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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 23, 1876, Image 5

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CABLE NEWS
From All Parts of the
Old World.
MACMAHON AND BUFFET.
Th? Moral Fnrrn. nf "Franm SnstalrK
Republicanism.
CARL.ISM CONQUERED
Destructive Floods in the Austrian
Territory.
BRITISH FREEDOM.
Latest from Italy, Germany, Australasia
and Other Quarters.
FRANCE.
THB POBTilO LOOKING FOB A HEW PREHTBB?
THE WATIOit PXACBFTJLLT BETOEUTIOHIZSD
TO BEPtTBLICABIHM.
Pa rib, Feb. 22, 1878.
It Is Dot yet known to whom President MacMahon
will Intrust the formation of the new Cabinet.
eaxekttist OrWIO* OF the coxseqrexcrs OF THE
lectio*.
The Republique Fran^aise (Gambetta'a organ) of today
says that the Buffot Cabinet will have to render an
account to the country of Its administration of public
lion, except In a republican sense, Is now impossible.
mora l force
The republican papers comment upon the calm and
tranquil manner In which the country associated Itself
with republican Ideas.
RESIGNATIONS FROM THE MINISTRY?M. BDriUBE
S MATERIALS FOR A NEW CABINET.
Paris, Feb. 22, 1878.
It la stated that President MacMabon has called en
If. Dufaure to take cbargo of the Ministry of the Interior
until the mooting of the Chambers
BUFFET USELESS.
M. Bcffot resigned on tbe ground that he was no
longer possessed of sufficient authority to conduct the
administration.
dukacrt's advice to the president.
It Is said that M. Dufaure advised the President to
Maintain tbe Cabinet as now constituted until the
Chambers meet, Instead of forming an ad interim Ministry.
Tbe question of Intrusting M. Dufaure with the for?
tnation of a new Ministry baa, however, been under
consideration.
WHAT MAT ItArPES.
Should M. Dufaure accept the task, it Is thought that
Eay, Caiilaux, Clssey and Decazes will retain their portfolios,
and Casiroir-Pdrler, Renault or Waddingtou will
take the Ministry of the Interior.
All the above belong to tbo Left Centra or moderate
Left.
OUT OF OFFICE.
M. DesJardins, Under Secretary of State, and M. Leo,
Director of the Press, have resigned.
fHI BALLOT RETURNS ALL IN?PABTT CLASSIFICATION
OF THE MEMBERS ELECT.
Paris, Feb. 22?Evening.
Tbe last ol tbe election returns are now in.
Tbe members elect are classified as follows:?
Republicans IDS
Conservative republicans 75
Benapartists 64
Legitimists 26
Conservatives 24
Constitutionalists 20
Radicals 17
Second ballots In 106 districts are necoesary.
the left centre shorn of its power.
H is expected that when all the elections are decided
the republicans will bare 283 seats. Of these It Is estimated
that the Left will hold 156 and the Extreme
Lett 88; so these two sections united will have a work.
Ins majority in the Chamber without the assistance of
the Lett Centre.
The leaders of the Lstt Centro are mneh concerned
at the prospect.
k- thiers to choose.
M. Thiers will probably take his seat in the Chamber
it Deputies, Instead of the Senate, In order to modertte
the zeal of the republicans.
M. BTTrFIT'S BE8IQ NATION ACCEPTED.
Paris, Feb. 23, 1876.
Lt Soir announces that the President has accepted
U Ballet's resignation.
SPAIN.
ALFONSO IN TO LOS A.
Madrid, reb. 22, 1374
King Alfonso entered Tolosa yesterday alternoon.
The royalists had previously carried all the heights
tear the town.
sax 8kba8t1ax.
Bis Majesty the King is expected at San Sebastian
today.
siotixo ox rsxxaxa
General Martlnes Campos' army la marehlng npon
Sernanl.
dox carlos.
Despatches received yesterday annotinee that Don
Sarlos was in the Beaten valley.
CUE CAJULJST CATJSB SAID TO BB LOST AND
BOPELBS8.
Paws, Feb. 22, 1874
The Carltst General DorTegaray has taken refuge on
French soil.
The Carllst cause Is now considered here as hopelessly
lOfch
TILL RETREATING TO FRANC*.
Madrid, Feb. 22?Evening.
The Carltst leaders Seballs, Pinal, Morales and Ltsartags
have entered Franca
VATICAN ADDRESS TO DON CARLOS.
Ross, Feb. 22. 1874
It Is announced thet the Vatican haa informed Don
Carina that he ought to stop fighting now that success
Is hopeless.
f BB ALFONSIST BNTBT TO TOLOSA? MOVEMENTS
OF THE TOUTHFUL MONARCH.
Loxdox, Feb. 23, 1874
a despatch to the Standard from Tolosa says ss the
Alfoaatste entered that city the Cartisu retreated
towara Aisasua ana me Amozcoaa jiounimn*.
Alfoeso left To,oca Tuesday morr.inf and reviewed
the armlet of General* Loma, Mori one* and Campoa,
which ware drawn np on the road from Tolosa to Hernan
I.
H* Tltltad Hernanl afterward and entered San Sebastian
amid (real popular enthusiasm. The citadel
and Oeet tainted him.
OLOBY TO GOD.
Mammd, Fab. 55. 1ST?.
A 'To Deam" was tun; In the Cathedral here to day
for King Alfonso's entrance into Tolosa.
WATtltlAI. SAINS.
It !s officially announced that the royalists captured
tbirty-si* cannon betide* tboae captured In Toloaa.
tub WAK INDID.
It may now be considered that the war la virtually at
an end.
SRI ClICRCR.
The Archbishop of Toledo and other prelates have
pelitlooed the Cortei to grant Catholic unity and pro- ;
Sibil any other worship In Spain.
TUX KINO AND TTtB AOUY.
Loxnott, Feb. 35, 1S7A,
A detpn&h lo the aV??m from Sea Sehaatian state^
NEW TORE.
that Alfonso alio rlslted Andoaln and Santa Barbara,
aad was rteeired with wild enthusiasm.
Tb? King bald a renew of troops bars.
General* Morton**, Qnesada and Campos aocompaated
htm.
TBB EK-QCZBM AND HUB 809.
I-osdos, T*b. 23,1878.
Tbe Times' Paris despatch says: ? It seems to be
now decided that as soon as tbe Carlist war ts over sxQueen
Isabella will enter dpain.
Kine Alfonso will meet her at the frontier and conduct
her to the capital.
oovfo MinTDirm
Madrid, Teb. 25, 1878.
It t? ?fflelalty confirmed thai General Dorregarray
has bass interned tn Franca.
ENGLAND.
rxtbadrriow treaties negotiations?newfoundland
fisheries fights?tux antislavkby
question.
London, Feb. 22, 1876.
In tha House of Commons this craning Hon. Robert
Bourke one of the Under Secretaries for the Foreign
Department, tn reply to a question said tha government
was now negotiating extradition treaties with
the South American Slates, and also for Daw ones with
Russia, Franca. Belgium and the United States.
tdb fisheries ditmcultt with france.
Answering a quostion with regard to the fisheries, Mr.
James Lowther, ona of tha Under Secretaries for the
Colonial Department, said the government was certainly
not recognizing the exclusive right of Franca to
the fishing at Newfoundland. The question was now
| before a joint commission and he had strong hopes
[ that an amicable settlement would be reached.
no compounding with 8lavrry.
Mr. Samuel Whltbread, liberal member for Badford,
moved a resolution " that In the opinion of the
House a slave once admitted on board a British vossel
should be treated as free and should not be romoved or
ordered to leave the ship on the ground of slavery;
also that all orders, circulars and instructions to the
contrary should be withdrawn."
till strath -clydh- franco nta disaster.
The Board of Trade Inquiry into the Strath-Clyde disaster
has been fixed for next Tuesday, the 20ib. The
steamship Franconia hat consequently been detained
here by the authorities.
weather report.
The weather to-day is dulL
the stays circulars of the cabinet debated
ix parliament.
London, Feb. 22. 1876.?Night.
In the House of Commons to-night Mr. Whltbread,
mf moer ior tjeaiora, movea a resolution in regard to
the treatment of fugitive slaves, calling for tho revocation
of the recent circulars issued by the Admiralty.
He asserted that theso Instructions, seDt to the commanders
of our men-of-war, Indicated on Inclination on
the part or the government to abandon the traditional
policy of England In regard to slavery.
Mr. Hanbury, member for Taniworth, a liberal conservative,
moved as an amondment to the resolution
''that it Is desirable to await further information from
the Royal Commission appointed to Inquire in tho subject."
He maintained that the circulars contrasted
favorably with those Issued by tho
liberal government Ho argued that when
tho Untted States and Russia wcro great
slave-owning Powers they would not have tolerated
the bigh-hanJed doctrines which were now proclaimed.
It would not be creditable for England to take up a
position now which she could not have maintained
against them.' He advised the House to hesitate beioro
attempting, by a mere declaration of its feelings,
to enforce tho observance of Inglish municipal
law upon loreign nations. The government
wore quite Justified in referring the
subject to a commission, if only for the objoct of seeing
to what extremity it could puBh English municipal
law In favor of tho slave and in order that tho question
might not be decided under the Influence of popular excitement.
Mr. Foster believed both policy and law would vindicate
the position that a slave once received on a
British man-of-war could not be surrendered. There
was not a single constituency In the conntry which
would not at once repudiate the idea of waiting for the
report of tho commission.
Sir John Holkor, Attorney General, declared that tho
lost circular correctly defined the law,
Mr. Gathorno Hardy, Secretary of State for War, said
the government hoped by s of the commission to
be able to reconcile the malntt. aoe of tho utmost extent
of personal liberty with their own International
obligations and good faitb toward friendly nations.
He pointed to the act passed by tbe liberal government,
empowering colonial courts under certain circumstances
to restore slaves illegally captured, as a proof
of tbe Inconsistency of the opposition.
The debste wss sdjourned.
GERMANY.
BrRi.iv, Feb. 23, 1870.
Tbe Federal Council has accepted the hill passed by
the Roichstsg amending the penal code.
AUSTRIA.
DRSTBUOTIVX FLOODS?ONE HUNDRED AND
TWXNTT HOUSES SWEPT AWAT.
London, Feb. 22, 1871
The Daily Ifewt has special telegram from Vienna
announcing the occurrence of most disastrous floods in
the provinces of Upper Austria ana Moravia
So far as heard from 120 houses have been destroyed.
ITALY.
Rous, Feb. 22, 1871
The Italian Minister at Vienna will be created an Ambassador.
AUSTRALASIA.
Sydskt, Feb. 22, 1871
The submarine cable between Sydney and New
Zealand has been ssccessfully laid and opened for
traffic
THE -JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY.
Baltimori, Md., Feb. 22, 1$71
Tbo formal inauguration of Professor D. a Gilraan,
as President of the Johns Hopkins University, took
place to-day at the Academy of Music, which was
packed from the orchestra circle to the upper gallery.
Governor John I.ee Carroll presided. The stage and
orchestra were occupied principally by invited guests,
among whom were President Eliot, of Harvard; President
While, of Cornell; President Welling, of Columbia
College, D. C.; President Garnett and Vice President
Nelson, of St. John's College, Annapolis; Professors
Brush, Brewer snd Eaton, of Vale; Goyot, of
Princeton; Gtldersleeve, of the University of Virginia;
Johneton, of the Washington l^e University, of Virginia;
Johnson, of St. John's, Annapolis; Mayor P. G.
Latrobe; the Judges of the Uulted States Clrcntt Court
and of the city courts; members of tbe Bar and alt the
prominent clergymen o! the city.
The exercise* were ol the aimplest character and
were opened with prayer by the Kev. Dr. Randolph.
of the Kmanuel Protestant Kpitcopal church, followed
bjr * brief addre** by President Kliot, of Harvard; a
long one by President Unman. and concluded with
prayer bv Dr. Randolph The John* Hopkins University
will be opened in October, and if the foreshadow*
ing* of tia President In bis inaugural address to-day
are earned into effect ibis munificently endowed unirerslty
will be a normal school for professors and
scientific Investigators only.
FAILURES IN MONTREAL.
Mostkssl, Feb. 21, 1ST&
Detlale Brolhera k Co., hardware merchant*, of this
City, have suspended payment. Their direct liabilities
are about $60,000 and indirect liabilities, $.30,000.
The liabtiitiea of the absconding merchant, A. C.
Sutherland, o! S'.therland ,tt Fleming, are in the neighborhood
ol $ii.0<Xi. It is believed the fugitive has gone
to San Francisco.
WIDOW VAN COTT.
Focoftit KFfsia, Feb. 22, 18T&
The quarterly Methooist Confeaence of the Roughkeeptie'dutricl,
representing over forty suiions, convened
here to-day, Reports from ministers show that
extensive revivals are in progreas in nearly all of their
charges. The Widow Van Colt will arrive here en
Thursday and take charge of the revival* In this city,
boil sixty miniiters are in lew*.
HERALD, WEDNESDAY, ]
WASHINGTON.
A Bill to Prevent Whiskey Frauds
and Whiskey Rings,
FINANCIAL POLICY OF THE DEMOCRATS
Action of the National Democratic Committee
and its Indications.
"TUB FIRST BLOOD FOR HENDRICKS."
h RUM OUR REGULAR CORRESPONDENT.
Washisutos, Feb. 22. 1874
THE CODIFICATION AND SIMPLIFICATION OF
THE INTEBNAL BEVENUE LAWS - HOW WHISKEY
RINOS ARE TO BE PREVENTED IN FUTURE.
Thoso who have been astounded at the extent and
enccess of the great whiskey frauds ont West will
appreciate the purpose ofthe committee of the Wine and
Spirit Traders' Socloty of the I'nltcd States, who are
here to gel Congress to pass a bill to codify and simplify
the Internal Revenue laws relating to the MX on
distilled spirits.
The Committee ts composed of tbo following named
gentlemen:?G. W. Kidd, of tho firm of George W.
Ktdd ii Co., successors to & N. t'iice k Co.; J. I.ienan
k Co.; Wm. M. Flioss, of Wm. M. Fliess k Co. j Colonel
C. Ma R. I.o?ser, of J. H. Smith's Sons and John
Traecy, of John Traccy k Co., Chairman o( Committee.
The bill will be introduced this week by Mr. Meade,
of New York. It is claimed that the illegitimate production
of spirit has been a great injury to honest
business. A few men in collusion with ofllcers have
robbed the government of millions of dollars and
nearly ruiued the legitimate liquor trade of the country.
It Is estimated that two or more revenue officials
are associated with every prlvato defrauder. No
riug can be complete without the co-operation
of tho supervisor, collector, deputy collector,
storekeeper and ganger of the district To
remedy these evils and prevent fraud and irregularities,
It is proposed to dclocahzo the rovenuo officials. Under
the present system $5,060,000 aro paid in salaries. The
bill reduces the amount to $1,936,000; also tho present
tax to Ofty cents a gallon,
it is sail that tho experience of tho four years, from
: July, 1864, to July, 1868, showed, with a tax ol $1 50,
| during six months, and $2 during tbo remaining three
and a half years, an averago yearly Income of
$2,727,408, and that of the six and a half years, from
July, 1868, to January, 1875, with a tax practically
at seventy cents, an average yearly Incomo of
$27,139,856, thus showing a surplus of nearly $5,500,000
annually In favor of the lower rate, In spite of the tact
that the volume of business was notoriously Svcry
much greater during the years when the higher tax
prevailed.
The other provisions of the bill aro In substance as
follows:?Salary of Commissioner raised to $8,000 a
year; Deputy Commissioner to $0,000; ten Supervisors
with a salary of $5,000 each, In bonds of $100,000
gaeh; 50 Collectors at a salary of $4,500, bonds of
$100,000; 150 Deputy Collectors, salary of $2,000
bonds of (20,000 ; 500 gaugers, salary
$1,500, bonds $10,000 ; 600 storekeepers, salary
$1,200, bonds of $10,000. All those officers to bo aj>pointad
by tho President and continued by tho Senate.
The President also has power to appoint temporary
storekeepers and gaugers without confirmation when
absolutely necessary according to limitations specified
In bill, but such appointments to be valid only for ono
year. Tho Commissioner assigns the officers
to stations, but no officer is allowed to
remain at tnc same station longer than six months,
nor are two or more officers serving together allowed
to bo changed at tho same timo to tho same station.
Officers aro allowed two per cent additional compensation
for each year's faithful sorvlce without suspension
for misconduct, for which elaborate provisions are
made; all commissions to hold during the pleasure of
tho President. All bonds most be approved by United
Stales Judge and Commissioner and to
hold without regard to locality and
arc conditioned that officers shall obey superiors. The
exportation of spirits is allowed at present with additional
safeguards. The powers of supervisors aro enlarged,
and they are specially charged with tho duties
of surveying distilleries, upon which mainly dopends
the amount of liability of each distiller. The penalties
against official malfeasance are Increased, but the
principal object of this part of the bill Is
to render the profession so honorable that
no officer will stoop to defraud, and, by detaching
It from local political influences and extortions, tho
profession will be as free from corruption as the military
or naval service. This portion of the law has
been framed after the successful revenue systems of
foreign countries with modifications necessary to our
torm of government. Penalties against distillors
are Increased, as for Instance the fine of three
times the amount of fraud Inatead of double
the amount as now. The abolition of
stamps Is purposed, because It Is claimed that
Hated by their use the second time as was recently
the ease In Chicago and lit. Louis. Penalties
against unlicensed distillation are heavy and an
ample force of officials provided for Its suppression,
but the entire esptonago' over the aealor Is withdrawn
for the reason that the lax, being on manufactured
spirits only, must be obtained from the manufacturer,
and the present large force, the expensive officials and
cumbersome system of forms of books for dealers,
have proved Inefficient to collect the tax, and are claimed
to be a plausible cover for fraud. However, guilty collusion
of dealers with manufacturers Is very heavily
punished by fine and Imprisonment. The distinction
between rectifiers and wholesale dealers Is abolished.
Wholesale dealers' license Is fixod at $200,
with privilege of retailing without furtner payi
meats, and retail licenses remain at $25, the
j present price; transportation of spirits In bond
' is permitted under severe restriction to warehouses at
I points designated by the Secretary of the Treasury;
| spirits are allowed to remain in bond for a period not
) longer than three years, that fine whiskeys may have
i time to ripen before consumption; allowance for leak |
age in warehouse la restricted to seven and a half per
i cent, for one year, twelve and a half for two years snd
seventeon snd a half for three yerrs; the regulations
for exportation are claimed to be more fully defined
than now and greater restrictions imposed.
The committee say that, so iong as Congress refuses to
I listen to the advice of old and experienced members of
honorable firms, tl may expoci to have an Imperfect
system of collecting tho revenue. They urge that It is
for the interest of all leading houses to have the tax
collected uniformly throughout the country.
THE SELECTION OF ST. LOUIS BT THE NATIONAL
DEMOC RATIO COK1UTTZE ANI) WHAT IT INDICATES.
The Democratic National Committee, after a session
lasting until nearly midnight, decided upon St. Louis
as the place and the 27th of June at the time for holding
'.he Presidential nominating convention. St. Louis
had the lead from the start as the choice
of the committee, and, after a few ballots,
got a majority of votes This selection Is taken to be
; s decision of more or less weight In favor of Hendricks
; as the candidate for the nomination, notwithstanding
! the assertions snd pledges almost given that the place
! would have nothing to do with Indicating or favoring
j any one candidate to the prejudice of another. As a
leading democrat said to-night, when he hoard St.
I.ouis was agreed npon, "Well, that is first blood for
Hendricks,"
That the place was likely to have more or less Influence
ir. respect to randidatea was also Illustrated In the
i small vole cast for Cincinnati. As the members of the
i committee explained. Ohio has two if not threo r.andiiaisi
fii Thtirtmn I'^ndSitlnn and Allien a? iha
i strife at lite door*, tfnoimaide the Convention, K held
1 la Cincinnati, would, to say the least, he unseemly.
The tarr.ous Pendleton cohort might again parade tho
atreet* around the convention ball aad attempt an tn|
fluenee tn favor of the gre.-nback heresy which would be
fatal to the party in the East Hence 3t Lonia
| was taken a* a sort ot Boston Four Corners, a neutral
| ground on which all the various candidates' followers
t
FEBRUARY 23, 1876.-WITI
tight meet and aaUla the matter Id dispute without
State or local interference.
So Tar as the action of the committee tonight
may be taken as a criterion?and
the raluc of the criterion Is within everybody's
power to estimate for himself?the first
choice for the Presidential nomination ?ecir.s to be j
Hrndricks, the second Tburman and the third General
Hancock. The Western democrats are disposed to
break up the two-thirds rule for the National Convention,
and the discussion thereupon was a most signilleant
portion of the proceedings to-night- The monejr
question was resolutely kept out of sight
THE DEMOCRATIC FINANCIAL POLICY NOT YET
DEFINITIVELY SETTLED?THE CAUCUS COMMITTEE
STILL UNDECIDED.
The Democratic Congressional Caucus Committee met
again to-day at Senator Thurman's house to prepare a
financial policy, but still failed to agree upon a measure.
The committee seem to be as far ss ever from
reaching a result. So far tho only matter which has
received the sanction of a majority voto of
the committee was a naked proposition that
the resumption law should not be repealed until something
nlso was provided to take Its plsco, and even this
result was reached negatively?viz., by voting down
the proposition as It came from Mr. Uolman, In the
simple affirmative form that (he law should bo repealed.
The adverse vote by which this motion was
rejected was given the Interpretation above mentioned.
SECRETARY BRISTOW AND THE NEW HAMPSHIRE
CAMPAIGN.
Republicans in New Hampshire prominently engaged
? f,......... ... . .... uiu1|iii>8u hivtl>|>ucu
to-dav to republican Senators thai If Socroiary Bnstow
leaves the Cabinet, cither by being forced out or
by resigning, the republicans may abandon all expectation
of carrying tho Stnte. This news has produced a
Itrong cfieri here. It has thoroughly alarmed the politicians,
who do not feol that they can afford to lose
New Hampshire.
GRANT'S CABINET.
A TMtBITOBIAIi GOVEBNOB TO FILL ANT
VACANCY.
III. doming ton, III., Feb. 22, 1878.
{tollable Information has been received hero that
Governor John I* Kouit, Territorial Governor of Colorado,
has received unofficial information that, should
the prosent lack of harmony in Grant's Cabinet result
in tne removal oi any of its members, he Is to bo
chosen to fill the place.
GOVERNOR KELLOGG ON THE WARPATH.
New ori.xans, Feb. 22, 187ft.
Governor Kellogg squares off with the conservatives
by bringing iho City Administrators before the
Grand Jury of the parish, on a charge of diverting
the funds of the city Irom their legitimate purposes.
Kellogg further threatens to roako a political speech
In which no will arraign conservatives for attempting
to Bribo republican legislators. He promises to
give names and data.
___________________
ILLINOIS REPUBLICANS.
Chicago, Fob. 22, 1878.
The Republican State Central Committee was In session
here to-day, Hon. C. II. Farwell in the chair.
There was a large attendance of prominent repnblicans
of this State.
it was decided to hold tho Stato Convention at
Sprlngtlold, on May 24, when Presidential electors and
delegates to tho National Convention will be elected.
PATRIOTIC CARNIVAL AT PROVIDENCE.
Providence, Fob. 22,1878.
Tho ladles'Contcnnial Kxecutive Committee held a
carnival of authors at Music Hall to-night, which was
attended by Governor Llppltt, Mayor Doyle and many
other distinguished persons. The aflair was a brilliant
success and will be repeated this oreniug.
DENVER AND RIO GRANDE RAILWAY.
Coi.oraik) Springs, Col., Feb. 22, 1876.
Tho track of the Denver and Rio Grande Railway
reached Cucharas to-day. Cucharas Is fifty miles
south of l'ueblo, and Is tho point from which tho San
Juan and Del Norte trade will leave the railway. Tho
track laying will be pushed rapidly froin Cucharas to
Trinidad, forty miles further.
SUSPENSION OF A COTTON BUYER.
New Orleans, Feb. 22, 1878.
1. II SCUCI.IIJ uuutiim >U<? ?"(> U"UU, niliuu
buyer, and recently President of tho Mechanics and
Traders'Dank, has suspended. A leading broker says
that it amounts only to a demand lor extension.
A DEPUTY POSTMASTER ABSCONDS.
Dktboit, Mich., Feb. 22, 1878.
Deputy Postmaster Henry Oafces, of Flint, Mich., absconded
to-day, taking with htm all the money and reg terod
letters in the Post Ofllco. Amount not known.
MIDNIGHT WEATHER REPORT.
WAR DsPARTMEfT, )
Otpicr or thb Cnirr Sigral oppickr, |
Washisoton, L). C., Feb. 23?1 A. M. J
I'robabiHtiet.
Tn (be South Atlantic and Gtilf States, rising and
high barometer, frosh and brisk northwest to northeast ,,
winds, decidedly colder and clear woather will prevail,
succeeding occasional coast rains, with a continued
"norther" in tho SouthweRt.
ft In Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, the Lako region, the
Middle States and Now England, rising and high barometer,
brisk to high northwest to north winds, decidedly
cold and clear, or partly cloudy weather, except light
snows from the lower lakes to New Kngland.
In the Upper Mississippi and Lower Missouri valleys
high succeeded by falling barometer, cold northerly
winds, shifting to warmor easterly or southerly, and
clear or partly cloudy weather.
The Ohio River will continue falling at Cincinnati
and Louisville.
TH* WEATHER YESTEREAY.
The following record will show the changes In the
temperature for the past twenty-four hours, in comparison
with the corresponding date of last year, as indicated
by the thermometer at Hudnut's pharmacy,
Hbralo iiuilding'?
1S7&. 1871 187S. 1871
3 A. M 2d .16 8:30 P. If 11 3d
? A. M 25 3d 6 P. M 35 3d
9 A. M 2d 34 9 P. M 37 35
12 M 35 33 12 P. M 3d 35
Average temperature yesterday 35
Average temperature for corresponding dale last
33X
THE SMUGGLED DIAMONDS.
To thr Suitor op thb Hkrald:?
Permit me to correct a few misrepresentations made
In your Friday's number (18ih Inst,) as regards the
above-mentioned article. Tbe diamonds sold by
order of the United States Marshal consisted
of only eight numbers, comprising in all thirtyfour
brilliants. They could not possibly have
been appraised forty per cent above currenry, glO.oOO,
or anything near it, as the superficial valuation made by
me ol these stones amounted only to $3,120, currency.
The diamonds realized altogether $3,587 60 currency,
and while Not. 1, 8 and 8 were sold rather under
their market value the other Ave lots fetched prices
ranging between thirteen to sixty per cent above their
market value. There was neither e stone of ldX
carats, nor one sold tor $800?as erroneously stated la
your article. I am, sir, yours truly,
R. H., an expert In diamond*
WOULD TAX JOBS PATIENCE.
N?w York, Feb. 14, 1871
To thr Editor or thu Herald:?
"God blest that noble sheet 1" Is my mental ejacula.
tion every ttme 1 take It up and see it battling for the
j rights ef the poor human animals who seem to have
forgotton what their rights are. 1 am (unfortunately
i for myself) a regular rider on that meanest of mean
lines?the second avenue. As ! get on pretty well down,
1 usually pay my fare and take my strap. 1 never do
so without swelling with indignation to think what
any one that has his or ner living to make is subjected ta
And when at timet one Is almost thrown over when
rounding one of tho many curves, to be grinned at by
the dirty, seini-clad wretches w ho are more fortunate in
having secured a toet, no doubt the gentlemanly pro.
prietori of those pe?i boxes would shrug their shoddy
' shoulders and say that ail leinales riding ai seven or halt- .
; past seven o'clock in the morning were only shop girls, t
and, therefore, have no right to be either delicately or- I
gar. I ted or sensitive. Woll ft would be lor themselves if
mr/ nvi. . oiii -wiu ii vir-u #ni? iifti riuurn on a
fcecond arcnu'* car bia reputation lor patience would
have been Irrrtrterably Ion. It 11 enough to make I
ma algfc, "Oh! for a home in ror.o vast wilderness." ,
| will not bora yon at greater length. dear Kdttor, bnt i
wl!l >ay, In conclusion, that I am posture I giro ?xpr<-a ton
to the sentiments of hundred* whet I add, '-liod I
b!?sa the Herald! and may the Editor always have a
, seat* but uarex sal aitfaasl' A HaKUEB OK. I
I SUPPLEMENT.
THE CALIFORNIA RACE.
*
The Four-Mile Heat Event
Decided.
,
FOSTER THE WINNER.
Sas Frascwco, Cat, Feb. 22. 1*78.
The attendance to-day at the Kay District Course to
witness the four miles and repeat race for a purso of
(o0,000 was rery large. It Is estimated that jo.ouo
persons were present. Tho track was In flue condition
and the weather lair, with a light wind.
Rutherford was the favorite In the pools at $1,000,
with Foster $500, Golden Gate 1-35, Katie 1'ease $14
and the field $140, selling very lively.
After considerable delay the horses were called for
the start at ten minutes to three F. M. Katie Pease
drew the pole, Rutherford second, and Foster, Hock
Hocking, Chance, Revenue, Jr., and tioddeu Gate in
the order named.
thi hack.
First /ftof.?Tho horses got away at the third attempt
well together, with Chance a little ahead. On
tho back stretch Hock Hocking took the lead, passing
the halt-mile pole in one minute, hut fell behind at the
turn, Chance leading to the score, Foster tecoud,
Rutherford third unit tho others well together a little
behlud. Time, 2:02>$. In the second mile Rutherlord
and roster drew ahead of Chance, the
rest bunched, aud maintained that position to
tho score. Time, 1:53>i. Cuance now began to flag,
and on the third mile whs pressed by Katie Pease.
Rutherford maintained a slight lead, closely pressed by
Foster, and came under ihe string on the third inilo
In 1:52, Foster second, Katie Pease third. On the
fourth mile Hock Hocking, who had been running
easily with the field, drew ahead of Peaae,
and Foster pushed Rutherford throughout, passing hint
on tho homestretch and winning tho heat by a neck
In 1:50Rutherford second, Hock Hocking apparently
a lair third, the rest being well in tho rear, getting the
distance Hag In their faces. To tho surpriso of the
whole assemblage Hock Hocking was alao adjudged
disianred. The ruling In his ease excited universal
dissatisfaction. Much unfavorable comment was made
on the judges, it being claimed by many that Hock
Hocking n id rnn a waning race, and was good to run
a second heat, coming in very trim, and was shut out
purposely to prevent such a result.
Tho barkers of Rutherlurd now began to hedge,
Foster having the call In the pools at 2 to 1. Tunc?
7:39*.
At a quarter to four o'clock the borsci were called
for the
.Srcond H'at.?The horses made a false start, running
entirely around the track. At the second attempt
they got off together. Foster drow slightly
ahead, and ut the half-mile led by half a length,
which position was maintained to tho score.
Time, 2:03. On tho second milo Foster slightly increased
bts lead, passing the half-mile polo ouo length
ahead. On the homestretch Kutherlurd closed on him
and they went under the string in 1 :53, Foster half a
length ahead. Tho latter now begnu to forge ahead
again, but on the homestretch of tho third mile Rutherford
made a Alio hurst of speed and passed the stand
only a nock behind Foster. Time, 1:54.
Uutherfurd's last effort seemed to tall on him and on
the fourth mile ho fell steadily hchlud. His rival was
two full lengths a head at the hal(-m:lo polu and came
In an easy winner ot tho heat and race by six open
length''. Time, 2:03. Total time, 7:63.
summary.
Hay District Fair Ukou.su Associatiox, Sam Fraxcisoo,
Oal., Fur. 22, 187t> I'urso $30,000 In gold coin;
entrance ten per rent; $15,000 to the tirst, $0,000 to
the second, $6,000 to the third and $4,000 to the fourth
horse; four-mile heats.
M. A. I.moll's ch. h. Foster, aged, by Lexington,
dam Verona, by Yorkshire, 114 lbs 1 1
K. J. Ualowin'sch. li. Huthcrfurd, 6 years old. by
Australian, dam Aerolite, by Lexington, 111) lbs. 2 2
J. 0. Simpson's ch. h. Hock Hocking, 6 years old,
by Ringmaster, dam Younz Fashion, by Monarch,
114 lbs die
A. 8. Uage's It m. Kalio Pease, 6 yrars old, by
Planet, dam Minnie Mnnslleld, by Ulencoe, 111
lbs die.
Henry Welch's ch. h. Chance, 4 years old, by
Venture, dam Annette, by Lexington, 104 lbs., dls.
M. A. Walden's ch. h. Revalue, Jr., aged, by
Revenue, darn Nannie Harper, by Ulencoe, 11*4
lbs dls.
Jos. H. Daniels' b. m. Uolden Gate. 4 years old. by
Leamington, dam Naphtha, by Kclipse, 101 lbs. dls.
Time, 7:39*?7:6a
TROTTING IN CANADA.
Ottawa, Feb. 22,1870.
The five-mile trot between Ottawa Hello and Lady
Jano took place here to day and was won by the former.
Time, 14:40.
PIGEON SHOOTING IN RHODE ISLAND.
CONTEST BETWEEN GEORGE ANTHONY AND
GEORGE CBANDALL AT WOONSOCKKT.
Providence, Feb. 22, 1876.
Tho pigeon shooting match for $lt>0 a aide between
George Anthony, of this city, and Georgo Crandall. or
Pawtuxet, took place at Woonsocket to-day In the
presenco of a largo number of sporting men. The
weather Interfered somewhat with tho arrangements,
. but tho men Appeared at tho appointed time and after
some delay began the content. Crandall shot 43 birds
out of 60, winle Anthony only succeeded in killing 37.
A considerable sum 01 money cunngca nanus on iho reBu't.
Anthony was the tavorlte.
MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES.
lima dl Morska has left New South Wale* and gone to
Now Zealand.
Miss Mary Wells, of Booth's, will Join the Firth Avecue
Theatre company next season
Mr. Chaiterton, the manager of the Princess'Theatro,
has invited Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence to produce
the "Mighty Dollar" In London next May.
"Mile. Theresa Tltlens appears as Donna Anna, Mine.
Carreno San ret as Zorllna and Miss Beaumont as Klvira,
In "Don Giovanni," at the Academy of Music on Friday
night.
A new tour-act comedy-drama, by Vlctorien Sardou,
will follow "Bo?e Michel" at the Union 8<iunro Theatre.
The scenery has been In preparation for several
months by Mr. Marslon, acd the cast will present
almost the entlrs company.
"Queen and Womau" has proved to bo so popular
that Miss Clara Morris has consented to postpone ber
appearance at the Brooklyn Theatre till February 28.
She will produce a new American play by Messrs. K.
Magnu%and A. K. Lancaster, called "Conscience."
Mr. Kdmoc 8. Connor, whose admirable acting many
of our refders well remember, though he has been lor
sotne years absent Irom our stage, will begin an engagement
April 3 ut the Albany Opera House, appearing In
Richelieu and the two FaDtafta, In "Henry IV." and
"The Merry Wives of Windsor."
A morning performance has been given at the Porto
Saint Martin Theatre In aid of iho subscription to
erect a statue to I.amartine. M. Legouvd, of the
French Academy, tbo principal artistes of tbo Theatre
Kran'/ais, Mine. Carvalbo and M. Faure. of the Grand
Opdra. and the band ot the Republican Guard, all contributed
to tho success of the occasion.
Youth Is coming to the front in thoatrical affairs. A
yoong lady of sixteen la to bring out a play this week,
and on March 10 at tbo Lyceum Theatre a young gentleman
of sixteen will make his first appoarance as
Hamlet. This Is Master S. 8. Wood, who will be supported
In this dullcull attempt bv tbo Murray Hill,
Windsor and Amaranth dramatic clubs.
Vlcenxo Sassaroll, an unappreciated composer of
Genoa, writes to Rlcordl, the publisher of Milan, challenging
Verdi to a competition between tbe great maestro'*
"Alda" and an opera on tbe tame subject, te be
written by htm (Sassaroll) on condition that be will be
paid liberally for Ik A few months in a rnaiion <U
tanU, It I* thought, will euro trie challenger.
Mtsa Nctlson's engagement at the Haymarket haa
been very successful, and "Romeo and Juliet" la said
to be exceptionally well caat. The Ixmdon
says:?"The tragedy, as playod by Mellson, gives far
more of Shakespeare's text than Is oaual upon the
stage; and its arrangement In six acts, while In many
respects advantageous, certainly makes the play seem
to last an exceptionally leng time,"
St Verdi's "Alda" has been green with great success st
Moscow. Mines. Stolts and ArtOi were Aids and Annerta;
Slgnon Martnl and PadtlU, Radsmes and Anion
asra Slgnors Janet and Rossi filled the ether parts.
The chorus end orchestra went capitally, under the
guidance of Signer Bevignnnl, w ho was honored by a
call before the curtain after each act. Sisnor Verdi,
after hearing of the success of "Alda," sent a telegram
to Slgnor Hevlgnant, thanking blm for tho pains he had
taken.
The taste for amatenr theatricals, whieh has been
growing so fast of late, has reached Its climax this
week. F.rsry night daring the present week there has
been or will b? ons of these performances, snd on Saturday
evening lbs great amateur avem of the s?a*en
will taks place at the Lyceum Theatre. This perform- I
ance will be given by the coraos Dramatic Association,
and thn play has been specially written to introduce
tbe versatile Major James Heggeriv on a new platform, j
This eveniag there will be a performance st the Union ,
League Theatre ef Bouctcaull's comedy entitled "Old ;
s
J T. B. Meagher and Mesdames Caldwell, Al'.ca W, odhull
' and Hall will appear, and ihe proceeds of the entertain|
meat will be given to the fund formed for building the
I new Church of 3t. Agnea ft mis city. After the play
| there will be a reception aud dance, to which all perI
sons present at the comedy will be admitted.
THE FOURTH AVENUE FARES.
To rus Editor or Tns Hkhai,d:?
Encouraged by the attention yoe grant to the cona
plaints of street car paesengera I am led to otter a public
protest against an assertion of the principle that
"might Is right," which obtains in the demand 01 tbt
Fourth Avenue Car Company for two conts additional
fare from every paesvnger who goes above Forty-fourth
street, though It be but two blocks beyond and though
he may have entered the car but a few blocks below. I
have occasion frequently to visit members of my
lainr.y up town, taxing mo car* mentioned u?
Eighth street, leaving them st Forty sixth, distance
much less than that for whicn the allowed far* Is sis
rents. 1 am almost invariably charged eight cents,
and whan, on oue occasion, I foolishly, perhaps, but
mildly pfesnmed to suggest to the conductor that such
charge was not just, 1 was most Insolently told that he
"would not carry people who did not pay their fare. "
Of course 1 do not consider ibe couductor responsible
(save lor insolence), and the money for each Individual
Is s small matter, but tho principle seems unjust, and I
rebel accordingly and hope 1 should see it tc the same
light, though thereby I might have opportunity to put
Into my own pocket the thousands which must therefrom
annually result. If a limit must and may he set
for tho six ceuls fare why not put it thus:?from l'arlc
"through" to terminus, or nearly so, eight cents; from
tniermodlato to intermediate points, six eenls? The
way tralllc will fully balance in the company's favor. I
know others to whom the present arrangement seems
as truly an imposition as It does to me. EQUITY.
BEWAIIS OP PICKPOCKETS.
Nkw York, Feb. 14, 187?.
To tbk Editor or th* Hekai.d:?
The question of "no seat do fare," whtoh for
tome time you havo been generously advocating
In behalf of the people of this city,
Dlaees me at liberty to call your attention to an
Important fact in regard to It. In every car, as you go
In, you will see written In a conspicuous way. "Beware
f pickpockets." And why should the company warn
the pa-^cngrrs of this gang of thieves ? Simply because
they take the advantage of tho overcrowded cars to
rob tho people. Besides your other arguments of eon.
renieucc to passengers this no doubt, will help tho
cause you advocate. Kcspccwuiiy yourn,
A RESIDENT OF THIS CITY.
TIIE CENTRAL PARK ROADS.
New Yoke, Feb. 15, 1876.
To the EDrron on th* IIkrai.d:?
A correspondent recently, In a remarkably mnsibla
communication, showed wherein the Park Commissioners
were at fault both In tho plan and In the construction
of the saddle paths of Central Park. Workmen
are to-day there, putting down a material composed
largely of stones, just largo enough to lodge between
the frog and shoo, and permanently Injure onr
horses. Ileally, Mr. Editor, aro tho Park authorities
totally destitute of sense Are they uumak ulls or tdiots t
Surely they must tie; for, tu addition to this nuisance,
thoy h ive permitted to remain up wlru fences for
equestrians to kill themselves against or lacerate their
animals with (In case they should shy or suddenly
bolt against them). Pray, Mr. Editor, do try and induce
these 10 ho replaced with English thorn hedges and
enhance the ' picturesquo" additionally. Truly vottrs,
WHIP AND SPUR.
HOTEL ARRIVALS.
Mayer Samuol C. Cobb, df Boston, Is 6taylng at the
St Nicholas Hotel. Nowton Crane, United States
Consul at Manchester, is registered at the Fifth Avenue
Hotel. George I). Hlbbard, of Buffalo, Is among the
lato arrivals at the Drevoort House. Ex-Congrcssraan
C. C. Chaffee, of Springfield, Mass., has arrived at the
New York Hotel. Colonel Stephen C. Lyford, United
States Army, and F.dgar T. Welles, of Hartford, are at
the St. James Hotel. J. H. Devercux, receiver of the
Atlantic, and Great Western Railway Company, Is residing
at tho St. Nicholas Hotel. Rev. Thomas H. Skinner,
of Cincinnati, is sojourning at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
INFLUENZA, BRONCHITIS, COUGH, COLD AND
Catarrh yield at once to ILsi.k's Hokky or Uokehopxd asd
Tah.
Pike's Toothache Daors cure In one minute,
A.?
"O, wearisome condition of humanityt"
How many wretched home* In our land 1 How many heartbroken
invalid*! Life with tnauy signifies a mere onerous
existence. All aro snbjeet to disease, hut whan health Is removed
the hope Is nearly gone out. Sickness is usually Incurred
through exposure or carelessness. Especially is this
true with those diseases peculisr to woman. Through her
own imprudence and folly she Is made to drag out a miserable
exfsteuoe?a source of annoyance and anxiety to her
friends, and anything hut a comfort and pleasure to herselt.
Exposure to the cold at times when she should be most prudent.
and overtaxing her hotly with laborious employment,
nre both fruitful causes of many of the maladies from which
she suffers, (iraduolly the bloom leaves hor cheeks, her lips
prow ashy white, her vivacity departs, she continually experiences
a feeling of weariness and general languor, and altogether
presents a ghostly appearance. What owi she need?
Should she take some stimulating drag, which will lor the
time make her "teel better." or does her enuro system deinsud
reparation ? She requires something which not only
will restore to health tbn diseased organs, bnt will tone and
Invigorate the system. Dr. 1'tVAca't ? avokitv. PxascKirTinx
will do this. It imparts strength to the diseased parts, brings
back the clow of health and -estores oomfort where previously
there was only suffering.
Every invalid lady should send for "The Peopla'e Common
Sense Medical Adviser," in which over fifty pages are de.
voted to the consideration of those disrates peculiar to woM
urill he .em nost oald to anv address for SI .VI Ad.
rtre? R.V: i'lKHCk, M I).. World * Diapentary, Buffalo, N.
V. Agents wanted to Mil title valuable work.
A BENNETT BUILDING,
eire PROOF,
OCATEI) ON NASSAU, ANN AND FULTON STi
HANDSOMELY AN'I) WELL-HEATED OFFICES
TO LET ON VKRY KKANO.N ABLB TERMS,
SUITABLE FOR
LAWYERS. RANKERS AND INSURANCE OFFICES,
APPLY ON the PREMISES.
"A DECIDED ADVANCE."
Judge*' Report American Institute Fete.
New Wllloox A Oibba '
Actomatio
Srwixo Machink.
Awarded the grand "Oold Medal of Program" of the
American Institute, November, IH7.N. ami the "Seett Legacy
Medal'' of the Franklin Institute, October, 1N75.
Norther eewlngmachlne'Jn the world ha* an "Antomattl
Tension," or any other of Its charactorietic features.
Correspondence and Investigation Invited.
WILLCOX A GIBBS S M. CO..
ti.'>s Hroailway, corner Bond (A
ATTENTION IS EXTENSIVELY DIRECTED TO
the eplrn ud Silk Ri.a*tic Tiw*.* supplied by ELASTIC
TRUSS COMPANY, HR'i Broadway. Worn comfortably
nigt-t and day, curiug rupture.
A.?WISTAR'S BALSAM OK WILD CHERRY.?
Used neatly filly years lor Cough*. Influents, Ac. AO oeats
and St.
champion "prepared food kor mocrtng
birds, thrushes, rohtn* end ell soft bill birds, for sale by
all driiLtrlst* and bird dealers, 35* per can. HINDER
GRAVEL PAPER COMPANY. Manufacturers, 5?2 Hudeon
ll
"full many A oem of purest ray
terena "
Pure crystals, with, a diamond surface, are ee bcantlfnl
and lasting a* the mo*t costly stones. These are Pacuiah
Diamond*.
RICHARD HUMPHREYS. Jeweller. No. 770 Broadway,
New York, opposite Stewart'*, sole agent lot the United
Stale*.
i.cod* sent C. O. D.. with privllega to examine before
paying for them, send for descriptive price Hat.
golden iiair.?barker's aurora changes
any hair to golden. Depot, BARKER'S Human tiatr and
Wig Parlors, 3fl Wen OTth St.
SODA WATER APPARATUS FOR MAKING ALL
Aerated Beverages. JOHN M ATTHF. ws.lst a?. and 36th
it.. New York.
wigs, toupees, ac.?g. kauchfuss, PRACTL
cal Wig and Toupea maker, It East 1 Jth it, near Broad~*T-'
_
\ ew pu u i. i tvr n>\?t. ~
B right's disease, diabetes, dropsy gravel,
Calculus, lioot. Rheumatism. Dyspepsia, Diseases of
the lever, Kidney*. Bladder, Protista Gland Prematura
Prostration, Organic liability and Chronic Affections (lncnraole
by general practitioners.) Two pamphlets explain*
In* their successful treatment by NATURE'S SPKi'IFIO
ASAHKL. MADK OF GOD. BETIIKSDA MINrRAS
SPRING WATER, and Dr. a baWLRY HEATH, aolhor
fee* ?> oil adores*. Deems and reeeotloa
muni* Jin Hroad*raj, Niw York. ' '
18 1 0. tub *bw toitb herald almanac*
financial. commercial and political
^ rboiatkh for 1ST*
Now readf. In addition to II* n. ;?l content*. oomprMlng
Invalnabl* uhlx and ,t*H*il?al ratnrn* an ffnaDca, ?it*
dally quotation* ,?f gold tor I*TJt of govern moot band*a.' the
y/trmu* i*?a?*. rata* of eot>?ota> railroad tharo* and Hoc a,
American aodorttlat on tha leMtdon market, Kant of England
**ie of discount. Cn?i?nt return* and other ?eleotioos
of ?peci*l and general laformotlon pra*?nt?. in it* i**na for
u*Td other fcotnrat of Internet.
TIIK HKRVLD ALMANAC FOR H78.
It* el action return* are tha tnlleet, moat perfect and aal?
reliable data lar the coming I'ratidantlai election.
Corrected *c?ra of the Doily tn innt International Kiflo
Mmch, with diagram*. Ac., private ilgnalt of tha New York
Yacht Club, ceo.plet# eea>ae return* iiatetl) of Ihle Slot*
he conntie*. fall U*t of itenator* and Member* of the
|forty-io*rth Congre**, Handing and ealact committee* ?f
both hou*a*. erith poet office a.tdre?*e*. Ac. . American Mini*ter*
and t'on.ol* abroad; foreign Legation* in Ihe lulled
htata*. tablaeboarlag the rate* of poetagn to foreign oonntrie*.
al*o the nine of elaelng tha mall* at Now York l'a*t
office All tha ipaclaltla* at tha Almanac. Mariner* Unida.
Mining Hair*, ae., ara coatlnaad far tha pa*t year It*
chronological and other table*, government deportment*,
army end navy return*, are officially corrected. lie "Milrallaoeoin"
con tenia I* a mou ralnabla 'ompandinm aI
t'.anttof gaaarai eodipeciel information
tub iikkald alm.cnao,
a . .. , 1S7M
rrloa, J5 oanta; mailed ta aU partaof tha Cnltad States
ff*T."b^St?KrSe'5e'''"''A"~

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