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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 23, 1876, Image 6

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The National Democratic Committee
at Washington.
Republican Conventions in Indiana
and Wisconsin.
Washington, D. C., Feb. 22, 1878.
The National Democratic Committee met to-dav at
half past twelve o'clock, at Wtllard's hall, Augustus
J^cbell in the chair. All the members were present
with the exception of a few who were represented by
On motion of Senator Randolph, T. M. Patterson, of
Colorado, was admitted to represent that Territory.
After a brtel debate of the question whether the time
or place of the National Democratic Convention should
first be fixed, it was determined that the time should
first be fixed.
Mr. John <?. Thompson, of Ohio, moved that Tuesday.
the 27th of June, he the time.
Mr. Eaton, of Kansas, moved, as an amendment, the'
first Tuesday in May. This question was discussed in
all its bearings, when tins committee rejected Mr.
Eaton's amendment and agreed to the motion of Mr.
Thompson, fixing tho 27th of Juno as the time for
holding the National Democratic Nominating Convention.
On motion ol Mr. Goode, of Virginia, It was resolved
that the delegations now hero desiring the Convention
to he held in their respective cities he heard through
one of the members of each delegation, tho remarks to
be restricted to (iltccn minute*.
On motion of Mr.- Thompson It was resolved that the
different States, as here represented, desiring the Convention
to be held in certain cities now name the
Accordingly Mr. McCormick, of Illinois, nnmed Chicago;
Mr. McHonry, of Kentucky, Louisville; Mr.
Banks, of Mississippi, by request, Washington; Mr.
Priest, of Missouri, St. LodIr; Mr. Thompson, of Ohio,
Cincinnati, and Mr. Barr, of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
A recess of fifteen minutes was taken, niter which a
motion was made and carried that the Chairman prepare
the call for the National Convention, to bo submilted
to the committee boforo being signed by tho
Kepresentntives of Chicago, I.oulsville. Washington,
St. Louis, Cincinnati and Philadelphia then addressed
the committee in advocacy ol the claims and
advantages of their respective cities, alter winch the
committee adjourned until evening.
The committee on reassembling proceeded to ballot
en the place lor holding the National Convention, with
the following result:?
Number of votes east 30
Necessary to a choice 30
St. Louis... 14
Cliirago....' 8
Louisville 7
Cincinnati 4
Philadelphia. 4
Washington 1
Siccoxn BALI/IT.
There being no choice tho committee again voted as
Bt Louis 15
Chicago 9
Cincinnati 8
Louisville 5
Philadelphia 1
On the third ballot the voto stood:?
St. Lonls 17
Chicago..... 10
Cincinnati 8
Louisville 3
No voles were cast for Philadelphia.
The fourth ballot resulted as follows:?
EL I.ouis 19
Chicago 12
Cincinnati 8
Louisville - 1
The fifth ballot resulted as follows:?
El. Louis 21
Chicago 15
Cincinnati 2
tit I.ouis having received the riinjnrity of votes cast,
the Chairfhan declared that city as the place lor holding
the Convention.
Mr. Priest, ol St. Louis, expressed his heartfelt
thanks to the committee for the sciectlou thoy had
made, and the committee adjourned.
IsdiaraPOUS, Feb. 22, 1876.
The Republican Stale Cooveution to day adopted the
following platform and resolution#:?
The r<%>ublican* ol I mil.ma hail this centennial year an an
tvent which calls for the expression of gratitude to Almighty
Sod that i>ur civil and religious liberties have been preterrad
through all the victaritndeiiof tin- centary; tbat the
A me rlcan people have successfully maintained before the
world their capacity for sell government, arm that the Union
remain* unbroken either by foreign aggreMton.civil discord or
domestic rebellion The past of our national history i* secure,
but ita future depends upon the preservation of the great
lundamrntal principles which the past has consecrated, and
which are expressed in the Declaration of liiuapeudence
and the constitution of the United States with its several
amendments. To these the republican party has always
been devoted and faithtnl Hy means of ita c'rady
attachment to them it has ? arried the country
through four years of civil war. suppressed
an inanrrrctionary government ol the States
confederated in opposition to the constitution and laws,
savd the government Irom destruction and the Union from
disaolutiou and has faithfully observed mat part of the cop.
stltutfon which requires that the government of all ;lie
Ftalcs shall be republican in form. It has made the nrincU
pies of popular civil equality universal, so that ft embrace*
everv riasa of American citlsena without regard to birth,
previous condition or color. It has settled the question of
the nationality of the government against those who submitted
it to the arbitrament ot the sword. so that it is tin
longer open for practical denial. It has siiccesarnlly resisted
ana overthrown tne doctrtne that the government of the
United States is a mere league between confederated States,
each with the reserved right to secede from and break up
the Union, so that now under Its administration
of public affaire it has become tne settled
policy of the nation that the constitution and
all laws parsed pursuant thereto are the supreme laws
ef the land, anything in the constitution or the laws of any
Mat* to the contrary notwithstanding. Jt has carried the
government forward"into the front rank among nations. It
has granted amnesty with unparalleled liberality to those
who were recently in arms against the life of the nation,
asking them lu return only that they shall unite in heart
and hand in future efforts to give increased honor and glory
to a common country and popularity to a common Union. It
has. by a strict observance of the laws generatlv. diminished
the public debt, thereby 1*weaning the gmwnre of Its harden
en the people It lias furnished the country with a national
currency, despite the opposition and denunciation of the
democratic part v and all who opposed the prosecution of the
war. without which the rebellion could not have been suppressed.
and which it I* the purpose to maintain,
to the end that the legitimate wants of
commerce and trade may be answered and
a Just reward secured to labor, ft has maintained ag economical
standard in public expenditures, keeping them
within the limit required by the necessarily increasing
wants and interests of the public serrice It ha? rsquired
(be faitbfUi collection and disbursement of the public
revenue. When there may have been well grounded suspicion*
of nnfaithrulness in <? doing against any to whom
this trust has been confided they have Mrs removed from
office, and where any have been irug'y of fraud, euibecslegient
or conspiracy no guilty man has been permitted to
v>*r la ration or rMlNCfpt va.
We, therefore, in view of ?Hi- record of the republican
arte. d.. now, lormblnl in Mate Convention, make tlias
following decluratlnu of orinrtpiea ?
Ar<f?Wf >11 fMtln rallhltii 10 ih? prinrlplee of the n?
tlonal republican pari? in *11 tliin?-? (NcritlM ?hn adminlutratiou
of national aRnir. mull evert right guaranteed i>t
Ibe nnutllution - hail ! 'ui ? eecnred ? " I enj ? rd, uatli all
tinting lawa ahull f>t laithl'illt MMM< ami 1Mb iitlierl
hall bt naaaed a? art ncrta.arv It thai mil; until Hi* ballot
b?* aball protected ari\iiirt all Iranda and rloltnce; until
Iht right of popular rtprt?tnimlun uhail br luMr r Indicated,
and until all eoter*, whether while or blark, ahull bt ao termed
In tha right to raal tltrlr ballota that tlit law* ahall
rati upon Ilia ooa-ent of tbo governed
M??<l?Vt a do not recognUe tha right of a State to Ireprdn
the eaaoition of tba national law* or to Impair any of the
right* ronttrrtd by thtra. and hold It to bt tlit dulv of tha
fnTtromtot to art that ihtao liat art rgrcnttd In trtr*
lata and that all thraa righta art enjoyed without Inipadtfbtnt
or hindrance
Thir.1?*> hold tha government of Hit tailed Slalea to ha
a nation, and not a mart confederation of Slatea;
that It rtprt'tnta tha eoverelt-n authority of tha
people r.f tha I'tilttd State*, and not the (llataa;
that, i? the couatltatlou and latat of the national
goteriiment art aoprtnia uo State hu- the light lo
rratal or Impede their eaeritloti or lo withdraw troin tha
I'aioa In tuii?e<|ii*ace thtrnot; and that, although Ilia ra
ult of tha lata i tballion tattled tlnu queation againtt Hit
right of a State to -acade. ret the future harmony and
aaiaty of tha Inton require that thla doctrine -huil bt ao
cnatdemnad that under no povible aalgtncy hall it aetr ba
hereafter revived.
S'ourtA? While art btliaaa that tht national coeernment
iteutlrely Independent ul the Si in when acting taithiu lit
awn proper circle, we nlao l-alitre that the Malt go-.ernmenu
art entirely Independent nf-the national when acting
Within their own proper rlrelea. an I we will maintain thla
Independent# to tha and that harmony may rtiat between
lham. Ill It tba national welfare mar he idram ed. and that
tha Staler muy ba tat ura in the axaiclaa ol ampla piriiulc
M aanr all I hair UomeMlc affair*, to that thai mar ba aa
1Ah1#d to develop Ibfir material fnt*re*t? and emnlcv nil tin
tiirHitft nweaaary to the intellectual and moral ^lighten
tueiil of i hi* |M?ofdc.
ri/*A? \\ ? ar<* w illing ami noxious to restore entirely ami
rable relations between the ncotde of the Northern uu<
tnose of the Moutheru State* wlto were engaged in the rebel
lion, ami with a view thereto are ready to forgi\e and gran
amnesty to ailthew who4m|iu to lx? forgiveu and amnestied
but we ne H ither ready nor willing to extend this forgive
uess and hinti sty to those wlio remain uvirepentant for the!
attempt to destroy the t nion. or to place tue ret?ellion inn
those who fought upon its side upon an eijualitv with tlx
I Mi ni and the gallant soldiers who defended it We beltevi
thai the war for the t.uloii wax right and their rebellioi
wrong and that thus it should forever stand in hi-.tory.
Sixth? Wo haf | no wiall to are disfranchised any officer
soldier or citixeu who defended the Confederacy and ha
been amnestied under the existing laws, hut when faitbfu
I uion soldiers, who were honestly discharging the duties n:
tuoir offices. have been removed to make place lor any o
these, the act is so flagrant an In-ult to the I n ion cause anc
those who risked their lives lor it that It deserves the rehok?
and couiieinuatiiMi of the whole countr? and the special cen
sure of every loyal soldier.
Srrrnth?We believe that in conducting the civil service
men should he selected lor ollice on account of their qualification*,
integrity and moral character, and not on account
of mere party sen ice in order tiiat thereby the public busi
liess may be faithfully conducted, administrative economy
secured and the patronage of the government be so di?
p*u*ed that it.*hit!l not he brought in conflict w ith the iree
doni of elections.
y.ifthlh?We believe that ail men are equal before the law,
and that the great and fundamental principle o| our free in
stitutioiin ennnot be departed from without violating theii
genius and spirit, and in order that equal justice shall he done
to all and special privileges conferred on none, it is the duty
of the government to provide by all necessary laws for its
preservation and enforcement.
jylM/A?We insist on perh ct religious freedom and freedom
of conscience to every individual; are opposed to any inter
ferencc wiiatever with the Church by the Htate cr witti the
Stale by the Church, or to any union between them, and in
our opinion it is incompatible with American citizenship ti
pa.t allegiance to any foreign Power, civil or ecclesiastical,
which Riwrtl the rtgM to iaclMtU the aciiou of civil gOX
ernment w ithin the kiwili of nkglM sua nwtik, bietui
ours is a government ot the people, by the people ami toi
the people, and must not he subject to or iiiterfeied with by
any authority not directly responsible to them.
Truth?A country so bountifully supplied as ours with all
the sources of wealth, possessing unsurpassed capacity foi
production, every necessary facility for the growth of rat
chauir and manufacturing arts, and all the agencies of labor,
lived* only the fostering aid of the government to establish
material prosperity upon a durable basis. Jn our opinion,
therefore, it is the duty of the government so to regulate it>
revenue system as to give all needful encouragement to oui
agricultural, mochanifiil, mining ami manufacturing enterprises,
so that harmonious relations ina.v be permanently
established between labor Mild capital aud just remuneration
secured to botlf.
yiermth?In our opinion it is the duty of the government,
in passing laws for raising revenue, so to levy taxes as to
give the greatest possible exemption to articles of prime lie
cessity and to place them most heavily upon luxuries and
the wealth of the community.
ISrrUth?We believe that ii is the duty of the government in
furnishing national currency to so regulate it as to provide
for its ultimata redemption in gold and silver: that any attempt
to hasten this more rapidly than it shall he brought
About by the laws of trade and commerce Is inexpedient.
Therefore, in our opluion. so much of the so called Kc.stiniptiou
net as fixes the time for the resumption of specie payments
should he repeulcd, and after such repeal the currency
should remain undisturbed, neither contracted nor expanded,
we being assured that the tinuueial troubles vd the
country, when rolieved from interference, will be speedily
and permanently cured by the operation of the natural laws
of trade, and bv preserving that course of policy, w Idch I he
republican party has constantly maintained, of steadily looking
to an ultimate resumption of specie poyment.
Thir'rrnth?The greenback currency was created by the republican
party, as a matter ot absolute necessity, to carry
the government successfully through the war ot the rebellion
and save the life of the nation. It met the fierce opposition
of the democratic party on the declared ground that
it was unconstitutional and would prove worthless; and if
this opposition had been successful war would have resulted
in the independence ol'the Southern Confederacy. If the
democratic party was sincere in this opposition one of its
objects in now seeking to obtain possesion of the government
must he to destroy this currency, along
with that furnished by the national banks, so
that the country may he compelled to return to the
system of local and irresponsible hanking which existed
under the administration ot Mr. Huchanuu; aud therefore,
us it i? necessary that this curreucy shall be maintained, in
orner to save ine country irom tue most ruinous system oi
local and irresponsible banking, and from consentient financial
embarrassments, Hm beat Interest* require tnat it shall
be left in the hands of it* friends, and not ne turned over tn
it* enemies.
/bur/?r?//t-\Vh#u the republican partj obtained possession
of the government in 1H?51 the annual expenditures were
greater thuu the receipts from revenue In consequence
there urn* n general derangement in commerce and trade,
brought 011 by maladministration; a large amount of
Treasury notes hud teen issued and thrown upon
the market to make up tho deficiency; the credit
of the United States was below par, and, in
addition to these fiuuncinl embarrassments, it inherited
from the administration of Mr. Buchanan
a domestic war oi immense proportions; ret it has so conducted
the government that its credit has been placed above
par and its bonds are sought after in all the great money
mar keta of the world?notwithstanding the magnitude of tho
war and the debt necessarily occasioned thereby?-and the
revenues have been so increased ami so faithfully collected
ami economically applied that. In addition to the ordinary
expenses, over ISM* >,t* * M * < i of the public debt have I een
paid, and regular monthly payments are made thereon and
thus the absolute necessity of continuing the policy by which
these results have been achieved is fully douioiistrated.
biftrrnth?We remain, as heretofore, irrevocably opposed
to the payment of mj part of lb# r#b#l debt* or to onj pay
mem w hatever for emancipated slaves or the property of
rebels destroyed in war.
Si.rt'tnih?We demand that the government of the United
States, us well as that of this Stale, shall he administered
with the strictest economy, consistently with the publio
safety and interest.
Srrrntrntth?-The ordinance of 17*7 made it the duty of the
States formed out of the territory of the Northwest to forever
encourage schools aud the means of education as necessary
tor extending the principles of religious liberty.
Washington declared thai the education of our youth in tho
science of government is necessary to prepare tlieni for becoming
the future guardians of the liberties of the country.
Jefferson placed education among the articles of public
care. Madisou said, that by its general diffusion it would
enlighten the opinions, expand the patriotism and assimilate
the principles and sentiments of too people, and thereby
contribute not less to strengthen the foundations
than to adotn the structure of our tree and
happy system of government, and the people of this fltate,
bating by the constitution approved tne principle ttiat it is
the duty ol the State to educate all her children, and having
tints made it u essential feature in our system of State
government, we shall regard all opponents of our common
schools as assailing a fundamental principle of free government.
and shall not falter in our support of them until every
child i" the State has been furnished with a lominon school
education and shall be taught iu the fundamental principle
of iree popular government, and we shall demand a faithful
administration of the school law and the strictest economy
in tin- disposition and e\p? nditnre of the funds, which should
remain uuilt* ided, so that instead of the puhliq schools bcinn
conducted with a view to prepare students tor colleges and
professions they may continue what they were designed t?j
i t?e- the schools of the people.
y.iyht>*nth?Inasmuch us all republican governments depend
for their stability and perpetuity on the intelligence
Hint virtue ?<f the people. it in the right and duty ol the
State and national administration* to foster t lie highest moral
ntid intellectual development of the people, and no lawn
alionld be enacted that are despotic In character or ditrcgard
the wishes ot the people.
XiwtrrHth?W'r imvc not forgotten and shall not forgot the
services rendered to the cause of the Union by our gallant
soldiers and teamen during the war of the rebellion; how
ilrmly they atoo?l amid the leaden hail of battle; how patlcntly
and heroically thee endured the hardships of camp
and h Id. and what terrible afflictions some of them suffered
an prisoners of war. The honor of the nation is pledged to
pro* hie bounties and pensions for them, and to take care oi
the willows and orphans of those who have lost their lives in
defence of the gov eminent, and upon this we shall earnestly
and constantly insist.
fne' firt/t- I be administration of General Grant command!
onr fullest confidence and approbation. Our re*|>oct for him
as a man of unspotted honor, and as a statesman ot wisdom
and prudem r. and our admit at ion for his high qualities as s
soldier, remain unabated, and we especially commend hlir
lor the example he will leave to Ills successors of removing
from office those of his own appointment wnen lie found
them t<? be nnfaithful, and of causing those who have proved
dishonest to he so prosecuted that no guiltj man should
Tvmhr/'r*t? In our opinion the Hon Oliver I\ Morton
possev-es, in au .eminent degree, the ability and qualities
which fit him tor the office of President of the l'nlte<!
Miles. During 111* ser*tceas Governor of t his State whei
the ( nion wa* in the utmost peril, he displayed executive
abilities of the verv highest order, end his Sanatoria
career has be n distinguished by such statesmanlike wis
duiti h> win the approbation of the whole country. W<
know hi* laithftilnc** to every public irust, his earnesi
devotion to the cause of the Union, his unflinching ad
vocuc* of the rlgfits of the oppressed, ami therefore present
his name to the National ileptkilicau Don vent iou^for notiii
uatioii for the office of President.
The resolutions were unanimously adopted.
Tire ticket nominated is as follows:?
Tor Governor?God love 8. Orth. Minister to Austria
Lieutenant Governor?Colonel Robert 8. Robertson
of Allen county.
Judges of the Supreme Court?W. P. Edson, o
Posey county; A. C. Voorts, of l*awrence county; 11
C. Nrwcornb, of Marlon county; John F. Kibboy, o
Wayne county.
Secretary of State?Isaiah P, Watts, of Kanriolpt
Auditor of State?William Hess, of Henrtricki
! county.
Treasurer ot State?George F. Hcrriott, of Johnsot
Attorney General?John W. Gordon, of Marlot
i county.
Reporter o( Supreme Court?L. D. Miller, of Warwtcl
Clerk of Supreme Court ?Charles Sooll, of Clarl
Superintendent of Tublio Instruction?0. H Smith
of Spencer county.
The Convention adjourned at six o'clock P. M., afto
being in continuous session for eight hours.
Madipov, Fob. 22, 1*70.
The Republican Stole Convention root here tbli
morning Every Senatorial and Assembly district it
the state was represented. K. T. Brown, of Waupnca
wm chosen President. The Committee on Resolution!
presented tho following, which were unanimously
The republicans of Wisconsin. In State Convention at
tern hied, in re?p*?tiM So the call of the National Union K#
p'lhlnan Committee for the republican* uf the severs
Kiair* el the l nton in elect delegates for their Natinnal Con
vei?tn?n, send fraternal greeting* to tha republicans In al
I lft" "f "ur bebwni inn!, with tin* r- nbal a**urancei
i" all pairt-in rlti/en? who honor the flat: ol oni
j femmon country a* tho amMmh ? ! liberty, equality anr
I rraternit., of our earnest Oc*iro |o .ee 11 Krpiihlu
anier upon ihr aarond rantury ol it? protpernu* career Irer
from ?litfe or injimtirr of im name or nature, am
that an anil endeavor to promote frlendlr feeling and par
mnnanl barinnn. thrniirlrojit the entire country, anil will
maintain and rupnnrl all mnaanrci, acta and lawa, thn rn
lori nmrnt of which thall ?#cnra to every citUen hla cnnatl
Into nal right*, including the lull and Irnr axrrci?r ol tin
right n! Iran. hi?e without Intimldatinn or fraud We ara ti
fa* or of vurorou* effort* t~ prosecute and panilh tlioaa wbr
hatr tire II guilty of official di*hone*ty and to da
tact and to bring to punlvhmrnt all arlio have la an;
war or harm o naplrod to dalratul tbr government of Ita jual
Hint legal raiaoun We ballet* In the iiiiariltan law of thr
laud, which da. lara* it uiiwimi tor a tlhlol Magistrate to |o.|<j
HI* office beyond two term*. and w* bora pi tlin darlarallor
ol I'raa d.-nt iliaut in liarin m> will. tin* law aa but auolhri
claim to our raiiarallon and rratitude We ballet* ir
naliuual arbitration in liru u( war. and aa regard Hit
a., lie of I wo nation* strong *aoogh to bo abort
paaalon a.tjustfng thalr rlaima belora this tribmia
na among In* prottdett monnmanta of the Kepohlic
While endeavoring to reduce III* national debt that waa in
enrrad in Ibo pre nance of organised treason and arniad rebel
linn within a political partjr wliich again aapirra to tha con
Iral nf tha government. wa ara oppoaad to impairing thi
credit ol the nation be donreciallntt any nl ita obligation,
and In fa*or of sustaining In evory way tha national laitl
and financial lionor We belief# In hona*t monar . that th
currency of tha nation sh"ulu, aa eoon a? consistent will
batdna** iniaraat* and safely. bo made equal to gold, an
nntll that lima ?lionld continue a* a legal lender
tv a bold ?. ..t uricele** value of the gremest importance
the common ncbool ijitem of thin eonutry, whiob, nippo rto
I by jant and N|ul Imxtl'i ofpropwtjr forth# benefit or #11
and accessible to tli?? children ul cituees ??t rverv nationi
slity. color, condition or creed should he maintained absolutely
free from sectarian control. ttucl tli it a popular eduI
cation is the right arm of the national safety nnder a free
. and tolerant government, whose guaranty of liberty can
I only l># perpetuated while knowledge pet!
vndes tin* maMcs, While reiterating oar ririn
i devotion to ih* principles that were cherished
> and established by the American patriots of 177f?, as incorporated
in their Declaration of J litispendence in the constitution
of tin- Union ; and in tin* laws of Congress we caun
?t Ignore the fact which is indelibly written In our national
htstorr, that for the privilege of celebrating the centennial
of this Republic, the fr-einen of America are indebted uot
only to its founders, hut also to its defender*, and that If
I to day we have a country or a government whose existence
J i> worth celebrating it is because, in the hour of iu greatest
, peril, its interests and welfare were intrusted to a party
which gave no aid or comfort to the enemies of our common
country, and which now gives the only security or means for
' present or future safety, prosperity and honor as a power lor
! good among the nation*. With a renewal of our pledges to
the platform of principle** adopted by tho Republican State
I Convention ih July ast. we enter it|?un the campaign of
I 187ttwith assurances from all directions that the party of
i law, order, progress and freedom will achieve another jrlorlI
ous victory.
! Tho Congressional district# then reported thoir delegates
and electors, and their action wan ratified.
The committee appointed for the purpose recoromended
for delegates at large I'll ileitis Sawyer, David
Atwood, Murk Douglas and James H. Howe. There
port was unauimously adopted.
The following resolution was adopted:?
Resolved. Thai while we believe that the choice of the
t'niou republicans of Wisconsin emphatically favors the
nomination of the nation * gifted soli, Hon. James <?.
Maine, yet in view of" the time to intervene before the
assembling of the National Contention wo deem it inexpedient
to instruct our delegates, but trust to their intelligence.
discretion and fidelity to fairly represent their
conntitntents in the discharge of their important duties.
| The Conveutlou then adjourned.
PRoflDCKOR, Fob. 22, 1878.
; The Prohibition Rtato Convention has made the following
[ For C.ovcrnor, Albort C. Howard, of East Providence;
; for Lieutenant Gov crnor, Alfred It. Chadsey, of North
Kingstown; lor Secretary of Slate. Joshua M. Addemnn,
ol Providence; for Attorney General, Warren R.
l't'lrce, of Providers; lor General Treasurer, A. 1).
' Yoso, of Wooiisockct.
A meeting of the Republican Stato Central Committeo
was held yesterday morning at the Fifth Avenue
Hotel, with Hon. A. U. Cornell presiding and klr.
liwight Lawrence acting as secretary. The session of
the eominltteo was exceedingly short. It was determined
to bold ttie Stale Convention, tor the election of
delegates to the National Convention at Cincinnati, on
Wednesday, March 22, at Syracuse. The number ol
committeemen present was thirty ono, among whom
were Souator Robertson, of SVeatchortcr; ex-Governor
Morgan, John F. Smith, G. Robinson, of Troy, J. 1).
Warren, General Chester Arthur, District Attorney
' Bliss, Hugh Uardncr and Postmaster James.
Nair Havex. Feb. 22, 1876.
At>oul L'OO perilous were prone 111 to-uay, in una cuy,
I at the Mass Convention of the greenback men. Of
I these about 100, mainly from t^is city and vicinity,
I handed in their names as in favor of the movement.
The forenoon was taken up by speochos, made chiefly
, by greenback men of this city, Icaac Anderson, a husij
new man of this city, was chosen Chairman.
J The Committee ou Resolutions consisted of thirteen,
with Henry Killarn, carriage manufacturer of this city,
, as Chairman. He is also chairman of the New Haven
i democratic delegation to the State Convention to be
I held here to-morrow.
| *The following platform was presented by the committee:?
Whereas the present financial condition of the country
requires immediate, wine ami ciireful legislation ou the grout
questions which at present are of such vital importunes to
the welfare of the peonle. believing the national finances to
be iq a deplorable condition, the friends of currency reform
of Connecticut, in convention us*emblod, recommend the
following principles us import ant to the welfare of the nation;
Resolved, That we earnestly invite a severe scrutiny of
the principles and measures which we think would restore
the country to prosperity, ana we a*k a candid, unprejudiced
consideration of the grave problems that now challenge the
attention of every thoughtful citi/en. Under a government
based on universal suffrage it is vitally essential that all important
public questions be fully and openly debated; the
financial issues of the hour have never been truthfully presented
to the American people; we have heeti denied a fair
hearing by the majority of the press, aud falsely called
inflationists aud repudiators by men who are incited by ignorance,
by love of political party, or by those who, in order
to fatten on the misfortunes of others, wish thr people deceived.
As '.lie Intelligent union of labor and capital is the
only legitimate source of Individual or national wealth, govi
eminent should loster industry and carefully guard the
right* of producers. It should set an example of wi*e economy;
should discourage all forms or monopoly and- should
enact laws for the benefit of the whole people. Class legisi
lation should not ne tolerated in a free nation. To suppose
? thai a financial system is perfect merely because it lias
I hitherto becu generally so considered is as fallacious as a
f hcjiet thai medicine. law or the mechanic arts have reached
I perfection. Mankind Is steadily progressing in knowledge,
r and all arts and sciences are sharing in the general advance.
1 Financial science is yet in its.iufsncy. and the claim ot fiiian
cial infullibity, which is virtually made by the party leaders,
is entitled to nothing hut contempt.
Fir*i?He oppose tne act fixing an arbitrary time for the
1 resumption of specie payments, not became we have any
object 1 ous to our paper tnouey being made worth its face iu
gold, but because that act by creating distrust of the future
1 has paralysed enterprise, thrown the producers of wealth
1 out ot employment, and haa thni postponed the day when it
shall become possible to maintain our pnper money ut par
with coin without creating the widespread bankruptcy
which an attempt to enforce tbo NMBplita act will inevitably
produce. Our paper money should be appreciated
to par with coin by rectifying the defects in our monetary
system and by producing general prosperity, not bv cresting
general prostration of business and by robbing debtors to
1 enrich creditors under the hypocritical crv of "honesty." \\ e
f do not want lesolutlons of future action to amend the enr1
rencv, especially when these resolutions assume the firm of a
standing throat against every now enterprise. Wo want
Immediate and practical measures whicli will Croats con
1 fide nee in the fliture and supply the conditions under
i which time, industry and economy will place our country in
i a sound financial condition and make a paper dollar equal in
k value to a gold dollar at the earliest practical period. To
1 fix an arbitrary time for specie payments is as absurd sa
: It would be to fix a day for a patient's recovery. In
i either case it is impossible to foretell the requisite time.
1 We. therefore, ask lor the immediate anil unconditional roI
peal of the Resumption act and demand that ail similar
trifling with the interests of the nation for political pur1
po*>r* he branded as a crime against humanity,
i Scowl?The government should not dishonor its own
I i promises n? it now does. In the language of Thsdeus
1 ; .Stevens, "Tne greenback* were discredited before they
> were issued." Tne national note should be made a full
1 I legal tender for all public dues and for the purchaso of gov
eminent bond!* At par with gold coin.
> Thirii?The relative valne of the labor and prosperity of
1 every cltixen and tl?c manner in which the national wealth
shall he distributed depends in a large decree npon the
I character and tut amount" of the national currency. Wo
should have a stable currency uniform as possible,
both in its exchangeable value and Its rate of in|
terest- high and fluctuating rates of interest are detrimental
to the prosperity of the producers?and to the
highest rood of the whole nation. This evil can be prevented
only by diminishing the amount of currency at season*
when there is little demand for ft and by increasing its
, volume when more currency is needed The issue of money
and the regulation of the value thereof is a matter of national
NMfi; it ia a prerogative of sovereignty which
should not he delegated, either directly or indirectly, to
corporations. The national bank notes should oe gradually
retired from circulation, and the general government should
have nothing whatever to do with hanking; it should
merely coin and Issue the national m>>uey. Banking
should be entirely free, hut no pa|>er money
should be allowed in circulation except that Issued
directly bv the United States and backed hy the entlra
wealth of the nation. We want no banks of issue nominally
on a specie basis, hut which are really manufacturers of inflated
and worthless paper currency. The national paper
money should bf issued hy a bureau of the United Mat^s
Treasury only when paid lor h> government banks. Ktltbsf
t'ongresb nor bankers should he allowed any more control
over the amount of paver money than they now hare over
the coinage of specie tfotigresa should simply adopt s svatem
under which the volume of the currency would automatically
regulate and limit itself. Business men should
not be kept iu constant fear of either a contraction or an ex'
pans on of the currency. No one can tell bow much currency
is needed at any particular time Its volume should
p be left like that ol everything else, entirely free to contract
crexpand in response to the requirement* of trade. This
would lacflltate cash sales and discourage an undue expansion
of private credits.
ynurtk?A* nil the national currency Is a part of the national
debt, the government should at all times he ready to
exchauire its interest-bearing bund* for its non-interest
hearing notes. The legal tenders should therefore be exchangeable
for interconvertible bonds hearing a low rate of
interest, hut sufficiently high to maintain them m per with
gold coin. Whenever the currency becomes in excess, the
surplus would then flss ills bon !\ and whenever the
currency becomes too scarce bonds would he converted into
currency, tints making the supply always equal, but never
exceed, the legitimate demand By the aforesaid measures a
considerable portion of the national debt wonld be used as
currency without interest, and the bnlk of the debt would
soon tie funded at a rnte not exceeding 4** per cent
per annum, aud probably at It.flft p??r cent per annum, pay
able in K 'lil culn nr in paper ? rin ita r*<-e in cold. rim
taring gl intereat tliui rlfrcted 'h?tild ho tteadily applied
to the payment of tho pnhile dehi We ara <>ppi<ard 10 the
j pfteewi ol Iwiiiih the am urn of our foreign debt,
which aleadlly dratna ?iir ronntry or gold, monnoga
1 -nr 'in inrial liability. ami I- < 'or moi ?erwn? burden llian
a domestic debt A policy ahunld ho adoptedthe tendency
of rehirh would ho 10 i|imini?h "nr foreign obligation* and to
! have iho American debt o*ad ! Amerieon rttlirna.
/ /?* We Poltava that a national pmi. j in accordance
' trttnnnr pctnefplaa would waanrinwlili tho promnim on
(old. would Kit" Iiaa stable nnroiict nnaPootod by foreign
1 war? and panic"; Immediately retire oar drooplnc mdn*
trie* and glee labor employment at lu-t wages, and rexne
onr ronntry from the aafnrlnaain petition in which It haa
been placed by an rxiravananl admlmatrallon ami Ineom1
potoni Initialatnrn. We Invito ooory good rttlaon, lrre?por.
' tiro of provlona party altlliationa. In nnlto with na lor polltlral
reaiatame against tho ignorant war now bring waged m
tho many for tho benefit of tho ftw. and to thn> ond wo conn'
aol our triend* ?? r??t every rota lor thai parly wlioao plat
! form ah all ho mo.i in arrnrd with tho oantininnt ol Jiittice
and Iho prlnrlplea horoin ?ot rorlh.
tiir arrRHhotiT m.aj'ion.
i This afternoon tho Convention adopted tho oboro
' resolutions.
J An executive eommlileo wn* appointed to take Independent
a. tiun tt both parties relusod l? receive
1 ibhin.
fviogaie* worn appointed to tho National Convention
- In Indianapolis on May 1?.
4 Several Joint committees appointed by the Labor end
Trades Union and Wnrklnsmen't Union, met Inst night
i at No. 10 bunion street, te arrange a plan by which to
5BRUAEY 23, 1876.-WITH
unite lbs organizations. Addresses were delivered by
K H. Graeme, Dsuls S. Griffin, J. O'Reilly, M T. Shaw,
U. J. Corbett and T. J. Mastcraon on the part of tbn
Wurkingmrii's Union, William Caslimnn, beniB Kyaa
and John Mallen on the part of the Iatbor and Trades
Union. Many prominent men, connected with labor
organizations, had been invited, but failed to como.
Alter some controversy, a resolution was ottered and
earned to adjourn to meet at tbo Worklngmrn'B Mass
; Meeting, to be held on Krlday evening, and meanwhile
to urge upon their separate organizations to co-operate
I with that meeting.
Tkkstos, N. J. 22, 1876.
In tho Senate, to day, Mr. Schullz presented a petition
asking for legislation against the running of Sunday
excursion trains during the Centennial Exposition.
The Committee on Education reported favorably on
tho bill providing for the erection or institutions for
the deaf, dumb, blind and feeble-minded of the Stalo.
The cost will be about $41)0,000.
After the transaction of some routine business the
Senate adjourned.
In the llou.se, Mr. Emson introduced a bill to prevent
the sale of Intoxicating liquors on olection days
between the hours of sunrise on the day of election until
sunrise on the following day, instead of between the
hours of sunrise and sunset on the day of election, as
at present provided by luw.
The bill repealing the act whoroby- sheriffs were allowed
twenty-five per cent additional fees was passed
by a vole of 34 to 22.
The Commissioners of the Morristown Lunatic Asylum,
in accordance with a resolution of tho House,
presented an itemized report of all the receipts auddistuir-em<-nis
received on account of that institution
since its erection commenced. The following are the
most important Items:?
Total amount ol the appropriations, $2,000,000;
total amount of receipts, $2,028,741) 71, divided as follows:?From
tho Stale Comptroller. $1,600,025; sales
of produce on larm. $5.*24 71; special loans on Commissioners'
notes, $02.1,000.
The disbursements were diatributod as follows:?Material,
work and general construction, $1,704,970 52;
lands for atto, $82,672 11; interest on loans,
$17,342 72; expenses ol Commissioners, $4,063 17;
insurance on buildings, $1,867 50; loans pnid to Newark
National Hanking Company, $423,000. On February
1, 1876, llicru was a balance on hand of $102,081 20. Tho
yearly totals of expenditures are as follows:?1871,
I $67,200: 1872, $90,566 80; 1873, $428,608 76; 1874,
$749,773 41; 1875, $897,766 66. The amount needed
for the completion of the institution Is sot down at
$260,742 32.
The report was referred to the regular Standing Committee
on Lunatic Asylums.
The Joint Committee on Public Hills hold a session
in the ufternoou and discui-sed tho General Savings
Hank bill.
Montgomery, Feb. 22, 1876.
A bill has passed both houses ol tho Legislature rati,
fying the settlement of tho State debt made by tho
Commissioners. All direct Stale bonds, except those
in aid of railroads, are to be taken up and now ones
1 issued. They aro to bear interest -from July next at
two per cent for five years, threo per cent for flvo
years, four per cent for'len years ami flvo per cent for
ten years. All past due interest coupons are to bo
given up and cancelled. The bondholders of the Ala
bama and Chattanooga Railroad arc to surrender tlio
bond* issued by the State In alii of the road and those
indorsed by the State, and take the road and franchises
ami (land and receive In addition one million of bonds,
to bear interest as the otbor new bonds. Tho remaining
railroad boud matters are yet unadjusted. Tho settlement
will bring tho entire indebtedness of tho Stnto
inside of (10,000,000 at a low rate of interest.
Marru Chunk, Pa, Fob. 22, 1878.
Michael J. Doyle, convicted of the murdor of John P.
Jones, was brought into court a little after ten o'clock
this morning. Judge Dretier briofly reviewod the
reasons presented by the defendant's counsel for a new
trial and dismissed the motion. The prisoner was then
ordered to stand up while the Court passed Judgment.
He rose to his feet with a defiant air and throw his cap
with an impatient Jerk upon the table befqgc him.
Wheu asked if he had anything to say why sentence
should not be passed upon him, be muttered in a low
tone, "I don't care what you do; you will do what you
have a miud to, anyway."
The Judge, with a voice of deep emotion, pronounced
the extreme penally of the law upon tho accused, which
was hnnging by tho neek until dead.
The trial of Kelly. Kerrigan and Campbell, who participated
with Doyle in the killing of Jones, will lake
place at tho Marrh term of tho Court, which commences
on the 27th prox. Efforts will bo made to
have the rase of Doyle reviewed by the Supreme Court,
hut it is believed that the trial in the lower court has
been so fnir and full that no cause for setting aside the
verdict can be successfully maintained. It is no more
than Justice to make known the tact that the credit for
making the recent important arrests of prominent
MoMv Maguires In this county and Srhtiytkil is entirely
due to the coal and Iron police of this section and to
General Albright, who worked up the rases to a sue
reps iii i issue oy direction 01 me i.ruigi] ami ? iikosbarre
Coal Company. The determination on the pariot
that company to have the law lully vindicated has
led to tho utter demoralization of the disorderly elomont
in the coal regions and perlectly annihilated tho
infamous Order of tho Molly Mngulre*. Tho reign of
terror which baa so long prevailed in the cool regions
lias come to an end. and the people are rejoiced that
auch a consummation has been reached, even though it
ho* been so much delayed. At the trial of Kelly and
Campbell the lni|>ortant confession of Kerrigan will bo
made effective. It is kept from the public for the
present, as a premature disclosure might Berlously impede
the selection ot a jury and in other ways tend to
defeat the ends of Justice.
Upon the arrival, in this port yesterday, of the
steamship Alpa, from Central America and the guano
Island of Navassa, off the Hayttan coast, a Hkhai.o
reporter went on board of her to ascertain whether
she brought any list of the passengers of tho wrocked
steamship City of Galveston. Mr. H. Reyes, the purser,
said "the Haytlan mail whs brought on board
from Navassa at lialf-pasl one o'clock, on the morning
of the lfitb by a sailor. No Martian newspapers
were handed to me. As a rule Mr. Davidson, the
superintendent or tbe Guano Works, comes ou board
and tells me all that is transpiring, but as it was
night when we arrived, he did not rare. T suppose,
to come off and hoard us. The sailor who brought
off the mail made no mention of having beard oi the
City of Galveston. Tho Port au Prince mail crosses tho
Island of Hayti In about fliteen hours. The flrst
news we had of the wreck of the City of Galveston, in
tbe Bahamas, on the 6th Inst, was from the ptiot
who brought ns In here. Tho Alias Is due here from
Hartl about Wednesday, March L"
The sale of the collection of oil and water colors belonging
to Mr. Francis Tomes begins at tho I.eavitl art
rooms, 817 Broadway, this evening. The Custom House
officials have decided to value the pictures according to
the prices which they bring at auction. Thcro will,
consequently, be no danger of interruption of the sale
norany trouble -regarding the ownership of tbe pictures
subsequently. Tno oil paintings will be sold this
evening. Theso comprises number of American pictures?three
small interiors, with Qguros, representing
quiet home scenes, by P. P. Ryder, fruit by C. P. Renin
and landscapes by several of our New York arums.
Among the foreign paintings are esamples of Galofro,
tine still life groups by Olavide; animals by Von Severdonk,
of Brussels; (lowers by George Clare, fruit by
Pro/er. figure paintings by P. Frances, Valdlnleso, K.
Sola, I.uxctno; a Spanish market, with figures, by Pradilla,
and others. Tho water colors will be sold tomorrow
evening, and consist mostly of single figures
by Spanish artists. About half ot them are by Galolro
and 1'rndilla, a pupil ot Kortuny. There are also ex
ampies oi iramiQiin, Avcntiann, r. francos, Mejia,
Peree, (iarels, l'lasceneia and others among the water
To tw?: Editor of ths lira aid: ?
James T. Brady was my personal friend, and I enter
tamed for him when living an affection combined with
admiration and respect. It was he and hi* family who
called me "Uncle Nat,"and many ot our mutual Irlenda
use ihl* familiar term. Someone has had tlio assurance
to adopt It as u now </? plum' in an nrtudo reflectingon
Mr. Harney Williams' proposition lor a Brady
monument, thereby placing mo in a lalse position by
causing me to ap|<ear as opposed in It. I did not write
; the communication signed "L'ncle Nat," and know
nothing ot its authorship. Had It not been lor a reference
lo mo by name by your correspondent "T. K. C.,"
who in airing bis l.atln forgot Id* manners, and who If
a member ol the liar?to which lie so lrci|tionlly rotors?la
certainly no honor to It, I would not liavo
No. 24 East Twkstistu Htrkkt
Myron I). Ostmrne, hailing from Southwalk, N. It.,
on his way lo New Orleaus, fell In with two sharpen
yesterday alternoon and was fleeced out of $70 b)
means of a bogus check. It was tbo old story?a nleai
confidence game Osborne made known hts loss at th?
City Hall police station, but no clew to tho thlerescoald
be obtained.
: supplement,
1?e1?k trial
Closing Argument for the Defence
by Judge Porter,
Weak Explanation of the Secret Corre- !
spondence with McDonald.
Absurdity of the Private Secretary Selling
Himself for $*(10.
St. Louis, Feb. 22, 1876
Judge Porter, who announced that he would only
speak till recess, occupied the whole day. Porter's
I oily, unctuous race, with Its fat, smooth checks, broad
and lofty brow, sharp, pointed chin, rose-tinged, clean
cut npse,-and eyes so prominent that they seem to be
bursting out of his head, and his neut little mustache,
looks very much as be did during the Heechcr trial,
and ho read the greater part of his speech as he did
then. His voice sounded harsh and husky, and his
rate of speaking was about fllty words per minute. The
peculiar sing-song quaver in which ho droned lorth his
wards, with almost interminable pauses between them,
wearied the audience so that tho court room waa soon
effectually cleared of its overflowing crowds. The Jury
looked sleepy and as If they were in a perfect stupor
from the shower bath of eloquence which they have
received in the last three days.
Judge Porter flourished bis flats In alarming proximty
to their noses, and once frightened tho foreman ,
greatly, who evidently was in dreamland when Porter
woko him rudely by his vohemenco, and tho poor man
could not recover for a minute or two irora the shock to
his nerves. The table in front ol him received a good
many hard Knocks, while Porter glared with wideopened
eyes out of his big eyeglasses, and his body
quivered witfc apparent fury at the damnable Iniquity
of tho prosecution. i
The spectators, among whom was Judge Bard well
Float*. of the Kohosh district, smiled, but rarely, at
somo of Porter's grandiose (lights, and looked as sober
as though thoy were at prayer meeting, while Itahcock
himself again appeared worn. His mental condition
evidently fluctuates violently between confidence and
anxiety. In the beginning of Porter's tirade
the press came in for a round share of abuse,
and, while he denounced it, he turned bis eyes to the
reporters' table and scorched thorn with his glances,
lie explained Joyce's telegrams to Bahcouk by saying
that Joyce "spawned telegrams on everybody whoso
name would servo his purpose," and the prosecution was
abused for niaklDg covert attacks on the President Hoge,
"with a wolf's taste for blood unsatcd"?meaning when
he wanted money?came also in for a good dose, and the
$10,000 raised by the distillers in April, 1876, wont into
the pockets of Joyce and McDonald, and would never
be seen again till tbe Judgment Day. Babcock's secret
correspondence with McDonald was explained by Babcock's
fear that bis mail might be tampered with?at
which some of the spectators smiled. The signature
"Sylph" he hinted might have originated from tbe fact
that Joyce called a lady whom he and Babcock greatly
admired for her beauty a "sylph" while the dofendant
was in St. Louis, but here the Judge stopped htm with
the reminder that there was no testimony to that effect.
In order to head off and break tbe force of Dyer's
closing argument he asked the jury to meet bis "misstatement,"
Ac., by their own
and then Porter slowly road a long peroration. "May
God deal with you and yours as you do with this tunocent
man, whom wocoininit to your keeping," he exclaimed,
in a throbbing voice. He reminded the Jury,
who bad also to-day been the recipients of much "soft
solder," that tbofr names would be lmpcnshably asi
sociated with honor or dishonor in history, Just ac:
cording to tholr verdict; and hero he digressed and
I wanted to show that Babcock was not rich, but tbe
J Court would aot let him, as there was no evidence on
i that point, lie thon painted Babcock's harrowed
fevhngs, and, alter having feelingly pictured the agony
j of his wife and childron, he assured them that their j
1 names "would bo written indelibly on their hearts if
J they rendered a verdict of acquittal, and that their
verdict would rescue the common country from an enduring
imputation of base dishonor."
Judge Porter opened his remarks with complimentary
references to the attention the jury bad given to
tbe case. An intercourse ol two weeks, be said, in tbe
discbarge ot our duties, and the kindness and marked
attention with which you have Pstcned to the evidence
make us (eel that wc aro before a jury which is not
prejudiced in the case. We bclievo that, had the ovidcnce
been such that you must have found a verdict of
guilty, whlrb would have blasted this young man's future,
you would have done so with sorrow; hut now,
thai iho testimony enables you to pronounce bint
Innocent, you cannot but rejoice at such a
conclusion. Judge Porter roferrod to his personal J
relations with General Babcock, Baying tbai he had J
known him long and intimately and appeared us bis
j friend rather man nis lawyer. 11c reminded the jury
| that the defendant was the son of an AmeriCau yen- i
i man, and hail earned, not sought, the positions hc'hnd i
occupied. In a delicate way the government counsel ,
j were complimented lor tbcir ability; but, said the J
I speaker, the? have tried this rase with a bitterness I
toward this defendant which I never saw equalled in a
Slate prosecution. They evidently felt that every stab
they gave this defendant is really thrust through him 1
at the l'resideut himself. Why they should strike at
General Grant we don't know, unless they think his
testimony stands between these two eminent gentlemen
and a new prolessmnal victory. Judge Porter .
then, In strong language, condemned tbo course pur- '
sued by the press toward General Babcock He. Has
had, he said, the misfortune of a prejudgment of Ills
rase bv the pre.-a. It has been charged in tbe papers 1
boldly that tor years he was 111 Weekly receipt of this
that be received it by packages through the express,
by registered letters and hy checks; that he acknowledged
the receipt in letters and telegrams. The country
has been told that upon this money General Bab- !
cock grew suddenly rich; that he lived In luxury and
moved about m palatial style; that with this money ho
built w hole blocks ol buildings in the city of Washington,
and has others in processor construction. Kvcry J
enemy of General Grant witlilu and without the republican
party accepted these stories as true, and General
Babcock bas been condemned unheard. Passing
from what he termed the dangers of accepting a verdict
Irom the newspapers, Judge Porter said tbo meant si
vagabond In the neighborhood of one of you has only
to invent or lind Homing the vilest scandal about you
m.I II G. . nawmaa... Is will mm* onle Km s.rtK L
| ?iri?iuu 11 III.I iv mil uu? wuij v..
; lished, but copied lar and wide by all tlie scandal loving i
I sheds lu the country, aud wherever you go this i
1 calumny will rise up to meot you. You may send your t
, denial to the papers, and It will be published, but with t
' It the statement that since the tlrst publication <
further Inlormatlon of a more reliable churac- <
ter has been received, which seems to confirm 1
the truth of the slander. To Illustrate this point i
Judgo Porter referred to the trial 01 Andrew Johnson, ?
who, he said, was tried and condemned by the whole i
press of the country almost without an exception, lie I
became a President without a parly, and he was not '
elected hy the democratic organisation.and when, right I
or wrong, he cut loose from his old uftl nations he was ; <
denounced as a traitor and surrounded by euemlea who I
threatened his lite and his character. Articles of Im <
peacbunenl were prepared against him hy the House of I
Representatives, and he was tried befbro the highest I
tribunal ol the land. The Senators were presided over j '
liy Chiel .1 uslice Chase. There were many ol them Ins i
enemies, but dropping their r.haraeicrs as Senators they
i became sworn Jurors Andrew Johnson was acquitted | I
1 and the newspaper lodgment was reversed. The IrtfM
I to be drawn is, let no man Ira couvieted of crlino with- i
| out legal evidence of glllll.
Judge rorter next culled attention to ihc diflerenee
{ between the case as the newspapers made it out ami as
I District Attorney Dyer laid It down In his o|>eiting.
These statements, drafted irorn newspaper
| to uewspapor, dwindled down Into two or three tele
| grams in live years. The District Attorney alleged no
act lo connect (Jetiersl llabcork with tlio conspiracy.
Hh admitted that no mniiev bad ever been liald lo 1||6
defendant dirtily, but ho promised to prove -that
money had boon remitted him by mall. I ho paper*
were astounded at the wuakuevaol the case ?a the Ihstncl
Attorney represented It, but they consoled
themselves with tbo statement* of
a f a mtioatmo istkk vis wait
of a Now York psncr that this was a piece ol strategy
, M the part of Colonel Dyer, Intendeil to corn eal the
real stroiigib <>t his rase, but afterward when the eel'
deuce was in the papers ware puizled; they count not
understand how the District Attorney had proved Ins
i case, and they aro now wailing to see how be will do It
| Jitdgr f'orior ?t?sa Mid tbat he would sol >0 tmto the |
evidence in 'detail, as mat till Iwm done nffdlwtfy
by bii colleague, Ms. Jjlorrs, but be would notice some
d( the general lealures. Ho said it was an undisputed
fact that there was a nefarious conspiracy in St. LoUll
In 1871 and 1872, hut It was admtttod by the government,
when the question was put to them by the Court,
that tleucral Kalmuck had no connection with that ro?ipiracy.
In 1873 a new couspirucy was lornitKl which
continued until the order changing the sujiervisors in
ill" winter ot lHT'i On the argument of Supervisor
Pulton this plan ot changing the supervisors was gives
up by the President alter due deliberation for annlhet
plan which Kulton recommended and the Sucrotarj
mid the President accepted. It was tho carrying oul
at this latter plan which led to all this exposure. Thu
plan Is approved by you, by us, by the whole country,
except Colonel Brodhcad, who argues that the President
had no right to change his plan.
Tho next step in the argument was with relorence
to the knowledge at Washington respecting the King
In the spring of 1875 Joyro and McDonald, fol
reasons gireu by them, resigned. Think you that
their resignations would liavo been accepted had then
[loutieciion with the conspiracy been knowu in Washington!
When the distillers and rectifiers told thell
story before the (Irand Jurors last summer the District
Attorney learned how deeply Joyce and McDonald
were concerned, and they were indicted, but the evideuce
against tliem was not known. Later, Joyce was
indicted in another district for various malfeasances in
ulltcv, tried and convicted. In that way the real case
agaiust McDonald was concealed. In midsummer MoDonald
was indicted; his enemies no doubt believed
him KUilty, as he was; but with the fact of his indictment
there was circulated in the papers the wildest
Biorios that the Treasury Department was la league
with McDonald and thut even tho President himself
was implicated. Knowing the falsity ol part of these
Stories it was natural that in Washington it was be
Moved that theBo distillers, to shield themselves, ha*
sworn falsely against McDonald. It was not believed
llial ho was guilty until last November, when on hu
trial the legal evidence proved hitu beyond all doubt ti
have been Involved in the conspiracy. Judge Porlct
then referred to
ind the strong tomptatioh to avoid it. Ho said he had
no doubt the distillers lelt the tux was unjust; and,
while this did not justify them, their crime was immeasurably
less than that of the officials. Gentlemen.
?aiu Judge Porter, you would not to day talte the word
jf Joyce II he was hero for the government or the defence";
bo has boon proven a liar, a perjurer and a thief;
pou would not believe him on oath, and yet tbey asl
I'ou to believe him unsworn when be was stating"whai
was in bis own Interest: they would have you Inlet
loyce's owu word that General (J. E. llabcock was*
Judge Porter tnen proceeded to analyze the evidence
"or the government. He said they had not produced
me single letter convicting General Bubcock of connection
with the conspiracy. They had not produced
>nc single telegram showing that hu ever bargained for
>r received one cent of this moucy. They have had
estimony that Joyce received it, that McDonald re;eivod
it, that Everest received it. that McKce, true ot
also, received it; but nothing that Babcock received
t. All tbey bavo is turn:?In tlve years he despatched
me telegram to Joyce, and that dictated by the l'rosllont,
in these words, ".Sec that Ford's bondsman reeiranipnil
you." That, during all the time Joyce wa*
ihowering his letters and telegrams on the Commitpotior,
on Avery, on the President, on everybody else,
Ac only sent
ind only two of these Bubcoclc answered. One wai
lunching the reported movements against McDonald.
I'o this Bubcoclc replies that lie has seen the gentleman
ind ho seems friendly. Tho othor is of the lftth o
December and signed "Sylph," and yet General Bab
cock is held to answer to a knowlodgo of conspiracy,
when not tho slightost evidence lias been introduce*
in prove either that he had that knowlodgo or that hi
had opportunity lor obtaining it. Deferring to n?w?
paper assaults which have been made upon the Prest
[lent, in connection with this matter, tho speaker raid,
"Even the most violent papers had not ventured t?
declare that the President was privy to the conspiracy.
Hut tlioy Iwnt made covert and cowardly insinuation!
10 thai purpose. Now thcso insinuations should he
Hrought from their hiding places. Either tho President
was or he was not in the conspiracy. What
t was that the President should violate his official oath
ay conspiracy with Klt/.roy and the rest of the clan in
ardur that, once within thrco years, these conspirators
might have tho grace to send $&oo to his private secre:ary
to ho divided between tho two. The prosecution
would have it believed that the President, from whom
Joloncl Dyer received bis appointment, and at whose
mggcstioii Colonel lirodhead was chosen to assist in
ibu prosecution, was liable, in the lace, too, ol his injunction
to tho Secretary of the Treasury, "Let no
;uilty man escape," because he told the lacts within
His knowledge that they might be used for whatever
they woro worm in the defence of a member of his
Household. And who was the man thus assailed?
(V'hat are his antecedents? The speaker here grew
sloquent in his laudations of tho President,
leclartng that he was rccoguizod in Kurope
ts the loremosl representative of American character,
ind that such insinuations were worthy ol the
ontompt of honest men. Neither of the government
lounsei hod made any open statements to tbo effect set
"ortb, but they had ingeniously left it to be inferred,
ind the stratagem was hardly to be excused by professional
zeal, and in any cause it was simply a desperate
esource of a sinking prosecution. The delence had
ntorposed ubt a ample technical objection to the introluctiuu
of testimony, although some newspaper!
loomed to docm all objections us technical, and that a
man bad no right to object to the introduction of uniworti
statements of irresponsible persons. The prososulioii,
rather, had Interposed all the technical objections,
as the record would prove, and this was the first
Lime-the s|ienker ever saw a case with such a record,
Itclore the case came to trial himselI and co-counsel
trrived at the conclusion that the indictment could N
piashed on legal grounds without irini and determined
lo mako the ellort, but General Bibcock stoutly opnosed
such a course and Instructed that no technical
toints be raised to prevent a thorough examination ol
he case. When the evidence was all in the detencs
Had felt satistied that there wore good grounds
or asking an instruction of acquittal, bfecauss
>f the utter absence of substantial proof;
lence the motion was made. The Court decidod that,
n view ol the contlict of authorities, it would be safer
o let tho case go to tho jury. The dtfenco regretted,
if course, this decision, hut ncquiescod in it as tho remit
of prolonnd consideration by a pure and learned
rtbuunL The speaker addressed the Court and cited
inthoriiies in favor of an instruction that iu a case deteudlug
on circumstantial evidence
nust be proved to the Jury. He urged the tact that no
idequate motive had been proven here. The conspiricy
was a cold-blooded combination for money and
lolhlng else. Yet the prosecution tells tho jury thut a
on.-piracy, which could not la^r tho scoundrel
irnshcar's luMuenco for a single report for loss than
|10,U0U; which could not buy Hego for less than
fUi.OOO; which could not engago a gauger's services,
ivenuf f /-> w nun lift > s nl' f lin iirnli I ihul this rnnoniranw
""" I" '? " wnopin-./
mrchnscd a man o( ltabcock's high character and postInn,
iu whom the President's confidence was fixed and
itlll exists, lor the paltry sutn of $6oO, which Kvorest
ays ho put into tho street letter hox at Joyce's inuancc;
ts this not far worse than a total absence of
unlive 1
A recess was here taken, and on tho reopening Judge
'orter continued his speech and addressed himself te
hat rule of law which declares that in cases of cir'iimsianllal
evidence, evidence, In ordor to warrant a
rordict ol guilty, must he susceptible of no explanalon
except upon the hypothesis of guilt, snd cited
minorities m the Court as to the extent to which this
'iilo appllos. Ho then made a citation to tho Court
in the proposition made by the Court when tho
[ovcriiment oflcred to Introduce evidence as to a susilclous
art against the defendant, that the eviicnce
might be admitted as proving sucn act,
ind if tne defendant had It in Ins power to
xplain such act, but failed to do so. This fact should
>e considered as against the defendant. He read
rom an opinion of the United States Supreme Court
0 prove that this Court was wrong In such ruling, and
hat the converse of the rule laid dowu was the law.
rhe opinion went on to say that such s
iiling would ho to declare that when a prims
ado or presumptive case is made against a erimind
a verdict of guilty is warranted when the deetidant
tails to make a defence to the jury. He then
aid that, assuming these principles to be the law, Ik
vould at oneo ho th?ur duty and their joyous privilege
to announce a verdict of acquittal In this cs?o, where
lie circumstances tail to justify even reasonable eusucion.
if the defendant committed the crime, lie did
1 without temptation, without motive and without retard.
Tho Court would instruct that the absenco of
notlve in cases of circumstantial evidence demands an
icqutttal. He was confident in this view of the law the
ury would brush away tho tritles as unworthy ol con?
lideratlon. In such a case
villi which the law clothed him, arose to the dignity
>f prool. The prosisiution, with power to bring hither
iny man between the two oceans, could not introduce
i single wituess who could testily that a taint ever
'ested on I ho character of Orvilie K. Babcoek till it mite
a in ted hv the Missouri whiskey thieves. An adverse
rordict might gratify for the moment a few personal
nemica ol the President, hut could net gratify an
me in v of (ieneral Hahcock, for he has none,
it had been said that the detendsnt could
lot receive Justice nt the hands ol a M.sKiuri
jury; but iho defence had liern aseured,
md they now believed it, that a Missouri Jury would
not see an innocent man sudor. It was evident now
why the cllir.ens of Washington, without exception,
fell eoniidenl of the injustice hf the rharge against the
?.xi. i un#i vkiiv ii vmis thai Socreiarv liriMow wa?
not called lo leslilv against bun. Hie calumnious
>tnu>m<nt that 'be Secretary lielteve.i In Halicuck'f
Mill was aui|ily retuted. tleneral Habcock had
field a position in Washington, whub, h id ho bete
Its posed to dishonesty. would have enabled him to be.
tome a million trWf HIS discharge of those duliei
was most ??>le, nn'l tho beauties of our national capital
grounds attest tho fact, lie never for all ihia received
one dollar of pay Iwyond that which ho received a? ao
army olWccr. Well known to all Congressmen of both
houses and lo all department olb.cuils, ua well as ta
prominent men ail over the land, not one eould be
louud who could cast the slightest slur of reproach
upon hi* character. OC the millions of public
money which he handled every dn|.
lar was * accounted for with the strictetl
arm racy. Duriug all those years ol partisan warfare
and lorn I contests, as had been proved by so many honorable
men and by the oath ol I'residenI (Irani. who
never was forsworn, he bod in ?de no enemy and found
none so mean in to east reflection upon huu. If such
a reputation n tills Is of no avail against a charge that
lie sold his government (or a paltry $iuo. what protection
has an honorable mau against tho machinations o!
The speaker now took up th? charscler of Joycn,
whom no showed to lie the prmro el villains in tact.
?i?niiirsn, 17 nk, nuncomue an<l fi?>iieral gut-li. S?
rrnltv wax lie that on short acquaintance he convinced
llalicock and the Fre'ldont that he was making Senators
In Missouri and Arkansas; was running all th*
political conventions and was directing the conduct of
one-half ol tha ncwsoaDcrt ol the NortUweJu

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