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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 30, 1876, Image 6

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NEW YORK IIERALD |
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
PROPRIETOR.
TT1E DAILY HERALD, piiblvihed every
day in the year. Four cents per copy.
Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per
month, free of postage.
All business, news letters or telepranhio
despatches most be addressed Nxw You
BuiiLD.
Letters rind packngcs should be properly
sealed.
Rejected communications will not be returned.
PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH
SIXTH STREET.
LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW TORE
HERALD?NO. 40 FLEET STREET.
PAULS OFFICE-AVENUE DE L'OPERA.
Subscription* and advertisements will b?
received and forwarded on the some terms
as in New York.
Yd I'XX XLI .. NO. 90
AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT.
FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE.
PIQUE, at 8 P. M. Fanny Davenport.
THIRTY-FOURTH STREET* OPERA HOCSE.
PABIETY, at SP. M.
BROOKLYN ACADEMY OF MUSIC.
IARK TWAIN'S LECTURE. at 1 :.tO P. M.
( LOBE THEATRE.
PARIETY, at 8 P. M.
IAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, "it OP.*
PARISIAN" VARIETIES.
TARIETY, at 8 P. Jl. Matinee at 2 P. .M.
BOOTH'S'"THEATRE.
ICLIU8 CjESAR, at 8 P. M Lawrence Barrett.
OLYMPIC THEATRE.
PARIETY. at 8 P M
TtriJVTV TTITII n" v I I! ! ' I r'rtPERl HOfTRW.
CALIFORNIA VlN\STKKLs" at >i P7?f
WOOD'S Ml'SBUM.
KIT, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. F. S. Chanfran.
LVCET M 111BATRB.
VAUDEVILLE, at h P. M. .Minnie Painter,
W Al.LAC K'S THEATRE
CAPTAIN OF THE WATCH, at A P. M. Leirter Wallack.
TONV PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
OKR>1ANIA I'TTE ATRK.
PER FRAUENADOKAT, at 8 P. M.
EAGLE THEATRE.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
BROOKLYN THEATRE.
FEARS. I ELK FEARS, at 8 P. M. II. J. Mont*
UNION KOUARE THEATRE.
FERREOL, at HP. M. C. R. Thome. Jr.
PARK THEATRE.
CRASS, at 8 P. M. George Fawcrtt Rotre.
CHICK ERING 11A LL.
VON BULOW RECITAL, at 2 P. M.
CHATEAU MAIMLLK' VARIETIES.
VARIETY, at H P. M. Matinee at '2 P. M.
BOW EKY TIIEATR E.
THE WONDER LAND, at 8 P. M.
TRIPLE SHEET?
NEW YORK. THURSDAY. MARCH 30, 1876.
' ? ? ??? ~rz
From our reports this mominq the probabilities
are that the weather to-day xeilt be partly cloudy,
with fresh winds.
Notice to Country Nkwsdf.ai.ebs.?For
prompt and regular deliveries of the Herald
by fast mail trains orders must be sent direct
to this office, past aye free.
Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were
heavy and transactions small. Gold ended
at 113 3-4, after sales at 114. Money loaned
on call at 2 1-2 and 3 percent. Government j
bonds and investment securities were quiet. I
Mexico up to the latest dates goes singing |
along with its revolution. No Spanish Re- I
public should be without one.
Carl Vogt, who fought the extradition
treaties for three years here, seems to be as
unsuccessful in his battles with the Belgian |
law courts as he was with those of America? j
and all to prevent a sudden death.
DEFArLTrso Spanish Qcartermasters run :
from Cuba to New York. American forgers j
go to London. English forgers go to Brus- I
Be Is. Belgian forgers run to Paris. French !
forgers come to America. Where would !
American War Department swindlers go if
they could run away?
The Gilbert Elevated Railroad, with
Its promise of a double track to Central Park,
will bo a blessing in tho mouths of New
Yorkers to all time, if the company only
keep their word. Now for the Supreme I
Court's confirmation of the Rapid Transit j
Commissioners' report on the Third avenue
line.
The Brooklyn Bridge is left in a condition
of suspended animation, with its two towers j
a standing reproach to our spirit of enter- I
prise, like two brawny laborers at the gate of j
a capitalist, asking in vain for a chance to
turn his fallow land into a golden granary.
Meanwhile the work of burrowing a
tunnel under the English Channel is being
prepnred for in earnest, four hundred thousand
dollars having been subscribed to begin
the great submarine l?ore in France alone.
The Prospect of Peac e in Herzegovina
Induces Russia, as we anticipated it would,
to throw off the mask of friendliness to the
Porte, which she assumed because she '
thought that the way to dismembering Tur- I
key might as well bo paved with sweet
?nTfts us hnrsh ones. Besides this it kcnt
Russia in line with the other Powers bent
politely on the same object. It is probablo
that Austria has been more successful in her
pacificatory endeavors than she desired, and
if this unmasking by Russia sets the strife
going again, and so demonstrates Turkey's I
Impotence, Austria will accept a little abuse
from the unofficial Russian press with coin- j
parative complacency.
Thk rrori.r. of New York are not likely
-:n I~ r t .v.? n..
I'llllCl iu v? wM iu-uft uv uvu v^i
Assembly on Mr. Killinn's "No .Seat No
Fare" bill, nor will they view with eqnanim- I
ity a failure to investigate the onuses which
led to its defeat. Tho course of the Kail- !
road Committee was without excuse, and Mr. j
Killinn's rcmarknble absence when the bill
was reported adversely and during the next
day has not yet been satisfactorily explained.
It was only natural that grave charges of i
corruption should follow such an extraordinary
legislative episode. When they were
made there was an abundance of "personal
explanations" and promises of an investigation.
But the investigation of the moment
has already spent its force, and there is no I
indication of an inquiry by which the truth ;
may be established. This was what was to
be expected from the loud words and pretentious
boasting of the 'statesmen" who
arc responsible for the defeat of the bill, hut
the public will not bo satisfied so easily
They must not complain if, in public estimation,
a fail ore to inquire is regarded as
Tidaace of the consciousness of guilt. ^
NEW TC
Th? Latrit DevrlopmenU from Washington?Where
Is This to Endt
We have tried to be on good terms with
the government at Washington, to do jnstice
to the men in authority, and not to be
carried away by the tempest of defamation
which in our wild, inconsiderate way we are
apt to invoke on the headB of all public |
men who do not happen to agree with us in
politics. Whenever it is thought best to
change a government for political reasons
the first thing we are apt to do is to defame
its members, so that the people will feel like
sending them to the Penitentiary at tho end
of their terms and elect new ones, who generally
meet the same fate. This wildness of
criticism has reacted upon the opponents of
Grant's administration as it reacted npon
the enemies of McClellan when the leader of
the federal armies. No matter how much
McClellan was censored and his generalship
derided, he had with him the confidence of
a large part of the most conservative men of ;
the country, the affection of his soldiers and i
the respect of a great party which nominated !
him for the Presidency. We question j
whether any military fame will emerge more j
successfully from tho criticism of the his- ;
torinn of the future than the once
condemned McClellan. The stubbornness
with which the people without distinction
of party have supported Grant,
like the army support of McClellan, shows
that the average sense of the American people
is in favor of fair ploy. The people see
all the time that Grant is the living type of
the army which saved the Union, and of
that resolute and mighty sentiment which
arose in 18G1 and wrestled with rebellion
until rebellion fell and the nation was preserved.
We have so hearty a sense of respect
for fair play in everything, and especially
in our politics, that we have preferred to
encourage this confidence in Grant, his men
and measures, to joining in the hue and cry
with which he has been pursued ever since
he came into power, and with which, in the
license of our modern politics, we generally
pursue any administration.
Hut upon what theory even of fair play
and respect for honest intent can we explain
these painful revelations about the Navy Department?
There have been stories about
this department for a long time?stories
which we have always hesitated to believe.
There seemed to be no foundation for them,
and we attributed them to disappointment
or revenge. Dut here we have evidence,
official and direct, from the records of the
department itself?records signed by tho
Secretary of the Navy. Let us place this
evidence clearly before our readers. The
administration finds the financial accounts
of the government in the hands of one
of the great houses of the world,
that of Barings?a house that had relations
with our government almost since its foundation,
which had always been friendly in its
financial dealings, which had aided us in
many ways, notably during the war, when
our credit was strained to the utmost, and
when the most powerful influences were
used to destroy our credit in the money
markets of the world. To gratify a local
firm in Philadelphia, which had grown into
sudden and unhealthy prominence during
the war, and another wildcat banking con- j
cern of the same character in New York, I
whose chief spent so much time in politics |
that he could not attend to the little "busi- j
ness" that had accrued to him, the administration
transferred one branch of its foreign
account, that of the State Department, to the
house of Clews and the naval account to the
house of Cooke. We never heard any reason
for this change except that the heads of
these firms were "loyal" to the republican
party and "bled" freely, like the post'1
traders on the Plains, for the "cause," and
were cronies of the President, assiduous in
personal attentions and only too glad to
minister to the comfort and repose of a tired
Chief Magistrate anxious for a good time.
The result of this transfer was to withdraw
from our credit, at a time when we were
negotiating our loans at a lower rate of interest,
the strength of a great house like
that of Barings, and saddle it with
the weakness of mushroom bouses
like those of Cooke and Clews, which,
even at their best, were young and new and
without muscle, and helpless for any uselul
financial purpose, especially in a time as uncertain
as the close of a war. The troubles
which all the world outside of the Navy Department
foresaw came. Jay Cooke failed
on the 16th of September, 1873. Two days
before this Mr. Robeson, then Secretary of
the Navy, and at the time at Long Branch
in attendance upon the President, sent a
telegraphic order to the department to trans
for to tho London house of Cooke "ono
million of dollars for foreign account out
of pay of navy." The Treasury two
days after, hearing of the failure
of tho New York branch of Cooke's
concern, interfered and would not send tho
money. Then came a despatch from Mr.
Cattell, formerly Senator nnd a familiar of
Robeson, who, if report does not wrong him,
has not lost much through his friendship for
the Secretary, and who was in London in
some syndicate job. The effect of this despatch
of Cattell was to assure the Secretary
that public opinion showed "confidence" in
Cooke's London concern, and thnt if tho
government did not "crush" it it would go
on and do well. Instead of "crushing," Robeson,
who is liberal in dealing with other
folks' money, four days later?that is to
say, on September 22, 1873?directed the
Navy Department to send a million and a
half of dollars to Cooke's house. The objections
of the Treasury were overruled by the
President, for Robeson telegraphs:?"Have
scon the President, and by his direction will
draw for a million moro to-morrow." The
money was drawn. It was sent to Cooke's
London concern, lint even this credit could
not save it. The firm has gone into bankruptcy,
and the government has to rely upon
some very doubtful securities for the recovery
of the advances thus made, in spito
of the Treasury, as now appears, and by the
direct order of the President, acting under
the advice of his Secretary of the Navy.
How much the government will lose by
this transaction we cannot say. lloWson's
list of collateral is not encouraging. Ho has
somo railroad iron, a decree of a court making
him a preferred creditor, and "forty-five
one thousand dollar bonds of the St. Joe and
Denver Railroad Company." The idea of a
>RK HERALD. THURSDAY
Secretary of the Navy lending money on a
j wildcat security like a "St. Joe and Denver
Railroad" wonld be amusing if it were
! not too mournful nu uhnwinrr Mm rAflf
less and profligate manner in which
the credit of the government has been
used for personal and private aggrandize- j
ment. We really cannot see even the
shadow of an explanation for this transaction.
It was bad enough to take from our
credit the support of a house like Barings
and burden it with rickety concerns like
those of Cooke and Clews. But that might be
excused, as so much of what Grant has done
is excused from day to day, on the theory
that it was an "error of judgment," a desire
to "aid the party" and "help" a few good
fellows who wanted to be "bankers." But
nothing can excuse this throwing of a mill- 1
ion and a half ef good money into the
morass of "Jay Cooke, McCulloch
& Company" after it was known that
the head of the concern died in
Philadelphia, and that no life was left
in its English limb. The Belknap business
was scnndulous in every way, but we seriously
quostion whether the vulgar and
shameless greed of Belknap, who did not
liesitate to rob the poor soldiers on the
Plains for diamond and lace money, is in
itself an offence as grnve as what now stands
proved agninst the Secretary of the Navy
and the President on no less evidence than i
the letters and despatches of Mr. Robeson
himself.
So, with all our desire to think well of
those who rnle ns?of the President, the Cabinet
and all in authority?how hard it is to \
do so in the face of these daily recurring ;
evidences of maladministration and crime !
We trust the committees of tho House will
probe this matter to its depths, that they
will demand from the Secretary the amplest
explanation, and that unless this explanation
is so full that there can be no question of
the honest intentions of the Secretary he
shall be called upon to stand side by side
with Belknap before the Senate and answer
to tho country for an abuse of power which
seems to be a crime?that very kind of crime
intended by tho constitution in providing
impeachment as a remedy nnd a punishment.
The Brazilian Empfror'i Journey.
Dom Pedro, Emperor of Bra*il, has already
put eight hundred miles between him and
Rio Janeiro on his way to New York. Yesterday
morning he arrived in the splendid Bay
of All Saints, from above which the fine city
of Bahia looks down on its fair expanse.
Much as His Majesty would have wished to
gratify the loyalty of his Bahian subjects by
spending a day or two among them, he
proved too careful a constitutional ruler to
violate the quarantine law which forbade
communication between ship and shore. So,
alter accepting such a welcome as conlil be
given under the circumstances, the good
ship Hevelius turned her head, at five in the
afternoon, for Pernambuco, from which
point we hope soon to hear of HiB Majesty.
Our special correspondent informs us?what
will be road with sincere pleasure here?that,
whilo desirous of avoiding public receptions,
His Majesty will be glad to
meet in person the illustrious Americans
he has met only in books and on
the lips of Fame. The Emperor proposes
to spend three months in the United States,
and intends to visit California before attending
the Philadelphia Exhibition; but if the j
latter opens, as expected, on the 10th of May, 1
it would leave him only twenty days from 1
his arrival here to cross the continent and ;
retnrn, if ho would take part in the opening
ceremonies. This, we are sure, the authori- i
ties will respectfully press upon him, and
*t is to be hoped His Majesty will be j
able to make some other arrangements
to fill up his time profitably in
other directions than making a straight line
across the continent, and so take part in the
opening ceremonies, which will be simple
enough to please his taste. Our public
functionaries should see to it that becoming
preparations are made for His Majesty's reception,
as there are many ways of publicly
honoring the ruler of a friendly American
nation well within the lines, outside of which
it is not rne emperor s desire to oe piacea
before the American people.
Immunity to Wltnrsaei.
The surprising failure of tho Senate to
pass the House bill for the protection of witnesses
is bringing some of the most important
investigations to a dead halt. Wo can
imagine no excuse or palliation for a delay
which obstructs justice. Whatever defects
there may be in the bill its purpose is right,
and it ought to have been promptly taken up
and passed by the Senate, either with or '
without amendments. Tho fact that the i
form of the bill is exposed to some objections !
cannot justify the neglect of the Senate.
The House would probably agree to reason- !
able amendments, or, at all events, the i
Senate would bo free from blame if proper
amendments were not concurred in. The
republicans of the House, although they
disliked some features of the bill, gave it an
almost unanimous support They desired
amendments, but recognizing the urgency
of the bill they thought it unwise to cause
delay. The Senate ought to hare taken up i
so important a bill nt once and have sent it j
promptly back to the House with necessary '
amendments, if they could not accept it in '
its original form. The republican Senate I
I cannot afford to screen criminals from ex- i
1 posure and punishment by refusing to pro
tect witnesses who can be induced to testily
only by a perfect assurance of personal
I safety.
The Velocity or th* Wixd during the
storm of Tuesday night reached the extraor
. dinary speed of seventy-two miles an hour I
between 11:11 and 11:90 F. M., with a calcu- ;
lated nressuro of twentv-six pounds ner
square foot. Immediately previous to the
first time indicated the wind velocity was
forty-eight miles per hour. Just then a
vivid flash of lightning was observed, |
! which was followed by a deafening peal of
thunder, and the wind speed suddenly
reached the maximum given above. There
in scarcely any doubt tliut the electric j
discharge created a sudden rarefaction of
| the air, which was immediately followed by
an indraught from the direction of the
highest barometric pressure and a consequent
extremely sudden but temporary in- I
crease in the velocity of the wind.
MARCH 30, 1876.?TRIPI
The Political Canvass In Connecticut.
Wiflt !?* ? Inov tennl. ikn nlnnf IrtTl Ortri T1 Ct PCTI.
*? iuta vj uoj ncca lut ?. inviwui vv?test
will close in Connecticut, the election
taking place on next Monday. According to
the present outlook there is a bare possibility, 1
bni not a probability, that the republicans 1
will carry the State. If last year's election I
returns could be accepted as the only basis
of calculation it would be safe to predict a
democratic success ; but the figures of 1875 1
are only one of several elements that must '
be taken into account. Last year Governor
Ingersoll received 53,702 votes, and Mr.
Greene, his competitor, 44,272, making a '
plurality of 9,480 for Ingersoll, who had ^ 1
an absolute majority of 6,548 over both |
Greene and the temperance candidate, 1
Smith. Mr. Robinson, the present re- 1
publican candidate, is, therefore, confronted
with formidable odds, and if ^
he shonld succeed against silch odds the
republican party at large will bo justifiably
sanguine of a great victory in the Presidential
election. The more probable result in
Connecticut is a reduction, but not an extinction,
of the democratic majority of last
your.
The discouraging thing for the democrats
is the fact that the general sweep of the
political tide has been against them for the
last eight or nine months. The elections of j
last autumn were disastrous to the demo- j
cratic party in the three largest States of the
Union. They lost Ohio, where they had a i
majority of 17,202 in 1874, tho republicans ,
electing their Governor in 1875 by a majority j
of 5,544. Tlicy also lost Pennsylvania, i ^
which they carried in 1874 by 4,671) majority, J ,
Governor Ilartranft, tho republican candi- j j
date, having been elected by a majority of
12,030 in 1875. They did not quite lose Now
York, for they saved their State tickot, al- j
though the republicans clectod a majority
of both branches of the Legislature; but
Mr. Bigelow, the leading candidate on (
their State ticket, received only 14,810 j ,
majority, whereas Governor Tilden's j (
majority in the preceding election ^
had been 50,317. There is no reason
for supposing that tho causes which pro
dticcd these great democratic checks have (
ceased to operate or have abated their force. (
Until the Babcock trial and Belknap ex- ^
posure there was good reason for thinking j
the democratic ebb to be still in progress, (
and the town elections of New York and the (
State election in New Hampshire gave no j |
indication that tlio.se astounding events had j (
arrested the current which was running so j ^
stronelv aoainst the democratic oartv. If i .
the recent exposures shall produce as little }
effect in Connecticut as they did in New
Hampshire the same general causes which 1
have set hack the democratic tide within the \ j
last eight months will reduce, if they do not j ^
obliterate, Governor Ingersoll's majority of :
last spring. His present competitor, Mr. ^
Robinson, is a strong and popular candidate, ^
and the most the Connecticut democrats can
expect this year is to barely save the State. ^
_ f
The Rights and Wrongs of Trusteeships.
The excitement attending the flight of Mr. f
William C. Barrett from New York, under g
circumstances of the most painful character, j
opens an interesting question as to the rights |
and duties of trustees. The whole question ;
of trusteeships is one of the most important !
in a community like ours, where there is no
law of entail or primogeniture, where there '
are none of those protections to property |
which exist in older countries, but which :
are not in sympathy with the spirit of our 1
laws. With us a large and constantly increasing
body of property is held by trus- I
tees?by men who are selected for their j
probity, their special fitness for the |
transaction of diversified business affairs, i
or for reasons of affection, which are gener- i
ally so potent in arranging the last wills and
testaments of the owners of large estates.
Wo have no data upon which to base an exact
statement, but we have no doubt that
the amount of property held by trustees is
enormous. Considering the amount of the
property thus held, the fact that it is in ;
most cases the solo support of widows and
children, and that there is no security
for the lulfilment of a trust but the obligation
of honor?which is not always a barrier
against avarice and criminal intent?and that
even the laws against its breach are slight >
ana lnsumcieni in meir ujiitbhou, wo must i f
regard the whole subject as worthy of the |
deepest and most careful attention.
Even the moral stain which falls upon a J
trustee who is false to his trust is in many
cases allowed to pass away. It is said of j
one who thus proved false that in other
years and under other circumstances he had
committed a crime like that for which ho is ;
now a fugitive. Now, in addition to the |
moral and social ostracism wlpch should fall
upon the false trustee there should bo a
penal statute of tho most stringent character.
Thus we send the poor wretch who
steals a ham to prison for ten years, and we
condemn the luckless forger to keep
bim but when a tnmteH
and honored friend or business asso- ]
ciate appropriates to his own use or <
wastes in foolish investments the fortnno 1
left to his care for orphans and widows he 1
is not even expelled from his place in the ' i
Bar, but permitted to hold his station where ' <
he may in the fatnre repeat the offence. He t
is excused on tie ground that he had "made I i
mistakes in judgment," that his investments t
had "turned out bad," that he had been ' 1
deceived as the security, and that he would i <
gladly make nil right "if he could," and so j <
on and so on. Now there in nothing easier I ?
in the rorld than to so manage a trust as to ; 1
havo perfectly secure. This, too, is a { 1
mnttof that should be provided for by law, j f,
and hot left to the option of trustees who t
hnv? lively imaginations and fancy tbnt j \
evdr prospectus of a mining company is i <
trustworthy. It should bo declared that the t
oay securities open to trustees for invest- j t
nitm arc mc securuics 01 me nauon, sound ;
tinst com panics and mortgages on real
estate, well secured, and allowing for the
ifitural depreciation even in that prime class 1
<f property. Nothing should be left to
ihance. The trustee who invests his money '
n Pacific Mail or Union Pacific or in the
ponds of States like North Carolina and ! '
Georgia, where the State credit is stfbordi- |
nato to party ambition and parti- ,
san strifes, should be b criminal J
jE sheet.
before the law, ft criminal to bo punished
with severity. There is no excuse
for any trustee who thus violates his trust.
The right path is so clearly marked that
even the blind may keep it without a
guide. The securities which are first class
und above reproach are few, it is true, but
they are well known, as well known, we
might say, as the stars which shine above us. |
Let the law make the breach of trust a
crime of its proper magnitude. There will
bo fewer scandals like this which now op- j
presses and alarms our people, and which,
we fear, represents a loose and false method
jf doing business?a method that at some >
time or other may bring sorrow anil ruin
upon many who are now secure, apparently,
in the possession of estates which have long
since vanished into the business abyss of
"margins," stock-jobbing and worthless
bonds. '
The Hippodrome Convention.
The revival which Moody and Sankcy
have had in hand for the last few weeks culminates
in the Convention which is now
being held in the Hippodrome. Ministers
sf all denominations and from incredible
listonces have come to the central fire,
limiina in rntrrv hcw>1r n. licrht.prl inrrh with
svkich to ignite their several congregations.
The assembly is certainly unique for more
than one reason. In the first place, sectarian
methods are laid aside and the common
Christian belief is made prominent. Views
ire freely exchanged on such important
jucstions as, How the outlying masses, who
Hear the church bell but do not heed it, may
be reached? how clergymen can make their
pulpit ministrations more effective? how
Sunday schools, pray#r meetings and inquiry
rooms can be made more serviceable? and, in
i word, how a vast deal of monotonous religious
routine can be got rid of and more
modern and efficient machinery substituted?
Ml the journals of the day have treated this
Convention, as a component part of the rerival
movement, with a large and generous
murtesy, because religious effort, when it
becomes undenominational, is matter of
public interest. When the end of a preacher
is to make Enisoonalians. or Methodists.
3r Congregationnlists, the work is nio?e
5r less partisan, and in proportion to its
partisan character is the subsidence of
journalistic commendation. AVhen, howaver,
all preachers come together, leaving
their denominational eccentricities behind
them, to consult about the general weal, to
ilevise some means of putting religion within
the reach of all classes, then the movement
commands the good wishes of every right
minded man.
In the second place, the Convention is
unique because of the character of its
leader. Generally a call for an assembly of
this kind is headed by the prominent i
;cholars and the most eloquent orators of
;he day. At the Hippodrome, however, the
jrny haired and honored clergy, the profound
ind venerated D. D. and the popular orator
vith his constituency of thousands all sit
it the feet of a layman, M ho is sublimely and
iwefttly indifferent to the ordinary rules of
;;iiuiuiuiiuni uuu itaiu auiu um
itrong common sense what the theological
ieminnries have never taught. Mr. Moody's
nighty earnestness and his vast experience
n dealing with the doubtful, the indifferent
ind the evil minded seem to be worth more
han whole libraries in the practical work of
;he ministry.
We have watehed this whole movement
'rom the beginning, and como to the conclusion
that the clergy will be benefited by
t as much as any other class. The pulpit
ends to the clouds. It soars too frequently
ind lights too seldom. It teaches religious
ruth in terms too technical and uses rliet>ric
that astonishes when it fails to initruct.
It lias too much of the lofty ambi;ion
of the eagle and too little of the humility
)f the ground bird. Mr. Moody never gets
ip very high, but his flights are so encouragng
to the masses that they seem half indined
to try their own wings. The object
>f preaching is not so much to show how
veil the minister can fly as to teach the ;
people that they also have wings.
Though by no means beyond the reach of
lonest criticism it must be confessed of ti">
;vangelists that they have created a grci.i
lemand for the Bible and set the wnoie
community thinking about religious matters.
I'hey have revived pulpit, pew and people,
ind deserve the henrtv svnmathv of all for
be singleness of their purpose and the
aonesty and fervency of their zeal.
The Cxar'n Ilealtn.
The German influences at the Russian Im- ;
perial Court have been, during the last century,
strengthened by ties of blood relation- i
ship, and since the time of Peter the Great
hey have been more or less felt. Of
,ate years two formidable forces have been
jperating to weaken this feeling of alliance
nside and outside of Court circles?one
he nativist party, which, among the aristocracy,
presents Russianism as the main stay |
?nJ Russianizing as the mission of the
Muscovite Empire; the other the socialist
party, which attracts all classes, and, while
listinctively Russian, is opposed to the centralized
sway of the Empire, no matter how
3encficently exercised. Outside of Russia
t is hard to mensuro these forces, but it is I
jvident that the prospect of even a
temporary chango in the ruling spirit )
it St. Petersburg causes dismay among
he European statesmen who are satisled
with the present bearing towards each
)ther of tho leashed imperial tigers which
constitutes the chance of peace and pres>rvation
of tho balance of power. The !
lealth of tho Emucror Alexander linn nni 1
>eon good for many year* ; rumors of his
tloomincss almost amounting to misanliropy
liavo been flitting about; the
vord insanity has been uttered once
)X twice; but without seeking an exact
liagnosis of tho Emperor's disease the
tkaso of his physicians sentencing
ilia to a prolonged residence abroad may bo
aken to indicate that his bodily state is
ar lrom reassuring. If the absence from
iussia is to be a long one a regent will in
ill probability bs a necessity, and that this
could devolve on the present Czarewitch,
llt-xandcr Alexandrovitch, is apparent,
rhis young prince is an anient rfativist,
ind hence the haste with which the European
liplomats flurry themselves over the first ,
earning of what must be sooner or later. ,
/
Tho Harrlibnrg Convention.
This is a week of preparation amonj th*
republicans for the Cincinnati Contention,
but of all tho State conventions which lav?
been held so fer that at Harrisburg yesierday
is the most important. The selection of
the delegates at large from Pennsylvania
.1? .1111 hv
ttUlTTT VUttU fcUC pil i,y 1JS hi 111 UULUiUiiVU -'J
that veteran leader Senator Cameron, and the
tone of the resolutions indicates that General
Grant finds no favor with the republicans
of the Keystone State. There is not ?o
much as a crumb of comfort for the administration,
while the Belknap exposure leads
to a declaration more forcible and epigrammatic
than is often found in party platforms.
Not only do the republicans of Pennsylvania
ask for honest men in office, but they
demand men with brains enough to
know dishonesty when they see it
and courage enough to fight it wherever
they find it. The third term
could not have received a more terrible
blow even if it had been direct But the
name of Pennsylvania's candidate for the
Presidency is not a subject for so much congratulation.
The indorsement of Hartranft
is only a blind, which deceives nobody and
is scarcely meant to deceive anybody. He
has no more chance for a nomination
at Cincinnati than a hundred other
gentlemen we could name, and his
indorsement was only a convenient
cover for the support of Blaine as against
Bristow. The platform was Blaine's in every
essential particular, especially in the school
clause and in the resolution antagonizing
the South, while even the time-honored protection
platitudes of his native State cannot
be distasteful to him. Bristow, on the other
hand, receives no recognition whatever, and
it is so painfully evident that the Convention
meant to turn him a cold shoulder that we
may well doubt whether the Pennsylvania
republicans know an honest man when they
see him. It is these things which
give the Harrisburg Convention its great
significance and make the platform the keynote
of the coming campaign. Even the
Cincinnati platform will be only an elaboration
of Mr. McPherson's declarations in
regard to democratic purpose in the South,
the silly chatter about the public schools
and the other unimportant questions upon
which it is intended to make the canvasf
hinge. The real issues before the countrj
are carefully kept out of sight, and it looki
as if we arc to have another campaign with
candidates and platforms but without principles.
A Remarkable Phenomenon manifested
itself during the height of the storm, on
Tuesday at about 11:35 P. M. The barometric
pressure had then fallen as low aa
2!). 31 inches, showing a steady decline since
morning of sixty onc-hundredtlis of an inch.
At the hour above indicated the atmospheric
pressure underwent a sudden change, which
affected even the gas pressure all over the
city at the same moment, and caused a failing
of the light which lasted over ten minutes.
At the Herald office the cause of the
phenomenon was discussed, and the opinion
expressed that it was due to a sudden barometric
change. On reference to the official
record yesterday at the Signal Service Office
we found the oscillation clearly marked on
the diagram of the self-registering barometer.
An illustration of the remarkable
change appears in another column.
Abstention from Voting by the minority
in the French Chamber of Deputies will fortunately
not interfere with business there,
and when this stupid means of protesting
against the will of the majority is resorted
to bv the reactionists it can only result in
demonstrating farther to the country their
hopeless impracticability.
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
The Philadelphia Ledger has enlarged.
Georgia cries peas, green peas, when there is no
peas.
Foster Dewey, Tweed's old private secretary, Is at
Jacksonville, Fla.
The Ualtimore American gays that Tilden's place in
politics is that of a fussy man from New York.
The Milw.iukoo Times says that men like clinging
women. That is what made Modill baldheaded.
When silver comos into general circulation the
p ople will have to carry around 1,400 tons of metal
Thackeray was the only man npon the /imcA staff
with whom Mark Lemon was not upon thoroughly easy
terms.
Down in Virginia you are not considered a good,
high toned politician if you can spit clear of yourihtrt
bosom.
' l>o you take sugar?" asked the hostess of th<
Rochester Democrat editor. "Yos'm; one lump, an4
just a mite ol bitters.''
A ."an r niDcisco inuu writes a Kouwiug essay on per*
soual journalism, because ho was kicked by an Assemblyman.
There aro Southern people who object to Belknap
being comparod with Bacon, because Bacon went tba
whole nog.
A new line of steamers will soon commence running
botwoen San Francisco and Panama, touching at
the Mexican ports.
Scientists who hare examined mounds in the West
recently report that the ancient Araortcan was more
like Jem Mace than tike Carlvlo.
Seven hundred men wero employed on the Trnckes
division ol the Central Pacific Railroad this winter to
try to keep the snow drifts down.
In Northern Missouri geese arc flfty cents apiece and
pasture is $2 an acre. Mr. Randall can now cheaply
obtain a local habitation and a name.
In Wisconsin tbero is an Insane horse, which is do.
scribed as small and a blood bay. No doubt, from iti
biting ways, It is a little horse reddish.
Bananas are becoming plcntilul In New York, and
fou can slip down on a tropical Ice-pond or a banana
ikin as If you wtshod you were st the antipodes.
The Danbury says:?"l-ong hair is a glory to
I vvumnu uiilL'sa lug ucjif." ? ?? '??? ?o?
?rush before her husband has occasion to use thoni."
Jersey Dutchmen are wishing for the good old timet
alien they dropped silver quarters Into stocking legt
tnd waited for the etocklng and themselves to get fall.
Congressmen nro complaining that the air In the
House ?f ltepresentatives is very liad this year, and
fei not one has had the statesmanship to suggest
: loves.
A coriander seed sprouted In the cavity of a tooth
sorn by a California woman, and caused It to ache.
For milea around the people used to adviso her not t?
;a!k, lor fear she would spoil the crop. .
Yea," she eobbed, "he was a good, unselfish soul.
Ho used to scrape the ugly, hard, crisp bcana off the
op for himself and leave us tho nice, eoft ones. Ha
i?cd to say nothing could hurt his teeth. f>oor soul."
Now comes In the gentle spring time, with a flavor of
juds and blooms in the air and littio bits ot faint green
trass coyly peeping from under the warm sides of old
trees, and men going down on all fours, with a iabU
knife, digging heads off of obstlnato carpet tacks.
Tho New Orleans Mcaynnt says:?"l'lnchbaek bavins
svcrcoroe the fatigues of travel Is now engaged in lay.ag
his political plans for the future lieutenant governor'
ship. Himself and ex Governor tYarmotb span,
yesterday morning at the ofllce of iho latter, on Sl?
Loan street"

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