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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD, jmblished firry day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must bo addressed New Yoke Herald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIAOFFICE-NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 4<i FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE LOPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New Y'ork. VOl.UMK X LI NO. 102 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. "FERKEOI? at SP. M. (!. K. Thorne, Jr. E AGiTk ' TUEATRE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. PARK THEATRE. BRASS, at S P. M. Ueurrt Fawcett Ko*a CHATEAU MABLLLK VARIETIES. VARIETY, at BP. M. BOWEBV THEATRE. WAITING FOR TIIK VERDICT, at 8 P. M. TBIUTY-FOURTH STREET OPERA HOUSE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. UPTII AVENUE THEATRE. PIQUE, at 8 P. M. Fanny Davenport. GLOBE "THEATRE. VARIETY, at 8 P. SI. BAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, at 8 P. M. __ Parisian varieties. YARIETY, at 8 P. M. G K R M ASIA IIIK AT RE. DIE KARLSSCIINELER. at S P. P. WOODS "MUSEUM. WIDE AWAKE, at 8 P. M. Gourua Prance. Matinee at 2 P. M. LYCEUM THEATRE. VAUDEVILLE, at 8 P. M. Minnie Palmer. T11 EAT RE-COM I QUE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. WALLACE'S TM2VTBR. FEARS. IDLE TEAKS, at 8 IV M U. J. Montana. BOOTHS TH K ATRE. HENRY V., at 8 P. M. ilrortr Kij;nold. TIVOlI THEATRE. VARIETY. at 8 P. .M. BROOKLYN THEATRE. rnF MIGHTY DOLLAR, at SIV ,U. Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence. TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE. VARIETY, .its P.M. TItlFLE SHEET. NF.W YORK, TUESDAY. APRIL 11, 1878, From our reports this morning theprobahilities arc that the vceather to-day trill be partly cloudy. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For prompt and regular delivery of the Herald oy Jast mail trains orders must be senl direct io this office. Postage free. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were generally lower. Gold opened and closed at 113, with intermediate sales at 113 1-4. Money was supplied at 3, 4 and 5 per cent. Governments, railway bonds and investment securities were steady. Tcbkey at last reports a victory in Bosnia, bnt from tho number of insurgents in the field there it would seem that tho chance of their final defeat is remote. % The Weakness or Alfonso's Government is shown in tho strength of tho Vatican influ ence at Madrid. Begging of Romo not to oppose liberty of worship in Spain will, if continued, lend to the kingship going beg ging again. Iceland is better off than was believed. The volcano-vomited pumice dust that was to destroy the pastures, on tho contrary, makes tho grnss grow where it never grew before, and the islanders who were threat ened with famino are found flourishing on fish. We arc very glad to learn these things, as man attempted but little to relieve the threatened want which Nature, in her own mysterious way, removed from the sturdy people who woo her in her most repellant fastnesses. Mr. Conkling and the Presidency.? Tho generous manner in which the Sun supports the claims of Mr. Conkling for the republican nomination shows a discernment and liberality which never appear to so much advantage as in independent journal ism. Mr. Conkling represents the cournge and discipline of his party, and so long as we have two parties in our politics tho wis dom of independent journals in supporting the real leaders of each organization is com mendable. Moro than all, wo aro glad to welcomo the Nun into these high realms of politics and to the consideration of national questions from a national point of.view. Another Phrase from Grant.?Once more Grant has given us a phrase which ex presses pithily and happily a thought and Aspiration of tho whole people. Ho is famous for his phrases. Several of them are inseparable from the history of the war. On some occasions he concentrated the pro gramme of a campaign in an epigram; as when he said, " tho Confederacy is a shell;" or, "I will fight it out on this line," Ac. His declaration to the republican party, that it was "time to unload," was of the same sort. Now he expresses, with a sense of impatience, his wish that the 4th of March, '77, were Already here?in short, that he were out of office. How deeply and widely the whole American people are with him in this re tpect, how precisely he has given words to their thought in uttering his own, he can never understand. Assemblymax Kii.uan, the "Blue Line'* legislator with "fine feelings," made a great sensation when he clamored for an investiga tion into the action of the Railroad Commit tee on the "No Scat No Fare" bill, which, like A heartless parent, he deserted when West, Whitson, "Nic" Muller and the rest of the worthies were throwing it to the wolves on the floor of the House. Never before did the dingy walls of tho old Capitol reverberate to such indignant hut, alas ! hollow thunder. The days and weeks roll on and this thun derously fine-sonlcd Killian, the wounded West, tho sorrowing "Nic" Muller, tho wilt ing Whitson mope abont in Hilence and call But tor the investigation they wept for some weeks gone. Have they applied the salve of Third avenue uxlc greaso to their pierced bosoms? Do they know as much About thnt nefarious piece of work as John Kelly and Ch&nncoy Dcpsw could tell them ? It ap Democratic Prospects and Candidates* The expectation of the democratic party that it will carry the next Presidential elec tion has a great deal to support it The re volting exposures which have occupied pub lic attention during the last two months ought to have a fatally damaging effect on the party in power, even if no more should be proved than has already come to light; and there is good renson for believing that the end is not yet If the evidence of per vading rottenness should have no political effect the country is in a bad way, because public indifference to these disgraceful ex posures would imply bucIi a decuy of moral sense among the people as would justify doubts of the stability of the Republic. If widespread and long-continued official cor ruption be not a sufficient reason for dis carding the party in power there can be no sufficient reason; for mere mistakes of policy or bad judgment in measures are venial offences in compari son with swindling knavery and gross be trayal of trusts. We cannot think so meanly of the American people as to suppose that they will not be stirred with moral indigna tion at these thick-coming exposures, or that they will not attest their abhorrenco by their votes. These disgusting revelations are likely to go on, and it is hardly conceivable that the democratic party will mismanage so egrogiously as to blunt their effect With tolerably wise strategy on the democratic side the republican party should be igno miniously defeated in the approaching Presi dential election, bccauso it has justly for feited the power which it has so scandalously abused. The contest for the democratic nomination will be active aud vigorous, because, in dem ocratic estimation, success at St. Louis will be equivalent to an election. The chances seem so favorable that Judge Davis, of the Supreme Court, though never a demo crat, is more than willing to accept tho democratic nomination. Wo should suppose that tho experience of the democrats in going outside of their party for a candidate in 1872 ought to operate as a warning ; but there are democrats weak enough to make a similar blundering ap peal for republican sripport. We do not be lieve that a political party ever guined any thing by such miserable trimming. It is always dishonorable to the candidate, as im plying that he is willing to relax his princi ples for the sake of high office, and "it is equally dishonorable to the political party which takes up such a candidate, as show ing that it is composed of political bucca neers who are as ready to sail under any other flag as under their own for the sake of plunder. With so good a prospect of suc cess as is now opened to the democratic party it would be absurd for it to take a re publican judge as its Presidential candidate, j Judge Davis is brought forwaAl as a rivnl of Governor Tilden; but no democrat of sense and principle can hesitate a mo ment between a steady, consistent dem ocrat and a renegade republican. If the choice lay between these two candidates no earnest democrat should countenance or tolerate tho pretensions of the republican judge. Another gentleman who has been much talked of and is supposed to possess some strength is Governor Hendricks. There is little to choose between him and Judge Davis, both of whom belong to the same type of trimmers. It is really of no conse quence whether a man surrenders or stifles his political convictions to get the support of a party with which he has never acted, or to recommend himself to a section of his own party with whose views he has no sym pathy. A man who yields or disguises his principles for the sake of office lacks the firm moral fibre which should be possessed by the Chief Magistrate. Sacrifices of prin ciple and sacrifices of integrity are so nearly akin that there is no solid ground for con fidence in tlio honesty of a states man who has shown a willingness to barter his convictions for the hope of office. Governor Hendricks does not meet the requirements of the situation, for a Presidential canvass in which the main issue is reform of abuses should be led by a man who is conspiciously true to his convictions and his conscience. Mt. Hendricks has not a clean bill of moral and political health, and the democratic party would forfeit its most important advantage by nominating a can j didatc on whom his principles sit so loosely. Democrats of sturdy convictions and robust honesty would not care the toss of a nickel cent whether an outside trimmer like Davis or an inside trimmer like Hendricks were made tho candidate. No inan is fit to lead this great canvass on tho democratic side unless the steadiness of his principles is a guarantee of the firmness of his integrity. Davis and Hendricks being excluded there remain three prominent democratic candidates of conspicuous ability and sound principles?namely, Governor Tilden, Sen ator Bayard and Senator Thurman?any one of whom would make a vigilant and incor ruptible President. Each of tho three has some peculiar attributes of strength. In favor of Senutor. Thurman it may be said that he alone, of all possible democratic candidates, has a chance of carrying his own State of Ohio. If this chance were a certainty it should be a controlling reason for making Mr. Thurman the democratic standard bearer, for a democratic victory in the Ohio State elections would virtually decide the Presidential contest^in favor of the demo cratic party. A democratic success in Ohio in October would be worth at least thirty thousand votes to the party in New York in November, and wonld bring an equal ratio of gains in every other State. If tho chances are such that Ohio is worth contesting Mr. Thurman is the best candidate ; but it docs not yet appear Hint even he would have any certainty of recover ing Ohio from the republicans, and unless this can be done Mr. Tilden or Mr. Bayard would be a more < xpedient candidate. If the republicans we destined to carry Ohio in Octol>er it is better that the democratic can didate lor the Presidency should not have a peculiar stake in that preliminary local canvrfHs. If Ohio should be conceded to the repub licans and Mr. Thurman's claim to the demo, emtio nomination be ruled out the choice among the candidates who have as yet be come prominent would lie between Governor Tilden and Senator Bayard. Either of them would make a good President, and, accord ing to present appearances, one of these two will carry off the prize. If Governor Tilden cannot get the nomination himself he is certainly strong enough to give it to Mr. Bayard. Both are statesmen of settled con victions and sterling integrity, and official swindlers would be equally scourged out of the government under the administration of either. Mr. Tilden would be a more sensa tional President, but Mr. Bayard would make fewer enemies. Senator Bayard's chances, whatever'they may amount to, de pend on the good will of Governor Tilden, and so long as the Governor has hopes of getting the St. Louis nomination himself he will not be likely to designate a political heir. But in the present aspect of the can vass he has a double chance for political in fluence; for if he cannot control the Conven tion in his own favor he may give the nomi nation to Senator Bayard, and thus assure the success of his principles and the pre dominance of his personal influence in the new administration. The Death of Alexander T. Stewart. The death of Alexander T. Stewart can not fail to create an impression in the com mercial and business world which would not result from the demise of any citizen we might name. This effect is not so much in consequence of tho vastness of his wealth and the extent of his business enterprises as of the force and vigor of the intellect which has ceased to work. In his case death robs the world of nothing that he amassed; but wo are all the poorer in tho fact that the power which directed all these vast concerns is no longer potent Such a loss is the obliteration of capital, because it was the intellect, the fore sight, the directing. energies of this man which created the capital we now call Mr. Stewart's wealth. The loss of this wealth would not have been a greater blow to the commercial interests with which it is bound than the loss of the intelligence which made it increase its functions and multiply bless ings wherever its influence was felt. It is too customary with the unthinking crowd to belittle the usefulness of men lilv Air. Stewart; but without them tho world would be a sterile and unproductive desert. They are the motive power which turns the wheels of trnde, and Alexander T. Stew art more than any man of his time was the exemplar of commercial probity and useful ness and success in this country. There.are many things to be said in his honor, and first among these is the fact that the fairness of his dealings was never questioned. When his business shrewdness was the keenest his integrity was apt to be shown in its brightest colors. Those who dealt with him never had occasion to complain that they were his victims, and when he marked his goods down that he might sell to buy again he was obeying the law of morals quite as much as the laws of trade. It is by such devices and through men with the quick wit to adopt them that business energies and enterprises are kept from stagnation, and because of this merchants like Air. Stewart are among the most useful and ^important members of the community. We cannot stop to inquire what will be the effect of this man's death upon the busi ness and commercial interests of the city. To do this would be to enter into the minu tiae of his vast affairs and to estimate the ex act value of the directing force which moved the vostncss of his enterprises. At such a time we cannot do more than recognize the power which, until yes terday, was potent in all the business centres of the world, but to-day is silent as the inanimate form which is all that re mains. From all that we see around us? those magnificent storehouses, and hotels, and theatres in Broadway, tho growing city on Long Island, the mills and factories which his wealth was calling into existence, and the immense commercial nctivity which grew up under his guidance?we may esti mate the character of the man to whom all these things belonged, not so much because he bought and paid for them as because he created them. Out of the little storeroom at No. 283 Broadway they all may be said to have come ; but in fact they wero coined out of this man's brain, and the value of all this property and these pervading business en terprises is, after all, but the work of a single mind, directing and controlling the forces which make society and government, liberty and happiness possible. The Withdrawal of Steamers from the traffic between this port and Liverpool, re ported to have been agreed on by four of the leading English linos, points to an expected further falling oft' in the emigration from j Europe to America during the present year, j The tourists who may come to visit the Cen i tennial Exposition, it may bo plainly seen, j are not expected to counterbalance in the smallest degree the loss from a diminished number of steerage passengers, who, from the way they may bo stowed between decks, form the most valuable kind of cargo. The falling off in emigration may be cred ited to hurd times in Europe and the exag gerated reports of harder times here, which have been industriously spread in Europe, particularly in Germany. The moral with regard to the Exhibition may shock Phila delphia somewhat, but the Herald antici pated it some weeks ago. With regard to tho emigrants, a single season of renewed enterprise, sure to come, will correct the re luctance of the toiling millions to turn their ; faces westward, and tho flood of brain and muscle, as fertilizing" to this country as the | Nile overflow to Egypt, will pour over the land as before. ' The Unseating of M. Rochkr by tho I French Chamber of Deputies, on the ground that a letter from the Prince Imperial exer cised an unconstitutional dynastic influence on the electors of Ajaccio, may be politic in France, but reads strangely here. Wo have not a spark of sympathy with the Vice 1 Emperor or his pack of adventurers, but an I nulling tho votes of the Corsican electors for such a reason is certainly straining matters to a dangerous point. In effect* too, we | doubt its wisdom, for Ajaccio is Bonapartist almost to a man, and will probably re-elect M. Rouhcr or t'rince Napoleon, and whether a Bonapartist comes as an avowed imperial ist or disguised as a republican leaves very : little choice of evil*. Tk? English Mission?Mr. We disagree with oar neighbor the Sun in its estimate of the fitness of Mr. Longfellow for the English mission. It by no means follows that because a man of genius writes poetry he is not a practical man. Some of the greatest men in history, great in purpose and achievement, wrote verses. Frederick the Great wrote an incredible quantity of rhymes and quarrelled with Voltaire because he sneered at them. Yet as a king, warrior and diplomatist, Frederiqjc stands first of his time. We do not know that Napoleon ever wrote verses; but he was fond of Homer, which showed good taste, and of Ossian, which Bhowed that he was not always lofty in his tastes. John Quincy Adams wrote poems to the end of his days, and bad enough many of them were. Lord Byron, whose fame as a poet was on the eve of what promised to be an illustrious civil and military career, when he died. The fact that he had written "Childe Harold" did not prevent the Greeks from offering him the oomrannd of troops. Goethe's verses are among the monuments of German litera ture, and yet Goethe was a Minister of State. In the history of our own diplomacy we have had no better service than that of Joel Barlow, the poet who served us in France, and Bayard Taylor, and George H. Boker in our diplomatic service in Bussia. A few days hnve only passed since a poet was appointed to rule one of the largest empires in the world. If Disraeli sees fit to send Owen Meredith to govern India why should we hesitate to send Long fellow to London ? But why multiply illustrations? The editor of the <!jun has himself, in his "Book of Household Poetry"?a book which is a mosaic of classics?celebrated the wisdom and genius of poets. The editor of this volume should feel debarred from criticising the nomination of a poet to any station, how ever eminent. Mr. Longfellow, unlike some who have written verses, is a very prac tical man, of common sense, clear judgment and experience. He represents a wide and generous culture. He has had abundant opportunities for studying the institutions, the literature and the politics of the older nations. A mission like that of England needs something moTe than a life around the lobbies of Congress. What an atmosphere Longfellow would take with him into tho drawing rooms of London ! His venerable, classical head, recalling to those who look upon it the noblest forms of antiquity, would be far different from some of the hcuds we have been sending across the seas. While, therefore, Professor Woolsoy would suit us, while we should be happy to see Senator Morgan or any of the estimable candidates conceived by the Sun nominated to the Court of St. James, we still think that Mr. Longfellow would answer more conditions of fitness than any one thus lor named. While objecting to the assumption that, because Mr. Longfellow has written noble and beautiful poems, he would not make a suitable Minister, we beg to con gratulate our contemporary upon its re newed and enlarged interest in national politics, and especially upon the fidelity with which it follows the example of the Hebxld in dealing generously with the real issues that come before the people. These are the higher realms of journalism, and the Sun, in entering upon them with so much enthusiasm and good taste, shows that it really shines for all. Deportment and Can. Elsewhere in oar colanins will be fonnd the record of the most noteworthy fact of these times. "Urbanity and courtesy" are now to be found in the offices of gas compa nies. They are strange things to be found in such places. Independence has been proverbially recognized as the great moral attribute of wood sawyers; and impu dence and a general tendency to adopt an insulting demeanor toward a protesting pub lic are equally known as the distinctive characteristics of all persons employed by gas companies. So it has been for a time from which the memory of man runneth not to tho contrary ; but now we hear that these persons are attentive ; that they listen to what people havo to say ; that they admit the possibility that their complaint may be well founded ; that they inquire into the matter. This change has been pro duced by kerosene. It seemed strnnge when people heard that the beautiful new- colors in silks and ribbons, invented in these days, were produced from kero sene ; and it seems *a fact equally remote from the nature of this fluid that it should mend the manners or improve the heart of a man in a gas ofllce ; but it has evidently done both. By an article on gas, given else i where, it will be seen that greater wonders yet are to flow from tho use of kerosene ; for, through the invention described, it seems possible that every large establishment may ydt make nil its o*n gas. Van lUnit on Cheap Cab*. Van Ranst seems to be regarded as the magnate of the hackmen?the person whose consent must be obtained and with whom terms must be mndo before any change can be permitted in regard to tho use of tho street for cabs. He is evidently satisfied with things as they are. So long as the law will permit and the public will pay him he will bo happy to fit up vehicles to carry a man or a woman about the streets nt two dol lars an hour, or at n dollar a mile, which would be about five dollars an hour. If he could keep his coaches constantly employed at this latter rate for, say six hours a day, or thirty dollars for each conch, the busi ness would pay; not extravagantly, but so that a man need not complain. Indeed, if the public had to pny him five dollars a mile there is reason to believe that he could stand it. It will not astonish any one to find that this owner has an unlimited capacity for regarding any sum paid for any service as no more than sufficient, for was he not trained as to the expenditures of the public in the school of the Tnmuiany potentates, who now putronize the omnibuses in Brus sels or walk in Montreal ? Ho was the Hack master General of the lting daysynnd in all the accounts for carriages that figure in the municipal documents of those days he had an interest No otto suspects that when his bills were sent in to the city he made them higher or lower as the price of oats was np I or down. Perish the thought that a great 1 haekman should stand on such trifles! But j if the prices were adjusted, as were the ] prices in other bills against the city, with a i view to dividing with the persons who aud i ited the bills, then wo can understand bow I the great hackinan got his ideas up on the j subject oi prices. But we can assure him it > is time to get his ideas down. The King is I extinct, and the public mind is getting into that normal tone when people refuse to pay for any service a cent more than just what it ' is worth. Let Van Ranst be easy about irresponsible drivers. People do not mean to be victimized by them, nor by responsible ones either. The Conviction of Ksehi. After a short trial the butcher of Simmons has been convicted of murder in the first degree. Had the crime of the killing not been supplemented by the atrocious butchery of the remains the defence might have been heard to some effect. As the crime stood, in all its horror, the story on which the prisoner relied to save him from the gallows could not, in minds unused to fine legal dis tinctions, outweigh the inference to be drawn from the revolting means employed to hide the body of the murdered man. The in stances of men frightened by the conse quences of an act legally or morally justifiable into really criminal efforts at concealment are not unknown to students of criminal practice. These surround a case with great difficulty, for the color given to the first transaction by the acts that followed is often such that the truth is extremely likely to be obscured. In Fuch's case the utter depravity exhibited in his mutilation of the remains of Simmons, his cunning, and the vile moral atmosphere in which the crime transpired, gave the same bestial color to his defence that a similar story told by a dog would have done. It could scarcely bo ex pected to help him among ordinary men. The first ballot of the jury, we are told, showed that six of them totally disbelieved this story; that five accepted it in part, and only one out of the twelve in its entirety. That all of them fir ally rejected it and agreed to make the offence the highest known to the law shows that what may have been feebly grasped at first by some of them its the legal grade of the crime per se could not be defended by them when opposed to the strong reasoning of the majority based on the whole story of the killing, the mutilation and the concealment. It resulted in a verdict which will be accepted by the public; for.no matter how the story of the provocation has been received, no one will say that such a miserable wretch as the prisoner is too good for the gallows. Rip WInkle 1? the White Mouse. It is not generally known, but yet seems to be established on competent evidence, that in the past seven years?seven is a mystic number-there has been in progress in this country, on a grand scale, one of those cases of oblivion that have so often attracted the attention of poets and philosophers. Irving has sot what may be called the oblivion myth, in a popular style, in the story of that idle and amiable old reprobate, ltip Van Winkle. It was written in another ago that a man walking through a forest heard the voice of a bird, and stopped to listen to the most entrancing music that ever smote hu man ears. He listened for a little while, as he thought, and then went on to the neigh boring village; but seven years had passed in what seemed to him a moment of delight. This thought has, in short, reappeared from , time to time in various torms, garnished with different fancies as the imaginations j of the poets of different countries j adapted each to the customs and comprehension of his own land-the | ever applicable truth that a lifetime may slip away in what will seem but a moment in the revelries of pleasure, and that, by the j man who is lulled in the delights of the | senses duty, honor and every vital obliga- j tion are forgotten. But, though this comes up in various forms in the hands of the poets, who would have looked to see it come up as' a fact at the national capital ? Yet i that is the case before us. It seems that as soon as Grant reached the White House he fell into a modified form of this kind of ob- j livion; n lethean dimness came between lus vision and the world; lethargy seized upon the warrior's will. This fully accounts for I the change the people noted in the character j of "the acts that were called Grant's acts be- j I lore he went into the White House and the ! acts given out as his after that period. No i effort was spared by men about him to guard his slumber?to perpetuate the trance that separated the hero from the world as it knew him. Babcock. the faithful secretary, kept ( i a hop pillow under his head, and filled the air with the vapor of poppies and the drowsy music of well poised flattery, j Williams darkened the windows and packed the keyholes to keep out noise. Duties of this nature were divided between a dozen. And while they kept him in this slumberous condition they "ran him'' as a piece of Pres idential machinery. They made appoint ment* through him?governed in bis name. | 80 it went on for seven years. Then came a ' democratic investigating committee and waked him up, and now ho comes forth to ' find himself in rags as to his repntation?an old man in a world be cannot recognize, and ' gazed upon bv people who cannot recognize in him the gallant soldier whom they elected President seven years since?a man who has slept while the house he was ap i pointed to guard and keep has been tumbled to ruins about his ears. At such a sleeper ' indignation might be fierce but for the pity that will rise with it, and pity might soothe his remorse but for the truth that pity is in j separable from contempt 1 The Geneva Award. ?The Euglish gov 1 ernuient could not well do otherwise than ! decline to make any representations to the United Ktates on the possible surplus re maining over after the legitimate claims upon the fifteen and a half millions of the j Geneva award have been satisfied. If Chief Justice Cockburn was the government of i England perhaps wo might have some stir I ring despatches, to which we might recall I Mr. Caleb Cashing to make reply hnlU oa th* MmImb Border. The inconvenience of living near a gun powder manufactory ia very great, and the haste with whioh people who find one grow ing np in their midst remove from its vicin ity or oombine to have it removed may be ap plied to the state of mind in whioh the American citizens along the Bio Grande find themselves with a revolution in full blast on the other side of the river. Our despatches acquaint us with f very disagreeable condition of affairs at La redo, Texas, and New Laredo, across the Bis Grande, where, after the perpetration of an outrage upon an American citizen, the Mexi can federal commander had a fight with the revolutionists, in which stray missiles wounded four persons on the Ameri can bank. The revolutionists repulsed, the Mexican commander opened fire upon the Americun soldiers on this side of the river, to which Major Merriam, the United States commanding officer, replied by drop ping two twelve-pounder shells into th? Mexican town. These are acts of war on both sides, the exact responsibility foi which it is difficult to assign at present, but as the facts are stated Major Merriam has the point in his favor of having acted on the defensive. What occurred at Laredo yesterday may occur to-day or to-morrow at other points along the Bio Grande; and as the United States do not propose Jo move away from the river because a few ragged cutthroats of one or other Mexican kind are fighting for supremacy in Mexico, the situation becomes particularly delicate. On the other hand this oountry is now in no mood to take the trouble of removing the Mexican boundary back to the mountain line. Hence it becomes absolutely necessary that meas ures should be taken to prevent the recur rence of these disagreeable episodes between the citizens of countries nominally at peace. This is to be done by keeping such a force upon the border as will overawe the fighting ragamuffins of Mexico and placing it in the hands of a prudent officer of high standing who can be relied on to make such dispositions of his command as will make renoontres unlikely. The whole business of official communication along the Rio Grande needs to be strictly regulated. We cannot, for instance, understand what right Major Merriam had to cross the river and bandy words with the Mexican commander, The gallant officer was probably led away by sheer motives of humanity, with which, as a soldier, he had nothing to do. It is hard, no doubt, that American citizens and soldiers should be shot at without replying in kind; but as we have no desire to see the United States hurried into war by such acts the government should take prompt measures to prevent their repe tition. The President, his Secretary of Wai and the General of the Army will be held re sponsible for preserving the peace by prompt and dignified action. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Florida makes 216,000 cedar pencils a day. Secretary Robeson has roturncd to Washington. Several ropublican papers in Iowa have come ont in favor of Governor Kirkwood for President Mr. Holman may, after all, be a formidable rival to Orth as candidate for Governor of Indiana. '?Now, Mr. President," said Taft, "I mean to abolish these potts and torn them into railway tiea" Boston wants to be the headquarters of American art She aeems to be In a fair way to succeed. Old Tammany Hall boys were saints alongside the horde ot bummc-r politicians who infest Chicago. Paris girls try to be thin, avoid complexion-spoiling soup aud meat and wish to bo translucontly Dale. Colonels Whipple and Tourtellotte, of the stafTof the General or the Army, reached Washington yesterday. There Is a round of criticism because it costs $1,500 a year to oducute a boy at college, when it did not cost Daniel Webster's father ono filth of tbat sum for thai statesman's expenses. The Uulfalo Courier says that there aro sorao Buffalo bills in the Legislature. This is untrue. There art only two genuino Buffalo Bills?one la In Canada and the other is Lieutenant Governor. Detroit Free Prut ?The remains of yet another great city have bocn discovered on the banks ol the Caspian Soa. It is becoming more evident that Cain and Abel and Gideon Welles had other boys to play with them. Tha spirits materialized George Washington at a tianee In Indiana the other day, and when one of ths spectators asked him whether he was really the great hatchotcr, our first President replied, "Dot ish dot ; kind of Hans icn am." In Germany the telegraph wtros are in futnre to be carried underground instead of being supported by posts. The object of this ch.ingo is to prevoul the Id j Corruption of communications which regularly follows upon a great storm. From Fun:?Mary:?"I say, Mrs. McCarthy, this 'ero's a very bad eabbago." Mrs. M.:?"Shuro now, and Is it, honey ? "Then pick another. Bless yer, younj cabiiagcs Is like sweethearts; you must tbry hall-a dozen 'lore ye gets a good wan." New Orleans Rrjmblican:?Married women general!) get their loiters when the time comes (or tbem io past away their husbands'overcoats for the summer; and perhaps they will also find two or three which the gen tleman was asked to mall tbo fall previous. Colonol Higginson thinks that only womon aro not horrified at political corruption, because their lives are remote from lailitlcal knowledge ana influences. Bat ; Tweed's and Pendleton's lives were not remote from such knowledge, and they were not particularly horri fied. The Indianapolis Journal ibtnks that even tht modesty of the South In not wishing to name lbs democratic candidate for President is dangerous, be cause a Northern democratic President would bo ruled by the South alter the manner in which dames Bu chanan was ruled. The Augusta (Ga) Cmutifutionalist quotes and says:? They complain that at Fort Sill the frauds charged a dollar ana a half for soothing syrup, abont fifty per cent advance. But what do soldiore want with sooth ing syrup??.Veio York Herald. A largo portion of ths troops stationed at Fort Sill are lufantry. Tho signs in California aro iliat the independents will rcunito with tho republicans against tho recently vic torious democrats. This movement is hastened by tho 1 fact tbat the republicans are now the enomles of the Central Pacific Railroad, and are, therefore, working in the path marked out by the Independents. Stanford k Co. are behind the democrat*. The Newark (X. J.I Qtmrtn has become a morning ' paper. Thus the experiment of having an evening republican competitor with the sober, conservative old Ailrertuer end* disastrously. The stockholders ncvoi paid up their stock, and tho editors were compelled u bo lobbyists There was a field for tho Courier, but It , never displayed any journalistic enterprise. I SirSirstfbrd do Redcliffe, in his old age, after a lift : ol great activity In Cabinet politics, turned himself to ward religious subjects, and wrote a not very br.luani but pious book. Guizol, alter his long political career, gave us a book ol religious meditations, very mild and pious. Thurlow Weed, in Ins ol I a;o, attends the Moody and^ankey meetings regularly. Will bo give , us a book ? Dr. Fayrer's opinion Is that, if systematic returnt , were kept, the annual number of deaths from t-naks bites (exclusive of ail donhtlnl cil-o) id India would b? found lo exceed twenty thousand. A larger proportion of women, it seems, are bitten than men, showing thag the women of the working classes In Indus are buslet I than ihetr lords In tbo fields and other places when 1 snakes are to be met with.