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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 26, 1876, Image 4

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THE DAILY HERALD, published every
fay in the year. Four cents per copy.
Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per
tnouth, free of postage.
All business, news letters or telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New \okk
H FR*1.T1
Letters and packages should be properly
Rejected communications will not be returned.
Subscriptions and advertisements will be
received and forwarded on tlie same terms
as in New York.
THE TRAMP, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. C. S. Nlcliola.
VARIETY.atB 1*. M. Matinee at it P. M.
BITE BTOOPR TO CONQUER. at 8 i'. M. Mr. Lestar Wallack.
Matinee at 1:30 P. M.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. 51.
THE CHILD STEALER, nt 8 P M. Lucille Wtmtmca.
eagle theatre.
UNCLE ANTHONY, at 8 P. M. M atinee at 2 P. M.
brooklyn theatre.
OCF.EN AND WOMAN', at 8 P. M. Mr. Fred. Robinson.
Matinee at 2 1'. 51.
VARIETY-, nt 8 1*. M.
psion square theatre.
ROSE MICHEL, at 8 P.M. Matinee at 1 30 P. M.
LA FAYOUTTA, ui 1 .30 P. 51. MUc. Theresa Titiene.
park theatre.
ftRABS, at 9 P. M. George Fawcett Kowa Matinee at 2
P. M.
riQUE. at 8 P. M. Funny Davenport. Matinee at 1:30 P. M.
VAR1ETY. tt 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M.
SI SLOCUM, at 8 P. M. Frank R. Prayne. Matlnea at 2
P. M. I
parisian varieties.
VARIETY, nt 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M.
BAN FRANCISCO MLNSTKELS, at 8 P. M. Matiuee at 2
P. M.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 p. M.
booth's theatre.
JULIUS CAESAR, at 8 P. 5L Mr. Lawrence Barrett. Matinee
et 1 J3U P. M.
VARIETY, at 8 I*. M. Matinee at 2 P. M.
o e u v a nia th1eat r E.
DF.R VEILChenfreS8Hit, nt 8 P. M.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
From oitr reports this morning the probabilities
are that the weather to-tlwj will be warmer,
cloudy or partly cloudy.
The Herald by Fast Mail Tbatns.?Kercsdealers
and the. public throughout the country
vill be supplied with the Daily, Weekly arid i
Sunday Herald, free of postage, by sending I
their ordrrs direct to this office.
Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were irregular,
but the market closed strong. Gold
tdvanccd to 114. Money on call was supplied
at 3 a 3 1-2 per cent. Governments j
were a trifle lower. Investment securities
were steady.
Governor Tilden was examined as a witness
in the Tweed suit yesterday. Ilis testi
inony was the same as that given by him
on the misdemeanor trial.
Bayaiua is opposing the administration of
lier railways by the imperial government. It
is questions like this which make the unity
of the Empire difficult, and in the end may
render a united Germany impossible.
In IIayti another revolution seems to be
Imminent. The black republic fails to prospor,
and it is impossible to resist tho conclusion
that much sympathy has been wasted
on a people who are slow to learn the arts
of civilisation and tho science of free government.
Spanish Akkooance in Cuba is always punished
when Spain is dealing with some other
Power than the United Stat< s. An indemnity
is to be paid to tho family of M. lteygondeau
and the officer who ordered his execution
is to be court-martialled. The rights
of Americans in Cuba will not be respected
until our government pursues a like policy.
The Caelist Stkcggle seems to be practically
at au end. What remains of the array
of the young chieftain is hemmed in and defenceless,
and for the present the cause of
Don Carlos is hopeless. This end might
have been attained long ago if thero had
been purpose and virtue enough in Spain to
bring it about.
-" r
Tnr. Industhial Exhibition Compant is in
court with a suit against its financial agents.
The history of this company is told in our
court reports this morning, and it will be
found exceedingly interesting, especially to
the bondholders. Any comment-, either upon
the company or its agents, is unnecessary, as
the story conveys its own mornl.
Japanese Duficclttes witu Cobra are
again reported and, it is said, a war is imminent
Chinese sympathy is with the
Coreans, which is but natural, when the
jealousies between China and Japan are considered.
It is to be hoped the crisis will pass
without hostilities, because such a result
could not fail to prove a serious obstacle to
the growth of Japanese civilization.
Th* Btbrst Railroads. ? It has been contended
that the horso railroad companies
of this citv could not nut more cars on thr
line* and yet make their roads profitable..
This is the excuse for the overcrowding
which has at last become unendurable; but
that our readers might see that this excuse
is not well founded we have been at tho
trouble to collate and compare the earnings
and profits of the companies. This analysis
completely refntcs the allegations of the
nnprofltableness of the roads, and shows that
the overcrowding is a deliberate plan for
earning excessive dividends. Than this
there can bo no stronger argument for "no
1W? f^"K
Thr Campaign for the Presidency.
The Presidency is the growing question.
Wo are on the verge of March. In three
months the candidates will be in nomination,
the platforms will be constructed and
summer will find us in the blazing heat of
the canvass. The Centennial, which will
open in May, will have spent its force. There
mny be & little cessation ol political hostilities
to hear the joy-bells ring on the Fourth
of July, but from now until November the
Presidency will bo the al>sorbing issue.
Thus far we have the preliminary signs of
the campaign, the picket-firing that opens
the battle. Indiana has spoken tor Morton.
The once promising Colfax has passed into
an eclipse as total as that which fell upon
Aaron Burr, and no one mentions his name
in a State of which four years ago he was the
favorite son. There has been a general sifting
of candidates. In the past they kept
floating into prominence every lour years
until they died of old age. Clay and Webster
were whig candidates, always running
and never reaching the goal. Cass, Marey,
Dickinson, Douglas wTere ever disturbing
democratic conventions with claims which
were never to be realized. Seward,
McLean, Fremont, Chase and Sumner
were for years persistent and unavailing
claimants for the suffrages of
the republican party. It is a singular feature
that, laying aside General Grant, none of
the old-fashioned candidates are now in the
field. The claims of Governor Seymour
Lave been merged in those of Governor Tilden.
Of the candidates who were prominent
in the Chicago Convention which nominated
Lincoln only Cameron now lives, and he is
not an aspirant for the Presidency.
Who, then, are to lead this campaign?
The new men who have come to the
front are numerous nd gifted. There never
wero so many candidates. Every section and
nearly every State has its choice. New York
has L>ix, Evarts, Morgan, Fish, Wheeler and
Conkling, with Conkling ahead as the
natural choice of the State and the leader of
the administration forces. New England
presents Boutwell, Ilawley, Charles Francis
Adams, Edmunds, Jewell, Anthony and
Blaine, with Blaine leading. The West h:is
13ristow, Morton, Hayes, Sherman, Logan
und Washburne, with Morton in advance.
From the South no one comes, while Pennsylvania
nominates Hartranft, in the hope
of gaining for him national recognition. On
the democratic side wo have from New York
Tilden, Church, and Seymour. New England
has John Quincy Adams, Gaston
and Ingersoll. Pennsylvania will be satisfied
with either Black, Randall, Parker or
Hancock. The West lias Kerr, Tiiurman,
Hendricks, Pendleton and Allen. From
Delaware we liavo tlio accomplished and
high-toned Bayard. Tho Mouth presents no
name whatever. Virginia, tho mother of
statesmen, has no son in training for the
supreme honor. In this myriad of
names?all of them good men and true?
any one is competent to hold tho
Presidency. There are few who have especial
prominence. Tho leading republican
candidates are Conkling, Blaine and Morton,
with the chances in favor of Mr. Conkling
as the man whom the President, once that
he sinks his own ambition, will most delight
! to honor. Conkling represents the discipline,
Blaine the radicalism of the
party, Morton tho ever present and arrogant
pretensions of the Mississippi Valley
to rule tho nation. Mr. Washburne has
negative strength, but so have Fish and
Evarts and Bristow and many others. So
far as New York is concerned tho choice of
the party is Conkling, and any other name
just now is not worth considering. Mr.
Conkling can most probably nominate himself,
or whoever ho pleases. We might have
Conkling and Blaine from the East, as we \
once had Grant and Colfax from tho West, or I
tho names might be reversed. In the event of
the contest between Conkling, Blaine and
Morton waxing wroth, and no reconciliation
possible, then the republicans nave in their
reserve some spendid names?Ailams, Fish, |
Boutwcll, Bristow, Washburne, Evarts?any J
one of whom could bo selected as Pierce and
Polk were selected, a compromise between
conflicting interests, and one sure to please
the country.
On the democratic side the leading candidates
are Tildeu, Hendricks and Bayard.
Tilden represents the reform movement in
New York, tho vast prestige of the Empire
State. Hendricks is the choice of the West,
, while Bayard would bo a compromise between
the North and the South. Tho democratic
party is now harmonious, not as when
Breckinridge and Douglas struggled. There
are no sectional quarrels, no personal rivalries.
The only question disturbing is
' finance, and tkut disturbs republicans and
i democrats alike. The democrats mean to
win. There i^ a jealousy of New York which
in.iy defeat Tilden, and tho still further fact>
that may not bo without its effect upon
superstitious politicians, thut as NewY'ork
named the three last candidates?Seymour,
McClellan and Greeley?it may bo well to
I change the State, if only for luck's sake.
The fear of rag money may defeat any Westera
democrat, and the two influences combining
seem to point to Bayard as the candii
date with the fewest angles. But if this contest
should becomo bitter?if the three
: rivals should destroy one another?the demo'
crats, like tho republicans, hnvo a fine list
in reserve. Church, John Quincy Adams,
Ktrr, Hancock, are all good men; so that,
no matter how the conventions go, we have
{ the assurance that worthy men will be placed
in nomination.
Wo are not in favor of negative candidates,
men without a record. Wo trust the
. American people are intelligent enough to
, know the value of actuul leaders in politics ;
and now, if ever, we want a leader. The reason
why we urge the republicans to nominate
Mr. L'onkiing is because 110 nos a rccora.
lie has deep convictions. He has never
hesitated to strike a blow for his party. He
has never trimmed. Ho disdains tho ordinary
paths of politicians. Frond, lofty,
austere, he has the marks of a hundred battles
on his armor. He has never failed in
any emergency. He has no enemies but
those who are the enemies of his flag. Take
lloscoe Conkling ont of his party relation,
and every patriot wonld know hiin as one
who had never dishonored himself. If tho
i , democrats con present a man with such a
I record let ua have him. For now. if cvor.
we want manhood in our politics. Let ut
have no more of the Colfax business, the
Pharisee candidates, the nominations of men
who have hidden in every strife and have
j remained neutral in every emergency, who
only believe in the emoluments of politics.
Do not repeat the blunder which gave us
Polk and Pierce, which defeated John
Quincy Adams. Now that we are looking in
; all directions for candidates let it be understood
that no one will be named by either
I convention?republican or democratic?who
has not earned the honor by faithful and
| continued service for the public welfare.
In these speculations upon the campaign
which is now to open we have said nothing
of the third term. Is Grant not the inevitable
republican candidate after all ? The
1 nomination of the President for a third term
would be so much of a revolution in our
politics that we prefer not to consider it, exi
cept as something apart from all other con
smcrutious. Uut lor the tact tuat urant nns
been twice chosen he would now be the candidate.
This is because he is about the best
man in tho party and because he has not
outlived his military prestige. As it now is,
the republican party in the South would go
J for Grant as a unit. He could have Pennsylvania
and New York if he wished it, as
J the party in these States is a machine which
runs like a chronometer, and will strike the
t hour to which the hands may be turned.
Just now they arc turned to Conkling, and
I they promise to strike Conkling. Is it
not possible they may strike Grant ? This
: is the weak point in the canvass of Mr.
I Conkling. But wo have never entertainod
the suspicion that the name of our Senator
could be used as a mask for the third
term. The eagle of Oneida, whose imperial
I flights have been the wonder and admiration
I of his party, can never become a mere third
term stool pigeon. But the way to prevent
a third term is to be ever on the alert and to
i strike at whatever indicates it. That danger
I will only pass away with a now President
and an amendment to the constitution. Con|
gress has not been patriotic enough to give
: us the amendment. Now let tho people give
I us the President.
Rube ostein's Appeal.
Israel Iiubenstein, the father of tho man
convicted of the murder of Sara Alexander,
has made an earnest, simple and touching
appeal to the people of his race for pecuniary.
assistance in his resort to further legal
remedies. As this deeply afflicted father
has faith that another trial may demonstrate
the innocence of his son, and has apparently
no money with which to secure legal advice
likely to obtain another trial, this appeal is
legitimate, anil we Lope he may, as wo
believe ho will, obtain all the inonoy ho
needs. They to whom he makes his appeal
are competent* to aid him in this respect
certainly; and it is evidently not the least
of their virtues that they stand by oho
another in the hour of distress.
But aside from its more obvious and serious
aspect this Bimple, fervent "cry to
Judah" is an appeal worthy some nttcntion.
Here is the way in which Israel deals with
the main facts:?"My unfortunate and
wretched son is stamped as a murderer and
condemned to death by the rope. But you,
friends and brothers, know him, and know
right well that he is a God-fearing man and
honorable in all his dealings. Yes, my son
is in truth a God-fearing and pious man,
and it is, therefore, incredible that he did the
murder which is laid to his charge. His
hands did not shed this blood nor commit
this murder. But the Court condemned
him, nevertheless, being guided by false
testimony and subjected to tho influence of
wicked and godless men, who, by false statements,
laid the blame on him, while the
testimony of honorable people who testified
to the innocence of the poor follow was disregarded."
No fault can be found with the father for
this statement. lie firmly believes, no
doubt, in the innoconce of his son, and from
his point of new, therefore, the conviction
of the son is the essence of all injustice. But
his view of the case will hardly pass muster
with the public, and from their point of
view, therefore, his statement is grossly partial.
Now, if we imagine this appeal to be
read far in the future?as far from our time
as wo arc from the time of some events recorded
in Hebrew histories?wo can hardly
wonder if it should be accepted against us as
those histories have been accepted against
others. In that case we should appear as a
heathen people, barbarous and inflexible,
animated, for no good reason, against a
gentle, just, upright, God-fearing race of men,
who could get no justice in our courts, who
were condemned on the testimony of villains
while innocent, credence and even a hearing
being refused to their own witnesses. Such
may be the aspect, when reported from one
side, of the fair, trial given to Itubenstein,
charged with the murder of his cousin.
This consideration ought to excite in us a
lively apprehension, a doep anxiety, as to
whether we have not done great injustice to
others on statements which, like old llubenstoin's,
uttendod too exclusively to one side
of the case. There is poor old Pharaoh, for
instance, and even poor old Nebuchadnezzar,
all the way from Babylon. No one would
care to do either of those distinguished persons
any injustice; and if Mr. George Smith,
of Assyria, or any gentleman in Egypt shall
ever givo us Pharaoh's or Nebuchadnezzar's
statements, it may turn out that those we
have hitherto depended upon woro not
strictly impartial.
The Assemble Committee on Canals has
reported a resolution authorizing a new commission
to continue the investigations in the
management of the sanals of this State. The
commission appointed last year accomplished
much good, and as the great task
imposed upon it is not yet complete it would
be well to continue the system. We musl
have reform in canal management as well of
exposure of tlio Canal King, and this can be
gained only by the investigations of a com'mission
like the one appointod upon Governor
Tilden's recommendation a year ago,
Plymot'th Chthch seem* to be in a posi
tion at lost to settle the pastor's troubles t<
its own satisfaction. Mr. Henry C. Howei
is to be summoned to answer ; find, as it ii
likelv he will docline to do this, it mar b<
, fondly hoped that the thins is nearly ended
j He form in the Method* of State Tax)
i There is no subject connected with the in>
ternal administration of the State in which
? the necessity of reform is so urgent as in our
system of raising taxes for the support of
i the State and local governments. We are
still pursuing the methods adopted at the
early period when agriculture was our chief
and almost our sole interest, and lands and
buildings were the only easily accessible
sources of revenue. Our people
would long ago have discarded this system
as obsolete and out of adaptation to the altered
circumstances of the State had it not
been for the relief afforded for nearly half a
century by the revenue derived from the
1' canals. One has only to look into the State
constitution adopted in 184G to see how
magnificent were the expectations of an immense
annual revenue from the canals over
and above their annual expenses. Those
' provisions for setting apart between two and
three million dollars yearly out of the surplus
income of the canals are still nominally
in force, but they have become practically
inoperative by the failure of the canals to
1 yield much surplus over the expenses of
superintendence and repairs. The consequence
is that when wo are thrown back
upon the old resources of the ante-canal
period for meeting the State engagements
tho people ore suddenly awakened to a true
sense of the inadequacy and injtistice of a
tax system which would long ago have been
outgrown and abolished if the ample canal
toils of former years had not mitigated its
The necessity of a radical reform became
apparent four or five years ago, and Governor
Hoffman, by authority of the Legislature,
appointed a very able commission to
examine the subject and report improved
plans. Mr. David A. Wells and Mr. Isaac
Sherman were the most active members of
that commission, and their report was a
striking and instructive document. But
the system they recommended was such a
complete innovation and was so very far
in advance of public sentiment that it
could not secure a candid hearing by men of
the grade of intelligence elected to the Legislature.
Even better informed minds inclined
to regard it as a venturesome experiment.
It is always wise to adapt reforms to the existing
state of public opinion and avoid a
rude break in the customs of the people.
The physician who said, "I did not give the
patient the best medicine but the best I could
pet hhn to take." was a trreat deal more use
ful than if lie had made a more scientific prescription
at the hazard of its being thrown
out at the window.
Mr. George IL Andrews, who has long
i served with credit and acceptance as one of
| our Tax Commissioners, has lately been ad'
dressing a series of letters to Mayor Wick!
ham, discussing the same question of taxa!
tion which has become so urgent, and, after
I exposing in great detail the defects and inI
justice of the present system, he has at
i length come to the question of remedies.
Mr. Andrews is a great deal more than
an ingenious theorist. He is a clearheaded,
judicious, practical man, whose
varied experience in public life, intimate
knowledge of popular sentiment,
both in the city and rural districts, and
special acquaintance with the subject of
taxation make him the most useful adviser
who has yet undertaken to handle this important
question. We did not need his
elaborate arguments and great array of
statistics and comparisons to convince us of
the inequity of the present system or of the
great wrong habit ually done to the taxpayers
of this city by the State Board of
Assessors in laying disproportionate burdens
on the city, which is made to pay forty-five '
per cent, or nearly one-half of the State
taxes. i>ui me remedies jit. Andrews proposes
deserve the thoughtful examination
both of the people and the Legislature.
The proposed plan of Mr. Andrews is
clearly set forth in the letter which wo print
in another part of this paper. Stripped of
details it consists of two fundamental features?first,
an exemption of real estate from
taxation for State purposes, and, second,
! permitting the Board of Supervisors in each
| county to decide whether the local taxes
shall be raised from real estate alone or from
it and personal property. He would raise
the revenue of the State government chiefly
by a tax on the capital and tlio earnings or
dividends of corporations, supplementing it
by liconsos if it should prove deficient
These sources would be ample, and the release
of real estate from State taxation
would forever remove the injustice
practised by the State Board of Assessors,
This is not an untried experiment; it has
been for three or four years in successful operation
in Pennsylvania, where it has
wrought a satisfactory cure of the same evils
from which we seek relief. The other feature
of the plan would enable the local legislative
bodies to adapt the taxation of personal
property to the peculiar interests of
the localities. Everybody knows how prop!
Crty has been drawn away from New York to
I New Jersey by the exemption of raort<mces
| from taxation in tho neighboring counties of j
I tho latter State. The plon of Mr. Andrews
J would enable ns to countervail that policy
! without involving other parts of the State in 1
a plan not suited to their circumstances.
Moreover, it is a flexible and adjustable plan, i
! capable of being altered from year to year
! according to tho varying exigences of outside
competition. We hope our taxpayers
will weigh its merits and urge it upon the
attention of tho Legislature.
I The February Flood* In Central
, Recent telegrams from Berlin and the vali
ley of the Danube inform usHhat a sudden
thaw has melted tho large accumulations of
snow which covered the mountains and
[ ; plains of Central Europe, and that destruc>
tive inundations have resulted along tho
lines of the principal rivers. It would
appear that, although European peoples may
reject our political principles and refuse to
Americanize their institutions, they are yet
oompellcd to accept our cast-off weather, Aid
moat shiver with cold or perspire with heat
. in strict accordance with the programme
> prepared for them on this continent The
i fact that our climatic conditions influence to
* a largo extent those of the Eastern Continent
b is now generally conceded by scientific ob,
I servers. The eastward movement of the
atmosphere is proved beyond all question, j
Therefore when we experience extremes of i
heat and cold or violent Btorms the same i
phenomena are certain to present themselves <3
in due course of time to our European A
cousins. The warm weather recently cx- (3
perienced in the United States has evidently s
drifted across the Atlantic, and while our t
rivers arc again locked up with ice those of <]
Central Europe are swollen by the thou- a
sands of tributary streams that carry the i
molted snows from the mountains into val- c
leys and plains. There is no reason why a t
system of warning signals should not be a
adopted between this continent and Europe, \
by which it would be easy to prognosticate c
the weather changes on that side of the At- c
lantic many days in advance. The British t
islands and the western coasts of France and a
a-,.- e J J _J kt.k
r> uiicji H um suuuuu biurms, w im u ?
often cause fearful disasters to shipping. 1
Nearly all these disturbances arise or puss e
within the sphere of our observation. Why, t
then, do we not warn Europe of their com- 1
ing, and thus save life and property by so \
simple a precaution? The cold that we are s
now experiencing will make itself felt in c
Europe during the coming week, perhaps, ^
and may produce heavy snow falls over the i
very region now suffering from the effects of s
the sudden rise in temperature. A recur- t
rence of the floods would probably result, c
but by timely preparation, suggested by a t
foreknowledge of the change, much suffer- i
ing, not to say loss of life, would bo pre- (
vented. <
The Old Wliiga In the South.
Though the white voters of the Southern ]
ouiiea are now aimosi aiiogeuier ranged
under the democratic flag tho^r are
by no means all democrats. Several of
the Southern States, notably Louisiana
and North Carolina, vjere, in tho old times,
strong whig States. Many of the most influential
Southern public men are by tradition or
by education Henry Clay whigs, and only
the pressure of tho mismanagement and corruption
practised by so-called republicans in
the South has united whigs with democrats
in a common opposition to misrule. In
Louisiana the traditional hostility of whigs
to the democratic name was even so strong
that a coalition was impossible until the
democrats dropped their party name and
called themselves "conservatives." This was
the origin of the party name "conservative"
in the Southern States; it was adopted to
catch the whigs. In other Southern States,
as in North Carolina, where there is a real
republican party, it has rallied to its banners
the old whigs. A letter, which we publish
in another column, from a North Carolinian,
shows the nature of the feeling which draws
the old whigs of the South to tho republican
party. It is combined of ancient distrust of
the democrats and a strong desire to revive
the whig party.
Ever since last spring the republican lead- '
crs in .Louisiana have been engaged in a j
vigorous flirtation with the whigs. Some i
months ago Marshal Packard went so far as to 1
write a letter of conciliation to Mr. Leonard,
of Shrcveport?who is supposed to be the j
leader of the Louisiana whigs?suggesting
that Leonard would And a pleasant
shelter for his wandering adherents
in the republican sheepfold. Leonard answered
with maiden coyness, as was to be
expected ; but Packard's solicitations showed
his anxiety, for tlicy wore addressed to a
man who, in the campaign of 1874, deliberately
advised the assassination of certain corrupt
republicans in case they should be reelected.
As in all such ca?es of courtship, the ardor
of the suitor is increased by the coyness of
the wooed; and after many months of j
prosaic pleading the New Orleans Republican I
broke out into poetry, or what is intended for j
such. "The White Whig Flag" was the title i
of its outburst into song, and it ran through
a number of stanzas after the following
Take down again the white whig flag, e
The glorious flag of Henry Clay,
Boar It to every mountain crag, 1
And bear it foremost in the fray.
The glorious whigs are back again,
I hear them tramping round the skies ;
Timv name to cleanse the battle nlain
And bring tlicir guns the brilliant prize.
This is not very coherent, but the liepublican
troubadour did not mince matters. He
went on to announce the reappearance of
Henry Clay in the flesh?perhaps his name
is Packard now :?
The gods have com?, O gallant boys!
Blow loud tbc fife and beattbo drum;
The gods send you Immortal Joys,
For Henry Clay to earth has coma
This is very fine, but it is to bo feared that
it is a waste of powder, or, to be more accurate,
of rhyme. There is no doubt, however,
that tho republicans blundered in not courting
and making their own the whig element
all over tho South some years ago. There
was a time when they might have done it,
and when by doing it they would havo simplified
the work of reconstruction, and estab- j
lished their party on a solid basis in most of
the Southern States. Now, when they are
beaten in so many of thoso States, it is a
little late to begin their courtship.
A revival of the whig party is probably an
inevitable incident of the political future.
The republican party was constituted of
anti-slavery democrats and of anti-slavery
whigs. Tho pro-slavery and reactionary whics i
at the same time went over to the democratic ' 1
party, and -some of them and much of their
spirit rnlo in that party to-day. The mixtare
has not been a happy one in cither
party. The elements are incongruous ; they
coalesced for a purpose, and the end having
been accomplished these elements show signs
of a determination to separate. It remains j
to be Been in which of the two present
parties the real and sound democratic doc- {
trincs?the doctrines of hard money, local
Belf-government and non-interference?will ,
obtain the predominance. At present they
seem to be more vigorously and j
sincerely asserted in the republican
than in the democratic party, and the
independents, who lean just now toward tho
republican Hide, ore mainly infused with tho i
true democratic spirit, and so far as they '
can influence the republican policy will '
enrry it in that direction. But there is no 1
doubt that the whig spirit and whig princi- ,
pies of centralization and consolidation aro
strong among many of tho most influential (
republican leaders, and there lies the danger
to tho republican party in the future.
! ' The growing animosity between tho hard
anil soft monnv factions in the democratic
>arty, which already portends a division,
nay hasten a reformation of parties upon s
lutur&l basis of principles, which will inloubtedly
be for the good of the country.
Ve hear reports that prominent hard money
lemocrats have said they will prefer to seo a
plit of the party und the nomination of two
ickets rather than consent to see themselves
Iragged at the heels of a soft money
,ud old whig candidate, whose success,
f it were possible, would not, in their
pinion,. benefit either the country or
he party, and would be only a temporary
,nd evanescent triumph, to which they
rould have helpod men who, though they
all themselves democrats, are whiwu in
iverything but the name. Those whp think
hus are wiser than many of their allies will
icknowledge. It is very doubtful if the
lemocratic party can elect its candidate in
November ; but there is no doubt that if it
ihould, as seems very probable, go before
he country with what thirty years ago would
lave been called a whig platform its victory
vould be unfruitful of good to the country
ind barren to the party, except in the inisertblo
spoils of oflice for a short four years.
iVhat the democratic party needs is to eliminate
the whig elements and become really
tnd sincerely democratic. Then, we believe,
he country will accept it, bocanse tho mass
>f the American people believe in that in;erjpretation
of the constitution which limits
;he powers of t^o federal government, en:ourages
local responsibility and self-govsrnment,
and thus secures economy, effijiency,
prosperity and peace.*
Highway Bridges and Highway Robberies.
We present to our readers in another collmn
several illustrations of the vicious sys;em
which is beginning to prevail tlirough)ut
the country in the construction of iron
ligliway bridges. Instead of being the means
)f insuring safety to the travelling public
nany of these structures are shown to be
lothing more than man-traps, liable at any
noment to involve in their own destruction
;he lives of the many thousands of travellers
vho, unsusjficious of danger, intrust themselves
on these ill-designed and carelessly
juilt structures. The introduction of iron
is a material for railroad and highway
bridges marks an important era in the progress
of the engineering art. Theory based
lpon the well known qualities of the metal
ind the practical experience of eminent
mgineers in its application to construction
unite in recoipmcnding iron
is a building material most suitable
for bridge work and deserving of
;he fullest confidence when properly employed.
It is, therefore, only too evident
hat ignorance, criminal carelessness or
lishonosty operates to produce the failires
and defects in iron bridge con
nrucuon compiuiueu oi m our article,
rhe control of the selection and crec;ion
of such important works as publio
bridges should not be any longer permittod
x> remain with ignorant or venal village
:ommittces, but should be placed in the
lands of competent engineers and responsible
officials. Every structure intended to be
levoted to public uso should be subject to a
rigid inspection by an officer of the State,
ffhose duty it would be to see that s%ch
vork was carried out in strict compliance
ivith the plans and specifications, and copies
bf these should in every instance be filed in
;he office of the Secretary of State. By this
neans authentic records would be preserved
Tom the hands of the highway robbers.
Defects in the original plans would be
emedied before mistakes of design or catenation
became dangerous to life and limb,
ind a vast amount of public money would
ic saved frotn the clutches of unscrupulous
:ontractors and dishonest village committee 4
nen. By all means let us have a close inspection
of our public bridges, be they of
vood, stone or iron. A single human life is
vorth more than all the cost of alterations
md repairs that might be discovered to be
Carlylo forgets to return books to the London
ibrary from which he borrows them.
The Troy Whig is unqualifiedly opposed to Conkltng
iccause he is silent shout the third term.
Vanbury News:?And 30 M. D. Conway if married,
h f Ho is the man who dou't believe in a devil.
Cyrus W. McCormick, of reaper celebrity, would not
ibject tu being tho democratic candidate for Governor
>r Illinois.
The ltichmond Enquirer, speaking of the grand
ifTect producod by an audience at a theatre, says it
ook 720 pounds of pins.
Governor A. H. Garland, of Arkansas, Is loading in
ho raro for the succossorsbip of Senator Clayton in
ho United States Senate.
Senator Henry Cooper, of Tennessee, arrived at tbn
few York Hotel yesterday from Washington.
Viscount Vllain XIV., Secretary of the Belgian Lega.
ion at Washington, and M. de Vangolas, Secretary of
he French Legation, arrived from Europe in tho steamihlp
Russia yesterday; and are at tho Brevoort House.
A Philadelphia man tried to fight the doctors after
he manner of Charles O'Conor, and now lies In thn
told, cold ground. Ono man's meat ia another man's
Sir nenrv Maino's essay on "Roman Law and Legal
education" Is inserted in the new odltion orhta"Vilage
Communities," and forms an able addition to tha
itoraturc of tbo civil law.
In various cities of the country, and notably in St,
.outs and San Francisco, It appears that street car
Irlvers sometimes corrupt young girls who happen to
ravel with them frequently.
Colonel Mark H. Lamon, of Berkeley county, W Vs.,
ormcrly law partner of Abraham Lincoln, Marshal
if the District of Columbia, Ao., is spoken of as a caniidate
for the republican nomination for Governor
if West Virginia
The Premier and Mrs. Msekensle entertained their
Jew York visitors at dinner at Ottawa last
vening. The party visited various places of
ntcrest In Ottawa during the day, inelndng
the Parliament buildings, and in the afcrnoon
paid their reepccts to tho Governor General
md Countoss DufTerin. They remain in Ottawa until
Saturday morning, when tbey will start for Toronto.
Tha London Field, February 6, says:?"Our cousins,
re are pleased to soe by an article in the Nsw Y.nuc
IIsrai-d. intend going in strongly for coaching this
rear. They have already established a coaching club
>f our own pattern, with a president, vice president
ind other officers, and while last year at Jerome Park
ihe club turned out with live coaches, this summers
more than doable that number, It Is expected, wil I pu
in an appearance. Or course Rome was not built In a
lay, but It aays much for the growing taste that already
o much Interest has been excited about tho club.|
American gentlemen can drive, as wo know. Two
seasons ago Mr. Tifliny was on the Brighton road, and
thoao who sat behind Mr. Kane Inst summer during
that pleasant drive to Virginia Water know how wal
his coach was horsed and how to a minute it kept tla
time. We hope to moot him and others of hla countrymen
over hero again this semmor; hut meanwhile wm
congratulate the New York people on their new instfc
tauon. and si nccroly hope It wUl take root and llourlah * J ,

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