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A Vigorous Effort by Earnest Men for
Better Government. ADDRESS CF DCRMAN B. EATON Constitution and Bylaws of the New Society. On the 15th of December a few of the prominent men 1 ef this city met for the purpose of founding a society whose object should be to secure for the city of New | York better laws, an honest and eliicieut administra- : tton of its affairs and the reduction of the city debt. On tne following day the society was incorporated, and Ita certiilcate approved by Jud>:e Noah Davis, ol the Supreme Court of the Stule. The membership has rapidly incruaoed by the co operation ol nicu of wealth and sterling Integrity, until there are now seventy eight names on the roil Among the names so recorded aro those of Jackson S. 8chultz.ex- member of the famous Committee of Seventy, member of the Chamber of Commerce and a merchant in Cliff stroet; CornoliuB R. Agncw, the well known pliysiciun ; Theodore Boose - velt, merchant, of Maiden lane, and well known as trustee lor several local charltlos; Howard Potter, cod of Bishop Pottee, member ef the Cnumber of Com merce and ol the hanking house of Brown Brothers & Co., Wall street; Dormnn B. Eaton, ex-metnber of the Committee of Seventy, President of the new society, and a lawyer, of No. 11 fine street; Lewis L Delalleld, ! lawyer, No. 40 Exchango place; William E. Dodge, Jr., President of the Young Mun's Christian Association, and merchant, No. 13 Cliff street; Theodore W. Dwightj j lawyer and professor of municipal law in Columbia Collcgo I aw School; Henry J Scudder. lawyer, No. 06 Wall street; George Cabot Ward, banker, No. 52 Wall street; Parke Godwin, editor ofthe Evening fust; James M. Com-table, merchant, No. 881 Broadway; Albon P. | Man, Commissioner ol Education, and lawyer, No. 66 Wall street; Levi Parsons Morton, of tho banking house ol Morton, Bias it Co., No. 3 Broad street; Sam uel D. Babcock, one ofthe Committee of Seventy, now President of tne Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York, and banker, No. 5 Wall street; Ceorge C. j Weimore, merchant, No. M5 Greenwich street ; Francis B. 'l'burbor. Secretary of tho Cheap Transportation As sociation, and merchant. No. llti Kcade street; Charles Stewart Smith, merchant, No. 115 Worth street; Alfred C. Hue, builder, No. 10 Liberty place; Sinclair Tousey, member of the Chamber of Commerce, and President of the American News Company, No. 119 Nassau slroet; Benjamin It. Sherman, one of tit* Com mittee ol Seventy,<and President of the Mechanics' Bamc, No. 33 Wall street; Henry M. Tuber, member of the Cotton Exchange, and merchant. No. 1:10 Pearl sireet; Joshua Hendricks, merchant, No. 49 Cliff street; Benjamin C. Wetmore, lawyer. No. 0 Ptno street; George B. Butler, lawyer, Broadway and Chambers street; Joseph ricligman, Commissioner of Education, and banker, No. 21 Broad street; Oswald Otlendorfcr, editor of the Stoat* Zeitung; Charles Watrous, lum ber merchant. No. 10*2 Wall street; William H. Wiley, merchant. No. 148 Kcade street; Henry F. Spaulding, merchant, No. MJ Worth street; Samuel D. Bussell, builder. No. 188 West Houston sireet; Beujamin W. Floyd, member of the Produce Exchange, and provision packer, No. 203 Broome street; A. R. Whitney, mer chant, No. 58 Hudson street; Charles G. Frsncklyn, agent of the Cunard steamships. No. 4 Bowling Green; Isaac V. Brokaw. clothier, Nos. 28 to34 Fourth avenue; Thatcher M. Adams, lawyer, No. 01 Wall street; Robert M. Strebelgh, No. 7 East Forty-fifth street; Barnet L. Solomon, importer, No. 057 Broadway; John B. Cor nell, iron founder, No. 141 Centre street; Elias S. Hig plns, merchant, No. 84 White street; Samuel Thome, No. 9 East Forty-Uflh street; Edward Salomon, ex Governor of Wisconsin, member of the Committee of Seventy, and lawyer. No. 4 Wall street; Josiah M. Fisne flour merchant. No. 18 South street; Simou Stern, cx membor of the Committee of Seventy, ex Commis sioner of Charities and Corrections, No. 302 Broadway; David Dows, member of the l'roduco Ex* change, and merchant. No. 20 South street; Haviluh M. Smith, carpenter, No. 35 North Moore street; Smith Clilt, lawyer, No. 15 West Twenty-ninth street; Henry Bergh, President of the Society for tho Prevention of Cruelly to Animals, No. 100 East Twenty ?ccoud street; Charles E. Whitehead, lawyer, No. 61 Wall Btreet; Rush C. Hawkins, ex-member of Assem bly, lawyer, No. 64 Broadway; Hugh Auchincloss, mer chant. No. 47 White street; Dr. Stephen Smith, ex-Com missioner of Health, No. 29 West Forty-second street; E. Randolph Robinson, lawyer, No. 102 Broadway; Benjamin H. Button, rncrchaut, No. 321 Broome street; Henry Clausen, Jr., Vice President of the Brewers and Maltsters' Insurance Copipany, and brewer, No. 309 East Forty seventh street; Benjamin T. Tu'ham, mer chant, No. 82 Beekmun street; Robert Hoe, Jr., presses, No. 504 Grand street; William H. Appleton, book pub lisher, No. 54!' Broadway; Frederick Sch.uk, ex mem. bcr of the Commitlco ol Seventy, President of the tier man Society ol the City ol New York, and Commis sioner of Emigration, No. 13 Broadway; Charles H. lsb&m, leather merchant, No. 91 Gold street; William Stemway, piano manufacturer, No. 109 East Fourteenth street; Henry L. Hogunt, President of tbe Emigrant Industrial Savings hank, und auctioneer, No. 112 Duane street; John Stephenson, cor builder, No. 47 East Twenty-seventh street, and Frederick 1). Tappen, Presi dent of the Gallatin National Bank, No. 30 Wall street. The society has been incorporated under the name of The New York Municipal Society. The President Is I)ur iii.tu B. Eaton, the Vice President Samuel D. Babcock tnd the Secretary. Robert M. Strebelgh. CKKTIKICATK OF INCORPORATION. We, Jackson S. Schultz, Donnun B. Eaton, Henry J. Scudder, John H. Sherwood, Theodoro W. Dwight, George C. Wctmore and Lewis L Dolafleld, each of wham is of lull age and a citizen of the Stuto of New York and of the United States, desiring to form a cor poration pursuant to tho provisions ol the 207ih chap- , te: ol the Laws ol 1875, entitled "An act for the incor- | poratiou of societies or clubs for certain lawful pur poses," do severally sign and acknowledge this certlfl- | cute, with the following provisions:? 1. I'llo namo-of the society shall be "The New York ! Municipal Society." 2. The bus.lies* of the society shall be the acqulsl- j tlon and care of such proper amount of real property. ; furuiiuro and other personal property as the society : may need; the collection, cure ami disposition of its revenue; Investigation mid advice in reference to the | increase, ceusure, suspension or expulsion of its tnem ! hers, or any ol them; the institution and care ol uny | proper suits or proceedings, und tho defence of any to I which tho society mayibe made a party; tho care of j the olllcc and place of meeting; the tlxing of salaries: i the auditiug and payment ol claims: the printing and ' Circulating ol publications, and such other details ot a biuincss character as may he appropriate to the ac complishment of the object of the society. Tho object j ol tho society Is to secure better laws and honest, ein- ' cient and economical administration for the city of New York; tho reduction of taxatiou and of thu city ; debt ill said city, and also to aid in securing good municipal and otner laws and administration in or aflccting the State ol New York. 3. The number of directors ol the society shall be twelve. 4. I'he names of the directors for tho first year are the following, viz:?Jacksou S. Schultz, Henry F. ! Spuulding, John H. Sherwood, Charles S. Smith, I Francis B. Thurher, Edward Salomon. Sinclair Tou.iey. Thatcher M. Adams, John H. Hall, Will- 1 lam H. Leo, Samuel Thome and Oswald Ottendorfor. In testimony whereof each of the parties first a'.iovo oamid does hereby subscribe his naino hereto, on this liteeiith day of December, in the year one thousand ?Iglil hi.aureu und seventy-five, at the city of New York. IACK-ON S. SCHl'LTZ, GEORGE C. WETMORE, In lit MAN B. EATON. LEWIS l? DKLA Fl ELD, I'M Ko Do RE W. DWIGHT, HENRY J. SCIDDLR. JOHN H SHERWOOD, Mat'- nj .\eu> York, City and County nf Xrw furlc, it.? On this With duy of December, in the year 1875, be fore me personally appeared Jacksou S. Schultz, Dormun II. Eaton, Henry J. Scuddor, John H. Sher wood, Theodore W. Dwight, (ieorge C. Weimore and Lewis L Detaltold, to m? known to be the individu als described in the foregoing certificate, and they severally before mo signed the said certiilcate, and acknowledged that they signed the same for the pur ines therein mentioned.?Hksry Akdkn, Notary Pub lic, Kings County, with cerlitlcaie Uled in Nuw York County. I approve of the form of the within oertlncate. and consent to approve of the creation ot the corpora* tim and tu tue lllmg of said certificate. NOA1I DAVIS, Justice Supreme Court. Di.CKunEK 16, 1875. HHE CONSTITUTION. ArtiO.* 1?The action of the society shrill be limited lo the business and object referred to in the certiilcate ol incorporation. The names of those w ho are at pres ent associated with tho signers of tho certificate are the following:?Jackson 8. SchulU, C. R. Agtiew, Lewis IV Brown, Theodore Roosevelt, Boward Potter, Dorman IS. Eaton, Lewie L. Dolafleld, William E. Dodge, Jr.; Theodore W. Dwight, Henry J. Scudder, George Cabot Ward, l'arko Goodwin, William H. i*e, James M. Con ?tahle, A. P. Man, L P. Morton, S. I). Babcock, John II. Sherwood, George C. Wctmoro, Francis B. Thurber, Charles Stewart Smith, Alfred C. Hoe, Sinclair Tousey, John II. Hall, Benjamin B Shorman. Henry M. Taber, I'. Van Valkenburgh, Joshua Hendricks, William B. Hodman, Benjamin O. Weimore, J. liookmau, Georgo H Butler, F H. CosslU, Jossph Sellgtnan, Oswald Mttendorler. Charles Watroue. William H. Wilev ' Henry T Spanlding. Pamnel D. Russell, H. W Floyd, I A K Whitney, Charles J. Cauda, Charles G. Krancklyn, I Isaac V. Brokaw, Thateber M. Adams, George A. Kvib bma. Robert M. Strebuigh, B. 1- Solomon, John B. Cornell, Elias S. Higgms, Samuel Thorne, Edward Salomon, Josiah M. Kiske, Simon Stern, David Dows, Ha-, .lull M. Smith, Smith Ciift, Henry Bergb, Charles E. Whitehead, Bush C. Hawkins, Huirh Jfochlncloss, Joseph H. Godwin, Stephen Smith. M. 1> ; E. Randolph Koblnson, B. H. Button. Henry Clausen, Jr.; Benjamin Tat ham, Robert Hoe, Jr.; William H. Appleton, Fred erick Schuck, Charles H. isliaiu William Jiteinway. IE L. Hoguet, John Stephenm?, K. D. Tappen, David Hanks, Simon lwm and JoMph T bom peon, who, with those whose names may be added to uiuk? up 100, &Bd their successors, will he the ordinary members of the society. t . . ... Art. 2. Neither the name nor the Influence or the society shall be used to promote the private interests Of any ol its members, or any sectarian or partisan ob ject: nor shall tfce policy or acts of any party, as such, be offensively characterized in debate. Akt. 3 ? No ordinary member will solicit or accept any office or any nomination for office, municipal, State or federal, while a member of the society, or within ninety days after ceasing to be a member; except that nothing herein contained shall excuse any member from accepting or holding sny office or per forming any public service for which no salary or Ices are provided by law. Art, 4.?No member will request or receive any com pensation a.- a member, or for service under the society, except to the extent that Its bylaws may specifically provide, or pursuant to the provisions of a written con tract made by the Board ol Directors, in the name of the society. ? Art. 8.?Each member will, whenever circumstances will reasonably allow, attend.the 'meetings of the so ciety and ol its commit ices and directors, if bis pres ence would be appropriate. Art. 6.??Neither iho booisty, by its own act, nor through any committee, officer or agent, or otherwise, but ttie Board of Directors alone (and as herein and in the bylaws contemplated) shall have authority to con tract "any debt or incur any liability. Art. 7.?Tho Board of Directors shall have exclusive control of all business, as authorized by law or in the certificate of incorporation; but otherwise than so lira itod, the society may determine its own action in p ir suit of Its objects in a legal manner, provided no such action shall be inconsistent with said certificate or with this constitution. Art. 8.?Any new subject brought before the society at any meeting, shall, on the request of six members, be, by the presiding officer, referred to a standing com mittee, or by a vote of ilie society may bo relerred to some special committee, and be reported upon, before the same shall be further entertained, or otherwise acted upon, at that meeting of the society. Art. U.?On the request of one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and nays shall be called upon any question, except as to requesting a resignation, or voting au expulsion, and shall be recorded by the Sec retary. Art. 10.?Twenty members shall be a quorum for or dinary proceed-Ings; but no bylaw shall be made, al tered or repealed unle.s by an alllruiatlvu vote of at lo ist twenty-fife members, and the constitution shall not lie changed unless by an affirmative vote of at least forty members. And every cliauge in, or in addition to, the constitution or bylaws must, except as hereinafter mentioned, have been proposed and entered upon the minutes at some regular meeting within ninety days prior to the regular meeting at which it must be finally acted r.pon. Art. 11.?'Tho ordinary membership fhall he limited to 1(M), and each new member shall bo elected by ballot at a regular meeting, and a number of negative votes, equal to one in live ol tho wholu number cast, shall bo regarded as rejecting a candidate. But at anytime before tba 1st day ot .March, 1H76, new members may be proposed and elected and amendments to the by laws or constitution may be proposed and acted on at special or adjourned meetings as well as at regular meetings. Art. 12.?The officers ot the society shall be a "presi dent, vice president, a secretary and a treasurer, each ol whom shrill be elected for one year, and they, as well as the directors and members of the committees, shall hold their offices or piaces until others are elected or appointed and are ready to serve. Tho treasurer shall be elected by the directors and the other officers by the society and by ballot. Art. 13.?There shall be a board of directors, to con sist of twelve members, each of whom shall be olected by ballot by the society for the term of three yours, ex cept that the lint twelve directors, to be elected next year, shall divide themselves by lot or otherwise, Into three classes, of four each, of winch one class shall hold lor the terra of one year, one class lor tho term of two years and one for the term of three years, aud the result of such classification shall beontered upon the minutes of the directors and of the society, and each year after such first election of directors four directors shall be electcd. The Board of Directors may fill nny vncaucy in the Hoard lor the unexpired term, and seven will be a quorum for business. .Second?The directors shall from time to time choose their own chairman, and shall keep brief minutes of their proceedings, which shall bo open to the inspection of the members of the society, and of which a general report for each four months shall be made to the society, aud other reports shall be made if called for. Third?The President and Vice President shall be ex officio members of the Board of Directors and of each standing anil Special committee of the society, but neither of said officers sfiall vote at any meeting of said board or committees, nor be counted to make a quorum of the directors. fourth?The members of the Board of Directors shall be ex ofjl'-io members of the Executive Committee, with the same rights as Other members. Fifth?The directors shall hold at least four regular meetings each year, and such adjourned and special meetings as they may provide for. They and the Ex ecutive Committee may adopt and enforce rules, which shall be reported to the society, not inconsistent with the constitution or bylaws. Art. 14.?There shall he tlireo standing committees, viz.:?An executive committee, a judiciary committee and a c imniittce of inquiry. Tho Executive Commit tee shall be composed of twenty-five members, of whom the directors for the time being shall be twelve, and In addition the chairman of eacii of the other two stand ing committees shall be rz ojjlcio lull members of the Executive Committee. Six members o! the Executive Committee shall be u quorum for business. (Second?The Executive Committee shall koep brief minutes of Its proceedings and shall cause tho records of its action at any meeting to be reported at the next meeting of tho society for such proper action as tho society may decide to take. Art. 15.?The society shall hold a regular moetlng on the first Tuesday next after the 10th day ol October of each year and on the lirst Tuesday of each following mouth, except the months of July, August and Septem VCI. Ssamd?Special and adjourned meetings may be held or aillttd as the constitution or bylaws shall'provide, and (hero slinll bo au annual meeting for observing tin: anniversary of the society, either oa the dato of tbo regular Tuesday inceiing in December, or within twelve days o( that date, as the society may order. T/iirti?Klectious ol officers and 'liroctors ahull, after the first election, lake place at the November moating or an soon thereafter as practicable, and the terms o/ ' the new otlicors and directors elected shall begin, and i they Khali, except those first elected, enter upon their duties 011 the 1st day of January then next following. ART. 16?Any member will resign, or he w ill cense to he a member, whenever it shall appear, as the bylaws may provide, that two-thirds of all the nu mbers are of the opinion that his continued membership would net be useful to the society. Akt. 17?There may bo, in addition to the ordinary members, thirty-five honorary members, of whom at least Illteen must be resident* of the .State, and none 'residents of the city of New York. Thoy shall pos sess all the privileges of an ordinary member, except that of voting and holding office, and shall be elected for the term ol three years by bahot by the ordinary members at a regular meeting (If elected after the 1st ol March, 1876) and with reforenco to their ability to aid the purposes of the society. Second?H 'fore any person can be voted for as an honorary member, alter March 1, 1H76. his name must have been proposed, in writing, at a prior regular meet- > ing (held not more than ninety days before such elec- | lion) by throo ordinary members, and such proposal i must then have been recorded in the minutes; and it j will require the affirmative rote of three-fourths of , those prcgont to elect such candidate. Art. 11?Except in cases ior which the society shall otherwise order or the constitution or the bylaws shuil otherwise make provision, nothing stall be pub lished as bung the act or having tho sanction of tho society, unless approved by two of the three following i persons, viz.:?the President, the Vice President, thu ' Chairman of the Executive Committee, ana all cases ! ol such approval shall be reported to the society. Ai:t. la?The rules of proceedings and debate, as laid down in Cuslung's Manual, as far at consistent , with this constitution and the bylaws act in their ] nature applicable, shall be In substance applied for the ; governme nt of the action of this society und its di- I rectors and committees. Suction 1.?Tho President sfl ill preside at 'the meet ings ot the society, preserve order, appoint committees whose appointment is not otherwise dfrectM or pro % ided lor. and he shall generally promote the injects of the society. Th" President shall make a statement in writing at the close of each year, setting fk-th the work uc< omph-lied and the oondition, oppdrunities and prospects ol tho society. Sue. 2 ?The Viro President shall discharge tftc duties of the President, in his absence and also whenever ho sluril mo reqmsi. At any meeting, in the absence of the President and Vice President, tho Mete* shall select a presiding officer }>ro tent. .who shall d? rcisc the authority of the President at the meeting. Sk'c. 3.?Tim Secretary (or a secretary pro tent^ shall j be a member, and will attend tho meetings atnl keep I tht records, books and papers of the society, ai<; p?r- i form such other duties as may be assigned td him. There may be an assistant secretary, to be approi < t.y the Secretary and elected by the Executive Committee, who shall have such salary as the directors maj pro vide for. Sao. 4 ?Tho Treasurer shall collect, properly kefep or pay out in its name the funds of the society. \ , i,e Treasurer shall make to tho society monthly, in Writ ing, during the period of regular sessions, a brief -slatc nieut ol the funds and of the Indebtedness ot thl ?o. ciety, and an annual report showing, in detail, ltd n. sets, expenses and financial condition. aw. 6.?Tho Judiciary Committeo shall consist of live members, whose duty niiall extend to all matters <&>n. legality of their administration. Two members shalltLij a quorum. Sac. 6.?The Committee of Inquiry shall consist Vf nine memborg, aud Its duty shall be to make investi^ 1 ticn and report coneerning matters especially refornki | to it. as well as matters to which the society slitf j direct action to be uken, and which do not especially belehg or have not been referred to any other commit, tee. Three members shall bo a quorum. 8n 7.?The duty of the Executive Committee shsll extend generally to all matters not devolved upon tho directors, which are embraced within the objects of tlio society, and are not especially made the subject of cog. ntuince by any other committee. And It shall aleo bo the only of the Executive Committee to consider and mature measures appropriate for accomplishing the ou iects of the society. BYLAWS, i netted with the improvement Set.a*d?Ah nomination! or eanflraaies for member ship itinil be referred to the Executive Committee, and niUHt t>e reported favorably, before the society shall vote upon tbo nomination; and no candidate shall be reported favorably who baa not secured the votes of a majority of the committue present, which majority, uniting in the report, must consist of at least six mem bers. 8k?. 8. ?Tb? society may at any time create a special committee, to whicti any matters not specially devolved u|miu u Handing committee may by vote be referred; aud the President may, wiih the approval of the society or of the Kxecutive Committee, request a member or other person to prepare a paper or address the society at a time and place and upon a subject to be designated. Hue. 9.?The Executive Committee shall hold regular meetings <>n Tuesday of each week (unless tor CMM tb*y Khali at any time adjourn over one regular meet ing day), from" the l.Mn day of October to the 10th day of June in eacn year, and also such special or ad journed meetings as the committee may order. A special meeting of the committee may be called by the Chairman or the President, with the approval of the Chairman of one other standing committer. Skc. in.?Special meetings of the society may alto be hold on the Joint will uf the l'resideut aud Vlce-Presi dent, or of the President aud the chairmen of any two of the standing committees; but there shall be notice sent to the city address of each member of all general or special meetings of the society, nnd like notice shall be sent to each member of the Exocutive Com mutes of each special meeting of that committee; and the President may direct that like notice be given of any general meeung, which notices may specify any subjects to be acted upon. Skc. 11.?Notice of meetings of the society (and of the directors or of the Kxecutive Committee, when re quired to be given,) shall be left at the oily residence or place of busiuess of ordinary members eight hours be fore the meeting, or be deposited in ibe city post, prop erly directed and post paid, clevou hours before such meeting. When a member has no such city rcsideuco or place of business, a notice directed to a member at the city of Now York sliull be sufficient. The meetings provided lor in the constitution or bylaws shall, unless otherwise especially ordered, be held at eight o'clock in the evening. S*c. 12.?Whenever nny meeting of the Execu tive Committee or of the directors would come at the same time that a meeting of the souiety is held, the latter meeting shall supersede the former, uuless the society shall otherwise order, sic. 13.?The right of debate in the society and Kxecutive Committee shall be limited to oue speech, not exceeding ten minutes in length, by any mem ber, on the same subject (and a collateral motion involving only the samo matter shull not be consid ered a different subject,) unless such right shall be enlarged by general consent; except that the mover on any motion under discussion shall have live min utes and the chairman or represnntatlve of the Di rectors or of any committee, whose report is under discussion, shall have ten minutes, to reply to any objections made in debate. But, by consent of the presiding oSteer, any member may, at any proper time, make a personal explanation, which shall not occupy more than throe mm u tea Sko. 14.?The ordur of business, unless changed by vote, shall bo:? JFirit?The minutes of the last meeting. Second?The financial statement due from the Treasurer. Third?Election of now members. Fourth?Any special business ordered for the session. Fifth?Reports of the directors and committees. Sixth?Miscellaneous business. Skc. 16.?No porson, alter March 1,1876, can be voted for ns a new member except at u regular meeting, withiu ninety days subsequent to some regular meeting at which such person was proposed for membership, in writing, signed by three members; and to make such election valid, the name, residence and occupation of trie person proposed, anil the names of those proposing him, must have been regularly entered upon the minutes of such prior meeting. The election shail be by ballot, and two tellers, named by the presiding officer, shall collect and count the votes and plate the result to the acting secretary in writing, signed by them; and the result, giving the number of votes each way, shall be at once announced and recorded by the Secretary, wno Bhall thereupon read the record to the mooting. Tbo Secretary shall simply inform any candidate of his election; but no member shall, to any greater extent, muko any action under this bylaw pub lic, without the consent of tbo candidate or member affected; and thoro sliull be no discussion of the merits of any candidate, nor shall there be, in any report or debate, any reierence to the motive or action of any member in respect to any election, resignation or ex pulsion, unless mi investigation has been ordered. Sec. 10.?The voting on the annual election of a Pres ident, Vice i'residont, Secretary or members of the Board of Directors, or nt any meeting to till a vacancy in either said office, shull lie by ballot, and a special committee may be elected or appointed to make nom inations for such office or membership us the society shall order. Skc 17.?The proceedings at the annual meeting shall be such as ihe society may direct, not in conflict with the constitution and bylaws. Sue. 18.?A motion, under ?he clause of the consti tution relating to a resignation or ceasing to be a mem ber, or tor an expulsion, must, when reasonably prac ticable, be on at least ten days' personal noltcc, ordered and given through the Secretary to the member to be affected, and when such personal notice Is not, in the opinion of the society, thus practicable, the noticc of the proposed motion may be served In the same man ner as a notice of a regular meeting may be served, and shall be sufficient. 11 the party atlecled shall be pros ent, ho shall be heard at reasonable length, us tho so ciety may determine, before a vote on the motion is taken, and the vote shall be taken by rising only, and the result shall bo forthwith announced, recorded and read to the meeting. FCr.it?If a member shall omit to resign, as contem plated by the constitution, he may be formally ex pelled and shull lose all rights as a' member, and the expulsion shnll be on such notice and in such manucr as the society may choose to order or declare, THE ADDRESS. When a considerable number ol porsons anile them selves fur the purpose of exerting nn influence upon public affairs perhaps a dne regard for the good opinion ol their fellow citizens requires them to make some statement of their views and policy. No apology surely can be needed for adopting the facilities nf lorded for corporate action by a law enacted by the last Legislature. Aud so long as the greater peril of New York shall be from the partisan, mercenary and lawless classes, made more powerful and dangerous by organization, it seems as natural as it is necessary that all those who would oppose these common enemies of good government should also organize. Indeed, nothing is more remarkable in our municipal con dition, or in our public affairs generally, than ihe elab orate aud vigorous organization, whether in secret so cieties, rings or mercenary caucuses, of all the ele ments opposed to honest and economical government, on the one side, and the almost utter want of political organization or of united ellort among those, on the other hand, who favor public virtue and economy, if 11 DO TIIB GRANDEST ACHIEVEMENT of statesmanship lo bring to the (runt (tie noblest minds to lead and to develop tho highest average ol general virtue and intelligence umonif a people, certainly the next best thing is to so organize mid apply the morality and capacity a people may possess that they shall be most effective for (he public good. Most Intelligent per sons, we thiuk, believe that better government, espe cially in this city, is possible, even belore we shall have roared a Durer and w iser generation. If this opiniou be unfounded it is plain that no reform can now be made, except in the education ot our children; but if that opinion bo true, then our crushing taxation, our manifold Inlldolltics in ottice and our imperilled com mercial pre.stigo may be mainly due to our failure to make the beat use of the resources we have. At all events, tn the present conditions of our public affairs, there is certainly need of clear convictions and prompt j action upou ho vital a subject. If honest and intel ligent citizens by a unitod effort can secure better gov ernment aud reinviforute a threatened commerce, it must be admitted that, it they do dot achieve, they do not descrvo such results. Kvery thoughtful man must, in view of our municipal experience, no<r comprehend that the business properity, as well as the personal morality of New York are closely conditioned upon tho character and the economy of its government. nur VIUOKOIS ORGANIZATION alone Is not sufficient It must bo animated by a right 1 spirit and directed to right ends. We are persuaded that among tho essential conditions of success, in au effort for improving public alfuirs, arc these:?1. A well-founded claim to disinterestedness of motives. 2. The use of methods which deserve the approbation of good citizens. 3. The opon pursuit ol avowed objects recognized as Important to the general welfare. To these conditions wo trust the organisation and spirit of this society conform. They aro so distinctly set forth in the constitution and bylaws that no statement j can raak*e them clearer. Tho following are extracts from the fundamental articles of the society:? Jfrrt?'The object of the society is to secure hotter lawi and honest, efficient and economical aduilnUtrati n tor the ci v of New York, the reduction ol taxatiou and of the city debt in said city, and alio to aid in securing ?<>od municipal and other laws mid administration in or ufiecilng the Mats ot Hew York. .SViwt?Neither the name nor I lie influence ol tho society shall be uned to promote the private -Interests ol any of its members, or auv sectarian or partisan object; nor -nail the policy or acts ol any pnrty, at such, be off.?naively character- ! Ieed in debate. Third?>o member will inlicli nr accept any office or any I nomination for ottice. municipal. Slate or leileral. while a i?ember of the society, or * itliiu ninety d.iyi after ceasing t<> be .t member: except that nothing herein contained shall j excuse any member from accepting or holding ?ny .dire ot performing any public service for which no salary or fee* ara provided by law. It may be too much to expect that the rare, if not Impossible, virtue of absolute disinterestedness will be acsorded to our members, but all reasonable pledges and aAFCaCABDS AGAINST PARTISAN, BE'TARTAN or selfish action appear to be inserted; and it must re main for the future to show for what measure of patri otic and disinterested eilort the society will have a claim to be credited. MiCKHSITT FOR TIIR SOCIRTT. It may, perhaps, be thought by some, that so ?wee ing an engagement on the part of members not to ac cept office may tend to deprive the public service of valuable officers. Hut it is too clear tor argument, that a body likely to have considerable political Influence will encounter much damaging prejudice, ns well as como under dangerous temptations, if the opportunity on the part ol its members Is freely open to secure office through the use of that Influence; and nothing would so soon weaken tho powor of the society to pro mote official tidelity as the fact that rts own members hold* lucrative offices. Resides we are of the opinion that a ftjw disinterested and coujagcous citizens, acting together against official Infidelity, generally, will be abre to render quite as useful public service as they could if in office under existing laws, to say nothing of the (till greater service which the independence of their position will enable tlicm to render toward im proving the laws aud the method! of administration. IN VIEW OK THK U1.0AII AIMS t ins defined it may be suggested by somo that, as i alirmlng debt und crushing taxation arc conspicuous j evils which every man of jiropertf wti and feels, mem I tMitbin more harmonious and action more viirerous could nave oeen secured had the *oclety only attempted lo re due* debt and taxation. Id thi* suggestion there la roach plausibility an<l gome truth. Bui against it there are fatal objection*. The mere protection of property is not the highest object of gov ?foment, nor are the men of property those who most in od protection. That feeling, so general as to be sure to influence (he majority, which would brand a society as merely seliish. of which the real and avowed aim was to reduce taxes in order to Increaso the income of accumulation!*, would not be wholly unfounded; and its measure of justice would be sutlicient to impart a most formidable strength to the partisan and mer cenary demagogulsm of the city, which Is sure to be hostile to a society like this. Beside*, we cannot re duce debts and taxes timply by refusing to carry on the government of the city; and the controlling reasons why that government is now needlessly expensive are to be found, broad and deep, in bad laws, old and new; in false theories and disgracelul neglect of the duties of citizenship; in methods ol administra tion complicated and costly; in the habits of paying high salaries, and of employing a needless number of laborers at excessive rales; in practising the pernicious and partisan method of governing a city, through which inferior ottlcers and laborers, and heavy burden* in many ways, are Imposed upon It, more in reference to lllliug the treasuries of parties and the pockets of their managers than lor any regard for honest or economical administration. Ju short, while hero and there CONSIDKRAHf.E REDCCTIOXS IS TAXAT10V can be made through Isolated economies, a really economical, honest aud vigorous administration is im possible, except througn rudicul measures of relorm as pervading aud co operative In their ellecls as the mer cenary and partisan interests which uotv prosper by reason ot bad administration. The only Jiasis, therefore, as we are persuaded, on which the society can stand, or ought to attempt to stand, is not that of property or that of a sense of common oppression from taxation, but that of the common duty and lutorest of all good citizens, and the common peril from costly and corrupt administration. If men of thought and men of means and men of mor als desire to lead?to command conlideuce and to have the strength of the great mass of honost voters with them?they must never sanction the fallacious theory that honest meu who are rich and honest men who are not rich have not a common interest In public economy, aud In having able, faithful public olllccrs and agents. It would certainly ho but fair that those who pay salaries and taxes should have the power of tlxing the r limita; but no such reform, oven, can be brought about until reflecting minds who cun demonstrate us justice have made a gieat contribution to public intel ligence on the subject?a contribution which shall cause it to be better appreciated that honest voters who pay taxes and honest voters who do not have a com mon Interest In that reform. OTllKK QUESTIONS. But there were other questions. Should the society be representative in the popular sense?that is, should it have a popular constituency, by whom its future members should be elected, or should it bo eo organ ized as to be a direct reflection of every grade of inter est and opinion in the community? 11 was decided to make the society?and. as we bolieve, it has boon to a reasonable extent made?so lar representative that It i* neither sectarian nor partisan, nor in special sympathy with any particular occupation, Interest or condition in life; bat it is not representative in the sense that it will respond to any temporary change of popular opinion, or thut it will treat anything as right or wrong bocause tho majority so treat It, or mako any appeal for support or claim any au thority simply becauso largo numbers aro directly represented by it The representation to which tho society aspires and the views and in terests which. If faithful, it will endeavor to promote will bo those consistent with good morals and good administration and no other. Tho society will, therefore, oxpect only tho Influence which soch a policy and its own demonstrated fidelity and usefulness may be able to command. In other words, the character of Its mombors and the public utility of its work must bo its solo claim upon public confidence and support. KV1I.S OP A PAUT19AX OOVKRNMK.VT. In choosing to rely upon this basis and rejecting tho party theory of the..representations of numbers we have not supposed wo havo surrendered any great or enduring element of power to secure our objects. Tho people of this city havo fallen Into their corrupt practices and extravagant expenditures, under tho partisan system of city government, wtilth is based on uuinerical representation and treats the opinions of tho majority as tho political law of right and duty. Wo havo descended in the scale of honesty and prudence, in our municipal affairs, just iu proportion as we have tamely submitted to the leaders of the majority and havo neglected to consider and to Insist upon what wisdom and justice and sound principles required to be done. There Is now an awakoning, a reaction, against this suicidal lolly which has brought this city to the brink of ruin; and on every band the question Is, What ought to be done? What is the true method of securing faithful ottlcers and economical administration 1 This is the sigiiiUcaut. cause of tho present popularity of reform measures?of tho late triumph in the city and in the State of the candidates or policy which the people thought most honest or wise?over mere numbers in alllliation with either party. It shows that tho body of tho people are Intelligent and hone?t enough, when properly addressed, to judge measures and men according to thoir worth, and that the largest and liestconstituency which uu association for reform can have behind it is the personal character of its members and the wisdom of its policy It was in the light of these trnths that tho greatest reforms over accomplished in this city, such as the Board of Health, the paid Fire Department and the new I'ollco Justices' iaw were accomplished. And m Boston, tho citizens aud tho Journals representing the better public opin ion have just eiectud a Mayor over a candidate regu larly nomhatko nv nom th* orkat partirs. It Is true thai this tlic?rv of exerting luflueuce tacitly as-umes that the partisan method of governing a city la lalse aud pernicious, ami such is the opinion of the society. This is not the time to discuss go broad a subject; but unless Much Is the true view of tho manor it would seem to bo tho supremo duty of all good citizens to de voto themselves to tho city caucuses and to act only through and to support only the methods of parties for improving city administration. Wtallo tho society bo lleves it to bo the duly of all good citizens to exert their influence to secure good nominations and to vote lor city officer* under tho party system of city govern ment whilo we have it, thuy yet believe that municipal administration is rather a mass of business to be dono on business principles than of politics to be managed by party leaders, and that oconomy and efficiency will never be attained in our' municipal all'airs until the party system is abandoned and a method ol voting and appointing officers and agents - is adopted upon a bonis which shall deny the right and limit the opportunities of party organizations to control and make gain lu such art'airs. The great issues about which parties gather, and as to which THKIR l.NXLCKNCK IS SALl'TART, are mainly national, and they are in no respect munici pal. Party action, in regard to city administration, is almost never based on any political principle, and hence is generally corrupt, so far as it is not wholly subser vient to external policy auii interests Our Revolution led the then existing English system of municipal government almost untouched. We huve not yet created a municipal system based on republican principlcB, and to do so Is one of the most pressing and difficult problems of statesmanship. So far as later times have changed the old system, it has been done In the interests of political parties, and not of honest, In dustrious people. It ought to be a matter of mdlflcr ence what view a municipal officer may take of the tariff or of the Indians, or ol other questions ol national | politics. Unfortunately the evidence Is but too clear that New i York ueeds greater exertions on the part of its best I citizens to make its local government what it should be ' or even much longer endtirabla It is uot merely true j that it is ruinously expensive, and that it Is generally ! believed to bo in most purls inefficient find in some I parts corrupt; but there is an almost universal eonvic- | tion among intelligent citizens that the city govern- , mrnt, though having some good officers, is, as a whole, ! not only unworthy of the city and the nation, but a ( positive source of" corruption. And, more and more, ! business is being driven from the city, and the com mercial supremacy of New York is seen to bo in danger, j To soine exteut that conviction is, perhaps, u'nfouudcd; yet there are plum, indisputable facts which give it uu alarming basis of truth. New York, with streets le>s \ cleunly. worse pavod, and certainly not better lighted ! than those of London and I'aris, yearly expends more . money per mile ol streot for lighting, paving or clean ing than either of those cities. New Yore, in a sam- j tary position naturally far superior to either of thoso cities and despite the efforts of its Board of Health. Lias A* ANXt AL OKA I'll KATE of more than 28 per 1,000 each year, while the annual ! death rate of Loudon is less than 23, and that of Paris j loss thau 24 per 1.00O. Good government has lately re- | ducod tho death rate of even Bombay below thai of j New York. New York, with a poor population more 1 dangerously crowded into dark, damp and dismal ; apartments than that of any other groat city among the enlightened nations, has yet donu less than most of | tliant to open easy and cheap access to the country, or to facilitate the erection of small, chcap houses lor the poor. In violation of every principle of public economy and safety, the demoralizing theory is officially advo cated ami applied, which holds that laborers on the ctiy i works are uot to bo paid lair market wages, but such sums, under pretence of charity, as partisan otllcla's choose to promise them. Loudon, with a population ol over 3.41)0,000, is governed at an aunual cost of $30,000,000, while New York speuds more money upon a poorer governmeut for less than oue-fhird the popu lation of the Knglish metropolis. in ock roues ngpAnTMrsT, somi form of trials for official uelinquencles. In officers high and low gcems to be almost chronic, and the dis closures have been such as to cause honest people to tremble at their firesides. Committees appointed by the State to investigate municipal corruption hold ses sions month after month, aud irathcr evidence as dis graceful as It is voluminous. Subject for a long time past to laws p.'ooably greater lu number aud volume, and more confused and conflicting than thoso applicable to any other city, the statutes relating to New York aro yet annually increased by amendments and additions more numerous than all tho laws annually enacted by the English Parliament for every city within the British dominions. For example, In 1ST3 there wore one hun dred and thirty-three separate laws enacted as espe cially applicable to tho city of Now York, its Institu tions or citizons; and In 187S, after salutary constitutional changes had been made. there were one hundred and thirty-seven such laws enacted. When wo consider that city Assembly men, who havo to deal with such vast Inter ests and. mult.farlous enactments, aro elected lo? a single year In snmll districts composed of a few blocks oi honses, where there are to peculiar interests to be represented, and where the local party caucus Is generally suiweine, is there any ground for wonder that these laws aro often crudo in conception and confused In language, or that one of the results Is an amount of uncertainty as to official authority and of litigation in the courts beyond piocedent lu any other enlightened country? llut the evil of bxckssivr A?n mm* mgislation I ? by no means confined to the cjtv of New York, but It inronpnoat tne FT ate There werf mr example, fifty-one separate laws relating especially to Brooklyn enacted at the taut session, forty-seven relating to Buf falo, sixteen relating to Albany and twenty-seven re lating to R?cbester. Within the lifetime of middle aged men the proportion of annanl law? relating to cities and villages paused at Albany baa risen from leas than one-twelfth to moro than one-fourth ol all the laws enacteit. Kven when, in 1870, the Legislature attempted to make a general law for villages it was so detective and has been so hastily dealt with that it '.s almost buried in amendment*. It wan amended four separate times last winter. It is some consolation to know that at last public attention became so aroused to our peril from munici ml abuses that a commission was ordered by the last .egmlature to investigate the subject of c.ty govern ment. At a late day thnt commission was filled, and useful suggestions may be expected from the able men placed upon it, if they have adequate time lor thoir work; but much more than mere iuvestigatl?>o and suggestions are neeaed. Relief from our mttuicip il abuses in volves an enduring contest between the higher and the lower elements In city liie. And whou the facts of our condition are mastered and the experience of better governed cities in other countries has been studied, there will remain the problem of wisely organ;/.ug mu nicipal authority i* Hiuotrr with oi-r txstitfttox^. This will require years of experience and constructive ability of the highest order. Old habile and methods in government are not easily changed, and the selfish in- j tereste and tho false theories which are the source of -o j many of ourevils have an enduringvitality. The thou- \ sands who thrive on official corruption will make a ; long and skilful resistance. It is only by per*.stent and courageousefforts that our abuses, one after another, can Im> removed; uud it is only through constant dis- ' cuss in' and a better comprehension of the causes of our \ false methods that the minority cuu be niado first to < see and then follow some better way. The most wo enn re;usonably expect is?if lalthful to otir principles ami fairly supported by those having a common interest in good government?that honest citi zens may bo encouraged, that the mllueuces for good may bo concentrated and made struliger, that beneficent measures of reform, one after another, may be carried, and that no inconsiderable contributions may bo made to that higher, popular in telligence on political subjects which is the sole guarantee of republican Institutions. And as whatever lor good may be accomplished will bo for the common bonetit, we shall relv upou the aid and sympathy of all good citizens. Our "plan lor work of public usefulness Is but one of the many ways in which good inlltienci s uiay be combined and strengthened, and we shall be ready to co-operate with all fellow workers in the same great field of reform. FEW THOrOrtTPCl, MEN will fail to appreciate that the problem and peril of good government m New York city is thu problem and tho peril of every other largo city, and, to some extent, of all tho cities and villages of the laud, in Brooklyn, in Jersey City, iu Baltimore, in Washington?In short", moro or less everywhere - tho cities first exhibit and most develop the ele ments of danger to our institutions; and it is evident that, if we cannot govern cities better, we cannot long govern them at all, and as they go down they will carry the nation with them. Hence the question of good city government should be rogarded as a great national question. But here at our doors?where we are blessed with providential advantages which havo tnns far en riched us with a nation's commerce?in this great me tropolitan city, whose morals, vices, crimes, journals and fashions oven arc a potent example and inspira tion foi good or lor evil over tho whole Union, is our first and paramount duty ; and it Is not less the Inter est. than tho duty of its citizens, as far as they may, to take caro that Now York city be well governed and of good repute, an honor and not a peril to republicin In stitutions. dormaN b. eaTON, President. Roukkt M. Strehkiuu, Secretary. THE POLICE COMMISSIONERS. ARE MATSELL AND DISBEC KEB TO BE BEMOYED ? j The Central Office, on Mulberry street, was the sccne j yesterday of unusual activity. Anxious politicians | crowded the lobbies from early morning till late In the \ ailernoon, eagerly waiting lor developments. None, ! however, up to the hour of tho departure of the Com missioners, were made known. That the rumors of the removal of Commissioners Matsell and Disbeckcr, which for the past few days have been filling tbu air, are founded upon something tangible, appears to be gen erally believed; and Judging from the frequent coulereticcs held with counsel by the two sub ject ol the rumors, those ofllciuls are as deeply impressed with their truthful loundatlou as any. They preserve, however, a strict silence, and declino imparling to tho reporters any Information winch they may have relative to the matter. Commissioner Disbecker was closeted a long time with hit counsel, Mr. Gerry, and some republican poli ticians. Commissioner Matsell enjoyed the private visit o( tho same, counsellor an equal space ol lime. What ail this legal conference moans can only bo guessed, but good guessers at political conundrums say it means fight. The past history of Disbecker and his sworn antagonism to Mayor Wlckham Justlly the belief that when no dies he expires with u struggle.. The in tricacies of thO law are to htm what a siraw is to a drowning man, and with a characteristic desperation, ho mtend3 holding fast to the slightest support tnat the law may present toward fighting his removal. When the removal of the two Commissioners was first oltleially agitnied by Mayor Wickham. Disbecker, it will be remembered, assumed an attitude of deliance and challenged the Mayor to his best. This position on the part of Disbecker was even more boldly defined In the pamphlet which he subsequently published, charging the Mayor with incompetency. Disbecker bad received the assiiranco of several of tho Albany magnates that Governor TiKlen would not IntSrfero, and encouraged by this, as well as by tho discord existing between the Mayor and the Governor on other matters, lie becamo more defiant Now, It is said, he thinks that his removal cannot be eflected, even with the concurrence of the Governor, and assuming thereof the injured man, be claims that the law does not permit tho removal of an official without cause, and Dibbeckcr, of course, tails to see cause. Commissioner Matsell proposes, It Is believed, to fol low the course of bis younger colleague aud hold fast to his position. His invincible argument differs somewhat from that urged by Disbecker. It is to the eifect that wete he to leave the Board of Police now the public would believe all the calumny heapod upon him by the press. Th e redemption ol ins tair name lies, therefore, In his hold ing on. and hold on until the last support is goue, he intends. BOARD OF HEALTH. At a meeting of the Board of Health, held yesterday, the following weekly report from Dr. Harris, Registrar of Vital Statistics, was received:? There were f>4l deaths reported In this city during the week ending on Saturday, the 'Aith inst.i against the 611 verified for the previous week and against 505 reported and 071 verified in thu corresponding weeks of 1H74. There appear to have been 18 less deat! s from smallpox last week than in the corresponding week of 1874, and 9 less from scarlatina, 4 less from typhoid fever and '29 less deaths of infants under one year of age. Pneumonia and bronchitis, diphtheria and measles last week caused a greater number of deaths than in the preceding week or in the corresponding week of 1874, but tho total number of deaths from pulmonary diseases of ail kinds in the past two weeks appears to be 8 less than in the corresponding fortnight of 1874. ' The mean temperature last week, ati reported by Dlrec- ! tor Draper in the Central Park Observatory. Was 36.3 degrees Fahrenheit, with a minimum marked at 30 do- ( grees below freezing point. The course of diphtheria continues to show how sig nally some of the oldest and most populous districts south of Fourteenth street escape their share of that disease. In the tifieen wards below that street, and containing half of tho city population, there have been only 132 deaths in the seven weeks eniliug on Docember 18, while there have been 283 during the same time in the wards north of that street. In tho F111h ward, In that period, there was only 1 death (rom diphtheria: in the Tenth, 12 deaths; In the Fourteenth, 7; In the Fit tcenth. 7: in tho Seventeenth, 21. Ol tho oO deaths from this disease last week. 38 were In tenement houses containing from 4 to 90 families; 1 8 wero in tenement houses containing 3 families; 10 were in tenement bouses containing 1 and 2 families; 24 deaths occurred on the first tioor 01 them dwellings, 20 on the second, 8 on the third, and 8 on the fourth and top tloors. The following is a comparative statement of cs^es of contagious disease reported at this bureau for tho two weekg ending Decembor 26, 1876:? ?Week eniling?. Dft. 18. Dec. Typhus lever 0 1 Typhoid lever 1-1 12 Scarlet fever 43 3(? Cerebrospinal meuingitis 1 1 Measles 67 "9 . Diphtheria ISO 122 ; Smallpox 43 60 , A QUESTION FOH VANDEUUILT. To rn* Editor or thk Herald:? Will you please ask the Vanderbllt monopoly, now that they have their railroad underneath Fourth ave nue, why they cau't fix the street on top f Everything Is in a halt finished condition. The lamp posts are up, I hut they bare only succeeded In giving us light for the j distance of two blocks from Eighty-fourth to Eighty- j sixth street. They have attempted to lay crossings over the avenue, but they have only laid them over Eighty-sixth,f&ighty-seventh, Eighty-eighth and Ninely second streets At others thorle snot even a path. In bad and rainy weather it is agony for man to w.ote through mud up to the ankle, and as for woman it Is next to im possible (or them to got over, bring very often carried over. As I understand it, tho avenue was to be com pleted the 16th of November. Now why this tardiness and total disregard to the comforts of the inhabitants In the vicinity of Fourth avenue? By challenging tho Vand'Tbiit monopoly in eur 1 name you will much oblige THK YOR&V1LLE1TEB. ! Mew Yoke, December 27, 1876. THE STEAMSHIP INSPECTORS. A letter was received yesterday by tho Supervising Inspector of Steamships, Mr. Addison Low, from tho Secretary of the Treasury in Waahingten, completely exonerating nlm and tha local inspector, Mr. John K. Matthews, from tho chases of malfeasance In office' lately preferred against them. The letter says:?"1 regret the reiteration of these unfounded charges In the public, press, which makes this vindication of your 0Si nk I character necessary." BOARD OF APPORTIONMENT. final disposition of thb budget fob 187G? THE SYSTEM OF TRANSFERRING BALANCES? AN INTERESTING PAPER FROM COMPTROLLER OBEEN - TAX STATISTICS ? ACCOMMODATIONS roR the court of general sessions, a regular meeting of the Board of Estimate and An. portionment wU held in the Mayor', office yc.t.rd.y M^or VViekham, Comptroller Green, AJderuuw Lews ana Tax Commissioner Wheeler were present. A transfer of $1.(X>0 was authorized from contlngen c.es .a the Corporation Attorney', office to the appro prlation for salaries. The Commissioners of Public Works s,?nt In a request r.,,.TOrroi? s?.,?u'1? 15.4 to repairs of aqueducts, 4c., for 187?. trstB?lP'r0ll?r Crcen s',okp the principle of sueh transfers. He presented' the following statement of b.? views, embodying somo iuteregtiug italiatics:? v"?lvrBa?ar"r K*n**TK *?*? Api-ortioxmkvt?_ declares Tn^dtm ,U 'o ^ " r""'; "?>? transfers ofb ilauces of ?n ,m "U""rUo fl">' 'urtber to tho yearl " i ^ , appropriations lor year* prior Baeais xa saw, ? ? msvws..*. SwSSrrT^ Of tho Hoard <>( Aiiicrni n ?fn |In?t,on ''resident Oct of the i.,V/,, ; . * Stated that the prod the approprmtioiis Vi .Tn U\\t e?Uiil lo l*14* aiuourit of wordMwo werelotraiX" u oih(* enough to pay the current cxwmm'orth?'?f Uou'8 collected was lurumc,0.;t lT?ant,Orta-Te'' "et,??r sibility of collcctiu" inunv of , ')>lxo",u ol Hl#lrapos sonal taxes 8 ' 1,10 ?"?"menta for per the manner of P.-!""'? ,;UvuC' fr""x personal' U^are'loYt to Thi ci'iy '7''b" property to pay thern Th? amperson has no son?l taxes Lied in the las?Te y^T*V' tho table herewith submitted. Is $.r> 541 i'>4 j'^own by I ho law provides for deficiencies in tho lirodnnt nf SM,taa of tho estimates, anil 1 have urged upon thim the necessity ?( adding enough, but some tl? advised members of that body are always founrf^.Jill to limit tho amount added to meet deUciencies in ordlr to make taxation apparently less. The consequences of this course ure obvious lo any one familiar wfth thi finances of the city. The taxes are supposed to be eoual W i i |Ur.n.''.'t exP,en8ws ofthe year for which they are lev ied, but the collections fall short of the estimate! and appropriations, and the deficiencies must tHro vided lor by subsequent taxation or by the issue of bonds and increase of the debt. 1 his resnl. is inevitable: there Is no escape from this consequence of .gnorantly tinkering with a rrZsure designed to protect tho treasury against a deficit in thorny* U UX?6 by thuS? Wh0 ure lutrustclJ with au. During the la=t session of the legislature a bill was prepared to prevent the transfer and use of l?e nominal unexpended balances of appropriation. In fn r,wPrnVM US t0 U,? ye"r 1874' which have no reality in fact, as they represent no moneys in the treasury now, nor any which will over be collected from ZJ taxes levied to meet them. This bill passed the Sena'e but was defeated in the Assembly. Not a dollar of the balances ol appropriations prior to lh75, now remain mg unexpended, should bu allowed to be used if their are so used an equal amount must be provided by the is.-ue of bonds, nnd 1 again enter my protest agalnn propriat^ons. """" of ?Eg! Hie annexed table exhibits the operations of the ti* levies lor live years from 1870 to 1874 inclusive show lug the amounts added to the tax levy in each year meet deficiencies in tho product of uii?B? amounting in all to $1,191,611 60, and th*a"uit ?!"rl'u"1 otdobclencies of each year in the collections of personal taxes, amounting In tho aggregate in tb it short period to Ml, 124 48, of which but a sma?l Dor tion can ever be collected. This table also shows ti e amount of deficiencies arising from remissions ? of ? ' urged that at least $526,655 63 should bo added for deficiencies for 1875, a sum not less than the law al TlV i'a |Ut ,ho Supervisors added only $196,272 52. The deficienc.,8 in the collection of taxj, for thm year from the remissions of taxes and dis tl7B fl5T?*r?l prompt Payment alone amounled to $1.9,Co, _>1, or nearly the whole sum added and, besides, the unpaid personal taxes of thi* year wjU amount to a very !arga ??m, leaving a heavy diflcit iu revenue from taxation to meet current ex p-uses of the year.1 Under chapters 1 and 444 of the Laws of 18,2 ovor $4,000,000 of long bonds were issued to ake op revenue bonds then outsundlng which fn a?^ represented deflclencles In collections of pergonal axes in former years. This table also "hows that we r?t 11 drifting since then in the same direction for the amount of deficiencies in the collodion of rer' and I propose a resolution to prevent her-aneru? transfer of any balances prior'to the year 187i spcctfuily, ANDREW H. GREEN, Comptroller? , ? STATKWrNT Amount added Discount on Amount of fordeficxencies, and remission per,nl hu't 1870 taX,:'- ""collected. in-1 $4.?,68.i $179,269 $906,588 rotk ? l'iT niQ i net a.. ?cv.::::z _ Im'Sm J'^v?76 1K7.1 fin- rryi -,r? 5 1,502,796 Ib:?" 80,,502 78,307 1 055 108 4"5 250.837 l, 025', 405 Totals $1,701,611 $767,792 $5,641,124 Further consideration of the matter was laid over until the next meeting. A delegation appeared before the Board from the New York Juvenile ?Guardian Society and asked recog nition in the distribution of the excisc moneys. Recorder H.ickctt and Judge Sutherland also ap? peared before the Board and spoke as to the absolute necessity of Increased accommodations for the Court of General Sessions, and showed that no reduction could Justly be mado in the original estimates as transmitted by the Judge of the Court of General Sessions. After transacting some further routine business the budget for 1876 was taken up and the different items read over by the Mayor. Some discussion ensued on changing several of the items. Motions were mado to reduce the amounts for paying Judgments from $200,000 to $150,000, $125,000, $100,000 and $75,000. Comptroller Green complained of the evident dis position manifested by other members of the Board to voto against the insertion of Items absolutely neces sary to carry on the city government Allusions had also been made to unnecessary litigation. Two millions bad been recently saved the city by what was termed "unnecessary litigation.** He (Mr. Green) was not going to tit there and participate in such chllds' play. Mayor Wlckham claimed to be actuated by as hon orable motives as the Comptroller. Be did not believe lu detnagoglsm. Comptroller Green remarked It was not his fault If the Mayor could not understand a proper financial policy. Alter a little further spicy debate the amount was set down at $7j.<)00. Each item in the budget was then passed upon sepa rately. The following items were Uxwd at the amount* set thereafter:? Salaries?Department of Finance $180,000 Judgments 76,000 Commissioners ors.nktng Fund? Expenses of. 2,000 An item of $2,000 for rent of chambers lorClly Judge nnd Kecorder was inserted. Keal estate expenses $60,000 Armorers' wages lo.ooo I,nw department*, contingencies of 40,000 Corporation Attorney, salary of...t 6,000 Department of Public Works 1,434,000 Department of Public Parks 496,009 Department of Buildings 75,(XiO Department of Public Charities l,lfi/>,000 Health Department 330.000 Street cleaning 725,000 Kire Department 1,348,088 Department of Taxes and Assessments 120.000 Board of Education 3,663.000 Printing, stationery and blank books. 130,000 Court of General Sessions attendants 36.000 Kecordcr, clerk and messenger for 3,620 City Judge, clerk and messenger for 2,200 Commissioner of Jurors and Clerks.... 13,000 ^pport of prisoners in County Jail 10,000 Clerks and officers of Board ol Aldermen.... 90,000 The Comptroller moved to insert an amount neces sary tn provide for the payment of Judgment bonds duo In 1876k Which was lost. The total footing of the estimates, taking Into account the above items $34,998,205 Less general fliud estimate 4,000,000 Total fM.ft9ft,29S Estimate of 1876 32,367,744 Estimated redaction $1,469,049 The Board adjourued shortly after seven o'clock, having sat Ave hours. They will meet again to day. A TEACHER'S ALLEGED CRUELTY. Froderlck Halzman complained yesterday before tho Board ?< Union Hill (N. J.) School Trustees that his daughter, aged six years, had been badly beaten in tho public school by her teacher, Miss Buchalt*. Chairman wools appointed Mes^r-t. Meyer, Becker and Arkerroan to investigate the uiattor ami resort at the next met t. la* of the Board.