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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 28, 1876, Image 6

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c
mrnf\car- companies;1
Their Eroken Agreements with the
City Authorities.
HOW THE LAW IS DISREGARDED.
Lceal Fassrnprr ArroiinutHlation Means a Seat
and Sufficient Rocm.
NO SEAT, N<> FARE.
To correctly uudertunJ snd appieciais iLu outrageous
course of the street railroad companies in overcrowding
their vehicle* t ha* to be kept in mind that
they arc continually disregarding. not alone the tenu*
ol their grants and charter* but also transgressing the
laws of the State concerning the transportation of passengers
I'ndcr the General Railroad statute of I860,
which appl es to cars the motive power of which 1*
either steam or horse, the corporations arc bound to
furnish accommodation ' within" the car* for passengers,
and, as will be seen below, the highest courts
In New York have held that this accommodation moans
a seal and sufficient room "ins.de" the cars. The
law also provide* that a notice !s to ho posted
up in each car, particularly ou city horse railroad lines,
forbidding passengers to stand en the platforms,
and it is an elementary principle that railroad companies
are required to observe not "ordinary" but "groat"
care and caution in conveying passengers through the
streets of a city. It is not necessary to dwell upon the
tact that these obligations aro unobserved. Nor is it
requisite to point out that the fucking of a standing
crowd In the body of car* where they press against the
knees of seated persons and obstruct the passageways
Cur ingress and egress, in addition to being illegal, is
detrimental to both health and moral*, when, as originally
intended, passenger* in street cars should enjoy
repose ar well a* convenience. Overcrowding has been
an evil of lung standing, and the projectors of city railroads
foresaw it even before a rail was laid down In the
streets of New Vorlf. In (nuking their first approaches
to obtain grime from the Common Council they distinctly
promised to provide against the nuisance
by having always in reserve a sufficient sup.
ply of cars, so as to prevent any passenger
being without a seat, and expressed at
that nine their cheerful acquiescence in leaving
the control of their roads in the hands of the municipal
authorities so far as directing their management in
the interest of public convenience. It may be mentioned
here that the Compon Council ^originally made
grants to the city railroad companies, but o? laie years
tbc Legislature lias incorporated such bodies, leaving,
however, power in the hands of the Corporation to pre- J
scribe regulations for their management. The follow- j
log will show some of the terms which the Second and
Third avenue lines were willing to fulfil on condition of i
being allowed to construct roads in the city. The '
preposition came from the stockholders:?
wiut tus rokpaxirs fromlmkn to oo.
They shall in all respects comply with the directions
of the Common Council in the building of such 1
railway and in the running of the cars thereon, so as
to fully accommodate the public.
The cars shall be so constructed as not to make provision
mtendod for standing passengers to crowd upon
the seated passenger*, and ahio when all the seats are
full tbc cars shall not be slopped to take id more passengers
to be crowded into the said scats, a flag being
displayed in front of the car to give notice that all the
seats are flill
attendants, distinguishable by some conspicuous
mark or badge, shall be kept at stopping places in all j
parts of the streets usually much crowded with vehicles.
whose duty it shall be, with attention and respect,
to help in and out of the cars all passengers who may
desire such assistance, and in general to watch over
the safety of passengers trom all dangers of passing j
vehicles
The companies shall cause the streets to be well I
swept and cleaned' every morning and the sweepings
carried away before eight o'clock in summer and nine
in winter, except Sundays; and in lnriber coMdduration
the companies shall pay such amount of license fee
s as the Corporation may prescribe.
The preceding. It will be understood, were among j
the terms under which the two companies named and I
others were willing to operate their roods.
SIXTH AM' hiUBTlI A>0U U.IKS.
The Sixth and Eighth Avenue Railroad companies
were the first with whom the Common Council entered j
into agreements. Their terms, as embraced in the >
ordinance of September 6, ISM, provided that new
cars, with all modern improvements for the conven- ;
lenre and comfort of passengers, should be placed on '
the two Imos; that cars were to be run thereon each (
and every day. both ways, as often as public convenience
might require, under such directions as the Street
Commissioner and Common Council might from time
to time prescribe, and provision was innue also that the
companies should in all respects comply with the direc- !
tloue of the Street Commissioner and Cominou Council .
in the running of cars and in any other matter con- I
nccted'with the regulations of the roads. A further !
part of the agreement was that before permission to lav |
tracks should take eOeci the stock holders should enter j
into s good and sufficient bond with the Mayor,
Aldermen and Commonalty of the city of New j
York, to f>e drawn up aud approved by the
Corporation Counsel, binding themselves to abide by i
and perform the stipulations rpocltled; also all such 1
otho; resolutions or ordinances as might be passed by
the Common Council relating to thetflxthand Eighth
avenue roads, and also that the Common Council
should have power to cause the rails, or any part
thereof, to be taken up at any time they intght see tit.
There conditions remain in full tore* at the present
time.
sworn- ami rniati avuck Lisas.
In December, lW?i, the Second and Third avenue j
companies also entered into agreements istill )u full
* force, with the city authorities, pledglug themselves to '
perform certain conditions, having in view ibe comfort I
and convenience of the public, iu consideration of the
grant or pinvilegs of constructing nulroads through tbo
ntreeu. In addition to tne stipulations o! the Sixth
hmi Kigblh avenue lines, Uic two former companies
bound themselves to Keep the water coarset- el tho
Streets free from obstruction. to pave the streets in and
about the rails in a permanent manner and maintain
tbe same in repair to the entire satisfaction
of the Street Commissioner. It was also agreed
that m consideration of the food ami fa thfui
performance of the conditions prescribed
and of such other necessary requirements that might
be made by tbe Common Council for the regulation of
the seconu and Third aveuue railroad lines, the tut d ,
companies agreed to pay such annual license fee for
each car as might be established by the city Bonds
ftir the fulfilment of the agreement were (tarnished by
the companies After the lapse of a few years the railroad
companies began to be Ux in tbe performance of
their agreements and overcrowding began. ThegComtnon
t ouuctl passed several resolutions requiring fuller
service on the roads, that is, a greater number of cars
to be run to meet the public convenience. Tho abase
continued and even the payment of license fees was
evaded in this condition of affairs legal advice was
nought, but tn the me an now the companies had sought
in AJb.iny to be relieved irom tho control of the city
authority. They werv not. however, successful, and
the street cars remain up to this day subject to municipal
jurisdiction.
powkrs or tiih ooiukmi carwciL.
In reply to a resolution o( the Common Council requesting
the opinion of tbe Cootuml to the Corporation
"as to U.e control or powur which the Common
Council have to regulate the times of departure, tbe
rates and motrve power" of the several railroad companies
in the city. Mr. Robert J. Dilion stated, "The
corporation hold lbs streets as t public trust to be
used lor the purposes of public street* and not otherwise',
not only is sech the legal character of the
estate of the corporation In the sireeta. hot the regulator
of the streets In every respect, either as regards
iWa mrdio gat tih*?(n#nL til# TiftLfirw of I he* VMttr.ssw raw
tbe *|>ee<l ol movement, 1* one of Ihe main objects of
the inealcipaJ goverum?nl.' u<l eicbuveh eor.'.ded to
the Uidbm Council a* ? port of its legiaiauve power,
to he used and exercised frotn thee to tune id snch j
mail tier as they may ik?em necessary tor the public good.
If the agreement* of railroad nimputet bod been made
with the corporation id rugxrd to it* private property,
which it bold* upon the unit tenors as property "i#
held by individual*. tbe corporation wo aid not only be
bonhd by law to observe and fuidl them, bat would he
governed by all the rules of conei ruction affecting
written inrtratnenu which woald he appt cable to prvtiU
indindoaJn. Mot the*.- agreements hare not been
made by the corporation in iu private capacity nor la
regard to tie private property , they relate to lie publto
property and to lie legtaiat.re power* aad duties a* a
municipal corporation. Thar, tberefere. come under i
that pnueipal of law, now well nettled by numerous j
decision*, by which it Is net in the power of the Dona
m< n Council to bud ill legwlaiire capacities by any
private agreement or stipulation, *o a* te ecable
ilaelf to mart any law or adopting any rem
letion er ordinance that might he deemed esarnttal lo
the pabJic good, he 'nr Wherefore, as theoe agreement*
eitend tbe corporation may enfuroe them at law and
require their due encutmr, b? the cocapames like ordinary
contract# And eo far a* in the legislative wiudom
I the rouactl it may be deemed advisable ler
ill* p/ublir (rood lc preset-be regulation* different trow
nnd unaattoorised by lb* ngrevmenis in regard to
either the times of departure, the ruies of fare or lb*
winner power it is entirely competent lor the Common
Coquet) to do so. Surh regulation* would be binding
on the railroad companies under the pepa.ty of being
rotldtro^to USe up ?pd remove tbeir rails
?trraoturr or Tap nrrr coavmanD.
The Legtetalnre has oonfirmed the graiita made to
everai ol the street car Imeak and insde valid and ef
ger.tivr the privileges roereoed, bat in eaafe nstanre
Special tmius have been taken to Insert a clause that the
i ,
INJ5W YORJ
ran (halt be ran as oflrn as the pnbrie convenient!
require, and shall be snbjert to such reasonable ruler
ami regulations id respect thereto aa froni lime to tinii
may be prescribed by city ordinance, and to th<
pay ment of licenses The legislature has also, in con
firming grants to horse car lines made by the corpora
Uao provided that the use and opsration of lbe rail
roads shall be ic the manner mentioned and provide!
in the original ordinance of the Common Council
with the like power and subject to the like regulation!
as those spooned in the agreements entered inn
in lbol and lh&l with the Second, the Third
the Sixth, the Kighth avenue and other lines
And coming down to the latest acts of in
corporation by tne Legislature of New York city
companies?the Twenty-third street line In lsdu ari
the lublh in 1H70?it is expressly provided that the
running of the cars shall be under the control of th<
Common Council in order that the Dublir convenience
shall be boat nerved. The Legislate re also reserves the
right to alter, amend or repeal the acta of incorporation
at any time it may decui necessary
wusbb tu rkmspy la pi (oss prom.
Phoogh It wonlil appear that the I'-ornmoii Council or
Board ol Aldermen baa ample power to compel the
uoinpaniea to furnKh a sufficient Dumber ol care to
accommodate the public and prevent overcrowding, yet
tbe Legislature, having of late years as stated above,
( bartered city railroads, it would eocm to be better
that au efficient remedy &> correct tbo abuse and compoJ
a compliance with the law should he framed in Albany.
Last session Mr Stauf, a city member, introduced
a bill in the Assembly to abate the evil, but It wui
smothered in committee. It provided that no passenger
should be obliged to pay fare unless provided wilt]
a seal. Tins would of course be an effectual cure, tor il
is not likely that alter the seats were all lull the
vehicles would l>e sioppnd to lase in any more poop I u.
In tad this was the pro|?>sttioa of the railroad companies
themselves when seeking lor grants Irom the
c.ty, and they compiled with it tor some lime. There
is no reason why they should not do so now. except the
one of expense and an indisposition to realise smaller
dmdctius, which are continuing to be almost princely in
auiouul The licenses prescribed by law are not paid
on one pretence or another. More cars Is what is
needed, and II is iu the power of the Legislature to
make it compulsory on the companies to furnish them,
and also to pay their licenses. The law as to the duty
of railroads, whether propelled by steam or horse
power, to provide seals is laid down in a case decided in
the iienernl Term of the Supreme Court. The case was
tried In Brooklyn. Judge Kuiotl delivered the opinion,
in which Judges Hsckus and T.ippau concurred.
AOCOsaoDaTioN unarm a OUT
The accommodation required by law in railroad cart
for passengers, said Juitge Kinott. means more than
room, bufficienl accommodation means room cuougb
to receive the fiassengera In the case of railroad cars
it implies not only space enough within the ears to contain
the passengers, but also the means ol silting in
the usual manner during the journey. It is incumbent
on the railroad coiupan.es to luruish net only room In
the cars but seats, uud if tl$re be no yajgut feats the
passenger is entitled to damages' for any iiijuries 7io
ipay receive wnue sianuiiig on tue piauorm. I no
Court went further, and said iii.it neither Is
a pu*seu|er iiound to require a porson occupying
an entire sent to make room for him
uor to displace htm so as to obtain a real,
though tue eeat be large enough for two persona to
occupy when sitting properly. Nor is It the duty of a
passenger to require persons to remove articles which
they have placed upon a acut in order that they may
be sealed. Alt railroad companies are bound to furnish
room and teats, and not merely to furnish passengers
with the muans of obiuintng them; they are
bound to furnish seats without request and as a part of
their duly. The duty of their conductors and agents
is absolutely to furnish suitable accommodation?that
Is, seats, and sufficient for comfort and ease of passengers
while travelling on their lines Another case is
appended where the parqu suhjoct is considered.
STANDI NO OB MdlTPdAMi
One Clark brought an action against ibe Eighth Avenue
Railroad to recover damages for personal injuries
sustained by hum in consequence of a collision betweou
one of the cars of dolendant proceeding up Uudsou
street and a horse and wagon on Canal street 1'laintill
was staudiug on the steps of the forward platform
of the car, und in thai position wafe struck by the shaft
or huttfrt the wheel of the wagon and thrown from the
car, and injured hi* ankle and leg. The insole of the
car was lull at the tunc?every seal was occupied, a
verdict for $460 was rendered in favor of plaintiff
and on appeal being taken to the General
Term of the Supreme Court (Justices Sutherland,
Bonroy and Hogubooin) It was affirmed.
The Court held that the railroad company and Its
conductors were bound to exercise great care and caution
In carrying passengers. Ordinary care wits not
sufficient, and the defendants faded in their duty In not
complying with the statutory provision which required
a notice to be posted up "inside" of the car forbidding
Hie p.ts8eugers to stand on the platform. It Is something
surprising to consider the great length of
time the public lias patiently submitted to the disgraceful
crowding of cars. Long toleration of the system
has burdened the companies to indifference as to
the rights of passengers and their owu legal obligations.
The time has fully arrived for an cllcutive reform.
HlSTlilONS AT HOME.
"julius CASSAJi" witnessed bx nine hundue D
professionals at booth's theatre.
Yesterday afternoon at halfpast one o'clock Mr. H.
C. Jarrelt, In full dress, with Commodore Joseph Tookci
at his side, stood tn the vestibule of Booth's Theatre
to receive the ladles and gentlemen connected with lh<
dramatic profession, who had been invited by the man
avers 01 lue lumrv uiu uy wjv irouiujj uiuo iuiu irniar
members of Booth's company, to assist with their pres
euce at a special until neo of "Julius Ciesar," given ii
their honor. It was originally in tended by Mr. Tooker
who originated and managed the affair, to hav
invited only about 240 persona of both sexes
who comprise the present working force of corn
pontes belonging to dtfTerent metropolitan place:
of amusement; but requests for seats fron
hundreds of uninvited members of the professioi
flowed in so rapidly that 803 tickets were granted, thi
majority of the recipients being ladies. Over 300 ap
plications had to remain unanswered, such wus thi
desire to witness the spectacle among the disciples o
sock and boskln. The cash receipts from laymen were
jl.doo. Special music had been arranged tor the occa
sion by Signer OpcrtL, leader of the orchestra, ami t
pry handsomely executedjirogTamnie. printed in b!u<
ink, with the motto, from Hamlet, "See the player!
well bestowed," was appropriately issued to each guesl
by Manager Tooker at the opening of the performance.
The company who enacted "Julias Cresar" declared tc
a Hxxai.b representative that they never before
had performed before so critical and so exacting,
and yet so kind an audience.
Shortly after the ascent of the curtain ill the
Crst act, when Cass:us (Mr. Lawrence Barrett), Brutus
(Mr. K. L Oavenport), Antony (Mr. K U Bangs) and
Julius Owsar (Mr. Milnos Levtck) appear in the scene
isurniK?r ihn )o3(1nr of l)rA nrrh?>fi(rt hanilMl from hm
bo* ihree laurel crowns, bound with while silk ribbon,
to Uusra. Barrett, Bangs and Davenport, and the/ were
placed on tbeir beads amid one of the moat exciting
scenes that ?ia ever wit nessod in Booth's or in any other
theatre Mr. Barrett catne forward In the etataesque
garb of Cassius and \? w rocelved with a grand ovation,
10 which he only bowed, being quite overwhelmed with
hie reception, and In turn Mr. Davenport, Mr. Bangs
and Mr. Levirfc were the recipients of the moat enthusiastic
greetings from the audience. The cheering and
clapping of hands continued for several minutes, until
the actors were allowed to go on with the play.
Tim UtIKBTS.
Among those of the dramatic profession who were
present in the auditorium were William Wbeately, formerly
manager of N.bio's; J. b MoCallough. the
tragedian, Charles Fisher, James Lewia, Mrs. (J. U.
Gilbert, Mine Ponisi, John Drew, Jr. ; H. J. Montague,
Stuart I to loon, Frederic Robinson, Mrs John Hoey,
J. 11. Uapleson. manager of Her Majesty's.Opera House,
London. Oliver Doud Uyron, J. W. Brut--no, fining
Bowers, Charles i'arsloo.'Joseph Proctor, Herr Cllne,
Sheridan Shook, Mlsa Ida Vernon. Harry Beckett, Mrs.
William K. Floyd, Recorder Hacked and ladtaa; Big.
Brlgnoll, Colonel Sinn, manager Park Theatre, Brooklyn,
Kate C.aiton. Aionzo Bliss, Hart Jackeoa.
Rota Lisle, P. S. titlmore, Edward tillmore,
the veteran William Davldge, Stephen
Firke, Inire Klrall'y, George Fawcett Rowe, tho
three gra.*?. Birch, Backus and WarabokL John
R. Poole. Jonn Doff, Manager ot the Olympic; Sol
Smith Russell, J. H. Sheldon, George Wood, manager
.-?! Wood's Museum; Profesaor Holltday, Mtns B. V.
Prowdtoot, John Matthews, John A. Carroll, of Wallaekt;
Jamee Ctollier, Mine. Augustus, Lilly Hathaway,
John Broogbnm. Miss Sidney Chiwell, tins Williams,
Tony Pastor, lone Burke, lazsie Reiser. Mrs. John
Seflon, LiUte Kid ridge Mrs. W. Q. Jones, the Carle
Family, the Berger Family, Kmily Maynard, Mr* Wilk
us, Augusta Raymond. Claude Burroughs, Mtllit
Cook, J. R McDermott. J. H Mason, Roberta Norwood.
Rd. lamb, H. SL Pivington, J. H. Soddart, Mrs.
J. H. Raymond and many others. In the boxes thert
were many well known ladles end gentlemen
atnoag whom were Lester W.diack, Mr.
John utloert, Mrs John Gilbert, Augustin Daly, Faun;
Davenport. Mrs. R. L Davenport, John T. Ford, manager
of Baltimore and Washington ibeatrre; Mrs. Join
I'rvw mkn.iffi-r?tM ?f thsi AnK SAtmI Thftirw Phtli.
telphla; l>r. (iriaudo Thompson. manager of tW Bo#
too Tle-atrr; J. H. Huadrrsnn DMMjtr of Provtdeeci
Theatre, *ixl John H. McVmker, manager of MeVtcker'i
Theatre China* a Tri.graphtc rtespoiohcs of i
CoagrUaUlorr nature were received by Mr. Took*
froia Harry Palmer, London, England: Clifton Tay
tears, New Orleans. WuNim J. Plorauoe, Cincinnati
K.imey William*. I'hila.eiphi*, George Klcnold, Clcve
land, anil other dramatic and managerial notabilities
Te commemorate tb? event farther a n*ruber of th
fri.mla and admirers of Mien Marion hackatt, a lad
member of Booth's company, at the clone of r yM
formance laat evening, prevented her with a very tiaail
some and costly tost i mo eta I of their eatoem and kind I
regard for her as aa artiste.
JOUBPfALLSTIC RIFLEMEN.
It will he remembered that a Ow dart ago the rlW
men, who are connected with the weekly presa of thi
cue, pnaaed a challenge to thoee belonging to the daii
papers innt ng thru to a rifle match, the contest I
be tried by a team of eight on each sida. The cba
iriiged parties have taken np the gaanllot, and th
i writers on the daily New York Journals are practlain
Tor the purpose of aolesting a leaia to represent then
lo this end gentlemen oa th# daily praas bar# hesa n
sum) to make a record of ten thou, either at Ovalin
I:roadway shooting gallery or atCresdiaoor Jr., and I
' submit their scores to a meeting, which will be heid I
the rooms of the New York Press Chlb, Centre sire*
i ou the tit vf Kebruam neat at three o'clock f, M.
K. HERALD, FRIPAV, JAN
; THE COMING CHESS CONGRESS I
! PAPT TOl'UNAMENTS AND THE PROJECTED CENTENNIAL
GATHKHINO.
, The proposition lor rrand International Chess Con,
grees, lit l>e held at Fhiladelpbia during the centennial
1 year, occasioned from its first announcement the must
pleasurable anticipations to all classes ol the chess
community Admirers 'and well-wishers to the game
in the United Mules and Kuropu manifested from tho
^innui ?r??ajr wnqufivi, ?? mmgnnisv Ol
' roorvn, taking second place, white Antlersaou tnu Re enthai
gained the third and 1 north prize*
| [ With refereuce to the foregotug obaervatioaa |
, an<l the tournaments described, It ma/ tie
. remarked that dnring the twenty-Bra yearn
. which have elaiiwMt alnce the uiarnainent
r af ISil chees baa made rapid atridea in public eatitna- ,
turn and there hae been an enlarged appreciation of j
the game, and a growing fondneaa lor It* pracuco. In
I no country hae the widespread cultivation of It been I
more marked than in America, and It la not too much I
? to expert a congress and gathering at the Centennial,
? equalling. If not excelling, any hitherto witnessed.
' KK<m>iUTH)!?a von rue oomvn com mass,
I* The deaire ev need by the Philadelphia Cbesa Club to
_ work in harmony witk all friends to the cause of chess,
and their resolution inviting co-operation and assist*
ei.ee, pave the wag for that unan.mity ol actioa no
accessary for complete success. A committee composed
o!'representative* of all eiliea is proposed, and
wilt, it la hapod aad believed, he at onoe formed
n_ for tha purpose of aiding the Philadelphia
committee in advancing the cause generally, receiving
* subscriptions, and forwarding the seme to Kuiernon
j Bennett, the treasurer of the congrasa. Among
0 Americana, ea well as hi reign play era, there exists a
desire, in those who have been long acquainted with
*" each ot liar by repntatioo, to know each uther parson is
ally, and a wish not leaa natural prevails among ths
g great body of rhaas amalrnrs to Bx, by a practical crti.
tenoa, the real rank of tha m<?t skilful nad celebrated
t- players, and lo teat by actual conflict tha joat valna of
'a rival styles of chess strategy.
,o A committee, of which Messrs G. R. McKentte and
n H K. Bird are honorable secretaries pro toe is beiag
t, formed in thta etty, aud when fhlly completed thv
uatnea of tt* nsaima w U1 be published.
| j uubbi'i .? ucvimw wiiiiu|urna uneisv in prvojuwug tuo
i fui'crif of the undertaking, and the hearty and zealous
' response and warm support which have been accorded
| to the Philadelphia Chess Club and its friends, under
i whose auspices the congress la contemplated, appear to
rentier a suitable organisation tbe main thing necessary
to carry out the arrangements for securing a gathering
i of unprecedented Interest and importance in the history
of chess.
cast rOUKSAMSMT*.
The experience of past tournaments proves how
1 inuob depends on the cordial co-operation of all Interested
iu tne welfare of the game. The great exhibition
, tournament held in London in ISM was undoubtedly a
groat success, but, owing to unfortunate differences
' which arose between tile leading chess clubs of London,
i
, a want of unanimity prevailed which to a certain extent
prevented the congress from attaining the Importance
originally hoped for and expected. _ Notwithstanding
the drawbacks arising from these dissensions,
and the fact that the raising of the funds and conduct
of the tournament remained In the hands of one club
aicne? the St. George's?the programme of the committee
brought together a very satisfactory assemblage
of chess admirers, togother with a majority
of the fluesl players In the world.
There were present on tbe 2Glh of May, 18M, when the
tourney commenced, Szen, the Hungarian, whose
chance of gaming the first prize was considered equal
to that of any competitor on the list; Kieseritxky,
from Paris, scarcely less renowned; Lowcnthal, Of
1'csth, hut at the time just arrived from America, considered
equally formidable; Auderssen, from Ureslaa;
Havel and Horwitz, from other parts of Germany;
Jatmisch, from Bussia, with Staunton, Buckle, Bodeu,
Bird, Kennedy, Lowe and Williams, representative
English players. The absence of the celebrated scholar
and author, Von Hydebrund dcr Laxa, and Mr. Cochrane,
fceri subjects for regret, on the whole y?o
attendance was brilliant and wiii ioug'te retftetnsfcfed.
The committee appointed for arranging and conducting
the tournament was composed of the Duke of Marlborough,
Bight Hon. Lord Crctnorne, Lord Arthur
Hay, Hon. H. T. Ltddell, Sir Charlos Marshall,
C H. Talbot, M. P.; M Wyvill, M. P.; B. Smith, M. P. j
J. Millies Haskell, M. P.; A. f'onblanque, the author;
H. Staunton, tho holder of the English chess sceptre;
Captain Kennedy; 1L T. Buckle, the world-renowned
author of the ''History of Civilization;" W. Lewis, tbe
cminout author, tbe tutor of MacDonncll and the rival
of Dcschappellcs. and H. G. Catley.
TIIK MOSSY RKCK1VSU.
The committee rpceived in subscriptions about
$11,0(10. Or this sum $2,500 wore distributed in prizes,
tbe remainder being absorbed in expenses. In this
connection it in well to mention tbal much disappointment
arose at the delay of several months which took
place before tne issue of the book of the touruameut,
and tbe committee of tbe'forthcomlng congress will do
well to shnn this error, for there can be no doubt
that a guarantee of a prompt appearance Of
the games, properly annotated, will add to tho
popularity of the tourney, attract many subscriptions,
and, consequently, materially augment the funds at tbe
dis|K>sal ol tho committee. Bcverung to tbe tournament
itself, it commenced on the lltlth ol May, 18M,
and was continued daily until fiuished. In all 184
games wore played, tbe result being that Ucrr Anderssen
won the first prize of $1,000; Mr. Wyvtil tbe second,
ol $250; whilo tbe six others were gained in order
by Williams, Staunton, Szen, Kennedy, Horwitz and
Mucklow. Thero was also a provincial tournament,
the chief prize in which was won by Mr. Uodeu, and
some set matches arranged by the committee. It wus
unfortunate that some ol Uie flu cat players, as Lowenthal
and Kiusoritzky, were placed kor> Uu lovUini in the first
round, and much surprise was expressed at tho ea^y
defeat of Mr. Staunton by Uerr Auderssen. Whether 1
i the forinor at his best was ever the equal of the
profound German tactician is a matter of opinion, but
it is generally conceded that at the time he played below
Uio strength that he had exhibited in bis matches
with St. Anuuit and Horwitz. Although tho tournament
of 1861 may be said to have possessed a special
interest from being the first occasion when the Idea of
bringing votaries of chess together from all parts of tho
, world was first entertained, n maybe Interesting and
useful to relcr Incidentally to the experience of other
3 gatherings.
tub rcunr abmiila.i tv.iUHShSt.
a Although iho Americans took no pan in the Iw>ndon
tournament, llio proceedings there did not (ml to attract
aoiut: notice and interest iu the United Stales, (or
in IKoT an American Chess Congress was ooavenod In
New York, and the committee of that gathering
alluded with ealufacliou to the cumulus given
to chess by the tournament in London,
and hoped that their eflbrt would be equally successful.
The congress became au accomplished fact, and the
spirited gentlemen who inaugurated and earned It out
! to a most successful issue were amply rewarded, for
, not only was the meeting replete with interest in every
respect, but It will be ever runiemticrod as having been
the means of bringing to notice the most perfect
; master of chess combination ever known, Paul
Morpby, who won the tirst prize, scoring tlve games to
1 one against Paulsen, the gainer of the second prize. In
the succeeding year (1S6S) Morpby electrified the chess
world by the marvellous precision of his play, vanquishing
all competitors in America, England and Prance,
| including An dors sen. the victor In l-ondon seven years
| previously, and hitherto undefeated, who gained but
i two ga.lies against seven scored by the young American,
j The 1 resident ol the Committee of Management was
i Hon. A. K. Meek, of Alabama, and among the promti
nenl men conuueted with it were Mr. Albert K. Salj
latin, I'rolessor D. W. Kiske, Itobert K. 1 lodge, Denis
j Julien, 8. ileiibtuh, Colonel Charles D. Mead. James
i Thompson and others, of this city; Professor Agnel, of
j West Point, Professors Allen and Votbaka and Dr.
i Lewis, of Philadelphia, and many other gentlemen of
| social and professional eminence from different sections
i of the country.
| The uext tournament of importance was that held in
; England, In itttli, under the auspices of the British
j Chess Association. At this gathering of chcsa notabilities
Professor Anderssen, of the Bieelau University,
< won the first prise; Lewis Paulsen the second, and the
1 others were gained by Rev. Mr. Owon, Rev. Mx. Maedonnoil,
Slgnor Dubois and Herr Stein ill in the order
named. At the same meeting a handicap tournament
was also platud, the first prise in which was won by
Captain 0. H. Mckenzie, who, in the retirement?it le
to be hoped only temporary?of Morpby, Is considered
tho champion of American chess.
TilK FAtUH TOCKNAXKNT
1 of 1R07 comes next In Order, and was of considerable
significance, (Tom the support extended to it by the Km- )
pcrvr, and also on account ef the extraordinary powers ,
of combination disclosed by Koliscb, which, In the
opinion of good Judges, place him on a level with j
Anderssen. The late monarch not only encouraged the 1
congress, bat presented a valuable wnrk of art as the I
rhiel prize 1 he Committee ol Management consisted
of Prince Murat, Count de Casahtauca, ML Do luck
and M. Lequesno. The contest elicited some very
| fine play, and resulted in M. Kolisch gaining
I the trophy presented by the Kmperor, a valuable vase,
1 while Wi'naweso, Stewitz and Neumann won re
, rpootivelv the second, third and fourth prizes. At !
| the Problem Tournament Mr. Samuel Loyd, of New
Y ork, gained the second prize.
TDK III OK* HACKS TOCRSAMKNT.
Merely mentioning the tournament held at BadenI
Baden, at which the first prise was won by Anderaeen.
and the meeting at Dundee, Scotland, where Neumann
j sod Stoiiiiti carried off the honors, we come to the
highly interesting aud Important tournament held In
j Vienna during tho summer of the year 1S7&
THH al'STRIAJI UATUBHIKO.
On the occasion ol the inauguration of the Austrian
Exposition llerr koLUch proposed an international
chess tournament at Vienna, and he succeeded la
1 enlisting the sympathies of the Km|teror and a
! member of the Koihscbild family. The Emperor aubi
scribed liberally, and Baron Kothsr.hdd. Herr koltsch
and friends raised some $ J,5oO The meeting was a great
success and muoM of the play wua exceedingly fine.
; The struggle for the first prize was remarkable for its
stubbornness, and ultimately resulted In a tie between
Ute two great Loodos players of tbe present day, Herr
Steinits, born at Vienna, and Mr. J. H. Black burse, of
London and Manchester. Tbe lie being played off
DART 28, 1876.?WITH SU
"CHABLEMAONE"
Dr. John laird delivered the sixth lecture In hie
course yesterday morning at Association Hall, and,
notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, there
was a largo attendance. The subject was "Charlo.
magna."
The lecturer said:?Charlemagne maybe viewed In
the light of a great conqueror or a great benefactor?In
both aspects as a great hero. With him is associated
the first great stride which Europe took out of the anarchies
which succeeded the Roman Empire. He was
the first who labored to restore what vice and
violence had destroyed. His empire covered
the greater part ?Jl modern France and
thoae countries bordering on tbe Rhine. Be was
born to greatness, but It was owing to his activity and
energy and prudence that his icheritance was kept together
and increased: but greator than bis grandeur
as a king was his greatness of soul
What was the condition of Europe when be appeared
on the stumor Homo had fallen; a period of unparalleled
disaster followed; Europe was roiled In darkness,
and if erer Europe needed a great man It was in
the latter part of the eighth century. Providence sent
a deliverer and a hero in the person of Charlemagne.
The first thing which arrested his notice wjts the danger
of Europe being repluuged into the miseries which
narbariBUi had inflicted 300 years before, and be fought
against iho barbarians to save distracted Europe and
protect tbe Institutions wlncb the friends of order and
religion bad established, he led fifty-three cx|?d)tions
against tbe barbarians; bofougbt against tbem thirtythree
years and expended all tbe resources of his '
mighty Empire, and he never lost a battle, and yet tbe
barbarians held out. They made treaties but to break
tbein.
In one respect we condemn Charlemagne, that he
undertook to force their conversion, but religious
toleration is the very last lesson learned in the world. '
Charlemagne wanted to make everybody Christiana in
his own way, so he dipped them in tbe river and
marked tbem by the sign ol the cross.
He warred against the Saracens of Spain, and against
them bo was unsuccessful, and that was the only uusuccetsful
war in which be engaged.
LECTURES LAST EVENING.
A lecture was delivered last evening by the Rev.
Stephen 11. Tyng, Jr., at Olivet chapel, In Sixty-third
street, between Ptrst and Second avenues, on "Exercises
with tbe Christian Sword." Tbe audience wits
numerous and intelligent, and tbe address was eloquent
aud earnest.
The Ugv. Nicholas BJerring, a priest of the Crtsk
Church, lectured last evening at Trinity church bouse, j
corner if New Church and Thames streets, before St.
J'Tiut'S'OhiVd, pn thq subject of "Tbe Relations of the
tirenk and Anglican Cbttrcbea."
"Water" was the subject of an Interesting scientific
lecture delivered belore the Young People's Assoc la
tion at tbe West Twenty-third street Presbyterian
church last evening by lTofesBor P. W. Bedford. Tho ?
subject was lljtytnHcd by chemical experiments and
stcreopticon apparatus.
TROTTING IN CALIFORNLV.
Oakland Park, Jan. 18.?TRorrtxa?rurse |200;
mile heats, best three in five, in harness
ST.I RTxna
John Williams' b. g. Kay Henry 4 12 4 1 1
A. C. Hind's h. g. Gold Note J a 1 1 2 3
W. A. Cadi's for g. liirtgo 1 8 4 8 3 2
Yd. Welch's ch. h. Tormento. 2 2 8 2 4 ro
Time, 2:34?2:33*?2:33?2:34?2:34?2:2?X.
HANDBALL.
An exciting match, the best two in three games,
came off yesterday at Meijuadc'g Court, No. 404 Madison
street, in this city, the contestants being Messrs.
It McCarthy, of Philadetpluan fame, and P. Murphy,
against Messrs. R. M. Dorc and D. Madden. The match,
as exhibited by tbe score, proved very close, and, in
spite of exceedingly sharp and good hitting on the
part of their opponents, Mr. McCarthy and his partner
obtained a victory. We annex the score:?
Pirxt Second Third
Came. Game. Came.
rSSS?7::::::::::::::) 21
? SXT.:::v.v.::I ? a M
The second match created much Interest, Mr.
I.andy. a first class Amateur, and his partner. D. Madden.
having the honor of defeating D. McCarthy and
P. lileason. as per the following score:?
Anf Second Third
Came. Came. Came.
21 18 21
McCarthy 1 13
Gleasou J "" 1J
To-day a rare treat is tn store far the lovers of this
sport?James Casey and James Rutin, of Brooklyn,
known as the two "Jims," playing against Philip
Cnaey, champion of the United folates, and B. McQuade,
champion of New York.
!
THK UAMK IN BROOKLYN.
At Casey's court, Brooklyn, yesterday, the unfinished
match from last Tuesday was played, the contestants
being Mr. Michael Egan and Colonel Dempsey va William
Grady. A large crowd witnessed the play. Grady,
winning the toss, took first hand and counted 7 before
he came out. The Colonel and his partner made the
long run of nine. The remaining portion was well con- |
tested, Grady winning the first game. Score?Grady, .
21: Colonel and Egan, 16.
In the second gauie tbe Colonel plsyed splendidly, as
also did his partner, defeating their opponent by a
score of 21 to 14.
The third game was a repetition of the second, and
ended In fitvnr of the ColoDel and Kgan. Score, 21 to ID
In the fourth game Colonel Dompttey, who weight I
27ft pounds, wit getting a little laliguod, oca Grady !
won by a score of 21 to 1L <
The ilttli and last game waa won by Grady by a score
of 21 to 2a Time, lh. Mm.
as on i kr watch.
Immediately after the three handed match was over James
McKvoy (the winner of the gold moual), played 1
againat John Grady two garnet; each party winning 1
one by the (allowing teore:?First Game?Grady, 21;
McKvoy, t?. Second Game?McKvoy, 21; Grady, 18.
At the conclusion of this game darkness set In, and
the match was postponed until Saturday, at one o'clock 1
P. M.
RACKETS.
A match of American rackets, the beat two out of
three games, came off yesterday, at the Madison street
court, tn this city, Messrs Hanley and Gallagher trying
their skill against Messrs Coyle and Lyons. Tho
games were well contested, bat tho lormsr proved vio {
lonous, as per the annexed score:?
First Second 7%ird \
dame. (Janu, (Jam*. ,
Slt&v.r.v.u:::::'.::) ?
1S w ?
GLOVED WARRIORS.
A variety estsrtalnroent and sparring exhibition waa
gives at Harry Hill's Theatre In Houaioa street yesterday
afternoon for the benefit of Hilly Madden, the
light weight boxer. The price of admission was fixed
at |L and there were ahout 200 persons, among tbem
a number of Wall street brokers and fashionable
men around town, who seemed to enjoy the performance
exceedingly. The proceedings opened with
a variety show, consisting of comic songs, jig and ballet
dancing and other performances peooliar to that class
sf entertainment. After the dramstte business was
over lbs real work of the afternoon commenced. At
four o'clock Arthnr Chambers' novice and Owen BrenD.in
and two young lads about twenty years of age ?ppearud
on the stage dressed In black penta, bound at |
tbe waist with their suspender. and white !
undershirts. Tbe young ones rattled away with
the gloves for the space of ten ml nates, much to the
amusement of tbe audience. They were followed by 1
Billy Fields, alias the Steel Man, ami George McCarthy,
Heilly and McLaughlin, Dan Gallagher and Dan '
Doherty, Barney Jones and Yoang Itsddy, Sam Collyer '
and Jim Turner, of New Orleans, Michael Oobnrn and
Ned M Allah an. All the sparring was particularly
good and tbe beet of order and feeling prevailed
throughout, though many hard knocks
were given and returned. Harry HUl's voice
being beard lustily crying eat at intervals, "Walk
around, gentlemen Time!" and when the contestants
would beoome a lUtle warm, "Wind up, gentlemen. |
Shake bands," and his words were always received an
law. Tnu grand wlndnp was between the beneficiary, ;
Billy Madden, and Peter Croker. This waa a lively and
scientific set-to and was received by the assemblage
with cheers j
A LUNATIC'S FREAK WITH A CHILD, j
Mrs. Johnson, a lunatic, rcaidtng tn First street, Hoboken,
horrified the neighborhood yesterday by holdlag
a neighbor's child, three years of age, suspended
out of the window by one of Its legs, head downward.
If she bad relaxed her bold the child would have been
Sashed to places on the flagging of the street, thirty j
feet below. A police officer knocked at her Soor,
whereupon she drew tbe child In. She was taken to 1
the police station, and thence sent back to her old |
quarters at the Lunatic Aeylum at Snake HilL
ttio niironanw a ucdclauu1 tt:tat
iiiU 1 AlAiWVll A mnifc
The trial of Tu Commlesioaers James Hand and
Thomas Bromley and their clerk, William Kaklna, for
alleged conspiracy to defraud the city and for accepting
bribes to redoes taxes, which has been In the
Peterson oomrta for a week past, raice to a conclusion
yesterday. The case was greem to the jury about one i
o'clock, after a charge from Judge Dixon, which was I
decidedly agalast tho defendants. The jury were
still out at a late hour last night and, the probabilities ,
were eery strong that they would fail to agree Hand
has already been convicted on one indictment and oil
the otbark the Court baa entered a eeJie uruwuei
PPLEMENT.
THE STATE CAPITAL.
an investigating rebolvtioe that oot it8
quietus?wufik by the pay?bebuhs bill
tabbed to a thlhp beading in the senate?t
ash age of the obey nt'ns' hkpbal
bill in the senate.
aloasv, Jab. 27, 1870.
La?t Kriumy Mr. John J. Habagd, the member from
Pulton sud Hamilton, introduced a preamble And resolution,
in which It wai Alleged thai the affairs of the
Delaware and Hudson Canal Company were being managed
so that the stockholders were great losers thereby,
and that the company therefore needed investigation,
ro-day Mr. Sloan, by unanimous consent, offered
a resolution, which was a virtual vole of
confidence In the company, and calling for
prompt action on Mr. Hanson's resolution, as he said it
was unjust to the company that the charge against it
nboold be allowed to lie on the table unacted upon. Mr.
Sloan said hs did doi propose at any time to champion
any monopoly on the Hoar of the House unless it was
unjustly assailed, sod he was then and there ready to
withdraw his resolution If any member had aay proof
m his possession that Mr. Hanson's resolution was
based on facta. Mr. Burleigh aijded that ho believed
Lhai there was the best of feeling between tne stockholders
and the officer* of the Delaware and Hudson
Jaual Company, and as the officers had paid the stock
Holders thirteen per cent dividend they bad reason to
'eel good. Mr. Hanson, who sat on hU chair quietly,
tut looking rather a to .aid while Mr. Sloan's propast.ion
to get rid of his resolution la some way was being
lebated, Anally rose, after Mr. Burleigh had taken his
icai, and simply said, "I withdraw my resolution."
rhe Speaker ruled that he coald not withdraw It,
ia It was In the possession of the House and had to be
icted upon. Mr. West then asked rather tartly that
llr. Uanaon should be given unanimous consent to tell
be motive which prompted him to introduce the resoution
and the reason why he was willing to withdraw
U Mr. Hanson obtained this consent, and stated that
be resolution hod been handod to him by a gentleman
rho asked him to introduce It, stuting that
to was a stockholder o! the road and
bat the allegations contained in it were true. I
'hen Mr. Hanson sat down. Mr. Sloan again took the I
loor and said that in bts Judgment there should not I
* even - Tx . *
THE SHADOW OF BUSFICIO*
n the minds of members that Mr. Hanson had introlueed
his resolution trom Improper motives. On the
onlrary, be, and no doubt all the other members, fill
utisfied that he had offered It in perfect good j
situ, though it was evident he had not given to It bebre
he introduced it that consideration which its im<n
uance would seem to have required. Mr. .Sloan's
-esolutlon wus then passed. It Is to be hoped that
.his little Incident will not be lost on the uew
members of the House, and that they will be
i little careful in the future not to Introluce
bills and resolutions whose mere Introduction
may seriously afTect the interests of corporations that
ire entitled, "after all, to as fair a dealing at the hands of
ibe Legislature as are individuals. The offering of tlio
resolution oi inquiry by Mr. Hanson in the way he did
[daced hun tu a rather embarrassing position for
k time. However, good character and a life
ung reputation lor Integrity do not go for naught
in the Assembly. This character and reputation Mr.
Hanson enjoy a Had his resolution been offered by a
member whose ways are generally dark and whoso
character was not deemed above reproach, and who
rould have given no better reason for introducing it
than Mr. Hanson had to give, it would have been set
lown as a "strike" pare and simple
THE LEAliSR OF THE BOOHR.
Right here 1 may add that Mr. Sloan, by his tact and
(oueral tavoir /aire tn his action an this matter and on j
.he Bergh bill the other day, when in a few well chosen ;
words he quellod a ruing storm among the republicans >
.hetnselvea, proves thai he Is In fact the leader of the ;
House, and that Ibo majority are always ready
,o follow where he leads, believing that he
s always right, or at least, means to
>?. He lias tried to shirk tho duty thus far while
>lhers in imitation of the democratic farceurt from
"lew York in the last Assembly bave been struggling to
>ecome the leaders and have lgnominlously failed. The
ipeaker is in sad need ol a coadjutor on tho Hi or and
}\a work nf Pnduv And fit tli.eiu tr whnwa (hit .loomui
timself tho Chairmuufof tbe Ways aaU Means is the
nau who must lake the place.
THK RKAProRTlOKMBNT.
Mr. Killian's Apportionment bill, coming from demvcratic
bauds, will, of course, amount to very little;
ml It probably may be token as tbe apportionment the
lemocrats would like to Lava New York's quota of
iseemblyuieu under tho bill is fixed at twenty-seven,
iu increase ot six; Kings county's at thirteen, un in
xease of four. An additional member is also given to
tuflolk and Monroe counties. The counties that
>ach lose one member by this division are
attarangua, Columbia, Delaware, Madison, Niagara,
inoida, Ontario, Oswego, Otsego, St. l^wrence,
Washington and Wayne, which are republican
lountles. There is but little doubt but that the' apportionment,
when dually made by tho Legislature, will
five at least three new members of Assembly to Kings
county and four to Now York city, each securing also
tn additional Senator. But that the republicans will
make tho division by taking away members only from
those counties that are republican is not very likely.
A DAT'8 WORK.
Mr. Itetts' bill, Introduced in the Assembly, provides
hat no work of any kind Is to be undertaken which
ihail cost over f 100, except lor the following reasons:?
When the Commissioner or Commissioners in whose
department tbe work is to be doue shall, on tbe recnunvendation
of the chief engineer, superintendent of
i department or bureau who is to execute the
rork, state, in writing, to the Commission
irs or Commissioner that It will be more
o ihe advantage of the city to have the work done by
lay's work tbah by contract, then the Comimsssiouer
hall satisfy tbe Mayor of the fact, whereupon he is to
:all together tho Boaru of Apportionment within
wenty-lour boors after the notice shall have been
lerved upon him lo writing. At the meeting of the
Hoard the Commissiocier inasing the request shall ap
pear before it, accompanied by ibeehit f engineer, superntoudent
or head of the bureau, and there state
us reasons wny the proposed work or improvement
can be done belter by day's work
than by contract. II the entire Board approve the request
made the Mayor shall at once issue a certificate
id dressed to the commissioner or commissioners ol >
the department authorizing them to do l^e work in
iny manner approved by the Board, and the same shall
pe a valid and legal claim on the city and property J
pencilled thereby. It is further provided that the
Board of Apportionment shall have no power to
tutnoriee any work or job that shah together involve
Ihe expenditure of more than fl.Oul
RVK.N APTKlt USA Til.
Tbe bill introduced by Mr. Rnglehart provides that
Ihe heirs of a man who sicus a bona Jointly with
mother may be made liable in an action to recover
iltor his decease Voder the present law there Is no
way of reaching his liabilities even by his real estate. 1
A II"OR RAM's FKASmiR.
Mr. Payne's bill, relative to courts of oyer and
terminer gftes tbe Court authority to assign pay lor
counsel employed or designated to defend criminals
loo pour to engage counsel themselves.
rasaAUS uv xus urkt su.as kkphaj. rili..
When tho bill repealing the tirey Nuns act came up
to-day on third reading in the Senate Mr. Schoonniaker.
democrat, who thought be bad discovered a mare's i
Deal, stood up, made a motion to recommit aud read I
rrooi the constitution to show (hat uuy "exriu.Mvtr'
privilege granted to a private corporation is in vtolal.on
of the constitution, and, theretoro. the Grey Nuns
act, being of that character, It should be repealed.
Schoonmaker's discovery had but a abort-lived laoie.
Wood in, whose eyes and ear* aro ever keen and wakelul,
replied in kla brusque way that that eras the slimmest
reason lie had yet heard (or the repeal oi tbo
act. The privilege granted the Grey Nans was
not exclusive, as any other educatloual liutitntion
might have asked and received the nun', and the conituatioo
contemplated do such case ?choouinaker,
ijutte contused at hut own blunder, withdrew his motion,
*"** again did Woodtn demonstrate his superior 1
quIcknehS ol apprehension and knowledge or the constitution
and the laws The bill was then read a third
Iidm and passed, and the Legislature is uow nd of it.
ths bskuh HILL,
in the shape It pasted the Assembly, went to s third
reading In the Senate, over the thorny path it has
travelled during the past three weeks it has been
watched with tender solicitude by Mr. Klbrtdce T.
lierry. Be has sat heeide eve^y member in Houso
and Senate who had a good word to say in
its favor, and prompted httu with the happy
word or thought that told In Ix-half
or the hilt, and he haa scowled tlks one of Milton's
r.Allen angels at those who opposed or interfered to
spoil It If the projector of every bill that comes belore
the Legislature were permitted the privilege tacitly
allowed Mr. Gerry of coaching the member who lakes
It In charge and talks upon it, the Inuotiona of Senators
and Assemblymen would cease to be of any importance.
All that appears to mitigate Mr. Gerry'* peculiar conduct
are the thcu that the ofy?cl of the measure is
benevolent and praiseworthy, and that the uamo of
Mr Gerry's grandlathcr was signed to the Declaration
ot Independence.
loss OT SkVaTOIMAJ. SKI WITT.
Per several days peat the diguity of the Senate haa
been entirely forgotten in peltry squabbling about the
appointment of clerks and mesaeugers to various committees.
Ill feeling hae been engendered, the public
time has been waateo and the Senate hae lowered itself
by the very petty business. An angry discussion over
th'e small patronage in the gift of the Senate should,
like the washing of dtrly liuen, take place us private.
It was something to make senators blush to hear one
of their number?Mr. Kmerten, of Monroe, n new
member who has caught the infection irum the rest,
rise fo-day and piteoualy Implore a share ef the patronage.
Be said his county of Monroe was unrepresented
among the clerks and other officers of thedenate
by a alagie person, and he hoped that aa men and
brothers they would give him nt least the nomination
ot a clerk to the committee. Be nominated one and
the Hen ale rejected bun, and then poor Emerson
looked so distressed that bis next neighbor, Senator
Cole, into whose ear* be poured the tale of bis sorrows,
stood sp and said thai all his ay mpathies went ool
toward aim ; r.iawwiana ne Hoped tne ??wm?o
would da him the tavnr he naked, but vhey wouldn't
as lura*< riiAHLa a< nan*.
When rapid tram-it t*c?me? an aauthllahed fact and
the people who work at the Ciijr Hall and arouon mat
neigiitMirhood in New Vark can make a qul'-k jouroey
an in Turktilta ia<l liatiew. Senator Wranl loll
which was introduced' m-nay to make all those la ma''
nic pal employment live witlnu the hunt* of the city
will have a better chance of .becoming law. S?nat?r
Gerard's idea is that those who receive
their eupporl from the city should la return
spend their money there. This might do well enough
when applied to o dicers whose salaries range from
$4,000 to $?,000, but cletks whoso income does not excoed
$1,000 a year should have ths right to seek such
dwelling places, whether in or out of the city, as best
suits their mesne On the whole, the worthy Senator's
bill smacks too much of coercion. *
UCOlSLaTlVS KOTXS.
A resolution passed the Assembly to-day calling upoi
the Stale Kngineer to obtain from the Canal Ccmiii-r
sioners in charge of the various canal divisions iBfoi B
niktion as to what work in the way of ordinary repair H /
can be dons on the canals at the present time with ar m
vantage to the State in order that employine
may be speedily given to deserving men who are at
In great distress lr.un want of work. The resclnto
was reported by Mr. Burleigh from the CoinuxUee'
Canals
An old friend earns into the Assembly Chamber I
ino saape ui iuu uih ?u y?j i'?v? * uv? iUvu wuv *??*
substitutes to tho war Uie iiion-v they bought their
freedom from danger with. Hogebootu, who introduced
U saKi he was not committed to it.
Senator Tobey, who Introduced the Grey Nuns act a
ear ago and vol. d tor its.repeal this ycajr, without
explaining whether he was ever ashed by the nuns of .
their friends to introduce tbo act, would hke t<t
know if, aflur all, th?re arc really any Grey Nuna in Uit
State.
Speaker Hosted, In declining to he a candidate fct
re-election as President of the Stuto Military Assoc: ation,
closed his remarks by saying:?"Under do cm
cumslancoe can I consent to be a candidate. ] think
two terms are enough to hold any office." Some people
think this was an oif band declaration against a third
term for Grant. "Two terms arc enough to hoid anyofflcou"
Let us see. Mr. Husuid has served as member
of Assembly Ave, six, eight years, yea, seven
eight?bat never imnd.
thi l4bor qcxsttox.
Mr. Nicholas Mudor was beloro the Committee on
Cities to-day in support of bis hill for giving to the
Common Council o! New York the settlement of the
rate of wages to he paid the laborers employed by the
public departments of New. York city. Mr. MulJel
pointed out the inconvenience arising from the present
anomalous slnle ot aflairs where the power to dispose
of the matter at issue was undecided and the departincuts
and the Common Council were at luggerbe.ids. mH
The Stale prison inspectors held a meeting to-day
and passed a resolution declaring that It is expedient M
that a full and search'ng investigation be made by some H| J
proper authority into the management of the Slate
prisons, as well as the a.-ylum for the insane convicts
at Auburn. The inspectors request in the resolution .
that the Legislature lake such measures as will bring
about the investigation at the earliest possible day.
<3c * *
CANAL BOABD.
Albaxv, Jan 27. 1876.
The Canal Board held a session this afternoon. A'v
communication was received from the Ways and
Means Committee ol the Assembly asking for a join)
mooting with the Canal Board to consider the sobjecl
of canal tolls for ISTrt. Referred.
The Lieutenant v>overnor announced the foiiowinj W
standing committee.-:? t
Committee on Canal Administration?Messrs. Bigo
low, KairchiUi and Thayer.
Committee on Canal Construction?Messrs. Vac
Buren, Roas and Walrath.
Committee on Coiuiuerce?Messrs. Dorsheimcr. Robinson
and Jackson.
The committee appointed at the last meeting to eon.
eider the subject ol a reduction of canal expenses
submitted a report, wnich, on motion, was laid on the
table. r -?*r"
It provldea for the transfer of thirty-four miles on /
tbo Kaslern division and the Black Rock Harbor to the /
Middle division, aud reduces the force of superintendent*
I
A committee ol citizens interested in the navigation I
of the Champlain Canal were given a hearing, auu the I
isoaru WBh Urgi'U wu U4\e Iinuipumw oh-jib lur uio wu? m
templated enlargi-meut. Ur. Davis and the Hon. Mr.
Burleigh apoke in lavor of the request, aud on motionof
the Attorney General the matter of using the nnex- 1
pended balance ol ?J7l,0uO in the treasury lor this pur- i
pose was referred 10 the Committee on Construction^
with Instructions to confer with the Senate and AB- M
sembly committees and report to the Board.
STATE TRADE ASSEMBLY.
Ai-bast, Jan. 27, 1876. V
At the State Trade Assembly to-day a rosolution wail 1
adopted declaring the present system of union organ- m.
lzation a failure and recommending the adaption of a
new system of organization to be united under a general
head, to have a reserve fund in case of strikes, audi
to elect men to faithfully represent their interests.
The election ol officers for the ensuing year resulted
as follows:?
George Blair, of New York, President; Vice Presidents,
James S. Grabain, of Rochester, and P. M. Qulgley,
of Trov; Trea-urer, P. H. Mustek, of Albany, Secretary,
F. MoKiernan, of Troy; Asssistant Secretary j
A. A. Cansey, ol New York.
Adjourned
THE BED OF THE SUSQUEHANNA.
Wilkksharrs, Pa., Jan. 27, 1876.
In 1874 the Pennsylvania Legislator* passed an act
authorizing the building of lateral railroads nnder tbi \
Susquehanna River. In the same year Messrs, Wad ,
dell & Schooley, owners of coal landB near Pittston, av
tempted to carry the law Into effect. The Pennsylvania
Coal Company, owning a river warrant through
which Messrs. Wuddell h Schooley atteinpted to pass,
enjoined them. I'he case was argued by able counsel
on either side, ana to dav Judge Harding delivered as
opinion declaring the act to be unconstitutional and
void. *
A TEMPERANCE RE VITAL.
Guoccwtkr, Mass., Jan. 27, 1870.
A grand temperance demonstration was held her*'
to day under the auspices ol tho Reformed Men's clubs,
consisting of a procession of all tho temperance organizations,
and public services at the City Hall Some
1,500 uien were In line. This is but one of many
demonstrations by the temperance organizations ^
throughout New Knglaud, and the interest in temperance
reform seem# to bo spreading.
At Marblebeau last evening over 200 signed the- A
pledge, and a club here which numbered sixteen mem- ?
hers on the 6th of December now has 1,300. ^
DEFALCATION IN JERSEY.
THE TRBASrr.l E OF A HOSIERY COMPANY EE*
RPONSIBIJI FOB A DEFICIT OF ONE HUNDRED
AND VOBTT-TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS.
New Hrcsswtcr, N. J., Jan. 27, 187(1
Considerable excitement was occasioned in this city
' """""J "J "" * - ?? ?
treasurer of tho Norlolk and New Brunswick HosieryCompany,
bad become a defaulter to tbe amount cf'
$142,000. This was confirmed later In tbe day by tbe
election of John ton Letaon, President of tbe New
Brunswick Rubber Company, as treasurer in plaoe c4
Karie. at tbe annual e.ectton of tbe Board of Directors
of tbe company held yesterday, and at whieta Karl*
made a statement acknowledging the deficiency, and
turning ovor property aad stock sufficient to cover ?t>' ^ *
amount. From Ida statement it appears that his to *"
G E. Karie, of New York, wbo kopl bis bauk arc<
was given blank rbecks sigaed t^y Karie as treast ''
the company, to till outwbea required to meet bills and
liabilities of the company coming due, and that la
baring the blank checks signed at command be hag
orerdrawn the account to the amount stated. It is
said that young t arlo speculated in Wall street and lost
it all. This, however, will not affect tbe working of tho
company, but will decrease the surplus fund, providing
tbe securities, stock id the company, mortgage on a cotton
mill in the Wist and mortgages on property in thin
city given by E.rle are not convertible at "present.
The company have three mills In this city, employing
about 700 hands ; also a mill in Norfolk, Conn.
SAD END OF A TRENTON BELLE.
A MENDICANT BUSKED TO DEATH BT FAXXXNO
ASLEEP FROM THE EFFECTS ON LAUDAHTTM.
Tmmi, N. A, Jan. $7, 187?.
A terrible fatal accident occurred to a poor old mendicant
named Jane Ann Swangte hero last evening wbilw
warming her feet at a stove She was under the Influence
of laudanum and sho fell asleep. Her clothing
caught Are, and soon her body became enveloped la
flame*. Sbe called wildly for aaMstance. and a man
named Jerome Kheppard. os bearing her screama ran
to bef assistance. Tbe lower pert of her body was
frightfully burned. Sbe lingered for u few boors and
then expired.
Jane was tixtv rear* of age. Forty years jgo she
was one of the be! lea of Trenton, bright. Intelligent and
fascinating. Being deceived by her betrothed sbe
gave way to melancholy and used stimulants freely.
THE THIRTY-FIRST STREET FAMILY.
The following contributions have been received at
tbe HmtALD office I or the poor family In Thirty-flrsi
street:?
C. W. A $10 00 A Cuban $2 \\
Charity I '*> ?
aTI - M *o?*l $18 81
A CENTENNIAL RELIC,
lFrom the New mrypert .Moss.) Herald.]
Rev. Joeepb May, who Is in this city, has in his
session the seal winch John Hancock wors when
Declaration of lndai -ndenea vu adopted f
Cougraas ooar whuh he presided. Mr May did
*eal at hli laatallation m Philadelphia over the chnrcta
of which boll now i-ior. John Hancock married
Dorothy Quince, wb" w<ta annt to Dorothy Qulnry
Sewail, who marr 100 >eeph Hay, and thus were tfca
grandparent* ol He* Mr. May, who *u named lor bin
grandtather, and thi.- the val came down It la a wd
xtona with a Greek aernor'i bead engraved, and oat IB
| gold The teal le about ball aa Inch by a third ol BB
inch, but tbuoea ??u?il w of hiaiaric inmraal
ml * 4

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