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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 17, 1876, Image 3

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The War Horse of Ohio
for President.
A Fieroe Battle in the Eepublioan
How Don Cameron Massed the
Storming Columns.
Intense Excitement When the
Break Began.
William A. Wheeler for
Vice President.
What Morton, Conkling and Bristow Say
of the Ticket?Blaine Resigned.
fhe War Hone and the Wheeler?Can They
Draw Columbia's Chariot?
A Grand Ratification Rally in
CurcufXATi, June 18, 1870
Mr. Blaine tim no near to succcn to-ilay aa to make
pany people wonder why be failed. It was an open
question at midnight last night, lor bo late aa that tho
Pennsylvania and New York delegations were In open
mnUny, and unless tboy were controlled lu some way
Mr. Blalno'a nomination was secured. Every effor'
ma made by all bis opponent* of course tne then
ihtet difficulty lay la tbo desire of each to save some
lhance for himself. Thus the Bristow men actually
thought they had a chance tbia morning, and they were
KM Inclined to giro It up. Everybody knew, however,
that delay was dangerous to Blaine, and tbo slowness
ef the proceedings yesterday, which made an adjourn*
Bent noceasary without balloting and gave Blaine's
spponents another night to conaldor and plan, was
iangeroua In the extreme to him.
Mr. Cameron pled and labored with his dolegatlon. It
contained lorty-fojnr men favorable to Blaine and only
burteen who were roady to support Conkllng. Ho got
litem some days ago to agree to vote aa a unit until
wenty men should call a meeting of the delegation,
irhen a majority might change, the voto still to be cast
is a unit; bat he was obliged to agreo that thoy should
rote at first for Hartranft, and this was equivalent to a
defeat lor Conkllng, who had no hope of success unless
be could produce tho vote of New York and Ponnsyl
rania. The action of the delegation day toefore yester
lay, therefore, put Mr. Conkllng substantially out of
the ballot unleas bo could chauge It, which
he proved unable to do. Last evening It
waa confidently believed that at least thirty of the
Pennsylvania men would go to Mr. Blaine on
as early ballot, perhaps the second even. It was not
antil early this morning?throe o'clock Is the bour
mentioned?that Mr. Cameron Anally got out of all but
three of the delegates an agreement to bold together
(or Hartranft until after the filth ballot Tbia was
ths TUisnxo poisrr
of Mr. Blalno'a fortunes. It |>ut the Pennsylvania dele
gation out of the battle until that was decided by other
tones. New York also waa laat evening in a mutinous
condition. Pull sixteen men wero ready and anxious
la go over to Blaine, or at least to rebel against Conk
llng, but their teeth, too, were drawn. Some of them
wore tho (rlonda ol Mr. Wheeler and some were the
friends of Governor Morgan. To each it waa privately
and Individually told that tho oal/ chance for the
advancement of his favorite was to hold for Conkllng
?ntU all should go over to Hayes, when au
Kaatern man would be wanted for Vice President. This
vaa of course to give up Cookltng and thus to satisfy
Miejtn 11-Conkllng feelings ol these delegates, who did
sot very willingly submit to the Ingenious yoke which
Mr. Orton knew how to fix uoon their necics, and It
gave alao to both Morgan'a and Wbcoler'f Iriends the
hope of tbo Vloe President When these two arrange
ments wero mado there remained only aubaidiary details
Intended to withdraw from Blaine, from Mine to time,
wrtaln of his supporters, and leave htm ao weak a tied
and weakening as to cause, it possible, a panic on his
?Me and a break, out ot which Bristow, Morton and
Conkllng each hoped to gain something This failed.
On aome ballots Mr. Blatae'a vote actually
Ml of; but In the main It held firm and
grow. Tbo anxiety of each of tho other can
didates to lose no opportunity caused this
weakening of Blame's strongth to be kept np until at
laat, on the fifth ballot. It was seen tost he did not
break and could be broken, and then It became neces
sary to push the struggle to Its conclusion as rapidly aa
poaalbie, and the fate of Morton, Conkllng and Bristow
waa at oaco sealed. They had to surrender absolutely
and make common cause against Blaine and In behalf
?f Haves. There was yet one hope tor Ulalae. The
Pmaaylvaala delegation had agreed to vote ss a unit,
three Iriends of Blaine would not ao agree, and on
Mating their votes Independently iberojurose a squab
Mo in tho Convention, Mr. Cameron and those with
him contending that these three bad no right to thoir
independent judgment and votea Tho Chairman
rated that they had, and be was undoubtedly
right and was sustained ky the Convention,
?r by a Inrge majority, the loliowers of Messrs. Blaine
and Bristow sad some others. The decision aet an Im
portant precedent for lutare conventions, settling the
right of tho Individual delegates to be Indr pendent of
machloo control. But had the Convention damded
otherwise It la possible that Blaine might have got the
votes of tho whole Pennaylvaala delegation, tor the
?Mtorltjr, who wero Blaine men, might If tbey chose
have impoeed their will on the whole. When the time
anme he coald command the votes of his Iriends ana
not of the wbole delegation. This is
rat sTo*r or tub battul
In the end New York, Pennsylvania and Indiana?
Conkllng, Cameron and Morton?gave the victory to
Baysa. What inflaeaoa tbia important fact may bare
m the administration of Governor Hayes If be should
M elected oaa't, of course, now be foreseen. Usually
noli I acts more or less control the leaning ot a Presi
dent, bat Governor 11 a yea la made of sound stag; and
|aa n mind of his own.
llfMHdM I* speak ef Mr. Oaakllac** struggles, M
which the Haul ha taken ao lively and so kindly an
interest. HI* plan ef battle ?M very simple. He
in on* i to come into the Convention with the rotes of
Penusylvania end How York, and whatever scattering
Northern votes ho ould get. He hoped lor the sap
port of General Logan in Illinois, and of sons
other Senator* la other Northern States.
Ho expected to hold his forces with a
steady grip and to draw over to him
by this solid and Impenetrable front, fton time to
time, other votes utll It should seem to the Southern
delegations that ha bad the winning sards when thejr,
already influenced by General Grant's known wishes
and by the arguments of Frederick Douglass, Kmereon,
or Aikansaa, and others, would swoop over to him in a
body and give him the majority. Unluckily, his plan
failod In Its vital petal Hie centre was not broken
up because it was never formed. It Is now
known to all that the Pennsylvania delegation never
wan friendly to Mr. Oonkling; that the matorlty never
intended to rote lor him and he was thus forced from
j really never came into the battle?hta vote never
I readied a hundred.
The New Yorkers did their best, and they made aa
| agreeable impress!oa upon their rivals. They were
gentlemen, and carried on their caavasa as gentlemon,
and tuts was said of them here constantly. They did
not lose tbe battle, for U was lost to them berore they
; came here. They were so thorough and untiring in
their cau\ajsa, and kept the secret of their canvass so
adroitly bidden, that until the third ballot to-day it was
thought by many that there might be a reservo
foroe somewhere to be produced at tbe proper
the tlrst to fltrltt not an aggressive but a defensive
battle. In Alabama he lost friend after friend and bad
from the very beginning of tbe balloting to weaken
himself la order to lend a purely factitious aid to
Hartranft. He ppent himself In these diversions and
moment, but it was an empty shell, and the skilful
and adroit pollticiaus of the South and West saw this
very early and bustoned to act accordingly. They did
not Intend to make Mr. Conkling, but to eppear to
make him, urd they aaw already last Monday that
he could not make the game, and therefore abandoned
him to his fate. Nor was he spared la the general
routo. Ills supporters bad to soeept Mr. Whoeler, the
friend of Curtis, Instead of Mr. Woodford, the
friend of Mr. Cockling or some ono from another State
as Vice President, and tbey had to hear Mr. Curtis
| rohd* with singular emphasis, to them aad the Conven
tion the address of the' Brtstow Club, with Its biting
reierenee to their own Senator as the common dis
penser of patronage In the State. In short. If It csnnot
be said that Mr. Conkling has been successful la bis
campaign it Is equally true that the victors spared him.
i over tho ticket Is that it is strong, and will prove
stronger. People Irom the East ask ouriously about
Governor Hayes, and Western mon want to know whe
ther Mr. Wheeler was a Geuerai or what. The blo
graphioal columns of tho newspapers will soon Inform
them oa theso heads, and tho squibs and taunts of the
local newspapers here about Governor Hayes will now
be covered up by laudatory paragraphs, for It Is
known that, being nominated, he will have tholr
support, which ho locked woofully while
his nomination still hung In doubt. TJie
Independents will support the ticket. Some of
tbem have already been hoard this evening, and Mr.
Sohurs is understood to bo on the way to a favorable
conclusion and will turn out a good republican and
atump Ohio onco more. It is something for tbe Con
vention to have produced a ticket which unites in its
support Conkling, Curtis, Morton, Cameron and Schurs,
and which brings back to tbe republican fold such
errant republican sheep as the Cincinnati Commercial
and the Chicago Tribe**, which have been either stray
ing In strange pastures or looking over the fence with
wistful eyes.
As to Governor Hayos, there are bore, of eour*e,
plenty or pooplo wbo know him well, end one ot these,
himself a man belter known than the Uovernor and
not a devotod follower of hl?, said aomo things of blm
to me last Sunday wbicb, now that he t? nomlnatod,
may be ot Interest to you. "Hayes," said he, "is a
man of singularly little ambition and of remi?rkablo
equanimity of mind. He baa never pushed himself
forward. In the emiy he fought well and stayed
with his troops Hi!' tee ?rtue. He was a trusted
officer of Sheridan and was greatly beloved by his mon,
for whom he provided with romarkable foresight and
skill, but I doubt If be ever willingly know a news
paper correspondent, and. Indeed, he was as careless of
lame as a mac could well be. In Congress be was a
silent observer and pushed himself so little to the
front In that ambitloua crowd that the
Speaker put him on the Library Committee^
the* least important of all In the esteem of Congress
men. Hore he remalnod very eomlortable In his mind
during his Ural session, and the general bolief about
him was that he was an amiable Western man, wbo
voted with his party and made no loss. But In those
days, and particularly when he was sorving his second
term, when the party leaders held a council some one
was pretty sore to call Hayes In, and he
commonly sat a silent listener while the discussion
went on and being asked his opinion gave It as some
thing of no particolar Importance, but It was noticed
that Hayes' opinion and tile conclusion of the council
wero commonly ihe same. In fact he bad, when bo
left Congress, a marked reputation among the higher
men of bis party aa a very clear hoadod, sagaclw*
man, with nol the least trace ol loar of resells wb?
a policy was determined on. With an unimpassioned
way of regarding events and circumstances, which
gives him sound Judgment, he Is a man ol uncommonly
clear bead, of great moderation and a lover of moderate
ways but wiih a firm hand and a will of his own, which
has always made him master, and not follower. This
was said of hlin before his nomination, and is perhaps
the more valuable because of that It is probably a true
account of the man. 01 bla political opinions one
heats enough lo warrant a belle! that he, at least, will
not Inject much of the bloody shirt Into the canvas*
He Is a hard money man, a moderate revenuo re.
former, and be is aaid to believe that the South might
as well manage it? own local affairs, or at least have a
fair chance to iry it, without the interference of fed
eral office-holders
On the question of civil servicc reform he la proba
bly ss full of vlrtuoos Intentions at thta moment as
General Grant was In the tell before he became Proal
dcnl, and how be will come oat at the end of four years,
if be' should be elected, is an open question, ft Is aald
of hta here that bo never rewarded a polltlea,
frlond nor punched an euciny, and this
may account for the fact that be
is not a favorite with the machine politicians of Ohio,
who hsve generally taken him up only when they
needed him. Some one remarked to-day that General
Hayes' cousins and ouber relatives bad not tbo least
personal motive for voting for him, became, unless ho
radically changed bis Debits, they were nol likely to
bcuelit, even to the extent of a country posl oOlcc, by
his accession to power. But he Is, aflor all, a strict
party man. He has been a republican and nothing
else in polltlea all his life. He never was an off horse
but worked in the iracee wlih great good nature and a
cheerful belief that the parly could afford to blunder
In details if It only watched the public pul*e and that
11 was not well to be frightened loo soon. Ho does not
care much for the thunder of the newspapers, it la
said. There may perhaps be safely expected ol him a
republican adminlatratlou wltn all that it implies.
"He will not destroy bis party to please any body'a
fancies, ' aald some one of blm thla evening.
osr. riKca or An vies,
however, whleh It was Utely proposed to send privately
to the Preetdenilal nominees It will not, it these 60
couuts of bio are correot, be necessary to
send to him?"Above all no cousins." On
that point be la said to Do Impreg
nable. To-night his portrait takes the place of
the Brtatow portraits which have graced tbo barber
shops and drug stores here. Tbo N>ys sre already sell
ing copies of a cheap and remarkably ugly lithograph
of him. which makes him look like Senator Thurman
In an ague Ot, and all "the clubs of all tbo candidates
have been swinging through the streets in bla honor
with torchlight.
The Convention waa called lo order by Mr. McPber
son at half-past ten o'clock, thirty mlnntoa lator than
the regulsr time.
l be Cnaia?Persons occupying seaia aet apart tor
delegates will please retire. This rnla will he absolutely
anlorcod during the sessions of this day.
Prayer was offered by Bev. Mr. Morgsn, of the Epis
copal Cliurch.
The CBAin?Before proceeding to general busintaa
the Clm"*"" desires to call the attention of the deie
tattoo a from Alabama, Florida and the District of
Columbia that II li their prlviiego to mud* a member
of tba National Committee for their respective dis
tricts, tbe order relative to the announcement of the
committee baring been panned prior to toe settlement
of tbe contest.
The Chair baa been requested to have the following
announcements read:?
The Sbcbktaby read an announcement of tbe meet
ing of the National Executive Committee of tbe Union
League of America thia evening at the Burnet House;
also en announcement that a morocco poeketbook had
been lost on Thursday by a delegate, who wanted It to
be left at the stand: also tbe following, which was re
ceived with great applause:?
I am requested by tbo Board of Director! of the
Bouse ol Ueluge or this city to extend a cordial iavl
Utiou to tbe members of this Convention to visit this
institution in u body, or individually, aa their con
sciences may dictate.
Tbe Chaib?Tbe business of balloting for a candi
date for the office ot President ol the United States la
In order. The SoereUry will proceed to call tbe roll
of Stales, and the chairman of each delegation will
announce, aa distinctly as possible, Irom his place, the
choice of tbe delegation.
Tbe call of the roll lor the first ballot was then had,
resulting as follows:?
Now Hampsniro
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina*
Bbode Island
South Carolina
West Virginia
New Mexico
Utuh ..
District of Colombia.
Totals 291 85 113 8?|125 11 58
* Absent, 1.
During tbe call ot the roll tbe people in the galleries
interfered considerably with the despatok of business
by applauding when the votes wera announced. So
noisy wero they that the Chair was obliged to remind
tbem of tbe Impropriety of their conduct Tbe dele
gates wore much annoyed by tbe cheers and applause,
and rebuked it by hissing, which led tbe Chair to re
mark :?"The Chair thinks he will take the responsi
bility of saying that there Is an obvtoos Impropriety In
hissing, whatever may be said as to the propriety of
cboorlng." (Cheers.) Tbe votes ot the successive States
were, however, still groeted with manifestations ol de
light, and the Chair again reminded those In tl>e gal
leries that they were interfering with the transaction
of the bualcess of the Convention.
A Dklkoatk raoM Wiaooitei*?I would suggoet that
tbo Chair notify the oocupania ot the gollory that busi
ness will be suapondM unless order la preserved.
Ssvkrai. Ublrqatbs?'tiooU I Ooodl"
The Chair?It 1a very likely that the Chair will reach
that point in a very short time anlcaa there be a modi
fication of tbo conduct In the galleries.
The announocment of Minnesota's 10 votea for Blaine
waa recceived with about* of applause from the gal
One or the Mississippi delegates waa abaent, making
the total vote 11^ divided into 3 tor Brlatow and 1st lor
The cbeerlng waa not particularly noticeable when
Missouri caat 14 for Blaine, 12 for Morton, 2 for Brie,
tow, 1 fcr Conkling and 1 for Hayes.
The Blatno men lrom all pointa or tho hall expressed
their unbounded approbation, and the Morton men
plucked up conaidorable courage.
Nebraska caat a solid vote lor Blaine, and the an
nouncement waa received with applauae
Nevada split up Into 3 lor Brlatow, 2 for Conkling and
1 lor Hayea, and the result brought out no enibuslssm.
Tue Blaine men cbeered when New Hampahire coat
T lor tbelr favorite and only 3 for Brlatow.
Applause lollowed the announcement of New Jersey's
voto of 18 for Blaine and 6 for Hayea, but the greateat
aboutlng proceeded from the adhcrente of tha former.
The irienda of the latter seemed somewhat downcaat
about tbia time
New York went almost solid for Conkling, caatlng OB
for that lavoriie son and only 1 lor Bristow. The
Cooklitig men ahouted with gladness.
North Carolina coat 9 votea for Blaine, T for Conk
ling, 1 for Brlatow and 2 for Morton. The Blaine
and Conkling men were rejoiced at the new aoceaalon
of strength, and applauded accordingly.
Ubio caat bar 34 votea aolld for Hayes, the announce
ment being received with cbeera and a few htaaea from
eome ill-mannered peoplo In the lolls.
Oregon came up squaiely with 0 votoa for Blaino, but
when Pennsylvania went in lor Hartrann with 68 votee
the cheering came from anotbor part of the houae, and
the Hartranft white bata we re awung with a good deal
of enthualaam.
ltbode Island's vote of 2 for Blaine and 0 for Brlatow
was cbeered by tlie frienda of the latter, and at the
next turn Morion's friends cboered at South Carolina'*
vote of 13 for their favorite and only 1 for Brlatow.
Bristow and Morton were even on Tennessee's vote,
10 votes bein g east for each and the remaining lor
The Brlatow men were more hopeful when the Texas
men voted 2 for Ulaine and 0 for Briatow, 3 lor Conk
ling, 6 for Morion, and the chcerlox was pretty even.
Vermont iiu<! 8 lor llrlstow, 1 for Blame and 1 for
Haves, and the Brisiuw men were again Jubilant.
lilai lie's frienda rejoiced at Virginia's ltl lor their
candidate, at West Virginia's Hand Wisconsin's -'0.
The Territories voted lor Blaino, with the exception
of Wyomlug. whlc'i went lor Bristow.
Tbe District ol Columbia voted 2 for Morton.
At tbo couciusiou ol tbe ballot the room resounded
with cbeers.
As eoou us the roll call waa rompleted Senator Al
corn, of Mississippi, wishtd to change the vote ol tbe
delegation of (bat Slate.
The Cbair?-Under the rule tboio can be no change at
Sen.uor Alcorn?We desire to correct the vote; one
or our dolegate* was sb*ent when our 8late waa called,
but aiiUkcqueoily came in.
The Chair?The Convention will please come to or
der, as a very important point la involved in the pend
ing proposition. The gentleman lrom Mississippi made
tue iinnoui.cemeni ol (tie vote a? reported lrom tbe
desk; subsequently a member from Mississippi, wbo
was reported absent when the vote waa taken in tbe del
egation, camp into the hall, and tbe propoeltlon of the
gentleman now is to correct the vote so as to Inclade
the vote of tbe gentleman who was absent when the
delegation acted and wben tho vote waa announced.
(Cries of "No ! No!")
Tlie Chair do-ires to say that, under the fourth rule,
adopted yesterday, thla is laid down:?"And wben auy
.Slate b?i< announced its vote It shall stand uutil the
ballot is announced, unless in case ol numerical error."
Another delegate from Mlsalaatppt took the floor to
argue that the desired eaango In UM vote abould be
A Wiecoxsix Dsumats?Let the Chair rale on tbe
The Mississirri Dblsoatb?Then tho proposed
change is strictly in order. Tbo Chairman or the Mis
sissippi delegation was in error In the announcement
of the vote, and he certainly has, or ought to have, a
right to correct an error mado la the annonDooment of
tbe voto.
Tbe Cham?if tbo chairman of tbe delesation will
rise end -ay that In tbe announcement of the vole lie
?ominuted what is called a nemertral error, the Chair
will bold that be baa a right to oorrect; but the Chair
rule-, that be has no right to change tbe vote so as to
add oi.e to the number of persona returned aa voting.
Senator Alcorji?I stated that I was in error in an
nouncing the vote. It should have been 11 for Morton,
3 lor liristow and 1 lor Conkling. i also stated tbat one
member waa absent wben wo acted, but caine In sub
The Chair?Two propositions are Involved. One is
to correct an error maoo in announcing tbe vote,
which ne naa a rlcht to do, and tha Chair baa opened
the tueittoa lor tan purpose. Will ifeo geniiemsa
from Mississippi flv? me his attention Hd Hill bsw
the tow would slund a* corrected f
The Cjiajbxan or thk Dslmuatios?Eleven tor Mor
ion, 3 for Bristow and 1 (or Conkling.
Tne Chair?It is very Important now to have every
thing correctly fluted. The gentleman trout Mis
sissippi reports the vote of hi* State aa standing?XX
lor Morton ; Brntow, 3, and Conkllug, X. Now, upon
ttid other point, do you preis the other point?of the
right of your absent delegate to vote? The point not
hem# pressed the Chair will announce the.vote,
Tbo Clkrk then road the result of the ballot.
The CiiAtn?No one having a majority of all the rotes,
there la no choice. (Crios of "Proceed to a ballot! 1) The
Secrotary will proceed w.ih the call.
Mr. Uijiuiiam, ot 1'cnnsylvanla?I move that this
Convention take a recess ol fifteen minutes. (Cries of
"No! No!")
The motion was lost.
Mr. Outo.v, ol New York?If U Is In order I sanest
ethat whenever a Stato is not ready to re*pond to the
all that it be passed, and that the absentees be called
at Ihe end ot the rolL (Cries of "No I No !")
The Cn aih?That would create considerable eon fu
sion and is rather In umaionlam with the spirit of the
rules, which looks to tlio record ol each vote in its
order. (CrieB of "Regular order!")
The Convention then proceeded to * second ballot,
with tho following result:?
Nov adu
New Hampshire
Nev Jert-ey
New York
North Carolina
Kbodu Island
South Carolina
West Virginia
New Mexico
Washington Territory.
District of Columbia..
Totals |2M|M|XX4|9S(XX1 03
Nocetsury to ciioico, 37U.
Massachusetts gate throe votes for W. !L Wheeler.
Minnesota gave one vote lor Wasbburno.
During the oall ot the roll, when tho dtate of Alabama
announced her vote ol sixteen for Ulaino, this boing
a gain of lour lor the candidate from Maine, tbo adhe
rents of that geutleuian ou the floor and in tbo galleries
sent up a tremendous yell, wbicu was renewed when
tho Secretary announced the vote.
Upon the commencement ol the vote of Connecticut
a voluminous hiss from the gallerioa materially inter
fered with the call
A delegate from Kansas moved that tbo 8ergeant-al
Arms be ordered to remove Irom the gallery any per
son indulging in demonstrations of disapproval.
The Chaik?I think this difficulty will be very much
obviated If the people In the gallery will consider ror a
moment how improper It is lor them, who are here
purely by lavor of the Convention, to be interfering
with tho business ol the Convention. The Chair Is
very reluctant to interfere with the comfort or enjoy
ment or any one within this building; but It may be
come a necessarr duty for the Chair to olear the gal
leries, because tho workol the Convention must go on.
(Cries ol "(iood ! good I" and cheers.)
This eruption ot the Chairman produced temporary
order, and although at times the crowd became unruly,
all demonstrations were promptly suppressed. Whou
FIorlAa was called the chairman ot tho delegation from
that State auuouooed Its voto in a voice scarcely above
a whisper, which elicited Irom the Chairman of the
Convention a request that the delegate irom Florida
holdap his head like a man and look straight at the
Chair. (Laughter.) Tho Illinois vote indicating a loss
ol three la Blame was announced by Mr. Ingersoll in a
subdued tone ot voice aud manner, which drew out
considerable comment.
TIm Chair?Tho Chair bu been informed that per
son* in the rear of the hall cauuoi hear the announce
ment ul tho vole*. II there be no objection, a person
will be slaiionod In the rear of the hall to aonounco
tho vote* aa tliey are made here.
There waa a unanimous consent to this proposition,
and a nun with a pood strong volco was selected to re
pent the announcement. The voting then proceeded,
with here and thero a change on the Orst ballot,
Messrs. Hartranlt, Hayes and Conkling receiving ad
ditional strength, and the l<r it low and Blaine men
picking up and Ionicn a little here and there. When It
came to Michigan there was a shoot on a different
track, when ono vote waa given for Washburne.
Some excitement was raised when the vote of Penn
sylvania was announced as 66 tor Hartranlt, and Mr.
J. Smith Si'thky, of Chester, rising to bis loet, said:?
"Mr. Chairman, I rise to a point of order, tho
vole of Pennsylvania was not correctly rep
resented; myself and my colleague, ropresentiug
the Sixth Congressional district, wish to cast
our votes lor James G. Blaine. (Cheers.)
We asked the chairman of this delegation to >o report
t<> ibe Convention, but ho doclinod; and we now ask
and demaud that our votes shall now he recorded to
James G. Blaine. (Cheers.)
(injections were raised to this.
?The Ciiair?This point must bo settled bofore we
pass to the uext State.
Mr. Cksn.va, ol Pennsylvania?I ask tho attention of
tho Chair to Rule a
A Dklmat* ox tub Platform?llule 0 covers the
The Ciiair?The Chair will stuto tho caso:?The
chairman of the Pennsylvania delegation rises lu his
placo and reports as the vole ol that State tllty-eight
votes lor John t. Hartranlt. The gentleman Iroui the
Wostcboster district, speaking for himself and his col
league of tho Six*b Pennsylvania district and the gentlo
tun i from tho 1'ittsburg district, Mr. Hsmplon, of tho
Twenty-third district, and Mr. Stewart, from the
Twenty-tlrst district, rises to a point of ordor, wuich is
that the report of iho vote made by tho chairman of
the delegation ts not the report ol the vote cast lu the
delegation. They, ol coursc, raise a question ot tho
very highest privilege. That point of order being
raised the Chuir rules that it is the right of any and
every member, equally, to vote his sontimeets lu this
Convention. (Cheers, continued lor several min
ah afpbal ruoM trr chair.
Mr. MoCormicr, ol Pennsylvania?I respectfully
appeal trom the decision of tho Chair.
The Chair?Tho gentleman Irom Pennsylvania ap
peals Irom the decision ot the Chair, and the question
lor tne Convention to determine is:?Shall the decision
ot lite Chair l>o sustainedt (Cries of "Vest yes!'')
Mr. MoCormick, ol Pennsylvania?We desire to be
This remark was made lu a low tone and the I'enn
nylvanui delegates rose In their seats and eeemed to be
very much excited. During tho disorder which pre
vailed the question was put and the Chair was sus
tained by a large majority.
The Ciiair?That question or the rights of these
gentlemen havinz been settled the Chair holds, under
i!>* order ol the body, tbat the our votes of tho gen
tlemen shall be recorded as they elect they shall be.
Mr. Ckshxa-My colleague (Mr. McCormiek) asked to
be heard belore i hat volt was taken.
The Chair?1 did not hear him.
Mr. MoConvicK?Tbe trouble is yon did not want to
hear me.
The Ciiaik? I will say to my eolleague from Pitts
burg ilml his imputation upon tha Chair is dlshouorlug
to hint, (Cheers.)
Colonel i iiomkmTix, of Indiana?I trust, sir, In the
nau.o ol this Convention, you will not turn tbe Con
veutlon into an arena lor the acttlement of personal
A Uki.kuatk?It is sn outrage. (Great disorder.)
Mr. Thumfnok?If you (the Chair) havo persons! con
troversies settle tbern Outride. We ere here to irsnssct
the business ol the republican party?(cheers unu con
fusion)?not to leiile personal aisputo*. (Voices?
"Take the stand.") We aro here ea the representa
tives of the greatest purty in the world, and this Con
vention should not be turned Into a tbeatro for the set
tlement ol' personal controversies?(cries of "Gooul
good!")?and wlieu tbe President ot this Convention
clioosos to hurl bsck a personal insult in the face of one
ol bis colleagues by isiiing him that he is dishonoring
him?oir he abuses the privileges which we bnvs con
tided to him. (Cheers and cries ol "Good !")
Mr. Smith?1 protest against it.
A Dklmiatr rsoM I>uis.?a?No do L (Cheers.)
Mr. Thompson?in the name of the American people?
(cries ol "Amen," and cheers)?I demand, sir, that
this Convention aball be beard upon tbe question as to
whether it uittriu* or dlssfflrms tbe decision of the
Chair. (Voices?"That is right.")
bmormamzatios ast> coxruaios.
Tbe Ci/air?Will the Convention hear tbe GbairT
Will the Convention bear tbe Chair for n moment T
Drlkoats rnnn Immana?We have heard about
otioutih Irom tbe Cbair. (Seoaatlon.)
Skvrrai. Drlmoatks? Certainly.
The Chair?Tim chairman has not the least deal re In
the world to interfere with the exercise by tbe Con
vention. and by every rnembor of tbe Convention, of
every right atid every privilege which bo possess sn
Pennsylvania UauniAfn? Uli, ob!
Tbe Cham? 1 hope tiers Is no geatleman within tbs
Convention who knows me, alter some years ol pnblie
service, who suppose* that I would intentionally abuse
tbs powers or ibis position?(a Pennsylvania Dele
gate?oh no, oh no)?or that 1 would do any tnjasttoo
losny gentleman of tins Convention. My eolleague
Irom 1'iitshurg (Mr. McCormlok) irritated mo very
much when he said that I did notwiab to hear ulm I
said to tbo Convention, as 1 said to him, I did not
bear him. (Appiauso )
Mr. Tmhiw 1 do not m?t to tbat. Ton Mi
your colleague that hi ted dishonored kianK (Sen*
Tho Chair?I am Juat coming to that point Tba
gentleman iben Mid, "you diJ not hear me, bo causa
you did not wish to. "
The Dilwati vkoa Pskksylyasia?That la right.
Skvsual Dm-bgatks?That ia so.
The Cuairma*?Now I appeal lo the gallant gentle
man lrom Indiana, Colonel Thompson, whether it was
very much out of place lor a youug man to retort in a
kind of remark of that kortT (Applause.)
Colonel Thompsos?If you want uu answer, air, I
will give It lo you.
The Cu.ila? 1 desire to remark?(Great disorder and
coil fusion.)
Colonel Thompson?I desne to say In respouse to
that question that it la out of place lor the President
of the Conveiitiou lo use it us uu inatrument to hurl
Uaclc bis anathemas at bis colloagues. (Cheers.)
Mr. Pkahck, of Massachusetts?I raise iho point of
order, that while the roll call is in order, and after tbe
announcement of a vole, notblug of thia kind ic in
order; uothlnc wbaterer can be done.
Tho Cif41 u?Gentlemen, you have given the chair
man ol the Cocveution a rliani'e to say publicly that
this is not the place to sottlo these things.
Mr. Olivkii?There is something I wish to say which
eonccrus tbe chairman
The Cuaih?I withdraw the remark.
Mr. Ouvku?GentK'ineu, lisiea to me; 1 will not
give yon any trouble. (Cries of "Take your seat!"
"Order!" ?'Order 1")
Mr. Ouvm?Tho Chair recogmzod me, and I have a
right to make my statemcuL (Cries of "Orderl"
Tbe Ciiaih? The gentleman from Massachusetts raises
the |>olnt of order that the Convention is in tbe proco-s
of executing its own order aud cannot be interrupted.
It is a good point of order aud a good way to get rid o(
the dilllculty, that when an announcement is mauo
somo geutleinon interested therein shall my that it Is
not a correct announcement, thus raising a question of
privilege, and insisting upon their rigbt to be lairiy
A Dklkoatk?The Chair has declarod the result.
Mr. Ckshxa?Oh, no ! Wo have no rote.
Mr. Tiiohnukku, ol Tenuessee?1 move that the vote
just taken to sustain tbe Chair shall ho recunsiderod.
Mr. Ckssxa?1 second tho motion, <u us to allow tbe
Pennsylvania dolegauon to be heard by the Conven
tion. . '
A Dki.kgatk?1 move to lay it on the table.
Mr. Ckshna?The geutleman bus not tho floor. Did
not my Irieod from Teuuessue yield ine the floor ?
Mr. Tiiou.vbiuu?No, Fir, I did not yield the floor.
I move tbe previous question < n my motion.
The Cuaiu?Tlio gentleman lrom Tennessee moves to
reconsider the vote by winch the Chair was sustained.
Several genilomcu claimed tho floor.
Mr. TuoKN'BKitu?I do not yield tbe floor. My motion
is in ordor.
A Dklkgats rr.oK Georgia?I rise to a point of order.
Mr. Ouvrk?1 have the floor. 'I Ills is all wrong.
A Dklkoats fnoM Gzohuia?I raise tbe point that
this whole thing's out ol order.
The Chair?That has been raised and overruled on
the ground that, belli; a question ot blgli personal
privilege, it may bo rightly brought Into the Conven
Mr. Ckssxa?I trust it inay come belore this Conven
tion. All I ask is that the Convention may under
stand the position wbicb the Pennsylvania delegation
to-uay occupies belore tbis Convention and before the
couutry. I feel mat my colleague in the chair made
his decision without a proper uudei'staudiug or exam
ination of tbe rules, or he would not have made it in
thn way ho has. Theretorc, 1 shall be compelled to
vote for that motion ol' my li-lond lrom Tennessco to
reconsider the vote by which that appeal w?s laid
upon tho table. I ask the attention ol my Iriend in the
Chulr and of this Convention to tbe second rule o! this
Kacb Statu Khali be entitled to doubla tho number of Its
Senators and Representative* tu Congress uceordint; to ilie
lust apportionment. Kacb Territory aud the District of
Columbia ilnili be eutitied to two votes. The vote* or eai h
delug'tiion shall be reported by Its cbairmun. Now. tho
rule provides tlmt, alter tiu chairman ol each dulexatiou
has reported there shall be 110 change until the next ballot.
Mr. Ckbmia?I beg now to read tbe authority.
(Confusion.) I claim the right simply to this Conven
Tho Chair?Tho gentleman is entitled to tho floor,
and I hope tbe Convention will come to order. This is
a very important question.
Mr. CxasMA?I am not here to pass any firebrands.
I am here in tho Interest oi peace and harmouy in
Pennsylvania, and in the interest or pouce and harmony
in this Convention and throughout this broad laud.
(Applause.) No man will be more earnest tor tbe llnal
result of this Convention, so that I will, il yon will
allow me to, elate my position. The Convention which
elected our delegates passed uuaniinously a resolution
instructing us to vote lor Hartranft lor President, and
to cast the vote ot Pennsylvania as auuit as the majority
of tbe delegation should direct, aud It was signed by
Henry M. Hoyt, cbalrmau of tbe State Central Com
mittee, and Kilward McPberson, President of this Con
vention. (Cheers.) Now, my lellow members, this
delegation of ours met here, authorized ourchairinan to
cast the yote lor Pennsylvania as a bun lor Hartranlt.and
then we passed a resolution that he should so continue
until he was culled upon by tweuty members of the
Convention 10 call us up lor consultation. which has
not been done. This was not recou?idered. We vote
hotiostly and lairiy in accordance with his instruction*,
and pray iny lellow members not 10 bring this matter
Into tbe Convention. We can settle it our.-elves poace
ably aud harmoniously und we will add strongm 10 the
uomiuee wbeu he is cboaen, and wo will ntise the ban
ner when wo gel home aud carry it front Kric to Dela
ware, lrom N?w York to Ohio, whether it bo James t>.
Blaine or any other man. (Cheers.)
Mr. Totiit Mid?My colliiaguo, Mr. Stewart, and
myaelf represent the sixth < opgressiouul ilimrict <>(
Pennsylvania, and ?o are hero by virtue of an election
hold In our own district. We cowu here with creden
tial* from our own district; wo owo no alien lauco to the
Stale Convention and we recognize no rlK'u lor that
Convention to say bow we ahall veto. We claim tho
right to represent our own constituents. The counties
ol Cheater and Delaware are almoin a unit for James (>.
Jilaino, and, repreacntlng those counties, we would bo
falso to our conatltuents and oursoiveH if wo voted for
any one else. Wo axle that our votes ahull be recorded
in accorilauco with our views and the sentiments ot our
own conttliuents. (Cheers.) The aixih rule adopted
by thla Convention says, "The chairman ahall an
Bounce the number of votes lor any candldato, or lor
or against any proposition." But th? Chairman did
not uuuounce our vote and we buve the right to de
mand under thut rule thlu our votea ahall bo recorded.
(Checra and couutor cheers.)
Mr. Hair?(ientletuen, let me make a suggestion In
the Interests of the harmony ot tula Convention. We
should have Utile to do with the differences arising In
tho I'eunaylvanla delegation, which wo abould not be
railed upon to settle here. I do not under
stand that reflection la cast upon tho chair
man 01 that delegation lor giving the vote as he
did under tho unit rule; but ceitalu members ol that
delegation have oskod that their votes shall Ims recorded
as Individual members ol thla Conveution. I do not
believe that when Pennsylvania retires to consider tnis
question the delegation iroui that Slate will in ist thai
members Iroin that State shall have their votus de
clared contrary to their wishes; thereto re, I suggest
that by unanimous consent, while tho ballots on una
roll call proceed, Pennsylvania shall bo allowed to re
tire and report to this Convention In harinonloua
laablon what are iho actual wishes and votea of the in
dividual members ol iho delegation. 1, for one. am
willing on this proposition to trust the old State of
Pennsylvania. (Loud cheers.)
Mr. Tuokvbuu, of Tenneasoe?1 object to Una prop
The Chaih?There la objection.
Mr. Uau(?Thou I ask that lu tho latoroat of tho ex
pedition of tbo bualneas of this Convention that the
Chair state the exact condition of this question; w hat
the condition of the appeal la, and whether there Is
any further action aud debato upon it; or, II it has
boon sustained, that the Cbair direct tbe secretary ol
thla Convention to announce tbe voto, and that theu
we proceed to what nine out of every ten men here
earnestly and lervently deaire to do, to cloae up our
buslucas in decent fuhion and go beloro tbo Ainoriran
people. (Load cheorc).
Betoro the Chair could reply Mr. Vax Zaxdt, of itboile
Iaiaud, got up on a chair and aald:?"We are not will
ing In any way that this Convention should interfere
with or suggest to any delegation that tbey aball retire
for deliberation or? "
Too CuAin?That proposition was objected to and la,
consequently, not belore the houso.
Mr. Va.n Zakdt?I understand that; bnt I want to
state tbe views of Kbode Island on this question. Tbe
State of I'eunaylvanla can take esre or itself; it Is lug
onouglt and noble euou^h to <lo it (Cheers.) When
tho Convention passed resolutiona Instructing the dele
gates to cast a unit vote, and thoae gentlemen allowed
themselves to be cleoted upon that platform, no mat
tor what are their individual sentiment* or thojo of
their constituents. they are bound by tbe
platform of that Convention. (Loud cheora
und crica of -'No," ??No.") 1 aay they
are bound by the platform, and, moreover, I understand
that that platform wis liberally gratified subsequently
by a vote in the delegation of that gre.it aud uoblo
.State Undor all tho circumstances 1 think the ileieua
tlon is bound to vote aa Instructed. (Checra ) Dur.ng
twenty yoars of Parliamentary experieiioea 1 bavo
never heard tins disputed. wo should endeavor to
got through with our baainess without any of these
dilferencos. The whole people ol th<s country stand
by thoir firesides la their homes, looking to
ward ua hero to-day for reform and decency
and propriety, and order, and Inateail or eu
couraglug that we aro turning ourselves into a sort
or a beer gardeu, fitter lor a sort of zoological ex
hibition than for a seat liera, and 1 appeal to lhe Chair
man and the Convention to allow the vote of tlio Stat*
ol Pennsylvania to be cost, under the rulei of the Con
vention, Irom the platform, if the l'enui*ylvania dele
gation aeaire to have a consultation the l<ord apeed
them aad also tbe candldato of thla Convention. (Ap- 1
pis nee i.
Mr. Ouvga, ol Pennsylvania?(Jeutleaen, I will
onlv take a few momenta of your uuie, and 1 think it
will be to your interest and will ex
pedite business if you will let no give a
brief history of this case, because you will
undoubtedly have to make a decision Tbe state Con
vention ol Pennsylvania met. It has been tho rule in
that State that tint State Convention?not tbe separate
district*?send me delegates to the National Conven
tion. Tbe gentleman who spoke before me and hm col
league troiu the Chester county district, which now
ami tbeu eels up a lutie lor itaeil and tbluka that tbey
are In advance ol tbe balauco of ou ? Stale, were elected
In county conveution as delegates to the National Con
vention. Tbe Stat* Convention adopted tbooe two
dclogatea, and tbat la tbe only exception
lu ihrf whole list of ddecatea. Vifty-alx
delegatus were elected by the State Convention.
John I', llariranf! was propoeed lor I'realdent ami hla
friends bad oontrol of tbat Convention. Tbe republi
can party of Pennsylvania?-all of them?had control of
that Convention, because there waa no opposition to
blui. K delegation was to bo seat lavorable to him.
Those goiitiomon, every on* of tbeaa, pledged them
selves to John V. Ilartranft Tbe dotcfntlou met on
Tuesday morning here. A resolution was passed Iben
by the delegation that our aha If ma ii be ia
atructed to oast tho vote aa a unit Tbero
waa scarcely aay shtwtlia to IMi Tho
other at<l?, eight or tu of thee waste*
authority to cell a meeting, and It *u allowed,
when twenty members should call It. They iw?
called that meeting; tliejr never asked for any change.
Our chairman cast ins fifty-eight votes an lie bad been
instructed. nut only by our delegation, but l>y the re
publicans o( Pennsylvania.
Mr. Vav Zaxvr, ot Rhode Island? I move that the
call of the roil be proceeded with.
Mr. Olivk*?Jvidt give tue one more minute, (cries oi
go on, go on,: and ' will timali. Our chairman cakl
tbat vote; it wag right ; It wu? fair; it waa according U
the rulea ol our i urty In our State; It waa the wish of
our peoplo and ilio wlah ol the majority ol
the delegation. Tlie uult rule reads, "An4
ure hereby instructed lo present" kc.,
"(Governor Uariruuit, of Peuntylvuniu," and te
give him constant and uhIum! support, and upon all
questions to be brought beloro the Convontion to caat
ibo vote ol Pennsylvania tin a unit ui the majority of
the delegation aliall direct. (Cries of "Time!") 004
minute, gentlemen; our Cbalrmau hero was the Chair
man of the Convention that pu?sed that. It was passed
unanimously. with uo opposition, and you (turning t?
Chairman McPliersoul wrote the resolution yourself
?tr. (Laughter and applause and cries of "Order I")
A Dixkmats i'hum Nkw Mkjuco? May I ask the Net
York iioiillcnian a quostiou *
The Oiuiu?No, sir. The Chair will now be beard
Will you allow the Chair now to make a statement I
All ut' this proceeding is in violation of the rulea
There ik uo doubt whatever about It. (Uproar.) The lire
doty ol Una Convention ie to procoed with UM
roll call. The llrst duty of the Cbatr la to
enforce tho order of the Convention and to direet the
roll call to proceed. Now, it tbo Convention will recol
lect, tbo only question the Chair decided waa In regard
to these part leu, who rose to claim the right in their in
dividual capacity 10 vote tbelr particular sentiments. I,
as Chairman of this Convention, know nothing what
ever of any rules except tho rules which you have
laid down tor my o?utrol?(criuH or "Bravo!" and ap
plause!?and, under these ruins, it is made the duty
ot the chairman of each delegation to record the volet
The Chair, therefore, directs that the vote of Pennsyl- ?
vaina bo recorded fl tty-Ion r votes for John F. Uartrauft
and four votes for .lamos O. Blaine?(applause and
hisses)?stating this, that If at the end of the roll call
it he tho sense of tho Convention tbat the Chair has
made an erroneous ruling, or has done any one an in
jury or an injustice, it will then be competent for the
Convention lo correct it without any interruption ol
the roll call.
The Skckrtaut then proceeded with the roll call
Mr. Poui.kot here took tho Chair, stating that Mr*
MePherson had neen culled out of the house.
Mr. 1'noKXBKRa? Mr. President?.
Tho Cuaitt?No debate is in order during ths call of
the rolL
Mr. Toornbrro?I desire to rise to a question of
privilege. I call up tho motion mado before the an
nouncement of the vole; tho motion to reconsider the
vote by which the Chair was ausiainod upou a point ol
The Chair?Tbo Chair holds tbat motion te be la
Mr. Thorhheko?1 move the previous question npoa
the motion 1 made; a motion thai no debate might b?
strangled and that both sides might be fairly beard.
Much debate we have had and 1 now call the previous
question upon that motion.
Tbo Cnant?Tho gentleman from Tennessee makeg
tho following motion, which will be reported by the
The Six-rbtary read the motion.
The Ciiaik put the motion on ordering the previous
question and declared it not ordered.
Mr. Hau:?Mr. President
Tho CifAiit changed bis mind and decided that till
previous quest ion had boon ordered.
Mr. IIalk?I call for a division of the house.
Hkvkral Dkmujatkh? It Is unnecessary.
Mr. Hals?I do not think wo generally understand
the motion.
The Chaih?The motion is to reconsider the declslos
of the Convention, by which the lonr votes of Pennsyl
vania were changed from Mr. Hartranfl to Mr. Blaine.
Mr. IIalk?How does the Chair decide tbe votet
The Ciiaik?Tbe previous question waa demanded an4
ordered upon it.
Mr. Ualk?Tbat la all right We have no objocliof
to It.
Tbe Cuair?The question new Is upon tbe motion to
A division of the honse was demanded and the Clerk
ordered to call tbe rolL
The Chair then instrncted the Clerk to Mil tbe rolL
A delegate, from Western Virginia, Inquired whal
the ellect ol un ullirmalivo or negative vote woald be.
Tho Chair?In answer lo the gentleman the Chair
will state ibnt it ia not In his power to decide what tbe
effect of it will be. Tho motion is to reconsider the de
cision of tua Convention by wblch the Chair was sus
tained in changing those votes upon wbicli ibo call of
the roll is demanded, and no debate is now In order.
Delegates will take their seuls, and all person? not ia
their seats will be removed front tbe floor by the Se?
geant-at-Arms. (Laughter.)
Tho confusion still raged, and the Chairman waa
preparing to rouge another statement when he waa In
terrupted by a delegate from Pennsylvania, wboroee to
debate tho question.
The Chaih?The Chair recognizes no one; no debate
is in order. The call ol the roll has already eoin
inenced. The Chair is not entitled to recognise any.
body; but by request it will again state the quest Ion,
which is upon the tuoiiuu lo reconsider the vole of th?
Convention tn luvor ot tho decision of the Chair In al
lowing tho change In the vole of tbe Pennsylvaaa
T'jo Clerk then called the roll, nud the motion to I*
consider was pas?sd by a vole of 381 lo 35U.
I'll* Ciiaik?1 he question arises, shall Ibo decision
ol tho chairbe sustained r
Colonel IsasRsoLL, or Illinois?I move to lay U oa
the table.
Tlio t'liAiR?There is no occasion for that; the ques
tion is directly ou sustaining the appeal.
Colonel lxuKiiMH.i.?I waul to i/t)i up here where I
can say ? wor?i. (Laughter and applause m Colonel
luxersoii took the piuiforrn.) The simple question be
toro litis Convention is whether each delegate hai a
right to vote us ho pleases, aa tbe people whom h?
represents wish him to vote, or wbeihur bo can b* lied
by tho party machinery it ml lorcetl to voto against ibe
sentiments at his constituents and auainst Ins own
choice. (Applause and cries of "No. no !'?) I tell yoa
We cHunot sllbrd to no to this country upon the ides
that a delegate from a Stalo csn be forced agatnsl
his will umt against his consctcnce to von
for iho man that be does not believe bit
constituents want. (Cheers.) It has been decided
by the Republican Convention for tbo United Suue&
It was decided tn tbe case of Pennsylvania that not>
withstanding tho instructions to vote as a unit the dele
gation bud a right to vote as tbey pleased. (Cheers.)
What we waul lo llnd Is, who Is the real choice ol thll
Convention and what the Convention wants to And out
ts. who is the real choice ol the great republican party
of the 1't.llcd Suites. (Applause.) For one I bellev*
In allowing every delegato upon ibia door the right U
vote bis cboiuo. tbo rtittii to ropresent his constituent*
sud 1 am utterly oppoted to tbe gag law of canons aM
party machinery. (Applause ),
Colonel Thompson, of Indiana?The question to be
now decided by tins Convention Is this:?Whether,
when wo have been soul here by our Stale conven
tions under Instruction* from tliotti, we have the indl*
vidual right lo violate those Instructions? Wbethel
tbo voice or a sovereign Stale, declared through her
constituted authority, shall be dolled by Individuate
under tho cluim or personal right r Tbe republican
party of Pennsylvania assembled In tbolir Stat*
Convention appointed meir delegates t> ibis Con
volition, under a positive injunction?undor aa
Irrevocable lustructlon that they should csst
their vote ss a unit, not lor themselves, but lor tho
party lu I'enney Irani*. Tbey accepted ot their position
us member* ol tuts Convention; they are bound hf
every consideration of justice, of right, of truth and
honor to obey those instructions, and! will sot give my
vote or my sanction to any system ol roles or measure!
which shall disfranchise the people of Pennsylvania I
say, then, thai il a gentleman uccepts of a position trom
a State Conventiou under such instructions aa those il
Is his duty, il ho cannot obey them, to retire and lei
somebody oiko try lor hitta.
Mr. Hotchkims, or New York?Gentlemen of thla
Couvennon?The simple question presented to thin
Convention is whether there la law and order and dis
cipline lu the republican party; whether when this
Convention makes its nomtnstion its delegates are
bound by that nomination, or whether he may go home
and violate tho vote ot the majority here. I hold to
party discipline. An individual is born into society
without his choice. When tie Joins a political party
bu does It of his own free will. When he Is born lull
society he gives no pledgo. When he Joins a political
party he gives pledge ol Ins honor as a man. If hi
violates tho laws that you roice upon him bets banged
ss 11 traitor, or ought to l>e, but If he violates the In*
that be has him-eli agreed to, be ought to be hanged si
adasturd. I bog this Conventiou not to set the example?
not to cstsblish the precedent that a State Convention
or u National Convoutiou by its resolutions does not
bind every individual member of tbo party. If ho do OS
not like thom let him step out; but, as
long as he belongs to the party lot htas bo
governed l>y the party's laws, and so long
as Pennsylvania comes here he comes here under tb?
Pennsylvania constiiaiion and Pennsylvania law, *u4
ought lo obov thai law here tn giving his VOtS la tbU
( OMvention, and I hope this Convention will not cxsum
bun. I'raeiiiwlly, It amounts 10 nothing whether low
votes go one way or lour votes go another, bat there M
a prun iplo which underlies this that Is dangerous M
overthrow. (Cheers.)
Mr. Van Zasdt, of Rhode Island?I wish tossy on?
word wuh tho permission of the Convention, sad I b?|
they will lei me, because I believe 1 represent In s
small way the smallest Stste. I do tntsl thai
wo win apply the oid rule which has alwajn
governed ili? republican party la all tta
former deliberations, and that there will ha
no varying from it. Oo you know, Mr. Prist*
iicnt: do you know, gentlemen of the Convention, tho
brink or the sbyss that you are standing upoa when yon
sustain the decision ol the Cbslr? I look in this Way,
that it would lead to this disintegration of tho rsnublt
ran party, for ir the Convention in Pennsylvania in
structed lis delegate* to vote as a unit, instrnstod thetn
to stand upon a platform and sent then bore as repub
licans?I! these gentlemen can vary from these instruo
tious in one respect tbey can in another, aad It ts ibeli
privilege to elect what and whtch M
shall be. (Applaure). It Is equally the privi
lege, I submit, gontlsmen of this Convsntleo
and of you, sir, most respectfully. Applying
that principle as correct it may squally tallow thai any
republicans In this Convention who art disssttslsd
with tbe choiec of thm Convention can go hems and
bolt it as indivldonls, and do Just aa tboy pltass, aad
vote agalust it. We are bound by certain party rales
and law*. Party lines are now loot* la this country si
best, and we hsd hotter tighten them ss much ss w?
can, or wo will have ths great body of tbo American
people sweeping down upon sad over ss, aad we aad
tho ilemocratlo party togetner will ho oamd in tho
great grave. I pray yon. Mr. Chairman, I pray yo?.
members of tho Convention?I would net have left
my seat for any small or trifling reason
I pray yon not lo open tbooe great
gates and to allow action of this sort Mi
the psrty. A republican Conventloa instructed
those geutlomea to vote as a unit, aad I sny tbey era
bound thereby. They accepted their pSSttiQS* hot*
under tbooe instruction* asd further thaa Hutllsy
have voted that whoa twoaijrof thaa doawa M MUM

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