OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 29, 1875, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1875-11-29/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 4

tho world by ubimI Pacha, but Urn* will not allow me,
?or, indeed, is it necessary, a* 1 dare any be Una Use
rou have had ample precis oI whai baa been done by
Sorgo a. Baker, an fortunately, appear* to be in bad
?dor with all I meet. Hia severity and othea ana r?
?etve am? r-al oondemnali in; but far be it Irom me to
tdd to the ill report, and eo J leave what 1 have hoard
an told.
?rata aiatrv?uvwoarona waown.
Then, bru'Uy. thou math remain* to be aald. Lit
kiipduit, in nia report of the Niyanxa consisting of
Ive lake*. was wroug. Spake, In bis statement that
the Niyanxa waa but one lake, waa quite correct,
But 1 believe that eaat of the Niyanxa. or rather north
kaal of the Niyaasa, there are other lakea, though they
pave ae connection whatever with the Niyanxa; dot da
(.suppose thoy are of any great magnitude or extend
>outh of the Equator. If you aak me why, I can only
gnswur that in my opinion the river* entering the
piiyxnxa on the aortheaateru shore do not sufficiently
drain the vaat area of country lying between the Nt
yanxa and the western veraant of the Eastern African
mountain range. From the volume of the Niyanxa
feeders on the northeastern side I cunnot think that
they extend further than longitude 3d deg. east, which
leaves a large tract of country cast to be drained by other
means than tho Niyanxa. But this means may very
probably be the lub, which empties Its waters Into the
Indian Ocean. The Sobat cannot possibly approach
sear tha Equator. This, however, wiU be decided
getlnitively by Gordon's officers. Colonel Bellefonds in
forms mo that the Assua, or As ha, is a mere torrent.
When you see my obart, which will trace the course
?f the Luamberrt and the Shimeeyu, the rivers which
drain the whole of the sosth and southeast countries
pf the Niyanxa, yoo will be better able to judge of their
Importance and magnitude ae sources of the Nile. I
ixpect to discover a considerable river southwest; but
>11 of this will be best told in my next letter.
UKNHY M. STANLEY.
P. 3.?I hail almost forgotten to stato that the great
est depth of the Niysnza as yet ascertained by me Is
?75 feet 1 have not yet sounded the centre of the
lake; this I intend to do on my return to Usukuma
Couth.
EELICHON AT COUBT?TBTUMPH OP CHBXS
TIANITT. ?
Mthsa's Capital, Uganda, 1
April 14, 1875. )
I bad almost neglscted to Inform you and your
readers of one very Interacting subject connceted with
Wtesa which will gratify many a philanthropic Euro
pean and American.
1 have already told you that Mtesa and the whole of
bis Court profess Isiamism. A long time ago, some
four or Ave years, Khunts Bin Abdullah (the only
Arab who remained wuh me three years ago, as a
fearguard, when the Arm be disgracefully tied from Mi
yaoibo) came to Uganda He was wealthy, of noble
Besoent, had a fine, magnificent personal appearance,
gnd brought with him many a rich present, such as
few Arabs eould afford, (or Ifleia The King became
Immediately fascinated with him, and really few white
turn could be long with the son of Abdullah without
being charmed by his presence, his handsome, proud
features, hie rich offra complexion and his liberality.
I confess I never saw an Arab or If umulman who at
tracted me so much as Khamis Bin Abdullah, and It is
no wonder that Mtesa, meeting a kindred spirit in
the noble Arab of Muscat, amazed at the mag
n. Scent figure, the splendor of his apparel,
the display of his wealth and the number of his
I laves fell In love with him. Khamis stayed with
Mtesa a full year, during which time the King became
> convert to the creed of Khamis?namely, Moham
medanism. The Arab clothed Mtesa In the best that
>is wardrobe offered. He gave him gold embroidered
lackets, tine white shirta. crimson slippers, swords,
folk sashes, daggers and a revolving rifle, so that
B pake's and Grant's presents seemed quite lnsiguitt
Bank
Until I arrived at Mtesa*a Court the King delighted
In the idea that ha *u a follower of Islam; but by olio
conversation 1 [latter myself that I have tumbled tha
newly raised religious fabric to tha ground, and. If It
were only followed by the arrival of a Christian mission
here, the conversion of Mtesa and his court to Chris
tianity would be complete. 1 have undermined Islam'
Ism to much here that Mtesa has determined hence
forth, nntil he is better informed, to observe the Chris
tian Sabbath as well as the Moslem Sabbath, and the
groat captains have unanimously consented to Ik
Be has causod the ten commandments of Moses to
he written on a board for bis daily perusal, as Him
can read Arabic, as well as tne Lord s Prayer and the
golden commandment of our 3aviour, 'Thou shall love
thy neighbor as thyself" This is great pragmas for
the few dsys that I have remained wlthi.him, and,
though I am no missionary, 1 shall begin to think that
1 shall become one If such success is so feasible.
TBS on and rrsLO roa crjustla* missumtaejes.
But, 0 that some pious, practical missionary would
come here I What a Held and a harvest npe for the
sickle of the Gospel 1 M less would glvo him anything
he desired?bouses, lands, cattle, tvury, he. lie might
call a province his own m one day. It Is not the
mere preacher that is wanted here. The bishops of
?11 Grest Britain collected, with all the classic
youth of Oxford and Cambridge, would
effect nothing here with the intelligent
people of Uganda. It Is the practical Christian
tutor, who can teach people how to be com o
Christians, cure their diseases, construct dwellings,
understands agriculture and can turn his hand to any
thing, like a sailor?this is the man that is wanted here.
Such a man. if be can be found, would become the
saviour of Africa. Ho must be tied to no Church or
sect, but profess God and His Son, and live a blameless
Christian, be Inspired by Uberalprincip.es, charity to all
men and devont laith in God. He must belong to no
nation in particular, but the entirs white race. Such a
man or men Mtesa, King of Uganda, Uaoga, Unyoro
and Karagwe?a kingdom 3C0 geographical miles In
length by fifty In breadth?invites to come to btm. He
has begged me to tell the white men that If they will
only come to him he will give them all tbey want.
Now where is there In all the pagan work! a more
promising Held for a mission than Uganda? Colonel
Linaut de Bellefonds is my witness that I speak the ]
truth, and I know he will corroborate all I say. The
Colonel, though a Frenchman, is a Calvtnisl, and has
become as ardent a well-wisher for the Wagenda as
1 am.
Then why farther spend needlessly vast sums upon
black pagans of Africa who have no example of their
own people becoming Christians before them. I speak
to the Universities Mission at Zanzibar and to the Free
Methodists et Mombasa, to tbe leading philanthropists
and the pions people of Kngland. Here, gentlemen, is
your opportunity?embrace It! The people on
the shores of the Niyanza call upon you.
Obey your own generous Instincts, and listen
to them, and I assure you that In one
year you will hsvs mors converts to Christianity than
all other missionaries united can number. The popu
lation of Miese's kingdom is most dense. 1 estimate
the number of his subjects at 2,000,000 You need not
fear to spend money upon such a mission, as Mtesa is
sole ruler, and will repay its cost tenfold with Ivory,
coffee, otter skins of a very line quality, or In cattle,
fur the wealth of this country in all these products is
immense.
The rood here Is by the Nile,'or via Zanzibar, Cgogo
and Cnyaayemba. The loruier route, so long as Colonel
Gordon governs the countries or the Upper Mile, is the
ini?t feasible.
With permission I would suggest that tbe mission
should bring to Mtesa ss presents three or four suits of
military clothes, decorated freely with gold embroidery,
with half a dozen French fcdpu, a sabre, a brace of
P'stols And suitable amrauntt.on, a good fowling piece
and rlffe of good quality, as the King Is not a barbarian;
a ebeap dinner service of Britannia ware, an Iron bed
stead and counterpanes, a few pieces of cotton print,
boots, he. For trade it should brlsg tine blue, black !
and gray woollen cloths, s quantity or military but
tons, gold bra.d and oord, silk cord of different colors,
ss wall ss binding, linen and sheeting for shirts, fins
red blankots end s quantity of red cloth, a few choirs
and tables. The profit arising from the sale of tbess
things would be enormous.
For the mission's use it should bring with It s tap.
ply of hammers, saws, augurs, chisels, axes, hatchets?
adzes, carpenters' and blacksmiths' tools, as the
Waganda are apt pupils ; Iron drills and powder for
blasting purposes, trowsla, a couple of good sired
anvils, s (orgs aud bellows, an assortment of natu and
tasks, s plough, spadea, shovels, pickaxes and a couple
of light buggies as specimens, and such other small
things as their own common sense would suggest. Most
desirable would be an assortment of gardes seed and
grain, also white ieed, linseed oil, brushes, a few vol
umes of Illustrated journals, gaudy prints, a niagio
Imam, rockets and a photogmpn apparatus. The
Mai oof t of the whole n??<l not eaeeed Eb.ouu.
HK.SKY M. STANLEY.
The Koyal Geographers In
dorse the American En
terprise in Africa.
A CROWDED MEETING OF SAVANS.
Sir Henry Rawlinson on Mod
ern Exploration.
Equatorial Africa Being Laid Open
for Civilization.
WHAT STANLEY HAS ACCOMPLISHED.
[From the London Telegraph, Nov 18.]
The forty sixth aestipn of the Royal Geographical
Society was opened last night In the thcatra of the
London University, when Major General Sir H. C. Raw
linron, President, delivered a highly elaborate and im
portant add me*. The great Interest felt on the occa
sion was indicated by the fact that, though half-past
eight o' clock was the hour fixed tor the commencement
of the proceedings, so early as s quarter to eight
o'clock a number of ladies and gentlemen had assem
bled, and when Sir H. Rawlinson took the chair three
quarters of au hour later tire handsome theatre was
filled in all parts and crowded in most. Between 800
and 900 persons were present, the number of ladles
being remarkable, and among the gentlemen were
several distinguished "Africans" and other well-known
geographers. The mention of Mr. Stanley's name, and
the allusion to his "well-known intrepidity and deter
mination," by the President, in bis address, elicited
more than one warm and significant expression of ip
probstion, and the subsequent recognition of the enter
prise of the Nkw Yoax Hxuxli> and the Daily Tele
graph met with hearty cheering.
TUB PM8U>?T OBSXBVXD
that the forty-sixth session opened under very favor
able auspices, the list of new fellows and candidates
being the largest the society had ever known. During
tbe Last twenty years the number of fellows had rieea
from L000 to 3,000. Nor bad there been any diminu
tion of lis influence and reputation. During the past
year the society had made itself felt in various ways.
They bad tho proud satisfaction of knowing that It was
owing to their persistent and well argued advocacy that
the government became convinced o( the desirability of
semirag forth an Arctic expedition?a conviction which
the Prime Minister first communicated to the public
through tho President of the society. On another re
rent occasion they succeeded in persuading tbe
government, at the lust momeut, to send a
commissioner to the Geographical Exhibition at
Pans, an evil of some magnitude being thus
avoided, for there can be no doubt that we should have
suffered both in reputation and material interests if, of
all tbe Powers of Europe, England had been alone un
represented at this great international gathering. This
Congress was attended by all tbe most eminent travel
lers and geographers of tho age, and numerous ques
tions of high scientific interest and importance were
discussed si Its sittings, the presidents of the several
geographical societies of Europe taking the chair at the
general meetings, according to the seniority of tbuir re
spective countries. It was found that the London so
ciety was thus only tnird upon tbe list, the Berlin and
Paris societies being both earlier institutions; but it was
nniversal'y admitted that In regard to numbers, wealth
and influence, and especially as the patrons of
discovery and the guardians of tbe beet interests of ge
ography, we were at the buad of this department of
science. The President next glanced at the proceed
ings of the geographical section of the British Associa
tion at Bristol, particularizing:?1. Dn N'achtigal's ac
count of his memorable Journey from Lake Chad,
through Baghirmi, Waday and Darlur, to the Nile.
'A Colonel Playfiur's report on the Aurds mountains in
Algerta. 3 Colonel Gordon's narrative of hti journeys
la Turkislon and across the I'amir rtteppea in connec
tion wtlti .-Mr Douglas Forsyth's mission to Kashgar.
4. Colonel Yale's noUc* of trods routes to Southwestern
China, of !<i>ee:al importance in the present state of the
Blrnian-Cbinene question, and others of hardly interior
Internet. Coming to matters of general geographical
nit/-rest winch have taken place during tho recess, Sir
Henry Jtawlmson continues as follows:?
aqi'sroRisu AsaiCA,
to which the attention of geographers for so long s
period has been prominently directed, again comes to
tbe front as the scene of the most interesting and Im
portant exploration of the year. In my anniversary
address of last May 1 ventured to anticipate, from Mr.
Stanley's well known intrepidity and determination,
that being once launched into tbe interior of Africa,
with means and appliances of the most extensive and
efficient character, it would not be long before he had
resolved the doubts which have existed since the first
discovery of tbe Victoria Nlyauxa as to the true nature
of that great Nile reservoir?mat Is, as to whether It
was out large sea studded with islands, as
maintained by the tint discoverers. Captain Hpeke
and Colonel Grant, or whether It was a
mere collection of lagoons, as suggested by Captain
Burton and Dr. Livingstone, on the strength of native
information. This anticipation has now been realized,
and I am enabled, through the kmdnoss of the pro
prietors of tbe Daily Telegraph and Nkw York
Haaann, to exhibit to this evening's meeting a complete
chart of the lake, as delineated by Mr, Stanley. who
for the first time has aJmostcircumnavigmted its shores.
(Cheers.) The narrative of Mr. Stanley's cruise round
the northern and western shores of the lake, which was
intrusted to M. I.mant de Beilefonds, whom be met at
M'tosa's capital on a mission from Colonel Gordon,
has been published in the columns of tho Daily
Telegraph only this morning. Tbe other letters,
however, despatched via Zanzibar, and pobhshed
some weeks ago. have acquainted us with ail the main
features ot this must remarkable Journey, which I pro
ceed accordingly to recapitulate. Mr. Stanley, it ap
pears, did not follow the high road from tbe coswt to
Unyanyenabe. but struck a track further to tbe east,
prooahly tbe same by which M'tesa's messengers had
previously travelled from Uganda to Zanzibar, and thus
reached in DC daya. including halts, the southern
shore of the lake, distance 7b0 miles irom Bagamoyo,
having (ought a severe battle with the nati . es on the
way. and having also discovered end followed to the
lake a new rlvor. the Shimenyu. which rises some 300
Rules beyond the Victoria Nivanza, and is thus,
as far as our present information extends,
tbe true southern source of the White Nile.
Embarking at a short distance to the cast of tbe
Jordan's Nullao of Speke in a portable boat, called the
Lady Alice, wbich accompanied the expedition from
England, Mr. Stanley, with a portion of his followers,
succeeded In tracing the sinuous shores of the lake
along Its southern, eastern and northern sides to
M'tesa's capital at Uganda His description ef this
very considerable extent of Dew country?for we knew
Dolbing of It before except from native information?
la foil of interest to the geographer and would have en
titled Mr. Stanley to a very high place among African
discoverers if his explorations bed been confined to
this single voyage. From M'tesa's capital at Uganda
Mr Stanley followed the western shores of the
lake to the River Eager a, the Kitangulc of
Ppeke, and then seems to have struck across
direct to his station on tbe sbore of Usukama, leaving
the southwestern corner of theses for subsequent
explorations His circumnavigation of the Victoria
Niyansa covered about 1,000 miles, and seems to have
been verified throughout by s careful series of olieerva
tlons for latitude and longitude Fending the examina
tion of the register of these observations we cannot
affirm that the positions as laid down on the map, and
which differ slightly from Bpekc's positions, are
rigidly correct; but, Tor all practical purposes. Hun
ley's delineation of the lake may lie accepted as suffi
ciently accurate and as a great boon to African
geography. With regard ajeo to his hypsometrical
observations It Is interesting to note that, wheroas there
was a difference of more than 400 feet in Hpeke s calcu
lation* ef height for the northern and southern portions
of the lake reepecllvoiy?e difference which first led
geographers to suspect that the lake might be composed
of separate basins of varying elevation?Mr Stanley's
measurement by boiling water at his station east of
Jordan i Nuilah gave a result within seventy feet of
Bpeke's observation near the same spot: so that the
height or the Victoria Nlyanza msfnow be considered
to be oetermined at about 3,800 feet above the sea. Mr.
Stanley intended, after completing bis survey or the
Victoria Nivanza, to cross the intervening country to
the Albert Ntyanza, where be hoped, by means or the
Lady Alice, to make a second voyage of discovery
round this hitherto almost unvistted lake, hut more
recent intel.igonce from the U'ppcr Nile loads ns to ex
pect that he will have been aoticipsted In this second
achievement by Colonel Gordon or by some officers of
the Upper Nile command, as it appears that a stoamor
has at length forced its way to a point above tbe prin
cipal rapids from whence tbe passage to tbe Albert
Niyanza Is tolerably free rrom Impediment.
vhim iMFoaraitT saws
Is contained In telegrams of two different dales in
August, sent by Colonel Gordon to General Htonn, Chief
of the General Hied at Cairo, and as an inaccurate
rlnume of their contents ouly has yet been published in
England, I am glad on the present occasion to have the
opportunity of reading to you the text of the doco
meuta. irom copies which havo been sent to me from
Egypt by Sir Bertie Frere:?
ft i Telegram of Angust 14. 1875.
The Arable text of the telegram ii V'iry confined, bat the
| contents appear t? me to be ae fbllowi ? Ws are arrived
"?ar to Appodo They tell us that tbe river is navigable
I from here to the month of tha Aaiia In narendlMg the river
ln.n? ksme to this place we have passed two rspida. Tbe
steamer Khedive has succeeded In paealng the rapuia of Bed
| din and in reaching Kerrle This ve?ael will anon arrive
here?that ia, at Appudo. The fores of the current here le
I **ry greet.
<S) Tele gram of August 30, 1*75.
At this date we era in the province of Appudo, with officers
*.n?1 if M ftkftfll from (hi ftotith tinv?
t unexpectedly arrived, and have been added to those coming
from the north. Th* Oothtuii of ftUkn has written mo ?
letter, la which he inform* uie that hobo ro*? ^ee been In
triguing among the Dougolawa irregular*, and tiictdr.^ laem
to evtl acixiua. M. Lineal hao arrived with bi? ooldlera in
good health The Ooeernor promise* to writ* the neceemry
letter* It Lie mil had mi l with Mr. Stanley at M veea ?
capital. Mr. Hteuley mated that Lake Victoria Niyansa I*
rery large, and oonlalna many island*. He had navigated
the lake troni aoolh to north, being quite alone, it., without
being accompanied by any European. Lieutenant Cauiarua
wae eight month* prevlouely on the henke of Lake Tea
ganyike. end desired to proceed towards the ereet. B.
I.mam had e flahl >in the road between M'ttme'e capital e?d
hdears, with Kehe r.-re't people, near the I>lace where
ColonelLong had hie battle. Mr Stanley. Inuring already
seen the country on the cast of Laka \ ictona, deairwa ntw
to pnreue lilt exploration* to the weeu Oouimantcattia
between I'gaudi. M'teaa'e country, and Xaaalbar. which had
been open. It now impossible, owing to the hostility of lb*
Karagwe tribe*.
nndunoft
These brief telegrams arc not very clear of tbem
sclvet, aa telegrams rarely are, but, road by the light
of Colonel Cordon'* lotUtro. written during tin- months
of May and June (and whicb have been published in
Tarts), supplemented by Licutoiiaul Cblppendall's re
port ol bis exploration up tbe Nile, which was read at
the Bristol meeting, they become sufficiently Intelli
gible. Colonel Cordon appeara during tbe summer to
bave farced bis way in Nile boats, or auggurs, from
Kagtaf to lbs moutb of the Asua, ths difference of level
between these points being over 300 feet He eattb.
llshed atalions as be went on at Ulddln, at Kerrte and at
Appudo. He was at tbe latter place, led miles from the
Albert Niyanxa, at the end of August, and was preparing
to try the asoenl of tbo rapids at Makedo. eight mtleatn
advance, and wbore be bad already established a station,
The Tacha's steamer Khedive, in the meantime, taking
advantage of the rise in the river, had followed In the
aame course, forcing her way up the rapids at Blddin
and Kerrie, and having nearly reached Appudo by the
last accounts. The great trial will be the passage of
tbe steamer (Tom Appudo to Makedo, where there aro
eight miles of continued rapids and cataracts. Baker
estimates one single fall st forty feot. If tbe steamer,
with the help of tow ropes, can reach Makedo, the
further navigation of the lake, a distance of ISO miles,
is without obstacle. While Gordon was occupiec wltb
this ascent of tbe rapids, bis assistant, CbippendalL,
had pushed ou seventy mules beyond Appudo, toward
the lake, and bad conciliated tbe tribes of tbe ieigb
borbood, but bad not succeeded in reacbin; tbo
lake itself. Both be and Colonel Gordon report, from
native information, that tbe Nile leaves tbe Albert Nl
j an/.a by two channels, but where tbe western ttream
rejoins the main river is still doubtful. Colonti Gor
don Is further inclined to give to the Albert Niytnza a
general direction of east and west, rather than north
and south. He would assign tbe greatest width if tbe
lake to the latitude of Magungo, where Baker .eft it,
and whure a station is now to be established; aid he
doubts whether the water of this great basin
stretches further south than tbe equator The
news of Lieutenant Cameron here given in Colo
nel Gordon's telegrams is, no doubt, of somewhat
older date than slated, and was probably brought to
M'loss's capital by Arab traders from Uuyanyvmbo.
W'e know from Zanzibar tbat our envoy finally left f'jijl
for the west at tbe end of May, 1874. Since this dale
no news of him whatever has been reoeived at Zanzibar,
although tne direct roote to UJiJi Is more open than It
hmm been for years past
HKWS OF SOMBWHAT LATHI SATS
than these telegrams baa since been received to tbe
effect that M. Linant, tbo bearer of Stanley's important
letter, bad boon killed, with thirty-alx of bis followers,
in an attack by the Bari tribe, when near Colonel
Gordon's station. This lamentable event may pottsibly
retard tbe execution of this officer's plans. Sir Barlle
Krero informs me in a letter Just received that bit
Excellency Nubar Pacha told him another
telegram bad been received which confirmed the
report of young LInant's death and of Gordon'i
having been obliged in consequonco to give up for
the time his visit to the Albert Nivanza. In order to go
and punish tbo tribe who had attacked the party. This
is tbe second son tbat tbe venerable Linaul Bey (the
great irrigations! engineer of Mehemet All and Ibrahim
Pacha) has lost in that country With regard to Colonel
Gordon's expedition, Sir Bartlo writes:?"Everyone
speaks most highly of Gordon and bis doings?the
Khedive and bis Prime Minister, as well as the English
residents and American missionaries. He has not
onlv, so they all say, really checked the slave trado
and" still more the slave hunting, but he has made his
ex[iedition almost pay itse'f by eoonomy and by
Judicious management of tbe conquered districts."
ths KsnutrHiax of ths i-assa
Before I close this brief account of Mr. Stanley's ex
ploration of the Victoria Niyanza? an exploration which
does infinite credit to his "energy and skill, and which
will be explainod to you In more detail by the veteran
traveller, Colonel Grant, at our next meeting?1 am
desirous of drawing attention to the extraordinary
munificence of the proprietors of the Nsw You*
Hkhald and the London TtUgrapk In fitting out this
expedition entirely at their own expense. fChoors.)
Such munificence far transcends the efforts of private
Individuals in the cause of sdonce, and oven puts to
shame onr public institutions, enabling, as it
did, the undaunted Mr. Stanley to take the
field with four Europeans and 300 natives,
amply provided with arms, instruments and sup
plies, und assured of continued support until
be had fairly accomplished his work. And 1 may add,
that the courtesy which has placed at ray disposal Mr
Stanley's map or the Victoria Niyanza lor tho gratifica
tion of the fellows of thu Geographical Society, and lor
tho general Instruction ol the public, is a graceful
sequel to the liberality of Mr. Burnley's English and
American patrons In preparing the original expedition.
I feel assured, then, that I only oxprcss the feelings of
the fellows of tbe society In recording our wannest
thanks to tbe proprietors and stall of the Nrw York
Hkrald and It oily Trlxgraph tor the service they have
rendered to the cause of geography, and In wishing
the most complete success to Mr. Stanley's further op
erations (Loud applause).
The president next alluded to the
GSR MAS kXTBDITIOS TO WJWT AFRICA,
from which so much was expected, but whicb had
been unable to pent-irate into the Interior in the vicin
ity of the Congo, the same obstacles which baffled
Lieatenaut Grandy having again, in this case, proved
insurmountable Dr. Guasfeldt, tbe leader of the ex
pedition, roturned to Europe some time back, and his
successor, Her Von Homeyer, has since succumbed to
the climate, and finally abandoned the enterprise: Tbe
only two officers. Indeed, who remain of the original
party?Dr. Pogge aud Dr. Lasanix? bave now, it is
understood, shifted their ground to the south, with the
Intention of starting from the Loanda base and making
their way via Cassauge and through a comparatively
easy country to the mysterious capital of Maliamvo.
On the oast coast of Africa, to the south
of what Is called the lake region, two British parties
are at work, not, indeed, ostensibly for the purposes of
geography, hut still In very little known regions, where
every step tn advance brings with It some discovery.
Bishop Sioere, in the first place, loft Zanzibar about
two months ago, accompanied by Mr. Alfred HellviUe
and two othor gentlemen, and piloted by Chumah and
Susi, Livingstone's two faithful servants, on a benovo
lent and important mission. Tbe party, indeed, pro
posed to cross1 from Liudy Ray, near tho mouth of
tho Rovuma Ktvcr, to the eastern, or rather the north
eastern, shores of Lake Nyassa. where they hoped
among the friendly Ajao tribe to find a con
venient site for the establishment of a mis
sionary station. Tbe other party ts that con
ducted by Mr. E. D. Young, which loft Eng
land In May last for the purpose of founding a
mission station on the southern shores of Lake Nyassa,
the friends of the late Dr. Livingstone, in Scotland,
having subscribed a sum of about ?12,00(1 for the en
dowment or this memorial station, to be named Liv
ingstonlo, and ffom whence It is hoped civilization and
Christianity may be gradually dlfTUS'-d through tho val
leys of the' Zambesi and ite affluents. By the last ac
counts, Mr. Young's party, after exponcncing some
delay at the mouth of the Zambesi, In putting together
the steel boat which they had taken out with them,
hail departed up tbe river on their Interesting and
hopeful mission. After a brief and eulogistic reference
to the work accomplished In the way ol the explora
tion of Palestine, 8ir Henry turned to Central
Asia, observing that many valuable additions have
been lately made to our knowledge of the country be
tween tbe Russian frontier and Afghanistan, the re
sult being that by means of Captain Trotter's recent
work, and the Russian explorations, geographers will b?
able at length to construct a reliable map of tbe region
between the Upper Oxus and Jaxarles; which will he
further Improved, If tt be true, as stated in the Russian
papers, lh*V after the complete reduction of Kbokand,
troops will march ffom Khojend to Genu in order to
bring under control the extensive dependency of Kara
tegin. Tho Island of New Guinea had for some years
past attracted much attention, and in tbo future, prob
ably. it will attract still more attention; lor it is al
most Impossible in tho present state of the
world, when tho nations of Europe bave subjugated or {
colonized so many lands belonging to the Indian Ocean,
the China Seas and Polynesia, that this magnillcent
island, tbe queen of the Eastern Archtpctlgo and Im
mediately contiguous to Australia should remain mnch
longer In isolated aud barren independence. The Geo
graphical Society, of course, had no direct concern
with questions of colonization or unnexatton; they
merely took Dote of such matters m consequence of
their bearing op tbeir own legitimate pursuit of geo
graphical knowledge.
IS RKGARD TO KKW OC1.TSA,
while the society hod thus abstained from all partictpo
tiou In recent agitation on the subject they, neverthe
less. watched with an anxious eye thu various mari
time surveys which, from time to time, hod been exe
cuted along the coast line, and took, further, an especial
Interest in the expeditious Ihuy have attempted?
biilterto with very limited success?to advance into
the interior of the island. Having noticed the failure
of tbe Italian traveller d'Alhertis to obtain a firm foot
ing in the inland, anil of the Macleay expedition, of the
I-ondon Missionary Society, to penetrate the rivers on
tho southeast coast, the President concluded as fol
lows:? Within tbe last day or two 1 have received fur
ther intelligence from Mr. Hume, which Is of great in
terest, and of whicb, accordingly, I add a brief notice.
It ia the discovery of a river en MM eoutn coast of New
Guinea, which is navigable for nearly 100 miles into
the interior, and which has been actually ascended by
j thu Rev S. Macfarlano and Mr. Stone in the London
Missionary Hociety'g steamer Kltrngowsn for a dls-f
j tance of sixty miles. It is proposed to call this the
"Itaxtor's River," after Miss Jlaxtor, of Dundee, to
whose generosity the London Missionary Society ware
| indebted lor the presentation to them "of tbe Rilen
j gowan steamer, by means of which the southern
! pert of New Guinea has been thus, lor the first tiuic,
explored.
ARCTIC TOOCKKtMSGS
alone romaln to be considered. The Alert and Dis
covery left England a few days after our last anniver
sary, with the heartiest wish", not only of this so
i ctety, but I may sny of the whole British nation, for
thoir success. They encountered a succession of storms
on tbe outward voyage, but reached Disco early in July
without any serious damage. The Valorous followed
shortly afterward, and enabled them to fill up at Disco
with stores and coals, so that thoy made thnir final
start for the Tolar baain on July 17 The commence
ment of their voyage in tins region wus most pro
pitious, the Ice In Melville Bay, which usually presents
a lormldable impediment to progress, being so thin and
yielding, owing to the icebergs and heavy pack having
already floated to the south, that tbe vessels steamed
through It almost without stopping, and
reached Carey Islands, where they estah
i.shod their first depot July 116. having
only occupied treaty bourn In crossing Melville Bay
Ironi Cpernivik to Cap* York. They started again for
Ninth sound on July til, and, according i? the cheering
report which haa reached us, both from Captatu Nam*
and from Commander Mark ham. of the Alert, expected
from the very favorable state of the Ice to be able to
reach an high aa latitude 86 deg. north before pulling
up for the winter They had, indeed, at leaat six week*
of working weather before them when they left Carey
Islands, in latitude 7tS deg. north, and but lor the neces
Hity of establishing depots and leaving records aa they
proceeded, miglil thus have almost hoped to finish
their whole work, as tar ua exploration was concerned,
In a single season.
It was announced by the President that the subject
of the
vtcToau bitassa
would be fully gone Into at the next meeting, when
Colonel tJraui would read a paper on Stanley's exptora
tton, and he thought that the discussion had butter be
reserved until that occasion. (Hear, hear.)
mobti-abt huhob to ova or staklkv's mbw.
We may state thai by the kind concurrence of the
Rev. Mr Banuing, the vicar of Strood, in whose church
Edward Pocock was a chorister, arrangements have
been made for the erection of a tablet to the memory
of this young Englishman, who died upon the march
to the victoria Ntyanxa The memorial, provided by
the two Journals responsible for Mr. Stanley's mission,
will bear the following inscription:?
^ In memory of Edward I'ocock,
fourth son of Henry Joseph and Ann Pocock,
Cpuor
(and formerly a member of the choir of this church), i
who died 17th January, 1876,
aged twenty-three years,
at Chewyu, In Central Africa,
upon ths Anglo-American Expedition to discover j
> the sources of the Nile,
doing his duty welL
MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES.
Mile. Sangalll, the daucer, has returned to Paris.
R?-eo d'Krina sings in Chickerlng Hail on Tuesday
night.
The best opera of Bizet, ''Carmen," has been faror
ably received at the Grand Opera at Vicuna.
"lhe Mighty Dollar" is drawing toward the close of
Its highly successful run ut tbe Para Theatre.
Mr J. N. Pattison gave a piano lecture and recital be
fore tbe Maryland Institnte, Baltimore, last week, 2 000
people being present. Ho plays this Week at Lyons and
Rochester.
Mr. lechter arrived In town on Saturday from Phila
delphia. He has nearly recovered from the ofTects of
his late accident, and wifl be able to appear at the Ly
ceum Theatre on Thursday.
The lighting arrangement# for the "Siege of Paris,"
at the Colosseum, are now perfected, and tbe gra^d
panoramic picture may be witnessed from the heights
of Cbatillon In all Its exciting phases.
The German Hospital wiU be benefited on Tuesday by
the performance of "La Dome Blanche" at tbe Acad
emy ol Music, with WachteJ as George Brown. The
entire company of Mr. NeuendorflT volunteer their ser
vices for this worthy institution.
An attractive musicaUeature this evening will be the
performance of Mendelssohn's magnificent oratorio,
'-Elijah," by the Centennial Choral Union, at Stelnway
Hall, under tbe direction of Mr. George F. Bristow
The soloists will be Mrs. Henry Butman, Miss Drasdi'l
and Messrs. Simpson and SohsL
The three new successful pieces of Offenbich?"Le
Voyage .lans la Lune," at the GalcuS; "La Boulanghre a
des Ecus," at tho Varidtds; and "La Crdole," at the
BoufTcs-Parisieus?produced on ono Sunday ovening
the following receipts:?9,8401., 6.400C and 6,003? re
spectively, or over 20,000t In all
A serious schism has just arisen at tho Burg Theatre.
Vlcana. Two actresses, Mme. Wollor and Mllo. Frank^
after a violent quarrel, both tendored tholr resignations.
The cause of tho dlffercnco was, as usual in such cases,
stage jealousy, each seeming to think that tho other
obtained an undue share of applause. The chronicler
who narrates the event asks, "Which is rlghtT" and
somewhat maliciously replies, "Both."
The second symphony concert of Theodore Thomas
takes place at Stelnway Hall on Saturday night pre
ceded by a public rehearsal on Thursday afternoon.
The following orchestral works win be givenSym
phony No 2, C minor, opus 134 (now), Relnecke;'in
Uoduction and finale, "Tristan and Isolde," Wagner
soventh symphony, Beethoven. Mr. & B. Mills will
play Schumann's ConcertstQck, opus 92, for the first
lima The two now works are likely to create a great
deal of interest In musical circles.
The German Emj>eror's recent visit to Milan has
given rise to a curious lawsuit. Many of the boxes in
La Seals Theatre belong to private persons, who koep
the keys. Two renters, the Duke Seoul and an advo
cate named Traverts. cordially detost the Germans
and in order to manifest their displeasure they re^
solved to absent themselves from the theatre on the
night that the Emperor went there and to keep their
boxes empty. Thereupon the police broke open the
doors and placed wmc Prussian officers In tbe boxes.
For doing this the Duke and the lawyer have Instituted
legal proceedings.
Rossi dresses Kdmnnd Kean In the older Dumas' play
in nautical costume, white trousers, blue Jacket friDged
with white and a broad, red sash, which would astonish
an English sailor. When first produced, in 1830 Le
maltre was the original Kean, and Bressant played* the
part of the Prince Wales, Tho hero suits Rossi to per
fection; the Italian is an actor born; he is full of
Southern fire, and every passion Instantly finds ex
treme expression on his mobile features. The charac
ter of Kuan is Intendod to run through tho entire
gamut, not only of human passion, but to a great ex
tent that of human character. According to Dumas
he is almost everything-a fine gentleman and a bully*
u mountebank and a hero, a low dobauchoc and the
protector of female honor; he acts a part on a stago
within astage, and he is constantly assuming In private
life a character other than his own.
Hans ton BQlow's programmes for this week
at Cbickenng Hall are as follows:?Monday?Quar
tet in G minor for piano, violin, viola and cello, Mo
zart; Bach's Fantasie Chromatique and Handol's
Suite In D minor, piano solos, grand trio for piaoo
Tloiln and cello, opas 70, No. 2, in E fiat, Beethoven.'
Wodncsday?Second grand trio, opus 112, in G for
piano, violin and cello. Raff; Carnival, Schumimn;
piano solo, quartet for piano and strings, opus 38, Jo
seph lthelnberger. Friday-Third grand trio, piano
and strings, opas 124, in A minor, Hpohr; twenty five
variations and fugue on a Handellan air, opus 24
Brahms; piano solo and quintet for piano and strings,'
opus 44, Schumann. The great pianist will be as
sisted in those concorta by Dr. Damrosch, violin, Mr.
Matxka, viola, and Mr. JtergDcr, cello. Three vocalists
will appear-namely, Miss Emma Thursby, soprano;
Miss Lizzie Cronyn, soprano, and Mr. Stoddard, basso.'
On Tuesday night Von Bfilow appears for the aocond
time at Plymouth church, Brooklyn.
Charles Mathews, at his farewoll benefit at tho Gaiety
Theatre, London, made a speech, in which the follow
ing graceful allusions to bis age occurred
?^T?!rv-*.8t?ry of ? man who went every night
ta hlH hMUl ln lh* "on-s mouth
In ontar that he might be suro of not missing the mol
ment when it would be bitten off. Who Lnowa bul
that the same sort of foellng may exist with regard to
rny few words, and that tbe hope that they may X my
??'"? h V* "nunerf ? ??, I shall try and
l h L morbid desire and do my best to outlast htm
Ii!i|Mn ,0 far 411 d wl" make ? struggle for it
. h"k6 enj?yed lh? of the public lor forty
(t-h t hAvo grown all the stronger for Its support
Who knows how long I may vet eniov itv iT-ii
events, I have had tho gratification of finding that even
after so long a period, and notwithstanding the growth
7.OUnrnAbnf[hl Intellects sround rat ^
Ltfr". T" an,e *mul,ornoBt that I did
nearly half a century ago, and that I am permitted not
only to play my old parts to the satisfaction of the au
d.ence, but have been allowed to write and act a new
one meeting with even more than my old success r
fnrf? '??,f>l?Manlrem?rub''?n',e with me wherever
hH i 0P* t0 rctorn atJd find yon all as
hearty and kind as ever.
The GM>e thus pleasantly gossips of the affection
people have for the old prime donno tbey have seen In
their youth
thl# te he'd#throned!
lfl?aUlMuld^otdm^^?lller('f0n*1 or M?'lbrln"aS
them and hi .h" m7 !'"* 8U:'' the distance between
maiden " Ac i,?" * ii?" how lho ',oor JewUh
? AAc., It makec on?'f blood thrill
even now to think of that Incomparable
Rebecca And then there was poor Grisl, who to the
end sang on. end allowed herself to be persuaded?as
the bhlH euphemistically put It?"to revisit the scenes
of her former triumphs"- the triumphs of those days
when Liiefezla was terribly beautiful, mid Norma
looked the raving mother that she was Quite a world
of personal feeling is stirred up In thinking of these
bygone singers W# associate our own youth with
theirs. We would wish to be ourselves as we were
when we first heard them; when we were capable of
Illusion, and went to the opera to be pleased, and not
merely to avoid being borod. We will not allow that
time bus told upon them, or that their places have ever
been filled up It Is a matter of sentiment, and we ara
right to be loyal to our earijr favorites.
THE SOUDAN.
Mr. Stanley's Movements as Known
at Khartoum.
CONQUESTS AND ANNEXATION.
Colonel Gordon's Equatorial
Explorations.
WADAI AND DARFOTJR.
KlIARTOtTM, Oct 0, 1879k
According to European papers Wadal has now be
come a tributary province of Egypt It Is Ha Id that the
Sultan of Wadal was himself the first to propose this
arrangoment to the Khedive. If this Information should
be confirmed, It Is said that one result will be that Jour
neys of discovery will In future "enter a new ?>base;"
for in the event of Wadal becoming an actual depen
dency of Egypt a territory will be subject to law which
has hitherto been attended with the greatest
danger. But In reference to this "new phase"
the events of the day lead us to entertain a very oon
trary view. At the time when the barbarian princes
of Wadal, Darfour, A&, exorcised their powers in an
arbitrary mannor scientific explorers could at least
penetrate Into this mystorious region, although to re
turn was quite another matter, as many examples will
show; but since Darfonr has been blessed with Egyp
tian laws the unterrlfled explorer has not dared
to tread the sacred soil of this mysterious land (Dar
four) any more than the unfalthfnl the Kaaba in
Mecca. As a fact I can adduce the following:?The
African traveller, Ernst Marno, when he asked by letter
the permission of the General Qovernor of Darfonr to
visit that land, recoivel a very courteous answer,
which was only to bo construed as an Invitation.
Marno, on the 28th of July, journeyed from Khar
toum to Darfour. In El Obeld, the chief city
of Kordofan, the Mudlr declared to him that, accord
ing to higher authority, no one could enter Darfour
except officers of the government. Marno then wrote
to the above named General Governor ef Darfour (by
name Ismail Pacha) and received a reply advising him
for the present not to proceed to Darfour, but to make
exertions In Kondofan. He also sent a telegraphic
message to Cairo, but received an unfavorable aa
awer. -Brgo, scientific explorers enjoy, under the new
rtrjime, less liberty than under the despotic rule
of the black chiefe. According to this experience,
Darfour is to-day, under the Egyptian rule, hermeti
cally closed, so far as scientific exploration is con
cerned, Just as once China was, and the above quoted
words, that scientific travel haa "enterod a new
phaso," Ac., remain very problematical.
Mr. Chlppondale has been obliged, on account of an
absolutely necessary surgical operation upon the neck,
to return to Europe, and left here on the 111th
of August for England. Ernest Llnant de Belle
fonds completed his Journey on the Victoria
Nlyanza In January- He met Stanley at
King Mtesl's?the latter (Stanley) had already com
pleted a large portion of his survey of the lake. Un
fortuuatoly, little la known of this interesting meeting
of the two travellers, slnoo Llnant, while on his return
Journey to the north, was massacred between Darfour
and Kerri, with about forty of his people. He was not
sufficiently supplied with ammunition to meet the at
tack of the savages. Stanley, on leaving King Mtesl,
went toward the west. On the borders of Uganda his
soldiers appear to have deserted him, placing him in a
very difficult position, and It was only with the great
est difficulty that be could continue bis journey.
Colonel Gordon has, for some tlmo past, been sojourn
ing In Boddand Kerri; the numerous murders and
robberies had compelled him to concentrate all his
forces under the leadership of the well known Woadel
Mek. who was well acquainted with the district, and to
give the savages a very severe lesson In order to put
down tholr hostility.
Marcopulo, well known since the Baker expedition,
was called from Cairo by Gordon at tbe commencement
of this year. He accepted the Invitation, and went to
Gordon'e residence at Lada He returned from equa
torial territory to Khartoum on tho 2d with bis dismis
sion, and goes back to his old quarters at Cairo. Ac
cording to tbe latest private Information from Faa
choda, two Greek merchants, while on a hunting ex
cursion, were attacked by a troop of Schlllook negroes
and severely wounded with lances. Tho Schillooks then
entered Faschoda, surprising about twenty soldiers,
whom they massacred. Two companies had been
sent thither from Khartoum. Acoording to this It ap
pears that the report sent abroad, after the Turks had
strangled the Schlllook King, that travellers could
Journey in the Schlllook territory in all directions
without escort or arms, rests on a very doubtful foun
dation.
THE BLACK WELL'S ISLAND MURDEB.
TWO MOBJE ASSISTS OH SUBMCIOH?THB EE
CIASKD DKEXBTS HIS WIFB AHD FAJ4ILT TO
BZCOMB A PATTPIH.
Coroner Woltmaa visited Blackwt-U's Island yester
day morning and took charge of the body of the old
gate keeper, Matthew Creery, who died from hie In
juries on Saturday evening. The body was removed to
the dead house and the Coroner's surgeon ordered to
make a post mortem examination. This morning a
Jury will be Impanelled and tbe Inquest commenced.
Two detectives from headquarters are to take hold of
the case, who will aid tbe Coroner In trying to ferret
out tbe perpetrators of the crimo. Warden
Fox has been untiring In bis efTorts to work out a clew
that might lead to the discovery of the murderer. Yes
terday he caused two men to be closely confined, one of
them a prisoner named Gray. It seems that Gray was
sent on an errand by one of the doctors during the fhlal
night, and that he remained out all nlgnt. His where
abouts during the latter part ot tbe night. It seems, he
cannot explain. This Is the only point they have
against him. Warden Fox stated to a Hbhald reporter
that, although he felt it his duty to cause Gray to be
held (or examination, still be had very great doubts
that he eould have committed the murder. Ho has al
ways been found a reliable und trustworthy man, and
one who would not have. It is claimed, the courage to
commit so terrible a deed.
Yesterday the wile of the deceased called at the
island in company with her two sona. They were
deeply affected over his death. It seems that both
his sona are well to do In business in
tnls city, living In very comfortable cir
cumstances. Family tronble caused the deceased
to leave his wife, and for tbe past year they
eould get no traro of bis whereabouts. On Saturday
morning the eldest son saw tbe notlco in the Hsbai.d
of the sad affair, and at once concluded that It was his
father. He immediately atoned for tbe Island, and his
suspicions proved too true. The want of means was no
cause for the old man becoming a panpor on the Island.
Hs evidently sought that sort of retirement, concluding,
no doubt, to banish himself from all his relatives and
friends. All the employes on the Island speak of him
as being a very quiet and peaceable man, that he was
never known to havo had a oroas word with any of the
prisoners. The evidence before tbe Coroner will, no
doubt, throw some light on the matter.
CHANOX8 OH THH IHEAHE.
Tbe Commissioners of ChArltles and Correction held
a long meeting on Saturday afternoon, and took
tinder consideration the various charges that were
exposed in yesterday's Hcsals, and also the
removal of certain keepers. It turned out
that there was nothing to Implicate tbe warden,
Mr. Fox. in the least with any of the charges made; the
whole thing originated from a right among the keepers.
Thomas Haywood, keeper In the Penitentiary, the
principal complainant against McDonnell, seems to
have got himself into a bad position, for the Commis
sioners dismissed htm with one other from the depart
moot. The Commissioners are about to oontinue their
investigation, and while at tbe work certain office* In
the Almshouse will come In for n thorough overhaul
In*
THE HUDSON RIVER TUNNEL.
The argument in the great legal controversy between
the Hudson Klver Tunnel Company and the Delaware
and Istckawanna Company will be resumed to-day in
tbe Court of Errors and Appeals at Trenton. Mr.
Henry 8. White, counsel for the former company,
will press for a decision during the present torm on the
ground that a speedy judgmout oi the case is ef great
importance.
FOUND DEAD IN BED.
Josd I.eon Rodriguez, aged thirty, a boarder at No
119 Greene street, was found dead In Ills bed yesterday
The Coroner was aouQed.
THE SPEAKERSHIP.
YIBWU or TOM PUKHB ON TBI QUESTION?RAN
DALL VEB8UB KKBU.
Our first TOW would bo for Randall. ?Richmond En
quirtr (dem)
The public mind la In doubl la regard to Mr. Korr'a
views, seriously In doubt.? Aolmrw (TV. Y.) Advertiter
(rep)
Tbe contest evidently line between Randall and Kerr,
with the chances in favor of KaudalL?Hartford Timet
(den.)
Samuel J. Randall baa taken the lead again In the dt.
reetioa of the Speaker's chair.?Auburn (If. Y.) Adver
titer (repj
Kerr ii atypical demagogue, and his election waa no
triumph tor himself or party. ? Washington correspond
ence Louisville Commercial (rep.)
Mr. Randall Is now In a fair way to outstrip all hli
competitors.?Auburn (If. Y.) Advertiser (rep.)
Another thing In Randall's favor lies In his State not
having a democratic candidate for the Presidency.?
Auburn (N. Y.) Advertiser (rep.)
Mr. Randall has been grievously slandered by those
who have pronounced him an inllatlonist?Correspond
ence New York Tribune.
Randall claims regard for superior knowledge of par
liamentary law, more conservative views on the cur
rency question, sound Ideas on the Internal Improve
ment quostlons and for bis admirable service of the
South In tho last Congress. On the whole, we are not
sorry to see that his strength Is Increasing every day.?
Richmond Enquirer (dem.)
And now the Eastern democratic papers are airing the
greenback record of M. 0. Kofr, democratic candidate
lor Speaker. Tho Financial Record contains tho state
ment that in 1874 bo declared himself In favor of paying
all the five-twenty bonds in greenbacks. Besides, he is
opposed to early resumption, declaring it impossible for
ten years.
Trouble, trouble, boll and babble.
?(Mtbuque Times (rep.)
Mr. Kerr has reached Washington and begun an ac
tive canvass lor tbe Speakership. It is Bald he will
mako an open contest without attempting to conceal his
views. 8uch an attempt would seem useless, since he
has spread himself out so extonsivoly In biB public
speeches that he who runs may read. Let the dance go
on.?Albany Journal (rep.)
It is quite safe to predict that Mr. Kerr will not be the
next Speaker of the House.?Newark Courier (rep.)
Mr. Kerr is talking too much. The democracy will
not accept such a man. Some more sllont candiduto
will have the place.?Newark Advertiser (rep.)
KEltu's GREENBACK CONSTITUENTS.
[Erom the Cincinnati Enquirer?democratic.]
The bullioulsts of tho East have set their hearts upon
Kerr for the Speakership, They will offer no com
promise. If they can securo a secret ballot in caucus
they will probably be able to nominate him. But what
are wii to thing ot tho few representatives of the West
who propose to betray their greenback constituents by
voting lor this representative of the money rings? It is
said that Indiana lias a few, and Illinois a few, and Mis
souri a few. The people may find them out some day, and
when they do thcro is but one way to settle with the
gentlemen.
RANDALL STRONGEST.
[From the Boston Advertiser.]
Tho opposition majority In tho new House of Repre
sentatives Is so large that its members can afford to di
vide on the question of the Speakership without much
risk of losing control of the House Mr. Hundall ap
pears to have the largest following, and, in the quali
ties of a presiding ofilcer merely, has marked advan
tages over his competitors. He is a very skilful parlia
mentarian, thoroughly trained in the practise of tho
House, and bus besides, probably, warmer personal at
tachments than either of his democratic competitors.
Mr. Kerr Is as firm a domocrat as Mr. Randall, but
moves In a different atmosphere.
A SORT OF LEFT-HANDED COMPLIMENT FOB
RANDALL.
[From the Springfield (Mask) Republican?independent
republican.]
Among the candidates for the place Samuel J. Ran
dall, of Pennsylvania, is conspicuous. As a politician
he has many qualifications. He has no conscience
that troubles him. Ha has no principles thai he U
ready to die for. He is a Fennsylvauian, with all
that tho word implies, and, therefore, Is for protection
to pig Iron and, other productions of that State, but, as
a democrat, he is otherwise for free trade. He Is for
hard or soft money, according to circumstances. Ho Is
opposed to all subsidies except those that will help
Pennsylvania, or Tom Scott, or the democratic party 01
Sam Randall Ho Is acquainted with the Ring of whieh
Boss Shepherd is supposed to be chief, and there Is no
doubt that Shepherd and Babcock?otherwise known us
tho great American measurer?are not nnkindiy dis
posed toward him. Ho Is disinclined to jobs?except
certain Jobs. He is a clever follow, impudent, good
nalured, in a certain way industrious, with loss knowl
edge of parliamentary law than he ought to have ab
sorbed la his long membership, rather miscellaneous
In his methods of apoech, and with no Idea that gov
ernment Is a science, or that the democratic party ex
ists for any other purpose than to take care of
itself and not hurt Its friends. ? ? ?
He has the virtue of frankness, and, like Butler, seldom
pretends to be better than he Is. He is not good
enough nor great enough to excito onvy or bate, nor
bad enough to be shunned oat of policy; certainly not
by tbe men who care full as much for what can bo
made out of the nrtsenl Congress as for making capital
fbrony honest democrat for noxt year. In short, be is a
pretty fair representative ot the democratic party in the
House, which does nolsocm capable of appreciating its
opportunity, or of profiling by It. Even If a decent re
spect for appearances should keep Randall In tho ranks,
there Is small probability that ho good a man as Kerr can
get the place; and with Randall a leader on the door
and some accommodating though respectable gentle
man Ln the chair, nothing woud be gained for reform.
THIRD TERM NOTES.
Are tbe American people willlr^ to be dragooned
into religions dissensions and all the bitterness and bad
blood, which is sura to follow, lor tbe more purpose of
pandering to a personal ambition ant aiding political
tnckatera to carry out their schumoaf?RenptUad (L. /.)
Inquirer (Arm.)
It la almost Impossible to find a republ'oan paper of
any standing that favors "third term," wtsic scores of
the ablest journals of tbo party are outspoktn In oppo
sition.? Hartford Pott (rep.)
We can conceive of no emergency so grave is to jus
tify such a violent doparture from tbe traditions of the
government and tbe Incurring of such a host of dingers
as tbe nomination of a President for a third term would
Involve. The republican party under no circumstances
will try tbe experiment.?Hochetlrr Democrat (rep.)
The masses of the republican party, no longer at
frighted with the absurd cry of Ca;sarism, are now
looking to Orant as confidently as tbey ever regarded
him.? Neuyport (IV. //.) A rgut (Ana.)
The "third term" gossip baa broken oat again, and
the newspapers unfriendly to President Grant are full of
It Can't those uneasy sheets take Mr. Lincoln's advice
and wait till tbey come to the river before worrying
about crossing It Palmer (Mast.) Journal (rep.)
General Grant is utterly devoid of public spirit, and
we defy hta moat earnest supporters to reveal to the
public one Instance wbereln at any ono time he has
subordinated personal Interest and pleasure to the
duties of office, with a decent regard for the boneat
fame and reputation of bla administration.? Baltimore
UsueUt (Asia.)
Tbe fear just now, so prevalent among the demo
crats that General Grant will be nominated for a third
term. Is very amusing. Iflboy really wanted It done
and thought by having it done it would make a sure
victory for domocracy would tbey be objecting to It f
Would tbey be howling about It as tbey are to day
throughout tbe lend?? teatenworlk Vommnrctal (rep.)
Tbe democratic papers may at well understand tbal
tbey cannot make tbe nomination for the republican
parly. The republican party will, in due time and witb
a lull senso of Its obligations, name its own candidate
and it will elect him.? Albany Journal (rep organ.)
General Grant dlanppoinls bis enemies.?JVeio Have*
)'allodium (rep.)
The death of Henry Wilson, one of the most Intenst
and influential enemies or the third term, Is a ste)
toward General Grant's better progress, and enable,
hiratosaywith all the more force, as King Itichari
?aid to tbe Duke of Buckingham and I<ord Mayor o
London, "Slnco you will buckle fortune on my hack
whether I will or no," I accept your Droller*
holers.? Hudson (if. X-) Msguttr (Asm.)

xml | txt