAL STOCK OP THE MANHATTAN BAIL VAT COMPANY ALL SUBSCRIBED. The prospects ot rapid transit are beginning to brighten. Yesterday morning, pursuant to a circular Issued by tho Commissioners of Kupid Transit and in accordance with the law, a book of subscription to tho capital stock of tho Mnuhatiun Railway Company was o]>oncd at the Corn Exchange Bank. Tho capital stock has been placed at $2,000,000, in shares of $ 100 each, and it has to be subscribed for by not loss than twenty five persons. Tho books were only opened f<>r half an hour, as during that timo tho whole of tho stock was taken up, and, strange to say, by twonty-six persons, one abovo tho number required by law. Each of tho subscribers signed a document that read as follows:? Each of us, tho undersigned, hereby subscribes (sub ject to the distribution to be mude to him) to the capi tal stock of tho Manhattan Railway Company, which is to be incorporated ami organized under tho provisions of chapter 006, Laws of 1175, with and according to ar ticles of association heretofore prepared, in complianro with tho requirements of said act, by the Board oi Com missioners appointed by tho Mayor of tho city of New York, pursuant to the provisions thereof. Eacli of us hereby promises, covenants ami agrees?to and with en< h other subscriber hereto, each, lor and in considera tion of the promise, covenant and agreement of such oilier?ami to ami Willi tho Board ot Com missioners heretofore appointed by tho Mayor of tho city of New York and orgunized pursuant to the pro visions and requirements of chapter 606, Laws of 117fi, I each ft>r and in Consideration oi such distribution of i shares as mny to him by said Board of Commission ers, in tho discretion of tho Board, be made, to take and pay lor the number of shares lieroinbolow by him written opposite to his name of tho capital stock of said company, or such, i( any, oitacr number of such shares, not exceeding tho number herein below by bim written oppoaite to his name, as may he bJPsaid Board of Commissioners, in the discre tion of said Board, Allotted to htm. It is understood, and hereby by each Of as lor himself agreed, that said Board of Commissioners shall have and exercise the right and discretion to accept only such of the sub i seribers to s^d stork as may by said Commissioners, I or a majority oi litem, be considered most responstblo ! and most favoruhit to l lie accomplishment oi the pur i poses provided for by said act; and that said Board of [ Commissioners shall have and exercise ttic right and discretion lo distribute to any subscriber who may bo i so accepted only so many of tho shares by him written ; opposite to his name as said Commissioners, or a ma jority ol them, muy determine. Each of us now pays in cni-h, on subscribing for such shares, llvo per centum of the par value of the number of shares by him here inbclow written opposite to his name, and oaeh of : us hereby, for and upon eald considerations, agrees i that the remainder of the amount of tho par value of such, if any, number of shares as may, in the 1 discretion ot the Board of Commissioners, bo allotted to him, shall be paid promptly and upon de mand, in instalments, as and whenever the Board of Directors of tho company shall, from lime to time, assess and call for the same. AM each of as uho shall become a stockholder In said corporation lor himself agrees, in consideration of the | remises, to be bound by the articles of association prepared, us nloresaid, lor Hie company by said Board of CommlssioiMrs; and each of us hereby authorizes and empowers the persons, 1 or any one or more of ilicni who shall, pursuant to said net. be elected to lie the directors for the first year of said corporation. In his behall, to subscribe said articles , el association. Nnw Yokk, Oct. 26, 187ft. The Decretory declined In furnish the full Lst of liie stoekiii.iders, but stated that the heaviest buyers wero John E. Tracy, Dnvid Ilows. Josri F. Nnvnrm, William ft. ."'colt, Francis H. Tows, Mr. Soto Longo ami Milton Conrtrlght, President ot tho Greenwich Street Ele vated Bond. 1'ivo per cent of the subscriptions was paid iqi ar.d $100,000 deposited In the hands of tho Treasurer, Mr. ('. J. Cnndii. Tho Secretary -titles that the work on the road will bo commenced ut oiico. LIBERAL CLUB. A locturo was delivered last nlglit at Plimpton nail, under the auspices of the Liberal Club, by Mr. Ivan oftteli, n Servian, recently arrived in thi.1 country, upon "TIM Political Outlook in Turkey." As was very natural, tho lecturer look tho christian view of tho subtect. Ilo main tained that the present insurrection Is much More formidable in < lis meter thaa those unacquainted wtih Turkish affairs imagine. Tho present condition ol the r?yalis was dwelt upon at some length, and a retrospective view of the utter mi govern ment ol the Chri-tinn dependencies of the Porte was given, in show that tho evils productive Of the present rising were ineradicable, and Unit I bo only solution ,,f tho mueli vexed Eastern quest ion was the ex pun ion of the Osnunll from En rope. Mr. Ivaiioviteh contributed nothing more m tho way oi general or special miormaiion upon lite mailer in hand than may lie lonnl in llie pages or Holierls or MmTarlane. The undo urn was an attractive one, hut the speaker labored under the disadvantage ol having to read Ins lecture Luck ot oratorical power was, however, made up lor by great earnestness. A WAIF. The dead body of n new born female infant eras found yesterday afternoon In the yard rear of the tene ment house No. 447 East Ninth -treet The Coroner was notified to bold an investigation. The police bavo no clew as to who Mft the body t 1 FRENCH AFFAIRS. .numerous Cabinet Councils Recently Held. THE POLITICAL OUTLOOK. Prince Milan's Betrothed in Paris?Making Love by Telegraph. I WHAT THE RADICALS ARE DOING. I Fanis, Oct. 11, 1875. Cabinet councils bare been lately held tw.ee a week on Tuesdays and Fridays, under the Preaideney of Marital.on. Why this last fact Is announced tn the official journals I do not know, toeing that in France the Chief of the Stale wlwnys docs preside oyer the council of Ministers. Macltabon seems to divide h.s time pretty equally between shoot.** and legislate Inc hut shooting gets the larger part of It. Marshal Canrobert, who Is perhaps the favorite of the French army just now. has boon promised a great command, presumably If peace continues. During tbo war all ho did was to lock himself up in Metz under Bazalne, aa if to swell King William's triumph hv adding a third Marshal of 1 ranee to the number of his prisoners on that occasion. But ho Is still a fine, handsome man, who wears his uniform bravely, and, at all events, ho looks like a hero. Nations, as well as individuals, gtvo and forgive a great deal to keep up appearances. HAKIXO I/.VK BT TEI.RGRAPII. The bride of Prince Milan has left Paris, She came here to buy her wedding finery, on which she spent $38,000, the dressmaker's bill being to that amount, Kvery day this beautiful young ludy received an ardent letter by telegraph from her affianced prince. It is quite the prettiest novelty of the season, this sweot way of making love by wire. Now, that no moro supplementary elections can be held till the dissolution, the death of a Deputy Is a matter of some importance. By the Uepartnro from this life of M. Duculng the Left has lost a rote, and, therefore, M. Duculng has been loudly lamented in all the republican Jour nals, for the Left can hardly afford to lose a vote, see ing that nearly the whole official, military and aristo cratic strength of tbo Versailles Parliament Is bonded against it. Tbo French have not the same reputation for gene rosity ns some other peoples, and yet the national sub scriptions for the victims or the floods have reached a noble figure?not much less than $5,000,000. If the rich are not often munificent contributors, yet the widow In France seems always ready to give her mite, and on account of the peculiar nature of her social institutions widowhood Is a very frequent and not un prosperous condition. Marshal MacMaliou presented tho Cardinal's hat to the Archbishop of Itcnnos in the pretty little chapel of tho F.lysde, where the Imperial bocs of the Napoleons may still be seen glittering. There was s great crowd of fashionables to witness the coremony; but the l*r dlnal Archbishop unfortunately made a speech In Latin, which perplexed them much. The Prosidcnt cave a clerical breakfast, however, immediately after ward, and all w as well. The Curd do la Madeleine made himself particularly agreeable. Here Is a shrewd remark of M. Alexandre Roy, In the Jlien Public :?"A" il y a qutlqme chote de pire qu un pro vitoire qui commence, c elt un proriioire. qui Jin,f." There Is no termination possible to a stato of things which* implies the acknowledgment of Irregular ity and anarchy as existing Institutions. As we get toward November, 1880, Franco will be In (perhaps) exactly the same state of mind as she was in in 1851?dreading beyond all things tho month of May, 1852, when Louis Napoleon's powers wero to ox pire! Tho parallel contains an ominous precedent. It seems that at tho reunion of legitimists at Frohs dorff, on the Compto do Chambord'a birthday, last 2?th of September, polities wero hardly discussed. ( ou tran- to what has been said, tbo "King" expressed no opinion about tbo icrntin dc liUe, but left the faithful free to vote as they pleased. Terbaps he at length sees that his last ehanee is gono and has made up his mtn.l to keep quiet for tho remainder of his days. The Or lcanists havo, perhaps, arrived at tho^ame conclusion. Tim BOlf APARTI8T8. The Donapartlsts are far, as yet, from the motion or peace and thanksgiving, so that rumors of their doings 10 bring bark a momentary restoration of the Kmp.ro are ns many as ever, but they arc not very .Important rumors at present. Spain has yieldod to all tho demands of 1 ranee In respect to the murder of a Frcneh citizen (M. Keygon ?ouu do Vlllebardet) In Cuba. Franco demanded tho punishment of the guilty parties and tho pay nient of an Indemnity to tho family or tho deceased. The Cabinet of Madrid only stipulates that it shall be first permitted to Inquire into tbo truth or tho alleged facts. M. do Chandordy, French Ambassador in Madrid, who has brought tho negotiations to this successful issue, was Oambetln's Minister for Foreign Affairs at Tours; but all men speak well of him, which, as wo know, proves him to bo an excellent person. Tho Count do llruc has Just bad an audience of the Djic Decazos, to present his credentials as Charg<5 d Af faircs from the Republic of San Marino. For three years the post has been vacant, and It is not clearly un- j derstood why It has now been filled up. THIS TWKLV1 APOSTLB8. A prominent member of a celebrated nonapartist co- j clety, called the "Twelve Apostles," has come to grief | and will not bo able to render any further services to | the party lor seven years to come. On March 5, 1875, ; the I'ayt published a letter from twelve individuals | proudly owning tho designation of tha Twelve Apos ,lcs ns a denomination signifying fidelity and devotion. The letter complained of tho calumnious accusation of M. Renault, the Prefect of Police, that they, tho writers, belonged to a secret society, and boasted that, as friends of tho Umpire, they had openly and humbly subscribed for an ornamental Ink stand, ns an oflering to the Prince Imperial on coming ( of age on March lfi, 1871 Tho present was duly sent to Cblselhurst. Among tho signatures to the above document is that of "Michael Curra. merchant," and ho la the hero of tho drama just unravelled in tho Cor rectional Police Court, llo was not a "merchant" in any other sense than this?that ho sometimes sold po matum and hair oil, and that not on his own account. He was, In fact, a barber's innn, but no ordinary Figaro. His handling of the scissors and cnrllng irons and his insinuating manner were so masterly that his employer, M. Dubois, of No. C Rue do la Palx, paid nim $l,o00a year and perquisites. He was tnc indlspensablo coiffeur of imperialist "high life," and he went about in a brougham k"pl for him by the establishment to cut and curl hair and to lake orders for cosmetics, lint this most exceptional professional position was far from satisfying his ambition. 1'p to four o'clock In the after noon ho wore an apron and was simply called Michel. Alter that hour ho ramo out privately as M. Michel dil Carrn, drove to Iho flols, with a lady, tn his own earriago (lie had four carriages and seven horses In his stables) and gave dinners at res tauranls at 100f. a head. At length Ins employer found he l.iid been robbing Hie till and appropriating money actually receivo-l, which he sat down In the hooks as actually due, from customers. When .he police searched his lodgings they found a large fusortmenl of the deco rations wh.ch ho was in the nabit of wearing n t o hours when he appeared as a man of fashion.. He defended by the standing counsel of all imperialists In rouble M Laehaud, but was sentenced to seven years "7cWs.on"-< c. close Imprisonment and ten years' surveillance of the police. TIIK CAlilSKT FOMCT. Tomorrow, at tho Cabinet council, Minister, will fir,t formally discus, lei froiiti qwitiom-i. c tbo Irulin ,le !itie, and tbo dale for the dissolution of the Assembly; perhaps a bill for continuing Ita existence. There Is talk of iho resignation of the Ministry II It ,i,nut carry the ccrutin furrvndiccemtnl; but it would seem much moro likely that the Cabinet will simply undergo reconstruction In a slightly liberal - -ay with M. Dufauro at Its head, Since the 2-Hli ot May, 1878, when the conservatives overthrew M. Thiers, the liberal reaction which began on the morrow of that day has steadily progressed, and has influenced the Marshal, in spite of himself, in the choice of his Minister*. He ho* bad three Pretains (in loss than two and a-half voars), each Ids* conserva tive (in the partisan sense of the word) than hut predo eeseor:? l>uke de T5ro<rIle. 1873 4 General dot'issey. 1"7I 5 M. Builbt |875 (March 10J And M. Dufsure, though, by instinct, formed to be ? tory lawyer, is considered more " llborn!" than X. BaJTet. M. Esqulros Is expected at Marseilles, where he is U? receive an enthusiastic reception and to niako a violent ultra radical speech. M. Ganibelta has taken the happy resolution to follow him and make an extremely modo rate sjieech, thus emphatically disavowing all connec tion with the lotvansiyeante of the Left. Uut M nam* betta poonngoll on tho troubled waters is cortainly ? new spectuclo. TIIK Tt'iiKISH I OAS. Another Cabinet Council was held at the Eiysdo thin afternoon (at three), for the discussion. It Is said, o( foreign affairs, possibly of tho Kastern question. At one of the Tuskish loans was guaranteed by France a( well as England, and as Turkey bos .lust proclaimed herself Insolvent, France, even from tho meanest point of view, la at tit interested in Oriental affairs. Tht I rencu press la, therefore, much irritated by the tlnan* cial news from Turkey. The agency of the Imperial ottoman Hank, refusing to follow tho example of tht I/ondon establishment, has not suspended the payment, in cash of the coupons duo on the 1st of October. M. Dufauro is said to have urged on his colleagues th$ advisability of a suspension of tho stato of siege whick : till exists In forty-two French departments, and gitet an astonishing power to tho executive on tho evo of a general election. M. Jules Simon spoke at a private banquet at Cetto on the 7th. Ho declarod that three things wore necessary to the Republic?tho election of tho Mayors by the Municipal Councils, the suppression of the state of siege and the icrulin de liiU, This will probably bo como tho platiorm of republicans, yet it will hardly satisly the rods. ' ALSACE-LORRAINE. The inhabitants of Alsace-Lorraine aro not, after all, being coddled by their new German cousins. On the contrary, they complain that they have to pay heavier taxes than aro paid in any other portion of tho Em pire. This news, however, comes from French sources, and must be regarded witli suspicion. Another story is moro creditable to German long suffering than t? French dignity. On tho capture of Metz the German Governor, ns an act of courtesy, placed a guard at the Ilishop's door. Tho Bishop, Mgr. Dupont des Logos, requested it misht be with drawn. Tho Govornor complied. As soon as tha Bishop could communicate with tho French authorities he begged for tho Cross of the Legion of Honor, which he had refused at the hands of Napoloon III., but which ho now claimed for his services during tho siege Tho French government wore eager to obligo bis lorik ship, and as ho was now technically a foreigner, and thoroforo the ordinary rules of tho Order did not apply to bitn, they sent him tho Cross of Commander, though be had not passed tho two lower grades of chevalier and officer. Tho Bishop, howover, reiusod this highel honor, and would only accept the simple cross, which was accordingly sent him and which he there upon pinned to his breast. He then asked tho Gov ernor for a guard, and a guard was ouco moro placed at his palace door. As the Bishop goes in and out of hi* palace the Teuton sentinel is thus unwillingly made t* salute the Cross of the Legion of Honor. Is t here such a thing as the second childhood of a nation? PARTIAL KUni or TIIK BLATCRKORa A book, under the titlo of "Roman d'une Amdrt caine," published at Brussels, has just been seized at tho establishment ot tho editor Lacroix, 13 Rue du Faubourg Montmartre, in I'aris. Tbis novol, written by Mrs. Biatchlord, a lady not unknown In tha United States under the pseudonym of Fanny Lear, it merely the narrative of her intercourse with the Rns skvu Grand Puke Nicholas, nephew of the Czar. It it full of amusing anecdotes, and the authoress has not scruplod to reveal to the public the contents of most intimate letters written to her by her lover, so that tl forms an cpisodo of history moro curious than any published since the book of M. do Custine, and gives a strange picturo enough of the Court ot Russia and th* semi-barbarous splendor of her princes. Keverihelcsi the authoress, who had tor some time awakened the in terest of tho French government in her movements, has been "invited" to quit Franco. Tho costlo of Say, just reconstructed by Count Lcpic, was recently stripped of all its valuables by thieves in. a night. They first tried the doors of the place, which resisted their cfTorts, but ultimately gainod admittance through a window. All the furniture was smashed is their search for precious articles, and their find amounted In tho end to $1,400 in cash, the correspond ence between Count Lcpic and Xnpoloon I., and with the KIm Joseph, and that with Napoleon HI. and Prince Mnrat. The greatest part of tho family papers is also missing, and tho servnnts the next day found stray letters and deeds strewn about tho apartmcntt and park. n Prince Nnpoloon arrived in Paris last night. Tbo Connt and Countess of Paris were due in Paris this evening, coming from Eti. They intend to stay here a few days. Paris is now tilling fast. Tho Prince of Wales and tho Duko of St. Albans aro expected to-night. Tho Cotnto do Chnmbord will tnko up his residence in December at Gowitz, near Trieste, and occupy the Villn llu'ckmann which has been hired at a rental of $3,750. Tho usual New Year's reception of the legiti mists will take place tliero. TnZ IRREC0VriI.AHI.K8. The last speech of M. Naquet is much talke^orut la the political world. Conservatives of all denomination*, agrco in thinking that moderato republicans will hare groat difficulty in struggling at the forthcoming elce tions against tho irroconcilablcs, so much tho more se as MM. Louis Blanc, Naquet, Modicr Montjau, Arc., show very great activity and lose no occasion of putting themselves forward. Duke Docazes, In concert with England, has tho in tention of renewing diplomatic relations with Mexico. Admiral la Honclcre le Noury is coming forward a* a randidato for the Senate, In tho Department of the Euro. THE CUSTOM HOUSE. ANOTHER CAPTURE OF SMUGGLED HAVANA CIGARS. Early yesterday morning two well known smugglers were seen in a small boat trying to attract the attention of some of the crew on board the Havana mail steam ship City of New York, lying at pier No. 3 North River. They rowed round the steamship in an apparently care less manner, and, after finding that nobody waa thorn to lower down to tholr boat tho smuggled "stuff," they rowM off, looking somewhat crestfallen. Tho Custom House night inspectors on duty noticed this, but madn no move at the time. They subsequently seined 2.000 Cigars of the choicest brands, which were found con cealed in the vessel for the purposo of being smuggle* ashore. ANOTIIKR SEIZURE. Another seizure of smuggled goods was rnado yester day In the shape of "t)0 indiarubber toy balloons for children on the French Transatlantic steamer Vlllo d? Paris, by Inspector Hugh McGcnty. TITS PrOAR COMMITTER. The Sugar Committee held a session yesterday after noon in Auditor Ogden's private room, the particulars of which were not given for publication. The sugat trade Is much exercised over the statement recently published In the Hsrai.d, that frauda on tho roven'uo is sugar imi?>rtations would soon be niiide public, rassK.xor.RH isi'Soi-chlt iiktaijcrh. Tho majority of the 113 passengers who arrived It this city yesterday morning by the Cunard steamship Algeria were detained a lAv hours, owing to the non appearance nt the wharf of Deputy Collector Slanson to administer the oaths to the passenger* on the sub. Ject of their declarations as to the contents or then baggage. Subsequently thu services of Deputy Collec tor Morrison were obtained from this city and the re tarded bnggago waa passed without further delay. Many ol the passengers threatened to writo to the press on the subject. The amount of duties collected on baggage was over $1.3110. Some of the passengers oltlio sterner sex used language more forcible llian elegant, and tho ladles said it waa a shame and an outrage. TUP. PKAT1I Of TIIK COI,LKCTnll'a EArilEK. Collector Chester A. Arthur, with his tainily snd s few personal friends, including General Sbarpe, Sur veyor ol the Port. Ion this cltv lust evening to attend the liinora 1 of tho Rev. I?r. William Arthur, llnplist minister, who died nt Ncwtonvllle, near Albany, on Thursday last. General sympathy is expressed lor the Collector in his loss. EACH ran to ins tuirriticf. A largo numlier ol leaves ol absence were given to Custom House official* yesterday for the rural distriele to go home and vole and remain absent till the day ufler election. A Custom House watchman ha* boea appointed to kaep the corridors nesr the entrances | clear of the ward politicians who cneumlier thcot day by day, to (he great annoyance of tho publto.