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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 28, 1875, Image 6

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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
riOPBlKTOR.
NOTK'E TO SUB8CBXBEB& ?On and
e(t< i January 1, the daily and weekly
edition* <'i tli* New Yoke Herald will be
?cnt free of postage.
THE DAILY HERALD, published every
I'm: it the year. Four cents per copy.
riwc!ve dollars per year, or one dollar per
Bonth, 11-^e of postage, to subscribers.
All business or news letters and telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New York
Ukbald.
Lett'-rs and packages should be properly
Kale 1.
Rejected eomniuni<*l?t>ns will not be re
turned.
J ON DON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK
111 UALD NO. 4t FLEET STREET.
J AIMS OFFTCF.? AVENUE I>E L'OPERA.
hulK-riptions and advertisements will be
received nml for' arded on the same terms
j. in New York.
\OM Ml Xi NO. 3t;-J
AMISEMOTS TO-XIGIIT.
THOU? A\ KM K Till! \TRK,
' i'. ;,i-vnen Tl.irtit-Ui and lliirly Orit -
l- i..- . uu.l VAK1 K'l'V. ?t S P. M. "
i oLOSSEl M.
'I I irtli Mreef. an< I' id? t\.?PRtrSPT t.V SIE'iF OF
J' K K1 < 11[.it. Ire in 1 i' M ti l I' M and Irum 7 f t i*. M
to iu r. .v.
W W.I.A. K S THK * rKK
!?"' i'lw i - -ttiit Thirteenth itntt.?HoMA Nl K OF A
Mi MA.N.itBI'. M ;ciwe?K IU:i.l' VI. II.
J.?'iu lii' iert.
PARISIAN' VARIETIES.
t-1\ttli iiuift, near adway ? ^ AKI K TV. ii ^ I* M
<;ERMA.VIA rilEATRF..
Kitlti otrpet cuMTKHr-K HKLKXK. at 8 P M.
BKOOKLA S THEATRE,
W'1 '.in," .n atreet, Brooklyti ? hk.NKY V . at 8 P M Mr
t ?'????? I
I NTOV SQI'AKE theatre
I' .ml . .. inn Huaiteeuib timet.?R<)WI Ml1 HKL at 8
) _
OLYMPIC THEATRE.
1 Bf? idway, - > ARIETV, at 8 I'. M, Mu'.mee at 2
t M
FIFTH AVKNTF. THEATRE
I wr? -i.-'iMi ntn-ei, t,?-ar Broadway.?Plyl'E, at 8 P. M.
I i.nij Davenport.
ro.NV PASTOR'S NEW theatre,
S .< -.sr. ..*7 Br??dw&> -VARIETY, at 1'. M. Mali
ane at J t* M
PARK r IIEATRE.
Br>ad<*ay .,nii Tw?n:?-ae??lMl street.? I HE CRUCIBLE, at
? i' U. Oukejr lialJ.
EAGLE THEATRE.
Srna.l^Hf and Tlnr.v Ibird Hreeu?\ ARIETY, at 81'. M.
RuWE R V THEATRE.
Biwerr -VALLEY hUROt'. anu 177b, at 8 P. M. Mr.
SAN PRAXCISl'O MINSTRELS.
F-w >^er? llu.i.sa, Bii iu??i. turtiti i'f I'ueuty ninth street,
?. i P .1
TIVOLl THEATRE
1 ft.til street, near Third a?euue.?VARIETY, at B P. M. j
WOODS Ml'SEl'M.
ImiMlwaT r rner >it Thirtieth ureet.?TilK TICKET OP
. K.\\ K vj \ .\ at h 1". M . cioMfc at In 4.. I*. .H y s.
fuaut tn MatiueeatlP M
fil OBE THEATP.K,
TJ" *rij 7:V) Broadway ?Variety , at 8 P. M
BOOTI! S THEATRE.
* third ??re?t and Sixth avenue ? JTI U'S CJ-'.SAR,
it ?> !? >1 Mr Laurence Barrm
LYCE! V THEATRE
r.ijHemth N're-t arf' .-nth avauue.- SKRAPHINE. at *
ii I'ariaian i umpacj.
THT;aTKF i OMIQ0K,
F i SI4 Brna.lway.?VARIETT at i- P. M
TRIPLE SHEET.
J EW lOBK, TGESMI. DSCSKBtK 28, 1875.
J 'rom our reports this morning th* probabilities
are. th/it the iceuthtr to-<!<ry vtill be warmer and
partly cloudy.
The Herald ft Fact Mail Trains.?.A'eva
t*a<ers and the public Ihroughtmt the stales of
JVftr York, 3>?r Jersey ai.d Pennsylvania, as
veil a> i?< the H tut, the 1'ucijxc C<Mst, tht Xurth,
H<e So'th or id kovthwvt, <uxo aloiig the lines
i t the Hudson Jiirtr, J* w I'orls' Lmlral and
Pennsylvania (n-lrai Iiaiirvads oi d their con
hrcllons, will be ij-j.lied with The Herald,
Ire*. ot postage. Jjctraordinary triducemeiUti
ttferil to riticsdealers tj striding their orders
< tnet to this otfic.
Wall Street Yesterday. ?Withoat being
materially excited sto ks advanced. Gold
opened and closed at 11- 7-8. Money on call
vx> t i In* L.td fct 7 and tin n at 4 per
cent. Government and investment securities
are without important change.
It is r.sEFVL To Know who are to govern
us dur.n^ the con.ing year, and hence we
jirint in another column the personnel of the
State and city governments and the Legisla
ture during the year of grace 1870.
The Board of Aldermen have resolved to
lioist the City Hall flags on N?w Year's Day
in honor of the Centennial year, and wish
the press to inform the whole world of that
fact. We do so.
Another Christmas Mi rder is reported.
This time a New J< rsey village is the scene,
a colored man the slayer and a colored
woman the victim. It almost looks as though
C hristmas in America would soon be worthy
of the reproach which the London Times, as
related in our London cable letter of Sun
day, bestowed upon Christmas in England.
The French Republic *? taking shape.
An amendment to the Press law was carried
providing penalties for attacks against the
Republics. It is an odd indication, but in a
government where a bare mention of the Re
public by a Cabinet officer was almost worth
the official's place, it is progress. A free
press is a thing undreamed of yet.
Napoleon Bonatarte is once more on the
Column Vendome. There were crowds, but
no ceremony. France loves the memory
of this soldier, and on that love the greatest
band of adventurers the century has seen
traded successfully for over twenty years ?
lrom December, 1848, to December, 1851,
and thence to Sedan.
The Heabt of the "Man orlaou."- Death
is a king before whom the haughtiest bow.
If there is one tender vein in a man it bleeds
into the heart when he stands by the bier of
one to whose life his was closely linked
Who shall wonder then that the great Prince
Bismarck wept by the coffin of the young
Count who was to have been the husband of
hi* daughter?
We publish this morning a cable despatch
which our corresi>ondent at the Spanish
capital attempted to send from Madrid, but
was prevented by the government sur
veillance over the telegraph. He found
mean* to forward it to London, whence it
was transmitted to us yesterday. This
despatch is fitted rather to pique public
cariosity than to satisfy it. It shows that
"there is something in the wind; that
a mysterious diplomatic correspondence is
going on between our government and that
of Spain; that unusual precautions are takeu
to keep the substance of the negotiations
from the public knowledge, and that it is
deemed so delicate and so urgent that long
despatches are sent in cipher. It is known
that Cuba is the subject, and the haste and
the secrecy may be accounted for by sup
posing that President Grant is anxious to
reach some result in season to send a special
message to Congress when it reassembles
after the holiday vacation. From Wash
ington we learn that a report prevails
there that America has appealed to Lng
land. France and Germany for a joint
intervention in Cuba, but without satisfac
tory results so far. Whether Spain is keep
ing her temper or losing it a few days will
tell, and the coining of Jovellar to Havana as
Captain General, vice Valmaseda, is, to a cer
tain extent, a pledge that moderation in deal
| ing with us is the present Spanish keynote.
That part of President Grant's annual
Message which related to Cuba is as yet an
unsolved enigma, unless it relates to the at
tempt to procure a joint intervention, as
stated vaguely in our cable despatch, and
circumstantially from Washington. lie
went into a detail of reasons why our
government cannot recognize the in
' dependence of Cuba, nor even accord
| to it l.? llig r nt rights; and had he
stopped th- re nothing could liuve been more
tranquillizing than that part of the annual
Message. But, alter closing the discussion
on thi- two great heads of independence and
! belligerent rights, he went on to throw out
obscure intimations that there was something
i in the background which he could not yetre
v il. telling Congress that important negotia
tions were in progress, and that when they
reached a termination he would send in a
special message on Cuban affairs. I his mys
terious supplement attracted more attention
abroad than it did at home, the foreign press
regarding it as the reverse of reassuring. The
London Daily News, which has no Spanish
likings, said in its comments on this part of
the Message;?"We have no sympathy what
ever for the Spanish government in trifling,
as it seems to do, with the C uban insurrec
tion, and allowing the Spanish volunteers to
keep up a reign of terror in the name of the
mother country. But a peremptory interfer
ence, such as President Grant seems to inti
mate, would create general sympathy with
Spain, anil, however it might affect the state
of parties at home, would detach from Presi
dent Grant and his administration the moral
support of all the outside world. We hope,
however, that no such meaning lies behind
his words, and that his threatened further
appeal to the present session of Congress
would only be for support in some further
diplomatic step in the removal of a scandal
of which the Americans justly complain and
which public opinion generally will sustain
them iu urging the Spanish government to
cure." The London Tim**, in commenting
on this part of the Message, said:?"But all
these soft phrases are merely the prelude to
a peculiarly sharp note of menace. The
President throws in, as if half carelessly, the
threat that if so 'ruinous' a conflict should
not be speedily brought to an end, it must
soon compel the States suffering therefrom
to consider what their interests and their
duty may d<mand.' "
We infer, from the despatches we print to
day, that the "peculiarly sharp note of men
ace" which the foreign press detected was a
correct interpretation, and that the Presi
dent, in spite of the reassuring parts of the
Message, m nns to precipitate the Cuban
question to a crisis. In going over the ''sharp
note of menace" in the light of more recent
developments it is not difficult to discern in
it a det< ruination to compel Spain either to
promptly win l np the Cuban trouble and
restore peace to the island, or to face outside
intervention for this purp< <?. He alludes to
certain proposals of the fcuii*h government,
the lull t^xt of which, he Hays, had not
reached him, for the s< ttl^ment of the island,
an t adds;?-"Persuaded, however, that a
proper regard for the interests of the United
States and of its citizens entitled to relief
from the strain to which it has been sub
ject ' I by the difficulties of the question, and
the wrong* and losses which arise from the
contest in Cuba, and that the interests of
humanity itself demand the cessation of the
strife before the whole island shall be laid
waste and lirger sacrifices be made. I shall
feel it my duty, should my hopes of a satis
factory adjustment and of the early restora
tion of peace and the removal of future
causes of complaint be unhappily disap
pointed, to make a further communication to
Congress at some period not far remote, and
during the present session, recommending
what may then seem to me to be necessary."
Public opinion at Madrid regarded this
part of the Message as a threat, as was shown
by our Madrid despatches at the time, and
the cable message we print to-day proves
that the excitement in the Spanish capital
was not without foundation. it Spain does
not adopt satisfactory measures for tranquil
lizing the island President Grant intends to
interfere "in the interests of humanity," and
to "demand the cessation of the strife before
the whole island shall be laid waste." That
kind of intervention would lead to war as
certainly as English or French intervention
to arrest hostilities between the North and
South would have led to a foreign war dur
ing the progress of the rebellion. It is all
the same to Spain whether the United States
ae^Jrds belligerent rights to insurgents or
aid-, and protects them in some other way.
"J he only chance for intervention to bo at
onee peaceful and effectual lies in the co-op
eration of other governments with that of the
United States such a proposed interven
tion as would appear to have all but failed if
the Washington report is reliable. This
treatment of the difficulty we would
regard in Cuba as more tranquillizing
and reassuring than anything which has
been suuuested in relation to the affairs
of thtt islan I. An iBtnumtiria for
what President Grant calls in hU Message
"the interests of humanity itself" ought to
be a joint intervention if it is to have any
moral weight or looks to the indorsement of
the public opinion of the world. It would
be absurd to Hay that the United States i.s
the only nation that has any concern in "the
interests of humanity itself." Thu local
proximity of Cuba - > our shores cer
tainly gives us a .itie to take the
lead in such a movement in the
int rests of humanity ? hut it' humanity, and j
not territorial aggrandizement or other selisll ;
motive, prompts our efforts, we ought to de- I
hin the a1 (land countenance of other Powers. ;
Acting alone our motives would be open to j
siispi,-ion and our intervention would be im- j
puted to motives quite different from a desire
to protect "the interests of humanity."
Besides, a joint intervention would not lead
i to war as the separate interference of the
i United States would be certain to do. If
the three great Powers named should com
bine with America their moral force would
! not need to be strengthened by a military or
naval array.
Next to our own government that of Great
Britain has the deepest interest in the peace
and prosperity of the West India Islands.
J She owns the large and fertile island of
! Jamaica, which is nearer to Cuba than our
own State of Florida : she owns the whole
I Bermuda group and a large proportion of the
I other West India islands ; she has a larger
: commerce with Mexico than any other
nation. Her interests in the West Indies
I and the seas which surround them are
scarcely inferior to our own, and if we are
to intervene in Cuba "in the interests of hu
manity" England is the first Pover to which
we should apply for co-operation. What
ever might be done by her consent and with
her aid would command the rebpect of the
world and be exempt from dishonoring im
: putations. ller co-operation vould prove j
, to Spain and would satisfy other nations
i that the intervention was really in the inter
! ests of commerce and humanity, and not a
pretext for covt ring other designs. Hence
we shall be particularly chagrined to learn
that, if negotiations for a joint intervention
have been under way, they should have
failed or be likely to fail. If Presi
dent Grant is sincere in his professions,
and if there is no present intention to ac
quire Cuba for the United States, our na
tional honor would be best protected and war
most surely avoided by a joint intervention.
Thin-Skinned American* in Berlin.
By a cable despatch we heat that some
American residents in Berlin have thought
lit to protest against the tone of the German
press in its comments on the case of the
steamer ilosel and the attempted crime of
Thompson. Crime does not happen to be of
any country; and if the German editors have
argued that there are some American kinds
of crime, and that this frightful endeavor to
send a ship to the bottom for gain is of a
character that is national with us, it would
be a great deal better for Americans
who may feel aggrieved to answer
them rather than to protest with an
injured sense of patriotic pride. It is be
lieved on substantial reasons that a man
once attempted to blow up the British Par
liament while in session, and all for a gain
that would have been pitiful by comparison
with what the present rogue promised him
self. Here is the very same crime, the un
dertaking to kill some hundreds of persons
for personal gratification. But even in Berlin
they will scarcely argue that Guy Fawkes
was a Yankee, though they have some quaint
historical fancies. From time immemorial
men have killed other men, with motives
financial, fanatical, political, social or
amatory ; and though this crime departs
from the general category by its magnitude,
by the number of persons condemned, it is
unfortunately not without its parallel in
that particular in the history of every civil
ized people.
The French Senate.
It is reported that M. Thiers will be
come a candidate for the Senate from Bel
fort from which it must follow tliat Belfort
is certain to return him. M. Thiers is
fully alive to the unpleasant consequences
of failures in political life, nnd has re
lused to stand lor the Senate in several de
partments as he previously refused to stand
In the Assembly, because his election was
not infallibly certain in any one of these
places. From what has taken place in the
Assembly it seems probable that he could
easily have been elected there; but it is
not easy to compute how many old ani
mosities would have blazed anew at the pre
sentation of his name. It appears that the
republicans triumphed in the Senatorial
elections because as the tickets were
framed it was a pretty even battle
between them and the adherents of the
Orleans monarchy, and in that nearly even
battle the Bonapartists and the extreme
legitimists together wielded a casting vote.
Both these factions prefer the republican
party to the Orleans party, the legitimists
because a family quarrel is the fiercest of all
quan-els and the Bonapartists because they
believe the Republic the more likely of the
two to fall into those extravagances and
errors that will open the way to the re-estab
lishment of the Empire. Hence both voted
for the republicans and laid the foundation
for a Senate not inimical to the constitution
of the country.
Our Berlin Letter gives the latest social
and political it* ms from the Prussian capi
tal. Prince GortschakoflTs confidence with
Bismarck on the Eastern question, which
has resulted in the Porte acceding to ccrtain
reforms, is a prominent topic therein.
Th* Arrival or General Morion ks at San
Sebastian shows that the Alfonsists are de
termined to open a winter campaign with
the Carlists. The wisdom of this is ques
tionable ; but as the government cannot
afford to keep its forces idle something must
be done to keep up popular feeling on the
young King's side. We shall shortly know
whether this move means business or is only
for show. One of the plans for pacifying
the Baflque provinces was to land an army
at San Sebastian and sweep the country in a
southeasterly direction, an 1 this is the one
probably adopted. The trouble is that the
(Jarlista can tijlit or run am thoy chixxitf.
Tito ('AmmlMioaer of Pi?bli? Works?
Brilliant ?'Practical
General Fitz John Porter's brief term of
service an Commissioner of Publie Work*
is a)>out to expire, and bin administrution
has been ho unpopular and so damaging
to the democratic party that he will not
be reappointed. "A burnt child dreads
the fire," and not even Mayor Wickham
can be cajoled to repeat the blnnder of
such an appointment. Nobody conversant
with city politics is ignorant of the source
of that capital mistake, and it is not sur
prising that Mayor Wickham has lost con
fidence in the self-vaunted skill in "practi
cal politics" bv which he was misled into
an act which brought upon him the male
dictions of the democratic leaders in
the recent election, and which gave
John Morrissey the principal weapon
with which he defeated Tammany. That
great feat of "practical politics" is a mar
vellous title to democratic confidence.
How can the city democracy ever pay its
debt to the uncommon master of "practical
politics" who modestly adds to the obliga
tion by blowing his own trumpet ?
That admirable stroke of "practical poli
tics," for which the city democracy in gen
eral and Mayor Wickham in particular, no
doubt, feel profoundly grateful, was also a
beautiful exemplification of principle and
consistency. The adviser of the appoint
ment had been for years sounding his bugle
and courting all the political echoes by infi
nite variations of the demand for "home
rule," and this democratic doctrine was re
markably illustrated by importing a New
Jersey office-holder to take charge of an
important city department in New York.
The oracular master of "practical politics"
was rather late (considering his boastful
claims to foresight) in coming to a knowledge
of the magnitude of this service. When the
HreuiiP predicted in October that the democ
racy would be defeated in the city and lose a
great part of its majority in the State, the
oracle deigned to remind it that it was in
"irrelation with the currents of politics,"
and, therefore, incompetent to form an
opinion. A laborious statement of reasons
was paraded showing why the democracy
were certain to increase their majority both
in the city and the State ; but unluckily the
result of the election verified the oracular
predictions "by the rule of contraries." But
defeat did not disturb the serene professor
of "practical politics," who never gets into
"irrelation-' with his beautiful diffidence.
The appointment of Mr. Morrison as
chairman of Ways and Means is a feat of
"practical politics" of the same brilliant
order as the selection of General Porter to be
Commissioner of Public Works, and Speaker
Kerr will, in the end, be as proud of his ad
viser as Mayor Wickham has such peculiar
reasons to be. Mr. Morrison caused the
adoption in Illinois of the New York dem
ocratic platform, whose authorship has been
so industriously proclaimed, and this valu
able service is made the strong justification
of his appointment in a quarter which ought
to be well informed, at least, on that point.
It is safe to say that there is no "irrelation"
(we admire learned words) between Mr. Mor
rison and Mr. Kerr*! "guide, philosopher and
friend." Ilonce this recent parallel to the
"practical politics" which conferred on the
democratic party the incalculable advantage
of the "irrelation" in the late election between
General Porter and the city democracy.
A "Cbooked Whiskey" Philosopheb.?
In another part of the Hkb.vld we print an
interview had with Colonel Joyce in the
Jefferson City Penitentiary. It is not often
that we see in the convict's garb a man of
such well informed parts, such ready wit, a
poser and a philosopher, a romancer, a
rhymester and a criminal at once. Locked
in this man's bosom, we have no doubt, is a i
key to the inmost chamber of the Whiskey 1
Ring's rascality. No one but he knows the j
heights and depths of corruption which the j
Ring touched or sounded. It will be seon i
that he holds back all the information he j
possesses in the hope of securing a pardon
for what he will not say. It is, we believe, i
a futile hope, for even if the President de- I
sired to release him ho could not face the j
consequences of the act. The cheap and |
"crooked" philosophy with which he pro- !
fesses to sustain himself will not last long; ;
his silence will not, as he supposes, '
give him any better claim to esteem or dis- ;
esteem than he now enjoys. lie had better ;
speak?lor the sake of justice as well as for i
his own.
The America* Colonization of Brazil has '
not resulted successfully. The letter we j
publish elsewhere from Para shows how the I
American settlers that went there on the col- !
lapse of the Confederacy fared. They did 1
not like the country, rich as it is, and the '
country returned the compliment. Hence i
scarcely a remnant was left when the Swatara I
reached Para, the settlers having found their
way homeward as well as they could during
the last seven or eight years. Still there j
are many ways in which an am- I
bitious American may improve his f
fortunes there ; but, with scarcely an ex
ception, it must be said the same man could '
do as well here, not perhaps in the crowded \
cities, but where the wilderness is being j
opened up and settled. In Brazil an 1
enervating climate, a strange people speak
ing a strange language and with different j
customs and with little commercial energy j
meet the American. On our frontiers he has 1
all the scope he want*. If he desires to
settle the people growing up around him j
will be his people, and that counts for a
great deal.
I
The Gebman Government and Emioba- i
tion.?The defeat of the government in the |
Ileichstag, on its attempted revision of the \
penal code, has happily prevented the enact- !
ment of a law which would have done much
to embarrass emigration from Germany to
this country. It was proposed to punish ^
with a year's imprisonment "whosoever un- .
d< r false pretences either wilfully induces or
attempts to induce Germans by groundless
representations to emigrate." It is, of
course, wrong to use "groundless representa
tions" to forward any cause; but, with a gov
ernment bent on keeping its people at home
and not over scrupulous in the means it em
ploys, such a clause could easily have been
twisted by pliant jndges into an engine of
terror. We congratulate the Reichstag on
its tfood senso in rejecting it
The Nprtwl of Manly Sports la
America.
While we are not an athletio people, and
the average Englishman will outrun the
average American or outrow or ride or swim
him, or while the German will outfence him,
it in yet gratifying to note that we have
lately been going in the right direction.
Such buildings as the costly and elaborate
Racket Club house now erecting in this oity,
and the large attendance on our base-ball
matches, rowing and yacht races, our wrest
ling-bouts and foot-contests, evince the in
creased interest in athletics, which, if rightly
handled, may yet make us physically the
peers of any people on the globe. Already
not only in the (to us) newer pastimes, like
polo and racket, curling, Gru)co-Roman
wrestling and fox-hunting, but in the older,
such as cricket, skuting and swimming, walk
ing, rowing and yachting, running, jumping,
foot ball, base ball, sparring, rifle shooting
and velocipede riding?everything in short
which exhilarates and toughens the man, and
enables him to test his fellow?there have
been great strides forward, and to-day ten
men can talk intelligently of their bodies and
what brings thom power and skill and stay,
and comeliness, too, where one could before
the war. In rowing, alone, the facts are sim
ply astonishing. In 1868 the whole num
ber of boat clubs in the United States was
fifty-three and in the British provinces three.
On the 30th of November, 1870, these numbers
had increased to two hundred and forty
seven, and when we consider the great im
petus given to this sport by the visit of our
students to England, and of the Renforth
and Taylor-Winship crews, and Eng
land's fastest scullers to this country
since then, the sudden enlarging of the
annual University race from a match of two
crews to the grandest race in the world, with
fourteen six-oars abreast, and of the National
Amateur contest at an equally surprising
rate, it is quite safe to say that there are
now over five hundred rowing organizations
in the United States alone. Koep up a simi
lar increase lor the next ten years and we
shall actually begin to hold our own with the
English in general interest in this pastime,
and make true the prediction that "the time is
not far distant when wherever in this broad
country there is a harbor, river, lake or
stream fit to float a boat, there rowing will
become, what it well deserves to be,
one of the most attractive as well
as the principal of athletic sports.'
Athletic clubs, too, are springing up in al
most every State, and it would be better if
we could say every county. At the students'
athletic meeting at Springfield, in 1H73, there
were three entries ; at Saratoga, last July,
one hundred and eleven, and the time made
in some of the contests was highly creditable
and pleasantly near that of the best English
amateurs.
The effect of this physical awakening cannot
fail to bo wholesome and beneficiul. It. is just
what we want. More bone and sinew, leg and
lung power in our indoor men; bettor fitness
to st i.nd the hours and years they must pass
in close and badly lighted rooms, heated by
steam and furnaces?stronger digestion and
heartier good cheer, and the manly indepen
dence that comes with them?and whether
times are dull or bright the nation is richer
and healthier and happier. Men will
come to be proud of their vigor and, de
lighted with the way it braces them for un
wonted effort, will husband it jealously and
be slow to yield to anything which will
lessen or dissipate it, or cut them off from a
ripe old age. The older men are shrewdly
seizing on the coming notable year in our ;
history to compare their handiwork with
that of all the nations of the world. Let the
younger ones be awake also to their chance,
and, generously inviting to our shores the
best men physically whom the world can
furnish, either beat them at their own work,
or carefully discern just what it is that beats
them, make a note of it, and never let the
like occur again.
Princeton1* Reminder to l'ale and
Harvard.
The manly letter of Captain Nicoll, which
we publish to-day, shows that, whatever
others may do, Princeton will stand boldly
up to her duty in the Rowing Association,
and do what she can to keep the weak-kneed
from the demoralization which seems to
threaten some of them. It has been well i
known for some time in rowing circles that '
Yale and Harvard have been trying to cover
the unpleasant side of their proposed with
drawal by urging Columbia and Princeton
to go along; but the resolute refusal of the
latter, with the very plain words in her lett< r,
and the almost certain indorsement of her
course by Columbia, promise w> 11 fur
American college rowing interests. Cap
tain Nicoll tells the bolters that in
running away in the year of all years,
when the world will come to look at us, they
are false alike to duty and courtesy. And
certainly, to join in an invitation to gentle
men to come three thousand milts to row,
and after they have considered and per
haps acceded to your request to suddenly
turn and wholly ignore them, is, to put it
mildly, anything but flattering to our no
tions of good breeding. Nor does it bett> r j
it mu;h if the rumor is true that Yale and
Harvard have already challenged Oxford and
Cambridge to u separate race in eights. The
English university men should distinctly |
understand that, if they whip both Harvard
and Yale, they have not beaten the be6t
American college oarsmen, by any means,
and that there are several crews here who
can do all that. One excellent course is <>] on
to the visitors. Let them accept the el al
lenge of the Bowing Association and decline
that of Harvard and Yale, stating their
ground?namely, that they prefer to row the
first college crew in America, not some third
or fifth rate one. Then the result will de
termine whether the famous British oarsmen
can beat us or not; otherwise it will not at all.
The Pi,mouTH Chx-ugh Fioht still pro
gresses, with the pastor leading his forces,
and cheering them with a speech like Holla's
to the Peruvians. The report of the business j
meeting last night is, therefore, warlike read
ing
Christmas Has Had its Shadows in the
Old World as well as in the New. A school- :
houseful of villagers enjoying the groat ,
festive occasion suddenly foil through the
flooring of the building, and eighty were
killed and fiftv more or leas iuiurod.
(rim* in lb* Ciljr.
The annual report of the Board of Polios
Justices shows, by comparison with the pre
vious year, an actual decrease in the number
of arrests, while the increase in the number
of commitments indicates a more vigorous
enforcement of the law. When it is remem
bered that during the year strenuous efforts
were made to break up disorderly and gam
bling bouses and to prevent violations of the
Excise law, the number of ordinary arrests
is still further decreased; but it must be ad
mitted that 84,399 cases are enormoii* for a
city like New York. This number is in the
proportion of one to twelve of tin- e ntire
population of the city. Fortunately the
nnmber of cases of felony and misdemeanor
is not so great as we might be led to expect
from this showing. But the proportion of
the more serious offences was one to fifty
eight of the population, and this exhibits a
prevalence of crime too great for any com
munity. A remedy must be found, and it is
possible to find it only in such measures
as will reduce the lower grades of
crime. During the year there were 30,891
arrests for drunkenness, and the police
justices estimate that from seventy to niuety
per cent of all the crimes committed in this
city are due, directly or indirectly, to the
use of intoxicating liquors. The Board asks
for ampler powers in dealing with the class
known in police phrase us "drunk and dis
orderly." Imprisonment is the remedy
the justices suggest for this disease, but
it is likely the cure would be worse than
the malady. It would not be well to give
the usually irresponsible judges who sit in
our police courts great discretionary power
in cases of this kind. Even now innoceut
men are often sent to prison, but if drunk
enness can be made so serious an offence as
the Board desires, trumped up charges of in
toxication would become almost as common
as intoxication itself. The remedy, it scorns
to us, is in a very different direction. Drunk
enness is a sin which can only be prevented
by improving the condition of the poor and
elevating the moral tone of the community.
This is a work for the benevolent and relig
ious societies rather than for the Legislature,
and until these do their whole duty we can
not expect any appreciable decrease in crima
in this city.
They Had a Grand Timk at Trenton yes
terday celebrating the ninety-ninth anniver
sary of the battle of that name. George
Washington was there, armed, we presume,
with a little hatchet, for we are told that the
costumes, Ac., were historically correct. Tha
Hessians were, of course, compelled to
surrender, and George W. then formed
part of a classic tableau representing him in
the arms of his colored nur*e and attended
by two hundred Philadelphia waiters, each
in the character of George Washington's
faithful body Hervant. After all this wo say,
Hail to the Centennial year !
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
Mrs. Lee-N'eilson is recovering lroai uervous exhaus
liou in I'uris.
The Queen of Denmark has taken tier departure fro?
Paris for Copenhagen.
A U.j lighter of Grace Green wood is taking stugiug
lessons of Wartol, in Paris.
Mrs. Kute Chase Sprsgne is In Paris. Two of iier
children speak G rman, but noi English.
Premier Disraeli has left London tor Abridge, Bork
hampstead, on a risit to Earl Brownlow.
Baron Tliielnian, of tbe German Legation, arrived at
the Hotel Brunswick yesterday from Washington.
A| cable telegram from Cairo, Kgypt, undor date ot
I 27th insl, reports that M. Do Lesseps has arrived
i there.
Professor Theodore D. Woolsey, of N'ew Haven, an4
! Bishop Alfred Lee, of Delaware, have apartments at tin
; Everett House.
Lord Honry Thynne, member for South Wiltshire,
will, It is said, succced Karl Percy as Treasurer ol
Que^n Victoria's household.
The baptism of the infant Princess, daughter of tbe
Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh, was soleitinigod at
Windsor Castle on December 16.
Senator famael B. ilaxey and Congressman J. W.
! Throckmorton, of Texas, and Senator Henry G. Davls^
I of West Virginia, are at the New York Hotel.
Colonel J. W. Foster, Minister to Mexico, was given
a dinner and reccptlon last night at Evansviils, Ind.
, He leaves with his family to-day for Mexico.
Kx-Senator Harlan is working hard lor the Senator?
| hip from Iowa; but tho fact that he is one of tbe old
Credit Mobilier crowd is working against blm.
Mr. William Whlttuker Barry, of Lincoln's Inn. I.o?
don. barrlbter-at-law, third son of the late Rev. Henry
Barry, rector of Draycot Cerne, Wilts, has been lost la
a snowstorm on the Krimmler Taucru Pass, in lh?
, Tyrol.
Tb>- Faculty of letters of the new Catholic University
of Paris was opened ou the 10th of December. About
150 students, among whom some thirty wore ecclesias
tical costumes, assembled. The chair was occupied by
the AbbtS Dcmimmd. who selected as his theme "F<in<i
Ion and His Times."
The )V,uihinzton correspondent of the Cincinnati
. Commercial says that the President has in Ins haudi
evidence that Secretary Fish has Inspired newspapei
articles against him on Cuban questions, and that Mr.
Fish's son in-law, Mr. Sidney Webster, attorney of lh<
Spanish government, has done the work.
Very Rev. Desn Stanley, of Westminster, attain*!
tbe f xtleth year of bis age on the lath of December.
On that day a deputation from the South London Work
ingmeu's Institute, Biackfriars, attended at tfc? Dean
ery and presented Dr. Stanley with an illuminated ad
dresa expressive of the respect in which he is held by
the members of the association.
We recently chronicled the Damage of America*
Consul Atwater to Princess Moetia, of the Uhitiaa
islands. H seems now that tho four kingdoms of the
Society Islands are, by the Influence of this Princess,
10 be united under American rule. Dorrence Atwatei
Is a native of Vermont, not yet thirty years of age. H?
baa been United States Consul at Tahiti some foul
years and the best and most popular Consul we evei
had there Before going to Tahiti he held a con
snlate la the Indinn Ocean, and by bis own request
w..h moved to Tahiti. Like Steinberger he is a pet at
Washington and appears to have tbe friendship ol
President Grant.
^rongre'sman Martin I. Townsend. of Troy, one of the
wit* on the repoblicsu side of tbe House, is disposed to
be facetious over his humble assignment in Speaket
Kerr's committees. He writes to a friend:?"I waaput
upon the Committee on Revolutionary Claims, ans
Cla.tnf of the War of 1812, so that if any false proofli
were presented 1 could correct them from my ows
memory."
"A Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, Lon
don," writes to the Timet:?"To throw salt upon snowy
pavements is not merely a dirty and Idle habit to sav?
the trouble of scraping and sweeping, but It is ons
fraught with danger. Snow and salt when mixed to
gether form a muddy liquid of the temperature of zero,
or thirty-two degrees below the freezing point o>
water?a degree of cold long considered to be th?
lowest attainable, and it needs not to toll how dan.
gerotis must be the saturation of the shoos with suck
a liquid. The practice should not only be prohloltedL
but it should be made a penal offence."
A Chinese cook, with a butcher's hatchet as sharp a,
a razor, will, In ton scoonds, thoroughly bone and sktn I
nc h, so that not a particle is wasted. He will give yo?
%n unbroken orange full of ten different kinds of jet
lies. A Chinese acrobat Is the only man who can (at
from a trapese plump on the top of his head and langl
?t yon. Yet there la a law forbidding Chinamen U
carry their baskets aloaa mo street* of gan Vcmmim*

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