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BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSC'ltlBERS.?On nnrt ultrr January 1, 1S75, the daily and weekly editions of the Xe>v Yoex Hebauj will be vent file of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, published every icy in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage, to subscribers. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York UiliALD. Letters and packages should be properly ft sled. Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD-NO. 40 FLEET STREET. FA 11 IS OFFICE-AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms os in New York. VOLUME XL NO. 303 UUSHBTS THIS AFTKXOOS A.ND ETCM. WALLAOK'S THEATRE, Broadwwy ?mt Thirteenth street?TUB OVERLAND ROUTE, at S P. VI : clone* at 10:45 1*. M. Matinee at 2 X*. M. Mr. John Oilbert, Mi** Ada Dyua. PARISIAN VARIETIES, Sixteenth street and Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. DARLING'S OPERA HOUSK Twenty-third street and Sixiii avenue?COTTON A REED'S NEW YORK XlfNaTREL.S, at s IV M.; closes at 10 P. M. THEATRE COMIQUE, No. 514 Broadway.?VARIETY, at ? I". M.; closes at 10:45 1'. M. AMERICAN INSTITUTE. Tliird arenne and hmy third street.?Day and evening. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS. Nww Opera House, Broadw.ii, corner of Tw enty-ninth street, at SP.M. BOOTH'S THEATRE, Twenty-third street and Sixth avenue.?PANTOMIME, at 8 1'. JL V. L. Fox. Benelit at 1 :30 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE, No. 624 Broadway.?VARIETY, at ? P. M.; cloaca at 10:45 P. M. PARK THEATRE, Broadway and Twenty second street.?THE MIGHTT DOL LAK, at 3 P. VI. Mr. and Mrs. Florence. EAGLE THEATRE, Broadway and Thirty third street.?VARIETY, at S P. M. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART. No. 128 West Fourteenth street.?Open from 10 A. M. to 5 I'. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. Twenty-eighth street, near Broadway.?APOSTATE, at 8 P. VI., closes at 10:30 P. VI. 11AMLKT matinee, at 2 P. M. Mr. Edwin Booth. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?WOMAN uF THE WORLD, at 8 P. M. Mrs. GRAND OPERA HOUSE, corner of Twenti third street and Eighth arenne.?OLD GUARD, at 8 P. M.; closes at 10:4U P. At. GLOBE THEATRE. Nos. 728 and730 Broadway.?MINSTRELSY and VARIETY at 8 P. M. WOOD'S MUSEUM. Broadway, corner ol' Thirtieth street ?PI SLOCUM, at 8 I*. M., closes at 10:40 P. M. .Matinee at 2 P. M. TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE, Not. 585 and 387 Broadway -VARIETY, at 8 P. M. THIRD AVENI K THEATRE, Third avenue, between Thirtieth iind Thirty-flnt streets.? MIN'jTKELSY and VARIETY, at 8 P. M. TTVOI.I THEATRE, Eighth street, near Third avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. GILMORE S SUMMER GARDEN (Late Hippodrome).?GRAND CONCERT, at 8 P. M. Aid of the Centennial Exposition. LYCEUM THEATRE. Fnnrteenth street, near Sixth avenue.?FROC FROU, at 8 P. M. Mile. Juliet to Clarence. , * OERMANIA THEATRE. Fonrtaenth street.?TAN IE TilERE.SE, at 8 P. M. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Fourteenth street.?German Opera. POSTILLOM OF LoNJ L'MEAU, at 2 P. M. Wachtei. STEINWAY IIALL. Fourteenth street.?Handel's Oratorio, TnE MESSIAH, at 2 P. VI. Mile. Theresa Tltlena. TRIPLE SHEET. KKW YOU K, SATURDAY, 0CT0BE1! 30, 1875. From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the weather to-day will be cloudy, tcilh rain and wind. The Herald by Fast Mail Trains.?News d> 'iters and the public throughout the States of New York, Ncic Jersey ami Pennsylvania, as veil cs in the WYsf, the Pacific Coast, the North and Sjuthwest, also along the lines of the Hud son Hirer, Few York Central and Pennsylvania Central Railroads ami their connections, trill be supplied with The Hbraud, free of pejstage. lixtraordinary inducements offered to newsdealers try sending fla ir orders direct to this office. Waix Stkf.et Yesterday.?Stocks wore barfly steady. Gold ranged from 116 3-8 to MG 1-2. Money on call, 3 per cent For eign exchange was quiet. Rag currency was worth 85.84. Japan and Corfa are about to go to war again. If it. amuses the Japanese and Oo reans everybody else ought to be satisfied. Bonafartism is to be severely dealt with in the French Assembly. Evidently Napoleon IV. has little chance lor the present of reach ing his lather's throne. Moody and Sankey continue their revival work in Brooklyn. There was a large attend ance at the Tabernacle yesterday, and the interest in the revival does not seem to be abating. The Carmhth claim another victory, and, as a matter of course, the Alfonsists deny the claim. It matters very little which side is in the right, as even a victory just now can have little influence on the fortunes of tho Would-be king. When a Royal Bary is born in England it is hailed as a national blessing both by the imperial family and the nobility. In the one case thero is an increase in the annual gil'ca of a loyal people, and in tho other tliero is a lively topic of conversation for at least ' nino days. It is consequently a matter of present satisfaction that tho Duchess of Edinburgh hns just given birth to a daughter. CntNA SEEMS to bo less than half satisfied With tho terms of her settlement with Great Britain, and Mr. Wade may havo uso for his ships of war after all. We trust, however, that thero is to bo no fighting, or, if there must leo war, that those who are its cause will bo tho only ones to take part in the battles. Tile City Canviu. The leaders of the Tammany organization are conducting this canvass with the same ignorance and stupidity which marked their course during the nominations. Instead of meeting the issues they attack with unsparing malignity the personal character of the can didates of the anti-Tammany party. Instead 'of showing what they havo achieved during their one year of rule since Wickham came into power they dig down into the sepul chres of the past and ask us to look at this lwino pnd that hone of some mouldering rec ord. Hiey complain because a few hot headed leaders at ward meetings attack Mr. Kelly. They deplore "personality in the can vass, and yet the amount of. bitterness and slander and defamation of character which Tammany leaders, writers and speakers have poured over Recorder Ilackett ami Mr. Phelps and other anti-Tammany can didates is appalling. The enemies of Tammany Hall devoto their canvass to principles, while the Tammany loaders are personal and virulent. This shows the Tammany weukness. When politicians become angry they fear defeat. Now if Mr. Hackett, for instance, was a good enough j democrat yesterday, if he was accepted as a blameless and honest citizen, and thought worthy of respect and confidence by the Tammany leaders down almost to the j | very morning of their nominations, why ! should he now be held up to odium and re proach? The reason is plain. Mr. Hackett as Recorder has not simply done his duty as a criminal judge, but he has refused to allow his office to he made a part of the patronage of Tammany Hall. For this personal reason the canvass against him is marked with a malignity which we have scarcely seen sur passed even in New York politics. Rut this ferocity of attack will not, we are convinced, drive the anti-Tammany leaders from their true ground. It is not their busi ness to attack John Kelly. Because his hire lings throw mud at Recorder Ilackett they must not soil their hands by throwing mud at him. Nor mnst they allow personal con siderations or passion to interfere with the great principles of the canvass. Their can vass is by no means personal. They fight for the integrity of the democratic party, the independence of this municipality, the free dom of the people. Tho anti-Tammany men are the real democrats of this controversy. They contend for pure democratic rule. They make war upon a system which is in violation of every tradition of democracy. This system takes its riRe in a secret society. We know from the teach ings of the early fathers what the democrats of the Revolution thought of secret associa tions in politics. As able a man ur Disraeli recently repeated the warning. This system represses every expression of opinion or freedom of thought in the councils of the organization. It makes it the duty of a 1 "committee on discipline," which sits like tho revolutionary committees during tho J Reign of Terror, to drive out, disfranchise, ! degrade and expel from office, if ho hold one, or from political influence, if he pos sesses it, any man who, like Mr. MorriRsey for instance, dares to criticise the will of the leaders. This system makes the civil ser vice in New York a source of corruption, a stigma upon our institutions. It puts at tho disposal of Mr. Kelly every office holder, from tho chief of a bureau down to the poor laborer on the Boulevard. It compels every office-holder to submit to the will of the secret organization or be driven from his place. It takes away from the demo cratic masses any power over the elections. It abolishes that great wise function of all parties, the right to meet in convention and select candidates. It remands nominations to the will of John Kelly, as five years ago it did to the will of William M. Tweed. Conse quently there is no responsibility on tho part of the leaders of the party to the masses. How can democrats, no matter how intrepid, arrest a ring or create a reform, if they feel that the moment they open their lips they will be shackled by tho Committee on Disci pline and tossed into tho tumbril ? The democratic party in New York, which should be the inspiration and comfort of the democratic party in the country, is really a burden to it. The democrats throughout the Union look upon the New York organization as a scandal and a sore. It is not an expression of pure democratic life, but an ulceration. It was largely because of this one man power, tol erated in New York, unchecked und accepted by tho democratic party throughout the country, that General Grant received his overwhelming majority in 1872. The deeds of Tammany were the strongest arguments in favor of Grant in that memorable campaign. Unless tho honest democrats of this city break Tammany and John Kelly's one man power, and reorganize the party upon a basis that Mill admit into its active support all M-ho believe in their principles, the same re sult will come in tho next Presidential elec tion. If Governor Tilden should be nom inated for tho Presidency, aided by Tarn- ' many Hull as now- controlled, his race would be like that of Hinlmd tho Sailor, when the | Obi Man of the Sea leaped upon his back. 1 I This American nation will never accept a j democracy whose leadership comes from I Tammany Ilall. It never will permit the in troduction into our national politics of tho men whoso long controlled New York. This is not a censure of John Kelly, but of the system which he cherishes and repre sents. We believe that there should bo re organization of tho democratic party in this city; that Mr. Kernan and Mr. Seymour and Mr. Kelly and Mr. Fernando Wood and Mr. Hackett and Mr. Morrissey and the leaders of the various factions and elements should meet., and, instead of establishing a Committee on Discipline that would drive out of t he ranks every independent voter, establish a tribunal that would bring voters in ; that would rally honest men around the administration of Governor Tilden ; that would win votes and not destroy them. Tho democratic party of New York properly gov erned, based upon independence and free dom of opinion, would become a power so beneficent, so irresistible, that it alono might lead the democracy of tho nation to victory in the next great canvass. It is mad ness for the Tammany leaders to imperil that can vims by their course in this city. This they are surely doing. Tho arrest of the | editor of the Times upon a frivolous pretext [ is one of those incidents of the canvass which, while showing the desperation of Tammany Hull, will not be without its pain ful effect upon the country. For however important the election may be tie the posses sion of a group of minor offices, mainly judi cial, the great prize for which the democratic party now contends, and which Mr. Kelly and his friends should never permit to escape their attention, is the Presidency. Tammany in New York threw the Presidency away four years ago, and it looks now as if Mr. Kelly were about to repeat the blunder. This is because the existence of Tammany as : a representative organization in the detuoc- | racy is at variance with the general demo- I cratic sentiment of tho country. If Mr. Kelly j were an original leader ho would sec this ! difficulty. He would make a new departure. He would use his justly great influence to re organize the party upon a basis that would ' admit of all democrats uniting in harmonious i action. He would abandon Tammany Hall j and its antiquated customs. He would pre- j for the will of the party to the fiat of any ono j man. He would see in the revolution which | now menaces his power not any war upon j himself, but upon a system which he found when he came into authority, and which he j should rejoice in destroying. If ho is a j great leader, ono of those men whom we are j assured by Tammany orators was born to command, he will not follow in tho political footsteps of Sweeny and Tweed, but give the organization a new life, and in doing so con tribute immeasurably to the success of the party throughout the country. Vhe Coming Prlnec*. It is not from an undue sentiment of com- i plaisance or any especial desire to see our j country honored by the presence of high per- j souages from abroad that we view with unu- , sual interest and gratification the coining of the Crown Prince of Germany to the United States. The announcement that he will visit j our Centennial Exhibition comes in a semi official shape. Ho will be accompanied by his , son. The Crown Prince Frederick "William Nicholas Charles is the only son of the present : Emperorof Germany. He is hoir to the impo- | rial throne, lie is now in the forty-fourth , year of his age, is a general field marshal in the German army, and was a famous commander during the wars with Aus- j tria and France. His son, who is to ac company him, Prince Frederick illiatn ! Victor Albert, is in the sixteenth year of his age and is a grandson of Queen A ictoria, whose daughter the Crown Prince married. I The great age of the Emperor of Germany? j seventy-eight?and the increasing contin- J gency of his death may interfere with this trip. But the old Emperor continues actively in the government of his Empire. His health j I is vigorous and his mind so strong that wo . may fairly hope that his death will not . prevent the coming of the Crown lrinct. , This is the second royal prince who has promised to visit America during the Exhi- | l.ition in Philadelphia. The Emperor of Brazil has received a leavo of absence from his Legislature for the same purpose. The King of Sweden, in an audience granted to a Herald correspondent at the time of corona tion, said that lie thought of sending his son, the Swedish Crown Prince, to the United States during the Centennial. This lad, Prince Oscar Gustavus Adolphus, is a year older than the son of Frederick "William. There is a rumor also that the son of the late j Emperor Napoleon, who was born in 1850, will pay us a visit. The coming of these high personages to i America will add to the interest of our ( en- , tennial Exhibition. We shall be glad to sec j them all, not merely because they aro ! princes, but because they represent nations with whom we are on terms of amity. The visit of the Crown Prince of Germany will bo the most important ever made by a royal per son to America. The coming of the Prince of Wales was that of a young lad?at the time not much older than the Crown Prince of Swe den?on a round of observation and study, and who was taken from place to place by the Duke of Newcastle and a large suite. The Crown Prince of Germany is in the maturity of life, a soldier of great fame and experience, a statesman whose career has been tested in peace and in war. He is the heir to the most powerful throne in Europe. He comes to a country largely indebted to Germany and iu which Germans have an extended citizenship. He will find millions of his countrymen here, men who share his affection for the father land, who rejoice in his race and lineage. There could be no event more gratifying to the millions of our German fellow country men than the presence of the heir to their I imperial crown. The respect in which we hold the German character is so high that Americans will also go out of their way to show their appreciation of the honor paid them by this prince. His coming will be the most striking event of the Exhibition, especially if he can induce Bismarck, Moltke, Von Boon or some of the great statesmen and warriors of Germany to accompany him. Such a visit is not merely an errand of cere mony or curiosity. It is the binding together of two nations in those ties of courtesy and friendship which, after ail, are the surest I guarantees of peace. The Martiks' Tomb.?It is a snd story of neglect which wo print this morning in con nection with the obliteration of the old "Martyrs' Tomb," near the Brooklyn Navy I Yard. It was at this spot where rested the i remains of the patriots who died in the prison ships of the Wallahont during the Revolution. We cannot but regret that the centennial of that struggle should witness this desecration; I but although the graves of the patriots art! obliterated the memory of their deeds cnu never be blotted out. Thk Whiskkt Kino, like the Tammany King and the Canal lting, is coming to grief, and according to our Washington despatch I the confederates aro helping to punish each other. The Trustfulness in Turkish Befoums is so slight that the great Powers aro to be called upon by Russia to assist the Porte in keeping the pledges of the Mussulman to the Christian. This is an extremely liberal posi tion toward Turkey for the Russian govern ment to take, but if the l'orto fails alter all this liberality tho Bosnians will be justified in a more pronounced policy in favor of the Christians. Mr. Glad a tone's Ea?ay? We print this morning the introductory page# to a long review of the relation# exist ing between tho Italian government and the people of IUily and the Human Catholic Church. Apart from the vigor of the style and the boldness with which thin great ques tion is discussed the paper has additional interest in the fact that it is from the pen of Mr. Gladstone. In his previous pamphlets on "Vaticanism" tho distinguished states man considered the problem in its theologi cal aspects. The present paper has a politi cal rather than a religious bearing, and it must he confessed that there is no man in Europe more capable of discussing this ques tion, especially from a Protestant stand point." The temporal power of tho Pope dom ho considers in tho light of tho claim of tho Latin community dispersed all over tho world to tho right of citizenship in Italy. Italy must cease to he a nation. Mr. Gladstone thinks, or tho Pa pacy consent to the mutilation of tho triple crown. This is the key to his whole argu ment, and it affords him ample scope for the consideration of the relations of the great Powers to Home and toward each other. Ho first illustrates and enforces tho changes which have taken place in Europe within tho last quarter of a century and then contends that the restoration of the temporal power would compromise the very existence of the German Empire. But the most remarkable part of tho paper is that in which he pre dicts another war between Franco and Ger many?a war for restoration rather than supremacy?and assigns to the former Power as licr ally the ultraiuontuno minor ity which pervades the world. Those few sentences indicate the Hcopo and purpose of Mr. Gladstone's essay, and while wo do not share his fears that tho polit ical well-being of the States of Europe is to he disturbed by nu ultramontane alliance with France or any other Power, we recog nize it as in itself a significant laet that a thinker so profound and a statesman so emi nent as Mr. Gladstone should sound a note of alarm. It will be seen from all this that tho paper is a very important one, its chief value being in the clearness with which it point# out the tendencies of modern thought on both sides of the question. There may be no war of force growing out of these conflict ing views and purposes, hut there is certain to ho a conflict of opinion so heated and stubborn that it will outlast the present and perhaps the coming generation, affecting tho political and religious condition of every State in Europe, and even moulding tho futuro of Christianity itself. The Great Lake System of Central Africa. The exploration of tho equatorial regions of Africa proves the existence of a grand sys tem of lakes or inland seas, which form the sources of such rivers as the Nile, the Zam bezi nnd the Congo. Tho immediate sur rounding of these great bodies of water is a depressed plain, extending from tho south erly limits of Sahara to about tho twentieth degree of southern latitude, and to within from three hundred to five hundred miles of the eastern and western oojst lines of the continent. Being immediately under tho Equator these lakes are mainly within the limits of tho neutral zone on either sido of which the atmospheric and oceanic equa torial currents diverge to tho north and south. Therefore, while a vast body of vapor-laden air is carried over them from the ocean on a lino with the Equator, and from which they receive the water that supplies tho loss by their river drainage, they lose nothing by evaporation. All the moisture raised from their surfaces by the sun's heat returns again in tho shape of heavy and almost continuous rains, which are precipi tated within the zone o# evaporation. Our explorer, Henry M. Stanley, describes his journeys through vast regions of swamp. Dr. Livingstone died from the exhaustion in duced by fatigue in passing through one of them, nnd thus, by his death as well as by his writings, has corroborate^ tho testimony of Stanley and other explorers re garding these great shallow lakoR. If they were subjected to an evaporation that drew off their water in vapor, which was in turn transferred to other regions by atmospheric currents, they would quickly dry up in such a latitude, and Sahara itself would soon be changed by their waters into a wilderness of verdure instead of being one of burning desert sands. In the equatorial zone, within which these great lakes lie, thero must be almost a condition of atmospheric stagnation; wc do not mean an absolute im mobility of the air, but tho confinement of its movement within fixed geographical lim its. Storms are generated over the African lakes, hut they do not pass outside the neu tral zone referred to; they are loeal in origin nnd action and accompany the phenomenon of the heavy rains, having had tho same ex citing cause?evaporation. Such being tho case tho gignntic forest growths of these re gions and the generally fatal character to human life of the atmosphere can be ac counted for by the fact that the vast volumes of carbonic acid gas evolved from the putre- I faction in water of tho vegetation impregnate the air and render it most favorable for tho vegetable, but fatal to human life. Tho nn healthiness of the const lines is mainly due to their low levels, and in tho case of the Guinea coast to being on yio line and paral lel to the themnal equator, which traverses the greatest width of the continent, about four degrees northward of the geographical Equator. The theory of the source or the sources of the Nile and other rivers in Equa torial Africa will, we are confident, be es tablished when Stanley's scientific explora tion and survey of the great lakes is com pleted and its results given to the world. Boon Vox Aunim had not met with all his | misfortunes when he was convicted nnd im- . prisoned on the Bismarck charges. Ho is about to be cashiered from tho public ser vice, and apparently tho only thing open to him is to emigrate to America. A worse fate than this might have befallen him, nnd there is room here not only for him, hut we could find a place even for Bismarck himself. Captain M< Cn,i.o< h's Tbtai. closed yesterday, hut the decision of tlm Board of Police has not yet been announced. Suf ficient testimony was adduced during the i prourcos of tho caso to show that McCulloch in not ft desirable person for the office he now fills, the scandals with which his name is associated being iu themselves sufficient cause for his removal. If the Police Depart ment is to be reorganized it must be by the removal of men against whom such strong objections are urged. One of .tolli? Kelly's Candidates. Air. John Kelly has professed ft desire to reform the character of our public officers in the nominations he forces upon the Tam muny democracy. The insincerity of this claim is exposed in a letter which wo publish to-day from Air. John Morrissey, the inde pendent democratic cundidato for Senator in the Fourth district. The Honorable John characteristically strikes straight out und hits his opponent a damaging blow without any dodging or fencing. He declares that John Kelly's candidate, John Fox, while a member of Tweed's Hoard of Supervisors, voted in favor of paying to the worst of the ring accomplices, Garvoy, Ingersoll, Keyset and four or five others, dishonest claims to the amount of two million livo hundred and seventy-six thousand dollars. This amount, says the Honorable John, "upon the recom mendation of John Fox, his official as surance of the fair and equitable nature of the claims, and with his sanction, was stolon from the public treasury," and he places in contrast with such a record the fact that he himself lias never sought office in his life and lias never received from the public treasury one dollar, save and except his proper salary as a member of Congress. "We may fairly regard it as a little political exaggeration to charge that the whole amount paid to Garvoy, Ingersoll, Keyser and the rest by John Fox's vote as Super visor was "stolen from the public treasury." It is, however, fair to conclude that a large percentage of the bills of such men was fraudulent, and that in paying them two million five hundred thousand dollars at least one and a half millions were dishon estly taken from the public treasury. There are many things in Fox's career as Super visor which John Kelly?having forced that candidate down the throats of an unwilling constituency?might consistently be called upon to explain. Everybody knows that the bulk of the plunder of twenty millions secured by the ring robbers was obtained through the now Court House job. In February, 1866, Supervisor Smith Ely, Jr., charged the Court House committee with extravagance and fraud, and demanded a committee of inquiry. If that committee had been raised and honestly composed it would havo stopped the whole Court House plunder. The investigation was defeated by ono vote, those combining against it being Tweed, Hank Smith, Hayes, Roach, Stewart and John Fox. Three of these?Tweed, Smith and Fox?were the majority of the impeached Court House committee. John Fox afterward moved an investigation, which was ordered, and as chairman of tho investigating committee, from which Smith Ely, Jr., was excluded, he made a roport in the following June declaring the contracts to be honestly and economically made, and in dorsing tho manner in which the building of tho Court House was conducted. There is no question that this ^hameful report blinded the eyes of the people and prepared the way for tho twenty millions of plunder afterward secured by the Ring. Supervisor Fox was a member of the Com mittee 011 Stationery, in connection with Tweed, Hunk Smith and Orison Rlunt. In 1865, when Fox first bccumo a member of the Board, the amount expended in stationery was under thirty thousand dollars. In 1806 there were paid to two ring firms, for stationery alone, over three hundred and eighty-three thousand dollars, for all of which John Fox voted, both in the committee and in tho Board. The character of this transaction may be gathered from the fact that tho estimate for tho whole expenses of advertising, printing and stationery in tho provisional estimate for next year, now under consideration, is one hundred and seventy-two thousand dollars. As John Kelly has forced Fox on the people of the Fourth Senatorial district perhaps ho will let the constituency know what he thinks of this much of his candidate's record as a Tweed Supervisor ? Bavaria and Slnle Right* In Ger many. In the Bavarian Chamber of Deputies the ultramontane address to tho King praying him to dismiss tho liberal Ministry has been adopted by, a vote of 76 to 76. Hitherto the government of the German Empire lias run smoothly enough in the federal groove. It has not been called upon to endure a strain of any Hort whatever. In the wars with Austria nnd Franco the Prus sian shooting was found to b?S so infallible that every little German kingdom and duchy recognized in the Hohenzollern a veritable Captain Scott, and came down when sum moned without requiring the expenditure of any ammunition. It will some time seem one of the strange spectacles of history, this quiet acceptation of a new role on the part of those States; this submissive lulling into line as so many veterans trained to subordina tion might fall in at the sound of the sergeant's voice. But tliu claim of State rights promises to come early and to provo a first test ol the opera tion of the new system. With us the conflict as to State and national supremacy arose on the right to keep slaves. In Ger many it arises on the point of religious lib erty. As Bavaria makes the issue that is its character. With us both North Hnd South claimed to fight for freedom, and in Germany both Bavaria and the imperial government equally claim to be tho champions of relig ious liberty. Southern men claimed that they should be locally free to hold slaves, and the North held that there could be no freedom where slavery was tolerated. Each conceived the word freedom in a widely dif ferent sense. In Bavaria they claim the free dom to submit themselves to Home if they will. In Berlin tlioy answer that there can bo no spiritual freedom till the religious preponderance of Rome is Hot aside. Hith erto the Bavarian King has governed with a ministry in general harmony with imperial purposes; but now he is face to face with a chamber in which there is an ultramontane State rigids majority. This may sound liko a queer qualification a majority which de clares itself the patriotic champion of Bavo rian rights against imperial Germany, sni which derives its inspiration notoriously from Roma ; bnt the qualification is accu rate, anil exhibits the hollowness oi the whole cnae. In the presence of this majority the King is in a dilemma. Can he govern with a ministry opposed to tho majority i Can he by the dismissal of this ministry and the appointment of one in sympathy with the party in power put himself in open hos tility with Berlin? Can he, by the dissolu tion of tin- Assembly dare the spirit of revo lutionary agitation throughout the conntry 1 Evidently the triumphant party is disposed to drive him to extremes, and the near future of Bavaria is filled with stormy possibilities. In all the gloom there is ono certainty?the man in power at Berlin is named Bismarck, not Buchanan. Homicidal Crime. The frequency of homicide in this city is one of the alarming signs of the times. Within a fortnight there have been nearly half a score of convictions for murder or man slaughter, and five of these were for murdoi in the first degree. The last of the capita] convictions wus the sentence of Charles Wes ton yesterday for participation in the mur der of Weisburg, the podler. In every cas? the guilt of the culprit was clearly estab lished, and the doom of the criminals fol lowed so quickly upon their crimes that the effect of these speedy trials and convictions cannot fail to be most wholesome. A stern enforcement of tho law is essential at this time, for there ' seems just now to be a mania for homicidal crime. A few days ago we referred to the many mur ders and attempts at murder growing out of jealousy and disappointments in love; but it seems that tho mania isRtill more dangerous, and that the relation of father and son, and even of son and mother, is not sufficient to preserve society from this terrible tendency. It is only a week since a young man was con victed of murder in the third degree for brutally kicking his mother and leaving her on tho floor of her wretched apartment to die. Drunkenness was the cause of this horrible offence ; hut later still we had tho story of a drunken father shooting his son while in a condition so besotted as to bo apparently unconscious of the crime he had committed. Tho latter case is one of the most lamentable that has come under our notice in a long time, and while the cause is plain enough the remedy is not so apparent. The advocates of prohibition will find in it a strong argument in favor of their theory, but experience has shown that crime cannot be prevented by this mode of repression. Some other means of preventing murders of this kind and of every kind must be found, and the only method likely to prove effective is the stem punishment of the guilty. Mur derers must be taught that drunkenness is no excuse for crime and that the full penalty of the law is certain to follow the offence. In no other way is it possible to eradicate tho disease, especially at a time when there is a strange mania for homicide. If so many murderers were not allowed to go unpunished so many murders would not be committed. Until within a few days hanging seemed, in tho expressive language of a crim inal who expiated his offence on the gallows, to be almost "played out," and juries were in a great degree responsible for this Btate of things. There was a tendency to convict oi tho lower instead of the higher grades oi murder where only the full penalty of tho law is equal to the emergency, but we are glad to see that a change has been wrought in this respect. In the future we must re press homicide by hanging all murderers, and though tho remedy is a terrible one its application now may do away with its ne cessity in the future by the operation of a wholesome fear growing out of the certainty of the full enforcement of the law. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Mr. Bright has declared that in mental power gtrla are not inferior to boys. Fifteen cents a bushel is the price of apples In soma parts of Pennsylvania. Tho Boston Journal hopes that among the ruins of defeat in Ohio Senator Thurman will find the back bono which he lost some months ago. The failures for the post nlno months aggregated $131,171,000. That sum represents exactly the nida tion ol business for the period spedllod. That clown of all guessers, the Boston special of the Springfield ltrpnblican, predicts that Charles Francis Adams will vote for tho democratic candidates In Mas sachusetts. Investigation has shown that not only persons of great mental capacity but also lunatics occasionally possess brains which arc considerably heavier than th? average brains possessed by ordinary but sane people. Dr. Edward Warren, surgeon in chief of the Egyp tian army, has resigned in consequence of ophthalmia, contracted in tho Khedive's service. Dr. Warren is a Bnlttmorcan, and was medical director of (Joncral Lee's army. Be has located in Paris. A correspondent wonders why Northern newspapers are sentimental over Stonewall Jackson, "the seces sionist." The correspondent ought to be satisfied that if a Northern bullet killed tbo secessionist It did not destroy the lact that he was an American. At the (icorgia Stato fair the prettiest baby was awarded a cooking stove. Tl.o real danger of giving i stove to a baby is that some day when his mother is out he may put It in his mouth, and then ho would have to swallow a tea-kettle beforo she could get sup per. Carlylo says there may he a eotirago which Is the ab sence of fear. There Is also the courage which is tho result of excitement, and manifests Itself in the pre sence of crowds. Such bravery falls Immediately be low tr'uo ryurage. Tho great masses of the raco are dependent on society. llal/ac says that Parisian ladles have s genius for graceful walking, and seem to Imprint in tho fold of their robe the mould of their tiny feet. When an Eng. lish or a Herman Isdy attempts this step, he ststes, "they have tho air of a grenadier, marching en avanl to attack a rtdemto." This time It is Admiral Porter's son Essex who has been Invited to take a lighting position in the do minions of the Khedive of Egypt. The other dny II wnsfleneral J<>.? Johnston. If (ho Khedive keeps on getting officers into Egypt thero will ho no room for common soldiers. He was a countryman and went to Paris. They Showed him the Laoe.on, and told h|m It was "tho three Craces.'" He said, "All, yes?Liberty, Equality and Fraternity." "That is It, tho Mireo (iraces of tho Bopnbllc!" "But," ho said, "What is tho sorpentf" "TheCommand, of course." Near the Bowles residence, at Springfield, Mass., tho other night, the eats made a great disturbance. As a fllteen-poundor fell oil' the back fence and Biased as he struck the cold ground, one of the liltD- Bowleses sung out, "Pa, what Is that?" The able parent replied, "I can't think or anything hut Charles Kranr-is Adams." The Paris Figaro suys that a great number of English people are applying to insurance companies for policies on the life of tho Pftlco ol Wales, apropos of his jour ney to India. Tliey have paid extra rales of premium for the policies, tho companies thinking tho subject one of extra risk, notwithstanding that the Prince ban taken five fire engines along with him.