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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 07, 1876, Image 4

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Fort Sill Described in Text
and Diagram.
Where Evans, Marsh, Belknap &
Co. "Made Money."
Twenty Thousand Dollars a Year Extorted
by Excessive Charges.
Statemeuts by the President aud Geuerals |
Sherman and McCook.
I.Ike the overturned lamp thut originated the terrible
conflagration at Chicago, converting tbe greater portion
ot a populous city into u desert wuste, Kurt Sill
will be herealler remembered as the starting point of j
a disaster compared with which the burning of a thou- |
sand hulldiugs is a mure trille. No uian supposes but j
that the revelations of the last few days are the mere
beginning of the end aud that the tearful conflagration
ol charactor which has been begun w ill continue until j
It rcuchcs places and men that have heretofore been
regarded as unassailable. In this connection uml as a
matter of considerable public interest at the present j
tluie, as well as lor luturu reference, wo pro|>oso to give ;
a detailed description ol Fort Hill and its surroundings,
premising that this rurt is a lair example of the frontier
nations of the army, so that when the further rovola j
lions that uro to come shall spocify the various local!- j
Ues thut have in turn been uiude the sources ot fraud and \
torrupiion, this description will exemplify the circum- |
stances In each aud every case.
Un the reorganisation ol the United Stales Army at
the close ol the civil war a generul distribution ol the
troops was determined upon In accordance with u plan j i
that should uccompl.sh a thri el'uld purpose. First? !
To keep open tho tines of communication throughout the
A'esleru Territories. .Second?To ailord protection to 1
lettlers and thus encourage and luster emigration. i
Third?To overawe and subduo the roving tribes of
Indians and to lustil among them habits of clvilixu ! ,
tiou. To tliis end a series 01 military posts was cs- j
tabh-hod at suitable localities in the West, Irom 100 to !
1100 miles apart. At these posts were slulioucd tno
dillerenl regiments of the army or parts of regiments, I
sometimes (tortious oi several regiments, a mixed command
ut inluutry and cavalry, unuer the supervision
oi the senior olllcer lu rank present with the troops. ;
The post now known as Kurt Sill was one of the stalions
so selected. It was located by General Grlersou j
In June, lstlS, under the name of "Camp Wichita." ;
rhe Halite was changed to Kort Sill July 2, 18#'J. It is
lituatad on the Comanche, Kiowa and Apache roserva- |
lion, Indian Territory, iu latitude 04 dog. 40 miti.,
lougitude 111 deg eg min. west The ulcva- !
lion ubore the sea is l,7oo loot. It Is ,
110 miles south ol Fori Itichardsou, liu miles south- I
west of Fort Uriflin aud loo miles northwest of Caiup
Supply. Major General Sheridan solccled Fort Sill us
a base of operations against ibe Cheyenuos and Kiowas
in his winter campaign of lsOS-OO, and from that date
It has been ibe inniiary centre of the reservation ol j
the Comaucbes, Kiowa? and the alllllated bands ol the j
Wiebitas, Kcechn s Wacoes and Cuddoos. The roser- j
ration is ill the loriu of it quadrangle, nine nules 111 I t
length by four tubes wide, containing thirty-six square J 1
miles or lii.OOU aurcs. Within lis boundaries are in- I
eluded the conUunu e of IheCucho and Med lei lie Bluff , i
reeks, with the rich ituiher and bottom lauds skirl- j i
lug lliuse streams, the hills called Modluino ltlulls, |
the Indian commissary buildings, lime kilns, granu- <
nea. kc. I I
Is situated at the juucit.ui ol the two creeks named, I
which unite to lurui a branch ol the Rod River, and in 1
the ceuire ol the po-l reservation. Although this and ,
most of the ott.er Western posts are called loris they j
are iq no sense of the word fortilhai.uns. Nor are '
they fortified in any manner, with tho exception of, j
perhaps, a small redoubt or sometimes a
block house or n stockade erected against 1
a possible Incursion of the lndiuus. Ha y uro simply |
a collection ol sometimes merely temporary struc- j
lures, at other times more permanent in their cliaruc" 1
ler where substantial building materials may be cheaply i
sblaiued. This last is tho ease with Kurt Bill, where
the proximity of an excellent quality of limestone, j
sasily quarried, has resulted In the use of this material !
for the quarters ol the troops. Alt the buddings ol tho
post are constructed ol gray Itmosioue, uud lurnish ac- j
connuodatioii for 1,000 men and oitlcers,
as shown by tho diugram, are arranged with a view to !
military couvunicuce and discipline. The barracks for ,
tho soldiers are each double buildings, one story in |
height. The dimensions arc -uu by -7 leet, with ? height .
Ol 12 feet to the eaves Kach division is liil?mlu<l lor
olio company, and U divided tulo ? barrack room 1
84 loot iu length, and au orderly room 27 led
by 12 loci. Thu barracks liuvu covered porches
in (runt, and extensions iu rear lor mess rooms
and ktirhcus, and in the yard in rear of each
barrack is a small building lor laundress' quarters
and wash roouis. In the dormitories the men sleep on
ingle trou buuks. 1 he buildings lor ollicers' quarters
are twelve in number, of which utno contain two sets j
of quarters entirely se|>arated Irotn each other, making
In all twenty-one sets of quarters, besides these are
Iho guardhouse, hospital, library, Quartermaster's I
and Commissary's store houses, cavalry stables, kc.
Ibo ground occupied by the buildings is a plateau of
irregular ouiliue, sloping iu all directions, and about
one fourth of a mile square iu extent. Its elevation i
above the water of the adiacenl stream la about titty j
The garrison of Fort Sill for several years past has
Seen mostly composed of the Tenth I'uitcd Slates cavalry
(colored), together with several companies ot infantry
(white). The duties of the troops cuusist of
coming the adjoining territory for predatory bunds of |
.?u.?u>, VI IUVII |iuiaui> 'UIU IUHI I'Vllliaul III IOU?'C-l
wbcu depredations have boon committed ; also in essortiug
tram* ut supplies Irom am- post to another,
it certain times ami seasons llie duties are extremely
irduou*, and otien attended with giuat privation and
luOvrmn, horse* aud men (ailing by Die roadside In
otter exhaustion during' a long pursuit of the Indiana.
The peraonal went* of the soldier*?their (ood nnd
clothing??re of course, amply supplied by tho govsrntncai,
and, in addition, the soldier* receive #13 a
month in money. While the ration of food that Is
Issued to the soldier I* generally wholesome,
ol good quality and insutlieicnt in quantity, j
It is of necessity a very simple form of diet and amuc
what monotonous in character, and while the provision
mode lor tho soldier is In every way ample for fits comfort,
whether sick or well, there is i very natural <te.
Mr* on his part for a greater variety In diet and for
many conveniences and limine# that are not prov'idvd
by the government, and to obta.n these he U willing to i
lovoto the #13 a month which h* receive* In cash trom
Use covernment. To thte hmuai weak nets or 111. : n.
tiou on the pert of the sold er la due tho origin and
existence of the individual known as
"run at rum."
He la generally a shrewd, enterprising money making
aort of a character, who forms during war one
of the army of catop followers, and during peace a permanent
trader n the minor necessities and convent,
ences of lite. Under tho old army regulations each
aailitnry post was authorised lo bate a ''sutler," who
received his appointment I rem the officer in command,
on tbv recommendation of a Hoard, consisting of the I
ibrae highest in tho rank next below the commanding
officer. This Board was called tbo Council of Administration,
and it waa their duty to examine a veriiUd invoice
of the goods offered lor sale, and to flx/s tariff of
prices at which they were to be told lo the soldiers; of
raonrae allowance waa always made for the cost of
^transportation. f>wring the war nearly every regiment
ntarted out with Its own antler, but it dhl not tako
Jnag for the cormorants or the War Department to ;
^earn the value of the rich placer that sutlers' prlv- i
lieges fa rats lied, and tba corruptten that la now
ropptng out had Ita origin at that time. At the nil
tag of the fort Hoyal expedition a sutler appeared
with an exclusive privilege from Cameron, then Secretary
of War, to the groat dismay and ruin of the
regimental autlera who had embarked their all in enterprise!
that thus came to naught. The history of
the sutler business connected with the Army ol the
Potomac won'.d be very Interesting reading at this
Juncture or ullalra. On the returu ot peace and the
distribution ot the troops the sutlers' positions hecame
very attractive In consequence of the collateral
advantages connected with Indian tradiug and local
contracts for quartermasters' supplies of luei. forage,
Ac, and these places were very much sought lor. At
Fort Sill, for Instance, where an extensive Indian
reservation was established and a large force permanently
tuk raosricrivx moms
of the sutler loomed up in gigantic proportions. This
appointment was secured by J. L. Kvaus, ol Kentucky,
who is conceded on all sides to be personally a
10-1 agreeablo and lair dealing merchant. Kvans
went to a very great expense in erecting the buildings
requisite lor bin purpose. Of course everything at
the outset was attended with much dtlllculty.
The remote position of the post, located tu the heart of
the Indian country, where no while lnau tied ever been
belure, the impossibility ol obtaining transportation
except at an enormous outlay?all required a largo
capital and was attended with much uncertainly and
risk. Evans, however, when once established, succeeded
In making the business remunerative. In (net,
when the lirst obstacles uro overcome a sutler's business
is atteuded w ith lower risks aud losses than ordinary
business ol auy oilier kind. The soldiers pay
cush lor everything when they have it, aud us the sutler
is allowed to collect ul the pay table any debts
which the soldiers Incur within a reasonable limit ho
has lew accounts to carry to prolit and loss.
The puv of the oltlcors and soldiers of a regiment of
a thousand men amounts to over $200,000, of which
the sutler receives the greater portion, at a prolit of
Uveuty-Uvo to 100 per cent, and when tu this is added
the profits ol the Indian trade and that which can be
derived from quartermasters' contracts it is very easy
to seo that n position ol this kind has, to use a current
phruso, "a good deal of tnonoy in it." When the
change in the law took placo and the sutlers were converted
into "traders" appointed by the Secretary
of War, and afterward tbo organised
raid was made upon the traders, Mr. Kvnus
found himself in a very unfortunate position. Ill
a lull conlldeuco that the rights and privileges acquired
by him In an honorablo manner and in accordance with
the usages of the service w ould be protected, he had
invested everything ho possessed in this business. He
had every reason to bellove that so long as lie conducted
himself and his business to the satisfaction of
those who had appointed him ho should tic undisturbed.
Uoing to Washington with the amplest recommendations
Iroin the olllccrs of the post, bo anticipated that
he should have little itillleultv In maintaining' the posh
Lion ho hail secured ul so much labor and expense, but
lio wax doomed to disappointment. The Secretary of
War appointed Caleb Marsh as post trader at Kurt Sill,
and tboro was nothing lull lor Evans but to utakc the
host bargain ho could with the logulUod highwayman
who demanded his money. Large as was the sum demanded
aud paid, it was after all no Joss to Evans.
1 hat pari of Ills contract w ith Marsh that does not appear
iu writing, but which was, nevertheless, carried
>ul to the letter, was that
should, out uf their pour pittance of $13 a month, pay
i tax through excessive charges to the amount ul
(I'd,DUO pur uuuuin, levied upon them as the helpless
."tcllius of this uilatnous conspiracy. Is iliero nothing
o be said of a Congress that passes the Jaw which ubllerates
the liuie-houorod custom that established ihe
:ouncil of aduilnistralion to place a chock upon such
ixtorllou by limiting tlio porcouiago of proill 1 Has
ho Congress that rondorou this conspiracy possible no
ihare iu the merited odium which is attached to ill' .So
toonly did Evaus fool the shame und Injustice of which
10 was the medium that ho lolt it necessary to excuse
die extortion that was practised by acknowledging that
t was the tribute ho was compelled to pay for rotuiuiug
ns position. Kvans' establishment at Foi l Sill is mure
xlotislve than any ulhcr trading house along that hue
it posts. A familiarity with the ludiun dialect
jives him uuusual facilities lor trudiug
with the Indians on the reservation. The Indians
bring in butlalo robes and olhur spoils of the chase,
which tliey cxchauge tor goods. The trade with the
Indians is sometime* very large, and hvuus .V Co. have
succeeded iu making a great dual of money. '1 heir
store is a very large one, and their assortment of
goods extensive and of great variety. In coining iu
Iroin tlieir camps to barter lor goods the Indians
rule their ponies with a squaw ou loot running alongside,
on whoso back tho buffalo robes are strapped,
and iu returning the saiuo means ot transportation are
used lor conveying the bluukcts, calicoes and otbor
things received in exchange. Mo it seems that the
squaws at both ends ol the Hue have, alter all, tho principul
interest iu tho matters connected with post
traders, and on their backs the burdeus or profits fall
in the end, whether represented by Worth dresses iu
Wushiuglou or blaukols at Kurt Mill.
[From the Evening Post of yesterday.]
We pub.ish iu tho t.'veimn/ P,*t to day a communication
Irom a correspondent who alllnns his belief in tbo
innocence of (ieueral llclkuap. We should like to sliuro
our correspondent's faith; all good eitizeus would rejoice
to-day to kuow that :ho charge against tho exSecretary
is louuded upon a mistuko au<l that all tbo
suspicious circumstances may be easily explained.
What Is culled a "true story" is telegraphed Iroui
Washington to a morning newspaper. If we believe it
we must believe that the wile of tho Secretary deceived
bun as to tliu nature or her transactions with Marsh;
that she pretended that she had invested her own
money with llio latter, who had Increased it by proUlable
management, and that tho Secretary supposed
that the payments were made upon that account. The
objection to this story aud to others like it is that they
assume Helknap to have been a fool.
Thesalool trading posts is no fresh matter. It has
been for years tho subject of common tulk on tbe
I'laius. In Washington and In newspuper columns. The
traders have excused themselves for charging high
prices lor their goods by saying that they wero compolled
to pay high prices lor their privileges. Tho particulars
of this very contract between Marsh and
Kvans at Kort Sill were published lu ls7i is it conceivable
that Belknap's attention was not directed to
tbe uublicatinu ? Is it probable that be, who ought to
have had the liveliest concern in the matter, shou d of
all rnou have been Iguoraut of it or Indifferent to it?
Is it conceivable that be would not have asked himself
whether the Marsh Interested in the trading |>osl was
not the Marsh wuo was managing proiltablo Investments
lor Mrs. Ilolkuap, aud whether sbo too might
not have a share In the contract 1 To suppose that
uothing uf this would have occurred to ilolkuap is to
tupposo him to be a fool; and that tncory of tho case
lias not vet been suggested anv where. His knowledge
lit the ullair I* made clear beyond doubt unless uncontradicted
assertions aro fatso. It Is said that
>u lMT'i General lU/ou, having ascertained
lite lacts about Kurt Sill ami other poata,
oinmunicated them to the Cummttloe on Mill,
larv Allaire of the Huuso of llepreeenualives, he
ippeured before the coiuinlttoa, and t;avo names, dates
aud other particulars, but nothing catuv ol the Investi
^atiou. Alter Uaxon had given evidence livlkuap wcul
lo tno 1'reaideut and asked hint if ho believed the story.
Die 1'rcsldenl said ho did not. The Secretary of War
retained his portfolio, and Hazcu was transierred to
Oak ota Territory. We repeat that these assert ions call
be easily coutrsdiclcd if they aro not true; and If Mr.
Uariteld, who was chairiuau of the committee, has anything
to say In explanation ol tho clrcomstanves, ho
ought lo kisc no time In aaying it. Kvcu If tho Kort
Sill case stood alone It would bo impossible lo acquit
Helknap; but wheu all the circumstances are consid
cred It is too much lo expect the public to bollcve the
"true story," or to bolieve that Uclknap waa deceived
liy the shallow device which Is said to have been im
posed upon nun.
railing Uaiknap'* ca?e aside, tfae person* wlto sr?
o rosily lo accept sny propostsrows Uwory wliicli establish**
sn officer's innocence at the expense of bis
Intelligence seems to be guided by a low conception of
public duty. A wan who is serving the oountry in au
important position is bound to bo honest, of coarse;
but ho is bound also not to be stupid. The bead of a
department who permits bis subordinate* to steal?
permits not by a direct license in terms, but by stolid
insensibility to what is going on and by deliberate
blindness and systematic carelessncos? may not he so
guilty in a personal aeuse as if he himself stole, but
his official criminality I* scarcely less. According to
the right rule of responsibility be Is bound to b*
honest for his subordinates as well as for himself?
I bound to know whether they are honest; bound to
gtva tlicm no opportunities by bit indifference to act
dishonestly. It must be said thul the President has
! not always obeyed thi* rule. All fair minded eittaens
are glad to believe that the l'realdent
has had no bund In the disgraceful transactions
which are now,In course or exposuro; but they
can acquit him only by convicting him of defective
watchfulness and excessive confidence. His plun
ot Oiling important olllces has made the consequences
1 of the delect end the excess all the inure serious, end
lias made them all tho Herder fur him to beer. If the
President had appointed Charles Francis Adams Secretary
of War and tf, which, uf course, Is a rlulcnt Biip|
position, Mr. Adams bad been detected In selling
trading posts the President would have suffered comparauvoly
little from tho disclosure. As Mr. Adams is
{ known to tho whole country tho country would havo
called him to account, and would nut haro blamed tho
! President lor app>lnting a man of such large and
excellent reputation. The truth Is, however,
that tho President hus appointed to prominent
places men who, whatever their character liiuv
have been, were without uny wide reputation.
Knowing little or notiilii^ about tbom, the country
simply look tho President's word lor them; It accepted
them upon his certificate and held hitn responsible
for them. When these uuscuro persons are
proved to he dishonest or Incompetent they have no
standing before the country and tho President must
bear the whole responsibility.
The evils of administration which aflllct the country
are due, more than to auy other cause, to the disregard
by the President ot the rule which all his preducessois
have observed?that public otllces should be tilled by
' men of character, of experience, ol ability and widely
j known to bo such, and uot by men of mediocrity,
Known oniy to ine i resiucui. mo i rcsiuoiu s policy
lias driven away Irom the service men like .Sumner,
Schurx, Cox, of Ohio; Curtis, and all tvbo hi any sense
i can be called stntcsmou, and has given us uien like
Belknap and Ilobcsou and Cbandlur.
[Fro in the Chicago Inter-Ocean. J
Wahuixoton, March 3, istd.
The l'reaident to-day said to a friend:?"I have
heard it sain Irequently that if 1 had no oilier virtue It
could uot bo said of mo that 1 did not stand by my
Irictids. But my friends must not try my lorbearauce
too far.'' l.ast evening the President sent for a distinguished
member ul the Illinois d<legation and talked
very freely with him for uu hour or more and told linn
tub stobv or uk1.kxa1'.
"On Thursday I hud just finished my breakfast,"
said tho l'resldent, "and wus opening sotno letters In
the drawing room, when Secretary Brislow was an:
nounced. It was only a little ultor nine o'clock and I
wondered why ho came so early, but I invited him into
, the room and we talked lor a time over some matters
relerred to In my mall. Alter a time the .Secretary
j said, "Mr. President, thero are some vory sail stories
1 in circulation about one of your Cabinet.' 1 told hitn
j 1 hud not beard anything. Tho Secretary
! said they were drcudlul stories, almost too
i bad to bo believed. I inquired what they
: were, and the Secretary began to tell me,
! when in tame Iielkuup and Chandler. Chandler
looked very sober, and Uclknap wu chunked so that
you would hardly have known him. lie looked us it
lie had not slept lor a week. I not up and shook
hands with linn, and asked linn what was tho matter.'
He went on to tell tue, in an Incoherent way, about
D331S I
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! the Congressional Investigation; that it was going to j
dainngo him very much, und ho said ho ha<l written
; hU resignation aud brought it with him. Ho took out
1 the lottcr unit 1 road it. 1 uaid to him that 1 would
re grot very much h a leaving the Cubiuet, lor I
I hud coutidcnce iu him. At that
UK M'RKT ivTO mat
| aud look hold of my hand. I asked him the nature of (
the Investigation, and his manner more than tho words i
lii* rnniv tilinu'i'il mo thfit II U'na fininul>i intf nf all i
1 unu-ual character. 1 understood tbal ho was expi
cling an Investigation that ha coultl uroul by resigning;
that tho farts If ex|io*ed would not damage
him so much art his wife. Ho spoke of his dead wile,
loo. I tol l him that ho hod u great many friends
and they would help him out, hut he said it
wua Impossible; that ho had shouldered nil tho blame
aud would be ruined. He insisted that It would savo
me and the rest of the govornment n great deal of
trouble If his resignation was accepted I tried again
to Induco him to wait awhile, but ho said he must go
before tho committee that morning, and wanted to
| toil them he was no longer utt officer ol the government.
So I wrote him a letter accepting the resignation,
and, after thanking me for ihnt and for what ho
called my kindness to him in the past ho went away
with Chandler. Then
I1I1U HIV T ??'? ?"c wuu.v ??OIJ. 1 ovuiu uw?
believe then, anil sent a messenger lor llass, who, I
understood, was a member ol the investigating rom]
ni it tee.'* The President said that if ho had known
tho whole truth he would not have accepted tho ri agnation
an he did. but would have *i-|xMidi-d Uolknup.
iill the investigation was o\ or. lie was never so astounded
in Ilia lite. There waa no ineint>or ol bla Cabinet
in whom lie bad more ronlidence. The Illinois
gi nllcmun suggested that he fell like having llclknap
tried by a drum head court martial and allot, and the
President replied that no one could feel worse than lie
di<L Alter hearing the truth uf the matter the Treatdeul
was ao unsettled in mind that he was totally un- j
Kitted lor business. His friends say they never saw him '
so completely unnerved. All the alternoun ho spent j
with Ins son ITyises walking down on tho bank of the
river back of the While House. Talking seemed to relieve
his mind and ho spoke very Irecly to several gentlemen
who called u|K>n him.
(Interview In Si I.nuis Globe-Democrat. ]
Said General Sherman "t have never had anythiug
to shock me as this shameful disclosure. I am astonished
beyond measure. 1 have known llolknap a long
time, and never had occasiou to doubt his integrity. I
know that his previous record is without a blot. He
has always been regarded as u man ol scrupulous honor.
He served with me during the wAr. He went out ks
major ol nn Iowa reglmcut; subsequently he was promot-d
t a a colonelcy, and while wo were before At
I a (lift ho was appointed a brigadier general on my
recommendation. lie belonged to t lie Fifteenth Army
corps, uuder Frank Ulair, who recommended him io
uia lor promotion. Ho was a gallant officer, and though
not educated In a tullllary school, he learned vory rapidly
by experience, and was proficient In all the com
I ntamis which he hold. He cornt i of a good etoek of ^
ma raTNxn
was a brigadier general during the Mexican war."
"Can you think of a Cause for Belknap's demoralize
Uon f "
"Of course, I do not know the eauee, but baring
lired In Washington during his tenure of office, I can
I lotto a pretty good Idea of Ik In my opinion his down
MARCH 7, 1876.?TR1PLB
fall is due more to the vicious organization of Washington
society than anything else. I refer to the ridiculous
extravagance of thoso who move In the first social
circles at the capital. Very few Cabinet oUlcers are
able to live within their moans; none can begin to live
within their salaries While 1 was there the only membur
of tho Cabinet who could stand it was Klsh ; with
bis income of $juo ooo a year he could afford to pay
most uny price for social privileges; nevertheless, It
cost him $70,000 a year. Mr. Chandler, who bus gone
luto the Cabinet since I caioo to St I.ouis, is another
one whose private fortune is so ample thai his sulury is
no object to hint. Outside ot these two none ol tho
public olTU'iuls tn Washington cun live within their
salaries. I lott Washington chiefly because my salary
would uot support mo, and because I did not consider
tho society there the proper place in which to
rear a family. I received $1.1,500 regular sulary, bolides
$0,000 lor rent and horses, making Jlb.oOu in alL
1 outlivod this amount every year, by leveral thousand
dollars. 1 had to keep open house all tho time. My
family rarely had any rest Irom outertalning people,
must of them utter siruugcri, in whom we could feel
no interest. Besides, everybody consider themselves
privileged to practise extortion upon any person who
holds a promiui-iit place In Washington; gas companies,
house furnishers, marketers fee., always charged me
exorbitant prices, simply because 1 was tieucral ot
the Army. Now, Uolkuap got #S,nu0 a year, and had
no outside resources. lie had a laslitonnble wile, ambitious
to loud in society. .She niu-l have money and
there was no other mode of gulling it except by resorting
to unlawful practices. In mv mind, this is the key
I to the dtsgraccfal conduct ot the Secretary o! War."
-n? rn? Mm ItnU mil. V"
"Very well She was regarded as a most estimable
| wouiuu, Intelligent, brilliant and pretty. Sho catno of
a good Kentucky family and was ambitious to lead in
society. She wore a prolusion of jewelry aud Iter
dresses wcro Imported, llor receptions wore among
the most agreeable und showy entertainments at tho
national capital. It wus impossible that sho could
keop her expenditures within her husband's ofllctal Income.
"IH> you think Belknap will endeavor to shield himself
behind his wifer"
"To the contrary, 1 think he is likely to suffer much
personal odium by keeping silent iu order to shield his
wife. He Is not u man to protect himself at the expense
of his wile. If Mrs. Uctkcup, tor a moneyed
consideration from outside parties, iullueuccU her bus
baud to make appointments,
through Belknap. On tho other huud, Mrs. Belknap Is
just the woumn to shield her husband und will, doubtless,
assume as much of the odium as possible. It Is a
veiy sad ufl'air all through and will reflect much discredit
upon our country dud society at largo."
"Do you not attribute, to some extent, the corruption
which has been discovered lu tho sale of trading
posts to the present system of managing that service?"
"I do, though the system is not necessarily a corrupt
one. The old plan was much safer and made dishonesty
more tinprnhnb.c. Xo man could get trie appointment
of post trader or sutler, as they were lortnorly called,
until he had secured tho recninmcndation of the three
senior ofileers neyt to tho commandant of the post.
Tho name of the person selected liy this council of three
was submitted to |K>st commandant. He Indorsed and
forwarded It to the Secretary of War. The recommendation
nlways secured the appointment. The ollicers
always selected the applicant who was known to
iTia i al I
? |
^j'N jeK* HOUSE|
j RB) ! ?I |^M~?TORf*HOUM
_ r J-!>-. . CHAPLAIN' -0R.M.?HOP?
, EMPLOYEE'S ft _ _
J l_B U 1 1
thrin, and to whose society they did not object. Quite
Hteu It was some former follow olllrer who had lost
his position In the army. During the war the matter
was left pretty milch to the (ieneral of the Army, us
was ui-o the ease just utter the war and during tlio service
of (Seueral Itnw lius as Secretary ol War. Wlieu
Qeneral lielk nap ciuac into ollice, 'it luiio, ho roinovod,
without consulting me, the sutler at I'ort Laramie,
I ultiug lu his place a man who was obuoxlou* to tho
officer* at tlie post. I ousted Belknap's appointee and
featured the old trader, though alter the Congress of
1**0 passed the act depriving the Ooneral of the Army
of all jurisdiction In tho matter, and givlug exclusive
eoulrol thereof to the War Department,
I thought It was unfair to deprive the olllccrs of a
voice In choosing a trader. It socmed despotic to me
and not In accordance with llic genius of our republican
institutions. laving out on the Inr trontlor, as it
wore hi a little world to themselves, 1 looked upon it as
wrong to force the soldiers to take auy person ibey did
not want, ltut the act was passed, and the nriny officers,
ol course^ submitted. "
"Has there been much complaint aiiout Belknap's
post traders?"
"Oh, yes, there has been a good deal ot dissatisfaction.
Corneal the. fellows appointed were regarded as
suspicious characters und their society obnoxious to
the ofllcers; but the i|uesuon hu I bhi taken entirely
out ol my bauds, ami 1 could say nothing without
lutcnorlog wub ibc buiiMi of the Secretary of
view of recent developments, would you not
recommend a re establishment of ilie old a> stent of
"I would. It would, In my opinion, bo more satlafarlory,
not only to the ariny but the people generally.
It would make fraud almost impossible, and would l>o
more Just. I can think of a good many other changes
In the m.inagi mom ol Ironiter utlalr* that would bo
salutary. In isinucb a? the army has to fight the Indiana,
I think It should have something to aay about
lliclr management. I he policy of attaching the Indian
bureau to (tie Interior department I* all wrong Uut
this la a aunjeci the diacusaiun of which would be uacleas
and pointless now."
ticueral. what were your personal feeling* toward
-'tguite friendly. I have not approved everything
done by Hciknap. lu aotue instance* 1 was Ignored
where I should not have been, and there wua a atruog
deposition ou the part of thu War Department to absorb
the management of the army, 1'uraoually, howpv.
r, I had only
and hi* disgrace I* a cause of great rcaret to me.1'
Ms it yuar opinion that lucre bus boon any corrup.
tto* in couuectlon with tho uppoiutmcnt of other posttraders?"
"It it Impossible that 1 should know anything positive
on this subject, but It Is quite likely that the corruption
has been confined to tbo post ul Fort Sill. Thero
w-; mors than ISO trading posts ou tho frontier. Many
of thetn sre, perhaps, too small to excite tbo avarlco o(
traders, but >1 a large proportion of them there Is a
['lucrative trade. I fear tbere Is a good deal of fraud
which has not yet been developed; but I give this as a
mere speculation on my part"
"What do you think of Morton for Secretary of
"Morton would make a splendid War Secretary, lie
la a man of great Intelligence, Arm, and as honeat aa
the 0?y is loug. My opinion la that bla acceptance of
the ulace la not lUsiy. In view of the fuel that Mor<
ton li no uuequlvocally ind promtnontly before tb?
people a* a candidate for President."
[Interview In IbeSL I.ouis Globe Democrat.) ~V
"I confidently expected the exposure, and knew that 1
j it must come sooner or later."
j "Do you mean to say that the (rands alleged wore
I known to you?"
"Yea, to me and to every officer wlio has had garrison
duty to perform in the West, lor several yoars
past. It is uot a matter of wonderment to me, nor do
1 think it will u? to them, that this widespread corruption
should hnvo boon exposed."
"Hut, in your opinion, doe* the corruption extend
beyond lbe pout trudersbipat >'ort 8111, wlucU I* alleged
lo have been marketed away T"
"ibero are
I o-\k iksdimu axd iu1tmivi roam rsr to uaaa
and rest assured the returns have not begun to come In
yet. Dropping the question or fket, why should Vwt
8UI be uu exception lu this game of barter and trade
that has been going on f Docs auy ouo piesuuiu that
this tort alTorda the ouly corrupt excepttou, uiid that
u rule of honest management as to tiadcrships prevullcd
elsewhere? Why should Kurt 8111 have bcuu
nloue cboscn for a Irausacllou of the character alleged,
j wlieu other posts may be as rvadlly manipulated by
{ those at tho head ul' the War Department ?"
"These are all grave questlous, no doubt; but. Genoral,
let me understand?Do you behove that the
doubtful transactions shown to have been engaged In
by the 8ouretary of War cxtund to posts other than
Vurt Silly"
"Do 1 bcllovoao! Yes. I da Nay, I think I might
with propriety say that 1 know so. Now that this in-"'
vestigatiou lias been commenced by Congress, If tliero
Is reully a deiiro to silt matters to the very bottom, lot
tliom si-lid lor tlio post traders In all quarters, und tliera
will be such revelations of corrupBon us will dwurl the
i case already revealed Into nothingness. This Is but the
i entering wedge, which, If given tho force necessary,
will rend the entire system of post trading us now con
'The matter of appointing post traders, then, lies
j with the Secretary ot War f"
"Kntlroly. Formerly the Council of Administration
at a post?this Council was made lip of the throe ofUcers
next lu rank below the commanding oilicor?chose
a mas ron tub rosiTiox of it sr sL'Tt-sb
| Their selection was a man of character, one who had a
j reputation ior honesty that he valued; one who was
their equal, and with whom they could associate on
terms #f intimacy. This selection was approved by
the commanding officer, and, the matter beiug properly
referred to the War Department, the uppolntmeut was
"What is tho process now?"
"In the year IStlU, Mr. Hugh Campbell, of St. Louis,
a most reputable gentleman, recommended a certain
party lor the sutlcrshlp at Fort Laramie. Tho candidate
had an abundance of good words spoken (or him;
his cuso was considered by the Council of Admiuisiru1
tlon, was approved by the commanding olUccr, and
eventually lie was appointed. lie came to SI. Louis,
und, prncuitng a stock of goods, hud it forwarded to
the lull; but before he could become settled in bis new
position, along comes u Mosaic gentleman with a Iresb
commission of post sutler lu his pocket, upon which
the ink was scarcely dry."
"Was this a representative from the War Department
"Precisely. But the officers, with one accord, maintained
that they uad some rights iu the premises mat
should be respected, uud took steps to uphold the wan
ulmni lliou lf?! rcciuiininnilKit Tl u'u 1....4 1...
lore General Sherman, who, with customary promptness,
issued an order upholding the first appointee, and
leaving Ills would-be successor no recourse suvo through
the War Departmoot,"
"And did lli%t terminate the matter?"
By uo means. This may be properly said to have
bccu the commencement of tho
t<> which is duu, as much as to anything, the present
locution of military houdquurlcr* at St. Louis. The
issue of that slight contest lor the post tradorahip of
Tort Laramie showed to Scerelarv Belknap the fact
that he was not without restriction, und that, us matters
then stood, tnu marketing of post positions was
not tree frotu the danger of exposure. Therefore,
something meet be done. Accordingly, in 1?70, bo
secured lha passage by Cougrosa of an act transferring
Horn our hands altogether the power to choose, reoom
mend or appoint post trader*, and giving it into tbe
hands ol' the Secretary o( War, without any check or
haluucu wheel to prevent that concerning which tbo
law is so explicit in its mandates."
"You incan, 1 presume, concerning tbo sale ol appointive
"Precisely. That divine command, 'Thou shall not
steal,' is no more plain, no more explicit, than is tbo
law- pertaining to uud governing tbo tilling of these
post positionsi yet Us lutraction is the rule and Its
| observance the exception. The law speaks in uutuisi
takuldo terms against the funning out of ibeso post po|
sitious, and yet 1 may say, that lu the majority of
cases the person up|>ointcd seldom, if ever, sees the
post. What Is tbo result* The actual traders and sutlers
are those who cau aud will pay the uiost for tho
opportunity to specululb olf tho necessities of the
soldier, and. as a class, they are a sol ol thieves, aud
instead of u blessing, area banc to tbo service." ^
"Do you know ol any indivtdval cuses of 'farming
out' that you cun nicution?thai is, in addition to tbo
case of Marsh, which bus been made promlucnt*"
"1 should not havo to go a great way?uot outside of
j the city of sit. I.ouis. There is a man resident here
| who lives upon the proceeds of a sutlersblp which ho
is presumed to bold at Foil 1'nion. He had triends
powcrtul enough to reach tho Secretary of War, nnd he
. was appointed, llut lie prefers the comforts of civtll
xnlion to a rude lit* lit camp; therefore, he farms out
his position und receives u goodly share of the spoils.'^
"You havo seen considerable service in Texas, Uen,
eral; what was your experience down there as bearing
I upon this question?"
"I.et ine give a single instance, and I think It will
' suffice, since It appears to be tho rule of procedure in
most cases. Not u great while sinco there was a J it cr
to be appointed at Korl Concho. A young man, generally
esteemed, natned Conrad, made application lor
the place, und us \vc nlticers all knew him to bo a gentleman
and above tho practices of the ordinary catnptrudcr
we locked horns to got him appointed. He had
a superabundance of recommendations, and all who
knew hitn seemed to have had u desire to put themstlvos
on record in his lavov. He wont to Washington
to leud force to hit application. "About the same
tune tnero started lor the soul of the national government
a miserable, loathsome specimen ol the Hubrow
race, who had in certain transactions given good cause
lor unpleasant suspicions. He, too, was an apphount
I (or
Well, Conrad had no money to buy himself position If
he would have done so, but tbe Hebraic applicant, alter
getting to Washington and going over the ground, sent
homo lor $2,00U. which was lorwurdod lo him, and
when be returned to Concho ho boro a post trader's
commission in his pocket."
"lint hod he succeeded In spoudtng his money at tho
"Well, 1 am not prepared to say that he paid his
money over ths counter of ths War Department, but
be somehow got his commission, In spile of the superior
qualifications of his rival. Then again I know of
a case where one man operates two posts, holding one
in his own name mid the other In the naiue of his
| wife's brother, a lad flUecc years ol age. Old sutlers
who havo established their reliability by long years of
service have been turned out to make way for tbose
who have no scruples about bearing down upon the
screws in order to make the most of tho situation. It
Is the man who will pay the most for the privilege that
gets the position and not ho who la qualified by a
record of probity.
The Republican Association of the first Assembly
district bold Us regular meeting last evening at No. 1"?4
franklin street. Ueueral Joseph C. flmkncy addressed
the meeting in refercnco to Ibo impeachment
and fall of .Secretary iiolknap. Ue argued that
all men arc liable to tail if exposed to
greater temptations than they can withstand.
Ue did not think that tho trouble would aflcct
the republican party m the coming Presidential campalgn.
Ho believed It would blow over, as have mauy
other things equally aa astounding, and that there was
more made of It beoswM a republican had fallen lhaii
! II Belknap bad been a democrat. Governor Tilden waa
I n reformer to a certain extent, hut the sneaker yhc unlit
that bis reform principle was only used to obtain th?
nomination (or the Presidency.
President Grant knows as well as any one what tbo
I living Is In Washington, and when he saw the luxurious
household of his intimate Iriend Belknap, three*
(old more expensive thun his Income would warrant,
he must buvo known that his Minister of War could
not.d? this and bo acting honorably.?Wtttlicke Pott.
The Louisville Ledger says the news ol Belknap's
guilt was told in Louisville boloro It was suspected at
the Whito House.
It is but a repetition of the old truth that when
honor aud integrity are aucridccd to false pride and a
' contemptible lovo of display there will come a bitter
! day of reckouiug. The oxtravsgauce which must de!
rivo Us lire from illy-gotten spoils leads surely and
swillly to social degradation. ?LunitvUU Ledger (deaf.)
! The deep disgrace docs not uttach u> ib>iitn>u .i..n.
It casta odium tu a measure U|ioa the administration.
Its dark shadow la thrown buck upon tha republican
party. It contaminate* all within its reach. It weakens
the conlhlencn of the people in public t'uith. Il
Hives a severe shock to public virtue, intefnty and
honor Other nations will sneerlngly luquire u auch
otllcial malfeasance la an outgrowth ol republican lustitloua.
? Toledo Commercial (rep.)
It la unt the lull or llelkuup which disgraces the nation
or disgraces anybody. Ili.ii which la a disgrace to
Ihla uuliou, u disgrace to representative government
throughout tbo world and a disgrace to all Kuuliah
civilization, la the monstrous and unfathomable corruption
of our political lilo, of which (he Belknap business
is hut one more munilcslution.?Chicago Iitnet (tad. I
As to Belknap, there should be no relaxation In the
proceedings against him. If he could not maintain the
/social elevation appropriate to his oltlce he surely could
resign and otherw ise earn an honest living. He richly
deserves whatever punishment may be meted out to
I him, lor his crime against Justice unci the nation la a
grievous oue.?l/ubui/ut (Iowa) Timti (rep.)
It Is shocking, scandalous, terrible. It is a disgrace
to the entire couutry.?hurlington (Iowa) Ilawkeyt
| ('? /' )
Thcro are times when sin overreaches Itself; when,
emboldened by liocnse, it grows careless ol con'
ccalmulil; when il dares loo lar. Corruption
hus, at limes lu the history of tbo world, usseried
itself to domination; but when It has d?uo so
the nation has (alien, aud has lalleu hopelessly. The
revelation of y< sterduy must restore relluctiou to the
people of the I'mted Slates. As long as the comparatively
uiikuowu were uncovered by the hund of investigation
the tide of corruption rau along Its concealed
ducts, brtniiuiug aud disregarded. To-day It is a Cabinet
olticor. aud tbo hand ol public probity aud purity
points to him and thence to the letid stream which is
beginning to flood and muiarisllze the eulire nation.?
LouitcUU Courier-Journal (item.)
"Villauy unprecodeuted ("?Albany Argut (dem.)
i 1 lie moialot tins nutlouul disgrace?tins great Individual
calamity?in easily pointed. \Vu are not to
: bold the two wives entirely responsible lor ii. Neither
I are we to make tho husband, who was back of thorn
| and luily cogidzaut of their proceedings, the sole gnilty
party. It was a fatso social system?a syslom that
! needs reformation?by which the Belkuups were
| ruinod.?Cincinnati Enquirer (dem.)
I A thunderbolt from a clear sky.?.Kalamazoo (Mick.)
j 2'eUyrapA (rep.)
Humiliation as aro the circumstances attending the
dowuiall of Secretary liulknap, there is a widespread
nubile appruhcnsiou that it is hut the beginning of Ue
i velopincnts tliat will show how completely rotten and
corrupt is pohticul and olilclul society at tho national
i capital. There is toar that if the committees ol invusi
ligation go at their work with tho earnest purpose ol
tliiding out things Mr. Belknap's is not the oniy head
1 that will laii in oisgracu, and liiatothers holding places
; ol high trust will step down and out, covorod with contusion
and dishonor.?Cincinnati Commercial (ind.) ,
Bolt imp was picked up for Secretary of War because
I he was personally a good follow, and Uront knew him:
and, above all, because he was the sort of man the
Miluury King ol the W hite House wanted. Thus Belkuup
became all at oucu a great man. He had to sustain
a sense ol grandeur.?Cincinnati Commercial (ind.)
The blow fell, and, sw-ltt as I.ucifer out of heaven,
the Secretary ol War went to his moral death. Th?
guilty puir arc uow lu very much the same condition
as that of Adam and fc-vo driven out of thoir Eden.
| A stain is upou them that can never be removod, and
, wherever tbey may wander their crime will lollow
them. It matters little, so Isr us punishisent is coni
cerned, whether tho Secretary bo impeached by ConI
gross or not. It matters little whether he be imprisj
oncdoruou He tarries his punishment with him like th?
Ancient Mariner. His soldier's rocord has been bouor1
able, but it can avail Inui noiluug now. . Her bewitch|
lug beauty and brilliancy, her diamonds, luces and
, valvals make no amends lor her grievous lault. It is a
, sad picture ol a woman's silly vanity and of a man's
moral weakness. ?Chicago Tribune (rep.)
The crowd at tho Hippodrome at noon yesterday
was somowbat smaller thau last wock at the
tiuna hour, out, lu religious manors, Monday is gen!
erully lookod upon aa a dull day. Messrs. Moody and
; Maukcy were both present and several ministers Iron
| the ditterenl churches lu this and neighboring cities.
Among tbora wet* Rev. Dr. Pose, Presideol of tht
Wesley an College, Middletown; Rev. Dr. Anderson,
liaptlst; Rev. Dr. A. D. Vail, Methodist; He v. Georgi
H. Hepworth and Mr. A. C. Arnold, of the Chnrch oi
I tho Disciples; Her. Mr. Oslerhout, of Peekskill, Ker.
; Dr. lliscox, of Mount Vernon; Rev. Mr. Haywood, of
Patersou; Rev. Messrs. Wilson, Murphy, Couoklyn,
Kirkpatrick and McCampboli, Prcshytoriau clorgyiueu;
Kcv. Dr. Kihg, Methodist, nod Uev. Mr. Gsadno, of ?
Kcv. Dr. Hepworth road outs number of requests
for prayer.
Alter the singing of tho 110th hymn, "Joy to tho
world, the Lord Is conio," by Mr. riankey Mid the congregation,
Mr. Moody read tho lU&th and 107tb l'salins,
uud prayed God lo bioss all those that wore present
ami till them with His Holy .Spirit, Ho was glad that
Christ's message hud been uccepted by so many, and
hoped that thousands more would accopl it. ;*VVe bless
Tint, <>h! Lord that so many Sunday schools
and institutions aud colleges and churches are
bcginuing to inquire the way to Jesus,
j and so many young couverls are llndlug tho way to
eternal me."
A? tlie.- occasion yesterday was n praise meeting, Mr.
Moody called on several minister* present to give au
account ol tbe work In their churches. Kev. l)r. Hepworth
was the first to come forward. He said that the
Sood work In his church was making great progress,
e was never more happy than on Suuday morning
Iwhcnthtrtr-ltva names were sent In to linn lor entrance
ill to tho ineoihership of his church, and ha thought
that the aulogruph of Mr. Moody and hr. Mankey was
written on the heart of each ol those
| converts by tbe Holy Ghoet. (If one of Ihees
converts be would tell tho story ol his conversion
As it was told to him. Ho was a targe hearted, genial,
/ convivial man, who had numbers of congenial compan
ions. About a year agu he waa engaged to a beaumill
young lady, and everything was smiling befors
him. His lortuuo was ample, and her love for him
was tender und true; hut tho young lady died suddenly
ol some acute disease, and he beeame a brokenhearted
man. He cursed heaven and earth and rushed
luio all kinds of dissipation. Kor mouths ho pluuged
| Intc all tbe vices of this great city, trying to drown
i thought. Duo morning, alter a night's dobaucn, be
came down to but counting room and met one ol bis
old friunds thcreuwatiiug him. He was looking through
I tbe sale that morning, and he brought out a packet that
had lain there undiaiurbed lor nearly a year.
With the packet waa a little silver koy, and he opened
It, and there lay thordu ?. tress of golduu hair that he
had cut oir when tho young lady lay In her ooflln. He
took up tho lock of hair and said to bis Iriend, "K<1,
do you thluk I shall ever see her again;" and his
friend answered him "Ves;" but tuls man said "No,
1 Kd.; there is no.rooui for me where she is after the Ul?
I have led, aud I will have to beooins
a changed man beiore I can leel that there
Is any hope of it.'' A month ago the friend
whose' name was Kd. Joined my church and yoalerday
George joined it, und ho had the happiest lace I evet
aaw on u man- Dr. Hepworth wae leilowed by Kev.
Dr. Vail, Dr. King. Kev. Mr. McCampbell and several
others, who gavo glowing acoouut* of tbe effect of
Messrs. Muodv and Sankey's revival on their respective
congregations. The meeting ooocludod with the aiuging
ol the hyiun, "1'raiso God, from wnom all blessiuga
Tho Hippodrome was crowded to tho oaier wall last
evening. The meeting wm conaucteu d> nr. ?inker,
a* Mr. Mooily preaided over e private iucetm|
t Association Hull lor ibo benefit ol ymug cue
vcrli aud Inquirer*, nil others being eaolud.-d.
The plntlorme wore occupied by Christian worken
end ministers Irotn all the evangelical chi.ro tea. Mr.
1 burlaw Wood was nlso present, and sat with the r?
porters The choir was atrbuger than on any evening
during the past two weeks, and assisted Mr Sankcy
in siuging the hymn ' Scatter Seeds ol Kindness,"
which was rendered with thrilling street.
Mr. Sankcy announced that the meeting last night,
as was the meeting at noon, was peculiarly a nraise
meeting, and alter offering thanks to Mod for the many
blessings Ho had showered on the people or New York
lie introduced the Krv. llr. Ueorge Hopwortb, who addressed
the congregation.
Mr. ttankey then sung the hymn, "Watching and
Walling 'or Ma" The He v. Mr. For* lotlowed,
and spoke of the innumerable blessings
Mod hail bestowed upon his church.
Kev. Mr. Murphy, ol tho Marm- rs'church; Rev. Mr,
Hastings, ami Her. Mr. Booth, made short addresses,
and the meetiug concluded with tba singing oftba
slaty-first hymn, "Mo Bury Thy Sorrow." A young
meu's meeting, which was held In the Fourth avenue
hall, whs subsequently attended by 8,000 persona II
was presided over by the Kev. Mr. Hep worth. To-day
there will lie meetings in the Madison svenne hall
at twelve o'clock M ., at mur o clook in the alternooa
and at eight o clock in the evening, at ail of which Mr.
mooqj ana ir. senary win oe prnaent.
Tba pi lot boat Caprlca, Na 14, whicb was ran Inta
tad souk off Bap Ridge. L. 1., oa Sunday, February '
17, by the eteamer New Orleana, of tba Cromwell line*
Vaa ralaod yeaterddf by the Coaat Wracking CoiBMitjf'fk
I derrick and brotuUtt t? Mev York.

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