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NEW YORK IIERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.-On and after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly editions of the New You Herald will be K-nt free of postage. THE DAILY HERALD, published every (fay in the year. Four cents, per copy. Iwelv* dollars per year, or one dollar per Month, free of postage, io subscribers. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yo.uk Herald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD-NO. 4C FLEET STREET. I'ARIS OFFICE-AVENUE DE L'OrERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLCME XL NO. 3153 &MLSE1ENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EYL\M COLOSSEUM. f lirty fourth street and Broadway.?PRUSSIAN SIEOK OF 1'AKIS. <tpeu inm 1 f. M. lo 4 F. M and Irotu 7 .J" 1'. 11. U 10 1*. >1 W AI.LACK'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteenth street ?THE ROMANCE OK A I'OOR YOl'Nli M A N, at 8 P M ; closes at 10:4oP. M. Mr. 4uiut Giljcrt. PARISIAN VARIETIE8, Sixteenth street, near Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. GERMANIA THEATRE, fourteenth atreet.-COMTESSE 1IELENE, at 8 P. M. BROOKLYN THEATRE, P"ashin*tun street, Biooklyu.?HENRY V., at 8 P. M. Mr. KijjaolJ, UNION SQUARE THEATRE, ^roadway ana Fourteenth atreet.?ROSE MICHEL, at 8 OLYMPIC TIIEATRE, > R24 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 1'. M, Matinee at 2 M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. !i atrei tuu} Davenport. r*"*t?-eijrhth street, near Broadway.?PIQUE, at 8 P. M. I ?:iuy Da TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE, Vo?. 585 and 587 Broadway -VARIETY, at 8 1'. M COOPER INSTITUTE, Astorpli*.?Victoria I'. Woodhull'i Lecture, "THE TRUE V.\D THE FAL.-iE, SOCIALLY." PARK THEATRE. ? roadway and Twenty-second street. ?I HE CRUCIBLE, at I'. M. Oakey Haii. EAOLE THEATRE, Broadway and Thirty-tliird strett.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Vl.ttiuee at "2 1*. V. . BOWERY THEATRE. Sower? ?VALLEY FORGE, and 1770, at 8 P. M Mr. ACADEMY OF MUSIC fourteenth street.?German Opera?IL TROVATORE, at 8 ?. M. Wachtel. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, Oppja Hou*e, Broadway, corner ol 1 vi enty-ninth street, ?t 8 P. M TIVOLI THEATRE, r. ghtb street, near Ihird avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M. WOOD'S MUSEUM. Broadwur corner of I'lurtietli street,?THE TICKET OF rE \VE MAN. at H P. M. . clones at 10:4j P. il. K. S. ?hiutiau. Matinee at 2 P. M. GRAND OPERA HOUSE, tieet und Eighth avenue.?' ruEoTLINO, at 8 P. M. Baucr-Chrlstol. fwenty third ?ticet and Eighth avenue.?'?R.?CO.ROM AN GLOBE THEATRE, <o? 72" and 730 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P.M. Matl *e at 2 P. M. BOOTH'S THEATRE, twenty third street and Sixth avenue.?-JULIUS C.ESAR, it 8 P. M. Mi. Lawrence Barrett. LYCEUM THEATRE. avenue? LEI Parisian Company. J'<?ir'?*nTh ?'rp"tand Sixth avenue ?LES CHEVALIERS OL' PINCh NLZ, at 8 P. M. ? ? ? ? CHICKEItlNO HALL. Tilth avenue and Eighteenth street.?GRAND CONCERT ?t S P M. Von Bulow. THEATRE COMIQUE, No r>t| Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P M. Matinee at 2 P M. THIRD AVENUE THEATRE, Third avenae, between Thirtieth and I hirtj (lr*t streets.? >! INSTRELS Y aud VARIETY, at 8 p M. Wat,nee at 2 r. m. TRIPLE SHEET. *EW YOUK, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 20, 1675. IVum onir reports this morning the probabilities are that the weathsr to-day will be wanner a/?i partly cloudy, with rain or fog. The Hesai.d by Fast Mail Trains.?News dealers and the public throughout the States of New York-, Kfte Jersey and Pennsylvania, ds veU ms in the West, the Pacific Coast, the North, the Sowth and Serulhwest, also along Ute Ibits of tie Hudson River, New York Central and Pennsylvania Central Railroads and their con~ necliorts, trill be svpplied with The Herald, tree of postage. Extraordinary inducements offered to newsdealers by smiling their orders direct to this office. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were fairly active and higher. Gold ended at 113, after Bales at 112 3-4 a 112 7-8. Money on call was oasy at 6 and 7 per cent. Invest ment and government securities were in fair demand. Liberality Toward THE Press is evinced in the recent action of the French Assembly, and this, more than anything else, shows the stability of the Republic. A Singular Story of an insane testator and a crazy guardian is related by Surrogate Jlutchings in a decision which is published in another column. Ex-President Thiers is not suro whether lie will prefer a seat in the Senate or the Chamber of Deputies, and so he reserves the right to choose between them in case he is elected to both. Apparently he ought to be nble to make his choice now as well as after the elections. Auditor Thater has been suspended by Governor Tilden upon the recommendation of the Canal Investigating Commission. Oper ations such as those in which he was en gaged would undermine and vitiate the public service in any country, and in view of the case against him no other course was allowable. Thb Wab iw Malacca is substantially at an end, the English having succeeded in re ducing tho native* to subjection. With Russia pressing them on the one hand and England grinding them on the other the poor Asiatics have no chance to maintain their ancient institutions, and it is not im possible that the next quarter of a century will witness greater revolutions in the East than were accomplished in the three-quarters which oreceded il? Tit* DUtarb?ar?>i on Bcrdtr. The visit of Mr. Foster, our Minister to Mexico, who hus come to Washington to fur nish information and make suggestions to Secretary Fish, is not likely to be of much j practical value if his recommendations have been correctly reported. What Mr. Fos ter is understood to advocate is the negotiation of a treaty with Mexico I authorizing the troops of the U nited States ' to pursue cattle raiders and other criminals across the border, arrest them on Mexican soil and bring them back for trial and pun ishment. This is one of the most absurd j proposals we ever heard of as emanating ! from an official source. Snch a treaty would be equally dishonoring to the govern- I ment of Mexico and the government of the United States. Every nation properly regards its territory as sacred, and re sents, as one of the most offensive of in sults, any intrusion into it by a foreign 1 Power. Tho sharp controversies we have had with other nations respecting the right of search at sea throw light on this class of j questions. Our government has always re- j sented all pretences on the part of foreign ; nations to board our ships and seize culprits , who have committed offences against the na tion claiming the right of search. The argu- I ment used on such occasions has been ; that the decks of our merchant ships on the high seas are, in the contemplation of inter-^ national law, a part of our territory, and that inasmuch as no nation can pursue criminals i across its frontier so no nation can search . the ships of another Power to make similar arrests. Everybody remembers how public resentment was inflamed, a year or two since, by the Spanish violation of the rights of our flag in seizing the Virginius because she ; had on board persons charged with offences against the peace of Cuba. The decks of our ships and the territory of the Republic are held to be equally sacred and inviolate, and we never tolerate any foreign intrusion into : either. If a foreign government wants a criminal who has fled within our jurisdic- , tion it can get possession of him only under the provisions of an extradi- j tion treaty. The reason why extradi- j tion treaties are necessary for the rendi- | tion of criminals is that every govern- j ment regards its territory as inviolable, and permits no foreign authority to pursue per sons charged with crime beyond the limits of its frontier. No government can surrender this principle of inviolability without a sacrifice of nationul honor. It is, therefore, absurd and Quixotic for Mr. Foster to recom mend such a treaty as he proposes. If such a treaty were permissible it would, of course, have to be reciprocal and allow Mexican troops to pursue fugitive criminals into Texas as well as United States troops to chase Mexican raiders and arrest them be yond the Rio Grande. Mr. Foster's own despatches, published in the diplomatic cor respond! nee of last venr. prove that cattle raiding is practised on both sides, and if we are to be permitted to pursue Mexican fugitives beyond the Itio Grande We should have to concede the same right to the Mex icans. It is quite certain that our national j pride would never permit anything of the kind ; bat no such treaty as Mr. Foster pro poses could be adopted unless the rights conferred were mutual. Such a treaty, in stead of preventing difficulties, would mul tiply them. Troops crossing from either side would be full of the resentments and exaspt rations of the community whose wrongs they undertook to redress, and would not be scrupulous about the infliction of injuries on the foreign soil they invaded. Before such a treaty had been in operation a year both governments would be incensed by the license of soldiers, and mu tual criminations would inevitably lead to war. The worst possible device for maintain ing pence on the frontier would be a treaty permitting the troops of each nation to pur sue and arrest offenders within tho territory of the other. But these border difficulties and the bad blood they engender cannot be permitted to go on forever, and the proper remedy is a very grave question. ^Ve have no doubt that the ultimate and only successful remedy i3 a rectification of the Mexican frontier. Broad and deep rivers form a suitable enough boundary between conterminous na tions ; but the Rio Grande, though broad, is not deep, and for several hundred miles of its course it is easily ford able, presenting no obstruction to incursions from either side. Cattle could not bo hurried across the St. Lawrence on our Canada frontier even if the people on its banks were as wild and lawless as the settlers on the Rio Grande. Droves of stolen cattle cannot be made to swim a navigable river, but can easily be tak> n across a ford able stream. The Rio Grande is wholly un fit to be a boundary, and troubles will never cease, in the present state of civilization, along its banks, so long as it continues to be the frontier. It is for the mutual interest of both nations that the boundary line should bo changed ; but to accomplish this requires patience, foresight and diplomatic tact. Mexico is un willing to part with the narrow strip of ter ritory which would carry back the boundary to the unsettled and uninhabitable moun tain region which would interpose a secure barrier between the settled portions of tho two countries; but it must ultimately cotno to this if the two countries are to maintain peaceful relations. Our government can ac complish this necessary rectification of tho boundary without a resort to hostilities if it is prudent and forbearing. It must watch for opportunities and avail itself of them when they occur. The Mexican government is poor ; its finances are in a state of chronic weakness. Some exigency is certain to arise when the addition of several millions to its treasury, without levying oppressive taxes on its peoole, will be a strong temptation to its rulers. If we acquire a strip of its territory we shall, of course, expect to pay a liberal compensation, and if we should give double its value it would be a bagatelle in compar ison with the cost of a war. Until the proper occasion arises we must wait and be patient, for there is no method by which a rectifica tion of the boundary would be so expensive as by a war between the two nations. The cost of protecting our citizens for five years, or even ten years, by posting trooos fclomr the Rio Grande would b? a mere drop in the backet when weighed against the expenses of a war. The condi tion of things on the Mexican border is one among many reasons why it is inexpedient to reduce our army below its present strength. If we are to be patient with Mexico troops are needed on that fron tier to protect our citizens; if, on the other hand, we are to force her to terms, we should have to make a large increase of the army and put it on a war footing. The true policy is to keep remonstrating with Mexico, to insist on her restraining her citi zens from violating our territory and rob bing our citizens, but at the same tiiue to maintain troops enough on the border to keep the turbulent Mexicans in fear. The time will come, at no distant period, when the pecuniary necessi ties of the Mexican government will induce it to listen to proposals for a pur chase of territory, and we need but a narrow belt to separate the two countries by such a physical barrier as would be a perfect guar antee against the kind of disturbances which are at present so annoying. Thu Daly of the Prem _ to (lie Public. A letter from the Rev. William Adams, President of the New York Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, which we print to-day, emphatically contra dicts statements which have recently been circulated in respect to its condition and management. The defence appears to be complete. This institution is governed by a board of twenty-four members, who meet once a month and hold special meetings in cases of emergency. Two such meetings have been held during the present epidemic. It has an executive committee of five members, who reside near the institution and visit it constantly. They also meet thrice a month, and two of these meetings occur on days unknown to the officers. There is also a visiting committee appointed for each month, which investigates the management at times unknown to the officers and returns a full report to the Board. There is also a ladies' committee, which performs similar services and reports monthly. There are two consulting physicians, who not only give their attention to the sick, but to the means of preventing sickness. A superintendent, who is also a practising physician, has for his sole duty to look after the management of the institution, leaving the instruction of the children entirely to the regular teachers. In tho last live years twenty thousand dollars have been expended in ventilation and drainage, and it is now proposed to spend from eight thousand dol lars to ten thousand dollars more for these purposes. These are facts which show thor ough organization, and the names of the officers and directors ought to be guarantees that the active management is faithful and diligent. The public must now acquit the managers of causing by their neglect an epidemic which it seems no care could pre vent. The institution has, at all events, the right to demand that any further charges against it shall be made by responsible au thority and not as mutters of mere report. Independently of our desire to do justice to this particular institution we are glad to print President Adams' letter as an opportu nity of pointing out the duty of the press in a'l such cases of unintentional wrong. It is the province of j* newspaper to collect and publish facts of public interest at once. A good journal endeavors to be as accurate as it is prompt Bat it is just as impossible for a paper to verify every day every sepa rate item of news it publishes as it would be for a merchant to have the accounts of his bookkeeper and clerks examined daily by a committee of experts. It must trust to tho integrity and intelligence of its reporters and correspondents. Where hundreds are employed some one is always liable to be im posed upon. It Is here that a great newspa per can not only afford to correct those mis takes which arise out of human fallibility, but is bound to do so for the sake of its own character. We wish to say that the IIkuai.d considers the correction of any misrepresen tation or misstatement in its columns as news of the highest value. Even if the truth is not of interest to the public it is of im portance to us. We therefore ask all per sons and all institutions who conceive that they are wronged in any way by statements in the Hkbaxd to notify us of the fact They will receive a full and impartial hearing. We would have the Hehald to be not only a court of general sessions, but also a court of appeals just and Btrong enough to reverso its own decisions and to render every man his right without fear of the charge of ignor ance or inconsistency. "For Justice all places a temple and all seasons Bummer." .Joint Intervention in Cuba. According to the cable despatches which wo print this morning joint intervention in regard to Cuba is one of the possibilities of the near future. England, which has interests in the West Indies nearly as great as our own, is ready for the movement, and the other Powers approve, though unwilling to tako the initiative. This much being assured the rest is certain. While we should not welcome intervention emanating from ourselves alone, however apparent its necessity, we shall hail it with pleasure if it has the co-operation of other Powers. Such a policy cannot fail to bring the struggle in Cuba to a close; and it ia certainly to the beet interests of the island and even of Spain that this dis honoring war should be ended. Joint inter vention is the only method by which this re sult can be obtained, and it is gratifying, especially in view of the rumors to the con trary, that President Grant's negotiations have succeeded. We now begin to under stand the meaning of the great uneasiness at the Spanish capital when tho President's Message was promulgated, and with the co operation of the great Powers we can see the end of the Cuban struggle. Thk Board or Apportionmknt yesterday disposed of the budget for 187fi, and so one annual vexation is practically at an end. There waa, however, a very spicy debate on the transfer of unexpended balances, which Comptroller Green asserts have no existence in fact The Comptroller's reasoning seems logical enough, bat his Tiewa receive very little fkvot from tb? Hoard* "The K?w York Municipal Botlflf." A new society for municipal reform has just been organized, with this title, ander the statutes of the State relating to corpora tions. Its aims, plans and methods are fully set forth in the official statements printed in our news columns. Its present members number seventy-two, consisting for the most part of citizens eminent for their standing, who enjoy the respect and confidence of this community. By the constitution of the so ciety the number of members may be in creased to one hundred, with an addition of thirty-five honorary members, of whom at least fifteen shall be residents of this State, but non-residents of the city. The evident purpose of this provision is to secure the co-operation and profit by the intelli gence of gentlemen in other cities of this State and cities through out the country. The problem of governing cities with wisdom and economy is the great problem in this country, and we rejoice that a society has been formed to take the sub ject in hand and throw upon it the light of full investigation. There are points in the cinstitution of the New York Municipal Society which give it a strong title to publio confidence in addi tion to that derived from the known respec tability of its members. One of these claims to confidence is the pledge or engagement required of all tho members that they will not be candidates for any office. The well known Committee of Seventy, "which did run well for a season" in the fight against the Tammany Ring, forfeited public esteem and became an object of scoffing derision by mak ing that organization a ladder to municipal trusts, its President getting lifted by it to the Mayoralty and many of its other members seeking vulgar political re wards. This new Municipal Society avoids this error by a "self-denying ordi nance," calculated to protect their labors from suspicion. Its members make apledgo that they will not accept any office or nomination for any office, either munici pal, State or federal, "while a member of the society, nor within ninety days after ceasing to be a member." This guarantee of sincerity and disinterestedness is one of the most satisfactory features of the organ ization. Another excellent feature, in tho avowed aims of the society is its desire to separate municipal government from ordinary party politics. It is too obvious for argument that this important aim cunnot be accomplished without a com plete separation between municipal and general elections. When they are held at the same season of the year and on tho same day the State candidates and city can didates will form alliances to strengthen each other and municipal affairs be in evitably drawn into tho current of party polities. Municipal reform is impos sible without a strict separation. The New York Municipal Society declares in its address that "the partisan method of gov erning a city is false and pernicious that "municipal administration is rather a mass of business to bo done on business princi ples than of politics to be managed by party leaders;" that "party action in regard to city administration is almost never based on any political principle, and hence is generally corrupt." Tho truth of these assertions is self-evident, and it is an evident inference from them?which, however, tho society has failed to draw?that one of tho most important steps toward solid reform is a divorce of the city election from the Stato election, by holding it at a different season of the year, when the party tide does not sweep everything along with it. Colonel Joyce's Novel. Elsewhere wo give some instalments from the novel, in which, as Colonel Joyce in formed our correspondent in the interview published yesterday, he intends to embody the facts of his autobiography. Like certain of the famous fictions of the past generation, it is to be a novel "founded on facts," and gome of thom very unpleasant facts for the author. Certainly if Colonel Joyce should go through the ups and downs of his career, and write his life with fidelity and in a style no worse than these specimens, he would make a valuable contribution to the materials for social history. It would be a book of the sort that Defoe deemed the ideal fiction, for all his efforts as an author were aimed to give to his narratives an air of that reality that this story would intrinsically possess. Should the story end with Joyce's release from prison by the President's pardon it would also he a contribution to our politi cal history, though the price of the pardon might be some suppressions in the narrative. Evidently that is the way Joyce aims to end his story. Ho has disclosures to make, and the price of his silence can be safely guessed at in Washington. It would be a pity if a pardon should give him a motive for silence. An t'nqutrt Queen. Some days ago we chronicled the outlines of the intrigue on foot between Madrid and Paris, with the object of securing for the ex Queen Isabella the privilege of a residence in Spain. At that time the elements opposed to Isabella's return had the upper hand; but it seems that sha adheres to her purpose with that obstinacy which universally char acterizes the conduct of the Bourbons in the pursuit of some policy sure to end in calam ity to thomselvt-s. As it is, Isabella lives in Paris, with her son on the Spanish throne, so that she has a family relation to the Spanish Treasury, but she insists upon a voyage to Spain that may end in tho expulsion of her son from the throne and her own return to Paris and a precarious in come. If Alfonso has, as reported, become himself the advocate of his mother's return to Spain, and is prepared to defy the Minis try on a .point on which they art so sure of the support of the country, it can only be concluded that his head is, like all the other heads of his family, of tho kind that would be no loss to anybody but the owner. It is to be hoped that wiser counsels will prevail and that the King, divided between filial love and his duty as a sovereign, will yet see that even tho hope to fulfil his obligations as a son must turn on the retention of his throne ; and that he eannot retain this if Isa bella returns, for her return means another , ?Wm*riUa ffovariunen^ Harvard Refutes to Withdraw >?'? (he Rowing Association. The hot fire all along the alumni line has proved too severe for the Harvard under graduates, aud, as will bo seen in our despatches in another column, she will cast her vote in the coming convention on January 4 to remain in the association. As is well known, the exact contrary course has for days been imminent; but mean while both here and in Boston her gradu ates havo been quietly working, and the unanimity with which they oppose any thing that squints at a withdrawal or at anything else than fighting it out in the good old fashion, and with which they have been expressing themselves in a very distinct protest, is both gratifying and healthy, and pretty conclusive proof that they may be always salely trusted to see to it that no harm comes to the good name of our oldest university. One of them?one of the 'G8 men who sign the letter elsewhere? is, we think, Mr. Loring, the captain and stroke of the famous four who rowed Oxford. He tells the youngsters pretty plainly that they will never amount to much till they do far more hard work, and that they do not yet know how to sit a shell. The letter of another is very entertaining, and he frees himself most happily when he says that "the modern Harvard undergraduate has become so ilnbued with the 'elective idea' that he seems to think that he can choose between honor and dishonor." Her thus remaining in the association is not to interfere with her race with Yale or any other private match she may care to make. By thus acting as her friends hoped she would she will put her rivals, who feared for the life of the associa tion, again at their ease, and the preparations to meet the English and Irish crows will go forward with renewed energy. Yale is now tho only institution which has withdrawn from the association, and it does not look as though any other is likely to. Castelar aud the Spanish Republic. We note an interesting conversation be tween a newspaper correspondent and Cas telar, ex-President of the Spanish Republic. Castelar regards the situation of Spain as more critical and dangerous than ever. The strifes of the Alfonsist leaders recall to him the situation during the latter period of tho reign of Amadous. He sees no remedy for these evils except?what is impossible in the condition of Spanish affair#?the closest union of all the monarchists and "a complete oblivion of all personal interests and ambi tions." He believes that the Republio must inevitably arrive for Spain, but that '"it will bo brought about by ihe errors and private ambitions of those who most detest the Re public." Those who look carefully at the condition of Spanish affairs must see the force of these criticisms of Castelar. The voice of Spain is for a republic. The Republic has been prevented by two conspiracies, the first under Prim, the second under Serrano. The difficulty about consolidating a monarchy in a country like Spain is like the difficulty in France. In Spain there are two, or we might say three, monarchical parties, f r the Duke of Montpensier has never abandone d his heredi tary ambition for the crown. With the Carlists, the A.fonsists and the Montpensierists intriguing and quar relling among themselves, it is im possible for any monarchy to sur vive, especially when the King is not a man of force and courage, like Don Carlos, but a boy not yet out of his teens, who only yesterday was studying his fchool books and playing with tops and velocipedes at a Jesuit school in England. It is just possible that a great man like Philip H. or Charles V. might mould the discordant motarchical elements of Spain. But the young men of Spain are republicans. Spain, sluggish and reluctant to accept any new ideas, has been steadily giving way before the advance of liberalism which began with the Trench Revolution. The young men, the men who come into life to-day and who are to control Spain to-mor row, are liberals. Wo l.ave the same senti ments growing up in Spain that we had in our country between 1850 and 1860. The youths then reaching manhood grew up with the republican anti-slavery sentiment They took upon themselves tho burden of the war and fought it to victory. We see a process like this in ^pain. The danger to monarchical governm- nU in Europe to-day is the spread of enlightened ideas among the rising generation. C.^telar, himself a young man, represents the strength of this party. He leads Young Spun. Our hope is that when the Republio becomes inevitable the monarchists an 1 soldiers of Spain will imitate the wisdom of the conservative re publicans of Fran<e and avoid a revolution by accepting TlemO' racy. Hurricane* anil Karthquakn*. We have intelligence this morning of a se vere hurricane which visited the Philippine Inlands, causing the loss of many lives and destroying the houses and crops of the in habitants. Such a calamity cannot fail to produce great distress ; but the Philippines are not alone :n suffering from visitations of the elements. Vesuvius once more threat ens an eruption and although the hoyora of Herculanoun: and Pompeii cannot be re peated, a dir ful calamity is imminent. An earthquake has just been felt on the Atlantic coast extending all the way from Weldon, V. C., to Washington, and al most simultaneously the Paoifio slope was similarly visit d. In Porto Rico, too, earth quake shocks have been experienced, and it is only a short time since the terrible floods devasted France, England and parts of this country. N foresight can provide against j accidents lil ? these, and tho terrors they in spire incrc,e with their frequency. But j while it is impossible to prevent them, or even to for- ,ee them so as effectually to pro vide again t them, much may be done to mitigate tteir effects. Our Signal Bureau has demonstrated that Btorm signals are in- ; valuable fig cautionary measures, and the advances if applied science in the next few ! years wll greatly increase the bene- i fits of this new adjunct of civilization. It is poHsille that if the coming of the hur ricane 'iad been known in the Philippine Island.' the fearful loss of life, at least, might have been averted. The frequency of these disasters is a renewed incentive to the study of the course of storms and the application of all acquired knowledge to the security of life and orjDtirty. It would be inexcusable .. uuu; ore* Hiinun nfl lout Dy an ernptton of Vesuvius, the warning having so long pre ceded the possible belching forth of the ele ments, and with an extension of the princi ples and machinery of our Signal Service all over the world that foresight against the evil effects of the hurricane, which is now impossible, will become a matter of mere routine. During thk Recess the speculative politi cians at Washington are always busy map ping out the work of Congress, but previous to a Presidential election in forecasting the policy and candidates of the canvass. Our letter this morning foreshadows the work of the present session, both in its legislative and political aspects, as tho gossips of tho capital would arrange it. If these rumors have any foundation in fact it will be seen that the reduction of the army is to be a car dinal point of democratic policy. Thore could be no more serious blunder. Re trenchment and reform must take another direction to meet with favor from the coun try, as the people are not disposed to dis pense with the services of tried military leaders or to leave tho frontiers at the mercy of Indian or Mexican marauders. The dan ger of the next few months is that of a third term, while the currency question is the real political issue of the hour. Our Cubits Letter*. It is impossible to please everybody even with cable despatches. Our brilliant con temporary, the Sun, objects to a point in the admirable London letter which we gave on Sunday, with its accounts of the life and thought of the great capital on Christmas Day. It fills us with sorrow of the most poignant kind, a sort of "divine despair,' when we fail to please the Sun, and this, perhaps, arises from the fact that wo have unconsciously taken the opinions of that journal as a standard by which all things in the world should be measured and adjusted. And now we are in a dilemma between our amiable censor and what seems to us fair play with our readers. Shall we scold our correspondent in London who gave by cable a letter more full and graphic than most journals commonly get by mail? Shall we tell him that the Sun objects to his poetry and that he must not send any more, or shall we for once venture to doubt the in fallibility of our contemporary? It is note worthy that our neighbor, the great champion of rectitude in all the channels of human ac tivity, has advised us to be dishonest with our readers. This was perhaps dono in-a moment of forgetfulness ; but there are points on which the Mentors should not for get themselves. By this Mentor we are ad vised that a certain passage in our Christmas letter could have been obtained more cheaply at the Astor Library than by cable. As to that our contemporary doubtless knows, and we accept tho fact as a result of his practice and experience ; but we do not make up our despatches in that way. Wo would even advise our contemporary that it would be better on the whole for him to give up that plan than for us to take to it; and we could meet with more satisfaction to our selves on the ground of the amplest distribu tion of the news than on that of the smallest cheating of the public. Our plan is to tell a correspondent when the occasion seems worth while to send us his letter by cable instead of sending it by post. We do not tell him to put in poetry nor to leave it out. We do not even tell him to leave out all that the editor of the Sun would not consider sufficiently important to send by cable; for he might refer to the file to get the Sun's views of what is important, and he would find that nothing has Happened in Europe since that paper has been in exist ence that its editor thought worth a special despatch. Our plan suits us and seems to suit our readers, and we shall adhere to it unless, when our contemporary begins to use the cable, it should hit upon some plan that we thought preferable, and then we shall pay it the compliment of imitation. But we shall never accept its proposition to print tho contents of the Astor Library and pre tend that it comes to us by cable. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Tha Greeks are shy of Russia. Deep snow prevails throughout Europe. Bermuda's fort defences are to be Improved. Trade Unionism has reached New South Wales. The English regiment ?t Jamaica Is to be instructed In field operations. Victor Hugo Is engaged writing a new tragedy for Rossi to pUy this winter In Paris. Secretary Bnstow's son studies at Princeton. His daughter studies in Paris. Mrs. General Sherman will go to Texas with her sou for the benefit of his health. Olive Logan thinks sho will not lecture en "Butter," bccau&e she does not consider it pat. Mr.'Gladstone does not want English convents In spected for the discovery of unwilling Inmates. A sportsman thinks that because he hooked a trout three times within a half hour that fish has no feeliug in the Jaw. A lone English woman fell dead of heart disease, and her three little children remained alone In the room with hor body for tour days. One diod of starvation. The Chicago Tribune thinks that the North will soon find a now large trado with tha negroes of the South, with the Chinese on the Pacific slope and with our Mexican and Cuban neighbors. General McClellan, rumor says, will shortly bo ap pointed to a position In the service of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, with the title of general superintendent or manager. Georgia papers, among th'Tn (lit Augusta Sentinel, insist that Tweed was In Savannah, and sailed In lha City of Dallas for Nassau. Two Now York detectives have bcoti investigating the cise in Savannah. Herr Wagner was "once scandallxed to a high de gree" by a Prussian Ambassador advising thim to arrange his 'Tar.nbau?er" for the Prussian King's favorite military oaud, so as to interest llis Majesty m Wagnerian musl& Russian Admiral Posslet says that the system or transporting convicts to Siberia Is * laituro; first, because the punishment, physically, Is too severe to work moral reform, and second, because the presence of criminals tends to degrade the Siberians. The coldost winters on record in the United Stains within the past 100 years were those ot 1780, 1830 and 1851. Tn 1780 the Delaware River, bay of New York and Long Island Sound were so completely ice bo^nd as to be crossod with horses and sleighs. The coldest year was that of 1819, in which there was Ice In every month of the year. Mr. Kerr's friend? say that his best work in tho com. position of committees has escaped general notice, and that It Is in the arrangement of the committees on ex penditures in the various departments. By the ruin of the House creating them, Ihny are given the power to examine into the payment of all accounts, and as to the sufficiency of vouchers, to see if moneys are expended strictly according to appropriations. They are also charged with reporting all abuses in the departments to the House, and all retrenchment which they think proper, having due tw?rd to the efficiency of the ??r Vl<??