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<4 NE W *ORK KERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIKTOK. THE DALLY HERALD, published er-ery day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic j ??? ?... w. \'m york UUDfJU(/VUC? XU UDb uc auuivoovw I TTmat.T> Letters and packages should be properly ealed. Rejected communications will not be returned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 46 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE- AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will bo ' received and forwarded on the same term* as in New York. YOLUMF. XI.I NO. 4;] g. . ---- . - 1 - ' WUMT8 THIS iFTBMM AMI ITOM. BROOKLYN THEATRE JANE EYRE, at 8 P. M. Mint Charlotte Thompson. Tt)NY PASTOR'S NEW 111EA1 RE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. UNION SQUARE THEATRE ROSE MICHEL, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 1 :3() P. M. NATIONAL ACAHKMY OP DESION. lEXUIBITlO.N OP WATER COLORS ... ACADEMY-OP MUSIC UL TROVATORK, at 1 :?> P. M. Mile. Tiiieut. KIWI avenue"theatre |J)'^UE, at 8 I' M. panujr Davenport. Matinee at 1:30 ? TniRTY FOURTH STREET OPERA HOUSE. Variety ..lkp m ?t -a i> m BOWERY THEATRE. fTTNCLE TOM S CABIN, at 8 P. M. Mrs. O. C Howard. Matinee at 2 P. M. PARISIAN VAKIF.TIES VARIETY. at 8 P. M Matinee at 2 P. M. FAN KRANC'ISCO MIN'8TREL8at 8 P. M Matinee at 2 a* M GLOBE THEATRE. VARIETY, ?t 8 r. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. BOOTH'8 THKATRE. JULIUS C.USA R, at 8 P. M. Mr. Lawrence Barrett. Matlueo at 1 :'JU IV M. THBATKE COMIQUK TARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. GERMAN! ATHBATRE J5REI STA ATSVEKHRIil'llKR, at 8 P. M T1VOL1 THEATRE VARIETY, at 8 P. M. WOOD'S MU8EUM. .T ACK IIARRAWAY, at 8 P. M Matinee at 2 P. M. THIRD AVENUE" THEATRE. TARIETY. at 8 p M Matinee at 2 P. M. W AI, LAO K'STU P. AT RE JOHN OARTH.athi'.M Mr. Lealer tv all nek Matinee ?t 1 :3U P M. OLYMPIC THEATRE TARIETY. at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P M. (IRANI) OPERA HOrSE. OLIVER TWIST, at 8 J*. M. Lucille We.torn. colosskFm. IPANORAMA. 1 to 4 IV M anil 7 3(1 to 10 P. M. EAGLE THEATRE. V ARIETY, at 8 r. ?l. Matinee at 2 1*. >1. TWENTY THIRD STREET OPERA HOUSE. CALIFORNIA MINsTKBLS, at S P. M. Matinee at J r M. (WITH SUP PLEM ENT. FKW TORI, s.viTUbAY, F8BRUAKT 13. 1871. FVom ovr rejxorfs this morning the probabilities are tluit the weather to-day will be colder and clear or clearing. The H khali) by Fast Mail Trains.?Newsdealers and the jndilic throughout the country will be supplied xrith the Daily, Weekly and Sunday Herald, free of postage, by sending their orders direri to this office. Wall Street Yesterday.?Gold was steady lit 113. Money on call loaned at 3 and 4 per cent. Government bonds were steady. Coal j securities were weak and other investments firm. The stock mnrket was irregular. TnK Russians in Central Asia are gradually cementing their power. The loader of the recent insurrection has surrendered, and all Khokand is prostrate before the Russian forces. Turkey has accepted the AnJrassy reform project after some show of resistance. It is doubtful, however, whether this will end whatever there is of insurrection in Herzegovina or bring content to Bosnia. Morn Guns fob Cuba.?The Spanish government has purchased six Krupp guns, which are to be sent to Cuba. Unfortunately for Spain neither Krupp guns nor fresh forces will put an end to the insurrection in that island. It Turns Out that M. Voisin, just appointed Prefect of Police for Paris, is not so much of a Bonapartist after all. The dissatisfaction with his appointment indicates, however, that France will be satisfied with nothing except the Itepublic. The Scottish 11iflk Club has declined to * W Accede to the proposition for a combined British team and is determined to send a team of its own to Philadelphia. We trust thia will not be made a pretext by the English riflemen for not sending an English team. Enoland and France, are having some difficulties on account of the Newfoundland fisheries, and it is rumored that a British I man-of-war is to be stationed permanently at St. Johns. This would add something to the gayety of the Newfoundland capital, but we doubt whether it would enable the islanders to catch more fish. A Waste of Money.?It seems to be an unnecessary waste of money for the London correspondents to cable us about the "walk- I ing matches" of that prodigious humbug 1 Weston. No one wants to hear about him on this side of the Atlantic. Times are hard now, and we may have news of importance \ soon. So Jo not waste any moro money on Weston. We Jo not care to hear about him, at least at so heavy a rate per word in gold. Th? Exbcutio* of Owm Livdsay at Syracuse yesterday was attended by an nnusual circumstance where guilt is undoubted?the | persistence of the doomed man in asserting his innocence to the last. The story of the murder, the finding of the body of the murdered tuan and the history of the trial are equally remarkable. Conviction was ob- I t uned upon the evidence of an accomplice, who, according to his own showing, shared the guilt as well as the plunder. And now comes a doubt whether Lindsay was justly hanged after all?not a very strong doubt, it true, but one which shows the danger of Ranging men upon the testimony of accom- J fdices whose evidence enables them to escape he gallows. Hanging is bad enough where fcuilt is clearly established, but it is always to be deprecated when an accomplice purchases exemption at the cost of tho life of another. - * * JTK W YORK |?M|or Brace'* gpeeea?Why the Mouth is Democratic. The extraordinary attack upon the President and his Southern policy by Senator Bruce, the colored Senator from Mississippi, opens up a question, which has been frequently asked?Why is the South a democratic unit? Senator Bruce gives on e reason? | namely, that tha President has abandoned his friends, the colored men. Therefore we hear much talk from the re- \ publican leaders about the perils to the country of a "united South" and the necessity of voting down the democratic party, > because it has behind it a "solid South and sectionalism in politics is so dangerous an element, and has been so potent for mischief in our past history, that this cry promises to be very effectivo. It is useful to see 1 on what foundation it rests. There is no doubt that if one part of the Union is permanently arrayed against the other for some | selfish purpose, as was the case before the 1 war, when the South*was united for the one i end of spreading the area of slavery, or, as | happened in General Washington's time, J when the West was jealous of the East, this j is an inconvenience and may become a peril j to the whole country. This is properly sec- j tionalism ; and a sectional party, a party ! having at heart not the good of the whole Union, but the selfish advantage al a part of it, is undoubtedly mischievous. It is a fact that the Soflthern States are now solidly democratic. Does this make them sectional ? Wo think not ; for they have no sectional or selfish aim ; they do not seek to advance any selfish policy ; they have no objects in view, in their political agitation, inimical to the whole Union. It is an error, therefore, to speak of the present political condition of the South as "sectional" in the proper and usual sense of that word ; and one proof of this is seen in the fact that during and shortly after reconstruction the republican leaders themselves planned and hoped to make the South solidly republican by the overwhelming numbers of its colored voters, and believed they were in this following a quite legitimate political aim. Nevertheless, it is not a pleasant nor a uealtnlul thing that the whole ot a great ana important geographical section of the Union should deliberately join itself to one of the two political parties which divide the country. Instead of raising the mad-dog cry of sectionalism about it it would be far wiser to look for the causes of this phenomenon. We propose to examine them brieflj'. In 18G8, of fourteen Southern States?excluding Maryland?all but Georgia, Kentucky and Louisiana either cast their votes for General Grant or cast no vote. In 1872 Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee and Texas went democratic, and Louisiana was also fairly carried by them. In 1874 all the Southern States, except South Carolina and Mississippi, had become democratic. In 1875 the democrats carried also Mississippi; and at this time even South Carolina is not certain to remain republican. Thus, since the accession of General Grant to the Presidency the republican party has lost almost the Whole South, and this in spite of the fact that the federal power and influence?always very potent in the Southern States?have been used as they never were before since the foundation of the government, to maintain the republican ascendancy in those States ; and in spite of another fact, of equal importance, that there are in all those States two parties as strongly opposed by sentiment, opinion and tradition as the republicans and democrats in the North, and leaders in each of these parties ambitious for power and place and very ready to seize these from their opponents if the opportunity offered. How, then, is it that these two parties and their contending leaders have been welded into a solid mass of opposition to the republicans ? How is it that whigB and democrats have snnk their traditional animosities and jealousies all over the South and are found acting together ? If we examine the story of Southern politics during General Grant's Presidency we shall discover reasons quite sufficient to account for this remarkable coalition, without having to suppose a spirit inimical to the Union or the general welfare. We shall find that in ever}- Southern State where republicans have ruled they have boen incredibly ; corrupt and wasteful^ of the people's money ; they have robbed the taxpayers, until in many places their levies amounted to confiscation ; they have created vast State, county, city and even township debts, over and above the heavy taxation ; have destroyed the credit of the States they misruled ; have brought financial disgrace and ruin upon many communities, and while thus shamelessly plundering they have neglected all the most important duties of rulers ; have corrupted the courts of justice, encouraged'or tolerated lawlessness and crime, and refused all remedies for the people's wrongs. The people of the Southern States would not be Americans, thoy would hardly be human beings, if they rested content under such monstrous misgovernment as that of their republican rulers 1 has been. The result lias been that gradually, in most of these States, the decent and intelligent part of the whites has been driven into the democratic party. Louisiana, for in- i stance, is a whig State, and the whigs would , have carried it over to the republican party, but the corruption of that partjr repelled them so strongly that in the election of 1874 ! less than five thousand whites voted with the republicans, and these were almost vn iiu > iu> uiuci'-uonifrs ana ineir ]> rsoimi following. The same is true of Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi ami other Southern | States. It was not merely disgust at republican plundering which drove the white voters away from the republican party; it was because they could not stand the too long continued robbery, the exhausting hues, the heavy debts. Another cause justly confirmed their detestation of the republican rule. In their extremity they turned for help and justice to the federal government at Washington, and there both help and justice were contemptuously denied. They found the robbers favorites at the White House and influential in Congress, and their own complaints and remonstrances were rejected as those of "rebels." The President gave the federal . uationdute in the Sv?ui h to men Hka Snenccr. HERALD, SATURDAY, FE Dorsey, Packard, Casey and Ames, and these men were allowed to appoint to important federal offices in their States persons many tl dozens of whom have since been convicted ? of public plundering. Many others have r run away to avoid just punishments, while M most of them were mere adventurers and j political bummers. Nor was this all. The ^ President has seemed to take especial pleas- tl ure in making appointments which were t, simply insults to these Southern communi- ti "ties. Thus, when the revolutionary scheme of n Brooks failed in Arkansas and a republican tl Congress declared him to be in the wrong, tl General Grant appointed him Postmaster at ^ Little Rock, turning out an honest republi- g can to give Brooks the place. To one of tl Brooks' adherents he gave a consulship ; to B, another a post office. Yet these men had h just been pronounced by Congress guilty of v having planned a crime against the State which would in other countries have made n them outlaws. Aenin when two Conores- n ? -D , _ II' eional committees had declared the Louis- ti iana Returning Board of 1874 a fraud and p had overturned its verdict, the President at p once appointed Wells, the chairman of that t] Board, the chief perpetrator of this revolu- p tionury fraud, to ono of the most important n federal offices in the South, and the Senate e has lately confirmed him. When Alabama s, became democratic Spencer had still influ- p ence enough at the White House to procure B for his creature Ilines the Marslialship of 0 the State, and he would hold it to-day had e, he not been detected in committing frauds on r< the Post Office. When Mississippi, in turn, p no longer willing to bear the corrup- 0| tion and maladministration of Ames, e( becomes democratic by the help of honest tl repub^ans, Senator Morton tries to rip uf> ri the election by an investigation which has no warrant in the constitution and whose c single aim is to maintain the power of a set b of unscrupulous and lawless corruptionists. b When Governor Chamberlain in South Caro- (j lina trios to purify his party he is openly p denounced in Washington as "no better ]( than a democrat" q Is anything else needed to account for the c fact that the South is solidly democratic ? p With only fair and honest management at t< Washington four or five of these States would be strongly republican to-day; and, p what is of greater importance, in all of them a; parties would be divided on natural and C) proper issueB instead of on the color line, g, It is the fault of the administration at Wash- S1 inrrtnn that, this has net come about. The V. President Las deliberately and constantly taken the side of the plunderers in the d South. To them, and to them only, ho has shown boundless favor and given unfalter- B| ing support ; when the people of their States p repudiated them ho has given them federal w places ; when they appealed for help they ei got it ; when they misrepresented the South ti he believed them and refused to hear other ti evidence than theirs. And now the repub- p lican party is alarmed at the result. p a Mayor tVickham'i Power of Appoint- r( in e lit. 01 The resolution which has been adopted by the Assembly instructing its Committee on ^ Cities to consider the expediency of report- ^ ing a bill vesting in the Mayor of this city ^ the absolute power of appointment, without the consent of the Board of Aldermen, has a ^ suspicious look. A greater concentration of 11 responsibility in the hands of the Mayor 6 might be deemed expedient in a general re- e< vision of the charter, but as a separate 01 change it would be absurd. The public 1 opinion of the city will oppose it so long as n the general framework of the charter re- ^ mains in its present form. ' If tho heads of departments and commissioners came in 1 and went out with every new Mayor it might be wise to give him the sole power of rt appointment, and thus fix upon him alone 11 the responsibility for efficient administration. The idea of such complete authority ** would be to give each Mayor an ** unrestrained control of his subordinates ^ and leave him without excuse for permitting malversation, incompetence or negligence 01 on the part of any city officer. But to give I1 tho Mayor this absolute power of appointment without other fundamental changes ftI would subvert responsibility instead of en- ^ forcing it The commissioners and heads of departments hold for periods of four and C( six years, while the Mayor is elected for ^ only two. Such a bill as the Assembly has al in contemplation would, therefore, em- f1 power Mayor Wickham to appoint the sub- 11 ordinates of his successor in office. It would give him, for example, the power to ai appoint, next October, a now Comptroller as C( the successor of Mr. Green for the ensuing ri four years, although his own office would 41 expire in a little more than two months? 11 that is to say, he would appoint the prin- ? cipal subordinate of the next two Mayors. ^ The same illustration will apply in the case ? of every commissioner or head of a depart- v ment whose term expires within the present 44 year. We believe in concentrating responsi- P bility by giving every Mayor the choice w and control of his subordinates, but 01 such a bill as is proposed would P destroy the responsibility of subsequent 01 Mayors by enabling Mayor Wiekkam to ap- j point irremovable officers to serve under ^ them. There assuredly ought to be some I n cheek on the Mayor when he appoints subor- j al (linates for his successors. We should be j w glad to sec the present absurd system swept 01 away and all the heuds of departments have even terms with the Mayor. It would then be reasonable to let him appoint them, because their terms would all expire with his tl own, and his successor would have tlic same p liberty of choice. ] st This contemplated bill is probably a part L of the bargain made between Mayor Wick- ( c< ham and the republicans to prevent a thor- tl ough revision of the chartor and spring elec- n tions. He wishes to remain in office until ii next January. As a part of tho price ho has ol already appointed two republican Police fr Commissioners, and he is willing to give the tl republicans other important offices for long ci periods if the republican Legislature will re- ii lievo him from the necessity of submitting c! bis appointments to the Common Council b for continuation. si Ii Him Stajtord Northcotr'b Marine Insttb- t< AHcm bill, of which an outline comes by cable ai this morning, will attract groat attention ft among. shio owners and shippers, BRUAlir 12, 1876.?WITH Packing Boxes on Wkeels. Iu the operation of passenger traffic by be horse car companies it is to be supposed bat there is the same consideration of the elation between receipts and expenditures rhich is found in all other systematio en- 1 eavors to secure a profit. There is the urne effort to take in the utmost cent and tie same anxiety to lay oat an little as possile. Consequently the companies spare no rouble and even spend a great deal of loney to secure every tare, to prevent the heft of five cents, bocause the possession of hat five cents involves in principle their 'hole receipts. They equally give very reat thought to the economy of a dollar, for he same natural reason that every dollar aved is an addition to the difference they ope to make between what is taken in and rhat is paid out. Suppose any great commercial establishlent were able at a stroke of the pen to sup- , ress any one of its larger items of expendiure, or even to reduce such an item by one? alf, how great a difference this would make a its prosperity ! If Stewart, or Claflin, or he Flint Glass Company, or any other esiblishment that sends every week a vast umber of packages to retail traders in very part of the country, could avc all or half the money it costs 5 buy cases and pack the goods, that , : !t>no would often determine the prosperity ! ithstanding. But if the horse cars cannot , irry the public conveniently without loss, erhaps some of the rapid transit companies in ; and if the horse car companies are >rced to treat the public properly, and find lat with that condition annexed they canot make any money, that their franchises re really without value, then, perhaps, they 1 ill oppose a less strenuous opposition to the rganbcution of rapid transit I Protect Ion to Infants. Senator Booth has introduced a bill into le Legislature to prevont the sale and aprrnticeship of children to gymnasts and Tolling players. The case of 'Trince eo," which occupied the attention of the jurts last summer, seems to have suggested le necessity of this measure. The bill is a ecessity, and we hope it will be enacted ito a law. People who know nothing f the training necessary to fit a child for tho >ats of dexterity and strength exhibited on le "ham-fat" stage cannot conceive of the j ruelties and tortures which these precocious lfants are compelled to undergo. These tiildren are little old men when they should e still in their mothers' arms, and their miles and bows from behind the footglite are forced from suffering and snrs which come from the blows ad kicks of the trainer and the ? * ? ?* a.-? i ? * rrv. tun ana anciaontn 01 me inumuK- i fhoU bn>io?M ?# tniyuua cliildron,. into I I j I a season s iraue. iuauy luwcuttuva uu sonomize largely over their fellows in this jspect. Some charge all this to the cus?mer, and some pack in one case what thers, would put in three. This economy, ipecially in regard to glass, is limited by ' le requirement that the wares sent shall 1 3ach the customer in good order. But if lis requirement did not exist all our merhants would immediately become "bloated ( ondholders." Any dealer who now packs is artistic wares of glass, porcelain or other elicate material with due regard to safety J a transportation, must do it at a liberal outly for lumber; but if it was of no conseuence to him how it was delivered he ould grind up a set of porcelain in a morir, pack the shard in an old straw hat and ass the precious parcel into the express agon as it passed his door. No money for linber, none for hay or straw; no wages for n expert packer; no carman or horse and art required on the premises. He would o to Europe in a few years to spend the 1 aperfluity of his accumulations, and the est that rival tradesmen could hope would o to hear that he had been blown up by | ynamite. Now, this is just the position in which a :reet car company stands with regard to the eople. Its vehicles are packing boxes in hich so many passengers are sent from one ( ad of the line to the other, and the condion in which the goods reach their destina- ( on is of no Consequence to the company, rovided, only, injury stops short of such ' hysical maiming as will afford ground for suit at law. Absolved, therefore, from the >quirement to spread out the passengers in rderly rows down either sid^the packing ox; permitted to jam "tHem in with hyraulic pressure, from one-third to one-half le expenditure .for packing boxes and orsea to haul them is economized. Packed ke sardines down belo- and hanged like ams up above, the car tha >uld seat twenty lay be made to carry sixty. If any inenious person will sketch in his mind's ye, Horatio, a transverse section of a horse ; nr, with four-und-twenty passengers seated I us-ii-ins, he will immediately perceive that ot more than one-third the space is filled, j here is all the distance on either side be- I veen the passengers' heads and the roof uite empty. In the middle the space be- ' veen the passengers is unoccupied from the 1 jof to the floor. At least twelve can be put 1 a row down either side of this middle pace hanging by f^kaps and leaning over le heads of the seated passengers, while le space between these semi-pendent rows 1 as an unascertained capacity for stowage. ' Thus, if a car with seats for twenty four i ^ irries seventy-two, the company saves the rico of two packing boxes, the price and the >ed of four horses, the wages of two drivers 1 ud the wages and pilferings of two conuctors. If a company only has to support vo horses instead' of six, one driver and ' inductor instead of three, and to buy and eep in order instead of three cars only one, J ad can still take in just as much money om its traffic, the difference this must moke l its accounts is obvious. Some conuctors, slightly more idiotic than the rest, ?sure us that unless this sort of thing may ' 1 mtinue the companies will be made "bank- ' apt ; that, in short, the only profit of this I -affic is in its abuses ; that all the money ; lade by the car companies is simply coined I ' at of the inconvenience and the misery of j le people compelled to use these vehicles, j ' ur opinion on that hoad is that the sol- ! ency of the company will oftenor be found , ) turn on the condition of the conductors' j ockets?bell punches to the contrarv not- i . SUPPLEMENT; 1 gymnasts is as barbarous as Duri n^httag and bear baiting, and not only should it be prerented by law, but the publio should frown upon all places of amusement where little children are placed on the Btage to show the skill which persistent cruelty has imparted to them. What Dom This Baggage Smashing Bill Mean t The independent fraternity of baggage ' smashers has hardly recovered from the death of its groat chieftain, Thomas, the ' dynamite fiend, before it is called upon to endure another calamity. Not one of the order ever dealt a stronger blow to a Sara- ' toga trunk than Senator Cole dealt the other ( day to the whole body. The bill which he introduced into the State Senate makes baggage smashing a misdemeanor, and imposes a fine of twenty dollars or imprisonment upon railroad porters who commit it The phraseology of this bill is open to objec- | tion, for it makes a startling change in the meaning of our language. Baggage smashing has never been defined as a misde- ! meanor, but has always been recognized as an amusement. Thus Webster says:?"Baggage smashing?1. An athletic sport. 2. : The act of smashing baggage." Worcester ; defines it as "a popular railroad game, a playful relaxation." The late Chief Justice, ! Mr. Chase, in delivering the opinion of the Supreme Court-in the case of Delonoy vs. j Walton, said:?"After a careful review of the evidence I can see little difference between baggage smashing and base ball. Both are amusements requiring great strength, unusual skill and extraordinary nerve. The plaintiff claims damages in twenty thousand dollars, on the ground that he was struck in the eye by a Saratoga trunk which one porter was throwing at another. The defendant pleads that these porters, who were employed by him," were merely indulging in a harmless and innocent sport. The offer to produce the trunk was bold almost to rashness, but the Court was not j bound to admit this extremely fragmentary evidence. We cannot convict upon a broken lock, a torn strap and a few splinters of wood. (See Blackstono on Bridges, chap, xxi., p. 485), as evidence the trunk is not strong enough. The suit is, therefore, dismissed, with costs on the plaintiff. He may recover the trunk if ho can, but that is all the damages we may grant him." Here is the opinion of one of the ablest of American jurists, and it must be overturned before Senator Cole's bill can be considered sound. This view of the case is not invalidated by ' the fact that Chief Justice Chase said afterward, in private conversation with Mr. ' Charles O'Conor, who will remember the occasion, that he did not care who made the ' laws for the railroads so long as he was not compelled to take part in their amusements. In the one case he felt as a man, but in the other he acted ns^a judjje^ Baggage smashing having been thus recognized as a legal amusement can the Legislature constitutionally prohibit it? We are 1 sompelled to decide that it cannot, and also \ obliged to add that if it could it would make no matter. Any such law would be inoper- 1 itive for reasons which mijst be convincing to any impartial mind. Trunks are now ' made of the strongest materials. A stone 1 trunk has become quite popular, and an 1 iron-clad, oak plank, steel riveted, fireproof ' safe is often used by travellers. Socretary ; Robeson, as is well known, uses a con- j demned howitzer for a trunk. Yet the im- j provemcnt in baggage smashers is greater ' than the progress of mechanical invention. ' They are able now to smash a cannon, and, ( this being the case, will have no trouble in 1 smashing the Legislature, which is composed i ( of weaker material, more loosely put to- ( gether, than the trunks in common use. j Senator Cole is a strong man, bat they may : 1 pitch him out of a car window yet. Another serious objection to this bill is ! ' that it is special legislation. It attacks two c classes of citizens?first, the large and influ- I f ential order of baggage smashers, who would ! * be deprived of the only amusement they | have. During the centennial year probably three hundred thousand European trunks ' * will be brought to America, which this bill 1 would make useless to any one but their * owners. Is the order to be deprived of the 1 1 immense satisfaction it expects to gain from 1 this opportunity ? In the second place the , * bill attacks the business interests of the trunk ^ makers. Millions of dollars have been in- 1 vested in this city alone in trunk making upon ! the im^e^ faith with the State that it would 1 not legislate against the baggage smashers. : | Are we to destroy this business? We urge the Legislature to pause. We appeal to the Governor to interfere. Let no personal con- c siderations prevent him from discharging j s his publio duty. Let him banish his own j trunk from his head if this matter is ever brought before him. Sn? the Street Railroad Companies. 1 The only way to teach arrogant corpora- )( tions in this city that the publio has rights / which the companies are bound to respect is j to bring them into court This was done ? by a young man named Henry Friede, who ? was thrown from the front platform of a f Third avenue car and lost a limb in consequence. A jury gave him a t verdict of ten thousand dollars dam- 1 ages, and the company will bo compelled to pay it There are many other ( cases where suits ought to be brought and s damages recovered, an especially noteworthy one being reported in the Herald of Sunpay 1 last Mrs. T. J. Cummins, who resides in Eighteenth street, was going home in a Third tvenue car on Friday evening. When she reached her destination she desired the conductor to stop the car, but he disregarded her request and even a second request met with no attention. Attempting to get off irrVill o tlio aa* wna in ?1<a a > 1' nunc nuo x.?i non iu LUUliUU DIXC wus l>u I vn u violently to the pavement and suffered \ fractnre of the ankle joints, from which she will be an invalid for months. It is seldom a case so atrocious as this is made public, but it illustrates at once the-brutality of the servants employed by the companies, the avarice which brutalizes them and the disregard of the rights of passengers which characterize the management of our street railways. Under such conditions the proper course is to sue the companies and thus give the courts an opportunity to teach these grasping corporations that they have responsibilities viush wiU be enforced. rh? Hippodrome aad tU? KaUglou Ser* ten. So much excitement wan occasioned in the rity yesterday by the reports that found cir: ulation in reference to the Hippodrome that he Building Inspectors made a thorough lamination of the building. Their report are print in another column. The Inspector* report that all the doors now open outward, A. :a i. J iL.i ii _ _ nut overy uwr ia guaiueu, mm mere is a arge body of polioemen in waiting, a com. plete telegraph system, so that in the event >f the slightest alarm all the doors can be at >noe opened, and that there are fire extinguishers in every part of the building. Il would be criminal in the highest degre< neglect any precaution. A correipondent complains that the doors ar? aot opened before half-past seven, and thai persons who wiyli to hear the evangelists ' ire compelled to wait in the cold until that time. The committee inform us that tin reason for this is that if the doors wers opened earlier the room would be filled with loungers and the air would be poisoned. Furthermore, the evangelists say they do not want a mere crowd of cariosity hunters who would come in the afternoon and bring their suppers if a/Uowed, but the mechanics and workingmen, who jannot be through their dinner before half-past seven. Of course there will L>e some hitcbes in accommodating those vast multitudes ; but too much care cannot be taken to make the building safe and comfortable. Now that the attention of the committee and the authorities has been called to the subject we are glad to foel that the utmost vigilance is shown, and we trust it will uot bo in any way relaxed. Centennial Nominations. " .-.4The correspondent quoted in the HoitAiiD of yesterday, who proposes Charles Francis Adams for President and John Jay for Vico President, as centennial candidates, on the ground that Mr. Adams is the grandson of the great Adams and Mr. Jay the grandson of the*illustrious Chief Justice, and that wo should have some Revolutionary blood in the canvass, does not go far enough. If we are to have Revolutionary candidates in this, our centennial year, we should have Revolutionary democrats as well as republicans. We think that even Mr. Blaino will concede that there are good democrats t in this country who have the purest blood, so far as Revolutionary patriotism is concerned. Unhappily we have no descendant Df the peerless Washington, or we could elect him without opposition. But we have others. Why not have a national ticket embracing the North as well as the South? Strange as it will undoubtedly appear to Mr. Blaine and his friends, there were Southern men in those glorious times who deserved weu^i tneir country ana wnose memories wiil be green in this'year of independence. Wiiy not have John Quincy Adams, ot Massachusetts, as the democrat^ can^jdat.i for President and Wade Hafhpton, oTHouth Carolina, or Fitz Hugh Lee, of Virginia, foi Vice President? Adams, "Johnny Q.," as ha is called, is the great grandson of John AdaniB and the grandson of John Quincy Adams. He is a first cjass, true blue, oldfashioned democrat, while Wade Hampton and Lee havo in their blood the best stock ol the Revolutionary South. It would be interesting to see Charles Francis Adams, the father, running against ? "Johnny Q.," the son. But this would tranquillize the canvass. The republicans could burl the commandments at the son if he lared to say a word against the father, and the father would compel the radical orators to respect his parental pride. The only irator who would abuse Mr. Jay is General Van Buren. Ho is in Japan, and probably rould not hear who is nominated until all ras over. The fact that Hampton and Lee doth fought in the rebellion is unfortunate, >r would be if this year were not to be largely jiven to the celebration of the greatest rebelion in history. The Railroad Excitement in Wisconsin las broken out anew in connection with the lending proceedings in the Legislature fox nodifying the foolish Potter luw. An organization has been formed to defeat the amendnents unless various railroads will agree to leavy reductions in their charges for freight, rhe particulars of this movement are given n our despatch from Milwaukee. The Bill to require employes of the jovernment of New York to reside within the imits of the city has been reported adversely o the State Senate. The country members dearly do not want their constituents to pend their time away from home. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Isn't there a great deal of Buncombe and bunting la be Senate discussion on the Centennial appropriation f Senator John Sherman, of Ohio, arrived In thecitjr ast evening from Washington and Is at the Firth Lvenue Hotel. A Western republican paper iqgffosla that the name ?' if JeflT Davis take the place of that of Cassias M. CI. 17 n the proposed democratic ticket for Vice President. 'he great Southern Caesar dead, there would be some iropnety in tbo democracy turning to Clay. Mr. Barney Williams calla upon the legal profession 0 erect a monument in memory of the late James T. irady, and promises his aid, which would no doubt be iberally given, In behalf of the proposed testimonial. Jr. Brady woa great reputation at the New York Bar, nd Mr. Barney Williams' suggestion deserves the con deration of the profession. ''Query" sends the following contributions to the lonkling complete rhymster:? Why should we to John cling To lead us to detest, When, surely, with Fred. Conkllng We'd whip the dents so ncatf Or this:? Let's to the dogs old John fling. He surely can't succeed As well at handsome Conkllng. Indeed, indeed, indeodl The Uneoln Club In ward Right has flung its gorgeous >anncr to the breeze, bearing the Inscription, "Our :hoice lor President, Roscoe Conkllng." There I* not nuch poetry tn this, but the members of the club ns loubt believe there Is a good deal of truth in IU Says the Chicago rimes ?"When the military court ras gathered in Chicago for the purpogo of finding % illle whitewash for Babeoclt ?a Job that was spoilod by he promptness of the St Louis Grand Jujy?General tan cock presented a well written and forcible argunent in favor of adjourning the inquiry until the civil lUthoritles had disposed of the case. The paper atracted no little attention, and the General was highly lommendcd by many for tne ability he dlsplayod in letting with an Important point of constitutional law. tnd now it appears that Hancock deserves no more of be credit of that paper than the mere reading of it, md that Its real author was Jero. Buck. ol pajuasvi. rani*. "