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SHIPWRECK 11 Mil
The North German Steamship Deutsch land Wrecked. A TERRIBLE DISASTER IN THE NORTH SEA. Over Fifty Persons Lost When Voyaging from Bremen for New York. Ashore on the Galloper Sands in the Midst of a Severe Storm. DRIFTING ON THE KENTISH KNOCK Death in the Cabin and Death in the Escaping Boats. J'ULL DETAILS OF THE AWFUL CALAMITY The Quartermaster's Special Nar rative to the Herald. Signals of Distress, but Effectual | Aid Impossible. Sad Scenes Off the Coast at Harwich. A CHILD EXPIRES IN AN OPEN BOAT. Names of Some of the Lost?Five ! Nuns Drowned. The Rescued Nearing the English Shore? A Welcome Sight. [SPECIAL DESTATCH TO THE HERALD BY CABLE. ] London, Deo 7, 1875. The Herald correspondent at Sheerness reports as follows:?A boat came ashore here to-day from the German mail steamship Deatschland, bearing Quartermaster August Beck of that vessel and the bodies of two dead men. (SEVERS SUFFERING AFTER A SAD DISASTER. They had been in the boat during a space of thirty-eight hours. THE QUARTERMASTER'S REPORT. Quartermaster Beck reports that the Deutschland was aground somewhere in the North Sea. HER DAT or BAILING. She left Bremer haven Iioads on the 4th inst, under command of Captain Briickstein, ?with mails and passengers for New York. WHAT HE KNOWS OF THE DISASTER. A later telegram from Sheerness to the Herald, dated half-past two o'clock in the Afternoon, reports that Quartermaster Au gust Beck knows not what has become of the passengers of the Deutschland. He ?ays that the steamship struck a sandbank, supposed to be either the Galloper or Kent ish Knock Sands, at the entrance to the | river Thames. THE FIRST BOAT AWAY. One of the ship'6 boats left the distressed ?vessel before the one which bore away the quartermaster and his unfortunate com panions. ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY VICTIMS. The quartermaster thinks that there were one hundred and fifty passengers on board And that all of them are lost. ADMIRALTY EFFORT FOR RELIEF. The English Admiralty, on learning of tho occurrence of the disaster, despatched a tug from Sheernets dockyard, with orders to eearch in the neighborhood of the scene of the wreck and afford any assistance which could be rendered under the circumstances. SOME OF THE SURVIVORS LANDED. The Captain of the Deutschland, with a J portion of the passengers and some of the j crew, have been landed at Harwich by the ] tugl>oat Liverpool, of Harwich. THE LOSS OF LIFE. About fifty of the passengers and th? re mainder of the crew are supposed to have been drowned. POSITION OF THE WRF.OS. The Deutschland is said to be on the Lotg Sandi. SALVORS OUT. A tugboat has gone out to the steamship, aIko a Kamsgate tugboat acd a lifeboat. LATB PARTICULARS. I have ascertained from different sources that the Deutechland left Bremerhaven Iioads at the hour of nine o'clock last Sunday morning, the 5th iust., and grounded on the Kentish Knock at tho hour of five o'clock next (Monday) morning, the 6th inst. i STATE or THE WEATHER. A heavy gale from the northeast, thick ?witih snow, has beaten over Kentish Knock. PABTED AMIDSHIPS. The unfortunate vessel now lies in four und one-half fathoms, at low water. She has upparently parted amidships. FULL OF WATER. When Captain Brttckstein left the steamer fche was full of water. A HERALD VISIT TO THE QUARTERMASTER. The Herald correspondent at Sheerness telegraphs, at a later hour, as follows :?Your correspondent hus eeen Quartermaster , THE DEUTSCHLAND DISASTER. IVIap Showing the Scene of the Wreck of the German M!ail Steamer on Her Voyage to jSTew York. August Beck, of the Deutschland. He lies at the naval barracks hospital at this place. He is greatly exhausted. He Bays that his boat was the second which was lowered from the steamer, and that it contained himself, one steerage passenger, and one sailor. GREAT exhaustion. The Quartermaster iB too weak after his recent suffering to give a complete narrutive of the disastrous calamity. NAMES OP some OP THE VICTIMS. A iierald special telegram from Harwich states that the passengers of the Deutschland who are reported missing, bo far, are:? FIRST CABIN. J. Grossmann. Ludwig Heermann. Maria Forster. Bertha FundlirA William IitiicSw ? v Carl Dietrich Meyer. Five nuns. second cabin. Procorpi Kadolkoft Trocoope. O. Lundgruen. Anna Pitzolday. Emil Hack. Henrico Farslandcr. Borbleda lleenkober. 0. LindgTeen, Lloyds' agent at Sheerness telegraphs that one of the persons who arrived in the boat and who died from exposure was named Forsenstein and the other's name is un known. MAIL BAGS LANDED. Twenty-five bags of mail matter have been landed from the wreck of the Deutschland. SIGNALLING HEB DANGEB. Another telegram from Harwich, for th* Herald, announces that the Deutschland fired rocket* at intervals all day on Monday, and during the night until Tuesday morn ing, but although her signals of distress were seen at Harwich it was impracticable to I send assistance to her till the gale moderated. passengers AND 0IYICEB8 LANDED. At the hour of four o'clock this morning the tugboat Liverpool brought in from tho wreck fifty-one persons, including all the officers except the fourth one. A DEAD CHILD. One child died on board the tug during the transit to the shore. PITTY-Pora PERSONS MISSING. The number of dead bodies in tho steam er's cabin was fifty. The others are prob ably those who were in the boats. This is the aggregate of the whole missing thus far. SAVED. About fifty-four persons are known to have been saved. quartermaster BECE'S ANTE-MORTEM STATE MENT. A despatch just at hand from the Herald correspondent at Sheerness, says that Quar termaster Beck is, apparently, dying. His face and bodjepresent a swollen and black ened appearance, indicating frostbite. hie narrative lias been given with great difficulty, owing to the fact that his mind is suffering greatly from the terrible ordeal which he has just experienced, and he, consequently, does not readily graap the questions which are put to him. He says that his boat was attached to the ship by a rope, but the rope broko, the boat falling to leeward. He had no oars. It was, therefore, impossible to return to the steamer. He then rigged out a sail and drove before the wind all day and the follow ing night two deaths in the boat. A steerage passenger, Lasted Forsenstein. who accompanied him, being lightly clad and without shoes or stockings, soon died, and a seaman expired shortly afterward. SIGHTING THE LAND. At five o'clock this morning the quarter master, from his boat, perceived an artillery man on duty at Sheerness Fort. CAPTAIN BRUCKSTEIN'B STATEMENT. By a still later telegram from Harwich, for the Herald, I am informed that the Captain of the Deutschland says that his signals of distress were answered from the light vessels and the Coast Guard station at Harwich during Monday evening, but that I owing to the prevalence of the gale it was ! impossible for the officers or the people on shore to assist the vessel. A LIFEBOAT WANTING. There was no lifeboat at the station, and none els? could live in the rough sea. THE SCENE AT THE WBECK. The scene which was witnessed at the wreck on the arrival of the relief tugboat defies description. Strong men, women and children were clinging to the rigging. Many of their companions had been just washed away, and some of the survivors were in their last struggles with death. IN THE CABIN. In the cabin were seen the corpses of ladies and children, dressed just as they were when they retired for the night. HOW HANI WERE BAVED. One hundred and forty persons were taken off by the tug. They had a very scant supply of clothing. OFFICIAL GERMAN All). On the arrival of the survivors at Harwich the Oerman Consul, Oliver John Williams, attended to their immediate wants and pro vided them with food, clothing and lodgings. They were exceedingly grateful for the en joyment of rest and refreshments, after hav ing been for hours exposed to the most severe frost which has been experienced during the present winter. CLASSIFICATION OF THE FEBSONS ON BOARD. According to Lloyds the Deutschland had on board two first cabin passengers, twenty four in the second cabin, ninety-seven in tho steerage and a crew which mustered seventy five persons. Others say the numbers are larger than those given by Lloyds. THE MAIL MASTER LOST. The mail master of the vessel has been drowned. NAMES OF FASSENGERS SAVED?THE FIVE NUNS. London, Deo. 7?Night. The following is a list of the passengers who have been landed at Harwich from the wreck of the Deutschland, viz.:? Wilhelm Leich. Carl Deitrichs. Herr Meyer, first cabin. Theodore Tildman. Helen Schew. J. P. Sailer. Hermann Nathan. Franz Haum. Auguste Haum. Eduard Slaam. Ella Slaam. Alfred "Wullig. Adolph Hermann. Anna Pitztolday. Theodore Fnndling. MISSING. The following persons from the first CJibin Pre missing and supposed to hav? been lost, VIZ !? Barbara Helkenschmadt. Henrica Tassbaudcr. Norbela Keenkobor. Aurea Radjuera. Prizilla Dambard. The five ladies last named were nuns. They are still missing. THE STEERAGE PASSENGERS. -The names of the steerage passengers can not yet be obtained. LLOTl/s BEPOBT FROM HARWICII. London, Dec. 7, 1875. The following is a verbatim copy of Lloyd's telegram from Harwich in regard to the Deutschland:? "The steamer Deutschland, from Bromen for New York, with emigrants, stranded on Kentish Knock at five o'clock on Monday morning during a heavy northeast gale. The weather was thick with snow. The crew and passengere were drowned. TL<j Dentschland has beaten over the KentiA Knock and is now in four and a half fathoms low water. She has apparently parted amidships. When Captain Briick stein left the steamer she was fall of water, which was rising and falling with tho tide. Assistance has been sent to the Dentschland." TIIE CAPTAIN LANDED?THE WRECE DBHT1NO TOWARD SHORT. London, Dec. 7?7-30 P. M. Captain Briickstein and part of the pas sengers and crew of the steamship Dentsch land have just landed at Harwich. It is still supposed that about fifty of the passengers and crew were drownod. THE POSITION OF THE WRECE CHANGED. The Deutschland. is now on the Long Sands, still further toward tho Esses shore of England than the Kentish Knock. Two tugs and a lifeboat have proceeded to the scene of the disaster. * WHAT THE AGENTS OF LLOYDS IN LONDON SAT. London, Deo. 7?Night. The agents of the North German Lloyds Steamship Company state that tho steamer Deutschland had two first cabin, twenty four second class and ninety-seven steerage passengers. A BRITISH NAVAL OFFICER'S REPORT. The commander of the British man-of-war Penelope telegraphs from Harwich to tho Admiralty that fifty lives have been lost I he remainder of the passengers and crew have landed at Harwich, where they are under the care of tho German Consul. ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS. 1 he Quartermaster of tho steamer, in his statement, says that the name of tho Captain of the Deutschland was Busius. The steamer left Bremen on Sunday morn ing anil struck the Knock on Sunday evening. Every effort was made to get her off, but in vain. The sea washed oyer the ship, carry ing away much of her gear. The Captain kept very cool. Immediately after the ship struck he ordered life-belts to bo distributed among the passengers and crew. Tho next morning, as it was thought the ship was about to break up, tho ordcT was given to lower the boats. August and two seamen were detailed to man one of tho boats, which capsized twice in lowering. When she righted they drifted away from the steamer. They tried to pull back, but could not A heavy snow storm prevailed, and the weather was piercing cold, fli* oom panions perished from the exposure, August says the crew numbered 130. "When he last saw tho steamer endeavors were being made to launch all the boats. THE LATEST NEWS FBOM nil WBECE. Deo. 1?8:30 A. M. The AdtvrHitr reports thai the total aaniber of per ?00i rescued from (be DcatschJand It 160. J'weBiF-Ovtt nan t>a?i were saved. THE NEWS IN THIS CITY. Tho cable yesterday flashed across the Atlantic the dcwh of the loss of another ocean steamer on the voy age from Europe hither, the disaster to the ship being attended with great loss of life. The lost vessel Is the Deutschland, belonging to the North German Lloyd Steamship Company, whose agents in this city are Messrs. Oelricha k Co., No. 2 Bowling Green. The first intimation ef the disaster received at the New York agency, camo to those in charge through the press despatches. Prom these it was learned that a boat containing one living man and the bodies of two who had dtod from exposure had drifted ashore at Sheerness, on the coast of Kent, England, near tho mouth of the river Thames. It may be observed that the North Sea m this neighborhood Is peculiarly turbu lent and dangerous and, In consequence, the report of the wreck was Immediately believed to bo true. Promptly on receipt of the news, Messrs. Oelrich's k Co. telegraphed to the agents of the company at Southampton and also to the company's offices at Bremen; to the former place for any particulars which coold be gleaned about the disaster, and to the latter for the list of the steamer's passengers. To these despatches no answer. were expected for tome two hours. Meanwhile speculation was rife as to the place and manner In which the ship was lost. It was believed then that she v?a* ashore at Kentish Knock, and It was remembered that, aboat the time she must have struck, a dense fog had prevailed In and about London. A few callers came to the office ' but no one claimed to be at all eertatn of having any friends on board the Deutechland. They only came expecting, possibly, to be able to see the list of ber passenger* A few remained anxiously watching the arrival of Informat.on but tho greater number ef inquire? left when It was ascertained that the company had not even as much Information as the afternoon papers. At half past one .'clock a telegram waa received by the agents here from Bromen, which read as follows.? "Deutschland grounded on Galloper Sands. Admi ralty tug left for assistance. LLOYI) " The place thus Indicated m the scene of the wreck a narrow bank of sand probably four or Ave miles long, running northeast and south west?is described fully In another column. Tho next Information received by Messrs. Oelricha was a despatch from Southampton, which ran thus:?" Dentachland ashore, Long Sanda. Fifty of the passengers and crew reported drowned. Part of the passengers and crew landed at Harwich Tuesday afternoon. Further par ticulars wanting." After the receipt of thla deep,itch, about quarter past two o'clock P M., it was concluded that no list of pas sengers would be received yesterday. Later in the afternoon, however, another brief message cam*, bringing information not prevlouaiy ascertained. This was the message:? Deutschland abandoned. One hundred and ten pa*. Z^n^.hM Crcw j??P By this account it waa seen that the loss of llfa though still at a dreadfully high flgure, Is much less Lhan waa at flrst feared. THK LOST VESSEL. The loat steamer Dentachland was built by Messrs. Caird ft Co., of Greenock, on the Clyde, In 1888. She was about 340 feet long, 42 feet in breadth of beam, with a depth of hold of 28 feet She was oonstracted with seven watertight compartments and provided with compound engines, which were put In her aboat two years ago by Sommera k Co., of Southampton. The Deutschland waa 8,000 tons burden, waa rated Al, and had ample accommodation for flfty saloon, 100 Intermediate and about 800 steerage passengers.' Last winter she broke her screw In a storm which she encountered on her way from Bromen to this port, and had to put back to Kngland, where, though disabled, she arrived safely. She was brig-rlgged, was con sidered one of the company', best sea boats, and withal a very comfortable ship. Her last outward voy age from this port was made last March, since when she has been laid up In Bremen for repairs. On that trip the Deutschland waa commanded by Captain Ludo wtgs, who baa since left her to accept the appointment ! of Inspector of the Port at Bremen. She was a staler ship of the Weser and Union. The wrecked steamer left Bremerhaven on Saturday, tho 4th Inat, commanded, It la stated at the age-nt's office, by Captain Kdward Brflcksieln, formerly of the Rhein and Hansa, and ten or twelve years in tna employment of this oompany. She waa to have left Southampton last evening. Her value was estimated, before the recent repairs, at about $250,000, which Is a loss to the inaurance fund of the company, who are their own Inaarers. j This la the third vessel lost by the North German l Lloyd Steamship Company in eighteen years, and their flrat losa ef life The Onion waa loat during the year 1870 eff the eoast of Scotland, near Pentland Frith, and an extrn steamer named the King William was stranded e(T the Dutch eoast about three years ago, at a point nearly opposite the apot where the Dentachland la now sup poeed to be ljtof. Al present the company are running one Ate&iner each week from New York, but they own thirteen, for use between here and Bremen, six for the New Orleans trade, and six more plying botween Baltimore and Europe. THE DANOBROTTB BHOALfl. The course of German summers clearing from Bre men for New York la aa followa:-Westerly ontu the mouth eftbe Weaer River la cleared, then southerly into the ()erman Ocean, or North Sea. Making ber way son th, the veasel leavea the Texel en ker port beam, and sails down the ooaat ef Holland peat Amsterdam, the Hague, Flnahlng and Osteod. Upon getting down almost abreast of Dunkirk a good deal of westing must be made In order to reach mid water in the Kngllsh Channel, between Dover and f'-*iaia. From the Strait* of Dover the ship bound America cmiIi alo*3 the ioBth ?f Fag'aml, leavl' g ?m her starboard bMm lb? practual landmark* of Beschy Head, Portland, tbe Lizard, Land's Sod. aal Anally, before bidding adieu to tbe shores of England, the passes the well rememoerad Scilly Isles, on the extreme ? eat coast of Wales?a dangerous place, where tbe German steamship S hil er was lately totally wrecked. It wtll be set-o that the Deutschland did not reach the Straits of Dover, but met her fate a Utile to (be oorib tnd eastward of tbe mouth of tbe Thames. She, there fore, wat; at ioast twenty five miles out of her course, to tbe westward, at the point where (he struck Its ittnal THI GALLOPER. It was at first thought that the Deutsehland ha^t ?truck the Galloper, which I* a very dangerous shoal,' having In some places not over eight feet at low water^ It lies about thirty two miles to the east and only (Id or eight miles north from the Kentish Knock.! It extends fivo miles in a northeasterly snd( southwesterly direction, and Is aot more thai* a mile wide at tbe broadest part, which Is near ths middle. The depth of wat?r over it Is but from onaf and a quarter to two or three fathoms; and the seat oommouly mark* Us situation by a broken rtpplo oi tbe waters. To reach the Kentish Knock, or the Long Sand, the Deutschland must have run the gauntlet oi the outer and Inner Gabbards shoals, as well as tb? Galloper ; all of which banks ought to have been left well to tho west on ber run for Dover Straits. TITI KKNTISH SHOCK. The force of wind and tide may have moved the H fated vessel from the Galloper, If she did at first strike there, and driven her on the Kentish Knock; and from that shoal it is not Improbable that she may havet drifted, wind and wave beaten, to the Long Sand, where yesterday1* halt-past seven P. M. tele grains, upon the authority of her captain, 1 stated she then was. The Kentish Knock' Is a dangerous and extensive shoal, lying in a south westerly and northeasterly direction. It is seven miles long and two miles broad ; its northeast end hears from the Gallopher light vessel west, three-quarter* north, distant twelve milss, and from the Long Sand! Head buoy, south by west, distant four and a half miles. Its southwest end bears south by west from tho Galloper light vessel, being about sixteen miles distant, and fourteen miles In a northeasterly direction frota North Foreland Llghthouso. A good part of tins gaud' is laid bare at low water, and the whole of it baa a vari able depth generally of from three to sis feet of water.. The Kentish light vessel is moored on the east side of the sand in eleven fathoms water, and ex-i hiblta a white light revolving every minute at an elevation of thirty-seven feet above sea level. The vessel Is furnished with a double ball at her mast head, by which she may with certainty be distin guished under ull circumstances during the day. ribs' bears eleven miles In a southwesterly direction from tbe Galloper Lightship, and nineteen mllea north easterly from North Foreland Lighthouse. Close to tbe eastern side of the bank from five to ntne falho-jns of water arc to be found, and the ground Is generally! sofl and muddy. There is a passage two and a quarter miles wide between it and the Long Sand; but ntf vessel should attempt to run through U unless com pelled to do so by stress of weather. TBR LONG SAND. The Long Sand, where late telegrams last ngbit saift the Deutschland was then lying, runs out to thenorttM ward as far as 61 deg. 4SX mln. north, where it lew mlnates In a point about three-quarters of a mile broad, and Is covered by four and a half fathoms of water.' This point, which is called the Long Sand Spit, bearj about twelve miles northwest by west from the GaW loper Lightship. Close to the eastward of tne eand head five and six fathoms ef water cover the shoal. On her southward course tnrough the North Sea thf first dangerous shoals which a vessel has to pass arg tbe Outer and Inner Gabbards, with from-three to nind fathoms water on the one and from four to nine on th< other. Then comes the Galloper, with a water depit( of from one and a quarter to five fathoms, and aftetf this the Kentish Knock and the Long Sand, ooth ty-4 Ing toward the mouth of the Thames. Tbe Kentish I Knock and tbe Long Sand are separated by a threes i mile channel, which has a depth of from nine to eleveq fathoms of water. All these sands and shoals art | marked In tbe accompanying map. WHAT IS SAID ON A BISTER SHIP. Last evening a Hrralp reporter went on board thtf Bremen steamship America, lying at Hoboken, ami belonging to the same company as the ill tated Deutschland. Tbe following is tho statement of thS first and second officers of tbe America, made In thrf absenee of their captain. "We have always boasted m our line, like the Cunarders, of never losing a life or g letter, but lives have at la/>i been sacrificed. Captain' BrOckstein, who commandod the Deutschland, w;iS ono of our senior captains, and *a more careful and painstaking officer never trod a deck, lie would never go to bed while any danger existed for his ship, and when In the neighborhood ol shoals) be was continually heaving the lead. If all shipmas ters were as careful as ho there would be fewer ship wreck! August Lauenstoln. the chief officer, is also one of the most careful officers. Rbportkr?What is your course after leaving Bre merhaven ? O menus?We steer along, after passing Tejel Light, past tho group of Islnnds along the German coast, or,, as we know it, "the southern shore of the North Sea.1' If the weather is clear we stand in at nights, so that wc can sco the lights; if not, we keep higher up in ins North Sea Wo generally have fifteen or twenty fathoms under us till we enter the Straits of Dover. THIS DANORKOUB POINT. The most dangerous point in our whole trip is when off tne English coast and bound down the Channel. We try to mako the Galloper light, on the English coast off Harwich, or the North Hender Lightship, off ihs coast of Belgium, steering southwest by west. As v rule we like to sight the English light, the Galloper, best; bat If tho wind Is strong from the eastward w* give It a wide berth. VARIABLE OrRRKlCTS. Sometime! wo pass between without seeing eHher light The fogs are very prevalent at this season of the year. The currents about the Galloper, near whore the Deutschland is wrecked, are very perpteting on ac.j;outit; ef tbe neighboring sands, and also oh account of tha estuarleH of the Thames and the Scheldt, and hkewiss the large volume of water forcing its w*y down the Straits of Dover. In foggy weather In this neighborhood soundings are constantly token, and when you seo Captain BrQrfcsiein's report I1 feel certain that he will not bo found derelict In this re spect; but dense fog and snow invariably complicate the matter. The company's magnificent steamer, thS' Union, a slstership of the Deutschland, was lost throngt* fog about flvo rears past, almost to a day, off the Texel, and in later years the Konig Wilhelm was also lost by! reason of fog off Peterhead, on the east coast of Scot land. But to continue about the lights. Before getting' to the Straits ol Dover, on the Kentish Knock, there ist a lightship with a revolving light, but which is very bard to "pick up" In a lop. The officers then looted at their chart, and estimated, tbe distance at which the Deutschland was wrecked from Bsejnerbaven to be about 260 English mllcR. They also thought that the Deutschland was uot moro than ten or twelve miles out or ber course, if rhe had struck en the Long Sands to the westward of the Gal loper. TUB BKCTSCRLASD'S OPPICHRS. The following sre her principal officers "Captain Briickstein; August Laiienstein, first officer; Thuien horst, second officer; Hern hard Morrisse, third officer; Otto von Tramnlts, fourth officcr; O. F. Kenning, | pnrser; Schmidt, or Marks, first engineer. Her petty officers and crew number in all about 110 men. HSR FRKVIOCS MISHAPS, In conversation with an old German merchant, of Bremen, whose offices are In Broad street, ho said:? "I always believed that the Deutschland would have an unhappy ending, for these reasons?First, while firing a salute at Siaien Island, the cannon exploded ami blow the heads off four steerage passengers; then they foond a skeleton behind the boilers; then last January she broke ber screw, and now she breaks In half and fulfils her uabappy destiny. Ill-lack pursues ships as it does Individuals, THE STEAMSHIP ANGLIA DISABLED AT SEA. IrONDON, Dec. 7, 187i, Advices have been received here to the effect ihai the steamship Anglta, Captain Smith, ef the Anchor line, from New Tork November 13 for Glasgow, has recent!/ been seen with loss of propeller, proceeding ntder sail. Two lags have been despatched to her assistance. THE CUSTOM HOUSE. The Secretary of ihe Treasury telegraphed yesterday to the Collector or the I'ort that he may allow the City of Merlda to lake petroleum to Vera Crus If no other practical mode ibouid ue lound. The general ?ubje4t bad teeu reierrsu to ibe Solicitor of the Treasury.