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The Will cf William B. As ter's Granddaughter. What Is to Become of a Con tractor's Estate ? Interesting Decision by Surro gate Hutchings. The Suit Against the Manhattan Quotation Telegraph Company. The will of Mrs. Margaret A. Cbanler, grau<klau?hter ?f tbe late William B. Astor, and wife of J. Winthrop Cbanler. u.l who died quite recently, was admitted to probalc yesterday. The will is ualed April 2?), 1872, ?lid m witnessed by Edgar 8. Van Winkle and Charles H. llrtub. Tbe etttaie is a very large one, the full value of which cannot now be definitely ascertained. Tbe bu?k of tbe property is left to tlie husband of tihe de ceased, suitable provision being mtyle for the children. The deceased left a family of ten children, six boys and loer g.ris, all of whom are under fouiteen yearn of age. Relieved of the legal verbiage which necessarily attaches to such a paper the will rends as follows: yirtt?In execution of the powers reserved to me In the setUeumnt ot my estate, bearing date the ,'Ust of March, A I1 1660. whcreol John Ja ob Astor, U illiaui Astor and (ieorge Du Forrest Lord are trustees, I be queath ae follows'? 1. To my said husband, J. Winthrop Cbanler, $?>6,000. out of the personal property In the instru ment exposed U> have been given or granted by mo. ? Out of the residue of said personal estate an annu ity of fllMKK) to my father. Samuel Ward, Ksq., in quar lerly iRjitaltnents. for his own personal use. ' a Should I die leaving issue me surviving, I bo queaih ail the personal estate by the said settlement which a? tlie lime of toy death shall be at dispeso!, the piweri'ng provisions being lirst satisfied, to aty children. shape and share alike. 4. 1 lie?}u<:ath to my executor, here naffer named, all tlie !ots of laud and real estate In the city of New York devised to me directly or by inheritance, under the set tlement shortly after my mother's marriage, dated Feb ruary 16. 183!1 and also all the i'ands granted to me by the Commonalty of New York about August 26, 1S47 and to receive the rents and profits thereof, upon the following trusts:?To pay eaih and every year, m quarterly payments, commencing from the'dato of the probate of this will, to my daughters, share and share alike, the sum of $;>,000; and upon the farther fruit in I ke matter and pemds, to pay over the residue of ?'aid rents and prollts to my eons, ihare ami share alike. Second?I'nder and by virtue of the powers conferred upon me in aud by a certain deed of trust made and executed between Wtlltani Backhouse Astor, of the iirst part, John Jacob Astor. Jr., William Astor and ?Heorge I>e Forrest Loru, of the second part, and my self, of the third part, and bearing date of October 28 ISfifi. I bequeath out of the capital of the funds held in trust for me, under the said doed of trust the sura of $4S,000 to my husband, J Wiothrop ( hauler. Third?Out of my estate, other than what Is era hrg ced in and covered by said selt'eracits, 1 bequeath as fellows:? I. To Nancy Richards, who has been mjr faithful nursf $6,000. 2. 2 also bequeath to the executor of this will $4,000 in trust, to invest the same In public stocks of tho I'Oiled States and apply tho net income to the use of tbe sua Nancy Richards; and on her death, I be queaxt the said sum to my husband. 3. Subject to the fulfilment of the preceding gifts to or for tbe said Nancy Richards I give aud bequeath as follows :? ' To the Ucv. John W. Moore, rector of Christ church In Lower Red Hook, Dutchess county, N. Y.. $600. ' To my friend, Miss Alice Patterson, daughter of the late Mrs. Helen Patterson, $000. To the Ladies' Depository, of which Mrs. Thomas Addis Kminet is now tbe head, $2ii0. To .St. Luke's Hospital, of New York, $500. To the Society for Foreign Missions of the Protestant Episcopal Church $500. To the New York Children's Aid Society $500. To the Mission School and Chapel of St. Mark's church $500. fourth?I give and bequeath to my husband. J. Win throp (_ hanler, all of the bonds and all other evidences of indebtedness of the I nlted Slates which may be registered in the Treasury Department in mv name not embraced in said settlement or deed of trust. /'i/f/j? All thf rest, residue and remainder of the real and pe/fonsl estate, I bequeath to my husband J Win throp Ciianler, his heirs and assigns, absolutclv and i'orrver. Sixths- I hereby nominate and appoint my said bus band, J Winthrop Chanler, executor of this my last will, and trustee under the same, and guardian of the persons and estates of my infant children. A partial hearing in the matter of tho probate of tho will of the late William It Astor was had yesterday be fore Chief Cleric \ an Schalck. The depositions of sev eral of the subscribing witnesses were taken, after w hich, ov.iCg to the unavoidable absence of one of their number, the further hearing was continued until to morrow morning. A CONTRACTORS ESTATE. A decision was yesterday rendered by Surrogate Hutchings in the matter of the contested will of the late John L. Brown, which has occupied the attention ot the Court for some months past. The decision reads:? John I. Brown, whose will is the subject of contest m the proceeding before me, died on the liSih dav of March. 187"?. in the seventieth year of his age. The instrument ofiored lor probate was executed by him on the 5th day of February preceding, and it provides tlmt alter the payment of his debts, funeral expenses ai.?l 'ipenscs of administration, the residue of his ?>Utr re*l and personal, shall go to "his wife Han nah ' Brown,'' daring her natural life, with remainder , over to hi- son and only child. John L. Brown " and appoints the said "wite and son'' as the executors of his will Immediately after the death of the testator ' the paper was offered for probate, and, on the oaths of Hanuan E ar.d John L. Brown (who in this proceeding hai beer, known as John L. Brown, Jr.), that they were the w jp and child respectively and onlv heirs or the de cedent. it was admitted to probate. 'Subsequently an applicajioti was made by one Mary Ann Brown, who claimed U> be the widow, and by three of his sisters who alleged that they were the only heirs of the de cedent and npon such allegation the probate was set as'de and the validity of the ini-trurr.cnt was brought before me for determination. From the evidence It ap pears that tho decedent was married in September 1H2?. to Mary Ann Pickering, who remained his ac knowledged wire until D?53, when she wa? discarded by him. and he commeuced to opetlv live with Hannah K ' Pickering, the divorced wife of Mary Ann s brother Hannah at once taking the decedent's name, and being thereafter known as Hannah K. Brown , aud she was in troduced into society and to his family, and was always recognized by the decedent and others as his wife. A fornsal paper of separation was executed between the decedent and Mary Ann in 1856, which, after reciting that they were desirous of and had mutuallv agreed to separate and live apart for the remainder or'their lives each with the full consent of tbe other, and having for some time lived apart, provides for the payment by the decedent to bis wile Mary Ann the sum of $lu,00o. and the gift to her of all of her personal effects, wardrobe Jewelry, plate and household furniture, and all other property which she has or may become possessed of, each agree,ng not to interfere with the liberty, comfort or happiness of the other. Indeed, there is no question under the evidence, but that tbe decedent knew that I Mary Ann and none other was his lawful wife, and In the proceeding before me she must be held to be his widow Had he died intestate she would not only have been entitled to her dower rights in his real estate, i.i;t, tho marriage being without issue living, she would be entitled to a distributive share in his persona! property, under the statutes of this State. Bat .the decedent has intervened by a testamentary inAtrti ment which la offered for prohato, in which ho makes Hannah E. and John L. Brown. Jr., his legatees, and which instrument. If it be valid, must silence the claims 0 hts wife and collateral kindred to l>t* recognized as distributes of his bounty, except that the widow, Marv Ann, ciooot be divested of her dower rights In the real property of winch the decedent died seised. But the paper II contorted upon allegations of want of testa mentary capacity in the decedent and undue Intluence exerted upon him by Hannah K and John L. Brown, V1' *?'? thereunder. But in discarding nis w,,i; it is evident that the decedout began to live openly with Hannah F... with whom he had been for several years cohabiting privately, and that he t0 'ho world as his wife. Doubtless, so far affection was concerned, she was to h,m his wife; she was the mother of his son : and for her and the son be undoubtedly affection characteristic of a husband and laifier. Hig uh<>lr? language .itid conduct an praven convince me that ins sentiments toward them were of abiding affection, wh le toward Ins wifo Mary Ann there was no recognition by him of any r.gluful claim upon his bounty, an.: that whatever lie did for her after their separation regarded by him as gratuity 1 nder the eiret)instance* of the case it is not unree?ofl*> able that the decedent should have selected Hannah F Brown as the beneficiary dur.ng h> r life of the incomo of his estate, and his son, John I. Br?wn Jr of the remainder over af er her death The ion he designates ns bis onlv child, and for ?ev. ral years ho had been associated with tlt? deccdent In the management of his business. Tho affection of a parent is often superior to all ofJier sentiments, and certainly the evidence in this case shows that for over twenty y?ars his love for his wife had been superseded by a similar sen timent for another, who was the mother of his son If he bad Ignored them, and especially h s only child a presumption of mental impairment wctld have i*een almost conclusive. As to the claims of the other con feslanta. the sisters of the decedent, while It is true they are lawful next of kin, it is a matter of overydar etpcrienco that the affection which cxlste on the part of a man for bis wife or for the one he regards In the light of a wif$, and especially for a child. Is a more powerful passion than one which is Inspired by the relation of brother and sister; and It is evident that with the deccdent the greatest objects of his aflecnon wore Hannah ?. and John 1* Brown, Jr, who for twentv two years he bad held ?ut '4> the world m kia Vife and torn, and vast -toward bis sisters he entertained no n'goer seutl flaent thai. that of fraternal friendship, the claims of whom be evidently supposed bud been fully recog nized. After tbe best examination 1 have been able to five tbe facts of this case, I have coma to tho conclu aion tbat tbe decedent, John L. Brown, however perl* odically he may have manifested characteristics do not ing mentu) Impairment, was, at tbe time of the execu tion of the paper propounded aa bia will, of sufficient capacity to comprehend pericctly tbe condition of bis property, his relations to the peraona who w?ra or shoijld or might have been tbe objects of his bounty and tbe scope and bearing of the provisions of the will. A decrce will, therefore, be entered admitting tbe in strument offered to probate. A TELEGRAPH COMPANY IN COURT. In the case of J. J. Kiernan against the Manhattan Quotation Telegraph Company, which waa tried In April last, In the Special Term, Supreme Court, Judge Van Brunt presiding, tbe counacl summed up yesterday. Tbe pluintifT, it appeared, had made arrangements with the Gold and Stock Telegraph Compuny to secure by cable early newa ol tbe condition of tbe English and French markets lor certain customers. The Fuit was brought to enjoin the defendant*?one of whom was V. A Abbott?from publishing messages received by the plaintiff under bia agreement until a reasonable time bad elapsed for tbe distribution of bis telegrams, half an hour being tbe stipulated time allowed for that pur pose. The complaint set forth tbat the .Manhattan Com pany hud entered into an arrangement with Abbott, well knowing be bad no direct means of communication with foreign markets, to furnish information to them, and that he look his news In great part Irom tho bulletin boards of tbo Stock and Quotation exchanges, and, altering tberu sligbtjy in lorin, delivered them to tbe Manhattan Telegraph Com pany. l'luinlilf alleged that on several occasions Ab bott fell into ,1 trap which was laid lor bis detection in Co doing, and tbat the Manhattan Telegraph Company followed the bulletin board both iu an original mistake and the subsequent correction. In the course of the trial Abbott admitted that hu received no direct cablo messages, but thai among the sources of his informa tion were the bulletin boards of the Exchange, the tape ot tbe Gold and Stock Telegraph Company aud Jay Cooke ana others, who furnished him with their de spatches. The Manhattan Telegraph Company denied any knowledge o( Abbott haviug taken bis reports from the plaintiffs tape. Tho case substantially turned on the question as to the right of parties to take tele graphic messages procured to bo sent by odc party im mediately after tbe publication on bulletins or on ta|>es, or, in fact, whether such publication was an abandon ment to the public of tbe information given. The Court took the papers and reserved decision. THE FLATTERER IN COURT. The examination in the case of Mr. Joseph Howard, editor of the Star, for alleged as.sault and battery upon John Franz, restaurant keeper, came up yesterday, be fore Justice Bixby, at the Tombs. The affair grew out or? visit paid by Mr. Franz to the Star ollloe for tho purpose of collecting a mil from Mr. Smith, the publisher. Mr. Franz, it appeared, during the examination, was unwarrantably abusive and threateningly aggressive, and Mr. Howard, who was vainly attempting to interview him, suddenly took a peremptory mood and ordered him out. Franz would tot go?"No, not for six policemen." There was a little tussel and all wa- over Mr. Howard's cane was lost in the miltf After the evidence on both sides was in, Mr W II. K.ntzing, counsol for Mr. Howard, uioved fnr the defendant's discharge. Justice Bixby, remarking in a quiet way that it wasn't much of a case discharged hira. DECISIONS. ICPltlMK COUNT?CHAMBERS. By Judge Donohue. StuU v?. Green.?Motion granted. Whalen vs. Burke.?Memorandum. Broadway vs. Eisner.?G ranted. Hooter vs. Central ltailroad Company of New Jer sey. ?Motion granted. Memorandum. Runner vs. New York Metropolitan Gaslight Com pany, kc ; ia the motion of Hall.?Motions denied. By Judge Lawrenco. Ilelaney vs. Malotey.?Motion deuied without costs. Berntiard vs Monlian.?The order heretofore en tered will be modilicd so as to recite tbe papers, and affidavits read on tho motion by either party. There Is no good reason for any other change. Matter of tbe North American Insurance Company.? Memorandum. SUPREME COURT?CIRCUIT? PART 2. By Judge Van Vorst. Hatfield vs. Macy et at.?Memorandum. Dunpliy vs. The Mayor, itc.?Findings allowed. SUPREME COURT?CIRCUIT?PART 3. By Judge Van Vorst. Sheriden vs. Tbe Mayor, kc.?Case and amendments settled. By Judge Lawrenco. Poillon vs. Volkenlng.?Motion for a new trlAl denied. Memorandum. COMMON PLEAS?IK EQUITY. By Judge Larremore. Davis vs. American Society lor th? Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.?Findings filed. | riauxay vs. Hamel.?Case settled. COMMON PLEAS?SPECIAL TERM. By J udge J. F. Daly. Johnson vs. Morgan.?Memorandum on settlement of ease. By Judge Loew. Young vs. Murray.?Motion denied. I.arru vs. Levinc.?Order signed. Bicbter vs. Sager.?Form of judgment settled SUMMARY OF LAW CASES. The government began suit yesterday in the United States District Court against John T. I,ee, formerly an assistant paymaster in the navy, and his bondsmen, Thomas Stacey and P. S. Mills, to recover $46,000 which it is alleged was due from the former at the time his accounts were closed. Suit was begun yesterdav in tbe United States Dis trict Court by the government against the Market Na tional Bank and G. W. Melvin to recover. $100 on ac count of tbe fraudulent indorsement of a check. It was given to one Charles Kagan. an applicant for bounty money, whose claim was prosecuted by Melvin. In the Supreme Court. Chambers, yesterday before Judge Donohue, George M. Maxwell, alias George \?. Maucll, alias Lewis L. Plllabury, petitioned for a writ of habeas corpus. The petitioner was sentenced by the Special Sessions Court to imprisonment in tbo Penitentiary for six months and a line ol $100 on a charge ol petit larceny. Ho now seeks a discbarge on the ground tbat the Cvnrt had no jurisdiction to try him, and also that be was not guilty or the offence The Court granted the writ. Another and entirely new suit growing out of tbo famous Jutnel will ease has been commenced by George H. Dilks against Nelson Chase, to recover from him compensation for alleged services as a detective in working up the Jumel rase. Tbe complaint sots forth that be was thus employed for fifty days at $10 a dav. A motion was yesterday made by Messrs. Scudder k Carter, defendant's attorneys, lor a bill of particulars on tbo ground that they could not prepare an answer without it. Kx-Judge Curtis In re ply urged that the contract as declared on was specific and definite as to time and the value of the services rendered, and could not be made more soon the plead ings. Judge Sedgwick, of the Superior Court, before whom tho motion was argued, reserved bis decision The full particulars of the suit of 0 Gorman vs. Kamak have been heretofore fully published in tbo Hkralo. The plaintiff claims that the defendant taking advantage of bis weakness for liquor, induced hiin, while In tbe first stage ol delirium tremens, to sign a deed for his house to Kamak. The onlv ques tion in dispute was whether the plaintiffwas 'fane or Insane at the time. Tho case, which has been on trial before Judge Larremore, ot the Court ol Common Pleas, for three weeks past, came to a conclusion lato on Tuesday evening. The jury, as In a former trial ?f the case, were unable to agree. WASHINGTON PLACE POLICE COURT. Before Judge Kilbretb. EMBEZZLEMENT. William Russell, an employ^ of Messrs. J C. John ston * Co., of Broadway and Twenty-second street, was held in $300 to answer for embezzling $26 from that firm. Russell collected the money from Mrs. Dunlap, of No. 3.i West Thirty eighth street. In bis defence he aaid that the money nas stolen from him on a Sixth avenue car. PICKPOCKETS ON BROADWAY. Detectives Haley and Thwtnpson yesterday arrested Henry Nelson, of No. 33? Pearl street, for larceny from tbe person. The detectives had watched tho prisoner for about an hour, th?lr cariosity being excited by his peculiar action*. Pinnlly Detective Haley saw him put ins hand into a gentleman s pocket and withdraw it with sowe money. The arrest was then made and the complainant in the rase. Mr. Felix Kffrev, of No. 04 East Ninth street, identified the money ($2 ?0) found on the prisoner as Ins. Nelson was held In $1,000 for trial. BURGLARY IN TWENTY-NINTH STREET. Ellas McKnight, of Eighth avenue and Thirty-hfth street, was held in $1,000 to answer for burglariously entering tho apartment* of Mrs. Mary Anne Smith, at No. 442 West Twenty ninth street, and stealing there from $S worth of blankets and clothing. The prisoner denied tho charge of burglary, but admitted stealing the clothing. DISORDERLY CONDUCT. On Tuesday evening Michael Ryan, of No. 22 Vari<:k? street, root Annie McDonnell and accompanied her to her room at No. 66 Sullivan street. After leaving the house he found he had lost some money?bow much ho did not know. He caused Annie's arrest, but as he could not swear to the alleged larceny she was sent to the Island for disorderly conduct in default of $1,000 bail for future good behavior. POLICE COURT NOTES. At Washington Place Police Court yesterday Judge K.lbreth held Thomas C. Roardman for assaulting Mary Heart,on, of No 403 Canal streot, wltb whom he has lived for ten year*. The chief witness against the prls oner was his own little daughter aged four year*. Williwn JUuv was fc?ld id for aiaalln* (wo coats, valued at $10, from William Mohlman, of No. 244 8,Ath]lis'x^larket Police Court yoeterday Jud?ef)|U(^) bour? held Mary Bennett, ol No. ^ teweiy, In 91M* bail to answer a charge of stealing $?8 from M Sbmls, ol No. 18C Mulberry street. There were three cases at Knee* Market ?v? "*** at Washington Place Court of violation ol the Excise 5fir Each prisoner w? held in $100 b^o?n.wer. At the Tombs Police Court yestei-day Kate ? No. .'50 West Houston stroet, was held In default or $ !?) ball to unf?fr lor stealing $2# worth of c'olhing from the premises of Mary Quluo. No. 19 Bleetker ctrecL ___ COURT CALENDARS?THIS DAY. SrPHJMK l-OUHT?CfUllNIKM?Hftld l>v JudffO No.82130, 131, 134, 140. 155, 174, 186 M, 208, 214, 223, 252, 2t>7, 208, 270, 2i5, 281, 288, 2U7, 306, 30?' 307,' 308,' 313, 310. prostituting the press. Tho methods adopted In promoting tho Northern Pa cilic Railroad scheme aie i*rtially disclosed by the testimony of the assignee of Jay Cooke & Co., which was token in Philadelphia on Friday last Tor use by the defence in the suit ol Henry C. Bowen against the Brooklyn Eagle. The official record of the testi mony taken by the commission was yesterday returned to the Brooklyn City Court. Mr. Edwin M. I.ewis, the ussignec oi Jny Cooke Jt Co., made a deposition in which ho certified to' tho corrcctncss of certain docu ments which ho submitted. These documents arc im portant in that they fully demonstrate tho fact that the cunning backers of the Northern Pacific scheme keenly appreciated the advisability of securing the inlluence of the religious press to be oxcrtcd in furtherance of their objects. Among the papers secured was Mr. Boweu's Independent. HOW IT WAS DONR Is shown by the coutracl given below:? Jay Cookk k Co., Baskbba, ] Philadelphia axu Washixuton. ! 114 South Third Struct, Philadklfhia, | Dec. lit, 1870. J H. C. Bowkm, Esq.:? |>k 4k Sir ?The understanding whereby you fully anil permanently identify yourself, your paper, and Mr. Kibbe and your nephew with the interest of the North ern Paclllc Railroad Company is as follows:?On your pan you gtvo us all the sales ol bonds by Hie ma chinery of the papers under your control. You give vour services as editors or agents to go and work lor the interest ol the bonds Irom time to time, as we may need your services out of New York Slid Brooklyn. You disconnect yourselves from all other enterprises, and work this one with all your eccustomod energy and faithfulness. You fcive the ex clusive interest and Inlluence of your money columns and editorial columns to the enterprise and bonds of the Union Pacitlc Railroad, and in all respects, in jiood liiith, you and yours aro to be enlisted for the whole j?eriod of the loan, or until we eventually agree to relinquish this arrangement. On ?ur part wo agree to alfow you six per cent cash, and ten t?-r ceut stock commissions on all sales made bv you and your machinery, subject to tho instructions as to allowances, Ate., sent to all agents. He pty to %ou one per cent commission in stock in the aggregate of original rales of bonds in tho United States, stock m all cases to be delivered, but held in our name accord ing to our contract with the company by power of at torney. We to pay, AS TO OTHER AGKSTS, all advertising bills authorized by us. Wo to hold $56,000 on tho original subscription to the $5,600,0u0 fund "for your benefit," and as soon as $3,000,000 bonds shall be disposed of through the agencies wo to credit you ? 10 000 on said subKcription; and ngxitn, as often aa such further sum of $3,000,000 bonds is subscribed for as above a like sum of $10,000 Is to be credited, until the sum of $60,000 is thus earned by the sale ol $18,000,000 of bonds by the agent After ward you are to continue jour services in all respects as stated above without further compensation than the one per cent In stock on ail sales in the United States and the regular coinmi*siou on such as you sell yourselves. When required to travel and work for us outside of New York and Brooklyn you will receive |?ay kor your tkaykllino kxpessks. We will advance you on 2d January, 1871, $12,000 <d the Northern Pacific bonds on acccmn^aud, allowance. The above Is correct and will ho adhered to by me. HENRY C. BOWEN. Following this agreement is a document, dated Sep tember 8, 1873. certifying that the terms of the contract having been fulfilled, it was thereby cancelled. This latter paper was also signed by the banking firm and Bowen Accompanying it Is an Indorsement of the agreement by H. C. Bowen ana W. C. Kibbe. I he | laiter who Is mentioned in the contract as one ol Cooke & Co.'s agents, was to receive from Bowen one- j third of the proceeds of the venture. The next document is a letter from Bowen to Cooke & Co. denying that he owed them $4*f000 for slocks, as staled by their secretary. A receipt for $50,000, the amount of Bowen s subscription to the Northern I'acific Railroad stock, is next in order. Following this are extracts from the If deer of Jay Cooke k Co., giving in lull the figures wid Bowen in the stock of the Northern Pacific Kaii ronJ, because ol his "editorial" and other labors in ef fecting sales of their paper. THE MOULTON INDICTMENT. In extenuation of tho uct and the spirit that prompted Mr. Beccher to go before the Grand Jury in October, 1874, and make affidavit against f rancis I). Moulton lor slander it is now asserted that the records will prove that the case was put on the Grand Jury calendar in tho regular wav, aud that when the pastor of Plymouth church appeared before the jury It was In compiwnco to a subpoena. The entering of the nolle prosequi w is proposed by aud was within the produce of the District Attorney. HARD WORK NOT REWARDED. A bold but unsuccessful attempt at burglary on the 6tore of Taylor, Gibson k Wilson, dealers in tailors' trimmings, at No. 428 Broadway, was discovered yes terday morning. Shortly after the store was opened the porter noticod a hole in the partition separating the store from a staircase. His curiosity being arouse d he made an examination, and found that tho brick wall in the rear had been broken through from an adjoining building. No. 43 Crosby street. He also found a burg lar's brace, bit and Jimmy, a basket, a chisel, several bags, a candle aud an empty bottle that mnelled strongly of whiskey. ,,?.?? The Crosby street building winch was made the basis of operations by the burglars is a dilapidated tenement house, occupied mainly by Italian ragpickers and organ grinders. Some three weeks siuco two suspicious lookmg men rented ono of tho rooms in the building. Their occupation was unknown. An examination of this room, Which adjoins the rear wall of No. 428 Broome street, revealed their work. They had re moved a sufficient number Of the bricks to allow the passage of a man and had evidently thus got into the Broadway building. Finding their prospects of booty slim or being frightened off they abandoned their de signs, leaving their kit of tools behind. RECORD OF CRIME. Some unknown sneak thief entered tho store of Froedman & Woodruff, at No. 2S1 Broadway, and stole five beaver overcoats. Tho property was valued at $150. The showcase in front of Gloknor k Bank's shoe store, at No. 628 Sixth avenue, was broken open by thieves and robbed of $10 worth of boots. John F. Bul k, of No. 93 South Fifth avenue, while in company with an unknow n man, at No. 59 Thompson street, was robbed by him ol a gold watch and chain valued at $112. The apartments occupied by Louis Miller, at No. 260 Eighth avenue, were robbed by thieves ol $00 worth of The shoe store of Corneliu# Itidgrouse, at No. 23 Leonard street, was robbed by burglars of $14 worth ol property. ^ Some unknown thief stole $50 worth ol wearing apparel from the rooms ol Charles Wakefield, at No. Ilia Greenwich street. Benjamin F. Ravnor, of Port Jefferson, 1.. I., a prin ter about twenty years of age, who lately published a local paper nt lslip, was arrested on Sunday for lar ceny Last Friday morning Raynor entered the store of Messrs. Smith k Bedell, st Freeport. and asked per mission to write a letter. He was invited to take a seat st a desk, beneath which was* sale, with the door unlocked. Mr. Smith stepped out, and on his return saw Ray nor leaving tho store. Some hours later Mr. S<mitli discovered that his safe had been robbed of $1.10 in money and $400 in . hecks Rsynor was arrested in the Sunday school ol the Kockville Centre Methodist Episcopal church, In which ho had lately been quite ac tive having within tho last week professed to be con verted After his arrest ho confessed tho theft and led the ofllccr to a place in the woods where the checks were secreted, and to another place, where $s.r. of the money was hidden. He had spent the balance ,n pres ents for a young lady. It is believed he broke Into st d robbed the railroad ticket office at Beileviie some weeks ago. On being arraigned before a Justice ol the peace he waived examination and was committed in delault or $1,000 bail. .... An officer of the Third precinct, Brooklyn, arrested John Crowln, ? liquor dealer, residing at No. 10% Third Pirr,.t yesterday, (or attempting to shoot one Barlhoi otnew lionovan during an altercation about certain money matters. A plumber, named Alexander Pallas, living at No. 331 Smith street, Brooklyn, was taken into custody yesterday on complaint of Alliert W. I-add, of No. "Union street, who accusud him of stealing a marble washstand and other articles, valued at $60 Justice lieimar, ol Brooklyn, yesterday hold Jane Bradley to await the action of the Grand Jury on a charge of '?lealing a silk dress worth $75, from her employer Michael Pun ell and Theodore Jackson were held for examination by Justice Semler, Brooklyn, yesterday, for assaulting Peter Curran, of No. 189 Walworth street, bv strlk.ng him on the head with a slungshot. 'Edward Volkner and Henry Blanlhorn, two Ger mans were arrested on suspicion of burglariously en tering the house of Samuel Klots, 168 Scholeg street, Brooklyn. , , ? Two sneak thieves proceeded up Newark avenue, Jei* sey City last evening about six o'clock. One of them snatched a pair of shoes that were hanging In Iront of the store ol Hobert Smith and ration. Smith followed and captured him. The lellow had a clasp knife opened In bis right hand. The other thief ran of! with a pair of shoes from a shoe store on the oppo?ite side of, the avenue, but was arrested. They gave their names as Robert ibmtb Willie* HencrnaB, SPANISH RULE IN CUBA. BBEAl'BKfl OT ALL CONSTITUTIONAL FLEDOES, PROCLAMATIONS AND PROMISES ? HOW THE VOLUNTEERS Bl'LX AND HOW THEY PLUNDER PROCERTY?SENOR EMML's AFFAIR A CARE IN POINT?AMERICAN PROPERTY UNDER SEQUES TRATION. Havana, Dec. 22, 1875. What meats the Spanish "constitutional" treaties, the decrees of the Madrid government, solemn sen tences giveu by a Captain General as President of all the courts of justice and of leading uien that are Pre mi era?as General Jovellar?all laws, agreements, oaths, what all there mean for the Spanish volunteers ttiat command in Cuba, will he understood by a graphic caso that I put an an example of the Spanish system of rule in the island of Cuba, thus:? Tho Presideut of the Spanish Republic, Seflor Pi Margall, published the following:? DECkJiX OP JULY 12, 187a Article 1.?Are declared raised from the date when the present decree, published in tho (,'aceta tie Mail rid, reaches the capital of the island of Cuba, all the seiz ures of property belonging to |?rsons of that island, Insurgents or unfatthlul. and realized by gubcrnativo di*l oiitiou, m coniequcuco of the decree of the 20th April, lHtiU. Art. The property released ir. virtue of the pro vimoiis of the preceding article will be returned forth with to their owners or their legitimate representa tives, without requiring of them in so doing other Jus tification or formality than those strictly necessary to credit tho restitution or legitimate tho personality. Tiie preamble to this decreo says:? No political consideration grants to any government the right to deprive the citizens deviating from tho right path iu social life, of tho necessary means of sub usteuce, and to ph.ee their families in the hard neces sity of hogging lor the daily broad abundantly furnished heretofore by their labor and economy. Uesideg thr-se considerations there exists in the laws of nations no precept, no principle, authorizing .such expropriations as carry with them the seal of confiscation, nor is such a proceed ug admissible in sound judicial theory, nor does eveu tho exceptional condition of war authorize, under anv conception, the adoption ot preventive measures of so vast transcendency, the ofl'ects of which, on the other hand, will tie and will necessarily be entirely oppose.1 to the very object that Inspired them. OFFICIAL PLEDGES. Not only w?6 this notification, made during the com mand of General 1'ieltain, also disobeyed, but, what is still more surprising, the General ordered, on the ;id of September, to realize ou the property under soizuro. Other aud more notifications, personal and by telegraph, followed, Spain apparently wishing to disclaim the re spODSibil.ty of such acts. Finally, and to reduce this narration, I have been shown, in a copy of tho Diario <lt la Marina of Havana, TUE DECREE given by the Minister of the Colonies, Sertor Soler, during his visit to Havana, addressed to Captain Geu. oral Jovellar, which savs, literally, the following: The government of the Republic resolved to procure the faithful observance of the treaties and conventions celebrated by Spain with foreign nations, desirous of avoiding all motive of claim* from the citizens of such nations, and moved by the reasons presented to the Council of Ministers when addressipe to Your Excel lency's predecessor in command of this island the tele gram or the 16th September last, lias thought fit to resolve that Your Excellency order the immediate and faithful compliance with the measure dictated by the Miuistry under my charge, ordering tho raising or tho ? ri/!< e of the property of foreign citizens, made in o' ..ciico to a guberuutive resolution, in order that fr '.it th - moment the parties interested may enter in poH?> -men of their property. joykllak's communication to senor m. Kuril. As even more personal we copy tho original communication directed to SeAor Miguel Emhil, through his Agent, by Geueral Jovoll.tr, under the same date as the decree if the Minister of the Colonies, signed by his authorized secretary, with the official seal of tho Cobierno Superior Politico de la Isla de Cuba Secretaryship, and tho usual formalities giving legal lorce, and the certificate of tho Spanish Consul in this city of the 27th May last, which says:? Political?Under this dsto I say to His Excellency the Vice President of the Junta of the Debt to hat fol lows:? Hie Excellency the Superior Political Governor, in view of the report made bv that Committeo of the Treasury Department on the loth of July of this vear, leaving to his superior resolution the classification of the case of Don Miguel Embll, has thought fit to de cree?there not existing against said individual proofs sufficient to justify hi< culpability?that it bo classified in second category, and that, as a consequence of this the seizure o! his property be raised, and these dellvl ercd to said party or to his legitimate attornev. Which by order of His Excellency, I transmit to vou for your knowledge. God protcct vou manv year.?. E. CUROMINAS CORNELL. Havana, Nov. 24, 1873. Sen or Don Miguel Email or his attorney. Dr. C. I)k E. THE ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION to the Vice President of the Junta of the Debt was issued at the same time and duly delivered. THE RESULTS. We shall not add that instead of Mr. Email's prop erty being surrendered under the same Genera! Jovel lar and his successors, and during his Presidency of the Council in Madrid, they have not continued to col lect revenues and dividends and credit3 for his account that aggregate a total collected and used for over *3,000.000 iu gold, but even the machinery of his plantation was taken and transferred to that o'r one of the aides do camp of the Captain General, alter the farce of a public auction, calling all iron which was there machinery. Aua equal action is taken with property of AMERICAN CITIZENS under sequestration for an enormous amount. Can this iudillerc'iice bo continued by the United States Government longer? Is it not time to enforce tho con stitution the troatv. the decrees of the Madrid govern ment on the spot, and forco the volunteers to surrender at once uil property sequestrated and pay immediately the damages? , NEW GUINEA. DETAILS OF TIIE MACLEAY EXPLORING EXPE DITION? THE SOIL AND THE NATIVES ?MAN NERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE PEOPLE. (From the Melbourne Herald, November 0.] Mr. Macleay, the leader of the expedition that started in the Chevert, intending to explore New Guinea, but which was broken op in consequence of internal disagreement, has given a lengthy account of tho Voyage to the Sydney Morning Herald, RESULTS OP THE JOURNEY. He states that alter lire days'unremitting work in founding and buoying the way through a mass of reefs nearly twelve miles in extent they dropped anchor about a mile and a half from tho mouth of Katow River and village of Mohatta. Next morning thoy were vis ited by two canoes, with about twelve men In each. They came on board with the utmost confidence, and thougn they could only previously have seen vessels el small size they did r.ot testify much surprise. Shortly afterward tho vessel's company landed, to the number of twenty-two, and were received at tho vil lage by tlio elder members of tho tribe, seated in a circle upon a large piece or new matting. THE VILLAGE consisted of seven houses, exactly of the kind de scribed by Jukes in the voyage of the Fly. Each hou^e was ninety or UN) feet long, elevated "about six feet from the ground, ami covered with a thick thatch. Tho ends were open, and on each side were sleeping places . of the inmates. F.arh house would easilv contain fifty people, which would make tho population or Mamo village 350. The houses are limit close to the sea, and arc everywhere surrounded by mud, filth, and stench. THE I'EOPLK arc powerful and well made, Jet black, with straight foreheads and Jewish noses, and without the project ing Jaws of the Australian. The hair is woolly, but grows in small tufts, which, when long, form close compact ringlets, and it Is not an uncommon thing for the people, not only here but at Warrior and Darnley Islands, to cut off their hair wnen thus grown into ringlets and convert it into a wig for their owa use The men have no clothing or covering o any kind. Some of them are marked, like the Austral ians, with seams on the shoulders, and they ail cm tho lobes of their cars Into fanciful shapes, and pleno the rim all round and ornament it with colored wool r fibre. Tho no,nen were scon little of, butcnouglito satisfy the visitors that they were no beauties. Tb y are the hewers of wood and drawers of water, the duties of tho men being confined to flatting. Bunting and lighting. A very scanty covering round the liins is their only clothing, hut tliey seem fond of ornatnnts of cassowary feather" round the knees and ankles. THE CHIEF WEAPONS of these people are bow* and arrow s of a veryhrml dable description. Tbfc bows are of bamboo, vrrv like thos* used by Fnglish archcrs, and strung in tU siime way, and the arrows are over four feet long, lad can be used effectively at a distance of 120 yards. lake the woolly hsired races of Fiji" and tla New Hebrides, ol which they aro probably a variety, those people use kav.-L They aro GREAT NAVIGATORS, and go long distances in their canoes, whl?!i am of great size and are made from the excavated trunks of large coihI trees (tryihnna). Their supply f animal food is chiefly from tho pig", which aro rey numer ous, both hi a wild and tame state. 1 sa*no Indiea tion among ibciu of cannibalism, though h trian -kulls were not an uncommon ornament in their houses. THE APPEARANCE OP THE OOVXTIY is the same everywhere. From whore tb> ship lay the coast line of New Guinea could be seen, irorn Saibal Island on the west to tirislow Island on >i,e east, a dis tance of thirty miles, and the uniformity waj perfect. The sumo absolutely level rnud fist without the slightest apparent rise as far as the e > could reach, and all densely covered with treas of all .,nds and sizes' The following day Mr Macleay attorn ted the naviga tion of the riv*r, which, from 300 yar.'s at its mouth, narrowed to thirty yards, but at abe i. eight or nine miles d)*u?e? <-nr^D?H?a w return beinc stopped by a tree orgroai t>i%? which had fallen, or bean lelled, across tlie river, and which II was impossible to cut through with tomahawks. Alter describing the difficulties of the navigation and visit to Yule Island, he., Mr. Macleay states that he m satisfied that dread of hostility from the natives need be no bur to the exploration of Now Guinea. THE SCHOOLS QUESTION. CATHOLIC ECCLESIASTICAL OPPOSITION TO TH* EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN AUSTRALASIA? PRIESTLY POLITICS. [From the Melbourne (Australia) Argus, Nov. 3.] The ''drum ecclesiastic" has been beaten so vigor ously of late in the Roman Catholic camp against the Kductuion act, that consequences have ensued which possibly were not contemplated by the ordinarily astute drummers. Kvery political question has been de- ! clared by Archhishop Goold and his lieutenants to be subordinate to the one great object of securjpg the overthrow of tbo existing State system of education. Henco it follows that any enndidato who is sup posed to be receiving what Is termed the Roman Catholic vote, finds it necessary to make a sort of public apology for the doubtful honor and explain that he is guiltless of the intentions which the reception of such voto would seem to indicate. The Minister of Hallways, at Bal larat, on Monday night, found himself in this prcdica inent. He doubtless dreams as little of attempting a return to denominational education as does any other sensible politician. Still, lie finds it incumbent upon him to say so. an if to oiler reasons lor his being fa vored with this baleful vote other than a design on his part to secure a portion of the Stato grant for tho propagation of a belief 'n the Pope's infallibility and the necessity of exorcising witches. It is a humiliating thing lor him to have to do, but he did It under tho circumstances a* gracefully as possible. This is a dua-reenble Usuo of "tho recent priestly agitation. There is as little likelihood as ever of tho colony retrograding to denomlnat.onalism, but the Koman Catholic voto has come to bo regarded with more than ordinary suspicion, and the person on whom it is conferred is likely to be injured rather than bene fited hy it. We can but hope, however, that no ono at Hallurat will be induced to distrust Mr. Jones be cause of this absurd patronage. Moreover, there is strong reason to suppose that there, a? elsewhere, tho "Roman Catholic vote" is less compact than is com monly believed, and that no inconsiderable section of that communion have tho courage and wisdom to vote ns citizens and riot as I'apists. Our political difficulties arc vexatious enough without being further compli cated bj the intrusion of sectarian bitternesses. NAVAL AFFAIKS. LAUNCH OF THE FRIGATE TRENTON TO-DAY? ARRANGEMENTS FOR A PUliLIC VIEW?A GALA DAY EXPECTED?THE STORESHIP SUPPLY READY FOB SEA?LIST OF OFFICERS?MOVE MENTS OF OUR FOREIGN SQUADRONS. The Brooklyn Navy Yard at present presents an ap pearance of uuu.sual activity and bustlo, due, prob ably, to the fact that to-day the fine frigato Trenton, twelve guns, is to bo launched. Ships are not now built and put into the water at our great navy yard In the same number that they were during the lively times of the late war, when a launch was a matter of no particular importance, and when tho yard was thronged w ith busy workmen and the air was filled with tho s iunds of the adze and hammer. A launch i now is a decided event In its dull, dreamy life, and it is not nt all strange that the Trenton's dash into her des tined element should stir officials and workmen in an unwonted way. Yesterday every one was in some way or another en gaged in completing preparations for the great event. Hundreds of men were at work pulling down scadolds! driving wedges, eloaring away obstacles, erecting plat forms for spectators and, In general, getting ready for the great launch. At sundown everything save a few minor preparations was in order, and if nothing occurs of an unforeseen nature to prevent, the new frigato on which so many expectations are based, will float In'the v\ allabout, ready to bo placed In dock and prepared for sex Arrangements have boon perfected, under the I orders of Vice Admiral Rowan, by which the public may witness tho launch under tlie most lavorable circumstances. It will bo admitted to the yard about nine o'clock A. M., and will find good points of observation near and about the diy dock, past which the ship will move. The officers of tho yard and friends will be received upon the corvette" Delaware where the band will be stationed, while others may se eure a good look out on the Susquehanna, lving outside the Delaware. It is expected that a large number of ladies from New York, Brooklyn and neighboring cities and towns will be present to grace the occasion" MiS3 Parker, daughter of ex-Governor l'arker. of New Jer sey. has been selected to name tho ship as she leaves her ways. The affair, which will tako place at ten A. M., promises to be verv brilliant and successful The store ship Supply was placed in commission on Tuesday by Captain Temple, and will f|v the pennant of Communder O. W. Hayward She is partially filled wlih supplies for the Kuroucati B.|u?Uion, ?o.| Will doubtless couud. te fcCr car^o fci an early day. .Officers and men were on board yestcrdav going throujh the unpleasant processor ' shaking down," preparatory for sea. The Supply Is an old fashioned sailing ship-, small but comfortable, ami has displayed her Bog in almost every foreign sea. She will probably look into some of ihe Italian ports to pick up such articles of American production as may bo ready for the Centennial Kxposltien, although in naval circles it is still generally believed that the steam sloop of war I'owhatan, Captain Jouett, will carry out her original instructions, us Ler return can be more certainly counted on than that of a sailing ship. The following Is a full and complete list of the officers of t ho Supply Commander?G. W. Hayward. Lieutenant ami Executive Officer? II. E. Nichols. Lieutenant and .Vai'it/a'or?W. H. Webb. t'nsipns?J. C. Cresiip, A. T. Freeman and B. F. Kmc hart. Part Anislant Surgeon?II. Aulick. Pa*t Auistant. I'a'/matter?t N. Whitohouse. Boattwain? James Nash. Acting Carpenter? G. W. Greene. Captain'* Clerk?Jes-e Middleton. Pay master'' t Clerk?David MouaL The Supply carries only two small howitzers and a crew of fifty-two men The torpedo boat Intrepid, Commander Huntington arrived on Tuesday from Newport. She will probably be laid alongside the dock for the winter, unless som'o contingency should urise to call her Into active service. She will be coaled and kept in efficient condition for immediate service. The frigato Congress and the corvette Juniata are daily expected ai-I'ort Royal. The Brooklyn and Monongahela, of the South Atlantic squadron will probably rendezvous at Key West. There are as yot no evidences of any inclination to put out of commission any ship afloat. Ot'il .MODEL TOLICE. WHAT IS THOUGHT AT THE CENTRAL OFFICE OF THE CASSIDY OUTRAGE CASE. Mr. Cassldy, the victim of tho latest police outrage, is about to prefer charges against acting Sergeant Flunnigan and officer Keeling, of the Twenty-seventh precinct, for arresting and detaining him in a cell from Friday nght until Sunday morning. For the pur poso of sscertaining the rules governing cases of this kind?tl.it is, cases of arrest on suspicion?a Hkhalo reports called upon one of tho Police Commissioners I yesterday for information. Tho Commissioner un hesitatingly said that If Mr. Cassidy's account of his trcarnent by the police ol the Twenty seventh pre cinct ivas truo the Sergeant, as well as the officer, had excetjed his duty and was censurable, to say the least. A priicc sergeant is required, tho Commissioner said, to etercise a great deal of discretion In cases of this kinl, and if this official Is a man whose ability and in telligence Is not above mediocrity it cannot reasonably beexpected that he will always decide In a manner cal culated to reflect credit upon the department. Rule tiss of the Police Manual reads as follows: "At cunmon law (which is the basis of nil the laws of this State and which remains in force, except where (hanged by statute) officers for the protection of the peace have authority to arrest and detain in custody lor examination, persons found In the streets at nlghl whom they may reasonably suspect of felony, although there is no positive proof of their having actually com m:tted such offenco." "Cnder this rule," continued the Commissioner "officers, sergeants and ( aptains have the right to ar rest a person on suspicion, but they should exercise the utmost judgment. Where a man" his been arretted and he can and does give a straightforward account of 1 himself, as was the case with Mr. Css-ldy, tho sergeant 1 or captain should promptly discharge him." Rule 890 bears upon this point and is as follows"If a policeman arrest a person whom he has good cause and reasonable grounds to su.- pect of having committed a felony, and 11 the arrest Is made discreetly and fairly and not from any malice, he will be Justified, even though It afterward appear that no felony was com mitted. But the members of Ihe force must remember to bo cautious in sueh cases, ns their defence rests solely on the reasonableness of the suspicions mat lod to their making tho arrest.'' The Commissioner held that under the oxisting rules or Indeed in any ease, the members of the police foreo should be Intelligent. The examination of captains and sergeants now going on before the Commissioners the Superintendent and the Inspectors, has already'dis closed tho fact that a very large majority of those ex amined are unfit to hold their positions, and as the Commissioner said, "were too ignorant to ever have been appointed to the force as ordinary patrolmen" Acting Sergeant Flannlgan has never been held in very high esteem hy tl?e department as regards his intelli gence and ability; and tho Commissioner with whom tho HtKiLD reporter conversed said he was in no wav surprised at the action he (Flannigani had taken in the FELL TI1K0UGH A HATCHWAY. Abont twelrf o'clock on Tuesday night, as Charles Boddington, a Jersey pilot, ol pilot boat Nye, No. a, was walking on the deck of a vessel he was taking to laSe^rJT'i aDdr ^"through an open hat,*, a dis tance of twelve feel, breaking ono of his 4et and otherwise seriously injuring himself. Aftor regaining consciousness he was removed to Tompkmsville, 8. I., wnerc lie nu'l Inn wound* Ho wmi takcu to n>? Lome io Jenny Cil? r??Ur<Um. The Early Methods of Deal ing with Mr. Lo. OFFICERS AND T1IEIR PAY. Status of the Savage Tribes in Relation to the United States. ABORIGINAL DELEGATIONS TO WASHINGTON*. Tho Indian is u personage of more consequence thaa Is generally conceded to him. On his account, mainly, the Interior Department was recently reducod to ? mere aceplialous concourse ol atoms until the President "put a head on it" in the .shape of tho ex-Senator from Michigan. Then followed otllcial decapitations too numerous to particularize, and sudden choppings an?l cliangi.igs, all of which may fairly be considered aa sacrificial offerings at tho shrine ol' Lo. Under thesa circumstances the following sketch of tho Indian De partment, carefully complied from authentio source*,. will he found of moro than passing interest to tho gen oral reader. tite office of commissioner. From tho close of the Revolutionary War down to 1833 : auy "Indian affairs" that required attention were com', monly conOded to a few officers and men, who attended: to them with varying success, sometimes receiving rough treatment at tho hands of their red brothers, hut more frequently "making tliingB llvelv" for the abo rigines, as at Tirpecanoe In 1811, at Talloosahatchla and Talladega In 1813, and subsequently at variou^ places of less renown. On July 0,1832, tho Black Hawk war having just been Inaugurated by the defeat of Major Stillman, of the Fifth Illinois mounted volunteers, by a band or tho Sac In dians under Black Hawk himself, Congress created tho office of Commissioner of Indian Affairs. That official was charged, under the direction of the Secretary or War, with the management of all Indian affairs and ofi all matters arising out of Indian relations. Ho com- , mencod work with twelvo clerks and two messeugers, j and an appropriation for all purposes ol a littla^ moro than $2,100,000. From this germ the Indian Department has in forty-threo years grown to its pres ent dimensions of one Commissioner, one Chief Clerk, forty-six clerks and six messengers, with aa anuual ap propriation of $00,800 for clerk hire, $8,000 lor sta tionery and about $6,000,000 for tho Indian service a? largo. In addition to the clerks in the Indian OlIlcO proper there are half a dozen In tho office of tho Secre tary of tho Interior and at least fourteen moro In tha Treasury Department, who are engaged on busiucss re lating excluslTcly to the Indian servico, and whoso sal aries will swell tho total amount paid lor clerk hire tor at least $100,000 per annum. TUB SERVICE FIRST ORGANIZED. Under orders from President Jarkson, issued In compll ance with the act of June 20, 1834, "To provide for the organization of the Department of Indian Affairs," the ? Secretary of War organized tho Indian servico into two superintendences, two acting superintendence#, ten agencies, three acting ageucies and thirteen sub-agen cies, wiili thlrty-flvo interpreters, as follows:? Superintendence of Wisconsin Territory.?This em braced all Indians in Wisconsin Territory, except tho Sioux of the Upper Missouri, tho Mandans and tho tribes and baads north of them on the Missouri. Tho agencies were:?Agency for the Sacs and Foxes, agency of St. I'eter's and sub-agencies Prairie du Chien, Green Bay, La Polnte and Crow Wing Kiver. Number or inter, preters allowed, eight Superintendence of St. Ix>ui* ? This superintendency had control or the tribes and bands excepted from that or Wisconsin Territory and or tho Ottawas, Chippewa*, and Potlawattomics, and all other Indians south ol tbte Missouri Kiver, with agencies, 4c., as follows:?Agency of Fort Leavenworth, agency and sub-agency of Council mulls, agcn<y anu suu-agency oi tho Upper Missouri, sub-agencies or tho Great Nemaha and Osage River. Number of Interpreters, thirteen. The Acting SuperirJendencg of Michtgan Included all the Indians in that State and the Ottawas of Mauinec; Ohio, and embraced the agency or Michllimackinac and the sub-agency of Saull Sto. Marie, and employed livo interpreters. The Acting Superintendence of the Wettern Territory included all the Indians south of the Missouri River and tho southern lino or the St. Louis sunorlntendency, and as far west as the Rocky Mountains, and in cluded the following agencios:?Agency of tho Choc taws, ageucy ol tho Creeks, agency of the Cherokees, mli agency or the Osages and sub-agency or the Neosho. Interpreter?, six. Miscellaneous agencies, in addition to the above, wero authorized as follows, with three interpreters:? Agency of the Chlckasaws, at Pontotoc, Miss. Sub agency for tho Wyandotts, at Upper Sandusky, ?s'ub agency at Buffalo, N. V., Tor toe Scnecas aud other natives in that Slate. Acling agency for ihe Poitawattomies and other tribes in Indiana, at Logansport. Acting agency at Chicago for the united natives of Ottawa?, Chippewa* and Pottawattornios, in Illinois aud Acting agoncy for the easlern Cherokees, at Calhoun, 1 '"The organization as given above continued substan tially the same bo long as the Indian Department re mained under the control ot the war authorities. When tho lnierior Department was created (act March G 1810) the supervisors and appellate powers thereto fore exercised by the Se< rotary of War were transferred to the new Secretary ol the Interior. Various changes and additions were made during tho twenty years be tweell 1840 and 1800, the most important o! which who the establishment of superintendences and agencies m California Oregon, New Mexico and Utah. Oil March 3 1869. there wero eleven superintendents, fifly nllio agouts and live sub-agents, as follows:? Superintendent*?Two for the tribes eaKT the Reeky Mountains and one each for Oregon, Wa-hington Terri tory, Now Mexico, Utah, California, Nevada, Arizona, Montana and Idaho. ,1,California. 3; Colorado, 1; Oregon, 8; New Mexico 7; Utah, 3: New York, 1; Washington Terri tory 6' Nevada, 1; Kansas, 1: Delaware Indians. 1; Crows 1- Kiowas. Apaches and Comanche#, 1; Indians at Green Bay, Wis., 1, l'oncas 1: Pawnees, 1; floux, 2; Saco and Foxes. 1; tribes east of (he Rocky Mountains, 21 ? Upper Missouri Indians, 2; Wlohltas and neighbor ing tribes, 1. .... Sub agents? Three In Oregon and 2 in Washington Territory. ? .... . During part of the years 1869 and 18.0 the duties of superintendents and agents were performed by officers of the armv. rendered supernumerary by tho consolida tion ot infantry regiments. In 1871 the number of superintendences had been decreased lo 8 anil tho a-encles increased to 61, with 3 sub-agencies and 11 special agencies. Several important change* have been made since then, and under tho I'BESEXT ORGANISATION tho Indian service is manipulated by three Inspec tors two superintendents (both Quakers), seventy audits twelve special agents and seventy eight inter preters. Tho Inspectors go on voyagos ot discovery, or ? tours ol Inspection," under Instructions from the In dian Department, for which they are allowed, in addi tion to their pay, actual travelling espouses, not lo ex ceed ten cents per mile Tho superintendents are sta tioned at Lawrcnco, Kan. (Knoeh Hoax), and I'malia, Neb. (Barclay White). The agents aro scattered o\ er twenty-one Stales and Territories, as follows:?In Ari zona there aro seven. In California lour, Colorado three. Dakota iwolve, Iowa one, Idaho two, Indian Ter ritory eight, Kausas one. Michigan one, Minnesota three. Montana seven, North Carolina one. Nevada t*o. NoW*Mcxleo live, Nebraska six, N>w York pne, Oregon seven, Utah one, Wisconsin two, Wyoming ono, Washington Territory seven. BONOS AM) t'AV FAST XXD PRESENT. In the primitive state of Indian affairs agents wero required to give bonds In the, penal sum of $2,000 and sub ageuts $1,000. The bonds now range from $."1,000 to $150,000, and even wore; but these amounts can not be considered excsslve when the largo advances made to superintendents and agents aro considered. Under tho old rrffiuie disbursements as a rule wero made by officers of the army, three of whom wero specially detailed as Indian disbursing agent*, viz.. :? Major John ftarland, Quartermaster's Department, at Detroit, Mich. _ , Captain Ethan A. Hitchcock, First Infitntry, at Bfc LOUlS, MO. _ . , n?r>.rt Captain R. D. C. Collins, Quartermaster s Depart ment, nt Little Rock, Ark. . , lh. These officers received their Hinds direct rtom M Treasury, ar.d supplied such sums as were i.e. dedto those assistant quartermasters and Mslstant com. missariM who wero charged with tho ?uty ?r ? "f disbursements In detail at the "?^0*nd^n?s and aBenii agencies. The oldI pay of ^^" 0, "th was $1,6001 ptr Mnum and su . * , ordersi r.?urJesThe present pay is:-Indiaa from compete annum; superintendents, $2,000 j acen(s, $l,h00 (except the agent 1$ lows who receives only $5<ki); Interpreters, 1400 Jl ?&00' Actual travelling dp-uses are allowed t. rtli sivectors superintendents aud agents when the traveV ling has been authorized. ' * THSATIES. There sre about one hundred treaties lb force H tween the Unlfcd States and Indian auions, tribes autfl rfJONTlKUED ON WHIT? PAOS.V?