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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, proprietor. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and after January 1. 1875, the daily and weekly editions at the New York Herald will be cent free of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, ptthUnhed every day in the year. Four cents per copy, lwelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of jajstage, to subscribers. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York Herald. Letters and pi^kages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 48 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPF.RA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the samo terms as in New York. VOLUME XL NO. 810 AIIMTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EI'GQSO. BOOTH'S THEATRB. Tw?nty-thlr<l utren and Sixth avrmir ? PANTOMIME, at 8 P. M 0. L. Fox. Matinee at 1 :8U 1'. M PARK THEATRE, Broadway and Twenty--econ!! xtrei't ?THE MIGHTY POL LAK, at 8 P. M. Mr. and Mr*. KIuranee. Matinee at 2 P. M. EAGLE. THEATRE, Broadway and Thirty-third Mrcet?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee "at 2 P. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twenty-eighth ntreet, near Broadway.?HAMLET, at 8 P M. ; doner at 10;tu P. M. Mr. Edwin Booth. Matinee at I ::*i P. M.-OTIIM.l.n. BOWERY THKATRH, Bowery.?JUSTIN A. at s I*. M. Miss Helen Hanghtoa. OLOBR THEATRE, i No*. 728 and 750 Broadw ay. - MXN'B'l'KKl.SY and VARIETY, ' at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. WOOD S M I SEL'M, Broadway, corner of Thirtietli street.?CARTOUCHE, ?t 8 P. M.; doses at 10:45 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE. Kos. 585 and 587 Broadway.?VARiKTY, at 8 P. M. THIRD AYENEE THEATRE. Third sventM, between Thirtieth and Thlrty-flrst street*.? MINSTREL.-Y and VARIETY, at 8 P.M. Matinee at 2 P. M. TIVOLI THEATRE. Eighth street, near Third avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. It atinee at 2 :80 P. M. LYCEUM THEATRE, fourteenth atreet, near Sixth avenue?RE GENDRE DE M POIRIKR, at a 1". M. Matinee at2 P. M.? LA GRANDE DUCHE8SE. Mexican Juvenile Company. COLOSSEUM, Thirtv-fonrth atreet and Broadway ?PRt'SSTAN SIEGE OF PARIS. Open from 10 A. M. ?<> .?:30 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. No. 824 Broadwav ?VARIETY, at 8 P. .M. Matinee at 2 P. M. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteenth street?THE OVERLAND ROUTE, at 8 P. M : rinses at 11 > :45 P. M. Mr. John Gilbert, Miss Adr Dyas Matinee at 1 :B0 P M. ACADEMY OF MCSIC. fourteenth street ?German Opera?LA DAME BLANCHE, tt 2 P. M. Wachtel. PARISIAN VARIETIES. Sixteenth street and Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. M atinee at 2 P. M. GF.RMANIA THEATRE, Fourteenth street, near Irving place.w-LOCKERE ZEl SIUE. at 8 P. M. METROPOLITAN MCTMSTX OF ART, No. 128 West Fourteenth street.?Open from 10 A. M, t P. M. COTTON A RRED'S NEW YORK MINSTRELS, Opera House. Twentv.thlrd -treet and Sixth arenne, at 8 P. M.; doses at 10 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. AMERICAN HfSTTTTTTR, Third avenoe and Sixty ildrd street.?Day and evening. THEATRE COMIQUB, No 514 Broadwav.?VAlii l.TY', at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, New Opera llon?.e. H roadway. corner of Twenty ninth street, at a I' M Matinee at 2 I' M. TRIPLE SHEET. NEW VOI?K, SATl'RDAV. NWKMBER 6, 1875. From our reports this mnrnimj the probabilities are that the weather to-<lay will be clear or only partly dourly. The Herald by East Mail Trains.?Neies dealers arid the public throughout the States of Ae?e York, New Jersey anil Pennsylvania, as reell as in the 14'est, the Pacific Coast, the North, the South and Southwest, also along the lines of the Hudson ltiuer, New York Central ami Pennsylvania Central PaUroads ami their con nedions, will he supplied with The Herald, tree of postage. Extraordinary inducements offered to newsdealers by sending their orders direct to this offer. Wall Street Yesterday.?Some of the Fancy securities were higher. Gold, after telling from 115 3-8 to 115 5-8, cloi#fl at 115 1-4. Bag pap*r is worth HC,.77. Money on call closed easy at 2 per cent. Another Mysterious Murder iR reported, the revelations in the present instance com ng from the village ol'Portland, in Pennsyl rania. The Consternation In administration ?ircles growing nut of the reported indict ment of General Babcock and Orville Grant, brother of the President, at St. Louis, for complicity with the whiskey frauds is the sensation of the hour. The Committee on Crime was busy yester day inquiring into the action of the Excise Commissioners in the granting of licenses. Nothing of importance was elicited further than to supply the committee with a list of disreputable houses which should have been broken up by the police long ago. Judge Benedict has refused to quash the indictment against II. 1$. Claflin ?fc Co., who are charged with dealing in smuggled silks. The basis of this determination is that buying smuggled goods is similar in character to receiving stolen goods, the name rule applying to indictments for either of fence. Mb. Secretary Fish has another Spanish outrage upon his hands, a naturalized Amer ican citizen named Mnntes having been lir_ rested in Cuba and banished to the IHle of Pines without trial, and, it is claimed, with out. cause. Whatever may he the merits of this particular case, outrages of this kind are no longer tolerable, and prompt measures should be taken by the State Department to secure better treatment of American citizens in Cuba. Th? Krpuhliran Mrljr Hlnc? the Ktoet l?n?. In the crude and halting, yet in the end effective, way in which a free nation ex presses ity will, the people have in the late elections signified their weariness of both political parties as they are at present con stituted and officered. In the most forcible manner they have condemned the inflation schemes of Western democrats and the secret political organization of Tammany, which ventured once more to ruise its head, and to which Governor Tilden, unhappily for him self, lent his countenance. But in an equally forcible und distinct manner they have warned the republican leaders that they have not their approval either. The small majorities which they hnve given the republicans at the moment when they were determined to con demn the democrats show conclusively the condition of the public mind?the profqund dissatisfaction of the people with both par ties. In reading the journals published in dif ferent parts of the country nothing is just now more striking than the general desire expressed for a reorganization of parties, for new leaders capable and willing to return to the true American ideas. There is not the least doubt that the appearance of a new party, in such strength as to have a hope of suc cess in the Presidential campaign, would be welcomed all over the country; but there is not the least doubt, either, that no such party will appear strong enough to attract voters or to do more than make a muddle of the election in 187<>. Party machinery in this country has become too formidable to bo easily overturned, and we must perforce work with the ineanH at hand. Dissatisfied democrats feel compelled to work for reform within the democratic party lines; dissatis fied republicans labor for improvement within republican purty lines, and the inde pendent voter stands by, watches the efforts and intrigues of the politicians, and finds himself compelled on election day to make a choice between two evils?able to defeat the worst, but unable to overrule either side for the highest good. This is not a very satis- j factorj' condition of politics, but such as it j is we must accept it for the present and 1 make the best of it. It is, therefore, an interesting question, I IIow, under these circumstances, have the elections of this fall left the republican party ? To a superficial view it seems to hnve regained somewhat of the strength which was lost to it last year. It has recovered a number of States, some of them of great im portance ; it has cnt down many of the large democratic majorities of last year ; it has re gained ^the control of legislatures in some States and of the Executive Department in otherH. In the list of democratic States which we printed yesterday only four are Northern, and, in fact, the republican party, which lost the North last fall, appears now to hnve substantially regained it. There are doubtless Republican politicians who will re gard this result as evidence that the people have returned willingly to the republican side; that they condone the offences of the party, and that, in short, the next election is safe. "We believe such persons are very greatly mistaken. The first and most important re sult of the recent elections is that they have crushed out the inflation movement. Noth ing is clearer than that the people will not have this. Inflation, apparently so grave a danger, has been beaten in Pennsylvania by even a greater majority than' in Ohio. It is no longer a possible political issue. It is in conceivable that the democratic party should be foolish enough to take it up or tolerate it next year. Hut this means that the issue on which the republican leaders began this fall to count as their most important card is worthless. Resumption seemed likely to be their heaviest trump ; it is no longer of the least value in the game. It follows that they must look elsewhere for a cry, an issue to bring before the people. The fall elections have, in fact, done more for the democratic party than for the rrpul> licnn, for they have probably given the pre dominance among the democrats to their ablest and wisest leaders, while they have i cut from under the republicans the favorable ground on which they had expected to fight their battle next year. They are compelled , to seek a new position, and in doing so there j is very grave danger that they will blunder. It is always more difficult for a party in power than for a minority to rise above its old record, to cast out its dungerous and self ish elements and to initiate genuine re forms. This is because the reformers in a party which possesses power are likely to be out of favor with the controlling elements; their efforts are at once resisted by those who hold power and who are necessarily opposed to reforms, else they would make them with out compulsion. The republican party is now what the democratic party became during the administrations of Tierce and Buchanan. It is a strongly coherent force, whose rulers have a great deal at stake, which they fear to lose by such changes as wc call "reform." It is a body which has great momentum, but only in a single direction. To change the di rection or the purpose of such amass involves the sacrifice of a multitude of subordinate agents, and the resistance of these minor forces is almost always ton great to be over come. Hence the inflation outbreak among the Western democrats was seized with de light by the republican politicians ; it gave them an issue which they perceived to be j entirely safe for them. Hence, again, no ! sooner has this failed than we hear every where among the republican politicians a cry of "danger to the public schools," and sen a determination to bring the religious question into the next canvass. All this means only a quiet but stubborn resistance to the reforms which the people demand; an energetic pur pose to do anything and seize on any pretext which will enable them to evade tbe real and vital issues which are in fhe people's minds. We conclude, therefore, that the fall elec tions, favorably ns they appear to have resulted for the republicans, leave that party in greater danger than before, by so much as they may result in weak ening that element in the party which is in harmony with the popular de mand for reforms. For there ran he no doubt that the people desire and impera tively demand some trenchant reforms. They are repelled from the republican party j bv seeing that its leaders countenance cx | travagance and condone and conceal eorrup j tion ; they see that the worst, the most wlf j ish and the most dangerous elements of the party rule in its councils ; they see with a growing aversion a constant and vehement desire to shield offenders ; a studied con tempt for public opinion;.* determination in j | those who control the party to "stick to gether," 110 matter what exposures there may he of maladministration and corruption. The attempt to put off the popular demand for radical reforms next year by evasion, by hollow promises or by projecting into the canvass snch false issues as the religious or I school question, will probably end in the overthrow of the party unless the democratic leaders should commit some extraordinary | follies. We repeat, therefore, that the elec tions leave the republican party in greater danger than before, and that to save it from defeat next year will require either some j now unforeseen piece of good fortune, some , dark triek of policy, or the successful efforts of the reforming element in the party to se- I enre the control and leadership in their own hands and make it a true party of honesty, J with a head in whom the mass of the people ! can have confidence that the promises in its i nlatform will be faithfully carried into ef f*0L An Open Polar Sea. As published in the Herai,t> of November 2, a California paper reports the arrival at San Francisco of the whaler Onward from the Aretie Ocean via Behring Straits. Her commander states that he experienced very warm weather in the far northern latitudes, the sea being wholly free from ice and the whales "further east than ever before, almost reaching the mouth of the Mackenzie River." This latter point is situated in latitude 68 deg. 45 roin., longi tude 135 deg. west, and is about twelve degrees southward of the latitude of ! the cold pole of the American continent. If the sun's heat alone governed the Arctic j temperatures there would ho a regularly graduated scale of variation for these lati tudes throughout the year, But the exist ence ten degrees to the southward of the terrestrial pole of two distinct poles of cold, ; one north of the centre of the American and the other of the Asiatic continent, shows ! that there is an influence exercised on polar ' temperatures independent of that of the sun. The inferences to he drawn from this fact favor the theory of the existence of an open - polar sea during the Arctic summer. We have shown in recent articles the nature and general direction of the atmospheric and I oceanic currents. Of the latter the warm streams, after leaving the Equator, flow northeastwardly toward the Pole in the northern and southeastwardly in the south ern hemisphere. The Gulf Stream and Japan | Current penetrate the polar region via Ice- j land and Behring Straits respectively and converge on the Pole by these routes, carrying a vast body of heat in that direction. In liko manner all cyclones and other storms move j obliquely poleward, carrying an almost equally constant supply of warm air to the same focus of convergence, so that the united influences of warm air and warm water are j exerted within a limited area, the polar basin, from whence these elements return as they cool. The peculiar northeastward movement of all storm centres has been satisfactorily studied by scientific men, so that no doubt now remains regarding them as the bearers of warmth and humidity to the l'ola Dr. Kane's expedition claimed to have discovered an open sea as far north as eighty-two ! degrees, which was void of ice and of a com paratively high temperature, while to the southward the ice was fixed and impenetrable. In case the British explorers should discover a similar open water and be able to navigate it to the Pole, all that will remain to be solved is the cause of the ice belt that sur rounds it Wo fear, however, that such an open sea would bo continuously covered by a dense fog which would render navigation impossible. Russia, and Turkey. Russia is assuming a firm attitude on the Eastern question, and on every hand tlx-re are indications of a more prolonged conflict than was thought probable a month ago. An interesting interview with Ljubibratic, the Herzegovinian leader, which we print in another column, gives some idea of the rebel strength and of the sentiments and feelings which animate the insurgents ; but even more important is the semi-official declaration of Russian policy which we extract from the Voix newspaper. It is only natural that the Czar should look with disfavor upon Turkish cruelties toward the Christians of the European provinces of the Ottoman Empire, and the declarations of the Russian journal acquire a new force from the recent interview of Gen eral Ignatiefl' with the Hultan. The mal administration of the country and the discon tent of the peoplo are the proper subjects of diplomatic representation at this time, but it is impossible to predict how soon they will become the excuse for, if not the causeof, interference with the internal affairs of Turkey. The great Powers are doing little more than upholding Turkish misrule, | whereby the Christian provinces are held in constant oppression or forced into chronio revolt. Turkey has it in her power to m broil Europe In war at any time, and this, fact alone tends to force Russia into precipi tating the conflict. Sootier or later it is certain to come, and it, seems more imminent now than at any time since the Crimean struggle. It has long been the purpose of the Czar to place the Pofte with out the pale of European dynasties, and this purpose has only bet n restrained by the at titude of the other Powers. In view of the acknowledged crm Ities of the Turks and the inherent weakness of Turkish rule the great Powers may not be able to restrain this pur pose much longer, and even now Russia stems to be preparing tor the. struggle. The Vatu an insists upon the enforcement of the concordat with Spain, and, declaring that the civil war is the result of religious toleration, rb mantis nn ecclesiastical trial for the captured Bishop of Sett tie Urgel. This policy sounds strangely in the nine teenth century, bntfve cannot think that the Papal demands will be acceded to even in ? ftpain. Kelly an Robespierre. In the good old times of the French Revolu tion, when the guillotine was taking off its fifty or a hundred heads a day and before the pub lie opinion of France showed any resentment at the bloody course of Robespierre and his followers, that famous chief was in the habit of rushing to the Jacobin Club, followed by Conthon, Saint Just, Fouquier-Tinville, Le bas, and his gang of followers, and making a speech. In this speech he called upon France to know how incorruptible he was. He denounced the malcontent newspapers for venturing to criticise them. He reminded the French people that he had given them, or tried to give them, a good government, and generally concluded his remarks by ap pealing to his satellites to stand by the old flag of the guillotine and to strike terror into the hearts of his opponents. It was tho cus tom also for Lebas, Saint Just and the rest to shout and cheer Robespierre, and to fol low him around the streets as tho saviour of France. Sometimes Robespierre made as many as three speeches in four days, in which their whole subject was his own glory, his own honesty and the perfidy and weakness of the French people. In like manner our New York Robespierre, Kelly, defeated by the public opinion of New York and properly denounced as the author of all the recent disasters of the de mocracy, himself and his organization, rushes into his Jacobin Club on Fourteenth street, followed by Frank B. Spinola, William A. Boyd, General McMahon and Colonel Tom Dunlap, and makes a speech. In this speech he denounces newspapers for not supporting him, and politicians on the other side for not obeying his commands, and the people for not permitting him to give them a good gov ernment. And wo observe that at the con clusion of his speech Generals McMahon and Spinola and the rest throw up their hands and cry out, "Long live Kelly !" just as their predecessors in the French Revolu tion were wont to cry out "Long live Robes pierre !" No one doubts that Robespierre was an honorablo man. He never stole nnytliing from France, and, although for a time master | of its revenues, he died in honorable poverty, j He was not as fortunate as John Kelly, even in his honesty, for ho did not live long enough to be Sheriff of Paris for two terms, or he might have also been an j honest man living upon a good income arising out of the ]>rudent investment of'large fees, and we have no doubt that Robespierre was sincerely anxious to govern France well, j and we have the authority of Napoleon I. for I saying that it was his intention to have put j an end to the Reign of Terror after having beheaded all his opponents. His pure ambi- j tion was to give Paris a good government, j John Kelly's ambition has been of this same j character. By driving out of Tammany Hall j every democrat who opposed him, after ex- ' polling from office every democratic partisan who would not vote for him, we have no doubt that John Kelly, like Robespierre, would see that New York was governed well; that there was no stealing ; that Spinola, Tom Campbell, Denis Quinn and William A. Boyd and the other irreproachable states men who surround him would fill the high offices. lint the great trouble is that New York does not wish to be governed by John Kelly, but by itself. It is a weakness in the republican form of government, which has no doubt oc curred to Mr. Kelly during the meditations of the past few days, that the people will have some voice in the choice of their rulers. By this we mean that when a majority of the citizens of New York desire a certain person in office by the constitution as we have it from Jefferson they are entitled to that priv ilege. But by' the constitution, as Mr. Kelly proposes to amend it, good government is not to come from the people, but from an irresponsible dictator, who, by the aid of a secret society of Rachems and Indians, controls the organi zation, and this is the whole controversy. No doubt Robespierre was honest in his de sire to govern France, but France was just as honest in its resolution not to be governed by him, and in ?the end France proved the stronger. We have no doubt that John Kelly is perfectly sincere in his wish to give good government to New York, and what better government could there be than that of Spi nola and Campbell and Quinn and Boyd and Dunlap ? But, on the other hand, New York is perfectly sincere in its desire not to be governed by John Kelly, and in the end New York will win, as it won on Tuesday. It is an unequal fight; Kelly and his Sachems and followers and incense-bearers on the one side and the people on the other. Tweed found it so, although he stole millions of dollars with which to strengthen his do minion. Kelly has found it so, and whoever succeeds him will find it so again. This demonstration at Tammany Hall on Thurs day night is nothing more than one of tlio old demonstrations at the Jacobin Club. It means nothing, because the public opinion is against it. The New Counsel to the Corporation has saved us at least one item in next year's tax levy. He gave an opinion before the Board of Apportionment during the discussion of the city estimates in favor of an appropria tion for building an armory for the Seventh Regiment, insisting that the law was man datory. On the strength of that opinion tho Comptroller voted for the appropriation. But as tho President of the Department of Taxes still remained unconvinced the Cor poration Counsel undertook to give tho grounds on which his opinion had been based. The argument of the learned coun sel, however, caused the Comptroller to again change his vote to the negative, and the appropriation was lost. The Th no A^lsi e Savinub Bank Failure has bi t n the cause of much dissatisfaction among the depositors, and the appointment of Mr. William K. Carman as receiver was received with much distrust. An effort is making in the courts to secure his removal, but Judge Westbrook yesterday postponed the hearing until Saturday, allowing the re ceiver in the meantime to receive interest money on mortgages and deposit it in a trust company. It is a case where the Court is bound to act as the guardian of the deposi tors, and we trust Judge Westbrook will ex ert all his power to protect their interests. The City Government and the IVoxt Legislature. It is evident that the citizens of New York cannot hope for relief from the heavy burden of taxation by which they are oppressed through the voluntary action of the munici pal government. Year after year each de partment seeks to secure the lurgei-t posst appropriation. The object in not to com uct the departments economically in the interest of the city, but to get ns much out ot the city as possible to expend in the depart ments. Notwithstanding the depressed con dition of the real estate market and the scarcity of money we find the estimates tor next year, which have just been passed by the board of Apportionment, considerably higher than the estimates for the present year. The final estimates, as passed by tho Board for 1K75, less one-half the amount to be raised for the Fourth avenue improve ment, amounted to $36,156,472. The total estimate for 1H7B, with one-half the Fourth avenue improvement tax added, is $36,223,231. But when we deduct from both totals the amount of State taxes wo find the actual increase in the city expenses proper to be still greater, as the following figures i will show:? Total ORtimato, J,ess amount of dtato, tax. ' ' Total city expenses, fJS.144.08fl Total estimate, l.css amount of State tax _____ Total city expenses, $28,900,043 The estimates this year were arranged in secret sessions of the Boar.l, so that the peo ple have not been permitted to see the pro cess of wrangling and bargaining by which the exorbitant expenditures of the different departments were finally reached. Of course tho Mayor had to agree to give tho Finance Department over a quarter of a million dollars to spend next year, in order to induce the Comptroller to give the Public Works Department the handling ol nearly a million and three-quarters, and so on through the list. With such bargains driven in secret sessions by those who fix the estimates it is not surprising that the rate of taxation should steadily increase. The people must look to relief from the Legislature. Economy must be reached first by lopping off the unnecessary offices for which the people are compelled to pay. The Bureau of Permits should be abolished, and the duties should be performed by a single clerk in the Comptroller's office. One-half the bureaus in the Finance Department are wholly unnecessary, and should be swept away as so many frauds on the city treasury. The Law Department should be prohibited l'rom having nny pen sion list for political lawyers, known ns a "contingent fund." The bureau of the Cor poration Attorney, which is wholly unneces sary, should be cut off by law, and the busi ness transacted by the bureau should bo done by one or two of the almost sinecure clerks in the Corporation Counsel's office. The Health Department, while it should have a sufficient appropriation for the effective preservation of the public health, should bo simplified, so as to render it impossible to make it what it has hitherto been, a sort of pension office for political paupers. The Tax Receiver's office, which is wholly unne cessary as a separate bureau, should be abol ished and its duties performod by the De partment of Taxes and Assessments. Other departments should be similarly pruned, so that it would be impossible hereafter for a trading Board of Apportionment to swell the annual city expenses to tho frightful amount of thirty-six million dollars. The Legisla ture of next year should apply itself to this work with honesty and vigor, and as Gov ernor Tilden is a consistent reformer he would not venture to veto a measure of such evident justice to tho overburdened people of the metropolis. Our Poor Friend Wickham. At the risk of anticipating the philosophic interference of Mr. Bergh, whoso devotion to the cause of the prevention of cruelty to unimals is world-renowned, we must inter pose a word in behalf of our poor friend Wickham. Last summer all New York was urging our handsome, our eloquent, our benevolent Mayor to go to London and raise his voice in Guildhall and publicly tramp on the tail of the British lion until it howled in anguish. Now when he appears in Tammany Hull he is hissed. He is made the scape goat of the democracy. " If it had not been for "NVickham there would not have been any trouble." "If Wickham had not interfered the laborers would not have had their wages reduced." John Kelly publicly protests that when Wickham did this crowning act it was against his desire, although he does not explain how it was that a committee headed by his unfortunate friend, Denis Quinn, assembled to punish Mr. Morrissey for pro testing against the act. Why should Wick ham be driven out into the wilderness in this sad manner? Is ho not ns sincere a democrat as John Kelly? In fact, we think in his course during the canvass ho has shown judgment and discretion. He has not denounced the press. He has not called upon the people ot New York to view him as the only honest man of the city. Ho has not interfered in the canvass. Ho has shown an amount of reticence that deserves commen dation. Altogether wo think Wickham is a badly used man. If the truth were known about the stories which circulate in reference to his position they arise from jenlonsy. Theso gentlemen who would make Mr. Wickham a soap goat dread him. They fear that ho might take Tammany Hall in his hands and reorganize it, and with his elarion voice go from district to district and summon the clans around the old banner. We do not think Mr. Wickham has made the best kind of a Mayor. We wish he were not so thor oughly afraid of Mr. Green as he proves him self to ho When they meet in public, and wo can never cease to lument that he did not visit England when he had the opportunity. But there nro worse men than Wickham in New York. There ire worse democrats in Tam many Hall. The attempt to saddle him with all the misfortunes of the party is cowardice. If Wickham is a man he will not endure it. We advise him to take his position at otico and demonstrate to the Tammany Hall eom mittee in a speech of unanswerable power and eloquence ?ich a speech as wo know he can rtonver?tbat he has In no way brought rtpofl Tannnany Hall the disasters of the past weefc Pandora'i Box In Modern Time*. While the letter which we print thig morning as part of the literature out of oui Pandora's box?a box of good rather than of evil contains no story either of remarkable discovery or thrilling adventure, yet it will bo read with great interest as an important contribution to our knowledge of the North ern seas and of the inhabitants of the frozen North. The ladies of every country, ex cepting only the Esquimau girls, have found knights to do battle in their honoi and poets to sing their praises. At last these ' Arctic fairies find in our correspondent and ! in the men ol' the Pandora not only ad ; mirors but celebrants of their charms. It must not be said hereafter that tho women of Disco are mere coal heavers, noj must either " dirt " or " filth " be imputed ; to them as a fault common to all the ladies of | the North. The children of Science, intent | on finding the Pole, or sailing the open Polar I Sea, are too apt to have no eyes for beauty when they see it out of the drawing rooms of London and New York. But our voyagers of tho Pandora were not blind to feminine ! charms, even in the Arctic regions. They sing tho praises of the Esquimau with a fervor that is surprising, and wo should not be astonished if a summer trip to Baffin'? Bay to see the girls of Disco and Upernavik ' became as common a divertissement as the an i nual retirement of My Lord This and My Lord | That to his hunting box. It would at least have tho charm of freshness, and we know | how tho world sighs for something new. wors shipping with a sincere devotion the novelty | of the hour. Our Pandora's box this morn ; ing presents a pleasant picture of tho outward passage of the vessel?the coaling at Disco, the run across Melville Bay, a visit to Carey Islands, where the Arctic voyagers in tin light of the midnight usually establish theij simple post offices?but interesting as art these sketches of Wonderland this unex pected championship of Arctic beauty is the most surprising as well as the most interest ing of its treasures. Alter this we shall ex pect no more plagues from the mythological ! casket of evils, having obtained from ou| ' modern Pandora only pleasant surprises and unexpected revelations of feminine loveli Kelly'a I^est Hold. Otbsllo?Is he not honest? Iauo?Honest, my Lord? Shaketpeart, John Kelly says, "I am not a great man, but I am honest." Only one part of this ia true. As to his greatness the statement ia accurate; but the little man who is con scious of his littleness, and yot endeavors to fill a place and to perform functions to which only a great man could bo equal is not honest. It is not honest to pretend that a pint of shandygaff will fill a quart measure. That bullfrog which endeavored to persuada its small family that it could puff itself out to be as big as a bull and was bursted in the experiment was not merely a humbug, ill was a dishonest reptile. Thk Des Anges Case, it is expected, will close on Monday on the part of the prosecu tion. The trial is a very important one, and its progress is followed with a jealous inter est by all who wish to see justice done and the laws enforced. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. General M. O. Valiqjo is writing a history of Spanish California. Tho great defort of the English people is mental it? dolcnce, says Mr. Gladstone. A Georgia girl, afflicted with rheumatism, has not been able to turn in boa for two years. Mr. William M. Gwm, formerly United States Senator from California, is sojourning at tho Windsor Hotel. Miss Emily Faithful, who is over twenty live, adviset females not to marry until they are twenty-five ycarf old. Vassar girls believe in a fish diet as a good thing for the hrain, and never miss hooking any sucker who falls in their way. Tho Bank of California, under tho management of Mr. Ralston, paid oightnen percent dividend on itl entire capital. Ice forming, skates glistening in shop windows and so much pinchback clothes that she can't ever come th? K raj mi vino twist again. There is a girl on exhibition in Charleston, S. C., hav ing four well developed legs and feet, and it will bo just like her to want a pony and a side saddle, Alexander H. Stevens has gained two pounds, and il he keeps on being so dreadfully wholesomo ho will weigh a hundred and (llty in twenty-flvo years. James Fair, the fourth member of tho Bonanza firm, is a man of liberal education, the only one of them so endowed, and is the original of Bret Harte's Colonel Starbottle. It is asserted that "a lady writer in the Woman*| Journal gives expression to tho idea that tho holinesd of woman's love almost cancels her shame when she id led astray." Hon. B. H. Hill, of Georgia, says the democratio Congressmen from the South will be very conservative and will oppose ail claims against the government oi| account of the war. Jefferson Davis' name has been brought forward ad that of Senator from Mi-sissippi, hut Mr. Davis cannot have that democratic honor and Mr. Lamar will prot? ably wear the toga. The Buffalo Courier says of the election:?"Its neces. sary client is thnt for a time tho host men of both parties are made weasor and their worst men stronget than they were bofore." Tho Chicago Timet says:?Miss Phoebe Cousins has i lecture prepared reviewing the decision of tho Snpremt Court on tho woman suit rage question. Its titlo Is "A Woman Witliouta Country." Tic Oakland (Cat.) Trnn.rript says:?"There are many men in San Prancisoo who have liooome rich very sud denly, and wlio arc likely to lose their money Just a# suddenly as they acquired it." Cecelia Cleveland bus written a boo it called "Tilt Sigh." And now the hoys aro hanging around her tuck stoop and singing that well known melody, Sigh for a Cipher, Bull Can't Cipher Thee.'' ^Professor Becker states that the great Comsinek vein has passed from Inclosing walls of phrphyry and sye nite into solid syenite, which indicates, the scientist# ?ay, that Iho vein will soon coast! to yield altogether. The Boston llrrnl'l says:?"The people are still choosing between two evils, ami the ilscontMt will) both of the oh! parties is steadily Increasing. They are looking forward to that party of the future whicta .ball embody the best half of both." This Uttca Herald, Hon. Kills II Roberts' paper saya "that the ranal ring was lea I inlluenlial.of all the ran sea Which contributed to tho democratic disaster, ami that tho republicans make their most over*helming gain* in sections where that influence never penetrated. The Boston A'lveriiter, writing of the political future says:?"The next change wilf invrtfto a breaking up of the old parties and the organization of new ones Tho republican party can prevent such a result hy answer Ing the reasonable expectations of the best elements of the national life. " Said a democratic member of the pre ent House of Representatives, in forecasting what lie deemed tb# probable result of the next general election: "When we gel into power you will perhaps sec tor the ilrte four years more stealing than the repiibllCAM the*, ?clvc/ have over boou guilty of,"