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EDGAR ALLAN TOE.
Tardy Justice to the Memory of One of America's Greatest Poets. Unveiling and Dedication of the Monument in Westminster Church. Pleasant Letters from the Dead Poet's Living Brothers. Dust and Mire Swept from the Name of the Author of " The Raven." POETICAL TRIBUTES TO HIS GEM'S. Baltimokk, Not. 17, 1875. The ceremonies attending tho unveiling and dedica tion of the monument in memory of the poet, Kdgar Allan 1'ue, In Westminster churchyard, took place this afternoon, tbo exercises preliminary to the unveiling tak ing place In the Western Female High School, in which building, adjoining the churcbyurd, the initial move ment waa taken in October, 18(16, to devise some means beat adapted to perpotuute the memory of one who has contributed so largely to American literature. The day was bright aud In every respect propitious to a bappy completion of the exercises. Before two o'clock, the hour of commencing, the vuxi hall of the school bouse was crowded, many unable to obtain scats stand ing m the aisles. Tho platform was occupied by in vited guests, nearly all of wbom were citizens of lialti moro, with the exception of Walt Whitman, who was the only poet present. At u quarter past two o'clock the exercises commenced, with the singing of Verdi's "Pilgrims' Chorus," by the Philharmonic Society, which was rendered with line cfl'ocl, after which Professor William F.iliott rose and delivered a historical sketch of / the monument. THK READING OF UCTTKBS from poets, in reply to invitatiuns to be present, by Miss Surah S. Rico, then took place, as follows:? WILLIAM CDLLKN BRYANT. CcMMtKUTolf, Musb., Sept. 18, 1875. 1 return my thanks for the obligiug invitation con tained in your letter of the 14th. For various reasons, however, among which Im my advanced age. it is not in my power to be present at tho ceremoniaJ of which you speak, and I nave only to make my best acknowledg ments to those who have done me the honor to think of me in connection with them. I am truly yours. MissS. S. Kick WILLIAM C BRYANT. OLIVKR WRHDKLL HOLM KH. Boston, Sept. 18, 1875. I regret that I cannot be present at the ceremony of placing a monument over the grave of your poet. Your city has already honored valor and patriotism by the erection of stately columns. Republics are said to be ungrateful, perhaps because they have snort mem ories, (orgettlng wrongs as quickly as benefits, but your city has shown that it can remember ami has taught us all the lesson of gratitude. No one, surely, needs a mausoleum less than the poet. JIU monument shall be his gentle verm. Which eyes nut yet created shall o'er read And tongues to be. bis being shall rehearse. Wbeu all the breatberm ol this world are dead. Vet we would not leave blm without % stono to mark the spot# where tho hands that waked to ecstacy the living Itre were laid in the dust He who can confer an lmmdrulity which will outlast bronze and granite deserves this poor tribute, not so much lor his sake as lor ours. The hearts of all who reverence the inspira tion of genius, who can look tenderly upon the inlirmi ties attending it too often, who cau feel for its (misfor tunes, will sympathize with you as you gather around the resting place ol all that was mortal of Kdgar Allen Poc, an. raise the stone inscribed with one of the few names which will outlive tho graven record raised to perpetuate its rcmembranco. Believe me, very truly vours, 0. W. HOLMES. johr o. wnrrnKR. A_ussni.Ro, luh month, 21st, 1876. AUbMllKli, 'JIU LUUUIU. -INI, lOfO, The extraordinary genius of Kdgar A. Poe is now ac knowledged the world over, and the proposed tribute to his memory indicates a full upprccialion of his rare intellectual gifts on the part of the city of ills birth. As a matter o4 principle I do not favor ostentations monuments tor the dead, but sometimes It seems the only way to express tho appreciation which ctrcum s unices in some measnro may have dented to the living man. I am not able to be present at the inauguration of the monument. Pray express my thanks to the ladies and gentlemen, for whom thy loiter speaks, for the in vitation, acknowledging the kind terms in which that Invitation was conveyed on thv part. I am very truly thy iriend, JOHN G. WHITTLE R. MARGARET J. PRKSTOT Lexington, Va., Oct. 8, 1875. I thank you for tlie good opinion which led you to propose the w riting of a poem on my purl for the pros pective inauguration of the Poe memorial. While it is not in my power to comply with the Haltering request, or to be present at the ceremonial, I tender to the com mittee my thanks, nevertheless, for the honor con ferred on me. There would seem to be a slight appro priateness in the proposal made to me. inuamuch as my husband (Colonel Preston, of tho Virginia Military College) was a boyish friend of Poe's when they went to school together in Richmond, who used to sit on tho same bench with him, aud together with him pore over the same pages ol Horace. To him as his earliest liter ary critic?a bry of fourteen?Poe was accustomed to bring his first verses. Kven then, youth as he was, he was distinguished by mauy ot the characteristics which marked his after life. With every good wish lor the entire sttceoss of your memorial services, and with renewed thanks to your committee for this mark of regard, believe me sincerely yours, MARGARET J. PRESTOS. JOHN OODPKRT SAXB. Brooklyn, N. Y\, Oct. 10, 1875. Of all my letters received during n long confinement by sickuens yours ol the 16th ull. is the first 1 have at tempted to answer. I thank you for the kiud invitation to a.-;ist at the Poe monument ceremonies. As 1 can not hops to be present ou that occasion I avail myself of your friendly note to express my interest in tho event and my admiration of the noble-hearted men and u women of Baltimore, who, by the erection of a beauti ' ^ful and appropriate monument to the memory of Edgar A. Poe, perform a patriotic office which was primarily and peculiarly the duty, as It should have been tlio pride, of the American 'literati toward ono whose origi nal genius has done so much to adorn and distinguish American literature. Yours truly, JOHN GODFREY SAXE. JOR1AH GILBERT Hi >1.USX I). New York, Oct. 11, 1875. Pear Maoa*?On the 15th of this month 1 am to bo In Wilmington, Ohio, for a lecture; aud on the evo ol a long Western trip 1 find myself so crowded with important duties that I cannot even write the letter 1 liave in my heart. 1 am very glad the genius ol Poe is to be formally recognized bjr"ceremony and monument, as it has been long appreciated by untold thousands of people wherever the English languagO is spoken. 1 am lorry 1 cannot be present at tho inaugural ceremonies; hut you will not miss mo. I shall only miss you and the loyal throng who will gather to bring tho dead poet their honors. Thankiug j ou kindly tor your Invitation lam, yours truly, J. G. HOLLAND. J AUKS RUSSELL LOWELL. Camiihihuk, Oct. 18, 1875. 1 regret very much that it will be quite impossible for me to be present at tho very interesting ceremony of unveiling the monument to Poe. I need not assure yon that 1 sympathize heartily with the sentiment which led to its erection. 1 remain very truly yours, J. R. LOWELL. a it red toot son. Esnisoiiii<n. Freshwater, 1 Isi.it or Wight, Jan. 21, is75. ( I have long been acquainted with I'oe's works and am an admirer of them. 1 am obliged to you lor your expressions about myself uud your prumiso of sending me the design for tho poet's monument, and Peg you to believe me yours, very truly, A. TENNYSON. HENRY WADSWnRTIl LONGFELLOW. Cambridge. August 20, 1575. Dear Ma da if?The only lines ot Mr. l'oe that I now recall as in any way appropriate to tho purpose you nientiou are from a poem entitled "For Annie. '' They ?rc:? The fever colled living Is conquered at la*i. nut 1 dare say you will be able to find something bet ter. In groat haeto, yours truiv, HENRY W. LONGFELLOW. Letters were also read from Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Rarah Helen Whitman and L. D. IaiwIr, of Brooklyn. At tho conclusion of the letters Mrs. Rice read tho fol lowing FOEM ST WILLIAM WINTER. Cold is the piran honor tings, And chill l? glory 's Icy breath, And pale the garland memory firings To grace tbe iron doort ol death. Fame't echoing thnnderv, long and lonf. The pomp ol prlrlc that decks liie pall, The plaudits ol the vacant crowd? Ono word of love is worth them all. With dews of grief our eyea are dim ; Ahl let the tear of sorrow Mart, And honor, in ourselves ami bin.. The great end lender human heart. Through many a night of want end woe Hit fren/.icil spirit wandered wild? Till I. ml disaster laid him low, * And litaven reclaimed lit w tywnrd child. Thr agh msny ? year his fame has grown, lake midnight vast, like -tarlight saeet. Till low his genius fills a tin ono. And nation* marvel at its leot. One meed ofjuatice long delayed, One crowning grace Ma virtues crave; i Ah take, thou great aud Injured shade. The Jove thai ?un,.i.in,?a tiiu mere. God's mercy guerd. In peecefnl deep. The aecrod dual that eluiubeca bar*. And while aronud Ilia tomb we weep, God bleaa for us the mourner'a tear. And may bla spirit, boveriBK aifh. 1'lerca the ilenaa cloud nt darkness through. And know with fame that cannot die. Ha haa the world a affection, too. Nor ewe**, IHVh. The chorus, "He watches over Israel," from the oratorio of Elijah, wus sang. Erofeseur Elliott read a letter from G. W. Cbilds, of Philadelphia, regretting that he could not be present. Professor H. E. Shepherd then delivered an address on the literary character of Edgar Allan Poe. After a aolo by Miss Ella Gordon, W. F. Gill, of Boston, recited with line effect the poem, "The Raven." J. H. B. Latrobu, then read the follow ing paper, giving personal uEKjsmoE.xciis or rot Lames akd (Ikntlemes?It has been announced that 1 a in to give to this meeting 'my personal recollections" of the great poet whose name bus attracted the crowd beloru me. The inference from duch an announcement would he that my acquaintance was such us to enable nie to describe him as one friend or close acquaintance has it in his power to describe another. Yon may bo surprised, then, when I say that 1 never saw Edgar Allan Poe bat once, and that our inter view did not last an hour. Those, thore loro, who invited me to be present here to day gave to my assent a scope which was not justified by what 1 sain or by what it was in my power to do. The opportunity is afforded, however, of nurrating the cir cumstances that led to our briet interview and of cor recting misstatements in regard, as it turned oat, to a not unimportant event of ins lite. In adding an ac count of what occurred when we niot I shall huve ex cused invself for taking the liberty, under the circum stances, ol appearing before you at alL A LITERARY CONTEST. About the year 18U2 there was a newspaper in Baltimore called Tke Saturday Visitor, an ephemeral publication, that aimed at amusing i is readers wii h light literary productions rather than the news of the day. One of its efforts wus to pro cure original tnies, and to this end it offered on tins occasion two prizes, one (or the best story and the oilier lor the bent short poetn?$100 for tiie first and $50 for the last. The judges appointed by the editor ol the Visitor were the late John P. Kennedy, I)r. James H. Miller, now deceased, and myself, und accord ingly we met one pleasant afternoon in the back parlor j of tny house, in Mulberry street, and, seated around a table garnished with sumo old wine and some good ; cigars, commenced our critical labors. As 1 happened then to bo the youngest of the three, I was required | to open the puckuges of prose and poetry j ? respectively and read the contents. Alongsido \ \ of mo was a basket to hold what wo i might reject I remember well that the first produc | tion taken from the top ol tiie prose pile was in a woman's hand, written very distinctly, as indeed were all the articles submitted, and so neatly that it seemed a pity ufit to awara to it it prize. It wus ruthlessly criticised, however, for it was ridiculously bad, namby pamby in the extreme, full of sentiment and of (tie school then know n as the Laura Matilda school The ; first page would have consigned it to the basket as our | critical giiiliot.no beheaded it. Gallantry, however, i caused it to be read through, wbeain it went, along with 1 the envelope contuming the name of the writer, which, ! of course, remainml unkuowu. The next piece 1 have no recollection or oxcopt that a dozen Lines consigned it to the basket. I remember that the third, perhaps the | fourth, production was recognized as a translation from i the French, with a terrific denouement. It wus a poor | translation, too; for tailing into literary accuracy, the I writer had, in many places, followed the French idiom*. ! The story was nut without merit; but the Sir Fretful j Plagiary of a translator described the charge ol Sheri I dan in the Critic, of being like a beggar who had stole n I another man's child and clothed it in his own rags. Of Lbo remaining productions I have no recol locttou. Some were condemned alter a few sentences had been read. Some were laid aside for reconsideration?not many. These luijl failed to pass muster afterward, and tlio committee hud about made up their minds that there was nothing beforo them to which they would award a prize w hen I noticed a small QUARTO HOUND BOOK that had nntll then accidentally escaped attention, pos sibly because so unlike, externally, the bundles ol mailuscript that it was to compete with. Opening it, an envelope, with a motto corresponding with one in the boolc, appeared, and we found that our proso ex amination was still incomplete. Instead of the common cursive manuscript the writing was in Roman characters?an Imitation of printing. I remember that while reading the first page to myself, Mr. Kennedy and the Doctor had filled their glasses und lit their cigars, and when I said (hat wo seemed at last to huve a prospect of award ing lbo prize they laughed as though they doubted it and settled themselves in their comfortable chairs as I began to read. I had not proceeded lar before my col leagues became as much interested as myself. The first tale finished, 1 went to the second, then to the next, and did not stop until I had gone through the volume, interrupted only by such exclamatious as "Capital!" "Excellent!" "How odd!" and the like from my companions. There was GENIUS N EVERYTHING tliey listened to; there was no uncertain grammar, no futile phraseology, no II! placed punctuation, no worn out truisms, no strong thought elaborated into weak ness. Logic and Imagination were combined m rare consistency. Sometimes the writer created in nis mind a world of hla own and then described it?a world so weird, so strange Far down by the d??c lake of Aub*r, In the misty uilit-ragioD.if Wut, Far down by the dunk tarn of Aubrr. Id the ghoni-haooted woodland of VVIor? and withal go fascinating, so wonderfully graphic, that It seemed for the moment to have ail the truth ol a reality. There was an analysis of complicated facta; an unravelling of circumstantial evidence, that won the lawyer judges; an amount of accurate sciontilie knowledge that charmed their accomplished colleague, a pure classic diction that delighted all three. When the reading was completed there was a difficulty of choice. Portions ol the isles were read , again, uiul finally the committee selected "A MANUSCRIPT FOUND I.N A BOTTLK." One of the sreues was called "A Descent into the j Maelstrom," and this was at one time preferred. I cannot now recall the names of all the tales. Thero must have been six or eight. But all the circumstances ol the selection ultimately made have boon so often j since referred to in conversation that my memory has , been kept Ircsh. and I see my fellow Judges over their j wino and cigars In their easy chairs?both genial, | hearty men, in pleasant mood?us distinctly now as though I were describing an event of yesterday. AN OLD STORY DENIED. Having made the Folectlon, and awarded the $100 prise, not, as has been said most unjustly and ill naturedly, because the manuscript was legible, but be cause of the unquestionable genius and great originality of the writer, wo wero at liberty to open the envelope that ldentitled him, and there wo lound Id the note whose moilo corresponded with that of the littlo volume, the name which 1 see you anticipate, of Kdgar Allan Poc. The statement in Dr. Griswoid's life, prefixed to the common edition of l'oc's works, that "it was unani mously decided by the committee that the prize should be given to the first genius who hud written legibly? not another MS. was uuiolded," Is absolutely untrue. THK POETRY. Rcfroshed by this most unexpected change in the character of the contributions, the committee refilled their gluss-i s and relit their cigars, and the reader be gan uj>on the poetry. This, although better in the main tbau the prose, was bad enough, and when wo hud gone, moro or less, thoroughly over the pile of manuscript, two pieces only wero deemed wortfiy of consideration. Tho titio of one win "The Coliseum," tho written printing of which told that It was Hoe's. The title of the other 1 have forgotten, but upou opening tho ac companying envelope wo found that ttie author was Mr. John li. Hewitt, still'llving in Baltimore, and well known, I believe, in the musicul world, both as a poet and composer. 1 um not prepared to say that tho com mittee may not have been Inosod In awarding the prize to Mr. Hewitt bv the fact tbat they bad already giv en the $100 prize to Mr. 1'oe. I recollect, bowover, ibat we agreed that under auy Circumstances the ex cellence of Mr. Hewitt's poem deserved a reward, ana we gave the smaller prlzo to him with clear consciences. I believe that up to this time, not one of the commit tee had ever seen Mr. Poe, and it is my Impression that 1 was the only one that hud ever heard of him. When his name was read 1 rumembered that on one occasion Mr. William Gwynn. a prominent member of the Bar of Baltimore, had shown me the very neat manuscript of a poeui called "Al Auroaf," which he spoke of as in dicative ol a tendency to anything but the business of mailer of fact life. Those of my hearers who are fami liar with the poet's works will recall it us one of his earlier productions. Although Mr. Gwynn, besides being an admirable lawyer, was noted as the author of wise and witly epigrams in verse. "Al Aariaf was not in his vein, and what ho raid of tho writer had not prepared me lor the productions before the committee. His uamc, 1 am suro, was not at the lime a familiar one. A VtSIT PROM FOR. The next number of tho Saturday Visitor contained the "MS. f ound in a Bottle," and announced thu author. Mv office, in thuso days, was in the building still occupied liv the Mechanics' Bank, and I was seated at my dor k on the Monday billowing the publication of tbe tale, when a gentleman entered and introduced himself as the writer, saying that ho catne to thank me, as one of tho committee, lor the award in his favor. Of this interview, the only ono I ever hud with i Mr. Poe, my recollection is very distiuct indeed, and it I requires but a small cflort of imagination to pluco him beloro mo now, as plainly almost as I seo [ anyone of my audience. He was, if anything, j below tho middle size, and yet could not j be described as a small man. His figura was remurkubly good, and ho carried himself erect aiul well, as one who bad been trained to it. Ho was | dressed in black and his froc.lt coat was buttoned to tho throat, whero It met the him k stock, then almost unt- , versalfy worn. Not a particle of while was visible. Coat, hat, boots und gloves had very evidently seen ' their best days, but so far as brushing and mending could go everything had been done, apparently, to mako tliem presentable. On most men his clothes would have looked shabby and seedy, but there was some thing shout this nuin that prevented one from eriltcismg hlR garments, and the details I have mentioned were ouly recalled alterward. Til K IMFllKARlOX M ADR. however, was thai the award in Mr. Poo'i fnvnr was rot Inopportune. Gentleman was written all over him. Hih manner was easy nnd quiet, and although lie camo to return thanks (or what he regarded as deserving thcui, there was nothing obsequious In what ho said or did. His features I aift unable to describe in detail. His fofenead was high and remarkable lor the gre.it development at the temple. This was the character istic ol Ins bead, which you noticed at once, and which I have never lorgollen. The expression of Ills face was grave, almost sad, except when he was engaged in eon- 1 venation, when it became animated und changeable, ills voice, I remember, was vcrv pleasing in its tone . and well modulated, a!moat mythical, and hit worda were wall chosen and unhesitating. Taking a wal, we con?creed a while on ordinary toxica, and Be Informed me that Mr. Kennedy, iny colleague in the committee, on whom lit- I..id already called, had either given or had promised to give him a letter to the Southern Literary Manager, which he hoped would procure him employ ment I anted whether he wan then occupied with any literary labor. He replied that be wan rugaged in "VOYAOK TO TBI-. BOON," and at once wont into a aomewhat learned disquisition upou the laws of gravity, the height of the earth's atmosphere and the capaeiiiee of the balloons, warming in liib speech as be proceeded. Presently, speaking iu the lirvt person, he began the voyage, alter describing the preliminary arrangements, as you will And tbcm set forth in one of his tale-, called "The Adventure of One Hans l'faal," and, leaving the earth and becoming more and more animated, he described his sensations as lie ascended higher and higher, until at last ho reached the point in space where the moon's attraction overcame that of the earth, when there was a sudden houleversemtHt of the cur and a great con fusion among its tenants. ily this time the speaker had become so excited, spoke sp rapidly, gesticulating much, that when the turn up side down took place, and he clapped his hands and stamped with his loot by way ol emphasis, I was car ried along with him, and, tor aught to the contrary that I now remember, may have (uncled rnysell the companion of his aerial journey. The climax of the tale was the reversal 1 havj mentioned. When he had finished bis description he apologized for hia excita bility, which he laughed at himself. The conversation | then turned upon other subjects, and soon afterward he look his leave. ANOTIIBK VAHUCATIOV. I never saw him more. Mr. Griswold's statement that Mr. Kennedy accompanied him (Foe) to a clothing ; store and purchased for him a respectable suit, with a change of linen, and sent him to u bath, Is a ihoor fabrication. What I beard of him again and again, ! year after year, In common with all English speaking people, more and morn, It is unnecessary to say; heard ' of him In terms of praise sometimes, sometimes in j terms ol censure, as we all have done, until now, | that he has passed away, leaving his fame behind him to lust while our langungo lasts, 1 have grown to think of him only aa the auihor who gave to I the world the "Raven" and the ''Hells," and many a gem besides of noble verse; who illustrated the power j of the English tongue In prove compositions not less logical than imaginative, and 1 forget the above, whether with or without foundation, that ignorance, prejudice or envy lias heaped upon his memory. Un fortunate in the ilrst biography following his death, when the author, with a temper difficult to understand, actually seemed to enjoy his depreciation of the poet's life, Edgar Allen l'oe wits 8KKN IIY A MA1.IONANT KTK, and his story was told by an unkindly tongue, and the ell'orts since made by Iriends to do him justice are slowly succeeding In demonstrating that there was iu him an amount of good which, in all fairness, should be set oil against that which wo must regret while wo at tempt to pallialo. To Poe thero may well he applied the verse of one of the most gilted of onr poetesses, addressed to a great name in a very different sphere: ? The moss upon thy memory, no ! Net while one uoto is rung Of those divine immortal lays Milton and Shakespeare sung, till the gloom ol night suspends 'Inn Anglo Saxon tongue. IN TUB CHCRCHYAUa When the paper was concluded the assemblage re- j paired to the churchyard and streets adjacent, and Professor Elliott unveiled the monument, placing upon it a chuplel of evergreens. The following dirgo, by Mr* Eleanor Fullerton, adapted to the music of Barnby's "Swaet and Low," was then sung:? THE OIRtiK. Softly sleep, softly sleep. Sleep In thy lowly bed ; Sleep, sleep iu slumbers deep. Waked not by earthy tread. Over thy grave let the wild winds moan, " ' this I" Under this fair memorial stone, Poet, thou slumborest well. Ail thy sorrows o;er, sleep foreverruore, sleep! Peace and rest, peace and rest. O! weary soul, be thine, i in < Rest, rest in earth's cool breast. Sheltered from storm and shine. Darkness no more obscures thy way. Out- of the niirht eternal day ? divine. Reams forth with power < All thy sorrows o'er, sleep foreverinore, sleep! Mr. Gill, of Boston, recited ''Annabel 1x66," and the proceedings were ended. SKETCH 07 THE POET 8 LIFE. Edgar Allan Poc was born in Boston in 1800, or, as others believe, in Baltimore in 1813. His parents bulongcd to the stage; but, both dying when ho was young, a kind-hearted merchant of Richmond, Mr. Johu JJlon, adopted the orphan boy and did much Tor him. He took him to Knglsnd and put him to school there at Stoke Xewiugton. On returning to America Poo entered the University of Virginia. It is not true, as most of his biographers assert, with the exception of Mr. K. H. .Stoddard,-whose memoir of the poot is cor rect and painstaking, that Poo, after leaving ttio university, started on a visionary mission to Europe to help the Greeks to - win their freedom; but ho had a brother who did, William Henry Leonard Poc. Edgar, thirsting for military glory, was sent to West Point. Ho was as much a failure there as at the university, and was only a member ot the Cadet corps for six months when be wus court martiallcd and discharged. Mr. Allan, who adoptod him, bore many of Ins eccentric and ex travagant habits with extreme patience, until finally he was driven to give him up. After that Poe was lost sight of for a time, until ho appeared in Baltimore writing fugitive pieces for the mngaKincs. From the day bo embraced a literary life in Baltimoro until ho died there, some twenty years later, his struggles and misfortunes make the most pitiable and harrowtug history in the literary ai\mtls of America. Of undoubted genius,wind with a wonderful fertility of production, he could at least have lived a life of cotnpclcnco, and even luxury, by his pen alone, but he had some fatal flaw that lrequently attends on genius, and all the glory of his achievements was darkened in the gloomy misery of the man. AS AX EDITOR. Toe was an indifferent editor. He lacked catholicity of taste and sweetness of temper. He was dogmatic, impracticable. During his residence in Richmond he married his cousin, Virginia Clemin, who was as poor as himself, and whoso chief qnaiitlcalkins for being his wife consisted in a sweet face, a gentle temper and un limited love for him. The young couplo flitted from Richmond to Baltimore, and soon after to Philadelphia ami New York. The longest of his Actions, ''The Nar rative of Arthur Gordon Pym, of Nantucket," was pub lished in 1838. After this Poe and his wife went buck to Philadelphia from New York. There ho t<wk tho editorship of The Gentleman's Magazine which whs started by Burton, the actor. During his connection with this publication one of his finest stones, "Tho Full ol the Hou~e of Usher," appeared. It was in 1841 he became acquainted with Dr. Rufus Wilmol Griswold, who was afterward to bcconio his remorseless executor and biographer. Dr. Griswold succeeded him as the editor of Graham's Magazine arts wold wrote of Poe in after years, "His manner, except during his tils of intoxication, was very quiet and gentlemanly. He was usually dressed with sim plicity and elegance and when once he sent for me to visit him during a period of Illness, caused by pro tracted and anxious watching at tho side of bis sick wife, 1 was impressed by tho singular neatness and the air of rellneinent in his horns. It was a small house in one ol the pleasant und silent neighborhoods fur from the centre of the town, and though slightly and cheaply furnished, everything in it was so tustelul nud so Oily disposed that It seemed altogether suitable for a man of genius. For this and for most of the com forts lie enjoyed, in hiB brightest as In his darkest years, he was' chiefly indebted to his mother-in-law who loved him with morn than maternal devotion and constancy." WHEX "THE OA VEX" ATPEAREn. Poe came back to New York m the autumn ol 18-^t. Slnro his previous residence* here his reputation had largely iucicased. He became assistant editor to N. I'. Willis In the conduct of the Mirror and remained with that periodical for some time. Subsequently bo connected himself with the liroatiway Journal, which was com menced in 1845, and edited by Mr. Henry C. Watson, a young Journalist Irom Philadelphia, and Mr. Charles F. Brtggs, author of "Harry France" and other Btorle*. Immediately prior to this event the most celebrated of Poo's compositions, "The Raven," appeared in llie February number of the America* Re view. The sensation it created was great, and, though his name was not attached to II, iho.-e skilled in literary matters detected hint as tho autiior. For this unique poem ho received the sum of $l(i! At a later period Poe, in n paper entitled "Tho Philosophy of Composition,'' explained how it wus written, and seemed disposed to destroy tho strange fascination that haunted the public mind in regard lo tlie author. Ho explained in effect that it was a mero mechanical work, and owed nothing to inspiration or loeling. But no ono ever accepted tin: explanation. * W1IKHK* "Tim KAVKN ' WAS WK1TTKV. The house where Foe wrote "The Ruien" stands on n rocky and commanding eminence a lew hundred fret from the intersection of Eighty-fourth street and the 8i. Nicholas Boulevard, formerly the Bloomiugdale road. It is a plum, old fashioned double frame dwell lug, two stories high, with eight windows on each side and one ai either gable. It has a pointed root flanked by two tall brn k chimneys, (lid and weather beaten it arrests the attention ol the passerby in a neighbor hood where most of the houses are of modern construc tion and id clean appearance. No date can bo lound lor the erectiou of Ibis remarkable dwelling, which almost a hundred years back gave shelter to Washington and bis oltlccrs. Mr.-. Mary Itrcnnan, who lived there lor forty-seven years, knew it as having a reputation for antiquity \\ hen she first went Into it. It was to this lady that Poo, in the early part of tho spring of 1844, applied lor lodgings during the season At that limn tho houses were lew and lar between, while too prime val lorest covered much of ihe land around, and the beauty of tho scenery was unmurred by ro.-k blasting and street cutting. Poe brought bis wile, Virginia, and Ins niotliur-in-law, Mrs. Maria Clemm, to board with hiin. and Mrs. Brennan relates an lncid< nt that hap pened the night ol poo's arrival, who li was well calcu lated to make her remember the man Poo and bis lamlly on up.od the room on the upper floor. In a room down stairs Mrs. Brennan *at m> wailing for her husband to romo home. In the meantime the houae was attacked by burglars, in alarm aha rushed up to the apartment of her new visitor lor assistance. Poe rallied promptly ut the call, ami rushing out on the stairway., stationed himself at a window overlooking a low, sloping root, by which it waa thought lbs burglars would aacend. The dogs, however, proved more than a match for them, and they took to flight soon alter being discovered; but Poe waa disappointed. He was OB thu sinstic for ttie atlas k, and waa armed with a poker and as old eword, resolved to meet the foe with a stern re sistance. tHe was accustomed to relate this adventure with a good deal of relish, l'oe wife and mother-in law were devotedly attached. They lived together in the one room up <tuirs during the day. At night thu mother in law retired to a small chamber down stairs. Mrs. Clem in was accustomed to address luiu affection utely as "Eddie,1' the wile as "Darling," and he culled the latter "Diddy." Mr- Poe was of delicate build and complexion .^he burst a blood vessel at one time, but while able to walk about it was always necessary to carry her up stairs. To Pos this was a labor of love. They had no Visitors and tlyv took their meals all alone in their room. His landlady remembers l'oe as a shy, solitary, taciturn person, fond of rambling alone through the woods or of sitting on .1 favorite stump of a treo down near the bank of the Hudson Haver. There sho lias ofteu oh served him gesticulating wildly und loudly soliloquiz ing. She concluded lie was eccentric, but yet very quiet and gentlemanly in his manners. He was pale and delicately featured, and wore a small mustache, which he hud a habit of nervou.-ly twirling. THK ROHM OS THE KAVKSf The room he occupied had two windows in front, fac ing the river, and two at the back, facing the woods. When not .sealed by the river's edgo ho would olaco himself at ono oi ilio front windows, and. with his wife by his side, watch for hours the dying glories ol tho summer evening skies. At this time he was contribut ing to several magazines, but the outlook of bis for tunes was of the dreariest possible cast, lie could af ford to puy for fits board, but for little elm. Yet he workod hard, and the floor of his only chamber was constantly littered with papereaud books. Here it was he slowly brought forth the-finished draft Of "The Raven. " The room is little altered since tho tlmo Poe oconpied It. .It has a wooden mantelpiece, painted black and mo-V elaborately carved. Poo's uaiuo may bo found cut in line letters 011 one side of it His writing table stood by one of the Iront windows, and when seated before ii he could look dowu on the ever rolling Hudson ami over at the dark outline of the Palisades Tho landscape between the house and the river was most picturesque in those days. Tho woods . were still standing and the winding lanes had not .vet 1 been tortured Into straight lines of streets. It was a , suitable dwelling for a poet, and though not far from j tho city's busy hum the sense ol solitude and remote- j ncsa was as great as If it were In the heart of the 1 Kncky .Mountains. Between writing 111 Ills room and | sitting by the river Poe spent most of the summer and 1 autumn of 1844. In the winter of that year he finished "The Haven,''and in the following summer returned to Mrs. Brennan'a again. His' second stuy in Hloomingdale was brief. After two months of tno early summer he went back to New York, and the only thing his former landlady recollects hearing of him subsequently was an escapade ol the kind which was so unhappy n cUaraetorn-iie of his life. While iu Hloomingdale, however, he carried himself with ex emplary correctness, 'the chamber where Poe com posed his greatest poem is not the one the fancy con jures up in the reading. Silk purple curtains, a bust of Pallas and a cushioned scat ol -velvet violet lining with the lamplight gloating o'er" would look out of place in the dingy room with the low eeiling where Poo imagined his "Raven." There was no room for the "pallid bust of Pallas" above the chamber door, and silk purple curtains on the wretctied Hula windows would he entirely inappropriate. CLOSING TKAKS OS Ills UFK. In January, 1840, the Broadway Journal ceased to exist, l'oe devoted himself to w riling a scries of arti- ' clcs lor the Lady's Book, a Philadelphia magazine. Ono j of them, "The Murders Of the Hue Morgue,'1 was in , Poc's most sensational vein. His wife, Virginia, died ; In January, ls48. aud her remains were Interred in a cemetery at Fsrdbam.. In tho same year ho brought | out a work called "Eureka: a Prose Poem." He also resumed his connection with the Southern Literary Messenger. In 1849 that wonderlul piece of verbal mel ody, '?Tho Bells," appeared ill Sartain's Magazine. When he first sent It io the editor it consisted of only eighteen lines; a lew months later I10 tarnished another copy, altered and enlarged, and Anally ho sent the poem as it is now printed. Tho stanzas, "For Anno" and "Annabel Lee," were afterward published in the..lies senger. Going to Richmond in tho summer of this yuar he (ell in with some boon companions, and his 'health suflered much. Finally he reached Richmond, renewed acquaintance w ith a lady he hud known iu his youth, and becarao engaged to her. He had two things to do before they were mar ried. One was to go to Philadelphia aud write a pre face lor a volume of poetry; the other was to go to Fordhani and fetch Mrs. Clemm lo the wedding. He started Irom Richmond October 3, 1849, reached Balti more safely, but there ho relapsed into his old habits I In the course of a very brief stay, af d less than o week j alter he bad bid his Intended goodby for a temporary I separation he tvas lying cold in death in a Baltimore ? hospital, the doctor of which at tho time gave the ! thrilling particulars of his death in yesterday's 11 kkai.o. j Poe was buried 111 tho cemetery of Westminster church, | Baltimore.'and there, twenty-six years alter the end id' 1 his Strang^ excited life, a monument was yesterday erected over his grave. THE IKYING MONUMENT. MEETING or ULTU&i COMMITTEE?A NA TION AX APPKAX TO BE MADE. About 100 ladies, who are well known in New York social circles, have formed an association for tho purpose ot raising a fund to erect a fitting monu ment in commemoration of America's representative poet and author, Washington Irving. Mrs. B. H. Van Aukcn, of No. 421 Fifth avenue, Is President; Mrs. Watte, Secretary, and Mr. Charles L. Till'any Treasurer of tho society. It was first intended to limit the sub scription list to Westchoster and Kings counties, but upon mature consideration it was thought better to receivo donations from all parts of tbu country, so that a monutncnl worthy of the great writer whose memory it is intended to perpetuate might be erected. Tho first contract with the artist, Mr. J. Wilson McDonald, wag for a colossal bust of the poot, to be mounted on a pedestal, orna mented with idealistic figures from his works. The bust was to be in bronze, and cost $15. 000 when fin ished. The clay model for this work is ri ady lor cast ing in plaster, and when bronzed it will be sent for ex hibition next year to the Contctininl Exposition at Philadelphia. It was finally resolved to change this plan and to make arrangements with the sculptor tor a full length statue which, when completed, will bo placed in Central Purk at an expense of fill),000. The following named gentlemen aro members of the hon orary committeeGovernor Tildcu, Peter Cooper, Charles O'Conor, Algernon .S. Sullivan, William Cullen Bryant, H. W. Longfellow, Thurlow Weed, Wendell Phil lips, Wliltelaw Heid, Major General Hancock, Major J. M. Bundy, S. I- M. Barlow and a number of otheis. THK LADIKS' OOMMITTKK met yesterday afternoon, at No. 421 Fifth avenue, tho President in the chair. Among those present were Mrs. Dr. McDonald, Mrs. Waito (secretary), Mrs. Gib bons, Mrs. General Merrell, Mrs. W. K. Dodge, Mrs. C. K. Garrison, Mrs. Wilson. Mrs. L. M. Bates and aeon- I siderable number of othor ladies. A few gentlemen | were present for tho purpose of consulting with the | Executive Committee. The sculptor. Mr J. Wllsou McDonald was called in to assist by his advice. The I following resolution was adopted:? Resolved, That notice of the organisation of this nssoria- I tion be published in the principal newspaper* throughout > the Union, and subscriptions be solicited from nil persons dc- I ?irons of subscribing to the rroctiuu of a monument to the i memory of Washington Irving. It was also resolved that tho sum of $<1,000 bo raised between now ami the second week in January next, in order to enable the association to complete their ar rangements with Mr. McDonald and pity him that amount in hand, so tlint the old contract for n bust may be annulled and a now ono entered into for a full length statue. ' Mrs. Walto had confidence in being ablo to raise among her friends the sutn of $3,000 lor tho work, and behoved that rUc could give a portion of this rnouoy at the next meeting. The President and othor ladies present were liberal in their donations, and equally sanguine as to tho speedy success of this laudable un dertaking. Tho meeting adjourned until tho second week in January next. A SAD SUICIDE. A WEIX KNOWN NEWARK AI.HERMAN TITS A BULLET THROUGH HIS BRAIN. The people of the city of Newark, N. J., were shocked yesterday forenoon by the announcement that Mr. John C. Johnson, a wealthy and most highly esteemed citizen of Newark and a loading member of tho Newark Common Council, had put an end to his life. The facts appear to be as follows:?In addition to boing Vice President of the Mechanics and Manufacturers' Bank of New York city, a Director of tho People's Bank aud other New York Institutions, Mr. Johnson was also President ot the Newark Tea Tray Company. Lately this institution became seriously embarrassed in its finances, causing Mr. Johnson great (though, as his friends insist, knowing his personal solvency, needless) uneasiness. Ob Tuesday evening when the hour for retiring camo at his home, No. 123 Clinton avenue, Mr. Johnson bado his grown up son and daughter an affectionate "good night" and sought repose. Mrs. Johnson slates tlint he slept comiortnbly during the night. About four o'clock yosterday morning he arose gently, so quietly as not to disturb his wite, and, after procuring a re volver, passed into the bathroom. Presently came tho sharp report of the pistol, causing Mrs. Johnson to start from her sleep uud repair to the bathroom. Thoro she witnessed. A SHOCKING 8I0IIT. On the floor of the room lay hor husband in his night clothes, gasping. The unfortunate gentleman had Bent a bullet into his brain. He lived but a few seconds after the appearance of his horror-stricken wlfa Mr. Johnson was about fifty.four years of age. of fino physique and w as uiiivoi sally regarded as olio of tho calmest and coolest headed men in Newark. SLIGHT FIBE. A Arc broke out yesterday evening at half past sevi n o'clock on tho the third floor of No. 042 Washington street, caused by a child upsetting a lamp, and thus setting fire to some cotton batting. The floor was oc cupied by Edward Dot le and bis laiuiiy. Damage, $10. Admiral McClintock's Opinion of Cap tain Youns's Achievement. PEEL STRAIT NAVIGABLE. The World Spared a Year of Doubt and Anxiety. Portsmouth, England, Nov. 3, 1875. Jamks Gordon Bennett, Esq. Dear Sib?You call lor my ideas upon the subject of Allen Young's recent voyage into Teel Strait, and you call for it as being yourself deeply interested in Arctic explora tion and in all matters relating to the prac ticability of the Northwest Passage. I can have no sort of hesitation in complying with your wish. THE GREAT ICE BARRIER. Young was with me in the Fox when we attempted to pass down Peel Strait in August, 1858. We were stopped by fixed ice atter a run down it of only twenty-five miles. M ltb out wasting time in waiting there w attempted to pass through Bellot Strait, and although we succeeded in this, yet our further progress was stopped by fixed ice across its western outlet. You will remem ber that my object was to reach King William's Island. From my position, at this western outlet of Bellot Strait, I could see that all to the north, as far as the horizon, was covered with unbroken ice, while all to | the south was water, with the exception of the belt of fixed ice, some three or lour miles j wide, which so effectually barred my way. J TEEL STRAIT SOMETIMES NAVIGABLE. j Subsequent sledging exploration to tlio j Great Fish ltivcr and all round King J William's Island convinced me that we actually saw in that narrow barrier of ico the only impediment to our progress to and beyond King William's Island. It also con vinced me that Franklin's ships passed down Peel Strait, thus proving that seasons do occur when it is navigably. A PASSAGE FROM OCEAN TO OCEAN. And now to Bum up. We know of one year (Franklin's) when Peel Strait was navigable; of another year (McClintock's) when it was not navigable and of a third year (Allen Young's) when it was partially navigable. In my opinion, this strait, to gether with its southern continuation, is probably navigable once in four or five years, and if a steamer could then make her way through it before the close of the month of August she would be able to complete the passage from the one ocean to the other be fore the navigable season was over. Here let me refer you to my narrative of the voyage of the Fox (later editions, pages '205-7) for my own opinions, as they w ere written down at the time? WHAT CAPTAIN YOCNG ACCOMPLISHED. Young's attempt to accomplish the North west Passage was as bold and skilful a one as was ever made. He persevered, not only alter all hopo seemed extinguished, but until further perseverance would havo rendered his retreat impossible; and here, at the most critical moment of his voyage, I consider that ho exercised the soundest judgment and discre tion in effecting his escape. Had his at tempt been successful he would not only have accomplished the Northwest Passage, but would also have achieved another object which he had in view?namely, that of searching the shores of King Williams Island, at the only season when they are free from snow, for further relics of Sir John Franklin's expedition, which perished there in 1818. THE OBJECTS REALIZED. But, although baffled in the main objects of his voyage, other important and useful work remained for him to do, and well he has done it. He has brought us intelligence of our Arctic expedition of very great interest. By it wo know that they had surmounted all the diffi culties of Baffin's Bay navigation, had crossed the dreaded Melville Bay with hardly a cheek, and that as early as July 2G they were within 100 miles of Smith Sound, where their work of exploration was to begin, and that they were favored with an unusually good season. THE WOULD SPARED A YEAR OP DOUBT. But for Allen Young, in the Pandora, this good news could nqt havo reached us for another year at tho least. The country has been spared a year's doubts and misgivings, and I trust that Mr. Y'oung has received from official quarters an acknowledgment com mensurate with tho great public service he hits thus rendered at so much personal haz ard and cost. 1 remain, dear sir, faithfully yours, F. L. McCLINTOCK. CAPTAIN ALLEN YOUNG ON THE DIFFICULTIES WHICH BESET THE TANDOBA. To tub Editor of tub London Timks:? Sir?Will you allow me to make ih? follow:-.:# re marks upon Proleasor Haughton's letter in tho Timet of to day T It is well known that the learned Professor has given great attention to tho universal tidal action, and es pecially to the tidal wave in the Arctic seas; and thero is no one living whoso opinions are more valued. 1 do uot think, however, that It was a tidal barrier which arrested the Pandora on her Into voyage, but an accu mulation of ico?tho result of an exceptional seuson? and tho extraordinary prevalence of strong northwest winds which drovo tho Fclnr pack through Me Clintock Channel, Imping'ng it on the Boothhin coast ami blocking the southern part of Franklin Straits, and thus prevented the last winter's ice in tho e Straits from breaking up. These northwest winds would be as much in lavor of clear'ng the way for the government expedition going north from Tallin's Sea as they were against my prospect of prone( souih from Barrow Straits, and I trust that Captain Nares has this season reached a very high latitude without meet ing any tidal ice barrier in that direction. There is no evidenco to prove by which reuto the Erebus and Terror reached the point at which they were dually beset, and in the absence of such proof 1 consider that, without detracting from the discoveries of Uiat great navigator, Sir John Franklin, the Pandora may fairly claim to be tho drat ship ever known to have navigated through Teel Straits to lat. 72.S, at tho entrance of Franklin Channel, and thus to have added one moro step In the right direction. I yet hope to make another attempt, and, even again falling, 1 shall still hope on that some future navigator more fortunate than myself may prove the Northwest Passage to be open for at least a short season in most years. I was on my lalo voyage fully alive to the great risk to which Professor Houghton alludes, of entering the pu< k which wc met. But we found it auite iuitiossiblo to <to to, and wherever we attempted It an twpenetnflt ble line of Ice, without the allghteat lane of water, pro* rented itaell to our view. And I quite agree with htm, that it would have been a very faiae manoeuvre to have allowed our ship to be beget in such a position, and tbog to have probably ended our voyage in a disaster. I am, gir, your very obedient servant, ALLEN YOUNG, Commander Arctic ship Pandora. No 1 St James street, 8. W., Nov. 4. A GENEROUS GIFT. A WIDOW HONORING TITO MEMORY OP HEM HUSBAND?A COMMUNITY BENEFITED?OK* HUDBED THOUSAND DOLLARS TO IMPROVE TH^ MIND?PBESENTATIOJf OF A LIBRARY. Middletown, Nov. 17, 1873. Tbe previous stir In this community was caused tip the inauguration of the Rev. Dr. Post as President of tbe Wcsleyan College. That past, the people looked for ward to the dedication and opening of the Russclf Library, an Institution donated to the city by tha generosity of Mrs. Frances A. Russell, widow of Samuel! Russell, who was at one time a highly prosperous test merchant, having connections direct with the Celestial land anterior to the days of steam, telegraph and rail roads. THK Kicn WIDOW. Among the many wealthy residents of this quaint oil city?and Rip Van Winkle records the one occupying front runk?is Mrs. Frances A. Russell. She has passet! the age allotted to man on tbe earth; but as the declar ation only mentions man, and the donor of Middle town's pride is a lady, the only wish expressed relative) to her in the community is that she may live to seal years added even to ,t century of existence. YOUTIiVi'L L0V? IN WINTHT AOS. Far away is the ouiu when Samuel Russell led bl4 beloved Francos to the altar. Their early love was nob without romance, incidents from which wuuld make at respectable hook. The fathor and children have nl^ been gathered into the silent land, and only a fewl graudchildren remain to inherit tho vast wealth od the Russell family. lu tlio Russell home, af" stately mansion corner of Washington and High/ streets, the venerable lady resides, and among( tho treasured articles of that house is the likcn<\s4 of tho late Mr. Russell, whose memory it is toe Inten tion of tho generous iaily to perpetuate in the gift <>fi the noble library. Her'memory is green with thai pleasures of early lifo and every spot is hallowed hore-t about with tho swrct long ago to the lady, whose ele-l ?atod taste and widespread generosity have made her ai general favorite. TBS RrSSKI.L LtllKAKT COUP ANT. , To give shu; e and form to the desires of Mrs. Rus sell the Russell Liiirary Company was inaugurated by! incorporation by the State Legislature in May hot.i Samuel Russell, Joseph W. Alsop, Jr., M. D., Henry (J.j Hubbard, Melviu B. Copelarid, Henry D. A. Ward' i Robert G. Pike, t>. Vincent ColQn, John M. Van Vlcck,! Ricbard L Do Zeng, Krnest Doming, Rev. Frederlcicj ; (iardiner, the Mayor ol Middlotown. the Town Clerk eg Middletown, tho President of the Wesley an University! i of Middletown, tho Dean of the Berkeley Divinity of] Middletown and the Miuislcr of the First Kcclesiasticail Society of Middletown. are the incorporators. rut SDAI'K or TllX OHAKTTY. On Court street, just abovo Main, stood the Eplscos, I pal church, an editkee formerly used by those whui servo the Universal Father by way of that Church, ml now edtllco having been erected on Maui street for the| Episcopalians. M r.s. Russell purchased tho old church! and grounds for $1*>,000. Having become possessed oft tbe property the lady spenderl jphi.OUO in altcratiODRj remodelling and beautifying, and the structure now^ I presents a substantial and beautiful appearance. In' I order to make the gift one worthy of her generosity,,' she hits donated f 10. out) to per]ietuate it, has expeudrdJ already (6,000 for books, and calculates to expend al I together lu her gill $100,000. Tins gift surpasses 1 that of Orange Juild to tho Wosleyan University, and | commends Itself to the geuerous thought Of all, inas much as tho design of the lady is to war against ignor ance by giving all dwellers in the city she loves set good opportunity to become acquainted w ith tho writ ings of tho best authors in the world. THE CENTRE Of ATTRACTION Is a largo and good likeness of tha husband of tha i deceased, and the noble gift shows clearly bow she ! reveres his memory. Like all other greai and noble ! deeds, of course there are a number of citizens w hat 1 desire cheap fame by being associated with the good work. Tb?y may be pardoned for their vanity, but ! the youth of Middletown will accord praise to whom it i belongs, and when, in future years, thev look on the I fine likeness of Mr. Russell and tread tho door of Ilia J noble library thoy will be taught that love is not dimmed by age whvn the heart is rightly attuned. THE OPENING I took place this afternoon. The attendance was large and composed of the tlite of tho city. The opening ! prayer was by the Rev. A. W. Hazrn, who prayed toe I the divine blessing on the generous deed. The preseu I tattoo address on behall of Mrs. F. A. Russell was by tbe Rev W. Mitchell, and In it was set forth tbe rea ' sous which had induced the donor to present tbe in stitution to the city of Middletown. The aeroplane,? ' on behalf or the Russell Library Company w as by tha Presiuent, R. G. Pike. Esq. OTIIKK ADDRESSES. The following gentlemen aired their oratorical I powers on the occasion:?His Honor C. Hubbard^ I Mayor of Middletown; Rev. Dr. Fuse, President of tha i We'slcyan University; the Dean of Berkeley Divtiniys j School, Rev. Dr. Cammings, late President of thai ; Wesley an Universlly; the Hon. Benjamin Douglass, famous Ibr tbe manufacture ot pumps and his advocacy j of temperance, and Hon. O. V. Collin, ex-Mayor of tho city. CLOSING SCENES. The prayer and benediction were by the Right Rev. I Bishop Williams. Alter that the building was open for ! inspection, and a large crowd passed through it, ami expression* o( thankfulness for tbe guuerous gill ol. j Mrs. Russell were plentiful. DIPHTHEBIA. ALARMING PREVALENCE OP THKOAT DISEASE lit KKWBUBO AND ITS NEIGHBORHOOD?A NUU bi:e of fatal casks. Port Jrrvis, Nov. 17, 1875. The throat disease which raged so fatally In Una vU cir.ity a Tow weeks since h.u> orokun out again hereabout and in other parts of the county. Two cases in lh* fnmlly of James Rose, a farmer living one mile from, tins place, hare proved fatal, and three other casos ar? reported in that neighborhood which are considered hopeless. Three members of the family of WilUatm 11. co, in Mjmak.Uing, have died within two days, and Mr. Rice ts dangerously sick with IV A. family named Jackson, Ave m number, have all died within the past week. At Hunrsvillc, a small, viliatc three miles west of here, several ca. es arc re poricd. one fatal. At I.ackawanna, l'a., tho discs 9 appeared in three dillerent families; hut as yet not ueatlis lfave occurred. The disease is raging violently? in Newburg. Two childreu of G. Kaflenck Wiltsie, of, that city, havo died, and Mr. Wlltslc's life Is; despaired of, he being juct alive last night. A niece o(I Mr. Wutaic, daughter of W. H. TXklor, lias also died. At Nail's Gate there are several cases, tiono ol which havo as yet proved fatal. The health ait-} thoriues of Newburg have taken the matter in hand, and it is thought thai the spread of the latal eptdeiuio will be checked. EMIGRANT SWINDLERS ^CAPTURED. TIIliEF. NOTORIOUS RAILROAD CONFIDENCE MtX CAUGHT IN JEK.SEY CHX Yesterday morntug Captain McKulg, of the First, preoiuct in Jersey City, received a telegram, sent by? Conductor Barrage, of the emigrant train from tho' West, that there w. re three notorious gamblers on his' I train going to New York. The telegram was sent fronvi | Trenton, and when tho train arrived at Jersey City Oiflcors Boyle and Boyd arrostod the three men, wli? gave their names as George W. Loom;* o! Philadelphiau ' Augustus Ford, of New York, and Theodore Lewis, of| I Dacoiah When taken to the First precinct station, ! they were searched and the articles found ou them re vealed tho.r true character. Packages ol money rolled over brown paper to give them the appearance of com* plnte rolls, bogus steamship lionets, bogus money ; chocks, pa<As of cards, notes and drafts, were round in ' prolusion, faionns had a large six-barrelled revolver. l-'ord had a smaller one. The prison, rs w.-ro taken he ' fore Justice Kee.se. Conductor Eurrage testified i that bo knew the prisoners to ho no-i lurious swiudlers. ami that they had defrauded an emigrant out of $!H). The swindh d in dividual, Christian ouiscn, a niKive. of Denmark, took, the stand and said b< was on his way back to Denmark . from Lincoln, Nebraska. The prisoner Lewis, bo sanl, 1 had got on the tram and had entered Into n conversa-1 tion with him; had sain he was going to Liverpool,i and exacted a promise that the witness would go thsk way, too. The witness then detailed hi.w~l.ew:* brought him to a boarding house In New York; how Lewis threw dice with Loomls and lost, and then pro duced a check tor iun). on whteh he borrowed $v<0 frong wjiness, and finally disappeared. The examination) wu;. ailjonrned till ihU morning, when witnerces will be produced to prove that the prisoners swindled ono party out ol $1,700 on the Pennsylvania Railroad. SIDEWALK ENCUMBRANCES. Superintendent Douglass yesterday morning pssee-T through Eighth avenue with a number of carts gather* ing in billboards and omply boxer left on the tidowalkl in disregard of the city ordinance. In s few iostancei I Lo spired also certaiu articles or merchandise expose* for sain. This occurred at tho store of Fianigsn k Co., No. 8J9, where throe carts were freighted with blankets, quilts, comforters, *c., which the i? spcrin tends nl found displayed outside the store. These wero sent to a storage warehouse, where the Owner can obtais them after paying the expense of removal and storages In moit cases the owners of the store* wore warned before the arrival of the raiders Superintendent Douglass declares his intention to do hi* best to exe> cute tho law, and will continue to remove all goods h< finds exposed illegally