OCR Interpretation

The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 07, 1876, Image 3

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1876-03-07/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 3

~~IE wm BMP."
The Precipitate Course of ClymeFs
Committee Regretted.
Probable Renewal of tlie Investigation.
a .tiepiiDiican Resolution 01
Inquiry Suppressed.
Insincerity of His Effort to Shield
His Wife.
ill Ingenious Confession by the Brother of
the President.
Washington, March 6, 1878.
There Is a sort of unlairuesa In the cry which has
keen raised here that Mr. Belknap was the victim of
his wives. Women have to suffer enough in all misfortunes,
and It ought to bo known that the bare facts
of Mr. Marsh's testimony, which is now printed, do
not bear on tbejnsinuation that Belknap would have
been guiltless but for the woman "who did It," as the
phrase goes. The first Mrs. Belknap died, according
to the records, in December, 1870, when ouly
one payment bad been made to her by
Marsh. Her child died in June. 1871.
The present Mrs. Belknap went to Europe In the same
fear, but Marsh testifies that ho continued to make tho
payments after the first Mrs. Belknap's death, after tho
fieath ol tho child and after the departure of tho pros
eul Mrs. Belknap, tbon Mrs. Bowers, for Europe; that
Is to say, Mr. Belknap received the quarterly payments
regularly, when ho stood alone, unmarried and childless,
during the interval betwoon June, 1871 and 1873
when ho married his present wife. It Is entirely unfair,
under these circumstances, In his friends to lay
the crime on weak women. The clamor about bis
anxiety to shield bis wives does not rest on a solid
foundation. It would have been more to the purpose
If he had squarely assumed the wliolo matter, as ho
Knight very well do, considering tbo abovo facts.
The Impeachment Committee will ask tho leave of
the House to huve their matter recommitted In order
lhat they may bring forward other testimony, which
they have In their possession. The absenco of the
Kitness Marsh is believed to make this necessary,
they liave^uitlcient testimony besides that of Marsh
ind more is coming In all the time. The republicans
blurae Mr. Clymer for letting Marsh go, hut it is very
well understood that Marsh ran away because he was
threatened by Attorney General Pierrepont with arrest
and trial. Mr. Pierreponl's excuse lor this Is said
to he that Marsh is as guilty as anybody else, and
that the President says, "Let no guilty man
escape," which some people, about here begin
u> iqidic means, "i.ct no man escape who
is guilty of telling."
protection or witnesses.
1 bill will be introduced to-morrow In the House to
proiect witnesses, by which every witness summoned
to appear belorc a committee of Congress will be guarantoed
protection in coming, staying and returning
from the placo to which he is summoned, and shall be
protected against responsibility lor anything he may
testily; and it is msde a misdemeanor to threaten a
witness for anything he may testily, or may be about
to testify.
osobue h. pendleton's denial.
Mr. Sayler, of Ohio, while sitting to-day as Chairman
o( the Committee ol the Whole, received the following
telegram from Hon. George H. Pendleton, tormerly a
Representative from the same district:?
Cincinnati, Ohio, March 6. 1870.
To Hon. Milton Saylkk and Hon. H. B. Banning,
House oniepreeentatives:?
If the article in yosterdsy's Capital, m relation to
the payment of money to Mrs. Belknap to secure payment
ot a claim to the Bowler estate, or to tho Kentucky
Central Railroad refers to me, I pronounce the
Itory utterly false. 1 have telegraphed the committee 1
salting that they will investigate immediately this <
matter and Dorniit my examination at the earliest
moment. Rnlorce my request. Please see that iny
rull emphatic denunciation of the story in all its
aspects goes through the Associated Press despatches.
the giving of sail postponed.
This afternoon Judge Snoll. of tho Police Court, reteived
a note frotn District Attorney Wells stating that
tx-Scnator Carpenter informed him that Belknap
would not be ready to appear in court to-day with his
bail, and asking that his oso bo allowed to stand, and
that this arrangement bud been agreed to. Belknap
will remain In the custody of the court officers, and
Will have a hearing to-morrow.
OKUixap's coxf'IXUIKNT.
The ex-Secretary still remains In his own house,
which he has not left since the tender of his resigns*
lion, and is, to all purposes, a prisonor, the entrances
back and front being guarded by policemen, Messrs.
Carpenter and Blair, his counsel, appeared at the ;
Attorney General's office to-day and asked tbat the
police be removed, as the Secretary hud no i
intention whatever of attempting flight from WashingIon.
To this answer was made tbat as soon as an mlictment
was found the Secretary would bo arrested i
and could then give bail, which would relieve him from
the snrveillunce to which he is now subjected. Should <
the Grand Jury meet with any embarrassment in ob- 1
turning necessary evidence to fraioo uu indictment I
upon tbe arrest will be tnado without the indictment. I
Several personal friends have visited General Belknap I
to assure him of their sympathy with him in his |
troubles. 1
To morrow Mr. Belknap will be formally arretted by 1
Major Richards, Chief of Police. Personal friends who 1
have visited Mr. Belknap lo-nlght say that he appears 1
Somewhat moro cheerful than he has been since bis 1
disgrace was first known to tbe public, but hs carefully 1
avoids conversing on the subject ot bis misfortunes. I
Thn .f Ik. I
1* retarded by the legal uncertainties of the
case and the desire to take no step unadvisedly. |
J. Proctor Knott, Chairman of tho Rouse Com- I 1
mittee on Judiciary, waa busily engaged until alter i
midnight In the preparation ol the articles of impeachment
ol tbe ex-iteerelarr of War. Tho rommittee met
at ten o'clock tbla morning and were a long time In session,
not adjourning until near three P. M. There was
not entire unanimity In the committee, some of tbe
members taking tbe grouud that the evidence obtained
by the Investigating commltteo was not comu'ete (
enough, or at least not so much so as a judicial com- |
mittee would have made It, to lorm a solid basis for a j
successful trial by impeachment. Mr. Knott saya, bowevor,
while surh le the case, the testimony Is
ample to frame articles on which lienors) Belknap can
be convicted without a shadow of doubt.
About four o'clock It became known that the Judiciary
Committee uad prepared Iwenty thrco articles,
sod wers resdv to rpport to the House, accompanied
wiiu a niuuuD lu recommit 10 tnem, in order to be enabled
lo take further testimony to strengthen the i
ca?c beyond auy question arising of the poraibility that , I
It could in any way bo weakened or Invalidated. I
Mr. Knott stoutly denies, so tar as bo has any knowledge
In bisowpaclty as Chairman of ibo Judiciary Cominitlse
ol'the deliberations had by mens, that there <
is any disagreement in his committee with the views I
takes by the investigating committee as to the ful- !
peas and strength of ibo evidence already obtained
unjust General Belknap. They sd> that of course they
wish that U could to more full and complete; that
It U hardly In the condition of a well prepared Judicial
Investigation, In the preparation of which more
time would be lalten. When reference was made to
the weakness of the case on account of the flight and
probably continued absence of the witness Marsh, Mr. |
Proctor Knott was unstinted In his severe denunciation
rn BLixniK or ran AcrnoaiTiis
In publishing the fact that orders were given to have
tho witnesses Marsh and Tomllnson prosecuted by tbo
Attorney General Mr. Knott Is confident tbst they
can convict en the articles la the lortn m which they
will be presented to the Senate to morrow. A question
having been raised whether General Belknap coald bo
tried by tho criminal Jurisdiction and by tbe court of
impeachment, Montgomery Blair, one ol tbe counsel,
states tbet there la no difficulty or conflict between tho
two tribunals, and he can bo legally tried by both. A
distinguished republican Senator from the West was
engaged last night in esamieiug Into tbe law, and he
ssys there is not in the esse now sufficient evidence
against Genoral Belknap to convict, and that tbo whole
fabric will fall to the ground, as with Marsh in exile '
the prosecution can prove nothing. Juok Kvans, tho ;
Port Sill post tratler, la at St. Loots, en rout* for tills 1
city, having bean summoned aa a witness by the commutes
to giro evidence corroborative of tbat of
Marsh in bencral Belknap's case. It la said that
the intention of the Judiciary Committee to ask that
the testimony be recommitted to them is significant of
a weakness or Insufllciency in the case aa It now stands.
But as the post trader Evans and others are coming
hero to testily, it will enable them to take further evidence
and make the case aa foil and complete as can bo
required. Alter the adjournment to-day Messrs.
Hoisler Clytner and J. Proctor Knott, chairmen respectively
of tho House Investigating Committee on
Expenditures ot the War Department and of the Judiciary
Committee were In close and earnest consultation
to secures more
and tho avoidance of aay obstacle which might prevent
their going lorward aa rapidly and precisely as the
nature of their joint offiaial action will require. Mr.
Proctor Knott says that tbera is nothing now in the
way, from either a legal or other standpoint,
to prevent an eventual successful prosecution of the
case against the ex-Secretary of War. In regard to the
departure of Mr. Marsh and his escape beyond the
reach of control bv Concrcss. it Is said that imine
diatoly after hi* testimony woe taken Mr. Clyuer, acting
under the impression that the committee had no
further use for him, took him up, certified to his payment
far ex pen i os and directed bis discharge. Mr.
Bass, of his committee, objected somewhat, ikying that
bo thought he should be retained until. If necessary,
General Belknap's counsel might be enabled to crossexamine
him. Thus tome persons, perhaps not
friendly, charge that Mr. Clymcr is in a measure responsible
for enabling Marsh to escape to Canada On
the question of the fulness of the evldoneo the demo'
crats are quite touchy, and say, somewhat testily, that
they have enough.
The alleged remissness of the committee in allowing
both Marsh and Tomlinson, who, under the provisions
of the Revised Statutes, are equally guilty with General
Belknap, to take their departure from Washington without
hindrance or objection, baa, in fact, afforded ibo
republicans in the Bouse a timely and what they be]iove
an important means of offsetting something of
the opprobrium cast on their party by the crime of the
ex-Secretary. To make the best of. this point they
sought strenuously this altcrnoon to get In a resolution
through Mr. Page, of California, condemning tbe action
of Clyraer's committee, but Mr. Southard, of Ohio
(democrat), moved an adjournment, and, notwithstanding
the most urgent appeals, refused to yield the floor
for any other purpose. To put the democrats on the
record the repnblicana demanded and had tbe
vote on adjournment taken by the yeas and
nay*. Mr. Clymcr went to Mr. Page after the House
had adjourned and protested that If ht had known tbe
nature of the resolution tie (Mr. Page) wished to introduce
be would have been perfectly willing to allow It
to be offered.
The resolution thus suppressed was given to the reporters
by Mr. Page, and reads as follows:?
"Whereas this House has good reason to believe that
the provisions of sections 6,460 and 6,461 of the Revised
Statutes have been violated and that the evidence
of the violation thereof is now in the possession
of the Committee on Kspendhnres in the War Department,
therefore, bo it resolved that said committee be
and is hereby instructed te report to this House, at its
earliest convenience, whether any or all of liio parties
believed to be guilty of the violation thereof aro now in
custody or what steps have been taken by said committee
to secure the detention or prevent the escape of any or
all of said parties, either as witnesses or (or the purposes
of prosecution, or whether any official notice was
given to the proper law officers of tho government,
and, if so, whether such notice was given in time to
prevent tho escape of such parties from the jurisdiction
of the United States, and whether any of such parties
have so escaped and whether there has been any ncgli- '
genee on tho part of aay one having knowledge ot tho i
Mr. Rock wood Hoar, of Massachusetts, got off a |
good thing to-day upon being asked about the then 1
current report that he was to be rnoJe General J
Belknap's successor as Secretary of War. no said
llu* he dill not know anything about it and bad not
ovsn Ween consulted on the subject. All he had to say
about it waa that bo was in tho attitude of the man
who was asked if he could play the fiddle, and said bo
uiu 1101 kuow mucn aoout it, out ir bo i
was required to plav be would do his I
beat; saying which he walked oO. laughing very good !
satarodly. The army officers on duty here say that '
they are glad a civilian has been selected who has had i
nothing to do with, and does not know anything about '
the army, so that he will have no lavoritos and be the
triend of no clique.
a 8aoacioc8 police.
It turns out that among the incidents cited by the
Secret Service force as Induclug them to suspect that the j
ex-Secretary of War meditated flight trom Washington
was the mysterious movement of a carriage occupied
by a couple of men which was driven to the vicinity
of General llclknap'a residenco last Friday night aud
remained in thu neighborhood until alter three o'clock
next morning. It so happens that the vehicle referred |
to was no moro or less than a carriage containing 1
a Hkralk reporter, who, in view of the prevailing
rumors that the disgraced Cabinet Minister was likely {
either to attempt suicide In his great inentul dejection ,
or to take refuge In flight, was detailed to wutch the
scene of either exploit until the police authorities, who i
up to Ibis tlmo seemed utterly regardless ul their duty I
la the case, should lake tho official in charge. The reporter
who lell the Herald Bureau ubout midnight on j
hit errand of observation, took up en route a frieudly j
telegraph operator, no that be might bo able to open up i
communication with New York Instantly upon the oc- i
curreuce of auythiug of ituporianco after tho regular
servicer over the wires liad closed. Tho two men urovo
to (he vicinity of Geoeral Belknap's house, and couccalIng
the carriago in an adjoining alley reconnoitered the
premises Iron! and rear and kept their faithful vigil
until nearly daylight.
marsh's escape.
In regard to the charge that Marsh escaped through
Hetstcr Clymcr g negligence, the following statement is
lutburitativc:?On Thumoay, the day that tho committee
reported to Congress, Mr. Blair, Belknap's counsel. '
declined to ask Marsh more than one question. Then
the wituesg Inquired, In the pre-enca of tbo whole ,
3ommitiee, If they were done with him. The Chairman
replied 'Yea." Marsh said that he wanted to go
to New York as soon as be could. He.was told to go I
to the furgcanl-al Arms and got his fees and
mileage. That was the last the committee saw of hint.
No protest agaiuat his going was offered by any one
when be took his departure. The committee had no
power to keep htm longer unless another subpusna was
issued and a new charge made, as the entire committee i
laid that they were done with him. To hivo kept him
would hare been, it Is asserted, to intimidate other wit- {
nesses and prevent them from appearing In the future,
tod the effect would have been what 1'lerrepont do- |
signed when be wruto ols famous letter to the District
Attorneys of the United Slaiei?namely, to close tho
mouths of witnesses and drive them from the country,
thereby sheltering and protecting persons guilty of
iraud and villaoy.
Startling tacts arc well known in official and legal
circles, and tbey will soon appear, showing why Attorney
Oencrsl Williams left tbo Cabinet. It Is believed
that Mr. Fisrrcpont was well aware of tbose
facts, and withheld tbcm from the public In
rder to screen Attorney Central Williams from
the ft. tu*t wait* Mr. Belknap. It I*
no longer tho subject of wonder among sorno
persons here that Attorney General Williams was
choaeti to accompauy Uabcock to St l.oul* and assist
m his defence. There is authority for believing
tliat another member of the Cabinet, whose
character warranted the statement that he would make
known all the facts regarding the late Attornoy
General, failed to do bis duty by not exposing hist at
THK I'PI'kb NlSSOt bl tkadkksml'S.
Mr. Orville L. Grant, the distinguished brother of the
Presideut, and chief official Indian trader of the White
House, has been summoned to sppoar before Mr. Clyrncr'a
investigating committee to-morrow moruing, to
tell what he knows of tho villainies of the Upper Mis*
sourl. The committee say they are determined to let
no guilty man escape.
svass' cos mission axxcllso.
The following telegram was sent to General Sheridan
WlMUWIOX, D. C., March 6, lb"#. [
To Liki'TSNAxy lix.xkKAi. SHKluiMJf, Commanding, Chicago:?
"ho President directs you to notify Evans, Post
Trader, Port Sill, that his appolntmout in revoked, iiu
will bo permitted to remain and sell goods at prices
fixed uy u Council of Admlniutratlon, till tbo appointment
of his successor. Tho President directs vou to
direct Council of Administration to meet and to recommend
to the Secretary of War, through military
chauuels, a suitable person for Trader. Letter by uiaiL
E. D. Towmskjio, Adjutant Control.
A U?LAt.t> reporter called yesterday afternoon on Mr.
Edward T. Barllett, the counsel of Caleb P. Marsh, In
order to ascertain the correct statement of his connections
with the Evans contract. Mr. Barllett did not
object to answering any questions in regard to the case,
and the following conversation ensued:?
Ussalo Kii'oktub?I bolieve, Mr. Rortlett, you have
held the relation to Mr. Caleb P. Marsh of lawyer to
Mr. Bartlstt?Yes, sir.
Herald Reporter?How long did you occupy that
position f
Mr. Baitlctt?Mr. Marsh has been my client since
1S69. The business transacted between us was mainly
relating to mercantile uOatrs, In which ho was Interested.
Herald Reporter?Aboul what time did tho Evans
matter come before you ?
Mr. Bartlktt?Mr. Marsh paid me a visit in 1870 and
as lied mo to draw up a contract belwoen him and a Mr.
John S. Evans. It wag the same contract that was
brought as evidenco before the Congressional Committee.
Herald Reporter?Did you know anything ol his
connections with General Belknap, or how he came to
get tho appointment of poat trader?
Mr. Baktlktt?I know nothing whatever of the outside
facts that led to the Iratnlng of the contract
With mo it waa merely an affair in the regular order of
business, and was, consequently, drawn np in the
usual form. I save no advice in regard to it, and it
was simply a business agreement, such as any respectable
uttorney would draw up for bla client
Herald Reporter?Did you have to renew the contract
or make any alterations in it?
Hr. Baetlltt?No, sir; iu Tact the matter passed
entirely out of mind until some two weeks ago, whon
Mr. Marsh called upon me and had the interviews
which he has repeated in his evidence before the commiitee.
Herald Reporter?That, then, was your first knowledge
of General Belknap's connection with the matter 1
mi. uaietlxit?i uu uui uiinu leiuug you mis, u Mr.
Marsh has already mado It public befora the comuiittco,
and la answer to your question, I Ireely auto that I
knew nothing of tho facta of thu case beioru lie maco {
me that confession. It was the flrst knowledge I ro- I
celved that the contract drawn np by mo was the basis
of Improper transactions between Mr. Marsh and Mr.
Evans on the one part and General Belknap on the
Hskslo Reporter?Did you give Mr. Marsh the advice
that he told the committee he received from you ?
Mr. Bsktlbtt?Yes, air. I told him exactly what
any honorable practitioner would do?that Is, if he
went before tho Congressional Committoo he would
have to toll the truth, tho whole truth and nothing but
the truth, and that wbatovor mistakes he had made in
the past must not deter him from taking a course that
would commend itself to all honorable men.
Herald ksroKTBR?Did you tell him anything
farther in connection with the case f
Mr. Uaktlktt?Nothing ot any importance. In fact,
I think that everybody will acknowledge that Mr.
Marsh's story bears the imprint of truth, as ho has
mado no effort to cvado any or the questlous that were
pat to him by the committee.
Herald Reporter?lisvo you had any conversations
witn Mr. Marsh since he appeared beforo tbe committee?
Mr. IIautlktt?My present relations with Mr. Marsh j
are confidential, being those of attorney and client, i
and I shall, therefore, bo forced to decline answering
that question.
As Mr. Bartlett was unablo to give any further information
on tbe subject, tbe Interview was then
brought to a conclusion.
There are on detached or detailed duty and on leave
of absence in tbe city at the present time quite a number
of army olllcors, many of whom are gradoatos of
West Point. Soinoof these gentlemen won the rank of
major and brigadier general in tbe late war owing to
distinguished services iu the suppression of the rebel
liuii, anil their naiues Have gone nuvvn Into history
covered with honor. The^o gentlemen are sensitive; 1
they ko nly feel uuy slur that may be thrown upon the
profession ol arms by tho revelations made In the llelkuap
bribery case, and, with the reticence for which
army otUccrs are celebrated, they are careful in expressing
on opinion as to tho practices of their lafo Secretary
of War?General Helknap. Yet, when a member of
the Hkrald stair, who had served with a number or
tbcin in several trying campaigns, yesterday sounded
them at the Army Headquarters in Houston street
and at tho hotels, all ahowod a willingness to express
their opinions, not only of the (alien .Secretary, but of
thoir present superior ollleer, tbe ('resident of tho
United States.
Said ono to the writer, "Helkuap Is not the great offender.
Helmut In mi and away a^ovo him is n man
who, educated at West Point, Instructed in tho points
ol honor (hat should govern artuy ofllcers and render
llicm Impervious to approach either by politician
or plebian, has prostituted his offlco at every step in
the interest of party. I will not name htm. but rou
can easily, Yankee liko, 'guess' who he is. This man
owes the position ho now holda in Dm
first place to Illinois politicians who had Influence
with tho well meaning President Lincoln,
and in the second placo to the fact that
when the war closed be hud a responsible position that
muile hlin popular with the leaders of both |tolitlca|
panics. It was unfortunate that upon tbe reputation
of .Sheridan, Thomas, Hancock, Sherman and others
he reached a goal that has enabled him to
and mako every army officer subservient to htm. 1 I
tell you, sir, our American people were too patriotic
when the war closed; tbey did not stop to ask who deserved
the crown of laurel with which, 1 believe, tbe i
old Itomuns crowned their victors, hut hnrriedly placed 1
it upon the brow of a "
t" MUff7?st??d tho ronoricr "That i? ahotii 1
the loDg nod short of It," said the ufflcer. with a smile;
hut," continued he, "I forget in my enthusiasm that I
discipline wu one of the first lessons 1 had at West i
Point, and I should not have said ao much. Please
don't quote mo."
wtftr poixrsat ana bonkst.
Said another:?"Thank Cod llelknap was not a graduate
of West Point. Your long familiarity with army
officers, sir. must hare Impressed upon you one laet?
that West Pointers had a code of honor In
the nrtny that the mushroom gonerals Iroaa the \
political areua knew nothing about. 1 will ;
not say that the centrals raised from citizenship, tho I
men whose only military knowledge when tho War '
broke out was confined to an annual review and muster
at some country cross-roads In Maine or California, are
dishonest; but I do say that they do not understand the,
code of nuuor that governs West Point graduates.
Why, to illustrate this It Is ouly necessary for me to
call your attention to one fact. I.et tnu put it in the
form of a question:? When the war closed bow many
West Pointers resigned their places in the line or on
staff and sought advancement through political Inflncnco
? You were In the confidence of Ueerge H.
', MARCH 7. 1876.?TRIP]
Thomas, William B. Hazen, Dove Stanley, JeffC. Pavls,
a W. John.-on, Ttkuuiaa J. Wood. O. O. Howard and a
dozen other regular officer* who commanded corps and
I divisions. Where are tboy? In tho line today or
dead; mooi* are m command of departments. Can you
ret ail the fact that cvoa one of those West Pointers
proved a bribe-taker or u thief? Now,
teas to tiiic voLtarssu urrii'KRH,
and what do you Und ? H<>vr many became, wheu tho
war closed. I'nltod Slaies marshals, Senators, meuibora
ot Congress, postmaster* and 'pels' of tho central
I power at Washington? Belknap, l.ogan and a score of
' others 1 could uamo aro representative* of this class.
| Who aro tho defaulting Internal revenue officers? I
answer, political ofUcers. Who aro the army officers
glveu fat places in the Post Oillce Department who
bare mined their reputations and gone into exile or
tbe penitentiary T 1 answer, politicians wbo, during
tbe war, owing to political inlluence, were promoted
over West Pointers. Wbo are tbo fellows who, atllxing
'colonel' or 'general' to tbetr names, aro mixed up
in tbe whiskey frauds? I answer, polltlical generals
and colonels. 1 toll you, air, tbo whole system Is rotten.
Again I say:? Thank God Belknap waa uot a
West Pointer!' Nearly every ex-olllcer wbo has been
'caught' has proved to bo a politician. There, that is
all 1 can say."
a gk.nibal's vikws.
One of tbo gentlemen that the reporter subsequently
met for the first time lu twelve years greeted bun
most cordially and at once remarked:?
"This la a sad thing about poor Belknap. Where
will It end?"
The reporter answered by candidly stating that ho
had sought blrn out to get hit views relative to Bel|
knap's lalL
"It is entirely owing to bis wife," said be; "I do
not believe that originally Belknap was a party to the
Fort Sill bribe. But wbon ho learned of it be continued
under tbe influence of a pretty wife aud felL It Is tbo
old, old story?woman's influence, meithor do I tbluk
that tbo late decretury profited so much out of tbo
autlersbtps as you gentlemen of tbo press tbluk. I
have had sonic experience or tho mailer as u comrounder
at various posts, and, while 1 have hud no personal
knowledge of irregularities in mo way of
bribes, I have learned Iruin other officers
facts that Justify mo In saying that
political Influence has had inoro to do
with tho sulisrships than the actual pay uient of money.
I know this la so of Fort Kusscll, Fort Laramie uud
Omaha Barracks, where, by the way, General Jelf C.
Davis Is now In command. All theso posts were run
by politicians, who had Influoncoat Washington, uud if
oiuut'y una wauu puiu tur uiu ii4uvuiau, u-iiaim/ iuu
commanding olllcors do not know It. Tho whole system
is wrong, I tell you. The appointment ol sutlers
should never bavo been taken out of the hands of tho
Fust Commandant and
tun council op administration,
and transferred to tho War Department. Tho Post
Commandant appoints the three senior officers of tho
post ai tho Council of Administration. It Is the duty
or tbeso officers to establish rules lor tho government
of tho gutters or post tradors, Ox tho prices, Ac. This
council is constantly changing In Its complexion by tho
sickness, aMenco on leuve or transfer ol an army
officer. Hence there la litllo or no chauco for collusion
btilwoen the autler ana tho council. A member of tho
council who may today have a volco In tho
council, and whose voice Is lnw, may to-morrow
bo given a leave of absence, or bo transferred,
and the next ranking officer succeeds him. You
will see, therefore, that It te impossible for the post
traders to control, either by Inlltieuco or bribery, tho
Council of Administration, simply lor the reason that
Its members are constantly changing, and any Irregularities
would bo at onco detected. The council could
ouljr be controlled by tho trader by bribing every officer
at tho post. I have had great cxpcriouco In tho
j matter, and 1 most unequivocally declare that tho vestI
ing of tho power of appointment and regulation of tho
i sutlers In the Wur Department is not ouly subversive
| of discipline, but opens tho door for tho perpetration of
| just such irregularities as, It appears, our lute chief has
been guilty oi. I said a few momeuts ago that tho
sutlershlps were secured by political Influence. As
proof of this let mo say that a man who secured tho
position at Omaha Harracks has since boon appointed
Culled Suites Marshal. Army officers will do their
duty, and con bo depended upon, out politicians?
Baltimore, March 6, 1870.
The residence of ex-Captain Ucorgo Robinson, who
resides at No. 16 South Chester street. In this city,
was besieged yesterday with lntorviewers representing
tho city press and somo parties professing to represent
New York and other paperd rrotn early in tho morning
until alter tho family had retired at nighL Captain
Robinson's present employment is that ol draughtsman
In tho Columbia Iron Works, lie was at Fori Mill from
Itllltl tn IsVl
Tbc Sun litis morning publishes the following us tho
result of the interview of lis representative yesterday
Captain Kobtnson clalina to have prepared tbc**
charges against liulknup in the different letters sent to
President (Irani direct through the lnllitary channel*
between Itsjy und 1K7J, long beiore any charges wcro
maiiu against him (Robinson).
Captain Kobiusou has in his possession a number of
bills of items covering tbls period in account with J.
C. Hunt k Co. and tbeir successors, J. S. Evans A. Co.,
military and Indian traders nt Kurt dill.
An idea of the pricea may be loriacd by citing a few
items, as follows:?
Twj bushels of potatoes, $10,
Fivo gallons of coal oil, $10.
Two pounds of cbccs*. SO cents.
His boxes of matches, 76 cents.
A bottle of i-ouUiing syrup, $1 00.
A brooiu, 9L
L'liitirotiu :i& ncf nonnd.
A tlnpuu. *1 50.
A bulf bushel of potatoes, $3 25.
A paper of need lei, 25 cents.
Two pounds of crackers, $ 1 20.
1irawix0 "lo.sokvitv pat."
In regard to itie charges made against him, Captain
Robinson says tho principal charge was lor drawing
whul is known as "longevity pay,'' betug ten percent
i ortliu ollicer's salary alter a service ol live years and I
j twenty por cent lor ten years' service. Captain Koblnson
stairs that bo joined the Kitty-stxtli regiment,
i Pennsylvania volunteer*, at Harrtsburg, September u,
| lndi, wlncli can bo proved, he says, by litis commission
' and inusicrdu roll, now In the hauds of his j
attorney, tictioral Henkln, at Washington, and !
. also hv a certiIleale irom (icnural Hollman, 1
I of Philadelphia, of that regiment. The olllcin
army register credits hitu with service only flrom Keb-I
roarv 2b. 1*02. Ho claimed and drew "lougevily pay"
; Irom tho Itrst dato, and was iiolllled ol lis stoppage by '
I tho Pay muster Ucncrul .September 15, 1874. uud Immediately
retiuned tho disputed surplus, too:!, to Aaals 1
Isnt Paymaster Drown at New York, for which ho holds
the receipt.
tlik pack kll co crt martial.
The other charge* against him, he says, were pur- i
! chasing goods truin post traders mid uolpayiugior j
, (heir., and also nut paying a doctor's hill and conduct
unbecoming an otllcer and gentlomun. Ho claims to
have paid both. He was placed under arrest September
I 12, 1874. and without Ixung furnished a copy of tho
; charges was tried at the St. Louis barracks October 111
following without counsel. Mr. Littou, of Si. |
1 I.ouis, a lawyer, would have represented
IiIiii. but ho was called to Washinglou on ;
very important business, and called ou Bwerclary Del- '
knap to request a po?t|ioneiiicut or the case until Ills re|
turn. lh? Secretary relu.-od. aud is represented as
I having added. "If lliut court don't convict linn, by fio<l
I'll lindouo mat will." Captain Kobiuaou says that tho
1 court was nol composed of his peers, as required by j
law. but wltn one exception under rated him. They
| were:?Surgeon H. A. C'lomeuta, Presideut; Captain l
Joseph T. Haskell, Twenty third Inlantry; Captain
lieorgc K. Brady, Twenty-third Inlantry; Captain Owen
Hole, Seventh cavalry ; Lieutenants lieorg< Ma. M. Taylor
and P. T. Broderlck, and another lieutenant of tbo
Twenty-third infantry There were several olllcera who
ranked hint In St. l.ouls, he aays, at the time, and a ;
i competent court eould have been summoned. .Sen- ,
teuce, as before given, waa rendered April 15, 1875.
gisrkal holt's kxckitioxs.
The proceedings aud Dndings were approved by |
Judge Advocate Usueral Holt with exceptions a* follows:?
"l'be Court erred in refusing to grant time to the ac- j
cused to confer with bis counacl lor the purpose of \
preparing cros^lnterrogatortea to be profmunded to tbo
witnesses whose depositions wers to be taken by the ;
prosecution. The tuostatuple opportunity should always
be afforded the party on trial for such a purpose.
Inasmuch, however, us there Is no reason round in the
condition of the evidence on record lor supposing that 1
the defence was prejudiced by this denial, it is not
held to affect the validity of tho procecdiui s
or the correctness ol the findings. The original
pay roile of the accused in possession
of the government, instead of emitted
copies of them, should have been Introduced in evidence,
with proof of hit handwriting, and tbo opportunity
attorned him of disputing tboir genuineness.
Notwithstanding the irregularity in this reaiwct, the
facts sought t? bo proved by the production ol tbo 1
.... i.a MAirn Pllftl ' It SI fltllu (tul bllliall A.I til/ ? It ft I i* i A #1 ft
CU|MU? ?l?> - 7 ..7 .
evidence. No lejfikl proof Of the notice to lite accused,
an alleged, I* fouud uu Ute record. Tbe certified
copici or letters addressed to liltn, niiat-companiod
by any evidence <o show tbat be received tb? ordinals.
or even tbat tbey were duly mailed to lua
proper address, are wholly Insufficient to estubllsft
1L111H0 allegations, tbe findings as to wbich are therefore
Kob.uson was not released nntil May 3, 1875. He
has since entered suit in the Court of Claims for tbe
"longevity pay" be refunded, and bus taken steps to
be reinstated.
Jndae Fierrepout's Explanation of the Letter to
the Distriet Attorneys.
Lot M. Morrill to Fill tlie Vacant
Richard H. Dana, Jr., Made
Minister to England.
Opposition to the Indian Peace
Washington*, March 0, 187ft.
In view of the letter of Attorney General Plorrcpont
: In explanation of the letter to the Western District AtI
torncys the House to-day look the mutter from the
, Judiciary Committee and handed It over to a special
I committee, with power to Investigate and report. Ac;
cording to the resolution the select committee, oonsist|
lug of seven members, are to ascertain whether any
| "officer, official or employe of the United Slates has, in
any manner consulted with or put in the hauds
I of any friend, agent or attorney of any
I of the defendants In the prosecutions lutely tried at
St. Louis, any of the evidence, plans, papers or other
things on which It was believed tho government would
rely In these cases or any of them, or whether any
official other thin tho District Attorney or his assist\
ants has sought to interfere with the management of
| any of said prosecutions, power heiug given to the
committeo to send for persons and pupers," to compel
the attoudunco of witnesses und to report at any lime.
This committeo has been cureluliy selected, and It
will proceed energetically to work at once, und will
summou Mr. Dyor, Mr. Henderson, tho Attorney
General, the Solicitor of the Treasury, the Secretary
ntiil norhurw httfnrn it oota <ir?no tho Prnfiiitoiit n??H
, .? ? 1 - .
General Uabcock.
The President bus oflerod the portfolio of (ho Secretary
ol War to Senator Lot M. Morrill, of Maine. Ilia
nomination was made out to-day and would have been
laid before the Senate bad not Mr. Morrill made a
epeclul roquest that it be held back until to-morrow on
account of somo personal considerations which
might roako It necessary for him to decline
the position. lie has been consulting with
some of his personal and political friends this afternoon
and evening, and those to whom be has talked aro
of opinion that he will notify the 1'rosidont to-morrow
morning of his acceptance.
The appointment is one of the best Geueral Grant has
ever made. Mr. Morrill has long been a member of
the Sennto Appropriations Committeo, and is thus
familiar with tho necessities and the abuses of
the department ho Is to tuke charge of Ho belongs to
thoso republicans who have been consistently and
vigorously In favor of reform aDd retrenchment, und
ho Is an uncommonly able and independent man,
whoso accession to the Cabinet will strengthen tho best
elemeuts in it nDd give the country assurance that tho
course of reform will not be obstructed In fho future as
it has been in the past.
Mr. Morrill was born In Belgrade, Kennebec county.
Me., in 1815. He entered Watcrvlllo College in ltkM,
but soon after commenced tho study of law, and in
18119 was admitted to the Liar. In 1854 he was a member
ol the State legislature, and in 1858 of tho Senate,
and became its President. In 1868 ho was olectod
Governor of Maine, and was re-olcctod in 1869 and
1880. In 1881 he was elected a Senator
in Congress for the unoxpired term of
Hannibal Hamlin, who had been elected
Vice President of tho United States. In the Senate ho
I served on the committees on tho District of Columbia
and Claims. Ho was also a member ot tho Peace Congress
of lMil. lie was re-elected to the ( eited States
i Semite in 1H03 for tho term ending In 1801), serving as
chairman of' the Committee on Expense* in the Senate
and of that on the District of Columbia. Ho was reelected
and is now in the Senate. Mr. Morril
Is over sixty years ot ago and is five tect ten
Inches high. The head Is very big and very round, and
its baldness makes it look bigger and rounder than
i it Is. lie Is not corpulent, but he is big all over,
' and It Is a solid size and not a Hubby one. The exprcs|
sion of Mr. Morrill's laco shows firmness, uud purpose
| In tho firmness. He was Governor of Maine in tho war
I and developed good executive power?was onorgciic,
| solid and honest. In the Senate, Mr. Morrill talks
little and stops when he gels through, but he is a good
committeeman. His voice begins In a guttural, swells
to un oritund and dies In a gurgle. There are no llowers
ol rhetoric in his sjiecch?his utterances are dry,
sententious and crisp.
Wasuixoto.v, March 6, 1876.
The President has .sent to tho Scnuto the name of
Richard H. Dana, Jr., of'Massachusetts, to be Knvoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great
Britain, vice Robert C. Schenck, resigned.
aniTCH or richard il dlxl, jr., the skw aurasha
The newly nominated Ambassador to the Court of
Sl James, Richard II. I>ana, Jr., is a man already distinguished
in American literature, law and politics, in
which he has done honor to his country by a display of
eminent ability and sagacity. Ho is tho son of
Richard H. Dana, the venerable poet and ossu ylsl of
New Knghind, and grandson of Cbiol Justice J raucis
Dana, who wus much distinguished, liko bis father, as
a learned Jurist. Rtehurd 11 Dana, Jr., was b"ru at
Cambridge, Mass., August 1, 1S15. Ho e tcrcd
Harvard College and graduated in 1S37. A
weakness of tho eyes, induced by sickness,
compelled him to suspend bis studies, and an
Instinctive love of thu sua. which lie had en
lerlallied from his boyhood, impelled him lo seek a
restoration to robust licultli by transforming liiiusslf |
Into s common sailor. He sailed in the ting Pilgrim
(ruin liostou ill 1*:M, and made a voyage around Capo j <
lloiuand along the Paclflc coast to California, then a <
wilderness lo wbtcn the soduclivo gleam of gold had | i
not yet attracted the swarms of sdveulurers who I ,
afterward mud" the year 1*4U a famous *|iocb. Alter his |
return trom the aea he published in 1H40 the celebrate I
narrative emilled "Two Years tleforo the Mast," *
which speedily became popular, even in Kuropc. and i
now torms onool the principal literary sources of en f
tertaiBiiient to many burly toilers or the sua. It Is a
standard authority on nautical mutters, together with '
his Soainun's friend," wnleh was republish* d In Kng- t
laud *s tho "Seamen's Manual," and was distributed i
by the Hoard of Admiralty amoug the crows of the ,
roval navy. I '
Mr. Daps became a member of the Bar In 1*41, and j \
attained great distinction in admiralty cases, but hit
practice soon became more general, "no fact, which
Ik III pai uuuirti I? law m nvi w
fully deleuded in Maine the legal right ol the Commissioners
or trustees of a common school to require {
too use or the Bible therein, lie wee e delegate in the
Massachusetts Constitutional Convention In lied. Ho |
was one of the loundcr* of the Kreo Boil party and a
delegate to the Huflalo convention of I His. Ho wa.t
engaged as a stump orator in fhvor or tho election or i
Lincoln to the Presidency in IMO and In lvu, and of
Grunt In HHIh and In lsT'J. In 1x64 and lhou ho travelled
through California, tho Sandwich Inlands,
China, Japan, Ceylon, India and Kgypt, and the
principal countries ol fcurope. He became l otted
State.-* Attorney for Massachusetts in IMtil, and con
ducted lor the government all the cases respecting
naval prises which were irie*l In that Slate during tho
war. He quitted tlio oiflce in lHrtt). He was also asso
elated In like cases with William Yl. Kvarts in the
Supremo Court, lie was counsel lor the Coiled States
in the proceedings against Jefferson llavis In IWU M
on tho charge of trvason. Mr. I>ana edited in lttffl
H hcatoli s "Klements of International l.aw," covering
tho period Irom tho time of tho author's death In
1H4K to the date of publication. His notes ae
coinpanying thin work wvro frequently cited i
during the Geneva arbitration as authoritative and
had been translated Into Krencli lor tho use of tlio
mouthers of the International eourl. lie was a member
ol the Massachusetts l.egi?lature In INtti and ixns.
Ho bad already received the degree of LhR Irom
Harvard College ami was a lecturer on international
law lu tho Harvard lotw School 111 IWiS he opposed
General Butler In the contest lor Congress in Kssex,
but was dclealciL Ho has iieon sn occasional contributor
to the Mortk A mrrican Ktvirto and fo several
law ported teals. His politics sro republican, ami his
le;;ai career seems always to have Iwoa quite consistent
with bis private political principles. He acquired n
considerable portion of his fame by his brilliant armaments
in deleuce of tupltive slaves, and tie vittoruu.-lp
opposed the Fugitive Slave law by bis strenuous eloquence.
The Indian question was bronchi up und discussed m
Executive session in tho Senate today. The democrats
unanimously opposed the present system of distributing
the agencies among the oburcb denominations.
The republicans who joiued witb them w rs
]'aildock, of Nebraska, and Windom, of Miuno*
sou. Strange to say, the democrats wero In ihs
majority at ttiis session, owing to the absence
oi several republican Senators. They denounced
what ts known as (Grant's Indian policy, originally
called the Quaker Peace I'olicy. Two of tho President's
appointments were voted out, aud It was strongly intl?
muted tliul tho country had bud enough of the Delauo*
Smith plan of civilizing the Indians by sham mission*
uries uud thieving agents. This is the first time during
the President's administration tbut the Senate has re*
(used to sauclion his Indian appointments, hut no u?4
Is to blame uicepl the so-called Irlends ol the Indians,
who bavo squuiidered the appropriations given the en
and brought deep disgrace 011 tho ludian Bureau.
Tho Appropriation Committee agreed to-night to report
in favor of the transler of the Indian llureau to
the War Department. It is estimated that $4,000,000
or $5,000,000 will be saved by llio change. The Bureau
ol Lduoutiou is rctaiucd, with souio reductions.
Washington, March 0, 1S70.
Attorney General Pierropont has addressed a letter to
the Hon. Scott Lord. Cbuirman of tho sub-Corn ml (tun
on the Judiciary, saying bis fair and considerate letter
of the 3d mst, gives him tho opportunity to fully explain
certain charges contained In newspaper publication",
copies of which had been enclosed to him.
The Attorney General says that, in relation to th?
whiskey cases at St. Louis, Chicago and Milwaukee,
tho Secretary of tho Treasury aud himself weru in
lrcqucnt consultation, and they never differed in their
policy nor In what they deemed tho best mode of carrying
out the policy. In October last, while the Null,
tary of the Treasury wus in St. Louis, they agreed
upon, and the Secretary despatched, a communication
to tho Solicitor in the wuy of instructions, in which
ho said, among otnor thiugs, that uuless
important ouds are to be gained In
oilier cases no vvouia tnako no terms witn
any Individual party. The Attorney General
ays the policy indicated in this order wus not communlcated
by hlrn in any circular letter to the district
attorneys of these cities, but it wus intended to bo car*
ried out alike in St. l.ouis, Chicugo and Milwaukee.
Nothing occurred to lead the Attorney General or th?
Secretary or tlio Treasury or the Solicitor, so lar as the
Attorney General knew or bolieved, to change thil
policy In any degree; but ubout tue middle of January
and subsequent thereto various newspaper slips, pri<
vale letters and personal statements caiue to the President,
and In a lesser degree to the Attorney General,
that bargains were being .made or wore about to bt
made with criminals whoso testimony was not in the
slightest degree needed, by which a large
number of criminals were to be let off trout
auy kind of punishment ; to be relieved ol
persecution In a manner likely to brlnfl
scandal upon the administration of Justice and quite ut
variance with the policy expressed by tho Secretary of
tho Treasury and approved by the Attorney Genoral.
These statements were in a large measure alUrtned to
the President, and subsequently to the Attorney Gent
eral, by one ot the oldest and most trusted supervisors
in the service, and who clutmed to know Irom personal
knowledge upon the subject, and especially In relaltoa
to criminals In Chicago.
It was also stated to lh? Attorney General that bargains
of very questionable propriety were being made
la Milwaukee by counsel without consultation with
the District Attorney, and without any communication
with the Attorney Generaf, from
whom tboy received their appointment, and
for ' who.-o Judicious conduct the Attorney
General was responsible. The President was greatly
disturbed by these varied and repealed representation*
of a course so at variance with the policy before Indicated,
and he brought it to the attention of the Attorney
General, and finally suggostcd that, In viow of the
repeated statements, u would no woii tor tno Attorney
General to let tho district attorneys receive some caiv
ttou upon this subject, and tliorefore a letter was despatched
by the Attorney General to District Attorney
Huzlelon, and Is tho oue copied In the official record#
of tho department, with a note that the same was sent
to the district attorneys at Chicago and St Louis.
In this letter the Attorney General said he rcposod
in the ofllccrs tho good judgment to refrain from every*
thing that could by possibility be construed as favoritism
toward those who bad defrauded tho government,
and rornarked, ''It is tho President's reiterated
desire that no guilty man shoul 1 escape. " A lew days
later, the President being still further pressed about
the matter, sent for tbo Attorney General to lenri
whether bo had taken any action In tbo case.
As the lottor was purely official, and us all such
letters are strictly confidential and Intended solely (or
tho eye of tho district attorneys and for the sole purpose
of advising them of the complaints which wers
being made, ami to caution them against any appear
ance of Improper management, the Attorney General
was greatly surprised at the publication of tho letter,
and qnito amazed that It Hhould bo wrested
from Its original purpose and used fot
ends ncvor Imagined by tho writer. Th?
Attorney General sot himself to work to discover how
the letter found Its way into print, and Anally came to
tho conclusion that it must havo got out through tin
copy sent to the President, and ho received Information
which convinced him that It was so, and the fact
that it waa imperfectly reported in tho Western papers
led hiin to believe that it had been read, and, perhaps,
imperfectly remembered. On shaking to tho
President on the subject bo said ho had no knowledge
whatever of the letter. Tho Attornuy General says:?
I waited fur tho opportunity aud have now ascertained
that General Hancock, or somo onn lor him
who hail access to tho President's papers, obtained a
:opy of tho loiter without any knowledge on tho part
if tho President, and that tho Kuino was used in th?
iiauuor now known to all, hut under whose advice the
Miorney General does not know.
It is <]uito certain, ho says, that, If any of the
lefraudors ol tho revcnuo imagined that they wero to
'cap advantage from tho publication of tho letter el*
rom tho very false construction which tbey tried t?
orce upon it, they had been or would bra signally misakon.
Tho Attorney General saya since the acquittal ol
lencral llabcock be had soon It staled In out of th?
Vealurn papers that the cvldenco bearing on the gulli
d Habcock was communicated to bit counsel by tb<
lll.irn.l> ll.iur,! II.. i.l.ka.1 la?.a In lha mnW
mphatic language, and without any possible r??er?e
Ion, ibat tbero is not and there never was I be slight
-at truth In the statement. He never made a connuit
atiou, either written or verbal, to any one or General
dubcock a counsel upon the subject. As to Htorrs. whs
s the counsel specially mentioned, the Attorney Geatral
says be has no recollection that he ever saw bia
in his life, llo was certain ho never wrote to him. lis
might have seen him, and have been Introduced to ha
it Homo one of the crowded receptions of tbo President.
This la possiblo. Very many persons are Introduced
to him at these receptions whose names sro
often Indistinctly heard, and therefore not remembered.
llo certainly never sew Storrs ml his
house or at the department, or at any othet
louso or place where ha ever conversed with
it in open the subject of General llabcock's trial,
>r upon any other subject. Judge Porter Is the othsi
mussel mentioned. Ho Is an eminent lawyer ol New
fork, end an old acquaintance of the Atloruey Qeuers^,M|,^j
md much valued friend, and, besides, he la a geatWclock.
nan of delicacy and Henna, lie once, and only ooet*/
sailed to pay hie re*pecu, and state merely that hjj,-,**
vaa here to prepare himself In the ilaboock Utal, theyoar ol
Iropped the subject utterly, and never reeamed it o .
illuded to It again. During hit call they never, ^
lot.-, word or sign, bad any othsr communloatioa what
ivsr on tho snbjsci.

xml | txt