OCR Interpretation

The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 14, 1876, Image 3

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1876-03-14/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 3

The Democratic Caucus Committee and j
the Financial Question.
A Final Effort to Affect the
New Hampshire Election.
A Search for Information Speedily
Washington, March 13, 1876.
The Judiciary Committee bos determined to tako the
fisKALD's advice, and will summon Mr. Uobright before
them to tell them where he got tho statement which
he telegraphed In the Associated Press reports on the
night ot March 3, that tho Cabinet had ordered the apprehension
of Marsh. There soems to he no doubt that j
this despatch stated a falsehood, and a good many persous
here are as curious to kuow who misled the Asso- I
elated Press agent as Iho Hkii.u.u is.
General Boynton will appear before the Clyrnercommittee
to-morrow morning. The books ot the Ken- i
tacky Ceniral Uailroud arrived here to-night in chargo '
of Mr. H. 1'. Hansom, the general ticket ugent of the
road. They will be examined by an expert ou behalf of
tho committee. An investigation at the Treasury Department
to-day shows that the claim of the road,
amounting in all to $148,663, was paid to Mr.
Pendleton in three drafts, one for $68,563,
which, tho draft shows, was collected by a
Covington bank; one for $50,000, which was
collected by a Cincinnati bank, and a third lor $30,000,
which was collected bv another Cincinnati hank Tho
last draft appears to have beou endorsed in violot colored
Idk. The committee vent out subpa-uas tor several
persons to-day, and expect to have a number of
Important witnesses before them in tbe next few days.
It is generally tell in the House that the lielknap investigation
ought to be turnod over to another committee,
as this one has other matter to attend to quite
sotlicieui to keep it busy for a number of days, and of
a kind to incapacitate it from acting vigorously in the
Belknap matter.
The democratic caucus on the currency policy is to !
corne to u decision at its next meeting, to-morrow I
evening. The discussion will be upon two points? I
whether to repeal tbe Resumption act and stop there, j
or to adopt tbo modified .Payne hill, which demands
the laying up ot threo per cent in gold
each year of tbo total paper currency of the
country, but prohibits contraction of greenbacks. It
probable that the l'ayne proposition will be carried j
In caucus, and. In that case, it will be Introduced in the 1
House by tho banking and Curreuey Committee and
will receive the support of the democrats, though It
may be that Mr. lioluian will move as a substitute a
simple repeal of the Resumption act. This, however,
, will not matter, for the Payne bill will probably
pass the House anyhow. When it goes to the
Henate, It Is possible that it may thero be so changed as
to allow of a very moderate contraction ol greenbacks; '
and It is now probuble that. If It is returned to the >
House In that shape, It will be passed there. Thus
it is vory likely that a bill, contracting tho greenback i
eorreucy at a rate of perhaps a million a
month, may become a law at this < session. |
It Is not much, hut it will be st ,
Wast a movement in the right direction,
and for it, If it is got, the coualry will have to thank
the energetic resistance or tho hard uioacy democrats
In the House led by Mr. Morrison, and vory ably led,
against the constant and vigorous attacks of tho West- j
era auli-contraclionists.
The committees of the House are uncommonly hard
worked Una winter, and their labors are in most cases
of grout Importance. The work is getting more and
more systematized, and committee mon are more at j
ease than formerly, and begin to soo that to do their
work thoroughly they must take time and that tho
public does not mean to hurry them,
Washington, March 13,1S76.
The interest taken In the result of the New Hampshire
election to morrow shows itself In a general lull
in the gossip about the Belknap scandal. Doth parlies
admit that the vote will be very close, and, curiously
enough, each loars that the other side Is going to sue- t
coed. Thus the republicans dread that their chances J
have been killed by the Belknap scandal, while the
democrats are approbenaivo that their lizzie in
laodling the Belknap Impeachment will not
( 'luolish the dreaded republican majority. IJoth 1
jamos iu the House to-day wanted to make capital in
ho New Hampshire papers tomorrow and the democrats
got the bolter of tho struggle. Mr. Baker, of lndlsua,
introduced the very ancient set of buncombe resolutions,
beginning with a platitude about as flat as
sayiug, "Resolved, that wo are a nation," onco
presented in the Senate by Mr. Morton, and which the
wags used to paraphrase as follows:?"Resolved, that '
we are human beings. Resolved, that we stand on ,
our hind legs." The Ho'use bad tbu good seuse j
to , vole ibcm down Instanter. Mr. Baker i
was Immediately followed by Mr. Cox, ol New York, j
who proposed a very patriotic act, brimtal of loyalty
and unionism, calculated to show New Hampshire that j
tho Southern democrats were reconstructed thoroughly. I
Mr. Blaine, seeing tho advantago Hie dcuiocruts were {
about to gaiu by tbe adoptiou of tbis resolution, protested
vehemently against It, calling out tbal every
Union man should vote ugaiust it. Ho voted against
tbe resolution in company witb forty-two others, making
a minority at whom a good deal 01 fun was poked.
Wben the vote adopting the resolution was announced,
Ben. Hill, of lleorgiu. madu the remark:?
"Weil, I'm sorry to Und Ibero are only forty-three
Union men lelt In tbe Uouso."
A good joke Is ufloat to-day about tbo editor of the j
Washington /{ipnolicnn. This morning the JUputltean ,
contained tbo lollutring paragraph in its editorial cow j
amus:? j ,
Whit Is the matter with Mr. Wbitiboruet He
promised that long ere this be would astonish tbe
civilized world with startling disclosures, but, aUs, it j
seems that he bos railed. Poor Wblllburas.
Mr. Wbitteiiorue Is tho chairman of the Naval Com- i
tuitleo. When Mr. Murtagh printed the above be did
not know tbe following facts liad been proved end were
in possession of Mr. Whiiiborue. During tbe years
1874 and 1876 Murtngh received from one Wallace
|3.00u as a commission lor securiug bun tbe
ouiract tor furniabing live oak timber to tbe Navy DejarimenC
It was also proved that Murtagh received
|in,two for bis indueuce iu helping Savage get his
Claim allowed. Hold bad gone up vV-n his work lor
Ilia department was done; wages and provisions had
pui** up, and a proportionate drawback was claimed. ! I
A till Muriagb's help lavage got tbe amount, wblcb j i
ass >lO.OWi ; i
Alter tho above taunting editorial jiaragraph ap- i
Karod to U?y Ur Muru?hwM kVminoocd before tbe 1
lommiliee. Tbea be went to Sevege ?ud told b ra j I
ilrnt u be would coueltler tbe flu.uou a loan be would i
give bun bi* Dote or tbe tub lor tbo euiouut. Mr.
Murugu weal belore tbe committee, but wbea be ?u ]
coniri'Dieo wlin the evidence be owned up. To Amber
questions, however, he answered thai none of the
money had gone to the Secretary ol the Navy. He
had only used bis personal "Influence" to get the con
thk pbofit8 EESULTIN'o FBOM tub UKMOVAL
of tub QCAlilElOf ASTER OBXIBAL's office,
AND who profited.
Frauds and irregularities are constantly coming to
the surface under the investigating barrow, 'l'be transactions
conuccted with the removal of tbe Quartermaator
Central's ollloe are. being investigated. On tho
14th ol last month Congressman Willis introduced a
resolution calling lor copies of all bills for lining up
tbe building, Jta Tbe committee found that the bills
1 actually presented and tbe expenditures
actually made exhibit a discrepancy of
at least $20,000, and It appears ibul an
amount even larger than mix has been a clear profit to
those who made the removal, among whom a member
of Cong rues says were General Babcock. ltulus lugalls
and Mr. Shepherd. The removal of tbe building was,
It is said, In direct violation ol a statute enacted last
your. Auouicr removal said to bo Illegal Is to be investigated
-namely, that or the Lighthouse Board
from the Treasury, whore members of Congross say
there is sufficient room, down to lha new Kepubhcan
Building, on the avcuue.
the proposition to but a bomb fob resumption
It Is said by one of the owners of the great Nevada
mines that there is no particular proposition ou the
part of the government to buy the product of the
Nevada end Cahtornia mines, as stated iu the des'
patches this morning, but Mr. Jauies ii. Fair is malting
urrangeuicuts to soli the government the $10,000,004 of
bullion neoded at the Centennial If any silver is required
for lacllliatlug specie payments the owner ot
the mines will bo glad to sell. This is ail there is to
the matter spoken of tu the -telegram from Man Francisco.
the real estate pool?small importance
op kilbourxe's books.
ou iar us i citikca iu uiu iuai icr ut vuu
Cooke & Co. transaction* it is not important
whether Kilbourne submit* bis books or not, as the
committee have information of tho facts of tho settlement
with the creditors of Jay Cooke & Ca by the real
estate pool through Edwin M. Lewis, trusteo of tbo
bankrupt Arm. This information shows that tbo settlement
was not a proper one; that tho bill Died in
equity was practically a fraud because it embraced
only a portion of the real estate owned by the llrm of
Jay Cooke & Ca as members of tho real ostate pool.
Washington, March 13, 1878.
The alinospbero at Washington is at present
rarillod with rumor and report, and the newsboy
doing a thriving business, as everybody appears o,
qui vivc for sonio new developments. The demociu.s
are jubilunt, and talk pleasantly of tho success that has
crowned the labors of the different investigating committees,
and they mysteriously whisper, "tho worst
has yet to come." The city Is very lull, and government
officials from all sections o( tho country arc
louuging ulsjut the Capitol discussing tho silustion.
The post traders of the West arc well represented, and
l>,un urlint 1 IK. nlli.r rluir ar,> .nnlnn f.?m .11
sections ail lust as steam can carry tliom. Old army
oillcors that have served on the Missouri at Forts Liu.
coin, Randall, Rice, Benton and other posts congregate
daily at Kbbitt's and talk over the cbuugos that Lave
taken place in the poet traders aince Belknap took the
appointments away Irutn the post commander.
'l'horo are not many navy offlcors lu tho city at
proseul, as tho gathering of the lleet at Fort Royal has
put a number of tho old habituit on activo duty, uut
some ol tho old laces are still to bo seen at their accustomed
haunts. Mr. Whitthorne, ol Tennessee, tho
Chairman of tho Investigating Committee on War
A flairs, it plodding along in hia shrewd, cautious
way, listening to ovorything any one has to tell, and
then patiently slfliug tho wheat from tho chaff. Mr.
Whitthorne is an oxeuient listener, and hut patience la
oitou rewarded, as ta.WMirae of conversation with the
hundreds that raVh to furnish information he occasionally
picks up something worth hearing. To the
crodlt of the navy, however, he told me the other day
that in a thousand commnuicatlous that bo had received
concerning frauds counseled with the navy he
had not beard one word likely to Mint tho fair lame ol
a lino ofllcer of the navy.
To-day we have had a new oxcitoment, and the name
of John A. Garfield, of Ohio, is being passed around as a
member of the Columbia Ktug and ono of the sharers
In some of their remunerative schemes. Mr. tiardeld,
it Is said, was connected with the Ring lu 1872, at
tho time Boss Shepherd was at the height
or His powor auu tiuriuiiuouu uy sucn men as uiolt
Parsons, of Cleveland; Do Gulyer, McClelland and
Chittenden, tho oily tonguod "Kosco" of tho clique,
whoso smooth talking was afterward uaod to such good
effect. When Do Golyer and McClelland ultomplcd to
put tbolr pavement on the Washington streets they
employed Chittenden to do tho lobbying part ot the
basincss. Mr. Richard Parsons, now representing tho
republicans of Cleveland, Ohio, In Congress, was In
Washington at the time and Joined Mr. Chittenden In tho
pavement' scheme, his Influence and services being
rated, it Is said, at the trifling sum of $15,000. Parsons
was very intimate with Garlleld, and, furnished with a
model of tho De Golyor patented pavement, they
Anally succeedjd in convincinc Ross Snepherd and the
Hoard of Public Works that It waa Just the right article
for tho streets of Washington. Pinaliy, when Congress
awarded several millions for tho paving of the city of
Washington, Boss Shepherd awarded De Golyer and
McClelland a contract to lay down 200,000 square
yards of their pavoinent at the moderate flgure of
W ijumu iw?. i bi avufi ?uuu ((Uk LIi3 JIO.WU,
out of winch ho paid James A. Uarllolu, of Ohio, ibe
ium of $5,000. In tbcao days of bribery such an item
uUmet* considerable attention; but, attain, it is only
fair to say that UariielJ states he was paid the money
for professional services. It is, however, alleged that
If Garfield had not been chairman of the Committee on
Appropriations his services would doi have been required
at all.
Washington March 13. 1970.
FBOGBESa of investigation?the trial of
the safe bubglabt con81iuatokb? secrets
of the seal estate pool?the cost of
naval experiments.
District Attorney Wells to-day again appeared before
the House Committee on the Judiciary now investigating
Into the causes why the Harrington safe burglary
conspirators have not bcea tried, as aWo Into the conspiracy
itself, and presented the original confessions
inado by Netlleslnp and Cunz, as also the statement
ruado by Harr>uglon himself. Harrington's statement is
boi lb the uatuie ol a conlesstou. but in more of a denial
of the niain fact* *ct fortU m tbe confession of Nettlebin
p. Several other witnesses were also examined.
The anticipated developments are creailug cousideraldo
anxiety u cor lain quarter* here. The Investigation,
Mr. Kuoit says, will be thorough.
Mr. liallett Ktlbourno appeared before the Real
Estate I'ool Committee thta morning, and again declined
to produce the private book* and paper* of the
brtn of Kilbourne At l.atta in rotation to their
real estate transaction*, on the ground thnt
he and hit partner* are engaged to
private business, and have no connection
with the government of the United States except to
pay taxes aud obey the laws; further, that they are
conscious of having violated any law, nor are they
not charged with snv fraud, unit that the production of
their books aud pa|>ers would reveal their transactions
with all their customers. If, however, any respectable
ciliicn would allege that their business has any relation
with llio public interests, they would submit all their
books ami papors to mo committee, out nut otherwise.
Mr. Kllbouruo takes tbe additional. (round tbat bo
lands on the constitutional rigbt guaranteed to ever/
citizen, not accused of violating an/ law, of being protected
in bis personal liberty and property and (roin
unreasonable search of ftis private papers.
Tbu room was tbvn cleared lor deliberation, with
Ibe exception of counsel, and the commute.- proceeded
to make up a case against Mr. kiibourue to be reported i
to tbe Mouse.
The committee decided to report to-morrow Mr. |
| Kilbourno's rcftiMl to answer to the House, together
wuu iiviu iuc rwuru luvwuqj uio ?|utdmvu?
to which he refuted answers, end accompanied with a
resolution directing the Scrgeant-al-Arnis of tho House
to present the recusant witness at tho bar of the lloiue
tor iu action.
| An odiciol report has been made by tho Navy Depurtj
mum in response to a reaolutiou of the House, luqutrI
tog as to the manner and to what extent tho various
| appropriations made by Congress since July 1, IStl'J, to j
i test the usefulness of patents and inven,
tions, have been expended. Mr. Hansom,
the Chief of tho Bureau of Construction
and Kepalr, says tho number of articles
and processes for which tests were ordered
is forty-nine, but as tn many tustauces no report !
of the lest, or of tho merits of the particular tnven;
tion or process has ever heon received. It ts reasonable
to infer in such cases that the articles were neveroflered
for trial at tho naval stations designated.
William Wood, Chief of tho Bureau of Steam Engli
ucoring, gays that under the cognizance of tho Bureau,
: there have been tested 190 various patents and inveu;
tions, relating to improvements in the machinery ol
j naval vessels, at a total cost of $2,bUtl. It Is
tho custom of the Bureau, he says, to grant peruusaton
to all applicants to bavo tests madu a hero there is a
i reasonable prospect ol obtaining useful results and ini
loriualiou, but all expense of making said experiments
| to be without cost to the government. The vory limited
expenditure has been made uu applications that
established their usefulness to such a degree that the
; actual cost of the labor and material only was paid,
and the inventions kept in ellcctive operation
without any royalty betug paid lrom the
appropriations of the Bureau tor thuir use. !
It appears lrom the statement oi the Chlel of the Bureau
of Ordnance that the Nut Island experiments by
Norman Wiard resulted in no good, the guns eitber
bursting or were thrown aside. Thirty-live thousand
I flvo hundred dollars was paid him lor these export,
i ments.
A largely attended mceiiug oi colored persons to,
night passod a series of resolutions, declaring, among
other things, that
The Senate, in refusing to scat Mr PinchbacU, professedly
on technical grounds, did un unjust act afl'ccl[
iug the colored race, ignored the riglits of a sovereign J
State, bowed to caste, and aldod proscription, rebellion
i The resolution* also condemn Senators Edmunds and
ruddock tor voting against Mr. Pinchbuck, and euio\
gue Senator Morton, whose course, tbey say, "makes ,
| bun a titling person for any position iu which law aud
| justice may be equitably administered and delended by ;
| an houest and resolute person."
Th' -< resolutions were supported by Frederick j
i - ieorgo T. Downing, and olbers, and were j
1 udopted.
u was then formed and proceeded to the
where Senator Morton was coutpll- |
erenade, The colored speaker, who in- |
1 Scuatu. Morton of what bud tukeu place at the :
..ug and the character ot the resolutions, said that
heietofore the colored people could only thank tneir .
friends, but now tbey could express their gratitude in
. Senator Morton responded, ^saying, among other
things, that Mr. Pinchbuck was fairly and legally 1
elected and had the sympathy of the entire republican
party throughout the country, and that the greut bat- \
tie of human rights would be lought in the coming I
Presidential contest.
The procession then proceeded to Capitol lilll, where
they serenaded Mr. Piuchback, who returned thanks
| In a speech.
! !
On motion of Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, the House J u- j
' dietary Committee were recently Instructed to inquire '
and report w hat legislation is necessary to secure tho
' government against loss on account of tho subsidy '
! bonds issued to tho various Pucitlc railroad companies.
! Tho subject was rolerred to a sub committee, consisting
| of Messrs. Knott and Lawrence, who to day submitted
ito uie full committee their report, embodying a number
ol Important recommendations. The report (which
. was prepared by Judge Lawrence and makes 10U pfges
I of manuscript) goes Into au elaborate examination of
| tno relations which exist between the Pacific railroads
| and the government, and shows by detailed statistics
and computations that after applying all the means now
1 nrovided bv law lor the reimbursement of tliu IdiuichI
I advances there will be a deficiency of at least
' $150,000,000 lo principal and Intereat when the subsidy |
bonds mature. This result Is arrived at without allow- I
i lug the government to calculaio comjaiund Interest on
j Its advances. It is argued that the companies will not
be ablo to pay this aunt in addition to their hrat mortgage
Indebtedness to prlvato parties, and the belief Is
expressed that they do not expect to. The sub-committee,
thcrelore, rocommend the passage of a bill, Of
which the main feature* are as follows:?
first?Tho government Is to retain in the Treasury
ell money which is or may be due to the companies,
and apply It to their indebtedness to the United Mates.
Secouii?It requires each company lo puy lo the gov-'
eminent semiannually such sum as the secretary of
the Treasury shall prescribe, and which tuveated at in- ,
tcrest will, at the maturity of the subsidy bonds, croalo
a fund sutllcieut to pay the principal.
IVtird?It requires the creation of a similar fund to
pay at the maturity of the subsidy bonds the amount
ol the-interest uot then reimbursed by services and by
the live per cent of tho net earnings now requirod to 1
be paid into the Treasury.
Fourth?It prohibits each company trom making any
dividends while it Is in delaull of complying with any
ol these requirements lor semi-annual payments.
AYftA ?It gives the government a right of action to
recover all money duo or to become due, and to take
possession ol any or to operate any road in default
I be bill also, among other things, requires the Secretary
ol the Treasury lo report lo Congress what may
be reasonable rales for government transportation.
The amounts of seml-anuual payraenisto create a fund
lor the payment of interest are to be prescribed from
time to time, according lo tho amounts realized Irom
the hvo per cent ot not earnings and the retention of
charges lor government business. Tho report says
the proposed bill "adds nothing to tho obligation of
the compauics as to the payment ot Interest. It loaves
tho question open whether the cotnpautes should pay
j the interest as it accrues, to ihit II the government at
any liiuo desires to ask the Supreme Court to review
the recent decision this can bo done." I'romlueut
members ot tho commitioe are of opinion that the
mmii ree.niii mend aim lis of this renurt will uin.,i?.i
and reported 10 itio liouso.
The House Committee on the Judiciary will to-morrow
make a report amendatory of tbe net lor tbe distribution
ol tbe Geneva award. It will be recollected
ill at ibe loririer Congress provided for payment to
actual losers, excluding insurance companies, unless it
was shown that their losses, by reason of the acts of
cruisers, were greater than their gains (rum war premiums.
The majority will report in favor of dlstribul
' nig tbe amount which will remain of tbe award alter
peyiug the claims already adjudicated and now helug
adjudicated bv the Court ol Commissioners of Alabama
Claims, to three classes, namelyActual losses on the
high eeas by reason of Conlederate cruisers; secoud,
actual losses to those who paid war premiums; and
third, Insurance companies as secondary losers, on the
principle that although sa a whole, they realised
produ, their profits would have been greater but tor
the destruction by cruteers of the particular vcsacis
they insured. There would, In caao of the passsago of
tho bill, be attributed to the drat class $l,oOO,GuO, to
the second, $5,000,000, and to tbe third, $4,000,00(1 j
Tim tn ;ii on L v ul the coin in lL ton acrita with Mm mnor.io
on the quealton as lo the power of Congren to ilia- |
tribute the entire amount, out recommend the balance
ul tin-award named?tbo gg.iOO.fJOO? be covered
into the I reasury. It la underatood mat a aacond minority
report will be tcbiiiilled.
In a diacuatnon ol the report by tbe Judiciary Committee
gioat diflereucea of opinion were made manifest,
and the committee adjourned witboui taking any
Mr. Charlea T. Uorbam, tbe new A.ssiatanl Secretary
of tbo Interior, arrived bere yesterday. He look the
oath or office this morning and remained at tbe depart- !
meni during tbe day. lie will not take charge of Ibe
office until tbe lith Inai , aa General Cownn'a rusgaa
tiou does not take effect until Uten.
, MARCH 14, 187e.-TlllPJ
How Our Sons of Mars Are Housed
in Times of Peace,
Comparative Inconvenience of the Resi- j
dences in Forts and Garrisons.
The Cost of Indulgence in Elegant Tastes and j
Expensive Habits.
WiMUOTOii, March 13, 1670.
The Bihalo was tho Urs I 10 call attention some
weeks ago to the enormous and needless extruvaguuces
ol the Wur Department in regard to the rent of extravagant
and costly buildings in all or our largo cities as 1
quarter* and oillccs lor the uiuuy olbcers of tne army
huddled together here and mere throughout the laud. 1
It also pointed out how a saving or about $l,000,bu0 :
could annually he nude by requesting the.se military
gentlemen to vacate such expensive lodgings uud ro- ;
wove themselves and their olllcea to some one of the I
muuy hall occupied (oris which arc available, or could :
be rendered so, at points convenient lor the efficient
discharge of all necessary duties, to build winch the j
(riitfpriiniPTiL iiusi nvti/>it.l(><1 tnuiiv inilliniiu nf i
Iv was predicted ul lb* tmio this suggestion In
tuvor of economy was made tint It would encounter
determined opposition troui almost every officer of the 1
army who n stationed or expects to t>e stationed in tbe :
largo and fashionable cities. Iti.su.it claimed that In j
traiielcrriug llio various dupartnieul and division i
ticud<iuaricrs Irom the cities to the military posts tho
olttcers affected by tlia order will uot bo required to i
tear tbemsolvo's away IVotn some ut tlio enticing allurements
of a lilu of luxury uud fashionable idleuoss. 1
It is true Coluiiol -ri might be deprived ul' -the
plooauroof leading ibogermau at Mrs. .So and so's, or
Major might tiul be able to lend bis martial
presenco as oltuu as usual at tho charming theatre par
tie* given by his friend Mrs. bonanza. There urea
dozen ways in which thoso sous of Mars might he made
to (eel that lite was without un object unless to bo ,
spent auiid tho dangers and privations of an exlstenco j
In some largo city. But that question is not to ho '
considered. Doos the country teel willing and able, in ,
these times of studied economy, to maintain
expensive establishments Iroro which little or no corresponding
benefit Is derived t Keeping hundreds of
the moil expensive olticcrs quartered in cities at an
extra expense while at the same time Uncle Sam is
taxed millious annually to hulld and keep In repair
forts which in tlio present diminished strength of the
army nro only half tilled, is very much upon the plau
adopted by some of our wealthiest citizens, who, while
keeping up an elaborate and costly establishment to
the city can also ullord to spend hundreds of thousands
upon from ono to half a dozen country places, the only
difference being that the prlvato citizen win) proposes
lu luuuij^u ill sum v^ir?v*^itiivi-9 at uia iuui>iuu?i w.\- |
pcnsc aims to occupy his several places lu succession
during a portion of the year. Wbtlo L'nelo Sam maintains
bolli establishments, city and country, the latter,
however, is merely for uppearuuee, It would seem,
ns It would not do to banish these delightful partners
of the wall/, from New Yorlf, St. Louis and Chicago
and other centres of fashion and require them to risk
their lives with those horrid soldiers In the lorts, even
If Undo Sain by so doing could suvo a clour million of i
dollars annually.
No sooner did tho IIkkald suggest this moro in lavor {
Of economy to the House Military Committee, us well
as to tho public, than tho opposition to tho proposod
change which had been lorctold manifested Itself,
l'irst, the Quartermaster General, or the one who is to
be Quartermaster General, provided that General Meigs
can bo coaxed, driven or scared to roslgn, retire or
compromise ou a foreign mission, drawing full pay In tho
meanwhile, a la Dan Sickles, prepared and sent to j
General Banning, Chairman of the Military Commit- 1
; tee in tho House, a stutotuont which purports to show
Just bow much money Uncle Sam pays out annually |
for rent of buildings throughout the United States lor i
the use of the army. Tho following Is the statement 1
as given to tho public:?
statement Of rents paid.
meat to General Manning. Chairman of ibo Uouso i
Committee on Military Allaire, showing tbe amounts I
of reuts paid per annum by the (Juartermaxior's De- ,
purl ment of tlio army lor buildings occupied initio
regular service. Tlio following is an abstract of the
Sun Francisco $10,008
l'orilaud, Oregon 6,724
tlbreuuerg, l ucson. Arizona 1,020 !
division or tub wi.hsocki.
Department of tbe Platte 0,240
Department of the Gulf 12,002 |
Department of Dakota 7,670
Department ol lUo Missouri 26,060
Dcpartiuenl of l'oxus. 12,072 i
division or Tits arLaJSTic.
Boston 2,000 !
Buffalo 000
New York city 27,720
Philadelphia 3,600 ,
Fort Urudy, Mich 102 1
Washington, D. C 26,460
Total $72,722 I'
Department of the .South, $16,000 06.
I he grand auin total of rent* paid each year for the
use al our standing army is $182,009 06.
To read this statement one would bo at a luss to
knew now so groat a saving could be annually made, as
claimed, by the trnnslor of tho various military bend- 1
quarters to suitable forts. We have all heard the old
saying that "Uguros won't he." Probably they will !
not if let alone, but they certainly can be made to bear
u most important, if uol principal, part iu tbe fobrica- j
tlob of an untruth or misstatement. Have they been ;
unwlo to do this In the case under consideration f Let I
us scat In tbe first place the geuoral reader must be
told that (or military purposes the governuiuut has at
least two ways of obtaining private buildings in
towns or cities for tbe use of officers as quarters j
or offices. The commonly uuduratood method, but j
not the usual one, perhaps, Is lor the Quartermaster's
Department to eulur into a writton contract with the I
owner ol buildings, by whichfthejioveruiueut, 111 return
lor the payment of a fixed monthly or yeurly rental,
oolains tbo use of tbo buildings lor such purposes as '
uiay be desired. Having once obtained the buildings
in ibis way they may bo used as quarters, as ofUces, j
storehouses, Sec. Now, If this was the only mauner lu 1
which the military scrvicu can provide the necessary
quarters lor such officers and meu as aro stationed In ;
elites then the above slaleiuuut of rents might be
accepted as the truth, the whole truth and nothing but 1
tbe trutb. lu many of the larger cities where oilloers
are stationed the lattor prefer not to occupy a house
lu the ordinary manner, but to live at a public hotel or
boarding house Now, It will not bo expected that
II tieneral Hard fuck or Major fork and Uoansdeslr* to
luxuriate at the Arlingtou Hotel lu this city or the
fifth Avenue lu New York or the Lindoll in Hi. Louis
that Uncle Ham, with all his foolish extravagances.
will rem cue or tho other of these magnificent
hotel*. But what can ho do? for, a* belure slated,
II will uever anawor to allow those delicate aona of
Mar* to be thrust Into one of the military forte whore 1 '
ho mti(bi probably lorget tbo latest Ugure in the ger- ,
man and posnbly gam some useful knowledge of bia
proiessioo. lu this dlleutuia be compromises with
his military nephew* In this wise:?"While 1 cannot, i
unfortunately, lu the present condition of my flounces
and tbo agitated condition ol political sentiments, j
rent oacb of you a hotel, I will do lbs next best thins
I can. Uo aud select tbo beat rooma in the most
luxurious aud costly hotels In the city, and at the end
of the month 1 will send the proprietor a chock lor an '
amount equal to what you would pay In case you
rented a house in the ordinary manner through tha
Quartermaster's Department." The result Is that of
the immense number of olllccrs stationed tn the largo
cit.cs very few actually occupy a rented liouno; conaoquently
the aboee ttaiauienl of Ilia guarlermaator
lieoerat, wlitlu iiileotloU 10 tulle lurlimr inquiry, only
lonn a atuai: portion of ttia aipeoae to which tb? ^overnmeci
ia put each year by kaapiou ?o many otUcara !
lu ilia cltlas
rktic**ce or omenta.
It I* imponaibie to gather miurmatlon upon tbaaa 1
point* from any of tha bureau otfitiira bora. Whan ap- I
proauhaU ou lb.* ot any ftuuimr auUiecl "aua" ia art. j
\ _
dontly the word and they "mean btuinMii" but, to
bow thai the above atutement evade* tho lacu and
mUlead* tho ordinary re:.dor, let Ucueral banning bow
call tor au addltionui r.-|>orl iroin the Quarieruiuater
l.eueral, showing jnst thai which is net lorlh in the
statement referred to, then llie amount paid out by
the government tut commutation tor rent, fnot and
forage furnished to oKicers and enlisted men stationed
in town* and cities. It will then be seen that I'ncto
Sum pays more than treble the amount act lorlli in Iho
above statement. It will be found that while the buildings
which are actually routed tor military purposes?
principally olflces?may co.a only the autu named '
above, the amounts paid out as commutation tor rent
and the amount spent for loruga for horses
that have no existence, and for fuel, all of which '
could bo saved by tho transfer of the various
headqunrteis to forts, will foot up tn the
neighborhood of $1,000,000 a year. Is it
worth while to make an ellort to edict this ccuuomy?
T&e War Department has not been content with shoving
forward the Quartermaster's slatcmuut, but hus called
upon the generals and other ottlcera living in cities to
give opinions as to whether 11 would be udvisablo and
practicable to adopt the suggestions ot tho Hkuxlu In
regard to trunsfurr.ng thorn bag aud baggage to tho
forts. It Is easy to predict m advanco what the chur- j
acter of the replies will be?they will bo unanimous
against tho change. And who can blame them? Who
would not prefer to be quartered at one of our public i
hotels or cosily city residence* to taking up au abode i
lu una of L'liclo Sum's military habitations 1 The latter
aro good enough perhup* lor soldier* and their oMccrs,
but not tor uieu ol tho Captain Jink* order. Tho public
can proparo itself to hear a mournful wail come up j
shortly from tho military gentlemen who are waiting
lu leur and trouibling the order transferring them from
llioir present delightful abode*. What they will dud
to advance against tho change can only be inferred.
When these report* bavo been receivod huie tbey will
no doubi bo bauded over to ths Military Committee of
tbe House, in tbe hope that that body may bo deterred
from passing tho propoaed measure.
It will bo scou from tno partial staleinont of rent*
given above that the Department of the South and th*
Department ol the (Julf, while possessing tar less Importance
thuu either tho Department of the 1'latto or
that of Dakota, tho rents in the two former amount to
moro than double that of the two Utttur combined.
A lurtbcr examination of tbe sumo statement present*
u.e remarkable lsct tlut in those department*, I
where oUlcer* and soldiers are most ucodod, and whore
thuv are required to perform u purely military duty? .
via., ou the lroutier?the cost to the government is hut j
a triilo compared with tho cost of malutaiuuig otllcors j
mid uiou in localities where they uro not necessary. 1
t he dwpariiueuls of tho I'lullu and Dakota contuiu a ;
greater number of otllcors uud men than tho entire divisions
ol tho Allaulic uud the :<oulh; yet tho rent roll 1
In tho lullor exceeds (hat of tho lortucr In a greater
proportion than live to one, simply becuuso In the I
lortncr otllcors nud incn aro generally required to oc- J
cupy government lorts uud public buildings erected lor i
them, while ill tho luiior, although there are a suitable
uumbur of unoccupied forts, particularly la the division
of the Atlantic, olllccrs and men are quartered at
the highest priced hotels and in rented houses.
A correspondent of u puper Irotu somewhere out In
Ohio managed to get hold of Colonel Fred Gruut u few
days ago, and that military oracle, Hlaclt Hills geologist
uud Yellowstone navigator put lorth some lluancial
opinions as to how the army might bo reduced and
economical measures adopted. Ho was free to confess
thai there were certain extravagances and abuses
someltmos by tho War Department which should be
corrected. Such an acknowledgment uud from such a
source is somewhat uotoworlhy, when it Is considered
that chief among tho abuses and extravagances referred
to is the case ol Lieuteuaut Colonel Fred Grunt, who, ]
tor no merit of his own, was thrust into a place due to
an olllcor of ability and experience, passed over llie
heads of his betters, and now draws and for years has :
drawn from the government the pay uud emoluments i
of a lieutenant colonel, ami during much of this time j
has been idling, so far as appropriate military duty Is 1
conccruod, in Washington or at Long Branch, while j
his proper pluce has been at Chicago. To \
tho ordinary obsorvor no inoro promising ,
step In the way of retrenchment and reform of abuses
presents Itself ibau in tho person of I.louicnuiil
Colonel Fred Giant. The government will wait a long .
time before ft will realize from the Investment It has 1
made and Is malting in such costly lieutenant colonels, j
Tho appointment of this young man, devoid as t/e Is
upon the scoro of ability or experience of any claim to !
such u position, will, so long as his present chief lives, j
uvpiifo vuu |iuaiwuu vi vuu? uisiiumiwu uuu tmiuu nilltu ,
an aspiring and meritorious officer would otherwise
place upon 11. There are corporals In the army who
huso rendered to tho government lar moro valuable
and important sorvico than this suiuo Ltcuteuuul
Colonel. It the War Department desires to cut down :
useless expenses and at Iho tame time iucreuse the usefulness
ot the lino ot the urrny, let It begin a weeding
process, the reault of which will give to euch regiment '
not only Its complement of officers, as at present, but j
let each and every ono ot these officers be men whoaro 1
physically aud mentally aide to discharge In an efficient
manner the duties which pertain to their particular
office. As It is now there Is scarcely a regiment
but, like some of tho stair departments, is loaded down
with dead weight In tho shape ot officers who, from age, '
drunkenness or some other equally potent causa, aro
disqualified (rom a full and proper discharge of thulr !
dulios. Many of tho colonels of regiments and caplaius
of companies arc men who do not protend to discharge
their appropriate dunes. tomo arc pi von what la
termed "soft places," the object of which la to enable
them to draw lull pay an<l practically escape duty. If
they ?ro incompetent Irom any can so to perform tho
duties which properly belong to their office they should
be displaced, by retirement or otherwise, and active,
efficient officers placed In their stead With an array
ao reduced as oura U la essential to
Its efficiency that every officer in it la
callable of perlorraing every duty belonging to his
grade. Some o( tho disabled ones are hern endeavoring
to push special bills through Congress in iboir behalf.
An officer, who for yoars has bean a autiablo I
candidate for the retired list, it engaged In tho ?Qort
to loduco Congress to retire him upon a rank highor
than that ho now holds, or ta ever Itkoly to hold, al. j
though upon what grounds tho distinction is to tie
mado tt la difficult to determine, unless It be that the
applicant is tho only officer In the service who resigned
In 'dl to Join the Coulederacy and afterward changed
his mind and stuck to the winning sido.
rns oKnsa.Nca iinriKisk.xr.
Another promising hold of inquiry lor a Congressional j
committee would he the etpendiluros ol tho Ordnance
department, particularly aa to the amount of uioocy
squandered upon officers' quarters and about aroeuala.
It would bo found that there are several luslauccs in
which more money has been spent in the erection of
quarter* lor a single officor ol low rang lu too erdnaoca
than would bo uecesssry to ouild a complete post lor an
eullro garrison ou tbo frontier. Tbe?e expensive and j
extravagantly devoted quarter* are built at tbe public
ex pen*# only to l>e occupied, la (one case*
tar a few years and then abandoned or
void for a trifle of their original co*t
Tba Ordnance corps I* becoming *o large and
tl>* ofl!c*r* ?o numerou* that It i* impossible to give
lb* latter suitable employmuut. To partially obviate
this dilllculty tbe idea Uaa occurred to distribute soma
of the officer* throughout tbo couutry at tba different '
headquarters, wbare tbey ara of about aa much real '
aervica as so many chaplain* If tbe duties wbleb ara
now distributed among tbe sixty or seventy ordnance
officers were given to onc-iourtb that number tba gov- j
eminent would insure a mora efficient service, be j
psred tbe expense of maintaining tbe other three- I
lourtbs, and would not be called upou each year lor an
appropriation of hundreds of ibouaauds of dollars in !
order that something might be lound to occupy a por- <
lion of tba timo of this large number of officers which
otherwise must be passed lu idleness. It has been said -
that ilia duties ul au ordnance ufllcer, or the lack of
tbeui, have a tendency to produce insanity. Tbia can
carcoly be aaid to be wholly true, as several of tba
officers of tbia braucb of the wervtce aro (till lu porno*
aion of tbe tneutal faculties with which they
originally entered the aervice. It i? aomewbat suggestive,
however, that with one brigadier general^
three colonels, lour liauienaut colonels and an Inilu
finite number of other grades In the Ordoanco
corpa, It has boon deemed neceeaary lor years to place
lb* must important arian.il In the entiro country under >
command of oca 01 the junior o Ulcer a of tbat corps,
in nuoouan ivnra.
In tba kugtneur corps it la diOarant. idleness la not
permuted to destroy intellect; othcara are kept mora
aooatantiy employed on tba ran oua kinds of public
noma ef botb eird and military character ; e*cb year J
adds to their knowledge and experience and enlarges
their professional abilities, so that matt ad of the early
decay of their mentul powers ofllccra of the Eiigluecr
corps usually urrivo at their greatest distinction and
period of grosiest uscluliiess at an age when officers
who have served a corresponding tiuie Id the Ordnance
corps are lorgotlen or only remembered hy their
foibles or mental Infirmities. If mne-tenthe of the Ordnance
corps were blotted from ofllcia! existence a single,
capable, energetic officer, with real progressive ideas,
would alone nil the blank now tilled by so many. It n
Dot that the officers of this corps were not orlgiuall;
cudowod, at least mo^t of them, with a lair share o
natural Intelligence, nor that they did not culiivub
these abilities; hut It is simply due to "rust," to iucn
tal inactivity.
However zealous and sincere the present majority H
the House may bo in their desire Jo reduce the naliona
expenditures, It is doubtful If General Ltuiiuiug and hu
Military Committee iu the House will be uble to put
forward nuy measuro of retrenchment ntTecliog thi
army which will secure approvul in the Senate, uulest
the latter body asserts'its Independence of committed
una Ignores General I.ogan and his peculiar
Ideas. Logan looks upon tho army as his perBOtllil
am! Iinvato I.nnmrlv- it must nr>itrti>r hfl
eulurged nor reduced, except tho idea lirsl
or.giuau-s witU bun. Ho will oppose any measure torn
tug Iruur tho House. If the latter prusscs u reduction o!
the unuy Logan will about in favor of an luc reuse; and
vice v/iil His great lour now is that the House will
be able to ciruumveut him and the So unto will override
all opposillou of tbu latter by adupliug a trick in
legislation lor w-bicb tbu republican majority of lb*
last Congress is responsible?tbal of attaching doubtful
measures to appropriation bills and thus forciug
tbeir ndoptiou. In 1874 Wheeler, republican, Irotu
Now- York, then in charge of tho Committee on Appropriations,
introduced and drove through the House,
under tho party iasli, as a rider to the Army Appropriation
bill, an siueudurout that no tuoney appropriated by
that act should ho paid to maintain an army beyond
the number ol -J5,0tM) men, although the legal number
then allowed was 30,000. This meusuro passed tho
republican llouso and was also adopted by tho .Senate,
thus rcduciug tho army 0,000 men by refusing to vote
au appropriation to keop it up to lis logul limit. Botug
a republican dodge, Logan saw nothing objectionable
in it then, and gave the measure hit support.
Now, however, when the same tnck In threatened by
the opposition In tho Huuso, Logan suddenly discovers
that this is not the proper way to eileel such a
It Is tho old story again as to whose ox 1s being
gored. 11 Is likely that Bantling's last hill, which propuses
to disband or dlschargo two regiments of cavalry
and two ot infantry, will eucouutor serious opposition
from the Irionds of tho colorcJ man, at
the act is understood to be a covered attack upon lb?
four romaloiug regiments of colorod troops now in the
service. 'lhero being two colored regiments tu tin
cavalry and two In the inluulry, una us It Is ui-uul it
ease or reductions by regiments to seloct the regiments
bearing tne highoxt numbers, It Is likely th?
proposed reduction would full upon ibo Nintb
und Ttulh cavalry (colored), and tho Twenty-lourtll
and Twcniy-Ulth uilanlry (colored). So regrets would
be toll iu the army If soino measure could be adopted
doing awuy w ith negro troops, us it Is admitted by ull
Unit the experiment of employing negro soldiers, particularly
In time of ]>eai'c when more than the necessary
nulabor of suitable white mcu can bo enlisted, lial
proved un utter uud expensive failure.
tub tkoofa in 1 mm hol'td.
A member of the Military Committee In the House Is
authority tor tho statement that the House will pass a
resolution ualllug upon the President (or Information
as to the reasons which mako it necessary in times
of profound peace to keep troops statloued throughout
Certain States of the South, and, in tho event of the
President's reply not contaimug any satisfactory
reason further than Is now publicly kuown, tho Houss
will add an amendment to tho Appropriation bill providing
ttmt no purtiou of the money appropriated lot
the support of Hie army shall bo paid for maiDtuiniU|
troops In any of tho Southern Status, except such ai
uiay bo uocossary to garrison a portion of the soacou&t
torts. The Texas members claim that mora
troops are absolutely demanded to protect their
cuustlluuuta on the Mexican border, and that the troop*
now uiaiutainod in idleness in Louisiana, Mississippi
and other dtutes should bu moved to points w here their
services are required. Republicans, however, ere in
luvor ef keeping a portion of the army in the two
States named, particularly since the recent step*
toward the Itupeachmeul of Amos and Kellogg, Ben
Butler Is reportod to have said that If tho regular
forces wero to withdraw irom Mississippi his son-inlaw
could not remalu within the limit* of the State flvr
minutes aflorward. Most people ni ght regard mis ai
autllcient reason to at ouco order their removal
[From tho 1'hiladolphla Times ]
With reference to these statements Mr. U. W. Evans,
tho brother of tho trader, has addressed us the follow
ing loiter:?
mk. a. w. ivAira' LkTTkn.
To tiik Koitok or Tun Turns ?
* *
J. P. Leans wi? never in tho Conlederate army at
sutler, or to auy other capacity whatever. At the
breaking out of the war he was a resident of Louisville,
Ky., clerking for a mercantile house in that city.
He was a member of a military company, of which
Ureckun (atterward a general in the Conlederate army)
was captain. The company by vote determined to enlist
in the .Southern cause. My brother, votlug with
tho minority? a small ono?declined to go with Ins
cuinpuuy. Ureal influence was used to indui o hltu, ho
being au oftteer in the company (lieutenant) and popular
with his coitipuulouK, but all cllorts to persuade
hlui to take up arms u^uiusl bis country tailed So
much for falsehood No. 1 Shortly alter, tieing thrown
out of a situation by lira unsettled state of business,
he was icudcrcd the sutlership of ono of (I think) the
Indiana reglmenta.
lu I860 or lbtiT. when the military post was established
at Tort Gibson, then tho most Western staliou
on the Ironttcr, he secured tho appointment of trader
ut tho post Ironi tho general commanding the district.
TIiib staliou was continued lor about one year and
thou moved about gtw miles further West and estab
halted at Fori Arbucklc, my brother going with the
troops. In l&tfu, from the umftltlcd state ol the Indian
country aud Ilia uiiheallblulnoss of Arbuckle,
aud in order to belter protect the frontier, the post
was moved yet further West, about ifuu miles, aud Foil
ifllI became and contiuues to be the outlying iroutler
military post, uiy brother mill keeping with the command.
This staliou, it wus supposed, would bo permanent,
aud buildings of a substantial nature wero
constructed, both by tho government and my brother,
to meet the demands that were likoiy to ho mado.
OHM or Tilt DKMT fa milt AHI'kAHS.
In a abort lime, aud just when ibu business of the
trader wu beginning to #>>vo remunerative, one ol
the Heat family appear* on the scene, and supposing
tlial there was a good thing ill the trudcrsbip will .or
Ibu place lor himself or some 11.ember ol the luinily.
Hut Utiding that "Jack" was lu lavor with those iu
authority, and that he could uol succeed in haviug hltn
displaced, a?si*lntice ??a sought at Washington by ?
change In the mode of waking the appointment??. c,
by the law trauelerring (be appointing power trow tin
general coiuwaodiug the district to the Secretary ol
War. the bill passed, ol course, and
simultaneously wtlb its passage my brother wailed on
the Secretary aud laid his application bulore him, asklug
lor hie reappointment, and was inlorwed that the
appointment bad already been inado to Mr C. P.
Marsh, of New York. Tbe Secretary suggested that ho
had better see Mr. Marsh, as probably be did not intend
to occupy the place personally.
on a rnotiaaXU dolls ks can so* m.
Ha called to see Hie geutleuian. as suggested, and
learned that such was ibo luct aud that he was ready
to dispose of lliv place lor a cousidcruliuu, aud, as has
been told by the geutlcmau Inmsull, tbe result was
Unaliy reached by a oouiract, by which be was to receive
lor bie appointment ftl.UUU per month My
brother submitted to ibis unrighteous demand solwiy
to prevent bis financial ruin and to -ecuru tbe interests
of those to wbom bo was In bouor bound in business relations.
s s esse
rus pricks st roar bill.
Another item passing around is what purports In be
a bill or tariff of prices cbaiged at the post. e a a
Tbe great risk in transportation, through hundreds
of m.les of unsettled country In wagous,
exposed to ail weathers, and rarely reaching
their destination short of Irom two to throw
months from tbe date of shipment, and often
a much lougcr time?all the-e circumstances, with lb
further fact of inability to effect insurance aud datuag*
to goo It by exposure, with lots by stealings, make u*
a case which renders H impossible lor ouv not iu till
business to judge of n proper tarilT ol prices neceesar *
to bo maintained. My brother's character as a bust )
near uiau is high toned nnd honorable, as may be fully
aiitiaiuud bv reference to such old and roatiectablt
tuarcanulo Iioums a* Monroe, Small* * Co., C. M. Oardan
ft Co., Hilar. Price ft Co., Market street, and t'oo
orer k Co., southeast corner Seventh and Chestnut
streets, tbia city, and I, M. Uatea ft I3u. and olbara ol
Now York. J. S. Kvaus doea not occupy me position
of una compounding a Iclouy in eilber oDenuc or taking
a bribe, but submitting to a moat uurighteoua and
unjust imposition apparently of a noble and great country,
in the person or person* of Ibote charged with Ilia
adiniuiatration of tia government and law*. ? *
MO. I.VOO WaUlUt HTkUT, I'lULaoU. mia, March U.

xml | txt