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TIE GOSPEL SOWERS.
Mt. Moody in th3 Midst of His Grsat Work* HIS RELIGIOUS COMMON SENSE. The Proprieties of Prayer?Sankey as a Suppliant. THE SERVICES, YESTERDAY. To ttn Bdito* or thk Hkkald:? I send you, at your desire, some details or the re markable meetings held by Messrs. Moody and Sankey in Brooklyn. Mr. Moody is a short and somewhat stout man, with a full, dark beard, rather small e; es and an active, energetic, but not nervous, habit. His manner is alert end prompt, but not graceful; his voice is unmusical, ?nd indeed harsh; his euun lation is very clear, but somewhat too rap.fi, yet can be heard and understood in every part of the Tabernacle or the Kink. In the latter place he has sp iken to 7,000 people. He gestic i latos but little, and his gestures are evidently extremely unstudied. His style of speaking is entirely conversational, and hearing him perhaps a dozen times 1 have never delected h.m in any attempt at elo quence. He is evidently, by his pronunciation, a Yankee, clipping some of the minor words in his sen tences, as the farmers in the interior of Massachusetts do; but he has no "Yankee drawl." He speaks the language of the people and has the merit of using al ways the commonest words; and that he had no early educational advantages is plain from his frequent use of "done'' for "did" and other ungrammatical col loqtriallsms. In short, his appearance is not imposing; Ills figure is not graceful, but that of a farmer or hard working laborer; his voice is not me.odious, nor has it a great range; his language is nut choice. His externals, therefore, are all against bun. uis xaansTisx. In spite of all these di.-ad v Ullages he has succeeded In attracting in England and here vast crowds day after day, who, at some of the Brooklyn meetings at least, are composed largely of cultivated people; be has, evi dently, succeeded in interesting these crowds in what he has had to say; for nothing is more remarkable at the meetings than the absuluto quiet and order, the attitude of interested listeners, which prevails among the audience. He has so entirely controlled his audi ences that all noisy manifestations of religious feeling have been entirely suppressed; and at the same time no one who has sal in the meetings si the Rink or the 1 Tabernacle can have failed to see that Mr. Moody's manner of presenting bis subject is to an extraordinary degree effective in moving the hearts of his hearers, in stirring devotional feelings, in producing a profound impression upon them of the importance of the mes- < sage he has to deliver. Indeed, ft has been a common remark that the audiences were even more remarkable than Mr. Moody, ; for not only are they spontaneous gatherings; to somo of the mei-tuigs admittance can be secured only by the 1 presentation of a ticket, and these ticket meetings, w here each person must be supposed at least to have bad a desire to attend strong enough to induce him to take the trouble of securing a ticket, are as crowded as any others. Nor are convenient hours selocted for the meetings. There is one from eight to nine in the I morning, which yet has seen the Tabernacle filled with an audience at least a third of whom were men. There 1s another it tour o'clock m the afternoon, and again not less than a third ol those present have been men. . After the Kink meeting in the evening there has been held s meeting in the Tabernacls for young men ex clusively, beginning at nine o'clock, and this, too, I have seen crowded, the targe auditorium being on several occasions incapable of holding all who came. Nor is this all. Not the least remarkable evidence of the real and profound interest excited by Mr. Moody's exhortations is seen in what are happily called the "overflow meetings," composed of persons who could not gain admission to the regular meetings where Mr. Moody exhorts and Mr. Sankey sings, and who adjourn to a neighboring church to listen to some other preacher and to sing the songs which Mr. Sankey bas made familiar to th?m. If any considerable part o the crowds who go to the meetings were composed Of the merely curious these "overflow meetings" could Dot exist. Nor U even this all. Mr. Moody does not hesitate to | advise people to stay away from his meetings. He has repeatedly urged that his labors aro for non-church i goers; that he desires room leit for this class, and be has taken special means to exclude from some of his meetings all who regularly attend a church?that is to tay, be does not court his audiences, but the con- ; '.rary. If you go to hear him it must be because you I wiDt to; i: you go tho second lime It must be because J he Interested you the first. BKuoiocs cosmos nknsb. I have heard bim a nomber of times, and always with interest and gratification; and it seems to me j that this arose mainly?aside from the Interest which any thoughtful man may have in this subject?because he gives the impression of possessing remarkable com- i ffloa sense, the clear head of a business man, and a habit of attending to the one thing which he bason hand and making ail parts of the audience do the same. The meetings are opened and closed promptly at the preappointed hour; there is not even a minute of time lost during the meeting by delays; his own prayers are brief, very earnest and directly to the point; and bis exhortations sir a running commentary on passagei of Scripture which he reads rapidly, always asking the audience to turn to the passage. Indeed, so far as Mr. Moody is concerned, there ia little or no "machinery." He opens a meeting as though bis audience were the stockholders of a bank to whom ho was about to make a report He bus the air of a business man to whom time is extremely valu. able, and slow and tcdions people are evidently a trial to him. In somo of the prayer meetings persons in the audienco take an active part: and it happened not seldom in those that I attended that some earnest but indiscreet soul made a long and rambling prayer. Mr. Moody knew how to bring back the assembly to the strict object of the hour. In one of the morning meet ings a clergyman made a very long, loud and rambling prayer, full of net and stale phraseology. The moment tie cea.-od Mr. Moody said, "Let us now have a few minutes of silent prayer; that will bring us back to ourselves, and that's where we need to get." After a brief but nnprecve silence Mr Han key spoke a few words, pertinent, pointed and lorcifclc, of prayer, and the meeting proceeded. I hope I shall not bo thou^it disrespectful to the clergy If I say that the prayers some of them speak at these meetings contrast un favorably with the brief and pertinent petitions of Messrs. Moody and Sankey. The formal and throadbare phraseology of the former Is strikingly Inappropriate In such meetings as these, and seemed to me often to lar pa.nfully on the feelings of the people around ine. NOT A FANATIC. Again, In one of the morning meetings prayers were asked by various individuals in the audience for people In whom they were interested. One asked the prayers or the assembly for his sister; another for her brother; one for her mother; sons for fathers; fathers for sons and daughters; wives for husbands; one for s church out of town; another for a church in Nsw York. Ft- ! oally a man shyly asked the prayers of the congregation for himself. Instantly Mr. Moody said, "That's nght. I tike that, I like to hear people ask prayers for them selves. That's where they are often most needrd.'?k Such an Incident seems to me to show that be Is not an enthusiast who has lost his self posse s , on; and indeed Ibis Is evident at every meeting. He Is, of courKe, en tbusiastlc In his work, but with the sobriety of a busi ness man or of a general in battle. Again, hs la ncrer in the lesst afraid of h!s audience. Indeed, no one can bear bim without feel ing that be Is sntirely unconscious, as much so as a ehtld. His own personality does not trouble him. Thus at the Kluk one evening, while Impressing upon the assemblage tho importance of Immediate conver sion, he said:?"I wish that friend over there would Just wake up, snd I'll tell him something which is Im portant to bim." And sgam, at another meeting, he said;?"Halvation Is offered to every man In this Rink, now. to n..ht. at tbia vers moment: to that man there. who ia laughing and jeering?the Son of Man cornea to him to-night and offers aalvation." too much rna.it uinu?work rruid. Though ho nuns to reach more particularly the non church going population ho concerns himself also about church goers. "The churches," ho said on one occa sion, "need awakening; it la too easy nowadays to be a church member. Ii you pay your debts and keep out of Jail, that seems to be enough." At a meeting for young men, held at n ne o'clock P. M. in the Tabernacle, lie said, "You dou't need that I should preach to you. There is too much preaching. It's preat h, preach, preach all the time; and you, young men, have heard sermons enough here in Brooklyn to convert eft ry one of you. What you need is to work among yourselves. Let the converted speak personally with the unconverted?friend to friend. Then you'll see icsults." DRAMATIC CTTKRAXCKS. Ha has a good deal of dramatic power, and some times is very effective in a natural but strong appeal or Statement. " When the prisoners at Fhillppl with Paul cried Amen," he said, "God himself answered them Amen I" Speaking of the probability that we forget none of the events of our lives, and that this is, perhaps, to be a means of punishment in a future state, be pictured an unrepentant sinner uwakening In the other world, and his misdeeds cotping back upon him. "Tramp! tr&mpt tramp! tramp!" lie said, suiting the action to the word. "Do you think that JudaSi after nearly 1,900 years, has forgotten that he betrayed his Stviour for thirty places of ullverf Do you think that Cain, after 6,000 years, has forgotten the pleading look of his brother Abel w hen he slew him t" he con tinued. In speaking of Bible incidents or parables he usually britigs them in in a dramatic form?as when ho remarked, "If I want to know about some man In Brookly n I don't ask only his enemies, nor only his friends, but both. Let us ask about Christ in this way. I I call llrst I'il.it s wife"?and relating her warning to Pilate went on to call other witnesses to the character and works of Jesus. He has made an extremely close study of the Bible, I and is evidently that formidable being, a man of one book, and thus he is able to give often a novel view of a Bible passage. Thus, speaking of Jaoob, he remarked that his life was a failure; pointed out that Jacob him self had oomplalned of it, and enumerated his tribula tions, which followed his misdeeds. He enforced upon the audienoe the necessity of reading the Bible biographies not as though they were the lives of saints, but the truthfully written lives of mortal men, in which their bad as well as their good deeds were set forth for oar instruction. EPIGRAMMATIC EhOQCRXCR. Ho has in perfection that faculty of epigrammatic statement which one often finds among the farmers and laboring people of New England, and this has some times the effect of humor. Thus, preaching at the Kink from the text, "Whore the treasure is. there the heart will be also," he remarked:?"If you find a man's household goods on a freight train, you may be pretty sure to find him on the next passenger train." On another occasion he told of a woman who came.to him saving that she had sought Christ three years without avail. "I told her there must be some mistake about this, because an anxious sinner and an anxious Saviour could not need three years to find each other." Speaking of persons who were ambitions to mako themselves prominent, he re marked:?"It does not say make your light shine, but let your light shine. Yon can't make a light shine. If it is really a light it will sbine in spile of you?only don't hide it under a busheL Let it shine. Confess Christ everywhere." "Satan got his match when he c me across John Banyan," he remarked. "He thought he had done a shrewd thing when he got tho poor tinker stack into Bedford Jail, but that was one ol bis blunders. It was there that Bunyan wrote the 'Pilgrim's Progress,' and no doubt he was more thank ful for the imprisonment than for anything else in his life." Spcsking of the goodness of God and of "grace abounding," he told a striking story ofa rich man who sent to a poor iriend In distress $26 in an envelope, on which ho wrote, "More to follow." "Now," said he, "which was the more welcome?the money or the gra cious promise of further help t So it is with God's grace; there is always more to follow. Let us thank God, not only for what he gives us, but for what be I jromises?more to follow." Contrasting the law and [ t^e Gospel, he said, "Moses, in Egypt, turned water into blood, which is death. Christ tnrned water into wine, which is life, Joy and gladness." Spesking of future punishment in one of his Rink sermons, be said, "God will not punish us. We shall punish ourselves. When we come before God Ho will turn us over to our selves. Go and read the book of your memory, He will say." Usging the duty of immediate repentance and the joy in heaven over a repentant sin nor, he said, "If the President should die to-night, or if the Governor of the Slate should be shot, that would make an outcry here. But perhaps even go great an event wouli not be mentioned in heaven at alL But,"said he, raising his voice a little, "if gome sinner in this assembly were just now con verted, there would be a great shout of joy in heaven." Dwelling upon the certainty of future punishment, he remarked, "Somo people doubt it; they think God is to loving that lie will make no distinctions in another world. But do you imagine that when men had be come so wicked that God sent a flood to exterminate them because they were not flt to live on earth?do you suppose that when the waters came and drowned them, He took all this wicked generation into his bosom and left poor righteous Noah to drift about in his ark f Do you suppose that when His chosen people crossed the Red Sea, and Pharaoh's host were drowned, God took those idolatrous Egyptians directly to heaven and let the children of Israel wander m.sorahly over the desert for forty years ?" tub propjuktiss of prater. Speaking of tho real objects to be attained by prayer, he said, "11 you have a thorn in your foot, you are to pray, not that God shall relieve you of the physical pain?He can uo that too?but what you aro to ask Him for is grace and strength to bear the pain pntieutiy. We should thank God for our tribulations; they are sent to us as blessings; they bring us to Him. " Again, "Many things we want God knows are not good for us; if He gives them it is that wo may learn through suffering; if He withholds them It is because He loves us." Again be said, "Suppose a man going from here to Chicago, who knows me and my wife. When he gets t. re he goes to see her, and he says, 'I saw Mr. Moody in Brooklyn.' And then, when she is naturally anxious to hear all about me, sup pose he goes on to speak about himself, to tell her how he felt on the cars, and where h? stopped, and what he said and did and ate. Would not she presently tell him that it was not him she wanted to hear about, but me?" Nor is he backward in impressing upon those who listen to him their own responsibility. "People attending these meetings dur ing these two weeks," he said, "will he either better or worse. They will not go away the same men and wo* ! men. If I did not waut to be a Christian do you think I would over go where the Gospel Is preached t If any of you have made up your mirels not to be Christians I advise you to get up and go out at once. It is not safe for you to bo here " mr. moodt'b ixflvxbck. I do not know whether these passages which I have given from Mr. Moody's exhortations will m to those who read them as forcible as they were In mo who heard them. I took down at the time what ap peared to mo his most striking utterances, as the best way of showing wherein nls power o\ or bis tudicnces consists. That be is a man of genuine power there can be no doubt. lie ha gatbored, and held in Rilent atten tion. and deeply moved, some of the largest assem blies that any speaker has addressed in America ; at least in our day. For my part I do not doubt that his words have left a lasting impression upon a great many men and women. And he has done this without, fran* tic or passionate appeals ; without ths least of what we commonly call eloquence. He has nono of the vehemence of Fetor Cartwright or Elder Knapp, and he possesses none of the personal advantages or cul ture of an orator. Instead of all these be has a pro iound conviction of the reality of the futuro life ; a just idea of its importance compared with this life and of the relation* of the two and an unhesitating he ller in tho literal truth of the Bible. It is, of course, his own deep and earnest conviction which enables him to Impress others. Mr. Sankey baa an effective voice, a clear pronuncia tion, and, I should think, a quick ear to catch simple and tender melodies. His singing was, I suspect, more effective and afl'ecting in F.nglund than here, becauso the hymns lie sing-, were not as familiar to his English bearers as they aie to Americans, most of whom have been brought up in Sunday schools, or have heard their children sin# Sunday school hvmns at home. Ho Is evidently a favorite with the Rink and Tabernacle audiences, and he has a pa the Go and sympathetic voice. But to me the maiu figure la Mr. Moody. Of course a daily puper is not iho place in which to dis cuss his theology, even if 1 desire to do so. Those to whom his creed U fa so or offensive need not go to hear him. But as to the general tendency and usefulness of his work it seems to me dear that if there is afuture life it Is useful to have it and Its relations to the present life sometimes brought vividly before men and women actively and anxiously engaged in the daily struggle for bread. Mr. Moody addresses himself to a multitude thus absorbed ; his exhortations raise them for a .time out of themselves, out of sordid cares and engrossing pursuits, and present to them in a vivid, epigrammatic, olten pathetic, always simple and natural way, the greatest questions and interests wnich can be brought to the consideration of a being gifted with Immortal life. It is surely a great merit to do this, and to do it as' these "evangelists" do it?calmly, without more passionate appeals, without efforts to capture the imagination of their hearers; and without noisy or dis orderly demonstrations among their hearers. CHARLES NORDHOFF. MORNING SERVICE AT THE TABERNACLE. In spite of the keen and biting wind that swept the streets of Brooklyn yesterday morning the Tabernacle was filled. The exercises, as usual, opened with the singing of a hymn, and then a few moments were al lotted to silent prayer, during which Deacon Hawley read requests for the prayers of those present I In behalf of the students of Yale College, for the unconverted cmployds of a religious newspaper, for fourteen towns and citios that the work of grace might proceed in them, and wives, mothers, daughters and all other classes of wicked relatives, that they might be converted. Dr. Orrolston, of New York, led in prayer, and Mr. Moody read a few verses from the fifth chapter of Luke, wherein is related the miracle of the great draught of fishes. The narrative states that after the wonderful draught the fishermen were called by Christ to follow Him, and they forsook all and followed Him. In commenting on the pa^sago Mr. Moody said be had often wondered why it was that Christ should have waited until after the fishermen's groat success, before He called them to follow Him ; but he had finally concluded that it must be so that they could have something to lenve, that it would require some sacrifice. He had talked with many inquirers, and had found that very many of them were willing to follow Christ if they could do it without its costing anything. The disciples would, perhaps?, have found it easier to leave their business had it not boon for that great success. They had toiled all night and had caught nothing, but -at the com mand of the Mastor they had cast their nets again, and He gave them a great success. They did not tako the fish with them, but left everything. Many a man would follow Christ if he could put the fish in a hag and sling it over his shoul ders and take it with him. They do not want to make any sacrifices for the sake of Christ But did you ever stop to think what those fishermen left be hind them ? Only a few littje fishing smacks and old nets, not a great deal, to be sure; hut It was all they had. But what was their reward? The kingdom of 'God. They became the found ers of the Christian faith. Those fishermen moved the world?turned it upside down, their enemies said. There must be some evidence of conversion. It seems as though there were a great many sham conversions in those days. They etitor the Church, and that is the last of them We never hear of their doing anything. Some one has said that man was born into the world with his back toward God, and conversion turns him right around with his lace toward Him. It should make a decided change intman if it be genuine. Christ said to the publican whomHe found sitting at the gate, "Follow me," and he arose and followed Ilim. That was a sudden conversion, and he made a great feast and called all his friends together to meet Jesus. It was nut a mere bread and butter tea, but a great feast, the best ho had in the house. He brought his friends together, th.nking that, perhaps, by bringing them into personal contact with Jesus tbey would bo con verted. Conversion should make some change in a man, to be genuine. It should make him a better mau, a better husband and lather, a better business man. EVENING MEETING AT THE BINS. The usual complement of unconverted humanity crowded into the Kmk last njght. to And (If possible) the road that leads to h-aven. By twelve o'clock yes terday all the tickets for the evening meeting were given out about 7,000, and all except about 200 for to-night's meeting. The meeting was opened by the singing of the sixteenth hymn After a prayer Mf 8aakcy sud3( by ^ sixth hymn, "Ninety and Nine." Mr. Moody then gave out the notice. r0r the services during the two remaining days of tboir ministration, tutd notified the congregation that he expects to collect $10,000 from the various meet.ngs to-day. The congregation then sung the third hymn. Mr. Moody began his remarks by saying.?"instead of taking a text I am going to take a subject What Christ is to us?and, when I got through, if any one says Be is not that to me it is be cause yon will not have Him. first, we must have Christ as a Saviour. He came to save us from our sins. Cod s alphabet commence, with the letter <5 baviour. Next, Christ is a deliverer i ?r ~ srr; ss*s: '.r'uter be taken away, and the prey of the ternhin ILii . not only to lave, but to deliver' us from comes ? . . POWKR OP SATAN'. ? twlbto enemy: we are no match for rum. I here wus u brittle fouizhf 1 kAn Calvary between the tribes of Judea and ,4tan and'th'e conquerors'voice went up in a shout lor tt.it? . Men*' tell8 mi)''Their ba*P?wer 10 deliver and r *lTg 11,07 CilIJnot b^eakJ?henTf they ^resol'v o and try and try and faiL ' ' resolve Here a young man, sitting near the platform sud Jsw"ru 7;'?r>" ? ? KrvteKr*6> s ?4r- nz. Tar-sira-.rswr.rs i broken, but let us talk one at a tme ,t? .i man1?! will talk with you after the meeting ' >0UI1(>' , Christ came to the children ol Israel as their de I Zf?> Pharaoh yas behind, and God said to Wo.es "Stretcn out thine arm," and the waters o ! I the children ol Israel' were delTver" from ^vm Ho will deliver you if vou will let Hm-f, trust to your own resolut.ona Some -ay 'the fact is ' If J was converted I would not know vvhirs ? I ? o join. The Catholics sav theirs j8 lh? fjiv ,U"h I Z' \MStThar;onMrn?sf^ S1 went before us. They are too wise for the book thee have got beyond it Show me one that is hett,.'r and 1 I throw this away. When He is something else He i? alight unto our way. If y?ur ?0?, ,? eJ?? j it .s because you have got away 'from Christ. It is not possible for a soul to ; be in darkness following Christ Ho .? light of the world. The question is this fio v ? -his light or would yon rather live te lllrkne," Pi you waulihght. follow him. The trouble l. mwy look to us, and because we don't reflect the light very weB they .tumble over us "I am the llghtofthewoHd,'. i and all you want is to como n#?ar him I h'iv? seen pictures of Christ carrying a lantern and knocking at a door. I do not like it What do's ho sun want of a lantern ? a man met a blind man^n tuo road one night carrying a lantern. He w;i? curioim : ' , me, he replied. (Laughter.) Let V0Ur light shine so that men won i stumble over you If we don I keep our light burning, men will stumble over I . and raj Christianity is all a mystery. Christ went up on high and su.d, "I will leave the Holy Ghost to ' luminal,, you; let your light shine. " It is tbe priv, ' froto'\'j?nTgbHf he w'in,t0 'D *" UBc,0UJed A DANGEROUS COUNTERFEIT. a gentleman connected with a city hank called at the J krai.o oflice yesterday with a counterfeit $100 bill on "he Central National Bank of the city of New York, which had been sent on here from Ohio, where it wni "ken on depo.it by . bank. The counterfeit la ?0 ' cw H Vsassa1* it is^uiila nil t? .i ** * counierfalt; however and West) as ,n t"? late there counterfeits on Eastern b?nkIT C'fCU" FIRE IN BROOKYLN. Shortly after eleven o'clock yesterday a fire broke out in the apartments of Arrbibsld Riley, on the gee. ond story of the frame house, corner of Washington a von nc and Pacific street. The building Is owned by AJbert Freeman nnd the lower part of the structure is based by John Freeman and used as a grocery store The latter loses on stork, $2,000, Insured in tlfe I afal yette Insurance Company for $:s,0fg). Kilev lost on furniture $:wo. The building was damaged to Hie ex lent of $1,$00, and la insured for $3,000 in thu Atlantis I iiasii ratir.fi CuiMp'iDjt* INVESTIGATION. The Assembly and Senate Commit tees Ventilating Abuses. WHY MURDERS ARE NOT DETECTED. Tlio Great Sea Wall and Its Cost. The Assembly Committee on Critno resumod its investigations at the City Hail yestorday lorenoon. A list containing the names of 260 persons committed to the Catholic Protectory by the Court of Special Sessions from Jauuary, 1873, to October, 1874, was submitted to the committee by the clerk, Mr. Saulsbury. COBOXER YOUNG'S INTKltKSnNO NARRATIVE. Police abuses were next made tlio subject of inquiry, ox-Coroner Nelson W. Voung narrating in his testimony certain circumstances attending tho discovery of the murdered llyans in Broome street in December, 1873. Captain Hedden, the witness said, roported.the case at tbo Coroners' ofllce, and when witness, with Deputy Coroner Marsh, went to tho tonemcnt where the bodios were lying he noticed the room doors open aud a num ber of people who had no businoss tbore mingling with tho officers; l'atriok Ryan was crying, and Captain Uedden threatened to lock him up if he did not keep quiet ; blood marks were found in all parts or the house; when luspoctor Walling arrived ho spoke of tho Impro priety of permitting everybody to pass in and out; the room occupied by the Ryans was in disorder and the clothing was stalnod with bloody linger niarkB; the officers were askod by witness if they had handled the clothing, and one admitted he had; the witness and Inspector Walling agreed in tho opinion that a double^ murder had been committed, but Captain Hedden Dro terrcd to think that Nicholas Ryan bad killed his sister and then committed suicide; a small penklfo was the only weapon found, and tbo blade of this was clean, though there were on the handle somo blood stains, which might have come from tho hands of the officer nicking It up; with such a weapon witness did not think Ryan could have cut and mutilated his sister s throat in the rnauuer in which It was discovered; be torc witness reached tbo houso Ryan's vest was found on tbo root; an officer told him that whon the police first entered the vest, with a watch in its pocket, was in the room; he did not remember tbo name or that otll cor; the lurniture had been disturbed, tbo bodies moved, boxes opened and nearly all TUB CmCCBSTANTlAL EVIDENCE destroyed before tho witness' arrival; witness thought the wounds were inllicted with a razor: tho case was reported, on December 22, and witness' term of office expired with the month; tbo Inquest was not held until JViuary; thinking the case one of murder and sui cide Captain Hedden did not look lor a murderer; tho law makes it a misdemeanor to remove the body or a murdered persou before the Coroner's arrival; in tins case no excuse was oircred for the removal of tho body, which he supposod was ordered by Captain Uedden or u sergeant; the witness learned that on the night be tore the murder the Ryans were visited by a hack driver named Leonard, who disappeared the day alter tho murder and has not been seen since. At tbo inquest a policeman, who Knew the Ryans per sonally, testified that they were industrious people, or good reputation. AFTER RKCES3. After bearing tho testimony ol ex-CoronerYoung the committee took a recess, and, on reassembling, inquired into the disorderly houso abuses in the Fifteenth ward. William T. Hull, o! No. 284 Molt street, lesUlied that for five mouths he acted as private detective for the Citi zens' Association of the district; he handed to the com mittee a list of disorderly houses In and near West Third formerly Amity street; last August a number or the keepers of those places were held in ball, but re turned to tho same business, and somo were discharged w ithout bail on being brought belore the magistrates; sinco then tho desire of the association has been to in duce the landlords of the places to eject otlending ten ants ? a notorious female nutucd Sarah Meyers, witness said'was allowed by Justice WanileU, although previ ously under indictment, to go on bcr parole; it was un derstood that she promised to leave the precinct, but it go she did not comply with her promise, resuming her oflensivo occupation one block from the place previously occupied by bcr; a fellow with several aliases, at present known as Garibaldi, witness be liovod to be ono of the worst of those persons; ho keeps a dlsordeily house of the vilest character, and told witness he could buy Justice? Wandell and Kil breth for |10O; the Citizens' Association, witness con tinued, bad found it usel. ss to apply tor redress at the Washington Place Police Court. EOUR KVIPK.NTK OK FULGBAVT VICE. Ernst Grunuhcrr, of No. 10 West Third street, testi fied to the aggressive character of vice In his neighbor hood. and the uselessness of apply ing to the magistrates; it s no use going before magistrates, he said; we only spend the time foolishly; ho had not goue belore tho Grand Jury, as he considered that the duty of tho police when the nuisance was complained ot Mr. George 11. Young, au attorney, wno appeared on behalf of tbo citizens in some of the attempted cutions of disorderly housekeepers, test fled that while he produced what seemed to him conclusive evidence, the offenders would be discharged. Ho believed that inonev was nsod to procure influence by these people, though he whs satisfied no one could approach the pres ent Justices directly. John Neville, a seafaring man, residing at No. 228 Woostdr street, complained that his daughter* were unable to go to the window of their homo without hav ing forced to their notice the offensive behavior of lewd women in the opposite house. Stephen Moretti. proprietor of the Italian restaurant at tne corner of Fourteenth street and Third avenue, described assault made upon Hull, the detective, by the man Garibaldi on one occasion in his place. Gari baldi called Hull a spy and threatened to injure him, but was out out by Mr. Moretti. Francis Hlair, of No. 12 West Third street, said bo made several complaints, but, like bis neighbors, with no definite results. Arrests sometimes took place and the more objectionable conduct of tbe offensive inhab itants sometimes ceased temporarily, but aoou the arrested persons were out again and as bold as ever. The committee adjourned alter the examination of this witness. THE SENATE COMMITTEE. The general loveliness of the state 01 affairs In the Department of Docks was revealed yesterday in a most forcible manner by the testimony of tho Presl ? dent, )lr. Wales, before the Senate Investigating Com mitteo sitting at the Filth Avenue Hotel. Tho com mittee was derelict this time, Mr. Wales being com pelled to wait lor his fellow republicans, Messrs. Booth and Davenport, an hour alter the time appointed for the opening of the session. The sitting, which was exceptionally long, was wholly occupied with this single witnoss, who was as exhaustive in his statisti cal figures as he was tlucnt in poetical quotations. Mr. Wales testified as follows:? MR. WALKS' TESTIMONY. In 1*87 a commission was appointed to examine Into tho value of the city's water front property, and tbey reported It at about $15,000,000; In their opinion It would requiro about $1,190,000 to put this properly In a good condition; about $100,000 in rents was In arrears at that timo from lessees, who refused to pay, owing to tho wrctcbod condition of the doclu; the bulkhead property was highly valued by private own ers, some of them rating It as highly as $1,000 per foot, but It was his impression that this property would not be of great value after the new bulkhead wall had been finished; the private wharf property in tho available district was probubly more valuable than that of the city. President Wains defined the powers of tho commis sion over the city docka As regards the private dock property, no changes could be made until the coDscnlof the commission bad first been obtained. Under a new law tbo Board bad the power to set apart certain streets for certain commercial purposes, and the leases must be awarded to the highest bidders. Under tlie old plan leases were limited to three years, but under the new system leases had been made for much longer terms. The Krio company had a lease of thirty years, as they were about to mako Improvements costing probably $'.150,000, and as it was of great advantage to tbo pub lic to have permanent railroad termini. HI'BL'CLATIXO IS DOCKS. "Thoro are men In this city," said Mr, Wales, with considerable Indignation, "who rent docks without having any interest whatever In commerce, and sim ply for speculative purposes. There is one man who makes $10,000 a year by releasing a wharf which he cad rented from the city." President Wales gave an account of the two modes of constructing the wall, and said, as grave apprehensions had arisen In the minds of the Commissioners as to tho value of tho mode of construction last adopted, an In vestigating commission had been appointed by the Mayor, whose report would soon be ready. President Wales gave many figures in regard to the new bulkhead and other matiera. Tho cost of the bulk head wall for the proposed distanco Of five miles would, in Ills opinion, be less than $H,000,000. In tho con struction of such works, he observed apologetically, a great many difficulties were encountered which persons unfamiliar with the work could not possibly appreciate. In the first place, the work bad to be done without a fool of solid ground to stand upon, and was principally Under water, and many concessions had to be made to tbo requirements of local commerce. AM OKNAMKNTAI. FKOSTISMKCK. Mr. Wsles said the esilinaled cost ol the stone pier No. 1 was $ooo,(MX). It was an ornamental frontispiece to a line ol works which were different In character, lie was asked as to the coit of that work nor lineal foot but he could not undertake to answer each a query, which might involve halt a day's figuring, in an off hand fashion. He would nek tnat tins question be re duced to writing, and be would reply to it on ? future occasion. The request was granted, Aa to the insecurity ol the wall by the alleged weak ness of the piles, Mr. Wales said the charge was one en tirely now to him The wall at Canal street had "de flected a little," he understood, and at Christopher street it "sprung a little," but this had been remedied so that no (law was visible at present Tlte trouble with the wall at Christopher street, however, occurred before 5?. "rnam.i connected with the department tnts difficulty, he undertsood, originated lrom le weakening of the foundations. As .?,a . co,?l'arntivq advantages of stone , P'ers, Mr. Wales remarked that it was n 'ver intended to build more than two stone piers in L ,.?H ^ f w " bulkhead wall, in his opinion, would not be advisable, owing to the indurabillty of ', A, caP*bl? engineer had informed h-m that a wooden pier would rot within ten years; it would be infested with rate and vermin of all sorts. Mr Wales was asked Whether the commission had taken the opinions of experts on this question, and repllodthat a long sitting of the commission was devoted to this very purpose. The conclusion como to was that the commission "would build a pier that would endure for ever. 'TILL ROLLING VEARS SHALL CEASE TO MOVS. This outburst of poetical feeling on the part of a Dock Commissioner, whoso official duties give so little scope for the cultivation of poetry, elicited general though subdued applause. In regard to the contraction of the river which might ho caused by this bulkhead wall, there was no danger that the Mow of water would ho narrowed injuriously on the North Rivor, hut along the East River tliero was some danger of such a contingency, as It was much nurrower, and lor that reason lie was opposed to the construction of sin h a wall along the East River. Concerning the cheapest mode of doing the work, President Wales said there was no doubt the contract fystera was the cheapest, and the commission hail adopted It as far as possible. The work at the Battery was dono on tho day work system because it had already been commenced when the present Board came into power. The cost of dredging Mr. Wales estimated at twenty five cents per cubic yard. He admitted that Lite cost "of dredging as done by tho commission at present was higher than it would ho if done by contract. One rea son why it was done by the Commissioners was that the commission had "floating property" in the shupo of derricks, 4a, w hich had better lie used, as it cost about half a million dollars and could not be sold now to ad vantage. The cost of repairtug these derrick!, 4a, was very high. A TICKUSH Ql-KSTIO*. Mr. Wales was asked if, in his Judgment, ons Com missioner could manage the department aa economi cally ami efficiently as threo 1 Mr. Walks?I don't think I ought to be called upon to answer this question. In doiug so 1 might appear to disadvantage before my two colleagues, who arty in perfect accord with me. When driven by persistent questioning ho finally said, "1 supposo every department in the city could he managed by Ohe Commissioner," but ho would not openly commit himself to the policy ol cutliog off the heads of two ol tho Commissioners. COST OF TI1K DKI'AKTMKNT. The entire cost of the department since Its organisa tion, five years ago, Mr. Wales stated at about $5,000,000, in round numbers, and tho revenue handed over to the eily treasury would at the close of this year amount to about $.1,000,000. The laud reclaimed without ex pense to the city was worth about $1,000,000, as he had been Informed. Mr. Wales denied that there wero too many watch mon, or that the temployos weru engaged in other oc cupations. Ho was asked whether ho was aware that the assistant engineers bad been engaged in surveying during their working hours, but denied that such was tho fact Since bo became head of the department all "irregular practices" had been stopped by stringent orders. Concerning tliu charge of blackmail against Superintendent Fitzpatrlck, Mr. Wales declared that no satisfactory proof had been submitted against him. Ho knew of no instance in which clerks of the depart ment had levied blackmail on a contractor, and when asked specifically whether such a charge had not boen preferred against Mr. Jackson he said all that was true was that the latter had IlottKOWXD MONET EKOM A CONTRACTOR, and he had reprimanded him for doing so, and told him thai tie would be dismissed if ho was over guilty again of that damning and heinous crime. Mr. Wales ornamented tills portion of his testimony by a quotation from the "Serious Family," saying that "he consented to ap pear to be satisfied," which elicited renewed admira tion of his vast fund of literary acumen. Mr. Wales stated voluntarily that at his own desire he had charge of all the purchases of supplies, a very la borious duty, but oue which ho was glad to perforin in order to proteot the Interests of tho city. The educa tional qualifications ol Thomas Murpny, Superinten dent oi Instruction, were then considered, but that weighty question was not probed, for Mr. Wales only would say that Murphy's reports were signed by hi'rn, but he did not know whether ho wrote them. And thus the questi n whether Murphy Is a master of caligraphy will go unsettled to posterity. The witness was asked about the charges against Meehan, tho auditor, to ths effect that he (Heehan) had received a commission on i bills audited by him, and said they had not been provod I to bis satisfaction. The reduction in the salaries ol ^ employes this year had beeu over $90,(XX), as compared i with Hie preceding year. j Mr. Wales reiterated tho oft-rcgf Sted fart that the dock facilities at present were in^ifWctent lor the wants i ol tho increasing commerce of tins city. How the ' wharf leases had been frittered away by the provlous Board was showu by the fact that tho Union Forry j Company, lor whose privileges the city might easily i obtain $111,000 a year, paid nothing whatever. The committee adjourned until Friday morning at half-past ten o'clock. TILE QUARANTINE INVESTIGATION. The Assembly Committee to Investigate the affairs ef the Quarantine and Immigration Commissions met yesterday morning at half-past nine o'clock, in room 206 at the Metropolitan IloteL Mr. Schuyler was in the chair, and Messrs. Alvord, Waehner, and Gsdney were present. A number of persons were informally examined. Tho meeting was purely of a business character. THE MADHOUSE INVESTIGATION. TESTIMONY OF COMMISSIONER CUNNINGHAM OF THE BOARD OF CHARITIES?DR. ORDBONAUX CONCLUDES HIS LABORS. The State Commissioner in I.nnacy, Dr. John Ord ronaux, and the Citizens' Committee resumed the in vestigation of the abuses in tho present management j ol the Kings County Lunatic Asylum, at Flatbush. The first witness called was Commissioner John Cun ningham, of the Hoard of Charities. lie said he took his seat on January 1, 1873; Mr. Furgusson was then President of the Board; Mr. Wheeler succeeded Mr. Furgusson as Pre?idcnt; witness had nevor sought to bo President; he presumed the Hoard had endeavored to secure tho beet talent from among their number in the selection of tho President; thcro had boon oc casional deviations from the bylaws of the Board; In 18*4 the Supervisors had concluded to have the law changed governing tho Hoard of Charities which at that time was under indictment; the Super visors were responsible for the issuing of supplies at that time; no communication in regard to the short ness of supplies at the asylum was sent to the Hoard ol Charities at that time by Dr. Macdonald; witness did not know of any advantages accruing (rom par chasing in open market; the saving of over |1,000 in tho hospital stores during the past year was dne to the purchasing of tho articles by the Supervisors; If a bill catne in lor supplies not ordered by the Hoard ho would vote against It; witness had votod against the accept ance of Dr. Mocdonnld's resignation, and had voted against the appointment of Superintendent lilanrhard; had favored the appointment of Dr. Norris; he had voted for the appointment of Dr. Coroy because of his experience in the treatment of Insane patients; the board has not always been harmonious iu its action: witness was present at the MeGee inves IU 11 r? r?v KK'II . w iiiiven v? .an t? I ore lis It V hid Kl *.x? U1. imvo ligation and remembered that Commissioner Midas objected to MeGeo giving testimony, as ho was a luna tic; the objection of Mr. Midas was overruled, and Mr. Midas was critic,and by the other members of the Hoard; tho result ol the examination was the CONVICTION 0? TilK TURKS ATTSNDANTS; the committee admitted tho charges in the main; Loseile was the least guilty of the three attendants dis charged; the reappoint me at of Loseile did nut come up before the Board; he was reinstated by tho Commit tee on the Asylum, Messrs. Ruber and lildas. Witness could not account for tho general end fre quent complaints against tho asylum; he thought executive ability is most essential in the management of tho asylum: Dr. Ohapin, who was in the Institution as Superintendent, was decidedly the nfdest executive tlioy ever had; frequent changes in employ, s arc detri mental to discipline In the asylum and in e\cry busi ness in life: witness regarded the responsibility of a public official as greater than that of individuals in eivll life; lie did not know whetbor the same views were entertained by his associates. Dr. Ordronaux asked Mf. Cpniilngham if he was one of "the local aspirants for office" kg all. I wlmin Dr. Norris, Prosident of the Hoard, had warned him by writing. Tho letter was shown to the witness, who said he had never seen it boforo, and tie would not have voted lor it had it been laid bo fore the Board of Charities; witness believed It Ins duty to Invite Investigation si a public oflliciol at all times ; know of a man named I'airick Corr, assistant engineer in tho asylum, who had been Ji-charged and re-employed; the name would be on the engineer's payroll; witness could not say whether Dr. Dluiich.trd had any knowledge of the presence of Corr; the stew ard, he behoved, ought to know whether ho was there or not; Witness thought tho charges of Impropriety pre ferred against tho man by tho lemalo atiendatits was sustained, and he voted for his dismissal; Corr #SS discharged In July or August, 1874; witness did not learn of ins reappointment until within ihe past month; he did not know who reappointed Corr; there were seven attendants ordered from the asylum to the nursery, and they took their discharge In profer ence to going there; tnero urn sixty or seventy pay patients in the asylum at present; they pay ahouL f ? ;>er week; the strong box at the asylum is under the charge ol the Superintendent; It contains the effects or valunhlesof deceased patients; the Hoard had never had a report ol its contents maae to Mtem; knew of no per on- employed in tho asylum at present whose moral character or lack of sobriety should disqualify, ibem Iroin hold ing positions there; does not know the cx patient Killing: remsroembcred the Issans matf wfwj wm brdught out" to the asyfnW with attendants, and who snbsc'tuouily Bald ho had keen ruOUed by his custodians; the bottom of hia pocket was removed; the case had been thoroughly investigated, and he waa satisfied that tba money had been taken Iroiu the left hand pocket; lha money was given to the Commlaalouara hy Mr. Mid in i re, who has been In the employ of lite Board lor one year; wltnesa knew McGuiro, and was satisfied that the attendants had been actuated by proper motives. Mrs. Sireihliug, one of the Local Committee, hero interrupted the witness, and said that she saw the patient alluded to on Saturday last, and asked him how the money was taken from him. and that he replied, "How could you tell how you were robbed If a pistol was held to your head by a man who then took your money'?" Witness said the amount taken from the patient in question was $47 80, and not $100, as the man claimed: the latter amount was a delusion, which grew out ol the fact that ho imagined himself a policeman, and said he hal $100a month; Witness stid the Supervisors were slow in furnishing the supplies when the new law giving them supervisory power over the contracts first went into operation; the sarno cause of complaint did not now exist; the board for patients at the asylum will amount, on the average, to about $20,000 per an num; the amount for salaries of Commissioners acd employe* of the Board of Charities for one year Is about $100,000; it has gone up a* high as $115,000; it was true that it cost about $1 to distribute every $3 worth of enarity. With this testimony the investigation was concluded. Br. Ordrouaux made a brief address to the gentlemen who had assisted bfm in his investigation, i t he course of which he thanked them for the time and attention tliey had given to the task they had just completed. He will report the result of the investigation to the State Legislature. OCCULTATIONS BY THE MOON.' To Tint Editor or tor Herald;? Early rising is an excellent thing. It tends to mako men wise. Those who rise next Tuesday morning, bo fore two o'clock, to see the occultatlon of tho brilliant star, Spica Virginia, will learn that tho morning of tho 23d of Novcmbor, astronomical time, is not Tuesday, but Wednesday. Tho star will be a long distance east of the moon on Tuesday morning. Should they take fresh courage and rise on Wednesday morning, several hours bofore day, thoy will learn something else?that an occnltation of a star is a phenomenon of the same class as an eclipse of the sun, arising from tho possago of tho moon between the heavenly body and our oyes, and It dopends altogether upon whore our eyes happen to be whether it passes between or not. When the moon is between a star and England It Is not botween the star and the United States; so that the fact thut an occultatlon is to be visible in England is no evidence that it will be visible in tho United States. Tins lesson will be impressed upon the mind by observ ing that when the moon rises at 3h. 41m., the star will bo inoro than the moon's diameter to tho west of it. The occultatlon will bo over long bofore tho moon rises. The moon passes nearly through the same path in each successive revolution, occulting the same stars. But these occaltations occur at all hours of the day; and it is usually tho case that cither the moon Is below tho horizon, or the sun is above it. The moon's nodes retrograde one degree every nineteen days, and this produces a slight change In its path, so that after a few revolutions the moon ceases to occult these stars, and passes over another series of stars. For instance, tho moon's path commenced to pass over Spica on August 6, probably visible in Alaska. On September 2 Spica was again occulted; probably visible in Russia. At the next two revolutions, it was too near the sun to bo visible anywhore. On November 24 tho occultatlon will not be visible in the United Slates, In tho fore noon of December 21 Spica will again come in the moon's path, as soon from tho Southern portion of tho United States; but as it will be in the daytime Spica con only be seen with a good teloscope, and in this lati tude the moon will probably appoar to pass south of the star. At each successive revolution tho moon's track will pass still further to the south, the occultatlon be ing visible further and further south, until July 28, when It will be visible for the last timo in tho northorn hemisphere for several months longer, the occultationa being still visible tn the Southern Hemisphere. Yet during this year and a half, in which Spica is regularly occulted once a month by the moon, there is not a sin gle occasion in which the occultatlon has been or will bo visible here; and, after next year, Spica will not bo occulted at ail for several years, until the moon's path ?hall have so far changed as to command a new scries of occultations. A more interesting phenomenon is the passage of tho moon across the Pleiades. In this respect we shall be more fortunate. The moon has several times already passed over that group, but not so as to be visible hero. On the morning of December 11 the moon will occult the line of outlying stars, passing southward from Alcyone; but, as the moon will be noarly full, It will not be easily observed. In January the occulta tlon will occur by day, and probably before the moon rises. But on February 3, when tho moon will be In a favorable position, there will be an occultatlon of the principal stars of the Pleiades, visible throughout the United States, and well deserving the attention not only of astronomer* but of others. During the summer ofthe coming year we shall also be twice favored with another phenomenon, still more interesting, tho occultatlon of the planet Saturn by tho moon. HENRY M. PARKHURST. AT REST. THE LAST SAD AND SOLEMN HONORS TO GEORGE a. BKLMOBE. The remains of the great English character actor, Mr. George G. Beimore, were placed In Greenwood Ceme tery, in the plot owned by Mr. and Mrs. William J. Florence, yesterday.afternoon. In the morning his most Intimate friends?Messrs. Sam. Colvllle. John Brougham, H. J. Montague and several others of his profession with whom he hail been Intimately associated?gathered at No. 04 Fourth avenue, and. for the last time, looked upon his face. His countenance was placid and calm. Despite his ex treme suffering he appeared more like a man sleeping than one who was dead. There was a massive silver plate upon the centre of hts coffin lid, upon which was engravod the Inscription e oTt' ;T;~ (T.u t stVn " n k"mTin J Died Novembor 15, 1876, $ Aged fifty years, $ The funeral services wore held in "Tho Little Church Around the Corner," which Is located on Twenty-ninth street, and which was crowded an hour before the minister appeared at the altar. Never, perhaps, has the theatrical profession been so largely represented in one place as it was yesterday morning. Among tho Congregation were noticed the following ladles and gen tlerffcn:?Lester Wallack, Henry D. i'almer, Horace Wall, T. S. Vincent, H. J. Montgomery, T. K. Morris, C. H. Stevenson, Harry Montague, J. H. MoVicker (of Chicago), John DyaS, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence, Samuel Colvllle, George Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Levy, Miss Lillian Conway, Miss Adelaide lauinox, Leonard Mr. and Mrs, E. M. Holland, W. B. Harrison, \V. B. Floyd, J. I*. Smith, J H. McDermott, George llrown, Thomas Chapman, Mr. and Mrs Barney Williams, John Gilbert. John Dillon, H. Bradley, T. W. Fort H. Russell, E. Lamb, H. B. Phillips, L. Forrester and John Hogan. THK OBSKQCTSS. At about eleven o'clock the coflln was convoyed ujt the aisle. Messrs. Lester Wallack. U. I). Palmer, George Honey, William J. Florence. John Hroughani, Harry Beckett, Edward Arnott ana H. F. Russell acting as pallbearers Dr. Houghton, rector of tho tthurcb, then road Ihe Episcopal burial service. The floral decorations of tho cotlln were magnificent The casket seemed lost in a profusion of the rarest exotics. Over the head of tho collin rcstod a beautiful wreath, bearing the inscription:? NOT FRIENDLESS. j <i>?~ ,,,,,?~ On tliss centre of tho lid reclined a tablet, bearing the words:? <? A/ //// /^/w/a AT //// AAA/AT rrr////Ar / AW // r# ///?) ALICE AND OUR CHILDREN. * I This was presented by Mr Montague, who was at tho beilg.de of Beimore when ho died.. The Services, though short, were very affecting. As the nun ster read the burial service many eyes in Ilia audience wore sulIXised with tears. BROOKLYN TAX liATES. The following table, showing the ratos cf taxation by wards for 1874 and 1875, has just been prepared by Mr. Edward Cadley, chief clerk of the Kings county Hoard of Supervisors:? 1874 1875. 1374. 1375. Wardt. $ c. m. $ c. m. Wardt. t c. m. $ c m. 1st 3 02 0 3 50 3 14th. ... ,. 3 28 0 3 16 4 2d 3 63 7 3 50 7 16l n .. 3 28 0 3 17 3 3d 3 6." 4 3 50 3 16th 3 17 4 4l h 3 62 9 3 51 0 17th 3 13 4 5th 3 66 3 3 h'-V 15th .. 3 25 7 3 14 0 6t h 3 63 9 3 60 8 1ft h . 3 25 3 3 13 4 7th 3 63 0 3 60 0 20th . 3 62 9 8 60 4 8th 3 65 0 3 61 4 21st 3 50 5 Bth 8 63 7 3 60 2 22d 3 50 6 10th 8 63 5 3 60 6 23d 3 60 7 11th 8 63 2 3 60 7 24th 3 51 5 12lh 0 63 1 8 50 5 26th 3 61 1 3 28 1 3 18 0 Average 3 40 9 The reduction apparent this year is owing to the cut | ting down of tho estimntna of the expenses of the sov. i era! departments of the city government