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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 25, 1876, Image 3

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Passage by the Senate of the Bill for
Counting the Electoral Vote.
The Exrcotive, Legislative and Jndieial Appropriation
Different Views of Members on the Sentiments
of the People.
Washington, March 24, 187?.
Tho Chair laid before tho Seuato the House bill in
relation to political contributions.
Mr. Davis, (dom.) of W. Va., suggested that the bill
be sent to the Committee on the Judioiary.
Mr. Hows, (rep.) of \yis., thought It affected polluted
matters more than anything else and that there
saa no law question connected with it that any comDiltee
was not competent to wrestle with, and he suggested
that tlbe sent to tho Commltleo on Privileges
ind Elections. Agroed ta
tilk postal itocte bill.
The Senate took up lor consideration the Post Route
Mr. Hamlin said tho committee had paid personal
attention to all the proposed routos and had made personal
Inquiry from different members as to tho noces ity
o( all they had proposed. They had stricken out
and inserted only such as they had carefully scruti izeiL
and perhaps upon this statement tho Senate
would not insist upou having the bill read in lull.
Alter some discussion the bill was amended as to
minor points and passod.
thic xi.krtoit at. votk.
? ?* * - -1 1 i . I 41 ./ =
bill No. 1, to count tho votes of President ami Vice
Mr. 11USN8IOK moved to reconsider tho vote whoroby
the bill was posscd to tho third reading, und then introduced
an amendment, which was lost.
Other amendments wore offered and rejected, when
the question was taken on the passage of the bill, and
It was passed by a vote of 32 yeas to 2d nays, as follows:?
thi? voir.
Ysas?Messrs. Allison, Anthony, Boutwell, Burnsldn,
Jamcron of Pennsylvania, Cameron of Wisconsin, ChrisInncy,
D iwcs, Dorsey, Ferry, Frelinghuyseu, Hamilton,
damiin, Hitchcock, lmralls. Jones of Nevada, Key, Logun,
gc.Millan, Merrimun Mitchell. Morrill of Maino, Mutton,
glesby, Paddock, Patterson, Sargent, Sherman, Spencer,
tburmun. Windom and Wright?82.
Nats?Messrs. hayard, Bogy, Carpenter, Cockrcll. Cnnkllng,
Cooper, Davis, Dennis. Raton, Kilniunda, Knglish,
tJolUthwaite, Howe, Johnston, Jones of Florida, Kelly,
McCrcery, McDonald, Maxey, Itundulph, Jtansoni. Saulsbury,
Stevenson, Wallace, Why to and Withers?20.
Mr. Tiiurmajc said ho was at a loss to see what the
Senators could seoin litis bill of a partisan nature, and
till wan passed, inordor lo give one more chalice to tlx
lomo .bill to moot tho question wben two seis ofrolurns
Wore sent in. lie did hope that in tliat chamber
a bore debate wus allowed some measure could bo perfected
to meet the necessity ol tho case. If not there
ans no hopes of gelling it done at this Cougrcss.
The motion was entered.
On motion or Mr. Sahgknt the Senate took up the
Cousulur and Diplomatic bill and made it ID* order of
justness, and upon his motion then, at ten minutes ot
|vc 1*. M., went into executive session and at Uvo
?'clock adjourned.
Washington, March 24, 1870.
TheSpBAKKR proceeded to call committees for reports
If a private nature.
Tho House then went into Comnytteo of the Wholo,
Mr. Cox, of New York, in the chair, on tho legislative,
Executive and Judicial Appropriation bill, with the uulerstandlng
that general Uebato on tho bill would bo
limited to one hour.
Mr. Hurliicrt, (rep.) ot III., replied to the invectives
fhich hud been poured against tho republican party
in llw. .fniitUnw.ti from Conrrrin nml V.trf ?.
Messrs. Hill ami Ycntos), and cntictsoil iho S(>ecch of
tie gentleman Iront Uoorgla as an astounding parody ou
the parable of thu prodigal son, with llio dilfcronco
that the prodigal son asked liis lather's forgiveness,
vbile iho Southern people did not.
Mr. Khhsos, (rep.) of Iowu, spoke against tho reduction
of salarlos.
At tho close of Mr. Kasaon's speech the committco
proceeded to consider the bill iu detail. Tue
Item for tho compensation of Senators, which is
the first item in thu bill, having been read, which fixes
the salary at $4,60U, Mr. ltakvr, of Indiana, moved to
reduco it to $11,000. This was rejected.
Mr. Kostkr, (rep.) of Ohio, moved to reduce it to
12, 700, aud intimuteil that the democratic majority, if
4 wanted to bo consistent, should vote lor tho reduction
to $2, TOO.
Mr. Ra.idall (Interrupting)?Why did not you propose
that amendment in the committee instead of relisting
Iho reduction ol the paltry ten per cent wo havo
made ?
Mr. Fostkr?I am not to be catechised on the lloor.
Mr. Raniiau. (persistently)?1 want to show to the
country and the House thu inconsistency, tho duplility
of the gontlcman from Ohio iu coming in here and
shoring an amendment to reduco the salaries ol menisers
to $2,700, while ho resisted in the committee tho
reduction ol $i>00.
Mr. Kostkr?I havo a good answer to the attack.
Mr. Ramiall?I havo made no attack.
Mr. Kostkr?You havo churgcd me with duplicity
tnd Inconsistency.
Mr. Raniiall?there is no sincerity In your amendncnt,
and you do not expert it to be adopted.
Mr. Fostkb?Try it and see.
Mr. Raxdali.?Tbo Committee on Appropriations has
fixed the compensation ol members whore 1 think tho
people ol the country will be satisfied.
M r. Kohtkr dulended his sctiuu In ollerlng his amendment.
Mr. Hoar, (rep.) of Mass., trusted that the llouso
did not propose to present the pititul spectacle that
was presumed in the last two Congresses, of wrangling
shout ua own pay. If thoro was anything In. the
political history ol the country that ho would give a
good deal to have struck out it was tho debates on
that suoject Id the last two Congresses. Ho would
rote agaiust any chatige in tho salary of members?
tret, because it was a thing which ought not to be
stirred up lor political purposes; und second, because
he thought on the whole it was as near right us it
could be got. He entirely respected and honored the
position of tbo gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr.
Randall) when he said that ho ylcldad his individual
lodgment in a matter where ho was personally concerned
to tho general sentiment of the people, and ho
BJIIl}iaiUIAirU Willi II I Ml Will J UIHVU niMU, VU MM I |l g
a?k?<l wbat he had done with the money, ho replied it
was none ol Iho business ol the questioner?a very good
Mr. Raxdall explained that the difficulty which the
cmnmllton had mot was that If other salaries were reduced
and not the salaries of members they would bo
chargeablo with inconsistency. Ho bad great respect
for the views of Iho gentloman irom Massachusetts
(Mr. Hoar), yet his argument would really go to show
that no salary ought to be reduced. It soemed to luin
(Mr. Randall) that there wus but one safe, firm ground
on which to stand, and that was lo upply the same
measure of reduction to all salaries. The House could
not go through the reductions proposed If it did not
reduce iho salaries of us own members.
Mr. Hakrison, (dem.)ol III., op|>osed Mr. Foster's
amendment, and favored the reduction proposed in
this bill. Tlicy could not go before their constituents
and doiend themselves unless they cut down their own
Salaries approximately.
Mr. Hill, (dom.) ol (ia, moved to make the reduction
of salaries coimacuco on the till of March, 1877,
and agreed w.th Mr. Hoar, of Massachusetts, that it
was Indecent for members of Congress to l>e squabbling
over tlioirown pay. Hia (Hill's) amendment would
obviate that difficulty by making the reduction apply
to iiic noxt Congress.
Tho question being mi Mr. Foster's amendment, Mr.
Fostor asked Mr. Randall to allow a vote by yeas and
nays In the House.
Mr. Raxdai.i. said that In this early stage of the bill
tie was unwilling to depart from the usual rule.
Mr. I'ostkr?1 h' re is no rulo against that.
Mr. lUsuau.?Well, the usunl practice.
Mr. Kostkr?Will yoa allow mo to offer the am endmcnl
In the House*
Mr. Kaxdau.?I am not so Instructed by the committco.
(I.aughter ou the repuhltran side.) I will sole
lor it.
RraacH or *u. towxsbxd.
Mr. Towxssxo, (rep.) ol N. Y., had no hesitation in
dee.lartDg himsolf opposed to tho amendmeut of the
gentleman Irom Ohio (Mr. Foster), as he was opposed
to the proposition ot the oommittce. Ho had come
here under a substantial contract Iwlweet himselt and
the people that he was to he allowed $6,ou0 a year lor
his services, and he was unwilling to allow any set ol
E>rson* lo practico repudiation on him. (laughter.)
e did not believe thai the people desired to give over
their destinies to professional politicians or to rich
men. He wished he was rich, too. The present salary
was not low tnnch for any man who could not live
out of his private fortune, or out of post tradcrshlps,
or out Ol railroad grants, and there was not enough of
ihem to go round. (Laughter.) If members were to
,lve at all, and to settle with their Imerding house
keepers and washerwomen, they would Dover reduce
their salaries, (laughter.)
The nuestlon was t.iken on Mr. Foster's amendment
to (Is tli<- pay at and It was rejected, there be lug
hoi li voles In the alllnnalivv.
The amendment ollered bv Mr. MUI, of Georgia, was
also rejected.
Mr. (rep.) of Pa., moved to strike oat
| $4,600 and Insert $5,000* and spoke in favor of that
Mr. Docguam, (drnt.)of Va., movod to flx the sal- !
| arlcs at (3,000, and romariced Hint, so tur as the qucs'
Hon o( ricii and poor was concerned, he nii|{ht say, (or
the !*outbrru olcineut jmrlicularly, "The poor ye have
always with ye." He was sure that no member in the
House stood in greater need than luniseli, but if the
U meant that it was a representative expression of tho
demand! oi the people for retrenchment and r-lorni.
Mr. U'Bkikn, nt Maryland, argued that a reditu* Ion ;
ol salaries was not demanded by any public sentiment, ,
and aaid that it was a small mailer as compared lo tbe
gigantic fraud to which the gcutlcmun Irotn Indiana
(Mr. llolmuu) hud already pledged his support. He relerrod
to that gentleman as boing nominally tho Vice
Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, hat
practically the leader of that committee. He (Mr. ;
Holmuii) was tho kite and the rest ol the commitlon
were the tall, and on that tall was emblazoned the
"shibboleth" economy, while, at the sumo time, that j
f gentleman was pledged to vote lor a bill that would
take % hundred milllous out of the Treasury.
Mr. Hot.man?What bill is that ?
Mr. U'Bkikn?The Bounty bill, which yon are
pledged to support.
Mr. Holma.n?Why, certainly, I am for that. (Laughter.)
Mr. O'Bkikx?The gentleman from Indiana projiosea
a reduction of salaries while ho would take (100,000,1X10
at vut; b*uv|j m huu * my U4 UUUIJUC* lO lUIUiVri WUW
I have been already overpaid.
Mr. 11oi.man defended bis position on the subject of
I the Mounty bill, ami eulogized the bravo aim who bad
| so nobly fought tbo battles ol the Into war and to
: whose perils and sacrifices tho country was indebtod
! for the niaiutennnco of the L'nioti, and ho expressed
i his indignation that such a bill should tie characterized
as a gigantic traud.
After a stormy struggle over the auestlon of an ad!
Journment till Monday and the alternative of a session
j for debate to-morrow, the former proposition prevailed
through the porsistency ol Mr. Page, of California,
and tho House, at six o'clock, adjourned till Monday.
The following Is a copy of a letter written by Senator
Cumeron, of Pennsylvania, in roply to an Invitation
from his colleagues iu the Lower House to accept a
banquet in honor of bis sovenly-eigbth birthday:?
Usitkd Status Sk.nate Chan mm,)
Washington, March 22, 1S7U. )
Genti.kmkn?1 acknowledge iho iuvitaliou you send
tne to meol you at a banquet on such a day as may bo
indicated by myself and thw terms In which that invituiion
m conveyed with profound pleasure. You are
pleased to relor to my past lite iu words of approval
uud comphnieut, and to express tho hope that my
health and vigor may continue. I thank you very
feincorcly. My aim through life has been to do
my dqiy, and to do it as unostentatiously us
possible,' trusting to timo to sottlo the controversies
sure to arise concerning tho methods and inotiros of
any man who reels strongly and acts vigorously. In
this reliance your letter shows mo that I have been
fortunate. Alier passing seventy-seven years in the
Statu that gave mo birth, and sixty years of that long
lttetimo in uclive private pursuits and public duties, it
1b beyond expression pleusant to hear the voice of the
Representatives of Pennsylvania express their satisfaction
and approval. And this is eunugh. No entertain
meat iiiui cuuiu ui un sen n uirii i in.it. ungut uo
added, would be capable ol increasing the joy your in|
vital ion bad conferred. While acting my part in Ilia
j national councils I have always remembered with
I alleclion the great Commonwealth that has so often
j honored mo, and 1 am now unconscious of any willul
neglect of her mighty interests, of any lukewarmness
when her welfare has boon in question. Moro
than partisanship the good of Pennsylvania
has had a place In uiy hoart. As a democrat
I was torcod to oppose my party in the interests of
protection. As a republican I have sought to
combine the brains and masses of that great organisation
in a solid lorco or that wise policy. And
I now look back with an approving couscionce on my
j course in both the great political parties ol that period
j covered by my active political life. Thereloro it is
| that your approval of my course as a l'ennsyIvauian Is
so gratifying to mo. Hut, gentlemen, a regard lor the
{ pleasanler way ol doing what is sot before me without
; parade induces me lo husiiatu in accepting your invllatioti.
On lull reflocilon 1 lecl forced to decline it,
and 1 trust the reasons which control mo in this decision
will not only be appreciated by you and the gentlemen
you represent, but that they will not lie denied a
measure of that approvul which you have so generously
aud partially accorded to my past life. II, on the
completion of my present Senatorial term, tho same desire
to upprovo a llnished course shall exist, 1 will then
meet you with pleasure and free from any restraints,
for my work will have been done and a juster oslimato
can thou bo made of how it was done.
1 am, gentlemen, with sentiments or gratitude and
esteem, vour tnoud, SIMON" CAMERON,
lion. John W. Wallace, Hon. Sobieski Ross, lion. Chapman
Kreoniau, Hon. Alan Wood, Commlttoc.
To the Editor or tNr Hkrai.d:?
The Iricitds of Mr. Kicnurd U. Dana aro much gratt'
fied at the vorv lair and courteous stutement presoniod
I In the Herald or yostcrday ol his position as the
| nominee or the President lor the most important diploI
matlc office in tno gilt or the government. Whether or
not bo shall be confirmed by the Sonate is of very little
| consequence as compared with the question whether the
! people of this country shall accept as just tho aspersions
upon his oharactcr made to the committee, in a
purely tJC parte manner, by his principal political op;
poneut in Massachusetts?un 'opponent who has ceased
: to enjoy tho confidence or his own party in his own
J State?and of a literary enemy, whose hostility
{ has long been or the most pronounced and bitter
| character. On the merits or Mr. Butler's political lios!
tility, the members ol the legislature or Massachusetts
| without distinction ot party, have Bigniflod their
opinion in an emphatic man. cr by joining in a rccout*
i mendutlon' to the Senators of tho State in Congress
j that Mr. Dana's nomination lie conlirmed. The Bar of
Boston, than phich there is no more honorable or
I conscientious body, have rendered thoir prolossional
j verdict with equal unuuitnity upon the issue raised by
Mr. Bench Lawrence.
Nor In thin very unusual (because non partisan) indorsement
ol a candidate lor political otUcc counued to
the neighbors ninl Iriends and proiessional
associates or Mr. Buna in Massachusetts
and Boston. He Is equally esteemed wherever
he is known throughout the world, either
in person or by his publications. The World ol Inst
Saturday said thai he would bo sent to Coventry in
two weeks by the scholars and jurists of Kngland, and
lu proof of it quoted Dr. Abdy's letter to Mr. Lawrence,
written in 1*66, which has been llio latter a
chcvw iU baUailU in his assault upon Mr. Dana's literary
honesty. The tacts in the case, which 1 ain pre- |
pared to verily, are those:?When Mr. 1-awrencc began 1
Ins suit lor infringment of copyright against Mr. Dana
he bad his charges and his own statement, with some
i rx jiarle proofs, printed and widely distributed. What- !
1 ever answers he may have received from publicists, be I
! has ventured tc make public only that of
I Professor Abdy. That letter, from an accidental turn j
'I of the writer's"expression, "I have read the report of
j the pleadings, Ac.," gave the Impression that ho had
! read the pleadings on both sides, whereas, at the daio
1 of his letter, not only had he not seen Mr. (tana's answer
and pruols but they bad uot at that tune been
even put into the case. Two years later Dr. Abdy ex- |
plaiuedall this 111 terms or high respect for Mr. Dana
In Kngland, ever since the publication of bis edition
of When ton. Mr. Dana has been on terms of warm personal
tncudship with Mr. I'hilluuore, Mr. Mouiaguo
j Barnard, Mr. Justice Coleridge, Sir Vernon lfarcourt,
1-ord Sclborno (Sir Bounded Palmer) and 1-ord
Tcntcrden, as well as with Mr. Gladstone and many
scholars or Oxford and Cnrabridgo. I have yet to bear
of one man, and I do not believe there Is u man in
1 Kurope of any note whom Mr. Lawrcncp's persistent
! attacks have in the least affected, in this country Mr.
; Dana haa long enjoyed the friendship of President;
Woolsey, the highest living authority on public law in
America, and President Woolsey has recently uttered
the strongest sentiments in his favor. He was on
terms of equal Intimacy, during his lifetime, with
Pro'essor Liebcr, who did a great deal to briug
Mr. Dana and bis edition of Wheaton to tho
favorable attention of French and German jurists.
General Halleck, who, as a military publicist, held a
very conspicuous position, called Mr. Dana's book the
"expurgated editiou" of Wheaton, tho expurgatlou
being of that which Mr. Law rence in a spirit ol hostility
to his country has foisted upon It.
it remains to state the most gratifying indorsement
u litrli ill* (lana'a lahnri * Itiiiirift! wrtlnr hsvn at'uP
i received. I nirin mo one that was made o( hi* boolc
in the international arbitration at Geneva on the AlaI
brim a question. Hia nolo* were cited frequently with
approval by tbe distinguished counsel on' botti
| (idea ninl by the umpire*, and It dora not appear that
I Lawrence's edition wai ever quoted, though he had
annoted the same subjects. When Iho proi-eedinga
came to bo primed, the State Department at Waahington,
in very courteous terms, asked of Mr. Dana permission
to print some of his notes, he having iho
copyright, and these notes are annexed to tbo American
I havo stated these facts In Juatloo to a public man
whose reputation Is a national possession, and to a
! friend and former associate, whom I cannot see
maligned without a vindication. II Mr. Dana, nouili
nated by the President, la rejected, the public will wait
; to see the answer w hlcb Senators have to give lor thus
! discharging a trust reposed In them hy the nation, to
permit no bad man to lie confirmed and to allow no
good man to be rejected for public olflea. a. W.
At two o'clock yesterday morning Officers Iioyle and
Hutlcr, of the Second precinct, Jersey City, observed
strange movements on tbo part of two mrn on Pa
Joining ex-Mayor O'Ncill'a residence, In Hamilton
square, and commenced prying o|<en a basement
window. The other man aeelng the ofTieera whlatled
a* a signal, The oflii <-rs then captured bulh men. tlno
gave hia nnmc a* Chnrli-a Ki slier, and thu other h?
in iocs Ituaerll. Un the person or the lall< r was lonnd
a ntimhur of skeleton keys. Near the window which
>'mhcr was engaged In pryiug o|ion was lonnd a chiselaha|>ed
knilo which ho had employed In an ollort to
force o|k;u tho window. Justice liarla comtnlttcd the
prisoners for trial.
To Tns Kditor or tan IIkrald:?
This afternoon, between the hours ef four and six,
the moon's penumbra will be passing over New York
city, and the aun will consequently be partially
eclipsed. The distance of the moon is so great at Ibis
time that its shadow terminates before it reaches the
earlb, and hence no total eclipse will bo risible anywhere.
Bat commencing near Vancouver's Island at
about noon, and crossing the contluent nearly to Labrador
at sunset, there will be ylsiblo an annular
eclipse, the aun appearing (or one or i wo minute* only
1 each point a* a very narrow ring about the dark
body of tbe moon. In New York ctty the Drat approach
of tbo moon will be aeon, at one minute after
four o'clock P. M., an an indentation upon tbe weatera
portion of tbo diak, abown in Ugure 1.
m yw,
| o
Bsr.mxnro or rna Bci.inw, at 4il in.
This Indentation will bo sharply defined, and will
sink deeper until the middle of the eclipse, at 4h. 48in.,
when a little more than one-fourth of the suu will be
covered, equaling one sixth of tho total disk. This Is
shown In figure 2.
y<t?- a
The shadow will thou gradually jiasg off, leaving the
disk at fth. 35m., on the northern portion of the disk,
as shown in figure 3.
BND or TUB BCLIPSR, AT 5(1. 35M. *
The letter "N" In each figure shows tho north point
1 or tho disk. The figuros tiro so placed that the top of !
; tho figure corresponds to tho highest part of tho disk, i
j as seen by tho nuked eye or through a toloscope which
j does not invert.
There tire many ways to sen the eclipse. An easy 1
and well known method Is by the aid of a piece of
smoked glass. A portion ot ttio glass should l>o so
deeply smoked thai the sun can bo seen with difficulty
through It, and, to protect the eye, tho sun should bo j
first socn through this portion. Then moving the j
glass gradually to one side, where tho smoke Is thin- j
ner, a place can readily be found, even should there bo
light clouds, whero the sun can bo well soon. In re- I
moving the glass do not (ail to first shut the oyo to J
avoid admitting the full glare of tho sun's rays even
for an instant. If you wish to demonstrate to your
ff-ionds your scientific proclivities ol course you will
hold the smoked able of the glass next to tho nuso.
Stained glass has tho disadvantage of not being
adjustable, and either tho eye will ho dnzzlcd In the {
bright sunlight or tho sun will be nearly Invisihlo j
uimcr ngni ciuuu.s. r.uiicr 1110 biuokuu gioss or a uuric
glass may be used with an opera glass, a spyglass or a
telescope. But still greater care will be required to |
avoid Injuring the eye, and it will bo well to place over
the object glas's a cap reducing the aperiuro to two
Inches or even loss. Barge telescopes are sometimes |
provided with oyoploces specially designed for obscrv- j
ing llio sun, in which caso tbo full aperture may be used
to advantage.
A safer and lieller way to observe an eclipse or the
sun Is by throwing the Imago ol the sun upon a screen.
In this caso several persons may see the image at once.
The simplest way to do this is by making a pinhole in
the middle of a large card and letting the sun shine
through It upon a sheet of white paper at a distance of
a loot or moro. If there are several small openings in
tho card, not too near each other?it matters not of
what shape?there will be a corresponding numner of
Images ol the sun. A tin cnlleuder, lor instance, held
at a distance of eight or tou feet, will give a regular
series of lmagos. So, in the summer season, tho inter- .
slices in tho lolisge of a tree will produro an irregular !
mass ol images ol the sun which will be seen to show
1 tbc phases ot an eclipse.
It a magnifying glass?the less it magniiles the bet
held exactly at tho distance at which the o.l^e of the j
itibIt is distinctly defined. Thi> forniM a camera obscura,
and any lortn of camera obscura will show tiic phase*
of the eel Ipso well. In this case the opening may he
madoas large as the lens, unless the linage should bo
found too bright. A burning glass is unsuitable for
this purpose, not only because it Is loo large, couci n- !
traliug too much light nud heal, probably setting the
screen on Are, but because Its focus Is so near it that 1
the sun's Image w ill be too small. A weak spociaclo
i ens lorming au Imago ut a distance of two leel or moro
I a host.
With a large telescope the first and last contacts of
I tho shadow, tho extent of the eclipse and tho solar
spots and mottled aurlace of the sun can all tie sees
bv several persons at the same time, by simply draw
lug oul the eyop-eco slightly. bo thai tho sun's rayi
ahull form a magnilled image upon a screen, which
| should be protected from the direct raja of tho sun;
and this I regard aa the moat satisfactory mode of view- !
' ing a solar eclipse.
The present is not a favorable year for sun spots. If i
their periodicity, which seems to be well established,
can be rolled u|>on, they should be tula year least conspicuous
in number* and In extent. Hut It happens
that at present there are several spots largo enough to
bo rusily seen iu tbe telescope on tho side of tho sun
turned toward us, which will probably eontinae until
after the eclipse. 1 counted yesterday morning no loss
than twenty, three of which were prominent, stretchI
in a line across the middle ol the disk, in about twentyfive
degrees north solar latitude. The western spot
i consists of a large nucleus of irregular outline, toi
gelher with * confused mass or smaller nuclei, tho
j whole surrounded by an umbra three times the diamotcr
of the earth. Passing eastward hv a serieaoi small
spots, we rome to the central spot, the nucleus of
which, without its umbra, It nearly nt large at our
earth. Alter an interval we come to the eastern spot,
which la about the size of our moon. Tncse *|>ott
are represented in ligurei 1 aud 3. ami |?art tally
In figure il, the umbra iieing omlttcil, because it
couhl riot well lie represented in Its proper proportion
without a much larger diagram. The distance of theso
spots, Irom west to east, Is so great that if ourenrih
were to be dropped Into the centre of the umbra of the
western spot, our moon, at Its present distance irotn
us, might & dropped at the same lime into the eastern
spot, sly iiioaaurcmenls were not atinicicmly
exact to enable mo topridlct w ith certainty whether
the two principal spots will Inll lor a lew minutes he.
i hind the edge ol the moon,'or will ho aeon cloao lo tho
i moon nt tho lime ol the middle ol the eclipse. To
ascertain this II would be necessary, nol merely to
tiiako a carelul determination of the position ol tho
afsits at the lime ol observation and lo eoinputo tiio
rotation of tho sun lor a period or about thirty two
IARCII 25, 1876.?"WITH S
iioura, but to know what allowance to make for tbe J
motion of tbe wpou themselves. It must be reniom- !
bcredfcliat tbey are not fixed, like tbe luuar crater*, or
llio #<'an upu'. (lie planet Mare, but are in motion m? i
Hie cloud* lu our atmosphere, and tbo amount of thin
motion cannot be predicted. In figure 2 1 represent J
my estimate of the appcaranco of the spots at the I
middle of the eclipse, when they will be moat nearly
behind the moon.
The above predictions aro lor tho city of New York,
its the inoon's shallow passes easterly the farther
west the place of observation the earlier in absolute
time tho eclipse will occur; but this difTerenoe will lie
much leas than the diflercnce In local time. For instance,
at St. Louta the eclipse will occur about a quarter
of no hour earlier tbau in New York city; but the
difference of longitude is an hour, so that the eclipse
will occur in St i/ouia time about au hour and a quarter
earlier, making (he middle of tho eclipse about
half-past three o'clock P. M. Tho magnitude of tho
ocltpso depends upon the dlslanco of the place of observation
from tho central lino. Tho larther north
within the United States the greater Is tho extent of
the eclipse and tho longer its duration. As the spots
will appear in tho same position at all points on the
earth's surface, it ts probable that ut places north of
this city they will all lie eclipsed, while at places south
of this city It is not prohnblo.
The observation of s total eclipse of the sun lias of
late years boen valuable in studyiug the ouost'tulion of
the sun and Its surroundings. But in n partial
eclipse, even wheu there is only a ah-oder
ring of tno sun visible, there is still sn
amount of light thousands of times greater than i
that of tho full moon. Tho main value of their obscrva- ,
lion is tho aid they give In correcting the tables of the ,
moon, which are tho basis of all tirodlcllons of the [
moon's place, and the correctness of which Is Indispensable
In navigation. If only the limes of the flrst
and lust contacts are observed ai any given place they
ran aid us little In determining the error of the Uhlos;
bat If there are, as ut present, a number of woll defined
spots upon the suo, the contact of each of which with
the limb of the moon can be observed at many points,
the exact positions of the spots being ascertained at
tho observatories lor the observed times, It allords
much greater aid. And If observers In the Northern I
Stales record the contacts ol tho line of spots now i
visible It will afford unusual accuracy in correcting
the moon's latitude.
ft may be mturesting to note that the next solar
eclipso visible in ibis country will occur on July 20, i
1878, and that II will be total upon a line extending j
across the Western Slates Irom Idaho to Texas. Without
making any exact computations for this city, It Is
sale to say that her# at that tlmo about one-half the
diameter of the sun's disk will bo covered, so that tho
amount of lliu disk which will be covered will bo at 1
least twico as groat then as in the eclipse of to day.
nkw york, March 25, 187ft
A prominent merchant of linyit residing In this city
received yesterday the following pronunciamonto, |
which Is a copy of tho one rocunily issued in Jucmcl, \
Uaytl, when that city went over to tho revolutionary
parly on the occasion of the Invasion of Oeueral Hotsrond
Canal and party, as detailed In yesterday'!
t.irkrty, equality as11 eratermtt.
citizens? lu many grave and memorable ctroura tancoE
1 liuve given you prools of my l)l>eral sentiment*,
which gunruiileo Ibo happiness of our dear
country. The moment has arrived when I am called
upon to pronounce my opinion as to tho well-being of
our land.
The government of 1'residcnt Michel Domlngues and
his ncphow, Septimus Kaineau. which wo rcslgucd
ourselves to submit to sooner than again undergo the |
horrors of unolhcr civil war, has degraded our honor, :
our dignity, and compromised our national honor uud
our hopes of peace at home.
Kront to-day I renounce all allegiance to tho tvrnn- i
meal government of Domlngues, and I appeal to you, 1
w ithout distinction of party and class, to help mo in tho
jecovery el your rights.
In inaugurating iu dacmel, the seat of liberalism, tne
constitutional spirit ot 1MJ7, I am only co-oporuing
w ith the citizens wliosc honesty of purpose have drawn
upon them the social ostracism of the existing government
on account of their liberal ideas. Your patriotic 1
endeavors will soon bo crowned with success. Tho
actual unhappy sltuutton, you cannot Ignore, Is owing |
to the Machiavellianism and demoralization of Kam<au
and (he weakness of his uncle, Mietiol Domlngues, tho
1'resldeni. Those magistrates have curried on the administration
of tho country, as you must admit, in a
scandalous fashion, and for the last two yoars we have
boon threatened with national bankruptcy and national
Citizens, In all parts of the country wo aee degradation
and robbery, and you are hereby called upon to
work for the regeneration of your fatherland, and you
will Boon be Informed ot the revolution try measures
taken by our now government. Think of the eyes .
which are bout upon your conduct at this crisis of otir
national existence, who ure watching how you deal j
with our country's liberties, and hopo that you will I
prnvo yourselves equal to tho occasion. Down with
the government of Michel Iionimguos and his nephew
Septimus Kameati, and long live the constitution of j
1867 I Long live the uuion of tho Hayttau family 1
(iiveu at our headquarters at Jacmel, the 7th March, !
1870, and tbu seventy-third year of Independonco.
I.Ol lS TAN Its, Sr. j
Plymouth loclure room was, as usual, filled to its
utmost capacity b^ seven o'clock last evening. Mr.
Boeeher cumo In at halt-past seven and opened the
meeting promptly. Alter the customary preliminary
services Mr. lleecher said:?I think thoro is a inisap- j
prehension in the popular mind as to ihe result of a
great deal of touching?namely, that by faith and
prayer wo come to the Lord Josus Christ, and nro at
once released from care and anxiety and lilted Into
a realm of calmness and joy. I think this Is true. X
think there Is a faith m the Lord Jesus Christ that roil- [
dcrsa man Impenetrable to the shafts of adversity, but
1 don't think this kind is given to men simply for the I
asking. We must have the inspiration of Ood, and tho
eilect of ibis divine Inspiring Is to have inch a quickc
lung of our understanding, a r.larillcutinn of our moral
sense, a development of our common sense, as that we
shall lake caro ol ourselves. My Impression Is that
mote than half tho tilings wo pray lor could lie pro- I
vided by ourselves. Our troubles are our sujMoptibill- J
ties and want ol self-control. If there was bettor control
of ourselves there would ho less praying lor things
we now pray lor. for example, every man assumes
that his business In life is to be happy. How did you j
find that outt Who told you? My impression is |
that our business is to become manly, and that by selfdenial,
not self gratification; that puiieneo Is Ihe maullness
thai Christ set us tho example of. Ilo disdained
tho llfo ot prosperity. Wo begin with a different
Yesterday afternoon John iinnlcy, wealthy farmer,
residing near fiuilenborg, N. J., wan thrown from a
wagon, hlit hea<] striking a rock, till akull was crushed
and ho died in a short tunc.
theory. Wo aro going to do well and (jet along well,
and Ibo moment wo aro thwarted we tool ui it hoiiio
law of nature was violated. We will all have trouble?, J
and must accent tlu-m; wo must have care and
trouble*. Tho Word of (iod (-ays you are a haatard If j
you do not have them. Wo can only got rid of troubles i
by bearing thorn. We must work with God. To have
graco to bear difficulties is a great deal hotter than to
have no dillicultles. II you must have rocks, cover
them with vines; let something run over the hardness 1
of vnur lot that shall have loaves and blossoms and
A business meeting was held after tho prayer meet- |
The meeting* at tho Hippodrome yoslerday were
crowded If possible more than ever. At uoor., when
the subject was "luteinprranro," tho Madison avenue
hall was nearly lull, and at four o'clock 1'. M. it was
packed with women. In the afternoon Mr. Moody continued
tho discourse on "How to Study the Biblo" to i
nearly ft,000 women, many of whom had their Biblos
with them.
At the evening service tho crowd was so great that
the atmosphere of the hall was positively oppressive.
Mr. Moody spoke Irotn tho text, Gal.uians, vl.. 7? '
"He not deceived. God is not mocked: for whatsoever
a man soweth, that shall ho also reap." He said, j
No man can mako a grealur mistake than to think
he can deceive God. God Is never deceived.
Many a man lias como into this halt to night
to laugh and to mock, hut 1 rail mi fn
young man or young woman, do not mock
God, for "whatsoever a tnan soweth thatshnll he reap."
wnni rms pcqomu iu iwiuyioii, 01 iiomc, 111 i.rooci! anil
ol all the nations or tlio earth t Thoy have sowed ami
they linva reaped. And what will In-comr of this fair
)<i-|>ublic thai bus pot suddenly rich And lorgottiin God
11 it does not coino to repentance soon? It will
go to pu cos as did all the nations of old
if there is not more righteousness born In It.
This text which I preach to night appeals to every 1
lorm of lite. 1 would not ho a rum seller lor all the
riches of ihe earth; for what can that man say who has
been the means ol ruining so inanv families, wlieu
called to account for bis stewardship? Will he dare
sav lo the lx>rd, "Am 1 my brother's keeper?" Ho
shall reap as ho has sowed. And then that !
young libertine, who lias ruined girl nftcr gtrl, '
lie will be hound in letters of Iron and thrown into the
depths ol hell and his cry will bo "1 have reaped- as I ,
have sown." My God, are there nny here to-night who
will lake the responsibility of Hist reaping and not accept
Christ at onco and enmo to him? I hope nok '
You may be called to that awiul account sooner than
you think, and how many in this audience will ever
soo this place again t Think brothers, think, before It
Is too lalo t
At the conclusion of Mr. Moody's address the crowds
that pressed Into the Inquiry rooms were unexampled.
Ann I.akr, on Thnrsday night, attempted to drown
herself off the Filth street dock, at Hoboken. A rope
woe thrown to her hy a boatman but she refused to
take bold ol It Finally, a rope with a noose on it was
thrown over her head and sho was dragged ashore. She
was then taken to the police station, where sho stated
that she was not sorry for attempting to lake her luo.
Yesterday morning she was discharged and returned to '
her boat, at No. Warren street, Jersey City. *ho
Is a married woman and is alleged to have been Insane
for some timo.
? y
Results of Investigating n
Committees. t
Bills Relating to Banks of Deposit ij
for City Money. ?
Ai.baxy, March 24, 1878. t
It was generally supposed yestorday, whon ihe Sup- 11
ply bill was ordered to u third reading, that wo bad w
done with all discussion an to its merits; but a debato j
was started on it this morning when it catuo up on its '
final passage, to tho groat surpriso of tbo Ways and ?
Means Committee, If not of everybody clso in tho J
House, but it had no practical result, as the bill was I
passed unanimously. ?
The Assembly Investigating Committee, in its re- *
port to the Legislature two months ago, recommended "
a well considered design for roorganiziug the police ?
lorce of New York city. The Senato Investigating ?
Committee recently recommended another and nearly >>
j |
similar plan, Ihe points of which were embraced in a ,,
bill introduced by Soualor Uc>otli to-day, of which the >*
only noticeable feature is tho enlargement of the
powers of the Police Hoard. Tho statesmen of tho l'
Legislature are too lull of politics to worry their minds (]
with any ol the recommendations of oither committee,
and tho bills will go over this session and n
probably be never heard of again. These )'
investigations huvo boon a costly farce to tho o
taxpayers and will hardly fall short of an expense of
$100,000 when ull the bills are In. Toe Hcnate Committee
was simply a republican set otr to tho AssemOly ono, d
and whtlo tho lormor had only a nose tor democratic s
mismanagement m the departments, the- latter saw c
little that was except whero republican ofllclals were v
concerned. t
The bill to prevent tlio Greenwich Street Elevated ti
Kailroud from using llio Buttery l'ark passed the Senate c
to-day. It bus been hurried through without debato v
as though tbo city of Now York had lo bo suvod from o
sonic great and impuudlug calaiully. It provides 11
that no elevated road shall uso the r
Buttery l'ark or any othor public park or t
square in Now York city. The Kaptd Transit Com- h
nussionors located the route ol the projected (iilbortcle- d
vated road among other streets on South Filth avenue, l
leading directly Into Washington square. This bill will Ii
ollectually stop their progress In that direction, and t
unless they obtain a change of route, their jig is up. 11
Could tbo street car railroad mtorost have desired unj- fi
thing better ? Under the seulimeuial guise of saving c
the rural beauty of the Buttery l'ark from disllguro- b
ment, this bill aims a blow at rapid transit, and, though 1
ostensibly in thu Interest ol the pcoplo, is nothing l<
more than a device or the street car cmnpauios to uc- F
privo New York ol its ouo greatest nood. It is under- T
stood other bills will follow this so us to uttorlv swamp c
,. I I l,?n,,< ,.r rnnlil Irun.il ll Ilill l>, in i,
- ' * ....... w... iv.uo .1. t. u.^.l ihow
tho Railroad Committee or iho Assembly will treat o
huso bills, a
When the Governor's canal message was read In tho f<
Senate Mr. Jacobs moved that It l>o relurrcd to tho li
Committoool tho Whole, whereupon Mr. Wuodin moved ?
as a substitute that so nmcli ol d us rolutod to tho c
matter of oxtra compensation for the Attorney General s
In the prosecution ol canal suits Liu referred to tho Fi- r
nance Committee. Tho Governor's stanch henchman, u
Mr. Slarbuck, protested, and moved iliat it ho made tl
the special order lor Tuesday in Coinmilloo ot too P
Whole. Mr. Woodin thought no smelted a motiso, and ti
declared that the object of the two democratic Sena- M
tors was to gel up a hurrah for Tildun in r
advance of the Stale Convention. Mr. Jacobs a
nude a spirited reply, and accused Woodin of inconsistency
in agreeing lust yeur to reler a simlliar inessngo
to (he Committee of tho Whole. II it whs proper that
the lirst messugo should go there it was equally proper
thai tho second me-sage should go there also. Itogcrs C
Harris, Uradlcy, Emerson and McCarthy, took a hand
In. nro and con., but Woodiu's motion Uuallv Drevailed.
Mr. Ilooth Introduced a bill authorizing the Depart- |
mom of Parks to contract lor tho occupation of the i
buildings in the Central Park by the American Museum I
ot Natural History and tbo Metropolitan Museum of
Art. "
Also a bill empowering tho Mayor and Comptroller of d
New York to designate livo banks to rcceivo tbo do- ;
posits of city money, each agreeing to pay on the hal- I
uuces of every day's deposits at the rule of two and a
half per cent per annum, no bank to rccolvo more than
000,000 at a lime. There ih io be one chief bank, ;
which snail have tho deposits ol tho sinking lund, and
to which the limit of $2,000,000 shall not ho applicable.
The Hoard to designate tho banks shall consist of tlio
Mayor, Comptroller and Recorder.
The bill grunting to tbn Putted States tho right to ac- i
quire right of way lor tho improvement ol Harlem 1
ltivcr and Spnyten Huyvil Creek ivas reported luvor- [
ably to i be .Suuute.
Senator llaadon's bill relating to tho district court3
of New York city is a condensation and etatoment
anew of all the acts passed defining the powers aud
duties of these courts. |
A motion of .Senator Stnrbuck's that Wednesday next
be appointed tor the consideration of the concurrent
regulation proposing an ameudincnt to tho constitution
prohibiting tho loan ntid.uso ol publto mouoy tor
private purposes was adopted. 1
Tho Battery 1'itrk bill passed In the Sonato to-day
which was introduced by Mr. Itooth tho euiiic day Mr.
Mullen introduced a similar bill in the Assembly, and
which will bo substituted by Mr. .Mullen for fits bill :
when it comes down stairs. By this means tho bill will
be pursed during the coming week. j
Tho lollowiug Message was sent to tho Legislature
Stats pr New York, Exkcutivb Ciiaxrkr, )
A i. ii a.ny, March 34, 1876. j
To Tine Lkoisiatukk:? i
The result of the Investlcatious ordered at the Inxt
session into tho work on tho Krlo uml other canals ?
purporting to ho improvements, and known In tho >
language of our legislation as "extraordinary repairs,"
have been submitted to you. They establish these )
conclusions:? , a
Writ?The expenditures lor these purposes during "
tho lust five year.- were directly about (11,000.000 and ?
Indirectly about (.1,000.(Kit), making (14,000,000, and
involved a taxation amounting to nearly (15,000,000, !
This Is in addition to vast sums expended in lormcr
years. "
Second?The mass or tho work for which these ex- j
pendlturcs were (nudo was of no real utility to tho c
public. The waste iu construction, whie.n lurnishcd '
jobs to contractors, but was ol uo value to tho Slate, 1 v
has been even larger than the illicit and Iraudulcnt v
Third? Most of the contracts wcro obtained by llio i
system of unbalanced bids and other dishonest do- ; 11
vices. j b
fourth?Much of the work was executed In violation r<
ol the contracts, and is worthless. Tho advantages to [ I!
the State ol (he investigations have not been limited h
to the discovery of tho particular frauds, not even to N
tho destruction of a syslcm involving n vast annual
loss to the tnxpa>crs, dnnorali/iiig to tho public service
and corrupting to all governmental life. Incident- 3.'
ally, in arresting these practices, a luud has been h
rescued Iroin spoliation, out of which a real, important P
ond valuable improvement can be ollected In the main j pi
trunks of the canals, on the 1st ol last month there l?
remained, as neatly as I can ascertain, ol the lunds ap- 1 e<
plicable to extraordinary repairs and new work UBap- i al
propriuted to spccillc objecls, (035,000; existing up- It
propnations lor objects not under contract, (IttKi.OtK). ti
estimated as uccossary lo settle existing contracts? U
Klie Canal, (347.000; Cliampluin Canal, (50,000; Oneida t!
Lake Canal,(0,000; balance, alter sellling contracts as
proposed, (300,000; sum available lor new work on ?<
Chatuplain Canal enlargement, (270,000; Ouelda Lake, c<
(41.000. Total, (1,004,000.
I respectfully recommend tho enactment of laws
providing lor the billow lug measures;?
t'irit?empowering and directing the Canal Board to
,close all existing contracts for extraordinary repairs.
the Hoard it cannot bo done without detriment to llio ' >1
Intercut* of the .Stale, ami repealing all exlating appro- B
priaiiona lor extraordinary repair*.
Sttonrf?Appropriating not cxeooding $41*1,000 to j 'J
auch payment* a* may he jttal and nei-eeaary to clone ^
existing coutracta, but providing that do auch appro- ' '
priatlon ahull berotno effectual in reaped to paymente I )
on any coutrad unttl the aamo shall be certified by the J
State Kuglneer in writing to tbo t anal Hoard, and 1 I1
aiicrward duly approved l>y the Canal Hoard; and pro- 1 ''
viding lurthcr that nothing in auy auch act of appropriation
ahull operate or bo construed to J>
validate or recognize any contract tainted with illegal- ;
ity or fraud, or to waive any defence of the Stale In
reaped to any contract or any right of action In the
State growing out ol auch contract, or of work dono P
or required by the aunte; and hkewiao appropriating 1
not exceeding $luo,uoo, lor iho purpose ol protecting M
or llniahing auch work aa in ihe judgment of the (anal r
Hoard the interest* of iho State may ro'piiro to be bo ?
protected or finished. *
7Atnl?Appropriating not exceeding $400,000, to bo h
emended with the approval or the Slate Kugtneor and .
under the direction of the Canal Hoard, to the improvement
of the waterway of the Erie Canal, with a .
view of giving aeven leet depth Ol water, *0 lar aa 1 i
may be practicable, ut the o|M-mng of navigation 111 the
prevent year. Appropriating not exceeding $! '>,Oon, I
lor a survey and meaaurrmcnl of Ihe waterway of the
Erie Canal lor Ihe uurpoae ol di-leriniuiug Ha real condition
and the pi me* where it apeelally require* *
Improvement, and appropriating lioin the re-duo *
Of fund* litthcrlo applicable to extraordinary 1
repairs on the trio Canal, which are now or tuay come [ *
nto tto Treasury, including moneys which may N
vitMiolu l>y the .Statu <>o existing contracts, or re>
lovcrod by the Stale in respect to such contracts or
vork under them, such sums as may be necessary la
mprove the waterway of the Krie Canal to a depth ol
even and a half or eight feci at such places as may bo
ound most useful or most economical.
fourth?Appropriating such proportion of the unxpendod
buluuce of former appropriations for the
'hamplain Canal as may be necessary to improve the
laterwsy of that canal.
fifth?Directing the Canal Board at the commenceaent
of the next session of the Legislature to report
dial, II any, epociuc luipruveuiuiiis uiuor iuiiu neroDl'oro
mcntionod arc essential to the interesta of tha
laic. The advuntagea o( Improving tho waterwav ,
f the Krio Canal wero discussed by 1110
a tho auunal Message of 18*5, and again In
lie annual Message of 187(1. In the special
lessige of Mnreh IP, 1*75, while showing the enorjous
outlay on tho canals for alleged improvements,
uo.sitoning tne utility of most of tho new construeioii,
exposing the fraudulent devices by which conraels
were obtained and inviting Investigation as to
be quality ot the work, I still insisted on tho lmnicu.se
clients at comparatively small cost of improving the
raterwuy in the lollowing language:?
In my judgment a far more Important improvement of the
irie Canal would be effected by a thorough ay .item of ordiury
rapair?, which aliould give the waterway Ita proper and
awful dimensions, mot by progressively deepening it, wheri
or reasonably practicable, froiu seven to eight leet, as the
hjeci would he merely to enable tho submerged section of
ho host to move In s larger area of water, ao that the ilialacvd
lluid could pass the boat in a lamer space. It would
ml he necessary to alter the culverts or other structures,
r to carry the walls of tbe canal below the present bottom,
ml (lie benefit would be realised in each portion of the canal
mproved without reference to any other part of the channel,
rhich aliould remain unchanged in facilitating the movelent
of the boat and quickening Its speed. It would Inreuse
the amount of service rendered in it given time, and
rould thereby diminish every element of the coat of transortatiou.
it would benelit liielboatmen and carriers more,
ven, thun one cent a bushel coin mission of tolls. It would
e of more real utility to navigation than live or ten times
Is cost expended 111 the average manner of so called imrovements
on the public works Hut it Is too simple, too
radically useful to enlist tbe imaginaiion of projectors who
enk the lame of magnificent construction*, and of the enineers
who build moiiiiuicuts tor exhibition to tliolr rival*
li awakeu tho rapacity of cormorants who fatten on Jobs.
I renew the recommendation of my annual Mos.-age
pou this subject und particularly,
That provision he made by law to enable the Stale Engl,
ecr soou after navigation is opened to me .sure me depth
I water ill the canal by cross sections aa often as every
mr rods of its length and on the upper aud h-wcr luitresillt
f each lock.
Those opinions nre deduced from tho best engineer,
ng science, as applied to eaual uuv- at ion, and uru conirmed
by practical experience. lit I ho present
t'presed Ktuio oi business Is louiid an increased necea
ily ami a favorable opportunity lor going on wiiu una
icasuro. Tho tutorials of tho consumers in
lii'iip navigation, of tho boatmen uud lorrarders
lor every facility In their business,
he low prices of material and tho scanty employ muni
f labor are all circumstances which conspire to do
naiid attention to this subject, and to make tho pre*
ul a (It uud advantageous lime in which lo begin Hit
rork; and I do now earnestly ask your considoratioi
t these recommendations, which 1 regard of high pubic
importance. I avail myself of this opportunity la
enew the recommendation recoutly submitted to you,
hat a law be passed coulernng on tho Canal Hoard
nil powers ol Investigation and redress of all wrougs
one to the Slate iu respect to caual work. It seems
o mo quite cleur that such powers ought to bo vested
n that body, mid iu ovory similar body In respect of
he particular occasion. 1 likewise ri new the reootnlendatiou
of an ample appropriation in aid of the doL-ncc
of tho Stale against 1'r.nidoluiil or unjust canal
oulraols, and in aid of civil and criminal actions In
ehalf of the Slate growing out of cuual Irattds.
t is impossible lo properly prepard such eases
or trial without larger expenses than tho
tale lias hitherto boon accustomed to make,
'lie machinery of the Statu lor such legal
ontroversies is very inadequate and ineflocilvo cornered
wiiu that ol tip' United Slates government or any
thcr govominsut, and ueods to he supplemented by
ccesgory inc isures. In recent insiuncos we have seel
icli and powerful public delinquents in tho courts di>
-tiding their possession ol plunder and their personal
iberly by very Humorous counsel, stimulated by enorlous
tees exceeding many limes ordinary profosslpiia
otnpon.-ulioii. Tlio eflect is lo demand extraordinary
acrilices of time and elldrt on the part of those win
cprcscnt the people to render the litigations oxlremolj
grossing and burdensome. The State will not initial*
lie practice ol an extraordinary rate of prolossional coinensalion,
hut not to foro.iee und lo provide lor alienion,
ollort and aid coininensiirate with the necessity
rould ho practically to abandon the assertion ol the
ighls and the protection ol the interests ol the |>cnplo
gainst the wrongdoers SAMUEL J. T1LDEN.
Cezzons' Hotel, at West Point, once the scene of so
nuch midsummer gayety and the theatre of many
olirtitiul flirtation, bus been sold and is to bo used as
. homo for Indigent convalescents from the different
lospitals of Now York city. Tlio telegraph gave tha
lews of the sale a short time since, hut uolhtug win
talcd at the time about tlio uses to which tlio buildinf
vas to bo put. The sale of a hotel being an ordinary,
ilinost every day occurrence, littlo notice war
ukcu of tbo ^uinouueowoul; but yesterday II
vas niauo known that tbo purchaser wa*
i well known and wealthy lady, who hail
ought the property with the intention of doJlcating it
0 a charitable purpose. The purchaser ol tho hotel
iroperty is Mrs. William H. Ostium, of this city,
luuglilct of tho laie Jonathan Si urges. Tho building,
Ixturos and lorty acres ol land were deeded for lb*
um of f#5,(M0, and it is proposed by tbo Judy to spend
1 lew more thousands in lilting up the establishment
or the purposes lor which it is to ho used. Who*
ncso necessary alterations ?ro completed the property
fill bo prcseulod to Hie Governors of the New YorB
fospltal, lo he used as a home for couvaiescouls trnin.
he several large metropolitan hospitals, irrespcoiut*
>1 creed or nationality.
In giving the scheme into tho hands of tho Governors
ol tho New York Hospital Mrs. Unborn lias been actuitAil
liv 1, ileaira lo nfli,rd I in In ill in In relief lo Lhoao
who aro anxious to avail themselves ot llio charily,
uid also to conllde the eutcrpriso to experienced
lands. Tho New York Hospital is ono of iliu oldest
iciievolenl institutions in New York, having been onlowed
lud ye urn ago hy royal charity. It la now in ?
noKi prosperous condition, having an annual incoinil
it $1 <0.000, besides a largo reserve liiud coutiugcut
ipun donations. The (inventors, who uro to hava
iliargo of this new charity, are in control of tho
dlooinliigdaio Asylum, llio new hospital ill tiliambeia
.I reel ami urn having built In West seventeenth street,
lear Filth avenue, a large, now and handsome buildug,
which will soon ho ready lor occupation.
In dedicating her iihruhaso to this nohlo end Mrs
shorn has shown rare discrimination, lor what sho
as supplied in her handsome gtll is what has heeu
v .tilled lor years by Hie convalescent poor of the city,
iliich misery lms linen occasioned in the pnst by tho
ibsencu ol a borne lor Hioko wbo, impovoriHbod by long
uckness, leave the hospitals to return to homes cheer.
egg and deserted, without even the lew luxuries aforded
in a public hospital. Hundreds of lalul relapses
lavo occurred in this way, and patients and doctors
dike have lost hope. A brighter future is now opened,
nil many a weary Invalid will look forward in happy
lUticlpallon to the time wlicit he will be slrnug enougo
o bo taken to West i'onit to breathe the bracing,
onlc atmospheric ol the Hudson Highlands and enuy
Us cheering landscapes. The change ol sceuo uutl
ir will do more to strengthen and heal the poor patents
than could lie accomplished by unlimited tuedtIne
or years ol nursing. Hu ml roils who haye sicknod
In cramped quarters and crowded lactones,
vhoro ihoy havo labored lor years without vacation,
nil uud new uio at West l'oiot.
Brushing with limit- mep? along,
'I be dew Irom off tno upland lawn,
to will wear lor them a brighter aspect and its dntles
ecomo attractlte again. This is 10 bo within lti<
aach ol all, patients irom si. Luke's, Mount Sinai,
oosovell, the l'resbyterian and St. Vincent's hospitali
cing accorded the same privileges as those Irom the
ew York Hospital.
iiKMcairrio?! ok tub iiomb.
The hotel, which will ho enhtrged and improved, la
M)x/>0 feet, with a wing, 4*tx76 (net and live stories
igh. The grounds surrounding it, also included In the
uroha-e, comprise forty acres, which havo been tutroved
by tbo landscape gitruencr's art. In convenint
vicinity to the hotel are two churches?ono Kpiajpalian,
tho other l'resbyterian. A private dock is
mo included in the fixtures to the land, and tins, foi
ai'lf, is a valuable property, it being tho only dock bo.
vceu West I'oiut and Ntwburg, a distance of about
o miles .steamboats consenting to carry freight lor
le home free will be allowed thy use of the dock.
The home will bo oiHtitod In the early summer or
wincr, it tho necessary adorations and repairs can b?
Shortly after midnight yesterday morning special
ITIcer James Dewey noticed a man In Washington
Ireet, Hoboken, acting In a suspicious manuor. lis
ttemptcd to arrest tbo inun, who took to flight
icwoy followed, and after a long chase captured him.
A the station house ho gavo the name of Charles
iickson. A number of skoioton keys were louud in
Is possession. The penally lor carrying these in Now
ersey Is lllleen years'imprisonment. Dickson Is sup.
r?r examination by Recorder Bobnstodl.
About one o'clock yesterday morning a boat au|>
oscd to contain river pirates, was seen skulking neat
he storeroom of the ilobokeu terry, Hobo ken. J
..icliman employed by the Morris and Essex Rail
oad Company noticed the thieves, and without parle;
nve them a volley ol lead from bis revolver, whore*
poll they rowed away at double <)Ulck speed. It it
urtnised' that they belong to the gang which recently
olibed the storehouse above mentioned.
Early yesterday morning burglars entered Ihe hotist
f Mrs. l>u Rome, at Union lllll, N. J. They ran
arked all the rooms on the ground floor, and escaped
nth a Ixioty ot Jewelry, clothing, Ac., worth ate.uf
1400. The robbery was not discovered until the (autilf
loanaai about sewn o'clock in the morning.

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