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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 29, 1875, Image 6

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NEW YORK IIERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
PROPRIETOR.
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.-On and
after January 1, 1875, the daily and weekly
editions of the New You Herald will be
K-nt free of postage.
THE DAILY HERALD, published every
(fay in the year. Four cents, per copy.
Iwelv* dollars per year, or one dollar per
Month, free of postage, io subscribers.
All business or news letters and telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New Yo.uk
Herald.
Letters and packages should be properly
sealed.
Rejected communications will not be re
turned.
LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK
HERALD-NO. 4C FLEET STREET.
I'ARIS OFFICE-AVENUE DE L'OrERA.
Subscriptions and advertisements will be
received and forwarded on the same terms
as in New York.
VOLCME XL NO. 3153
&MLSE1ENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EYL\M
COLOSSEUM.
f lirty fourth street and Broadway.?PRUSSIAN SIEOK OF
1'AKIS. <tpeu inm 1 f. M. lo 4 F. M and Irotu 7 .J" 1'. 11.
U 10 1*. >1
W AI.LACK'S THEATRE.
Broadway and Thirteenth street ?THE ROMANCE OK A
I'OOR YOl'Nli M A N, at 8 P M ; closes at 10:4oP. M. Mr.
4uiut Giljcrt.
PARISIAN VARIETIE8,
Sixteenth street, near Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
GERMANIA THEATRE,
fourteenth atreet.-COMTESSE 1IELENE, at 8 P. M.
BROOKLYN THEATRE,
P"ashin*tun street, Biooklyu.?HENRY V., at 8 P. M. Mr.
KijjaolJ,
UNION SQUARE THEATRE,
^roadway ana Fourteenth atreet.?ROSE MICHEL, at 8
OLYMPIC TIIEATRE,
> R24 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 1'. M, Matinee at 2
M.
FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE.
!i atrei
tuu} Davenport.
r*"*t?-eijrhth street, near Broadway.?PIQUE, at 8 P. M.
I ?:iuy Da
TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE,
Vo?. 585 and 587 Broadway -VARIETY, at 8 1'. M
COOPER INSTITUTE,
Astorpli*.?Victoria I'. Woodhull'i Lecture, "THE TRUE
V.\D THE FAL.-iE, SOCIALLY."
PARK THEATRE.
? roadway and Twenty-second street. ?I HE CRUCIBLE, at
I'. M. Oakey Haii.
EAOLE THEATRE,
Broadway and Thirty-tliird strett.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
Vl.ttiuee at "2 1*. V.
. BOWERY THEATRE.
Sower? ?VALLEY FORGE, and 1770, at 8 P. M Mr.
ACADEMY OF MUSIC
fourteenth street.?German Opera?IL TROVATORE, at 8
?. M. Wachtel.
SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS,
Oppja Hou*e, Broadway, corner ol 1 vi enty-ninth street,
?t 8 P. M
TIVOLI THEATRE,
r. ghtb street, near Ihird avenue.?VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
WOOD'S MUSEUM.
Broadwur corner of I'lurtietli street,?THE TICKET OF
rE \VE MAN. at H P. M. . clones at 10:4j P. il. K. S.
?hiutiau. Matinee at 2 P. M.
GRAND OPERA HOUSE,
tieet und Eighth avenue.?'
ruEoTLINO, at 8 P. M. Baucr-Chrlstol.
fwenty third ?ticet and Eighth avenue.?'?R.?CO.ROM AN
GLOBE THEATRE,
<o? 72" and 730 Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P.M. Matl
*e at 2 P. M.
BOOTH'S THEATRE,
twenty third street and Sixth avenue.?-JULIUS C.ESAR,
it 8 P. M. Mi. Lawrence Barrett.
LYCEUM THEATRE.
avenue? LEI
Parisian Company.
J'<?ir'?*nTh ?'rp"tand Sixth avenue ?LES CHEVALIERS
OL' PINCh NLZ, at 8 P. M. ? ? ? ?
CHICKEItlNO HALL.
Tilth avenue and Eighteenth street.?GRAND CONCERT
?t S P M. Von Bulow.
THEATRE COMIQUE,
No r>t| Broadway.?VARIETY, at 8 P M. Matinee at 2
P M.
THIRD AVENUE THEATRE,
Third avenae, between Thirtieth and I hirtj (lr*t streets.?
>! INSTRELS Y aud VARIETY, at 8 p M. Wat,nee at 2
r. m.
TRIPLE SHEET.
*EW YOUK, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 20, 1675.
IVum onir reports this morning the probabilities
are that the weathsr to-day will be wanner a/?i
partly cloudy, with rain or fog.
The Hesai.d by Fast Mail Trains.?News
dealers and the public throughout the States of
New York-, Kfte Jersey and Pennsylvania, ds
veU ms in the West, the Pacific Coast, the North,
the Sowth and Serulhwest, also along Ute Ibits
of tie Hudson River, New York Central and
Pennsylvania Central Railroads and their con~
necliorts, trill be svpplied with The Herald,
tree of postage. Extraordinary inducements
offered to newsdealers by smiling their orders
direct to this office.
Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were
fairly active and higher. Gold ended at 113,
after Bales at 112 3-4 a 112 7-8. Money on
call was oasy at 6 and 7 per cent. Invest
ment and government securities were in fair
demand.
Liberality Toward THE Press is evinced
in the recent action of the French Assembly,
and this, more than anything else, shows the
stability of the Republic.
A Singular Story of an insane testator
and a crazy guardian is related by Surrogate
Jlutchings in a decision which is published
in another column.
Ex-President Thiers is not suro whether
lie will prefer a seat in the Senate or the
Chamber of Deputies, and so he reserves the
right to choose between them in case he is
elected to both. Apparently he ought to be
nble to make his choice now as well as after
the elections.
Auditor Thater has been suspended by
Governor Tilden upon the recommendation of
the Canal Investigating Commission. Oper
ations such as those in which he was en
gaged would undermine and vitiate the
public service in any country, and in view of
the case against him no other course was
allowable.
Thb Wab iw Malacca is substantially at
an end, the English having succeeded in re
ducing tho native* to subjection. With
Russia pressing them on the one hand and
England grinding them on the other the
poor Asiatics have no chance to maintain
their ancient institutions, and it is not im
possible that the next quarter of a century
will witness greater revolutions in the East
than were accomplished in the three-quarters
which oreceded il?
Tit* DUtarb?ar?>i on
Bcrdtr.
The visit of Mr. Foster, our Minister to
Mexico, who hus come to Washington to fur
nish information and make suggestions to
Secretary Fish, is not likely to be of much j
practical value if his recommendations have
been correctly reported. What Mr. Fos
ter is understood to advocate is the
negotiation of a treaty with Mexico I
authorizing the troops of the U nited States '
to pursue cattle raiders and other criminals
across the border, arrest them on Mexican
soil and bring them back for trial and pun
ishment. This is one of the most absurd j
proposals we ever heard of as emanating !
from an official source. Snch a treaty
would be equally dishonoring to the govern- I
ment of Mexico and the government of
the United States. Every nation properly
regards its territory as sacred, and re
sents, as one of the most offensive of in
sults, any intrusion into it by a foreign 1
Power. Tho sharp controversies we have
had with other nations respecting the right
of search at sea throw light on this class of j
questions. Our government has always re- j
sented all pretences on the part of foreign ;
nations to board our ships and seize culprits ,
who have committed offences against the na
tion claiming the right of search. The argu- I
ment used on such occasions has been ;
that the decks of our merchant ships on the
high seas are, in the contemplation of inter-^
national law, a part of our territory, and that
inasmuch as no nation can pursue criminals i
across its frontier so no nation can search .
the ships of another Power to make similar
arrests. Everybody remembers how public
resentment was inflamed, a year or two since,
by the Spanish violation of the rights of our
flag in seizing the Virginius because she ;
had on board persons charged with offences
against the peace of Cuba. The decks of our
ships and the territory of the Republic are
held to be equally sacred and inviolate, and
we never tolerate any foreign intrusion into :
either. If a foreign government wants a
criminal who has fled within our jurisdic- ,
tion it can get possession of him only
under the provisions of an extradi- j
tion treaty. The reason why extradi- j
tion treaties are necessary for the rendi- |
tion of criminals is that every govern- j
ment regards its territory as inviolable, and
permits no foreign authority to pursue per
sons charged with crime beyond the limits
of its frontier. No government can surrender
this principle of inviolability without a
sacrifice of nationul honor. It is, therefore,
absurd and Quixotic for Mr. Foster to recom
mend such a treaty as he proposes.
If such a treaty were permissible it would,
of course, have to be reciprocal and allow
Mexican troops to pursue fugitive criminals
into Texas as well as United States troops to
chase Mexican raiders and arrest them be
yond the Rio Grande. Mr. Foster's own
despatches, published in the diplomatic cor
respond! nee of last venr. prove that cattle
raiding is practised on both sides, and if we
are to be permitted to pursue Mexican
fugitives beyond the Itio Grande We should
have to concede the same right to the Mex
icans. It is quite certain that our national j
pride would never permit anything of the
kind ; bat no such treaty as Mr. Foster pro
poses could be adopted unless the rights
conferred were mutual. Such a treaty, in
stead of preventing difficulties, would mul
tiply them. Troops crossing from either
side would be full of the resentments and
exaspt rations of the community whose
wrongs they undertook to redress,
and would not be scrupulous about the
infliction of injuries on the foreign soil they
invaded. Before such a treaty had been in
operation a year both governments would be
incensed by the license of soldiers, and mu
tual criminations would inevitably lead to
war. The worst possible device for maintain
ing pence on the frontier would be a treaty
permitting the troops of each nation to pur
sue and arrest offenders within tho territory
of the other.
But these border difficulties and the bad
blood they engender cannot be permitted to
go on forever, and the proper remedy is a
very grave question. ^Ve have no doubt
that the ultimate and only successful remedy
i3 a rectification of the Mexican frontier.
Broad and deep rivers form a suitable
enough boundary between conterminous na
tions ; but the Rio Grande, though broad, is
not deep, and for several hundred
miles of its course it is easily ford
able, presenting no obstruction to incursions
from either side. Cattle could not bo
hurried across the St. Lawrence on our
Canada frontier even if the people on its
banks were as wild and lawless as the
settlers on the Rio Grande. Droves of stolen
cattle cannot be made to swim a navigable
river, but can easily be tak> n across a ford
able stream. The Rio Grande is wholly un
fit to be a boundary, and troubles
will never cease, in the present state
of civilization, along its banks, so
long as it continues to be the frontier.
It is for the mutual interest of both nations
that the boundary line should bo changed ;
but to accomplish this requires patience,
foresight and diplomatic tact. Mexico is un
willing to part with the narrow strip of ter
ritory which would carry back the boundary
to the unsettled and uninhabitable moun
tain region which would interpose a secure
barrier between the settled portions of tho
two countries; but it must ultimately cotno
to this if the two countries are to maintain
peaceful relations. Our government can ac
complish this necessary rectification of tho
boundary without a resort to hostilities if it
is prudent and forbearing. It must watch
for opportunities and avail itself of them
when they occur. The Mexican government
is poor ; its finances are in a state of chronic
weakness. Some exigency is certain to
arise when the addition of several millions to
its treasury, without levying oppressive taxes
on its peoole, will be a strong temptation to its
rulers. If we acquire a strip of its territory
we shall, of course, expect to pay a liberal
compensation, and if we should give double
its value it would be a bagatelle in compar
ison with the cost of a war. Until the proper
occasion arises we must wait and be patient,
for there is no method by which a rectifica
tion of the boundary would be so expensive
as by a war between the two nations.
The cost of protecting our citizens for
five years, or even ten years, by posting
trooos fclomr the Rio Grande would b? a
mere drop in the backet when weighed
against the expenses of a war. The condi
tion of things on the Mexican border is one
among many reasons why it is inexpedient
to reduce our army below its present
strength. If we are to be patient with
Mexico troops are needed on that fron
tier to protect our citizens; if, on the
other hand, we are to force her to terms,
we should have to make a large increase of
the army and put it on a war footing. The
true policy is to keep remonstrating with
Mexico, to insist on her restraining her citi
zens from violating our territory and rob
bing our citizens, but at the same tiiue to
maintain troops enough on the border to
keep the turbulent Mexicans in fear.
The time will come, at no distant
period, when the pecuniary necessi
ties of the Mexican government will
induce it to listen to proposals for a pur
chase of territory, and we need but a narrow
belt to separate the two countries by such a
physical barrier as would be a perfect guar
antee against the kind of disturbances which
are at present so annoying.
Thu Daly of the Prem _ to (lie
Public.
A letter from the Rev. William Adams,
President of the New York Institution for
the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb,
which we print to-day, emphatically contra
dicts statements which have recently been
circulated in respect to its condition and
management. The defence appears to be
complete. This institution is governed by a
board of twenty-four members, who meet once
a month and hold special meetings in cases
of emergency. Two such meetings have
been held during the present epidemic. It
has an executive committee of five members,
who reside near the institution and visit it
constantly. They also meet thrice a month,
and two of these meetings occur on days
unknown to the officers. There is also a
visiting committee appointed for each
month, which investigates the management
at times unknown to the officers and returns
a full report to the Board. There is also a
ladies' committee, which performs similar
services and reports monthly. There are
two consulting physicians, who not only
give their attention to the sick, but
to the means of preventing sickness.
A superintendent, who is also a practising
physician, has for his sole duty to look after
the management of the institution, leaving
the instruction of the children entirely to
the regular teachers. In tho last live years
twenty thousand dollars have been expended
in ventilation and drainage, and it is now
proposed to spend from eight thousand dol
lars to ten thousand dollars more for these
purposes. These are facts which show thor
ough organization, and the names of the
officers and directors ought to be guarantees
that the active management is faithful and
diligent. The public must now acquit the
managers of causing by their neglect an
epidemic which it seems no care could pre
vent. The institution has, at all events, the
right to demand that any further charges
against it shall be made by responsible au
thority and not as mutters of mere report.
Independently of our desire to do justice
to this particular institution we are glad to
print President Adams' letter as an opportu
nity of pointing out the duty of the press in
a'l such cases of unintentional wrong. It is
the province of j* newspaper to collect and
publish facts of public interest at once. A
good journal endeavors to be as accurate as
it is prompt Bat it is just as impossible
for a paper to verify every day every sepa
rate item of news it publishes as it would be
for a merchant to have the accounts of his
bookkeeper and clerks examined daily by a
committee of experts. It must trust to tho
integrity and intelligence of its reporters
and correspondents. Where hundreds are
employed some one is always liable to be im
posed upon. It Is here that a great newspa
per can not only afford to correct those mis
takes which arise out of human fallibility,
but is bound to do so for the sake of its own
character. We wish to say that the IIkuai.d
considers the correction of any misrepresen
tation or misstatement in its columns as
news of the highest value. Even if the truth
is not of interest to the public it is of im
portance to us. We therefore ask all per
sons and all institutions who conceive that
they are wronged in any way by statements
in the Hkbaxd to notify us of the fact They
will receive a full and impartial hearing.
We would have the Hehald to be not only a
court of general sessions, but also a court of
appeals just and Btrong enough to reverso
its own decisions and to render every man
his right without fear of the charge of ignor
ance or inconsistency. "For Justice all
places a temple and all seasons Bummer."
.Joint Intervention in Cuba.
According to the cable despatches which wo
print this morning joint intervention in regard
to Cuba is one of the possibilities of the near
future. England, which has interests in the
West Indies nearly as great as our own, is
ready for the movement, and the other
Powers approve, though unwilling to tako
the initiative. This much being assured
the rest is certain. While we should not
welcome intervention emanating from
ourselves alone, however apparent
its necessity, we shall hail it with
pleasure if it has the co-operation of
other Powers. Such a policy cannot
fail to bring the struggle in Cuba to a close;
and it ia certainly to the beet interests of
the island and even of Spain that this dis
honoring war should be ended. Joint inter
vention is the only method by which this re
sult can be obtained, and it is gratifying,
especially in view of the rumors to the con
trary, that President Grant's negotiations
have succeeded. We now begin to under
stand the meaning of the great uneasiness at
the Spanish capital when tho President's
Message was promulgated, and with the co
operation of the great Powers we can see the
end of the Cuban struggle.
Thk Board or Apportionmknt yesterday
disposed of the budget for 187fi, and so one
annual vexation is practically at an end.
There waa, however, a very spicy debate on
the transfer of unexpended balances, which
Comptroller Green asserts have no existence
in fact The Comptroller's reasoning seems
logical enough, bat his Tiewa receive very
little fkvot from tb? Hoard*
"The K?w York Municipal Botlflf."
A new society for municipal reform has
just been organized, with this title, ander
the statutes of the State relating to corpora
tions. Its aims, plans and methods are fully
set forth in the official statements printed in
our news columns. Its present members
number seventy-two, consisting for the most
part of citizens eminent for their standing,
who enjoy the respect and confidence of this
community. By the constitution of the so
ciety the number of members may be in
creased to one hundred, with an addition of
thirty-five honorary members, of whom at
least fifteen shall be residents of this State,
but non-residents of the city. The evident
purpose of this provision is to secure the
co-operation and profit by the intelli
gence of gentlemen in other cities
of this State and cities through
out the country. The problem of governing
cities with wisdom and economy is the great
problem in this country, and we rejoice that
a society has been formed to take the sub
ject in hand and throw upon it the light of
full investigation.
There are points in the cinstitution of the
New York Municipal Society which give it
a strong title to publio confidence in addi
tion to that derived from the known respec
tability of its members. One of these claims
to confidence is the pledge or engagement
required of all tho members that they will
not be candidates for any office. The well
known Committee of Seventy, "which did
run well for a season" in the fight against the
Tammany Ring, forfeited public esteem and
became an object of scoffing derision by mak
ing that organization a ladder to municipal
trusts, its President getting lifted by it to
the Mayoralty and many of its other
members seeking vulgar political re
wards. This new Municipal Society
avoids this error by a "self-denying ordi
nance," calculated to protect their labors
from suspicion. Its members make apledgo
that they will not accept any office or
nomination for any office, either munici
pal, State or federal, "while a member of
the society, nor within ninety days after
ceasing to be a member." This guarantee
of sincerity and disinterestedness is one of
the most satisfactory features of the organ
ization.
Another excellent feature, in tho avowed
aims of the society is its desire to
separate municipal government from
ordinary party politics. It is too
obvious for argument that this important
aim cunnot be accomplished without a com
plete separation between municipal and
general elections. When they are held at
the same season of the year and on tho
same day the State candidates and city can
didates will form alliances to strengthen
each other and municipal affairs be in
evitably drawn into tho current of
party polities. Municipal reform is impos
sible without a strict separation. The
New York Municipal Society declares in its
address that "the partisan method of gov
erning a city is false and pernicious that
"municipal administration is rather a mass
of business to bo done on business princi
ples than of politics to be managed by party
leaders;" that "party action in regard
to city administration is almost never
based on any political principle, and hence
is generally corrupt." Tho truth of these
assertions is self-evident, and it is an evident
inference from them?which, however, tho
society has failed to draw?that one of tho
most important steps toward solid reform is
a divorce of the city election from the Stato
election, by holding it at a different season
of the year, when the party tide does not
sweep everything along with it.
Colonel Joyce's Novel.
Elsewhere wo give some instalments from
the novel, in which, as Colonel Joyce in
formed our correspondent in the interview
published yesterday, he intends to embody
the facts of his autobiography. Like certain
of the famous fictions of the past generation,
it is to be a novel "founded on facts," and
gome of thom very unpleasant facts for the
author. Certainly if Colonel Joyce should
go through the ups and downs of his career,
and write his life with fidelity and in a style
no worse than these specimens, he would
make a valuable contribution to the materials
for social history. It would be a book of the
sort that Defoe deemed the ideal fiction, for
all his efforts as an author were
aimed to give to his narratives an air of that
reality that this story would intrinsically
possess. Should the story end with Joyce's
release from prison by the President's pardon
it would also he a contribution to our politi
cal history, though the price of the pardon
might be some suppressions in the narrative.
Evidently that is the way Joyce aims to end
his story. Ho has disclosures to make, and
the price of his silence can be safely guessed
at in Washington. It would be a pity if a
pardon should give him a motive for silence.
An t'nqutrt Queen.
Some days ago we chronicled the outlines
of the intrigue on foot between Madrid and
Paris, with the object of securing for the ex
Queen Isabella the privilege of a residence in
Spain. At that time the elements opposed
to Isabella's return had the upper hand; but
it seems that sha adheres to her purpose
with that obstinacy which universally char
acterizes the conduct of the Bourbons in the
pursuit of some policy sure to end in calam
ity to thomselvt-s. As it is, Isabella lives
in Paris, with her son on the Spanish throne,
so that she has a family relation to the
Spanish Treasury, but she insists upon
a voyage to Spain that may end in
tho expulsion of her son from the throne and
her own return to Paris and a precarious in
come. If Alfonso has, as reported, become
himself the advocate of his mother's return
to Spain, and is prepared to defy the Minis
try on a .point on which they art so sure of
the support of the country, it can only be
concluded that his head is, like all the other
heads of his family, of tho kind that would
be no loss to anybody but the owner. It is
to be hoped that wiser counsels will prevail
and that the King, divided between filial
love and his duty as a sovereign, will yet see
that even tho hope to fulfil his obligations as
a son must turn on the retention of his
throne ; and that he eannot retain this if Isa
bella returns, for her return means another
, ?Wm*riUa ffovariunen^
Harvard Refutes to Withdraw >?'?
(he Rowing Association.
The hot fire all along the alumni line has
proved too severe for the Harvard under
graduates, aud, as will bo seen in our
despatches in another column, she will
cast her vote in the coming convention on
January 4 to remain in the association.
As is well known, the exact contrary course
has for days been imminent; but mean
while both here and in Boston her gradu
ates havo been quietly working, and the
unanimity with which they oppose any
thing that squints at a withdrawal or at
anything else than fighting it out in the
good old fashion, and with which they
have been expressing themselves in
a very distinct protest, is both gratifying and
healthy, and pretty conclusive proof that
they may be always salely trusted to see to
it that no harm comes to the good name of
our oldest university. One of them?one of
the 'G8 men who sign the letter elsewhere?
is, we think, Mr. Loring, the captain and
stroke of the famous four who rowed Oxford.
He tells the youngsters pretty plainly that
they will never amount to much till they do
far more hard work, and that they do not
yet know how to sit a shell. The letter of
another is very entertaining, and he frees
himself most happily when he says that "the
modern Harvard undergraduate has become
so ilnbued with the 'elective idea' that he
seems to think that he can choose between
honor and dishonor." Her thus remaining
in the association is not to interfere with her
race with Yale or any other private match she
may care to make. By thus acting as her
friends hoped she would she will put her
rivals, who feared for the life of the associa
tion, again at their ease, and the preparations
to meet the English and Irish crows will go
forward with renewed energy. Yale is now
tho only institution which has withdrawn
from the association, and it does not look as
though any other is likely to.
Castelar aud the Spanish Republic.
We note an interesting conversation be
tween a newspaper correspondent and Cas
telar, ex-President of the Spanish Republic.
Castelar regards the situation of Spain as
more critical and dangerous than ever. The
strifes of the Alfonsist leaders recall to him
the situation during the latter period of tho
reign of Amadous. He sees no remedy for
these evils except?what is impossible in the
condition of Spanish affair#?the closest
union of all the monarchists and "a complete
oblivion of all personal interests and ambi
tions." He believes that the Republio must
inevitably arrive for Spain, but that '"it will
bo brought about by ihe errors and private
ambitions of those who most detest the Re
public." Those who look carefully at the
condition of Spanish affairs must see the force
of these criticisms of Castelar. The voice of
Spain is for a republic. The Republic has
been prevented by two conspiracies, the first
under Prim, the second under Serrano. The
difficulty about consolidating a monarchy in a
country like Spain is like the difficulty in
France. In Spain there are two, or we might
say three, monarchical parties, f r the Duke of
Montpensier has never abandone d his heredi
tary ambition for the crown.
With the Carlists, the A.fonsists and
the Montpensierists intriguing and quar
relling among themselves, it is im
possible for any monarchy to sur
vive, especially when the King is not a
man of force and courage, like Don Carlos,
but a boy not yet out of his teens, who only
yesterday was studying his fchool books and
playing with tops and velocipedes at a Jesuit
school in England. It is just possible that a
great man like Philip H. or Charles V. might
mould the discordant motarchical elements
of Spain. But the young men of Spain are
republicans. Spain, sluggish and reluctant
to accept any new ideas, has been steadily
giving way before the advance of liberalism
which began with the Trench Revolution.
The young men, the men who come into life
to-day and who are to control Spain to-mor
row, are liberals. Wo l.ave the same senti
ments growing up in Spain that we had
in our country between 1850 and 1860.
The youths then reaching manhood grew up
with the republican anti-slavery sentiment
They took upon themselves tho burden of
the war and fought it to victory. We see a
process like this in ^pain. The danger to
monarchical governm- nU in Europe to-day
is the spread of enlightened ideas among the
rising generation. C.^telar, himself a young
man, represents the strength of this party.
He leads Young Spun. Our hope is that
when the Republio becomes inevitable
the monarchists an 1 soldiers of Spain will
imitate the wisdom of the conservative re
publicans of Fran<e and avoid a revolution
by accepting TlemO' racy.
Hurricane* anil Karthquakn*.
We have intelligence this morning of a se
vere hurricane which visited the Philippine
Inlands, causing the loss of many lives and
destroying the houses and crops of the in
habitants. Such a calamity cannot fail to
produce great distress ; but the Philippines
are not alone :n suffering from visitations
of the elements. Vesuvius once more threat
ens an eruption and although the hoyora
of Herculanoun: and Pompeii cannot be re
peated, a dir ful calamity is imminent.
An earthquake has just been felt on the
Atlantic coast extending all the way
from Weldon, V. C., to Washington, and al
most simultaneously the Paoifio slope was
similarly visit d. In Porto Rico, too, earth
quake shocks have been experienced, and it
is only a short time since the terrible floods
devasted France, England and parts of this
country. N foresight can provide against j
accidents lil ? these, and tho terrors they in
spire incrc,e with their frequency. But j
while it is impossible to prevent them, or
even to for- ,ee them so as effectually to pro
vide again t them, much may be done to
mitigate tteir effects. Our Signal Bureau
has demonstrated that Btorm signals are in- ;
valuable fig cautionary measures, and the
advances if applied science in the next few !
years wll greatly increase the bene- i
fits of this new adjunct of civilization.
It is poHsille that if the coming of the hur
ricane 'iad been known in the Philippine
Island.' the fearful loss of life, at least, might
have been averted. The frequency of these
disasters is a renewed incentive to the study
of the course of storms and the application
of all acquired knowledge to the security of
life and orjDtirty. It would be inexcusable
.. uuu; ore* Hiinun nfl lout Dy an ernptton
of Vesuvius, the warning having so long pre
ceded the possible belching forth of the ele
ments, and with an extension of the princi
ples and machinery of our Signal Service all
over the world that foresight against the
evil effects of the hurricane, which is now
impossible, will become a matter of mere
routine.
During thk Recess the speculative politi
cians at Washington are always busy map
ping out the work of Congress, but previous
to a Presidential election in forecasting the
policy and candidates of the canvass. Our
letter this morning foreshadows the work of
the present session, both in its legislative
and political aspects, as tho gossips of tho
capital would arrange it. If these rumors
have any foundation in fact it will be seen
that the reduction of the army is to be a car
dinal point of democratic policy. Thore
could be no more serious blunder. Re
trenchment and reform must take another
direction to meet with favor from the coun
try, as the people are not disposed to dis
pense with the services of tried military
leaders or to leave tho frontiers at the mercy
of Indian or Mexican marauders. The dan
ger of the next few months is that of a third
term, while the currency question is the real
political issue of the hour.
Our Cubits Letter*.
It is impossible to please everybody even
with cable despatches. Our brilliant con
temporary, the Sun, objects to a point in the
admirable London letter which we gave on
Sunday, with its accounts of the life and
thought of the great capital on Christmas
Day. It fills us with sorrow of the most
poignant kind, a sort of "divine despair,'
when we fail to please the Sun, and this,
perhaps, arises from the fact that wo have
unconsciously taken the opinions of that
journal as a standard by which all things in
the world should be measured and adjusted.
And now we are in a dilemma between our
amiable censor and what seems to us fair
play with our readers. Shall we scold our
correspondent in London who gave
by cable a letter more full and graphic than
most journals commonly get by mail? Shall
we tell him that the Sun objects to his
poetry and that he must not send any more,
or shall we for once venture to doubt the in
fallibility of our contemporary? It is note
worthy that our neighbor, the great champion
of rectitude in all the channels of human ac
tivity, has advised us to be dishonest with
our readers. This was perhaps dono in-a
moment of forgetfulness ; but there are
points on which the Mentors should not for
get themselves. By this Mentor we are ad
vised that a certain passage in our Christmas
letter could have been obtained more
cheaply at the Astor Library than by cable.
As to that our contemporary doubtless
knows, and we accept tho fact as a result of
his practice and experience ; but we do not
make up our despatches in that way. Wo
would even advise our contemporary that it
would be better on the whole for him to give
up that plan than for us to take to it; and we
could meet with more satisfaction to our
selves on the ground of the amplest distribu
tion of the news than on that of the smallest
cheating of the public. Our plan is
to tell a correspondent when the occasion
seems worth while to send us his
letter by cable instead of sending it by post.
We do not tell him to put in poetry nor to
leave it out. We do not even tell him to
leave out all that the editor of the Sun would
not consider sufficiently important to send
by cable; for he might refer to the file to get
the Sun's views of what is important, and he
would find that nothing has Happened in
Europe since that paper has been in exist
ence that its editor thought worth a special
despatch. Our plan suits us and seems to
suit our readers, and we shall adhere to it
unless, when our contemporary begins to use
the cable, it should hit upon some plan that
we thought preferable, and then we shall
pay it the compliment of imitation. But
we shall never accept its proposition to print
tho contents of the Astor Library and pre
tend that it comes to us by cable.
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
Tha Greeks are shy of Russia.
Deep snow prevails throughout Europe.
Bermuda's fort defences are to be Improved.
Trade Unionism has reached New South Wales.
The English regiment ?t Jamaica Is to be instructed
In field operations.
Victor Hugo Is engaged writing a new tragedy for
Rossi to pUy this winter In Paris.
Secretary Bnstow's son studies at Princeton. His
daughter studies in Paris.
Mrs. General Sherman will go to Texas with her sou
for the benefit of his health.
Olive Logan thinks sho will not lecture en "Butter,"
bccau&e she does not consider it pat.
Mr.'Gladstone does not want English convents In
spected for the discovery of unwilling Inmates.
A sportsman thinks that because he hooked a trout
three times within a half hour that fish has no feeliug
in the Jaw.
A lone English woman fell dead of heart disease, and
her three little children remained alone In the room
with hor body for tour days. One diod of starvation.
The Chicago Tribune thinks that the North will soon
find a now large trado with tha negroes of the South,
with the Chinese on the Pacific slope and with our
Mexican and Cuban neighbors.
General McClellan, rumor says, will shortly bo ap
pointed to a position In the service of the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad Company, with the title of general
superintendent or manager.
Georgia papers, among th'Tn (lit Augusta Sentinel,
insist that Tweed was In Savannah, and sailed In lha
City of Dallas for Nassau. Two Now York detectives
have bcoti investigating the cise in Savannah.
Herr Wagner was "once scandallxed to a high de
gree" by a Prussian Ambassador advising thim to
arrange his 'Tar.nbau?er" for the Prussian King's
favorite military oaud, so as to interest llis Majesty m
Wagnerian musl&
Russian Admiral Posslet says that the system or
transporting convicts to Siberia Is * laituro; first,
because the punishment, physically, Is too severe to
work moral reform, and second, because the presence
of criminals tends to degrade the Siberians.
The coldost winters on record in the United Stains
within the past 100 years were those ot 1780, 1830 and
1851. Tn 1780 the Delaware River, bay of New York
and Long Island Sound were so completely ice bo^nd as
to be crossod with horses and sleighs. The coldest year
was that of 1819, in which there was Ice In every month
of the year.
Mr. Kerr's friend? say that his best work in tho com.
position of committees has escaped general notice, and
that It Is in the arrangement of the committees on ex
penditures in the various departments. By the ruin of
the House creating them, Ihny are given the power to
examine into the payment of all accounts, and as to the
sufficiency of vouchers, to see if moneys are expended
strictly according to appropriations. They are also
charged with reporting all abuses in the departments to
the House, and all retrenchment which they think
proper, having due tw?rd to the efficiency of the ??r
Vl<??

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