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BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.?On and attar Junuary 1, 1875, tlie daily and weekly (diticns of the New Yob* Herald will be' sent free of j*ostage. TILE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage, to subscribers. All business or news letters and tolegraphio despatches must be addressed New Yob* Herald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re- : turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. FAR IS OFFICE-AVENUE DE L'OrERA. Subscriptions nnd advertisements will be received und iorwarded on the same terms as in New Y'ork. VOLUME XI NO. 333 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. EAGLE THEATKB, Broadway and Thirty third street ? VARIETY, tl 8 P. ! WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway. corner of Thirtieth itreel.? KARL KLINE, at 8 I' M . closes at 10 .45 P. M Matiuaa at 2 P. 11. George S. Knight. TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE, Noa. 585 and 587 Broadway -VaKIKTV. at 8 P. M. LYCEUM THEATRE. Ponrteenth street, near Sixth avenue ?DALILA, at 8 P. M Parisian Company. THIRD AVENUE THEATRE. Third avenue, between Thirtieth and Thirty-Brat etreeu.? MINSTRELSY and VARIETY, at 8 P. M. GEBMANU THEATRE. Pnnrteeoth atreet, near Irrlng place.?THE LIZABD, at 8 P. M. TIYOLI THEATRE, Eighth etieet, near Third avenue.?VAKIETY. at 8 P. M. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowerr.?THE WALES OP NEW YORK. at 8 P. II. Mlea Kale Raymond. COLOSSEUM. Thirty-fourth ttreet and Broadway ?PRUSSIAN SIEGE OP PARIS. Open from 10 A. M. to 5 P. M. auu from 7 P. M. to 10 P M. CHTCKEKINO HALL, Fifth avenne and Eighteenth atreet.?GRAND CONCERT, at S P. M, Von Buiow. OLYMPIC THEATRE, No. 624 Broadway -VARIETY, at 8 P. M. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteenth atreet.?CASTE, at 8 P. M.; eloaes atlOAoP.il. Mr Harry Beckett. Miaa Ada Dyae. PARISIAN VARIETIES. Sixteenth atreet, near Broadway ?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. SAN PRANCISCO MINSTRELS, New Opera Uouae, Broadway, corner of Tw enty-ninth .treat, at S P. ML THEATRE COMIQUE, No. 514 Broadway -VAKIETY. at 8 P. M. BOOTH'S THEATRE. Twenty-third atreet an I Sixth avenue ?LITTLE EM'LY. at SP. M. Oeoigv P. Rowe. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Ponrteenth atreet ?German Opera?LE POSTILLON DE XONJUMEAU. Wachlel. VOLKS' GARTEN. Bowery.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. PARK TILEATRE. Broadway and Twentyetecond atreet.?THE MIGHTY DOL LAR, at 8 P. 5L Mr. and Mr*. Florence. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART. Nn 128 Waal Pourteeotb atreet?Open from 10 A. M. to 3 P. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. Twenty-eighth atreet. Dear Broadway.?OUR BOYS, at 8 P. M.. doeea at 10 JO P M. TBIPLE SHEET? NEW YORI, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1871. From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the weather to-day will be decidedly cold and clear. The Wfbitji by Fast Mux Tbains.?Netcs dealers and the public throughout the States of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, as well at in the West, the Pacific Coast, the North, the SoutJi and Southwest, also along the lines of the Hudson liiver, New York Central and Pennsylvania Central Railroads and their con nections, will be supplied with The Hekai.p, free of postage. Extraordinary inducements offered to neirsdeaLeri by sending th.eir orders direct to this office. The New Capitol Building at Albany, according to the report of the master build ers appointed to examine the work, is being improperly and insufficiently constructed, and the interior walls are of a dangerously inferior quality of brick. Here is an oppor tunity for practical reform, and the discovery is made in time for the Legislature to inter pose its authority to prevent the wrongs charged in the report, which we print this morning. It is a Remaeeable Stoby of the falling in of the roof of an extensive mine, which comes to us this morning from the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania. But for the fore sight and humanity of Mr. Roberts, one of the proprietors of the Chauncy mine, who first perceived the danger and took the oper atives out of the work, the disaster would have resulted in a terrible calamity, involv ing the loss of many lives. Such an act is worthy of the highest honor. When It Is Aeoued against Mr. Randall that he accepted the back pay voted by the last Congress it should not be forgotten that Mr. Kerr, his competitor, also accepted back pay when voted by a Congress of a few years ago. The difference between Mr. Randall's position and that of Mr. Kerr is the differ ence between cant and sincerity, and every sincere democrat will r< joice in the oppor tunity to show his respect for courage and manliness of opinion by welcoming Mr. Randall to the office of Speaker. Tn* Byeon Statue.?The proposition to erect a statue to Lord Byron in London has met with universal approval and with sub stantial support. We learn that the memorial committee has already received about ten thousand dollars in subscriptions from Great Britain and the United States. The American subscriptions range from one dollar to one hundred dollars, and are acknowledged on receipt by the American members of the committee. The list will be evcntnailv published in the Heealu . n?np Iiploratloiu Altomt th? SOIRM ?* tk. Mil*. We ere not surprised that the appearance of Mr. Stanley'B letter in London, which we publish thin morning, excited a profound sensation in England. It is one of the most remarkable contributions to geographical discovery and the literature of travel and ad venture since the time of Bruce. In it he touches the very marrow of the problem which was a leading topic of inquiry with Aristotle, Ptolemy and Herodotus, and which we recognize in the familiar garb of "the sources of the Nile." We are not prepared to assert, as some of our able contemporaries have, that Mr. Stanley forever set at rest all doubts as to the sources of that mysteri ous river, nor indeed that he has, as yet, ac tually discovered the fountain-head. But we may claim, upon the evidence presented this morning, that he has reached and navi gated the furthermost southern waters of the Victoria Lake and its tributaries, and must be considered now as the first authority on the main question of African geography. The map of the Viotoria Nivanza, which we pub lish to-day, will facilitate the study of the reader, while the views of Sir H. Kawlinson, President of the Royal Geographical Society, expressed in his recent address, will bo found of great interest and value. In order to understand the importance of Mr. Stanley's heroic labors let us briefly survey the flow of the Nile. Following the tide of tourists who enter Egypt at the port of Alexandria we proceed from Boulac, the port of Cairo, along the broad bosom of a swift-flowing stream, and nearly a thousand miles from the Mediterranean, at the first cataract, all river traffic ceases. Nile travel along this route of gigantic ruins and impos ing temples is a feast, and for nearly half a century it has been the fashion of the wealthier classes, craving curious sights in Oriental lands, to spend a winter of luxury idling along the stream. From the second cataract, three hundred miles beyond, the^ provinces of Egypt are thinly populated. The river, sweeping around a great bend to westward, leaps over cataracts which impede all navigation, and it is only when Berber, two thousand miles from the delta, is reached, that the traveller is on the borders of Central Africa and in the midst of thoroughly abor iginal peoples. Away to southward, em bracing over fifteen degrees of latitude, are tribes, numbering as high in the aggregato as thirty millions of souls, who have boen the prey of slave hunters, torn asunder again and again by native wars, but now happily attached by conquest to the fortunes of Egypt. It is over this wild and pesti lential domain, to southward of Khartoum, that so many intrepid explorers have pene trated?the majority to lose their lives?and the prize has been the sources of the Nile. Mr. Stanley, who had been three times in Africa, at Magdala, Coomossio and Ujiji, be fore entering upon the present journey, made a thorough study of the various routes by which he should approach the territory where the fountain-head lies, and in this inquiry he enjoyed peculiar advantages. On terms of personal intimacy with leading geographers and travellers of the world, seeking theii counsel and advice, he at last determined to enter Africa by the old route of Speke and Grant, from the coast opposite Zanzibar, and his triumphant progress has been recorded from time to time in these columns. At last, reaching the shores of the Victoria Niyanza, he has startled the scientific world by dis covering and fixing by astronomical ob nervations the flow of the Shimeeyti?a river three hundred and seventy miles long, rising at the intersection of the fifth degree of sonth latitude and the thirty-fifth me ridian of longitude east from Greenwich. Mr. Stanley describes this stream "as by far the noblest river that empties into the lake ? ? ? the extreme southern source of the Nile." It is a mile wide at the mouth, not insignificant compared with the White Nile, and is supplied by several not unim portant feeders. These affluents are fed by mountain streams which rise on the western slope of the great range of which Kilimanjaro and Keania are conspicuous peaks. This discovery goes far to substantiate the theory of Chief Justice Daly, recently published in the Herald. The astute President of the American Geographical Society, going back to the days of ancient learning, has pointed out that the range of mountains to which we have alluded is the samo then identified by Aristotle and Ilerodotus. Not only has he shown this, but the still more remarkable identity of the Albert and Victoria Niyunzas, with the two lakes of Ptolemy boldly graven on his map. But let us ask the geographers to look at another phase of this Nile question; for Mr. Stanley still has work to do, which, we aro confident, will be performed with all the energy, enthusiasm and accuracy which have characterized his survey of the Victo ria Nivanza. The Albert Niyanza, first dis covered and navigated by Sir Samuel Baker, is an important element in the discussion. With the exception of Baker no white man has ever sailed upon its waters; no one has ever circumnavigated its shores and no one seems competent to deal with its real or im aginary proportions. Baker, with apparent justice, calls it the great basin of the Nile? that is, the main reservoir of the White or true Nile. If Sir Samuel Baker is right, and he is the only man, as yet, who is any au thority on the subject, the Albert Lake must still be considered the main source of the river, for Mr. Stanley reports that the great est depth of water found in the Victoria Lake is two hundred and seventy-five feet, and the Nile, if left to the supplies of water from such an inadequate source, would be an empty ditch long before reaching the prov ince of Nubia. The question, then, would seem to be, which lake would keep tho Nile flowing if all other sources of supply were cut off? We think that source would be found in Baker's Great Basin of the Nile, a deep, broad body of water, flanked by lofty mountains, situated in the midst of the great rain-fall country. It is argued by some that, because the Victoria Lake is higher in elevation than the Albert Lake, therefore the former is the true source of the river. But this argument, applied to the Blue Nile, would make that branch the true Nile, which would be absurd, for during I more than half the year it is almost dry, i and gives little water to supply the main ?tream flowing to the sea. 80 that the source of the Nile?the ultimate source?is not one of relative elevations above the sea, but of water supply, and this is the practical ae well as sentimental aspect of the question. The next intelligence we receive from Mr. Stanley will introduce this interesting fea ture. He has already started for the Albert Lake, has probably launched his boat upon its waters, and, with his instruments in hand,has, we believe, long ere this settled the question that has so often and so fruitlessly agitated the world. In this journey to the Albert Lake Mr. Stanley must encounter porils which we are loath to exaggerate, yet which may cost him his life. The brave de Bellefonds, who was the bearer of the correspondence pub lished this morning, was cruelly put to death, with forty of his people, in the very country which Mr. Stanley must traverse in pushing forward his explorations, and Sir Samuel ltaker has written to a gentleman in New York that the IIxkald correspondent's position is extremely critical in consequence of the fierce and warlike attitude of the tribes. Aside from the important geographical features of this correspondence Mr. Stan ley describes with a graphic pen new coun tries never before visited, types of strange peoples, and gives an account of several stirring adventures which exhibit in a manly way the military side of his character. What more stirring incidont could very well en liven a traveller's diary than this ? A native in Uyuma had stolen some beads, and these he insolently held up to Mr. Stanley's view. "At the sight of this I fired, and the mun fell dead in his canoe." His description of the coasting voyage, his remarks on the scenery and productions of the country, and his royal reception by the Ugandian King are not only effective pieces of writing, but exhibit Stanley at his best. In the midst of hi3 great successes Mr. Stanley has not forgotten the humanitarian part of his mission. In a cordial intimacy with the renowned King Mtesa, he has suc ceeded in makings half convert of him by the commemoration of the Christian as well as the Moslem holy day. He tells us that Chris tianity can gain an important foothold by the shores of the Victoria Lake, and gives such a practical idea as to how missions should be established that it will occasion no surprise to learn that a wealthy Englishman has offered $50,000 to carry out the explorer's suggestion. The correspondence in its entirety we com mend to all Americans as containing the record of achievements without parallel in the history of travel. A Challenge from Oar Universities to Oxfbrd, Cambridge and Dublin. The University crews in convention this week at Springfield should take prompt and effective steps to insure the presence at Sara toga and Philadelphia in 1876 of the famous Oxford and Cambridge teams, as well as one from Dublin University. The time iB ripe for a return of the memorable match which, on the Thames, in 1869, awakened such an interest wherever English is spoken or courage admired. Among the many good crews now in training we are almost certain to give either or all of our guests from abroad the warmest kind of work, while their recep tion both by the community at large, and more especially by their hosts, the students themselves, will bo Buch as to leave most pleasant memories of our Centennial year and our land. The committee of the Centennial races have wisely insisted that all club work be done in fours. Now let our students seize the opportunity to discard the unwieldy sixes forever and row in craft as other people do. The University contest comes off in mid-July, the Centennial in late August In the interval New York, Boston and Chicago, and even San Francisco, would welcome the visitors to their waters and throw open races sure to be inviting, while Pittsburg and Buffalo would probably not stay oat in the cold. The great annual Oxford and Cambridge match is rowed in late March or early April, and already the work of preparing for it must be well forward. Let our fourteen or more universities and colleges instruct their delegates in convention to unite in a manly and friendly letter in viting these famous Britons to share their great boat race on Saratoga Lake, or row its winners on the day after. Put Thomas Hughes on again for referee, receive them on their arrival, and care for them while here as the London Bowing Club en tertained our men in 1869. Take unusual pains to have this contest what good manage ment can easily make it, and the hundredth birth year of our country will well prove a most fit inaugural of a series of contests sure to become annual, and to effect not only eminent benefit to the cause of good rowing among us, but to also increase the intelligent good fellowship already existing between tho young men of the two English nations, for which the Oxford-Harvard match and the visit of our riflemen have already done so much. A Good Example to Follow.?The sen sible and patriotic letter of the Chief Justice of the United States has Suddenly made him one of the most admired and trusted of American citizens. He mrne into the ex alted position he holds irJl very generally known to tho people, though respected by the whole Bar for his eminent legal attain ments and high character. This letter, in which he declines to drag the Supreme Court into politics, will make him known and val ued by all Americans as a man tfho feels the dignity of his place and has a sense of duty. What an excellent example the Chief Jus tice has set to the President! If no^f General Grant should in bis forthcoming Message formally pronounce against a third term as unadvisable and contrary to the spirit of our institutions he too would find himself ap plauded by the people, and he would disarm his enemies in a way which would please all his trueBt friends. Kino Alfonso attained his majority yester day. He is now eighteen years old, the timo when Spanish kings come of age, and a grand file was given at the palaco in honor of the event As such an occasion must be supple | men ted by some unusual rumor it was reported that the young king is to take the field in person : but this story may well be I doubted. !??rt PrahUnt Hut OppoM Tam mmar?Am Kmmtmrm lyuktr WMM4. In ? ft* days hence the House of Repre sentatives, by electing a Speaker, will de termine whether the next President of the United States shall be an Eastern or a Western man. Let no Congressman forget that his vote for a Western candidate for Speaker will strengthen the influence of Tammany, not only in the next campaign, but also in the next administration. Every worker in Tammany who hopes to get some thing from the Custom House or from an Indian ring is in favor of Mr. Kerr for Speaker and of an Eastern man for Presi dent But the conscience of the democratic party cries out against the impending evil of a President who has ever been under the in fluence of Tammany Hall. The election of Mr. Kerr for Speaker would throw the choice of a Presidential candidate upon the East, and Governor Tilden, who is a Tammany man of the past as well as of the present, would undoubtedly receive the nomination. The election of Mr. Kerr as Speaker would fasten Tammany, like the Old Man of the Sea, upon the shoulders of the party and the nation. Nor are the qualities of Mr. Kerr for moral bravery in political sotion, or for consistency of political principle, sufficient to overbalance his disqualifications as the vir tual candidate of Tammany for Speaker. On the contrary, he is weak in council and evasive in contest. The democrats need a progressive man and not a trimmer. By their very first action in Congress, in their initial campaign against corruption, the democrats may destroy the ulcered tiger of Tammany and give expression to the stifled sentiment of their party. A careful reading of the best wishes of people who are willing to be democrats without Tam many indicates that they lean toward Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania, for Speaker. The South favors him because it wants a Presi dent from the West. The West favors him for the some reason, and because it has never forgotten the stupid blunders originated in Tammany, which forced the nominations of Seymour and Greeley. Mr. Randall is the best parlimcntnrian in the democratic party; his action in the aflair of salary raising was the outspoken action of a man who never doubted that he was right. He neither oonceals his motives nor pre varicates concerning his political history, as Mr. Kerr naturally does; and he lives remote from the political and social influences of Tammany. But in the present emergency Mr. Randall's paramount qualification as a candidate for Speaker is that his election will decide that the next President shall, like Young Lochinvar, come "out of the West." His election would not only place over the deliberations of the House a parliamen tarian who outranks his party breth ren in merit as an executive officer, but it would for aye and for ever destroy the Tammany tiger, which long ago earned the right to die. The claws of that tiger were clipped by Mr. Tilden, but Mr. Tilden has let them grow again. The tiger is crouching supinely, ready for another spring. It mat ters very little whether Mr. Tweed or Mr. Tilden loosens the leash. Mr. Tilden, whose province is New York, knows very well that either openly or covertly he must always court the aid, and that means the meretri cious politics, of Tammany. He who served his apprenticeship assiduously, and for many years in Tammany, knows better than most men that there could never be such an anomaly as a reformed Tammany. He knows the story of the monkeys who took possession of legislation and appeared very humanlike until a bystander threw a hand ful of nuts on the stage, and they suddenly scrambled about, monkeys again, on all fours. Let Mr. Tilden throw an office to his constituents and he knows that the quies cent Tammany thief will jump for it. The Church Service*. Outside of the Roman Catholic and Epis copal churches, where the services yesterday were especially appropriate to the first Sun day in Advent, there was no marked feature in the sermons of the day. Mr. Hep worth preached on progress in the Christian life, Bhowing that infidelity and unbelief are the results of education and culture and that faith is indigenous in the soul. Mr. Beecher illustrated the civilizing power of the imag ination and flatly repudiated the old doc trine of the imputation of sin. Mr. Alger made a plea for cheerfulness in religion. Mr. Frothingham discoursed in his usual stylo on the giving of thanks when we have received nothing to be thankful for, but he also found many things for which we ought to give thanks. In the Six teenth street Baptist church Mr. Jutten de livered a eulogy on the life and character of the late Vice President, Henry Wilson. In Borne of the other churches there were ser vices of a specially interesting nature. At St. Cecilia's Roman Catholic church, in Harlem, an interesting ceremony? the unveiling of Raphael's picture of St. Cecilia?took place, but the most interesting episode of the day was the return of Cardi nal McCloskey and his greeting to the congregation. In a neat address he briefly summed up the results ofhis visit to Rome and to the Holy Father. The Indians.?Just now the Indian ques tion is one of the most interesting qnestions with which Congress has to deal, and every thing which tends to elucidate it is of the utmost importance. The retiring Com missioner of Indian Affairs hits sig nalized his retirement by an unusually able and exhaustive report, which we print this morning. Among the many points which Mr. Smith develops one of the most satisfactory is the progress of the Indians toward civilization. His sug gestions in regard to the Sioux problem are worthy of tho serious attention of Congress, since the feeding of the Indians as vagrants and paupers can never bo of any advantage to the tribes. The oc cupation and possession of the Black Hills the Commissioner regards as inevitable. In regard to the necessary provision for the Temecula Indians in California, deprived of their lands by speculators, he recommends an appropriation of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars to procure homes for them. The wholo document is replete with valuable information, and its suggestions arc generally intelligent and well considered* Th? Vain* of ft Good Rocord?Mr. Dana a ad tkt Mayoralty. In discussing the chances of the candi dates who are suggested for the office of' Major at the coming spring election, which we have no doubt will be made possible by the prompt action of the Legislature, we call attention to the position which Mr. Dana held as a gentleman high in the esteem oi the people. We dwelt upon the value of the letter written by Becorder Hackett to the agent of Tammany Hall resenting an attempt to interfere with the independence of the Bench. This letter had the effect of concen trating around Becorder Hackett the honest sentiment of respect for the integrity of jus tice which underlies the community, and which contributed largely to his election. We ventured to say that no doubt there would bo found some letter or public declaration that would have as convincing an effect upon the minds of the people as Becorder Hackett's protest against political interference in the courts. Our attention has been called to a letter , written by Mr. Dana himself on the l'2th of I October, 1874. This letter was addressed to a committee of "The Industrial Political Tarty," which had placed Mr. Dona in nom ination for Mayor in opposition to Mr. Wick ham, the present incumbent. Mr. Dana declined the nomination in the following words:? Gintlme*?I thank you very cordially and thank your coustitucntfi also for the compliment paid me In your nomination for Mayor of New Vork. I appreciate it moat highly, bocauso it comci fresh and direct from the people and not from an old organized party. I am, however, unable to accept It. Wnlle 1 recognize the obligation of ovcry call of public duty upou every citi zen, I am oonvlnced that, whatever I might be able to do for you as Mayor, I can aerve you more efficiently in my preaent occupation as editor. 1 agr agree with you entirely as to the necessity of a real reform in the government ot this city, which shall check the progress of monlctDat debt and tbe alarming increase of taxation. This Increase now goes on under every party and every administra tion. If Tweed and Connolly were more rapid. Green and Havemeyer are uone the less sure. To the worklngmon especially thts la a matter of vital concern ; for in the end the taxes ar# paid out of their labor and the burden falls with peculiar hardship upon them In the form of enormous rents, the en hanced cost of every necessary of life, and, above all, In the stagnation of business, the stopping ot work and the general want and danger to which you so feelingly refer. 1 rejoice, therefore, at every manifestation of eolltical Independence on their part. It is only when onest men or every name exhibit a determination to revolt against the management of party leaders and to select their own candidates for themselves that par ties can be kept within the bounds or decorum and bo made to pay a due regard to the publlo welfare in se lecting their nominees. I remain, gentlemen, your faithful servant, CHARLES A. DANA. This letter is a remarkable and an instruc tive document It shows the best points of Mr. Dana's character, and will be read with pride by every journalist. Wo can respect the feeling which prompted him, as the editor of a brilliant newspaper, to prefer to serve the people in that capacity rather than in auy public station ; but even editors are citizens, and the time may come when the perform ance of the highest duties of citizenship will compel them to make a temporary sacrifice of the delights and opportunities ofjournaliBm. What we admire about Mr. Dana's letter is his declaration that "it is only when honest men of every name exhibit a determination to revolt against the management of party leaders and to select their own candidates for themselves that parties can be kept within the bounds of decorum and be made to pay a due regard to the pnblic welfare in selecting their nominees." By this manly and straightforward declaration Mr. Dana puts himself on the record against one-man power and shows that he had an early part in the fight upon John Kelly and the secret influence of Tammany Hall which came to so glorions a conclusion at the last municipal election. This letter strengthens Mr. Dana's chanceB immeasur ably and shows that he has as good claims for the office as Becorder Hackett for his present station. We have no doubt that a further analysis of our contemporary's record will show other declarations in the same spirit, the publication of which will greatly affect him in the minds of the people as a candidate for the place now held by Mr. Wickham. Th? Egyptian Soudan. Now that Egypt may be the indirect cause of a war in the Old World, the letter wo publish this morning from Khartoum is of moro than ordinary significance and value. The Khedive, at a time when serious finan cial embarrassments are severely shaking his sovereignty, is engaged in a scheme of exploration and conquest rarely equalled in modern times. Assailing Abyssinia with a well equipped force moving from the Red Sea, hoisting the crescent over Darfour and Wadai, establish ing the Koran on the populous shores of the Victoria Niyanza, he is yet, in the midst of these fur reaching schemes, obliged to sell out nearly all his interest in the Suez Canal to England in order to keep Egypt from sinking to the degradation of Turkey. At the same moment England is excited over her interests in the "East, for the utter insolvency of Turkey has caused a curious public feeling throughout the nation. Pal merston's policy of guardianship over the Porte, and the expensive opposition of Great Britain to Rnssia'b ambition on the Bosphorus, are beginning t*5 attract the in dignation of English publicists. All at once they discover that the protection of their routes to their colonial empire is a wantonly extrnvagant and ruinous public policy. But this is rather the talk of the capitalists and investors than the deep seated feeling of Brit ish statesmen. Wo are not prepared to say that the Turkish bondholders are entirely wrong in their bitter expressions 6f lamentation and protest. When they put their money in these Oriental securities they( of course, j took all the risks incident to e?6ry invest j ment in the pledged faith of a dUtion. But they assumed that the Queen's Ministers were not standing behind^aprac Really bank rupt autocracy, which had neither resources, progressive elements nor a shred of credit ' left. Up to witfiin a very short time all was rosy for tho TurESsh bond ! holder. Did he not behold year after year new and costly marble palaces rising aFong the shore of the BoS^horus ? Was not a splendid iron-ciad floOt, com manded by a British officer, lying cdlistantly under the heights of Pera ? Did not the magnificence with which the Sultan and the Sultan's suite roamed over Europe gire suffi cient confidence in the stability of the finances ? But even if all of this ostentation were expensive it hardly accounts for the great outlay of money that has been made in Turkey in the last few yoars, and the bondholders wish to know whars it has gone. The answer is not difficult. The Turks in Europe hare few of the rices char acteristic of the Western civilization. As a nation, they neither drink nor gamble; ? sporting fraternity does not exist among them ; pictures are interdioted by the Koran ; their literature is about as far advanced as English poetry was at the time of Chaucer ; clubs and scientific societies aro as rare among thorn as they were at the time of the Vandals and Goths ; politics furnishes fow channels for the disbursement of money. Thus cut ofl from many sources of Western exponditura and extravagance the query is, What be comes of their revenue ? It is spent in the harem, and two articles of merchandise con sume the bulk of the annual outlay, after excepting the cost of living?slaves and jewels. No Turk can exist to his own satis faction without a liberal supply of menial labor; nor can he maintain a household, constructed on the Turkish ideal, with a well appointed harem, without a profusion of gold ornaments and an abundance of precious jewels. His money is therefore rapidly converted into jewels, for this places his property be yond the reach of the tux-gatherer, who, un der no pretext, can enter the harem of a subject. In this manner have millions and millions of pounds sterling been put beyond the reach of process or conquest; and it may be said truly that in the harems of the Turks lie all the substantial wealth of the Empire. The Khedive has been in the habit of mak ing frequent visits to Constantinople, carrying with him enormous tributes to the Sultan?on one occasion as high as fifteen million dollars. But now the Egyptian sovereign is himself sorely in need of money, and can no longer respond to menace or command. At this juncture the fleeced Englishmen come for ward and demand tho occupation of Egypt, looking upon the Khedive as a re sponsible indorsor of the Turkish bonds. This is absurd. Tho connection between Egypt and Turkey is titular, and is scarcely stronger than the relations which moke Ser via a part of the Empire. Besides, the Khodivo, by on economical administration, by constant attention to tho progressive policy he has long pursued, and by a prac tical dissolution of all copartnership with sinking Turkey, will be able to weather tho storm. Egypt is a country that nover fails in abundant crops, and her cotton, sugur, grain and gum, with undeviating certainty, are poured into the markets of the world. The Khedive, therefore, deserves in a large measnre the sympathy and support of Chris tendom, or, as Sir Samuel Baker puts it, "all chivalrous friends of the Khedive should now rally around him." A Female Smuggler was overhauled yes terday upon the arrival of the Germun steamer Hermann by Mrs. Ellis, one of tho Custom House inspectors, when it was ascer tained that the passenger's underdress was covered with human hair, valued at two thousand dollars. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Queen,Victoria's pet homes are bandsomo grays. "She Stoops to Conquer" was written before the days of plnback skirts. Mr. Korster complains that there Is no political ac. tivlty In Great Britain. "The History of the Suez Canal," by M. da Lesseps. Is aa interesting as a novel. Mr. Jumes Itussell Lowell will give twelve lectures at Cornell University next spring. The new Lord Mayor of London, Alderman Cotton Is an author In prose and verse. Judge Wheeler, In California, has decided that tboro |8 no law in that State against tho marriage of an undo and a niece. a Wisconsin man eloped the other day with a Miss Divinnlety, who will shapo his ends, rough hew them how he will. A humorous apothecary In Boston exposes a cose of soap la his shop window with the pertinent inscription, "Cheaper than dirt" jThe late R. Spence Hardy left a hook behind entitled "Christianity and Buddhism Compared," which TrQb ner k Co., of London, will print. The Cincinnati Enquirer is still anxious to know who will object to that nra voce vote In the democratic cau cus which wtll decide the Speakership, A census of the beggars of I'arls which has lately been token gives the total number at 66.260, of whom 25,486 are women, 14,600 men, 13,060 girls and 12,310 boys. The report that Miss Charlotte Cushman was Im proving in health, and that sbo was soon to appoar id public readings, proves, unhappily, to have beon un true. Charles Bfsdlaugh Is to deliver a second lecture Is Philadelphia. His engagements West are very numer ous. He will return to New England the lust o( Jan uary. The London Spectator says that Joaquin Miller's "Stories of Wild Men ol the West" lack tho grace and delicacy of handling which Bret Ilarto alone can give to this class of literature. Sonators Chrlsliancy, Cameron, McMillan and Pad dock, nominally Independents, will, it Is said, all act wltn the republican party. Mr. Booth will be tho only Senator who will not go Into either caucus. A dog In Terre Haute, Ind., will not touch a morsel of food until be has said mimic grace; then he will go and sit In the lap of the lady who owns him. Plenty ol fellows would do that, and they are not setters either It was the Veteran Guards (colored) that paraded on Saturday In Vice President Wilson's funeral cortdgo, and not the Skidmore Guards. The raombers of the Veteran Guards bavs nearly all served during the lets war. Talne's forthcoming book on "The Origin of Contem temporary Prance" contains an exact and minute description of French society in the time of the Revo lution, and, It Is said, demolishes some popular legends concerning that world-lamous event. Richard A. Proctor, on his return to London next spring, will take the chair of astronomy In the new Roman Catholic University, founded mainly by the elTorts of Cardinal Manning and Mgr. Capel, aud opened al Kensington, Octobor 16, 1874. Victor Hugo was once accused of having changod sides more than once. Ho ropllcd:?"Jyai /randu '? (1 have grown.) It is Emerson who says that consis tency Is the bugbear of small minds, and who could not oxplaln what ho meant after tho ink got dry. There are many conflicting rumors concerning Paul Morphy, the once famous chess player. Re la said is be iuaano, and yet the story is declared to be un founded. Every American will hope that It Is wholly without truth. Perhaps It is ouly a sonsation started by some witless wag. One ostrich will yield $100 worth of feathers when properly shingled. A Colorado man has 100 of these elegant (owls, and whon the hair-cutting soason is not in full blast It Is entertaining to sea hlra sitting on ? fence with a Addle under his chin conducting these zephyrous creatures through a waltz. The Vlcksburg Herald says:?The other day a Vlcks burg fhtbor finding It necessary to reprovo his son gently said:?"Liou't stuff victuals Into your mouth that way, my son; George Washington didn't eat after that fashion." The boy accepted the reproof wltbnst comment, and, after pondering for a while, he re. marked to hlmsell:?"And I don't believe George Washington licked hla boy for finding a buttle of whis key In the shed when he was huntlus after a horse, ahoe. either."